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Nyheder2021december23

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Phys.org

22

Unprecedented die-offs, melting ice: Climate change is wreaking havoc in the Arctic and beyond

Forces profound and alarming are reshaping the upper reaches of the North Pacific and Arctic oceans, breaking the food chain that supports billions of creatures and one of the world's most important fisheries.

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Biology News – Evolution, Cell theory, Gene theory, Microbiology, Biotechnology

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Understanding human-elephant conflict and vulnerability in the face of climate change

Human-wildlife conflict is a central issue in the conservation sciences. Whether it is reintroducing wolves into key ecosystems of the southwestern U.S.—which is having an impact on livestock and cattle ranchers—or the ongoing challenge of elephants living alongside communities on the African savannah, the effects of this conflict on people's livelihoods can be significant. In African landscapes w

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ScienceDaily

21

New study adds more evidence for omicron immune evasion

AstraZeneca Omicron

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A new study adds more evidence that the omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, can evade the immune protection conferred by vaccines and natural infection and suggests the need for new vaccines and treatments that anticipate how the virus may soon evolve.

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MIT Technology Review

21

From the archives

November 1960 From "Climate Control and the Oceans": Without a clear picture of how the ocean overturns and with no accurate time scale for interaction with the atmosphere, oceanographers and meteorologists alike are at a loss to explain adequately the general mechanism of the earth's climate. Now man, with his carbon-dioxide-producing industry, has become yet another unknown modifying factor. Th

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Ingeniøren

21

Videnskabens Top-5: Hurtig afsmeltning af indlandsisen kan stoppe Golfstrømmen

PLUS. Jordens klimatiske systemer kan skifte fra en stabil tilstand til en anden. Hurtige ændringer kan få systemer til at tippe, før man ellers forventer.

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ScienceDaily

21

Iodine in desert dust destroys ozone

When winds loft fine desert dust high into the atmosphere, iodine in that dust can trigger chemical reactions that destroy some air pollution, but also let greenhouse gases stick around longer. The finding may force researchers to re-evaluate how particles from land can impact the chemistry of the atmosphere.

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Phys.org

21

Tuning a magnetic fluid with an electric field creates controllable dissipative patterns

Researchers at Aalto University have shown that a nanoparticle suspension can serve as a simple model for studying the formation of patterns and structures in more complicated non-equilibrium systems, such as living cells. The new system will not only be a valuable tool for studying patterning processes but also has a wide range of potential technological applications.

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Nature

21

Single-year radiocarbon dating anchors Viking Age trade cycles in time

Nature, Published online: 22 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04240-5 Disturbances in the radiocarbon record anchor a precisely dated archaeological stratigraphy of a medieval trading emporium in Denmark in time, revealing that the Viking expansion was associated with competition for trade routes rather than with raids.

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Phys.org

21

Five things to know about the James Webb Space Telescope

The James Webb Space Telescope, the most powerful space observatory ever built, is now tentatively set for launch on Christmas Day, after decades of waiting.

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Phys.org

20

Carbon colonialism must be challenged if we want to make climate progress

Assessments of the UN climate conference COP26's success have been mixed, but none have been entirely positive. Achieving the Paris agreement's target of limiting global warming to 1.5℃ above pre-industrial levels is a goal described by UN secretary general António Guterres as "on life support," while reports in the wake of the conference suggested that the world is on track for "disastrous levels

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ScienceDaily

20

Birds' dazzling iridescence tied to nanoscale tweak of feather structure

Researchers found that the iridescent shimmer that makes birds such as peacocks and hummingbirds so striking is rooted in an evolutionary tweak in feather nanostructure that has more than doubled the range of iridescent colors birds can display. This insight could help researchers understand how and when iridescence first evolved in birds, as well as inspire the development of new materials that c

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ScienceDaily

20

Exquisitely preserved embryo found inside fossilized dinosaur egg

A 72 to 66-million-year-old embryo found inside a fossilized dinosaur egg sheds new light on the link between the behavior of modern birds and dinosaurs, according to a new study.

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Phys.org

Spanish eruption's end brings 'emotional relief,' rebuilding

Authorities on one of Spain's Canary Islands declared a volcanic eruption that started in September officially finished Saturday following 10 days of no lava flows, seismic activity or significant sulfur dioxide emissions.

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Future(s) Studies

A seed for all seasons: can ancient methods future-proof food security in the Andes?

submitted by /u/Defiant_Race_7544 [link] [comments]

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Discovery (uploads) on YouTube

Could YOU Operate an Excavator? | Gold Rush: The Dirt

Stream Gold Rush on discovery+: https://www.discoveryplus.com/show/gold-rush #GoldRush #TheDirt #Discovery Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Follow Us on TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@Discovery We're on Instagram! https://instagram.com/Discovery Join Us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow Us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Discovery From: Discovery

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Wired

Snagged a PS5? Here Are Tips for Setting It Up

Here's how to transfer your data from a PS4, log into a PSN account, set up multiple accounts, and make the most of your new console.

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ScienceDaily

NASA's Webb telescope launches to see first galaxies, distant worlds

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope launched Dec. 25 from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana, South America. The Webb observatory's mission is to seek the light from the first galaxies in the early universe and to explore our own solar system, as well as planets orbiting other stars, called exoplanets.

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Nature

Webb telescope blasts off successfully — launching a new era in astronomy

Nature, Published online: 25 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03655-4 Hundreds of engineering steps must now take place as the observatory unfurls and travels to its new home.

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Future(s) Studies

(Discussion)Decentralized Healtcare without any risks for being hacked or cheated

We all have equal access to healthcare, but the quality and price of such treatments varies greatly depending on where you reside. DeHealth aims to abolish healthcare inequity by empowering people to acquire greater control over their health, privacy, and medical data. Now humanity can gain a lot from blockchain technologies. It can simplify our life in different aspects. Why not try to implement

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Ingeniøren

2000: Godbidder fra 25 års bagsider

Toiletrulleomdrejningsproblemet, termodynamik for æggehoveder og Den store Limerick-krig er bare nogle af de klassikere fra Ingeniørens bagside, man kan læse om i et 16 siders tillæg, som blev udgivet i anledning af bagsidens 25 års jubilæum.

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NYT > Science

How Much NASA's Webb Telescope Cost to Build and Launch

NASA Webb Telescope

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It has been an expensive and difficult process to complete the most powerful space telescope ever built.

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Livescience.com

Does every star have planets?

Some stars don't have planets orbiting them. Here's why.

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NYT > Science

Who Is James Webb and Why the Telescope Was Named for Him

NASA Webb Telescope

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Choosing to name NASA's biggest telescope over James Webb, a former administrator of the space agency, has provoked controversy.

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Phys.org

Mustard, fries in short supply due to Canada climate woes

A mix of drought in Canada's prairies and flooding on its Pacific coast have brought about crop production and shipping woes now leading to international shortages of fries and mustard.

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Phys.org

NASA telescope set for launch on million-mile voyage

The world's most powerful space telescope is set to blast off on Saturday to its outpost 1.5 million kilometres (930,000 miles) from Earth, after several delays caused by technical hitches.

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Viden | DR

Her er i dit 2021 fortalt med 100 random facts

Klik dig gennem de vigtigste tal om året, der gik.

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Future(s) Studies

Breakthrough in Efficient Powering of Fusion Energy. "Tokamak Energy" has announced the successful completion of tests of cryogenic power electronic technology for its superconducting magnets' high-efficiency operation.

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Discover Magazine

Communicating Through Lucid Dreams

Neuroscientists have questions. Lucid dreamers gave answers.

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Future(s) Studies

Mercedes-AMG shows off its new F1-based road car hybrid system [March,2021]

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Future(s) Studies

Frontier Supercomputer at Oak Ridge to Usher in Exascale Computing (1 Quintillion Operations Per Second)

submitted by /u/kernals12 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Toyota 'Reviewing' Key Fob Remote Start Subscription Plan After Massive Blowback

submitted by /u/forestfudge [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Autonomous delivery robots: 'In the next 2-3 years you're going to see them in every major city in the country,' Serve Robotics CEO

submitted by /u/Gari_305 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Sidewalk Robots Find Foothold on College Campuses – Starship's 50 robots at James Madison University showcase the potential of automated delivery bots

submitted by /u/_hiddenscout [link] [comments]

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Nautilus

Plants Feel Pain and Might Even See – Issue 111: Spotlight

Happy Holidays. In this special issue we are reprinting our top stories of the past year. This article first appeared online in our "Harmony" issue in July, 2021. In 2018, a German newspaper asked me if I would be interested in having a conversation with the philosopher Emanuele Coccia, who had just written a book about plants, Die Wurzeln der Welt (published in English as The Life of Plants ). I

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Nautilus

The Incredible Fig – Issue 111: Spotlight

Happy Holidays. In this special issue we are reprinting our top stories of the past year. This article first appeared online in our "Harmony" issue in July, 2021. One of my favorite walkways in the world spans a beautiful fig in the village of Falealupo on the island of Savai'i, Samoa, formerly Western Samoa. My colleague the ethnobotanist Paul Cox invited me to visit this island in 1994 at a cri

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Nautilus

Life Always Wins. Follow Me – Issue 111: Spotlight

Happy Holidays. In this special issue we are reprinting our top stories of the past year. This article first appeared online in our "Harmony" issue in July, 2021. Japanese cuisine is so varied and refined that it's hard to happen upon something unpleasant to the palate. My personal procedure in Japan is to take a seat at the counter and start pointing, completely at random, to a series of dishes

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Future(s) Studies

A Decade After CRISPR Discovery, the Unimaginable Outcomes of Gene Editing Emerge. CRISPR-based cures will soon help combat all kinds of disease, from UTIs to leukemia. But terrifying implications of gene editing abound as well.

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Future(s) Studies

A 3.2 GWh – 400-MW, 8-hour long-duration advanced compressed air energy storage (A-CAES) facility – proposed as a partial replacement to the soon to be shut down last nuclear power plant in California

submitted by /u/thispickleisntgreen [link] [comments]

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The Atlantic

Five of the Best Books of 2021

Much of 2021 has been filled with a dull sense of déjà vu as the coronavirus pandemic has continued to shrink social worlds and batter morale. Many of the books our writers and editors were drawn to investigated failure, grief, apocalypse—resonant themes at a time of constant rupture and regression. Others helped jolt readers out of routines, and stretched the imagination. The works below span fi

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Future(s) Studies

A popular Singaporean prefab luxury tiny home maker has unveiled its latest futuristic $98,000 smart home — See inside the Cube Two X

submitted by /u/Chispy [link] [comments]

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Retraction Watch

Medical journal retracts letter calling hijab 'an instrument of oppression'

A major Canadian medical journal has retracted a letter to the editor by a prominent surgeon in Quebec who expressed reservations about a photo the journal had published of two young girls, one of whom was wearing a hijab. The photo in question (above) ran on the cover of the November 8, 2021 issue of … Continue reading

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cognitive science

Research suggests a cycle of Anger in Relationships such that when people are angry, they tend to engage in destructive behaviors, which when perceived by their partners, elicit the partner's anger, thus destructive behavior…and creating a vicious cycle.

submitted by /u/Fantasypsychology [link] [comments]

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Discover Magazine

Chasing Life on Mars

Two new rovers, a helicopter and a satellite all set out this year to search for signs of ancient life.

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Future(s) Studies

Renewables became the second-most prevalent U.S. electricity source in 2020 – Today in Energy

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Future(s) Studies

My dream gift for a post apocalyptic Madmax world – 'All I want for Christmas is a solar-powered greenhouse'

submitted by /u/thispickleisntgreen [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Due to installing four 'synchronous condensers' – replacing the grid stabilizing function of gas plants – wind+solar is now hitting new record peaks in South Australia. Most recent record is 143% of demand, with region now exporting almost a third of generation.

submitted by /u/thispickleisntgreen [link] [comments]

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Discover Magazine

16 Best Custom Coffee Mugs for 2022

[no content]

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Nature

A 'chisel' of light carves solid shapes out of a liquid

Nature, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03842-3 Ultraviolet light controls the emergence of solid particles from a fluid, creating coral- and blossom-shaped structures.

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Discovery (uploads) on YouTube

Mark and Huck Make Their Best Fortified Wine Ever | Moonshiners

Stream Moonshiners on discovery+ ► https://www.discoveryplus.com/show/moonshiners #Moonshiners #Moonshine #DiscoveryChannel Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Follow Us on TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@Discovery We're on Instagram! https://instagram.com/Discovery Join Us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow Us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Discovery Fro

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Science

US and Australian airlines cancel hundreds of flights after Omicron staff shortages

Airlines Flights Shortages

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Coronavirus variant causes travel disruption during one of busiest periods in year

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Future(s) Studies

Chinese tech giant Baidu says it could be 6 years before it can fully deliver its metaverse

submitted by /u/Defiant_Race_7544 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

'Long overdue': New Zealand models generational tobacco purchasing ban on a U.S. suburb

submitted by /u/Defiant_Race_7544 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Samsung And Facebook 2021 IEEE IEDM Talks Chart Future Memory Developments And Their Use In AR/VR Applications

submitted by /u/Defiant_Race_7544 [link] [comments]

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Biochemistry Research News — ScienceDaily

'Pop-up' electronic sensors could detect when individual heart cells misbehave

UC San Diego engineers developed a powerful new tool that directly measures the movement and speed of electrical signals inside heart cells, using tiny 'pop-up' sensors that poke into cells without damaging them. It could be used to gain more detailed insights into heart disorders and diseases.

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ScienceDaily

Templating approach stabilizes 'ideal' material for alternative solar cells

Templating Solar Cells

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Researchers have developed a method to stabilize a promising material known as perovskite for cheap solar cells, without compromising its near-perfect performance.

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ScienceDaily

Microorganism sheds new light on cancer resistance

Scientists describe T. adhaerens' unusual behavior, including its capacity to repair its DNA even after significant radiation damage and to extrude injured cells, which later die. The findings advance scientific investigations of natural cancer-suppression mechanisms across life. Insights gleaned from these evolutionary adaptations may find their way into new and more effective therapies for this

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Scientific American Content

CRISPR-edited Tomatoes Are Supposed to Help You Chill Out

The first commercial food product to use the CRISPR gene editing technique increases levels of GABA in tomatoes — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Retraction Watch

Weekend reads: Academania; redaction bias; a Harvard star falls; top retractions of 2021

Before we present this week's Weekend Reads, a question: Do you enjoy our weekly roundup? If so, we could really use your help. Would you consider a tax-deductible donation to support Weekend Reads, and our daily work? Thanks in advance. The week at Retraction Watch featured: 'Why did this take over five years?' Reflecting on two … Continue reading

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Future(s) Studies

Watch Out for Metaverse Pervert!

submitted by /u/LuckyHash- [link] [comments]

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Viden | DR

Mens vi venter: Fem aktiviteter, du kan lave i juledagene

Find inspiration til forskellige hyggelige aktiviteter for hele familien.

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Reporter gene-based optoacoustic imaging of E. coli targeted colon cancer in vivo

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04047-4

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Electron microscopy analysis of femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy before and after lens fragmentation

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04054-5

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

The value of lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay and empirical treatment in Xpert MTB/RIF ultra negative patients with presumptive TB: a prospective cohort study

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04090-1

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Making nanostructured materials from maize, milk and malacostraca

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04001-4

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Recurrent erosion of COA1/MITRAC15 exemplifies conditional gene dispensability in oxidative phosphorylation

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04077-y

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Optimization of physical schemes in WRF model on cyclone simulations over Bay of Bengal using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-02723-z

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Impact of limb amputation and cisplatin chemotherapy on metastatic progression in mouse models of osteosarcoma

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04018-9

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

CD105+CD90+CD13+ identifies a clonogenic subset of adventitial lung fibroblasts

Scientific Reports, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-03963-9 CD105 + CD90 + CD13 + identifies a clonogenic subset of adventitial lung fibroblasts

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Phys.org

Possible relics of lost WWII US bomber, crew found in Italy

An archaeological dig in Sicily has uncovered traces of a lost World War II American heavy bomber shot down in 1943, and possible human remains that could lead to identification of five airmen whose bodies were never recovered.

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Phys.org

Yes, there is a Santa Claus. And no, COVID-19 won't stop him

Rest assured, kids of all ages: Santa's coming this Christmas Eve, and a second holiday with COVID-19 won't stop him.

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New Scientist

China's aims for UN biodiversity summit are unclear, says UK economist

China is set to host a major biodiversity summit in 2022, but leading economist Partha Dasgupta says it is unclear what the country wants to achieve

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Future(s) Studies

Microgeneration scheme could support solar panels on 70,000 properties

submitted by /u/superhumansoul [link] [comments]

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For Better Science

Schneider Shorts 24.12.2021 – Merry Christmas!

Schneider Shorts 24.12.2021 – Join our founder and CEO for a Yuletide party with chocolate, coffee, rotten cassava, autistic stools, schizophrenic minibrains, senolytics and antioxidants, and a scary RoboFish! Merry Winter Soltice!

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New Scientist

The year of coronavirus variants: How evolution tormented us in 2021

A year ago, many were hoping the pandemic would soon be over – but then came alpha, delta and omicron

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New Scientist

In this pivotal year, rich nations failed woefully on climate justice

Rich nations largely created the climate crisis, but poorer nations are feeling the brunt of it. The lack of action on this injustice at COP26 was a historic failure, writes Graham Lawton

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Discover Magazine

Finishing the Human Genome

A consortium of researchers announces it's finally sequenced the complete genome, uncovering more than 100 new genes.

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Future(s) Studies

Open-Source board for converting RaspberryPI to Brain-computer interface

submitted by /u/SpecificAd3444 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

The future looks young: Japanese research scientists develop a vaccine that removes cells behind ageing

submitted by /u/jr_planet_earth [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Belgium commits to phasing out existing nuclear power plants

submitted by /u/drunkles [link] [comments]

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Ingeniøren

Bliver det hvid jul? 50 ton sneplove står klar

Banedanmarks sneplove har ikke været i brug siden 2010, men de står klar, hvis sneen når over 70 centimeter

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Ingeniøren

Vind med Ingeniørens julekalender: 24. december

Endelig – glædelig jul!

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Future(s) Studies

A Japanese professor has developed a prototype lickable TV screen that can imitate food flavours, another step towards creating a multi-sensory viewing experience

submitted by /u/stankmanly [link] [comments]

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ScienceDaily

Immune memory less durable after severe COVID-19, study suggests

Patients recovering from severe COVID-19 may have a more dysfunctional B cell response than patients who had less-severe COVID-19, a new study suggests.

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Nature

Mars mission is China's 'first step' in planetary exploration

Nature, Published online: 24 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03849-w Nature talks to Zhang Rongqiao, architect of the China National Space Administration's Tianwen-1 mission, which landed the Zhurong rover on Mars.

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The Scientist RSS

Fish Make Collective Waves to Deter Predators

Moving collectively on the water surface could help protect schools of fish from being eaten by predatory birds.

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Future(s) Studies

How Future Fitbits May Analyze Your Mental Health

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Future(s) Studies

Take a look at this delicious lickable screen to see the future we knew was coming

submitted by /u/Defiant_Race_7544 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

What the future looks like for movie theaters in 2022, according to top industry execs

submitted by /u/Defiant_Race_7544 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Google's top-rated futurist: many are worried about runaway AI, but the immediate danger is from advanced technology used by deliberately malicious humans.

submitted by /u/aldebaron_futures [link] [comments]

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Discover Magazine

mRNA Will Do More than Conquer COVID

mRNA Vaccines Penn

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How a vaccine became one of the most significant technological achievements of 2021.

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ScienceDaily

Exposure to formaldehyde at work linked to cognitive problems later

A variety of jobs expose people to formaldehyde, a strong-smelling gas used in manufacturing wood and chemical products, plastics and in other applications. A new study suggests that long-term exposure to formaldehyde during work may be associated with cognitive impairment later on.

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The Scientist RSS

Hermunculus Situates Female Genital Sensation in the Cortex

Researchers also find that the thickness of the brain region representing clitoral stimulation is associated with intercourse frequency.

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Scientific American Content

State Climate Action Raced Forward in 2021

Climate Years 2021

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A raft of laws and regulations have included limits on power-sector emissions and cap-and-trade provisions — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Phys.org

The fate of Latin American forests in a warming world

Latin American forests—one of the world's greatest assets in the fight against climate change—will likely continue to shrink in size and economic clout, but not necessarily in their ability to help fight global warming, according to new research from Georgia Tech's School of Public Policy (SPP).

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Response of an Afro-Palearctic bird migrant to glaciation cycles [Ecology]

Migration allows animals to exploit spatially separated and seasonally available resources at a continental to global scale. However, responding to global climatic changes might prove challenging, especially for long-distance intercontinental migrants. During glacial periods, when conditions became too harsh for breeding in the north, avian migrants have been hypothesized to…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Neuronal ROS-induced glial lipid droplet formation is altered by loss of Alzheimer's disease-associated genes [Genetics]

A growing list of Alzheimer's disease (AD) genetic risk factors is being identified, but the contribution of each variant to disease mechanism remains largely unknown. We have previously shown that elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induces lipid synthesis in neurons leading to the sequestration of peroxidated lipids in…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Defined core-shell particles as the key to complex interfacial self-assembly [Physics]

The two-dimensional self-assembly of colloidal particles serves as a model system for fundamental studies of structure formation and as a powerful tool to fabricate functional materials and surfaces. However, the prevalence of hexagonal symmetries in such self-assembling systems limits its structural versatility. More than two decades ago, Jagla demonstrated that…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Oxygen and magnesium mass-independent isotopic fractionation induced by chemical reactions in plasma [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

Enrichment or depletion ranging from −40 to +100% in the major isotopes 16O and 24Mg were observed experimentally in solids condensed from carbonaceous plasma composed of CO2/MgCl2/Pentanol or N2O/Pentanol for O and MgCl2/Pentanol for Mg. In NanoSims imaging, isotope effects appear as micrometer-size hotspots embedded in a carbonaceous matrix showing…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Therapeutic IGF-I receptor inhibition alters fibrocyte immune phenotype in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy [Medical Sciences]

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) represents a disfiguring and potentially blinding autoimmune component of Graves' disease. It appears to be driven, at least in part, by autoantibodies targeting the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR)/insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) complex. Actions mediated through either TSHR or IGF-IR are dependent on IGF-IR activity. CD34+ fibrocytes,…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Correction for Wang et al., Unraveling the iterative type I polyketide synthases hidden in Streptomyces [Biochemistry]

BIOCHEMISTRY Correction for "Unraveling the iterative type I polyketide synthases hidden in Streptomyces," by Bin Wang, Fang Guo, Chunshuai Huang, and Huimin Zhao, which was first published March 26, 2020; 10.1073/pnas.1917664117 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 117, 8449–8454). The authors note that "The double-bond configuration in compound 2 is incorrect…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Correction for Kars et al., The genetic structure of the Turkish population reveals high levels of variation and admixture [Genetics]

GENETICS Correction for "The genetic structure of the Turkish population reveals high levels of variation and admixture," by M. Ece Kars, A. Nazlı Başak, O. Emre Onat, Kaya Bilguvar, Jungmin Choi, Yuval Itan, Caner Çağlar, Robin Palvadeau, Jean-Laurent Casanova, David N. Cooper, Peter D. Stenson, Alper Yavuz, Hakan Buluş, Murat…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Nuclear roles for Argonaute proteins in the control of flowering [Genetics]

In PNAS, Xu et al. (1) report that a member of the Argonaute family of proteins, Argonaute 1 (AGO1), is an essential actor in the gene control of flowering. In Arabidopsis thaliana, flowering is inhibited when the floral repressor gene FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) is expressed. Therefore, repression of FLC…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Correction for Sargent et al., Majority of US urban natural gas emissions unaccounted for in inventories [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

EARTH, ATMOSPHERIC, AND PLANETARY SCIENCES Correction for "Majority of US urban natural gas emissions unaccounted for in inventories," by Maryann R. Sargent, Cody Floerchinger, Kathryn McKain, John Budney, Elaine W. Gottlieb, Lucy R. Hutyra, Joseph Rudek, and Steven C. Wofsy, which published October 25, 2021; 10.1073/pnas.2105804118 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci….

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Correction to Supporting Information for Ahuȷa et al., Bach1 derepression is neuroprotective in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease [Applied Biological Sciences]

APPLIED BILOGICAL SCIENCES Correction to Supporting Information for "Bach1 derepression is neuroprotective in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease," by Manuj Ahuja, Navneet Ammal Kaidery, Otis C. Attucks, Erin McDade, Dmitry M. Hushpulian, Arsen Gaisin, Irina Gaisina, Young Hoon Ahn, Sergey Nikulin, Andrey Poloznikov, Irina Gazaryan, Masayuki Yamamoto, Mitsuyo Matsumoto,…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

HIV-1 hypermethylated guanosine cap licenses specialized translation unaffected by mTOR [Microbiology]

Appended to the 5′ end of nascent RNA polymerase II transcripts is 7-methyl guanosine (m7G-cap) that engages nuclear cap-binding complex (CBC) to facilitate messenger RNA (mRNA) maturation. Mature mRNAs exchange CBC for eIF4E, the rate-limiting translation factor that is controlled through mTOR. Experiments in immune cells have now documented HIV-1…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

How production networks amplify economic growth [Economic Sciences]

Technological improvement is the most important cause of long-term economic growth. In standard growth models, technology is treated in the aggregate, but an economy can also be viewed as a network in which producers buy goods, convert them to new goods, and sell the production to households or other producers….

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Anticancer efficacy of monotherapy with antibodies to SIRP{alpha}/SIRP{beta}1 mediated by induction of antitumorigenic macrophages [Medical Sciences]

The interaction of signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) on macrophages with CD47 on cancer cells is thought to prevent antibody (Ab)-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP) of the latter cells by the former. Blockade of the CD47-SIRPα interaction by Abs to CD47 or to SIRPα, in combination with tumor-targeting Abs such as…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Microenvironment-mediated cancer dormancy: Insights from metastability theory [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Dormancy is an evolutionarily conserved protective mechanism widely observed in nature. A pathological example is found during cancer metastasis, where cancer cells disseminate from the primary tumor, home to secondary organs, and enter a growth-arrested state, which could last for decades. Recent studies have pointed toward the microenvironment being heavily…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Self-assembly of photonic crystals by controlling the nucleation and growth of DNA-coated colloids [Applied Physical Sciences]

DNA-coated colloids can self-assemble into an incredible diversity of crystal structures, but their applications have been limited by poor understanding and control over the crystallization dynamics. To address this challenge, we use microfluidics to quantify the kinetics of DNA-programmed self-assembly along the entire crystallization pathway, from thermally activated nucleation through…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

STIM1 is a core trigger of airway smooth muscle remodeling and hyperresponsiveness in asthma [Physiology]

Airway remodeling and airway hyperresponsiveness are central drivers of asthma severity. Airway remodeling is a structural change involving the dedifferentiation of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells from a quiescent to a proliferative and secretory phenotype. Here, we show up-regulation of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensor stromal-interacting molecule 1 (STIM1) in…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Environmental control of marine phytoplankton stoichiometry in the North Atlantic Ocean [Ecology]

The stoichiometric coupling of carbon to limiting nutrients in marine phytoplankton regulates the magnitude of biological carbon sequestration in the ocean. While clear links between plankton C:N ratios and environmental drivers have been identified, the nature and direction of these links, as well as their underlying physiological and ecological controls,…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

THESEUS1 modulates cell wall stiffness and abscisic acid production in Arabidopsis thaliana [Plant Biology]

Plant cells can be distinguished from animal cells by their cell walls and high-turgor pressure. Although changes in turgor and the stiffness of cell walls seem coordinated, we know little about the mechanism responsible for coordination. Evidence has accumulated that plants, like yeast, have a dedicated cell wall integrity maintenance…

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue

Correction for Myškova et al., Directionality of light absorption and emission in representative fluorescent proteins [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

BIOPHYSICS AND COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY Correction for "Directionality of light absorption and emission in representative fluorescent proteins," by Jitka Myšková, Olga Rybakova, Jiří Brynda, Petro Khoroshyy, Alexey Bondar, and Josef Lazar, which was first published December 3, 2020; 10.1073/pnas.2017379117 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 117, 32395–32401). The authors note that Table…

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cognitive science

What is the best book/method on analyzing one's thoughts and processes to improve yourself?

Looking for something where I can analyze thoughts, processes and systems to improve myself and make new processes and systems for myself. Something that will help me a self-correcting approach to my life and what I want. I understand all of this falls under something called "metacognition". An example of how I do it now is to take action and evaluate the outcome. But I wonder if there is more ma

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Author Correction: Contribution of conspecific negative density dependence to species diversity is increasing towards low environmental limitation in Japanese forests

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04348-8

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Publisher Correction: A large-scale population-based epidemiological study on the prevalence of central sensitization syndromes in Japan

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04281-w

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Skeptical Science

Climate Science Legal Defense Fund: now a decade old and busier than ever

"We've fought for the scientific endeavor since 2011. Our initiatives ensure that scientists can conduct, publish, and discuss their research and advocate for science without the threat of political harassment or legal intimidation. Our goals are simple: We want scientists to be able to focus on understanding climate change, threats to public health, and other critical human and environmental iss

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Future(s) Studies

This tiny autonomous robot transforms the desert into a verdant landscape.

submitted by /u/-ImYourHuckleberry- [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Researchers Just Discovered Dozens Of Starless Rogue Planets In Our Galaxy

submitted by /u/mememerizer [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

A Swedish Firm Has Created an Under-Skin Microchip for COVID Vaccine Passport

submitted by /u/landlord2213 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

First 3D-printed, owner-occupied home in US to be unveiled – "Alquist's 3D-printing technology accelerates both the home-design and construction process, allowing a home to be built in days instead of weeks."

submitted by /u/Gari_305 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

3-D-Printed Chicken Dinner Cooked by Lasers

submitted by /u/wyndwatcher [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

After years of doubts, hopes grow that nuclear fusion is finally for real and could help address climate change

submitted by /u/passintimendgas [link] [comments]

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The Scientist RSS

Remembering Those We Lost in 2021

As the year draws to a close, we look back on researchers we bid farewell to, and the contributions they made to their respective fields.

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Nature

Striking antibody evasion manifested by the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2

Sars Cov 2 Omicron

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Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03826-3

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Nature

Omicron extensively but incompletely escapes Pfizer BNT162b2 neutralization

Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03824-5

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Nature

Omicron escapes the majority of existing SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies

Sars Cov 2 Omicron

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Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03796-6

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Nature

Considerable escape of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron to antibody neutralization

Sars Cov 2 Omicron

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Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03827-2

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Nature

Broadly neutralizing antibodies overcome SARS-CoV-2 Omicron antigenic shift

Sars Cov 2 Omicron

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Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03825-4

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Phys.org

French Guiana awaits historic Webb telescope launch

Like kids dreaming of presents under the tree, the scientists at the Jupiter control room at the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou are patiently waiting for December 25.

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The Scientist RSS

Demystifying the Human Gut Microbiome with Multiomics

Multiomic approaches identify important metabolites from the gut microbiome.

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The Scientist RSS

The Past, Present, and Future of Cell and Gene Therapy

Embark on the journey of cell and gene therapy—from its conception and development, to its present state, and into its future.

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Phys.org

Zinc isotopes of arc-related lavas reveal recycling of forearc serpentinites into subarc mantle

Serpentinite, formed by low-temperature hydrothermal alteration of mantle peridotite, is distributed in the lithospheric mantle at the bottom of the subduction slab (slab-serpentinite) and forearc mantle wedge above the subduction slab (mantle wedge serpentinite) in the subduction zone.

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Phys.org

Consumer confidence: Omicron plays holiday Grinch

Although consumers were slightly more optimistic about economic conditions in the December survey, nearly all the data were collected prior to the rapid spread of Omicron in the U.S., according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers.

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ScienceDaily

Dominant SARS-CoV-2 Alpha variant evolved to evade our innate immune system

The SARS-CoV-2 Alpha (B.1.1.7) variant mutated to evade our 'innate immune system', helping establish it as the world's first 'Variant of Concern', a new study finds.

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ScienceDaily

Innovative X-ray imaging shows COVID-19 can cause vascular damage to the heart

Researchers have detected significant changes in the heart muscle tissue of people who died from COVID-19. The study underpins the involvement of the heart in COVID-19 at the microscopic level by imaging and analyzing the affected tissue in the three dimensions.

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ScienceDaily

Your seat on public transportation determines level of exposure to exhaled droplets, study finds

In a new study, researchers developed a model with an unprecedented level of detail and focused on conditions that are more characteristic of asymptomatic transmission. The multiphysics model involved air and droplet dynamics, heat transfer, evaporation, humidity, and effects of ventilation systems. The researchers modeled various scenarios in close detail and were able to reconstruct their ventil

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Biology News – Evolution, Cell theory, Gene theory, Microbiology, Biotechnology

Scientists identify genes key to microbial colonization of plant roots

Some microbes can form thin films called biofilms. These biofilms give them an advantage over other microbes by protecting them from stresses such as a lack of nutrients or the presence of harmful substances in the environment. Researchers often focus on the biofilms that pathogens use to resist antibiotics. However, some biofilms can be helpful to plants and other host organisms. In previous work

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The Scientist RSS

A Guide to Comprehensive Epigenetic Analysis

Technological advances help scientists detect genome-wide DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation levels in parallel.

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Phys.org

Researchers develop interactive visualization system for analysis of big ocean data

With the development of various types of fixed marine observation equipment, satellite remote sensing technology, and computer simulation technology, modern marine scientific research has entered the era of big data.

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Phys.org

Research enlightens ethnobotanical uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of genus Fagaropsis in Africa

The genus Fagaropsis Mildbr. ex Siebenl. belongs to the Rutaceae family. It consists of four accepted species: F. hildebrandtii, F. angolensis, F. glabra, and F. velutina. The plants of this genus are trees and shrubs found in Africa and Madagascar. Fagaropsis species have been used in folkloric medicine for the treatment and management of various diseases, such as malaria, cancer and chronic join

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Phys.org

Assemblages of bacterial communities depend on depths in paddy soils

Bacterial communities in soil play a key role in carbon (C) and nutrient cycling. It is not clear how geographic divergence in bacterial community composition depends on soil depth, which processes underlie community assembly, and which are the main factors.

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Phys.org

Modeling mulch to understand agricultural soil

Ensuring appropriate access to water is a key concern for farmers. Crops can underperform, or even die, in the presence of too little or too much water. But soil's ability to retain water is a complex process that depends on variations in soil composition, surface morphology, and local temperature, humidity, and wind, among other factors.

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Phys.org

Illinois falls behind federal goal to reduce phosphorus and nitrogen flowing into its waterways

Hundreds of miles south of Chicago, decomposing algae in the Gulf of Mexico makes life so perilous for fish they swim away—or die.

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Phys.org

Investigating the lifecycles of volatile biogenic compounds in the atmosphere

Earth's atmosphere is full of various gasses. Besides nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide in the troposphere, it also contains other molecules or trace gasses that can be neutral, beneficial, or harmful to our health. Whence do they come? There are many sources of these volatile species, biogenic such as plants and anthropogenic such as vehicular emissions. Under environmental conditions like UV

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Biochemistry Research News — ScienceDaily

Sensor based on quantum physics could detect SARS-CoV-2 virus

Researchers found it's possible to design a sensor, based on quantum physics, that could detect the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The approach may offer faster, cheaper, and more accurate detection of Covid-19, including of new variants.

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NYT > Science

Estos peces mexicanos hacen la ola. Te contamos por qué

En las aguas sulfurosas de Tabasco, los cardúmenes agitan las aguas como los aficionados al fútbol. La estrategia les salva la vida.

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Scientific American

How Did Neanderthals and Other Ancient Humans Learn to Count?

Archaeological finds suggest that people developed numbers tens of thousands of years ago. Scholars are now exploring the first detailed hypotheses about this life-changing invention — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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ScienceDaily

Metabolic syndrome increased risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome, death for hospitalized COVID-19 patients, study finds

Metabolic Syndrome ARDS

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Patients hospitalized with COVID-19 who had a combination of high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, or other conditions associated with metabolic syndrome were at much higher risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and death, according to a new study.

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Nature

Evolution of enhanced innate immune evasion by SARS-CoV-2

Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04352-y

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Nature

SARS-CoV-2 infection in free-ranging white-tailed deer

Sars Cov 2 Infection

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Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04353-x

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Nature

Broadly neutralizing antibodies target a hemagglutinin anchor epitope

Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04356-8

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Nature

Cardiovascular diseases disrupt the bone-marrow niche

Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03550-y The production of blood cells, including some immune cells, relies heavily on the bone-marrow microenvironment. Cardiovascular diseases are now found to corrupt this niche, leading to imbalances in blood-cell production.

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Futurism

Capture All the Action with the Best GoPro Cameras

For nearly two decades, the name GoPro has been synonymous with action and adventure. So much so that people often refer to any action camera as simply a "GoPro." When looking for the best GoPro cameras, keep in mind that the current GoPro lineup continues that legacy, thanks to premium video features like class-leading resolutions and frame rates up to 5.3K at 60 frames per second and arguably t

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Discover Magazine

A Year Lasts 16 Hours on This Ultrahot, Jupiter-like Planet

The recently-discovered gas giant is the second hottest planet on record. It's also slowly spiraling into its own host star.

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Phys.org

Using magnets to toggle nanolasers leads to better photonics

A magnetic field can be used to switch nanolasers on and off, shows new research from Aalto University. The physics underlying this discovery paves the way for the development of optical signals that cannot be disturbed by external disruptions, leading to unprecedented robustness in signal processing.

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Phys.org

Climate and soil determine the distribution of plant traits

An international research team succeeded in identifying global factors that explain the diversity of form and function in plants. Led by the University of Zurich, the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena and the University of Leipzig, the researchers collected and analyzed plant data from around the world. For the first time, they showed for characteristics such as plant size, structur

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Phys.org

Worldwide paradigm shift in which producers actively contribute to agronomic understanding

Since its beginning in 1989, the Nebraska On-Farm Research Network has helped producers, in partnership with Nebraska Extension, analyze experiments suited to the specific conditions of their fields. This collaboration has boosted agronomic understanding as well as producer profits. On-Farm Experimentation, or "OFE" is a growing phenomenon worldwide, and a new journal article co-authored by a Nebr

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The Scientist RSS

Bio-Rad Introduces Bio-Plex Pro Human SARS-CoV-2 Variant Neutralization Antibody Assays to Quickly Measure Neutralizing Antibodies Against SARS-CoV-2 Virus

Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. (NYSE: BIO and BIOb), a global leader of life science research and clinical diagnostic products, announced the launch of the Bio-Plex™ Pro Human SARS-CoV-2 Variant Neutralization Antibody Assays, for research use only (RUO).

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ScienceDaily

Reduce frailty to lower dementia

Reducing frailty in older adults could be an effective strategy to prevent dementia, according to a largescale new study.

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ScienceDaily

Machine learning models quantum devices

Technologies that take advantage of novel quantum mechanical behaviors are likely to become commonplace in the near future. These may include devices that use quantum information as input and output data, which require careful verification due to inherent uncertainties. The verification is more challenging if the device is time dependent when the output depends on past inputs. For the first time,

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ScienceDaily

Developing bioactive coatings for better orthopaedic implants

Bioactive coatings play a vital role in the success of implants such as those for knees or hips, because their properties induce a biological response that is good for the health. Researchers are working on a coating that mimics bone tissue.

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ScienceDaily

Study finds electric vehicles provide lower carbon emissions through additional channels

A recent study found that the total indirect emissions from the supply of chain of electric vehicles pale in comparison to the same indirect emissions from fossil fuel-powered vehicles.

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Author Correction: Increment in the volcanic unrest and number of eruptions after the 2012 large earthquakes sequence in Central America

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-03918-0

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Phys.org

In Africa, rescuing the languages that Western tech ignores

Computers have become amazingly precise at translating spoken words to text messages and scouring huge troves of information for answers to complex questions. At least, that is, so long as you speak English or another of the world's dominant languages.

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The Scientist RSS

INTEGRA supports groundbreaking brain tumor research

INTEGRA Biosciences is proud to be supporting vital translational research into diffuse intrinsic ponsglioma (DIPG) – a rare childhood brain tumor – at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) with a festive donation of 20,000 EUR. Brain tumors in children are thankfully rare, but are often associated with poor prognoses and low survival rates.

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Phys.org

Translocation on chromosome 6 causes abnormalities during meiosis and fewer seeds in watermelon

Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is an economically important horticultural crop and one of the top five most widely consumed fresh fruits in the world. Compared with traditional seeded cultivars, seedless watermelon is preferred by consumers, exhibits better fruit quality, and provides greater economic benefit to growers.

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Phys.org

Using game theory to thwart multistage privacy intrusions when sharing data

Data Privacy India

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Biomedical data is widely collected in the field of medicine, although sharing such data can raise privacy concerns about the re-identification of seemingly anonymous records. Risk assessment frameworks for formal re-identification can inform decisions on the process of sharing data, and current methods focus on scenarios where data recipients use only one resource to identify purposes. However, t

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Biology News – Evolution, Cell theory, Gene theory, Microbiology, Biotechnology

Bacterial battle: How protective cultures can protect us from food-borne pathogens in cheese

Cheese is a simple product. It usually only consists of milk, enzymes, salt, and bacteria that give the cheese its form and flavor.

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Phys.org

Ephemeral evidence of Mediterranean mobility

The central Mediterranean throughout time has been a region defined by the continuous flow of people, goods, and ideas. Excavation and analysis of ancient shipwrecks along these coastlines reveal the overlapping social, political, and economic relationships that fostered the development of the region and spurred wide-ranging movement across the Mediterranean Sea.

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Phys.org

Now is the time for lawmakers to care about microplastics

If the word 'microplastics' conjures up thoughts of straws, sea turtles, and thoughts that the world has bigger problems, you're definitely not alone. It's in the name: although they are strictly defined as plastic particles measuring five millimeters or less, most microplastics are microscopic in size, and seem to have a corresponding level of significance.

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Phys.org

Increase in online chatting has adverse effects on reading skills worldwide

The worldwide deterioration of reading skills due to the increase in online chatting is continuing per country. This is the conclusion of a study by researcher Hans Luyten from the University of Twente. He studied the data from the international PISA-surveys (Programme for International Student Assessment) in 2009 and 2018 in 63 countries. This was part of a large-scale comparative research study

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ScienceDaily

Could EKGs help doctors use AI to detect pulmonary embolisms?

Pulmonary embolisms are dangerous, lung-clogging blot clots. In a pilot study, scientists showed that artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms can detect signs of these clots in electrocardiograms (EKGs), a finding which may one day help doctors with screening.

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ScienceDaily

First model to predict lifetime risk of heart failure

By answering a few basic questions, a new heart failure-risk model can provide an on-the-spot estimate of whether an individual will experience heart failure in the next 30 years. The ability to identify who is at greatest risk for heart failure — especially among high-risk young adult populations — will allow physicians to start prevention measures sooner.

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ScienceDaily

Key neural mechanism believed to support advanced cognitive abilities discovered

Scientists have discovered a neural mechanism that is believed to support advanced cognitive abilities such as planning and problem-solving.

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ScienceDaily

Form, function and a deadly fungus

New research marks a major step forward in understanding C. auris biology, homing in on the genetics behind its ability to shape-shift from a round yeast form to a more hair-like, filamentous form — potentially unlocking how the emerging pathogen causes disease.

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ScienceDaily

3D-bioprinted tissues can now be stored in the freezer until needed

A major obstacle to widespread study and clinical use of 3D tissues is their short shelf-life, which may be anywhere from a just few hours to a few days. As in the case of an organ transplant, a bioprinted tissue must be transported rapidly to the location where it is needed, or it will not be viable. Researchers now describe new work combining 3D bioprinting with cryopreservative techniques to cr

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ScienceDaily

Robotic manipulators inspired by nature

Traditional robots can have difficulty grasping and manipulating soft objects if their manipulators are not flexible in the way elephant trunks, octopus tentacles, or human fingers can be. Investigators developed a type of multiple-segment soft manipulator inspired by these biological systems. The soft manipulators are based on pneu-nets, which are pneumatically actuated elastomeric structures. Th

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Singularity Hub

The World's Biggest Offshore Wind Farm Is Up and Running

Australia Three Offshore

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Two and a half years ago, the Hornsea 1 offshore wind farm started generating power. Located in the North Sea off the coast of Grimsby, England, it was completed in 2020, with 174 turbines and a generating capacity of 1.2 gigawatts. It was the biggest offshore wind farm in the world at the time, and now its sister site, Hornsea 2, has launched as well. The site generated its first power over the

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Discovery (uploads) on YouTube

One Last Hunt Before Starvation Hits | Naked and Afraid

Stream Naked and Afraid on discovery+ ► https://www.discoveryplus.com/show/naked-and-afraid About Naked and Afraid: What happens when you put two complete strangers – sans clothes – in some of the most extreme environments on Earth? Each male-female duo is left with no food, no water, no clothes, and only one survival item. #NakedAndAfraid #Discovery #Survival Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.l

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forskning.se

Munskydd eller inte? Det är frågan…

Ska man ha munskydd eller inte? Hur effektiva är de och stoppar de smittan? Åsikterna går isär men teknisk forskning visar att munskydd ger bra skydd mot partiklar i luften – och att skägg kan orsaka ökat läckage från munskydden. Inlägget dök först upp på forskning.se .

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ScienceDaily

Genes are switched on in the human embryo from the get-go

Scientists have discovered that genes in human embryos rapidly become active after fertilization, opening a new window onto the start of human embryonic life.

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ScienceDaily

A new platform for controlled design of printed electronics with 2D materials

Design Electronics 2D

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Scientists have shown how electricity is transported in printed 2D materials, paving the way for design of flexible devices for healthcare and beyond.

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ScienceDaily

Honing in on shared network of cancer genes

Using network modeling, researchers have honed in on a set of gene interactions that are critical to malignancy and likely to be fertile ground for broad cancer therapies.

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ScienceDaily

Arctic birds connect the world: Biologging tech tracking of nearctic seabirds surprise scientists with diverse migratory paths from shared breeding site

As the Arctic and the oceans warm due to climate change, understanding how a rapidly changing environment may affect birds making annual journeys between the Arctic and the high seas is vital to international conservation efforts. However, for some Arctic species, there are still many unknowns about their migration routes. Using telemetry to solve some mysteries of three related seabird species —

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ScienceDaily

Computer simulation models potential asteroid collisions

Researchers have developed a computer simulation of asteroid collisions that initially sought to replicate model asteroid strikes performed in a laboratory. After verifying the accuracy of the simulation, he believes it could be used to predict the result of future asteroid impacts or to learn more about past impacts by studying their craters. The simulation was built using the space-time conserva

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ScienceDaily

Biosensors using field-effect transistors show great promise

Researchers review scientific advances of electrolyte-gated carbon nanotube field-effect transistor biosensors, which are characterized by superior electronic properties and intrinsic signal amplification and are capable of detecting a wide range of biomolecules with high sensitivity. One of their main components is the biorecognition element, which selectively recognizes the analyte of interest.

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ScienceDaily

Alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic projected to cause more liver disease and deaths

A one-year increase in alcohol consumption in the U.S. during the COVID-19 pandemic is estimated to cause 8,000 additional deaths from alcohol-related liver disease, 18,700 cases of liver failure, and 1,000 cases of liver cancer by 2040. A sustained increase in alcohol consumption for more than one year could result in 19-35 percent additional mortality.

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ScienceDaily

Study compares COVID-19 vaccines' ability to stimulate immune protection against the coronavirus

Covid Moderna FDA Pfizer

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Three COVID-19 vaccines are available in the United States, but little was known about their comparative abilities to stimulate an immune response. A lab analysis found that the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines induced the greatest concentrations of neutralizing antibodies. A separate analysis found that recipients of the Moderna vaccine have the lowest risk for breakthrough COVID-19 infections.

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Phys.org

The Somalayas are the biggest mountain range you will never see

Every geography schoolbook has them: maps that look like today's Earth, but not quite, since all continents are merged into a single supercontinent. Those maps were used to explain why dinosaurs in South America and Africa, or North America and Europe looked so alike.

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Biology News – Evolution, Cell theory, Gene theory, Microbiology, Biotechnology

Foxes, racoons, stone martens and domestic cats got along in Berlin before and during COVID lockdowns

Avoid or compete, eat or be eaten, exploit or cooperate—biotic communities are shaped by species interactions in many different ways. Urban environments represent a special case as human presence and influence may have fundamentally changed the rules of the game. Around 150 wildlife cameras installed by Berlin citizen scientists in their gardens in five rounds from autumn 2018 to autumn 2020 produ

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Future(s) Studies

How Tim Cook Crushed Facebook—and Set up a War in Tech for Years to Come

submitted by /u/Defiant_Race_7544 [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Beyond the Internet of Things: the Internet of Bodies and the Network of All Networks

Facebook's or Microsoft's so-called Metaverse is nothing more than what the RAND Corporation has termed the Internet of Bodies, and it's a part of what has been known in the technical literature (since the early 2000s) as NBIC Convergence… 6G is meant to leapfrog us into it in a big way, and so is what we're now calling Artificial Intelligence. submitted by /u/RedDotPy [link] [comments]

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Future(s) Studies

Sensors in Concrete: New Technology to Improve Efficiency and Avoid Material Waste

submitted by /u/Weeiam [link] [comments]

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New Scientist

2021 in review: COP26 lays the groundwork for a decade of action

Within days of the dramatic closing of November's COP26 climate summit, the Glasgow Climate Pact was already having an impact

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Futurity.org

Some people in Greenland absorb sugar differently

Greenlanders Sugar

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A genetic variation present in 2 to 3% of Greenland's population makes them metabolize sugar differently and offers health benefits. According to a new study, gut bacteria and a unique diet that has nourished Greenlanders for millennia have provided them with a genetic variation that offers an incredible advantage. Two copies of a gene variant make it so that they absorb sugar differently than ot

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Phys.org

Diversity in the workplace must be matched with an atmosphere of genuine inclusion

The idea that greater diversity in the workplace is good for business seems to be gaining ground. In a recent major step in December 2021, BT announced plans for 25% of its workforce to be from "non-white backgrounds" by the end of the decade.

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The Scientist RSS

Genome Spotlight: Common Reed (Phragmites australis)

The first reference-quality genome for this grass species could aid managers in understanding and eradicating this highly invasive plant.

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Phys.org

Scientists develop concept for feedback-controlled optical tweezers

We can test the quality and freshness of fruits and vegetables with our fingers, and even industrial robots have been performing successfully at tactile applications for years. But how is it possible to grab and rotate objects with the width of a human hair? Prof. Dr. Alexander Rohrbach from the University of Freiburg's Department of Microsystems Engineering and his team have now published a study

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Retraction Watch

'Why did this take over five years?' Reflecting on two new retractions

In September 2015, after a lengthy investigation, the Committee on Scientific Integrity (CSI) of the Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) advised the LUMC Board of Directors to ask for retraction of two publications because of major data manipulation in images. The case involved Maria Fousteri, who by then had left LUMC. In the Netherlands it … Continue reading

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Phys.org

'Heavy' hydrogen stabilizes drugs

Researchers at the University of Bonn have presented a method that allows the heavier hydrogen "brother" deuterium to be introduced specifically into many different molecules. The deuterated compounds obtained in this way are more stable against degradation by certain enzymes. Drugs produced using this method can be effective for longer, meaning they have to be taken in lower doses or less frequen

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Ingeniøren

Norsk motorvejsbyggeri reducerer CO2-udledning fra asfalt med 40 procent

Anlægningen af E16-motorvejen i Norge viser at valg af bæredygtige materialer og bedre planlægning kan gøre byggeprojekter grønnere.

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Phys.org

Ecological succession explained

Ecological succession is the process by which the mix of species and habitat in an area changes over time. Gradually, these communities replace one another until a "climax community"—like a mature forest—is reached, or until a disturbance, like a fire, occurs.

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Phys.org

Testing radar to peer into Jupiter's moons

A 1:18 scale model of Juice, ESA's spacecraft to explore the Jupiter system, is being employed to test its radar antenna.

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Phys.org

Antarctica's 'doomsday' glacier: How its collapse could trigger global floods and swallow islands

The massive Thwaites glacier in West Antarctica contains enough ice to raise global sea levels by 65cm if it were to completely collapse. And, worryingly, recent research suggests that its long-term stability is doubtful as the glacier hemorrhages more and more ice.

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The Scientist RSS

Our Favorite Genetics Stories of 2021

Studies The Scientist covered this year illustrate the expanding importance of genetic and genomic research in all aspects of life science, from ecology to medicine.

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ScienceDaily

How tissues form complex shapes that enable organ function

From the smooth tubes of our arteries and veins to the textured pockets of our internal organs, our bodies are made of tissues arranged in complex shapes that aid in performing specific functions.

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ScienceDaily

Study confirms nutrient's role in childhood blood cancer

A molecular building block of many animal proteins, the amino acid valine, plays a key role in cancerous growth seen in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a new study shows.

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ScienceDaily

Geneticists' new research on ancient Britain contains insights on language, ancestry, kinship, milk

New research revealing a major migration to the island of Great Britain offers fresh insights into the languages spoken at the time, the ancestry of present-day England and Wales, and even ancient habits of dairy consumption.

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ScienceDaily

Humble lizards offer surprising approach to engineering artificial lungs

A new study shows how the brown anole lizard solves one of nature's most complex problems — breathing — with ultimate simplicity. Whereas human lungs develop over months and years into baroque tree-like structures, the anole lung develops in just a few days into crude lobes covered with bulbous protuberances. These gourd-like structures, while far less refined, allow the lizard to exchange oxyge

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Nature

Time-resolved structural analysis of an RNA-cleaving DNA catalyst

Nature, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-04225-4 Using high-resolution NMR characterization, the kinetics and dynamics of the catalytic function of a DNAzyme are shown.

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Scientific American News

Lost Women of Science Podcast, Bonus Episode: The Resignation

We investigate the curious, charged circumstances surrounding the resignation of the director of pediatrics at Columbia University's Babies Hospital and one pathologist at the center of it… — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Phys.org

Moving objects straight off the printer

It seems like science fiction: a flat object issues from the 3D printer, then starts to fold itself. Albeit in a limited way, 4D printing was already possible, but now TU/e researcher Marc del Pozo Puig has developed a smart ink that responds to all kinds of environmental stimuli, for a regular desktop 3D printer. On Wednesday, December 22, he will obtain his doctorate at the department of Chemica

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Author Correction: Assessment of myocardial viscoelasticity with Brillouin spectroscopy in myocardial infarction and aortic stenosis models

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04261-0

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Scientific Reports – nature.com science feeds

Publisher Correction: Chewing increases postprandial diet-induced thermogenesis

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 December 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04257-w

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Ingeniøren

Mæslinger kan holdes væk med et stik vaccine, HPV med to, men hvorfor skal der flere til mod corona?

PLUS. MFR-vaccinen er to skud, HPV op til tre skud, og stivkrampe skal boostes hvert 10. år. Hvor kan vi ende med corona-vaccinerne?

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Phys.org

Researchers uncover the mechanism of electric field detection in microscale graphene sensors

The ability to sense the magnitude and polarity of an electric field is of great scientific interest. Applications include early prediction of lightning and detection of supersonic aircraft. Presently, field mills are widely used electric field sensors. While they can detect electric fields of either polarity and field of magnitude as low as 1 V/m, the large size (>1m) hinders their wide use for r

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Phys.org

COVID-19 home testing kits: Should we be worried about their environmental impact?

The highly transmissible omicron variant has led to renewed interest in home testing kits. The UK is getting through millions of these tests each week, while US president Joe Biden has just ordered 500 million kits to send to Americans.

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Phys.org

Understanding the entry mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 into human cells

Sars CoV 2 Cells Omicron

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The biology of SARS-CoV-2, the virus behind the COVID-19 pandemic, remains partially elusive. Understanding viral mechanisms is a key factor in developing effective treatment strategies against the outbreak. Now, Keesiang Lim and Richard Wong from Kanazawa University and colleagues have shown how the virus is equipped to enter human cells in real-time.

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Scientific American Content

Omicron's Effect Won't Be as Mild as Hoped

Omicron Covid Delta SA

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It's too soon to know if the variant causes milder COVID, but its transmissibility and ability to evade vaccines are still cause for concern — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Phys.org

Improving ocean data access for Indigenous coastal communities

Indigenous coastal communities have depended on ocean resources over millennia, but climate change is creating a more unpredictable ocean by influencing waves, sea level, temperature and other factors, profoundly impacting remote coastal communities.

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Phys.org

Light-independent metabolic pathways regulate astaxanthin accumulation in Haematococcus

A research team led by Prof. Liu Jianguo from the Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences found that light-independent metabolic pathways, in addition to light-dependent metabolic pathways, can also regulate astaxanthin accumulation in Haematococcus.

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Phys.org

Algorithm builds maps predicting overall state of environment based on available measurements

Skoltech researchers have come up with an approach for aggregating and mapping data on the quality of water, soil, or air for agriculture, industrial needs, consumer and environmental protection. The new algorithm relies on readings from multiple isolated measurements of pollutant levels and other parameters at various locations to predict and visually map how each parameter—e.g., concentration of

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