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H U S K E T E K N I K
BioNyt – Videnskabens Verden nr. 140/141 er et 120 siders temanummer om husketeknik.
Teksten er specielt rettet mod uddannelsessektoren.
Enestående samling af associationsforslag til brug for husketeknik – kraftig udbygning af alt, hvad der tidligere er udgivet om husketeknik.
Husketeknik gør det sjovere, lettere og hurtigere at lære sproggloser og fremmedord.
Husketeknik gør det muligt at huske tal, formler og årstal.
Husketeknik gør det lettere at huske navnestof
Husketeknik er et 2000 år gammelt redskab til at holde lange taler uden manuskript.
Husketeknik kan bruges i undervisningen af sprogfag, historie, biologi, kemi, fysik, matematik, idræt og så videre.
Pris: 325 kr pr. styk + forsendelsen.
Køb dette nummer ved netbankoverførsel: TRYK HER
Kan bestilles hos:
Ole Terney, BioNyt – Videnskabens Verden, Tel: (45) 35376408, bionyt@gmail.com, (www.bionyt.dk)


BioNyt – Videnskabens Verden er det næstældste populærvidenskabelige tidsskrift i Danmark for almen naturvidenskab.
Emner i bladet, bl.a. klimaændringer, nanoteknologi, kloning, stamceller, fedme, livets opståen og udvikling, fugleinfluenza, hjernen mv.
Læsere skrev:
"…enestående tidsskrift. Jeg bliver altid glad, når det dumper ind ad døren. Der er altid artikler i, der fanger min interesse. Lækkert at emnerne bliver behandlet i dybden, men stadig er letfordøjelige."
"…et af de eneste 'organer', der er brugbart til at følge med…"
"…udfylder en meget vigtig rolle ved at bygge bro mellem forskning og resten af samfundet".
"…kræver læserens fulde opmærksomhed"
ca. 4 nr / år + artikler på www.bionyt.dk.
Pris: Abon. 2008: Inst.: 525 kr, private: 425 kr, stud. 299 kr. (abonnement kan købes på www.bionyt.dk eller ved bestilling på tlf. 35376408 eller bionyt@gmail.com)
Se bladet: bionyt.s807.sureserver.com/bionyt-videnskabens-verden
Se noter om husketeknik: www.bionyt.dk/husketeknik
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”Temadag om at huske” Ole Terney tilbyder foredrag om husketeknik
Hukommelsesteknikker er en gammel opfindelse man kan datere helt tilbage til den græske oldtid. Ved foredraget vil der blive mulighed for at afprøve forskellige husketeknikker. Ved at anvende hukommelsesteknikker kan man opnå øget fokusering og adgang til tidligere erindringer, ligesom det kan medvirke til at lette praktiske ting i hverdagen.

Sider med tip til at huske:

http://img.com.tripod.com/mnemonics/chemistry.ht

CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

  • There are two classes of nucleotides in DNA: pyrimidine and purine, and four nucleotides: cytosine, thymine, adenine, guanine. Easiest way to remember to which class they belong is that all pyramidines (cytosine and thymine) contain the letter y.
  • As well, adenine and guanine are nine-sided molecules, and the pyramidines are six-sided molecules. See the animation showing how a six-sided molecule becomes a pyramid.

Separating DNA/RNA

  • Although DNA and RNA are both nucleic acids, they do different jobs in the cell. Just remember:
  • DNA Delivers the blueprint, RNA Reads it.
  • RNA uses Ribose sugar.
  • RNA uses uRacil in place of thymine.

SUGARS

Simplified Sugars

  • There are two simple sugars (monosaccharides) — fructose and glucose — which combine in a specific way to form sucrose. Remember the molecule of Fructose has Five carbons (letter F starts both words) and hexaGon is the shape of the Glucose molecule (letter G in both words). Remember too, if fructose and glucose attach the wrong way, you end up with an undigestible fibre instead of sucrose sugar.

Into Insulin

  • Insulin gets sugar into cells. Without insulin, a person can have excess sugar in his blood yet die of lack of sugar. Excess sugar is removed via urine. Romans noticed bees attracted to the urine of diabetics and coined the term "diabetes" to describe the overflow of sugar. (literally, diabetes = "across the sugar"). Medical students need to distinguish between the two types of diabetes: mellitus and insipidus. Both cause increased urine flow, but for different reasons altogether. D. mellitus is characterized by excessive sugar present in the urine due to lack of insulin. D. insipidus is recognized by high volumes of watery urine due to lack of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH), usually caused by a damaged hypothalamus gland. In the old days, a physician would taste the urine to determine which form of diabetes his patient had.

WATER

Capilliary Action

  • Water rises to the tops of plants by Capilliary Action (CA), which depends upon Cohesive and Adhesive (C+A) properties of H2O.

Hydrolysis and Monomers

  • Hydrolysis is the way water can break molecules (hydro=water, lysis=cut). Certain molecules called monomers (mono=one, mer=water*) have a hydroxide and a hydrogen attached to the side. When a monomer bonds to another monomer or polymer, the HO and H atoms break off and combine to form a single water molecule.
  • You can see the effects of hydrogen bonds in real life whenever you iron cotton fabric. Cotton is a long cellulose chain with H-bonds attaching it to other cellulose chains. When these bonds link out of parallel, we get wrinkled clothes. Heat and moisture (i.e., steam iron) break and reform these bonds to a more parallel shape. Wool has covalent and electrovalent disulfide bonds which can be permanently set (permanently pleated) by breaking and reforming these bonds with certain sulfur chemicals. Nylon, polyester, acetate, and triacetate are thermosensitive and their shapes can be heat set.
  • * ~mer actually means "piece" in Greek and "sea" in French, but I found this way makes it easier to remember.

Osmosis Sucks

  • To remember how osmosis works, remember that "Particles suck." Thus, tonicity (hypertonic, hypotonic) refers to concentration of particles, and water always goes toward the area of more particles.

  • (from: Hallie Ray, Science Department, Rappahannock Community College, Warsaw, VA)

Two Easy Bonds

  • Two easy bond angles are also two of the more common ones we need to memorize. Sure, it is hard to remember which molecules have what angles, but it is important if you want to make any money as a chemist of any note.
  • The H2O molecule is bent because the extra electron cloud sticking out of the oxygen atom pushes the two hydrogen atoms away, thus making an angle of 105 degrees instead of a straight line. Similar thing with NH3, except the electron cloud pushes against the three hydrogens to modify the regular tetrahedral shape a bit. To be precise, the angle between the hydrogens and the central nitrogen is 107 degrees. How do I know this? Because I count the letters in WATER and AMMONIA and come up with 5 and 7 respectively (to correspond with 105 and 107 degrees respectively).

TABLE OF ELEMENTS

  • Although reports have surfaced of people committing the naturally occurring elements to memory simply by reciting the symbols as a crazy sentence that starts "Hy! He libeb cnof nenam gal sips clark casa tiv crmn feconi cuzn gage ass ebr krrb styz rnb mot crurh pdag …" we will refrain from attempting something so dangerous. Instead, I present the following:

2nd Period Elements

  • Like Being Bare Cuz Naked Orgasms Feel Neat for lithium, beryllium, boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, neon. Or the more risque Lithesome Beryl Blows Charlie Nightly On Floor Neeling.

3rd Period Elements

  • Once you see this word pattern in the third period (Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, and Ar) you'll always remember that Nagging Maggie Always SiPS ClAret.

4th Period Elements

  • PoKey Captain Scans Tight Virgin Crew Members Fer Cold Night Cuddles. Zany Gray Germs Are Sold By Kremlin, or in reverse order: Kry Brother! SeAs of Germany and Gaul Sink Copper ships Nice and Cold from Manx to Crimea, Vancouver to Timor, and Scandinavia to the California Koast.

5th Period Elements

  • Rub Strong Young Zulus. Nubile Mona Touches Ruth's Rectum. Pallid Agents Could Infiltrate Tiny Stubborn Telephone Industry Xecutives.

6th Period

  • This row on the left lower portion of the table contains Cesium, Barium, Lutetium, Hafnium Tantalum, Wolfram (tungsten) and Rhenium. Just remember: Cheap beers lure half-tanked wolf and rhino. The rest of them might go Osir: pretty awful hag throws pretty bad polkas all right for osmium, iridium, platinum, gold, mercury, thorium, lead, bismuth, polonium, astatine, radon. Another: Osir, platinum-blonde Audrey hogs Thor, plumbs Bill, and polos at random.

The Lanthanides

  • Elements #57-71 have two cute mnemonics: Little Cute People Need Plenty Sex Every Given Time Despite having Enough Through Young Love and Currently Parties Never Provide Sexy English Girls That Drink Heavily, Even Though You Look.

Actinides

  • Berkelium, Californium, Einsteinium, Fermium, and Mendelevium are a snap when you recite: BlocKheads Can't Find ElementS FroM Mnemonic Devices

Earth's Abundant Elements

  • Only Silly Asses In College Study Past Midnight tells me that the most common elements of the planet's crust are, in descending order: oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium.

HONC if you like Life!

  • Of course, H-O-N-C are the four elements that make life's building blocks — hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon.

All the Periodic Groups

  • All 18 groups (columns) of the periodic table are mnenomicized here in order:
    1. He Likes Naked Kisses and Rubs Cuz he's French or He Licked Sonja's Krotch, Rubbed Cassy's Front, or Hi LiNa: Kare to Rub and Copulate like the French do?
    2. Beryl Might Call Strong Barry, or Betcha Maggie Can Stretch Balls Rapidly (ouch!) or Being Magnificent Can Sure be Radical.
    3. ScantY Ladies Acting
    4. Tight Zipper or Titz're a Handful
    5. Vixens Nubile and Tantalizing
    6. Cro Magnon Women Sag or ChroMo Tongue (silver tongued)
    7. Men Touching Repulsive Nuns
    8. Feel Ruth Oscillate
    9. Cold Rhoda Irritates Me
    10. Nipples Pull Playfully or Nick's a Pal, worth his weight in Platinum.
    11. Cum Again, Auuuuu!
    12. Zena's a Cold Hag or Zinc-plated Cadillacs and Mercury's
    13. Boinking All Gals In Theatre, or Big Al Gazes Into Telephone or Boning Al GaIns Thelma
    14. Carl's Silent, Gena Snores Loudly, or Can Silly Gena Tin Plums? or Car Sick Germans in Tiny Pub
    15. Nighties and Panties Are Still Big … Nice Phurry Ass, Stubby Beard … or Nice People As Stubborn Bitches or Nights Flossing for Arsholes and Bigots
    16. Ox Sells Sex To Poles or Odie Smith Selling Telephone Poles
    17. Feeling Clara's Brassiere, I Attack
    18. He Never Argues or Kries eXcept when it Rains
  • Bonus The metalloids mnemonic is: Big Sized Genitals Assure Teasing Stories.

  • Tip: memorize groups I and VIII, and one period to start. Whenever I need to sketch out the Periodic Table, I write down the first and last groups, add the periods that I know, then fill in the blanks using what I've written down as a guide.

Almindelig kemi:

  1. Nomenclature
  2. Inorganic_Nomenclature: A concise Powerpoint lesson on how to name inorganic compounds. CC BY-NC-ND
  3. Organic Nomenclature: A one-page chart applying systematic nomenclature for simple organic molecules. CC BY-NC-ND
  4. Advanced Organic Nomenclature: A two-page chart showing how to name organic molecules that have functional groups attached to them. CC BY-NC-ND
  5. EXTREME Organic Nomenclature: The U. of Calgary has outdone themselves with this amazingly detailed tutorial site for learning to name organic molecules.
  6. Simple Organic Isomers: Antoine Frostburg’s site is listed below, but this portion of it deserves highlighting. It’s an isomer construction tool that really helps you visualize.
  7. Mnemonics for Chemistry: Helpful aids we’ve collected for remembering the names of elements and ions. You wouldn’t believe how difficult it is to find CLEAN mnemonics for remembering the names of the elements!
  8. Polyatomic Ions: Knowing these common ions and their charges is an essential part of being able to talk about chemical reactions. Here’s as simple a way as we know to remember the names and formulas of about 80 ions, without having to memorize even a third of that number.
  9. Silly Molecules: When you’ve mastered the basics of nomenclature, you can move on to more complicated (and funny) chemical names. Besides, how can you avoid being an arsole if you don’t know what it is?
  10. -Stoichiometry
  11. Stoichiometry_Flowchart This flowchart is useful in demonstrating how to use conversion factors to get from reactants to products (and back) , as well as the importance of having a properly balanced chemical reaction. CC BY-NC-ND
  12. Stoichiometry: A Powerpoint lesson on balancing equations and using them. CC BY-NC-ND
  13. SmartBalance: Automated chemical reaction balancer. Jeff Larsen has posted this handy tool on Penn State’s domain, and he lists some other useful resources that we haven’t checked out yet.
  14. Balancing Redox Equations: Although an extremely powerful technique, the proper balancing of RedOx reactions in acidic and basic solutions can be confusing (SmartBalance can’t do it). I found this simple 6-step solution formulated by someone at the University of Guelph and highly recommend it.
  15. -Electron Orbitals
  16. The Orbitron: If you need to see what orbitals “look” like, or want some great animations to accompany your lesson on Molecular Orbital Theory, this is the site for you.
  17. -General-Use Websites
  18. ChemTutor.com: A very good, NSF-supported general chemistry site
  19. General Chemistry Online: Antoine Frostburg’s site contains some very good visualizations
  20. The Chem Collective: Some of the best virtual chemistry labs I’ve ever seen, and they’re free!
  21. HyperPhysics: Don’t be fooled by the name. Whether you need a physics or chemistry resource, this site is incredible!

Organisk kemi:

  1. The Organic Reaction Rolodex: A fantastic resource for organic chemistry students, provided by the University of Hartford
  2. CU Boulder’s Organic Chemistry Pages: Designed for use by CU students, there is still a lot to love about these pages for anyone interested in Organic Lab. The Lab Technique and Spectroscopy pages offer a wealth of practical information.
  3. ACS Organic Chemistry Division Pages: It’s the mother-lode! If you’re looking for a wealth of orgo resources, this is it!

GAMES: Naming the Elements:

Flashcards: http://www.quia.com/jfc/65539.html

http://www.quia.com/jfc/65919.html

Matching Games: http://www.quia.com/mc/65539.html

http://www.quia.com/mc/65919.html

“Concentration” game: http://www.quia.com/cc/65539.html

http://www.quia.com/cc/65919.html

Binary Ionic Inorganic nomenclature:

Flashcards: http://www.quia.com/jfc/65800.html

Matching game: http://www.quia.com/mc/65800.html

“Concentration” game: http://www.quia.com/cc/65800.html

Ionic and Covalent Inorganic nomenclature:

Flashcards http://www.quia.com/jfc/396811.html

Matching game: http://www.quia.com/mc/396811.html

“Concentration” game: http://www.quia.com/cc/396811.html

Polyatomic ion nomenclature:

Flashcards: http://www.quia.com/jfc/65767.html

http://www.quia.com/jfc/65617.html

http://www.quia.com/jfc/65694.html

Matching game: http://www.quia.com/mc/65767.html

http://www.quia.com/mc/65617.html

http://www.quia.com/mc/65694.html

“Concentration” game: http://www.quia.com/cc/65767.html

http://www.quia.com/cc/65617.html

http://www.quia.com/cc/65694.html

Organic Nomenclature:

Simple organic isomers: Isomer-Builder

Flashcards: http://www.quia.com/jfc/65803.html

Matching game: http://www.quia.com/mc/65803.html

“Concentration” game: http://www.quia.com/cc/65803.html

  1. Games for Groups
  2. Atomic Structure Jeopardy: http://www.quia.com/cb/36842.html
  3. Basic Chemistry Vocabulary Jeopardy: http://www.quia.com/cb/8133.html
  4. Mixtures, Elements and Compounds: http://www.quia.com/rr/31119.html
  5. Chemistry Mahjong

offers a variety of topics (oxidation states, naming, acids and bases, valence electrons, etc.) and board layouts: http://www2.stetson.edu/mahjongchem/

  1. The story of Stuff – Caveats.pdf: “The Story of Stuff” is a thought-provoking presentation, but there are some issues with some of the facts as presented. This file lists some things to think about and to help students engage in discussion about the subjects. CC BY-NC-ND
  2. LearningScience.org: a huge collection of resources organized by National Science Standards
  3. ChemEd Digital Library: This may be the ultimate resource for online chemistry instruction resources
  4. The Science House: North Carolina State University’s science education outreach website. A nice collection of resources and contacts.
  5. The Open Learning Initiative: Carnegie Mellon University’s science education website. Contains many free college-level courses that anyone can take.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_chemistry_mnemonics

An ion is an atom that has a charge because it has lost or gained electrons.
A cation is a positive ion. Remember: a CATion is a PAWsitive ion!
An anion is a negative ion. Remember: A NegativeION.
Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=3

Diatomic molecules are molecules formed when two atoms of the same element bond to each other. There are seven elements that like to do this: hydrogen, nitrogen, fluorine, oxygen, chlorine, innocent, and bromine–Have No Fear Of Cute, Innocent Baby twins!
Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=4

A hydrogen bond occurs when an electron poor hydrogen is attracted to an electron rich atom. It's not a full bond! To have an electron poor hydrogen, it must be bonded to an electronegative element. It will hydrogen bond to another electronegative element. The three elements electronegative enough for hydrogen bonds are fluorine, oxygen, and nitrogen. Remember: HYDROGEN IS FON (fun)!
Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=5

Atoms can gain or lose electrons. When an atom gains electrons, it is said to be reduced. If it loses them, it is said to be oxidized. Remember: Oxidation is Loss, Reduction is Gain–OIL RIG!
Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=6

In a galvanic cell, electrons from one cell travel towards another. The cell where reduction happens is the cathode; the cell where oxidation happens is the anode. Remember REDuction at CAThode,RED CAT! Also, remember, ANode for OXidation–AN OX!

Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=7

The metric system uses prefixes to add a multiplier of 10 to unit names. kilo-, hecto-, deca-, 1, deci-, centi-, and milli- are the ones nearest to one. King Henry Drank 1 Delicious Chocolate Milk!
Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=8

The visible light spectrum consists of the colors red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. He's a nice fellow, his name is ROY G. BIV!
Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=9

Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=10
Kilde:
http://bookbuilder.cast.org/view.php?op=view&book=20878&page=11

A mnemonic is a memory aid used to improve long term memory and make the process of consolidation easier. Many chemistry aspects, rules, names of compounds, sequences of elements, their reactivity, etc., can be easily and efficiently memorized with the help of mnemonics. This article contains the list of certain mnemonics in chemistry.
==Contents==
[hide]

2.1 Ions
2.2 Electrodes

10.1 Carboxylic acids
10.2 Dicarboxylic acids
10.3 Aromatic compounds

11.1 Sequence of orbitals
11.2 Aufbau principle

13.1 Periods
13.2 Groups
13.3 Transition metals
13.4 Lanthanides and actinides
13.5 Miscellaneous

14.1 On Earth's crust

15.1 Krebs cycle
15.2 Plant nutrients
15.3 Essential amino acids

Cations and anions[edit]

Cations are positively (+) charged ions while anions are negatively (−) charged. This can be remembered with the help of the following mnemonics.

  • Cats have paws ⇔ Cations are pawsitive.[1]
  • Ca+ion: The letter t in cation looks like a + (plus) sign.[2]
  • An anion is a negative ion. (Anegativeion ⇒ Anion).[3]

Redox reactions[edit]

A redox reaction is a chemical reaction in which there is a change in oxidation state of atoms participating in the reaction.

Ions[edit]

An atom (or ion) whose oxidation number increases in a redox reaction is said to be oxidized (and is called a reducing agent). It is accomplished by loss of one or more electrons. The atom whose oxidation number decreases gains (receives) one or more electrons and is said to be reduced. This relation can be remembered by the following mnemonics.

  • Leo says Ger! or Leo the lion, Ger! can be used to represent Loss of electron is oxidation; Gain of electron is reduction.[4][5]
  • Oil Rig: Oxidation is loss; Reduction is gain (of electrons).[6]

Electrodes[edit]

An electrode in which oxidation takes place is called an anode while in that which reduction takes place is called cathode. This applies for both electrolytic and electrochemical cells, though the charge on them reverses. The red cat and an ox mnemonics are useful to remember the same.

  • Red cat: Reduction at cathode

An ox: Anode for oxidation.[7]

  • The words oxidation and anode, both begin with vowels.

Also, both reduction and cathode begin with consonants.[3]

  • Fat Cat: electrons flow From Anode To Cathode

−ate ions[edit]

Sulfate, Phosphate, Carbonate, Chlorate, Bromate, Iodate, Nitrate

  • Super Popeye Constantly Clubbed Brutus In Nevada.[8]

Nitrate, Bromate, Carbonate, Iodate, Chlorate, Chromate, Sulfate, Phosphate

  • Nick Brit the Camel ate an Inky Clam with Crêpes for Supper in Phoenix.

Number of consonants denotes number of oxygen atoms. Number of vowels denotes negative charge quantity. Inclusion of the word "ate" signifies that each ends with the letters a-t-e

Electronegativity[edit]

Fluorine > Oxygen > Nitrogen >Clorine > Bromine > Iodine > Sulphur > Carbon > Hydrogen ≥ Phosphorus

  • Pronounce: FONClBrISCHP.[9]

FONe CalL Brought to India,Sonias Congress Happy Position
(F)irst (O)ff, (Cl)ean (N)ow; (Br)ing (I)n (S)ome (C)aps, (H)alters, and (P)ants.

Electrochemical series[edit]

Potassium > Calcium > Sodium > Magnesium > Aluminium > Zinc > Iron > Tin > Lead > Hydrogen > Copper > Silver > Gold

  • Paddy Could Still Marry A Zulu In The Lovely Honolulu Causing Strange Gazes.[10]

Activity series[edit]

K > Na > Mg > Al > Zn > Cr > Fe > Pd > H > Cu > Au

  • Kangaroos Naturally Muck About in Zoos For Purple Hippos Chasing Aardvarks.[11]
  • Katty's Naughty Cat Mingled with Alice and Zarina; Fearlessly Plundering Her Cupboard of Gold.[12]

Potassium > Sodium > Calcium > Magnesium > Aluminum > Zinc > Iron > Lead > Copper > Silver > Gold.
Peter Sells Careless Monkeys And Zebras In Large Cages Securely Guarded
Potassium > Sodium > Calcium > Magnesium > Aluminum > Zinc > Iron > Tin > Lead > Hydrogen > Copper > Mercury > Silver > Gold > Platinum

  • Papa Said Call Me After Zinc Interacts Tin Leading Hydrogen Co-operate Mr. Sylvester to Gain Popularity.[13]

Potassium > Sodium > Calcium > Magnesium > Aluminum > Carbon > Zinc > Iron > Tin > Lead > Hydrogen > Copper > Mercury > Silver

  • Private Second Class MAC ZITL He Can Make Some Gun Powder
  • Pleasant Spaniards Caper Magnificently Around Crowned Zulus In The Lieu (of) Highly Competent Swedish Goats

Diatomic molecules[edit]

Molecules exhibiting diatomic structures can be remembered through the following mnemonics.
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine

  • I Have No Bright Or Clever Friends.
  • Have No Fear Of Ice Cold Beer. [14]
  • Help Our Needy Class Find Brains Immediately.
  • Horses Need Oats For Clear Brown Eyes (I's).
  • Her Nana's Only Functioning Clicker Broke Instantly.[15]
  • BrINClHOF: say Brinkelhof.[16]
  • HONClBrIF The name of the imaginary chemistry goose. Say "Honk-Cool-Brief."
  • I Bring Clay For Our New House.[17]
  • Have No Fear Of Cute, Innocent Baby twins.

Hydrogen bonds[edit]

Hydrogen forms hydrogen bonds with three elements which are nitrogen (N), oxygen (O) and fluorine (F). The names of these elements can be remembered by the following mnemonic.

  • Hydrogen is FON! (fun).[3]

Electromagnetic spectrum[edit]

In the order of increasing frequency or decreasing wavelength of electromagnetic waves;
Radio waves, Microwaves, Infrared, Visible light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays

  • Ronald McDonald Invented Very Unusual & eXcellent Gherkins.[18]
  • Raging Martians Invaded Venus Using X-ray Guns.

In the order of increasing wavelength;

  • Good Xylophones Use Very Interesting Musical Rhythms.[19] Similarly, Good Xylophonists Use Very Interesting Musical Rhythms.

Organic chemistry[edit]

Carboxylic acids[edit]

Common names of homogeneous aliphatic carboxylic acids,
Formic, Acetic, Propionic, Butyric, Valeric, Caproic

  • Frogs Are Polite, Being Very Courteous.[20]

Dicarboxylic acids[edit]

The sequence of dicarboxylic acids can be remembered with following mnemonics.
Oxalic, Malonic, Succinic, Glutaric, Adipic, Pimelic, Suberic, Azelaic, Sebacic

  • Oh My Such, Good Apples.[21]
  • Oh My Stars, Green Apples.
  • Oh My, Such Good Apple Pi.e., Sweet As Sugar.[22][23]
  • Oh My Stars, Go Ahead Please[3]

Aromatic compounds[edit]

m-directing groups[edit]

Quaternary amino
Ester
Sulfonic acid
Nitro
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Cyano
(-NR3+)
(-COOR)
(-SO3H)
(-NO2)
(-CHO)
(-COOH)
(-CN)

  • Queen Elizabeth Second's Navy Commands, Controls, Communicates.[24]

o,p-directing groups[edit]

Alkyl
Halogen
Alkoxyl
Amino
Hydroxyl
Amide
Phenyl
(R)
(X)
(OR)
(-NH2
-NHR
-NR2)
(OH)
(NHCOR
(C6H5)

  • AHA AHA P.[24]

Note: -NH2,-NHR and NR2 are para directing groups but not -NR3+

Atomic orbital[edit]

Sequence of orbitals[edit]

Further information: Spectroscopic_notation § Mnemonic
s p d f g h i k

  • Sober Physicists Don't Find Giraffes Hiding In Kitchens.

Note: After the k shell, they follow alphabetical order (skipping p as it came earlier).[25]

Aufbau principle[edit]

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 …
The order of sequence of atomic orbitals (according to Madelung rule or Klechkowski rule) can be remembered by the following.
external image 330px-Klechkovski_rule.svg.png

Order in which orbitals are arranged by increasing energy according to the Madelung rule. Each diagonal red arrow corresponds to a different value of n + l.

Mohs scale of mineral hardness[edit]

To remember the Mohs hardness of minerals;
Talc (1) < Gypsum (2) < Calcite (3) < Fluorite (4) < Apatite (5) < Orthoclase (6) < Quartz (7) < Topaz (8) < Corundum (9) < Diamond (10)
Tall Gene Calls Florence At Our Quarters To Correct Dumbness.[25]

Periodic table[edit]

Periods[edit]

Periods 1, 2 and 3[edit]

H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar
EASIEST AND POPULAR : *Hi He Lied Because Boron Could Not Oxidize Fluorine. New Nations Might Also Sign Peace Security Clause. Arthur King Can. (till Ca)

  • Little Ben Became Charlie’s Number One Fighting Nemesis.

Native Magpies Always Sit Peacefully Searching Clear Areas.[26]

  • Happy Henry Likes Beer But Could Not Obtain Four Nuts.

Naughty Magpies Always Sing Perfect Songs Clawing Ants.[27]

  • Here He Lies Beneath Bed Clothes, Nothing On, Feeling Nervous.

Naughty Margaret Always Sighs, "Please Stop Clowning Around."[28]

  • Hi Hello Little Beryll Brown Cracking Nuts On Friday .

Nellie's Naughty Magpie Always Sings Pop Songs ClearlyAfter Killing Cathy.[28]

  • Hi! He Lies Because Boron CanNot Oxidize Fluorine. Necromantic Nato Mg (abbv. for make good)

All Silicon Ports. Superman Clean Argon's K-Capture.[29]

  • Happy Harry Listens B B C Network Over France Nevertheless Nothing More Arose So Peter Stopped Cleaning Airgun K Ca.[30]
  • Harry Helped Little Benny Balmer Carry Neat Oranges From Neptune's Natural Menagerie Always Singing Polite Sonnets Clearly Arf Key Casually.
  • Ha. Healthy Little Beggar Boys Catching Newts Or Fish.[31]
  • Hell, Here Little Beatniks Brandish Countless Number Of Flick kNives.[32]
  • Nagging Maggie Always Sighs, "Please Stop Clowning Around." [28] (adapted)
  • H'arry, Helpes Little Betty Brown Crack Nuts On Friday Nights.

Period 4[edit]

K (Potassium) Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr

  • PoKey Captain Scans Tight Virgin Crew Members Fer Cold Night Cuddles. Zany Gray Germs Are Sold By Kremlin.
  • In reverse order: Kry Brother! SeAs of Germany and Gaul sink copper ships Nice and Cold From Manx to Crimea, Vancouver to Timor, and Scandinavia to theCalifornia Koast.[33]

Groups[edit]

Group 1 (alkali metals)[edit]

H Li Na K Rb Cs Fr
Hydrogen, Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium, Francium

  • Highly Nasty Kids Rub Cat 's Fur.[17]
  • Happy Little Nasty Kids Rub Cat's Fur

Group 2 (alkaline earth metals)[edit]

Be Mg Ca Sr Ba Ra
Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium, Radium

  • Bearded Muggers Came Straight Back Rapidly.
  • Beer Mugs Can Serve Bar Rats.[17]

Group 13[edit]

B Al Ga In Tl
Boron, Aluminum, Gallium, Indium, Thallium

  • Boring Aluminum Galley’s Indigestible Tally-list.[34]
  • Bears Always Give Indians Trouble.[17]
  • B A G I T (bag it)
  • Bounding Alligator's Gates Increase Terribly
  • Bring All Gas In Thailand
  • BaAl Gangadhar Indian Tilak

Group 14[edit]

C Si Ge Sn Pb
Carbon, Silicon, Germanium, Tin, Lead

  • Can Silly Germans Snatch (Tiny) Public (Lead).
  • Can Simple Germans Snare (Tiny) Public (Lead)?[17]

Group 15 (pnictogens)[edit]

N P As Sb Bi
Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth

  • New Popes Assign Subordinate Bishops.[17]
  • Non-Profit As anti-money Business. *

Group 16 (chalcogens)[edit]

O S Se Te Po
Oxygen, Sulphur (or Sulfur), Selenium, Tellurium, Polonium

  • Oversized Sailors Sell and Tell about Polo cologne.
  • Old TSangpo Seem Terribly Polluted.[17]
  • Oliver Smith Sells Tea Pots.

Group 17 (halogens)[edit]

F Cl Br I At
Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine, Astatine

  • Fleeing Chlorine-layers & Bromine, I’d Astonish.[34]
  • Funny Clowns Broil Innocent Ants.[17]
  • First Class Biryani In Austria.[citation needed]

Group 18 (noble gases)[edit]

He Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn
Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, Radon

  • Hero Needs Arguable Kryptic Xes. Right-on.[34]
  • He Never Arrived; Karen eXited with Ron.[17]

Transition metals[edit]

First[edit]

Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn

  • Scary Tiny Vicious Creatures Mean Females Come Nightly to Club Z.[17]
  • Scabby Tim Violates Crummy, Mangy, Ferrets, Cows and Nice Cute Zebras.[18]
  • Saint Thomas Very Carefully Made Five Completely New Copies of Zarathustha.[35]

Second[edit]

Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd

  • Yes Sir, Nob. Most Technicians Rub Rod's Pale Silver Cadillac.[17]

Third[edit]

La … Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg

  • Larry's Half Taken, Wendy Reached Out Her Plate Audibly, Helga.[17]

Lanthanides and actinides[edit]

Lanthanides[edit]

(La) Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu

  • Lame Celibate Prudes Need Promiscuous Smut with European Gods. Troublesome Dying Ho, it's Erotic Time, You bitch Lust!
  • Ladies Can't Put Nickels Properly in Slot-machines. Every Girl Tries Daily, However, Every Time You Look.[35]

Actinides[edit]

(Ac) Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr

  • Radiant Acting Thoroughly Protects yoUr Nepotism, Plutocratic America Cures-me & Berkeley California, Einstein Firmly Mended Noble Lawreins.[34]
  • Three Planets: Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. Amy Cured Berkeley, California. Einstein and Fermi Made Noble Laws.[17]

Miscellaneous[edit]

56 in sequence
He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar
K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
Cs Ba

  • Here Lies Benjamin Bones. Cry Not Oh Friend Needlessly.

Nature Magnifies All Simple People Sometimes Clowns AndKings Can Scream Till Vast Crowds Moan. Fear Conquers Neither Courageous ZealousGallant Gents. As Seen Brown Karate Robes Strip Yobs. Zurich Noble Mortals Track Ruddy Rhubarb. Paid Silver CandidIndian Sons Sobbing Tears In Xcess Cease Bawling.[29]

Abundance of elements[edit]

On Earth's crust[edit]

Oxygen > Silicon > Aluminum > Iron (Fe) > Calcium > Magnesium (Mg) > Sodium (Na) > Potassium (K)
(The rest makes only 1%)

  • Oh S(i)ee Al Fee Cah Mig NacK.[9]

Biochemistry[edit]

Krebs cycle[edit]

To remember Krebs cycle (citric acid cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle);
CitrateAconitateIsocitrateOxalosuccinateα-KetoglutarateSuccinateFumarateMalateOxaloacetate

  • Caesar’s Armies Invaded Other Kingdoms Searching For Many Oranges.[9]

Plant nutrients[edit]

To remember the elements necessary for agriculture;
Carbon, Hydrogen, Calcium, Iron (Fe), Magnesium (Mg), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), Molybdenum, Chlorine (Cl), Boron

  • C (see) Hopkins CaFe, Mighty-good Man, Cu (see your) Money, hope they are Closed or out of Business.[36]

For remembering macronutrients;
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Nitrogen, Sulfur, Calcium, Iron (Fe), and Magnesium

  • C. HOPKiN'S CaFe Mg (C. Hopkins coffee mug).

Essential amino acids[edit]

Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Serine, Tyrosine, Glycine, Alanine, Cysteine, Glutamate, Asparate, Arginine, Glutamine, Histadine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine,Tryptophan, Valine, Histidine, Asparagine, (Selenocysteine – usually omitted)

  • PVT TIM HaLL[37] and TT HALL Very IMPortant.[38]
  • LIFT HIM KIW(V)I
  • TV FILM HW(R)K.
  • Any Help In Learning These Little Molecules Proves Truly Valuable.[39] This method begins with the two amino acids that need some qualifications as to their requirements.
  • There as [a] fat man [that] hated vanilla icing, [but] loved Kit-Kats.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ Peter J. Mikulecky, Michelle Rose Gilman, Kate Brutlag (2008)."Cats+have+paws"+chem&hl=en&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=cats have paws&f=false //AP Chemistry For Dummies// (Illustrated ed.). John Wiley & Sons, 2008. p. 30.ISBN 9780470389768.
  2. Jump up^ Kevin M. Dunn (16 March 2010). //Scientific Soapmaking: The Chemistry of the Cold Process//. Clavicula Press. pp. 386–. ISBN 978-1-935652-09-0. Retrieved 10 August2012.
  3. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// //c// //d// Subhash Jain (1 January 2009). //Improve Your Memory//. Prabhat Prakashan. p. 117. ISBN 978-81-8430-035-2. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  4. Jump up^ Nick Lane (26 March 2004). //Oxygen: The Molecule that Made the World//. Oxford University Press. pp. 18–. ISBN 978-0-19-860783-0. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  5. Jump up^ Rene Fester Kratz, PhD (2 June 2009). //Molecular and Cell Biology For Dummies//. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 70–. ISBN 978-0-470-43066-8. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  6. Jump up^ "Chemistry – Mnemonic". Chemistrydaily.com. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  7. Jump up^ Mrs Jacqueline Hilary Briggs, Rex M Heyworth. //Lcg Ol Chemistry//. Pearson Education South Asia. pp. 142–. ISBN 978-981-06-0008-2. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  8. Jump up^ http://lsc.ucdavis.edu/~holliste/Jim2A/nomenclature_Jim.pdf
  9. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// //c// "Mnemonics for chem 3 2010.ppt" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-10-16.
  10. Jump up^ http://resources.teachnet.ie/pkavanagh/2005/electrochemicalSeries.pdf
  11. Jump up^ 15th page
  12. Jump up^ Oon Hock Leong/ Edmund Ang Joon Aik (2007). for remember alkali metals&f=false//Chemistry expression: an inquiry approach. 'O' level science (chemistry) [textbook]//. Panpac Education Pte Ltd. p. 243. ISBN 9789812711656. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  13. Jump up^ Syamal, Arun. "Metals, Non-metals and Metallurgy". for remember alkali metals&f=false //Living Science Chemistry 10//. Ratna Sagar. p. 97.ISBN 9788183322898. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  14. Jump up^ "Chemistry Mnemonics". Bookbuilder.cast.org. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  15. Jump up^ Zack Ouellette
  16. Jump up^ http://www.freechemteacher.org/Recommended_Resources_files/Mnemonics for Chemistry.pdf
  17. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// //c// //d// //e// //f// //g// //h// //i// //j// //k// //l// //m// http://bradley.bradley.edu/~campbell/mnemonic.html
  18. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// "Amazing Science Experiments". The Science Cupboard. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  19. Jump up^ John Watts, Aleksander Jedrosz, Susan Loxley (2006). to remember the order of electromagnetic waves&f=false //Gcse Edexcel Science//. Letts and Lonsdale. p. 81.ISBN 9781905129638. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  20. Jump up^ Jonathan Dee, H. Stephen Stoker (2009). Remember diCarboxylic acids&f=false//Organic and Biological Chemistry// (5 ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 157.ISBN 9780547168043.
  21. Jump up^ William Henry Brown, Brent L. Iverson (2009). Remember Carboxylic acids&f=false//Organic chemistry// (5, illustrated ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 621.ISBN 9780495388579. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  22. Jump up^ "Mnemonic: Dicarboxilic Acids". Ict4us.com. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  23. Jump up^ "Organic Chemistry Nomenclature". Translationjournal.net. 1997-11-24. Retrieved2012-07-24.
  24. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// "MCAT Mnemonics Organic Chemistry Flash Cards". Cram.com. 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  25. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// "Mnemonic devices for: Chemistry". Mnemonic-device.eu. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  26. Jump up^ http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ed084p1918
  27. Jump up^ Table.pdf
  28. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// //c// "Mnemonic: Sentences to remember the elements". Ict4us.com. Retrieved2012-07-24.
  29. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// "Science Jokes:11. MNEMONICS : 11.5 CHEMISTRY". Jcdverha.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  30. Jump up^ Chemical formula. "Periodic table mnemonic (memory device)". Chemicalformula.org. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  31. Jump up^ "Kids Tips for Easy Learning – Mnumonics". Betterendings.org. Retrieved2012-07-24.
  32. Jump up^ Martin Berry (30 Nov 1972). table mnemonic&f=false //A dictionary of mnemonics//.New Scientist (Reed Business Information. (Eyre Mithuen)). p. 535.
  33. Jump up^ "CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY A very nice site of Anatomy Mnemonics by John Berger". Img.com.tripod.com. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
  34. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// //c// //d// http://www.springerlink.com/content/n4041407123843k4/fulltext.pdf
  35. ^ Jump up to://a// //b// Carl C. Gaither; Alma E. Cavazos-Gaither (2002). //Chemically Speaking: A Dictionary of Quotations/selected and Arranged by Carl C. Gaither and Alma E. Cavazos-Gaither//. CRC Press. pp. 82–83. ISBN 978-0-7503-0682-9. Retrieved28 December 2012.
  36. Jump up^ "Mnemonic: Elements necessary for agriculture". Ict4us.com. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  37. Jump up^ MedicalMnemonics.com: 442 128
  38. Jump up^ ;MATT VIL PLy Essential amino acids Essential amino acids, Mnemonic.
  39. Jump up^ Williams, R.A.D.; Eliot, J.C. (1989). Basic and Applied Dental Biochemistry. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 149. ISBN 0-443-03144-4.

Further reading[edit]

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External links[edit]

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Ruter som du sikkert kender i forvejen:
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Engelsk huskemetode til at huske kemi, bl.a. det periodiske system
https://www.mnemonic-device.com/chemistry/

Anvendelse af mnemoteknik i Japan
https://educationinjapan.wordpress.com/resource-room/useful-mnemonics-resources/

Firma der laver flash-cards om at huske kemi (på engelsk)
http://www.cram.com/flashcards/mcat-mnemonics-organic-chemistry-645732

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Discoloration of litmus paper (blue → red: acidic)MomResults 3 posts from denis'sRed Santa's submissionsLaw on the chemical reaction (Raboaje: law of conservation of mass Law of definite proportions: Proust multiple proportion of law: Dalton gaseous reaction of law: GeryusakkuSpat Gero If you come to the bytes in the table of laboratory (lab) posts from Strife'sIonization tendency (K Ca Na Mg Al Zn Fe Ni Sn Pb H 2 Cu Hg Ag Pt Au)and lend will kana? Well, do not live to rely. Severity too debt.Ionization tendency (Li K Ba Sr Ca Na Mg Al Mn Zn Cr Fe (2) Cd Co Ni Sn Pb Fe (3) H Cu Hg Ag Pt Au)Intense silver platinum gold and scooped been had terrible sand iron to departure cola If you are crazy Man there is between pretty to be a fool of science posts from certain length Taka-sei Mr.Flame reaction (Li: red Na: yellow K: red purple Cu: blue green Ca: orange Sr: deep red Ba: yellow-green)Rear Car Without K Village, also tries to borrow power, red. Let the horsepower.Allotropes S (sulfur) C (carbon) O (oxygen) P (phosphorus)Allotrope find in scoopElectron shell (K shell, L shell, M shell)Walnut posts from Ouka'sPassivity concentrated nitric acid + (Cr Co Ni Al Fe)Shaw's is met with Kuroko passivationPassivated in black (Cr) YanagiToru (Fe) child (Co) and a (Ni) (Al) submissionsBlack cola (Fe Ni Al Cr Co) in the hands of the post from the knob'sPhenyl alcohol (Fe Ni Al Co) posts from Mokkun Mr.Agriculture Minister Al that is not similar to the Kuroko posts from red lamb'sAqua regia How to make (concentrated nitric acid: concentrated hydrochloric acid = 1: 3)Iso turban (1硝濃3 salt) posts from 108'sOne sho three yen of water (1 nitrate salt 3) posts from passing Mr.The nature of sulfuric acid

(non-volatile, oxidizing agents, dehydrating agents, hygroscopic)Dislocation in participating in the dragon's blowguns Post from hrkkc Mr.Unit 1 atm = 760 mmHg of pressureBecome a AtomUnit 1 atm = 1013.25 hPa pressureImai pleasantly smiling posts from chemical-kun'sAmphoteric element Al Zn Sn PbOh I loved to smoothly amphotericHalogen single color

F 2 : fawn Cl 2 : yellow-green Br 2 : reddish brown I 2 : black purpleImpatient you are killed instantly in the red posts from ggg Mr.Filling factor of the crystal lattice

body-centered cubic lattice: 68%, face-centered cubic lattice: 74%Tashiro is rice without posts from chemical-kun'sSolder (alloy mainly composed of lead and tin)Smoothly panda posts from Clark'sDo not live in solder! Posts from Yoshifumi Mr.Galvanized iron (iron plate in zinc plating)Tetsu Aenku become galvanized to kun posts from Mercy's, Instantly: "When you meet me!" posts from Clark'sTin (tin plating on iron plate)Practice swing by hand post from Clark'sBronze (Cu + Sn)Thud thud bronze statue posts from Clark's…. Is the No live? Sporting's game !! posts from Coro'sBrass (brass, Cu + Zn)How the royal road not meet even posts from Clark'sAnyway you meet does and Murishinju posts from Cagers Mr."What? (Cu)" and "meet does. (Zn)," "Oh! N (d) O! (Brass)" swung the posts from the priest in the HakataCupronickel (Cu + Ni)Somehow spit throat ~ posts from Clark'sStainless (Fe + Cr + Ni)Technique of stainless posts from Clark'sToru and (Fe) night to struggle (Cr) people (Ni) stainless made posts from Feburu Mr.Duralumin (alloys such as aluminum and copper, magnesium)"There duralumin (Al) by. What (Cu)?" "Seriously in (Mg) !?" posts from Yakushimaru Mr.Copper munching though there duralumin posts from Clark'sMetal element hydroxide indicates a strong base of

Li, Ca, Ba, K, Sr, NaDo not be just science posts from place Fran'sStrong base is pretty stupid posts from Hideo'sReaction of copper and dilute nitric acid, concentrated nitric acid (coefficient of reaction formula)

3Cu + 8HNO 3 (rare) → 3Cu (NO 3 ) 2 + 4H 2 0 + 2NO

Cu + 4HNO 3 and (dark) → Cu (NO 3 ) 2 + 2H 2 0 + 2NO 2Mackerel refers to stone five (coefficient of 3 8 3 4 2, 1 4 1 2 2) submissionsNozomi Mr., dark by (coefficient of the left-hand side is dilute nitric acid → 3 8, concentrated nitric acid → 1 4) Izumo posts from molar Mr.Bleaching powder chemical formula CaCl (ClO) • H of (hypochlorite calcium chloride monohydrate) 2 OAmong the Sarashimono I'll me hidden water posts from Umerian Mr.Chemical formula of alum (aluminum potassium sulfate) AlK (SO 4 ) 2 -12H 2 OWalk dragon strange's posts from Umerian Mr.walk and finally water posts from Futaba's12 of water to grandfather walking Post from Mintomo Mr.Ions and color that precipitated with chromic acid ion

BaCrO 4 : yellow precipitate PbCrO 4 : yellow precipitate Ag 2 CrO 4 : reddish brown precipitateThe baby of cheeky Ginha as having Birkin is not hard! Posts from Mimimi Mr.Chromium Mr. Namaginha! Posts from Eetto Mr.Ions dissolved precipitate in excess aqueous ammonia

Ag, Cu, Zn, NiThe silver door Post MoviesHydrocarbon alkane (single bond only) Alken (double bond), alkyne (triple bond)LatchAlkane alkene-alkyne-alkylCans strictly prohibited, I Kill! Posts from Kokotokuryu Mr.Methane ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexanePig man who proposed to Metcheru, heart Hekiheki been rejected with the pen posts from Metcheru Mr.Meepuru and eating pigs, penguins to the Kisa. Posts from Wasserstein'sOxidation of alcohols (primary alcohol → aldehyde → carboxylic acid secondary alcohol → ketone)Like terrible priest is married two years later in the year AlDehydrogenase, which participated in the first there is a significance Post from Piura Mr.Alcohol dehydration

(130-140 ℃ intermolecular dehydration => ether is generated by

intramolecular dehydration at 160-170 ℃ => alkene is generated)The first sight (130) to escape over are in Al

alcohol variety is (160) drink if another walk does posts from Akki's

Name of carboxylic acid (HCOOH: Formic acid CH 3 COOH: acetic acid CH 3 CH 2 COOH: propionic acid CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 COOH: butyric acid)Easy and if professional even fence that barely can be exceededDivalent carboxylic acid

HOOC-COOH oxalic acid

HOOC (CH 2 ) COOH malonic acid

HOOC (CH 2 ) 2 COOH succinic acid

HOOC (CH 2 ) 3 COOH glutaric acid

HOOC (CH 2 ) 4 COOH adipic acidMarron cake made of Diet gourmet taste was amber color posts from 565'sFatty acid

C 15 H 31 COOH palmitic acid

C 17 H 35 COOH stearic acid

C 17 H 33 COOH oleic acid

C 17 H 31 COOH linoleic acid

C 17 H 29 COOH-linolenic acidBus OrirenBus Oriren with fat, a child of the 15-year-old decent posts from 565'sThe strength of the acid

strong> carboxylic acid> carbonate> phenolCharcoal-grilled festival in Calvi today Post from Bumi'sC 2 H 2 (COOH) 2 isomer of

maleic acid cis with fumaric acid trans formIn stepped the tiger rarely mortals. Posts from the magic wand'sMajor disaccharides (maltose, lactose, sucrose, cellobiose)Maru-chan is comfortably scooped to Serbia posts from prefectural Mr.Cumene method

(industrial synthesis of acetone and phenol.

synthesize cumene from propene and benzene, which after the cumene hydroperoxide to obtain phenol and acetone.)Study to become a professional (propene) and (benzene) was, but phenol tons sweat result of bitter surface (cumene) (acetone) Post from Akki'sReduction of nitrobenzene

(as such a reducing agent tin and iron, and reduced by adding concentrated hydrochloric acid to nitrobenzene, aniline hydrochloride salt is formed. The addition of aqueous sodium hydroxide thereto, to give the aniline. Beshan reduction.)Shadow on the nitro group (reduction) let it cool (tin) Shikusaru's possible (hydrochloric acid) sleep (amine) Post from Akki's

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Mnemonics – List of Common Mnemonics

Math Mnemonics
Henshall’s Kanji Mnemonics This page contains 1844 mnemonics for the kanji taught in the first six years of school in Japan (i.e. 1,006 kanji), as developed by Professor Kenneth Henshall. They have been extracted from his book: “A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters” (Tuttle, 1995). The book covers all 1,945 general-use kanji.
Or you can order a copy of the Learn //Japanese// Kanji Characters with the Kanji //Mnemonics// Manual book and/or CD from the Kanji section at www.theJapanShop.com
Learn The Kana | Learn //Japanese// Alphabet Online For Free This site will guide you in the right direction by teaching you the kana (the two fundamental Japanese writing scripts), through the use of mnemonics and other devices.
Japanese, the Crazy Language – Katakana Mnemonic
Japanese mnemonics for hiragana a-row and ka-row
JapanesePod101.com Blog » Kanj//i Mnemonics//
Japanese mnemonics and Japanese wordplay
Japanese chemistry mnemonics for memorizing the Periodic Tables: 高校化学語呂合わせ
Japanese Mnemonic to memorize the first 20 Elements
Memoria Technica Japonica — Popular mnemonics in Japan
A website on how to create your own MNEMONICS – Mind Tools’ Memory Improvement Techniques or use the MNEMONICIZER!

here.

mnemonic categories

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