Seven tips for surviving the apocalypse Billionaires who have made their fortunes in Silicon Valley seem to be worried about the future. So worried in fact, that some of them are reportedly buying vast estates in places such as New Zealand, as "apocalypse insurance". Boltholes to head to in the event of doomsday scenarios such as nuclear attack or global political meltdown.
How to train your brain to be like a memory champion's Volunteers who practised a technique favoured by elite mnemonists more than doubled their memory capacity – and their brains became more champion-like
organs on chips
New technology platform propels the use of 'organs-on-chips' A research team led by scientists from Brigham and Women's Hospital has developed a novel technology platform that enables the continuous and automated monitoring of so-called "organs-on-chips"—tiny devices that incorporate living cells to mimic the biology of bona fide human organs.
søvn bliver dybere af lyde der er synkrone med hjernebølger
Sound waves boost older adults' memory, deep sleep Gentle sound stimulation — such as the rush of a waterfall — synchronized to the rhythm of brain waves significantly enhanced deep sleep in older adults and tripled their ability to recall words, reports a new study. The goal is to make the new technology available for home use.
Parental concerns reduce uptake of child flu vaccine The first study investigating parental attitudes towards the UK's child flu vaccine has found concerns about safety and side effects may negatively influence uptake, and recommends that public health messages need to be reinforced.
CRISPR brugt til studie af Archae-bakterier
A new tool for genetically engineering the oldest branch of life A new study has documented the use of CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome editing in the third domain of life, Archaea, for the first time. Their groundbreaking work has the potential to vastly accelerate future studies of these organisms, with implications for research including global climate change.
dendritmolekyler – ny viden
Pushing the limits of organic synthesis Researchers have achieved a new understanding of dendritic molecules which could play a role in drug and gene delivery and antimicrobial resistance.
Energi-ø i Nordsøen
Tre lande vil opføre kunstig "energi-ø" i Nordsøen En kæmpe kunstig ø midt i Nordsøen skal i fremtiden forsyne 80 mio. europæere med strøm, hvis det står til Danmark, Holland og Tyskland.
graviditet: folinsyre har betydning for barnets blodtryk
High folic acid level in pregnancy may decrease high blood pressure in children Babies born to mothers with cardiometabolic risk factors were less likely to develop high blood pressure if their mothers had higher levels of folate during pregnancy.
internet kontra bøger
When Your Kid Asks a Question, Hand Them a Book—Not a Phone It'll get them excited about the magic of learning.
Most people don't know climate change is entirely human-made Even in eco-friendly Norway, only a minority of people realise that global warming is entirely due to our actions, survey of four European countries reveals
kunstig energi-ø midt i Nordsøe
Tre lande går sammen om kunstig energi-ø midt i Nordsøen Holland, Tyskland og Danmark undersøger nu, om en kæmpe kunstig ø på Doggerbanke midt i Nordsøen kan gøre fremtidens udbygning af vindenergi bedre og billigere.
moral påvirkes af landets politik
The Weird Ways Your Politics Affects Your Morals Our morals compel us toward helping our team win. This can turn even otherwise innocuous decisions into "us vs. them."
nanoteknologi i lægevidenskab
Researchers take big step forward in nanotech-based drugs Nanotechnology has become a growing part of medical research in recent years, with scientists feverishly working to see if tiny particles could revolutionize the world of drug delivery.
Teeth Hint at a Friendlier Neanderthal By sequencing DNA in Neanderthal dental plaque, scientists were able to find out about their diets—and their good relations with modern humans.
prostata: ikke-kirurgisk behandling virker
Nonsurgical treatment for enlarged prostate remains effective for years A minimally invasive treatment that reduces urinary tract symptoms for men with enlarged prostates maintains its effectiveness for at least three years after patients undergo the therapy, according to new research. This study of 1,000 men is the largest of its kind to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of prostate artery embolization (PAE).
robotter støttes økonomisk
UK announces extra funding for robotics and driverless cars The UK 2017 budget allocates £270 for research into biotech, robotic systems and driverless vehicles, and confirms funds for trialling 5G connectivity
robotter støttes økonomisk i Storbritannien
Budget 2017: Robotics, driverless cars and 5G to get UK funds The chancellor promises £270m to put the UK at the forefront of ground-breaking technologies.
sandheder og løgne
How to Stamp Out Fake News? Innovate the Attention Economy There is a wide definition of fake news, and a narrow one. These two types of fake news have different origins.
slangeolie og pseudovidenskab
Why Do Prestigious Hospitals Sell Snake Oil? It is important for consumers to understand the phenomenon of hospitals, even prestigious hospitals, offering dubious treatments, and how we got here. Don't be fooled by the apparent endorsement of nonsense. It is still nonsense.
stamceller der drejer uret tilbage
Stem cell reprogramming factor controls change in cellular energy generation University of Tsukuba-led researchers explored the function of the reprogramming factor KLF4 in production of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). KLF4 was shown to bind upstream of the Tcl1 target gene, which controls a metabolic change in energy generation during the acquisition of cellular pluripotency. This helps explain how cells turn back the developmental clock from adult to stem cell, a
Trump og kvinder
Millions raised for women's health after Trump's abortion gag More than $191 million has been pledged to help fill the $600 million shortfall in women's health funding created by reinstatement in the US of the global gag rule
ulve på Fyn
Spor af ulve-DNA fundet på Fyn Analyser af DNA fra dødfundet rådyr på Fyn tyder på, at det er blevet dræbt…
ulve på Fyn
Dna-forskere er ikke i tvivl: Ulven er nået til Fyn For første gang i nyere tid er der fundet spor af ulv på Fyn, bekræfter eksperter
ældning af celler forhindret med et protein: SETD8 enzymet
Cellular senescence prevented by the SETD8 enzyme An enzyme that blocks cellular senescence and its mechanisms has been discovered by a Japanese research team. They found that a reduction of the enzyme SETD8, which regulates cell proliferation and gene function, results in the promotion of various cell aging features.
Malta's azure Window collapses into the sea The popular limestone arch was featured on the first episode of Game of Thrones and several films.
Malta's Famous 'azure Window' Collapses The iconic 'azure Window' sea arch in Malta collapsed completey into the sea after heavy rainstorms pounded the area.
Ultrafast detection of a cancer biomarker enabled by innovative nanobiodevice Researchers have developed a nanobiodevice that can quickly and effectively separate microRNA, short lengths of ribonucleic acid present in bodily fluids, from mixtures of nucleic acids. The nanobiodevice contains a unique array of nanopillars that form a strong electric force under an applied electric field, allowing high-resolution separation of microRNA in less than 100 ms. Because microRNA is
Kræftpakker skal have serviceeftersyn Sundhedsstyrelsen er som en del af Kræftplan IV gået i gang med et servicetjek af de særlige kræftpakker. Vigtigt, mener Sammenslutningen af de Danske Multidisciplinære cancer Grupper.
Ovarian cancer researchers find biomarker linked to prognosis in aggressive disease type Ovarian cancer researchers have identified a protein biomarker expressed on the surface of tumor cells in high-grade serous ovarian cancer, the most common and lethal subtype of the disease.
Urine-based biomarkers for early cancer screening test A new study has introduced a new technique that validates urine-based biomarkers for early detection of cancer. The research team expects that this may be potentially useful in clinical settings to test urinary EV-based biomarkers for cancer diagnostics.
New biomarker 'bim' could enable smarter treatment for melanoma patients Over the past few years, checkpoint blockade immunotherapies have revolutionized cancer treatment and helped many patients who were previously considered untreatable. Now, new discoveries could help make these and other immunotherapies even more transformative for patients.
Early deaths from childhood cancer up to 4 times more common than previously reported Treatments for childhood cancers have improved to the point that 5-year survival rates are over 80 percent. However, one group has failed to benefit from these improvements, namely children who die so soon after diagnosis that they are not able to receive treatment, or who receive treatment so late in the course of their disease that it is destined to fail.
New drug combination targets aggressive blood cancer A pair of drugs that may be a one-two punch needed to help combat acute myeloid leukemia (AML), an aggressive blood cancer that kills nearly three-fourths of patients within five years of diagnosis, is the focus of a new multi-center clinical trial that will enroll patients at three sites across the U.S.
Years of Ethics Charges, but Star cancer Researcher Gets a Pass Dr. Carlo Croce was repeatedly cleared by Ohio State University, which reaped millions from his grants. Now, he faces new whistle-blower accusations.
Clues in plasma could lead to cancer blood test New research identifies a series of of proteins in blood plasma that, when elevated, signify the presence of cancer. Doctors may soon be able to detect and monitor cancer with a simple blood test, reducing or eliminating the need for more invasive procedures. While the work, that relies on analysis of microvesicles and exosomes in blood plasma, involved samples from breast cancer patients, resear
Rock Art Discovered in 'Dark Ages' Tomb in Israel Archaeologists have discovered a rare example of rock art on the ceiling of a burial chamber dating back to Israel's "Dark Ages" 4,000 years ago.
Photos: Ancient Rock Art Sheds Light on Israel's 'Dark Ages' Archaeologists studying megalithic tombs in northern Israel recently excavated one burial chamber with a mysterious example of rock art on its ceiling.
Rare Rock Art in 'Dark Ages' Tomb | Video Archaeologists have discovered a 4,000-year-old megalithic tomb with rare rock art engraved into the ceiling.
High number of deaths from heart disease, stroke and diabetes linked to diet Nearly half of all deaths in the United States in 2012 that were caused by cardiometabolic diseases, including heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes, have been linked to substandard eating habits, according to a study.
How Many Deaths Are Linked to Diet? | Video Nearly half of all deaths from heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes may be due to diet.
Patchy progress on fixing global gender disparities in science 'leaky pipeline' stands the test of time, with overall progress for women in research continuing at a crawl
Patchy Progress on Fixing Global Gender Disparities in Science "leaky pipeline" stands the test of time, with overall progress for women in research continuing at a crawl —
Caffeine May Prevent Alzheimer's and Other Dementias Scientists identify key compounds that may help prevent brain diseases like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's as well as Lou Gehrig's disease.
Could New Tools Prevent Suicide and Self-Harm? Social media is uniquely positioned to detect suicidal tendencies. Facebook's new algorithm offers better detection, live chat support from crisis-support organizations (via messenger), and integrated suicide prevention tools to help people in real time. But there is a balance to be struck between privacy and safety.
DSAM-formand på afveje om antidepressiva Anders Beich har absolut ikke ret, når han kritiserer den nye metaanalyse fra Copenhagen Trial Unit.
Tvivlens gave anbefales til Copenhagen Trial Unit En række læger har ved hjælp af skrivebordsgymnastik genstartet den enøjede hetz mod antidepressiv medicin. Lad os spare patienterne for bivirkninger, uvirksom behandling – og tvivlsomme populistiske diskussioner.
Millioner til at holde hjernen frisk hele livet Nyt innovativt pilotprojekt støttet af Nordea-fonden skal omsætte forskningsbaseret viden…
Why women should tell the stories of humanity | Jude Kelly For many centuries (and for many reasons) critically acclaimed creative genius has generally come from a male perspective. As theater director Jude Kelly points out in this passionately reasoned talk, that skew affects how we interpret even non-fictional women's stories and rights. She thinks there's a more useful, more inclusive way to look at the world, and she calls on artists — women and men
Invasive snakes threaten forests on Pacific island of Guam The Brown tree snakes that have almost wiped out bird populations on Guam may also be damaging its tropical forests.
Gravitational waves pioneer Ron Drever dies Scottish physicist Ron Drever, one of the architects behind the discovery of gravitational waves, has died at the age of 85.
Lighthouse city How Stockholm is getting smarter by going greener.
A little zap turns this glass from clear to black New research could expand the color palette for glass windows that change color at the flick of an electric switch. In a new paper in the journal ACS Nano , researchers report using a readily available, inexpensive hydrocarbon molecule called perylene to create glass that can turn two different colors at low voltages. "When we put charges on the molecules or remove charges from them, they go from
How these bird-killing snakes can change a forest An invasive snake that caused extinctions among Guam's native birds also has an indirect impact on the island's forest trees, research shows. The findings show the potential for invasive predators to cause easily overlooked yet pervasive consequences as a result of extinguishing species that are important for the regeneration of plant species. Nearly all the
Nobody knew macrophages deliver messages Scientists have discovered that a common type of cell in the vertebrate immune system plays a unique role in communication between other cells. It turns out that these cells, called macrophages, can transmit messages between non-immune cells. "If pigment cells have figured out how to use macrophages for signaling, it stands to reason that others have as well." Their paper, published in the journa
Photos: 2,000-Year-Old Roman Road and Coins Discovered in Israel Archaeologists found a 2,000-year-old Roman road during a routine survey of a construction site in modern-day Israel.
Test Track for Ultra-Fast 'Hyperloop' Transit System Unveiled Though it sounds like a transportation system straight out of a science-fiction novel, the "Hyperloop" is inching closer to reality.
In Photos: Building the Superfast 'Hyperloop One' Transit System of the Future The Hyperloop One project aims to build a futuristic transit system based on the original vision of billionaire entrepreneur Elon Musk.
Ancient Route Connected to Roman 'Emperor's Road' Unearthed in Israel About 2,000 years ago, travelers walked along a wide, stone-paved road, some of them accidently dropping coins that would later be found by modern-day archaeologists in Israel.
How Inflammation Spreads Through the Brain After a traumatic brain injury, inflammation can spread throughout the brain and cause long-lasting damage.
In Photos: Bizarre New Time Crystals Created A new form of matter called a time crystal seems to suspend the laws of thermodynamics.
Time Crystals Created, Suspending Laws of Physics A new form of matter called a time crystal seems to suspend the laws of thermodynamics.
China's coal use, mould money and Russia's new doping lab The week in science: 3–9 March 2017. Nature 543 154 doi: 10.1038/543154a
Open-data contest unearths scientific gems — and controversy Hundreds of researchers pick through clinical trial from a major blood-pressure study, to the dismay of some who collected the information
Effects Of Global Warming On Display In Antarctica James McClintock, a marine biologist, talks with David Greene about how warming temperatures have had a dramatic impact on the glacier near the U.S. Palmer Station in Antarctica.
Public Clinics Fear Federal Cuts To Planned Parenthood Would Strand Patients A goal for many Republicans is to cut federal funding for health services at Planned Parenthood and divert those funds to public health centers. How ready are those centers to pick up that work?
Blue Origin, Jeff Bezos's Moon Shot, Gets First Paying Customer In about five years, Eutelsat, a satellite TV provider, will strap one of its satellites to a new Blue Origin rocket to be delivered to space.
Our Universe's Very Dusty Early, Early Beginnings Far away, in a constellation called Sculptor, astronomers have glimpsed the universe's oldest dust. It's 13.2 billion years old.
How to back up and protect your data from old smartphones, tablets, and computers DIY Everything you need to do before selling or recycling your devices Getting rid of an old laptop or smartphone isn't as easy as listing it on eBay—you need to make sure your personal data is safely backed up and deleted first.
Mice as Conservationists? A naturally occurring gene in house mice may help eliminate their invasive cousins that live on islands —
We Are Never Just Scientists The gender and racial gaps in scientific professions illustrate the need for greater inclusion at all levels —
Why Are Scientists So Averse to Public Engagement? It's time to confront our demons —
Brain Awareness Week Partner Interview: NW Noggin This is the third in a series of Brain Awareness Week (BAW) partner interviews, in which partners share their BAW experiences and tips for planning successful events.
Get BraiNY in NYC! Want to learn more about the brain? You're in luck! Brain Awareness Week is next week (March 13-19) and BraiNY has a jam-packed calendar of events for New Yorkers to celebrate in style! Events will be taking place around the city that are perfect for any age group.
DF bremser udvidelse af vindmølle-testpladser Partiet stopper en ellers grydeklar aftale om udvidelse af test-centrene i Østerild og Høvsøre.
VIDEO: Første hus 3D-printet i ét stykke For første gang er et hus blevet 3D-printet i ét stykke direkte på byggepladsen. Det tog kun 24 timer. Pris: 71.000 kroner.
VIDEO: Første fuldskala Hyperloop-testbane ved at være klar Inden længe står en 1,6 kilometer lang fuldskala Hyperloop-testbane klar i Nevadas ørken. Første rigtige bane bliver sandsynligvis mellem Dubai og Abu Dhabi.
Ancient reptile mystery solved as 2 extinct species found to be the same Ichthyosaurs, which are similar-shaped to dolphins and sharks, but are reptiles, swam the seas for millions of years during the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. They were the first, large extinct reptiles brought to the attention of the scientific world.
Ancient stardust sheds light on the first stars A huge mass of glowing stardust in a galaxy seen shortly after the Universe's formation has been detected by a UCL-led team of astronomers, providing new insights into the birth and explosive deaths of the very first stars.
'Angry' Australian summer weather smashes records Australia endured a summer of record-breaking extremes, scientists said on Wednesday, with climate change tipped to increase the frequency and severity of such phenomena.
Aphrodisiac perfumes likely fake: study Many animal species are known to give off chemical signals to attract sexual partners, but scientists still debate whether pheromones used in aphrodisiac perfumes actually play any role in human mating.
The selection of archaeological research material should be re-evaluated All research requires decisions on how to restrict the material under study. The material included in an archaeological study is in many ways already chosen before the researcher begins to make such decisions. The kinds of selections effected by the research process itself have rarely been examined.
Atomic resolution of muscle contraction At the molecular level, muscle contraction is defined by myosin molecules pulling actin filaments. New electron cryomicroscopy images with unprecedented resolution taken by researchers at Osaka University reveal unexpectedly large conformational changes in the myosin molecule during the pull. These findings provide new insights into how myosin generates
Australia, Malaysia hope MH370 will be found one day The Australian government minister in charge of the suspended seabed search for the Malaysia Airlines jet told victims' families and friends at an anniversary church service on Wednesday that he remained hopeful that Flight 370 would be found.
A bright 'glow stick' marker for cells Any child who has played with a glowstick or captured a firefly understands the wonder of chemiluminescence, or chemical light. This process is already used to detect blood at crime scenes and to determine the concentrations of different components of biological samples. This week in ACS Central Science, researchers introduce a new chemiluminescent probe that is better for use in water and up to 3
How chemists are helping us not get food poisoning Food poisoning: Many of us have had it, and we won't soon forget it. Colorado State University chemists are trying to make it so we can.
Chemists create molecular 'leaf' that collects and stores solar power without solar panels An international team of scientists led by Liang-shi Li at Indiana University has achieved a new milestone in the quest to recycle carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere into carbon-neutral fuels and others materials.
Clown tree frogs—newly discovered and already threatened? An international team of scientists discovered two new species of clown tree frogs in the Amazon region. Until recently, these colorful amphibians had erroneously been considered part of another species. Now, DNA studies and an analysis of the calls of the examined populations revealed a much higher diversity within this group of frogs. Due to their small distribution areas, it is likely that the
Rising CO2 due to climate change may not improve agriculture, model shows Although many people have argued that rising carbon dioxide levels would benefit crop production, a recent model of the effects of increased CO2 shows that it's not that simple and that elevated levels could have a much less positive effect on plant photosynthesis than previously predicted.
A conflict of belonging and identity in intercultural polite talk at work When in Rome you do as the Romans do, right? Not necessarily. When it comes to fitting in with foreign cultures, "just be yourself" might be the more appropriate mantra, according to BYU professor Stephen Moody.
Deadly raccoon roundworm can infect humans without symptoms, new study finds A deadly raccoon parasite that can cause severe neurological problems in infected hosts has been popping up in the South, and seven new cases of human infection in the U.S. have been documented in the last two years alone.
Digital populism as a focus of research In Europe, 2017 is a 'super election' year. There are going to be elections in the EU's two big players, France and Germany, and in several other countries. But this time everything is different. Since Donald Trump's success in the US presidential election, a spectre is haunting Western democracies: digital populism. Controversial discussions have now been taking place about whether there is a con
New study examines whether dogs are feline-friendly – or not A new study by Christy L. Hoffman, PhD, assistant professor of animal behavior, ecology and conservation (ABEC) at Canisius College, examines whether dogs' responses to cat-related sights, sounds, and smells provide clues about which dogs are cat-friendly. The study takes the first steps in identifying ways to evaluate which dogs are likely to get along with cats, without stressing any cats in the
Europe-wide raids against suspects in online banking fraud Police in three European countries have raided homes and offices linked to a gang of suspected cyberthieves that targeted online banking customers in Germany.
Fish, selective hunting strategies and a delayed-return lifestyle among ancient foragers A unique trove of bone material from the 9,200 year old coastal settlement Norje Sunnansund in Blekinge, Sweden, has revealed that surpisingly sophisticated hunting strategies were used at the time. One key find was that the early Mesolithic humans practiced so-called selective hunting – seemingly in order to maximize gain and preserve the local population of certain species.
Researchers gain control over single atoms University of Otago physicists have found a way to control individual atoms, making them appear wherever they want them to.
Game-changing heat pipe technology answers global waste problem Brunel University London and Mission Resources limited are developing an innovative low-temperature pyrolysis treatment to convert household waste into fuel to heat water.
'Gateway to the underworld crater' is helping scientists map the Earth's climate history A geographer from the University of Sussex who is researching a huge crater in Siberia, which is expanding at a rapid rate, believes the huge hole in the ground will help scientists to map the history of the Earth's climate.
Genetic screening to fight the common childhood virus that causes hand, foot and mouth disease The unavailability of antiviral medicines and vaccines has made outbreaks of hand, food and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71), a serious threat that affects millions worldwide. Now, an A*STAR comprehensive study has identified which human proteins in a cell are hijacked by EV71 and which try to resist its invasion. Clarifying these host-pathogen interactions could reveal new tar
Girls in care more likely to report lower well-being than boys About a quarter of girls in care have low well-being and feel the stigma of care more deeply than do boys according to a new study, announced today [8 Mar], which set out to understand what well-being means to looked after children. The study of 611 looked after children produced some positive results with 83 percent of children saying that being in care had improved their lives. Compared to the g
Gold nanorods could be used to develop smaller portable mercury sensors Mercury is harmful even in small amounts. Detecting it currently requires expensive equipment. Researchers are working on a faster and cheaper alternative: a portable sensor that can perform a rapid analysis in the field. The key is finding something small and accurate enough to do the job.
The pioneering 'great men' of Victorian science were once attacked for being unmanly In the late 19th century, scientists were made into heroes. Science fiction novels such as H G Wells's The Time Machine and science textbooks such as Oliver Lodge's Pioneers of Science helped create the popular image of the Victorian scientist as a powerful, authoritative figure, subjecting the forces of nature to his will. It's an image that endures today, cemented by the narrative of 19th centur
Image: Barcelona viewed from the International Space Station ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet is spending six months on the International Space Station on his Proxima mission. In his free time, like many astronauts, he enjoys looking out of the Cupola windows at Earth. This collage was taken on 15 February and shows Barcelona in Spain. Ships entering the harbour and landmarks of Barcelona such as the Olympic village and La Ramblas are visible as you zoom in.
Image: A mass of viscous flow features on Mars Viscous, lobate flow features are commonly found at the bases of slopes in the mid-latitudes of Mars, and are often associated with gullies.
Imaging high explosive detonators Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and collaborators at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) for the first time have taken 3-D snapshots of operating high explosive detonators.
Computer models show possible impact to world's oceans of four major stressors due to climate change An international team of researchers has developed a computer model that makes predictions regarding four major stressors to the world's oceans over the next several decades. In their paper published in the journal Nature Communications, the team describes the factors that went into the model and how it can be tuned to make predictions based on estimates of greenhouse gas emissions over the coming
In-cell NMR: A new application The structure of biological macromolecules is critical to understanding their function, mode of interaction and relationship with their neighbours, and how physiological processes are altered by mutations or changes in the molecular environment.
Indicators show potatoes can grow on Mars The International Potato Center (CIP) launched a series of experiments to discover if potatoes can grow under Mars atmospheric conditions and thereby prove they are also able to grow in extreme climates on Earth. This Phase Two effort of CIP's proof of concept experiment to grow potatoes in simulated Martian conditions began on February 14, 2016 when a tuber was planted in a specially constructed
Ionization mechanisms of captive atoms struck by light matter Light interacting with hydrogen atoms enclosed in hollow cages composed of carbon atoms – referred to as fullerene material – produces ionisation. This phenomenon, which has been the subject of intense theoretical scrutiny, is particularly interesting because the light rays can have dramatic effects in inducing small external energy potentials. Specifically, they alter the structural and dynamic p
Iota Orionis: Pulsating beacon of a constellation Astronomers from the BRITE (BRight Target Explorer) Constellation project and Ritter Observatory have discovered a repeating one-per-cent spike in the light of a very massive star which could change our understanding of such stars. Iota Orionis is a binary star system and is easily visible with the naked eye, being the brightest star in the constellation Orion's sword. Its unique variability, repo
The protective layer of prehistoric land plants An international research team has discovered a biochemical pathway that is responsible for the development of moss cuticles. These waxy coverings of epidermal cells are the outer layer of plants and protect them from water loss. The biologists discovered this mechanism that facilitated the evolutionary transition of plants from fresh water to land in the moss Physcomitrella patens. The team was l
Researchers push the limits of organic synthesis A dendritic molecule is one that grows by branching in several directions from its center core. At each branching point, the molecule branches again into a new generation. These molecules can be used for a broad range of biomedical applications, including gene and drug delivery.
Study finds massive rogue waves aren't as rare as previously thought University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science scientist Mark Donelan and his Norwegian Meteorological Institute colleague captured new information about extreme waves, as one of the steepest ever recorded passed by the North Sea Ekofisk platforms in the early morning hours of Nov. 9 2007.
Researchers to develop new math theory for improvement of imaging technology Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington are working on a project which could have a sizable impact on imaging technologies, by developing new mathematical theories that can help solve outstanding problems.
Mechanical engineers help disabled through Braille labels for consumer products Researchers with the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Texas A&M University are making it easier for the visually disabled to read by manufacturing high quality adhesive labels through portable 3-D printers so that Braille can be found on a variety of consumer products. The project, led by assistant professor of instruction Dr. Tanil Ozkan, is unique in not only the benefits it is providing
Mechanism underlying size-sorting of rubble on asteroid Itokawa revealed In 2005, the Hayabusa spacecraft developed by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) landed on Itokawa, a small near-Earth asteroid named after the famous Japanese rocket scientist Hideo Itokawa. The aim of the unmanned mission was to study the asteroid and collect a sample of material to be returned to Earth for analysis. Contrary to scientific predictions that small asteroids are barren n
A novel method for designing fluorescent probes improves imaging of complex molecules in live cells While the use of fluorescent probes for imaging biological molecules is widespread, probes that attach to more complex molecules inside live cells have been difficult to design. Now, a research team led by scientists at A*STAR have developed a highly-sensitive fluorescent probe capable of attaching precisely to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, or NADH, a crucial metabolite for several biological
Counting microbes on a smartphone An Android application could dramatically change how microbiologists quantify data and how they go about their work.
Modeling the motion of chips produced in gun drilling shows a simple angle change could lead to better gun drill design By simulating the removal of chips during the drilling of deep holes in metals and metal alloys, A*STAR researchers have paved the way for gun drills that are more durable, reliable, and have longer lifespans.
Plants at the pump: Multilab project seeks toughest strains of algae for biofuel production Regular, unleaded or algae? That's a choice drivers could make at the pump one day. But for algal biofuels to compete with petroleum, farming algae has to become less expensive. Toward that goal, Sandia National Laboratories is testing strains of algae for resistance to a host of predators and diseases, and learning to detect when an algae pond is about to crash.
Nanophotonics team creates low-voltage, multicolor, electrochromic glass Rice University's latest nanophotonics research could expand the color palette for companies in the fast-growing market for glass windows that change color at the flick of an electric switch.
Nanozymes—efficient antidote against pesticides Members of the Faculty of Chemistry of the Lomonosov Moscow State University have developed novel nanosized agents that could be used as efficient protective and antidote modalities against the impact of neurotoxic organophosphorus compounds such as pesticides and chemical warfare agents. The research results are published in the Journal of Controlled Release.
NASA satellites see Tropical Cyclone Enawo moving through central Madagascar Tropical Cyclone Enawo continued to move through central Madagascar on a southern track as NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites gathered imagery and data on the powerful storm.
Research shows that non-traditional men sell well – advertisers need to catch up for the sake of equality Here is a social experiment you can conduct on your next trip to the local garage. You need one woman and one man who are willing to pretend to buy a car. Tell the person selling the car that the woman will be the main driver and will pay for the vehicle. Then take note of who the seller addresses and how the dynamic unfolds. Chances are your experience will depend on your gender.
Paper pumps power portable microfluidics, biomedical devices Biomedical engineering researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed inexpensive paper pumps that use capillary action to power portable microfluidic devices, opening the door to a range of biomedical tools.
Phonon nanoengineering: Vibrations of nanoislands dissipate heat more effectively Europium silicide has for some time attracted the attention of scientists. Recognized as being promising for electronics and spintronics, this material has recently been
Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets—an alternative to graphene Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the sci
Principles of 3-D genome folding and gene expression studied across species It seems like a feat of magic. Human DNA, if stretched out into one, long spaghetti-like strand, would measure 2 meters (six feet) long. And yet, all of our DNA is compacted more than 10,000 times to fit inside a single cell. How is this accomplished while preserving the overall, vital genomic organization?
Researchers develop proof of concept for a handheld chemical scanner An international team of researchers has developed a proof of concept for a working hand-held chemical scanner. In their paper published in the journal Nano Letters, the team describes their ideas and their belief that they will have a working model within five years and a device for sale within 10.
New process for manufacturing PV cells means cheaper solar power A major roadblock to the mass use of solar energy are photovoltaic (PV) solar cells. This is because the cost, inefficiency and negative environmental impact that the manufacturing of these cells outweighs any potential savings provided by the resulting solar energy. If, however, cost could be were minimised, then solar power would be more able to compete with traditional fossil fuel-based methods
The role of technology in the future of higher education A new transcontinental research project is looking at the way technology affects traditional campus-based degrees.
Scientific theories aren't mere conjecture – to survive they must work "The evidence is incontrovertible. Global warming is occurring." "Climate change is real, is serious and has been influenced by anthropogenic activity." "The scientific evidence is clear: Global climate change caused by human activities is occurring now, and is a growing threat to society."
The secrets of vibration-enhanced conductivity in graphene Graphene, the one-atom-thick material made of carbon atoms, still holds some unexplained qualities, which are important in connection with electronic applications where high-conductivity matters, ranging from smart materials that collectively respond to external stimuli in a coherent, tunable fashion, to light-induced, all-optical networks. Materials like graphene can exhibit a particular type of
The sky is the limit for new low-cost 3-D printer Sliperiet at Umeå Arts Campus is in the process of making a 3-D printed Tower of Babel using a novel hanging printer. This offers a low-cost solution and increased flexibility to print large volumes.
Small molecules fighting aging-related diseases For the first time an international research network led by Bayreuth Biochemist Prof. Dr. Clemens Steegborn has succeeded in producing small molecules able to activate the enzyme sirtuin 6. Furthermore, the scientists were able to reveal the structural basis of such processes. These findings will enable the development of drugs that might support the fight against aging-related diseases.
Small nanoparticles have surprisingly big effects on polymer nanocomposites Polymer nanocomposites mix particles billionths of a meter (nanometers, nm) in diameter with polymers, which are long molecular chains. Often used to make injection-molded products, they are common in automobiles, fire retardants, packaging materials, drug-delivery systems, medical devices, coatings, adhesives, sensors, membranes and consumer goods. When a team led by the Department of Energy's Oa
New species concept based on mitochondrial & nuclear DNA coadaptation What is a species? Biologists—and ornithologists in particular—have been debating the best definition for a very long time. A new commentary published in The Auk: Ornithological Advances proposes a novel concept: that species can be defined based on the unique coadaptations between their two genomes, one in the nuclei of their cells and the other in their mitochondria.
Stabilizing soils with sulfates to improve their constructional properties The journal Applied Clay Science has recently published the paper 'Sulfate soils stabilization with magnesium-based bindersâ', a piece of research led by Dr Andrés Seco-Meneses on the stabilizing of sulfate soils in which Beñat García-Grancianteparaluceta, lecturer in the UPV/EHU's Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, has collaborated alongside a group of rese
New survey finds 'Peter Pan' radio galaxies that may never grow up A team of astronomers has doubled the number of known young, compact radio galaxies—galaxies powered by newly energized black holes. The improved tally will help astronomers understand the relationship between the size of these radio sources and their age, as well as the nature of the galaxy itself.
Synthesis of medicinally privileged heterocycles through dielectric heating Heterocyclic compounds are enormously crucial in various industries including food, agricultural, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Heterocyclic pharmacophores are one of the main chemical components in drug discovery research. A report in 2013 claims that four out of six and nine out of twenty one highest selling medicines in the world are small molecule heterocyclic compounds. Therefore, easy acces
Researchers propose technique for measuring weak or nonexistent magnetic fields Physicists at the University of Iowa have proposed a new technique to detect and measure materials that give off weak magnetic signals or have no magnetic field at all. Their solution would use a noninvasive probe to induce a magnetic response in the material being studied and then detect how that response changes the probe's own magnetic field.
Assistive tech for people with visual impairments to identify scientific images on a computer screen Purdue University researchers are developing software in a "haptic device" that could give people with visual impairments the ability to identify scientific images on a computer screen using their other senses.
Travelling through scattering tissue with far less light Medical applications of light, looking inside human tissue, often are limited by the highly scattering nature of tissue. Inuitively, a lower limit of one photon per camera pixel is assumed. Scientists of the University of Twente in The Netherlands and Caltech in Pasadena, USA, prove that the lower limit is actually much lower, thus opening possibilities of going deeper into tissue with less light.
A new tool for genetically engineering the oldest branch of life A new study by G. William Arends Professor of Microbiology at the University of Illinois Bill Metcalf with postdoctoral Fellow Dipti Nayak has documented the use of CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome editing in the third domain of life, Archaea, for the first time. Their groundbreaking work, reported in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has the potential to vastly accelerate future studies
Developing tools for reproducibility The concept of reproducibility is vital when it comes to research, as it provides transparency and ensures clarity for findings. However, reproducibility is often difficult because investigators publish only their papers and not the data or other important aspects that support their results. Now, Notre Dame researchers at the Center for Research Computing (CRC) are developing several tools that ca
UK museum's 'earliest known bird' flies coop for Tokyo show Britain's Natural History Museum is sending its most precious fossil, a 147 million-year-old skeleton that established the link between dinosaurs and birds, abroad for the first time.
Uncovering new relationships and organizational principles in protein interaction networks Proteins, those basic components of cells and tissues, carry out many biological functions by working with partners in networks. The dynamic nature of these networks – where proteins interact with different partners at different times and in different cellular environments – can present a challenge to scientists who study them. However, researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research hav
How vision may have driven fishes onto land About 375 million years ago, certain fishes had developed powerfully strong paired fins that were capable of transporting them out of the water and onto land.
Warped meteor showers hit Earth at all angles Some meteor showers persist for weeks and months, even though Earth sweeps a big arc around the Sun during that time. The meteors arrive from a slightly different direction each day, which is a clue to why these showers last so long. In a review of ongoing meteor surveillance projects worldwide, 45 showers are identified that take this motion to extremes, visualized in spectacular animation.
Share of women researchers grows, research as impactful as men's The share of women among researchers has increased between four and 11 percentage points between the periods 1996-2000 and 2011-2015 among 12 geographies. Across these geographies, women's scholarly articles are cited or downloaded at similar rates to men's while women tend to publish fewer articles than men on average. These are two of the key findings presented in a new global study released tod
Study of woodpecker social groups sparks debate New research from the University of St Andrews has sparked debate about what it takes to live in stable, long-lasting social groups.
Sociable woodpeckers that cooperate have evolved smaller brains It's long been thought that living in a group leads to bigger brains – including in humans. But a surprising finding in woodpeckers shows this isn't always the case
Machine learning reveals lack of female screen time in top films A machine-learning analysis of recent Hollywood blockbusters finds that female actors get only around half the screen time of their male counterparts
'Digital Alchemist' Seeks Rules of Emergence Sharon Glotzer has made a number of career-shifting discoveries, each one the kind "that completely changes the way you look at the world," she said, "and causes you to say, 'Wow, I need to follow this.'" A theoretical soft condensed matter physicist by training who now heads a thriving 33-person research group spanning three departments at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Glotzer uses co
Male infertility research reveals how a new life begins Research into a genetic mutation causing some men to be infertile shows that an important protein in the sperm that is a key component of the egg fertilization process, known as phospholipase C zeta (PLC-zeta), is ineffective in these individuals.
Iota orionis: Pulsating beacon of a constellation Using the world's smallest astronomical satellites, researchers have detected the biggest stellar heartbeat ever. Astronomers are hopeful that this discovery will provide the initiative to search for other such systems, creating a fundamental shift in how we study the evolution of massive stars. This is important, since massive stars are laboratories of elements essential to human life.
PTSD risk can be predicted by hormone levels prior to deployment, study says Some soldiers might have a hormonal predisposition to experience such stress-related disorders, new research suggests.
How exercise — interval training in particular — helps your mitochondria stave off old age Researchers have long suspected that the benefits of exercise extend down to the cellular level, but know relatively little about which exercises help cells rebuild key organelles that deteriorate with aging. A new study found that exercise — and in particular high-intensity interval training in aerobic exercises such as biking and walking — caused cells to make more proteins for their energy-pr
Research uncovers potential health risks of travel to Mars Using mice transplanted with human stem cells, a research team has demonstrated for the first time that the radiation encountered in deep space travel may increase the risk of leukemia in humans.
The selection of archaeological research material should be re-evaluated A systematically collected material produces a more exact image of the excavated objects. A researcher has studied the way the method of retrieval influences the quality and quantity of archaeological objects for research.
Uncovering new relationships, organizational principles in protein interaction networks Proteins, those basic components of cells and tissues, carry out many biological functions by working with partners in networks. The dynamic nature of these networks — where proteins interact with different partners at different times and in different cellular environments — can present a challenge to scientists who study them.
Testing for hepatitis C virus remains low among baby boomers A new report looks at vaccination rates for Hepatitis C virus two years after the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended it for all baby boomers, and finds rates are still very low.
Ancient reptile mystery solved as two extinct species found to be the same Ichthyosaurs, which are similar-shaped to dolphins and sharks, but are reptiles, swam the seas for millions of years during the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. They were the first, large extinct reptiles brought to the attention of the scientific world.
Newer medications can cure HCV infections, study suggests A new analysis reveals a dramatic transformation in the care of patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) as more effective and tolerable medications have become available.
Ancient stardust sheds light on the first stars Astronomers have used ALMA to detect a huge mass of glowing stardust in a galaxy seen when the Universe was only four percent of its present age. This galaxy was observed shortly after its formation and is the most distant galaxy in which dust has been detected. This observation is also the most distant detection of oxygen in the Universe. These new results provide brand-new insights into the birt
Violent video games found not to affect empathy The link between playing violent video games and antisocial behavior, such as increased aggression and decreased empathy, is hotly debated. In a recent study the long-term effects of playing violent video games were investigated. This study found that empathy is not blunted by playing such games long-term.
US desert songbirds at risk in a warming climate Rising temperatures and heatwaves are putting songbirds at greater risk for death by dehydration and mass die-offs, report scientists.
How chemists are helping us not get food poisoning Borrowing concepts from medical diagnostic devices, chemists have created a simple, cheap set of handheld tests that can detect the presence of many water or food-borne pathogens. If applied in the field, such tests could greatly reduce the number of expensive follow-up tests needed to keep the food supply safe from fecal contamination.
New hope for treating heart failure Heart failure patients who are getting by on existing drug therapies can look forward to a far more effective medicine in the next five years or so, thanks to researchers.
Crocodiles and dolphins evolved similar skulls to catch the same prey Despite their very different ancestors, dolphins and crocodiles evolved similarly shaped skulls to feed on similar prey, new research indicates.
Alaskan Caribou Are Adapting to Warming The Arctic animals have not suffered a mismatch with shifting food supplies —
Can Facebook's Machine-Learning Algorithms Accurately Predict Suicide? The social media giant aims to save lives by quickly flagging and responding to worrying posts —
Majestic Owls, Great Lakes, Food Crisis and Other New Science Books March book recommendations from the editors of Scientific American —
Too Much Emotional Intelligence Is a Bad Thing Profound empathy may come at a price —
What Are Fast Radio Bursts? What are fast radio bursts? Why are astronomers so excited about them? —
Your Echo Is Listening, Which Could Someday Lead to an Invasion of Your Privacy A murder case raises concerns about the "Internet of Things" —
Forensic Science: Trials with Errors What appears to be accepted science in the courtroom may not be accepted science among scientists. —
Gene Therapy in a Box Genetic repairs are curing patients—but only at a few elite centers.
This Lab-in-a-Box Could Make Gene Therapy Affordable Genetic repairs are curing patients—but only at a few elite centers.
Jon Favreau Leaps into Virtual Reality The man behind The Jungle Book and Iron Man is among the first Hollywood directors to explore the unique storytelling tools of VR.
Emotionally Charged Animation in Virtual Reality Eric Darnell, the chief creative officer and cofounder of Baobab Studios, talks about how the company is making animated films for virtual reality that are immersive and emotive.
Baidu's Artificial Intelligence Lab Unveils Synthetic Speech System The Chinese search giant's Deep Voice system learns to talk in just a few hours with little or no human interference.
The Download, Mar 8, 2017: CIA Leak Realism, Democratizing Gene Therapy, and Luxurious Smartphones The most fascinating and important news in technology and innovation delivered straight to your inbox, every day.
Apollo Astronauts Weren't Just Heroes—They Were Fantastic Photographers Inside the golden age of space photography.
How an Atari Chip Set Off a Bitter War Among Neuroscientists Neuroscientists may have plenty of bottom-up data about the brain, but they're far from using that data to understand how the organ works.
How an Atari Chip Set Off a Bitter War Among Neuroscientists Neuroscientists may have plenty of bottom-up data about the brain, but they're far from using that data to understand how the organ works.
Watch a Dazzling Screen Made of Thousands of Flying Beads A low resolution screen is designed to elicit emotion. The post Watch a Dazzling Screen Made of Thousands of Flying Beads appeared first on WIRED .
The CIA Leak Exposes Tech's Vulnerable Future With its Vault 7 dump, WikiLeaks underscores the fragility beneath the tech industry's unassailable veneer.
How the CIA's Hacking Hoard Makes Everyone Less Secure By keeping dozens of its spying tools secret, the CIA may have left billions of people open to being hacked.
The Government Might Not Want Energy Star, But Industry Does If you're an environmentally conscious consumer, you probably own more than a few devices bedazzled with an Energy Star logo. That program might be kaput.
Flight Lab: Take Off in NASA's Cold War Spy Plane—for Science! And meet the pilot who sucks goop through a straw while looking down at the curvature of the Earth.
Google Street View's Window into How Americans Vote (Look at the Cars) Instead of people, machines will paint the more accurate picture of how people think, live, and spend.
No, iPhones Aren't Luxury Items. They're Economic Necessities The choice between health care and a smartphone is no choice at all.
It Takes More Than a Shovel to Decode Colorado's Snowpack (Like Lasers) A day in the field as researchers wring water data from Colorado's snowpack.
Looking for New Headphones? Try a Set From Across the Pond When asked to point out the hotbeds of audio innovation on a map, the casual headphone buyer probably wouldn't finger the United Kingdom.
Snap's IPO Made Its Employees Millionaires—Why Not DJ Khaled? The producer was basically an unofficial board member, but he didn't see a dime of the windfall.
I Tried Trump's Media Diet. Now Nothing Surprises Me Anymore Even presidents live in filter bubbles. See what the world looks like through Trump's own reality distortion field.
The Next Great Frontier for Drones Lies in the Ocean Depths The next step in the evolution of drones is about to go down. Literally.
Want to Gut Emission Rules? Prepare for War With California The Golden State is ready for a fight—and it's got a well-stocked arsenal.
What's Inside Tiger Balm? Hint: Not Actual Tigers Fiery. Fierce. Sinus-clearing. Anyone who's stood within wafting distance of a marathon knows the smell.
WikiLeaks CIA Dump Gives Russian Hacking Deniers the Perfect Ammo The latest document dump doesn't prove the CIA faked the Russian hacking scandal, but online it doesn't have to.
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