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Nyheder2018august31

 

DTU og privat firma går sammen om unikt testcenter for solceller

Et helt nyt testcenter på DTU Risø Campus skal gøre European Energy og DTU klogere på potentialet i næste generation af solcelleteknologien. European Energy betaler gildet.

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Fireball Streaks Over Australia, and the Videos and Photos Will Amaze You

Skywatchers across Western Australia caught sight of an incredible fireball on Tuesday night (Aug. 28), and many were lucky enough to capture the spectacle on film.

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Why California's Privacy Law Won't Hurt Facebook or Google

The California Consumer Privacy Act was heralded as a blow against Big Tech. But the law will primarily constrain smaller actors in the online-ad world.

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Inhibiting nuclear factor kappa B improves heart function in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Researchers have uncovered an unexpected mechanism that underlies cardiomyopathy (heart failure) in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). They report that nuclear factor kappa B down-regulates calcium genes, contributing to cardiomyopathy in DMD. Furthermore, data from a mouse model show cardiomyocyte ablation of NF-kappaB rescues cardiac function.

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Dual-layer solar cell sets record for efficiently generating power

Materials scientists have developed a highly efficient thin-film solar cell that generates more energy than typical solar panels, thanks to its double-layer design.

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Financial disclosure lacking in publication of clinical trials, study finds

A substantial proportion of pharmaceutical industry payments to authors of oncology clinical trials published in major scientific journals are not disclosed, new research shows.

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Astronauts tackle air leak on International Space Station

A "micro-fracture" from a possible collision with a rock fragment sets off alerts on the ISS.

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You are never too old for the Mediterranean diet

The Mediterranean diet as a secret of long life for elderly. These are the conclusions of a study by the Department of Epidemiology and Prevention of the I.R.C.C.S. Neuromed, in Molise, Italy, published in the British Journal of Nutrition. Results clearly indicate that the Mediterranean diet is an authentic life-saving shield, able to significantly reduce the risk of mortality in elderly people.

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Scientists identify protein that may have existed when life began

How did life arise on Earth? Researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts — essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function — may have existed when life began.

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Faster than we thought: Sulfurization of organic material

Processes that were thought to take tens of thousands of years can happen in hours, according to new research. And that may change our understanding of the carbon cycle, and maybe the history of Earth's climate.

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Scientists predict superelastic properties in a group of iron-based superconductors

Researchers have computationally predicted a number of unique properties in a group of iron-based superconductors, including room-temperature super-elasticity.

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A master switch controls aggressive breast cancer

Researchers have identified a master switch that appears to control the dynamic behavior of tumor cells that makes some aggressive cancers so difficult to treat. The gene Sox10 directly controls the growth and invasion of a significant fraction of hard-to-treat triple-negative breast cancers.

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Adopting Mediterranean diet in old age can prolong life, study suggests

People aged 65 or older who adhere to diet rich in fish, nuts and fresh vegetables have 25% lower risk of death, study finds It’s been touted as the recipe for a healthy life, preventing all manner of ills. Now researchers say a Mediterranean diet still offers benefits in older age and could reduce the risk of death. While somewhat nebulous in specific makeup , the diet is typically said to be ri

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Model can more naturally detect depression in conversations

Researchers detail a neural-network model that can be unleashed on raw text and audio data from interviews to discover speech patterns indicative of depression. Given a new subject, it can accurately predict if the individual is depressed, without needing any other information about the questions and answers.

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Mechanism of Marburg virus sexual transmission identified in nonhuman primates

New research elucidates the mechanism of sexual transmission of filoviruses, which have been shown to persist in the testes and other immune privileged sites. Sexual transmission of filoviruses was first reported in 1968 after an outbreak of Marburg virus disease and recently caused flare-ups of Ebola virus disease in the 2013-2016 outbreak. The team found that Marburg virus persists in seminifero

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Using physics to predict crowd behavior

Electrons whizzing around each other and humans crammed together at a political rally don't seem to have much in common, but researchers are connecting the dots. They've developed a highly accurate mathematical approach to predict the behavior of crowds of living creatures, using methods originally developed to study large collections of quantum mechanically interacting electrons.

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Countries ranked by oil production emissions

Emissions associated with oil and gas production are a significant source of greenhouse gases. A new analysis ranks countries by emission levels and identifies the major sources of emissions, a first step toward policy to regulate oil and gas production practices.

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Is It Possible to Find Love Without Dating Apps?

I ditched Tinder, Bumble, and Hinge, and set out on a journey to find old-fashioned love in a newfangled world.

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Artificial intelligence guides rapid data-driven exploration of underwater habitats

Researchers aboard Schmidt Ocean Institute's research vessel Falkor used autonomous underwater robots, along with the Institute's remotely operated vehicle (ROV) SuBastian, to acquire 1.3 million high resolution images of the seafloor at Hydrate Ridge, composing them into the largest known high resolution color 3D model of the seafloor. Using unsupervised clustering algorithms, they identified dyn

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'Blink' and you won't miss amyloids

Tiny protein structures called amyloids are key to understanding certain devastating age-related diseases, but they are so minuscule they can't be seen using conventional microscopic methods. A team of engineers has developed a new technique that uses temporary fluorescence, causing the amyloids to flash or 'blink', allowing researchers to better spot these problematic proteins.

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The hidden life of rock gnome lichen

A new study is helping to shed light on the genetic diversity and reproductive process of rock gnome lichen, one of only two varieties of lichens on the US endangered species list.

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International Space Station crew repair leak in Russian craft

Astronauts patch small rip leaking oxygen, seemingly caused by collision with a meteorite fragment Astronauts on board the International Space Station have managed to repair a tiny tear in the fabric of a Russian capsule that was letting oxygen leak into space. Theship docked at the orbiting lab in June. Scientists believe the small rip in its shell could have been caused by a fragment of a meteo

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UK MP Twitter abuse increased between 2015 and 2017 general elections

Abuse of politicians online increased substantially in the snap 2017 general election compared to the 2015 general election, according to new research by the University of Sheffield.

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Presynapses come in a packet

Synapses are the interfaces for information exchange between neurons. Scientists have discovered the materials, which form new presynapses for the release of transmitters. The findings may help to design better nerve-regenerating therapies in the future.

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Genomic study of 412 anthrax strains provides new virulence clues

By analyzing genomic sequences from more than 400 strains of the bacterium that causes anthrax, researchers have provided the first evidence that the severity — technically known as virulence — of specific strains may be related to the number of copies of certain plasmids they carry.

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Robotic herding of a flock of birds using drones

Researchers made a new algorithm for enabling a single robotic unmanned aerial vehicle to herd a flock of birds away from a designated airspace. This novel approach allows a single autonomous quadrotor drone to herd an entire flock of birds away without breaking their formation.

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Boron nitride separation process could facilitate higher efficiency solar cells

A team of semiconductor researchers based in France has used a boron nitride separation layer to grow indium gallium nitride (InGaN) solar cells that were then lifted off their original sapphire substrate and placed onto a glass substrate.

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UK MP Twitter abuse increased between 2015 and 2017 general elections

Abuse of politicians online increased substantially in the snap 2017 general election compared to the 2015 general election, according to new research by the University of Sheffield.

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Scientists clone virus to help stop overwhelming grape disease

A new discovery could help grape growers roll back a devastating virus that withers vines and shrivels harvests.

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Pushing big data to rapidly advance patient care

The breakneck pace of biomedical discovery is outstripping clinicians' ability to incorporate this new knowledge into practice. Scientists have now written about a possible way to approach this problem, one that will accelerate the movement of newly-generated evidence about the management of health and disease into practice that improves the health of patients.

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Missing men, missing infertility: New research flags up problem

Men are missing from fertility debates and crucial support services because they are often not included in studies and, when they are, it is usually only married, heterosexual men who are asked for data.

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New survey reveals 57 percent of Americans have been surprised by a medical bill

Fifty-seven percent of American adults have been surprised by a medical bill that they thought would have been covered by insurance, according to a new study. Respondents indicated that 20 percent of their surprise bills were a result of a doctor not being part of the network.

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Guidance for preventing C. difficile in neonatal intensive care

Newborns require special diagnosis and treatment considerations for an infectious diarrhea known as Clostridioides difficile (C. difficile) infection, according to a new evidence-based white paper.

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Information technology jobs outpace most other jobs in productivity and growth since 2004

Jobs in information technology — like computer software, big data, and cybersecurity — are providing American workers with long-lasting financial stability, suggests a new study.

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Mapping trees can help count endangered lemurs

Putting a figure on the number of endangered lemurs left in the wild isn't easy, but researchers say one clue might help: the plants they rely on for food. Bamboo lemur populations in their native Madagascar may have shrunk by half over the last two decades; red-fronted brown lemurs by as much as 85 percent. But numbers for other lemur species may not be as low as feared, new models suggest.

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Insulin gives an extra boost to the immune system

The role of insulin as a boost to the immune system to improve its ability to fight infection has been detailed for the first time.

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New method for hydroboration of alkynes: Radicals induce unusual selectivity

A combination of organoboron and radical chemistry generates unusual trans-selectivity in hydroboration of alkynes. The use of N-heterocyclic carbene boranes is key to the success of this chemical transformation. This study is expected to open the door to the development of new boron-containing materials.

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Introducing high-performance non-fullerene organic solar cells

An team of researchers has introduced a novel method that can solve issues associated with the thickness of the photoactive layers in OSCs.

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Terahertz wave activates filamentation of actin

Researchers have discovered that terahertz (THz) wave irradiation activates the filamentation of actin protein. The discovery offers a new possibility for the manipulation of cellular functions.

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HPTN 074 demonstrates significant benefits among people living with HIV who inject drugs

Investigators from the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) today announced The Lancet has published key results from HPTN 074. At 52 weeks from enrollment, participants in the intervention arm nearly doubled their antiretroviral therapy usage, viral suppression and medication-assisted treatment usage compared to the standard of care arm. Mortality was also reduced by more than half with the inter

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The Atlantic Daily: Radical Rethinking

What We’re Following Midterm Matters: An upcoming congressional primary race in Massachusetts illustrates how progressive voters are taking stock of candidates’ life experiences as well as their professional records. Democrats’ growing coalition of young and minority voters could give the party a chance to gain significant ground in Sun Belt states. Meanwhile, Reihan Salam argues, Republicans hav

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Predicting how splicing errors impact disease risk

Researchers are teasing out the rules that guide how cells process RNA messages from our genes that provide a template for protein synthesis. This will enable better predictions about the impact of specific genetic mutations that affect this process and can cause a host of serious illnesses.

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Drug-resistance of gonorrhea in the EU: Persistent but stable

Neisseria gonorrhoea continues to show high levels of resistance to azithromycin across the European Union and European Economic Area, according to the 2016 results of the European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP). This threatens the effectiveness of the currently recommended dual therapy regimen for gonorrhoea. Overall, the rates of resistance to cefixime, ceftriaxone a

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Aspen is making a comeback in and around Yellowstone National Park, because of predators

The reintroduction of wolves into Yellowstone National Park is tied to the recovery of aspen in areas around the park.

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The Bugs Are Coming, and They’ll Want More of Our Food

Climate change is expected to make insect pests hungrier, which could encourage farmers to use more pesticides.

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African armed conflict kills more children indirectly than in actual fighting, study finds

More children die from the indirect impact of armed conflicts in Africa than by weapons used in those conflicts, according to a new study led by Stanford University researchers.

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Russia: Increases in life expectancy, decreases in child deaths, use of alcohol, tobacco

Life expectancy in Russia between 1994 and 2016 increased by more than seven years, while rates of death among children under age 5 decreased nearly 60 percent, according to the most extensive health study on the nation ever conducted.

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Novel intervention halves rate of death among people living with HIV who inject drugs

An intervention designed to facilitate treatment for HIV and substance use was associated with a 50 percent reduction in mortality for people living with HIV who inject illicit drugs, a study has found. Additionally, those receiving the intervention were: nearly twice as likely to report being in treatment for HIV and substance use after one year as those receiving national standard of care; about

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The Lancet Public Health: Number of very elderly needing round-the-clock care set to double by 2035 in England

The number of adults aged 85 years and older needing round-the-clock care will almost double to 446,000 in England over the next 20 years, whilst the overall numbers of over-65s requiring 24-hour care will rise by more than third to over 1 million in 2035, according a new modelling study published in The Lancet Public Health.

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The Lancet: Armed conflicts may have contributed to 5 million under-5 deaths in Africa over 20 years, study suggests

New estimates published in The Lancet suggest that armed conflicts across the continent of Africa may have resulted in the deaths of as many as 5 million children aged under 5 years between 1995 and 2015, and claimed the lives of over 3 million infants aged one year or younger — a burden several times higher than previous estimates.

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New program boosts use of HIV medications in injection-drug users

A relatively simple effort to provide counseling and connect injection-drug users with resources could prove powerful against the spread of HIV in a notoriously hard-to-reach population, new research suggests.

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Trump’s Top Targets in the Russia Probe Are Experts in Organized Crime

Bruce Ohr. Lisa Page. Andrew Weissmann. Andrew McCabe. President Donald Trump has relentlessly attacked these FBI and Justice Department officials as dishonest “Democrats” engaged in a partisan “witch hunt” led by the special counsel determined to tie his campaign to Russia. But Trump’s attacks have also served to highlight another thread among these officials and others who have investigated his

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Scientists discover a "neural clock" deep inside the human brain

Researchers find the "neural clock" that orders and timestamps experiences and memories. Read More

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Firefox's New Browser Will Keep Brands From Stalking You

Future versions of Firefox will block third-party tracking codes, and trackers that take too long to load, by default.

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Hurricane season has been quiet so far, but the Atlantic is finally waking up

Environment It's still too soon to know if anything will threaten the United States. Right on time, the Atlantic Ocean is waking up as we approach the peak of hurricane season.

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Biomechanics of chewing depend more on animal size, not diet

Researchers report that the jaw joint bone, the center around which chewing activity revolves (literally), appears to have evolved based more on an animal's size than what it eats.

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Study illustrates challenges of lowering tetanus mortality

The overall mortality in patients suffering non-neonatal tetanus is high. Efforts to reduce mortality in one sub-Saharan African intensive care unit (ICU) by implementing a standard tetanus protocol did little to change mortality rates, although they shifted causes of deaths, researchers have now reported.

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How damaging immune cells develop during tuberculosis

Insights into how harmful white blood cells form during tuberculosis infection point to novel targets for pharmacological interventions.

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Simple test detects disease-carrying mosquitoes, presence of biopesticide

A new tool uses a smartphone camera, a small 3D-printed box and a simple chemical test to show whether a dead mosquito belongs to the Aedes aegypti species, which carries Zika and other devastating viruses that afflict an estimated 100 million people worldwide each year.

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Adapt, move or die: How biodiversity reacted to past climate change

A new paper reviews current knowledge on climate change and biodiversity. In the past, plants and animals reacted to environmental changes by adapting, migrating or going extinct. These findings point to radical changes in biodiversity due to climate change in the future.

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The Lego Bugatti Chiron Goes 18 MPH (and Is *Made of *Lego*)

Where the 'real' Chiron produces 1,500 horsepower from a quad-turbocharged W16 engine and can hit 261 mph, the Lego lookalike makes 5.3 horses from 2,304 tiny motors.

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Climate Change Could Drastically Change Ecosystems Around the World

Ancient pollen fossils could help predict how climate change will impact global vegetation.

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Friction loss at first contact: The material does not forgive

Wear has major impacts on everything from the bearing of a wind power plant to an artificial hip joint. However, the exact cause of wear is still unclear. Scientists now show that the effect occurs at the first contact and always takes place at the same point of the material.

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FDA advarer diabetespatienter om risiko for sjælden infektion

Behandling med SGLT-2-hæmmere kan medføre øget risiko for sjælden, men potentielt livstruende infektion i kønsdelene, advarer de amerikanske lægemiddelmyndigheder.

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Leddegigt og KOL samtidig øger dødeligheden

Patienter som lider af både leddegigt og KOL har markant højere risiko for at dø tidligt, viser et nyt dansk registerstudie. Resultatet peger på, at der er behov for tættere tværfagligt samarbejde mellem reumatologer og lungelæger, lyder det fra forskerne bag.

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Case Alleges Chemical Companies Should Prepare For Unprecedented Storms

Criminal charges against a chemical company that flooded during Hurricane Harvey are raising two big questions: When is pollution an accident? And when is it a crime?

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University supercomputers are science's unsung heroes, and Texas will get the fastest yet

Technology The machine is called Frontera. Frontera will be the fastest supercomputer at a university.

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Selling access to human specimens: Survey reveals public attitudes

Universities that aim to raise money for research by selling access to their biobanks to private companies should tell patients, a new survey shows. In fact, saying what the money will be used for will likely encourage patients to donate their samples.

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The Atlantic Politics & Policy Daily: Area Boss Canceling Pay Raises

Written by Elaine Godfrey ( @elainejgodfrey ) Today in 5 Lines In a letter to House and Senate leaders, President Trump said he wants to cancel pay raises for civilian federal workers that were set to take effect in January. “We must maintain efforts to put our Nation on a fiscally sustainable course, and Federal agency budgets cannot sustain such increases,” Trump wrote. In early morning tweets,

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Puppies treated with CRISPR show improvement from muscular dystrophy

Gene editing has improved muscle function in dogs that have the mutation that causes Duchenne muscular dystrophy in people, and could lead to new treatments

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Can You Handle The Truth?

This week on the Hidden Brain radio show, we explore why people often avoid telling the truth — to others, and to themselves. (Image credit: broadcastertr/Getty Images)

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Honeybee marathon: Results!

Hoo boy that was quite a large cell! It’s took a lot of busy bees buzzing around the hive to get every last cube completed. The marathon finished in 32 hrs 28 mins and had a total of 2123 cubes. Wow! Thanks to all who contributed, it was certainly a group effort! We’ll be announcing a name for this mammoth next week, so stay tuned!

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When God is your only friend: Religion and the socially disconnected

New research finds that religious people who lack friends and purpose in life turn to God to fill those voids. However, the findings do not suggest that people who are socially disconnected are more likely to become religious if they were not already.

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A master switch controls aggressive breast cancer

A team at the Salk Institute has identified a master switch that appears to control the dynamic behavior of tumor cells that makes some aggressive cancers so difficult to treat. The gene Sox10 directly controls the growth and invasion of a significant fraction of hard-to-treat triple-negative breast cancers.

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Ny database vil skabe overblik over gigtsygdomme hos børn

En ny landsdækkende database skal støtte børnegigtlæger i deres valg af behandling og gøre dem klogere på de enkelte patienters prognoser og bivirkningsprofiler. Bedre overblik over sygdomsforløbet kan optimere behandlingen af sygdommen, mener overlæge Anne Estmann, som leder projektet.

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Can't Tell Where It's Flooded? Look At Your Phone, Stay Safe

The warming climate means more intense rain and dangerous flash floods. In Austin, Texas, officials hope that letting people see the rising waters on their smartphones will help keep them safe. (Image credit: Eddie Gaspar/KUT)

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New genetic marker could help diagnose aggressive prostate cancer

A new link has been found between certain genetic mutations, the aggressiveness of prostate cancer, risk of developing the disease and poorer survival rates of patients.

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Twitter to verify those behind hot-button US issue ads

Twitter on Thursday started requiring those behind hot-button issue ads in the US to be vetted as part of the effort by the social network to thwart stealth campaigns aimed at influencing politics.

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Useful or creepy? Machines suggest Gmail replies

Google is toeing the line between helping you save time and creeping you out as it turns to machines to suggest email replies on your behalf.

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NASA sees Hurricane Miriam tracking over the open Central Pacific

When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Hurricane Miriam, it was moving to the northwest and was no threat to land areas in the Central Pacific Ocean. Aqua took a look at the storm in infrared light that provided temperature data to reveal the location of the most powerful thunderstorms that make up the tropical cyclone.

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Senior Republican calls for reopening of Google probe

A senior Republican senator on Thursday urged US regulators to reopen an antitrust investigation into Google, citing "important developments" since the review was closed in 2013.

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Hack causes major apps to show anti-Semitic name

Technology users got a surprise Thursday morning when their social and lifestyle apps seemingly labeled the United States' most populous city with an anti-Semitic header.

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The mission to remove 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic from the ocean is about to launch

Swirling in the Pacific Ocean is a loose patch of garbage that measures 1 million square miles—about three times the size of France. Now, one organization is beginning to clean it up. Read More

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NASA sees Typhoon Jebi moving through Northwestern Pacific

NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Typhoon Jebi in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and saw a well-organized typhoon with a small eye.

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NASA finds very cold storm tops circling Hurricane Norman's center

When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Hurricane Norman on Aug. 30 infrared data showed very cold storm tops around a 20 nautical-mile-wide eye.

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Aspen is making a comeback in and around Yellowstone National Park, because of predators

The reintroduction of wolves into Yellowstone National Park is tied to the recovery of aspen in areas around the park, according to a new study.

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Faster than we thought—sulfurization of organic material

About 94 million years ago, something happened that led to an unusually high amount of organic material being preserved in oceans around the world.

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Scientists clone virus to help stop overwhelming grape disease

A new discovery by Washington State University scientists could help grape growers roll back a devastating virus that withers vines and shrivels harvests.

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Scientists predict superelastic properties in a group of iron-based superconductors

A collaboration between scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and the Institute for Theoretical Physics at Goethe University Frankfurt am Main has computationally predicted a number of unique properties in a group of iron-based superconductors, including room-temperature super-elasticity.

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NASA finds some strong storms in Atlantic's potential tropical cyclone 6

The Northern Atlantic Ocean has only seen five storms so far this hurricane season and satellite data indicates a potential sixth tropical cyclone is forming in the far eastern Atlantic Ocean.

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Scientists identify protein that may have existed when life began

How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts—essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function—may have existed when life began.

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Regionernes død igen, igen, igen

Det er på kanten af det uanstændige, at DF, LA og de konservative år efter år rituelt beklikker regionspolitikernes autoritet. Det er underminering som strategi. Drop slagordene og læg gennemarbejdede alternativer frem først. Det er det mindst, man kan forlange.

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Researchers rank countries by oil production emissions

Until renewable sources of energy like wind or solar become more reliable and less expensive, people worldwide remain reliant on fossil fuels for transportation and energy. This means that if people want to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, there need to be better ways of mitigating the effects of extracting and burning oil and gas.

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Fruit flies and electrons: Researchers use physics to predict crowd behavior

Electrons whizzing around each other and humans crammed together at a political rally don't seem to have much in common, but researchers at Cornell are connecting the dots.

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Biomechanics of chewing depend more on animal size, not diet

Chewing: We don't think about it, we just do it. But biologists don't know a lot about how chewing behavior leaves telltale signs on the underlying bones. To find out, researchers at the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo have been studying the jaw joints of carnivorans, the large mammalian order that includes dogs, cats and bears.

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Small air leak in Russian capsule patched at space station

Astronauts scrambled Thursday to patch a tiny hole in a Russian capsule that was allowing air to leak from the International Space Station.

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San Francisco Is Bringing Back Banned Electric Scooters—With Limits

The city granted operating permits to just Skip and Scoot, two companies that emphasized good relationships with public officials.

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Researchers are turning to deadly venoms in their quests for life-saving therapies

Scientists detail how technology and a growing understanding of the evolution of venoms are pointing the way toward entirely new classes of drugs capable of treating diabetes, autoimmune diseases, chronic pain, and other conditions.

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Children's bone cancers could remain hidden for years before diagnosis

Scientists have discovered that some childhood bone cancers start growing years before they are diagnosed. Researchers discovered large-scale genetic rearrangements in Ewing Sarcomas and other children's cancers, and showed these can take years to form. The study will help unravel causes of childhood cancers and could help find ways to diagnose and treat these cancers earlier in the future.

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What Happens When Facebook Mistakenly Blocks Local News Stories

The social network says stories from *The Winchester Star,* a daily newspaper in Virginia, were erroneously censored and that a fix has now been issued.

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Free Speech Is Not the Same As Free Reach

Bad faith politicking about the way search algorithms work makes it harder for tech companies to solve the real problems.

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Chemyx: Interview With Chemyx Award Winner Aaron Streets

Aaron Streets, PhD, is the first recipient of Chemyx's grant.

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Presence of new or worsened bedsores tied to poorer outcomes in inpatient rehab facilities

The study is the first to examine whether this metric is, in fact, is associated with outcome of care in inpatient rehabilitation settings. New or worsened bedsores is a quality metric instituted as part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). The ACA requires that medical institutions be evaluated on their quality of care.

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Meet STEVE, and 7 other mysterious glowing things you'll find in the night sky

Space From northern lights to lightning bolts If you looked up on the night of March 28, 2008 in Eastern Canada, you might have seen a bright, white-purple ribbon weaving up into the sky, unlike anything you had…

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CRISPR halts Duchenne muscular dystrophy progression in dogs

Scientists for the first time have used CRISPR gene editing to halt the progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in a large mammal, according to a new study that provides a strong indication that a lifesaving treatment may be in the pipeline.

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How our brain and personality provide protection against emotional distress

Researchers recently examined a sample of 85 healthy college students to see how a number of personality traits can protect an individual's brain against symptoms of emotional distress, namely depression and anxiety.

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Scientists decode opium poppy genome

Scientists have determined the DNA code of the opium poppy genome, uncovering key steps in how the plant evolved to produce the pharmaceutical compounds used to make vital medicines. The discovery may pave the way for scientists to improve yields and the disease resistance of the medicinal plant, securing a reliable and cheap supply of the most effective drugs for pain relief and palliative care.

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God may ‘fill the void’ for socially isolated religious people

Religious people who lack friends and purpose in life turn to God to fill those voids, according to new research. Belonging is related to a sense of purpose. When people feel like they don’t belong or that their relationships aren’t supporting them, they consistently have a lower sense of purpose and direction in life, says lead author Todd Chan, a doctoral student in the psychology department at

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Photos: Along the Namibian Coast

From the Skeleton Coast in the north to the Orange River in the south, Namibia has nearly a thousand miles of coastline. For much of that distance, the windblown dunes of the Namib Desert reach right to the pounding surf of the Atlantic Ocean, leaving a stark yet beautiful landscape. Shaped by the winds and largely unpopulated, Namibia’s coastal area is home to only a handful of towns and village

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The Kurds Once Again Face American Abandonment

Once again, a Kurdish ally of the United States has no idea where it stands with Washington. Since 2014, the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) has received arms and military advice from the United States, and proved instrumental in the campaign against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq. But with the Trump administration signaling its intention to pull U.S. troops out of Syria , the YPG su

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A new way to think about the transition to motherhood | Alexandra Sacks

When a baby is born, so is a mother — but the natural (and sometimes unsteady) process of transition to motherhood is often silenced by shame or misdiagnosed as postpartum depression. In this quick, informative talk, reproductive psychiatrist Alexandra Sacks breaks down the emotional tug-of-war of becoming a new mother — and shares a term that could help describe it: matrescence.

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Injection wells can induce earthquakes miles away from the well

A study of earthquakes induced by injecting fluids deep underground has revealed surprising patterns, suggesting that current recommendations for hydraulic fracturing, wastewater disposal, and geothermal wells may need to be revised.

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DNA accessibility, gene expression jointly profiled in thousands of cells

A new assay can concurrently trace, in thousands of different cells, the marks that shape what each cell's genome will do — the epigenome — and the copies of the instructions themselves — the transcriptome. The epigenome and transcriptome are part of the molecular biology that converts the genetic blueprint of DNA into tools and materials for living cells.

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Most land-based ecosystems worldwide risk 'major transformation' due to climate change

Without dramatic reductions in greenhouse-gas emissions, most of the planet's land-based ecosystems — from its forests and grasslands to the deserts and tundra — are at high risk of 'major transformation' due to climate change.

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$40,000 Insect and Lizard Theft Was an Inside Job, Police Say

Desert hairy scorpions and warty glowspot roaches were among the estimated 7,000 creatures stolen last week from the Philadelphia Insectarium and Butterfly Pavilion.

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Pests to eat more crops in warmer world

Insect crop damage could result in the loss of two loaves out of every 12 by the century's end.

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Scientists predict superelastic properties in a group of iron-based superconductors

A collaboration between scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and the Institute for Theoretical Physics at Goethe University Frankfurt am Main has computationally predicted a number of unique properties in a group of iron-based superconductors, including room-temperature super-elasticity.

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Mechanism of Marburg virus sexual transmission identified in nonhuman primates

Research by Army scientists elucidates the mechanism of sexual transmission of filoviruses, which have been shown to persist in the testes and other immune privileged sites. Sexual transmission of filoviruses was first reported in 1968 after an outbreak of Marburg virus disease and recently caused flare-ups of Ebola virus disease in the 2013-2016 outbreak. The team found that Marburg virus persist

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Dual-layer solar cell developed at UCLA sets record for efficiently generating power

Materials scientists from the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have developed a highly efficient thin-film solar cell that generates more energy than typical solar panels, thanks to its double-layer design.

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Faster than we thought: sulfurization of organic material

Processes that were thought to take tens of thousands of years can happen in hours, according to new research. And that may change our understanding of the carbon cycle, and maybe the history of Earth's climate.

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Rutgers scientists identify protein that may have existed when life began

How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts — essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function — may have existed when life began. Their study of a primordial peptide, or short protein, is published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

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Inhibiting NF-κB improves heart function in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

In an August 24, 2018 article in Nature Communications, investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina and Ohio State University report that nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) down-regulates calcium genes, contributing to cardiomyopathy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Murine data show cardiomyocyte ablation of NF-κB rescues cardiac function. NF-κB promotes global chromatin landscape c

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To Predict Effects Of Global Warming, Scientists Looked Back 20,000 Years

More than 40 researchers concluded that climate change would make ecosystems such as deciduous forests, grasslands and Arctic tundra unrecognizable. (Image credit: Ashley Cooper/Getty Images)

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How ‘LOL’ Changed the Way We Talk

“Today, communication is much more fluid, much more varied, much subtler—it's better,” says John McWhorter, professor of linguistics at Columbia University, author, and frequent contributor to The Atlantic, in a new video from the 2018 Aspen Ideas Festival. A big reason for this advancement in communication is, McWorther argues, the advent of texting—and even more specifically, the proliferation

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NASA finds some strong storms in Atlantic's potential tropical cyclone 6

The Northern Atlantic Ocean has only seen five storms so far this hurricane season and satellite data indicates a potential sixth tropical cyclone is forming in the far eastern Atlantic Ocean.

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'Gross Anatomy' Turns Humor On Taboos About The Female Body

Author Mara Altman got tired of hiding her hairy, sweaty self from the world, and set out to reframe the shame in her latest book of essays — part memoir, part scientific exploration, part manifesto. (Image credit: Courtesy of G. P. Putnam's Sons)

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Climate change projected to boost insect activity and crop loss, researchers say

Scientists report that insect activity in today's temperate, crop-growing regions will rise along with temperatures. Researchers project that this activity, in turn, will boost worldwide losses of rice, corn and wheat by 10-25 percent for each degree Celsius that global mean surface temperatures rise.

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NASA sees Typhoon Jebi moving through Northwestern Pacific

NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Typhoon Jebi in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and saw a well-organized typhoon with a small eye.

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Stanford researchers rank countries by oil production emissions

Emissions associated with oil and gas production are a significant source of greenhouse gases. A new analysis ranks countries by emission levels and identifies the major sources of emissions, a first step toward policy to regulate oil and gas production practices.

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Fruit flies and electrons: Researchers use physics to predict crowd behavior

Electrons whizzing around each other and humans crammed together at a political rally don't seem to have much in common, but researchers at Cornell University are connecting the dots. They've developed a highly accurate mathematical approach to predict the behavior of crowds of living creatures, using Nobel Prize-winning methods originally developed to study large collections of quantum mechanical

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Hayabusa-2: Japan sets date for spacecraft's asteroid touchdown

Japan's space agency sets dates for its plan to explore the surface of an asteroid with robots.

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A Step-by-Step Guide to Trump’s New College Sexual-Assault Policy

The Trump Administration’s new policies on college sexual misconduct, spearheaded by Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, could drastically change how administrators handle sexual assault on campus. Under a draft version of the proposed rules, published on Wednesday by The New York Times , colleges and universities would be held responsible for far fewer incidents, legally exempt from investigating,

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Infographic: Treating Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy with CRISPR

The disease is caused by mutations in a single gene. Can gene editing fix the problem?

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Human genome could contain up to 20 percent fewer genes, researchers reveal

A new study reveals that up to 20 percent of genes classified as coding (those that produce the proteins that are the building blocks of all living things) may not be coding after all because they have characteristics that are typical of non-coding or pseudogenes (obsolete coding genes). The work once again highlights doubts about the number of real genes present in human cells 15 years after the

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LEGO builds life-size, drivable Bugatti Chiron. Watch it go!

LEGO folks built an actual, full-sized replica of the Bugatti Chiron—and drove it. What's next, a Mars rover? Read More

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Facebook allowed users to be targeted with ads for ‘gay conversion therapy’

Facebook allowed advertisements promoting gay conversion therapy to be targeted to users who had ‘liked’ pages related to LGBTQ issues, according to a recent investigation by The Telegraph. Read More

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Psychology’s 10 greatest case studies – digested

These ten characters have all had a huge influence on psychology. Their stories continue to intrigue those interested in personality and identity, nature and nurture, and the links between mind and body. Read More

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Scientists discover a new kind of neuron that may be unique to humans

Researchers have just discovered a new type of neuron that may be something unique to humans. It’s called the rose hip neuron, and its in our cerebral cortexes. Read More

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Rainforest life and diet change city kid microbiomes

City-dwelling kids who immersed themselves in a South American jungle and the high-fiber, unprocessed diet of local villagers had more diverse gut microbes than before they visited, new research suggests. The findings could have benefits for people with obesity, type 1 diabetes, and other disorders. Researchers followed seven city-dwelling adults and children who lived in a remote Venezuelan jung

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These factors lead to prejudice against international college studentsGoogle Trump SU Twitter

Stereotypes alone don’t lead to prejudice against international students on college campuses, a new study shows. International students at American colleges and universities don’t always find a welcoming environment. Research has shown that, as a group, internationals face prejudice from segments of the domestic student population. “Prejudice against international students is multifaceted,” says

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Model can more naturally detect depression in conversations

In a paper being presented at the Interspeech conference, MIT researchers detail a neural-network model that can be unleashed on raw text and audio data from interviews to discover speech patterns indicative of depression. Given a new subject, it can accurately predict if the individual is depressed, without needing any other information about the questions and answers.

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Biomechanics of chewing depend more on animal size, not diet

Researchers report that the jaw joint bone, the center around which chewing activity revolves (literally), appears to have evolved based more on an animal's size than what it eats.

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NASA sees Hurricane Miriam tracking over the open Central Pacific

When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Hurricane Miriam, it was moving to the northwest and was no threat to land areas in the Central Pacific Ocean. Aqua took a look at the storm in infrared light that provided temperature data to reveal the location of the most powerful thunderstorms that make up the tropical cyclone.

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Gene Editing Could One Day Treat Muscle Disorders

Scientists race to develop CRISPR therapies that could save the lives of kids with muscle-wasting conditions.

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Lenovo's Yoga Book C930 Redefines a Travel Laptop

The $1,000 Yoga Book comes with an improved keyboard, better processor, and an e-ink display.

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Pushing big data to rapidly advance patient care

The breakneck pace of biomedical discovery is outstripping clinicians' ability to incorporate this new knowledge into practice. Charles Friedman, Ph.D. and his colleagues recently wrote an article in the Journal of General Internal Medicine about a possible way to approach this problem, one that will accelerate the movement of newly-generated evidence about the management of health and disease int

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NASA finds very cold storm tops circling Hurricane Norman's center

When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Hurricane Norman on Aug. 30, 2018 infrared data showed very cold storm tops around a 20 nautical-mile-wide eye.

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WSU scientists clone virus to help stop overwhelming grape disease

A new discovery by Washington State University scientists could help grape growers roll back a devastating virus that withers vines and shrivels harvests.

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Aspen is making a comeback in and around Yellowstone National Park, because of predators

The reintroduction of wolves into Yellowstone National Park is tied to the recovery of aspen in areas around the park.

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Drug-resistance of gonorrhea in the EU: persistent but stable

Neisseria gonorrhoea continues to show high levels of resistance to azithromycin across the European Union and European Economic Area, according to the 2016 results of the European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP). This threatens the effectiveness of the currently recommended dual therapy regimen for gonorrhea. Overall, the rates of resistance to cefixime, ceftriaxone an

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Children's bone cancers could remain hidden for years before diagnosis

Scientists have discovered that some childhood bone cancers start growing years before they are diagnosed. Researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, UK and Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), Canada discovered large-scale genetic rearrangements in Ewing Sarcomas and other children's cancers, and showed these can take years to form. The study in Science will help unravel causes of childhood

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Crop losses due to insects could nearly double in Europe's bread basket due to climate

Wheat, maize and rice yields (particularly in northern climates) are projected to fall as insects in temperate regions thrive in a warmer climate, new research shows.

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Researchers are turning to deadly venoms in their quests for life-saving therapies

Mandë Holford, an associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York (GC/CUNY) and Hunter College, details how technology and a growing understanding of the evolution of venoms are pointing the way toward entirely new classes of drugs capable of treating diabetes, autoimmune diseases, chronic pain, and other conditions.

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Scientists decode opium poppy genome

Scientists have determined the DNA code of the opium poppy genome, uncovering key steps in how the plant evolved to produce the pharmaceutical compounds used to make vital medicines. The discovery may pave the way for scientists to improve yields and the disease resistance of the medicinal plant, securing a reliable and cheap supply of the most effective drugs for pain relief and palliative care.

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