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Nyheder2018november24

Neurobiologists from Sechenov University specified functions of a gene autism-associated

Neurobiologists confirmed that stress in early age affects the mice with activated and deactivated CDH13 gene in different ways. Different variants of this gene are associated with the development of ASDs, ADHD, and depression. The discovery would help specify the role of genetics in the development of neuropsychiatric disorders. The results of the study were published in the Progress in Neuro-Psy

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Draw-your-own electrodes set to speed up development of micro detection devices

Miniature devices for sensing biological molecules could be developed quicker thanks to a rapid prototyping method.

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The persistence of pesticides threatens European soils

A study developed by researchers from the Diverfarming project finds pesticide residues in the soils of eleven European countries in six different cropping systems

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Scientists discover a new route to antibiotics using gene editing

Scientists have discovered a new chemical process — also known as a biosynthetic pathway — in bacteria which could lead to a new generation of antibiotics being produced and manufactured.

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Minut for minut: 6 måneders Mars-rejse kulminerer i åndeløse seks minutter

Om knap tre timer lander Nasas første nye Mars-sonde siden 2012. Sådan her forløber den dramatiske landing.

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Family matters for future wealth

Australians pride themselves on having a classless society, where wealth is determined not by how rich your parents are but by your own efforts. However new research, for the first time using actual income numbers from two generations of Australians, paints a less egalitarian picture.

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Using microcredit to increase rice yield in Bangladesh

In the developing world, access to credit can lead to higher productivity and an increase in living standards, but the ability to have this access is not universal. Formal financial institu-tions are reluctant to lend to households with low-incomes or which lack collateral.

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Fishing companies lose millions of dollars every year and they don't know it

Fishing companies operating worldwide are leaving between $51 billion and $83 billion in unrealized net economic benefits on the table every year due to the overexploitation underperformance of fish stocks, according to new research from the Sea Around Us initiative, the Institute for the Oceans and Fishers at the University of British Columbia, the Fish Tracker initiative and the Sea Around Us—In

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Researchers find that a drying Canadian delta has driven muskrat population decline

Indigenous communities have used muskrat fur to make clothing for generations and the animal's meat is considered a seasonal delicacy. But it turns out decades of trapping are not primarily responsible for the animal's decline across North America.

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Justices skeptical of Apple in case about iPhone apps' sales

The Supreme Court seemed ready Monday to allow a lawsuit to go forward that claims Apple has unfairly monopolized the market for the sale of iPhone apps.

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Combined local and global actions could lessen impacts of change in marine environment

Increased oil and gas activities could combine with ocean warming and acidification to have a significant negative impact on marine organisms, a new study suggests.

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The Concept Creep of ‘Emotional Labor’

Here are some of the ways that the term emotional labor has recently been defined: In The New York Times : “The duties that are expected of you, but go unnoticed.” In a guide to emotional labor for men, in Mel Magazine : “ Free, invisible work women do to keep track of the little things in life that, taken together, amount to the big things in life: the glue that holds households, and by extensio

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Paving the way: An accelerator on a microchip

Darmstadt, Germany, November 26, 2018. Electrical engineers in the accelerator physics group at TU Darmstadt have developed a design for a laser-driven electron accelerator so small it could be produced on a silicon chip. It would be inexpensive and with multiple applications. The design, which has been published in Physical Review Letters, is now being realised as part of an international collabo

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Impact on the collective behavior of animal groups

Study from Konstanz demonstrates: If animal groups are disturbed this will have an impact on their collective behavior — results may be transferable to other social units.

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LGB students at higher risk of self-harm

University students who are Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) are at higher risk of self-harm and attempting suicide than their heterosexual counterparts say researchers.The study also shows that low self-esteem may explain the increased risk of self-harm in LGB students. Low self-esteem may result in LGB students who have faced discrimination or have struggled to accept or share their sexuality wit

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FEFU archaeologists have found the oldest burials in Ecuador

Archaeologists of the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) found three burials of the ancient inhabitants of South America aged from 6 to 10 thousand years. The excavations were carried out in Atahualpa anton, Ecuador. The findings belong to the Las Vegas archeological culture of the Stone Age.

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Microbes 'MacGyver' membrane transport

A general concept in biology is that cells use two different systems to transport substances across their membrane: selective pores, which allow passive transport driven by a concentration gradient, and active transport complexes, which use energy to transport substances against a gradient. Now scientists from the Netherlands, Germany, and Spain have described a system that combines a pore and a t

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Coordinated development could help wind farms be better neighbors

New research led by the University of Colorado Boulder highlights a previously underexplored consequence: A wake effect from upwind wind farms that can reduce the energy production of their downwind neighbors.

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Postal code area data can help in the planning of cost-effective health care services

When assessing the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on health inequalities or outcomes of care, it is worthwhile to use small-area-based open data instead of individual SES information, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. Getting access to individual SES information is often a long and expensive process, requiring many different permits.

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How does potassium enter cells?

For decades it was assumed that protein channels and protein pumps fulfilled completely different functions and worked independently of each other. Researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt and University Groningen have now elucidated the transport path of a protein complex that combines both mechanisms: it first receives potassium from the channel and then transfers it to the pump, from where it

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Quantum computing at scale: Scientists achieve compact, sensitive qubit readout

Professor Michelle Simmons' team at UNSW Sydney has demonstrated a compact sensor for accessing information stored in the electrons of individual atoms—a breakthrough that brings us one step closer to scalable quantum computing in silicon.

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NASA finds a cloud-filled eye in Typhoon Man-yi

Visible imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite revealed Typhoon Man-yi's eye had become cloud-filled.

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Anxiety abounds at NASA as Mars landing day arrivesNASA InSight Mars Earth

A NASA spacecraft's six-month journey to Mars neared its dramatic grand finale Monday in what scientists and engineers hoped would be a soft precision landing on flat red plains.

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We can accept our differences – it’s better than killing each other

Human beings are psychologically hardwired to fear differences Several recent studies show evidence that digital spaces exacerbate the psychology which contributes to tribalism Shared experiences of awe, such as space travel, or even simple shared meals, have surprising effectives for uniting opposing groups The year was fraught to say the least. Riots in the streets, engagement abroad in a long-

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NASA's InSight lander survived 'seven minutes of terror' to touch down on MarsNASA InSight Mars Earth

Space Huge success after a harrowing journey. Get ready for a wild ride: NASA's InSight lander is set to touch down on the surface of Mars on Monday. You can follow the excitement live right here.

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French-American man abandons attempt to swim Pacific

A French-American man has given up his attempt to swim across the Pacific Ocean after a storm broke the mainsail of his support ship, organizers said Monday.

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General Motors shuttering plants, cutting 15% of workforce

In a massive restructuring, US auto giant General Motors announced Monday it will cut 15 percent of its workforce to save $6 billion and adapt to "changing market conditions."

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Scientists find italian ryegrass is resistant to multiple herbicides

Herbicides have been instrumental in managing Italian ryegrass, a weed that frequently competes with perennial crops in California. Herbicide-resistant populations have become increasingly commonplace, though, including paraquat-resistant Italian ryegrass found recently in a California prune orchard.

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How the Atlantic Ocean became part of the global circulation at a climatic tipping point

A team of scientists, led by Dr. Sietske Batenburg at the University of Oxford's Department of Earth Sciences, in close collaboration with German and UK institutions, have discovered that the exchange of water between the North and South Atlantic became significantly larger fifty-nine million years ago.

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UK firm sold spinal implants that disintegrated

Plastic discs that also moved in some patients were only tested on 30 people in six months A UK company’s spinal implants that allegedly moved and eroded in patients, and which are at the centre of legal action, have highlighted potential weaknesses in the way in which some medical devices enter the market, an investigation has revealed. Documents seen by the Guardian show the plastic discs were

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Climate Change Already Reshaping U.S., Says National Climate Assessment

The impacts of global warming will cost the American economy, according to a new federal report — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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CAR T studies highlight Abramson Cancer Center research at ASH Annual Meeting

Penn researchers will present findings at the 60th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting and Exposition in San Diego, including studies that evaluate CAR T combinations, how the timing of CAR T therapy may impact its effectiveness, and which patients who currently aren't eligible for CAR T therapy should have greater access.

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Drones offer ability to find, ID and count marine megafauna

New research demonstrates that consumer-grade drones are effective tools for monitoring marine species across multiple sites in the wild. The work shows that the technology can be a valuable platform for scientists and conservationists interested in studying populations of sharks, rays, sea turtles and other marine megafauna.

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Study in mice suggests drug to turn fat 'brown' could help fight obesity

Our bodies contain two types of fat: white fat and brown fat. While white fat stores calories, brown fat burns energy and could help us lose weight. Now, scientists at the University of Cambridge have found a way of making the white fat 'browner' and increasing the efficiency of brown fat. While their study was carried out in mice, they hope that this finding will translate into humans and provide

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New technique to make objects invisible proposed

Researchers at the University of Extremadura have demonstrated the electromagnetic invisibility of objects using an alternative technique, based on filler cloaking. The novelty lies in achieving invisibility from the interior of the objects, without adding external layers. This approach brings numerous advantages and opens up new applications in optics, communications systems and bioengineering.

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New way to analyze metagenome

New online service 'Knomics-Biota' allows for a comprehensive study of intestinal microbiome genetic data. Using it, one can figure out what types of bacteria are present in hundreds of gut metagenomes, their relative proportion, and the amount of vitamins and other beneficial substances they produce. This helps to identify the relationship between microbiota and nutrition, lifestyle and health. T

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Combined local and global actions could lessen impacts of change in marine environment

Increased oil and gas activities could combine with ocean warming and acidification to have a significant negative impact on marine organisms, a new study suggests.

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Using microcredit to increase rice yield in Bangladesh

In a collaborative study, Kyoto University researchers conducted a study examining the impact of agricultural microcredits on the livelihood of tenant farmers in Bangladesh, and find that small loans lead to numerous benefits

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Environment turns molecule into a switch

For the first time, physicists from the University of Würzburg have successfully positioned an organic molecule on a substrate realizing two stable configurations. This may have application potential in molecular spintronics.

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Steroid synthesis discovery could rewrite the textbooks

Steroids are essential molecules for life in all complex organisms such as animals and plants. Researchers from the VIB-UGent Center for Plant Systems Biology, the University of Technology Sydney Climate Change Cluster and the University of Queensland have now discovered a new central enzyme in the steroid biosynthesis pathway in some modern organisms. This might not only lead to an evolutionary '

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Misuse of pregabalin painkiller has risen 900 per cent in Australia

Painkillers like pregabalin are increasingly being prescribed instead of opioids, but they are being misused for their mood-boosting and sedative effects

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Molecular motors: Chemical carousel rotates in the cold

Chemists have developed the first molecular motor that can be powered by light alone. Its operation is therefore essentially independent of the temperature.

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Cyber Monday Deals on DNA Kits: Here's What These Tests Might Tell You

What can you expect from DNA kits that are on sale on Cyber Monday?

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#BrainWeek 2019 Sticker Design Contest Winners

We are pleased to announce the winners of our second annual Sticker Design Contest for Brain Awareness Week ! The designs we received this year demonstrated creative talent and enthusiasm for the brain from people around the world. Out of five finalists, the first-, second-, and third-place winners have been chosen by the public through an online survey. First place winner Leonor Castro Caldas Br

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Electronic glove mimics skin to give robots a light touch

Engineers have developed an electronic glove containing sensors that could one day give robot hands the sort of dexterity that humans take for granted. In a paper in Science Robotics , the researchers demonstrate that the sensors work well enough to allow a robotic hand to touch a delicate berry and handle a ping-pong ball without squashing them. “This technology puts us on a path to one day givi

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Mere sunlight can be used to eradicate pollutants in water

Advances in environmental technology: You don't need complex filters and laser systems to destroy persistent pollutants in water. Chemists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have developed a new process that works using mere sunlight. The process is so simple that it can even be conducted outdoors under the most basic conditions. The chemists present their research in the journal C

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Intermittent fasting: No advantage over conventional weight loss diets

Intermittent fasting helps lose weight and promotes health. However, it is not superior to conventional calorie restriction diets, scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and Heidelberg University Hospital have found out in a study called HELENA — the largest investigation on intermittent fasting to date. The scientists conclude that there are many paths leading to a healthier we

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Jurassic integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China

The rudimentary form of ancient continent of China has been formed in the Jurassic, a time being one of the most important coal-forming periods in China, and witnessed the famous Yanshan Movement and the rise of the Yanliao biota. A latest study revealed the stratigraphic correlations of the terrestrial Jurassic of China, the timescale, and the relationship between tectonic movements and the coeva

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Strong painkillers increase the risk of hip fracture among persons with Alzheimer's disease

People using strong painkillers, opioids, have twice the risk of hip fracture compared to non-opioid users, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The risk was highest in the first two months of opioid use. The results were published in the PAIN journal.

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The age of puberty for Danish children appears to continue to fall

The age at which children enter puberty has fallen in a large number of Western countries, including Denmark. A new Danish study from the Department of Public Health at Aarhus University indicates that the age of puberty is continuing to fall.

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Gut microbiota-derived D-serine protects against acute kidney injury

Gut microbiota-derived metabolites play important roles in health and disease. In this study, we show the pathophysiological role of D-serine in association with the gut microbiota in humans and mice with acute kidney injury. The results demonstrate the renoprotective effects of D-serine derived from the gut microbiota, shed light on the interactions between the gut microbiota and the kidney, and

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Fine-tuning cell death: New component of death machinery revealed

An important component of the microscopic machinery that drives cell death has been identified by Australian scientists.Studying the 'pro-death' machinery that forces damaged, diseased or unwanted cells to die, the research team revealed a protein called VDAC2 was critical for the function of a key pro-death protein called Bax. The team also showed VDAC2 contributed to the killing of certain cance

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Sperm count 50 percent lower in sons of fathers who smoke

Studies have repeatedly linked maternal smoking during pregnancy with reduced sperm counts in male offspring. Now a research team has discovered that, independently of nicotine exposure from the mother, men whose fathers smoked at the time of pregnancy had half as many sperm as those with non-smoking fathers.

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Evolution Is Still True, but…

…50 years after the infamous “monkey law” was struck down, anti-evolution fanatics continue to fight it, in ever sneakier ways — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Arctic is turning brown because of weird weather – and it could accelerate climate change

Over the last few years Arctic scientists have reported a surprising finding: large areas of the Arctic are turning brown. This is in part due to extreme events linked to winter weather, such as sudden, short-lived periods of extreme warmth. These events are occurring as the climate warms, which is happening twice as fast in the Arctic compared with the rest of the planet. Extreme events are there

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Making it crystal clear: Crystallinity reduces resistance in all-solid-state batteries

Scientists examined the mechanisms behind the resistance at the electrode-electrolyte interface of all-solid-state batteries. Their findings will aid in the development of much better Li-ion batteries with very fast charge/discharge rates.

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Light-activated, single-ion catalyst breaks down carbon dioxide

A team of scientists has discovered a single-site, visible-light-activated catalyst that converts carbon dioxide into 'building block' molecules that could be used for creating useful chemicals. The discovery opens the possibility of using sunlight to turn a greenhouse gas into hydrocarbon fuels.

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How ancient viruses got cannabis high

THC and CBD, bioactive substances produced by cannabis and sought by medical patients and recreational users, sprung to life thanks to ancient colonization of the plant's genome by viruses, researchers have found.

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A large volcanic eruption shook Deception Island 3,980 years ago

A large volcanic eruption shook Deception Island, in Antarctica, 3,980 years ago, and not 8,300, as it was previously thought. This event was the largest eruption in the austral continent during the Holocene, and it was comparable in volume of ejected rock to the Tambora volcano eruption in 1815.

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Advances in cellular microscopy: Transparent fruit flies

A new kind of microscope has been developed: it creates 2D light sheets, penetrating biological tissues and causing special molecules to fluoresce. For the microscope to work, the tissue has to be made transparent, so the researchers developed new chemical procedures to 'clear' them. With this technique, extremely detailed pictures of intricate features of the nervous system of fruit flies are now

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New technology for the first experiment with the greatest source of x-rays in the world

The Flow Focusing technology (also known as GDVN, Gas Dynamic Virtual Nozzle), has been one of the key elements in the success of the first experiments carried out by the European XFEL project. It has been capable of generating jets of liquid of less than 2.5 microns in diameter with speeds that reach 100 metres per second.

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Racing electrons under control

The advantage is that electromagnetic light waves oscillate at petaherz frequency. This means that computers in the future could operate at speeds a million times faster than those of today. Scientists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have now come one step closer to achieving this goal as they have succeeded in using ultra-short laser impulses to precisely control electr

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New biocontainment strategy controls spread of escaped GMOs

Hiroshima University researchers successfully developed a biocontainment strategy for GMOs. Their new method prevents genetically modified microalgae from surviving outside of their test environment, enabling ways to more safely research the effects of GMOs.

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Drying Canadian wetland drives muskrat decline

Over the last half-century, Canada's Peace-Athabasca Delta has been slowly drying. A new study shows this loss of habitat is likely responsible for the decline of semi-aquatic muskrat, and could have larger implications.

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Smarter AI: Machine learning without negative data

A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as 'negative data,' a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks.

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Gip1 structure places G proteins in lockdown

Heterotrimeric G proteins are important in G protein-coupled receptor signaling, which is important in the detection of various stimuli. Here, an Osaka University-led research team found that the protein that regulates activities of G proteins, Gip1, contains a hydrophobic (water-fearing) space, with a unique molecular bonding arrangement that allows interactions with G proteins. These interaction

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NASA finds a cloud-filled eye in Typhoon Man-yi

Visible imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite revealed Typhoon Man-yi's eye had become cloud-filled.

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Thanks To Science, You Can Eat An Apple Every Day

After harvest, apples can be stored for months in controlled atmosphere storage rooms where the temperature, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and humidity levels are adjusted to put them into hibernation. (Image credit: Getty Images/Westend61)

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Agnosticism and the Gary Hart Case

Last month I had an article in the print magazine about a reported deathbed confession, by the GOP operative Lee Atwater, that he had intentionally set up the Monkey Business escapade that effectively ended the presidential campaign of Gary Hart. Last week Todd Purdum, of The Atlantic , had a very good piece on the new movie, The Front Runner , about Hart during this catastrophically decisive wee

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Science knowledge shifted along religious, political affiliations

The public's trust in, perception and understanding of science seems to be eroding, according to popular media and some recent studies, but little is known about what may be driving that change.

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Everything ThinkGeek Is 50% Off Today!

Pehaps the best site on the Internet for finding cool science-y gifts that are unique and imaginative, ThinkGeek is going all out it seems for Cyber Monday.

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Young people value diversity, humour and honesty in their friendships – new research

Friendships made in school play a special part in young people's development. They are more than just moral support, friends help them learn key social skills, and serve as a source of social support. Close school friends also help young people develop a sense of importance, trust, acceptance and belonging within their school. Young people who are well appreciated and accepted by their friends are

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A new study shows what makes humans look older or younger using artificial intelligence

There are many factors that influence the aging process. Unlocking these factors can lead to valuable insights into what impacts the condition and health of the human body and reveal how to minimize these impacts. Researchers from Haut.AI and Insilico Medicine have developed a simple and accurate predictor of chronological age called the PhotoAgeClock. The new research shows that the corners of th

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Quantum computing at scale: Australian scientists achieve compact, sensitive qubit readout

A group led by Australian of the Year, Professor Michelle Simmons, has overcome another critical technical hurdle for building a silicon-based quantum computer.

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Childhood physical inactivity reaches crisis levels around the globe

Children around the world are not moving enough to maintain healthy growth and development, according to a new global report. The report by the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance (AHKGA) compared 49 countries from six continents to assess global trends in childhood physical activity in developed and developing nations, resulting in the 'Global Matrix 3.0' comparison of grades.

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Parents learn, babies talk: How coaching moms and dads improves infants' language skills

A new study from the University of Washington's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) shows that parents who learn how and why to speak 'parentese' can have a direct impact on their children's vocabulary.

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Alcohol dependence, psychiatric disorders share genetic links

An international team of researchers has identified a gene that regulates how quickly the body metabolizes alcohol as a key risk factor for alcohol dependence. The researchers, from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and several other institutions, also linked genetic factors associated with alcohol dependence to other psychiatric disorders.

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NIH researchers discover neural code that predicts behavior

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have found that neurons in the superior colliculus, an ancient midbrain structure found in all vertebrates, are key players in allowing us to detect visual objects and events.

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Emotional suppression has negative outcomes on children

'Not in front of the kids.' It's an age-old plea for parents to avoid showing conflict and strong negative emotions around their children. But new research from a Washington State University scientist disagrees, showing that it's better to express negative emotions in a healthy way than to tamp them down.

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First genetic map of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

An international study, focused on the analysis of the genome of more than 50,000 people worldwide, has identified twelve specific fragments of DNA related to the vulnerability of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study has been published in the journal Nature Genetics, involves more than 80 authors.

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A new aspect in Plasmodium falciparum life cycle revealed: 'Express' sexual conversion

Conversion from the asexual to the sexual phase of the malaria parasite is necessary for its transmission to the mosquito.

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NIST simulations suggest graphene can stretch to be a tunable ion filter

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have conducted simulations suggesting that graphene, in addition to its many other useful features, can be modified with special pores to act as a tunable filter or strainer for ions (charged atoms) in a liquid.

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Six feet under, a new approach to global warming

A Washington State University researcher has found that one-fourth of the carbon held by soil is bound to minerals as far as six feet below the surface. The discovery opens a new possibility for dealing with the element as it continues to warm the Earth's atmosphere. One hitch: Most of that carbon is concentrated deep beneath the world's wet forests, and they won't sequester as much as global temp

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Health surrogates for older adults often don't know their care preferences

When it comes to making health decisions for an older adult, what health surrogates don't know can be harmful, according to new research. While 75 percent of surrogates feel extremely confident in their knowledge of a loved one's preferences, only 21 percent of them actually know what the older patient would want in the event of a serious illness, the researchers said.

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How common are eating disorders in young children?

The frequency of eating disorder diagnoses was low among US children ages 9 to 10 in an analysis of data from another study. Across all eating disorder diagnoses, the overall frequency was 1.4 percent with no significant differences between girls and boys in a nationally representative group of 4,500 children 9 to 10 years old. The authors suggest sex differences in eating disorders may not emerge

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Sequential imaging of Zika-exposed fetuses reveals most have normal brain development

Ultrasound imaging performed during pregnancy and after childbirth revealed most Zika-related brain abnormalities experienced by infants exposed to the Zika virus during pregnancy, according to a prospective cohort study published online Nov. 26, 2018, in JAMA Pediatrics.

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New insight into ocean-atmosphere interaction and subsequent cloud formation

Organic compounds undergo drastic variations in their chemical composition as they transfer from the ocean's surface to atmospheric aerosols which act as nuclei to form clouds.

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Family matters for future wealth

New research, for the first time using actual income numbers from two generations of Australians, reveals they do not easily move from low-income to high-income bands, however mobility is greater than the US. The analysis also suggests that family structure — who you're married to, when you have children and how many you have — matters when it comes to income mobility.

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Fishing companies lose millions of dollars every year and they don't know it

Fishing companies operating worldwide are leaving between $51 billion and $83 billion in unrealized net economic benefits on the table every year due to the overexploitation underperformance of fish stocks, according to new research from the Sea Around Us initiative, the Institute for the Oceans and Fishers at the University of British Columbia, the Fish Tracker initiative and the Sea Around Us –

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Ultracold quantum mix

The experimental investigation of ultracold quantum matter makes it possible to study quantum mechanical phenomena that are otherwise hardly accessible. A team led by the Innsbruck physicist Francesca Ferlaino has now succeeded for the first time in mixing quantum gases of the strongly magnetic elements Erbium and Dysprosium and creating a dipolar quantum mixture.

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How ancient viruses got cannabis high

World's first cannabis chromosome map reveals the plant's evolutionary past and points to its future as potential medicine.

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College-educated cops enforce the law more aggressively

In the wake of controversial and widely publicized incidents involving the use of deadly force by the police against racial and ethnic minorities, President Obama appointed the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing in 2015 to propose ways to improve policing in the U.S.

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Light-activated, single-ion catalyst breaks down carbon dioxide

A team of scientists has discovered a single-site, visible-light-activated catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) into "building block" molecules that could be used for creating useful chemicals. The discovery opens the possibility of using sunlight to turn a greenhouse gas into hydrocarbon fuels.

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Spanking may do even more harm globally than we thought

Spanking may do more harm to the social development of children around the world than previously known, according to a new study. Most research on how spanking affects children has involved studying families in high-income countries, such as the United States and Canada, but less was known about how spanking affects children in low- and middle-income countries—or developing countries. Spanking is

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NASA sees stronger Tropical Cyclone 33W headed toward Vietnam

33W was a tropical depression when it crossed the southern and central Philippines. As it moved through the South China Sea over the last two days it strengthened into a tropical storm and was renamed Usagi. On Nov. 23, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible image of the stronger storm on approach to Vietnam.

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Dead fish to power Norwegian cruise liners

Norwegian cruise operator Hurtigruten plans to use dead fish to power some of its ships, it said on Monday, as it seeks to reduce its pollution and climate change impact.

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Scientists find genetic variants that increase risk of ADHD

Team says study of 55,000 individuals could potentially lead to new drugs and reduce stigma Scientists have uncovered genetic variants that increase the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in research that experts hope could lead to a better understanding of the condition. ADHD is thought to affect about 2.5% of adults and about 5% of children worldwide. Concerns have been rai

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This Is the Way the Paper Crumples

In a ball of paper, scientists discover a landscape of surprising mathematical order.

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Artificial intelligence may help reduce gadolinium dose in MRI

Researchers are using artificial intelligence to reduce the dose of a contrast agent that may be left behind in the body after MRI exams, according to a new study.

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Virtual models provide real knowledge in the grass family

The complex flowers of the grass family have enormous economic importance, as their pollination leads to the production of grains such as rice, wheat, and corn. Grass species are notoriously difficult to study, however. Researchers present a cost-effective method using computer-assisted design (CAD) software to create high-quality, 3D digital representations of intricate plant structures that can

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Simulations suggest graphene can stretch to be a tunable ion filter

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have conducted simulations suggesting that graphene, in addition to its many other useful features, can be modified with special pores to act as a tunable filter or strainer for ions (charged atoms) in a liquid.

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Six feet under, a new approach to global warming

A Washington State University researcher has found that one-fourth of the carbon held by soil is bound to minerals as far as six feet below the surface. The discovery opens a new possibility for dealing with the element as it continues to warm the Earth's atmosphere.

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Living electrodes with bacteria and organic electronics

Researchers at the Laboratory of Organic Electronics, Linköping University, have together with colleagues at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, developed a method that increases the signal strength from microbial electrochemical cells by up to twenty times. The secret is a film with an embedded bacterium: Shewanella oneidensis.

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2018 Hitchens Prize Awarded to Masha Gessen

The Dennis & Victoria Ross Foundation , together with The Atlantic , is pleased to announce that the winner of the 2018 Hitchens Prize is Masha Gessen. The award recognizes Gessen’s long and courageous career as a writer, reporter, teacher, lecturer, translator, and activist. Gessen will be honored with the award, which comes with a $50,000 prize, at a dinner in New York on December 3. The Hitche

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Making it crystal clear: Crystallinity reduces resistance in all-solid-state batteries

Scientists at Tokyo Tech examined the mechanisms behind the resistance at the electrode-electrolyte interface of all-solid-state batteries. Their findings will aid in the development of much better Li-ion batteries with very fast charge/discharge rates.

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Hacking the aging code: Big data to the rescue

Big data from human medical studies combined with analytical approaches from physics of complex dynamic systems offer a whole new way to understand and defeat aging.

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Canada in the global water world: A UN analysis of capabilities

A new report by UN University's Canadian-based Institute on Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH) experts offers a critical examination of the capacity of Canada's water sector to meet and help others meet water-related Sustainable Development Goals. Examined are Canadian water education and research, investments, and experiences in water technology and governance. Several avenues to elevate C

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Blood pressure: Early treatment advised by US guidelines has no survival benefits

When is high blood pressure dangerous? Medical associations offer widely differing answers. In the USA, for example, patients are seen as hypertensive much sooner than in Germany. A team working with Prof. Karl-Heinz Ladwig of the Technical University of Munich and the Helmholtz Zentrum München has concluded that treating patients sooner does not reduce the risk of deadly heart disease. It could e

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ECDC issues integrated hepatitis and HIV testing Guidance

Targeted testing to reach those most at-risk of infection is an essential element of any strategy to eliminate viral hepatitis and HIV across the countries in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA). To mark European Testing Week from Nov. 23 to 30, 2018, ECDC publishes its new Guidance on integrated viral hepatitis and HIV testing which provides options and ideas based on the lates

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The radical possibilities of man-made DNA | Floyd E. Romesberg

Every cell that's ever lived has been the result of the four-letter genetic alphabet: A, T, C and G — the basic units of DNA. But now that's changed. In a visionary talk, synthetic biologist Floyd E. Romesberg introduces us to the first living organisms created with six-letter DNA — the four natural letters plus two new man-made ones, X and Y — and explores how this breakthrough could challenge

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Detective mission to characterise and trace the history of a new African meteorite

Wits researchers go on a mission to describe, classify and trace the 4.5 billion-year-old history of a meteorite that landed in Madagascar.

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From Fog of War to Flames of Peace–Wildfires Surge in Post-FARC Colombia

The end of guerrilla warfare has led to an increase in woodland conflagrations and deforestation — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Fine-tuning cell death: new component of death machinery revealed

An important component of the microscopic machinery that drives cell death has been identified by Walter and Eliza Hall Institute scientists.

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Impact on the collective behaviour of animal groups

Disturbance events such as human interference or predator attacks may negatively affect animal groups. Using an innovative tracking technique, researchers from the University of Konstanz and the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Germany have demonstrated how groups of birds become less efficient at foraging together after group members had been separated for just two days. In the paper, publ

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Climate change is driving wildfires, and not just in California

Rains in northern California have helped firefighters contain the Camp Fire, which now ranks as the state's most deadly wildfire. But unfortunately, all signs point to worsening events ahead in the North American West. Critically, the risk extends well beyond California, and better forest management alone won't solve the problem.

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How does potassium enter cells?

For decades, it was assumed that protein channels and protein pumps fulfilled completely different functions and worked independently of each other. Researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt and University Groningen have now elucidated the transport path of a protein complex that combines both mechanisms: it first receives potassium from the channel and then transfers it to the pump, from where i

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Drinking water sucked from the dusty desert air

An inexpensive hydrogel-based material efficiently captures moisture even from low-humidity air and then releases it on demand.

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Biodiesel by-product helps fuel come clean

A compound made from the glycerol by-product of biodiesel production could promote cleaner burning in vehicle engines.

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Artificial intelligence could help crack previously unsolvable murder cases

Some of history's most notorious unsolved murder crimes could be laid bare thanks to new forensic research led at Northumbria University, in Newcastle.

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NASA sees stronger Tropical Cyclone 33W headed toward Vietnam

33W was a tropical depression when it crossed the southern and central Philippines. As it moved through the South China Sea over the last two days it strengthened into a tropical storm and was renamed Usagi. On Nov. 23, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible image of the stronger storm on approach to Vietnam.

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Exposure of pregnant women to chemical pollutants leaves an imprint on their metabolism

Study reveals novel and reproducible associations between environmental pollutants and metabolic processes in this highly relevant population

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Ocean circulation in North Atlantic at its weakest

The research co-led by Drs. Christelle Not and Benoit Thibodeau from The University of Hong Kong highlights a dramatic weakening of the circulation during the 20th century understood to be a direct consequence of global warming and associated melt of the Greenland Ice-Sheet. This is important for near-future climate as slower circulation in the North Atlantic can yield profound change on the North

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Scientists designed nanocontainers for bacterial metabolism control

Researchers from ITMO University developed special nanocontainers that can translate the light signal into metabolic changes in bacteria. The containers consist of titanium dioxide nanoparticles coated with silver and polymers. Once the particles are heated with laser irradiation, the polymer conformation changes and the container opens, releasing the contents. Thus, the containers are suitable fo

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Molecular motors: Chemical carousel rotates in the cold

Chemists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have developed the first molecular motor that can be powered by light alone. Its operation is therefore essentially independent of the temperature.

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A large volcanic eruption shook Deception Island 3,980 years ago

A large volcanic eruption shook Deception Island, in Antarctica, 3,980 years ago, and not 8,300, as it was previously thought, according to an international study published in Scientific Reports. This event was the largest eruption in the austral continent during the Holocene, and it was comparable in volume of ejected rock to the Tambora volcano eruption in 1815.

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Transparent fruit flies

A new kind of microscope has been developed in Vienna: it creates 2D light sheets, penetrating biological tissues and causing special molecules to fluoresce. For the microscope to work, the tissue has to be made transparent, so the researchers developed new chemical procedures to 'clear' them. With this technique, extremely detailed pictures of intricate features of the nervous system of fruit fli

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Leukemia epigenetics in focus

Some severe forms of leukemia develop because proteins on the epigenetic level lose their regulative function. Now, in a broad international collaboration, UK researchers have identified molecules that can effectively inhibit the dysregulated proteins. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, researchers report the discovery, design, and testing of potential drugs on the cellular level. The findings set

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It's time for a hyper-crash, say multifractal analyses of the main stock market index

The near future of the global economy looks extremely bleak. This pessimistic forecast comes from advanced statistical analysis of the S&P 500 stock market index, recently published by scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow. Based on their analysis, the researchers explain why, in up to a dozen or so years, we can expect a financial meltdown su

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Drones offer ability to find, ID and count marine megafauna

New research from North Carolina State University demonstrates that consumer-grade drones are effective tools for monitoring marine species across multiple sites in the wild. The work shows that the technology can be a valuable platform for scientists and conservationists interested in studying populations of sharks, rays, sea turtles and other marine megafauna.

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Better wastewater treatment in India with Dutch expertise

India is facing extreme water scarcity. Urbanization increases the demand for clean drinking water, while the water supply is increasingly polluted. That is why Dutch researchers are working on new ways to manage wastewater within the Water for Health programme, a collaboration between NWO and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) of the Indian government. The projects that started in July 2017 ar

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'Why We Dream' Is A Spirited, Cogent Defense Of Dreams And Dream-Telling

"If we fail to take the simple steps to remember and understand our dreams, we are throwing away a gift from our brains without bothering to open it," writes Alice Robb. (Image credit: Sirintra Pumsopa/Getty Images)

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Disruption is overrated in terms of innovation

Innovation is not all sunshine and frolicking lambs.

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Microchip implants are threatening workers' rights

It's not often trades unions and employers are equally worried about an issue threatening workers' rights. But recently, the UK's Trades Union Congress and the main body that represents British businesses, the CBI, have both voiced concerns about the budding practice of implanting employees with microchips.

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Forskerspire jagter tarmbakterier, der kan få køer til at bøvse mindre

Vinderne af det landsdækkende talentprojekt Forskerspirer, der i år runder 20 år, har…

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Chinese Scientist Claims First Gene-Edited Babies Born

In a YouTube video, the researcher announced the birth of twin girls whose genomes he says were modified with CRISPR to prevent HIV infection — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Forsvarets julemænd kaster med æg og snaps over Grønland med 200 km/t

Når Forsvaret kaster nødudstyr ned fra himlen og løser store og små kriser i utaknemmelige omgivelser, er præcision og timing altafgørende. Kom med dem på øvelse i Grønland.

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The Chinese scientist who claims he made CRISPR babies is under investigation

He Jiankui says he created twin girls whose genes were edited to make them resistant to HIV. Was that ethical? Or even legal?

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Whether herbivores increase or decrease plant diversity depends on what's on the menu

Cows eat grass. It seems simple enough. But just which kind of grass cows and their vegetarian comrades munch on can influence the entire ecosystem.

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How ancient viruses got cannabis high

THC and CBD, bioactive substances produced by cannabis and sought by medical patients and recreational users, sprung to life thanks to ancient colonization of the plant's genome by viruses, U of T researchers have found.

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Hacking the aging code: Big data for saving human lives

The paper explains how the concept of criticality borrowed from physics of dynamic systems and widely used to model complex phenomena such as financial markets behavior or weather conditions could be applied to aging studies and result in generating predicting models of biological age, aging rate and even potential targets for future anti-aging therapies.

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How the Atlantic Ocean became part of the global circulation at a climatic tipping point

A team of scientists, led by Dr Sietske Batenburg at the University of Oxford's Department of Earth Sciences, in close collaboration with German and UK institutions, have discovered that the exchange of water between the North and South Atlantic became significantly larger fifty-nine million years ago.

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Light-activated, single-ion catalyst breaks down carbon dioxide

A team of scientists has discovered a single-site, visible-light-activated catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) into 'building block' molecules that could be used for creating useful chemicals. The discovery opens the possibility of using sunlight to turn a greenhouse gas into hydrocarbon fuels.

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One in 5 young adults in India has high blood pressure

One in five young adults in India has high blood pressure, according to research presented at the 70th Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India (CSI). That equates to around 80 million people, which is more than the entire UK population.

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Scientists find italian ryegrass is resistant to multiple herbicides

A team of scientists set out to determine if the paraquat-resistant population might also be resistant to other postemergence herbicides. Seven other herbicides commonly used in fruit tree and nut tree crops were included in the study, including clethodim, fluazifop-P-butyl, glufosinate, glyphosate, pyroxsulam, rimsulfuron and sethoxydim.

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New technology for the first experiment with the greatest source of x-rays in the world

The Flow Focusing technology (also known as GDVN, Gas Dynamic Virtual Nozzle), has been one of the key elements in the success of the first experiments carried out by the European XFEL project. It has been capable of generating jets of liquid of less than 2.5 microns in diameter with speeds that reach 100 metres per second

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Spotting nature's own evolution of quantum tricks could transform quantum technology

A new test to spot where the ability to exploit the power of quantum mechanics has evolved in nature has been developed by physicists at the University of Warwick.

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Better understanding of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) regulation can lead to new insights into disease

The team of prof. Joris Messens at the VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology has provided new insights into the regulation of an important intracellular messenger molecule, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), whose dysregulation has been linked to the development of several diseases, including cancer.

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Breakthrough as molecules shown to 'air-kiss' when brain neurons attract each other

All brain cells 'air-kiss' before they come together to form a final synaptic relationship, new research by University of Kent scientists has revealed.

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Sperm count 50 percent lower in sons of fathers who smoke

Studies have repeatedly linked maternal smoking during pregnancy with reduced sperm counts in male offspring. Now a research team at Lund University in Sweden has discovered that, independently of nicotine exposure from the mother, men whose fathers smoked at the time of pregnancy had half as many sperm as those with non-smoking fathers.

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Danger in the desert

A team of scientists headed by Stefan Pöhlmann, Hannah Kleine-Weber and Markus Hoffmann from the German Primate Center – Leibniz Institute for Primate Research in Göttingen investigated MERS-virus mutations and found that certain mutations made the virus more resistant against the human immune system. The analysis of mutations is essential for predicting the risk of a pandemic. Moreover, the MERS

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British Journal of Surgery article calls for men to take action on gender bias

The relatively few women who have earned leadership positions in the surgical world should not be expected to carry the burden of fighting gender bias and men must actively join the effort with intentional, innovative action, argues an article in the British Journal of Surgery, co-written by the head of general surgery at Toronto's St. Michael's Hospital.

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Making UK schools more inclusive places could help reduce bullying and promote well-being

Restorative practice – bringing together pupils involved in bullying, conflict or misbehaviour to appreciate the harms caused and improve relationships – could help tackle bullying, improve mental health and lower rates of regular smoking and drinking alcohol in secondary school, according to new research published in The Lancet.

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Image: The Persian Gulf

The Copernicus Sentinel-3A satellite takes us over the Gulf. Also known as the Arabian Gulf and the Persian Gulf, this marginal sea of the Indian Ocean is just under 1000 km long and covers an area of around 250 000 sq km. It is bordered by eight nations shown counter-clockwise from the top of the image – Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman.

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Focus on Vega developments

Vega is proving its reliability. Based on this heritage, ESA and European industry are building new elements that will increase Vega's performance, capabilities and flexibility from mid-2019.

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White-browed Shortwing is not 1 but 4 species

The White-browed Shortwing (Brachypteryx montana) has been considered to be a single species distributed from the central Himalayas to the southeast Chinese mainland and the island of Taiwan, the Philippines and Indonesia. The mainland and Taiwan Island populations have recently been studied by an international team of researchers from Sweden, China, the UK and the USA. They analysed DNA, plumages

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Mysterious egg on ocean floor was actually a catshark, and it was moving, NOAA says

A mysterious "translucent egg case" found last week off an uninhabited island near Puerto Rico has been identified by NOAA explorers as something few scientists had seen.

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Clarifying effects of negative mass

A FLEET study led by University of Queensland's David Colas clarifies recent studies of negative mass, investigating the strange phenomenon of self-interference.

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Microglia react distinctively during inflammation

Researchers conducted a pioneering study to unravel the genetic programs triggered upon inflammation in microglia, specialized resident immune cells of the central nervous system. Using state-of-the-art single-cell transcriptomics, they uncovered distinct gene expression profiles under inflammatory conditions that greatly differ from the profiles observed in steady state conditions and in neurodeg

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Exclusive: UK police wants AI to stop violent crime before it happens

Cash-strapped UK police forces are turning to AI to predict whether individuals will commit a serious violent crime or become a victim of modern slavery

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Inside the Lab Training Genome Surgeons to Fight Disease

At the Gladstone Institutes, Crispr pioneer Jennifer Doudna is trying to make genome editing a routine procedure.

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Bentley’s Continental GT Convertible Offers a Tweed Roof

Along with excessive engineering and swank interiors, the new convertible has an endless list of options.

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Small RNA renders bacteria more resistant to antibiotics

Many soil bacteria are resistant to antibiotics by nature. A new mechanism for regulating that resistance has been identified by researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum. In the journal mBio, published online on 13 November 2018, the team headed by Jessica Borgmann from the Chair of Microbial Biology describes a small RNA molecule that significantly affects antibiotic resistance as well as other pro

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Robot carers could help lonely seniors—they're cheering humans up already

The film Robot and Frank imagined a near-future where robots could do almost everything humans could. The elderly title character was given a "robot butler" to help him continue living on his own. The robot was capable of everything from cooking and cleaning to socialising (and, it turned out, burglary).

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Researchers optimizing methods to produce useful compounds from biomass

Researchers have identified a one-step process to convert a plant-based sugar into a chemical compound that can be used to manufacture other substances, including a natural pharmaceutical for treating conditions such as congenital heart disease and erectile dysfunction.

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Charred instead of crispy — why over-frying is risky

When raw, unprocessed foods or their ingredients are heated, their chemical composition changes. They become easier to digest and taste better. But undesired compounds are produced in the pan, deep fryer or oven: heat-induced contaminants. The most well-known of them — acrylamide, furan, monochloropropandiol and glycidol — are presented in the latest edition of the science magazine BfR2GO, which

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Researchers uncover camouflage strategy of multi-resistant bacteria

Researchers at the University of Tübingen and the German Center for Infection Research have achieved a breakthrough in the decoding of multi-resistant pathogens.

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How we can get more out of our forests

Most European forests are primarily used for timber production. However, woodlands also offer spaces for recreation and they store carbon but it is not clear how forests can be managed for these multiple benefits. A new study under the direction of the University of Bern is now showing how forestry can be improved so that wooded areas can fulfill as many services as possible.

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A hydrogel that adheres firmly to cartilage and meniscus

EPFL researchers have developed a hydrogel — made up of nearly 90 percent water — that naturally adheres to soft tissue like cartilage and the meniscus. If the hydrogel carries repair cells, it could help damaged tissue to heal.

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Seeing begins before we actually see anything

How does vision work, and what happens in the brain during the process? As simple as this question may sound, it has yet to be scientifically clarified in full. Dr. Valentin Riedl of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and his team have now been able to show that the distribution of the two most important neurotransmitters in the brain changes as soon as we open our eyes, regardless of whethe

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Occupational health study links air pollution and cancer

University of Stirling experts have discovered new evidence of the link between air pollution and cancer as part of a new occupational health study.

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Humpback whale songs simplified during 'cultural revolutions'

Humpback whales sing increasingly complex songs, but University of Queensland researchers have discovered they may suddenly switch to something simpler, in a 'cultural revolution.'The study examined the structure and complexity of songs sung by the eastern Australian humpback whale population over 13 consecutive years.

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How locust ecology inspired an opera

When an entomologist decides to write a libretto, you get an operatic elegy to locusts.

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Hairy nanotechnology provides green anti-scaling solution

A new type of cellulose nanoparticle is at the heart of a more effective and less environmentally damaging solution to one of the biggest challenges facing water-based industries: preventing the buildup of scale.

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Weight likely cause for one-fourth of asthma cases in kids with obesity

A study including health data for more than 500,000 children in the US suggests obesity might be to blame for about a quarter (23 to 27 percent) of asthma in children who are obese. This could mean about 10 percent of all kids ages 2 to 17 with asthma — almost 1 million children in the US — might have avoided the illness by maintaining a healthy weight.

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Small RNA renders bacteria more resistant to antibiotics

Many soil bacteria are resistant to antibiotics by nature. A new mechanism for regulating that resistance has now been identified. Researchers have described a small RNA molecule that significantly affects antibiotic resistance as well as other processes inside the cell.

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How today's MBA graduates can help save the world

Recent news reports have suggested that the MBA (masters in business administration) may be "losing its lustre" at American business schools, including some of the most elite on the planet.

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Helping to transport proteins inside the cell

Researchers at the University of Freiburg report a mechanism inside cells that transports proteins to the mitochondria. Their research has now been published in the science journal Cell Reports.

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How a dust storm and hazardous air quality can harm your health

A major dust storm swept through Sydney and regional New South Wales this week. Red skies over Broken Hill on Wednesday night and Sydney on Thursday resembled those seen during intense bushfire activity and the massive 2009 dust storm.

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A large volcanic eruption shook Deception Island 3,980 years ago

A large volcanic eruption shook Deception Island in Antarctica 3,980 years ago, and not 8,300, as it was previously thought, according to an international study published in Scientific Reports, in which researchers from the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA-CSIC) have participated. This event was the largest eruption in the austral continent during the Holocene (the last 11,700 years

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What goes up doesn't come down: Tracking space junk from WA

Space. The very word speaks of emptiness and isolation. But since we discovered how useful it is to put things up there, space has been getting a little bit crowded.

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A closer look at the communication packages of cells

Cells communicate by sending little fat balls to one another. Wouter Roos, professor of Molecular Biophysics at the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, together with colleagues from Amsterdam and Utrecht, is the first to describe the mechanical properties of such fat balls, called exosomes. By studying exosomes of patients with a blood disorder, the researchers obtained unexpected results.

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NASA's Mars InSight has traveled 300 million miles. The last one will be the most criticalNASA InSight Mars Earth

On Sunday, about a dozen engineers and scientists gathered in the mission control room at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. They listened intently through headsets while training their eyes on a curving wall of monitors to follow the progress of the InSight spacecraft as it made its final approach to Mars.

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Scientists designed nanocontainers for bacterial metabolism control

Researchers from ITMO University have developed special nanocontainers that can translate light signals into metabolic changes in bacteria. The containers consist of titanium dioxide nanoparticles coated with silver and polymers. Once the particles are heated with laser irradiation, the polymer conformation changes and the container opens, releasing the contents. Scientists tested the new system's

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PLO har fået nyt bestyrelsesmedlem

Mireille Lacroix er blevet valgt som nyt medlem af PLO’s bestyrelsen.

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Overlæger efterspørger retningslinjer for behandling ved mistanke om lungekræft

Der skal laves retningslinjer for patienter, der falder uden for Sundhedsstyrelsens pakkeforløb for lungekræft, men hvor lægen stadig har mistanke om lungekræft, mener overlæger.

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NBA players perform worse after late-night tweets

NBA players who use Twitter or other forms of social media late at night don’t perform as well on the court the next day, a new study shows. The research builds on preliminary research from 2017 about players who posted late-night tweets. Researchers examined game statistics for 112 verified Twitter-using players, with a total of 37,073 tweets between 2009 and 2016. A player’s shooting percentage

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Start-up meets Wakanda? Disney innovation hub aims to advance technology for filmmakers

Inside Walt Disney Studios' original animation building, where artists once drew "Dumbo" and "Cinderella" by hand, a 15-person team of innovators is trying to create a moviemaking Tomorrowland.

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Paving the way: An accelerator on a microchip

Electrical engineers in the accelerator physics group at TU Darmstadt have developed a design for a laser-driven electron accelerator so small it could be produced on a silicon chip. It would be inexpensive and with multiple applications. The design, which has been published in Physical Review Letters, is now being realised as part of an international collaboration.

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Startups, old-line automakers aim to take bite out of Tesla

In a renovated old cash register factory in suburban Detroit, 300 engineers are toiling away on an all-electric pickup truck and an SUV that they hope can take on Tesla.

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Searching for the weakest detectable magnetic fields in white dwarfs

Magnetic fields are present in a large variety of stars across the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, during all evolutionary stages from pre-main sequence stars, to main sequence stars and evolved stars, up to the final stages when the star explodes as a supernova.

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If you use Google Docs or Sheets, scripts and macros will simplify your life

DIY Improve your work with smart code. Google's online office suite can do a lot more. Here's how to use scripts and macros to boost your Docs and Sheets work.

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Scripps Research scientists unveil promising new HIV vaccine strategy

A new candidate HIV vaccine from Scripps Research surmounts technical hurdles that stymied previous vaccine efforts, and stimulates a powerful anti-HIV antibody response in animal tests. The new vaccine strategy, described in a paper on Nov. 23 in Science Advances, is based on the HIV envelope protein, Env. This complex, shape-shifting molecule has been notoriously difficult to produce in vaccines

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Cancer treatments may affect cognitive function by accelerating biological aging

Cancer treatments are suspected to accelerate certain aging processes in the body. A new study has found that indicators of such biological aging correlate with declines in cognitive function in women who had undergone breast cancer treatment several years earlier. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings point to an aging-like effect o

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Scientists from CMU and NTU Singapore discover how mechanical strain shapes plants

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Carnegie Mellon University in the U.S have discovered how mechanical forces can influence the shapes of plant leaves and flower petals.

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Small RNA renders bacteria more resistant to antibiotics

Many soil bacteria are resistant to antibiotics by nature. A new mechanism for regulating that resistance has been identified by researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum. In the journal mBio, published online on November 13, 2018, the team headed by Jessica Borgmann from the Chair of Microbial Biology describes a small RNA molecule that significantly affects antibiotic resistance as well as other pr

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Microglia react distinctively during inflammation

Researchers from the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH) conducted a pioneering study to unravel the genetic programs triggered upon inflammation in microglia, specialized resident immune cells of the central nervous system. Using state-of-the-art single-cell transcriptomics, they uncovered distinct gene expression profiles under inflammatory conditions that greatly differ from the profiles obser

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Building better batteries by borrowing from biology

Using knowledge of biological ion channels, Osaka University researchers developed a new crystalline material containing potassium that may one day replace the lithium-based technology currently used in rechargeable batteries. Such cheaper and safer batteries would be welcome additions to electric cars and other environmentally friendly technologies.

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New neurology studies a 'wakeup call' for global health

Neurology experts from around the world will convene Nov. 27 in New Zealand for a Global Brain Summit examining what one calls 'the greatest challenge of societies in the 21st century.' Among the neurological disorders to be discussed at the Summit are stroke, traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and migraine and other headaches. The topics are cove

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Dear Therapist: I Can’t Let Go of How Badly My Family Treated Me When My Mom Was Sick

Editor’s Note: Every Monday, Lori Gottlieb answers questions from readers about their problems, big and small. Have a question? Email her at . Dear Therapist, Two years ago, at the age of 44, my mother experienced congestive heart failure and was told she had to have a heart transplant. She was in the hospital for a couple of weeks, waiting for a donor, so my family and I were all on alert: Once

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Ancient asteroid strike may explain Martian moon’s odd groovesNASA InSight Mars Earth

New research bolsters the idea that strange grooves crisscrossing the surface of the Martian moon Phobos were made by rolling boulders blasted free from an ancient asteroid impact. The research uses computer models to simulate the movement of debris from Stickney crater, a huge gash on one end of Phobos’ oblong body. The models show that boulders rolling across the surface in the aftermath of the

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Globular clusters could offer clues on formation and evolution of inner Milky Way

Brazilian astronomer Denilso Camargo has recently discovered five new globular clusters in the Milky Way's bulge that could offer essential clues on the formation and evolution of our galaxy's innermost regions. The newly identified clusters, which are old and metal-poor, have also the potential to improve our understanding of the structure as well as kinematics of the galactic bulge.

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Huge crater discovered in Greenland – here's how the impact may have wiped out the mammoths

Scientists have discovered a 31km wide impact crater beneath the Hiawatha glacier in Greenland. The discovery, published in Science Advances, was made using airborne radar surveys which unveiled a circular bedrock depression beneath the ice. The presence of quartz and other grains and features on the ground helped the team confirm the finding – these showed signs of having been subjected to large

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What skills does a cybersecurity professional need?

Cyber crime is a threat to every organisation that operates internet-connected devices. It's highly profitable, highly disruptive, and hard to police due to the transnational nature of cyberspace.

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Manufacturing open-mesoporous carbon nanofibers for flexible and wearable power sources

With the recently increasing development of lightweight, portable, flexible and wearable electronics for health and biomedical devices, there is an urgent need to explore new power sources with higher flexibility and human/tissue-adaptability. Now, researchers have engineered next-generation metal-air batteries, which can be easily fabricated into flexible and wristband-like cells. Though they req

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'Misinformation' picked as word of the year by Dictionary.com

Online resource picked the word over ‘disinformation’ where other dictionaries had opted for ‘toxic’ and ‘single-use’ “Misinformation”, as opposed to disinformation, is Dictionary.com ’s word of the year. It followed “toxic”, picked for the same honor by Oxford Dictionaries , and “single-use”, picked by Collins . Related: 'Single-use' named 2018 word of the year Continue reading…

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Environment turns molecule into a switch

It looks like a cross with four arms of equal length that have a central atom at their intersection. All atoms are arranged in one plane so that the molecule is absolutely planar – at least in the normal state.

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Mars awaitsNASA InSight Mars Earth

At just before 9pm Central European Time on 26 November, Mars will receive a new visitor: NASA's InSight lander.

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The hidden price of Iceland's green energy

The recent IPCC report has made it clear that we need to change our energy supply from fossils to renewable energy if we want to avoid catastrophic climate change. This transition has to happen now and it has to happen fast.

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Beards, business and a history of facial hair in the workplace

Recording the human face in art is a long-held tradition, from the Roman Bust to the 15th century Dutch painting. The portrait signals power, prestige and wealth. Corporations have also used portraits to depict their leaders. For example, UK retail banks have been collecting images of their founders and chairmen since the 18th century. These paintings remain on proud display in London head offices

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Astronomers investigate unusually bright single pulses from a millisecond pulsar

Astronomers have conducted a study of unusually bright single pulses (BSPs) from the millisecond pulsar PSR B1744−24A. The new research, which determined properties of these pulses, could contribute to understanding the nature of BSPs. The study is presented in a paper published November 5 on arXiv.org.

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How we can get more out of our forests

Most European forests are primarily used for timber production. However, woodlands also offer spaces for recreation and they store carbon but it is not clear how forests can be managed for these multiple benefits. A new study under the direction of the University of Bern is now showing how forestry can be improved so that wooded areas can fulfill as many services as possible.

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Building better batteries by borrowing from biology

A research team at Osaka University has reported a new advance in the design of materials for use in rechargeable batteries, under high humidity conditions. Using inspiration from living cells that can block smaller particles but let larger particles pass through, the researchers were able to create a material with highly mobile potassium ions that can easily migrate in response to electric fields

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Out of the fog: Honeycomb films

Researchers are producing honeycomb-shaped films using an approach that mimics what happens when we breathe on a glass surface. The films have potential use in numerous applications, from tissue regeneration and bio-sensing to solar cells, explains an article in the journal Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

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Is the future of dog health in a DNA test?

Information from commercial DNA tests helped reveal the genetic origins of the husky's captivating blue eyes and may even help us treat some diseases. But not everyone agrees.

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Better understanding of hydrogen peroxide regulation can lead to new insights into disease development

The team of prof. Joris Messens at the VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology has provided new insights into the regulation of an important intracellular messenger molecule, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), whose dysregulation has been linked to the development of several diseases, including cancer.

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Molecular motors: Chemical carousel rotates in the cold

Molecular motors, which rotate unidirectionally in response to an external energy input, constitute an important class of components for future applications in the field of nanotechnology. Molecules whose structure and spatial conformation can be altered by light are particularly promising candidates for this task. However, all light-driven molecular motors so far described are dependent on reacti

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New £50 note scientist nominations released

The list of suggested scientists who might appear on the new £50 note includes Stephen Hawking and Ada Lovelace.

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CRISPR inventor Feng Zhang calls for moratorium on gene-edited babies

A leading scientist wants Chinese researchers to halt a project to create genetically modified children.

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A mammoth, woolly rhino and a medieval village: the unexpected treasures beneath the A14

Digging alongside the bulldozers of the £1.5bn road diversion, archaeologists have discovered tonnes of ancient bones. Is there a find so important that it could stop the whole project? A small crowd of workers gathers outside a temporary office plonked in a muddy field in Cambridgeshire. Bill Boismier flips down the back door of his pickup truck and reaches inside. Earlier this morning, the Amer

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Looking for rocket science in unexpected places

You don't have to leave Australia to be a rocket scientist. In fact, you might not even have to leave your job.

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French court fines P&O captain over polluting fuel

The US captain of a P&O cruise ship found to be burning fuel with excessive sulphur levels was fined 100,000 euros ($114,000) in a Marseille court Monday, the first such ruling in France.

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Captive breeding has a dark side – a disturbing Czech discovery of trafficked tiger body parts

The rotting remains of a number of tigers, lions and cougars were recently discovered in a raid on a house in Prague. This disturbing find was the culmination of a five-year investigation that revealed an illegal trade in exotic wildlife blooming in the heart of Europe.

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Scientists developed enzymes with remote control

Scientists have developed a method to enhance the activity of enzymes by using radio frequency radiation. The method requires a special complex of enzymes and magnetic nanoparticles. The particles can adsorb radio emission and convert it to heat, resulting in the acceleration of enzymatic processes by more than four times. The method can be used to create radio-controlled biochemical systems and a

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The hunt for (potentially) life-giving water beneath MarsWatch NASA InSight Mars

Ground-penetrating radar has already helped scientists discover liquid water under Mars' surface. It might also be the key to discovering if life exists on our cosmic neighbour.

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Researchers advance role of circulating tumor DNA to detect early melanoma growth

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say they have added to evidence that measuring and monitoring tumor DNA that naturally circulates in the blood of melanoma patients can not only reliably help reveal the early stages of cancer growth and spread but also uncover new treatment options that tumor genetic analysis alone may not.

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Few laws to address growing issue of elderly gun owners with dementia

Researchers report that 27 percent of people 65 and older own one or more firearms, and 37 percent live in a home with a firearm present. One study of patients with dementia or related mental health issues revealed 18 percent lived in a home with one or more firearms. Of that group, 37 percent had delusions and 17 percent had documented hallucinations.

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Emotional suppression has negative outcomes on children

'Not in front of the kids' is an age-old plea for parents to avoid showing conflict and strong negative emotions around their children. But new research from a Washington State University scientist disagrees, showing that it's better to express negative emotions in a healthy way than to tamp them down.

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Sexist men underestimate their power in romantic relationships

Heterosexual men with sexist attitudes may underestimate how much power they actually have in their romantic relationships, which could lead to increased aggression toward their female partners or wives, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

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Can Superman trigger heroic helping in people?

Heroes demonstrate extraordinary courage, go to great lengths to help others, and live meaningful lives. They are inspirational moral examples for many people — and a new set of studies suggests their heroic actions can increase prosocial intentions and behaviors in real life.

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Cardiac surgery and addictions counselling linked to significantly reduced mortality in injection drug users with heart valve infection, study finds

In a new study, researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute and Western University showed that both surgery and in-hospital addictions counselling are linked to significantly reduced mortality in injection drug users with first-episode endocarditis. Surgery was associated with a 56 per cent reduction in mortality, while in-hospital addictions counselling was associated with a 72 per cent reduc

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Clinical study shows Cereset technology reduces symptoms of PTSD in military personnel

A new clinical study conducted by Wake Forest School of Medicine shows that use of a new non-invasive technology from the creators of Cereset not only reduces symptoms of military-related traumatic stress but also improves brain function.

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NIH-funded researchers identify how hantaviruses infect the lungs

A human protein associated with asthma is key to how hantaviruses infect the lungs and sometimes cause the life-threatening pulmonary condition hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), according to researchers supported by NIH. They say the most prevalent hantaviruses in North America (Sin Nombre virus) and South America (Andes virus) can recognize the protein, protocadherin-1 (PCDH1), and exploit it

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Home blood pressure assessments are more accurate than office checks

Doctors could improve the care of high blood pressure by relying more on home blood pressure (BP) checks and not so much on the less-accurate office BP assessments, wrote health care quality experts from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) in an editorial in the journal JAMA.

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Is the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for surgical procedures decreasing?

Antibiotic prophylaxis regimens are becoming less effective at preventing surgical site infections following colorectal surgery, researchers at the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy and Princeton University determined through a systematic review of available literature.

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Region ønsker grundig undersøgelse af udbudsklinik

Et større antal patientklager over Nordic Medicares udbudsklinik i Nakskov har ført til, at Region Sjælland vil igangsætte en patienttilfredshedsundersøgelse og placere en medarbejder i virksomhedens patient-råd.

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Why regulating facial recognition technology is so problematic—and necessary

The use of automated facial recognition technology (FRT) is becoming more commonplace globally, in particular in China, the UK and now Australia.

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Mobilising the social sciences to rethink finance

Ten years have passed since the collapse of Lehman Brothers: this unprecedented event remains today a topic of the greatest concern. Indeed, regulation theory teaches us that the major financial crises – those of 1929 and 1987, for example – prompt structural transformations with regard to economic and financial regulation. Yet since 2008 (almost) nothing has changed in the financial world, despit

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Research group suggests it might be time to build a universal genetic database

A team of researchers from Vanderbilt University is suggesting in a Policy Forum piece published in the journal Science that it might be time to start building a universal genetic database. They suggest doing so would help law enforcement personnel track down criminals.

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INDSIGT: Sådan kan husdyr-MRSA gemme sig for vores immunforsvar

Et stort studie med dansk deltagelse påviser for første gang, hvordan MRSA-bakterier ændrer sig, så de kan skjule sig for immunforsvaret. Problemet kan muligvis spredes til andre typer stafylokokker.

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Universiteter støtter dristig plan mod dyre forsknings-tidsskrifter

En sammenslutning af 800 universiteter støtter EU's plan, der skal gøre op med, at universterne både betaler for at publicere og læse deres egen forskning i udvalgte, abonnementsbaserede tidsskrifter.

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Review: Gary Hustwit's Dieter Rams Documentary Criticizes Consumerism

Gary Hustwit's new documentary, 'Rams', profiles the famous product designer, who has some stern words about our endless quest to acquire shiny objects.

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Exoplanet mission launch slot announced

The Characterising Exoplanet Satellite, Cheops, will target 15 October to 14 November 2019 for launch.

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Gip1 structure places G proteins in lockdown

Heterotrimeric G proteins are important in G protein-coupled receptor signaling, which plays many roles in the detection of various environmental stimuli, including hormones, neurotransmitters, light, smells, and chemical signals. G protein functions are regulated by interactions with Gip1, a protein that sequesters G proteins to block signaling processes. Many studies have attempted to understand

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Steps rural communities can take to protect their water resources

For rural communities in the highlands of eastern Africa, water for domestic use is not piped. They have to collect, or use it from springs or rivers and it's accessible to anyone. Increasingly, highland communities in Tanzania and Ethiopia face challenges when it comes to water quantity and quality.

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TIC236 protein found to link outer and inner membranes of chloroplast envelope

A team of researchers with the Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica, in Taipei, has discovered a protein called TIC236 that serves as a link between the outer and inner membranes of the chloroplast envelope in plant cells. In their paper published in the journal Nature, they describe their study of the means by which proteins are imported into chloroplasts and what they learned. Danny S

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Drug development stakeholders call for improved pharmaceutical testing

Published in Drug Discovery Today, 'Advancing Nonclinical Innovation and Safety in Pharmaceutical Testing' identifies the necessary steps that will lead to safer and more effective medicines, guided by a greater focus on human-based in vitro and in silico methods, which allow scientists to observe human cells, tissues, and biological processes, and their interaction with potential medications.

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Hairy nanotechnology provides green anti-scaling solution

A new type of cellulose nanoparticle, invented by McGill University researchers, is at the heart of a more effective and less environmentally damaging solution to one of the biggest challenges facing water-based industries: preventing the buildup of scale.

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Hundreds of babblers' DNA analysed

Using DNA sequences for 402 of the 452 species of the world's "babblers," an international team from China, Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland and the USA have analysed the evolutionary relationships among these species. Many of these species have not previously been studied using genetic methods, and this is by far the most comprehensive analysis of this group of birds to date.

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New biocontainment strategy controls spread of escaped GMOs

Hiroshima University (HU) researchers successfully developed a biocontainment strategy for genetically modified organisms, or GMOs. Their new method prevents genetically modified cyanobacteria from surviving outside of their test environment, enabling ways to more safely research the effects of GMOs. Their results were published in ACS Synthetic Biology.

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Surface science concepts are up for revision

The textbook directions for characterizing the wetting properties of solid surfaces are likely to change as KAUST researchers demonstrate that conventional tests can be misleading.

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'Seven minutes of terror' as Nasa's InSight probe descends to Mars

Lander is on a mission to map the planet’s interior, but first it has to get there intact Follow live updates on the Insight probe After a seven-month journey, Nasa’s InSight probe is about to reach Mars and – if touchdown goes to plan – embark on an unprecedented mission to map the planet’s interior. The lander will aim for one of the dullest parts of the planet’s dusty surface, Elysium Planitia

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Do you know how your drinking water is treated?

Editor in Chief Nancy Shute discusses drinking water quality in the United States and the latest research on water treatment technology.

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Readers react to the SN 10 and Jocelyn Bell Burnell

Readers expressed their thoughts about the SN 10 scientists, Saturn's hexagons and Jocelyn Bell Burnell.

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Something to chew on

Cows eat grass. It seems simple enough. But just which kind of grass cows and their vegetarian comrades munch on can influence the entire ecosystem.

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Survey of school nurses reveals lack of bathroom policies and bladder health education

In an online survey developed by the Society for Women's Health Research, a majority of school nurses reported that the pre-K-12 schools they work for do not have written policies on student bathroom use and do not have education for students and teachers on bladder health.

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Sir Aaron Klug obituary

Chemist and biophysicist who won the Nobel prize for developing crystallographic electron microscopy One of the mildest, most broad-minded and most cultured of scientists, Aaron Klug was once seen as a radical too dangerous to be permitted access to the US. The state department’s denial of his visa not only ensured he would make his research career in Britain, but also set the stage for his meetin

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Aalborg får ny professor i trombose og lægemiddelovervågning

Torben Bjerregaard Larsen er udnævnt til klinisk professor i trombose og lægemiddelovervågning ved Aalborg Universitet og Aalborg Universitetshospital.

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Chinese Scientist Says He's First To Create Genetically Modified Babies Using CRISPR

A scientist says he created the first genetically edited babies using CRISPR to protect them from HIV infection. The move has prompted immediate criticism as premature and reckless. (Image credit: Mark Schiefelbein/AP)

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NASA InSight Team on course for Mars touchdownNASA InSight Mars Earth

NASA's Mars Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) spacecraft is on track for a soft touchdown on the surface of the Red Planet on Nov. 26. Engineers will be keeping a close eye on the stream of data indicating InSight's health and trajectory, and monitoring Martian weather reports to figure out if the team needs to make any final adjustments in pre

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Lack of sleep looks the same as severe anxiety in the brain

Health Chronic sleep deprivation could make some people more likely to develop an anxiety disorder. If you’ve ever found that a poor night’s sleep has left you feeling not only a bit groggy, but also on edge, you aren’t alone. People with insomnia have double the risk…

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17 Gift Ideas for Runners: Sport Watches, Jackets, Headphones, Sunglesses

Apparel, recovery equipment, and of course, wireless sports headphones.

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Rivian Wants to Do for Pickups What Tesla Did for Cars

RJ Scaringe's Rivian Automotive just unveiled its electric pickup truck, and it's looking good.

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Image of the Day: Wombat Poop

The Australian marsupials excrete cube-shape turds thanks to the elastic properties of the intestinal walls.

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World’s first gene-edited babies announced by a scientist in China

He Jiankui has announced that a pair of twins that were CRISPR gene-edited as embryos have now been born, but the work hasn't yet been independently verified

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Smarty plants: They can learn, adapt and remember without brains

We’re barking up the wrong tree if we think plants have no higher sentience, says researcher Monica Gagliano – they just don’t show it like we do

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Transparent fruit flies

The nervous system of an animal can be studied by cutting it up into thin layers—however this inevitably leads to the destruction of the cellular structures in the tissue. Analyzing complex nerve connections is then hardly possible. The far more elegant method is the so called optical "clearing" of the various tissues using chemical processes that make the animal transparent. Interesting structure

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Crowdsourced field data shows importance of smallholder farms to global food production

A new global field size data set collected as part of a crowdsourcing citizen science project by IIASA researchers has shown that the proportion of smallholder farms may be much larger than previously thought, contributing much more to global food production.

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Researchers apply 2-D spectroscopy to isolated molecular systems for the first time

A research team headed by Prof. Dr. Frank Stienkemeier and Dr. Lukas Bruder of the University of Freiburg's Institute of Physics has applied 2-D spectroscopy to isolated molecular systems for the first time, and thus in tracing the interactive processes at a molecular level more precisely. The team has published its results in the science journal Nature Communications.

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Researchers uncover camouflage strategy of multi-resistant bacteria

Researchers at the University of Tübingen and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) have achieved a breakthrough in the decoding of multi-resistant pathogens. The team led by Professor Andreas Peschel and Professor Thilo Stehle was able to decode the structure and function of a previously unknown protein used by dreaded pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus like a magic cloak to protec

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Scientists unlock structural secrets of whale baleen

Chinese scientists working with other researchers have for the first time uncovered the underlying mechanisms of the hierarchical structure of whale baleen, with an eye toward developing advanced engineered materials. In a recent publication, Dr. Bin Wang from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and American collaborators have revealed how underlying m

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The 11 Biggest Unanswered Questions About Dark Matter

Physicists remain unsure about what exactly dark matter is and if it actually exists.

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No, Mars InSight Won't Be Searching for Alien Life. Here's What It IS Looking For.

Is there life on Mars? Even if there is, InSight won't tell us.

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Just like humans, giraffes prefer to dine with friends, study finds

When it comes to meal times in the animal kingdom, giraffes have been found to be just like us and prefer the company of their friends, according to new research by the University of Bristol.

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Smarter AI—machine learning without negative data

A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as "negative data," a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks.

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Cyber Monday 2018: Best Toy Deals and Parenting Essentials

Looking for toys, a Roomba, or an Instant Pot? Here are the Cyber Monday deals for everyone in the family.

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Four ways our cities can cut transport emissions

The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recently warned that global warming could reach 1.5℃ as early as 2030. The landmark report by leading scientists urged nations to do more to avert an impending crisis.

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Human and lion conflict in the Serengeti

Experts in conservation and environmental change at the University of York comment on the human interactions with the wildlife of the Serengeti, following the story of the Maasai Mara lion pride in the BBC's Dynasties.

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New tricks of TALEs: Discovery of a new principle of gene regulation by molecular displacement

Transcription activator-like effector (TALE) proteins can be designed to bind to almost any selected DNA. Researchers now report that a TALE can displace another TALE protein from DNA in a highly polarized way – it can displace a TALE protein binding to DNA adjacent to its right but not its left side. This unusual property of TALEs has been used to increase the precision of gene expression regulat

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New insight into ocean-atmosphere interaction and subsequent cloud formation

Organic compounds undergo drastic variations in their chemical composition as they transfer from the ocean's surface to atmospheric aerosols which act as nuclei to form clouds.

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Mars InSight Photos: A Timeline to Landing on the Red Planet

The Mars lander has been making its way to the Red Planet since its launch on May 5, 2018. And on Nov. 26, the three-legged robot will make its final plunge, called 6 minutes of terror, onto the alien surface. There it will begin operations…

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Why NASA's Mars InSight Landing Zone Is a Big Weird Oval

It has everything to do with the tricky, daunting way the probe will punch through to the surface.

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Risikabelt medicinsk udstyr kommer på markedet uden at være testet

90 pct. af det farligste medicinske udstyr i EU har aldrig været testet på mennesker, før det er blevet indopereret i patienter.

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Huge sandstorm hits Chinese city of Zhangye

Strong winds and a towering ‘sand wall’ of almost 100 metres hit the city of Zhangye.

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Plant root hairs form outward due to shank hardening

A group of international researchers has discovered how plant root hair grows straight and long. Many studies of root hair growth have been performed, but the molecular mechanism for the suppression of growth on the sides of root hair had not been clarified until now.

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How 'creativity sprints' can get your creative brain going

The best way to become more creative? Exercise your creativity like you would your body. Set realistic expectations. Nobody is going to become the best immediately and write an amazing novel, or what have you, in a week. Curiosity is the fuel that drives creativity. Pick a big goal and find out every small aspect about it to break it down. The Bullet Journal Method: Track the Past, Order the Pres

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The Three Most Chilling Conclusions From the Climate Report

On Friday afternoon, the U.S. government published a major and ominous climate report . Despite being released on a holiday, when it seemed the smallest number of people would be paying attention , the latest installment of the National Climate Assessment is, as told to my colleague Robinson Meyer , full of “information that every human needs.” [ Read: A grave climate warning, buried on Black Fri

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Can Police Retaliate Against Loudmouths?

Updated at 1:58 p.m. ET on November 26, 2018 Arctic Man is Alaska’s answer to Nevada’s more famous Burning Man. The writer Matt White once described it as “a weeklong booze and fossil-fueled Sledneck Revival bookended around the world’s craziest ski race,” during which “something like 10,000 partiers and their snowmachines disgorge onto Camp Isabel’s 300-acre pad to drink, grill, fight, drink and

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The Real Culprit Behind Geographic Polarization

The 2018 Texas Senate race between Ted Cruz and Beto O’Rourke ended with Cruz holding on for a narrow two-and-a-half-point victory, one of the closest Senate races this cycle. Most Texans, however, did not experience this race as a close one locally . If they had ignored statewide data and polled only their neighbors, Texans would have found evidence of a lopsided contest: O’Rourke won nearly 75

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Can We Avoid the Potential Dangers of AI, Robots and Big Tech Companies?

We can if we’re proactive enough about anticipating what could go wrong — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Breakdown of brain’s autopilot mode may explain Parkinson’s disease

Surprisingly, those with Parkinson’s disease are less likely to make the kinds of mistakes we all make when we aren’t concentrating on a task

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How Brain Injuries Deprive People of a Sense of Free Will

Studies of patients with unusual neurological conditions reveal brain networks that contribute to feelings of agency — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Climate change: UK summers could be over 5C warmer by 2070

Summers as hot as 2018 could be the new normal for the UK by 2050, according to a Met Office study.

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North Pole and Polar Worlds review – why Inuit don’t worry about north

Exciting tales of heroic polar explorers make a great exhibition, but a book on the North Pole shows that times are too changed not to seek deeper narratives

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Sådan foregik landingen på Mars med InSight

Når Nasas InSight-fartøj rammer atmosfæren på Mars, sker det med 20.000 km/t, men i løbet af kun seks og et halvt minut vil fartøjet bremse ned til 8 km/t og lande på overfladen. Hvordan det vil foregå, forklarer projektleder Tom Hoffman her i denne Nasa-video.

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Techtopia #80: Hvad laver Unity og Deepmind sammen?

Hvorfor har verdens største spilplatform indgået et partnerskab med verdens førende udvikler af machine learning? Det kan du finde ud af i denne udgave af Techtopia.

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Udenlandske ingeniør-studerende bliver ofte i Danmark – alligevel lukker deres studier

Forskningsministeren og Dansk Folkeparti afviser ansvaret for, at universiteterne lukker deres engelsksprogede tekniske og naturvidenskabelige studier. Oppositionen er fortvivlet.

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Chinese Scientist Says He's First To Genetically Edit Babies, Report Says

According to The Associated Press, a Chinese scientist says that he has helped to create the first genetically edited babies. There's no independent confirmation of his claim.

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Real vs. Artificial Christmas Trees: Which Is the Greener Choice?

Here’s a look at the central claims — and the common misconceptions — in that debate.

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NASA’s Mars InSight Mission Has Touched Down on the Red Planet’s SurfaceNASA InSight Mars Earth

In the months ahead, the spacecraft will begin its study of the Martian underworld, listening for marsquakes and revealing secrets about the dusty world’s formation.

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California Fires: We Know How to Keep Cities From Burning

We stopped American cities from burning once, and we can do it again. But it'll take a massive shift in behavior statewide.

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Is Trump Compromised by Saudi Money?

On Thanksgiving Day, President Donald Trump once again touted the Saudi royal family’s denial of any role in the murder of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi. That didn’t sit well with Representative Adam Schiff, the California Democrat poised to take over the House Intelligence Committee. “The president is not being honest with the country about the murder of Jamal Khashoggi,” Schiff said Sunday on

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Why Have White Women So Often Voted for Republicans?

Here’s a bit of political trivia that’s been going around: In how many presidential elections from 1952 to 2016 did a majority of white women support the Democrat rather than the Republican? “The answer,” says the USC political scientist Jane Junn, “is two.” Junn posed the question to complicate the conventional wisdom that Democrats benefit from a “gender gap,” with women favoring them over Repu

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How Politics in Trump’s America Divides Families

M argaret Sayers’s yard signs are still standing, staked in a row in the thick ivy that covers part of her front lawn in suburban Philadelphia. “Families Belong Together,” the first sign reads, above an illustration of two outstretched hands embracing a red heart. The second sign is a bright blue “Hate Has No Home Here” poster, which features the same phrase in English, Urdu, Arabic, Korean, Hebr

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