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Nyheder2018november25

 

DNA with a twist: Discovery could further antibiotic drug development

Scientists reveal how a 'molecular machine' in bacterial cells prevents fatal DNA twisting, which could be crucial in the development of new antibiotic treatments.

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Nations must triple efforts to reach 2°C target, concludes annual review of global emissions, climate action

Global emissions are on the rise as national commitments to combat climate change come up short. But surging momentum from the private sector and untapped potential from innovation and green-financing offer pathways to bridge the emissions gap. Those findings along with a sweeping review of climate action and the latest measurements of global emissions were presented by authors of the 2018 Emissio

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Why Twitter's cute, heart-shaped 'like' button is not so harmless

Jack Dorsey, Twitter's founder and CEO, was recently reported to have questioned how the site "incentivizes people to want (the number of likes on their posts) to go up." He also said that "he was not a fan of the heart-shaped ('like') button and that Twitter would be getting rid of it 'soon.'" Twitter has since released a statement indicating that there are no immediate plans to remove the "like"

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Ultra thin lenses use 2D materials instead of glass

Using 2D materials, researchers have created a new kind of lens that contains no glass. In recent years, physicists and engineers have been designing, constructing, and testing different types of ultrathin materials that could replace the thick glass lenses used today in cameras and imaging systems. Critically, these engineered lenses—known as metalenses—are not made of glass. Instead, they consi

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Deep learning will help keep video from clogging up the internet

Compressing videos into smaller files has always been hard, but machine-learning techniques offer some tricks to make it easier.

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New Zealand's Islands Are Creeping Closer Together

New Zealand is still moving after an earthquake two years ago.

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How insights into intergenerational transmission can increase social mobility

While it is known that socioeconomic outcomes are correlated across generations, the mechanisms by which this happens are still poorly understood. The EU-supported project UNITRAN adopted a cross-disciplinary perspective to refresh existing theories and empirical evidence.

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Extremely strong and yet incredibly ductile multicomponent alloys developed

A research team has developed a novel strategy to develop new high-strength alloys which are extremely strong and yet also ductile and flexible. The strategy overcomes the critical issues of the strength-ductility trade-off dilemma, paving the way for developing innovative structural materials in future.

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Bee gene study sheds light on risks to hives

Efforts to protect the UK's native honey bees could be helped by research that maps their entire genetic make-up.

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Music supports the auditory skills of hearing-impaired children

Researchers at University of Helsinki, Finland, and University College London have found evidence that children with hearing impairment and cochlear implants can benefit from hobbies involving music and especially singing.

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A starch and graphene hydrogel geared towards electrodes for brain implants is developed

The Materials + Technology research group at the UPV/EHU's Faculty of Engineering — Gipuzkoa has, in collaboration with the University of Strasbourg, developed some hydrogels with potential biomedical applications. Starch was used as the raw material and a three-dimensional network structure was produced. When graphene and salvia extracts were added, the hydrogel was provided with electrical prop

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AI system may accelerate search for cancer discoveries

Searching through the mountains of published cancer research could be made easier for scientists, thanks to a new AI system.

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Microplastics pollution in Falklands as high as UK

The first study to investigate microplastics around Ascension Island and the Falkland Islands — two of the most remote locations in the South Atlantic Ocean — has found levels of contamination comparable with the waters around the UK.

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Discovery of the first common genetic risk factors for ADHD

A global team of researchers has found the first common genetic risk factors associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a complex condition affecting around one in 20 children.

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Insight into the brain's hidden depths: Jena scientists develop minimally invasive probe

This could be a major step towards a better understanding of the functions of deeply hidden brain compartments, such as the formation of memories, as well as related dysfunctions, including Alzheimer's disease. Researchers from the Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology (Leibniz-IPHT) in Jena and the University of Edinburgh have succeeded in using a hair-thin fiber endoscope to gain insights int

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A fresh look at winter footprints: Environmental DNA improves tracking of rare carnivores

A new project shows that animal footprints contain enough DNA for species identification. The study, led by the USDA Forest Service, extracted DNA from snow samples collected within animal tracks and applied newly developed molecular genetic assays. The assays positively detected the DNA of each species, outperforming traditional lab techniques on previously undetectable genetic samples. This meth

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Patients with rare natural ability to suppress HIV shed light on potential functional cure

Researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified two patients with HIV whose immune cells behave differently than others with the virus and actually appear to help control viral load even years after infection.

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Gene-edited babies: no one has the moral warrant to go it alone | Katie Hasson and Marcy Darnovsky

A scientist claims to have created genetically modified humans. This should be of grave concern The fierce global controversy over whether to alter the genes of future children and generations just got fiercer. On the eve of a high-profile scientific meeting in Hong Kong on human gene editing, the Chinese researcher and biotech entrepreneur He Jiankui announced he had already created genetically

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UK's 'illegal' backup power scheme subsidised fossil fuels – a greener alternative should now replace it

The amount of renewable, low-carbon, energy the UK produces is increasing, but it is very different to traditional types of power. It can't just be turned on when wanted. As a result, the capacity market scheme – essentially a programme of subsidies – was set up to help provide backup power when the supply of renewable energy the UK produces is outpaced by demand.

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Climate change: CO2 emissions rising for first time in four years

Global efforts to tackle climate are off track says the UN, as it sees a rise in CO2 after years of decline.

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The first human farmers continued to forage a wide diet from nature

We used to think that our pre-historic switch to farming restricted our diets and deprived us of nutrition, but new evidence suggests this wasn’t the case

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Watching Britain’s Influence Shrink in Real Time

When the United Arab Emirates pardoned a British academic convicted of spying for the United Kingdom in Dubai, it was heralded as a diplomatic victory . U.K. Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt, who spearheaded London’s efforts to secure the researcher’s release, thanked the Emirati government for freeing the British national, as well as for “the emphasis that they have placed on the strong partnership

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New way to analyze the microbiome

A team of developers from Skolkovo, ITMO University and MIPT have presented an online service called Knomics-Biota, which allows for a comprehensive study of intestinal microbiome genetic data. Using this service, researchers can figure out what types of bacteria are present in hundreds of gut metagenomes, their relative proportion, and the amount of vitamins and other beneficial substances they p

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WSU researcher creates first model of how plastic waste moves in the environment

A Washington State University researcher for the first time has modeled how microplastic fibers move through the environment. The work could someday help communities better understand and reduce plastics pollution, which is a growing problem around the world.

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How water fleas detect predators

Water fleas of the genus Daphnia detect via chemical substances if their predators, namely Chaoborus larvae, are hunting in their vicinity. If so, they generate defenses that make them more difficult to consume. The signalling molecules that enable detection have been identified by biologists and chemists from Bochum, the Duisburg-Essen and Birmingham. It is a cocktail of substances that occurs du

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Blood-sucking flies have been spreading malaria for 100 million years

The microorganisms that cause malaria, leishmaniasis and a variety of other illnesses today can be traced back at least to the time of dinosaurs, a study of amber-preserved blood-sucking insects and ticks show.

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Plastic is now part of our planet's fabric – a scientist and archaeologist discuss what happens next

This is an article from Head to Head, a series in which academics from different disciplines chew over current debates. Let us know what else you'd like covered – all questions are welcome. Details of how to contact us are at the end of the article.

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Research helps in understanding the dynamics of dune formation

Crescent-shaped dunes called barchans are structures that appear in a wide variety of environments, including beaches and deserts, riverbeds and the seafloor, inside water pipes and oil pipelines, and on the surface of Mars and other sandy planets with an atmosphere.

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Hailing the future taxi: Drone-car mashup model takes flight

A scale model of a flying drone-car drove and hovered across an Amsterdam exhibition hall Tuesday, providing a glimpse of what could be the future of urban mobility.

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Study reveals mechanisms that promote icing responsible for power disruptions

Chinese scientists shed light on the meteorological conditions responsible for the rate of icing growth on electric power transmission lines. Having a clearer understanding of what promotes icing on transmission lines during cold surges can help us better forecast and mitigate against crippling power outages caused by these events.

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Red Dead Redemption 2: Virtual ecology is making game worlds eerily like our own

Deer, bison and pronghorn traverse the plains in large herds…scavengers quickly sniff out carrion, sockeye salmon leap upstream, wolves attack in packs surrounding their prey, geese fly in fixed formations, possums play dead, rodents scamper into tree hollows, grizzly bears bluff charge when threatened and birds of prey soar on thermals.

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75-80 percent chance of El Nino in next 3 months: UN

There is a 75 to 80 percent chance of a moderate El Nino event forming in the next three months, possibly impacting weather patterns in several regions, the UN said Tuesday.

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How scientists are working together to solve one of the universe's mysteries

One of the most baffling puzzles of modern astrophysics is the nature of Fast Radio Bursts, which were discovered in 2007. These are seemingly rare, extremely bright flashes of light with radio wavelengths. They last only milliseconds; originate outside our galaxy, the Milky Way; come from regions with enormously strong magnetic fields; and pass through a significant amount of gas or dust before r

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Extinguisher powder reused in fertilisers and fire retardants

An EU-funded project has recycled phosphate from exhausted extinguishing powder to produce fertilisers for agriculture and flame retardants for the wood sector.

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Wave power for clean drinking water

Around 1.2 billion people, or almost one-fifth of the world's population, live in areas of water scarcity, mostly in developing countries. Traditional reverse osmosis (R/O) desalination systems offer a solution but require sufficient electrical grid capacity.

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Physicists demonstrate a new device for manipulating and moving tiny objects with light

When you shine a beam of light on your hand, you don't feel much, except for a little bit of heat generated by the beam. When you shine that same light into a world that is measured on the nano- or micro scale, the light becomes a powerful manipulating tool that you can use to move objects around – trapped securely in the light.

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Ebola Treatment Trials Launched In Democratic Republic Of The Congo Amid Outbreak

The virus has killed at least 240 people in the past four months, and it has shown no signs of abating. But the new trials may help end future outbreaks sooner. (Image credit: John Wessels/AFP/Getty Images)

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The best pollution masks for cyclists block half of bad particles

A rigorous experiment that tested anti-pollution cycling masks in busy traffic found that some work better than others, and it all comes down to the design

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Newly discovered wasp turns social spiders into zombies

It sounds like the plot of the world's tiniest horror movie: deep in the Ecuadorian Amazon, a newly discovered species of wasp transforms a "social" spider into a zombie-like drone that abandons its colony to do the wasp's bidding.

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Parents: To prepare kids financially, give them practice with money

Children learn more about finances from their parents than any other source, previous research has shown. The process through which parents impart this knowledge onto their children is known as "financial socialization."

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The persistence of pesticides threatens European soils

The use of phytosanitary projects to combat weeds and other pests that affect the crops has led to an increase in the productivity of European agricultural crops in the last 50 years. Their use has been one of the principal mainstays of the intensification of agriculture in recent decades and has enabled greater crop yields, but this advantage has been at the expense of the agricultural soils of t

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Enhanced strength and ductility in a high-entropy alloy via ordered oxygen complexes

Oxygen is an abundant element that can form undesired impurities or ceramic phases in metallic materials, while doping the element on metal can render substrates brittle. During interactions with metallic alloys, oxygen takes a state between oxide particles and frequently occurring random interstitials to form ordered oxygen complexes. In a new study, materials scientists Zhinfeng Lei and co-worke

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InSight Is catching rays on Mars

NASA's InSight has sent signals to Earth indicating that its solar panels are open and collecting sunlight on the Martian surface.

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Even in the U.S., They’re Not Safe From China

Xinjiang, China is home to more than 11 million Uighurs, a largely Muslim ethnic minority. Currently, 1 million Uighurs are being held in Chinese internment camps, according to estimates cited by the UN and by U.S. officials. While Uighurs have long faced persecution by the Chinese Communist Party, the detainment campaign is unprecedented. In response, many Uighurs have fled their country. Washin

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Gene study boosts bid to keep British bees safe from disease

Efforts to protect the UK's native honey bees could be helped by research that maps their entire genetic make-up.

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Region politianmeldte læge for et år siden, men lægen arbejder stadig i regionen

Et år efter Region Syddanmark politianmeldte en speciallæge for fakturasvindel, praktiserer lægen fortsat med regionen som arbejdsgiver. Det får medlemmer af regionsrådet til at udtrykke frustration over, at sagen endnu ikke er afklaret.

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Professor Robert Langer: Sådan bliver danske forskere mere succesfulde

Lovgivning, der opfordrer til entreprenørskab, gode patenter og villighed til at tage chancer er opskriften på at blive en succesfuld forsker. Det mener velrenommeret professor Robert Langer.

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Study affirms challenges in managing severe pain of sickle cell disease

In a study tracking the severe crisis pain of sickle cell disease and its management in 73 adults over a period of a year, Johns Hopkins researchers found that even among those on high doses of daily at-home opioids, a persistent subset was more likely to seek emergency hospital care for crisis pain and was less likely to have the pain controlled by intensive treatment.

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SwRI's James Dante receives SERDP/ESTCP Project of the Year Award

James Dante, a manager in the Mechanical Engineering Division at Southwest Research Institute, has received a Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) and Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) award. The Weapons Systems and Platforms Project of the Year Award, presented at the plenary session of the SERDP and ESTCP Symposium, recognizes work that i

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Newly discovered wasp turns social spiders into zombies

It sounds like the plot of the world's tiniest horror movie: deep in the Ecuadorian Amazon, a newly discovered species of wasp transforms a 'social' spider into a zombie that abandons its colony to do the wasp's bidding.That's the gruesome, real-life discovery by University of British Columbia researchers, who detail the manipulative relationship between a new Zatypota species wasp and a social An

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Newfound mechanism may yield ways to counter mistaken immune attack on body

A newfound genetic regulatory mechanism may shape the immune system's ability to fight viral infections, and play a key role in autoimmune diseases.

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Gene study boosts bid to keep British bees safe from disease

Efforts to protect the UK's native honey bees could be helped by research from the University of Edinburgh that maps their entire genetic make-up.

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Extremely strong and yet incredibly ductile multicomponent alloys developed

A research team led by City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has developed a novel strategy to develop new high-strength alloys which are extremely strong and yet also ductile and flexible. The strategy overcomes the critical issues of the strength-ductility trade-off dilemma, paving the way for developing innovative structural materials in future.

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Parents: To prepare kids financially, give them practice with money

Providing children with hands-on experience with money is essential to preparing them for financial success, a new study suggests.

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Alcohol use may increase among Hispanic Americans as they become more 'Americanized'

Data from over 68,000 Hispanic Americans, including first-generation immigrants and native-born individuals, indicate that people in this group who are more 'Americanized' are more likely to be drinkers, consume alcohol at greater intensity, experience more negative consequences associated with alcohol use and affect women more than men.

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New scientific concept for a Star Wars-like tractor beam

Physicists from ITMO University have developed a model of an optical tractor beam to capture particles based on new artificial materials. Such a beam is capable of moving particles or cells towards the radiation source. The study showed that hyperbolic metasurfaces are promising for experiments on creating the tractor beam, as well as for its practical applications. The results are published in AC

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Facebook's Sheryl Sandberg is tainted by crisis after crisis

Facebook Inc. crises this year have put immense pressure on Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg, undermining her authority and tainting an image that was burnished by the social-media company's meteoric rise.

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New ultra-luminous X-ray pulsar discovered

Using ESA's XMM-Newton and NASA's NuSTAR space telescopes, a team of astronomers from Germany has detected a new ultra-luminous pulsar in the galaxy NGC 300. The finding of this pulsar, which received designation NGC 300 ULX1, is detailed in a paper published November 9 on the arXiv pre-print repository.

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Free tool predicts if the next downpour will flood your basement

A free digital tool allows users to identify drainage patterns from deluges and identify highly vulnerable areas. The tool has been developed by a University of Copenhagen geographer with a flooded basement tale of his own.

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Coal mining's future divides Poles ahead of climate talks

Electronics salesman Leszek Jaworowski says he can't discuss Poland's coal mining with his father. They end up at loggerheads, just like many families in the southern mining region of Silesia.

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Enormous dwarf satellite galaxy of Milky Way discovered

Using data from ESA's Gaia spacecraft, astronomers have discovered a new Milky Way satellite in the constellation Antlia. The newly found dwarf galaxy, named Antlia 2, is several times larger when compared to other systems of similar luminosity. The finding is detailed in a paper published November 9 on arXiv.org.

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The impact of climate change on language loss

Images of extreme weather and alarming headlines about climate change have become common. Last month, dire predictions about our warming planet from the United Nation's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were reported as distressing scenes from a devastating tsunami in Sulawesi, Indonesia were still in the news.

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Archaeologists find the oldest burials in Ecuador

Archaeologists of the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) found three burials of the ancient inhabitants of South America dated from 6 to 10 thousand years ago. The excavations were carried out in Atahualpa anton, Ecuador. The findings belong to the Las Vegas archeological culture of the Stone Age.

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Women feel better when they work with other women

The #metoo movement has brought the widespread sexual harassment experienced by women in the workplace to the fore. Women in traditionally male jobs and workplaces are even more likely to experience gender discrimination and sexual harassment. This has been described as "the 'manly' jobs problem."

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Lobachevsky University scientists obtain a hexagonal modification of silicon

A team of scientists from Lobachevsky University (Nizhny Novgorod, Russia) has obtained a material with a new structure for applications in the new-generation optoelectronics and photonics. This material is one of the hexagonal modifications of silicon, which have been attracting researchers' attention of all over the world due to their better radiative properties compared to conventional cubic si

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The most exciting aerospace innovations of 2018

Aviation They're the Best of What's New. There’s no doubting the sheer epicness of this year’s top Aerospace innovations.

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A Universe of Possibilities

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Super volcano readies for ‘catastrophic’ eruption (in 20,000 years)

The Phlegraean Fields—one of the most active and volatile volcanic regions in the world—is at the early stage of a new cycle that could culminate in another gigantic eruption, according to new research. But not for several thousand years. Enormous eruptions that took place 39,000 and 15,000 years ago, in addition to countless minor eruptions, formed the calderas in the region—located near the bus

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Tracking carbon from the ocean surface into the depths

As disastrous storms, floods, and fires become more common in the US and elsewhere, humans are just beginning to appreciate some of the impacts of global warming. But these impacts would be much worse if the ocean hadn't absorbed roughly 45 percent of the carbon dioxide humans have released since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Although scientists have long known that the oceans are ta

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Making it crystal clear: Crystallinity reduces resistance in all-solid-state batteries

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have examined the mechanisms behind the resistance at the electrode-electrolyte interface of all-solid-state batteries. Their findings will aid in the development of much better Li-ion batteries with very fast charge/discharge rates.

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Fup-tidsskrifter står til at profitere på forsknings-revolte

1350 forskere protesterer imod Open Access-bevægelsen Plan S, fordi den er for risikabel, radikal og vil blokere for adgangen til tidsskrifter med den bedste forskningsskik og mest grundige fagfællebedømmelse.

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Gene-edited babies: China wants to be the world leader, but at what cost?

Recent claims of the world's first gene-edited babies have sparked a strong response, to say the least. In particular, the Southern University of Science and Technology, which employs the researcher involved, He Jiankui, stated in a press release that they were not aware of his work, that it took place off campus, and that it was a case of potential scientific misconduct that would not go unaddres

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Groping, grinding, grabbing: New research on nightclubs finds men do it often but know it's wrong

We have conducted what we believe to be Australia's first quantitative research on young people's behaviour in nightclubs and the findings present a disturbing picture.

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Southern Africa must brace itself for more tropical cyclones in the future

As 2018 draws to a close, powerful tropical cyclones continue to make headlines. In August, tropical cyclone Lane wrought huge damage in the US; it was quickly followed by Hurricane Florence. Most tropical cyclones – the word is used interchangeably with "hurricanes" – of this kind originate in the North Atlantic Ocean, where they're fuelled by the warm Gulf Stream.

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It's time for a hyper-crash, say multifractal analyses of the main stock market index

The near future of the global economy looks extremely bleak. This pessimistic forecast comes from advanced statistical analysis of the S&P 500 stock market index, recently published by scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow. Based on their analysis, the researchers explain why, in up to a dozen or so years, we can expect an unprecedented financ

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Scientists uncover the mechanism of fungal luminescence and create luminescent yeasts

Russian scientists with colleagues from the U.K., Spain, Brazil, Japan and Austria have fully described the mechanism of fungal luminescence. They report that fungi utilize only four key enzymes to produce light and that transfer of these enzymes into other organisms makes them bioluminescent.

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New technology consistently identifies proteins from a dozen cells

When working to unlock a cell's secrets, collecting and delivering the samples for analysis was a path of loss. Each transfer resulted in fewer cells to study. Detailed analysis of proteins, a vital part of how cells work, has only been possible with samples of thousands to millions of cells. Now scientists have developed a robotically controlled processing platform that dramatically enhances the

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Wildfires bring climate's dark forces to the stratosphere

Large amounts of black carbon particles from wildfires reach the stratosphere where they can induce strong local heating and thus influence regional climate.

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New evidence reveals how heavy elements were created after the Big Bang

The Big Bang theory and the question of how life on Earth began has fascinated scientists for decades, but now new research from The University of Western Australia suggests the conditions that resulted from the Big Bang are different to what we thought.

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Tool shows light reactions inside virus-sized particles

Researchers have retooled an electron microscope to work with visible light and gas flow, making it possible to watch a photochemical reaction as it sweeps across a nanoparticle the size of a single cold virus. When Michal Vadai’s experiment worked for the first time, she jumped out of her seat. Vadai, a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University, spent months designing and troubleshooting a new

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Sunlight can be used to eradicate pollutants in water

Complex filters and laser systems are not necessary to destroy persistent pollutants in water. Chemists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have developed a new process that works using just sunlight. The process is so simple that it can even be conducted outdoors under the most basic conditions. The chemists have presented their research in Chemistry—a European Journal.

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New technique proposed to make objects invisible

In recent years, invisibility has become an area of increasing research interest due to advances in materials engineering. This research work by the UEx, which has been published in Scientific Reports, explored the electromagnetic properties of specific materials that can make certain objects invisible when they are introduced into its interior. Normally, artificial materials known as metamaterial

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Rare-earth elements in mining industry's waste piles

If rare-earth metals can be extracted from previously quarried ore, the environmental hazards of new mines and mining waste can be mitigated. In his doctoral research, Wenzhong Zhang from the Department of Chemistry at the University of Helsinki developed a new material by which scandium, a rare-earth metal, can be extracted from the waste of the aluminium industry.

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Intense fires threaten conservation-significant trapdoor spider

A new Curtin University study has found trapdoor spiders do not survive intense bushfires but have high survival rates in low-intensity fires, in a finding that may have important implications for conservation management practices.

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Scientists discover how mechanical strain shapes plants

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Carnegie Mellon University in the U.S. have discovered how mechanical forces can influence the shapes of plant leaves and flower petals.

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Exquisitely Preserved Mummies Discovered in One of Egypt's Largest Tombs

The tomb is so big that archaeologists have been excavating since the 19th century.

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Photos: Mummies Discovered in Tombs in Ancient Egyptian City

Archaeologists have discovered several mummies and sarcophagi in two separate tombs near Luxor (ancient Thebes) in Egypt.

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Everything on Social Media Is for Sale

NO1 Noah understands the career-altering power of social media: The 22-year-old singer, songwriter, lyricist, and producer was initially discovered when people began sharing and re-sharing his work on Twitter and Instagram. But as he hurtles toward mainstream success, he still has to pay the bills. So he sells reposts on the music-discovery site SoundCloud, quote-tweets on Twitter, and swipe-ups

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Study suggests multiple instances of inter-breeding between Neanderthal and early humans

A pair of researchers at Temple University has found evidence that suggests Neanderthals mated and produced offspring with anatomically modern humans multiple times—not just once, as has been suggested by prior research. In their paper published in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution, Fernando Villanea and Joshua Schraiber describe their genetic analysis of East Asian and European people and

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New technology for the first experiment with the greatest source of X-rays in the world

Flow focusing technology (also known as GDVN, Gas Dynamic Virtual Nozzle), has been one of the key elements in the success of the first experiments carried out by the European XFEL project, the greatest source of X-rays in the world today. It was created and developed by Alfonso Gañán Calvo of the Higher Technical School of Engineering at the University of Seville. This technology has been used fo

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A new permafrost gas mystery

Damp cellar. Old socks. Rotten eggs. Steamy cow dung.

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Upper Mississippi River commercial fishery is sustainable

Commercial fishing along the Upper Mississippi River has been sustainable over the past 60 years and hasn't negatively influenced fish populations or recreational fisheries, according to a University of Idaho-led study published in the journal Fisheries.

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'Of course it's not ethical': shock at gene-edited baby claims

Chinese geneticist He Jiankui’s claim to have altered embryos prompts outcry from scientists Scientists have expressed anger and doubt over a Chinese geneticist’s claim to have edited the genes of twin girls before birth , as government agencies ordered investigations into the experiment. A global outcry started after the genetic scientist He Jiankui claimed in a video posted on YouTube on Monday

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NASA's InSight lander is basically about to play an epic claw game on Mars

Space Except it's multi-million dollar instruments instead of plush toys. Aside from Earth, Mars is the most closely studied planet in the solar system. However, in spite of having orbiters, landers, and rovers visit over the years, no…

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Image of the Day: All Lit Up

A super-bright cell-labeling method reveals the intricate wiring that connects neurons in the brain.

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Range Rover's New Evoque Is Made to Conquer the Parking Lot

With an "invisible" hood, the new generation of the cute ute can handle an off-road paradise—or the parking lot they paved over it.

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A new algorithm could help protect planes from damaging volcanic ash

A computer program that tracks the temperature and height of clouds in the atmosphere could keep planes away from volcanic ash.

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Your Dog May Not Be a Genius, after All

New study finds that canines are not exceptional in the animal world — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Godt nyt fra Hovedstaden: Kun én patient med bugspytkirtelkræft har ventet for længe i oktober

Kun én patient i Region Hovedstaden har i oktober accepteret at vente længere end 14 dage på at blive opereret for kræft i bugspytkirtlen.

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'Siberian unicorn' walked Earth with humans

A giant rhino that may have been the origin of the unicorn myth survived until about 35,000 years ago.

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Rats can make friends with robot rats and will rescue them when stuck

Rats that spend time exploring and playing with a robotic rat can become socially attached to it and even help it to escape when trapped

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Nordisk Ministerråd: Norden kommer til at tiltrække flere datacentre

Ny rapport spår de nordiske lande gode muligheder, når nye datacentre skal placeres i Europa. Elnet, dataforbindelser, vedvarende energi og fleksible forvaltninger baner vejen.

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The 100 greatest innovations of 2018

Technology The 31st annual Best of What's New awards. Our 31st annual Best of What’s New list is the culmination of a year spent obsessing over, arguing about, and experiencing the newest technologies and discoveries across…

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Ancient DNA shows the Sámi and Finns share identical Siberian genes

The first study on the DNA of the ancient inhabitants of Finland has been published, with results indicating that an abundance of genes reached Finland all the way from Siberia.

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How a termite's mound filters methane—and what it means for greenhouse gases

Cows do it, sheep do it, even digesting deer do it.

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Rethinking Australia's climate history

Researchers at the University of Adelaide have found evidence of climate change that coincided with the first wave of European settlement of Australia, which effectively delivered a double-punch of drying and land clearance to the country.

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How water fleas detect predators

Water fleas of the genus daphnia detect via chemical substances if their predators, namely Chaoborus larvae, are hunting in their vicinity. If so, they generate defences that make them more difficult to consume. The signalling molecules that enable detection have been identified by biologists and chemists from Ruhr-Universität Bochum, the University of Duisburg-Essen and the University of Birmingh

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Storing CO2 underground can curb carbon emissions, but is it safe?

At first glance, it almost sounds crazy. Can we really take carbon dioxide emissions from an industrial plant and store them underground? To find out, research is currently taking place to test if such an idea is not only viable but safe, and prove that to the public.

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En kreativ optræningsekspert er gået bort

MINDEORD. Teddy Øfeldt, 80 år

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Electrical stimulation in the nose induces sense of smell in human subjects

Physicians at Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, induced a sense of smell in humans by using electrodes in the nose to stimulate nerves in the olfactory bulb, a structure in the brain where smell information from the nose is processed and sent to deeper regions of brain.

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Dads (Not Just Moms) Can Pass on Mitochondrial DNA, According to Provocative New Study

It's long been thought that people inherit mitochondrial DNA exclusively from their mothers. But a provocative new study suggests otherwise.

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Photos: The Ancient Ruins of Shivta in Southern Israel

Ancient Shivta in southern Israel was once part of a thriving group of desert cities on a trade route between the Mediterranean coast and the east of Arabia.

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145 Pilot Whales Found Dead on Remote New Zealand Beach. Nobody Knows Why.

Up to 145 pilot whales stranded on a remote New Zealand beach and no one knows why. All of the whales eventually died.

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Earliest Depiction of Jesus Christ in Israel Discovered. Here's What It Shows.

Emma Maayan-Fanar was looking for shade from the desert sun when she saw the face of Jesus.

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Studies look at Pacific sea surface temperature to predict ice-out dates for Maine lakes

Warming and cooling of tropical Pacific sea surface waters in the fall and winter can help predict the timing of spring ice-out dates in lakes across Maine and the North American region, according to recent studies by University of Maine researchers.

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The 100 greatest innovations of 2018

Technology The 31st annual Best of What's New awards. Our 31st annual Best of What’s New list is the culmination of a year spent obsessing over, arguing about, and experiencing the newest technologies and discoveries across…

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How super rich companies harm us all — and try to cover it up

Huge corporations are often built upon the backs of very cheap labor. So while the stock prices go up, the lives of the workers goes down. Corporate taxes could offset the harm that these behemoth companies do. But there's a lot of opposition to raising taxes. Another option would be to classify companies entirely differently than we do now. Winners Take All: The Elite Charade of Changing the Wor

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Try Landing InSight on Mars (Without Exploding)

NASA just plopped a lander on the surface of Mars. This simple game lets you see if you can do the same.

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The Cygnus Loop

The Cygnus Loop (also known as the Veil Nebula) is a supernova remnant, the detritus of the explosive death of a massive star about ten to twenty thousand years ago. Detailed modeling of its spectacular filamentary shape suggests that the explosion occurred inside an interstellar cavity created by the progenitor star. As is common in astronomy, many of the precise physical properties of the object

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Researchers achieve highest certified efficiency of organic solar cells to date

Materials scientists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have achieved a new record in the performance of organic, non-fullerene-based, single-junction solar cells. Using a series of complex optimisations, they achieved certified power conversion efficiency of 12.25 percent on a surface area measuring one square centimetre. This standardised surface area is the preliminary s

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A new aspect in Plasmodium falciparum life cycle revealed: Express sexual conversion

A study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) reveals a new mechanism by which the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum converts from its asexual to its sexual form, which can be transmitted to the mosquito. The results, published in Nature Microbiology, provide important information on the parasite's lifecycle and will eventually contribute to design strategies aimed at st

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Steroid synthesis discovery could rewrite the textbooks

Steroids are essential molecules for life in all complex organisms such as animals and plants. Researchers from the VIB-UGent Center for Plant Systems Biology, the University of Technology Sydney Climate Change Cluster and the University of Queensland have now discovered a new central enzyme in the steroid biosynthesis pathway in some modern organisms. This might not only lead to an evolutionary r

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Ultracold quantum mix

The experimental investigation of ultracold quantum matter makes it possible to study quantum mechanical phenomena that are otherwise inaccessible. A team led by the Innsbruck physicist Francesca Ferlaino has now mixed quantum gases of two strongly magnetic elements, erbium and dysprosium, and created a dipolar quantum mixture.

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Coherent electron trajectory control in graphene

Electronic systems using light waves instead of voltage signals is advantageous, as electromagnetic light waves oscillate at petaherz frequency. This means that future computers could operate at speeds 1 million times faster than today's. Scientists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have now succeeded in using ultra-short laser impulses to precisely control electrons in gr

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Ocean circulation in North Atlantic at its weakest

A study led by Drs. Christelle Not and Benoit Thibodeau from the Department of Earth Sciences and the Swire Institute of Marine Science, The University of Hong Kong, highlights a dramatic weakening of ocean circulation during the 20th century that is interpreted to be a direct consequence of global warming and associated melt of the Greenland ice sheet. This is significant, as reduced circulation

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Alfonso Cuarón’s Roma Is a Masterpiece of Cinematic Technique

Alfonso Cuarón is among the most unusual of world-class directors. He is not closely associated with any particular genre, and while there are cinematic elements that recur in his films—the long panning shots come to mind—he does not have what most filmgoers would consider a signature style. He has made, among others, the raunchy, idiosyncratic coming-of-age story Y Tu Mamá También ; the best of

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Economic Piety Is a Crisis for Workers

American workers are in crisis. Wages have stagnated for decades, and millions have fled the labor force entirely—the 19 percent of prime-age males lacking full-time work in 2018 would have marked the worst year on record prior to the Great Recession. Life expectancy is falling nationwide, driven by rising substance abuse and suicide among those without a college degree. This crisis was neither u

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Addressing Cultural Bias in Medicine

We must overcome our inherent prejudices if we want to offer the best health care for all — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Trump Administration Policies Could Threaten Cuban Biosecurity

The island nation’s lackadaisical approach to invasive species poses a significant threat to U.S. agriculture, scientists say — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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'Red Dead Redemption 2' online game set to launch beta on Tuesday

Rockstar Games is bringing more fun to its Wild West game "Red Dead Redemption 2."

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Vores forfædre udryddede (alligevel) ikke fortidens store dyr

Det var derimod et koldere klima, der var skyld i udryddelsen af mange arter af giraffer, næsehorn og elefanter, viser ny forskning.

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Climate change wiped out the 'Siberian unicorn'

New research has shed light on the origin and extinction of a giant, shaggy Ice Age rhinoceros known as the Siberian unicorn because of its extraordinary single horn.

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Google accused of manipulation to track users

Seven European consumer groups filed complaints against Google with national regulators Tuesday, accusing the internet giant of covertly tracking users' movements in violation of an EU regulation on data protection.

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France to close 14 nuclear reactors by 2035: Macron

President Emmanuel Macron said Tuesday that France would shut down 14 of the country's 58 nuclear reactors currently in operation by 2035, of which between four and six will be closed by 2030.

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Gene-edited babies and cloned monkeys: China tests bioethics

A Chinese scientist's claim that he created the world's first genetically-edited babies has shone a spotlight on what critics say are lax regulatory controls and ethical standards behind a series of headline-grabbing biomedical breakthroughs in China.

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Freeze-dried polio vaccine could spell end of disease

Injectable vaccine, freeze-dried into a powder, kept at room temperature for four weeks and then rehydrated, offered full protection against the polio virus when tested in mice.

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Kryptovaluta-kup: Gerningsmænd stjal for over 30 millioner kroner

I Bulgarien er tre gerningsmænd mandag blevet arresteret efter at have stjålet flere millioner i kryptovaluta.

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Forbrugergrupper til Google: Hold op med at tracke os

Flere europæiske forbrugerorganisationer kræver handling mod Google, der tracker millioner af brugere.

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Solpanelerne er ude, og et travlt Mars-år venter

InSight er kommet til Mars i god behold og blev straks sat til at tage billeder. Nu skal instrumenterne pakkes ud, så forskerne på Jorden også kan komme i gang.

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Strong chance of a new El Niño forming by early 2019

The World Meteorological Organization says there's a 75-80% chance of the weather phenomenon forming by next February.

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SpaceX's Next Launch Will Spark a Space Internet Showdown

An unusual SpaceX launch will carry several startups' satellites, some of which will jockey to provide dirt-cheap internet for earthbound IoT sensors.

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Gifts for Apple Lovers: Headphones, Cases, and More

Here’s what to get for that person who’s still casually throwing out Steve Jobs quotes on a regular basis.

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The Art of the Bipartisan Takedown

Before saying that its opposition to Nancy Pelosi’s House speaker campaign had nothing to do with her record, the nonpartisan group No Labels was exploring a primary challenge to her back home in San Francisco. And she wasn’t the only Democrat the centrist nonprofit wanted to go after. No Labels bills itself as “a movement for the tens of millions of Americans who are fed up with the dysfunction

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Mississippi Isn't Like Other States

There are a few basic facts about Mississippi that would normally be hopeful signs for the Democrat in Tuesday’s Senate runoff, when Mike Espy, the former U.S. secretary of agriculture, will square off against the Republican incumbent, Cindy Hyde-Smith. Mississippi’s voting-age population is 37 percent black , the highest share in the country. The last stretch of the race has featured naked racis

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The Tragedy of Mental Illness in American Prisons

O n the morning of April 13, 2015, a guard at Sullivan Correctional Facility, a New York State maximum-security prison nestled deep in the woods of the western Catskills, ordered a prisoner named Karl Taylor to clean his cell. By all accounts, the cell, in the prison’s E North housing block—a special unit for inmates classified as mentally ill—was a rancid mess, strewn with papers and clothes, an

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Enemies Explores an Ongoing Constitutional Crisis

“When the president does it,” Richard Nixon famously told the British television presenter David Frost in 1977, “that means it is not illegal.” Nixon was making his return to the public eye in the years since his resignation amid the Watergate scandal, in a series of interviews for which he was paid $600,000 plus 20 percent of any profits. Nixon and his team hoped that the interviews might help r

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China’s Mass Detention of Muslims Is a Test for Trump

U.S. President Donald Trump is preparing to meet with his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping at the G20 summit this week. After months of stalled negotiations on the trade war, the two countries are reaching a key point, with the prospect looming of Washington raising tariffs on Beijing. If the two countries do make any progress on trade, however, some experts worry that the Trump administration may

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The Tax-Code Shift That’s Changing Liberal Activism

The “resistance” to President Donald Trump has shaken up American politics on a highly public stage. Across the nation, impassioned protesters have held hundreds of marches; record numbers of progressive women are heading to the House; a Democrat even won a Senate seat in Alabama. But resistance groups have also been transforming American politics behind the curtains, through the choices they are

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Cactus spine shapes determine how they stab victims

The shapes of cactus spines influence how they poke passersby.

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Kræftmidler sender medicinudgifterne i vejret i Midtjylland

Region Midtjylland har brugt 146 mio. kr. mere på sygehusmedicin over de seneste 12 måneder end det foregående år. Stigningen drives i høj grad af kræftbehandlingen, hvor udgiften til Darzalex er steget med 400 pct.

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Feature: The Insect Apocalypse Is Here

What does it mean for the rest of life on Earth?

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The New Health Care: How Pollution Can Hurt the Health of the Economy

Many studies show a relationship between pollution and negative educational and earnings outcomes.

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Høring i dag: Ukendt bikini-app er blevet et stort problem for Facebook

Det britiske parlament har fået fat i dokumenter, som domstol i USA har forseglet.

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Jack Ma, China's richest man, is a Communist Party member

Jack Ma, founder of Chinese tech giant Alibaba, is among the world's richest people but he has now emerged as a member of another club: China's 89-million-strong Communist Party.

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Japan launches environment monitoring satellite

Japan's space agency on Monday launched a rocket carrying a satellite that will monitor greenhouse gases, as well as the first satellite built entirely in the United Arab Emirates.

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China orders probe into scientist claims of first gene-edited babies

Beijing has ordered an investigation into claims by a Chinese scientist to have created the world's first genetically-edited babies, a move that would be a ground-breaking medical first but which has generated a barrage of criticism.

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Newly discovered deep-sea microbes gobble greenhouse gases and perhaps oil spills, too

Scientists have discovered nearly two dozen new types of microbes, many of which use hydrocarbons such as methane and butane as energy sources–meaning they might be helping to limit the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and might one day be useful for cleaning up oil spills.

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Medical equipment hacking and defensive solutions presentation by Ben-Gurion U. researcher

The Ben Gurion University proposed system learns to recognize typical imaging scan protocols and to predict if a new, unseen command is legitimate or not. If an attacker sends a malicious command to the device, the system will detect it and alert the operator before the command is executed. Mahler notes that the system is not yet finished, but that the results are a significant milestone on the pa

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First ancient DNA from mainland Finland reveals origins of Siberian ancestry in region

Researchers from the Max-Planck-Institute for the Science of Human History and the University of Helsinki have analyzed the first ancient DNA from mainland Finland. As described in Nature Communications, ancient DNA was extracted from bones and teeth from a 3,500 year-old burial on the Kola Peninsula, Russia, and a 1,500 year-old water burial in Finland. The results reveal the possible path along

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Researchers aim to prevent medical imaging cyberattacks

Researchers and cybersecurity experts have begun to examine ways to mitigate the risk of cyberattacks in medical imaging before they become a real danger.

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Pulsed radiofrequency relieves acute back pain and sciatica

A minimally invasive procedure in which pulses of energy from a probe are applied directly to nerve roots near the spine is safe and effective in people with acute lower back pain that has not responded to conservative treatment, according to a new study.

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China, France launch satellite to study climate change

China sent its first ever satellite built in partnership with another country into space on Monday, a device tasked with helping scientists better predict dangerous cyclones and climate change by monitoring ocean surface winds and waves.

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EEA: Elbiler har mindre CO2-udledning end almindelige biler

Selv når produktionsomkostninger medtages, er elbilernes CO2-udledning lavere end almindelige bilers. Men bedre genanvendelse af batterier er nødvendig.

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China Expands Research Funding, Luring U.S. Scientists And Students

In a quest to rapidly advance its scientific depth and breadth, China is recruiting scientists from around the world. Some from the U.S. say the greater funding for school and research is freeing. (Image credit: Prisma Bildagentur/UIG/Getty Images)

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Newly discovered deep-sea microbes gobble greenhouse gases and perhaps oil spills, too

Scientists at The University of Texas at Austin's Marine Science Institute have discovered nearly two dozen new types of microbes, many of which use hydrocarbons such as methane and butane as energy sources to survive and grow—meaning the newly identified bacteria might be helping to limit the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and might one day be useful for cleaning up oil spil

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Slikker solskin på Mars: Nasa-sonde har det godt

Sonden, der landede på Mars i går aftes, har det fint og har åbnet sine solpaneler.

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Grete Christensen atter på erobringstogt

Har sygeplejeformanden opbakning til sin aggressive og imperialistiske fagpolitik blandt de omkring 2.000 sygeplejersker, som er en meget påskønnet del af almen praksis?

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ECall i nye biler giver mest falske alarmer

Der er store forventninger til det nye eCall-system, men endnu skyldes mange opkald fejl, og alarmcentralen får ikke altid livsnødvendige positionsdata på forulykkede biler.

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ScienceTake: The Wasp Wants a Zombie. The Cockroach Says ‘No’ With a Karate Kick.

Scientists documented the fancy footwork that helps some cockroaches fend off a wasp's paralyzing sting.

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The Cockroach Karate Kick That Fends Off Wasps

Cockroaches deploy a stunning, and largely unstudied, karate-style kick to prevent wasp attacks.

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InSight is catching rays on MarsNASA InSight Lander Mars

NASA's InSight has sent signals to Earth indicating that its solar panels are open and collecting sunlight on the Martian surface. NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter relayed the signals, which were received on Earth at about 5:30 p.m. PST (8:30 p.m. EST). Solar array deployment ensures the spacecraft can recharge its batteries each day. Odyssey also relayed a pair of images showing InSight's landing site

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Digital 'coffeehouse' to spark new scientific ideas now ready for use

The European Open Science Cloud (EOSC), a virtual one-stop shop for researchers to share, access and reuse data, was officially unveiled at the University of Vienna, Austria, on 23 November, giving scientists, open data advocates, research institutions and policymakers a first glimpse of the portal.

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Mars touchdown: NASA spacecraft survives supersonic plungeNASA InSight Lander Mars

Minutes after touching down on Mars, NASA's InSight spacecraft sent back a "nice and dirty" snapshot of its new digs. Yet the dust-speckled image looked like a work of art to scientists.

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Lawsuit against Disney, Fox hits Malaysian casino operator's shares

Shares in Malaysian casino operator Genting fell nearly 19 percent Tuesday after it sued The Walt Disney Co. and 21st Century Fox for allegedly abandoning a project to build a theme park in the country.

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Remains of Anglo-Saxon cemetery discovered

Archaeologists from the University of Sheffield have uncovered a previously unknown Anglo-Saxon cemetery.

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Is your office messy? If so, you may be seen as uncaring, neurotic

An extremely messy personal space seems to lead people to believe the owner of that space is more neurotic and less agreeable, say University of Michigan researchers.

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Should Evidence-Based Medicine Be Replaced by Interpersonal Medicine?

An opinion piece in the New England Journal of Medicine complains about the limitations of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and recommends a new approach they call "interpersonal medicine." In my opinion, good clinical medicine is already interpersonal medicine; there is no need for something new.

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Complex systems help explain how democracy is destabilised

Complex systems theory is usually used to study things like the immune system, global climate, ecosystems, transportation or communications systems.

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Urgent need to reduce meat and dairy consumption to meet climate targets, says expert

The livestock sector could use almost half of the 1.5 degree C greenhouse gas emission budget allowed by 2030, so addressing this should be a key part of the strategy to hit climate targets, according to a new study published in Climate Policy.

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Undergraduate biology textbooks fail to teach how science can improve industry practice

Undergraduate biology textbooks do little to teach students how science can contribute to successful careers in industry or improved business practices at a time when some fear that science is under attack by corporate interests. A new study from the Center for Integration of Science and Industry at Bentley University shows that textbooks for first-year, undergraduate biology fail to provide conte

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S.African MPs seek end of captive lion trophy hunting

South African lawmakers will seek to end the breeding of lions for trophy hunting and the trade in their bones, setting parliament on a collision course with a powerful industry.

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The warm and loving tegu lizard becomes a genetic resource

Published today in the open-access journal GigaScience is an article that presents the genome of the tegu lizard, which has mastered a trick that is highly unusual in the reptile world: it can turn on its own heating system. Most reptiles are not able to control their body temperature like mammals do and instead must rely on its environment, such as available sun and shade, to attain an optimal bo

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United Technologies is breaking into 3 independent companies

United Technologies is breaking itself into three independent companies now that it has sealed its $23 billion acquisition of aviation electronics maker Rockwell Collins.

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From superstar to suspect: Carlos Ghosn's crazy week

When Carlos Ghosn's private Gulfstream jet touched down at Tokyo's Haneda Airport at around 4:35pm on Monday, November 19, the millionaire auto tycoon had an unexpected welcoming committee: an elite unit of prosecutors.

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Receding Malawi lake lays bare cost of climate change

Just four months ago, the fishing harbour at Kachulu on the western shores of Lake Chilwa in Malawi was bustling with fishermen and traders haggling over the catch of the day.

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GM cuts jobs in response to present costs, future innovation

Even though unemployment is low, the economy is growing and U.S. auto sales are near historic highs, General Motors is cutting thousands of jobs in a major restructuring aimed at generating cash to spend on innovation.

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New Zealand rescuers save six stranded whales

Six beached whales were successfully refloated off New Zealand Tuesday, rescuers said, after a spate of mass strandings in recent days that resulted in the deaths of dozens of marine mammals.

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Startups defy gravity to explore space's commercial frontiers

Small firms spot an opportunity in emerging industry of microgravity experimentation In a cramped office hidden within the poorly lit corridors of a shopping mall in Israel, sits the equivalent of Nasa’s mission control in Houston. Yet there are no rows of scientists and flight controllers wearing headsets, all of their faces fixed on a large screen charting spacecraft. And no astronauts telling

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Verdens første genredigerede babyer født i Kina

Kinesisk forsker hævder at have genredigeret et tvillingepar for at gøre dem resistente over for hiv-infektioner. Det påståede forsøg møder kritik fra forskere.

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Datatilsynets praksis vækker undren: Behandler gamle sager efter nye regler

Klager til Datatilsynet, der er indsendt før GDPR trådte i kraft behandles alligevel efter de nye regler.

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Paediatricians swallow lego for science – video

A team of doctors who swallowed Lego pieces and timed how long they took to pass through their bowels say the results of their research should reassure concerned parents (although in one case it did take more than two weeks). One of the report's authors, Grace Leo, said: “If it’s a small Lego head, you don’t need to go poking through [the child's] stool. That should save parents some heartache, u

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Diskusprolaps skal lindres i laboratoriet: Geder får indsat kunstig brusk

Det kan være med til at løse udfordringer ved transplantation med diskus, håber dansk forsker.

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Touch can produce detailed, lasting memories

Exploring objects through touch can generate detailed, durable memories for those objects, even when we don't intend to memorize the object's details, according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

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Is your office messy? If so, you may be seen as uncaring, neurotic

An extremely messy personal space seems to lead people to believe the owner of that space is more neurotic and less agreeable, say University of Michigan researchers.

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Using fine-tuning for record-breaking performance

Materials scientists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have achieved a new record in the performance of organic non-fullerene based single-junction solar cells. Using a series of complex optimizations, they achieved certified power conversion efficiency of 12.25 percent on a surface area measuring one square centimeter. This standardized surface area is the preliminary sta

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Remains of Anglo-Saxon cemetery discovered

Archaeologists from the University of Sheffield have uncovered a previously unknown Anglo-Saxon cemetery.

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Undergraduate biology textbooks fail to teach how science can improve industry practice

Undergraduate biology textbooks do little to teach students how science can contribute to successful careers in industry or improved business practices at a time when some fear that science is under attack by corporate interests. A new study from the Center for Integration of Science and Industry at Bentley University shows that textbooks for first-year, undergraduate biology fail to provide conte

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Scripps Research scientists decode mechanism of remembering — and forgetting

A team at Scripps Research has shown for the first time the physiological mechanism by which a memory is formed and then subsequently forgotten. The research, which was done in fruit flies, looked at the synaptic changes that occur during learning and forgetting. The investigators found that a single dopamine neuron can drive both the learning and forgetting process.

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Reliance on 'YouTube medicine' may be dangerous for those concerned about prostate cancer

The most popular YouTube videos on prostate cancer often offer misleading or biased medical information that poses potential health risks to patients, an analysis of the social media platform shows.Led by researchers at NYU School of Medicine and its Perlmutter Cancer Center, the study of the 150 most-viewed YouTube videos on the disease found that 77 percent had factual errors or biased content i

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The warm and loving tegu lizard becomes a genetic resource

Researchers have sequenced the genome of the tegu, Salvator merianae: a lizard that has taken an evolutionary step toward warm-bloodedness. It is also a highly desired pet, that can often be house-trained; unfortunately, as part of the exotic pet trade, it has been released in new environments and become a threat to local species. This extremely high-quality tegu genome sequence will be of use to

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Digitalt ledningsregister trækker ud – igen

OPDATERET: TDC har dårligt styr på deres kobberkabler og udbud. Det forsinker et digitalt ledningsregister, som ellers kan spare samfundet millioner.

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Shit a brick: doctors swallow Lego to allay parents' fears

Researchers from Australia and UK swallow Lego heads in the ‘noble tradition of self-experimentation’ A team of doctors who swallowed Lego and timed how long it took to pass through their bowels say the results of their research should reassure concerned parents. In a paper published in the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health , six researchers from Australia and the UK swallowed the head of a

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Only Romaine Lettuce From Central and Northern California Is Unsafe, F.D.A. Says

Federal health officials believe it’s safe to eat the lettuce if it’s grown in greenhouses or other regions — and is labeled as such.

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Rogue Chinese CRISPR scientist cited US report as his green light

An expert finding from the National Academies of Sciences was He Jiankui’s excuse to edit the DNA of two babies.

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The View From the Control Room: How InSight Landed on MarsNASA InSight Lander Mars

Inside Mission Support at Lockheed Martin, which led spacecraft operations for NASA's InSight lander, tensions ran high as the robot prepared to touch down on martian soil.

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China orders inquiry into 'world's first gene-edited babies'

As experts cast doubt on supposed breakthrough, China’s National Health Commission orders an ‘immediate investigation’ A Chinese scientist’s claim that he has created the world’s first genetically edited babies has prompted global outcry and an investigation by Chinese health authorities. In a video posted on Sunday, university professor He Jiankui announced the birth of twin girls whose DNA had

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Nasa Mission: InSight successfully lands on Mars

The probe has already taken its first picture from the surface of the red planet.

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Some research may be encouraging ineffective prescriptions, says new study

A new paper suggests that some clinical trials may promote the use of ineffective and costly treatments. That's the opposite of what clinical trials are aimed at, namely preventing ineffective and costly treatments from being taken up by physicians and patients.

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Natural habitats larger than Greece created to offset economic developments

New data has found that natural habitats occupying an area larger than Greece have been created to offset economic developments. This data could eventually provide a basis to help improve our understanding of the benefits of protecting and preserving wild.

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Cancer researchers ID 'Achilles heel' of drug-resistant tumors

Scientists have figured out why some lung cancers become drug-resistant after initially responding to targeted therapies. In the process, they devised a new two-pronged approach that yields an effective treatment for these cancers in the laboratory and holds tremendous promise for the future of precision medicine.

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Good help in primary care for children with obesity

Children treated for obesity in primary or outpatient care have a relatively good chance of fending off weight problems over the next few years as well, a study shows.

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Steroid synthesis discovery could rewrite the textbooks

Steroids are essential molecules for life in all complex organisms such as animals and plants. Researchers have now discovered a new central enzyme in the steroid biosynthesis pathway in some modern organisms. This might not only lead to an evolutionary 'rethink' but also opens new ways to control toxic algae in aquaculture.

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Quantum computing at scale: Scientists achieve compact, sensitive qubit readout

Researchers have overcome another critical technical hurdle for building a silicon-based quantum computer.

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How Trump Is Ensuring That Greenhouse Gas Emissions Will Rise

Since his earliest days in office, President Trump has been taking steps that increase emissions of the heat-trapping greenhouse gases that are warming the planet to dangerous levels.

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Big study of fishing communities finds good neighbors are hard to come by

A study of 89 fishing communities in East Africa has found that good neighbors who agree with common proposals to improve shared fisheries management are uncommon, illustrating that the 'tragedy of the commons' dilemma is alive for many fisheries facing sustainable use challenges.

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Climate change could lead to threefold increase in powerful storms across Europe and North America

Powerful storms that cause extreme weather conditions such as flooding across Europe and North America, with the potential to wreak social and economic havoc, could increase threefold by the end of the 21st century due to climate change.

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Beware of evening stress

Stressful events in the evening release less of the body's stress hormones than those that happen in the morning, suggesting possible vulnerability to stress in the evening.

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Complex systems help explain how democracy is destabilised

Complex systems theory is usually used to study things like the immune system, global climate, ecosystems, transportation or communications systems.But with global politics becoming more unpredictable – highlighted by the UK's vote for Brexit and the presidential elections of Donald Trump in the USA and Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil – it is being used to examine the stability of democracies.

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New service in south London reduces hospital readmissions for people with bipolar disorder

A new specialist programme at South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLaM) has been shown to significantly reduce the rate of hospital readmissions for people with bipolar disorder, in an early-stage audit funded by the NIHR Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre.

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Urgent need to reduce meat and dairy consumption to meet climate targets, says expert

The livestock sector could use almost half of the 1.5 degree C greenhouse gas emission budget allowed by 2030, so addressing this should be a key part of the strategy to hit climate targets, according to a new study published in Climate Policy.

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The Atlantic Daily: ‘Really, I’m Horrified’

What We’re Following Mueller Watch: Another indictment may be coming from Special Counsel Robert Mueller, this time for a defiant associate of the Trump-campaign confidant Roger Stone : “I will not sign a statement that says I willfully and knowingly lied, because I did not,” Jerome Corsi told Natasha Bertrand. Read her story on what adds up and what doesn’t, here. President Donald Trump has been

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Sequential imaging of Zika-exposed fetuses reveals most have normal brain development

Ultrasound (US) imaging performed during pregnancy and after childbirth revealed most Zika-related brain abnormalities experienced by infants exposed to the Zika virus during pregnancy. Some Zika-exposed infants whose imaging had been normal during pregnancy had mild brain abnormalities detected by US and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after they were born.

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Burial sites from 5th and 6th centuries yield unexpected treasures

Jewellery and grooming items found during summer excavation in Lincolnshire Archaeologists have uncovered lavish burial sites for women in Lincolnshire from the fifth and sixth centuries, which illustrate how women of the time made themselves resplendent. Items recovered from the previously unknown Anglo-Saxon cemetery include jewellery made from amber, silver and glass as well as personal groomi

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Climate change could lead to threefold increase in powerful storms across Europe and North America

Powerful storms that cause extreme weather conditions such as flooding across Europe and North America, with the potential to wreak social and economic havoc, could increase threefold by the end of the 21st century due to climate change.

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Chinese Scientist Claims to Use Crispr to Make First Genetically Edited Babies

The researcher, He Jiankui, offered no evidence or data to back up his assertions. If true, some fear the feat could open the door to “designer babies.”

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Drug use, religion explain 'reverse gender gap' on marijuana

Women tend to be more conservative than men on political questions related to marijuana. A recent study finds that this gender gap appears to be driven by religion and the fact that men are more likely to have used marijuana.

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Does teen cannabis use lead to behavior problems — or vice versa?

New research finds that cannabis use among teens doesn't appear to lead to greater conduct problems or greater affiliation with other teens who smoke cannabis. Instead, it's adolescents with conduct problems or whose friends use cannabis who are more likely to gravitate toward cannabis use.

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Mutations boost immunity: Toward a cancer vaccine

In a new study, researchers describe a method for pinpointing tumor-specific factors in blood that can elicit a protective immune response in the body and may one day be harnessed to produce an effective vaccine against the disease.

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Extreme heat increasing in both summer and winter

A new study shows extreme heat events both in the summer and in the winter are increasing across the US and Canada, while extreme cold events in summer and winter are declining.

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Draw-your-own electrodes set to speed up development of micro detection devices

Miniature devices for sensing biological molecules could be developed quicker, thanks to a rapid prototyping method.

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Persistence of pesticides threatens European soils

A new study finds pesticide residues in the soils of 11 European countries in six different cropping systems.

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Minimally invasive retinal detachment treatment has better outcomes, clinical trial finds

A minimally invasive treatment for retinal detachment gives patients sharper vision, less distortion and reduced side-effects, according to the findings of a recent trial.

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Scientists unveil promising new HIV vaccine strategy

A new candidate HIV vaccine surmounts technical hurdles that stymied previous vaccine efforts, and stimulates a powerful anti-HIV antibody response in animal tests. The new vaccine strategy is based on the HIV envelope protein, Env. This complex, shape-shifting molecule has been notoriously difficult to produce in vaccines in a way that induces useful immunity to HIV.

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Cancer treatments may affect cognitive function by accelerating biological aging

Cancer treatments are suspected to accelerate certain aging processes in the body. A new study has found that indicators of such biological aging correlate with declines in cognitive function in women who had undergone breast cancer treatment several years earlier. The findings point to an aging-like effect of cancer treatments and further connect this to cognitive decline.

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How the Atlantic Ocean became part of the global circulation at a climatic tipping point

Scientists have discovered that the exchange of water between the North and South Atlantic became significantly larger fifty-nine million years ago.

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Blood pressure: Early treatment advised by US guidelines has no survival benefits

When is high blood pressure dangerous? Medical associations offer widely differing answers. In the USA, for example, patients are seen as hypertensive much sooner than in Germany. A team has concluded that treating patients sooner does not reduce the risk of deadly heart disease. It could even negatively affect their mental health.

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Scientists ‘went rogue’ and genetically engineered two human babies—or at least claimed to

Health Here's everything you need to know. The news that a Chinese scientist named He Jiankui led an unprecedented experiment to edit human embryos and see them carried to term rocked the genetics community.

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The Atlantic Politics & Policy Daily: A Matter of Corsi

Written by Elaine Godfrey ( @elainejgodfrey ) Today in 5 Lines President Donald Trump renewed his demands that Congress “fund the WALL” after 500 migrants attempted to rush the border at a major crossing between Tijuana and San Diego on Sunday. General Motors announced it will lay off up to 14,000 workers and halt production at five of its plants across Ohio, Michigan, Maryland, and Ontario, Cana

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Online Shopping From the Couch Worsens Traffic on the Roads

The ecommerce boom is nice for convenience but not for efficiency. Fortunately, Cyber Monday is a good day to shop online.

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Gene-edited baby claim by Chinese scientist sparks outrage

Scientists and bioethics experts reacted with shock, anger and alarm Monday to a Chinese researcher's claim that he helped make the world's first genetically edited babies.

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Understanding the dynamics of dune formation

Studies by Brazilian researchers could have applications in crude oil pumping and missions to Mars, among others.

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A water treatment breakthrough, inspired by a sea creature

Inspired by Actinia, a sea organism that ensnares its prey with its tentacles, a team of researchers has developed a method for efficiently treating water. The research used a material known as a nanocoagulant to rid water of contaminants.

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'Old-fashioned fieldwork' puts new frog species on the map

Months of old-fashioned fieldwork helped define the range and unique characteristics of the recently discovered Atlantic Coast leopard frog. A recent study pinpointed the frog's range along the Eastern Seaboard, its unusual call and a list of distinguishing traits.

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Targeting MC1R in metastatic melanoma

A new study describes a molecule that seeks out melanoma cells, for imaging and potentially for therapy.

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How ancient Mayan shell decor led to a new look at freshwater mussels south of the border

An unlikely collaboration between archaeologists desperate to put names to shells at Mayan dig sites and an ichthyologist led to the first molecular study of Mexican and Central American freshwater mussels.

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Sloths: The World's Slowest Mammals

Sloths spend most of their time sleeping and eating in the tropical rainforests of South and Central America.

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Apple to tutor women in tech in bid to diversify industry

Apple is launching a new program designed to address the technology industry's scarcity of women in executive and computer programming jobs.

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Scientists warn new Brazil president may smother rainforest

Scientists warn that Brazil's president-elect could push the Amazon rainforest past its tipping point—with severe consequences for global climate and rainfall.

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Canadian workers slam GM plant closure as 'slap in face'

Canadian auto workers walked off the job in protest Monday as General Motors said it would shutter a plant that has been a fixture of Oshawa, Ontario since 1953—drawing protests from union bosses and the country's prime minister.

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Clues sought for decline in Hawaii humpback whale sightings

Researchers are convening this week to compare clues about a significant decline in the number of sightings of North Pacific humpback whales in their traditional breeding grounds off Hawaii.

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Big study of fishing communities finds good neighbors are hard to come by

A study of 89 fishing communities in East Africa has found that good neighbors who agree with common proposals to improve shared fisheries management are uncommon, illustrating that the "tragedy of the commons" dilemma is alive for many fisheries facing sustainable use challenges.

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Drug use, religion explain 'reverse gender gap' on marijuana

Women tend to be more conservative than men on political questions related to marijuana. A recent study finds that this gender gap appears to be driven by religion and the fact that men are more likely to have used marijuana.

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The complexity of the commons: Scientists recast social dilemmas

A new classification system adds real-world complexity to social dilemmas like the paradigmatic 'tragedy of the commons.'

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Stress-induced effects on heart blood flow differ for men versus women

Some patients with coronary artery disease have inadequate blood flow to the heart muscle during periods of mental/emotional stress. This condition — called 'mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia' (MSIMI) — is related to the severity of plaque buildup in the coronary arteries in men but not women, according to a new study.

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Disordered materials could be hardest, most heat-tolerant carbides

Materials scientists have discovered a new class of carbides expected to be among the hardest materials and the highest melting points in existence. Made from inexpensive metals, the new materials may soon find use in a wide range of industries from machinery and hardware to aerospace.

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Do you have a healthy personality? Researchers think they can tell you

Researchers have identified a healthy personality prototype in a recent study using a contemporary trait perspective.

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Few laws to address growing issue of elderly gun owners with dementia

Researchers report that 27 percent of people 65 and older own one or more firearms, and 37 percent live in a home with a firearm present. One study of patients with dementia or related mental health issues revealed 18 percent lived in a home with one or more firearms. Of that group, 37 percent had delusions and 17 percent had documented hallucinations.

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Cancer researchers ID 'Achilles heel' of drug-resistant tumors

UC San Francisco scientists have figured out why some lung cancers become drug-resistant after initially responding to targeted therapies. In the process, they devised a new two-pronged approach that yields an effective treatment for these cancers in the laboratory and holds tremendous promise for the future of precision medicine, they said. The findings are detailed in a study published Nov. 26 i

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Some research may be encouraging ineffective prescriptions, says new study

A new paper published by McGill University researchers in JAMA Internal Medicine suggests that some clinical trials may promote the use of ineffective and costly treatments. That's the opposite of what clinical trials are aimed at, namely preventing ineffective and costly treatments from being taken up by physicians and patients.

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The complexity of the commons: Scientists recast social dilemmas

Whether it's a pasture open to public grazing or a batch of glucose colonized by microbes, a shared environmental resource is often depicted as a fixed quantity, doomed to depletion if individuals selfishly consume what they can.

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How ancient Mayan shell decor led to a new look at freshwater mussels south of the border

The ancient Maya are not particularly known for their love of freshwater mussels. Mathematics, maize, pyramids and human sacrifice, yes. But bivalves? Not so much.

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'Old-fashioned fieldwork' puts new frog species on the map

Months of old-fashioned scientific fieldwork—more than 2,000 surveys of chirping frog calls, hundreds of photos of individual frogs and tiny tissue samples taken from them—has helped define the range and unique characteristics of the recently discovered Atlantic Coast leopard frog.

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NASA's GPM shows small area of heavy rain in Tropical Storm Man-yi

Once a typhoon, Man-yi has weakened to a tropical storm as it continues to track through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean, far to the east of Taiwan. The GPM core satellite provided a look at the rain rates throughout the storm and found heaviest rain displaced to the northeast of the center.

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NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 33W dissipating

When NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Ca Mau Peninsula it captured a visible image of the dissipating former Tropical Cyclone 33W.The Ca Mau Peninsula is the southernmost area of Vietnam, located between the South China Sea to the east and the Gulf of Thailand on the west.

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Facebook election 'war room' goes quiet—for now

Facebook said on Monday a "war room" set up to defend the social network from abuses aimed at influencing elections in Brazil and the US has gone quiet.

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Five Big Ways the United States Will Need to Adapt to Climate Change

A sweeping new climate report warns that the United States will have to spend billions of dollars to protect coastlines, rebuild sewers and overhaul farming. Here are some places to start.

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Full Video: InSight To Land on MarsNASA InSight Lander Mars

NASA’s InSight lander has touched down on Mars — more than six months and 300 million miles since it launched from California’s Vandenberg Air Force Base.

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Gene-Edited Babies Reportedly Born in China. What Could Go Wrong?

A scientist claims to have edited the genes of human embryos, creating the first genetically-modified babies.

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Mars InSight Stuck the Landing. Here's the First Thing It Did.

InSight stuck the landing on Mars — here’s what happens after touchdown.

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Successful second round of experiments with Wendelstein 7-X

During the course of the step-by-step upgrading of Wendelstein 7-X, the plasma vessel was fitted with inner cladding since September of last year. Graphite tiles are now protecting the vessel walls. In addition, the so-called "divertor" is used to regulate the purity and density of the plasma. In ten broad strips on the wall of the plasma vessel, the divertor tiles follow the contour of the plasma

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Creating rings in natural antibiotic synthesis

Scientists at the University of Bristol have revealed the secrets of the key ring forming cascade in the biosynthesis of a globally used antibiotic. They hope their findings could lead to the development of antibiotics with improved properties and new biocatalysts for the clean and efficient synthesis of medicinally important molecules.

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Natural habitats larger than Greece created to offset economic developments

New data has found that natural habitats occupying an area larger than Greece have been created to offset economic developments. This data could eventually provide a basis to help improve our understanding of the benefits of protecting and preserving wildlife. Called 'biodiversity offsets', man-made conservation areas are created to compensate for economic developments and are a growing trend.

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Disordered materials could be hardest, most heat-tolerant carbides

Materials scientists at Duke University and UC San Diego have discovered a new class of carbides expected to be among the hardest materials with the highest melting points in existence. Made from inexpensive metals, the new materials may soon find use in a wide range of industries from machinery and hardware to aerospace.

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Study identifies a genetic driver of deadly prostate cancer

A new study has identified a novel molecular driver of lethal prostate cancer, along with a molecule that could be used to attack it. The findings were made in laboratory mice. If confirmed in humans, they could lead to more effective ways to control certain aggressive types of prostate cancer.

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Brain responses to language in toddlers with Autism linked to altered gene expression

Scientists have identified a previously unknown, large-scale association between molecular gene expression activity in blood leukocyte cells and altered neural responses to speech in toddlers with autism as measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging.

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Big study of fishing communities finds good neighbors are hard to come by

A study of 89 fishing communities in East Africa has found that good neighbors who agree with common proposals to improve shared fisheries management are uncommon, illustrating that the 'tragedy of the commons' dilemma is alive for many fisheries facing sustainable use challenges.

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White cat hair on black pants: Study measures stability of precision masses to benefit trade

When are two nominally identical kilogram masses no longer identical? When each goes to a different place and adsorbs varying amounts of moisture and contaminants.

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A water treatment breakthrough, inspired by a sea creature

Inspired by Actinia, a sea organism that ensnares its prey with its tentacles, a team of researchers has developed a method for efficiently treating water.

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The future of flight is now

Many experts agree the future of flight will rely on zero-emission and/or renewable energy technology. That is, aircraft will be propelled by ions—electrically charged molecules—that create thrust in their wake.

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NASA’s InSight successfully lands on MarsNASA InSight Lander Mars

The unmanned spacecraft touched down on Mars without problems shortly before 3 p.m. ET on Monday. It was a precarious landing that NASA engineers had described as "seven minutes of terror." InSight will study the interior of Mars, and could help scientists discover the presence of liquid water on the red planet. NASA's InSight—a robotic lander designed to study the interior of rocky planets—succe

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Chinese Scientist Says He's Created First Genetically Modified Babies

He Jiankui says he undertook the experiment in order to protect the twin baby girls from HIV. The claim is being met with international skepticism and condemnation.

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New Probe Lands On Mars For Unprecedented Mission

NASA's InSight lander arrived on the red planet Monday. Its mission is to explore the interior of the planet in a way no previous probe has been able to do.

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Extreme heat increasing in both summer and winter

A new study shows extreme heat events both in the summer and in the winter are increasing across the U.S. and Canada, while extreme cold events in summer and winter are declining.

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What is a Blue Hole? | Discovery LIVE: Into the Blue Hole

Shark Week expert Luke Tipple explains the natural phenomenon of marine sinkholes. Join Discovery LIVE on Sunday Dec 2 at 4pm ET as we dive into the Great Blue Hole in Belize with Richard Branson and Fabien Cousteau. Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Join us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Discovery We're on Instagra

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Fred Hutch at ASH: Press briefing on CAR T-cell therapy, CRISPR for blood disorders, more

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center's latest findings on cancer immunotherapies, CRISPR for blood disorders, stem cell transplantation and insights on the immune system and cancer will be featured at the 60th annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology, which will be held Dec. 1-4 in San Diego.

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'Flawless': NASA craft lands on Mars after perilous journeyNASA InSight Lander Mars

A NASA spacecraft designed to drill down into Mars' interior landed on the planet Monday after a perilous, supersonic plunge through its red skies, setting off jubilation among scientists who had waited in white-knuckle suspense for confirmation to arrive across 100 million miles of space.

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Microsoft briefly tops Apple as most valuable company

Microsoft briefly overtook Apple on Monday as the world's most valuable company by market capitalization before slipping back into second place.

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Citrate-based biomaterial fuels bone healing with less rejection

A material based on a natural product of bones and citrus fruit, called citrate, provides the extra energy that stem cells need to form new bone tissue, according to bioengineers. Their new understanding of the mechanism that allows citrate to aid in bone regeneration will help the researchers develop slow-release, biodegradable, citrate-releasing scaffolds to act as bone-growth templates to speed

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Effort clarifies major branch of insect tree of life

The insects known as Hemiptera are not a particularly glamorous bunch. This group includes stink bugs, bed bugs, litter bugs, scale insects and aphids. Their closest relatives are thrips, bark lice and parasitic lice. But these insects together make up one of the twiggiest branches of the tree of life. A new study uses molecular data to tease out their family relationships and evolutionary history

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NASA InSight lander arrives on Martian surface to learn what lies beneathNASA InSight Lander Mars

Mars has just received its newest robotic resident. NASA's Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) lander successfully touched down on the Red Planet after an almost seven-month, 300-million-mile (458-million-kilometer) journey from Earth.

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Mars Mission Makes Clean Landing

The sounds of the Mars InSight Mission control room during the tense minutes leading to the landing on the surface. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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NASA’s InSight lander has touched down safely on Mars

NASA’s InSight lander just touched down on Mars for a years-long study of the Red Planet’s insides.

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Succes! Sonde er landet perfekt på Mars

NASA-sonden InSight landede 21.05 på Mars efter en perfekt landing. Nu begynder mindst to års forskning.

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NASA's InSight Mission Triumphantly Touches Down on Mars

After enduring a high-tension descent from orbit, the spacecraft will now begin its quest to peel back the profound mysteries of the Red Planet’s interior — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Joy as Nasa probe touches down on Mars – video

Flight controllers at Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, leap out of their seats and erupt in applause as news comes in that InSight, the spacecraft designed to explore Mars’s interior, successfully landed on the planet InSight lander: Nasa probe touches down on Mars – live updates Continue reading…

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Uber has cracked two classic ’80s video games by giving an AI algorithm a new type of memory

An algorithm that remembers previous explorations in Montezuma’s Revenge and Pitfall! could make computers and robots better at learning how to succeed in the real world.

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NASA's InSight Spacecraft Lands on Mars and Snaps a Photo

NASA's Mars lander, called InSight, landed on the red planet and sent its first image of the Mars surface.

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Designer mice may lead to better kidney damage treatments

Scientists have designed mice that successfully emulate diabetic nephropathy—a severe form of kidney damage in humans with diabetes. Genetic analyses of the mice led to the surprising finding that expression of genes controlling immune and inflammatory responses may play a causal role in promoting kidney damage, and suggest these pathways might be promising targets for therapy. Kidney damage in p

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Study identifies a genetic driver of deadly prostate cancer

A new study has identified a novel molecular driver of lethal prostate cancer, along with a molecule that could be used to attack it. The findings were made in laboratory mice. If confirmed in humans, they could lead to more effective ways to control certain aggressive types of prostate cancer, the second-leading cause of cancer death for men in the US.

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Aaron Klug, Developer of Crystallographic Electron Microscopy, Dies

The chemist and biophysicist won a Nobel prize for the development of a technique to probe the structures of nucleotide-protein complexes.

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Nasa’s Mars InSight probe touches down on red planet

Nail-biting descent achieved after spacecraft slams into Martian atmosphere at 12,300mph After a seven-month, 300m-mile journey, Nasa’s Mars InSight probe has reached its destination and touched down near the red planet’s equator. The lander came to a rest on the dusty surface shortly before 8pm GMT on Monday after a nail-biting descent that started when the spacecraft slammed into the Martian at

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Full Video: InSight To Land on MarsNASA InSight Lander Mars

NASA’s InSight lander has touched down on Mars — more than six months and 300 million miles since it launched from California’s Vandenberg Air Force Base.

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Mars InSight: The moment of touchdown

The touchdown confirmation came through shortly after 19:50 GMT.

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Touchdown on Mars! NASA's InSight Lands to Peer Inside the Red Planet

NASA's InSight lander touched down safely on the Martian surface today (Nov. 26), pulling off the first successful Red Planet landing since the Curiosity rover's arrival in August 2012.

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Stress-induced effects on heart blood flow differ for men versus women

Some patients with coronary artery disease have inadequate blood flow to the heart muscle during periods of mental/emotional stress. This condition — called 'mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia' (MSIMI) — is related to the severity of plaque buildup in the coronary arteries in men but not women, reports a study in Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine, the official jour

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The complexity of the commons: Scientists recast social dilemmas

A new classification system adds real-world complexity to social dilemmas like the paradigmatic 'tragedy of the commons.'

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Citrate-based biomaterial fuels bone healing with less rejection

A material based on a natural product of bones and citrus fruit, called citrate, provides the extra energy that stem cells need to form new bone tissue, according to a team of Penn State bioengineers. Their new understanding of the mechanism that allows citrate to aid in bone regeneration will help the researchers develop slow-release, biodegradable, citrate-releasing scaffolds to act as bone-grow

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Scientists uncovered the mechanism of fungal luminescence and created luminescent yeasts

Russian scientists together with colleagues from UK, Spain, Brazil, Japan and Austria have fully described the mechanism of fungal luminescence. They found that fungi utilize only four key enzymes to produce light and that transfer of these enzymes into other organisms makes them bioluminescent.

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The tragedy of the commons — minus the tragedy

Sometimes, there is no 'tragedy' in the tragedy of the commons, according to a new analysis that challenges a widely accepted theory.In an analysis of eight case studies from around the world – from foragers in Australia to mangrove fishers in Ecuador — researchers found that people can successfully share and sustainably use resources, under certain conditions.

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Effort clarifies major branch of insect tree of life

The insects known as Hemiptera are not a particularly glamorous bunch. This group includes stink bugs, bed bugs, litter bugs, scale insects and aphids. Their closest relatives are thrips, bark lice and parasitic lice. But these insects together make up one of the twiggiest branches of the tree of life. A new study uses molecular data to tease out their family relationships and evolutionary history

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Creating rings in natural antibiotic synthesis

Scientists have revealed the secrets of the key ring forming cascade in the biosynthesis of a globally used antibiotic. They hope their findings could lead to the development of antibiotics with improved properties and new biocatalysts for the clean and efficient synthesis of medicinally important molecules.

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Simulations suggest graphene can stretch to be a tunable ion filter

Researchers have conducted simulations suggesting that graphene, in addition to its many other useful features, can be modified with special pores to act as a tunable filter or strainer for ions (charged atoms) in a liquid.

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Intermittent fasting: No advantage over conventional weight loss diets

Intermittent fasting helps lose weight and promotes health. However, it is not superior to conventional calorie restriction diets, scientists have found out in the largest investigation on intermittent fasting to date. The scientists conclude that there are many paths leading to a healthier weight. Everybody must find a diet plan that fits them best and then just do it!

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Spacecraft to study marsquakes lands on Mars after 7 minutes of terror

NASA’s Mars Insight lander made the harrowing descent onto the Red Planet, landing safely in a sandy plain where it will listen for marsquakes

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Twitter Erupts with Mars Madness As Lander Touches Down Safely on Red Planet

Bam, just like that, the Mars InSight lander plops onto the surface of its new home. Here's what Twitter had to say about the momentous landing.

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Trump on climate change report: 'I don't believe it'

Government scientists warn that unchecked global warming will wreak havoc on the US economy.

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Touchdown: InSight-fartøjet er landet på Mars

Klokken var 20.54, da Mars-landeren InSight plantede sine tre ben i det røde støv under stor jubel fra ingeniører og videnskabsmænd i kontrolrummet.

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Alcohol dependence, psychiatric disorders share genetic links

An international team of researchers has identified a gene that regulates how quickly the body metabolizes alcohol as a key risk factor for alcohol dependence. The researchers also linked genetic factors associated with alcohol dependence to other psychiatric disorders.

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Smarter AI: Machine learning without negative data

A research team has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as 'negative data,' a finding which could lead to wider application to a variety of classification tasks.

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Drying Canadian wetland drives muskrat decline

Over the last half-century, Canada's Peace-Athabasca Delta has been slowly drying. A new study shows this loss of habitat is likely responsible for the decline of semi-aquatic muskrat, and could have larger implications.

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New biocontainment strategy controls spread of escaped GMOs

Researchers successfully developed a biocontainment strategy for GMOs. Their new method prevents genetically modified microalgae from surviving outside of their test environment, enabling ways to more safely research the effects of GMOs.

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Fine-tuning cell death: New component of death machinery revealed

An important component of the microscopic machinery that drives cell death has been identified by scientists. Studying the 'pro-death' machinery that forces damaged, diseased or unwanted cells to die, the research team revealed a protein called VDAC2 was critical for the function of a key pro-death protein called Bax. The team also showed VDAC2 contributed to the killing of certain cancer cells by

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Mere sunlight can be used to eradicate pollutants in water

Advances in environmental technology: You don't need complex filters and laser systems to destroy persistent pollutants in water. Chemists have developed a new process that works using mere sunlight. The process is so simple that it can even be conducted outdoors under the most basic conditions.

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Genome ‘blueprint’ could reveal new ways to fight mosquitoes

Researchers have created a new “blueprint” of the Aedes aegypti mosquito genome could lead to new ways to reduce mosquito-borne disease. For the past decade, researchers attempting to study the Aedes aegypti mosquito’s DNA have only had genetic swatches that don’t come together to form a cohesive whole. The new blueprint is a vast improvement, they say. In a new study in Nature , the researchers

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Some rare fathers pass on an extra kind of DNA to their children

Most of us get the structures in our cells that make energy only from our mothers, but three families have been found that break this rule of inheritance

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People can sustainably share resources, under some conditions

Sometimes, there is no "tragedy" in the tragedy of the commons, according to a new analysis that challenges a widely accepted theory.

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Effort clarifies major branch of insect tree of life

The insects known as Hemiptera are not a particularly glamorous bunch. This group includes stink bugs, bed bugs, litter bugs, scale insects and aphids. Their closest relatives are thrips, bark lice and parasitic lice. But with a massive number of species, two-thirds of which are still unknown to science, these insects together make up one of the twiggiest branches of the tree of life.

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Mars: Nasa lands InSight robot to study planet's interiorNASA InSight Mars Earth

The US space agency's robot is the first mission aiming to study the Red Planet's deep interior.

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The Dawn of Interplanetary Geology

After Earth, Mars may be the most well-studied planet in the solar system. Since 1965, humankind has sent spacecraft after spacecraft to examine our celestial neighbor. The flybys captured the first close-up photographs of the Red Planet, revealing a rocky, cratered surface. The orbiters found towering volcanoes, dried-up riverbeds, and enormous storms that choked the thin atmosphere with dust. T

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Creed II Crowns Hollywood’s Next Big Franchise

This story contains spoilers for Creed II. There was once a time, as hard as it may be to recall, when a Rocky spin-off starring Michael B. Jordan was not a guaranteed blockbuster. When Creed came out in 2015, the director, Ryan Coogler, only had one feature to his name: the 2013 Sundance award winner Fruitvale Station . And Jordan (who starred in Fruitvale Station ) was best known as a TV actor

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Researchers find more recently diagnosed cancer survivors likely to drink, smoke

Recently diagnosed cancer survivors are more likely to drink alcohol, use tobacco, and frequent tanning beds than people in later stages of recovery, according to a research team from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center.

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NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 33W dissipating

When NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Ca Mau Peninsula it captured a visible image of the dissipating former Tropical Cyclone 33W.

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NASA's GPM shows small area of heavy rain in Tropical Storm Man-yi

Once a typhoon, Man-yi has weakened to a tropical storm as it continues to track through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean, far to the east of Taiwan. The GPM core satellite provided a look at the rain rates throughout the storm and found heaviest rain displaced to the northeast of the center.

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Do you have a healthy personality? Researchers think they can tell you

Researchers from the University of California, Davis, have identified a healthy personality prototype in a recent study using a contemporary trait perspective.

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Multicenter study supports safety of overlapping orthopaedic surgery

For patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery, the use of 'overlapping' procedures — where the attending surgeon is simultaneously involved in two different surgeries in different operating rooms — does not lead to an increased risk of complications, reports a study in the Nov. 21, 2018 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio in partnershi

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‘Optimal mating distance’ really does lead to super fit offspring

New research may confirm a long held evolutionary theory about the ideal amount of genetic difference between parents. The theory predicts that the fitness of an individual is maximized when the genetic differences between parents are neither too small nor too large but some ideal amount known as the optimal mating distance. However, decades of research have generally failed to validate this pred

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How your dog could go vegan and still stay healthy

Animals Though we think of them as carnivores, dogs' nutritional needs can be met in other ways. Faced with growing concerns about the environmental and ethical implications of feeding our furry companions, the future of premium pet food is going high tech to…

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'Ralph Breaks the Internet' Wrecked It at the Box Office

Plus: There's a new 'Lion King' trailer and AMC has set a return date for 'The Walking Dead'.

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The ‘Male Wish’ That Traps Young Women

“Men…admit that what really irritates them about modern women is that they can't, or won't, give themselves completely to men,” Nora Johnson wrote in her 1959 Atlantic article, Sex and the College Girl . “This is undoubtedly true … And this, God knows, is a good thing.” In the article, which is excerpted and animated in the video above, Johnson grappled with changing expectations about sex, rom

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After Nikki Haley, Will Anyone Stand Up to Russia?

Updated at 3:13 p.m. ET Nikki Haley’s forceful criticism Monday of Russia’s seizure of three Ukrainian vessels off the coast of Crimea puts the U.S. envoy to the United Nations in a familiar position: She is the Trump administration’s most strident and often solitary critic of Moscow’s actions. Her expected departure from the position at the end of the year raises questions about which senior U.S

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Disordered materials could be hardest, most heat-tolerant carbides

Materials scientists at Duke University and UC San Diego have discovered a new class of carbides expected to be among the hardest materials and the highest melting points in existence. Made from inexpensive metals, the new materials may soon find use in a wide range of industries from machinery and hardware to aerospace.

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Brain responses to language in toddlers with Autism linked to altered gene expression

An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of Cyprus and University of California San Diego School of Medicine, have identified a previously unknown, large-scale association between molecular gene expression activity in blood leukocyte cells and altered neural responses to speech in toddlers with autism as measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging.

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Sunset crater, San Francisco volcanic field

The San Francisco Volcanic Field is a 4,700 square kilometers (1,800 square miles) area in the southern boundary of the Colorado Plateau. The field contains more than 600 scoria cones active in the past six million years. The Sunset Crater is the youngest of these scoria cones, and was active about 1000 years ago.

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How ancient Mayan shell decor led to a new look at freshwater mussels south of the border

An unlikely collaboration between archaeologists desperate to put names to shells at Mayan dig sites and an ichthyologist led to the first molecular study of Mexican and Central American freshwater mussels.

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Creating rings in natural antibiotic synthesis

Scientists at the University of Bristol have revealed the secrets of the key ring forming cascade in the biosynthesis of a globally used antibiotic. They hope their findings could lead to the development of antibiotics with improved properties and new biocatalysts for the clean and efficient synthesis of medicinally important molecules.

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The American Killed by Asian Islanders Hoped to Save Their Souls

But the self-styled missionary failed to comprehend that isolation ensures the Sentinel Islander’s survival — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Secret to That Bright-Red Drink? Little Bugs

Campari stopped using a traditional dye made from insects, but makers of American aperitivos are taking it back up.

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Elon Musk: Ticket to Mars will cost about $200,000

Musk has said that he wants to keep the per-ticket cost of traveling to Mars roughly equivalent to the cost of a house in the U.S. SpaceX plans to send a cargo mission to Mars in 2022, followed by a manned mission in 2024. Musk said there's a 70% chance he'll travel to Mars. A recent survey suggests most Americans aren't quite as adventurous. A ticket to the red planet aboard a SpaceX rocket will

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Parents learn, babies talk: How coaching moms and dads improves infants' language skills

A new study shows that parents who learn how and why to speak 'parentese' can have a direct impact on their children's vocabulary.

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A new aspect in Plasmodium falciparum life cycle revealed: 'Express' sexual conversion

Conversion from the asexual to the sexual phase of the malaria parasite is necessary for its transmission to the mosquito.

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First genetic map of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

An international study, focused on the analysis of the genome of more than 50,000 people worldwide, has identified twelve specific fragments of DNA related to the vulnerability of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

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Childhood physical inactivity reaches crisis levels around the globe

Children around the world are not moving enough to maintain healthy growth and development, according to a new global report. The report compared 49 countries from six continents to assess global trends in childhood physical activity in developed and developing nations, resulting in the 'Global Matrix 3.0' comparison of grades.

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Ion Drive: The First Flight

Researchers from MIT have flown a plane with moving parts for the first time. It is powered by an "ion drive" which uses high powered electrodes to ionise and accelerate air particles,… — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Small Island Where 500 People Speak 10 Different Languages

On South Goulburn Island, a small, forested isle off Australia’s northern coast, a settlement called Warruwi Community consists of some 500 people who speak among themselves about 10 different languages . This is one of the last places in Australia—and probably the world—where so many indigenous languages exist together. There’s the Mawng language, but also one called Bininj Kunwok and another ca

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The Tragedy of Electronic Music

David Stubbs’s new book, Future Sounds: The Story of Electronic Music From Stockhausen to Skrillex , depicts the electrification of music as a radical project—even a happily destructive one. The Italian Futurists, those haters of classicism and cheerleaders of fascism, invented one of the first noisemaking devices , with its creator, Luigi Russolo, writing that he was “fed up” not only with Beeth

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Extreme heat increasing in both summer and winter

A new study shows extreme heat events both in the summer and in the winter are increasing across the US and Canada, while extreme cold events in summer and winter are declining.

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Targeting MC1R in metastatic melanoma

University of Colorado Cancer Center study describes a molecule that seeks out melanoma cells, for imaging and potentially for therapy.

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AI turns mice to men (and women) bridging drug development translation barrier

CytoReason, developer of the world's first machine learning platform for human immune system cell-level simulation, today announces publication of a groundbreaking new model for translating data from mouse models to human disease. Described in Nature Methods, the mouse to human model (Found In Translation or FIT), proved its ability to more accurately and effectively extrapolate results from the m

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Study identifies sepsis symptoms that lead to death

The data analysis, pulled from more than 200,000 hospital visits, could help clinicians to more quickly identify — and treat- the patients who are at the greatest risk of dying from the common, and often insidious, condition.

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Better statistics for better health for pregnant women and babies in Europe in 2015

The Euro-Peristat network is pleased to announce the publication of a new European Perinatal Health Report, 'Core indicators of the health and care of pregnant women and babies in Europe in 2015'.This new report is based on data covering over five million births in the year 2015 compiled from public national satistical systems in the EU member states and Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.

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Coordinated development could help wind farms be better neighbors

New research highlights a previously underexplored consequence: A wake effect from upwind wind farms that can reduce the energy production of their downwind neighbors.

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Impact on the collective behavior of animal groups

A new study demonstrates that if animal groups are disturbed, this will have an impact on their collective behavior — results may be transferable to other social units.

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The five types of problem drinking are more common at different ages

Alcohol abuse is more complicated than simply drinking too much. There may be five separate types of problem drinkers, according to Penn State researchers, and each one may be more common at different stages of life.

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Living electrodes with bacteria and organic electronics

Researchers have developed a method that increases the signal strength from microbial electrochemical cells by up to 20 times. The secret is a film with an embedded bacterium: Shewanella oneidensis.

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Study in mice suggests drug to turn fat 'brown' could help fight obesity

Our bodies contain two types of fat: white fat and brown fat. While white fat stores calories, brown fat burns energy and could help us lose weight. Now, scientists have found a way of making the white fat 'browner' and increasing the efficiency of brown fat. While their study was carried out in mice, they hope that this finding will translate into humans and provide a potential new drug to help f

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Drones offer ability to find, ID and count marine megafauna

New research demonstrates that consumer-grade drones are effective tools for monitoring marine species across multiple sites in the wild. The work shows that the technology can be a valuable platform for scientists and conservationists interested in studying populations of sharks, rays, sea turtles and other marine megafauna.

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New technique to make objects invisible proposed

Researchers have demonstrated the electromagnetic invisibility of objects using an alternative technique, based on filler cloaking. The novelty lies in achieving invisibility from the interior of the objects, without adding external layers. This approach brings numerous advantages and opens up new applications in optics, communications systems and bioengineering.

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How does potassium enter cells?

For decades it was assumed that protein channels and protein pumps fulfilled completely different functions and worked independently of each other. Researchers have now elucidated the transport path of a protein complex that combines both mechanisms: it first receives potassium from the channel and then transfers it to the pump, from where it is transported to the cell.

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Family matters for future wealth

New research, for the first time using actual income numbers from two generations of Australians, reveals they do not easily move from low-income to high-income bands, however mobility is greater than the US. The analysis also suggests that family structure — who you're married to, when you have children and how many you have — matters when it comes to income mobility.

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New insight into ocean-atmosphere interaction and subsequent cloud formation

Organic compounds undergo drastic variations in their chemical composition as they transfer from the ocean's surface to atmospheric aerosols which act as nuclei to form clouds.

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Gip1 structure places G proteins in lockdown

Heterotrimeric G proteins are important in G protein-coupled receptor signaling, which is important in the detection of various stimuli. Here, researchers found that the protein that regulates activities of G proteins, Gip1, contains a hydrophobic (water-fearing) space, with a unique molecular bonding arrangement that allows interactions with G proteins. These interactions remove G proteins from t

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Six feet under, a new approach to global warming

A researcher has found that one-fourth of the carbon held by soil is bound to minerals as far as six feet below the surface. The discovery opens a new possibility for dealing with the element as it continues to warm the Earth's atmosphere. One hitch: Most of that carbon is concentrated deep beneath the world's wet forests, and they won't sequester as much as global temperatures continue to rise.

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Claim of First Gene-Edited Babies Triggers Investigation

He Jiankui says he has successfully used CRISPR-Cas9 to tweak the genes of twins born earlier this month. Some independent experts are dubious.

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First gene-edited babies born in China, scientist claims

The claim is unsubstantiated as of yet, but if true it would mark a historic moment in science and ethics. The scientist claims to have edited a gene that controls whether someone can contract HIV. Many say gene-editing is unethical, or that its technology is too premature to be used responsibly. A chinese scientist claims to have helped create the world's first genetically edited human babies, a

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Cyber Monday 2018: 15 Best Tech Deals for Gifting

Echo, iPad, Bose, and Nintendo Switch deals are among the best of Cyber Monday 2018.

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InSight lander: Nasa probe approaches Mars – live updates

Only 40% of missions to the red planet have succeeded but if all goes well the spacecraft is expected to touch down just before 3pm ET (8pm GMT) 7.49pm GMT InSight has entered the Martian atmosphere at 2.47pm, according to Nasa. The spacecraft will turn its heatshield towards the planet, which will protect it from temperatures of up to 3,000F. 7.40pm GMT Nasa scientists describe the entry, descen

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Report: US Already Affected by Climate Change

If greenhouse gas emissions are not curbed, the country's economy, infrastructure, and health of its population will suffer, according to government scientists.

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Racing electrons under control

The advantage is that electromagnetic light waves oscillate at petaherz frequency. This means that computers in the future could operate at speeds a million times faster than those of today. Scientists have now come one step closer to achieving this goal as they have succeeded in using ultra-short laser impulses to precisely control electrons in graphene.

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Combined local and global actions could lessen impacts of change in marine environment

Increased oil and gas activities could combine with ocean warming and acidification to have a significant negative impact on marine organisms, a new study suggests.

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Environment turns molecule into a switch

For the first time, physicists have successfully positioned an organic molecule on a substrate realizing two stable configurations. This may have application potential in molecular spintronics.

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LIVE: Nasa-boremaskine lander på Mars

Mars InSight er klar til at lande på vores naboplanet Mars. Den skal lede efter vand i Mars indre med et bor og lytte efter Mars-skælv.

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You've Heard of the Anthropocene? Welcome to the Hellocene

It sounds like a bad disaster movie, but climate change isn’t an abstract threat for our grandchildren. It’s here now — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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'Old-fashioned fieldwork' puts new frog species on the map

Months of old-fashioned fieldwork helped define the range and unique characteristics of the recently discovered Atlantic Coast leopard frog. A study published this month in the journal PLOS ONE pinpointed the frog's range along the Eastern Seaboard, its unusual call and a list of distinguishing traits. The lead author is a zoologist with the New York Natural Heritage Program based at the SUNY Coll

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Research helps in understanding the dynamics of dune formation

Studies by Brazilian researchers could have applications in crude oil pumping and missions to Mars, among others. New findings have been published in Physical Review Letters.

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A water treatment breakthrough, inspired by a sea creature

Inspired by Actinia, a sea organism that ensnares its prey with its tentacles, a team of researchers has developed a method for efficiently treating water. The research, a collaboration of the labs of Yale's Menachem Elimelech and Huazhang Zhao of Peking University, used a material known as a nanocoagulant to rid water of contaminants.

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Parents: Take a timeout before you force your child to apologize

Parents who force unremorseful kids to apologize to others before they're truly sorry may do more harm than good.

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Last week in tech: Cyber Monday deals, Facebook server troubles, and a bad week for Bitcoin

Technology The gadget buying continues. Gadget buying season is still in full swing.

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Mutations boost immunity: Toward a cancer vaccine

In a new study, Stephen Albert Johnston and his colleagues describe a method for pinpointing tumor-specific factors in blood that can elicit a protective immune response in the body and may one day be harnessed to produce an effective vaccine against the disease.

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Good help in primary care for children with obesity

Children treated for obesity in primary or outpatient care have a relatively good chance of fending off weight problems over the next few years as well, a study published in Acta Paediatrica shows.

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UNH researchers discover new materials to generate solar fuel production

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have identified new, readily available materials that convert sunlight and carbon dioxide (CO2) into building blocks for liquid fuels that could one day heat homes and power cars.

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Lung disease in middle age may be a risk factor for dementia later in life

Middle-aged adults with lung disease may be at greater risk of developing dementia or cognitive impairment later in life, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Drug use, religion explain 'reverse gender gap' on marijuana

Women tend to be more conservative than men on political questions related to marijuana. A recent study finds that this gender gap appears to be driven by religion and the fact that men are more likely to have used marijuana.

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A Weekend in a Prison Cell to Escape Modern Life

For the past five years, a mock prison facility in Hongcheon, South Korea, has been locking up paying “inmates” for brief stays in simple cells where mobile devices are prohibited, talking with other participants is not allowed, and no clocks can be found. Kim Hong-Ji, a photographer with Reuters, visited “Prison Inside Me” recently, reporting that it has hosted more than 2,000 inmates since 2013

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Minimally invasive retinal detachment has better outcomes: Clinical trial findings

A minimally invasive treatment for retinal detachment gives patients sharper vision, less distortion and reduced side-effects, according to the findings of a randomized controlled trial performed at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto. The findings have been published in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

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New device could monitor anticoagulant treatments with to deliver personalized therapies

Researchers of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), the Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2) and CIBER Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN) have developed a biosensor device which allows the monitoring of anticoagulants such as Sintrom® (acenocoumarol) to deliver a personalized therapy in which the patient or doctor can adjust the d

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Drinking water sucked from the dusty desert air

An inexpensive hydrogel-based material efficiently captures moisture even from low-humidity air and then releases it on demand.

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Natural habitats larger than Greece created to offset economic developments

Dr. Joseph W. Bull, a conservation scientist at University of Kent worked with Dr. Niels Strange from the University of Copenhagen to collate data on over ten thousand examples of nature sites created specifically to compensate for industrial impacts. Natural habitats occupying an area larger than Greece have been created to offset economic developments. This data could eventually provide a basis

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Successful second round of experiments with Wendelstein 7-X

The experiments conducted until November at the Wendelstein 7-X fusion device at the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP) in Greifswald, Germany, have achieved higher values for the density and the energy content of the plasma and long discharge times of up to 100 seconds — record results for devices of the stellarator type. Wendelstein 7-X, the world's largest stellarator, is to investi

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A Reckless and Needless Use of Gene Editing on Human Embryos

Last year, Jennifer Doudna, one of the pioneers of the gene-editing technique known as CRISPR , said , “I’ve mentally prepared myself for the day when I open my inbox or answer my phone and realize that somebody’s going to be announcing the first CRISPR baby.” That day was yesterday. As first reported by Antonio Regalado at MIT Technology Review , Chinese scientist He Jiankui claims to have made

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Frederick Douglass ‘Farewell Song’ sheds light on abolitionist history

A newly rediscovered piece of sheet music honoring Frederick Douglass sheds light on his place in the abolitionist movement and the history of other notable figures in the movement. In 1847, Frederick Douglass was getting ready to leave England where had lived to avoid being recaptured after his earlier escape from slavery in Maryland. He had crisscrossed Britain for the last 19 months while lect

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‘Lava-Lamp’ Proteins May Help Cells Cheat Death

“If you make a discovery and at first people tell you that it can’t be right, and then they eventually switch to telling you ‘we knew that all along,’ then you are probably on to something.” It’s a quip that has stuck in Clifford Brangwynne ’s mind. For the biophysicist at Princeton University, that is “exactly what happened with our findings on intracellular liquid phases.” Think of liquids with

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Early US data show big jump in online holiday shopping

Early sales data released Monday and over the weekend suggested a strong start to the US holiday shopping season but analysts said it was too soon to declare victory overall.

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Spain says Ryanair violated right to strike: unions

Spain has found Ryanair guilty of violating cabin crews' right to strike and work safety regulations as well as obstructing labour inspections, threatening to fine the low-frills airline for 16 infractions, unions said Monday.

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Scientists discover a new route to antibiotics using gene editing

Scientists have discovered a new chemical process—also known as a biosynthetic pathway—in bacteria which could lead to a new generation of antibiotics being produced and manufactured.

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Meet Lindsey: She'll be your guide today

A 5ft 2ins tall magenta robot, equipped with sensors and cameras, will guide visitors through exhibitions at a Lincoln museum from today.

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A New Indictment Looms in the Mueller Probe

A far-right conspiracy theorist who landed in Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s crosshairs over his friendship with the longtime Donald Trump confidant Roger Stone now says that Mueller has offered him a plea deal on one count of perjury related to his conversations with Stone in 2016—but he is not going to take the deal, he told me in an interview on Monday. “I will not sign a statement that says

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Does teen cannabis use lead to behavior problems — or vice versa?

New research led by the Annenberg Public Policy Center finds that cannabis use among teens doesn't appear to lead to greater conduct problems or greater affiliation with other teens who smoke cannabis. Instead, it's adolescents with conduct problems or whose friends use cannabis who are more likely to gravitate toward cannabis use.

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Zebrafish help unlock mystery of motor neurone disease

Scientists from the University of Sheffield have successfully created zebrafish that carry the complex genetic change known to cause the most common genetic form of motor neurone disease (MND).

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The five types of problem drinking are more common at different ages

Alcohol abuse is more complicated than simply drinking too much. There may be five separate types of problem drinkers, according to Penn State researchers, and each one may be more common at different stages of life.

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Living electrodes with bacteria and organic electronics

Researchers at the Laboratory of Organic Electronics, Linkoping University, have together with colleagues at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, developed a method that increases the signal strength from microbial electrochemical cells by up to twenty times. The secret is a film with an embedded bacterium: Shewanella oneidensis.

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Certain dietary or nutritional supplements could improve sperm quality

Infertility affects 15 percent of the world population and is recognized by the WHO as a global health problem. Researchers have carried out the most extensive and systematic review to date of randomized clinical studies into the effects of different nutrients and dietary supplements on sperm quality and male fertility. The study suggests that dietary supplements can have a beneficial effect on sp

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