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Nyheder2018oktober17

 

Hey Google, you don't really want to replace me, right?

Google wants to do more than just organize the world's information. It wants to infuse itself into our lives and replace several of our daily tasks robotically. That, clearly, is the goal, as outlined this week.

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America’s Indefinite Endgame in Syria

President Donald Trump speaks frequently about bringing U.S. troops home and avoiding costly wars in the Middle East. But last month, the administration changed its position in one key area: the Syrian civil war. America will remain in Syria, National-Security Adviser John Bolton said , “as long as Iranian troops are outside Iranian borders.” He described the new policy as a strategic shift from

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Your Facebook Posts Can Reveal If You're DepressedFacebook Portal Ripley

Researchers used people's Facebook data and their medical records to detect early symptoms of a mental health problem.

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Adobe’s Project Brush Bounty uses AI to paint animation into static illustrations

Technology These brushes can make it rain or add flowing hair to pretty much anything Adobe's Project Brush Bounty uses AI to animate images.

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Flames aren't the only danger firefighters face. Sometimes, there's a bear.

Science Tales from a Pyrogeographer. Crystal Kolden's job is to figure out how people around the world can live with fire. And boy, does she have some stories.

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The Decades-Old Novel That Presages Today’s Fight for Facts

European modernists used the novel as a means of mapping metropolitan experience. From James Joyce’s immortalizing of “dear, dirty Dublin” in Ulysses , to the grimy urban paean of Alfred Döblin’s Berlin Alexanderplatz , to Robert Musil’s elegy for imperial Vienna in The Man Without Qualities , the city was no longer merely decorative scrim but a collaborative possibility, the ideal vessel for con

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Nicotine exposure in male mice may trigger ADHD in their offspring

Mice are more active and have attention problems if their fathers had nicotine in their diet, perhaps because the chemical triggers epigenetic changes in sperm

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Research assesses geographic distribution of new antibiotics following market introduction

New study finds that between 1999 and 2014, only 25 new antibiotics entered the global market. The majority of antibiotics released in this time period originated from Japanese or US companies and were launched in Japan or the US. Of the 25 antibiotics, 18 treat community-acquired respiratory infections, 14 treat skin infections, and 12 treat urinary infections. Half treat infections caused by res

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Why mothers in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan choose cesarean delivery

Pregnant women in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan are more likely to express preference for cesarean section (CS) as their mode of delivery later in pregnancy and postpartum, as compared to early in pregnancy, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

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Father's nicotine use can cause cognitive problems in children and grandchildren

A father's exposure to nicotine may cause cognitive deficits in his children and even grandchildren, according to a study in mice publishing on Oct. 16 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Pradeep Bhide of Florida State University in Tallahassee and colleagues. The effect, which was not caused by direct secondhand exposure, may be due to epigenetic changes in key genes in the father's sperm.

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The Small Party Threatening to Topple Theresa May’s Government

LONDON—British Prime Minister Theresa May has faced her fair share of resistance over Brexit: from the opposition Labour Party, from the Euroskeptics within her ruling Conservatives, and even from members of her own cabinet. But the latest rebellion isn’t just from the usual suspects. Now, it’s coming from the small Northern Irish party that is propping up May’s government—and it could bring the

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How to Talk to Your Kids About Race

“The worst conversation adults can have with kids about race is no conversation at all,” says author Jemar Tisby. “Talking to kids about race needs to happen early, often, and honestly.” In a new episode of Home School , The Atlantic ’s animated series about parenting, Tisby offers advice on how to have a conversation with children about race, from experiential learning to watching classic animat

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Saudade: the untranslatable word for the presence of absence

'I pray for friends I've lost, family, like my uncle who passed away,' Bruno told me. We were chatting in the nave of the Church of the Santa Cruz of the Souls of the Hanged, a small Catholic church in central São Paulo. Built near the old city gallows, regulars go there to pray to the dead. 'When I'm here, I feel well,' he said. 'I even feel that the other side is well.' Bruno told me there was

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Florida Child Dies From Flu, the First Young Death Reported in the U.S. This Season

A child who had not gotten the flu shot tested positive for influenza B, state health officials said. The flu season has just begun, and flu activity remains low across the country.

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Harvard Calls for Retraction of Dozens of Studies by Noted Cardiologist

Some 31 studies by Dr. Piero Anversa contain fabricated or falsified data, officials concluded. Dr. Anversa popularized the idea of stem cell treatment for damaged hearts.

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The Results of Your Genetic Test Are Reassuring. But That Can Change.

Laboratories frequently “reclassify” genetic mutations. But there is no reliable system for telling patients or doctors that the results of their genetic tests are no longer valid.

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Elizabeth Warren Has a Native American Ancestor. Does That Make Her Native American?

The senator’s genetic analysis was sound, scientists said. But whether Ms. Warren may claim a cultural kinship with Native Americans is a very different question.

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Irving Like, 93, Dies; Foe of Power Plant and Friend of Fire Island

Mr. Like, an environmental lawyer, waged a long and ultimately successful fight against the Shoreham nuclear generator on Long Island.

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Herbert D. Kleber, Pioneer in Addiction Treatment, Dies at 84

A professional detour to the federal prison hospital in Lexington, Ky., known as the “narcotics farm,” would set the course of his life’s work.

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Heat and Drought Could Threaten World Beer Supply

A new study says a warming globe will be bad news for barley, an essential ingredient in the world’s most popular alcoholic beverage.

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How an Unlikely Family History Website Transformed Cold Case Investigations

Fifteen murder and sexual assault cases have been solved since April with a single genealogy website. This is how GEDmatch went from a casual side project to a revolutionary tool.

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Rescuing Sea Turtles From Fishermen’s Nets

An organization on the coast of Kenya tries to persuade local residents to help return the trapped reptiles to the ocean, rather than sell their meat and shells for a living.

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Nonfiction: Kurt Eichenwald’s Memoir of a ‘Mind Unraveled’

A journalist’s traumatic story of epilepsy and his struggle to have it treated seriously, and properly, in his college years.

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Cindy R. Lobel, Who Traced New York History Through Food, Dies at 48

Professor Lobel was among the first historians to explore the economic and social elements of city life in the 19th century through the lens of eating.

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The Cycle: Why I Wanted to Learn to Perform Abortions

With the future of contraception in question, looking back to recent history is instructive.

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Fact-Check: ‘I Don’t Know That It’s Man-Made,’ Trump Says of Climate Change. It Is.

On “60 Minutes,” President Trump backed off his claim that global warming is a hoax. But he also made several new assertions unsupported by science.

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Critic’s Pick: ‘Hilma Who?’ No More

Spiritual sparks helped inspire the radical and visionary art of Hilma af Klint, the new (old) name to know. Her work is on view at the Guggenheim.

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Trilobites: Watch This Blob of Cells Become an Embryo in High-Resolution

Researchers developed a new microscope that traces embryonic cell movement in real time, sketching a virtual map of how organ systems develop.

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Neil Armstrong Walked on the Moon Nearly 50 Years Ago. Do You Remember That Day?

We want to hear your memories of watching the first man step onto the moon.

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The New Old Age: Every Older Patient Has a Story. Medical Students Need to Hear It.

At more than 20 medical schools in the United States, students are getting an earful — about life, about perspective — from healthy seniors.

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After Nobel in Economics, William Nordhaus Talks About Who’s Getting His Pollution-Tax Ideas Right

A few governments—notably, parts of Canada and South Korea—have adapted his idea in ways that not only show signs of working, but it also reframe it not as a tax, but as a windfall for taxpayers.

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Sloan Kettering Researchers Correct the Record by Revealing Company Ties

The revised conflict-of-interest disclosures include new information about financial ties between top cancer researchers and for-profit companies.

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Most White Americans’ DNA Can Be Identified Through Genealogy Databases

A study found that it will soon be possible to identify the DNA of 90 percent of European Americans through cousins in genealogy databases.

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Matter: ‘Lifeboats’ Amid the World’s Wildfires

Islands of greenery, called refugia, survive even the worst fires, sheltering species and renewing charred landscapes.

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Q&A: How the Humble Bean Went Global

Introduced to Europe from the Americas, the common bean was cultivated into a staggering number of varieties.

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Global Health: Tiny Nanoparticles to Treat a Huge Problem: Snakebites

Snakes kill or cripple 500,000 people a year, but antivenins are costly and rare in poor countries. Now scientists are testing injectable nanoparticles that neutralize venom.

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Take a Number: Cats v. Rats? In New York, the Rats Win

At a recycling plant in Brooklyn, fat, stealthy rats were more than a match for feral cats, scientists found.

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Readers Tell Scientists Who Say Dogs Aren’t Geniuses: ‘My Dog Is Exceptional’

Dog lovers challenged a study that found canines to be smart but not “exceptional” by citing their own pets.

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U.K. to Allow Prescriptions for Medicinal Cannabis

The home secretary said special clinicians would be able to provide such treatment, after two highly publicized cases of young epileptic patients put pressure on the government to review its policy.

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Russian Rocket Fails, and 2 Astronauts Make Safe Emergency Return

The Soyuz craft experienced a problem minutes after liftoff, en route to the International Space Station, but the capsule landed safely.

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E.P.A. to Disband a Key Scientific Review Panel on Air Pollution

The 20-person board is responsible for helping the agency decide what levels of “particulate matter” are safe to breathe.

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Why Hurricane Michael’s Power Caught Forecasters Off Guard

Predicting the storm’s path was straightforward, but a number of factors contributed to its sudden intensification.

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Acute Flaccid Myelitis Cases in Children Are Investigated in at Least 5 States

Nearly half a dozen states have reported that they are investigating cases of the condition, which causes limb paralysis and severe muscle weakness.

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The Moment a Russian Rocket Failed During Launch

A rocket launched from Kazakhstan failed several minutes after liftoff. Both astronauts on board returned to earth safely.

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Lights, Camera, Blastoff: SpaceX Rockets Light Up California’s Night Skies

As SpaceX and other companies use the Vandenberg Air Force Base launch hub near Los Angeles more often, the region can expect more spectacles like the one visible on Sunday.

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State of the Art: A Future Where Everything Becomes a Computer Is as Creepy as You Feared

Amazon and other tech giants have made devices connected to the internet increasingly prevalent. Now is the time to be freaking out about the dangers.

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U.K. Appoints Minister for Suicide Prevention

Months after appointing its first minister for loneliness, Britain named the health minister to the new role as part of a push to tackle mental health issues.

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The Hurricanes, and Climate-Change Questions, Keep Coming. Yes, They’re Linked.

Scientists say the links between global warming and hurricanes are real, although it’s still too early to say what the climate-change impact has been on Hurricane Michael.

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Thomas A. Steitz, 78, Dies; Illuminated a Building Block of Life

A Nobel laureate, he discovered the structure of a huge molecule crucial to translating genetic information into the proteins that make up living matter.

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The Moon Eclipsed the Sun. Then the Bees Stopped Buzzing.

Researchers worked with a small army of elementary school children to collect audio recordings of bees as they visited flowers along the path of last summer’s total eclipse.

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Hurricane Michael: How to Prepare and Stay Safe

Officials said it was too late for Florida Panhandle residents to evacuate their homes and advised them to shelter in place. Here are some tips if you’re in the path of the storm.

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The Climate Outlook Is Dire. So, What’s Next?

A new report paints a stark portrait of how quickly the planet is heating up. With a new round of international climate negotiations set for December, the next months will be crucial.

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Plants Can’t Talk. But Some Fruits Say ‘Eat Me’ to Animals.

Two national parks in Uganda and Madagascar presented researchers with a natural experiment to understand how plants have adapted to appeal to animals that spread their seeds.

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Illinois slaughterhouse biggest nitrogen polluter of waterways in US, study finds

A central Illinois pork-processing plant last year discharged more nitrogen from animal waste into waterways than any other slaughterhouse in the country, according to a report published Thursday.

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Minimalism is killing us: Re-awaken your senses, bring back joy

The feeling of joy has become associated with immaturity, resulting in a culture of drabness. Minimalism is now the dominant aesthetic of nearly every artistic medium. There is an antidote to the deadening of our senses brought on by cultural minimalism.

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Why did this 5th-century child get a ‘vampire burial’?

The discovery of a 10-year-old’s body at an ancient site in Italy suggests people took measures to prevent the child from rising from the dead and spreading malaria to the living. The skeletal remains included a skull with a rock intentionally inserted into the mouth. Researchers believe it may have been placed there as part of a funeral ritual designed to contain disease—and the body itself. “I’

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The Extreme Discomfort of Sharing Salary Information

Most Americans who have jobs, according to a report from the employer-review website Glassdoor, “wish they had a better understanding of what fair pay is for their position and skill set at their company.” That is somewhat strange, given that they could gain a better understanding by just asking around. But it is also not strange, given the discomfort that so often accompanies discussing compensa

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Setting fires to control wildfires: a profound change takes hold in Washington state

On Sept. 2, 2017, volunteer firefighter Chris Martin spread the word to his neighbors. The Jolly Mountain fire was raging nearby. Pack up important possessions and prepare to leave at a moment's notice.

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Renewable energy is common ground for Democrats and Republicans

While conservatives and liberals tend to disagree on many environmental issues, they both view the development of solar power and other forms of renewable energy as financially savvy and a step towards self-sufficiency.

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Unique insight

The physical effects of being in space offer a unique insight into how our bodies work on Earth.

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Paul Allen Thought Like a Hacker and Never Stopped Dreaming

The Microsoft cofounder, who left the company in 1983, died Monday at age 65 of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

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A stabilizing influence enables lithium-sulfur battery evolution

A new approach to making the sulfur cathodes in lithium-sulfur batteries, could preserve their impressive energy density — clearing a significant hurdle that had blocked their widespread use for more than a decade.

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Huge earthquake simulator to get an upgrade

The University of California, San Diego's outdoor shake table in Scripps Ranch will soon give engineers a truer sense of the fury released when big earthquakes erupt in places around the world,

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New Pompeii evidence rewrites Vesuvius eruption history

A newly-discovered inscription at Pompeii proves the city was destroyed by Mount Vesuvius after October 17, 79 AD and not on August 24 as previously thought, archeologists said Tuesday.

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Judge approves Elon Musk settlement with SEC

A federal judge is approving a settlement between Elon Musk and federal regulators over his infamous tweet about taking Tesla private.

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Google offers solutions to avoid more EU Android fines

Google formally offered its solutions to avoid more EU mega-fines Wednesday, after Brussels accused the US tech giant of illegally abusing the dominance of its Android operating system for mobile devices.

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When it comes to smartphone lifespan, brand name matters more than hardware

Many critics have denounced smartphone manufacturers in recent years for producing devices that quickly become obsolete, creating a "planned obsolescence" that is costly for consumers and the global environment.

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Surprising behavior of bees during total solar eclipses discovered

Scientists recorded the activities of bees during the 2017 total solar eclipse. They found that bees completely stopped flying and buzzing. A team of professional and citizen scientists was involved. There is good science to be done in the unusual. Case in point – researchers just demonstrated the existence of a strange phenomenon, proving that during the solar eclipse of August 21st, 2017, bees

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An ancient child’s ‘vampire burial’ included steps to prevent resurrection

A 10-year-old skeleton in a Roman cemetery had a stone placed in its mouth to prevent the youngster from rising from the dead, researchers say.

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When it comes to smartphone lifespan, brand name matters more than hardware

The environmental costs of smartphones are often exacerbated by the relatively short lifespans of these globally ubiquitous devices. When it comes to extending the lifespan of these products, brand name might be more important than repairability, a Yale-led study finds.

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Automated system identifies dense tissue, a risk factor for breast cancer, in mammograms

Researchers from MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital have developed an automated model that assesses dense breast tissue in mammograms — which is an independent risk factor for breast cancer — as reliably as expert radiologists. This marks the first time a deep-learning model of its kind has successfully been used in a clinic on real patients, according to the researchers. With broad implemen

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A bad influence: the interplay between tumor cells and immune cells

Research at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah (U of U) yielded new insights into the environment surrounding different types of lung tumors, and described how these complex cell ecosystems may in turn ultimately affect response to treatment. The results were published today in Immunity and featured on the print cover of the journal.

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Tropical Storm Tara's water vapor concentrations seen by NASA's Aqua satellite

When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean on Oct. 16, 2018, the MODIS instrument aboard analyzed water vapor within Tropical Storm Tara.

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You Can Now Run Some Code Hosted on GitHub

GitHub Actions will allow developers to automate some tasks for managing their code.

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Structural characterization of the D290V mutation site in hnRNPA2 low-complexity-domain polymers [Biochemistry]

Human genetic studies have given evidence of familial, disease-causing mutations in the analogous amino acid residue shared by three related RNA binding proteins causative of three neurological diseases. Alteration of aspartic acid residue 290 of hnRNPA2 to valine is believed to predispose patients to multisystem proteinopathy. Mutation of aspartic acid…

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Insights into autophagosome biogenesis from structural and biochemical analyses of the ATG2A-WIPI4 complex [Biochemistry]

Autophagy is an enigmatic cellular process in which double-membrane compartments, called “autophagosomes, form de novo adjacent to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and package cytoplasmic contents for delivery to lysosomes. Expansion of the precursor membrane phagophore requires autophagy-related 2 (ATG2), which localizes to the PI3P-enriched ER–phagophore junction. We combined single-particle elect

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Long noncoding RNA SYISL regulates myogenesis by interacting with polycomb repressive complex 2 [Cell Biology]

Although many long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified in muscle, their physiological function and regulatory mechanisms remain largely unexplored. In this study, we systematically characterized the expression profiles of lncRNAs during C2C12 myoblast differentiation and identified an intronic lncRNA, SYISL (SYNPO2 intron sense-overlapping lncRNA), that is highly expressed in…

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Left/right asymmetric collective migration of parapineal cells is mediated by focal FGF signaling activity in leading cells [Developmental Biology]

The ability of cells to collectively interpret surrounding environmental signals underpins their capacity to coordinate their migration in various contexts, including embryonic development and cancer metastasis. One tractable model for studying collective migration is the parapineal, a left-sided group of neurons that arises from bilaterally positioned precursors that undergo a…

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Serotonin signaling regulates insulin-like peptides for growth, reproduction, and metabolism in the disease vector Aedes aegypti [Developmental Biology]

Disease-transmitting female mosquitoes require a vertebrate blood meal to produce their eggs. An obligatory hematophagous lifestyle, rapid reproduction, and existence of a large number of transmittable diseases make mosquitoes the world’s deadliest animals. Attaining optimal body size and nutritional status is critical for mosquitoes to become reproductively competent and effective…

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Space radiation triggers persistent stress response, increases senescent signaling, and decreases cell migration in mouse intestine [Environmental Sciences]

Proliferative gastrointestinal (GI) tissue is radiation-sensitive, and heavy-ion space radiation with its high-linear energy transfer (high-LET) and higher damaging potential than low-LET γ-rays is predicted to compromise astronauts’ GI function. However, much uncertainty remains in our understanding of how heavy ions affect coordinated epithelial cell migration and extrusion, which are…

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Neutral and selective dynamics in a synthetic microbial community [Evolution]

Ecologists debate the relative importance of selective vs. neutral processes in understanding biodiversity. This debate is especially pertinent to microbial communities, which play crucial roles in areas such as health, disease, industry, and the environment. Here, we created a synthetic microbial community using heritable genetic barcodes and tracked community composition…

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CXCR6+ST2+ memory T helper 2 cells induced the expression of major basic protein in eosinophils to reduce the fecundity of helminth [Immunology and Inflammation]

Memory T helper (mTh) cells play important roles in the reinfection of pathogens and drive the pathogenesis of diseases. While recent studies have characterized the pathogenic mTh2 cell subpopulations driving allergic inflammation, those that induce immune responses against helminth infection remain unknown. We found that IL-5–producing CXCR6+ST2+CD44+ mTh2 cells play…

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Raf kinase inhibitor protein negatively regulates FcϵRI-mediated mast cell activation and allergic response [Immunology and Inflammation]

The signaling cascades triggered by the cross-linkage of immunoglobulin E (IgE) with its high-affinity receptor (FcεRI) on mast cells contribute to multiple allergic disorders, such as asthma, rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. Restraint of intracellular signals for mast cell activation is essential to restore homeostasis. In this study, we found that…

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Natural molecules induce and synergize to boost expression of the human antimicrobial peptide {beta}-defensin-3 [Immunology and Inflammation]

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are mucosal defense effectors of the human innate immune response. In the intestine, AMPs are produced and secreted by epithelial cells to protect the host against pathogens and to support homeostasis with commensals. The inducible nature of AMPs suggests that potent inducers could be used to increase…

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Integrative genomic analysis of mouse and human hepatocellular carcinoma [Medical Sciences]

Cancer genomics has enabled the exhaustive molecular characterization of tumors and exposed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as among the most complex cancers. This complexity is paralleled by dozens of mouse models that generate histologically similar tumors but have not been systematically validated at the molecular level. Accurate models of the molecular…

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Role of PDGF receptor-{alpha} during human cytomegalovirus entry into fibroblasts [Microbiology]

Human CMV (HCMV) exhibits a broad cell tropism that depends on two virion glycoprotein complexes: a trimeric complex (gH/gL/gO) that facilitates viral infection primarily in fibroblasts and a pentameric complex (gH/gL/pUL128-pUL130-pUL131A) that mediates infection in epithelial and endothelial cells. We performed genome-wide CRISPR screens in which the PDGF receptor-α (PDGFRα)…

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HSP90 is a chaperone for DLK and is required for axon injury signaling [Neuroscience]

Peripheral nerve injury induces a robust proregenerative program that drives axon regeneration. While many regeneration-associated genes are known, the mechanisms by which injury activates them are less well-understood. To identify such mechanisms, we performed a loss-of-function pharmacological screen in cultured adult mouse sensory neurons for proteins required to activate this…

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Postnatal TrkB ablation in corticolimbic interneurons induces social dominance in male mice [Neuroscience]

The tight balance between synaptic excitation and inhibition (E/I) within neocortical circuits in the mammalian brain is important for complex behavior. Many loss-of-function studies have demonstrated that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its cognate receptor tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) are essential for the development of inhibitory GABAergic neurons. However,…

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NMDA-receptor antibodies alter cortical microcircuit dynamics [Neuroscience]

NMDA-receptor antibodies (NMDAR-Abs) cause an autoimmune encephalitis with a diverse range of EEG abnormalities. NMDAR-Abs are believed to disrupt receptor function, but how blocking this excitatory synaptic receptor can lead to paroxysmal EEG abnormalities—or even seizures—is poorly understood. Here we show that NMDAR-Abs change intrinsic cortical connections and neuronal population…

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Adult spinal motoneurons change their neurotransmitter phenotype to control locomotion [Neuroscience]

A particularly essential determinant of a neuron’s functionality is its neurotransmitter phenotype. While the prevailing view is that neurotransmitter phenotypes are fixed and determined early during development, a growing body of evidence suggests that neurons retain the ability to switch between different neurotransmitters. However, such changes are considered unlikely in…

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Translocatable voltage-gated Ca2+ channel {beta} subunits in {alpha}1-{beta} complexes reveal competitive replacement yet no spontaneous dissociation [Neuroscience]

β subunits of high voltage-gated Ca2+ (CaV) channels promote cell-surface expression of pore-forming α1 subunits and regulate channel gating through binding to the α-interaction domain (AID) in the first intracellular loop. We addressed the stability of CaV α1B–β interactions by rapamycin-translocatable CaV β subunits that allow drug-induced sequestration and uncoupling…

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High-throughput in vivo screen of functional mRNA delivery identifies nanoparticles for endothelial cell gene editing [Pharmacology]

Dysfunctional endothelium causes more disease than any other cell type. Systemically administered RNA delivery to nonliver tissues remains challenging, in large part because there is no high-throughput method to identify nanoparticles that deliver functional mRNA to cells in vivo. Here we report a system capable of simultaneously quantifying how >100…

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Changes in resource partitioning between and within organs support growth adjustment to neighbor proximity in Brassicaceae seedlings [Plant Biology]

In shade-intolerant plants, the perception of proximate neighbors rapidly induces architectural changes resulting in elongated stems and reduced leaf size. Sensing and signaling steps triggering this modified growth program have been identified. However, the underlying changes in resource allocation that fuel stem growth remain poorly understood. Through 14CO2 pulse labeling…

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DNA demethylase ROS1 negatively regulates the imprinting of DOGL4 and seed dormancy in Arabidopsis thaliana [Plant Biology]

Genomic imprinting is a form of epigenetic regulation resulting in differential gene expression that reflects the parent of origin. In plants, imprinted gene expression predominantly occurs in the seed endosperm. Maternal-specific DNA demethylation by the DNA demethylase DME frequently underlies genomic imprinting in endosperm. Whether other more ubiquitously expressed DNA…

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Abscisic acid-independent stomatal CO2 signal transduction pathway and convergence of CO2 and ABA signaling downstream of OST1 kinase [Plant Biology]

Stomatal pore apertures are narrowing globally due to the continuing rise in atmospheric [CO2]. CO2 elevation and the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) both induce rapid stomatal closure. However, the underlying signal transduction mechanisms for CO2/ABA interaction remain unclear. Two models have been considered: (i) CO2 elevation enhances ABA concentrations…

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Converging evidence for functional and structural segregation within the left ventral occipitotemporal cortex in reading [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

The ventral occipitotemporal cortex (vOTC) is crucial for recognizing visual patterns, and previous evidence suggests that there may be different subregions within the vOTC involved in the rapid identification of word forms. Here, we characterize vOTC reading circuitry using a multimodal approach combining functional, structural, and quantitative MRI and behavioral…

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Correction for Sanchez et al., Near-term deployment of carbon capture and sequestration from biorefineries in the United States [Correction]

SUSTAINABILITY SCIENCE Correction for “Near-term deployment of carbon capture and sequestration from biorefineries in the United States,” by Daniel L. Sanchez, Nils Johnson, Sean T. McCoy, Peter A. Turner, and Katharine J. Mach, which was first published April 23, 2018; 10.1073/pnas.1719695115 (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 115:4875–4880). The authors note…

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Correction for Lee et al., Altered ER-mitochondria contact impacts mitochondria calcium homeostasis and contributes to neurodegeneration in vivo in disease models [Correction]

APPLIED BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Correction for “Altered ER–mitochondria contact impacts mitochondria calcium homeostasis and contributes to neurodegeneration in vivo in disease models,” by Kyu-Sun Lee, Sungun Huh, Seongsoo Lee, Zhihao Wu, Ae-Kyeong Kim, Ha-Young Kang, and Bingwei Lu, which was first published September 5, 2018; 10.1073/pnas.1721136115 (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA…

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Correction for CaraDonna et al., Shifts in flowering phenology reshape a subalpine plant community [Correction]

ECOLOGY Correction for “Shifts in flowering phenology reshape a subalpine plant community,” by Paul J. CaraDonna, Amy M. Iler, and David W. Inouye, which was first published March 17, 2014; 10.1073/pnas.1323073111 (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111:4916–4921). The authors note that Fig. 3 appeared incorrectly. The corrected figure and its…

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In This Issue [This Week in PNAS]

Pollution exposure and minority employment Air pollution from smokestacks. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Alfred T. Palmer. Debates about industrial pollution regulations are often framed in terms of a trade-off between pollution exposure and employment opportunities. Racial and ethnic minorities in the United States are disproportionately exposed to industrial air pollution,…

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Profile of Mary E. Hatten [Profiles]

Soon after Mary Hatten became the first female professor at New York City’s Rockefeller University in 1992, she gave a talk to the university’s board of directors about her life’s work on neuron migration during brain development. David Rockefeller, the university’s benefactor and honorary chairman, was there and, after listening…

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Membrane tethering by the autophagy ATG2A-WIPI4 complex [Biochemistry]

In macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy), cells form autophagosomes, transient double-membrane–bound compartments that engulf portions of the cytoplasm for targeted degradation in the lysosome/vacuole to maintain cellular homeostasis under basal and stress conditions. The de novo formation of autophagosomes is driven by hierarchical assembly and function of a sophisticated autophagy protein machine

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Parcellating the structure and function of the reading circuit [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Reading is a uniquely human skill, learned through extensive experience during childhood, with literacy becoming widespread only in the past few hundred years. Consequently, the neural circuitry underlying language could not have evolved to have circuitry genetically predefined for reading; this is unlike other expert skills such as face recognition,…

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Making sense of sparse data with neural encoding strategies [Applied Mathematics]

The surface of the body is invested with populations of mechanosensory neurons and receptors which balance performance and efficiency to provide relevant input on stimuli such as touch and movement. While it might be biologically possible to generate dense arrays of sensors all over the body and take in vast…

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A potential solution for eliminating hypoxia as a cause for radioresistance [Medical Sciences]

Despite the clear evidence that hypoxia is deleterious for achieving local tumor control and better survival after radiotherapy, there is no established method for reducing or eliminating it. In PNAS, Benej et al. (1) describe a class of hypoxic radiosensitizers that decreases hypoxia by blocking mitochondrial complex 1 to inhibit…

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Bayesian approach to SETI [Astronomy]

The search for technosignatures from hypothetical galactic civilizations is going through a new phase of intense activity. For the first time, a significant fraction of the vast search space is expected to be sampled in the foreseeable future, potentially bringing informative data about the abundance of detectable extraterrestrial civilizations or…

1d

 

Education can reduce health differences related to genetic risk of obesity [Economic Sciences]

This work investigates whether genetic makeup moderates the effects of education on health. Low statistical power and endogenous measures of environment have been obstacles to the credible estimation of such gene-by-environment interactions. We overcome these obstacles by combining a natural experiment that generated variation in secondary education with polygenic scores…

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Tradeoffs in environmental and equity gains from job accessibility [Sustainability Science]

Increasing job accessibility is considered key to urban sustainability progress, both from an environmental and from a social perspective. However, sustainability outcomes depend on the processes contributing to accessibility trends, not just the trends themselves. Here, we ask whether sustainability benefits have followed from accessibility trends in the United States….

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Maize yields over Europe may increase in spite of climate change, with an appropriate use of the genetic variability of flowering time [Agricultural Sciences]

Projections based on invariant genotypes and agronomic practices indicate that climate change will largely decrease crop yields. The comparatively few studies considering farmers’ adaptation result in a diversity of impacts depending on their assumptions. We combined experiments and process-based modeling for analyzing the consequences of climate change on European maize…

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Functional muscle recovery with nanoparticle-directed M2 macrophage polarization in mice [Applied Biological Sciences]

Persistence of inflammation, and associated limits in tissue regeneration, are believed to be due in part to the imbalance of M1 over M2 macrophages. Here, we hypothesized that providing a sustained source of an antiinflammatory polarizing cytokine would shift the balance of macrophages at a site of tissue damage to…

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Nonsaturating large magnetoresistance in semimetals [Applied Physical Sciences]

The rapidly expanding class of quantum materials known as topological semimetals (TSMs) displays unique transport properties, including a striking dependence of resistivity on applied magnetic field, that are of great interest for both scientific and technological reasons. So far, many possible sources of extraordinarily large nonsaturating magnetoresistance have been proposed….

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Pharmacological bypass of NAD+ salvage pathway protects neurons from chemotherapy-induced degeneration [Biochemistry]

Axon degeneration, a hallmark of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), is thought to be caused by a loss of the essential metabolite nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) via the prodegenerative protein SARM1. Some studies challenge this notion, however, and suggest that an aberrant increase in a direct precursor of NAD+, nicotinamide mononucleotide…

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Bypassing a 8,5'-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine lesion by human DNA polymerase {eta} at atomic resolution [Biochemistry]

Oxidatively induced DNA lesions 8,5′-cyclopurine-2′-deoxynucleosides (cdPus) are prevalent and cytotoxic by impeding DNA replication and transcription. Both the 5′R- and 5′S-diastereomers of cdPu can be removed by nucleotide excision repair; however, the 5′S-cdPu is more resistant to repair than the 5′R counterpart. Here, we report the crystal structures of human…

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Oscillatory fluid flow drives scaling of contraction wave with system size [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Flows over remarkably long distances are crucial to the functioning of many organisms, across all kingdoms of life. Coordinated flows are fundamental to power deformations, required for migration or development, or to spread resources and signals. A ubiquitous mechanism to generate flows, particularly prominent in animals and amoebas, is actomyosin…

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Literature-based automated discovery of tumor suppressor p53 phosphorylation and inhibition by NEK2 [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Scientific progress depends on formulating testable hypotheses informed by the literature. In many domains, however, this model is strained because the number of research papers exceeds human readability. Here, we developed computational assistance to analyze the biomedical literature by reading PubMed abstracts to suggest new hypotheses. The approach was tested…

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Allosteric potentiation of a ligand-gated ion channel is mediated by access to a deep membrane-facing cavity [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Theories of general anesthesia have shifted in focus from bulk lipid effects to specific interactions with membrane proteins. Target receptors include several subtypes of pentameric ligand-gated ion channels; however, structures of physiologically relevant proteins in this family have yet to define anesthetic binding at high resolution. Recent cocrystal structures of…

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Coordination of cell migration mediated by site-dependent cell-cell contact [Cell Biology]

Contact inhibition of locomotion (CIL), the repulsive response of cells upon cell–cell contact, has been the predominant paradigm for contact-mediated responses. However, it is difficult for CIL alone to account for the complex behavior of cells within a multicellular environment, where cells often migrate in cohorts such as sheets, clusters,…

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News Feature: Deadly deficiency at the heart of an environmental mystery [Chemistry]

Researchers are puzzling over a widespread vitamin B shortage that appears to be killing wildlife. During spring and summer, busy colonies of a duck called the common eider (Somateria mollissima) and other wild birds are usually seen breeding on the rocky coasts around the Baltic Sea. Thousands of eager new…

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Enhanced dynamic nuclear polarization via swept microwave frequency combs [Chemistry]

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) has enabled enormous gains in magnetic resonance signals and led to vastly accelerated NMR/MRI imaging and spectroscopy. Unlike conventional cw-techniques, DNP methods that exploit the full electron spectrum are appealing since they allow direct participation of all electrons in the hyperpolarization process. Such methods typically entail…

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Cytoprotective metal-organic frameworks for anaerobic bacteria [Chemistry]

We report a strategy to uniformly wrap Morella thermoacetica bacteria with a metal-organic framework (MOF) monolayer of nanometer thickness for cytoprotection in artificial photosynthesis. The catalytic activity of the MOF enclosure toward decomposition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) reduces the death of strictly anaerobic bacteria by fivefold in the presence…

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Unique size-dependent nanocatalysis revealed at the single atomically precise gold cluster level [Chemistry]

Atomically precise metal clusters have attracted increasing interest owing to their unique size-dependent properties; however, little has been known about the effect of size on the catalytic properties of metal clusters at the single-cluster level. Here, by real-time monitoring with single-molecule fluorescence microscopy the size-dependent catalytic process of individual Au…

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N-cadherin provides a cis and trans ligand for astrotactin that functions in glial-guided neuronal migration [Developmental Biology]

Prior studies demonstrate that astrotactin (ASTN1) provides a neuronal receptor for glial-guided CNS migration. Here we report that ASTN1 binds N-cadherin (CDH2) and that the ASTN1:CDH2 interaction supports cell–cell adhesion. To test the function of ASTN1:CDH2 binding in glial-guided neuronal migration, we generated a conditional loss of Cdh2 in cerebellar…

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Modulation of the Hippo pathway and organ growth by RNA processing proteins [Developmental Biology]

The Hippo tumor-suppressor pathway regulates organ growth, cell proliferation, and stem cell biology. Defects in Hippo signaling and hyperactivation of its downstream effectors—Yorkie (Yki) in Drosophila and YAP/TAZ in mammals—result in progenitor cell expansion and overgrowth of multiple organs and contribute to cancer development. Deciphering the mechanisms that regulate the…

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Natural forcing of the North Atlantic nitrogen cycle in the Anthropocene [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle intensified over the 1900s. Model simulations suggest that large swaths of the open ocean, including the North Atlantic and the western Pacific, have already been affected by anthropogenic nitrogen through atmospheric transport and deposition. Here we report an ∼130-year-long record of the 15N/14N…

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Model of bacterial toxin-dependent pathogenesis explains infective dose [Ecology]

The initial amount of pathogens required to start an infection within a susceptible host is called the infective dose and is known to vary to a large extent between different pathogen species. We investigate the hypothesis that the differences in infective doses are explained by the mode of action in…

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Diplogastrellus nematodes are sexually transmitted mutualists that alter the bacterial and fungal communities of their beetle host [Ecology]

A recent accumulation of studies has demonstrated that nongenetic, maternally transmitted factors are often critical to the health and development of offspring and can therefore play a role in ecological and evolutionary processes. In particular, microorganisms such as bacteria have been championed as heritable, symbiotic partners capable of conferring fitness…

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Viable cyanobacteria in the deep continental subsurface [Ecology]

Cyanobacteria are ecologically versatile microorganisms inhabiting most environments, ranging from marine systems to arid deserts. Although they possess several pathways for light-independent energy generation, until now their ecological range appeared to be restricted to environments with at least occasional exposure to sunlight. Here we present molecular, microscopic, and metagenomic evidence…

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Mercury isotope signatures record photic zone euxinia in the Mesoproterozoic ocean [Environmental Sciences]

Photic zone euxinia (PZE) is a condition where anoxic, H2S-rich waters occur in the photic zone (PZ). PZE has been invoked as an impediment to the evolution of complex life on early Earth and as a kill mechanism for Phanerozoic mass extinctions. Here, we investigate the potential application of mercury…

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A new clade of basal Early Cretaceous pygostylian birds and developmental plasticity of the avian shoulder girdle [Evolution]

Early members of the clade Pygostylia (birds with a short tail ending in a compound bone termed “pygostyle”) are critical for understanding how the modern avian bauplan evolved from long-tailed basal birds like Archaeopteryx. However, the currently limited known diversity of early branching pygostylians obscures our understanding of this major…

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Rapid diversification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis lung-like conditions [Evolution]

Chronic infection of the cystic fibrosis (CF) airway by the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for adult CF patients. Prolonged infections are accompanied by adaptation of P. aeruginosa to the unique conditions of the CF lung environment, as well as marked diversification of…

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Convergent evolution of complex structures for ant-bacterial defensive symbiosis in fungus-farming ants [Evolution]

Evolutionary adaptations for maintaining beneficial microbes are hallmarks of mutualistic evolution. Fungus-farming “attine” ant species have complex cuticular modifications and specialized glands that house and nourish antibiotic-producing Actinobacteria symbionts, which in turn protect their hosts’ fungus gardens from pathogens. Here we reconstruct ant–Actinobacteria evolutionary history across

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Notch2-dependent DC2s mediate splenic germinal center responses [Immunology and Inflammation]

CD4+ T follicular helper (TFH) cells support germinal center (GC) reactions promoting humoral immunity. Dendritic cell (DC) diversification into genetically distinct subsets allows for specialization in promoting responses against several types of pathogens. Whether any classical DC (cDC) subset is required for humoral immunity is unknown, however. We tested several…

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Proinsulin C-peptide is an autoantigen in people with type 1 diabetes [Immunology and Inflammation]

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which insulin-producing beta cells, found within the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, are destroyed by islet-infiltrating T cells. Identifying the antigenic targets of beta-cell reactive T cells is critical to gain insight into the pathogenesis of T1D and develop antigen-specific…

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Amphiregulin-producing {gamma}{delta} T cells are vital for safeguarding oral barrier immune homeostasis [Immunology and Inflammation]

γδ T cells are enriched at barrier sites such as the gut, skin, and lung, where their roles in maintaining barrier integrity are well established. However, how these cells contribute to homeostasis at the gingiva, a key oral barrier and site of the common chronic inflammatory disease periodontitis, has not…

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Early adolescent Rai1 reactivation reverses transcriptional and social interaction deficits in a mouse model of Smith-Magenis syndrome [Medical Sciences]

Haploinsufficiency of Retinoic Acid Induced 1 (RAI1) causes Smith–Magenis syndrome (SMS), a syndromic autism spectrum disorder associated with craniofacial abnormalities, intellectual disability, and behavioral problems. There is currently no cure for SMS. Here, we generated a genetic mouse model to determine the reversibility of SMS-like neurobehavioral phenotypes in Rai1 heterozygous…

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The ReFRAME library as a comprehensive drug repurposing library and its application to the treatment of cryptosporidiosis [Medical Sciences]

The chemical diversity and known safety profiles of drugs previously tested in humans make them a valuable set of compounds to explore potential therapeutic utility in indications outside those originally targeted, especially neglected tropical diseases. This practice of “drug repurposing” has become commonplace in academic and other nonprofit drug-discovery efforts,…

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Papaverine and its derivatives radiosensitize solid tumors by inhibiting mitochondrial metabolism [Medical Sciences]

Tumor hypoxia reduces the effectiveness of radiation therapy by limiting the biologically effective dose. An acute increase in tumor oxygenation before radiation treatment should therefore significantly improve the tumor cell kill after radiation. Efforts to increase oxygen delivery to the tumor have not shown positive clinical results. Here we show…

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Dynamics and determinants of the force of infection of dengue virus from 1994 to 2015 in Managua, Nicaragua [Medical Sciences]

Dengue virus (DENV) is the most prevalent human vector-borne viral disease. The force of infection (FoI), the rate at which susceptible individuals are infected in a population, is an important metric for infectious disease modeling. Understanding how and why the FoI of DENV changes over time is critical for developing…

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FtsZ filaments have the opposite kinetic polarity of microtubules [Microbiology]

FtsZ is the ancestral homolog of tubulin and assembles into the Z ring that organizes the division machinery to drive cell division in most bacteria. In contrast to tubulin that assembles into 13 stranded microtubules that undergo dynamic instability, FtsZ assembles into single-stranded filaments that treadmill to distribute the peptidoglycan…

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Measures of single- versus multiple-round translation argue against a mechanism to ensure coupling of transcription and translation [Microbiology]

In prokaryotes, the synthesis of RNA and protein occurs simultaneously in the cytoplasm. A number of studies indicate that translation can strongly impact transcription, a phenomenon often attributed to physical coupling between RNA polymerase (RNAP) and the lead ribosome on the nascent mRNA. Whether there generally exists a mechanism to…

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Entropically driven aggregation of bacteria by host polymers promotes antibiotic tolerance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Microbiology]

Bacteria causing chronic infections are generally observed living in cell aggregates suspended in polymer-rich host secretions, and bacterial phenotypes induced by aggregated growth may be key factors in chronic infection pathogenesis. Bacterial aggregation is commonly thought of as a consequence of biofilm formation; however the mechanisms producing aggregation in vivo…

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Copper inhibits peptidoglycan LD-transpeptidases suppressing {beta}-lactam resistance due to bypass of penicillin-binding proteins [Microbiology]

The peptidoglycan (PG) layer stabilizes the bacterial cell envelope to maintain the integrity and shape of the cell. Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) synthesize essential 4–3 cross-links in PG and are inhibited by β-lactam antibiotics. Some clinical isolates and laboratory strains of Enterococcus faecium and Escherichia coli achieve high-level β-lactam resistance by…

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Neural-inspired sensors enable sparse, efficient classification of spatiotemporal data [Neuroscience]

Sparse sensor placement is a central challenge in the efficient characterization of complex systems when the cost of acquiring and processing data is high. Leading sparse sensing methods typically exploit either spatial or temporal correlations, but rarely both. This work introduces a sparse sensor optimization that is designed to leverage…

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Lesion network localization of free will [Neuroscience]

Our perception of free will is composed of a desire to act (volition) and a sense of responsibility for our actions (agency). Brain damage can disrupt these processes, but which regions are most important for free will perception remains unclear. Here, we study focal brain lesions that disrupt volition, causing…

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Grid-like hexadirectional modulation of human entorhinal theta oscillations [Neuroscience]

The entorhinal cortex contains a network of grid cells that play a fundamental part in the brain’s spatial system, supporting tasks such as path integration and spatial memory. In rodents, grid cells are thought to rely on network theta oscillations, but such signals are not evident in all species, challenging…

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Submegabase copy number variations arise during cerebral cortical neurogenesis as revealed by single-cell whole-genome sequencing [Neuroscience]

Somatic copy number variations (CNVs) exist in the brain, but their genesis, prevalence, forms, and biological impact remain unclear, even within experimentally tractable animal models. We combined a transposase-based amplification (TbA) methodology for single-cell whole-genome sequencing with a bioinformatic approach for filtering unreliable CNVs (FUnC), developed from machine learning trained…

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Active apolar doping determines routes to colloidal clusters and gels [Physics]

Collections of interacting active particles, self-propelling or not, have shown remarkable phenomena including the emergence of dynamic patterns across different length scales, from animal groups to vibrated grains, microtubules, bacteria, and chemical- or field-driven colloids. Burgeoning experimental and simulation activities are now exploring the possibility of realizing solid and stable…

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HEIP1 regulates crossover formation during meiosis in rice [Plant Biology]

During meiosis, the number of double-strand breaks (DSBs) far exceeds the final number of crossovers (COs). Therefore, to identify proteins involved in determining which of these DSBs repaired into COs is critical in understanding the mechanism of CO control. Across species, HEI10-related proteins play important roles in CO formation. Here,…

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Using a natural experiment to estimate the electoral consequences of terrorist attacks [Political Sciences]

This study investigates the consequences of terrorist attacks for political behavior by leveraging a natural experiment in Spain. We study eight attacks against civilians, members of the military, and police officers perpetrated between 1989 and 1997 by Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), a Basque terrorist organization that was active between 1958…

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Intergroup social influence on emotion processing in the brain [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Emotions usually occur in a social context; yet little is known about how similar and dissimilar others influence our emotions. In the current study, we examined whether ingroup and outgroup members have differential influence on emotion processing at the behavioral and neural levels. To this end, we recruited 45 participants…

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Racial disparities in pollution exposure and employment at US industrial facilities [Social Sciences]

Proximity to industrial facilities can have positive employment effects as well as negative pollution exposure impacts on surrounding communities. Although racial disparities in exposure to industrial air pollution in the United States are well documented, there has been little empirical investigation of whether these disparities are mirrored by employment benefits….

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Drought losses in China might double between the 1.5 {degrees}C and 2.0 {degrees}C warming [Sustainability Science]

We project drought losses in China under global temperature increase of 1.5 °C and 2.0 °C, based on the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) and the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI), a cluster analysis method, and “intensity-loss rate” function. In contrast to earlier studies, to project the drought losses, we…

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Can Pinterest succeed as the 'un'-social network?

If Instagram is the dream vacation you'll never go on and Facebook is Thanksgiving with too many relatives arguing over politics, Pinterest is sitting on the couch by yourself, watching a home-improvement show and absent-mindedly flipping through an old issue of Gourmet magazine.

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Tropical Storm Tara's water vapor concentrations seen by NASA's Aqua satellite

When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean on Oct. 16 the MODIS instrument aboard analyzed water vapor within Tropical Storm Tara.

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Forskere udvikler ultrahurtigt kamera, der kan filme lys bevæge sig

Kameraets billedfrekvens på 10 billioner billeder i sekundet lader forskerne se ind i en hidtil ukendt verden – og måske give os bedre solceller på sigt.

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Meet Sphen and Magic, the Same-Sex Penguin Couple Raising an Egg in Captivity

Two male penguins are raising an egg together in Sydney's Sea Life Aquarium.

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Climate summit host Poland says smart forest management key

Poland's President Andrzej Duda on Tuesday said smart forest management is key to fighting climate change and to help farming, weeks before he leads a major UN climate summit.

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World Heritage sites threatened by sea level rise

From Venice and the tower of Pisa to the medieval city of Rhodes, dozens of UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Mediterranean basin are deeply threatened by rising sea levels, researchers warned Tuesday.

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Keeping food out of landfills

You probably throw out more food than you realize. Food waste makes up 21.6 percent of municipal waste, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

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Let’s embrace the joy of moonmoons and more playful scientific terms

Some say the astronomical term moonmoon makes light of a serious field of study, but it seems a shame to abandon it for po-faced alternatives

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Making games like Red Dead Redemption 2 shouldn’t be such hard work

Reports that 2018’s blockbuster video game saw people working 100-hour weeks are troubling, given that tech firms could make workers’ lives easier, says Michael Cook

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Lucy Hawking exclusive: My father was the gravity holding us in orbit

On the publication of Stephen Hawking's final book, his daughter Lucy Hawking reflects on their shared experiences and coming to terms with his death

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Ocean Cleanup's 2,000ft net deployed at Great Pacific Garbage Patch

The U-shaped System 001 is designed to collect massive amounts of garbage. A boat will come collect the garbage every couple of months. This is the first full-scale, real-world test of the foundation's technology, which has been criticized by skeptics. None A 2,000-foot-long floating pipe connected to a submerged net arrived Tuesday at its destination in the Pacific Ocean where it will begin coll

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Why the U.S. Can’t Quit Saudi Arabia

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has arrived in Riyadh with instructions to get to the bottom of a journalist’s disappearance from a Saudi consulate in Istanbul, while an outpouring of leaks from Turkish intelligence seem to point to a case of murder, perhaps orchestrated at an official level. The U.S.-Saudi relationship was already attracting fierce criticism in some quarters because of the carnag

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So many people have had their DNA sequenced that they've put other people's privacy in jeopardy

Everyone's DNA sequence is unique. But for those who wish to maintain their genetic privacy, it may not be unique enough.

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Could cutting CO2 emissions provide water during droughts?

Power plants provide homes and businesses with electricity on a daily basis. But plants also consume a daily essential: Water. In fact, the US electrical power industry uses nearly half of all water in the country. Power plants use water for cooling and creating steam to turn turbines, which then generate electricity. But during droughts and water shortages, these plants can put a strain on the en

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True sanctuary

When they first set out to follow grey reef sharks around the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), Darcy Bradley and her colleagues intended to survey their movement in the protected waters there. What they found was a disturbing development for the Pacific island nation.

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Thank the ’90s for Practical Magic

Read this plot description and ponder whether it sounds like a good pitch for a light rom-com: Two sisters—one more sensible than the other but both of them practicing witches—kill an abusive boyfriend together, bury his body, and then have to reckon with the consequences of the crime after he comes back to life. You’re not laughing? What if I told you the sisters were reckoning with an ancient f

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Woodward Missed Everything That Matters About the Trump Presidency

The alleged killing of a Washington Post columnist on the orders of the Saudi crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, has triggered many rethinks—and not least a rethinking of the lavishly flattering journalism that hailed the crown prince’s rise to supreme power. Among the biggest media boosters of the Saudi crown prince was Bob Woodward in his new book, Fear . Woodward observed that a National Secur

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Paul Ryan’s Legacy Defines the Race He’s Leaving Behind

JANESVILLE, Wis.—Barry Badertscher hoped Paul Ryan would be president someday. He’s voted for Janesville’s most famous native son every two years, and like so many in this small, Democratic city in southeast Wisconsin, Badertscher, 53, knows the Ryans socially. He owns a commercial real-estate business, and his name is emblazoned on the firm’s signs scattered throughout town. Badertscher watched

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'Concrete block on your chest': astronauts recount failed space launch

Russian cosmonaut Aleksey Ovchinin on Tuesday said the G-force during last week's emergency landing of the Soyuz spacecraft felt like a concrete block on his chest but he and NASA astronaut Nick Hague are now in "great" health.

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Herefordshire firm launches biodegradable crisp packet

The manufacturer says the bags once disposed have a six-month lifespan.

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Beer Prices Could Double Because Of Climate Change, Study Says

The price of a six-pack in the U.S. could rise by $1 to $8 because of drought and heat. As one of the researchers says, it's "another way climate change will suck." (Image credit: Peter Nicholls/Reuters)

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SwRI's Strofio will measure Mercury's 'exosphere'

The European Space Agency's BepiColombo spacecraft will launch towards Mercury carrying a unique payload designed and built at Southwest Research Institute: an instrument called Strofio, which will study Mercury's tenuous exosphere. Part of the SERENA suite of instruments, Strofio's measurements will help us better understand the planet's surface and the history of the smallest rocky planet orbiti

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Insurers See Smoldering Risk after California's Worst Wildfire

Residents rebuilding after the catastrophic Tubbs fire are paying higher premiums — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Male gorillas that care for kids are more attractive

Male gorillas have greater reproduction success if they spend more time taking care of kids—and not necessarily only their own. In a previous study, the researchers found that wild male mountain gorillas living in Rwanda do something that is quite unusual for a mammal—they help take care of all of the kids that live in their social group, regardless of whether they are the father. The researchers

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State pension plans would be better off avoiding external management fees

Recent research from North Carolina State University finds that state pension plans would be better off avoiding external asset managers when investing their plans' assets—and would carry substantially smaller unfunded liabilities if they simply invested in a conventional index fund.

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Looking and listening for signals of navy test explosions off Florida coast

Underwater explosions detonated by the U.S. Navy to test the sturdiness of ships' hulls have provided seismologists with a test opportunity of their own: how much can we know about an underwater explosion from the seismic and acoustic data it generates?

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Youth violence lower in countries with complete ban on corporal punishment

A study published today in the BMJ Open shows that in countries where there is a complete ban on all corporal punishment of children there is less fighting among young people. There was 31 percent less physical fighting in young men and 42 percent less physical fighting in young women in countries where corporal punishment was banned in all settings, compared with those where corporal punishment w

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Age-related increase in estrogen may cause common men's hernia

An age-related increase in estrogen may be the culprit behind inguinal hernias, a condition common among elderly men that often requires corrective surgery. Men could be treated with hormone inhibitor to strengthen muscle, the researcher suggests.

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Researchers recommend satellite technology as a way to create more effective, 'true' shark sanctuaries

When they first set out to follow grey reef sharks around the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), Darcy Bradley and her colleagues intended to survey their movement in the protected waters there. What they found was a disturbing development for the Pacific island nation.

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The Idioms of Non-Argument

In The Coddling of the American Mind , Jonathan Haidt and Greg Lukianoff argue that well-intentioned adults are unwittingly harming young people by raising them in ways that implicitly convey three untruths: The Untruth of Fragility: What doesn’t kill you makes you weaker. The Untruth of Emotional Reasoning: Always trust your feelings. The Untruth of Us vs. Them: Life is a battle between good peo

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Paul Allen Shows It’s Hard to Give Away $10 Billion

When Paul Allen signed the Giving Pledge in 2010, becoming one of 40 people to agree to give at least half their fortune to philanthropy, he was worth $13.5 billion. It was money he’d amassed from co-founding Microsoft, which he then put into the company Vulcan Inc., a group that handled both his philanthropic and investment initiatives. “I believe that those fortunate to achieve great wealth sho

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To unravel autism’s mysteries, one neuroscientist looks at the developing brain

Autism researcher Kevin Pelphrey focuses on understanding signs of the disorder in the developing brain, which could shed light on the condition.

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How acting as Carrie Fisher’s puppet made a career for Rogue One’s Princess Leia

“Ghost acting” is helping young actors build careers beyond their 15 minutes of fame

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Actors are digitally preserving themselves to continue their careers beyond the grave

Improvements in CGI mean neither age nor death need stop some performers from working.

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Public opinion on GMOs might impact similar technologies in stores

If an individual is skeptical about the safety of genetically modified foods, chances are they're wary of nanotechnology, too.

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Infants are more likely to learn when with a peer

Researchers at the University of Connecticut and University of Washington looked at the mechanisms involved in language learning among nine-month-olds, the youngest population known to be studied in relation to on-screen learning.

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No sweat required: UToledo finds hypertension treatment that mimics effect of exercise

By studying a chemical produced predominately in the liver, hypertension researchers at The University of Toledo have found a novel approach to lower blood pressure, even without reducing sodium intake or increasing exercise.

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Simple stickers may save lives of patients, athletes and lower medical costs

Purdue University researchers have created wearable medical electronic devices that someone can easily attach to their skin. The devices are made out of paper to lower the cost of personalized medicine.

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Pompeii: Vesuvius eruption may have been later than thought

Mount Vesuvius erupted on 24 August, 79 AD – or at least, that's what historians thought until now.

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Recent intergalactic flashes might help solve this great astronomical mystery

Space What this new research means for radio astronomy An Australian array of radio telescopes has discovered nearly 20 new examples of a mysterious type of radio burst from deep space.

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‘Broadband’ Networks of Viruses May Help Bacteria Evolve Faster

Bacteria have a sneaky evolutionary advantage: their own version of the internet for swapping survival solutions. It’s a living network of viruses that can shuttle genetic information between unrelated cells. Known as transduction, this process is one of the ways that bacteria can bypass the generation-by-generation plodding of vertical inheritance and instead share information horizontally, enab

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Innuendo alone can fuel conspiracy theories

Innuendo alone in news coverage can fuel belief in conspiracy theories, according to a new study.

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A selfish gene makes mice into migrants

House mice carrying a specific selfish supergene move from one population to another much more frequently than their peers. This finding shows for the first time that a gene of this type can influence animal migratory behavior. It could help in dealing with invasive plagues transmitted by mice.

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Looking and listening for signals of navy test explosions off Florida coast

Underwater explosions detonated by the US Navy to test the sturdiness of ships' hulls have provided seismologists with a test opportunity of their own: how much can we know about an underwater explosion from the seismic and acoustic data it generates?

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Environmental factors may trigger onset of multiple sclerosis

A new Tel Aviv University study finds that certain environmental conditions like salt concentrations and temperature may precipitate structural changes that take place in myelin sheaths in the onset of multiple sclerosis (MS). Myelin sheaths are the 'insulating tape' surrounding axons; axons carry electrical impulses in neurons.

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Public opinion on GMOs might impact similar technologies in stores

Researchers at the University of Missouri have found that an individual's perception of genetically modified organisms might impact their judgments about whether or not nanotechnology-enabled products should be labeled in stores.

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Are trigger warnings emotionally protective?

Do you like to see warnings about violent or other distressing content before watching a TV show or movie, or reading a book?

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New memristor boosts accuracy and efficiency for neural networks on an atomic scale

Hardware that mimics the neural circuitry of the brain requires building blocks that can adjust how they synapse. One such approach, called memristors, uses current resistance to store this information. New work looks to overcome reliability issues in these devices by scaling memristors to the atomic level. Researchers demonstrated a new type of compound synapse that can achieve synaptic weight pr

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Amount of weight regain after bariatric surgery helps predict health risks

Measuring the percentage of weight regained following the maximum amount of weight lost after bariatric surgery can help predict a patient's risk of several serious health problems. The study also revealed that the rate of weight regained was highest in the first year following maximum weight loss.

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This RNA-based technique could make gene therapy more effective

MIT biological engineers have devised a way to regulate the expression of messenger RNA once it gets into cells, giving them more precise control over gene therapy treatments for cancer and other diseases.

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Algorithmic innovation may help reduce invasive heart procedures

Doctors use invasive procedures to decide whether an ablation procedure to remove heart tissue is likely to have a positive outcome. CT scans or ultrasounds are useful in determining the structure of a patient's heart, but invasive electrical procedures are used to identify and localize the source of the atrial fibrillation. Researchers have developed new algorithms to localize the source of an at

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New, durable catalyst for key fuel cell reaction may prove useful in eco-friendly vehicles

A new catalyst, developed by Brown University researchers, exceeds Department of Energy targets for performing the oxygen reduction reaction, a key step in generating an electric current in a hydrogen fuel cell.

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New reservoir computer marks first-ever microelectromechanical neural network application

A group of researchers in Canada reports the construction of the first reservoir computing device built with a microelectromechanical system. Published in the Journal of Applied Physics, the neural network exploits the nonlinear dynamics of a microscale silicon beam to perform its calculations. The group's work looks to create devices that can act simultaneously as a sensor and a computer using a

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Bariatric surgery reduces heart attacks, strokes and death in obese people with diabetes

People with diabetes and severe obesity who had bariatric surgery were 40 percent less likely to have a heart attack or stroke within 5 years than those who had usual medical care for their diabetes, according to a new study published today in JAMA.

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No decrease in X-rays for infants with lower respiratory tract infections

Revised guidelines recommend against routine X-rays for infants with bronchiolitis, a viral lower respiratory tract infection that often lands babies in the hospital. Unnecessary X-rays contribute to health care costs and radiation exposure. Despite the guidelines, an analysis of emergency department visits in the United States suggests no decrease in the rate of X-rays from 2007 to 2015, with nea

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Is weight-loss surgery associated with lower risk of macrovascular events like heart attack, stroke for patients with type 2 diabetes?

Macrovascular disease events, which include heart attack and stroke, are a leading cause of illness and death for patients with type 2 diabetes. Medical management, including lifestyle changes, may not reduce patient risk but bariatric surgery may help.

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Population aging and decrease may have socioeconomic and environmental benefits

Environmental scientists argue that societies should embrace population aging and decrease in an opinion appearing Oct. 16 in the journal Trends in Ecology & Evolution. They cite multiple reports of the socioeconomic and environmental benefits of population aging, mortality-related decrease, and shrinking workforces due to retirement and maintain that, contrary to some economic analyses, costs ass

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New findings cast light on lymphatic system, key player in human health

Defects in the lymphatic system have been linked to a wide range of health consequences, but new findings of how the system works could lead to future therapies.

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Unlike obese adults, obese children don't have more pain after surgery

While obese adults often report more pain after surgery, the same does not appear to be true for obese children, according to the largest study of its kind, being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2018 annual meeting.

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Just 1 gene may be to blame for this deadly leukemia

A new study shows how a single gene could be at fault in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), one of the deadliest cancers. Researchers say the breakthrough could eventually lead to gene-targeted therapy that could improve AML survival rates, which have not budged in recent years. The gene, known as EVI1, rewires the entire panoply of blood-forming cells and tissues by binding to certain DNA molecules a

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How communities can help lower kids’ obesity risk

Genetics, eating, and exercise all play a role in a child’s weight—but how a community’s programs and policies address childhood obesity should be considered as well, a new study reports. One in five US school-age children and young people ages 6 to 19 years suffers from obesity, a tripling of such numbers since the 1970s. As reported in Pediatric Obesity , researchers looked how broadly and succ

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Højesteret afviser Patientdataforeningen i sag om ulovlig dataindsamling

Patientdataforeningens mangeårige juridiske kamp mod Region Syddanmark om DAMD er slut. Højesteret valgte i dag at stadfæste Østre Landsrets afvisning af sagen.

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Defense Department Password Is Cracked in 9 Seconds. So How Safe Are US Weapons?

An evildoer with hacking skills could potentially take control of U.S. weapons systems, according to report that finds critical cybersecurity threats at the Department of Defense.

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New memristor boosts accuracy and efficiency for neural networks on an atomic scale

Just like their biological counterparts, hardware that mimics the neural circuitry of the brain requires building blocks that can adjust how they synapse, with some connections strengthening at the expense of others. One such approach, called memristors, uses current resistance to store this information. New work looks to overcome reliability issues in these devices by scaling memristors to the at

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New reservoir computer marks first-ever microelectromechanical neural network application

As artificial intelligence has become increasingly sophisticated, it has inspired renewed efforts to develop computers whose physical architecture mimics the human brain. One approach, called reservoir computing, allows hardware devices to achieve the higher-dimension calculations required by emerging artificial intelligence. One new device highlights the potential of extremely small mechanical sy

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New, durable catalyst for key fuel cell reaction may prove useful in eco-friendly vehicles

One factor holding back the widespread use of eco-friendly hydrogen fuel cells in cars, trucks and other vehicles is the cost of the platinum catalysts that make the cells work. One approach to using less precious platinum is to combine it with other cheaper metals, but those alloy catalysts tend to degrade quickly in fuel cell conditions.

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Algorithmic innovation may help reduce invasive heart procedures

Doctors use invasive procedures to map the hearts of patients suffering from atrial fibrillation, an abnormal heart rhythm, to decide whether an ablation procedure to remove heart tissue is likely to have a positive outcome. Computed tomography (CT) scans or ultrasounds are useful in determining the structure of a patient's heart, but invasive electrical procedures are used to identify and localiz

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This RNA-based technique could make gene therapy more effective

Delivering functional genes into cells to replace mutated genes, an approach known as gene therapy, holds potential for treating many types of diseases. The earliest efforts to deliver genes to diseased cells focused on DNA, but many scientists are now exploring the possibility of using RNA instead, which could offer improved safety and easier delivery.

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Population aging and decrease may have socioeconomic and environmental benefits

Environmental scientists argue that societies should embrace population aging and decrease in an opinion appearing October 16 in the journal Trends in Ecology & Evolution. They cite multiple reports of the socioeconomic and environmental benefits of population aging, mortality-related decrease, and shrinking workforces due to retirement and maintain that, contrary to some economic analyses, costs

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Delivery startup Instacart valued at $7.6 bn in funding round

Online grocery delivery startup Instacart, a symbol of the "on demand" economy, said Tuesday it raised $600 million in capital, at a valuation of $7.6 billion.

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People who have a good sense of smell are also good navigators

A sense of smell and a sense of direction are tangled in the brain, a new study finds.

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State pension plans would be better off avoiding external management fees

Recent research finds state pension plans would be better off avoiding external asset managers when investing their assets — and would carry substantially smaller unfunded liabilities if they simply invested in a conventional index fund.

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Forest carbon stocks have been overestimated for 50 years

A formula used to calculate basic wood density has recently been corrected. Basic density is widely used to compute carbon storage by trees. Researchers estimate that the error in the initial formula resulted in an overestimation of forest carbon stocks, to the tune of almost 5 percent. These results were published in the scientific journal American Journal of Botany on 16 October.

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Are ‘chats’ the secret to building epic teams?

The growing role of teamwork in the modern world raises a question: What factors contribute to team performance? A new study investigating the dynamics of teamwork suggests a major factor that predicts performance is connectedness. Several studies have explored this issue, often focusing on individual personality traits that promote team performance. But team members’ proficiencies only establish

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Why we have an emotional connection to robots | Kate Darling

We're far from developing robots that feel emotions, but we already have feelings towards them, says robot ethicist Kate Darling, and an instinct like that can have consequences. Learn more about how we're biologically hardwired to project intent and life onto machines — and how it might help us better understand ourselves.

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Half-hearted cannabis legalisation move leaves patients in limbo

Medical cannabis is to be available in the UK from November, but tight restrictions will drive patients to alternative sources, says Henry Fisher

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Alien life could spread between solar systems on interstellar rocks

Researchers have calculated that living organisms may be able to hitch a ride aboard interstellar rocks to spread not only between planets, but across the galaxy

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Religious leaders' support may be key to modern contraception

Women in Nigeria whose clerics extol the benefits of family planning were significantly more likely to adopt modern contraceptive methods, new research suggests, highlighting the importance of engaging religious leaders to help increase the country's stubbornly low uptake of family planning services.

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Number of Veterans Affairs facilities offering acupuncture growing rapidly

Acupuncture is an increasingly important and effective component of chronic pain management and other areas of care in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA).

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Mapping genetic differences in breast cancer can improve care for underserved populations

A new study comparing DNA and RNA data from Nigerian breast cancer patients to patients in a United States database found that aggressive molecular features were far more prevalent in tumors from women of African ancestry than women of European ancestry. Those differences could explain disparities in breast cancer mortality for black women across the African Diaspora and hasten a shift to precisel

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Early onset of menopause and diabetes may limit life span

Only in science fiction novels can scientists predict people's lifespans. However, researchers have advanced the understanding of those risk factors that adversely affect mortality rates. A new study concludes that women who experienced early menopause lived shorter lives and spent fewer years without diabetes than women who experienced normal or late menopause. Study results are published online

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Exploring new spintronics device functionalities in graphene heterostructures

Graphene Flagship researchers have shown in a paper published in Science Advances how heterostructures built from graphene and topological insulators have strong, proximity induced spin-orbit coupling which can form the basis of novel information processing technologies.

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Infectious diarrhea spores survive high temperatures of hospital laundering

Washing contaminated hospital bedsheets in a commercial washing machine with industrial detergent at high disinfecting temperatures failed to remove all traces of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile), a bacteria that causes infectious diarrhea, suggesting that linens could be a source of infection among patients and even other hospitals, according to a study published today in Infection Control &

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Danmark kræver svar på, om hø og halm kan bringe svinepest over grænsen

Dansk forslag får EU-Kommissionen til at foretage en risikovurdering af spredning af afrikansk svinepest gennem handel med foder og strøelse efter en tør sommer.

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Innuendo alone can fuel conspiracy theories, research shows

Innuendo alone in news coverage can fuel belief in conspiracy theories, according to a new study.

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Toward unhackable communication: Single particles of light could bring the 'quantum internet'

Hacker attacks on everything from social media accounts to government files could be largely prevented by the advent of quantum communication, which would use particles of light called "photons" to secure information rather than a crackable code.

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'Brief Answers To The Big Questions' Is Stephen Hawking's Parting Gift To Humanity

The physicist's posthumous book highlights his belief in the rationality of nature and in our ability to uncover its secrets — and a faith in science's ability to solve humanity's biggest problems. (Image credit: Santi Visalli/Getty Images)

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What Is Meiosis?

Meiosis is a specialized form of cell division that produces reproductive cells, such as plant and fungal spores, sperm and egg cells.

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Innuendo alone can fuel conspiracy theories, research shows

Innuendo alone in news coverage can fuel belief in conspiracy theories, according to a new study.

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ESMO advocacy for patient-centred care takes on global dimension

Supportive and palliative care should be an integral part of cancer treatment (ESMO Position Paper, 2017). To maintain the spotlight on the topic, on Friday, 19 October, a special session at the ESMO 2018 Congress will be dedicated to this subject and followed on Sunday by the formal recognition of 20 newly-accredited Designated Centres of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care. For the first tim

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Machine-learning driven findings uncover new cellular players in tumor microenvironment

New findings presented today by CytoReason reveals possible new cellular players in the tumor microenvironment that could impact the treatment process for the most in-need patients — those who have already failed to respond to ipilimumab (anti-CTLA4) immunotherapy. Once validated, the findings could point the way to improved strategies for the staging and ordering of key immunotherapies in refrac

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RUDN physicist described the shape of a wormhole

A RUDN physicist demonstrated how to describe the shape of any symmetrical wormhole — a black hole that theoretically can be a kind of a portal between any two points in space and time — based on its wave spectrum. The research would help understand the physics of wormholes and better identify their physical characteristics. The article of the scientist was published in the Physics Letters B jou

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Moving location of fruit and vegetables can lead to 15 percent sales increase

Moving location of fruit and vegetables in shops can lead to 15 percent sales increase.Sales increased without any further messaging or marketing.Research suggests a simple 'nudge' can lead to healthier diets for young adults.Findings based on data collected between 2012-17 in a real University campus grocery store.

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A stabilizing influence enables lithium-sulfur battery evolution

A new approach to making the sulfur cathodes in lithium-sulfur batteries, developed by researchers at Drexel University could preserve their impressive energy density — clearing a significant hurdle that had blocked their widespread use for more than a decade.

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Artificial intelligence used in clinical practice to measure breast density

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm measures breast density at the level of an experienced mammographer, according to a new study. The researchers said the study, the result of a collaboration between breast imagers and AI experts, represents a groundbreaking implementation of AI into routine clinical practice.

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Google CEO says 'important to explore' China project

Google chief executive Sundar Pichai has acknowledged publicly for the first time that the tech giant is considering a search engine for China, saying it could offer "better information" to people than rival services.

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Uber eyes valuation topping $100 bn in share offering: sources

Uber is eyeing a valuation above $100 billion for its much-anticipated share offering due in 2019, which would be the biggest-ever in the tech sector, sources familiar with the plan said Tuesday.

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Researchers take genomic sequencing to the farm to help transform lives

In a world first, international scientists including a University of Otago researcher, have used whole genome sequencing to help diagnose a plant pathogen destroying crops on African farms, potentially paving the way for preventing crop failures, vital to the African economy.

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Guidelines for a standardized data format for use in cross-linguistic studies

An international team of researchers has set out a proposal for new guidelines on cross-linguistic data formats, in order to facilitate sharing and data comparisons between the growing number of large linguistic databases worldwide. This format provides a software package, a basic ontology and usage examples.

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3D imaging opens door to better understanding of fascinating leaf complexity

Leading biologists launch global rallying cry to overhaul theoretical models of carbon-water exchange and photosynthesis using 3D imaging.

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Do lovers always tease each other? Study shows how couples handle laughter and banter

How partners in a romantic relationship deal with laughter or being laughed at affects their everyday life, their relationship satisfaction and even their sexuality.

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Women are less likely to be rewarded for innovations in the workplace

Organizations are eager to find innovative workers because of their ability to see opportunities for improvement in areas that might otherwise go overlooked. But research shows that if these innovative employees are women, they are less likely to be rewarded for their innovations than if they are men.

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These common heartburn meds can trigger iron deficiency

New research finds an association between some popular heartburn treatments and iron deficiency. Heartburn is a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux, which hydrochloric acid rising into the throat causes. This condition affects more than two million Australians. Many people take medications that suppress acid secretion to treat it. Researchers in Australia have conducted the first population-based

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Last week in tech: A gaggle of new Google gadgets, more info on the Facebook hack, and robot parkour

Technology Check out the latest episode of our podcast! Our latest podcast episode tackles Google, Facebook, and a font that helps you remember what you read.

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A stabilizing influence enables lithium-sulfur battery evolution

In late July of 2008 a British solar plane set an unofficial flight-endurance record by remaining aloft for more than three days straight. Lithium-sulfur batteries emerged as one of the great technological advances that enabled the flight -powering the plane overnight with efficiency unmatched by the top batteries of the day. Ten years later, the world is still awaiting the commercial arrival of "

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Global hotspots for potential water disputes

Scientists of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) have identified the hotspots where competition over the use of shared water resources could lead to disagreements between countries.

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Proteins wear clothes – and understanding their fashion choices could help us treat cancer

We humans are top of the evolutionary tree, the most complex organisms that have ever lived on Earth in five billion years. Right? One way we might actually prove our biological complexity is to look at the number of different proteins that our bodies can produce for building all our different types of cells and the other things they need.

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Researchers use brain cells in a dish to study genetic origins of schizophrenia

A study in Biological Psychiatry has established a new analytical method for investigating the complex genetic origins of mental illnesses using brain cells that are grown in a dish from human embryonic stem cells.

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Can forests save us from climate change?

Additional climate benefits through sustainable forest management will be modest and local rather than global. Even if Europe's forests are managed in such a way that their carbon sequestration is maximized it will not impact the climate significantly.

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Climate changes require better adaptation to drought

Europe's future climate will be characterised by more frequent heat waves and more widespread drought. Heat and drought will both challenge crop production, but drought in particular will be a problem — especially for spring sown crops such as maize.

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Diets rich in fish oil could slow the spread and growth of breast cancer cells

Omega-3 fatty acids, such as those typically contained in fish oil, may suppress the growth and spread of breast cancer cells in mice. This is according to a new study in the journal Clinical & Experimental Metastasis, which is published under the Springer imprint.

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Brain cancer survival has improved — but not much for elderly

A new study from Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki and the Finnish Cancer Registry shows that survival after glioblastoma has improved since the millennium. The improvement in survival was, however, modest in elderly patients, raising concerns whether current treatment strategies are optimal for this patient group.

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A selfish gene makes mice into migrants

House mice carrying a specific selfish supergene move from one population to another much more frequently than their peers. This finding of a University of Zurich study shows for the first time that a gene of this type can influence animal migratory behavior. It could help in dealing with invasive plagues of mice.

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Poor breakfast quality has a negative effect on cardiovascular health in childhood

Researchers at the Institute for Innovation and Sustainable Development in the Food Chain (IS-FOOD) of the Public University of Navarre (NUP/UPNA) have published a piece of research in which they show that the nutritional quality of breakfast is associated with significant cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in overweight children (even in those who are fit and who do exercise every day).

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Materialefejl lammer Volvo-lastbilers rensning af diesel-udstødning

Volvo har selv fundet en fejl på brugte lastbiler, hvor et materiale nedbrydes for hurtigt. Konsekvensen er, at motorerne udsender for meget NOx, og det kan blive dyrt at rette op på.

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How insects can help fight hunger in the world

Insects could be a game changer in the race to combat food insecurity and achieve zero hunger – the theme of this year's World Food Day.

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Evolution is at work in computers as well as life sciences

Artificial intelligence research has a lot to learn from nature. My work links biology with computation every day, but recently the rest of the world was reminded of the connection: The 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to Frances Arnold together with George Smith and Gregory Winter for developing major breakthroughs that are collectively called "directed evolution." One of its uses is to improve

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This meteorite was here before earth existed and why it matters

It's very rare that we discover something on our planet that was around before we were even a small speck. But every once in a while, we do – and this meteorite is a living testament. S cientists estimate the new discovery to be approximately 4.6 billion years old – almost as old as the solar system itself. New discoveries like this one bring us a small step closer in piecing together what an ear

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Kids can still overcome reading difficulties by Grade 3 but earlier intervention is better, new research shows

A University of Alberta education researcher who achieved dramatic results with early assessment and intervention to help Grade 1 and 2 students with reading difficulties says there's still a chance to help these students in Grade 3.

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Recycling of photovoltaic waste boosts circular economy

An EU-funded initiative has developed methods for recovering valuable materials from photovoltaic (PV) waste such as silicon (Si) for re-use in the industry.

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Could hair cell regrowth restore lost hearing?

New research marks an important step toward what may become a new approach to restore hearing loss. Scientists have been able to regrow the sensory hair cells found in the cochlea—a part of the inner ear—that converts sound vibrations into electrical signals and can be permanently lost due to age or noise damage. An estimated 30 million Americans suffer from some degree of hearing loss—and people

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New research identifies two types of drought across China and how they evolve

Dr. Linying WANG and Professor Xing YUAN, from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, used in-situ observations and reanalysis datasets to explore the long-term variability and trends of two types of flash drought.

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Do lovers always tease each other? Study shows how couples handle laughter and banter

How partners in a romantic relationship deal with laughter or being laughed at affects their every day life, their relationship satisfaction and even their sexuality. This is one of the findings of a new study by psychologists from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). The paper was recently published in the 'Journal of Research in Personality'.

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What's in the man box? Increased violence & suicidal thoughts

An Australian study has revealed the dangers of 'toxic masculinity' for men aged 18 to 30 and those around them. The survey of 1000 men found around 30 percent were boxed into the traditional stereotype, 'The Man Box', which made them twice as likely to have suicidal thoughts and seven times more likely to be violent towards others. The study was conducted by Jesuit Social Services' The Men's Proj

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Study finds healthy elders consuming walnuts daily show no negative effects on body weight

Researchers at Loma Linda University Health found that walnuts can be incorporated into the daily diet of healthy elders without having a negative impact on weight gain or weight management.

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Fluorine flows in, makes material metal

By getting in the way, fluorine atoms help a two-dimensional material transform from a semiconductor to a metal in a way that could be highly useful for electronics and other applications.

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The weirdest, most successful cryptocurrency projects so far

In many industries, the more outlandish ideas end up in the trash but in the world of crypto, breaking away from mainstream ideas and conventions is welcomed. The cryptocurrency community tends to foster the weird. In many industries, the more outlandish ideas end up in the trash but in the world of crypto, breaking away from mainstream ideas and conventions is welcomed. The crypto market is also

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Australians care about animals but don't buy ethical meat

Australians clearly care about animal welfare: our research has found 92% shoppers in Sydney considered animal welfare to be important.

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New infrared telescope first to monitor entire northern sky

A new infrared telescope designed and built by astronomers at ANU and the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in the US will be the first of its kind to monitor the entire northern sky in search of new cosmic events.

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3-D imaging opens a door to fascinating leaf complexity

The field of plant science is in the process of being profoundly transformed by new imaging and modelling technologies. These tools are allowing scientists to peer inside the leaf with a clarity and resolution inconceivable a generation ago.

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How communication among cells affects development of multicellular tissue

Using a combination of computational modeling and experimental techniques, a research team has developed new information about how intercellular communication affects the differentiation of an embryonic stem cell colony over time.

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Check-in with facial recognition now possible in Shanghai

It's now possible to check in automatically at Shanghai's Hongqiao airport using facial recognition technology, part of an ambitious rollout of facial recognition systems in China that has raised privacy concerns as Beijing pushes to become a global leader in the field.

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Robot's debut in UK parliament invites 'Maybot' mockery

A walking and talking robot appeared in Britain's parliament for the first time on Tuesday, prompting Twitter users to seize the chance to heap more mockery on Theresa May.

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Big Agriculture eyeing genetic tool for pest control

A controversial and unproven gene-editing technology touted as a silver bullet against malaria-bearing mosquitos could wind up being deployed first in commercial agriculture, according to experts and an NGO report published Tuesday.

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Audi to pay mega fine in VW's latest dieselgate fallout

Auto giant Volkswagen cleared a new hurdle in its "dieselgate" scandal Tuesday, paying a hefty fine to close a German investigation into subsidiary Audi, but the group is not yet in the clear over its years of emissions cheating.

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Profits up 10% at India's Infosys

India's second-largest software services exporter Infosys reported a 10.3-percent rise in quarterly profits on Tuesday, beating estimates thanks to a slew of major new deals.

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UN warns of 'perfect storm' of hunger, climate change

A potent combination of hunger, climate change and man-made conflicts are creating a "perfect storm", the head of the UN's food arm warned Tuesday in a call to action on World Food Day.

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How biomethane can help turn gas into a renewable energy source

Australia's report card on reducing its greenhouse gas emissions is not exactly glowing, but there are ample opportunities to get it on track during this period of rapid change in the energy sector. Greater use of renewable electricity sources like wind and solar are playing a large part in reducing emissions, and gas can also lift its game.

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The role of PRMT1-mediated alternative splicing in dilated cardiomyopathy

In a study published in iScience, Professor Akiyoshi Fukamizu of the Life Science Center for Survival Dynamics, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (University of Tsukuba, JAPAN) and the research group reported a new work on discovery of the important role of PRMT1 in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).

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3D imaging opens door to better understanding of fascinating leaf complexity

Leading biologists launch global rallying cry to overhaul theoretical models of carbon-water exchange and photosynthesis using 3D imaging.

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Long-running study identifies modifiable dementia risk factor in older adults

Stiffness of the aorta — more so than blood pressure or subclinical brain disease — is a key risk factor for dementia. Since aortic stiffness can be reduced by medication and healthy lifestyle changes, these results suggest that people can still lower their dementia risk well into old age.

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Experts recommend new way to describe cognitive changes after anesthesia, surgery in elderly patient

A multidisciplinary, international group of experts has recommended changing the way clinicians and patients describe cognitive changes experienced in some patients after anesthesia and surgery. The recommendations are being published simultaneously in six peer-reviewed journals including, Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

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Guidelines for a standardized data format for use in cross-linguistic studies

An international team of researchers, members of the Cross-Linguistic Data Formats Initiative (CLDF) led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, has set out a proposal for new guidelines on cross-linguistic data formats, in order to facilitate sharing and data comparisons between the growing number of large linguistic databases worldwide. This format provides a software packa

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HIV-positive infants are at high risk for acquiring congenital cytomegalovirus infection

Infants born to HIV-positive mothers had high rates of congenital cytomegalovirus, or CMV. Infants who also were infected before birth by the virus that causes AIDS were especially prone to CMV infection.

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Learning While Sleeping; the Challenges of Inequality

— Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Antilock brake system in arteries protects against heart attack

Tübingen biochemists have discovered a natural mechanism of the body that can reduce the formation of dangerous blood clots, also known as thrombosis. So far, this antiblocking system has mainly been studied in mouse arteries. Initial studies with human cells have confirmed the results suggesting that this protective mechanism is highly likely to exist in humans as well. Thrombosis is a leading ca

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Molecular semiconductors could be the future of electronics, and this new technique offers a way to mass produce them

Visions for what we can do with future electronics depend on finding ways to go beyond the capabilities of silicon conductors. The experimental field of molecular electronics is thought to represent a way forward, and recent work at KTH may enable scalable production of the nanoscale electrodes that are needed in order to explore molecules and exploit their behavior as potentially valuable electro

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How scientists are fighting infection-causing biofilms

The surfaces people interact with every day may seem rather mundane, but at the molecular scale, there is more activity than meets the eye.

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Letting your dog sleep with you is good for chronic pain sufferers, new study shows

For chronic pain sufferers, it may be smart to let sleeping dogs lie, a new University of Alberta study suggests.

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New way to determine whether metastatic cancer cells in breast cancer patients are dormant or soon to turn deadly

For the first time ever, researchers have identified a protein as a marker that can indicate whether a cancer patient will develop a recurrence of lethal, metastatic cancer.

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Afrusningsmedicin er blevet ordineret via telefon

Tidligere har kommuner ordineret afrusningsmedicin til alkoholmisbrugere over telefonen, men den praksis har Styrelsen for Patientsikkerhed sat en stopper for.

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Kommuner sender misbrugere videre til praktiserende læger

Vestsjællandske kommuner må opgive at stå for ordineringen af medicin til alkoholmisbrugere. I stedet sender kommunerne opgaven videre til praktiserende læger. Både praktiserende læger og leder af misbrugscenter kritiserer den nye praksis, der ifølge dem giver borgerne dårligere kvalitet.

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Missing gamma-ray blobs shed new light on dark matter, cosmic magnetism

When astrophysicists look at the gamma-ray glow from a galaxy outside our own, all they typically see is a small spot because the galaxy is extremely far away. So, when a galaxy appears as an extended blob, something extraordinary must be going on that could help researchers better understand the properties of deep space.

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How catching malaria gave me a new perspective on saving gorillas

Conservationists are in a desperate fight to save the last of the world's gorillas. Numbers of some subspecies are so low that organisations are literally saving the species one gorilla at a time.

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Airline ticket prices expected to take off for the holiday season because of fuel costs

High crude oil prices could fuel a jump in ticket prices for people flying during the holiday travel season, according to a Purdue aviation professor.

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Fermilab scientists to look for dark matter using quantum technology

Fermilab scientists are harnessing quantum technology in the search for dark matter.

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Audi Brings Drift-Happy Driving to Its Electric E-tron SUV

The German automaker takes advantage of its all-electric powertrain to make the E-tron a delightfully drifty luxury SUV.

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Amazon Kindle Paperwhite (2018): Specs, Price, Release Date

Amazon's Kindle Paperwhite e-reader gets an update. You get more storage, better lighting, and still no Alexa.

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The Overstory by Richard Powers – is eco epic set to win Booker prize?

Wonder about the natural world and an extraordinary depth of ecological insight combine to create a profound, urgent novel tipped to take the £50,000 Man Booker prize

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Scientists to debate landing site for next Mars rover

Hundreds of scientists and Mars-exploration enthusiasts will convene in a hotel ballroom just north of Los Angeles later this week to present, discuss and deliberate the future landing site for NASA's next Red Planet rover—Mars 2020. The three-day workshop is the fourth and final in a series designed to ensure NASA receives the broadest range of data and opinion from the scientific community befor

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Food transports Syrian refugees' imaginations to a place that no longer exists

Cuisine can be considered as a set of practices that permeate many aspects of life. A dish may recall someone special. The symbolic value of food may also reside in aromas and seasoning, which immediately bring to mind a place or past situation, along with everything that was happening and being experienced at the time.

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Guidelines for a standardized data format for use in cross-linguistic studies

An international team of researchers, members of the Cross-Linguistic Data Formats Initiative (CLDF) led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, has proposed new guidelines on cross-linguistic data formats in order to facilitate sharing and data comparisons between the growing number of large linguistic databases worldwide. This format provides a software package, a basic ont

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Explore the history of blood from vampires to the ‘Menstrual Man’

Rose George’s book ‘Nine Pints’ offers readers an engaging and insightful cultural and scientific history of blood.

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Siberian physicists suggested a new approach to creating effective diffraction grating

A team from the L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics of the Siberian Branch of RAS and Siberian Federal University (SFU) suggested a new approach to developing a dynamically controlled diffraction grating in atomic media that eliminates all existing limitations in this area. Diffraction gratings are able to deflect light beams in different directions and are included into various devices due to this

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How communication among cells affects development of multicellular tissue

Using a combination of computational modeling and experimental techniques, a research team has developed new information about how intercellular communication affects the differentiation of an embryonic stem cell colony over time.

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New test rapidly identifies antibiotic-resistant 'superbugs'

A simple and inexpensive new test developed by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, can diagnose patients with antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria in a matter of minutes. The technique could help doctors prescribe the right class of antibiotics for each infection, and could help limit the spread of antibiotic-resistant 'superbugs' that kill as many as 700,000 people worldwid

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What's the Use of a Horse's Tail?

Biologists think it’s to keep insects away—but it took a couple of mechanical engineers to prove it — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Science of Inequality

How high economic inequality negatively impacts nearly every aspect of human well-being—as well as the health of the biosphere — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Blue phosphorus—mapped and measured for the first time

Until recently, the existence of 'blue' phosphorus was pure theory. Now, an HZB team has examined samples of blue phosphorus at BESSY II for the first time and mapped their electronic band structure. They report that it represents an exotic phosphorus modification. Blue phosphorus is an interesting candidate for new optoelectronic devices.

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Printable solar materials could soon turn many parts of a house into solar panels

New houses could soon deliver on a long-awaited promise and incorporate windows or roof tiles that harvest solar energy, research conducted at KAUST suggests.

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Computing solutions for biological problems

Producing research outputs that have computational novelty and contributions, as well as biological importance and impacts, is a key motivator for computer scientist Xin Gao. His Group at KAUST has experienced a recent explosion in their publications. Since January 1, 2018, they have produced 27 papers, including 11 published in the top three computational biology journals and seven presented at t

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Using smartphone cameras to track alertness

Our level of alertness rises and falls over the course of a workday, sometimes causing our energy to drop and our minds to wander just as we need to perform important tasks.

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Researchers call for consensus in the food supply chain

A new study by researchers at Karlstad University and Lund University shows that there are both shortcomings and development potential in the food supply chain in terms of the environmental impact. For a continued decrease of the food supply chains' climate impact, there is a need for an increased systemic view of food, distribution and packaging, together with better insights on consumer behavior

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Entrepreneurs aim to end ghostfishing

A small device, developed in Norway, will now be used in the battle against environmentally-unfriendly ghost fishing caused by lost or forgotten fishing gear.

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Why so many U.S. students aren't learning math

"Horrendous" is a word James Stigler uses to describe how little math many U.S. students learn in middle schools and high schools. He should know; Stigler, a UCLA professor of developmental and cognitive psychology, has been studying how much math and science students have been learning since the late 1970s.

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New test rapidly identifies antibiotic-resistant superbugs

When you get sick, you want the right treatment fast. But certain infectious microbes are experts at evading the very anti-bacterial drugs designed to fight them.

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Using mobile data to model the drinking habits of Swiss youth

Researchers from Idiap Research Institute and EPFL have carried out a study using smartphone data from young Swiss people to better understand the circumstances in which they are most likely to drink. A computer model developed from the data can estimate, with over 75% accuracy, whether alcohol was consumed on a given weekend night.

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Why erectile dysfunction meds can have serious side effects

Health The medical condition—and the drugs used to treat it—should be taken seriously. The drugs that treat erectile dysfunction are far from benign. Here’s what your doctor would tell you about them—and why you should still see an MD.

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Masseudryddelse af pattedyr: Naturen skal bruge millioner af år på at komme sig

Naturen skal bruge mellem tre og fem mio. år på at genoprette biodiversiteten til blot nuværende niveau, hvis ikke mennesket forbedrer bevaringsindsatsen i løbet af de næste 50 år. Det viser ny forskning fra Aarhus Universitet.

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Top athletes weigh in on perceived effectiveness of anti-doping measures

Doping remains an ongoing problem in competitive sports, but researchers have never before asked athletes to rank the effectiveness of available anti-doping strategies. A new poll of a national pool of top German cyclists and field athletes finds that, according to the athletes, better diagnostics, increased bans and laws against doping are perceived as far more effective than increased fines or l

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New maps to support decision-making after an earthquake

Researchers from diverse institutions, including the School of Land Surveying, Geodesy and Mapping Engineering from Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, have developed a new methodology to create easy-to-understand maps for decision-making support after large earthquakes.

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Exploring the challenges of exfoliating novel two-dimensional materials

Ever since researchers at the University of Manchester used a piece of tape to isolate, or "exfoliate," a single layer of carbon, known as graphene, scientists have been investigating the creation of and applications for two-dimensional materials in order to advance technology in new ways. Scientists have theorized about many different kinds of two-dimensional materials, but producing them, by iso

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Computer model for designing protein sequences optimized to bind to drug targets

Designing synthetic proteins that can act as drugs for cancer or other diseases can be a tedious process: It generally involves creating a library of millions of proteins, then screening the library to find proteins that bind the correct target.

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Coffee Rust Threatens Latin American Crop; 150 Years Ago, It Wiped Out An Empire

The fungus, which has no cure, is destroying harvests in Latin America. In the 1800s, it devastated Sri Lanka's powerhouse coffee industry. And scientists say it's only a question of time. (Image credit: Jeff Koehler for NPR)

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Sundhedsudvalg diskuterer fremtiden for akutklinikker

Region Hovedstadens sundhedsudvalg vil undersøge behovet for medicinske sengepladser. Beregningerne skal klarlægge, om akutklinikkerne fortsat skal have medicinske sengepladser.

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Modification of amino acids provides new starting point for development of medical treatments

Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins, and modifying amino acids chemically allows scientists to develop new molecules that can provide the starting point for developing new medical treatments such as antibiotics.

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Scientists discover new properties of uranium compounds

Scientists from Russia, China and the United States predicted and have now experimentally identified new uranium hydrides, predicting superconductivity for some of them. The results of their study were published in Science Advances.

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Artwork by an algorithm is up for auction, so does that mean AI is now creative?

A painting generated by artificial intelligence will go up for sale at auction later this month – raising again the question of whether a machine can be creative.

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New book studies friction between religion, family law

A new book edited by a University of Illinois scholar who studies the intersection of family law and religion examines the clashes between religious liberty and the personal realm of the family – from birth, marriage and child-rearing to end-of-life decisions.

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A selfish gene makes mice into migrants

House mice carrying a specific selfish supergene move from one population to another much more frequently than their peers. This finding from a University of Zurich study shows for the first time that a gene of this type can influence animal migratory behavior. It could help in dealing with invasive plagues of mice.

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Image of the Day: Swish Swish

Animals' tails swat away insects using both wind and whack.

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How Exercise Might "Clean" the Alzheimer's Brain

Hints at potential treatments for age-related dementia and memory loss — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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How geology tells the story of evolutionary bottlenecks and life on Earth

Evidence that catastrophic geological events could have created evolutionary bottlenecks that changed the course of life on Earth may be buried within ancient rocks beneath our feet.

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NASA wants to send humans to Venus – here's why that's a brilliant idea

Popular science fiction of the early 20th century depicted Venus as some kind of wonderland of pleasantly warm temperatures, forests, swamps and even dinosaurs. In 1950, the Hayden Planetarium at the American Natural History Museum were soliciting reservations for the first space tourism mission, well before the modern era of Blue Origins, SpaceX and Virgin Galactic. All you had to do was supply y

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What sleeps under the forest

A largely unknown terrain begins not so far below the surface of the forest floor. While the processes in the top 30 centimetres of the soil are well known, deeper areas of the soil are the focus of a research group led by Professor Bernd Marschner from the Institute of Geography at the Faculty of Geosciences at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB). Twice as much carbon is stored here as in the atmospher

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Was life on the early Earth purple?

Early life forms on Earth may have been able to generate metabolic energy from sunlight using a purple-pigmented molecule called retinal that possibly predates the evolution of chlorophyll and photosynthesis. If retinal has evolved on other worlds, it could create a a distinctive biosignature as it absorbs green light in the same way that vegetation on Earth absorbs red and blue light.

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Do Canadian Carvings Depict Vikings? Removing Mammal Fat May Tell

Carvings uncovered in the Canadian Arctic may be the earliest portraits of the Vikings created in the Americas.

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Ny ledende overlæge til øjenafdelingen i Aalborg

Anders Kruse går fra at være overlæge på Aalborg Universitetshospitals øjenafdeling til at blive afdelingens ledende overlæge.

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Your next doctor’s appointment might be with an AI

A new wave of chatbots are replacing physicians and providing frontline medical advice—but are they as good as the real thing?

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Microsoft-ansatte protesterer mod militært AI-projekt: Vores teknologi skal ikke bruges til drab

Mange Microsoft-medarbejdere mener ikke, at det, vi bygger, skal bruges til at føre krig, lyder det i et brev til ledelsen, efter softwarefirmaet har budt på en kontrakt om at lægge computerkraft til amerikansk militær.

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Woman's Vomiting Bouts Tied to Mysterious Marijuana Syndrome. And Yes, Hot Showers Helped.

A woman who frequently ended up in the hospital with intense bouts of vomiting turned out to have a mysterious syndrome tied to heavy marijuana use.

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Interactive exploration of multilevel human brain atlases

The Human Brain Project hosts a rich web-based 3D atlas viewer („NeHuBa“), that is capable of displaying very large brain volumes, including oblique slicing, a whole brain overview, surface meshes, and maps. It allows to interactively choose difference template spaces and reference parcellations, find brain areas by name or visual selection, and browse additional region-specific multimodal data.

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Six Ways to Fix the Supreme Court Confirmation Process

Seven years ago, in a study of the Senate’s constitutional mandate to provide “advice and consent” in the selection of Supreme Court justices, the University of Chicago’s Geoffrey Stone wrote that the process was “chaotic, divisive, arbitrary, dishonest, insulting, polarizing, and damaging to the public’s confidence in both the Senate and the judiciary.” The worst was yet to come. Although Americ

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Inherited Trauma Shapes Your Health

Often when I complain to my therapist about how stressed out I am by a problem I’m having, she says a variation on the same thing: “Well, like all Ashkenazi Jews, you have a lot of intergenerational trauma. You know, because of everything that’s … happened.” Of course you’re anxious , she seems to say; you’re Jewish! I think it’s meant to help me feel more at peace with my emotions, but I must

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Netflix May Not Win a Best Picture Oscar, but We’ll Win Better Movies

After pushes into sci-fi and rom-coms, the streaming titan is throwing its considerable weight behind a spate of auteur-driven dramas.

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The huge social impact of learning to love books

Teaching kids to read is one of the most powerful things adults can do. Loving reading can be a literal lifesaver. What can books do? Shrink the prison population and grow the economy.

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High-performance, flexible, transparent force touch sensor for wearable devices

Researchers have reported a high-performance and transparent nanoforce touch sensor by developing a thin, flexible, and transparent hierarchical nanocomposite (HNC) film. The research team says their sensor simultaneously features all the necessary characters for industrial-grade application: high sensitivity, transparency, bending insensitivity, and manufacturability.

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Our Solar System Is Even Stranger Than We Thought

New research shows a pattern of exoplanet sizes and spacing around other stars unlike what we see in our own system — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The state of the early universe: The beginning was fluid

Scientists from the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, and their colleagues from the international ALICE collaboration recently collided xenon nuclei in the superconducting Large Hadron Collider in order to gain new insights into the properties of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). The QGP is a special state consisting of quarks and the gluons that bind the quarks together. The results wer

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Physics: Not everything is where it seems to be

Scientists at TU Wien, the University of Innsbruck and the ÖAW have for the first time demonstrated a wave effect that can lead to measurement errors in the optical position estimation of objects. The work now published in Nature Physics could have consequences for optical microscopy and optical astronomy, but could also play a role in position measurements using sound, radar, or gravitational wav

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New interactive scenario explorer for 1.5 degrees C pathways

IIASA and the Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium (IAMC) have made the scenarios underlying last week's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 1.5°C Special Report publicly available in an interactive online resource. The resource provides scenarios and a suite of visualization and analysis tools, making the assessment more transparent to researchers, policymakers, and the public.

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Trump Slightly Revises His Views on Climate Change

Election Day 2012 was an important day for Donald Trump. It may have been important for the planet, too. As Americans across the country traveled to the polls to select their next president, Trump tweeted 46 times. He endorsed Mitt Romney. He congratulated himself for The Apprentice ’s high ratings. He asked whether Americans wanted a president “who bows to the Saudis.” And he advanced a claim th

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Extensive trade in fish between Egypt and Canaan 3,500 years ago

As early as 3,500 years ago, there was a brisk trade in fish on the shores of the southeastern Mediterranean Sea. This conclusion follows from the analysis of 100 fish teeth that were found at various archaeological sites in what is now Israel. The saltwater sea bream from which these teeth originated is also known as the dorade. It was caught in the Bardawil lagoon on the northern Sinai coast and

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Root architecture discoveries could help breed drought-resistant crops

We should breed new varieties of crops based on their root architecture rather than just focusing on the top half of the plant, according to scientists looking at how to cultivate plants that use water more efficiently and better withstand drought conditions.

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When a Feather-Light Touch Is Agony

Researchers identify a possible new target for treating atypical pain sensations — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Bill Gates leads global call to accept realities of a warming planet

A coalition of major global figures say we must do much more to adapt to our rapidly warming world, and we need to do it fast

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Audi får milliardbøde og erkender ansvar for dieselfusk

VW-datterselskabet Audi har fået og accepteret en bøde svarende til seks milliarder kroner af den offentlige anklager i München for at have snydt med udledningen af giftige gasser fra selskabets store dieselmotorer.

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Researchers engineer dual vaccine against anthrax and plague

A team of researchers has now engineered a virus nanoparticle vaccine against Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis, tier 1 agents that pose serious threats to national security of the United States. B. anthracis and Y. pestis are the pathogens that cause anthrax and plague, respectively. Using bacteriophage T4, the scientists developed the vaccine by incorporating key antigens of both B. anthrac

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Trump, Warren, and America's Racial Essentialism

Throughout America’s race-bound history, blood has always been a pernicious stand-in for authenticity. Terms like white , Negro , Indian , mulatto , quadroon , Creole , and even Melungeon have served as much more than messy colloquial or self-descriptive identities; they’ve been used by those in power to assign people to castes. It is only in this context that one-drop rules and percentages of ra

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A Simpler Way to Get to the Bottom of Mysterious Illnesses in Poor Countries

Senjuti Saha was frustrated. As a microbiologist at the largest pediatric hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh, she sees a lot of young kids with meningitis—inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spine. In up to 80 percent of those cases, she and her colleagues can’t work out which particular microbe is behind the condition. They draw samples of spinal fluids. They run simple tests. And usua

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The Conversation

May It Please the Court In September, Lara Bazelon drew on her experience as a trial lawyer to examine the cultural bias that runs deep in courtrooms, where, she argued, male attorneys rely on tactics that are off-limits to women. I am one of the women quoted in Lara Bazelon’s article about how gender affects courtroom trial work. I agonized for years over whether to report the incident in which

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Was Gary Hart Set Up?

Illustration by Paul Spella; Paul Liebhardt / Corbis; 'National Enquirer' / Getty; Associated Press In the spring of 1990, after he had helped the first George Bush reach the presidency, the political consultant Lee Atwater learned that he was dying. Atwater, who had just turned 39 and was the head of the Republican National Committee, had suffered a seizure while at a political fund-raising brea

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Design-direktør opdigter ingeniørfejl

Ilse Jacobsen klandrer totalentreprenør for dyrt energiforbrug, fordi jordvarme ikke er den primære energikilde til opvarmningen af et kurbads udendørsbassin. Beregninger viser ellers, at det aldrig har været muligt.

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Facebook requires UK political ad buyers to reveal identity

Facebook says anyone who takes out a British political ad on the social media platform will now be forced to reveal their identity, in a bid to increase transparency and curb misinformation.

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Spørg Fagfolket: Hvorfor reagerer lyskrydset på min bil, men ikke på min motorcykel?

En læser undrer sig over, at signalet skifter til grøn, når han kører over et lyskryds i bil, mens det ignorerer ham på motorcykel. Projektleder i Aarhus Kommune har et bud på årsagen.

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All in the family: Kin of gravitational wave source discovered

According to new research, an object named GRB150101B — first reported as a gamma-ray burst in 2015 — shares remarkable similarities with GW170817, the neutron star merger discovered by LIGO and observed by multiple light-gathering telescopes in 2017. The new analysis, published on Oct. 16, 2018 in the journal Nature Communications, suggests that these two separate objects may in fact be directl

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Top athletes weigh in on perceived effectiveness of anti-doping measures

Doping remains an ongoing problem in competitive sports, but researchers have never before asked athletes to rank the effectiveness of available anti-doping strategies. A new poll of a national pool of top German cyclists and field athletes finds that, according to the athletes, better diagnostics, increased bans and laws against doping are perceived as far more effective than increased fines or l

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How One 'Political Wunderkind' Is Outmaneuvering the Far Right

VIENNA—“Thank you. Because you’ve shown that even today, in these times, you can win elections as a conservative.” These words of gratitude, directed at Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, were spoken Friday night at a campaign event in the German state of Bavaria. Bavarian Premier Markus Söder was addressing his “friend” Kurz, who had come to stump for the Christian Social Union, the Bavarian co

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2 Towns: Guess Which 1 Is Liberal And Which Is Conservative

If being liberal and conservative is about political views, how come the labels describe other things? A social scientist says some part of people's leanings come from an unlikely source: their DNA.

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All in the family: Kin of gravitational wave source discovered

On October 16, 2017, an international group of astronomers and physicists excitedly reported the first simultaneous detection of light and gravitational waves from the same source—a merger of two neutron stars. Now, a team that includes several University of Maryland astronomers has identified a direct relative of that historic event.

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Skyen er for langsom til industrien, der bygger sin egen data-tåge

Hurtig og sikker behandling af data i industrien flytter behandling af data fra kæmpedatacentre i skyen til lokal behandling på kanten af industriens maskiner.

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Getting Back What You Lost — Rebuilding In A Wildfire Zone

In northern California, homes are being rebuilt in the same area that burned to the ground in last year's Tubbs Fire. Despite the risk, a severe housing shortage in the area is forcing tough choices. (Image credit: Lauren Sommer/KQED)

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Payments companies hit deadline for keeping data in India

Global credit card and payments companies like American Express, Visa and MasterCard are facing a challenge in meeting a requirement to store transaction data for all Indian customers within the country.

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'Year of extremes' for shrinking Swiss glaciers in 2018: study

Despite an exceptionally snow-filled winter, Swiss glaciers have lost 2.5 percent of their volume this year, according to a report Tuesday which dubbed 2018 "a year of extremes".

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Climate models fail to simulate recent air-pressure changes over Greenland

Climatologists may be unable to accurately predict regional climate change over the North Atlantic because computer model simulations have failed to accurately include air pressure changes that have taken place in the Greenland region over the last three decades.

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Climate models fail to simulate recent air-pressure changes over Greenland

Climatologists may be unable to accurately predict regional climate change over the North Atlantic because computer simulations have failed to include real data from the Greenland region over the last three decades — and it could lead to regional climate predictions for the UK and parts of Europe being inaccurate.

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Uber and Lyft Made Traffic Worse in San Francisco. But It’s ComplicatedLyft Uber US Subscription

A new report concludes that Uber and Lyft were responsible for 51 percent of the daily vehicle delay hours in the city between 2010 and 2016, but there are a few big caveats.

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Spionchef: Danmark er klar til cyberangreb næste år

Danmarks nye cybervåben kan tages i brug fra næste år, men det vil kræve tilladelse fra Folketinget at anvende det.

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Would you eat slaughter-free meat?

There's a looming crisis over the world's appetite for meat. This chicken nugget may be the answer.

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Higher temperatures could help protect coral reefs

A new study in the journal Behavioral Ecology, published by Oxford University Press, suggests that higher water temperature, which increases the aggressiveness of some fish, could lead to better protection of some coral.

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Study reveals best use of wildflowers to benefit crops on farms

With bee pollinators in decline and pesky crop pests lowering yields, sustainable and organic farmers need environmentally friendly solutions.

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New study answers old questions about why tropical forests are so ecologically diverse

Working with high-resolution satellite imaging technology, researchers from Brown University and the University of California, Los Angeles have uncovered new clues in an age-old question about why tropical forests are so ecologically diverse.

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Forskere forener komælk med klimamål

Nyt forskningsprojekt skal sænke kvægbrugets store udslip af drivhusgasser ved at se på hele produktionskæden. »Vi har allerede høstet de lavthængende frugter,« siger forskeren i spidsen for projektet.

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Gold Water, Silver Water, Copper Water

Ayurveda recommends gold water, silver water, and copper water to treat various conditions. There is no evidence that they work or even that they contain gold, silver, or copper.

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Bezos defends Amazon effort for Pentagon cloud project

Amazon chief Jeff Bezos on Monday defended the company's bid for a major Pentagon cloud computing contract, saying it was important to support US defense efforts even if unpopular.

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Jeff Bezos to invest more than $1 bn in Blue Origin in 2019

The world's richest man, billionaire entrepreneur and Amazon boss Jeff Bezos, said Monday that he is planning to boost his annual investment in Blue Origin, the aerospace company he launched in 2000.

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Microsoft co-founder, philanthropist Paul Allen dies at 65Microsoft Paul Allen

Paul G. Allen, who co-founded Microsoft with his childhood friend Bill Gates before becoming a billionaire philanthropist who invested in conservation, space travel, arts and culture and professional sports, died Monday. He was 65.

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Chicken nuggets grown in a lab

Can chicken nuggets grown in a lab actually taste like… well… chicken? The BBC's James Cook put JUST's chicken to the test.

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Electric chewing gum zaps your tongue to create a virtual flavour hit

An 'unlimited chewing gum' uses an electric charge to trick you into experiencing flavours – and they don’t fade in the way chewing gum flavour usually does

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Klimaforandringer udrydder regnskovens insekter i hobetal

Mængden af insekter i Puerto Ricos regnskov er op til 60 gange mindre i dag end i 1976. Det samme gælder de dyr, der lever af insekterne.

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Effektiviseringen forsvandt fra it-projekt i Forsvarsministeriet, men medarbejderne er for længst sparet væk

Et nyt system til tidsstyring skulle have leveret effektiviseringer til Forsvarsministeriets Personalestyrelse. Gevinsterne er allerede høstet i form af færre medarbejdere i styrelsen, men effektiviseringerne kommer aldrig, viser Version2's aktindsigt.

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Higher temperatures could help protect coral reefs

A new study in the journal Behavioral Ecology suggests that higher water temperature, which increases the aggressiveness of some fish, could lead to better protection of some coral.

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Holographic images increase accuracy of external ventricular drain insertion

Researchers from Beijing have developed a new technique of external ventricular drain (EVD) insertion that involves the use of a mixed-reality holographic computer headset. Wearing this headset, the neurosurgeon can visualize holographic images of individual patients' brain structures while performing the procedure. This makes EVD insertion more accurate than the usual freehand technique, which re

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Slap test underminerer aftale: I 2025 må bilerne på papiret øge benzinforbruget

Dagens slappe test medfører, at nye biler i 2025 på papiret må udlede tre gram CO2 mere per km end kravene, der gælder fra 2021, selv hvis EU's ministerråd får sin vilje. Miljøorganisation tager sig til hovedet.

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Nice People Have Emptier Wallets

A study correlating personality traits with financial data found that agreeable people had lower savings, higher debt and higher bankruptcy rates. Christopher Intagliata reports. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Google’s CEO Says Tests of Censored Chinese Search Engine Turned Out Great

At WIRED's 25th anniversary festival, Google CEO Sundar Pichai said the company would be able to serve more than 99 percent of queries.

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Jack Dorsey Has Problems With Twitter, TooJack Dorsey Twitter

If you have issues with Twitter, you are in good company. Jack Dorsey does too.

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Life-Saving Deliveries Will Get Drones Flying the Skies

It’s a lot easier for regulators to understand the need for new frameworks that allow innovations like drones, when every flight could potentially save a life.

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Marc Benioff Wants to Tax Billionaires, Including Himself

The Salesforce CEO supports a tax on businesses such as his own to attack San Francisco's homelessness epidemic.

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Susan Wojcicki Talks About the Challenge of Making YouTube a Better PlaceYouTube Google Outage TV

At WIRED’s 25th anniversary event, Susan Wojcicki, the CEO of YouTube, called the last eighteen months the platform’s “growing up years.”

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Fact check: Donald Trump's claims versus climate science

Trump’s assertions are at odds with scientific consensus that humans are causing higher temperatures that pose immediate and growing threats Asked about climate change on CBS’s 60 Minutes and by reporters in Georgia on Monday, Donald Trump suggested that climate change will “ change back again ”,” that it might not be manmade, and that hurricanes aren’t getting worse. The Guardian compared the US

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The 'ugly duckling' fossil from the deep

Meet the baby reptile that is shedding new light on the giants that lived at the time of T. rex.

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Don’t Worry! The Future Is Going to Be Fine

Kitty Hawk CEO Sebastian Thrun and Y Combinator president Sam Altman are bullish on nuclear fusion, flying cars, and AI.

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Michael Bloomberg Can Buy Popularity, but Can He Buy the Presidency?

H ere’s the premise : A white, by then 78-year-old New Yorker, who built his fortune on Wall Street and is one of its most vocal defenders, and who’s had issues with African Americans and women, is the answer to what’s going on in the Democratic Party right now. Oh, and he’s a former Republican. And he’s a terrible campaigner whose signature move is awkwardly asking kids to give him high fives. A

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Researchers Call for More Humanity in Artificial Intelligence

Stanford's Fei-Fei Li and Sinovation Ventures' Kai-Fu Lee say removing bias and aligning AI with humanity makes sense for companies, as well as nonprofits.

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Female Founders Still Face Sexual Harassment From Investors

In a new survey, over 20 percent of respondents said they experienced one or more “inappropriate incidents” at the hands of investors.

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Anand Giridharadas Delivers a Harsh Message to Rich Techie Philanthropists

Journalist Anand Giridharadas had a message for the rich techies in the audience at WIRED25: they’re “causing, by daylight, problems that they simply will never be able to undo by philanthropic moonlight.”

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National bans on smacking children linked to less teenage violence

A survey has found that teenagers get into more fights in countries where it is legal to spank children, but there could be several explanations for the link

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The Atlantic Daily: Occupying Two Worlds at the Same Time

What We’re Following Affirmative Action, Then and Now : Is Harvard treating Asian American applicants unfairly? “The future of affirmative action is not on trial,” the lead attorney for the plaintiffs declared during opening arguments at what will be a three-week trial over the university’s admissions practices. But are affirmative action policies really not at stake? The case has exposed these d

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Big Data and the End of Painful, Invasive Medical Procedures

Onstage at WIRED25, 23andMe CEO Anne Wojcicki and bioengineer Stephen Quake focused on unlocking the secrets hidden in blood and spit.

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Last Man to Walk on the Moon Mistaken About Climate Change on Earth

Astronaut Harrison Schmitt saw Earth from space, but doesn't see that human activity is shaping climate change.

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Microsoft's Nadella Says AI Can Make the World More Inclusive

Artificial intelligence can help deaf people communicate, but the algorithms need to be fair, the Microsoft CEO says.

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Paul Allen — Microsoft co-founder and philanthropist — dead at 65Microsoft Paul Allen

He co-founded Microsoft with Bill Gates in 1975. A major figure in Seattle, he revitalized the city landscape. As of his death, he was the 46th richest person in the world. Paul Allen, who co-founded Microsoft co-founder along with Bill Gates, has died at the age of 65 in Seattle, Washington. He died from complications of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a type of cancer. He had announced earlier this mon

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7 most important horror movies: Double-feature edition

This scareful season, make sure to check these seven important horror movies off your to-do list. Already an aficionado of fear? The list offers a double-feature option to pair with each classic horror flick. With apologies to Hereditary , but I haven't seen it yet. It's October! That time of year when we are duty bound to indulge in horror movies till we can't sleep with the closet door ajar. If

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A diet guru explains why you should eat dinner at 2 pm

A recent study shows that over 50% of people eat over the course of fifteen hours every day. Another study shows that restricting meals to an eight-hour window had profound effects on weight loss. Dr. Jason Fung advocates for earlier dinners in a tighter feeding window. None What you should eat has been the focus of fad diets for decades. Less discussed is when . Thanks to the rise of the ketogen

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"Aquatic life is bathing in a soup of antidepressants," says marine biologist

A new British study has discovered that "our aquatic life is bathing in a soup of antidepressants." Entire ecosystems are being negatively affected by our pharmaceutical use. The drugs re-enter our bodies when we consume seafood from these areas. None In 2009, the NYC Department of Environment Protections discovered numerous pharmaceuticals floating around in the city's tap water. A 2010 follow-u

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The cult of disruptive innovation: Where America went wrong

'Disruptive innovation' is a dangerous buzzword. There's a world of difference between progress and innovation. Our speaker believes she can pinpoint the moment America went off the rails.

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Older people who self-harm at highest risk of suicide, finds study

People over 65 who harm themselves are more likely to die by suicide than other age groups according to new research published in the Lancet Psychiatry by University of Manchester and Keele University academics.

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The Lancet Psychiatry: Major changes needed to improve the care of older adults who self-harm

The majority of over 65s who self-harm are not referred for specialist help, according to UK study.Contrary to national clinical guidelines, one in eight older adults who self-harm are prescribed tricyclic antidepressants despite risk of toxicity in overdose. Older adults with history of self-harm are twice as likely to have history of mental illness.

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National bans on slapping children linked to less youth violence

National bans on parents slapping or spanking their children to punish them for bad behaviour are linked to lower rates of youth violence, reveals an international study published in the online journal BMJ Open.

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Countries where smacking children is banned 'are safer to grow up in'

Research reveals that fighting between youths – particularly females – is less common where corporal punishment has been outlawed Countries that ban the smacking of children appear to be safer for young people to grow up in, according to research revealing that fighting between youths – particularly females – is less common where corporal punishment has been outlawed. Experts say the study adds t

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In cadaver caves, baby beetles grow better with parental goo

A dead mouse — with the right microbial treatment from beetle parents — becomes a much better nursery than your average carcass.

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Brain-eating amoebas are spreading—and that’s just as bad as it sounds

Health Here's everything you never wanted to know about the subject. A recent death-by-brain-eating-amoeba makes for a terrifying story, but how scared should you be? Here’s what you need to know.

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Financial impacts of cancer found to intensify disease burden among German patients

A study conducted in Germany draws attention to the fact that the socio-economic burden of cancer is real in Europe too, and not only in the context of the US healthcare system where it has been associated with higher morbidity and mortality. The results to be presented at the ESMO 2018 Congress in Munich show that income loss is the main source of perceived financial hardship, and that this is as

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Swishing tails guard against voracious insects with curtain of breeze

Bothersome insects are a predicable summer hazard. Swatting them can almost become a sport, but some irritable horses enjoy taking shots at something larger. 'I have been hit many times in the face, and even the eye, by a naughty horse's tail… Sometimes it seems like they're actually aiming for you', laughs Marguerite Matherne from the Georgia Institute of Technology, who recounted the anecdote

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Sandy Valley, Nevada | Vegas Rat Rods: Show Me Your Junk

WelderUp owner Steve Darnell and his designer Travis head out to Sandy Valley, Nevada looking to make some cash, and stumble upon a rare 1920s ceramic Union Oil sign. Stream Full Episodes of Vegas Rat Rods: https://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/vegas-rat-rods/ Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Join us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow on Twitter: https://t

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‘Disease’ vs. ‘Difference’: A Question of Eugenics?

Just 100 years ago in the United States, eugenics was the law. From 1907 to 1931, Indiana, California, and 28 other states carried out the forced sterilization of more than 64,000 people who were deemed “unfit”—including the “intellectually disabled,” immigrants, people of color, poor people, unmarried mothers, the physically disabled, and the mentally ill. These compulsory sterilization programs

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What Is Photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is the process used by plants, algae and certain bacteria to harness energy from sunlight into chemical energy.

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Silicon Valley’s Tech Elite Zoom in on Crispr

“Where we are now with biotech feels quite a bit like where we were with information technology in the late 1990s,” said Napster co-founder Sean Parker on stage at WIRED25

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How to pick the right wireless charger for your smartphone

Technology It's surprisingly tricky to get the best performance. The what's what about watts.

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The Atlantic Politics & Policy Daily: 23 and She

Written by Elaine Godfrey ( @elainejgodfrey ), Madeleine Carlisle ( @maddiecarlisle2 ), and Olivia Paschal ( @oliviacpaschal ) Today in 5 Lines In response to President Donald Trump and others who have questioned her heritage, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren released the results of a DNA test showing evidence that she has a Native American ancestor dating back six to 10 generations. Trump

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What the Harvard Trial Is Really About

BOSTON—In the days leading up to the trial accusing Harvard of discriminating against Asian American applicants, supporters of the university worried that the group behind the litigation, Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA), would turn the case into a broader attack on affirmative action and race-based admissions policies. It’s one thing to say the use of race in admissions is negatively affectin

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Marker may help target treatments for Crohn's patients

Crohn's disease has emerged as a global disease, with rates steadily increasing over the last 50 years. Experts have long suspected that CD likely represents a collection of related but slightly different disorders, but until now it has not been possible to predict accurately which subtype of CD a patient is likely to develop.

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Amazon's Jeff Bezos Says Tech Companies Should Work With the Pentagon

"This is a great country and it does need to be defended,” the Amazon CEO tells the WIRED25 Summit in San Francisco.

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Supersonic Bloodhound hits cash roadblock

The project to race a car at more than 1,000mph runs into a financial roadblock, with the company behind the venture going into administration.

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Climate Change Likely to Ding Beer Supply

The average price of a pint could double by the end of this century because of declines in barley yields, a study predicts.

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Why tropical forests are so ecologically diverse

The population of a tropical tree increases mostly in places where it is rare, a new study found.

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Marker may help target treatments for Crohn's patients

Crohn's disease has emerged as a global disease, with rates steadily increasing over the last 50 years. Experts have long suspected that CD likely represents a collection of related but slightly different disorders, but until now it has not been possible to predict accurately which subtype of CD a patient is likely to develop.

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Eating with your eyes: Virtual reality can alter taste

Humans not only relish the sweet, savory and saltiness of foods, but they are influenced by the environment in which they eat. Food scientists used virtual reality to show how people's perception of real food can be altered by their surroundings.

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Us vs. them: Understanding the neurobiology of stereotypes

Scientists describe how non-invasive brain stimulation — a technique he and others have pioneered to unlock the secrets of the brain — could shed light on the neurobiology underlying implicit bias.

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Best use of wildflowers to benefit crops on farms

For the first time, a new study of strawberry crops on New York farms tested this theory and found that wildflower strips on farms added pollinators when the farm lay within a "Goldilocks zone," where 25 to 55 percent of the surrounding area contained natural lands. Outside this zone, flower plantings also drew more strawberry pests, while having no effect on wasps that kill those pests.

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Critic Of Federal Public Lands Management To Join Department Of The Interior

The Department of the Interior has chosen a prominent property rights attorney in Wyoming as their new deputy solicitor. Its a controversial appointment for environmental groups. (Image credit: Mead Gruver/AP)

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If Your Medical Information Becomes A Moneymaker, Could You Get A Cut?

Sometimes discoveries derived from patients' medical data become the foundation of new profit-making companies. A fledgling industry wants to help patients get a cut of the cash. (Image credit: alicemoi/Getty Images/RooM RF)

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New study answers old questions about why tropical forests are so ecologically diverse

The population of a tropical tree increases mostly in places where it is rare, a Brown study found.

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The ‘tacky’ Trump painting artist created similar work for Obama

The artist Andy Thomas, a self-taught painter living in Missouri, said he was surprised to learn Trump has hung the painting in the White House. Thomas also created a similar painting depicting former President Barack Obama alongside past Democratic presidents. Thomas said there's a hidden feminist message lying in both of the paintings. On Sunday's episode of CBS's 60 Minutes , President Donald

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Is postmodernism really anti-science?

Postmodernism is often accused of being anti-everything. The questions that postmodernists raise about objectivity put them on a collision course with science. The problems of how postmodernism looks at science remind us that not every critique can be applied to every discipline. Postmodernism is often presented as an intellectual boogeyman out to destroy truth, the west, movies, and everything w

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Colorado's Anti-Fracking Measure Would Keep Wells Farther Away From Homes And Schools

A ballot measure would keep new oil and gas wells 2,500 feet away from homes and schools, the strictest setback in the nation. The oil and gas industry says that threatens its very existence. (Image credit: Grace Hood/CPR)

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Apple's Jony Ive on the Unpredictable Consequences of Innovation

"I think it's good to be connected,” says Apple’s chief design officer. “I think the real question is what you do with that connection."

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Study reveals best use of wildflowers to benefit crops on farms

For the first time, a Cornell University study of strawberry crops on New York farms tested this theory and found that wildflower strips on farms added pollinators when the farm lay within a "Goldilocks zone," where 25 to 55 percent of the surrounding area contained natural lands. Outside this zone, flower plantings also drew more strawberry pests, while having no effect on wasps that kill those p

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Us vs. them: Understanding the neurobiology of stereotypes

In a review published in the journal Trends in Cognitive Science, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, MD, PhD, and colleagues describe how non-invasive brain stimulation — a technique he and others have pioneered to unlock the secrets of the brain — could shed light on the neurobiology underlying implicit bias.

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Eating with your eyes: Virtual reality can alter taste

Humans not only relish the sweet, savory and saltiness of foods, but they are influenced by the environment in which they eat. Cornell University food scientists used virtual reality to show how people's perception of real food can be altered by their surroundings, according to research published in the Journal of Food Science.

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As more newspapers fail, news 'deserts' expand in US: study

More than 1,800 US newspapers have closed since 2004, leaving expanding "news deserts" with little or no local reporting on public affairs, researchers said in a report Monday.

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Mammals cannot evolve fast enough to escape current extinction crisis

The sixth mass extinction is underway, this time caused by humans. A team of researchers have calculated that species are dying out so quickly that nature's built-in defense mechanism, evolution, cannot keep up. If current conservation efforts are not improved, so many mammal species will become extinct during the next five decades that nature will need 3-5 million years to recover to current biod

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NASA finds Tropical Storm Tara affecting Western Mexico

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite found newly developed Tropical Storm Tara affecting the western coast of Mexico.

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NASA finds remnants of Tropical Cyclone Luban near Yemen/Oman border

Tropical Cyclone Luban made landfall in northern Yemen and imagery from NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite confirmed that the low pressure area has continued to linger near the border of Yemen and Oman.

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Win Eyewire Brain Swag!

Map the brain, win free stuff? Yes pls! You can win free Eyewire tees, mugs, and stickers, during the upcoming Grim’s Haunted Carnival competition and every other month in Eyewire thanks to @susi’s sponsorship! Check out the possibilities: Neuromonsters Coloring Contest Best drawing wins a free tote ! Accuracy HH Most accurate player completing at least 20 cubes wins a t-shirt and a sticker sheet

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Arctic sea ice decline driving ocean phytoplankton farther north

Phytoplankton blooms that form the base of the marine food web are expanding northward into ice-free waters where they have never been seen before, according to new research.

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Costs of Medicare diabetes prevention program may exceed reimbursements

For some healthcare providers – especially those serving racial/ethnic minority and low-income patients – the costs of delivering a new Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program (MDPP) may be much higher than the expected reimbursement, reports a study in the November issue of Medical Care. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

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Researchers use deep learning to build automatic speech recognition system to help preserve the Seneca language

A new research project at Rochester Institute of Technology will help ensure the endangered language of the Seneca Indian Nation will be preserved. Using deep learning, a form of artificial intelligence, RIT researchers are building an automatic speech recognition application to document and transcribe the traditional language of the Seneca people. The work is also intended to be a technological r

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Reusable software for high performance computing

The world's fastest supercomputer can now perform 200,000 trillion calculations per second, and several companies and government agencies around the world are competing to build a machine that will have the computer power to simulate networks on the scale of the human brain. This extremely powerful hardware requires extremely powerful software, so existing software code must be continually updated

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Researchers produce virus-resistant pigs, could vastly improve global animal health

Researchers at the University of Missouri have successfully produced a litter of pigs that are genetically resistant to a deadly porcine virus.

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Hurricane Michael's heavy rainfall measured by NASA

Some casualties resulted not only from Michael's destructive winds and storm surges but also from the blinding rain that Michael produced as it battered states from Florida northeastward through Virginia. NASA used satellite data to estimate how much rainfall occurred along Hurricane Michael's track from Oct. 7 to Oct. 12, 2018.

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High entropy alloys hold the key to studying dislocation avalanches in metals

Mechanical structures are only as sound as the materials from which they are made. For decades researchers have studied materials from these structures to see why and how they fail. Before catastrophic failure, there are individual cracks or dislocations that form, which are signals that a structure may be weakening. While researchers have studied individual dislocations in the past, a team from t

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The Irony of Turkey's Crusade for a Missing Journalist

On October 2, Jamal Khashoggi was seen entering the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey. The Saudi journalist and dissident hasn’t been seen since then. But the grisly details of what happened to the columnist for The Washington Post have come mostly from unnamed Turkish security officials, leaving few doubts about Khashoggi’s fate. The story of Khashoggi’s disappearance has gripped Western capit

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EU agrees to sharply boost Baltic cod catch quotas

European Union ministers agreed on Monday to sharply boost catch quotas for western Baltic Sea cod next year but put lower limits on fishing of western herring.

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NASA X-ray Space Telescope back online after brief shutdown

One of NASA's space telescopes is back in business after a two-day shutdown.

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'First Man' is astonishingly accurate—here's how NASA helped

Space Yes, this article has spoilers Conjuring the dawn of space exploration decades later can be a challenge, but Hollywood had some help in making those films as accurate as possible. NASA is an archival…

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Hunters May Lure 'Man-Eating' Tiger with Calvin Klein's Obsession

Officials in India are considering an unusual method to lure a man eater.

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Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of brain development, study finds

Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of cell death across the brain, exhibiting greater nerve cell death than vaginally delivered mice in at least one brain area, a finding that suggests birth mode may have acute effects on human neurodevelopment that may lead to long-lasting changes in the brain and behavior.

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Psychopaths in the C-Suite?

The seemingly never-ending stream of corporate scandals over the past decades, from Enron to Theranos, suggests that something is rotten in corporate leaders. Many place the blame on psychopaths, who are characteristically superficially charming but lack empathy, anxiety, or any sense of blame or guilt.

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Linguistic red flags from Facebook posts can predict future depression diagnoses

Research finds that the language people use in their Facebook posts can predict a future diagnosis of depression as accurately as the tools clinicians use in medical settings to screen for the disease.

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Discovery of a simplest mechanism for color detection

Color vision, ocular color detection is achieved with complicated neural mechanisms in the eyes. Researchers have found color detection with a simplest mechanism in the fish pineal organ, an extraocular photosensitive organ on the brain surface.

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What's Next for Instagram's Kevin Systrom? Flying Lessons

The Instagram cofounder, who recently left parent company Facebook, says he wants to be sure the people running social networks are paying attention to how they impact people’s lives.

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Dozens of Retractions Requested for Heart Stem Cell Studies

Harvard and Brigham and Women's Hospital disavow the work by former faculty member Piero Anversa.

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Technique quickly identifies extreme event statistics

Engineers have developed an algorithm that quickly pinpoints the types of extreme events that are likely to occur in a complex system, such as an ocean environment, where waves of varying magnitudes, lengths, and heights can create stress and pressure on a ship or offshore platform. The researchers can simulate the forces and stresses that extreme events — in the form of waves — may generate on

2d

 

How beetle larvae thrive on carrion

The burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides buries the cadavers of small animals to use them as a food source for its offspring. However, the carcass is susceptible to microbial decomposition. Researchers show that the beetles replace harmful microorganisms with their own beneficial gut symbionts, thus turning a carcass into a nursery with a microbial community that even promotes larval growth.

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Jupiter’s Frozen Moon Is Studded With 50-Foot Blades of Ice

At a distance, the worlds in our solar system resemble marbles, gleaming spheres suspended in the inkiness of space. Perhaps no world fits this description better than Europa, one of Jupiter’s moons. Europa is covered in a layer of ice—a hardy lid for the salty ocean that scientists suspect churns below, perhaps with microbial life . The icy surface is fractured in places, producing a patchwork o

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Psychopaths in the C-Suite?

The seemingly never-ending stream of corporate scandals over the past decades, from Enron to Theranos, suggests that something is rotten in corporate leaders. Many place the blame on psychopaths, who are characteristically superficially charming but lack empathy, anxiety, or any sense of blame or guilt.

2d

 

Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of brain development, study finds

Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of cell death across the brain, exhibiting greater nerve cell death than vaginally delivered mice in at least one brain area, a finding by Georgia State University researchers that suggests birth mode may have acute effects on human neurodevelopment that may lead to long-lasting changes in the brain and behavior.

2d

 

Mammals cannot evolve fast enough to escape current extinction crisis

The sixth mass extinction is underway, this time caused by humans. A team of researchers from Denmark and Sweden have calculated, that species are dying out so quickly, that nature's built-in defence mechanism, evolution, cannot keep up. If current conservation efforts are not improved, so many mammal species will become extinct during the next five decades that nature will need 3-5 million years

2d

 

Technique quickly identifies extreme event statistics

Engineers at MIT have developed an algorithm that quickly pinpoints the types of extreme events that are likely to occur in a complex system, such as an ocean environment, where waves of varying magnitudes, lengths, and heights can create stress and pressure on a ship or offshore platform. The researchers can simulate the forces and stresses that extreme events — in the form of waves — may gener

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How beetle larvae thrive on carrion

The burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides buries the cadavers of small animals to use them as a food source for its offspring. However, the carcass is susceptible to microbial decomposition. Researchers from the Max-Planck-Institute for Chemical Ecology and the Universities of Mainz and Giessen, Germany, show that the beetles replace harmful microorganisms with their own beneficial gut symbionts

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Two degrees decimated Puerto Rico's insect populations

While temperatures in the tropical forests of northeastern Puerto Rico have climbed two degrees Celsius since the mid-1970s, the biomass of arthropods – invertebrate animals such as insects, millipedes, and sowbugs – has declined by as much as 60-fold, according to new findings published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

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Linguistic red flags from Facebook posts can predict future depression diagnoses

Research led by the University of Pennsylvania's Johannes Eichstaedt and Robert J. Smith finds that the language people use in their Facebook posts can predict a future diagnosis of depression as accurately as the tools clinicians use in medical settings to screen for the disease.

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Discovery of a simplest mechanism for color detection

Color vision, ocular color detection is achieved with complicated neural mechanisms in the eyes. Researchers from the Osaka City University in Japan have found color detection with a simplest mechanism in the fish pineal organ, an extraocular photosensitive organ on the brain surface.

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Polio: Environmental monitoring will be key as world reaches global eradication

Robust environmental monitoring should be used as the world approaches global eradication of polio, say University of Michigan researchers who recently studied the epidemiology of the 2013 silent polio outbreak in Rahat, Israel.

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Looks Like Climate Change Will Ruin Beer for Us, Too

Terrific, now climate change is ruining beer for us, too.

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Blue Origin and Jeff Bezos Want Us All to Leave Earth—for Good

At Blue Origin, Amazon's space-obsessed founder is building rockets, and he hopes to someday blast humanity into an extraterrestrial future.

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It Will Take Millions of Years for Mammals to Recover From Us

The story of mammals is one of self-destruction. They first arose roughly 200 million years ago, and after eons spent scurrying in the shadow of the dinosaurs, they finally cut loose and evolved into a breathtaking variety of shapes and sizes, including the largest creatures to ever exist. And after all that, it took barely 100,000 years for one relatively young member of the group—us—to bring ev

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Sears Is Not a Failure

To appreciate the rise and fall of Sears, the retail giant that filed for bankruptcy on Monday, consider a 19th-century pocket watch. To most modern shoppers, a pocket watch is boring. It’s an unfashionable, potentially broken piece of gerontic jewelry. But to others, it’s not merely an artifact. It’s an achievement: a silent symphony of mite-size screws, whirling in uncanny harmony. So it is wit

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Discovery of a simple mechanism for color detection

Color vision, consisting of ocular color detection, is achieved with complicated neural mechanisms in the eyes. Researchers from Osaka City University in Japan have found color detection with a simple mechanism in the fish pineal organ, an extraocular photosensitive organ on the brain surface. They have published their results in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

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Two degrees decimated Puerto Rico's insect populations

While temperatures in the tropical forests of northeastern Puerto Rico have climbed two degrees Celsius since the mid-1970s, the biomass of arthropods—invertebrate animals such as insects, millipedes, and sowbugs—has declined by as much as 60-fold, according to new findings published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Mammals cannot evolve fast enough to escape current extinction crisis

Humans are exterminating animal and plant species so quickly that nature's built-in defence mechanism, evolution, cannot keep up. An Aarhus-led research team calculated that if current conservation efforts are not improved, so many mammal species will become extinct during the next five decades that nature will need 3 to 5 million years to recover.

2d

 

Men in leadership gain from psychopathic behavior, women punished

People with psychopathic tendencies are slightly more likely to be a company boss, but a new study finds men are allowed a pass for those inclinations while women are punished.

2d

 

How beetle larvae thrive on carrion

The burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides buries the cadavers of small animals in soil to use them as a food source for its offspring. However, the carcass and thus the breeding site are highly susceptible to microbial decomposition and putrefaction, resulting in the production of toxic substances, the growth of microbial pathogens and nutrient loss. In a new study, researchers from the Max-Plan

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Scientists create synthetic prototissue capable of synchronized beating

A tissue-like material capable of synchronized beating when heated and cooled has been developed by a team of University of Bristol chemists.

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Cumulative sub-concussive impacts in a single season of youth football

In an investigation of head impact burden and change in neurocognitive function during a season of youth football, researchers find that sub-concussive impacts are not correlated with worsening performance in neurocognitive function.

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Climate change brings rising seas—and beer prices

Nexus Media News Expect to pay more for that pint. Volatile weather brought by climate change is raising the cost of beer.

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Arctic sea ice decline driving ocean phytoplankton farther north

A new study reveals phytoplankton spring blooms in the Arctic Ocean, which were previously nonexistent, are expanding northward at a rate of one degree of latitude per decade. Although blooms did not previously occur in this area, phytoplankton were present in the Arctic's central basin at low biomass. The study also found the primary productivity of the phytoplankton, or the rate at which phytopl

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High entropy alloys hold the key to studying dislocation avalanches in metals

For decades researchers have studied materials from structures to see why and how they fail. Before catastrophic failure, there are individual cracks or dislocations that form, which are signals that a structure may be weakening. While researchers have studied individual dislocations in the past, a team has now made it possible to understand how dislocations organize and react at nanoscale.

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New immunotherapy targeting blood-clotting protein

A team has developed an antibody that blocks the inflammatory and oxidative activity of fibrin, which contributes to neurodegeneration in the brain, without compromising the protein's clotting function.

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PPR virus poses threat to conservation

Researchers have reviewed the threat of the virus peste des petits ruminants (PPR) to conservation.

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Virus-resistant pigs to vastly improve global animal health

Researchers have successfully produced a litter of pigs that are genetically resistant to Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus (TGEV), which commonly infects the intestines of pigs and causes almost 100 percent mortality in young pigs.

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Applying auto industry's fuel-efficiency standards to agriculture could net billions

Adopting benchmarks similar to the fuel-efficiency standards used by the auto industry in the production of fertilizer could yield $5-8 billion in economic benefits for the U.S. corn sector alone, researchers have concluded.

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New smart watch algorithms can help identify why you are sleeping poorly

New algorithms take advantage of multiple smart watch sensors to accurately monitor wearers' sleep patterns. As well as obtaining rich information on wearers' sleep, the software, called SleepGuard, can estimate sleep quality and provide users with practical advice to help them get a better night's snooze.

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Discovery of an atomic electronic simulator

Targeting applications like neural networks for machine learning, a new discovery is paving the way for atomic ultra-efficient electronics, the need for which is increasingly critical in our data-driven society. The key to unlocking untold potential for the greenest electronics? Creating bespoke atomic patterns to in turn control electrons.

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The First DNA Test as Political Stunt

Has there ever been such an elaborate rollout for the results of a DNA test? On Monday morning, Elizabeth Warren—Massachusetts senator, likely presidential candidate —unveiled a web page with five videos featuring interviews of family, friends, students, former colleagues, and the Stanford geneticist Carlos Bustamante. Republicans have for years accused Warren , a Democrat, of faking American Ind

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Cancer survivors at risk for heart failure during, after pregnancy

Young women previously treated for cancer with chemotherapy or radiation therapy with a prior history of cardiotoxicity are more likely to develop clinical congestive heart failure (CHF) during and after pregnancy, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Study points to possible new therapy for hearing loss

Researchers have taken an important step toward what may become a new approach to restore the hearing loss. In a new study scientists have been able to regrow the sensory hair cells found in the cochlea — a part of the inner ear — that converts sound vibrations into electrical signals and can be permanently lost due to age or noise damage.

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High entropy alloys hold the key to studying dislocation avalanches in metals

For decades researchers have studied materials from structures to see why and how they fail. Before catastrophic failure, there are individual cracks or dislocations that form, which are signals that a structure may be weakening. While researchers have studied individual dislocations in the past, a team from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the University of Tennessee, and Oak Ridge

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How Insects Prepare for Winter

Research on the suspended-animation state called diapause might help save our crops—and our health — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Strep Throat: Symptoms and Treatment

Strep throat is a bacterial infection. It is very contagious and can lead to severe complications.

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Add beer to the list of foods threatened by climate change

Barley crops around the world will be threatened by drought and heat.

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Retail apocalypse continues as Sears files for bankruptcy

Sears to close 142 stores immediately amid bankruptcy filing. Dozens of Kmart stores — owned by Sears since 2004 — already scheduled for closing in November. Will it affect a store near you? Sears announced on Monday that it's in bankruptcy proceedings , along with the immediate closure of 142 stores nation-wide. With the news comes the stepping down of Sears CEO Edward Lampert, who had held the

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Money worries: Why fear dominates your finances

The financial system preys on young Americans. Debt is the American way of life. Can we fix it? How education and healthcare reform can make us all richer.

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The President of the United States Asks, ‘What’s an Ally?’

Donald Trump’s tangles with America’s traditional friends—on trade , military spending , handshaking —are well known. But on Sunday, in an interview with 60 Minutes , the American president distilled his revolutionary view of the country’s alliances in Europe, Asia, and North America, which have formed the foundation for U.S. foreign policy for decades, to its essence. Asked by Lesley Stahl about

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How the human brain detects, identifies, and acts on taste

Sweet and bitter flavors are identified as soon as they are tasted, according to human neural and behavioral data. The study provides new insight into how the brain rapidly detects and discriminates between potentially nutritious and toxic substances.

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Mouse shows potential as an animal model of decision-making

Mice can be used to study the neural circuits underlying complex decision-making, suggests an analysis of more than 500,000 mouse decisions.

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Use of tobacco & marijuana products frequently featured in hip-hop music videos

Use of tobacco & marijuana products frequently featured in hip-hop music videos.

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Arctic sea ice decline driving ocean phytoplankton farther north

A new study reveals phytoplankton spring blooms in the Arctic Ocean, which were previously nonexistent, are expanding northward at a rate of one degree of latitude per decade. Although blooms did not previously occur in this area, phytoplankton were present in the Arctic's central basin at low biomass. The study also found the primary productivity of the phytoplankton, or the rate at which phytopl

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Most people don't know the difference between OCD and OCPD

The general public has trouble understanding differences between obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), according to new research from Binghamton University, State University at New York.

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The Higgs Boson May Have Saved Our Universe from Cosmic Collapse. For Now.

Dark energy may be decreasing, which puts a crimp in the notion that the universe will expand forever.

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Neuroscience and Society: Autism

When we’re trying to help people who have troubles due to autism spectrum disorders, one of the first challenges is definition: What does “autism” mean? “Autism was and is still currently defined by behaviors,” Dana Alliance member Barry Gordon said, as researchers haven’t yet found solid biomarkers or other internal signals to identify it. “Whenever you read about autism, you might want to dig i

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NASA finds Tropical Storm Tara affecting Western Mexico

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite found newly developed Tropical Storm Tara affecting the western coast of Mexico.

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New research shows drinking No 1 Rosemary Water improves memory by up to 15 percent

New research published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, has shown that drinking a concentrated rosemary extract drink, No 1 Rosemary Water, can boost cognitive and memory performance by up to 15%.

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Study points to possible new therapy for hearing loss

Researchers have taken an important step toward what may become a new approach to restore the hearing loss. In a new study, out today in the European Journal of Neuroscience, scientists have been able to regrow the sensory hair cells found in the cochlea — a part of the inner ear — that converts sound vibrations into electrical signals and can be permanently lost due to age or noise damage.

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Early study results suggest fertility app as effective as modern family planning methods

Early results from a first-of-its-kind study by researchers from the Institute for Reproductive Health at Georgetown University Medical Center suggests that typical use of a certain family planning app is as effective as other modern methods for avoiding an unplanned pregnancy.

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Young innovators

This month's special issue of the journal Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering, recognizes its Young Innovators Award winners. Two of the small group of honorees are from UD and have new research featured in the publication.

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Researchers at MU produce virus-resistant pigs, could vastly improve global animal health

Researchers at the University of Missouri have successfully produced a litter of pigs that are genetically resistant to Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus (TGEV), which commonly infects the intestines of pigs and causes almost 100 percent mortality in young pigs.

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NASA finds remnants of Tropical Cyclone Luban near Yemen/Oman border

Tropical Cyclone Luban made landfall in northern Yemen and imagery from NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite confirmed that the low pressure area has continued to linger near the border of Yemen and Oman.

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New immunotherapy targeting blood-clotting protein

A team led by Katerina Akassoglou, Ph.D., senior investigator at the Gladstone Institutes, developed an antibody that blocks the inflammatory and oxidative activity of fibrin, which contributes to neurodegeneration in the brain, without compromising the protein's clotting function.

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Hurricane Michael's heavy rainfall measured by NASA

Some casualties resulted not only from Michael's destructive winds and storm surges but also from the blinding rain that Michael produced as it battered states from Florida northeastward through Virginia. NASA used satellite data to estimate how much rainfall occurred along Hurricane Michael's track from Oct. 7 to Oct. 12, 2018.

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Analyzing half a million mouse decisions

Mice can be used to study the neural circuits underlying complex decision-making, suggests an analysis of more than 500,000 mouse decisions reported in JNeurosci.

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Don't sweat the sweet stuff

Sweet and bitter flavors are identified as soon as they are tasted, according to human neural and behavioral data published in eNeuro. The study provides new insight into how the brain rapidly detects and discriminates between potentially nutritious and toxic substances.

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Early sleep loss accelerates Alzheimer's pathology in mice

Lack of sleep during adolescence and early adulthood accelerates Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related tau pathology, finds a study of male and female mice published in JNeurosci. These results support the importance of establishing healthy sleep habits in early adult life to help stave off progression of neurodegenerative diseases.

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In the Ticking of the Embryonic Clock, She Finds Answers

“Do you know anything more fascinating than when a sperm and an egg come together to make a human?” the stem cell biologist Renee Reijo Pera asked, with genuine incredulity, as she delivered a keynote address to hundreds of scientists at the Society for Developmental Biology’s annual conference in July. After decades of studying the subject — the genes and other information responsible for the em

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Report: Former CNRS President Guilty of Fraud

Anne Peyroche, who was removed as interim head of France's National Center for Scientific Research in January, committed scientific misconduct, according to the French Academy of Sciences.

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The terrifying new climate change report has one silver lining

Environment There is still time to push for a better future. Before you walk into the rising sea, take a deep breath and look at the surprising bright side.

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Neanderthals Suffered a Lot of Traumatic Injuries. So How Did They Live So Long?

Neanderthals suffered many gruesome injuries in their day. The precious remains of our ancient-human relatives reveal crushed limbs, fractured skulls, and broken ribs—relics from hunting accidents and warfare. That’s not to mention severe tooth abscesses and broken teeth that would have contributed to severe chronic pain. Behind these gory details, however, lies the fact that many of these indivi

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Are Siblings More Important Than Parents?

W e don’t choose our siblings the way we choose our partners and friends. Of course, we don’t choose our parents either, but they usually make that up to us by sustaining us on the way to adulthood. Brothers and sisters are just sort of there . And yet, when it comes to our development, they can be more influential than parents. This holds whether they are older and cool, or younger and frustrati

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Food transports Syrian refugees' imaginations to a place that no longer exists

A study conducted at the University of São Paulo in Brazil used cuisine as a starting point for an analysis of the difficulties faced by Syrian refugees in the city.

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