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Nyheder2018september06

NASA's GPM peers under the clouds of Hurricane Florence

Hurricane Florence became more powerful over the past few days while moving through the central Atlantic Ocean and wind speeds increased from tropical storm force to a Category 3 hurricane. The GPM core satellite provided a look under the clouds to investigate the rate rain in which was falling throughout the storm.

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Video: How 'double-acting' baking powder acts twice

Baking powder is used to raise baked goods like cakes and cookies. It's often sold under the label "double-acting," but what does that mean?

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What Anglo Saxon teeth can tell us about modern health

Evidence from the teeth of Anglo Saxon children could help identify modern children most at risk from conditions such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease.

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Mysterious 'lunar swirls' point to moon's volcanic, magnetic past

The mystery behind lunar swirls, one of the solar system's most beautiful optical anomalies, may finally be solved. The solution hints at the dynamism of the moon's ancient past as a place with volcanic activity and an internally generated magnetic field. It also challenges our picture of the moon's existing geology.

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Mysterious 'lunar swirls' point to moon's volcanic, magnetic past

The mystery behind lunar swirls, one of the solar system's most beautiful optical anomalies, may finally be solved thanks to a joint Rutgers University and University of California Berkeley study.

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NASA adds up heavy rains from Typhoon Jebi

Typhoon Jebi brought flooding to Japan and NASA's IMERG estimated rainfall over the country and the surrounding region for a one-week period.

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Does this world map finally tell the truth (or just lie a little less)?

Three scientists have produced a map of the world which accurately reflects the size of all the continents. They're calling the Equal Earth Projection. Read More

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Kremlin's Kids: Giant Family Portraits With Vladimir Putin

Every year, Russia's president presents the Order of Parental Glory to parents who raise seven or more children. The photos are … something to behold.

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Papegøjeart fra tegnefilmen Rio er officielt uddød

Den lille blå papegøje Spixara, der blev kendt i tegnefilmen Rio, er sammen med syv andre fuglearter erklæret uddød. Fuglenes ulykke skyldes bl.a. skovrydning.

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Probiotics are mostly useless and can actually hurt you

Supplements of “friendly” bacteria often don’t improve our gut microbiota and can be harmful after antibiotics, according to the most in-depth study yet

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NHS boss calls on Superdrug to screen Botox customers

Medical director says chain’s staff should look out for people with unrealistic expectations The NHS has urged Superdrug to screen customers before providing Botox and fillers in order to protect vulnerable people. The retailer announced last month that it would offer the anti-wrinkle and skin rejuvenation treatments on the high street to customers over the age of 25. Continue reading…

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International neurointerventional societies outline new criteria for facilities that treat stroke

The Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery (SNIS) today joined 12 other neurointerventional societies to release new guidelines outlining the criteria for Level 1, 2 and 3 stroke centers that provide acute ischemic stroke interventions (AISIs) to stroke patients. The standards are published in the September issue of the Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery.

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No 'changing room moment' for men as they age

Men, unlike women, do not suffer from the 'changing room moment' when they suddenly realise they are too old for certain types of clothes, according to new research from the University of Kent.

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New insights into what drives organ transplant rejection

Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital set out to understand why skin grafts have such a high rate of rejection, hoping to capitalize on new biological insights to not only explain why skin transplants provoke the immune system but also what treatments can be given to an organ prior to transplantation to decrease the likelihood of rejection.

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A cyborg cockroach could someday save your life

A tiny neuro-controller created by researchers at the University of Connecticut could provide more precise control of futuristic biobots such as cyborg cockroaches that are already being tested for use in search and rescue missions inside collapsed buildings.

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NASA's GPM finds heavy rain rings category 3 Hurricane Olivia's Eye

The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite passed over Hurricane Olivia and found heaviest rain in a tight ring around the eye.

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Longer daily fasting times improve health and longevity in mice

Increasing time between meals made male mice healthier overall and live longer compared to mice who ate more frequently, according to a new study published in the Sept. 6, 2018, issue of Cell Metabolism.

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Spreading the word: Noninvasive brain stimulation may soon reach more aphasia patients

In an article published online on Aug. 20, 2018 by the Journal of the American Medical Association Neurology, researchers tested the use of transcranial direct current stimulation in stroke patients with aphasia. Their results justify the creation of a large clinical trial to test the new treatment in a number of patients who have lost some or all of their use of language after stroke.

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Lingering Colorado River Drought Could Lead to Water Shortages

Unprecedented water rationing could begin in mid-2020, the government warns — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Victorians Had Their Own Version of Netflix: 'Magic Lanterns'

Netflix didn't exist during the Victorian era, of course, but people living during the 1800s and early 1900s had another way to binge-watch: the "magic lantern."

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Widespread use of statins in healthy older people to prevent heart disease not recommended in new study

Statins are not associated with a reduction in cardiovascular disease (conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels) or death in healthy people aged over 75, a new study finds.

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'If anyone can Maga, it is Nasa': how First Man's flag 'snub' made space political again

The moon-landing movie has sparked a furore for failing to show the planting of a US flag. But Hollywood has a long, complicated relationship with the final frontier A giant leap for mankind or purely an American achievement? Nobody much cared at the time, but half a century later the moon landings have unexpectedly become a political litmus test. Blame the Neil Armstrong biopic First Man , direc

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What Happens When A.I. Takes The Wheel?

In his new book Autonomy , Lawrence Burns, formerly with General Motors, argues that self-driving, electric cars are inevitable. In an interview with NPR, he addresses the now — and the future. (Image credit: VCG/Getty )

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What on Earth could live in a salt water lake on Mars? An expert explains

Tantalising new evidence has suggested that there may be a salty lake below a glacier on Mars. While brine at freezing temperatures does not sound like the most hospitable of environments, it is difficult to resist pondering whether organic life could survive – or even make some kind of living – there.

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New study shows ways to maximize temperature-lowering benefits of Chicago's green roofs

Notre Dame researchers have created an integrated framework to identify which neighborhoods would benefit most from green roofs — and provide city officials with a strategic approach to ensure the best return on their investment to beat the heat.

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New diagnostic tool for complex cancer cases

A new diagnostic tool is expected to result in better treatment of cancer that is difficult to diagnose. The tool was developed by cancer researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy and doctors at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. Their study, which has been published in Oncology JCO Precision Oncology, started with a single cancer patient.

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How to 'jumpstart' rhythmic breathing at birth

Researchers reveal neuronal pathways that 'jumpstart' breathing at birth and may explain breathing abnormalities seen in premature babies.

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Past memory cues help people juggle numerous pieces of information

A study using EEG suggests that the brain has several different mechanisms to help boost memory performance following a sudden change in the priority or relevance of a given piece of information. Past memory cues can have different effects on neural representations based on when they're presented. Findings suggest that the brain can use several different methods to re-prioritize mental representat

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Biomarker tests in breast cancer: New study data indicate advantage for certain patients

TAILORx is the first available study with long-term follow-up suitable for the assessment. The Oncotype DX test apparently identifies women who can omit chemotherapy.

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Experiment obtains entanglement of six light waves with a single laser

Record set by Brazilian researchers can help make quantum computing feasible. Articles highlighted in Physical Review Letters and Physical Review A.

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Patient-friendly and accurate

Systemic inflammatory diseases, such as lupus, often cause cardiac damage that goes undetected. An international research team headed by the Institute for Experimental and Translational Cardiovascular Imaging at the University Hospital Frankfurt was now able to show that cardiac damage can be diagnosed in a patient-friendly way by heart imaging- ahead of the clinical symptoms.

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Understanding family involvement in Chinese immigrant women's health and healthcare

Chinese immigrant women from Chicago's Chinatown report that their adult children support their health and healthcare utilization by helping them overcome barriers related to language and transportation, making and affirming decisions, and providing advice regarding nutrition.

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Could AI robots develop prejudice on their own?

Showing prejudice towards others does not require a high level of cognitive ability and could easily be exhibited by artificially intelligent machines, new research has suggested.

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NASA's GPM peers under the clouds of Hurricane Florence

Hurricane Florence became more powerful over the past few days while moving through the central Atlantic Ocean and wind speeds increased from tropical storm force to a Category 3 hurricane. The GPM core satellite provided a look under the clouds to investigate the rate rain in which was falling throughout the storm.

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NASA adds up heavy rains from Typhoon Jebi

Typhoon Jebi brought flooding to Japan and NASA's IMERG estimated rainfall over the country and the surrounding region for a one-week period.

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Greener neighborhoods may be good for children's brains

Children living in urban greener neighborhoods may have better spatial working memory, according to a new study. Spatial working memory is responsible for recording information about one's environment and spatial orientation, and it is strongly inter-related with attentional control.

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Common pesticide inhibits brain development in frogs

New research reveals that low doses of a commonly used pesticide potentially harm the Northern Leopard frog by inhibiting their brain development.

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Pros and cons of hydropower

Hydropower can generate electricity without emitting greenhouse gases but can cause environmental and social harms, such as damaged wildlife habitat, impaired water quality, impeded fish migration, reduced sediment transport, and diminished cultural and recreation benefits of rivers. A new River Research and Applications study considers these issues as they relate to a hydropower project undergoin

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What are the effects of alcohol access on risky behaviors in young adults?

Results from a recent analysis reveal that the availability of alcohol associated with turning 21 years old may have relatively large effects on risky behaviors, especially in men.

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Experts advise against routine testing for prostate cancer

Routine testing for prostate cancer is not recommended for most men because the benefit is small and uncertain and there are clear harms, say experts in a new article.

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'Live fast, die young' lifestyle reflected in birds' feathers

Animals' lives follow a quicker tempo as they get farther from the equator — birds at more northern latitudes mature faster, start reproducing younger, and live shorter lives, probably as a way of dealing with seasonal variation in resources. A new study shows for the first time that this pattern also plays out in birds' feathers, with northern birds completing their annual molt faster to keep up

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Machine learning predicts metabolism, helping drug developers and brewers

Scientists have developed machine learning algorithms that can predict yeast metabolism from its protein content. The research could provide a basis for brewers to have greater control over the flavor of their beer, and scientists to personalize treatments for metabolic disorder patients, in the future.

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A 'homing system' targets therapeutic T-cells to brain cancer

Researchers have developed a new strategy to overcome one of the main obstacles in the treatment of brain cancer — access to the tumor.

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What Does Quantum Theory Actually Tell Us about Reality?

Nearly a century after its founding, physicists and philosophers still don’t know—but they’re working on it — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Japan's whale kill 'frustrating' – marine researcher

As Japan comes under fire from international conservation groups alleging more than 50 minke whales were killed inside Antarctic's Ross Sea Marine Protected Area, New Zealand scientists say important research on whale populations is being undertaken without the need to hunt.

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Working long and hard? It may do more harm than good

Nearly half of people in the EU work in their free time to meet work demands, and a third often or always work at high speed, according to recent estimates. If you are one of them, have you ever wondered whether all the effort is really worth it?

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New internet of things protocol to transform hotel experience

Hotel guests could soon access their rooms and control the lighting, temperature, television and coffee maker through their mobile phones thanks to an innovative protocol for internet of things (IoT) devices developed at the University of Surrey.

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Airports Are Way More Disgusting Than You Think, New Study Finds

The areas in the airport that are the most germ-covered aren't the ones you're probably thinking of.

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Bio-inspired materials decrease drag for liquids

Tiny nature-inspired cavities that trap air can stop liquids from sticking to surfaces without the need for coatings.

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Rapid weight gain during infancy possible risk factor for later obesity in kids with autism

Childhood obesity is a serious public health concern that can have a profound impact on children's health and well-being. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are more likely to have obesity compared to their peers with typical development, data show. Until recently, little has been known about why children with ASD are at increased risk for developing obesity.

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Category three Hurricane Norman expands its area of strength

The area of stronger storms in Hurricane Norman have expanded over the last several day in infrared NASA imagery as the storm intensified. Stronger thunderstorms circled Norman's center in a thicker ring on Sept. 6 when NASA's Terra satellite passed over the hurricane.

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Satellites tracking the rainfall from Tropical Depression Gordon

Gordon is still considered a tropical depression as it makes its way into the south central US NOAA's GOES-East satellite provided an infrared look at clouds associated with Gordon and found its center over Mississippi.

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Ovarian cancer: Quick steps to widespread disease

Ovarian cancer cells that interact with cancer-associated fibroblasts can mobilize glycogen as an energy source, leading to proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Blocking glycogen mobilization in cancer cells might reduce tumor spread.

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Mysterious 'lunar swirls' point to moon's volcanic, magnetic past

The mystery behind lunar swirls, one of the solar system's most beautiful optical anomalies, may finally be solved thanks to a joint Rutgers University and University of California Berkeley study. The solution hints at the dynamism of the moon's ancient past as a place with volcanic activity and an internally generated magnetic field. It also challenges our picture of the moon's existing geology.

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Four ways to defend democracy and protect every voter's ballot

As voters prepare to cast their ballots in the November midterm elections, it's clear that U.S. voting is under electronic attack. Russian government hackers probed some states' computer systems in the runup to the 2016 presidential election and are likely to do so again – as might hackers from other countries or nongovernmental groups interested in sowing discord in American politics.

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Roles of web analytics companies in news production

Today, web analytics are increasingly used to gauge the success, present and future, of news content and related news products. Valerie Belair-Gagnon, an assistant professor in the University of Minnesota Hubbard School of Journalism and Mass Communication, and Avery E. Holton, an assistant professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Utah, conducted in-depth interviews with t

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The secret to a happy marriage—flexible roles

Between 2005 and 2010, one in ten married couples in Indonesia got divorced, according to data from the Supreme Court. In 70% of the cases, the wife initiated the divorce. The trend has only increased since then, rising by 80% between 2010 and 2015.

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Low antibiotic concentration is enough to increase antimicrobial resistance

Existing antimicrobial resistance may become increasingly prevalent on its own — with no interference from antibiotics — in compact bacterial communities known as biofilms, or when protozoa hunt bacteria for food. Even weak antibiotic concentrations are sufficient to cause a rise in the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in bacterial populations cultured in laboratory conditions.

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Probiotics 'not as beneficial for gut health as previously thought'

Research finds probiotics caused ‘very severe disturbance’ in gut when taken in conjunction with antibiotics Probiotics, hailed by some as a cure for all kinds of digestive ailments and recommended by many GPs alongside antibiotics, may not be as universally beneficial for gut health as previously thought. The gut microbiome is the sum total of all the micro-organisms living in a person’s gut, an

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Protection for the ozone layer—sugar molecules bind harmful CFCs

Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and Aschaffenburg University of Applied Sciences have managed to make a breakthrough when it comes to dealing with the extremely ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbon Freon 11. Their findings could make a major contribution to protecting the endangered ozone layer.

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Surprising antibacterial activity and selectivity of hydrophilic phosphonium polymers

Artificial polymers, like antibiotic peptides, need both hydrophobic and hydrophilic domains in their molecular structure to exert antibacterial activity. Now, researchers from Canada have synthesized a phosphonium polymer that challenges this view. As outlined in the journal Angewandte Chemie, their polymer salt contained no hydrophobic alkyl chains but still acted as an extraordinarily efficient

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Renewable energy and the fight over Guatemalan rivers

One morning last year, Santiago (not his real name), a campesino (peasant farmer) who grows corn and mangoes in southwestern Guatemala, left his home with a plan to engage in industrial sabotage.

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UK physicist donates $3 million prize to boost diversity

One of Britain's leading astrophysicists is donating her $3 million purse from a major science prize to encourage diversity in physics.

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Short chromosome tips linked to lower physical function in the elderly

Elderly people with short telomeres — the 'caps' at the ends of each chromosome — are more likely to have difficulty performing daily activities such as carrying groceries, climbing stairs and walking. The study of more than 1,200 people from five European countries suggests that short telomeres are an independent risk factor for age-related functional decline, and opens the possibility that slo

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An inside look at probiotics

In two back-to-back reports published in Cell, researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science show — in both mice and in humans — that a probiotic preparation of 11 strains of the most widely used probiotic families may sometimes be less-than-beneficial for user and their microbiome.

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UCI-led research identifies properties of stem cells that determine cell fate

Researchers from the University of California, Irvine have identified intrinsic cell properties that influence the fate of neural stem cells, affecting what type of brain cell they will form: neurons, astrocytes, or oligodendrocytes. This discovery could give scientists a new way to predict or control the fate of stem cells, improving their use in transplantation therapies.

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Study finds high rates of stress events, suicidality among college students

One in five students surveyed reported thoughts of suicide in the last year.

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UCI-led study reveals communication among organs, tissues regulating body's energy

An international research team led by the University of California, Irvine has identified a system of communication networks that exists among organs and tissues that regulate metabolism. Findings from their study provide, for the first time, a detailed 'atlas' illustrating how the body creates and uses energy, and how imbalances in the networks may impact overall health.

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Bird bacteria study reveals evolutionary arms race

A study of a songbird and a bacterium that infects it has revealed how species in conflict evolve in response to each other.

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Predict the onset and course of Huntington's disease

An MDC research team reports in the journal Molecular Cell that short protein fibers precede the formation of larger deposits that accumulate in the brains of those affected by the incurable Huntington's disease, sometimes called Huntington's chorea. These results could improve diagnosis and help in the search for new medications.

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How our immune system detects broken DNA

Our immune system can detect when our own cells are damaged.This DNA damage can come from a variety of sources, such as the sun's UV rays, chemical agents like cigarette smoke, or from genotoxic drugs used in chemotherapy. The study found that DNA damage can lead to an immune response similar to that observed during viral infection.

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Study: Adding power choices reduces cost and risk of carbon-free electricity

MIT researchers find that including a variety of zero-carbon power sources is a more cost effective way of lowering greenhouse gas emissions than relying solely on solar, wind, and batteries.

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Researchers study how a hormone helps plants build leaves' ventilation system

The Bergmann lab at Stanford has shown how one hormone pathway in plants regulates the way leaves build their epidermal layer with the right number of breathing pores, giving plants a strategy to optimize their productivity while taking into account changes in the environment.

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Opioid prescribing after rhinoplasty

A review of 173 patients who had rhinoplasty reports that nearly all were prescribed opioids (an average of 28 pills per patient) in addition to acetaminophen and refills were exceedingly rare, with some patients (11.3 percent) not even filling their initial narcotic prescription. Study results suggest patients experienced less pain than was expected, although the optimal number of tablets to mana

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Racial/ethnic disparities in use of low-vision devices among Medicare recipients

Devices to assist individuals with low vision (uncorrectable vision impairment) are not covered by Medicare and many private insurers, although there is evidence that these devices, such as telescopic lenses, magnifiers, large print or talking materials, can improve functioning and quality of life. Little is known about whether sociodemographic disparities exist in the use of low-vision services b

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Facial plastic surgeons call for reduction of opioid prescriptions after rhinoplasty

A team of surgeons at Massachusetts Eye and Ear found that, of 173 patients undergoing rhinoplasty, a common procedure performed in the facial plastic and reconstructive surgery field, only two refilled their opioid prescriptions after the procedure — with some patients not filling their initial opioid prescription at all. Published online today in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery, these results sugge

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Stray proteins cause genetic disorders

A tiny change in the very flexible segments of some proteins is enough to trigger rare disorders such as Glut1 deficiency syndrome. A study published in Cell found that other genetic disorders might be traced back to the same origin.

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Stanford researchers can forecast risk of deadly vascular condition from genome sequence

A new approach that distills deluges of genetic data and patient health records has identified a set of telltale patterns that can predict a person's risk for a common, and often fatal, cardiovascular disease, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

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Adaptable lizards illustrate key evolutionary process proposed a century ago

Side-blotched lizards in most of the Mojave Desert have tan and brown markings that blend in well with their desert surroundings. On the Pisgah Lava Flow, however, one finds a very different population of side-blotched lizards, as black as the rocks they live on. How do animals invade new environments? Light-colored lizards on a lava flow should be easy picking for predators, so how did they survi

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New personal health management tool predicts risk for abdominal aortic aneurysm from DNA

Detecting inherited risk factors for diseases tied to more than a single gene has proved challenging. Now, researchers used artificial intelligence to predict an individual's risk for developing a complex cardiovascular disease using only his or her genome sequence. In the Sept. 6 issue of the journal Cell, Stanford researchers describe a new personal health management tool dubbed HEAL (hierarchic

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Human gut study questions probiotic health benefits

New research suggests that probiotics might not be as effective as we think. Through a series of experiments looking inside the human gut, researchers show that many people's digestive tracts prevent standard probiotics from successfully colonizing them. Furthermore, taking probiotics to counterbalance antibiotics could delay the return of normal gut bacteria and gut gene expression to their naïve

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Brainwaves synchronize to the speed of talking, influencing the way we hear words

The speed at which someone speaks influences the way we hear upcoming words. But, until recently, little was known about the neural mechanisms behind this phenomenon. A recent study involving researchers from the Max Plank Institute for Psycholinguistics (MPI) reveals that our brainwaves synchronize to the speech rate, thereby influencing how we hear and perceive words.

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Total ankle arthroplasty offers patients greater range of motion and less pain

New research reveals patients with end-stage ankle arthritis can expect enhanced quality of life within six months of surgical reconstruction.

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Study reveals impact of habitat fragmentation on migrant birds

Experts at the University of Stirling have shed new light on the impact of habitat fragmentation on migrant birds.

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Research-intensive universities in Africa? A model of how to build them

Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 13.5% of the global population but less than 1% of global research output. In 2008, Africa produced 27,000 published papers – the same number as the Netherlands.

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Secrets of early human ancestors could be unlocked by African rainforests

Think of rainforests and the picture is inevitably one of a dark and forbidding realm where life is abundant, yet alarmingly cryptic. Rather than the sense of space offered by long, iconic grassland vistas, distance is compressed into tangled webs of foliage, veiling both predators and prey. Diffuse and difficult to access proteins, carbohydrates and fats increase the chances of encountering an ar

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Invitation for negative utilitarianism, a philosophy about reducing suffering

submitted by /u/wistfulshoegazer [link] [comments]

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Roomba’s new robotic vacuum remembers your home's layout for quicker cleaning

Technology It’s all about the sensor and software on the i7+. This is how the latest Roomba knows what room it is in.

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Toward animal-friendly robots

Semi-autonomous and autonomous machines and robots can become moral machines using annotated decision trees containing ethical assumptions or justifications for interactions with animals.

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Heat recovery in steel plants to boost competitiveness

Kristijan Plesnik, energy manager at the steel production SIJ Metal Ravne in Slovenia, talks to ESCI about economic threats to steel production and how these may affect EU climate targets. Kristijan is also involved in the EU-funded ETEKINA project, which looks at new innovative ways to recover waste heat in energy-intensive industries using heat pipes. During the project, SIJ Metal Ravne will ada

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The Strange Numbers That Birthed Modern Algebra

Imagine winding the hour hand of a clock back from 3 o’clock to noon. Mathematicians have long known how to describe this rotation as a simple multiplication: A number representing the initial position of the hour hand on the plane is multiplied by another constant number. But is a similar trick possible for describing rotations through space? Common sense says yes, but William Hamilton, one of t

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How plant microbes could feed the world and save endangered species

Scientists have only scratched the surface of the plant microbiome, but they already believe it might increase crop yield and save species from extinction.

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Immune system may help fight opioid addiction

The same immune system that fights infection and the flu could offer a way to fight opioid addiction, a new study with rodents shows. Researchers say specific immune system peptides—amino acid compounds that signal cells how to function—may affect brain activity and, by extension, drug cravings. “We found we could target these immune peptides and change the cravings that male mice and rats had fo

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What there is to know about South Africa's aquifers

Many South African cities use ground water and aquifers as their main source of water. And with water scarcity an increasing threat, these sources are becoming more and more important. The Conversation Africa's Nontobeko Mtshali spoke to Gaathier Mahed to find out more about groundwater and aquifers.

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Adaptable lizards illustrate key evolutionary process proposed a century ago

Side-blotched lizards in most of the Mojave Desert have tan and brown markings that blend in well with their desert surroundings. On the Pisgah Lava Flow, however, one finds a very different population of side-blotched lizards, as black as the rocks they live on.

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Researchers study how a hormone helps plants build leaves' ventilation system

As the world heats up, plants face a dilemma—the same tiny holes they have to open to exchange gases also let out water. They can close the holes, called stomata, to stay hydrated in hotter, drier conditions but, in doing so, may miss out on critical carbon dioxide.

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Bird bacteria study reveals evolutionary arms race

A study of a songbird and a bacterium that infects it has revealed how species in conflict evolve in response to each other.

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Global warming is melting glaciers and that means more tsunamis

Mountainsides are becoming less stable as glaciers retreat, leading to more landslides that can trigger massive – but localised – tsunamis

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Humans, not bots, spread Twitter conspiracies after Parkland shooting

Hundreds of bots tweeted conspiracy theories after the Parkland mass shooting in February, but it was humans who were responsible for spreading the falsehoods

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31 New Shows to Watch This Fall

Is there anything particularly different about the slate of shows for fall? Yes and no. Kevin Spacey is gone from House of Cards after allegations of sexual abuse surfaced during the #MeToo movement. Roseanne has become The Conners , in the wake of racist tweets by its former star. The line of movie stars jumping ship for TV shows no signs of abating, with Julia Roberts, Jim Carrey, Anthony Hopki

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Business this week

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KAL’s cartoon

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Politics this week

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Probiotics' Effects on the Microbiome Vary Widely

Experiments in mice and people find that probiotic supplements don't consistently change the composition of the gut microbiome, and may have adverse effects after antibiotics.

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How California could affordably reach 100 percent clean electricity

Depending on solar and wind without nuclear, carbon capture, or other “firm low-carbon resources” would be extremely expensive, MIT researchers find.

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Hawk Moths Hold Steady When Faced with Turbulence

Hawk moths hover while they feed, but they recover surprisingly quickly when knocked off-balance. Scientists use high-speed video and mini-cannons made of plastic toy parts to understand how hawk… — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Study reveals impact of habitat fragmentation on migrant birds

Experts at the University of Stirling have shed new light on the impact of habitat fragmentation on migrant birds.

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Antibacterial polymers

Artificial polymers, like antibiotic peptides, need both hydrophobic and hydrophilic domains in their molecular structure to exert antibacterial activity. Now, researchers from Canada have synthesized a phosphonium polymer that challenges this view. As outlined in the journal Angewandte Chemie, their polymer salt contained no hydrophobic alkyl chains but still acted as an extraordinarily efficient

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Single-dose drug can shorten flu symptoms by about a day, studies suggest

A single dose of a new influenza drug can significantly shorten the duration of the illness in teens and adults, according to a study published in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine.

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Brain function impacts how experiences contribute to depression

A study in adolescent girls reports that recent life events impact depressive symptoms differently, depending on how the brain responds to winning and losing. A strong brain response to winning boosted the beneficial impact of positive experiences on symptoms, whereas a strong response to losing enhanced the detrimental impact of negative experiences on symptoms.

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Pushing 'print' on large-scale piezoelectric materials

A new, inexpensive method to 'print' large-scale sheets of two dimensional (2D) piezoelectric material offers tremendous opportunity for new piezo-sensors and energy harvesting.

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UK unveils energy price cap to help 11 mn households

Britain's energy watchdog on Thursday proposed a temporary price cap on gas and electricity that could benefit 11 million households, notably the most vulnerable exposed to excessive cost hikes.

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Where in the body we feel all those feels

A new study seeks to identify, classify, and categorize the entire range of human feelings. It’s very tricky. Read More

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Why leaf-eating Asian monkeys do not have a sweet tooth

Asian colobine monkeys are unable to taste natural sugars, and in fact have a generally poor sense of taste. This is according to research led by Emiko Nishi of the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University in Japan. Nishi and her colleagues found that the receptors on the tongues of colobine monkeys do not function in the same way as for fruit-eating monkeys, who are sensitive to sweet taste

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What Anglo Saxon teeth can tell us about modern health

Evidence from the teeth of Anglo Saxon children could help identify modern children most at risk from conditions such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease.

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France urges 'wake-up call' on tax for US web giants

French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire called Thursday for EU leaders to heed a "wake-up call" on a plan to tax US technology giants, amid signs of growing resistance to the French-led initiative.

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Sleep apnea found to be prevalent, undiagnosed in African-American community

About 80 to 90 percent of individuals with sleep apnea are undiagnosed and a large number of them are African-Americans.

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What Anglo Saxon teeth can tell us about modern health

Evidence from the teeth of Anglo Saxon children could help identify modern children most at risk from conditions such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease.

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Selvkørende sporvogne skal testes i tysk trafik

En førerløs sporvogn med ny sikkerhedsteknologi skal i slutningen af måneden prøvekøres på en seks kilometer lang strækning i Tyskland.

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Stay-at-Home Dads Are Reshaping American Masculinity

Traditional manhood, the kind that young boys are often taught at an early age, is made up of two ingredients: bodily strength and control, and breadwinner status as a husband and father. That’s the conclusion of Scott Melzer, a sociologist at Albion College, who asks in his new book Manhood Impossible : What happens when one or both of those ingredients are missing? Melzer has spent his career s

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All-in-one light-driven water splitting

Solar-powered water splitting is a promising means of generating clean and storable energy. A novel catalyst based on semiconductor nanoparticles has now been shown to facilitate all the reactions needed for "artificial photosynthesis."

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Researchers confirm nuclear structure theory by measuring nuclear radii of cadmium isotopes

Physicists at the TU Darmstadt and their collaboration partners have performed laser spectroscopy on cadmium isotopes to confirm an improved model of the atomic nucleus. It has been developed to describe the exceptional behaviour of the radii of calcium isotopes. The results published in Physical Review Letters could be a step towards a global model of the nuclear structure.

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Students stressed about college? Texting mom or dad can help

The secret to helping your children cope with the pressures of college – without crippling their growth and development – could be tucked in your pocket.

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3 ways businesses can fight sex trafficking | Nikki Clifton

Sex buying doesn't just happen late at night on street corners in the shady part of town — it also happens online, in the middle of the workday, using company equipment and resources. With this problem comes an opportunity, says attorney Nikki Clifton, because it means that the business community is in a unique position to educate and mobilize their employees to fight sex trafficking. In an hones

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Nitrogen fixation engineering in cereal crops moves a step closer

A new way of engineering nitrogen fixation has been discovered by a UK-China research team, bringing us one step closer to realising the goal of engineering a range of crops to fix their own nitrogen.

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Paris official seeks to outlaw Airbnb rentals in city centre

The Paris city council member in charge of housing said Thursday that he would propose outlawing home rentals via Airbnb and other websites in the city centre, accusing the company of forcing residents out of the French capital.

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Dense metal planets like Mercury are probably rare in the universe

The planet Mercury, the closet planet to our Sun, is something of an exercise in extremes. It's days last longer than it's years and at any given time, it's sun-facing side is scorching hot while its dark side is freezing cold. It is also one of the least understood planets in our solar system. While it is a terrestrial (i.e. rocky) planet like Earth, Venus and Mars, it has a significantly higher

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Coal does not have an economic future in Australia

Renewables are stealing the march over coal in Australia, and the international outlook is for lower coal demand. Today the international Coal Transitions project released its findings, based on global coal scenarios and detailed case studies by teams in China, India, South Africa, Australia, Poland and Germany.

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Phenotypic CRISPR Screening: Looking Beyond Cell Viability To Study Complex Genetic Interactions

Horizon Discovery invites you to join them for an educational webinar.

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Clinical trial testing topical cream plus influenza vaccine in progress

A Phase 1 clinical trial examining whether a topical cream can enhance the immune response conferred by a 'pre-pandemic' influenza vaccine is underway. Investigators are evaluating whether imiquimod cream, commonly used to treat genital warts and certain skin cancers, can boost the body's immune response to an H5N1 influenza vaccine. The trial is enrolling 50 healthy adults ages 18-50 years.

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Risk gene for Alzheimer's may aggravate neurological effects of air pollution in children

There is growing evidence that exposure to air pollution adversely affects cognitive and behavioral development in children. However, the mechanisms underlying this association are, as yet, unknown.

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Marijuana use continues to grow among baby boomers

Marijuana use is becoming more prevalent among middle-aged and older adults, with 9 percent of adults aged 50-64 and nearly 3 percent of adults 65 and older reporting marijuana use in the past year, according to a new study.

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Protection for the ozone layer: sugar molecules bind harmful CFCs

Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and Aschaffenburg University of Applied Sciences have managed to make a breakthrough when it comes to dealing with the extremely ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbon Freon 11. Their findings could make a major contribution to protecting the endangered ozone layer.

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How attention orchestrates groups of nerve cells to enrich the brain's symphony

Study on rhesus monkeys shows how our brain processes complex signals.

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Researchers use silicon nanoparticles for enhancing solar cells efficiency

An international research group improved perovskite solar cells efficiency by using materials with better light absorption properties. For the first time, researchers used silicon nanoparticles. Such nanoparticles can trap light of a broad range of wavelengths near the cell active layer. The particles themselves don't absorb light and don't interact with other elements of the battery, thus maintai

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Why leaf-eating Asian monkeys do not have a sweet tooth

Asian colobine monkeys are unable to taste natural sugars, and in fact have a generally poor sense of taste. This is according to research led by Emiko Nishi of the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University in Japan. Nishi and her colleagues found that the receptors on the tongues of colobine monkeys do not function in the same way as for fruit-eating monkeys, who are sensitive to sweet taste

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Towards animal-friendly machines

Semi-autonomous and autonomous machines and robots can become moral machines using annotated decision trees containing ethical assumptions or justifications for interactions with animals.

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What's all the 'excitement' about flight?

A recent study from Professor Gaiti Hasan's lab has uncovered molecules required in the fruit flies brain that enables flight for long periods of time and helps them locate the fruit bowl in your pantry. One of the key proteins identified in this study is the FMRFa receptor (FMRFaR). The authors describe a role for this receptor in a specific class of neurons in the adult fly brain which helps the

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Telehealth helps promote safe antibiotic prescribing practices in remote healthcare

A pilot project at two rural VA medical centers demonstrated that telehealth videoconferencing promoted antibiotic stewardship efforts by linking remote facilities to infectious diseases-trained professionals, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Antibiotic stewardship helps promote saf

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Risk gene for alzheimer may aggravate neurological effects of air pollution in children

There is growing evidence that exposure to air pollution adversely affects cognitive and behavioural development in children. However, the mechanisms underlying this association are, as yet, unknown. Now, the findings of a new study from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), suggest that the ε4 variant of the APOE gene may play a significant role in this process. The study has been

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Brain function impacts how experiences contribute to depression

A study in adolescent girls reports that recent life events impact depressive symptoms differently, depending on how the brain responds to winning and losing. A strong brain response to winning boosted the beneficial impact of positive experiences on symptoms, whereas a strong response to losing enhanced the detrimental impact of negative experiences on symptoms.

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Marijuana use continues to grow among baby boomers

Marijuana use is becoming more prevalent among middle-aged and older adults, with 9 percent of adults aged 50-64 and nearly 3 percent of adults 65 and older reporting marijuana use in the past year, according to a study by researchers at NYU School of Medicine and the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research at NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing.

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Quotas get more women on boards and stir change from within

Mandated quotas are raising the number of women appointed to top company posts in Europe and sparking a cultural push for gender equality, but entrenched networks are getting in the way of achieving true boardroom diversity, according to researchers.

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Uber teams up with Japan taxi firm in bid to crack tough market

Uber said Thursday it has teamed up with a local taxi firm in Japan, as the ride-hailing service attempts to muscle its way into Asia's second economy.

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Climate change will reshape the world's agricultural trade

Ending world hunger is a central aspiration of modern society. To address this challenge – along with expanding agricultural land and intensifying crop yields – we rely on global agricultural trade to meet the nutritional demands of a growing world population.

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Australia is not on track to reach 2030 Paris target (but the potential is there)

While Australia is coming to terms with yet another new prime minister, one thing that hasn't changed is the emissions data: Australia's greenhouse gas emissions are not projected to fall any further without new policies.

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Global warming hikes risk of landslide tsunamis: study

With a wave runup of nearly 200 metres, the tsunami that ripped through an Alaskan fjord in 2015 was one of the largest ever documented. But with no-one killed, it almost went unnoticed.

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Tencent to check IDs to enforce game limits for minors

Chinese tech giant Tencent said Thursday it will launch a real-name identification system in its hit mobile video game "Honour of Kings" to enforce playtime restrictions on underage players.

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In the U.S., parental jobs predict how far you get in life

American workers’ occupational status reflects that of their parents more than previously known, a new study shows. The findings reaffirm more starkly that the lack of social mobility in the United States is in large part due to the occupation of our parents. “A lot of Americans think the US has more social mobility than other western industrialized countries,” explains Michael Hout, a sociology

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EU clears Apple plan to buy music app Shazam

The EU on Thursday approved US tech giant Apple's plan to buy leading song-recognition app Shazam, saying the move would not reduce choice for music streaming consumers.

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New electron glasses sharpen our view of atomic-scale features

What if we could make a powerful scientific tool even better? Atom probe tomography (APT) is a powerful way of measuring interfaces on a scale comparable to the distance between atoms in solids. It also has a chemical sensitivity of less than 10 parts per million. However, it doesn't work as well as it could. Scientists applied "electron glasses" to correct aberrations in APT data. Now, researcher

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New technology tells us which animal bones were used to make ancient tools

Animals played an important role in prehistoric societies. They were a source of food, raw material, and, sometimes, reverence. Their bones were also used to create tools – for instance, arrowheads. The use of animal bone as raw material for tools dates back at least 1.8 million years.

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MakerLab becoming a hub of 3-D printed shell implants for injured pets

These days, you can 3-D print toys, full-size skeletons, Halloween masks, art projects, mechanical parts and building blocks. You can also print tortoise shells—or, as the MakerLab at Northern Arizona University's Cline Library did recently, implants for damaged tortoise shells to help a couple of local pets survive.

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Defining a pan-genome for Antarctic archaea

Haloarchaea flourish in hypersaline environments, and researchers are interested in learning how these microbes have learned to adapt from marine to hypersaline conditions by studying the microbial communities in Antarctic lakes, some of which have salinities 10 times that of seawater. To shed light on the global biogeography in the haloarchaeal gene pool, a team led by University of New South Wal

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Scanning thousands of molecules against an elusive cancer target

Researchers at the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), part of the National Institutes of Health, have developed a system to accelerate the discovery of chemical compounds that inhibit an enzyme implicated in a number of cancers. The set of tools and methods, which the researchers used to test more than 16,000 compounds, is described in a new paper published in the Journa

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The Educational Tyranny of the Neurotypicals

The current school system is too rigid, and it’s designed for a different world anyway.

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Native Instruments Trakor Pro 3, Kontrol S2, and Kontrol S4: Specs, Price, Release Date

Native Instruments refreshes its entire line of music creation and performance tools. But the really fun stuff is in the flagship DJ controller.

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Pushing 'print' on large-scale piezoelectric materials

First ever large-scale 2-D surface deposition of piezoelectric material—Simple, inexpensive technique opens new fields for piezo-sensors & energy harvesting

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A year in, Uber CEO works to rebuild company's reputation

Ever since he stepped into his role as CEO a year ago, Dara Khosrowshahi has had to deal with wave after wave of major scandals and bad press, much of which he inherited from his predecessor, Travis Kalanick.

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Volcano under ice sheet suggests thickening of West Antarctic ice is short-term

A region of West Antarctica is behaving differently from most of the continent's ice: A large patch of ice there is thickening, unlike other parts of West Antarctica that are losing ice. Whether this thickening trend will continue affects the overall amount that melting or collapsing glaciers could raise the level of the world's oceans.

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We need to talk about sexuality after stroke

Stroke survivors and their partners are not adequately supported to deal with changes to their relationships, self-identity, gender roles and intimacy following stroke, according to new research from the University of Sydney.

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New study on obesity: We inherit the dangerous fat from dad — and the good fat from Mom

Brown fat cells burn off a lot of calories, whereas an excess of white fat cells make us overweight and ill. Now researchers have identified a new gene in brown fat cells; a gene that may be crucial for the future's treatment of obesity.

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Invasive pines fueled 2017 fires in Knysna, South Africa

The replacement of natural fynbos vegetation with pine plantations in the southern Cape in South Africa, and the subsequent invasion of surrounding land by invasive pine trees, significantly increased the severity of the 2017 Knysna wildfires. Over four days in June 2017, the Knysna fires burnt 15,000 hectares, claiming the lives of seven people and destroying more than 5,000 hectares of commercia

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Renewable energy sources: All-in-one light-driven water splitting

Solar-powered water splitting is a promising means of generating clean and storable energy. A novel catalyst based on semiconductor nanoparticles has now been shown to facilitate all the reactions needed for 'artificial photosynthesis.'

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The dynamics and energetics of locomotion depend on the number of propulsive legs

A zoologist from the University of Cologne has modelled the locomotion of animals and robots with different numbers of leg pairs. Besides providing new insights on the relationship between the number of leg pairs and body dynamics, his research sheds light on the evolution of bipedalism and paves the way for new applications in legged robotics and innovative neuro-mechanical modelling approaches.

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Alex Jones and Marco Rubio Explain the Internet

Senator Marco Rubio was holding court with reporters outside a Senate Intelligence Committee hearing when Infowars publisher Alex Jones confronted him. The committee had been grilling the Facebook chief operating officer Sheryl Sandberg and the Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey on their companies’ role in spreading disinformation to impact elections. Jones had been in the audience, and he wanted to know wh

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How to send secret messages hidden in pictures and songs

DIY Disguise your files. Don't run the risk of private data falling into the wrong hands. Before you send sensitive information, conceal it inside other, more innocuous files.

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Space Station Leak May Have Been Caused by Human Error, Russian Reports Say

A small hole in a docked Soyuz spacecraft appears to have come from within, perhaps due to drillwork — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Melting glaciers have a limited impact on Swiss hydropower production

A new study quantifies the effect of glacier retreat due to global warming on hydropower production. This detailed analysis of all Swiss water resources shows that only a small percentage is provided by glacier meltwater. Consequently, the reduction of these waters predicted for the end of the 21st century poses no threat to Swiss hydropower production.

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Researchers model tree species distributions in Amazonia

Researchers from the Amazon Research Team of the University of Turku have succeeded in producing distribution maps for a selection of important tropical tree species in Peruvian lowland Amazonia. This was achieved by using machine learning methods that combine satellite imagery and field data. The study shows that it is possible to model tree species distributions at a spatial resolution that is f

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Efficient generation of photon pairs from modified carbon nanotubes

Truly secure communications. No eavesdropping. That's the promise of quantum communication. One challenge to making it a reality is light. We need an efficient way to create packets of light, called photons. Now, scientists have identified how modified carbon nanotubes emit photon pairs. The experiments and theory show that the photon pairs are the result of the capture and recombination of two ex

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Tuning terahertz beams with nanoparticles

For years, scientists have dismissed terahertz radiation. Why? There were few ways to control this line-of-sight, nonionizing radiation. However, they saw its potential. For example, it could be used for short-range, high-bandwidth communications for tiny medical and environmental sensors. Now, researchers have developed a way to magnetically control terahertz beams using specially designed nanopa

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Wired Icelanders seek to keep remote peninsula digital-free

The passenger boat arrives at the bottom of Veidileysufjordur, a short inlet with a long name, to drop off backpackers for a multi-day trek. A weather-beaten group that's completed the trip waits to board, eager to get back to a part of Iceland where they can reconnect with the world via Wi-Fi.

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Ford recalls 2 mn pickup trucks on fire risk

Ford is recalling two million pickup trucks in North America because of a defect in its seat belt system that increases the chance of a fire, the company announced Thursday.

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A year on, Caribbean islands bear scars of Hurricane Irma

One year after devastating Hurricane Irma swept through the Caribbean, the holiday islands of Saint Martin and Saint Barts are still counting the costs of one of the most powerful storms in history.

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Unraveling how spiderwebs absorb energy

Spiderwebs can withstand a predator's impact while still helping catch and detect small prey. Spiders architect these lightweight networks for strength and elasticity using different silks and geometric structures. Recently, researchers unraveled a new energy absorption mechanism that explains how spiderwebs can be simultaneously sensitive and impact-resistant. The research team reports their find

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Oral traditions show that early Māori recognised extinction

Museums throughout Aotearoa New Zealand feature displays of enormous articulated skeletons and giant eggs. The eggs are bigger than two hands put together. This is all that remains of the moa.

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New study increases understanding of how antibiotic resistance arises

How does antibiotic resistance arise? In a new article in the July number of the Journal of Biological Chemistry researchers from Uppsala University show how a bacterial enzyme can learn to inactivate antibiotic molecules by mutating.

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Tænketank: Kystnære kraftværker bør ombygges med varmepumper

Danmarks store kraftværker ligger ved vandet og er derfor oplagte til at etablering af store varmepumper. Men der er brug for demonstrationsanlæg, vurderer tænketank

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Researchers model tree species distributions in Amazonia

Researchers from the Amazon Research Team of the University of Turku have succeeded in producing distribution maps for a selection of important tropical tree species in Peruvian lowland Amazonia. This was achieved by using machine learning methods that combine satellite imagery and field data. The study shows that it is possible to model tree species distributions at a spatial resolution that is f

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Scanning thousands of molecules against an elusive cancer target

Researchers at the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), part of the National Institutes of Health, have developed a system to accelerate the discovery of chemical compounds that inhibit an enzyme implicated in a number of cancers. The set of tools and methods, which the researchers used to test more than 16,000 compounds, is described in a new paper published in the Journa

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Cassava with improved starch

Using the famous CRISPR-Cas9 gene scissors, plant biotechnologists at ETH Zurich have been able to improve cassava. The new variety has amylose-free or 'waxy' starch, which is preferred by industry.

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NASA should lead a large direct imaging mission to study earth-like exoplanets, says new report

To answer significant questions about planetary systems, such as whether our solar system is a rare phenomenon or if life exists on planets other than Earth, NASA should lead a large direct imaging mission – an advanced space telescope – capable of studying Earth-like exoplanets orbiting stars similar to the sun, says a new congressionally mandated report by the National Academies of Sciences, Eng

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Why size matters for gold as a catalyst

Gold is the noblest metal—the most resistant to oxidation. However, nano-size gold has a unique ability to perform as a catalyst, even at low temperatures. The underlying mechanism for this size-dependent change in properties has puzzled scientists since the phenomenon was discovered in the late 1980s.

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There’s No Coup Against Trump

For political observers and reporters, every day since the November 2016 election seems to have contained some sort of absurd twist or development. The pace of the Donald Trump–era news cycle has made it difficult to separate signal from noise—the truly important, like a Supreme Court–nomination battle, from the simply bizarre or dramatic, like anonymous Trump officials testifying to the presiden

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Fish-eye lens may entangle pairs of atoms

Nearly 150 years ago, the physicist James Maxwell proposed that a circular lens that is thickest at its center, and that gradually thins out at its edges, should exhibit some fascinating optical behavior. Namely, when light is shone through such a lens, it should travel around in perfect circles, creating highly unusual, curved paths of light.

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Nanophotonic light sails may travel at relativistic speeds

One day in the not-so-distant future, light sails may hurtle through space at speeds of around 20% of the speed of light (or 60,000 km/sec), propelled not by fuel but rather by the radiation pressure from high-power lasers on Earth. Traveling at these relativistic speeds, laser-powered light sails could reach our nearest neighboring star (other than the Sun), Alpha Centauri, or the nearest known p

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Inside the All-Female Trek to the North Pole

A dozen women brave polar bears and frostbite to walk, ski, and trudge to the top of the world. It’s a bonding exercise, yes, but also a unique chance to study the female body in extremis.

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Rethinking the electronic waste problem

Our love affair with mobile phones, computers and everything electronic has created a global tsunami of electronic waste. It is estimated that more than 40 million tonnes of e-waste is generated around the world per annum and this is expected to keep growing rapidly for the foreseeable future. There is now widespread appreciation of the electronic waste issue facing consumer societies like Austral

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Shining light on dark fiber, other broadband networks

Only a couple of months after they were installed in 2016, New York City decided to cut off internet access to a series of "smart city" kiosks it built to replace old telephone booths after homeless people monopolized them with such socially unpleasant activities as watching pornography and listening to loud music.

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Protecting rice plants by exploiting their natural defences

An analysis of the chemical signals sent out by rice plants under attack by the brown planthopper could help in natural control of this insect pest.

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Burly bird gets the worm

The pecking order of garden birds is determined by their size and weight, new research shows.

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Excessive airway nerves tied to more severe asthma symptoms, study finds

A new study implicates remodeling of nerves in the airways as a key contributor to heightened sensitivity and airway constriction in patients with asthma. The results provide new insight into a little-understood factor in the development of asthma, a condition that affects about 235 million people worldwide. The study is the first to demonstrate that inflammatory cells can alter nerve structure in

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Tooth DNA identifies shark species that chomped boy’s leg

Researchers have successfully identified the species of shark that bit a 13-year-old boy off the coast of New York using DNA from a small tooth fragment plucked from the boy’s leg. The researchers extracted a DNA sample from the tooth and compared it against a genetic dataset of common shark species to determine that a sand tiger shark was responsible for the bite. This is the first time that a s

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What Liberal Organizers Are Seeing on the Ground in 2018

The focus groups that provide the most revealing reactions to Donald Trump’s tumultuous presidency may be the thousands of front-door conversations held every month around the country by canvassers for the liberal organizing group Working America. Those encounters suggest Democrats could reap big gains in 2018—but are still facing big questions about their position against the president in 2020.

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A new tool developed at the UPNA assesses how interference impacts on wireless networks

At the NUP/UPNA a telecommunications engineer has developed a methodology to assess the impact of interference on wireless communications and find out the best location for devices that communicate with each other wirelessly.

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Volcano under ice sheet suggests thickening of West Antarctic ice is short-term

Evidence left by a volcano under the ice sheet suggests that the observed bulging of ice in West Antarctica is a short-term feature that may not affect the glacier's motion over the long term.

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Pushing 'print' on large-scale piezoelectric materials

A new, inexpensive method to 'print' large-scale sheets of two dimensional (2D) piezoelectric material offers tremendous opportunity for new piezo-sensors and energy harvesting.

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Quest Diagnostics Health Trends™ study finds drug misuse rates remain constant at high levels, and dangerous opioid-related drug combining is prevalent

More than half of Americans tested misused their prescription drugs in 2017.Among patients in general care, use of non-prescribed medications and illicit drugs declined, but is still prevalent.Among patients in treatment for substance use disorder (SUD), misuse of heroin and prescription fentanyl surged nearly 400 percent; among patients testing positive for heroin, the rate of mixing with fentany

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Researchers find unexpected planetary dependence in 1-10 percent of melanoma diagnoses

In a paper to be published in the September 2018 issue of Biophysical Reviews and Letters, researchers have discovered that there is a correlation and possible cause and effect between otherwise invisible dark matter particles and melanoma, a type of skin cancer. This opens the door to more research in the interdisciplinary fields of physics and medicine.

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Scientists develop new way to identify telltale markers for breast cancer tumors

USC scientists developed a better way to identify markers for breast cancer tumors, a breakthrough that could lead to better treatment for millions of women. They used machine learning to rapidly sort images of tumors to identify estrogen receptors, a key to determining prognosis and treatment. The technique offers a new pathway for breast cancer treatment that promises faster results for less cos

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Brief sleep intervention works long-term to prevent child obesity — Otago discovers

When it comes to obesity prevention, sleep is not usually something that springs to mind, but a University of Otago research team has found we should not underestimate its importance.

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Super short protein may have existed when life began

Researchers have discovered evidence that simple protein catalysts—essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function—may have existed when life began. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the chemist Günter Wächtershäuser postulated that life began on iron- and sulfur-containing rocks in the ocean. Wächtershäuser and others predicted that short peptides would have bound metals and serve

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The clues to finding alien life could lie in Earth’s deep past

Our hunt for life on other planets is based on what it looks like today, but early Earth used to be so different. What if we are missing some vital clues?

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Regionshospitalet Randers åbner en akut hjerteklinik

Ny akut hjerteklinik skal sikre god og hurtig behandling af akut syge borgere, der mistænker hjertesygdomme.

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Aalborg Universitetshospital i Hobro får nyt ambulatorium for polyfarmaci

Nyt ambulatorium for polyfarmaci i Hobro skal give patienter, der får mange slags medicin, en grundig gennemgang af deres medicin, så de får et større overblik og undgår at få for meget medicin.

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Universitet vil bringe forskeres viden tættere på hospitalerne

Københavns Universitet lancerer et nyt karriereprogram, der skal sikre, at forskningsresultater hurtigere bliver omsat til klinisk praksis og udnyttet i medicinalindustrien.

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Do you know how and why you forget passwords?

Do you frequently forget passwords to a baffling array of accounts and websites? Much depends on a password's importance and how often you use it, according to a study that could spur improved password technology and use.

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Shining light on ancient global warming

The impact of global warming on shallow marine life approximately 56 million years ago is the subject of a significant, new article. Researchers have now addressed the effects of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) — a relatively brief period of global climate change, spanning 200,000 years — on marine invertebrates, including snails, clams and other mollusks.

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Surprising hidden order unites prime numbers and crystal-like materials

The seemingly random digits known as prime numbers are not nearly as scattershot as previously thought. A new analysis by Princeton University researchers has uncovered patterns in primes that are similar to those found in the positions of atoms inside certain crystal-like materials.

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Trilobites: The Omnivorous Sharks That Eat Grass

Diminutive bonnethead sharks are the first omnivorous sharks known to science, which could change our understanding of what some sharks eat.

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Researchers identify marker for novel asthma treatments

Researchers at RCSI, Stanford University and Oregon Health Sciences University have discovered a marker which can help determine which asthma patients are likely to benefit from a new treatment which targets inflammatory cells called Eosinophils.

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Patient beware: Indiana University researchers diagnose crowdsourced hospital ratings

Researchers from Indiana University's School of Public and Environmental Affairs compared social media ratings offered by patients with the extensive data available through the federal government's 'Hospital Compare' website.

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Scientists identify weak point in deadly eye melanoma

A natural plant compound exploits a newly identified Achilles' heel in a cancer of the eye, uveal melanoma. In human cancer cells growing in the lab, the compound shuts down the overactive signaling that drives uveal melanoma cell growth, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

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Saturn has two hexagons, not one, swirling around its north pole

NASA’s Cassini spacecraft spied a vortex growing high over Saturn’s north pole, whose hexagonal shape mirrors a famous underlying cyclone.

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Bay Area 2070: 3 Dire Visions, 1 Potentially Great Future

A new report outlines how social and economic policies could shape the future of the wealthy and unequal region.

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Fall Is Here! Time to Learn the Physics of… Falling

Stuff is constantly falling—off tables, out of bags, from the sky. Let's explore the science of all things tumbling downward.

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To Find Alien Life, NASA Needs Bigger, Bolder Exoplanet-Hunting Telescopes

A new, prestigious report charts an ambitious future for the space agency’s burgeoning search for Earth 2.0 — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Black hole disks may be hiding in the centers of galaxies

Galactic nuclei are teeming with black holes. Earlier this year, 12 X-ray binaries were discovered at the Milky Way's center which suggested that thousands of black holes may be hiding in that region. A recent study shows that these stellar black holes are expected to orbit in a disk around the central supermassive black hole.

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Aeolus laser shines light on wind

Following the launch of Aeolus on 22 August, this extraordinary satellite's instrument has been turned on and is now emitting pulses of ultraviolet light from its laser, which is fundamental to measuring Earth's wind. And, this remarkable mission has also already returned a tantalising glimpse of the data it will provide.

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Global warming: Worrying lessons from the past

Fifty-six million years ago, Earth experienced an exceptional episode of global warming. Within 10,000 to 20,000 years, the average temperature increased by 5 to 8 degrees, only returning to its original level a few hundred thousand years later. Based on the analysis of sediments from the southern slope of the Pyrenees, researchers measured the impact of this warming on river floods and the surrou

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A new theory for phantom limb pain points the way to more effective treatment

Scientists have developed a new theory for the origin of the mysterious condition, 'phantom limb pain'. The hypothesis builds upon previous work on a revolutionary treatment for the condition, that uses machine learning and augmented reality.

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New biomarker panel could accelerate autism diagnoses

Investigators have identified a group of blood metabolites that could help detect some children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These findings are a key step toward developing an ASD biomarker test.

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Elucidating the Chara genome: Implications for emergence of land plants in Paleozoic era

Charophyceae, relatives of land plants, have genomes that present important information to understand how land plants evolved from their ancestors in the Paleozoic era. Here, we report the draft genome of Chara braunii from Charophyceae, and its comparison to land plants, Klebsormidium nitens, and other green algae. The comparison revealed acquisition of genes before and after the divergence of Ch

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Wind turbines could cover 40 percent of the current electricity consumption in Germany

Wind power is an important pillar in Germany's energy policy turnaround: According to the German government, the resource should cover 65 percent of German electricity needs by 2030, along with solar, hydropower and biomass. In a recent study, Dr. Christopher Jung and Dr. Dirk Schindler from the University of Freiburg show that it will be possible to cover 40 percent of the current electricity con

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Bees coordinate strategy for defending colony, study reveals

The Brazilian stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula (jataí in Portuguese) deploys a different strategy for defending its nests from other social insect species. In addition to posting sentinels at the nest entrance, as do most social insects, colonies of this species also have guards that hover near the entrance at all times.

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A step ahead in pharmaceutical research

Hormones and other neurotransmitters, but also drugs, act upon receptors. "Their active substances bind to the receptors and modify the three-dimensional receptor arrangement regulating the downstream signal pathways," says Hannes Schihada from the Institute for Pharmacology and Toxicology at the University of Würzburg (JMU).

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Building 3-D atomic structures atom by atom using lasers

A team of researchers at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in France has developed a technique for arranging cold atoms into useful 3-D arrayed structures. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the group describes their technique and the ways the structures could be useful.

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Origin of symmetry breaking in the seed-mediated growth of bimetal nano-heterostructures

During the seed-mediated growth, the structure of formed Pd-Au nano-heterostructure can be either centrosymmetric Pd@Au core-shell trisoctahedra or asymmetric Pd-Au hetero-dimers. What does play a key role for the symmetry breaking of bimetal nano-heterostructures? A recent work proposed that the thermodynamic factor plays a key role for the symmetry breaking of bimetal nano-heterostructures durin

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Københavnske elbusser skal oplades forskelligt

De to busoperatører, som skal drive Københavns to nye elektriske buslinjer, skal teste to forskellige opladningsprincipper. Både operatørerne og Movia tror på en hastig teknologisk udvikling af elbusser.

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Juno shows Jupiter's magnetic field is very different from Earth's

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S., including NASA and a pair from Denmark has found that Jupiter's magnetic field is quite different from Earth's. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the group describes their study of the planet using data from the Juno spacecraft, and what they found. Chris Jones, with the University of Leeds, offers a News and Vie

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Aeolus: Space laser starts chasing the wind

The British-built Aeolus satellite begins firing its laser down on Earth to map the planet's winds.

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New biomarker panel could accelerate autism diagnoses

Investigators at the UC Davis MIND Institute and NeuroPointDX, a division of Stemina Biomarker Discovery, have identified a group of blood metabolites that could help detect some children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Part of the Children's Autism Metabolome Project (CAMP), the largest metabolomic ASD study ever attempted, these findings are a key step toward developing an ASD biomarker tes

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Global warming—worrying lessons from the past

Fifty-six million years ago, the Earth experienced an exceptional episode of global warming. In a very short time on a geological scale, within 10 to 20,000 years, the average temperature increased by five to eight degrees, only returning to its original level a few hundred thousand years later. Based on the analysis of sediments from the southern slope of the Pyrenees, researchers from the Univer

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Sweltering heat is exactly the right weather to get your flu shot

Health It’s almost never too early or too late to get vaccinated against influenza. Yes, it’s already time for your annual flu shot. Yes, it does feel like the season just ended. Here’s the thing though: a lot of people wait until it’s officially flu…

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Region Midtjylland vil spare 35 mio. kr. på medicin

Region Midtjylland vil bl.a. reducere medicinudgifter ved, at stoppe behandlinger uden evidens, og sikre en hurtigere implementering af Medicinrådets anbefalinger.

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This Hyper-Real Robot Will Cry and Bleed on Med Students

A new robot named Hal is sending medical training straight into the uncanny valley.

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Chevy's Colorado ZR2 Bison Is the Pickup Truck for Armageddon

The latest performance variant of the truck is clad in Boron steel, rides 31-inch tires, and will take you down any road. Or lack thereof.

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Image of the Day: On the Mend

Reprogrammed cells fix wounds in living mice.

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I Assessed a President's Fitness to Serve—But I Didn't Write an Op-Ed

The anonymous senior official in the Trump administration who published an op-ed in The New York Times on Wednesday describing an internal “resistance” movement is, as the White House put it, a coward. If the writer truly believes the president is not fit to lead the country, he should have done what my colleague James Cannon did when he had similar reservations about President Ronald Reagan. I s

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Museum Digs Out a Future from Charred Scientific Ruins

Brazil’s tragic fire sends a wake-up call to neglected national museums worldwide — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Hundreds of ancient mummified penguins found in Antarctic graveyard

On a peninsula in east Antarctica there are hundreds of mummified Adélie penguins that died centuries ago, and it seems extreme weather was to blame

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When Giving Birth Leads to Psychosis, Then to Infanticide

In May 2013, Kimberlynn Bolanos, 21, told her boyfriend she needed to take a shower. She placed her five-month-old son, Isaac, into his carrier and shut the door to the bathroom of a Chicago motel room. After 30 minutes, the boyfriend knocked on the bathroom door. He pushed the door open and saw his son was bloody and unconscious. The boyfriend ran from the room screaming, “She killed my baby.” T

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Scientists Have a Plan to Hunt the Ancient, Dead Star that Birthed Our Solar System

Billions of years ago, a huge star blasted open and spewed its guts into space. We were born from the rubble.

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Earth's Ancient Scars Explain Strangeness of Mount St. Helens

Mount St. Helens isn't where it's supposed to be.

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Adopted Warriors? Genetic Tests Reveal Unexpected Relationships in Medieval Graves

A dozen lavish medieval graves holding the remains of 13 people have finally spilled their genetic secrets, now that researchers have constructed a family tree of the people buried there.

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50 years ago, a pessimistic view for heart transplants

Surgeon Christiaan Barnard performed the first successful human-to-human heart transplant in 1967. In 1968, he predicted that patients would survive five years at best. Fortunately, he was wrong.

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'Twitter mining' for ants, spiders and birds

Scientists show how searching social media messages can reveal useful data on animal behaviour.

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Not just water! This homeopathy is contaminated with bacteria

Homeopathy from King Bio may contain an unlabelled ingredient: Bacterial contamination.

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One Year In, the Real Work Begins for Uber's CEO

Dara Khosrowshahi has helped fix Uber’s image, but now he must make the company competitive in a crowded market.

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Pulsar Discoverer Jocelyn Bell Burnell Wins $3-Million Breakthrough Prize

The award recognizes not only the astrophysicist’s transformative discovery, but also her subsequent work to promote equality and diversity in science — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Mur af tavshed: Stort energiprojekt forsinket uden forklaring

En kommende milliarddyr elforbindelse mellem Danmark og Holland kaldet Cobra-kablet bliver forsinket i mindst seks måneder. Ingen vil sige hvorfor.

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CFCS: Cyberkriminalitet og spionage udgør stor trussel mod dansk energisektor

Den danske energisektor er i høj grad truet af cyberkriminalitet og -spionage, lyder det i en ny vurdering fra CFCS.

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TIDSLINJE Det har robotterne lært mens du har levet

Se, hvor langt udviklingen af kunstig intelligens og robotter var, da du blev født.

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A Better Way to Absorb Refugees

Since the start of the Trump presidency, refugee admissions have fallen considerably, and recent reports suggest they will fall further still. Without the consent of Congress, President Trump can only do so much to curb immigrant admissions overall. But he does have expansive authority over refugee admissions, and he is using it to implement at least part of his restrictionist agenda. Under the R

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The Bullet in My Arm

I was shot on a Sunday. It was late and it was hot and I was 21, on my way home from dinner during summer break. I’d rolled the windows down because the breeze felt good. I pulled up to a red light, about half a mile from my home in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. “Yeah!” by Usher was playing on the radio. A silver Toyota Tacoma turned the corner. As it passed me, I heard a pop. Then my left arm was on fire

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Trods kasseret forslag: Kommuner kan allerede overvåge fjernaflæste elmålere

Selvom regeringen forleden droppede et kontroversielt forslag om overvågning af borgernes elforbrug, så kan landets 98 kommuner allerede i dag overvåge borgernes elforbrug, hvis de har mistanke om socialt bedrageri.

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Interpretation of material spectra can be data-driven using machine learning

Spectroscopy techniques are commonly used in materials research because they enable identification of materials from their unique spectral features. These features are correlated with specific material properties, such as their atomic configurations and chemical bond structures. Modern spectroscopy methods have enabled rapid generation of enormous numbers of material spectra, but it is necessary t

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Russisk mistanke: ISS-astronauter har saboteret rumkapsel

Den Russiske Rumfartsorganisation undersøger, hvorvidt en flænge på ISS skyldes en produktionsmisere på landjorden eller bevidst sabotage i rummet.

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Interpretation of material spectra can be data-driven using machine learning

Modern spectroscopy techniques can produce tens of thousands of spectra from a single experiment, which has placed a considerable burden on traditional human-driven methods for interpretation of these spectra. A research team led by The University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science combined two machine learning techniques, layer clustering and decision tree methods, to produce data-driven me

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How olive oil and sleep could stave off heart attacks and strokes: New study examines plasma protein's role

Foods high in unsaturated fats may protect against cardiovascular disease, and new research published today in Nature Communications has uncovered why.

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Global warming: Worrying lessons from the past

Fifty-six million years ago, the Earth experienced an exceptional episode of global warming. Within 10,000 to 20,000 years, the average temperature increased by 5 to 8 degrees. Based on the analysis of sediments from the southern slope of the Pyrenees, researchers from the University of Geneva found that the amplitude of floods increased by a factor of 8 up to 14, and vegetated landscapes were rep

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The Farm Bill’s Threat to Food Security

Hunger still exists in America, and the national food-stamp program is one of the policy tools Americans have for fixing the problem. Those two facts aren’t in debate. In its annual report on household food security , released Wednesday, the United States Department of Agriculture confirmed these conclusions. On a hopeful note, the report finds that fewer than 12 percent of all households in the

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The Woodward Book Comes for James Mattis

James Mattis has long distinguished himself as a canny survivor in Donald Trump’s shape-shifting inner circle, somehow managing to remain firmly entrenched at the Pentagon as fellow advisers such as Rex Tillerson and H. R. McMaster vanished into the vortex that is Trump’s bad side. Then Bob Woodward wrote a book . Now the defense secretary and retired four-star general has been thrust directly in

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Coral bleaching not the only threat to reef fish

Climate change poses a number of threats to the long-term viability of the Great Barrier Reef and the species that live on it. While the damage caused by more frequent coral bleaching is well documented, the impact of more intense tropical cyclones is less well studied due to their short duration and unpredictability.

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Coastal Labs Studying Increased Flooding Consider Moving Because Of Increased Flooding

Scores of coastal research labs around the country are helping communities plan for sea level rise. But now many are starting to flood themselves. (Image credit: Alex Kolker/South Wings)

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Rediscovering Haystack Rock With An Assist From The 'Puffin Man'

A rocky outcropping on Oregon's coast is home to dozens of rare tufted puffins and, this summer, volunteer Art Broszeit — a de facto expert on the exotic cold climate birds. (Image credit: Kirk Siegler/NPR)

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'Predatory Bacteria' Might Be Enlisted In Defense Against Antibiotic Resistance

Microbe-eating-microbes are found in "almost every ecosystem on Earth," says a defense department scientist who hopes bacteria of this type might one day be deployed to fight human infections. (Image credit: Alfred Pasieka/Science Source)

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US housing subsidy may improve adolescent girls' binge drinking but worsen boys'

A housing subsidy treatment that enables low-income families in US cities to move from public to private housing appears to reduce adolescent girls' binge drinking but increase adolescent boys' binge drinking. The reasons for these differential gender effects are not yet clear.

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Iværksættere producerer møbler on demand

Møbelproducenten Stykka vil med hjælp fra en digitaliseret værdikæde og inspiration fra såvel 3D-print som Uber rykke visionen om individualiseret masseproduktionen tættere på virkeligheden.

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Cleaning up Tokyo's beaches: An Olympic task

On a blazing hot Tokyo summer day, children squeal with delight as they splash about on a sandy beach, with the skyline of the world's biggest city shimmering behind them.

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37 percent of smokers fully switch to vaping blu after 90 days — real-world study

Study of adult smokers in Glasgow given blu PRO vaping device and liquids sees more than a third completely switch to vaping with significant reductions in average smoking frequency for the other participants.

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Lost generation? 2008 crisis still weighs on Millennials

Marco Saavedra had just graduated from college in 2011 three years after the global financial crisis erupted and just as the Occupy Wall Street movement was picking up steam.

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Facebook to build $1 bn Singapore data centre, first in Asia

Facebook said Thursday it will invest over $1 billion to build a data centre in Singapore, its first in Asia, powered by renewable energy and adapted to the city-state's tropical climate.

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Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey keeps his cool before Congress

A chill, bearded and nose-ringed Jack Dorsey appeared unflappable as he faced hours of questioning from members of Congress Wednesday on issues as wide-ranging as political bias, hate speech, school safety and election manipulation.

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Rescuers rush to north Japan amid damage after quake kills 7

Rescuers were rushing to unearth survivors and restore power Thursday after a powerful earthquake jolted Japan's northernmost main island of Hokkaido, buckling roads, knocking homes off their foundations and causing entire hillsides to collapse.

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Drought predictive of decrease in snakebites, Stanford researcher says

Rattlesnake bites, contrary to public opinion, increase after periods of high rainfall, not drought, according to a Stanford-led study that examined 20 years of snakebite history in California.

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Jocelyn Bell Burnell wins $3m Breakthrough prize for pulsars discovery

Jocelyn Bell Burnell discovered pulsars – bright, spinning neutron stars – in 1967. Now, she has been awarded the $3 million Breakthrough Prize for that work

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Common pesticide inhibits brain development in frogs

New research published in Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry reveals that low doses of a commonly used pesticide potentially harm the Northern Leopard frog by inhibiting their brain development.

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Do you know why and how you forget passwords?

Do you frequently forget passwords to a baffling array of accounts and websites? Much depends on a password's importance and how often you use it, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick-led study that could spur improved password technology and use.

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Study examines pros and cons of hydropower

Hydropower can generate electricity without emitting greenhouse gases but can cause environmental and social harms, such as damaged wildlife habitat, impaired water quality, impeded fish migration, reduced sediment transport, and diminished cultural and recreation benefits of rivers. A new River Research and Applications study considers these issues as they relate to a hydropower project undergoin

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Satire og dokumentar styrker indvandringsdebatten

Et stort skandinavisk forskningsprojekt om medier, religion og konflikt giver ny viden om mediernes behandling…

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AI revolution 'at risk of being stifled in UK by fear-driven backlash'

Without greater transparency AI’s full potential may not be realised, warns British Science Association’s incoming president Artificial intelligence promises an even bigger revolution than the internet yet could be stifled in the UK by a fear-driven public backlash, according to a leading scientist and broadcaster. Prof Jim Al-Khalili , a physicist and the incoming president of the British Scienc

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A new theory for phantom limb pain points the way to more effective treatment

Dr Max Ortiz Catalan of Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, has developed a new theory for the origin of the mysterious condition, 'phantom limb pain'. Published in the journal Frontiers in Neurology, his hypothesis builds upon his previous work on a revolutionary treatment for the condition, that uses machine learning and augmented reality.

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Common anti-smoking treatment makes no difference in shisha tobacco addiction

Researchers at the University of York has shown that a drug commonly used to help smokers overcome addiction to cigarettes does not have the same effect in shisha smokers.

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Kæmpe udskiftning af HR-systemer i det offentlige: »I dag foregår det meste i Word«

Hele staten og flere regioner køber HR-systemer for hundredvis af millioner. En af ideerne er, at det offentlige skal benchmarke lokale afdelinger – og sammenligne med andre lande.

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Samsø viser vejen for brug af renset spildevand til markvanding

Øen i Kattegat mangler vand til grøntsagsproduktion. Et projekt har vist, hvordan genvundet vand fra husholdninger kan sættes i spil, og samtidig være beriget med nærringsstoffer.

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Din hjerne aber efter: Særlige celler får dig til at forstå andres følelser

Særlige celler i hjernen gør os måske i stand til at sætte os i andres sted. Men vores empati er stadig et mysterium for forskerne.

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British astrophysicist overlooked by Nobels wins $3m award for pulsar work

Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell will donate the money to help students underrepresented in physics A British astrophysicist who was passed over for the Nobel prize for her discovery of exotic cosmic objects that light up the heavens has won the most lucrative award in modern science. Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell , a visiting professor at Oxford University, was chosen by a panel of leading scientists to re

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Do you know why and how you forget passwords?

Do you frequently forget passwords to a baffling array of accounts and websites? Much depends on a password's importance and how often you use it, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick-led study that could spur improved password technology and use.

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Elucidating the Chara genome: Implications for emergence of land plants in Paleozoic era

Charophyceae are relatives of land plants, whose genomes have been envisioned to contain important information to understand how land plants evolved from their ancestors in the Paleozoic era. Here we report the draft genome of Chara braunii from Charophyceae, and its comparison to land plants, Klebsormidium nitens, and other green algae. The comparison revealed acquisition of genes before and afte

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Conditional release programs often work for criminally insane

After being found not guilty by reason of insanity, it's not typically a crime — rather declining mental health or breaking rules of conditional release like not drinking alcohol — that puts people back in a psychiatric hospital or even jail, researchers say.

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What are the effects of alcohol access on risky behaviors in young adults?

Results from a recent analysis reveal that the availability of alcohol associated with turning 21 years old may have relatively large effects on risky behaviors, especially in men. The findings are published in Contemporary Economic Policy.

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Study examines pros and cons of hydropower

Hydropower can generate electricity without emitting greenhouse gases but can cause environmental and social harms, such as damaged wildlife habitat, impaired water quality, impeded fish migration, reduced sediment transport, and diminished cultural and recreation benefits of rivers. A new River Research and Applications study considers these issues as they relate to a hydropower project undergoin

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Common pesticide inhibits brain development in frogs

New research published in Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry reveals that low doses of a commonly used pesticide potentially harm the Northern Leopard frog by inhibiting their brain development.

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Would global warming increase childhood viral infection rates?

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood viral infection that is most common in warmer summer months. A new International Journal of Dermatology review of published studies reveals a positive relationship between HFMD and temperature and humidity. No significant relationship was identified between HFMD and precipitation, wind speed, and/or sunshine.

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Study uncovers link between better sleep quality and a healthy diet

Sleep quality, but not sleep duration, was positively associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a Geriatrics and Gerontology International study of 1,639 adults 65 years old.

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Unnecessary medicine use in patients with lung cancer at the end of life

Individuals with advanced lung cancer often have other comorbid conditions, and many may be on complex, costly, and even inappropriate medication regimens. A new British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology study examined the extent to which such patients are prescribed medications with questionable benefit.

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Bee venom may help treat eczema

Bee venom and its major component, melittin, may be effective treatments for atopic dermatitis (or eczema), according to a British Journal of Pharmacology study.

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Greener neighborhoods may be good for children's brains

Children living in urban greener neighborhoods may have better spatial working memory, according to a British Journal of Educational Psychology study. Spatial working memory is responsible for recording information about one's environment and spatial orientation, and it is strongly inter-related with attentional control.

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Smoking linked to higher dementia risk

In an Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology analysis of nationwide health claims from Korea, men who smoked had an elevated risk of dementia.

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Bell Burnell: Physics star gives away £2.3m prize

One of the UK's leading female scientists donates her £2.3m science prize to help more women, ethnic minority and refugee students to become physics researchers.

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Giganterne dyster i verdens største havmøllepark

Verdens til dato største havmøllepark består af de største kommercielle havmøller fra de to konkurrenter MHI Vestas og Siemens. Ørsteds projektleder på Walney Extension fortæller hvorfor.

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Hurricane Is a Natural Selection Experiment

When Hurricane Irma blew through the Turks and Caicos, lizards with shorter hindlimbs lucked out. Jason G. Goldman reports. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Anti-aging medicine is so hot even this controversial idea has investors

A startup invests in a way to keep people younger, despite doubts about its science.

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Startups Flock to Turn Young Blood Into an Elixir of Youth

A new startup, Elevian, is joining a host of other companies trying to disrupt death.

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The plastic smokers leave behind

An activist hopes to pick up a million cigarette butts from his local beaches to draw attention to the plastic they contain.

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DNA of early medieval Alemannic warriors and their entourage decoded

In 1962, an Alemannic burial site containing human skeletal remains was discovered in Niederstotzingen (Baden-Württemberg, Germany). Researchers have now examined the DNA of these skeletal remains.

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At $1 Trillion, Amazon Should Fear Regulators More Than Rivals

Amazon accounts for a smaller share of retail sales than you might think, so it has plenty of room to grow—unless governments rise up.

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The Atlantic Daily: Should Trump’s Aides Disobey His Orders?

What We’re Following Mutinous Message: An anonymous op-ed published in The New York Times by “a senior official in the Trump administration” says that high-ranking members of the president’s team are disgusted with his decisions—and are actively working to blunt their impact. David Frum explains what’s wrong with this approach. Progressive’s Prize: Boston City Councilwoman Ayanna Pressley beat lo

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