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Nyheder2018september07

Our thirst for water is turning the oceans saltier

As the need for clean drinking water grows, the only option may be to get it from our oceans. But there's a catch

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Henry Cavill Joins Netflix's 'The Witcher' and the Rest of the Week in Games

Netflix's adaptation of the popular saga will star Henry Cavill as Geralt—no word yet on that mustache, though.

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HP Spectre x360 (2018) Review: A Portable, Versatile Laptop

HP has updated its successful Spectre x360 laptop to keep with the times. If you're using an older machine, this model is a solid step up.

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Electron microscopy provides new view of tiny virus with therapeutic potential

Researchers from the Salk Institute and the University of Florida are reporting how they used cryo-EM to show the structure of a version of a virus called an AAV2, advancing the technique's capabilities and the virus' potential as a delivery vehicle for gene therapies.

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Not too wet, not too dry: plasma-treated fuel cell gets it just right

Fuel cells hold promise as a clean, renewable source of energy. But keeping them dry has long been a challenge, as they produce water during the process of converting hydrogen and oxygen into electricity. Now University of British Columbia researchers say they may have found a solution: pre-treating the electrode — a key component of fuel cells — with ionized oxygen gas, or plasma.

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Faster Than Light? Neutron-Star Merger Shot Out a Jet with Seemingly Impossible Speed

The jet’s apparent (but not actual) superluminal velocity provide new constraints on the merger and its aftermath — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Electromagnetic radiation protection shields developed

The environment contains electromagnetic radiation and magnetic fields of natural and artificial origin. Even a short electromagnetic pulse is enough to knock any equipment out of operation. Candidate of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics) Aleksey Trukhanov, senior research fellow at the SUSU Nanotechnologies Research and Education Center, is studying electrolytic films to develop electromagnetic a

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Praktiserende læger tager på flere sygebesøg

Markant flere praksislæger tager på sygebesøg efter ny overenskomstaftale med højere honorar.

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Cosmic collision forges galactic one ring in X-rays

Astronomers have used NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory to discover a ring of black holes or neutron stars in a galaxy 300 million light years from Earth.

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Protein in zebrafish found to keep out sperm of other fish

A small team of researchers with the Vienna Biocenter has discovered that a protein that exists on the exterior of zebrafish eggs acts as a sentry—allowing only sperm from zebrafish to enter. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes discovering the protein and the way they tested its purpose. Ruth Lehmann with the NYU School of Medicine writes a Perspective piece on the

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Curiosity surveys a mystery under dusty skies

After snagging a new rock sample on Aug. 9, NASA's Curiosity rover surveyed its surroundings on Mars, producing a 360-degree panorama of its current location on Vera Rubin Ridge.

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Researcher explains why ex-'Cosby Show' actor endured 'job shaming' for his Trader Joe's gig

Most teenagers have heard a similar admonishment from their parents: "Why don't you get a real job?"

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Bio-inspired materials decrease drag for liquids

An eco-friendly, coating-free strategy has been developed to make solid surfaces liquid-repellent, which is crucial for the transportation of large quantities of liquids through pipes. Researchers from KAUST's Water Desalination and Reuse Center have engineered nature-inspired surfaces that decrease frictional drag at the interface between liquid and pipe surface.

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Experiment obtains entanglement of six light waves with a single laser

Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961), one of the giants of contemporary science, considered entanglement the most interesting property in quantum mechanics. In his view, it was this phenomenon that truly distinguished the quantum world from the classical world. Entanglement occurs when groups of particles or waves are created or interact in such a way that the quantum state of each par

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Researchers use silicon nanoparticles for enhancing solar cells efficiency

An international research group has improved perovskite solar cell efficiency by using materials with better light absorption properties. For the first time, the researchers used silicon nanoparticles. Such nanoparticles can trap light of a broad range of wavelengths near the cell active layer. The particles themselves don't absorb light and don't interact with other elements of the battery, thus

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Invasive pines fueled 2017 fires in South Africa

The replacement of natural fynbos vegetation with pine plantations in the southern Cape, and the subsequent invasion of surrounding land by invasive pine trees, significantly increased the severity of the 2017 Knysna wildfires. This is one of the findings of a study published in the journal Fire Ecology by a research team from the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology (CIB) at Stellenb

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The dynamics and energetics of locomotion depend on the number of propulsive legs

Although land animals can move in many different ways, most terrestrial creatures use legs to crawl, scuttle, walk and run about. Leg-propelled animals such as mammals, insects, spiders or centipedes, feature a wealth of differently designed locomotor apparatuses and a wide range of leg numbers. In order to cover distances with energy efficiency, many terrestrial animals exploit mechanisms enablin

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Origin of symmetry breaking in the seed-mediated growth of bimetal nano-heterostructures

During seed-mediated growth, the Pd-Au nano-heterostructure can be either centrosymmetric Pd@Au core-shell trisoctahedra or asymmetric Pd-Au heterodimers. What causes the symmetry breaking of bimetal nano-heterostructures? A recent study proposes that the thermodynamic factor plays a key role for the symmetry breaking of bimetal nano-heterostructures during seed-mediated growth.

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The CDC just released new concussion guidelines for kids. Here’s what you need to know.

Health How much rest is enough? For the first time, the Centers for Disease Control have released specific guidelines for health care workers treating young people with mild traumatic brain injuries…

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Nets advarer: Skift kreditkort hvis du er ramt af angreb på British Airways

Forbrugere klager over, at det i forvejen kriseramte luftfartsselskab har været ualmindeligt dårligt til at informere de berørte kunder.

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Niels Bohr Medaljen genopstår og tildeles dansk fysiker

Niels Bohr Medaljen blev sidst uddelt i 2013 efter en pause på 31 år.

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23andMe Cuts Off the DNA App Ecosystem It Created

Fearing pseudoscience and privacy breaches, 23andMe is shutting down access to the third-party diet, fitness and other apps that relied on its data.

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Popular Mac App Adware Doctor Actually Acts Like Spyware

Adware Doctor has long been one of the top-selling apps in the Mac App Store. But researchers say it harvested browsing data, and sent it to China.

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Image of the Day: Zip It

The cytoskeleton of endothelial cells and adhesion proteins work together to help build new blood vessels.

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I Made One Simple Financial Change and It Lowered My Spending

A few years ago, when I was reporting a story on personal finance , I became fascinated by a concept that behavioral economists call the “pain of paying.” The phrase refers to the psychological discomfort experienced when parting with one’s money, and it varies by medium: At one extreme would be painstakingly counting out each penny at the register (a high pain of paying, because of how tactile t

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Traumatized Children at the Border

On June 13, 2018, Honduran asylum-seeker Anita and her five-year-old son, Jenri, were forcibly separated at the U.S.-Mexico border. Thanks to a pro bono lawyer, Jodi Goodwin, who aggressively advocates for their release from their respective ICE detention centers, Anita and Jenri are reunited after a month apart. But the damage has been done. The Separated , a new documentary from The Atlantic ,

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Brands Are Not Our Friends

I didn’t realize how seriously companies take social media until last year, when I opened my front door and saw a delivery guy holding a stack of pizza boxes up to his chin. Comcast had recently started advertising mobile-phone service where I live. Given that Comcast and AT&T were already the only local choices for broadband and cable, the move felt like an ominous sign of even more industry con

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Cuba's "Sonic Attack" on the U.S. Embassy Could Have Been Merely Sounds Emitted by a Listening Device

A Penn bioengineer disputes a recent New York Times report suggesting microwaves accounted for what occurred at the U.S. embassy in Havana — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Danske Regioner vil tilføre psykiatrien 50 sengepladser

Det er langt fra nok, mener Dansk Psykiatrisk Selskab, hvor formanden anslår, at der mangler mindst seks gange så mange sengepladser.

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Hjemmeprøver reducerer ulighed i screening for livmoderhalskræft

Særligt udsatte kvinder har gavn af HPV-hjemmeprøver, viser nyt studie. Forsker mener, at tilbud om hjemmeprøver kan gøre op med social ulighed.

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Hooray for Jocelyn Bell Burnell – the world needs more scientists like her | Susan Watts

As well as being a brilliant physicist, the winner of the Breakthrough prize is a generous, inspirational role model It was not a surprise to read that Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell has said she will donate the money she has just won as recipient of the £2.3m Breakthrough prize to help students underrepresented in physics to study the subject she loves. As a research student in the 1960s, Bell Burnel

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Does Drinking Milk Make Your Body Produce More Mucus?

A persistent myth about milk — that drinking it can lead to the production of more gooey mucus in your body's airways — is completely false, a new review finds.

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How a Cream for Genital Warts Might Also Help with Flu Pandemics

Researchers are testing whether a genital warts cream could also help boost protection from flu vaccines in the case of a pandemic.

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Life and Art Collide in The Deuce

David Simon, at least judging by an interview he and George Pelecanos gave to The Globe and Mail last month, would prefer that viewers of The Deuce interpret the HBO show’s second season purely on its own merits. When asked specifically about allegations of misconduct regarding the show’s star, James Franco, that emerged in the midst of the #MeToo movement last year, Simon seemed to react angrily

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Whale stranding death toll rises to 58 in Scotland and Ireland

Investigations are under way to determine why large numbers of whales are dying off Scotland and Ireland.

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Smil! Computerne filmer, genkender og gennemanalyserer dig

Udviklingen indenfor computerkraft, kameraer og data har fået billedgenkendelse til at eksplodere, så det i dag er overalt.

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Glass box of atomic vapour could work as a James-Bond-style spy radio

Most radios use antennae to pick up a signal, but this new one uses a glass box full of vapour instead, with lasers to translate the signal into a sound

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Tyskland: It-giganters magt skal svækkes

De tyske konkurrencemyndigheder får styrket deres redskaber.

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Prosa: Ansættelsesklausuler er på vej ud

Ny lov har i væsentlig grad begrænset antallet af konkurrenceklausuler og kundeklausuler.

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Mobility Tech: Nyt medie om fremtidens transportløsninger

Opblomstringen af nye teknologier til at flytte mennesker og varer får Mediehuset Ingeniøren til at lancere sit tredje Pro-medie med navnet MobilityTech.

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Climate negotiator warns world 'out of time' to save islands

Island nations like Fiji and the Maldives are almost at the "point of no return" because of rising sea levels, a leading climate negotiator warned Friday.

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Ocean Cleanup's Plastic Catcher Heads to Sea, but Scientists Are Skeptical

Ocean Cleanup has raised $40 million to deploy a massive device to capture plastic pollution. But many scientists don’t think the plan holds water.

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Japan resilient, but climate change making disasters worse: experts

Record typhoons, biblical floods, heatwaves, landslides and earthquakes: this summer, Japan really has seen it all and images of the destruction caused have been beamed around the world.

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Elon Musk muses about life over whiskey and weedElon Musk Tesla Joe Rogan

Entrepreneur Elon Musk sipped whiskey and puffed a little weed while musing at length about artificial intelligence, colonizing space, and the need to give love a chance.

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Have Researchers Developed a Potential Microbial Miracle for Phenylketonuria Patients?

Researchers specializing in synthetic biology are developing a new therapy for PKU, a potentially devastating metabolic disorder, and they have some promising preliminary human data. But it's just too early to get excited.

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The Swiss Secret to Jump-Starting Your Career

On a recent sunny summer morning, Ben Roueche pulled into the parking lot at the corporate headquarters of HomeAdvisor, in a suburban office park near Denver. Once inside, Roueche, wearing jeans and a T-shirt, sat down at a desk, logged on to his computer, and started resolving support tickets submitted by HomeAdvisor employees seeking help for everything from password resets to problems accessin

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Exercise, Eat Well, Help Others: Altruism's Surprisingly Strong Health Impact

The benefits of giving rather than receiving are more than just spiritual — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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U.N. Makes a Bold Move to Protect Marine Life on the High Seas

More than 190 nations are hammering out a treaty as industry rushes to cash in — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Viborgs operationsafdeling henter ny ledende overlæge

Carsten Søndergaard Poulsen bliver ny ledende overlæge på afdelingen Operation og Intensiv på Regionshospitalet Viborg.

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Feedback: US politician claims she was abducted by aliens

Oh Florida. Plus: randy dolphins, lemon thief, cat ban, how a volcano defeated Napoleon, Volkwagen sued over weather modification cannons, and more

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Gør havvand til markvand: Fem konkrete bud på landbrugets redning

Ingeniørens eksperter ser på, hvordan landbruget skal klare klimaforandringerne.

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These songbirds violently fling and then impale their prey

A loggerhead shrike that skewers small animals on barbed wire gives mice whiplash shakeups.

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Hør ugens podcast: Landbrugets fremtid og lydstyring ved koncerter

Hvilke teknologier og dyrkningsformer skal landbruget ty til, i takt med at klimaet forandres, og ekstremt vejr bliver normalen? DTU-projekt bruger lyd mod lyd for at dæmpe støjgener fra koncerter.

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Bravery cells found in the hippocampus

Why do some people comfortably walk between skyscrapers on a high-wire or raft the Niagara Falls in a wooden barrel whereas others freeze on the mere thought of climbing off escalators in a shopping mall? In a new study, scientists have found that a certain type of cells in the hippocampus play a key role.

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Protocell guests flee the nest

Researchers at the University of Bristol have shown that resident artificial cells abandon their protocell hosts by displaying antagonistic behavior on receiving a chemical signal.

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A joint effort to understand cartilage development

Anyone with arthritis can appreciate how useful it would be if scientists could grow cartilage in the lab. To this end, Keck School of Medicine of USC scientists in the USC Stem Cell laboratory of Denis Evseenko, M.D., Ph.D., collaborated with colleagues at several institutions to provide new insights into how gene activity drives the development of cartilage. Their findings appear today in Nature

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Coal plant offsets with carbon capture means covering 89 percent of the US in forests

Researchers found that using bio-sequestration to capture carbon produced by US coal-fired plants even after carbon capture and storage would require using 62 percent of the nation's arable land for that process, or 89 percent of all US land with average forest cover. In comparison, offsetting the amount of carbon produced by manufacturing solar panels is 13 times less land, making it a far more v

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Datatilsynet vil undersøge sikkerheden i Sundhedsplatformen

Persondatasikkerheden er et fokuspunkt, når Datatilsynet i efteråret vil føre en række tilsyn på landets hospitaler.

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Danmarks får sit første professorat i svær astma

Celeste Porsbjerg er udnævnt til professor i svær astma ved Bispebjerg Hospital og Institut for Klinisk Medicin ved Københavns Universitet.

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Slut med at lave aftryk: Nu skal tænder 3D-printes

SERIE: 3D-print i sundhedssektoren: Tandlægeverdenen barsler så småt med 3D-printede tænder som erstatning for de håndlavede af guld eller porcelæn.

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Protocell guests flee the nest

Researchers at the University of Bristol have shown that resident artificial cells abandon their protocell hosts by displaying antagonistic behaviour on receiving a chemical signal.

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Coal plant offsets with carbon capture means covering 89 percent of the US in forests

Researchers found that using bio-sequestration to capture carbon produced by US coal-fired plants even after carbon capture and storage would require using 62 percent of the nation's arable land for that process, or 89 percent of all US land with average forest cover. In comparison, offsetting the amount of carbon produced by manufacturing solar panels is 13 times less land, making it a far more v

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Many Major Airports Are Near Sea Level. A Disaster in Japan Shows What Can Go Wrong.

Airports in Shanghai, Rome, New York and other major cities, often designed before global warming was fully understood, face a threat from rising seas and extreme weather.

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The E.P.A.’s Review of Mercury Rules Could Remake Its Methods for Valuing Human Life and Health

Legal experts say the review of a costly but effective coal-plant restriction is part of a broader strategy to rethink the way the E.P.A. calculates the benefits of its rules.

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The Divided Legacy of Lyndon B. Johnson

N o man wanted more ferociously to be remembered than Lyndon B. Johnson. A metamorphosis had taken place when, in 1955, as majority leader of the Senate, he suffered a serious heart attack. In the months that followed, he fell into a depression so consuming that it appeared he was grieving over his own death. “He’d just sort of lie there,” one aide recalled. “You’d feel that he wasn’t there at al

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BA says will compensate customers for data breach

British Airways will pay compensation to customers whose data was been stolen by a "sophisticated" and "malicious" hacking attack, its boss said Friday.

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Lawsuit accuses Tesla of trying to 'burn' short-sellersElon Musk Tesla Joe Rogan

A lawsuit filed Thursday accuses Tesla chief Elon Musk of trying to "burn" short-sellers by falsely tweeting that funding had been secured to take the electric car maker private.

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'Farming the desert'

The nation is united behind drought-hit farmers, but some query the merits of "special treatment".

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Brazil museum fire: Funding sought to rebuild collection

National Museum officials in Rio de Janeiro say almost 90% of the collection was destroyed by fire.

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Volkswagen faces German court showdown over 'dieselgate'

Three years after the "dieselgate" scandal shook it to its foundations, Volkswagen next week faces a first major court case in Germany over cheating emissions tests on millions of vehicles worldwide.

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Word detectives: Science may help finger opinion columnist

Language detectives say the key clues to who wrote the anonymous New York Times opinion piece slamming President Donald Trump may not be the odd and glimmering "lodestar," but the itty-bitty words that people usually read right over: "I," "of" and "but."

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Google event on October 9 expected to star new Pixel phone

Google on Thursday sent out invitations to an October 9 event at which it is expected to unveil new models of its Android-powered Pixel smartphones.

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Japan's power supply system weak link in times of disaster

Japan's ultramodern conveniences, its zippy bullet trains, automated ticketing systems and smart homes work just fine, until the power goes out.

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Ousting Elon Musk From Tesla Will Take More Than Lawsuits and Twitter FightsElon Musk Tesla Joe Rogan

Wild tweets, an inquisitive SEC, fights with reporters—none of it's anywhere close to ending Musk's control of the electric automaker.

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Japan says it's time to allow sustainable whaling

Japan is trying to convince the world the time has come to make commercial whaling legal again.

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New microscope technology examines cells in even greater detail

A new system capable of probing microscopic environments inside cells has been installed at the University of Exeter's Bioimaging Centre.

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Digitaliseringsstyrelsen efter udvikler-angreb: Ja, NemID er sårbar over for phishing

Phishing er et problem i forhold til NemID, erkender Digitaliseringsstyrelsen på baggrund af et demo-angreb mod løsningen.

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Could a new force of nature reveal the universe's dark side? – Science Weekly podcast

We can see only 4% of the observable universe – the rest is made up of invisible ‘dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’. Now scientists are looking for a postulated force of nature that could open a door to the dark side. Ian Sample investigates

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Could a new force of nature reveal the universe's dark side? – Science Weekly podcast

We can see only 4% of the observable universe – the rest is made up of invisible ‘dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’. Now scientists are looking for a postulated force of nature that could open a door to the dark side. Ian Sample investigates Join the discussion on Facebook and Twitter . We can see only 4% of the observable universe – the rest is made up of invisible ‘dark matter’ and ‘dark energy’.

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SPIL: Skal den gamle dame eller hundehvalpen dø?

Frem med det moralske kompas! Nu skal du bestemme, hvem den selvkørende bil skal ramme.

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Scientists developing new blood test to screen for secondary heart attack

A blood test that quickly and easily detects whether a person is at risk of a secondary heart attack is being developed by scientists at the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute. The Baker Institute's head of metabolomics, Professor Peter Meikle and his team have identified plasma lipid biomarkers (fats in the blood) that improve upon traditional risk factors in predicting heart disease and stroke.

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Immunotherapy may be efficacious in patients with HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma

Among a small cohort of patients with HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors, more than 65 percent had partial or complete remission.

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What is shared decision-making and how does it work for allergists?

A new article published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, walks allergists and other health care practitioners through the steps involved in shared decision-making (SDM). It also details what is, and what is not, SDM.

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New York State sepsis reporting mandate appears to improve care, reduce deaths

A New York State requirement that all hospitals report compliance with protocols to treat severe sepsis and septic shock appears to improve care and reduce mortality from one of the most common causes of death in those who are critically ill, according to a new study published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Eksperternes bud: Sådan skal landbruget håndtere tørke og skybrud

Eksperter ser Danmark som et smørhul for foder- og fødevareproduktion, hvis landmændene går ind i fremtiden med flere sorter i jorden, VR-briller på næsen og robotter i marken.

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California Firefighting Agency Requests Another $234 Million For 2018

As fall — usually California's busiest fire season — approaches, officials say the agency that oversees emergency fire responses is running out of money. (Image credit: Noah Berger/AP)

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How You’re the Easiest Person to Fool

submitted by /u/citizenblank [link] [comments]

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Spinal Cord Injury and how to treat it

More than a quarter of a million Americans live with a spinal cord injury (SCI) [1], which occurs when a physical injury damages or severs spinal cord tissue. This injury can break neural connections from the brain to the limbs that are used to initiate voluntary movement, which in extreme cases results in full or […]

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Ancient farmers spared us from glaciers but profoundly changed Earth's climate

New evidence shows that ancient farming practices led to a rise in the atmospheric emission of the heat-trapping gases carbon dioxide and methane — a rise that has continued since, unlike the trend at any other time in Earth's geologic history.

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More daytime sleepiness, more Alzheimer's risk?

Analysis of data captured during a long-term study of aging adults shows that those who report being very sleepy during the day were nearly three times more likely than those who didn't to have brain deposits of beta amyloid, a protein that's a hallmark for Alzheimer's disease, years later.

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Short chromosome tips linked to lower physical function in the elderly

Elderly people with short telomeres — the 'caps' at the ends of each chromosome — are more likely to have difficulty performing daily activities such as carrying groceries, climbing stairs and walking. The study of more than 1,200 people from five European countries suggests that short telomeres are an independent risk factor for age-related functional decline, and opens the possibility that slo

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Surprising antibacterial activity and selectivity of hydrophilic phosphonium polymers

Artificial polymers, like antibiotic peptides, need both hydrophobic and hydrophilic domains in their molecular structure to exert antibacterial activity. Now, researchers have synthesized a phosphonium polymer that challenges this view. Their polymer salt contained no hydrophobic alkyl chains but still acted as an extraordinarily efficient biocide. A re-evaluation of established strategies in ant

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Impact of habitat fragmentation on migrant birds

Experts have shed new light on the impact of habitat fragmentation on migrant birds.

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Heart MRT improves diagnosis of cardiac involvement in lupus

Systemic inflammatory diseases, such as lupus, often cause cardiac damage that goes undetected. Medical researchers have now able to show that cardiac damage can be diagnosed in a patient-friendly way by heart imaging- ahead of the clinical symptoms.

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Experiment obtains entanglement of six light waves with a single laser

A new record set by Brazilian researchers can help make quantum computing feasible.

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No 'changing room moment' for men as they age

Men, unlike women, do not suffer from the 'changing room moment' when they suddenly realize they are too old for certain types of clothes, according to new research.

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Rapid weight gain during infancy possible risk factor for later obesity in kids with autism

A recent study found that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) had the highest frequency of rapid weight gain during the first six months of life, which may put them at increased risk for childhood obesity.

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New study shows ways to maximize temperature-lowering benefits of Chicago's green roofs

Researchers have created an integrated framework to identify which neighborhoods would benefit most from green roofs — and provide city officials with a strategic approach to ensure the best return on their investment to beat the heat.

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New insights into what drives organ transplant rejection

Researchers set out to understand why skin grafts have such a high rate of rejection, hoping to capitalize on new biological insights to not only explain why skin transplants provoke the immune system but also what treatments can be given to an organ prior to transplantation to decrease the likelihood of rejection.

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New CDC guidelines detail treatment of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury

New evidence-based guidelines put forward recommendations for a broad range of health care providers responsible for detection and management of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury, most of which are concussions.

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Gender identities disrupted — and reinforced

New research analyzing the ways children's gender narratives reinforce or disrupt gender inequality found that older children — and girls — are more likely to tell alternative narratives that disrupted the gender status quo.

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California's large minority population drives state's relatively low death rate

According to a new study, California's health profile was significantly better than the nation's as a whole — a profile largely driven by the state's minority population.

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Renewable energy sources: All-in-one light-driven water splitting

Solar-powered water splitting is a promising means of generating clean and storable energy. A novel catalyst based on semiconductor nanoparticles has now been shown to facilitate all the reactions needed for 'artificial photosynthesis'.

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Bernie Sanders and the Truth About Amazon, Food Stamps, and Tax Breaks

Bernie Sanders wants companies like Amazon to pay when their employees rely on public benefits, but the retail giant benefits even more from economic incentives offered by local politicians.

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Jet-air dryers should not be used in hospital toilets

Jet-air hand dryers in hospital toilets spread more germs than disposable paper towels and should not be used, say researchers.

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The Atlantic Daily: Logic Became Muddled

What We’re Following Post–Op-Ed Procedures: The anonymous senior official who outlined concerns about President Trump’s fitness to serve in a New York Times op-ed should come forward publicly with those worries, Bradley P. Moss argues. Officials might also follow the precedent set by aides of Ronald Reagan, who wrote an internal memo on the president’s health problems in 1986. Instead, the op-ed

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Forecasting risk of deadly vascular condition from genome sequence

A new approach that distills deluges of genetic data and patient health records has identified a set of telltale patterns that can predict a person's risk for a common, and often fatal, cardiovascular disease, according to a new study.

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Stray proteins cause genetic disorders

A tiny change in the very flexible segments of some proteins is enough to trigger rare disorders such as Glut1 deficiency syndrome. A study found that other genetic disorders might be traced back to the same origin.

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Facial plastic surgeons call for reduction of opioid prescriptions after rhinoplasty

A team of surgeons found that, of 173 patients undergoing rhinoplasty, a common procedure performed in the facial plastic and reconstructive surgery field, only two refilled their opioid prescriptions after the procedure — with some patients not filling their initial opioid prescription at all.

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How a hormone helps plants build leaves' ventilation system

Researchers have shown how one hormone pathway in plants regulates the way leaves build their epidermal layer with the right number of breathing pores, giving plants a strategy to optimize their productivity while taking into account changes in the environment.

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Predict the onset and course of Huntington's disease

Short protein fibers precede the formation of larger deposits that accumulate in the brains of those affected by the incurable Huntington's disease, sometimes called Huntington's chorea, researchers report. These results could improve diagnosis and help in the search for new medications.

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Adding power choices reduces cost and risk of carbon-free electricity

Researchers find that including a variety of zero-carbon power sources is a more cost effective way of lowering greenhouse gas emissions than relying solely on solar, wind, and batteries.

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Telehealth helps promote safe antibiotic prescribing practices in remote healthcare

A pilot project at two rural VA medical centers demonstrated that telehealth videoconferencing promoted antibiotic stewardship efforts by linking remote facilities to infectious diseases-trained professionals.

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Volcano under ice sheet suggests thickening of West Antarctic ice is short-term

Evidence left by a volcano under the ice sheet suggests that the observed bulging of ice in West Antarctica is a short-term feature that may not affect the glacier's motion over the long term.

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Obesity: We inherit the dangerous fat from Dad — and the good fat from Mom

Brown fat cells burn off a lot of calories, whereas an excess of white fat cells make us overweight and ill. Now researchers have identified a new gene in brown fat cells; a gene that may be crucial for the future's treatment of obesity.

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Large-scale wind and solar power 'could green the Sahara'

Huge installations of wind turbines and solar panels would boost rainfall and vegetation in desert areas.

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The Indelible Impact Burt Reynolds Had on Hollywood

Burt Reynolds’s acting career was a Hollywood story in and of itself. Born in Michigan in 1936, he bounced around the country with his family (also living in Missouri and Florida) before attending college on a football scholarship. An injury and subsequent car accident ended his athletic career in his sophomore year, but an English professor noted his talent for reading Shakespeare and encouraged

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A first step toward cracking the genetics of strabismus

While some rare forms of strabismus have been linked to specific genes, common forms have been hard to pin down genetically. A new genome-wide association study, based on 10 years of work enrolling and studying families with esotropia (cross-eye) is the first step.

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Spinal muscular atrophy disease expression correlated with haplotypes

A natural history study has provided the first comprehensive clinical description of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) within the Amish and Mennonite communities and correlates ancestral chromosome 5 haplotypes and SMN2 copy number with disease severity.

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Total ankle arthroplasty offers patients greater range of motion and less pain

New research reveals patients with end-stage ankle arthritis can expect enhanced quality of life within six months of surgical reconstruction.

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Visceral leishmaniasis on the rise in Brazil, study finds

The parasitic disease leishmaniasis is spread to humans through the bites of sandflies, and is endemic in a number of countries, including Brazil. Despite control efforts, the incidence of visceral leishmaniasis — the most severe form of the disease — rose in Brazil between 1990 and 2016, researchers report.

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Human gut study questions probiotic health benefits

New research suggests that probiotics might not be as effective as we think. Through a series of experiments looking inside the human gut, researchers show that many people's digestive tracts prevent standard probiotics from successfully colonizing them.

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Adaptable lizards illustrate key evolutionary process proposed a century ago

The 'Baldwin effect' has now been demonstrated at the genetic level in a population of dark-colored lizards adapted to live on a lava flow in the desert.

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Twitter Finally Bans Alex Jones—Over a Publicity StuntAlex Jones Infowars

After years of abuse and spreading conspiracy theories, Alex Jones finally went too far for Twitter with a relatively tame rant.

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Complete makeover in fight of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

Several new medicines have been found to be more effective than traditional ones used to treat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), according to a new international collaborative study led by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) in Montreal, with these findings precipitating a complete overhaul of worldwide TB treatment guidelines. The study, led by Dr. Dic

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Hurricane Florence could be heading for the East Coast—but she’s a tough storm to track

Environment The storm illustrates why forecasting is so difficult. Hurricane Florence could come close to the United States next week—but for now, its path is highly uncertain.

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Bonnethead Sharks Are Underwater Lawn Mowers

The hammerhead relatives consume copious amounts of sea grass, and have the digestive machinery to process it—making them true omnivores. Christopher Intagliata reports. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Atlantic Politics & Policy Daily: I Am Spartacus

Written by Madeleine Carlisle ( @maddiecarlisle2 ), Olivia Paschal ( @oliviacpaschal ), and Elaine Godfrey ( @elainejgodfrey ) Today in 5 Lines Democratic Senator Cory Booker said he was willing to risk expulsion from the Senate by releasing documents related to Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh that had been marked confidential . Lawyers for George W. Bush, however, said they approved the re

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Astrophysicist edged out of Nobel prize wins $3 million award for discovering pulsars

The astrophysicist Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell has been awarded a special Breakthrough prize for discovering pulsars in the 1960s. Read More

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Congress wants EPA to more quickly regulate unsafe chemicals

Republican and Democratic lawmakers pressed the Environmental Protection Agency on Thursday to act faster to bring more of the country's most hazardous industrial chemicals and substances under tighter regulation, saying agency action on the health risks was "bogged down."

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Why the 'solid South' of midcentury US politics was not so solid

In 1938, an ambitious young Texas congressman named Lyndon Johnson voted for a bill called the Fair Labor Standards Act, which established the minimum wage. Most of Johnson's Democratic Party colleagues joined him.

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Birds retreating from climate change, deforestation in Honduras cloud forests

The cloud forests of Honduras can seem like an otherworldly place, where the trees are thick with life that takes in water straight from the air around it, and the soundscape is littered with the calls of animals singing back and forth.

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Ancient farmers spared us from glaciers but profoundly changed Earth's climate

Millenia ago, ancient farmers cleared land to plant wheat and maize, potatoes and squash. They flooded fields to grow rice. They began to raise livestock. And unknowingly, they may have been fundamentally altering the climate of the Earth.

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How That Magical Jack Dorsey–Alex Jones Photo Happened

M. Scott Mahaskey captured the scene in an unscripted backdoor moment after the Twitter–Facebook Senate hearings.

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Is the key to sparking climate action a game?

Research published by PLOS ONE found that 81 percent of participants in the World Climate Simulation, a role-playing game of the UN climate talks, showed increased motivation to combat climate change, even among Americans who are free market proponents, a belief strongly linked to denial of human-caused climate change in the United States.

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British Airways hacked with details of 380,000 bank cards stolen (Update)

British Airways said that the personal and financial details of customers making bookings between August 21 and September 5 had been stolen in a data breach involving 380,000 bank cards.

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Fire Devastated the National Museum of Brazil. Show Us What Was Lost.

Have you been to the museum? Please share your photos and videos taken at the museum before it was destroyed by fire earlier this week.

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Novel method for dating 'hibernating' HIV strains

Researchers have developed a novel way for dating 'hibernating' HIV strains. The finding confirms that dormant HIV strains can persist in the body for decades.

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'Augmented reality' tools to help health care workers in war zones

Researchers have developed a unique approach using augmented reality tools to help less-experienced doctors in war zones, natural disasters and in rural areas perform complicated procedures.

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Jocelyn Bell Burnell wins big physics prize for 1967 pulsar discovery

Astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell speaks about winning the Breakthrough Prize, impostor syndrome and giving back

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Scientist Robbed of Nobel in 1974 Finally Wins $3 Million Physics Prize — And Gives It Away

Jocelyn Bell Burnell shocked the physics world when she discovered radio pulsars. But the Nobel committee gave the 1974 award to her supervisor instead.

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Women lack access to private toilets around the world

One of the most pervasive and common forms of gender discrimination experienced daily by girls and women around the world is their inadequate access to private toilets. Despite the rise of advocacy and research efforts, they write, far too little has been done globally to improve the actual design, guidelines, and placement of toilets for girls and women.

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Geneticist Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza Dies

He was known for his work on the gene-culture theory of human evolution and the Human Genome Diversity Project.

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HHMI Professors Urge Professional Societies to Exclude Harassers

A letter in Science garners dozens of signatures.

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This Plan to Bring Back an Extinct Ice-Age Horse Species Is an Extreme Long Shot, Scientists Say

Will a 40,000-year-old mummified horse revive an ice-age species?

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Public health researchers warn of dietary supplements containing higenamine

A new peer-reviewed study of weight-loss and sports/energy supplements containing higenamine finds unpredictable and inaccurately labeled dosages of the potentially harmful cardiovascular stimulant.

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New way to identify telltale markers for breast cancer tumors

Scientists have developed a better way to identify markers for breast cancer tumors, a breakthrough that could lead to better treatment for millions of women. They used machine learning to rapidly sort images of tumors to identify estrogen receptors, a key to determining prognosis and treatment. The technique offers a new pathway for breast cancer treatment that promises faster results for less co

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Brainwaves synchronize to the speed of talking, influencing the way we hear words

The speed at which someone speaks influences the way we hear upcoming words. But, until recently, little was known about the neural mechanisms behind this phenomenon. A recent study reveals that our brainwaves synchronize to the speech rate, thereby influencing how we hear and perceive words.

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Spacewatch: Can Mars rover beat the dust to trundle on again?

Nasa aims to re-connect with its adventurous solar-driven spacecraft silenced in June by a planet-wide dust storm Nasa is preparing to contact its Mars rover, Opportunity, again, a spacecraft that has been silent for almost three months. Launched in July 2003 the rover was designed for a 90-day mission on the surface of the planet. Now, almost 15 years later, the mission has been more of a succes

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Building a better brain-in-a-dish, faster and cheaper

Researchers report on the development of a new protocol for creating human cortical organoids — mini-brains derived directly from primary cells that can be used to better explore and understand the real thing.

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Novel epigenetic control found for critical brain proteins in memory strengthening

Researchers have found a mechanism that links epigenetic changes to translational control during fear memory reconsolidation. They report that several particular epigenetic changes in the hippocampus of the rat brain control downstream regulation of translation in brain neurons, acting through a gene called Pten. The downstream target affected by changes in PTEN enzyme levels is the AKT-mTOR pathw

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Past memory cues help people juggle numerous pieces of information

A study using EEG suggests that the brain has several different mechanisms to help boost memory performance following a sudden change in the priority or relevance of a given piece of information. Past memory cues can have different effects on neural representations based on when they're presented. Findings suggest that the brain can use several different methods to re-prioritize mental representat

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A Photo Trip to Croatia

The Republic of Croatia has only been an independent country since 1991, but the region has been inhabited since prehistoric times. More than 4 million people call Croatia home today, living in rural villages, coastal tourist destinations, and modern cities, where Roman ruins can stand side by side with medieval defenses and 21st-century architecture. Croatia’s dramatic coastline along the Adriat

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Is the key to sparking climate action a game?

New research led by UMass Lowell and published by PLoS ONE found that 81 percent of participants in the World Climate Simulation, a role-playing game of the UN climate talks, showed increased motivation to combat climate change, even among Americans who are free market proponents, a belief strongly linked to denial of human-caused climate change in the United States.

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Birds retreating from climate change, deforestation in Honduras cloud forests

Cloud forests are not immune to very down-to-earth problems of climate change and deforestation. A 10-year study of bird populations in Cusuco National Park, Honduras, shows that the peak of bird diversity in this mountainous park is moving higher in elevation. Additional land protection, unfortunately, may not be enough to reverse the trend, driven in part by globally rising temperatures.

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Stress wracks worm nerves, leaving lasting memories

Scientists stunted the puberty of male worms by starving them before they underwent sexual maturation. In a study funded by the National Institutes of Health, the scientists suggested that stress from starvation even days before sexual maturation prevented normal changes in the wiring patterns of key neuronal circuits, which caused adult male worms to act immature.

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These are the least stressful cities in America, a new study found

A large study evaluated stress levels across 493 cities in the United States, using nine different metrics. The analysis returned these five least stressful cities in America. Read More

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Trump Taps Climate Science Critic as Top Adviser

William Happer, an emeritus physics professor, is joining the National Security Council — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Chest pain drug doesn’t cut risk of first irregular heart beat

While a drug commonly used to treat chest pain is safe for people with certain implantable defibrillators, it doesn’t significantly decrease the likelihood of the first occurrence of an irregular heart beat or death, according to a new clinical trial. Researchers launched the trial in 2011 after previous studies suggested the drug, called ranolazine, might cut the incidence of ventricular tachyca

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A Heat-Check for Progressive Democrats

Delaware isn’t exactly where one goes looking for progressive insurgencies. The state’s most famous politician is Joe Biden, a New Democrat who might be the second-best national example of the “ triangulation ” era of the party’s evolution, after Bill Clinton. Senator Chris Coons once worked for Ronald Reagan, and has garnered a reputation in the upper chamber as an aisle-crossing dealmaker . His

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In 1974, They Gave The Nobel To Her Supervisor. Now She's Won A $3 Million Prize

Fifty years ago, Jocelyn Bell Burnell saw a blip in the data from a radio telescope she helped build. The discovery of pulsars was "one of the biggest surprises in the history of astronomy." (Image credit: Colin McPherson/Corbis via Getty Images)

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Anti-CRISPR Proteins Found that Block Cas12a Nucleas

Using bioinformatics, two teams of scientists identified inhibitory proteins for Cas9’s relative.

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Let's launch a satellite to track a threatening greenhouse gas | Fred Krupp

When we talk about greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide gets the most attention — but methane, which often escapes unseen from pipes and wells, has a far greater immediate impact on global warming. Environmentalist Fred Krupp has an idea to fix the problem: launch a satellite that tracks global methane emissions, and openly share the data it collects with the public. Learn more about how simple fixes

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Obese/overweight pregnant women can safely control weight gain through diet and exercise

Many overweight/obese women gain too much weight during pregnancy, further ratcheting up their already-increased risk of serious complications for themselves and their babies. New NIH-funded trials showed these women can safely limit their weight gain with diet and exercise interventions. The reduced weight gain, however, did not result in fewer obstetrical complications, leading researchers to sp

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What's all the 'excitement' about flight?

Have you ever wondered how tirelessly the tiny fruit fly buzzes around your fruit bowl? This behavior not only demands tremendous energy but also requires highly coordinated neuronal signaling that enables continuous flight A recent study has uncovered molecules required in the fruit flies brain that enables flight for long periods of time and helps them locate the fruit bowl in your pantry. One o

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How the brain kickstarts restless legs at night

Restless legs syndrome begins with excitability and hyperarousal in a part of the brain that controls leg movement, a new study reports. The findings could lead to safer, more effective ways to treat the condition—and the chronic sleep deprivation it causes, researchers say. Some 10 percent of adults in the United States experience RLS at one time or another, and about one in 500 reports that the

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Why Probiotics May Not Always Help, And Could Actually Do Harm

Some people may not benefit as much as others from probiotics.

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Passengers on Emirates Flight From Dubai Had Flu and Common Cold

Authorities evaluated all 549 travelers and crew members, and 11 were treated at a hospital for coughing, fever and gastrointestinal symptoms.

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Watch this bat-inspired robot use sound to navigate and spot plants

Robat, a bat-inspired robot, can navigate in the dark using echolocation. It can also use the same technique to recognise objects

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Filling Sahara with solar and wind farms would double local rainfall

The Sahara desert would get more rainfall and have more vegetation if it was covered in solar panels and wind farms to help power the world

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Moose and sheep pass down their migration routes through culture

Bighorn sheep and moose establish a good migratory route through years of cultural learning – and the knowledge can be lost in a generation if they are moved

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Cracking the code to soot formation

The longstanding mystery of soot formation, which combustion scientists have been trying to explain for decades, appears to be finally solved, thanks to new research.

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How exercise generates new neurons, improves cognition in Alzheimer's mouse

A study finds that neurogenesis — inducing the production of new neurons — in the brain structure in which memories are encoded can improve cognitive function in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.

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Large wind and solar farms in the Sahara would increase heat, rain, vegetation

Wind and solar farms are known to have local effects on heat, humidity and other factors that may be beneficial — or detrimental — to the regions in which they are situated. A new climate-modeling study finds that a massive wind and solar installation in the Sahara Desert and neighboring Sahel would increase local temperature, precipitation and vegetation. Overall, the researchers report, the ef

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Novel system to track brain chemicals

Researchers have developed a novel method for tracking the activity of small molecules in the brain, including the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. Pairing tiny artificial receptors with semiconductor devices that are able to function in living tissue, the team was able to observe brain chemicals at a high level of detail.

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Same mutations underpin spread of cancer in individuals

Scientists have arrived at a key understanding about how cancers in individual patients spread, or metastasize.

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Scientists Spot Ancient, Ultra-Fast Wind from the Early Universe

Galaxies use powerful winds to save themselves from early deaths. And researchers just spotted one from just a billion years after the Big Bang.

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Building a better brain-in-a-dish, faster and cheaper

Writing in the current online issue of the journal Stem Cells and Development, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine describe development of a rapid, cost-effective method to create human cortical organoids directly from primary cells.

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How 'double-acting' baking powder acts twice (video)

Baking powder is used to raise baked goods like cakes and cookies. It's often sold under the label 'double-acting,' but what does that mean? In this video, Reactions explains the chemistry of how baking powder can act twice to make bubbles in your baked goods.

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DoJ Charges North Korean Hacker for Sony, WannaCry, and More

The Department of Justice has taken its first legal action against North Korea's cybercrimes, in a massive complaint made public Thursday.

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Big game animals must learn to migrate and pass knowledge across generations

A team of scientists has provided the first empirical evidence that ungulates (hooved mammals) must learn where and when to migrate, and that they maintain their seasonal migrations by passing cultural knowledge across generations.

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How our immune system detects broken DNA

Our immune system can detect when our own cells are damaged. This DNA damage can come from a variety of sources, such as the sun's UV rays, chemical agents like cigarette smoke, or from genotoxic drugs used in chemotherapy. A new study found that DNA damage can lead to an immune response similar to that observed during viral infection.

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Galactic 'wind' stifling star formation is most distant yet seen

For the first time, a powerful 'wind' of molecules has been detected in a galaxy located 12 billion light-years away. Probing a time when the universe was less than 10 percent of its current age, astronomers sheds light on how the earliest galaxies regulated the birth of stars to keep from blowing themselves apart.

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Synthetic DNA vaccine effective against influenza A virus subtype

Currently available vaccines for the prevention of seasonal influenza virus infection have limited ability to induce immunity against diverse H3N2 viruses, an influenza A subtype that has led to high morbidity and mortality in recent years. Now, scientists have engineered a synthetic DNA vaccine shown to produce broad immune responses against these H3N2 viruses.

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Unravelling the reasons why mass extinctions occur

Research could help to predict approaching ecological catastrophes.

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Magnetic lava tubes may solve lunar swirl mystery

Researchers may have finally solved the mystery behind lunar swirls, one of the solar system’s most beautiful optical anomalies. The solution hints at the moon’s ancient past as a place with volcanic activity and an internally generated magnetic field. It also challenges our picture of the moon’s existing geology. Lunar swirls resemble bright, snaky clouds painted on the moon’s dark surface. The

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Migration 101: It Doesn't Come Naturally For Moose And Sheep

A study suggests large mammals must learn to migrate — and they aren't exactly quick studies. It takes decades before populations can effectively move across land to find the best food. (Image credit: Travis Zaffarano Trailcam, Wyoming Migration Initiative/University of Wyoming)

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Researchers correlate spinal muscular atrophy disease expression with haplotypes

A natural history study has provided the first comprehensive clinical description of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) within the Amish and Mennonite communities and correlates ancestral chromosome 5 haplotypes and SMN2 copy number with disease severity. SMA is a devastating genetic disease that affects the motor neurons that control movement, eating, and breathing. The observations were conducted wit

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Good governance, clean water, & sanitation necessary to curb global antibiotic resistance

An international team of researchers has published a new study showing that the proliferation of disease-causing antibiotic resistant organisms is correlated with many social and environmental factors such as poor sanitation, unsafe water, and higher incomes. The study, which was based on economic and public health data from 73 countries, found that better infrastructure and better governance were

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Enormous Iceberg Pirouettes After Splitting from Ice Shelf

The iceberg that calved off the Larsen C shelf last year is on the move.

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Man Breaks into Zoo and Tries to Steal a Squirrel Monkey. Gets Manhandled.

Months later, one of the little primates is still displaying signs of stress.

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Asia Argento’s Confusing Call for #MeToo ‘Phase Two’

For #MeToo to amount to a social-reform movement that thrives far into the future, it would, perhaps, need to evolve into something new. The revelation of Harvey Weinstein’s behavior began a thunk , thunk , thunk of prominent downfalls, but celebrity scandals do not a transformative movement make. If #MeToo were ever to enter a new era of its own—one that moved public focus away from Hollywood an

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Public health researchers warn of dietary supplements containing higenamine

A new peer-reviewed study of weight-loss and sports/energy supplements containing higenamine finds unpredictable and inaccurately labeled dosages of the potentially harmful cardiovascular stimulant.

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Robot-bat, 'Robat,' uses sound to navigate and map a novel environment

A fully autonomous bat-like terrestrial robot, named Robat, can use echolocation to move through a novel environment while mapping it solely based on sound.

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Properties of stem cells that determine cell fate identified

Researchers have identified intrinsic cell properties that influence the fate of neural stem cells, affecting what type of brain cell they will form: neurons, astrocytes, or oligodendrocytes. This discovery could give scientists a new way to predict or control the fate of stem cells, improving their use in transplantation therapies.

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Communication among organs, tissues regulating body's energy revealed

Researchers have identified a system of communication networks that exists among organs and tissues that regulate metabolism. Findings from their study provide, for the first time, a detailed 'atlas' illustrating how the body creates and uses energy, and how imbalances in the networks may impact overall health.

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Noninvasive brain stimulation may soon reach more aphasia patients

Researchers tested the use of transcranial direct current stimulation in stroke patients with aphasia. Their results pave the way for the creation of a large clinical trial to test the new treatment in a number of patients who have lost some or all of their use of language after stroke.

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A cyborg cockroach could someday save your life

A tiny neuro-controller could provide more precise control of futuristic biobots such as cyborg cockroaches that are already being tested for use in search and rescue missions inside collapsed buildings.

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Cancer cells catch a ride in lymphatic vessels

Lymphatic vessels actively contribute to the spread of cancer metastases from various organs, a new study shows. Researchers have discovered a new mechanism that cancer cells in mice and humans can use to spread from organ to organ. The lymphatic vessels play an unexpectedly active role in this process. These vessels transport tissue fluids and also play an important role in the body’s immune sys

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Bogs are beautiful, swampy records of human history

Environment They may be gross, but the conditions in them are perfect for preserving artifacts. A less well known aspect of bogs is their remarkable archaeological potential.

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Adolescents seeking abortions without parental consent face numerous hurdles

Adolescents under the age of 18 seeking abortions without a parent's consent often undergo a series of humiliating, burdensome and unpredictable hurdles as they try to navigate the legal system, according to a new study.

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New exoplanet found very close to its star

Using data from NASA's Kepler Space Telescope, an international team has discovered a new exoplanet twice the size of Earth. It orbits its star every six days and is thus very close to it, about 10 times closer than Mercury is to the Sun.

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‘Lodestar’: Who is the anonymous senior official behind the NYT’s bombshell op-ed?

The New York Times published an opinion column written by an anonymous “senior official in the Trump administration,” a rare move that's sparked theories as to who the author might be. Read More

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Bernie Sanders' BEZOS Act will make mega corporations pay fair wages

Bernie Sanders introduces an act to Congress named for the uber-wealthy head of Amazon aiming to make wealthy companies pay for any employees receiving public assistance. Read More

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A new study finds infants can discern between leaders and bullies

A new study finds even babies can discern who leads and who bullies. Read More

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For safety’s sake, we must slow innovation in internet-connected things

That’s the view of security expert Bruce Schneier, who fears lives will be lost in a cyber disaster unless governments act swiftly.

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A first step toward cracking the genetics of strabismus

While some rare forms of strabismus have been linked to specific genes, common forms have been hard to pin down genetically. A new genome-wide association study, based on 10 years of work enrolling and studying families with esotropia (cross-eye) is the first step.

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'Robat' uses sound to navigate and map unique environments

Tel Aviv University researchers have invented a 'Robat,' a fully autonomous terrestrial robot with bat-like qualities that uses echolocation to move through novel environments while mapping them based only on sound.

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Novel epigenetic control found for critical brain proteins in memory strengthening

Researchers have found a mechanism that links epigenetic changes to translational control during fear memory reconsolidation. They report that several particular epigenetic changes in the hippocampus of the rat brain control downstream regulation of translation in brain neurons, acting through a gene called Pten. The downstream target affected by changes in PTEN enzyme levels is the AKT-mTOR pathw

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Fierce winds quench wildfire-like starbirth in far-flung galaxy

Astronomers using ALMA, with the aid of a gravitational lens, have detected the most-distant galactic 'wind' of molecules ever observed, seen when the universe was only one billion years old. By tracing the outflow of hydroxyl (OH) molecules — which herald the presence of star-forming gas in galaxies — the researchers show how some galaxies in the early universe quenched an ongoing wildfire of s

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UCLA-led team develops novel system to track brain chemicals

Researchers at UCLA and Columbia University have developed a novel method for tracking the activity of small molecules in the brain, including the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. Pairing tiny artificial receptors with semiconductor devices that are able to function in living tissue, the team was able to observe brain chemicals at a high level of detail.

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Galactic 'wind' stifling star formation is most distant yet seen

For the first time, a powerful 'wind' of molecules has been detected in a galaxy located 12 billion light-years away. Probing a time when the universe was less than 10 percent of its current age, University of Texas at Austin astronomer Justin Spilker's research sheds light on how the earliest galaxies regulated the birth of stars to keep from blowing themselves apart. The research will appear in

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Unravelling the reasons why mass extinctions occur

University of Leicester research could help to predict approaching ecological catastrophes.

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Measurements reveal a two-step energy flow process in Earth's magnetosphere

Scientists have obtained in situ measurements of Earth's magnetosphere, demonstrating a phenomenon that's long been thought to happen but not yet directly been shown: energy is transferred from hydrogen ions to plasma waves, and then from the waves to helium ions.

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Driver gene heterogeneity is minimal among untreated metastases

The growth of different metastatic lesions within an individual cancer patient is driven by the same genetic mutations, a new study reports.

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Wind and solar farms offer an unexpected benefit to the Sahara Desert: More water

Wind and solar farms appear to enhance local rainfall and also vegetation cover in the Sahara Desert, a new study reveals.

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How ungulates learn to surf the 'green waves' of forage

By tracking the 'surfing' ability of migratory ungulates, researchers have found that the great migrations of Earth's nomadic mammals develop and persist through the cultural exchange of local knowledge.

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Large wind and solar farms in the Sahara would increase heat, rain, vegetation

Wind and solar farms are known to have local effects on heat, humidity and other factors that may be beneficial — or detrimental — to the regions in which they are situated. A new climate-modeling study finds that a massive wind and solar installation in the Sahara Desert and neighboring Sahel would increase local temperature, precipitation and vegetation. Overall, the researchers report, the ef

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Ultracold atoms confirm 55-year-old physics theory

Atomic physicists have verified a key prediction from a 55-year-old theory about one-dimensional electronics that is increasingly relevant because of the quest for smaller and smaller devices. “Chipmakers have been shrinking feature sizes on microchips for decades, and device physicists are now exploring the use of nanowires and nanotubes where the channels that electrons pass through are almost

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Humans Are Destroying Animals’ Ancestral Knowledge

In the 1800s, there were so many bighorn sheep in Wyoming that when one trapper passed through Jackson Hole, he described “over a thousand sheep in the cliffs above our campsite.” No such sights exist today. The bighorns slowly fell to hunters’ rifles, and to diseases spread from domestic sheep. Most herds were wiped out, and by 1900, a species that once numbered in the millions stood instead in

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Could AI robots develop prejudice on their own?

Showing prejudice towards others does not require a high level of cognitive ability and could easily be exhibited by artificially intelligent machines, new research has suggested.

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Ovarian cancer: Quick steps to widespread disease

Ovarian cancer cells that interact with cancer-associated fibroblasts can mobilize glycogen as an energy source, leading to proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Blocking glycogen mobilization in cancer cells might reduce tumor spread.

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Longer daily fasting times improve health and longevity in mice

Increasing time between meals made male mice healthier overall and live longer compared to mice who ate more frequently, according to a new study.

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New voices, at last

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Should it be saved?

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Learning to migrate

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To grow and to defend

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Optical skyrmion lattice in evanescent electromagnetic fields

Topological defects play a key role in a variety of physical systems, ranging from high-energy to solid-state physics. A skyrmion is a type of topological defect that has shown promise for applications in the fields of magnetic storage and spintronics. We show that optical skyrmion lattices can be generated using evanescent electromagnetic fields and demonstrate this using surface plasmon polarit

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Resonance-stabilized hydrocarbon-radical chain reactions may explain soot inception and growth

Mystery surrounds the transition from gas-phase hydrocarbon precursors to terrestrial soot and interstellar dust, which are carbonaceous particles formed under similar conditions. Although polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are known precursors to high-temperature carbonaceous-particle formation, the molecular pathways that initiate particle formation are unknown. We present experimental and

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Direct measurements of two-way wave-particle energy transfer in a collisionless space plasma

Particle acceleration by plasma waves and spontaneous wave generation are fundamental energy and momentum exchange processes in collisionless plasmas. Such wave-particle interactions occur ubiquitously in space. We present ultrafast measurements in Earth’s magnetosphere by the Magnetospheric Multiscale spacecraft that enabled quantitative evaluation of energy transfer in interactions associated w

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All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks

Deep learning has been transforming our ability to execute advanced inference tasks using computers. Here we introduce a physical mechanism to perform machine learning by demonstrating an all-optical diffractive deep neural network (D 2 NN) architecture that can implement various functions following the deep learning–based design of passive diffractive layers that work collectively. We created 3D

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Zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes made by ligand-induced permselectivation

Zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) membranes are emerging as a promising energy-efficient separation technology. However, their reliable and scalable manufacturing remains a challenge. We demonstrate the fabrication of ZIF nanocomposite membranes by means of an all-vapor-phase processing method based on atomic layer deposition (ALD) of ZnO in a porous support followed by ligand-vapor treatment.

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Regulating the femtosecond excited-state lifetime of a single molecule

The key to controlling reactions of molecules induced with the current of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) tip is the ultrashort intermediate excited ionic state. The initial condition of the excited state is set by the energy and position of the injected current; thereafter, its dynamics determines the reaction outcome. We show that a STM can directly and controllably influence the excited-

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Fast molecular outflow from a dusty star-forming galaxy in the early Universe

Galaxies grow inefficiently, with only a small percentage of the available gas converted into stars each free-fall time. Feedback processes, such as outflowing winds driven by radiation pressure, supernovae, or supermassive black hole accretion, can act to halt star formation if they heat or expel the gas supply. We report a molecular outflow launched from a dust-rich star-forming galaxy at redsh

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Climate model shows large-scale wind and solar farms in the Sahara increase rain and vegetation

Wind and solar farms offer a major pathway to clean, renewable energies. However, these farms would significantly change land surface properties, and, if sufficiently large, the farms may lead to unintended climate consequences. In this study, we used a climate model with dynamic vegetation to show that large-scale installations of wind and solar farms covering the Sahara lead to a local temperat

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Is ungulate migration culturally transmitted? Evidence of social learning from translocated animals

Ungulate migrations are assumed to stem from learning and cultural transmission of information regarding seasonal distribution of forage, but this hypothesis has not been tested empirically. We compared the migratory propensities of bighorn sheep and moose translocated into novel habitats with those of historical populations that had persisted for hundreds of years. Whereas individuals from histo

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A single transcription factor promotes both yield and immunity in rice

Plant immunity often penalizes growth and yield. The transcription factor Ideal Plant Architecture 1 (IPA1) reduces unproductive tillers and increases grains per panicle, which results in improved rice yield. Here we report that higher IPA1 levels enhance immunity. Mechanistically, phosphorylation of IPA1 at amino acid Ser 163 within its DNA binding domain occurs in response to infection by the f

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The Ly6/uPAR protein Bouncer is necessary and sufficient for species-specific fertilization

Fertilization is fundamental for sexual reproduction, yet its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We found that an oocyte-expressed Ly6/uPAR protein, which we call Bouncer, is a crucial fertilization factor in zebrafish. Membrane-bound Bouncer mediates sperm-egg binding and is thus essential for sperm entry into the egg. Remarkably, Bouncer not only is required for sperm-egg interaction b

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Minimal functional driver gene heterogeneity among untreated metastases

Metastases are responsible for the majority of cancer-related deaths. Although genomic heterogeneity within primary tumors is associated with relapse, heterogeneity among treatment-naïve metastases has not been comprehensively assessed. We analyzed sequencing data for 76 untreated metastases from 20 patients and inferred cancer phylogenies for breast, colorectal, endometrial, gastric, lung, mela

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Transient phenomena in ecology

The importance of transient dynamics in ecological systems and in the models that describe them has become increasingly recognized. However, previous work has typically treated each instance of these dynamics separately. We review both empirical examples and model systems, and outline a classification of transient dynamics based on ideas and concepts from dynamical systems theory. This classifica

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Combined adult neurogenesis and BDNF mimic exercise effects on cognition in an Alzheimers mouse model

Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) is impaired before the onset of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology. We found that exercise provided cognitive benefit to 5 x FAD mice, a mouse model of AD, by inducing AHN and elevating levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Neither stimulation of AHN alone, nor exercise, in the absence of increased AHN, ameliorated cognition. We successfully mimi

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Structure of the human PKD1-PKD2 complex

Mutations in two genes, PKD1 and PKD2 , account for most cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, one of the most common monogenetic disorders. Here we report the 3.6-angstrom cryo–electron microscopy structure of truncated human PKD1-PKD2 complex assembled in a 1:3 ratio. PKD1 contains a voltage-gated ion channel (VGIC) fold that interacts with PKD2 to form the domain-swapped, yet

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Exercise Benefits to Dementia Can Be Made Chemically

Boosting both neurogenesis and a brain-derived growth factor can mimic the cognitive benefits of exercise in a mouse mode of Alzheimer's disease.

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More daytime sleepiness, more Alzheimer's disease?

Analysis of data captured during a long-term study of aging adults shows that those who report being very sleepy during the day were nearly three times more likely than those who didn't to have brain deposits of beta amyloid, a protein that's a hallmark for Alzheimer's disease, years later.

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Ancient farmers spared us from glaciers but profoundly changed Earth's climate

A study published in the journal Scientific Reports provides new evidence that ancient farming practices led to a rise in the atmospheric emission of the heat-trapping gases carbon dioxide and methane — a rise that has continued since, unlike the trend at any other time in Earth's geologic history.

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California's large minority population drives state's relatively low death rate

High poverty rates, low education and lack of insurance are all social determinants that are expected to lead to high mortality rates and negative health outcomes. Despite a 62 percent minority population with these characteristics in California, the state's health profile was significantly better than the nation's as a whole. This profile was largely driven by the state's minority population.

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Scientists test new cancer vaccine against melanoma

The findings suggest these vaccines could increase chances of recovery in cases where a drug therapy alone is not working.

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Galactic 'wind' stifling star formation is most distant yet seen

For the first time, a powerful "wind" of molecules has been detected in a galaxy located 12 billion light-years away. Probing a time when the universe was less than 10 percent of its current age, University of Texas at Austin astronomer Justin Spilker's research sheds light on how the earliest galaxies regulated the birth of stars to keep from blowing themselves apart. The research will appear in

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Unravelling the reasons why mass extinctions occur

Scientists from the University of Leicester have shed new light on why mass extinctions have occurred through history—and how this knowledge could help in predicting upcoming ecological catastrophes.

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Large wind and solar farms in the Sahara would increase heat, rain, vegetation

Wind and solar farms are known to have local effects on heat, humidity and other factors that may be beneficial—or detrimental—to the regions in which they are situated. A new climate-modeling study finds that a massive wind and solar installation in the Sahara Desert and neighboring Sahel would increase local temperature, precipitation and vegetation. Overall, the researchers report, the effects

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Study reveals big game animals must learn to migrate and pass knowledge across generations

A team of scientists at the University of Wyoming has provided the first empirical evidence that ungulates (hooved mammals) must learn where and when to migrate, and that they maintain their seasonal migrations by passing cultural knowledge across generations.

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Cracking the code to soot formation—scientists unlock mystery to help reduce hazardous emissions

The longstanding mystery of soot formation, which combustion scientists have been trying to explain for decades, appears to be finally solved, thanks to research led by Sandia National Laboratories.

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Research team develops novel system to track brain chemicals

Researchers at UCLA and Columbia University have developed a novel method for tracking the activity of small molecules in the brain, including the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. Pairing tiny artificial receptors with semiconductor devices that are able to function in living tissue, the team was able to observe brain chemicals at a high level of detail.

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Win the chance to meet sporting legends at New Scientist Live

New Scientist is offering one lucky person and their guest an opportunity to meet Clare Balding, Lawrence Dallaglio and Hannah Cockroft at New Scientist Live

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How Self-Driving Cars Could Ruin the American City

Subscribe to Crazy/Genius : Apple Podcasts | Spotify | Stitcher | Google Play I have seen the future of the car. It looks like a minivan. Earlier this summer, I went to Mountain View, California, to visit the headquarters of Waymo, the autonomous vehicle company that spun off from Google, and get driven around in one of its cutting-edge cars. The model waiting for me in the parking lot was decept

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Populær gigtpille fordobler risikoen for blodprop i hjertet

Ny forskning viser, at gigtpiller med stoffet diclofenac oftere har alvorlige bivirkninger. Pillerne er ekstremt udbredt i Europa, men i Danmark er brugen faldende.

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The Guardian view on diversity in science: everyone wins | Editorial

Jocelyn Bell Burnell’s triumph reminds us that a commitment to inclusivity is not at odds with excellence – it is about ensuring it Three instincts mingled in the delight which greeted the award of the Breakthrough science prize to Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell this week. The first was a kind of renewed awe at her landmark achievement: the dramatic discovery of pulsars in the 1970s. The second was a s

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Major quake hits Fiji bit no tsunami warning issued

A major 7.8 magnitude quake struck off the Fiji coast early Friday, the United States Geological Survey said, but no tsunami threat was issued.

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Synthetic DNA vaccine effective against influenza A virus subtype

Currently available vaccines for the prevention of seasonal influenza virus infection have limited ability to induce immunity against diverse H3N2 viruses, an influenza A subtype that has led to high morbidity and mortality in recent years. Now, Wistar scientists have engineered a synthetic DNA vaccine shown to produce broad immune responses against these H3N2 viruses.

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Gender identities disrupted — and reinforced

New Northwestern University research analyzing the ways children's gender narratives reinforce or disrupt gender inequality found that older children — and girls — are more likely to tell alternative narratives that disrupted the gender status quo.

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Single-dose drug can shorten flu symptoms by about a day, studies suggest

A single dose of a new influenza drug can significantly shorten the duration of the illness in teens and adults, according to a new study.

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Elon Musk and the Meaning of ‘Off the Record’

The earliest known use of the phrase “off the record” in print, according to Merriam-Webster, appears in a November 15, 1918 story in the New York Tribune by Theodore M. Knappen. World War I had been declared over a few days earlier, and Bernard Baruch, a businessman and adviser to President Woodrow Wilson, gave an interview to reporters. Knappen wrote, “In an informal conversation with the newsp

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Democratic Frustration Over the Supreme Court Finally Boils Over

Updated on September 6 at 2:57 p.m. ET As the Supreme Court nomination of Brett Kavanaugh sailed this summer toward a presumed confirmation in the fall, progressive activists implored Democrats in the Senate to escalate their fight—even to abandon the chamber’s cherished norms, if necessary—in a bid to stop it. On Thursday, they got their wish. Led by Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey, Democrats

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Victorian-Era Orgasms and the Crisis of Peer Review

It’s among the most delectably scandalous stories in the history of medicine: At the height of the Victorian era, doctors regularly treated their female patients by stimulating them to orgasm. This mass treatment—a cure for the now-defunct medical condition of “hysteria”—was made possible by a new technology: the vibrator. Vibrators allowed physicians to massage women’s clitorises quickly and eff

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Crop-eating pest could hit Africa food supplies: experts

Unpredictable weather patterns and the spread of crop-destroying fall armyworm caterpillars could lead to "no food at all" for communities across Africa, experts have warned.

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The ‘Steady State’ Is Shirking Its Obligations

The recent publication in The New York Times of an anonymous op-ed by a “senior official in the Trump administration” brings into sharp relief the extent to which various members of the Trump administration are not just knowingly working to curb the president’s recklessness, but are doing so based in part upon the belief that those impulses are the result of something deeper and more fundamentall

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CBS in talks on exit for accused CEO Moonves: media

The board of US television giant CBS is negotiating a multi-million-dollar exit for CEO Leslie Moonves, accused of sexual misconduct by at least six women, US media reported Thursday.

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Towards animal-friendly machines

Semi-autonomous and autonomous machines and robots can become moral machines using annotated decision trees containing ethical assumptions or justifications for interactions with animals.

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Why leaf-eating Asian monkeys do not have a sweet tooth

Asian colobine monkeys are unable to taste natural sugars, and in fact have a generally poor sense of taste. Biologists found that the receptors on the tongues of colobine monkeys do not function in the same way as for fruit-eating monkeys, who are sensitive to sweet tastes.

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Kunstig intelligens kæmper med at forstå vores ræsonnementer

Børn lærer i opvæksten at ræsonnere sig frem til, at andre kan have en forkert opfattelse af virkeligheden ud fra manglende viden. Kunstig intelligens klarer sig stadig markant dårligere på dette område, men der sker fremskridt.

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US charges govt-linked North Korean in WannaCry, Sony hacks

The US charged a North Korean programmer Thursday with some of the most dramatic global hacking cases of recent years, alleging they were carried out on behalf of the regime in Pyongyang.

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Satellites tracking the rainfall from Tropical Depression Gordon

Gordon is still considered a tropical depression as it makes its way into the south central U.S. NOAA's GOES-East satellite provided an infrared look at clouds associated with Gordon and found its center over Mississippi.

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Category three Hurricane Norman expands its area of strength

The area of stronger storms in Hurricane Norman have expanded over the last several day in infrared NASA imagery as the storm intensified. Stronger thunderstorms circled Norman's center in a thicker ring on Sept. 6 when NASA's Terra satellite passed over the hurricane.

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Research identifies properties of stem cells that determine cell fate

Researchers from the University of California, Irvine have identified intrinsic cell properties that influence the fate of neural stem cells, affecting what type of brain cell they will form: neurons, astrocytes, or oligodendrocytes. This discovery could give scientists a new way to predict or control the fate of stem cells, improving their use in transplantation therapies.

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GPM finds heavy rain rings category 3 Hurricane Olivia's Eye

The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite passed over Hurricane Olivia and found heaviest rain in a tight ring around the eye.

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New study shows ways to maximize temperature-lowering benefits of Chicago's green roofs

Extreme heat poses a unique challenge to cities in the United States. According to the National Weather Service, extreme heat accounts for 20 percent of deaths by natural hazard in the United States, taking an average of 130 lives per year.

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Colin Kaepernick’s Shadow Still Looms Over the NFL

On Monday afternoon, Colin Kaepernick tweeted his new Nike advertisement . The simple image—which over the coming hours had people celebrating Nike’s support for the embattled quarterback , questioning the motives of profit-minded corporations, and cutting the swooshes off their tube socks —features Kaepernick’s face filling the frame in grayscale, his eyes aimed at the lens. The words running al

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Christopher Steele Again Eludes His Republican Pursuers

When the news broke earlier this summer that the elusive former British spy Christopher Steele had for the first time testified under oath and on camera in a deposition about his explosive and controversial dossier outlining the president’s alleged ties to Russia, the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee wasted little time trying to obtain the videotape. “Please produce to the Senate Commit

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How a Master Domino Artist Builds 15,000-Piece Creations

Lily Hevesh sets ’em up to knock ’em down—in breathtakingly complicated arrangements.

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The devastating fire at Brazil’s National Museum illuminates a global problem

Science Protecting artifacts from entropy is no easy task. Ninety percent of the artifacts at Brazil’s National Museum are believed to have been lost in a recent fire. The event is a reminder that museum science is hard—and…

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No 'changing room moment' for men as they age

Men, unlike women, do not suffer from the 'changing room moment' when they suddenly realise they are too old for certain types of clothes, according to new research from the University of Kent.

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