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nyheder2019juli16

When the Moon Was a Monster

Some 70 years before the Apollo 11 landing, a malevolent natural satellite first landed on the big screen — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Rise of Coffee Shaming

Suze Orman wants young people to stop “peeing” away millions of dollars on coffee . Last month, the personal-finance celebrity ignited a controversy on social media when a video she starred in for CNBC targeted a familiar villain: kids these days and their silly $5 lattes. Because brewing coffee at home is less expensive, Orman argued, purchasing it elsewhere is tantamount to flushing money away,

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Making fish farming in eastern Africa's Lake Victoria sustainable

Overfishing, water shortages and pollution—these are just some of the environmental problems Lake Victoria has been facing over the last few decades. Bordered by Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, the world's second largest freshwater lake provides the main source of income for the populations living around the Lake Victoria basin. However, the environmental pressures put on the lake have seriously compr

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High-Stakes AI Decisions Need to Be Automatically Audited

Opinion: The current standard for evaluating AI is insufficient. AI systems should be instantly interrogated for bias by a third party.

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Bioinspired MXene-based actuators for programmable smart devices

During photosynthesis, natural leaves with elaborate architectures and functional components can harvest and convert solar energy into chemical fuels that are converted into energy. The biological energy production has provided materials scientists a new bioinspired paradigm to produce many autonomous systems, including light-triggered motion. In a recent report, Guofo Cai and co-workers at the de

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Some pharmacists missing mark on therapeutic guidelines: QUT study

A study by researchers at Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia, of more than 200 pharmacies has raised concerns that some are not adhering to therapeutic guidelines when distributing pharmaceuticals.

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Rising CO2, climate change projected to reduce availability of nutrients worldwide

The most comprehensive synthesis of climate change impacts on the global availability of nutrients to date finds that, over the next 30 years, climate change and higher CO2 could significantly reduce the availability of critical nutrients, representing another challenge to global development and the fight to end undernutrition.

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Experiencing awe from science influences beliefs about God

Though many Americans perceive science and religion as incompatible, a study from the ASU Department of Psychology found how people engage with science can change how they think about God — and even promote belief in God. People who associated science with logical thinking were more likely to report not believing in God or that God was unknowable. But when people were awed by science, they report

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Increased use of partial knee replacement could save the NHS £30 million per year

New research from a randomised clinical trial published today in The Lancet and funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) shows that partial knee replacements (PKR) are as good as total knee replacements (TKR), whilst being more cost effective.

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Tiny vibration-powered robots are the size of the world's smallest ant

Researchers have created a new type of tiny 3D-printed robot that moves by harnessing vibration from piezoelectric actuators, ultrasound sources or even tiny speakers. Swarms of these 'micro-bristle-bots' might work together to sense environmental changes, move materials — or perhaps one day repair injuries inside the human body.

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Body and mind need care in mental illness

The 18-year life expectancy gap between people with mental illness and the general population can only be bridged by protecting patients' physical and mental health, according to a new study.

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AI radar system that can spot miniature drones 3 kilometers away

DGIST made Small AESA radar system with a super-resolution algorithm. Expects to make huge contributions to strengthening of Korean industries and defense capabilities with domestic technology

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Vast sand scheme to protect Norfolk coast

Nearly two million cubic metres of sand is being shifted to a stretch of the Norfolk coast to protect it from the sea.

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When the Moon Was a Monster

Some 70 years before the Apollo 11 landing, a malevolent natural satellite first landed on the big screen — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Scientists create single-use edible dishware made from apples

A few years ago, biotechnologists from Samara State Technical University took up the development of edible food film, which, according to scientists, could reduce the amount of waste from traditional plastic packaging. The product obtained by Samara scientists is made exclusively from natural ingredients, with no dyes or preservatives. Chemical processes that entail deep chemical changes are not r

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Scientists create single-use edible dishware made from apples

A few years ago, biotechnologists from Samara State Technical University took up the development of edible food film, which, according to scientists, could reduce the amount of waste from traditional plastic packaging. The product obtained by Samara scientists is made exclusively from natural ingredients, with no dyes or preservatives. Chemical processes that entail deep chemical changes are not r

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Din mor havde ret: Det ER sundt at kede sig

Du bliver mere kreativ, hvis du bruger noget af den lange sommerferie på at kede dig.

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The ABC of ribosome recycling

Ribosomes, the essential machinery used for protein synthesis is recycled after each one round of translation. An enzyme called ABCE1 is responsible for this process and turns out to be remarkably plastic as LMU biophysicists report.

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The ABC of ribosome recycling

Ribosomes, the essential machinery used for protein synthesis is recycled after each one round of translation. An enzyme called ABCE1 is responsible for this process and turns out to be remarkably plastic as LMU biophysicists report.

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Poland, Lithuania probe Russian-made app behind viral old age selfies

Poland and Lithuania said Thursday they were looking into the potential security risks of using a Russian-made face-editing app that has triggered a viral social media trend where users post …

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Researchers develop e-skin to give robots and prosthetics a sense of touch

Unique sensor system responds 1,000 times faster than the human sense of touch, the fastest ever achieved for an e-skin

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Team finds clues to Gulf War illness brain dysfunction

A new discovery could one day lead to treatment for the chronic neuroinflammation and resulting brain dysfunction associated with Gulf War illness, researchers say. Veterans from the first Gulf War have suffered for years from a variety of psychological and physical symptoms that experts now call Gulf War illness, often called Gulf War syndrome. The wide variety of ailments make finding a treatme

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Should I offset my summer holiday flights?

As more of us worry about our carbon emissions, how can you offset your air travel?

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Algae-killing viruses spur nutrient recycling in oceans

Scientists have confirmed that viruses can kill marine algae called diatoms and that diatom die-offs near the ocean surface may provide nutrients and organic matter for recycling by other algae, according to a Rutgers-led study.

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Algae-killing viruses spur nutrient recycling in oceans

Scientists have confirmed that viruses can kill marine algae called diatoms and that diatom die-offs near the ocean surface may provide nutrients and organic matter for recycling by other algae, according to a Rutgers-led study.

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Oldest Denisovan art discovered on 100,000-year-old bone fragments

Etchings on pieces of ancient bone found in China could be the clearest evidence yet found that the mysterious Denisovans were capable of advanced cognition

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Cassini explores ring-like formations around Titan's lakes

Using observations from the international Cassini spacecraft, scientists have explored the ring-like mounds that wrap around some of the pools found at the poles of Saturn's largest moon, Titan. The study reveals more about how these features formed.

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Russian Helicopters to start additive manufacturing of parts in 2020

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Conceptual post: AR -> Deep Fakes, how far away from the potential of this technology?

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Certain people spend tens of thousands of dollars on anti-aging surgeries trying to make their partner stay looking young. With the new grow old / grow young app. Rather then tackling this from the perspective of changing the target, changing your perspective to make the target seem young and beautiful again. Even if just for a few hours. ​ Will this AR be Po

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Instead of producing brand new electric buses, why aren't we converting diesel buses into EVs? Serious question and discussion. We have companies doing EV conversions. We have lightweight solid-state batteries. And with fleets, you can scale the process effectively. We have all the tools we need

For me, the problem is that producing 100 million new electric vehicles (Teslas, VWs, Toyotas, buses, etc.) is not a sustainable way for making the EV transition. Particularly when we already have 1.2 billion gas vehicles, and we have the knowledge and resources to convert gas vehicles into electric. Evidence: (1) New Electric is a company based in Amsterdam, where their business model is convert

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"Replicator" Tech to revolutionize 3D printing

submitted by /u/robdogcronin [link] [comments]

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Neuralink To Begin Human Trials

I’m still trying to figure out if Elon Musk is a mad genius or a supervillain. Perhaps that’s a false dichotomy. Seriously, I do like his approach – he has billions of dollars laying around, so he decides that we need some specific technology in order to build the future, and he builds a company dedicated to developing that technology. Wherever he sees holes, he tries to fill them. SpaceX has bee

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Researchers refute widespread racist analogy comparing human races to dog breeds

As a researcher and teacher, Holly Dunsworth enjoys poking holes in misconceptions about human evolution her students bring into the classroom.

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Researchers refute widespread racist analogy comparing human races to dog breeds

As a researcher and teacher, Holly Dunsworth enjoys poking holes in misconceptions about human evolution her students bring into the classroom.

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Researchers study impact of information on voters

Voter information campaigns don't shape voter behavior, according to an analysis of data combined from studies independently conducted but coordinated by researchers working in six developing countries. The study, co-authored by William & Mary Department of Government faculty members Eric Arias and Paula M. Pickering, was published in Science Advances July 3.

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Minecraft teaches young people how to lead

A whole generation of young people have been teaching themselves skills in leadership and community-building online, according to a new study on the game Minecraft . These self-governing internet communities, in the form of games, social networks, or informational websites such as Wikipedia, create their own rule systems that help groups of anonymous users work together. They build hierarchies, c

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Mapping the moon and worlds beyond

In 1972, it took an astronaut going on a spacewalk to do what Lynn Carter now can do with a few mouse clicks over lunch.

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T-minus one year and counting for Mars 2020 rover

The launch period for NASA's Mars 2020 rover opens exactly one year from today, July 17, 2020, and extends through Aug. 5, 2020. The mission will launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida and land at Mars' Jezero Crater on Feb. 18, 2021.

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Meet John Houbolt: He Figured Out How To Go To The Moon, But Few Were Listening

In the early 1960s, NASA was considering three different ideas for landing a man on the lunar surface. Houbolt's plan ultimately won out despite concerns within NASA that it was too risky. (Image credit: NASA/LARC/Bob Nye/PhotoQuest/Getty Images)

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Computer Models, Epic Floods, and the Fate of Coastal Cities

By 2050, coastal cities like Charleston may experience flooding more than 300 days a year. Now scientists can better predict—and plan for—the effects.

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5 Best Portable Espresso Makers You Can Buy (2019)

Make awesome espresso on the road, hiking, car camping, or anywhere else, with these handheld machines.

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Image of the Day: Death Traps

Sharks and rays can get entangled in abandoned fishing gear, leading to injuries or death.

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Breakthrough Listen launches new optical search with Arizona's VERITAS telescope array

Breakthrough Listen—the initiative to find signs of intelligent life in the universe—announced today a new collaboration between Breakthrough Listen and the VERITAS Collaboration in the search for technosignatures, signs of technology developed by intelligent life beyond the Earth. Joining Listen's ongoing radio frequency survey and spectroscopic optical laser survey, VERITAS (the Very Energetic R

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How Domestic Abusers Weaponize the Courts

When the phone rang one evening in June 2016, “D” could guess who was calling even before her mother answered. He’d called the house before—D knew it was him—but he’d always remained silent after her mother picked up. This time, the caller breathed heavily before finally identifying himself as D’s ex-boyfriend. “Stop calling here; she doesn’t want to talk to you,” her mother said, and hung up. D

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How the moon landing shaped early video games

Some of the earliest video games were influenced by the space race and created using the same computers as Nasa On 20 July 1969, before an estimated television audience of 650 million, a lunar module named Eagle touched down on the moon’s Sea of Tranquility. The tension of the landing and the images of astronauts in futuristic spacesuits striding over the moon’s barren surface, Earth reflected in

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Here's What Neil Armstrong Saw When He Landed Apollo 11's Eagle on the Moon

See the moon through the eyes of the legendary moonwalker for the first time.

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Another Person Goes Blind After Wearing Contacts in the Shower

A woman's habit of keeping her contact lenses in while swimming and showering had serious consequences.

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'Spooky' Quantum Entanglement Finally Captured in Stunning Photo

Scientists just captured the first-ever photo of a "spooky" quantum physics phenomenon.

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Does Anyone Really Think the Moon Landing Was Faked?

The truth behind moon landing conspiracy theories.

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Earth's Core Has Been Leaking for 2.5 Billion Years and Geologists Don't Know Why

Earth's scorching core is not a loner — it has been caught mingling with other, underworldly layers.

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Om sommeren har solcellerne på Svalbard højere virkningsgrad end i Sydeuropa

Snedækkede fjeldsider og kold luft gør, at solcellerne på Svalbard gør solcellerne effektive selv i en lufthavn i Arktis.

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‘Send Her Back’: The Bigoted Rallying Cry of Trump 2020

On Wednesday night in North Carolina, Donald Trump agitated rally-goers with inflammatory rhetoric about Representative Ilhan Omar, a naturalized American born in Somalia, until his supporters began chanting “send her back”––as if a legal immigrant who became a U.S. citizen can or should be denied equal treatment under the law and extra-constitutionally deported by the president. Burning a copy o

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Just Leave Michael Collins Alone

Editor’s Note: This article is part of a series reflecting on the Apollo 11 mission, 50 years later. It’s been five decades since he went to the moon, and Michael Collins knows exactly what his next adventure will be. “I’m going to find a nice big rock, and I’m going to hide under it,” Collins told me recently. As the big anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission approached, Collins was bombarded with

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The World without the Moon

What if our natural satellite didn’t exist? — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Did Life Sign the Guest Book on Mars?

The coating known as “varnish” that covers rocks in the American Southwest could offer important clues — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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We're pushing 28,000 species closer to extinction

More than 28,000 species are threatened with extinction due to humans over-exploiting wildlife, according to the IUCN red list

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WHO declares international emergency over DRC Ebola outbreak

The World Health Organization is calling for international support to help stop the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from spreading

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U.S. government watchdog names investigative director

A week after news that the U.S. Office of Research Integrity (ORI) would have a new interim director shortly comes news that the agency will also have a new director of its investigative division as of early next month. Starting August 4, Alexander Runko will be the director of the ORI’s Division of Investigative Oversight … Continue reading U.S. government watchdog names investigative director

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Where Is Ivanka?

Ivanka Trump wants it both ways. Since joining her father’s White House as a senior adviser in early 2017, the first daughter has reserved the right to toggle between a strict and loose construction of her portfolio. When flashy opportunities arise—such as the chance to play diplomat with Kim Jong Un—the edges of her purview, which she often defines as “women’s economic empowerment,” become conve

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When the Earth Had Two Moons – Issue 74: Networks

For more than half a century, the moon had been mocking the best minds in science, and for Erik Asphaug enough was enough. The taunting began three years before Asphaug was born. On Oct. 7, 1959, the Soviet Luna 3 spacecraft looped behind the moon, snapping off a series of grainy but distinct photos and then radioing them home. Because the moon’s rotation is perfectly synchronized with its revolu

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She Rewrote the Moon’s Origin Story – Issue 74: Networks

Fifty years ago, in the Oval Office, Richard Nixon made what he called the “most historic phone call ever.” Houston had put him through to the men on the moon. “It’s a great honor and privilege for us to be here,” Neil Armstrong said, “representing not only the United States but men of peace of all nations, and with interest and a curiosity and a vision for the future.” The Apollo missions—a dari

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The Moon Is Full of Money – Issue 74: Networks

I was slung in my favorite deck chair, drink in hand, having a gawk at the night sky. Andromeda, Pisces … I trawled the constellations, mind abandoned, still aware in some curve at the back of my brain that the world is coming apart at the seams and we’re all fucked, and enjoying the gentle paradox of it, the clink of the ice in my glass and the slumber of the dog. By and by I found my gaze res

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Red List: Extinction threat to overlooked species

Fish, snails and fungi join a list of threatened species, as conservationists say small, slimy species have been overlooked.

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Everyone Wants Facebook's Libra to Be Regulated. But How?

Facebook's planned blockchain-based currency poses nettlesome questions: Is it money? Is the Libra Association a bank?

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50 years ago, lambs survived but didn’t thrive inside artificial wombs

Artificial wombs to support preemie babies are closer to reality.

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Did Life Sign the Guest Book on Mars?

The coating known as “varnish” that covers rocks in the American Southwest could offer important clues — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Shocking Lack of Lawyers in Rural America

LaSalle Parish, Louisiana, a rural agricultural region, is in almost the exact center of the state. In Louisiana, a parish is the equivalent of a county. LaSalle is marked with creeks and rivers that have been rerouted to make space for fast-food restaurants and trailer parks. The biggest town is Jena, with a population of just over 3,000, where one-story clapboard buildings have been constructed

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Alzheimer's Meeting: Lifestyle Factors Are the Best–and Only–Bet Now for Reducing Dementia Risk

Researchers are still optimistic about finding disease-altering medicines—just not anytime soon — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Alzheimer's Meeting: Lifestyle Factors Are the Best–and Only–Bet Now for Reducing Dementia Risk

Researchers are still optimistic about finding disease-altering medicines—just not anytime soon — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Alzheimer's Meeting: Lifestyle Factors Are the Best–and Only–Bet Now for Reducing Dementia Risk

Researchers are still optimistic about finding disease-altering medicines—just not anytime soon — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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One of Kennedy’s finest speeches helped launch the lunar mission

There’s no obvious reason to go to the moon. We went there because of an idea

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Could the heat of the Earth's crust become the ultimate energy source?

In a world where energy consumption is on the rise, our only hope is the development of new energy-generation technologies. Although currently used renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy have their merits, there is a gigantic, permanent, and untapped energy source quite literally under our noses: geothermal energy.

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A new material for the battery of the future

Renewable sources of energy such as wind or photovoltaic are intermittent; production peaks do not necessarily follow the demand peaks. Storing green energy is therefore essential to moving away from fossil fuels. The energy produced by photovoltaic cells and wind power is stored to be used later on when needed.

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Ants that defend plants receive sugar and protein

Biologists Laura Carolina Leal and Felipe Passos have performed a series of experiments to determine how plants with extrafloral nectaries interact with ants in Brazil's Northeast region—specifically, in the interior of Bahia State, where the semiarid Caatinga biome predominates.

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Green fertiliser made from cow dung and chicken feathers could transform big agriculture

A raft of strategies is being trialled in Europe to turn nutrient-rich farm waste such as chicken feathers, cow dung and plant stalks into green fertiliser. Full of phosphorus and nitrogen, recycled products could help reduce intensive agriculture's emissions and reliance on fertiliser imports.

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Firefox vil advare dig, hvis dine passwords er blevet lækket

I fremtiden vil brugere, som får lækket passwords på nettet, blive advaret af Firefox, hvis de gemmer koden i browserens passwordmanager.

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Ants that defend plants receive sugar and protein

Biologists Laura Carolina Leal and Felipe Passos have performed a series of experiments to determine how plants with extrafloral nectaries interact with ants in Brazil's Northeast region—specifically, in the interior of Bahia State, where the semiarid Caatinga biome predominates.

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Where the evidence of fake news is really hiding

We all think that we're competent consumers of news media, but the research shows that even journalists struggle with identifying fact from fiction. When judging whether a piece of media is true or not, most of us focus too much on the source itself. Knowledge has a context, and it's important to look at that context when trying to validate a source. The opinions expressed in this video do not ne

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The Case That Changed John Paul Stevens’s Life

Retired Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens, who died Tuesday at the age of 99, saw many remarkable sights in his life, famously including the “called shot” home run hit by Babe Ruth during a Yankees-Cubs World Series game in 1932. Yet the most important thing this remarkable jurist saw, I suspect, was the arrest of his father, Ernest Stevens, on charges that he and two other family members h

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Trump Is Running Out of Time to Denuclearize North Korea

It’s been nearly three years since Barack Obama warned Donald Trump that the biggest danger he’d face would be North Korea’s nuclear weapons. Since then, Trump’s met three times with the North Korean dictator, including a made-for-TV visit to the demilitarized zone; cultivated a flourishing pen-pal relationship with Kim Jong Un; obtained a shaky pledge from Pyongyang to not conduct nuclear- and l

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The Three Myths of the Iran Deal

The Trump administration’s withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action—the nuclear deal with Iran—and its renewal of sanctions, the rise of Iran’s provocations in the Gulf and Iran’s enrichment of uranium have together reignited the debate over how best to meet the multiple threats posed by Iran. Once again, the proponents of using military force against Iran are squaring off against t

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The Problem With ‘Good’ Taste

By Heart is a series in which authors share and discuss their all-time favorite passages in literature. See entries from Jonathan Franzen, Amy Tan, Khaled Hosseini, and more. Doug McLean During his three-year stint as The New York Times Magazine ’s “Ethicist” columnist, the author Chuck Klosterman was often asked to defend himself. Readers argued that with no formal background in ethics, Klosterm

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The Future of the City Is Childless

A few years ago, I lived in a walkup apartment in the East Village of New York. Every so often descending the stairway, I would catch a glimpse of a particular family with young children in its Sisyphean attempts to reach the fourth floor. The mom would fold the stroller to the size of a boogie board, then drag it behind her with her right hand, while cradling the younger and typically crying chi

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He Killed an Unarmed Man, Then Claimed Disability

City leaders in Mesa, Arizona, operate a municipality where the interests of police officers are valued more highly than ordinary citizens, including those the police have wronged. Two years ago, I wrote about Daniel Shaver, an unarmed 26-year-old who in 2016 was shot to death in a hotel hallway while begging for his life. The killer, Mesa Police Officer Philip Brailsford, was put on trial for mu

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Activation of neuronal genes via LINE-1 elements upon global DNA demethylation in human neural progenitors

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11150-8 DNA methylation plays an important role in silencing transposable elements. Here the authors find that loss of DNMT1 and DNA methylation leads to transcriptional activation and chromatin remodelling of evolutionarily young—hominoid-specific —LINE-1 elements which then act as alternative promoters for neuronal ge

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Towards integrated tunable all-silicon free-electron light sources

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11070-7 Extracting light from silicon is a longstanding challenge. Here, the authors report an experimental demonstration of free-electron-driven light emission from silicon nanogratings and investigates the feasibility of a compact, all-silicon tunable light source integrated with a silicon field emitter array.

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Reconstitution of recombinant human CCR4-NOT reveals molecular insights into regulated deadenylation

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11094-z The CCR4-NOT complex shortens poly(A) tails of messenger RNAs. By biochemical reconstitution of the entire human CCR4-NOT complex, the authors show the stimulatory roles of non-enzymatic subunits and the importance of the interaction between CAF40 and RNA binding proteins in targeted deadenylation.

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PRKCSH contributes to tumorigenesis by selective boosting of IRE1 signaling pathway

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11019-w Cancer cells utilise the unfolded protein response (UPR) to adapt to environmental and ER stress. Here, the authors show that the glycosidase II beta subunit, PRKSCH, protects cancer cells from ER stress, by interacting with IRE1α and activating the IRE1α-XBP1 branch of the UPR.

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Structural mechanism of synergistic activation of Aurora kinase B/C by phosphorylated INCENP

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11085-0 The inner centromere protein (INCENP) activates Aurora kinase B (AURKB) and Aurora kinase C. Here the authors provide insights into the activation mechanism of AURKB/C by determining the crystal structure of fully active phosphorylated human AURKC bound to the phosphorylated C-terminal IN-box section of human IN

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Divergent synthesis of chiral cyclic azides via asymmetric cycloaddition reactions of vinyl azides

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11134-8 Vinyl azides generally act as 3-atom synthon through the fast release of molecular nitrogen, whereas keeping the azide group intact is more challenging. Here, the authors show a copper-catalyzed enantioselective cycloaddition of two types of vinyl azides generating a diverse pool of valuable chiral cyclic azides

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Co-option of neurotransmitter signaling for inter-organismal communication in C. elegans

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11240-7 Inter-organismal signaling is essential for animals to navigate and survive in their natural environment, yet is unclear how these chemical communication channels may have evolved. Here, authors show that TYRA-2, an endogenous tyramine/octopamine receptor, is required for the chemosensation of an octopamine-deri

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Multifunctional and biodegradable self-propelled protein motors

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11141-9 Several factors have limited the potential/application of self-propelled chemical motors. Here, to address some of these concerns, the authors report on the development of squid-derived biodegradable motors, which use an anaesthetic metabolite for propulsion and demonstrate a range of different applications.

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Illusive patterns in math explained by ideas in physics

Patterns appear widely throughout nature and math, from the Fibonacci spirals of sea shells to the periodicity of crystals. But certain math problems can sometimes trick the human solver into seeing a pattern, but then, out of the blue, the pattern suddenly disappears. These illusive patterns crop up in many areas of math, with one example coming from certain calculus integrals that have deceived

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Endelig virker CO2-kvoterne: Forurening er blevet så dyr, at kulkraften går på standby

Prisen for at få lov til at udlede CO2 i Europa er steget så meget, at kulkraft er blevet en underskudsforretning, og udslippet rasler ned.

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Electric car models to triple in Europe by 2021

A European lobby group says the range of electric car models available to consumers is getting better.

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Experimental Alzheimer’s drug targets gum disease bacteria

A small trial testing a new kind of treatment for Alzheimer’s that blocks the toxins of P. gingivalis bacteria has had some encouraging preliminary results

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Nutrition Science Is Broken. This New Egg Study Shows Why.

When so much of what we are told about diet, health, and weight loss is contradictory, can we believe any of it? Probably not. Nutrition research tends to be unreliable because nearly all of it is based on observational studies, which are imprecise, have no controls, and don’t follow an experimental method.

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Resting-state prefrontal EEG biomarkers in correlation with MMSE scores in elderly individuals

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46789-2 Resting-state prefrontal EEG biomarkers in correlation with MMSE scores in elderly individuals

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The Young-Feynman controlled double-slit electron interference experiment

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-43323-2 The Young-Feynman controlled double-slit electron interference experiment

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Prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease and diabetic kidney disease in Chinese rural residents: a cross-sectional survey

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46857-7 Prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease and diabetic kidney disease in Chinese rural residents: a cross-sectional survey

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Interleukin-12 and -23 blockade mitigates elastase-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46909-y Interleukin-12 and -23 blockade mitigates elastase-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm

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An asymmetry of treatment between lotteries involving gains and losses in rhesus monkeys

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46975-2 An asymmetry of treatment between lotteries involving gains and losses in rhesus monkeys

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The possible involvement of oxidative stress in the oocyte ageing process in goldfish Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46895-1 The possible involvement of oxidative stress in the oocyte ageing process in goldfish Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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A new glance on root-to-shoot in vivo zinc transport and time-dependent physiological effects of ZnSO4 and ZnO nanoparticles on plants

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46796-3 A new glance on root-to-shoot in vivo zinc transport and time-dependent physiological effects of ZnSO 4 and ZnO nanoparticles on plants

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The Apollo 11 Mission Was Also a Global Media Sensation

The satellites were finally ready to beam images back to Earth in 1969. And some 600 million people watched the event live.

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Will our electricity come from space in the future?

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Microsoft hologram speaking Japanese

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Toyotas allerførste elbil bliver en varevogn

En elektrisk udgave af Toyota Proace kommer næste år.

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Redaktionens favoritter: Nu skal virksomhederne masseproducere skræddersyede produkter

Nogle historier lever et alt for kort liv. Derfor har vi bedt et udpluk af Ingeniørens redaktører og journalister anbefale egne og andres historier. Her er, hvad de fandt frem.

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How invading fungus forces zombie ant's death grip

If it's thoughts of zombies that keep you awake at night, you shouldn't be worried about zombie humans; it's the carpenter ants (Camponotus castaneus) that should concern you most. When infected …

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How invading fungus forces zombie ant's death grip

If it's thoughts of zombies that keep you awake at night, you shouldn't be worried about zombie humans; it's the carpenter ants (Camponotus castaneus) that should concern you most. When infected by a specialised fungus (Ophiocordyceps unilateralis sensu lato), the hapless ants are unable to resist its potent power. Losing free will, the unfortunate victims locate tall pieces of vegetation, marchin

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How invading fungus forces zombie ant's death grip

If it's thoughts of zombies that keep you awake at night, you shouldn't be worried about zombie humans; it's the carpenter ants (Camponotus castaneus) that should concern you most. When infected by a specialised fungus (Ophiocordyceps unilateralis sensu lato), the hapless ants are unable to resist its potent power. Losing free will, the unfortunate victims locate tall pieces of vegetation, marchin

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Advarer mod Facebook-app: Du giver russere ubegrænset magt over dit ansigt og dit navn

Brugere af den populære ansigtsapp FaceApp giver et russisk firma tilladelse til at bruge deres Facebook-billeder til et hvilket som helst formål uden at spørge yderligere om lov. Det strider sandsynligvis mod GDPR.

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Toxic toads found near Sydney spark fears of southward spread

A toxic cane toad prevalent in Australia's tropical north has been captured near Sydney, sparking fears the invasive species could be adapting to cooler weather and spreading southwards, further threatening the country's unique wildlife.

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Toxic toads found near Sydney spark fears of southward spread

A toxic cane toad prevalent in Australia's tropical north has been captured near Sydney, sparking fears the invasive species could be adapting to cooler weather and spreading southwards, further threatening the country's unique wildlife.

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Swiss specialities: chocolate, cheese and … wine?

When foreigners think of Swiss specialities that might excite their taste buds, world-renowned chocolate and cheese likely come to mind.

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Timing of spay, neuter tied to higher risk of obesity and orthopedic injuries in dogs

Spaying or neutering large-breed dogs can put them at a higher risk for obesity and, if done when the dog is young, nontraumatic orthopedic injuries, reports a new study based on data from the Morris Animal Foundation Golden Retriever Lifetime Study. The spay/neuter study was published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

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Jumbo squid mystery solved

The culprit responsible for the decline of Mexico's once lucrative jumbo squid fishery has remained a mystery, until now. A new Stanford-led study published in the ICES Journal of Marine Science identifies shifting weather patterns and ocean conditions as among the reasons for the collapse, which spells trouble for the Gulf of California's marine ecosystems and fishery-dependent economies. It coul

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Over-claiming knowledge predicts anti-establishment voting

In light of the election and ballot victories of populist, anti-establishment movements, many people have been trying to better understand the behaviors and motivations of voters. Studying voter behavior on an EU treaty, social psychologists in the Netherlands found that knowledge overclaiming predicts anti-establishment voting, particularly at the radical right.

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Timing of spay, neuter tied to higher risk of obesity and orthopedic injuries in dogs

Spaying or neutering large-breed dogs can put them at a higher risk for obesity and, if done when the dog is young, nontraumatic orthopedic injuries, reports a new study based on data from the Morris Animal Foundation Golden Retriever Lifetime Study. The spay/neuter study was published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

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Jumbo squid mystery solved

The culprit responsible for the decline of Mexico's once lucrative jumbo squid fishery has remained a mystery, until now. A new Stanford-led study published in the ICES Journal of Marine Science identifies shifting weather patterns and ocean conditions as among the reasons for the collapse, which spells trouble for the Gulf of California's marine ecosystems and fishery-dependent economies. It coul

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Graduates offer small businesses a route to innovation—but firms don't know how to access them

Graduates offer companies an untapped resource that leads to innovation, and small and medium-sized businesses need to embrace it.

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PFAS move from mom to fetus at higher rate in women with gestational diabetes

A University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental epidemiologist studying the presence of PFAS compounds in new mothers and their babies found that women with gestational diabetes had a "significantly higher" rate of transferring the synthetic chemicals to their fetus.

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Spørg Fagfolket: Hvad skygger for Månen?

Måneuge på ing.dk: En læser vil gerne vide, hvorfor man ikke kan se hele Månen, når den står højt på himlen sammen med Solen. Det svarer fysiker fra Aarhus Universitet på.

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Species on the move

A total of 55 animal species in the UK have been displaced from their natural ranges or enabled to arrive for the first time on UK shores because of climate change over the last 10 years (2008-2018) – as revealed in a new study published today (18 July 2019) by scientists at international conservation charity ZSL (Zoological Society of London).

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Species on the move

A total of 55 animal species in the UK have been displaced from their natural ranges or enabled to arrive for the first time on UK shores because of climate change over the last 10 years (2008-2018) – as revealed in a new study published today (18 July 2019) by scientists at international conservation charity ZSL (Zoological Society of London).

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Red wine's resveratrol could help Mars explorers stay strong

Mars is about 9 months from Earth with today's tech, NASA reckons. As the new space race hurtles forward, Harvard researchers are asking: how do we make sure the winners can still stand when they reach the finish line?

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Modeling predicts blue whales' foraging behavior, aiding population management efforts

Scientists can predict where and when blue whales are most likely to be foraging for food in the California Current Ecosystem, providing new insight that could aid in the management of the endangered population in light of climate change and blue whale mortality due to ship strikes, a new study shows.

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Modeling predicts blue whales' foraging behavior, aiding population management efforts

Scientists can predict where and when blue whales are most likely to be foraging for food in the California Current Ecosystem, providing new insight that could aid in the management of the endangered population in light of climate change and blue whale mortality due to ship strikes, a new study shows.

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Frivillige finder døde havfugle fyldt med plastik

95 procent af de døde mallemukker, der skyller ind på de vestjyske strande, har plastik i maverne.

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Medicare proposal covers acupuncture for back pain study participants: A prelude to full coverage?

Medicare coverage of acupuncture is under consideration. A new proposal would provide coverage to Medicare patients participating in studies of acupuncture for back pain. This research would be used in making a final decision.

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Olien i din chokolade koster orangutang-liv i Borneo

Bestanden af orangutanger er faldet med 30 procent i områder, hvor der produceres palmeolie.

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Google removes seven stalking apps from the Play Store

Threat researchers at antivirus giant Avast discovered seven apps on the Google Play Store that were apparently all built by the same Russian developer. It writes that they could be used to …

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Birds and insect species are heading north in the UK as climate warms

More than 50 of the UK’s estimated 39,000 animal species, mostly insects and birds, extended their range northwards within the UK between 2008 and 2018

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Neuralink – Elon Musk Will Control Your Brain

submitted by /u/tonyjay6 [link] [comments]

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Full Dive VR development difficulty?

*Mods from r/technology recommended i post this in r/Futurology instead.* Hello all, I just started thinking about this tonight. With elon applying for NeuraLink testing in a year, i feel like fulldive vr may be much closer than I originally thought (100’s years). This led me to wonder if elon is successful how difficult would it be to make a full dive VR world? The coding aspect of it seems(!) t

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Will ships without sailors be the future of trade?

submitted by /u/Bakedschwarzenbach [link] [comments]

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Emotion-detection applications built on outdated science, report warns

Software that purportedly reads emotions in faces is being deployed or tested for a variety of purposes, including surveillance, hiring, clinical diagnosis, and market research. But a new scientific report finds that facial movements are an inexact gauge of a person's feelings, behaviors or intentions.

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Over-claiming knowledge predicts anti-establishment voting

People who think they know more than they actually do are more likely to vote against the establishment, shows new research out of the Netherlands.

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Species on the move

A total of 55 animal species in the UK have been displaced from their natural ranges or enabled to arrive for the first time on UK shores because of climate change over the last 10 years (2008-2018) — as revealed in a new study published today by scientists at international conservation charity ZSL (Zoological Society of London).

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'Trojan horse' anticancer drug disguises itself as fat

A stealthy new drug-delivery system disguises chemotherapeutics as fat in order to outsmart, penetrate and destroy tumors. Thinking the drugs are tasty fats, tumors invite the drug inside. Once there, the targeted drug activates, immediately suppressing tumor growth.

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Jumbo squid mystery solved

Stanford-led research identifies a perfect storm of warming waters and reduced food to blame in the collapse of the once lucrative jumbo squid fishery off Baja California.

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Red wine's resveratrol could help Mars explorers stay strong, says Harvard study

Mars is about 9 months from Earth with today's tech, NASA reckons. As the new space race hurtles forward, Harvard researchers are asking: how do we make sure the winners can still stand when they reach the finish line? Published in Frontiers in Physiology, their study shows that resveratrol substantially preserves muscle mass and strength in rats exposed to the wasting effects of simulated Mars gr

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A graphene superconductor that plays more than one tune

Researchers have developed a graphene device that's thinner than a human hair but has a depth of special traits. It easily switches from a superconducting material that conducts electricity without losing any energy, to an insulator that resists the flow of electric current, and back again to a superconductor — all with a simple flip of a switch.

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Community size matters when people create a new language

Why do some languages have simpler grammars than others? Researchers propose that the size of the community influences the complexity of the language that evolves in it. When small and large groups of participants played a 'communication game' using only gibberish words they had to invent, the languages invented by larger groups were more systematic than languages of smaller groups, showing that c

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A graphene superconductor that plays more than one tune

Researchers have developed a graphene device that's thinner than a human hair but has a depth of special traits. It easily switches from a superconducting material that conducts electricity without losing any energy, to an insulator that resists the flow of electric current, and back again to a superconductor — all with a simple flip of a switch.

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Hawaiian Elders Protesting Telescope Construction Are Arrested

When completed, the Thirty Meter Telescope on Mauna Kea’s summit is expected to be the largest telescope in the Northern Hemisphere. But its construction has drawn heated opposition.

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Could the heat of the Earth's crust become the ultimate energy source?

Scientists have developed a very stable battery cell that can directly convert heat into electricity, thus finally providing a way for exploiting geothermal energy in a sustainable way.

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Win or lose: Rigged card game sheds light on inequality, fairness

Researchers are using a rigged card game to shed light on perceptions of inequality.

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One in 270 births have 'dual burden' of prematurity and severe maternal complications

A quarter of women who have serious maternal complications during childbirth also have premature births, posing a 'dual burden' on families, finds new research.

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Ants that defend plants receive sugar and protein

The aggressiveness of ants in arid environments with scarce food supply helps protect plants against herbivorous arthropods.

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Shaky scaffold changes lung infrastructure

Researchers identify changes in enzymes that may contribute to lung damage in rare genetic disorder.

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Modeling predicts blue whales' foraging behavior, aiding population management efforts

Scientists can predict where and when blue whales are most likely to be foraging for food in the California Current Ecosystem, providing new insight that could aid in the management of the endangered population in light of climate change and blue whale mortality due to ship strikes.

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Frygter mere dioxin: Naturfredningsforening klager over afbrænding af gamle bilrester

En stribe danske affaldsforbrændinger har fået tilladelse til at afbrænde schredderaffald, der blandt andet består af gamle biler. Men udledningen af dioxin risikerer at stige, når de gamle biler bliver brændt af, mener Danmarks Naturfredningsforening, som har sendt mange af tilladelserne til mil…

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Could the heat of the Earth's crust become the ultimate energy source?

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology and Sanoh Industrial developed a very stable battery cell that can directly convert heat into electricity, thus finally providing a way for exploiting geothermal energy in a sustainable way.

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Florida is a preview of our climate change future

The Florida Problem: A Special Report. Struggling crops. Salty aquifers. Invading wildlife. Piles of dead fish. The Sunshine State feels the squeeze of environmental change on its beaches, farms, wetlands, and cities. But what afflicts the peninsula predicts the perils that will strike north and west of Apalachicola, and so it demands our attention. If Florida is in trouble, then so are we all. O

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Your state probably isn't prepared for droughts or floods

Most communities aren't prepared for severe weather. (Depositphotos/) Hurricane Barry brought the first big downpour of the 2019 season to the southeastern U.S. this weekend. The Category 1 hurricane, now downgraded to a tropical storm, may not have been very powerful as far as hurricane winds go, but it still dumped a lot of rain. Ragley, Louisiana, reported 23.43 inches of precipitation, report

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Ultrasound-assisted optical imaging to replace endoscopy in breakthrough discovery

New research introduces a novel technique which uses ultrasound to noninvasively take optical images through a turbid medium such as biological tissue to image body's organs. This new method has the potential to eliminate the need for invasive visual exams using endoscopic cameras.

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How puffins catch food outside the breeding season

Little is known about how seabirds catch their food outside the breeding season but using modern technology, researchers have gained new insight into their feeding habits.

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Measurement confounds in study on social media usage and adolescent life satisfaction [Letters (Online Only)]

Billions of people engage with social media. Even small causal links with mental health outcomes can have enormous consequences. Orben et al. (1) recently published one of the largest (and certainly the longest) investigations of this topic to date. Their study is commendable in many ways. Unfortunately, their primary measure…

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Reply to Foster and Jackson: Open scientific practices are the way forward for social media effects research [Letters (Online Only)]

Research investigating the effect of new technologies on adolescents is more often characterized by media hype than sound science. We therefore welcome Foster and Jackson’s (1) consideration of this research area’s measurement practices because we believe a critical mindset benefits academic, civic, and industry stakeholders. While the authors raised important…

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Asymmetric division yields progeny cells with distinct modes of regulating cell cycle-dependent chromosome methylation [Microbiology]

The cell cycle-regulated methylation state of Caulobacter DNA mediates the temporal control of transcriptional activation of several key regulatory proteins. Temporally controlled synthesis of the CcrM DNA methyltransferase and Lon-mediated proteolysis restrict CcrM to a specific time in the cell cycle, thereby allowing the maintenance of the hemimethylated state of…

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Harnessing the interface mechanics of hard films and soft substrates for 3D assembly by controlled buckling [Applied Physical Sciences]

Techniques for forming sophisticated, 3D mesostructures in advanced, functional materials are of rapidly growing interest, owing to their potential uses across a broad range of fundamental and applied areas of application. Recently developed approaches to 3D assembly that rely on controlled buckling mechanics serve as versatile routes to 3D mesostructures…

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A tensor-based framework for studying eigenvector multicentrality in multilayer networks [Engineering]

Centrality is widely recognized as one of the most critical measures to provide insight into the structure and function of complex networks. While various centrality measures have been proposed for single-layer networks, a general framework for studying centrality in multilayer networks (i.e., multicentrality) is still lacking. In this study, a…

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Conformational shifts in a chemoreceptor helical hairpin control kinase signaling in Escherichia coli [Microbiology]

Motile Escherichia coli cells use chemoreceptor signaling arrays to track chemical gradients with exquisite precision. Highly conserved residues in the cytoplasmic hairpin tip of chemoreceptor molecules promote assembly of trimer-based signaling complexes and modulate the activity of their CheA kinase partners. To explore hairpin tip output states in the serine…

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Molecular determinants of homo- and heteromeric interactions of Junctophilin-1 at triads in adult skeletal muscle fibers [Physiology]

In adult skeletal muscles, 2 junctophilin isoforms (JPH1 and JPH2) tether the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) to transverse tubule (T-tubule) membranes, generating stable membrane contact sites known as triads. JPHs are anchored to the membrane of the SR by a C-terminal transmembrane domain (TMD) and bind the T-tubule membrane through their…

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TCR-pMHC kinetics under force in a cell-free system show no intrinsic catch bond, but a minimal encounter duration before binding [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

The T cell receptor (TCR)–peptide-MHC (pMHC) interaction is the only antigen-specific interaction during T lymphocyte activation. Recent work suggests that formation of catch bonds is characteristic of activating TCR–pMHC interactions. However, whether this binding behavior is an intrinsic feature of the molecular bond, or a consequence of more complex multimolecular…

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Structural characterization of an activin class ternary receptor complex reveals a third paradigm for receptor specificity [Biochemistry]

TGFβ family ligands, which include the TGFβs, BMPs, and activins, signal by forming a ternary complex with type I and type II receptors. For TGFβs and BMPs, structures of ternary complexes have revealed differences in receptor assembly. However, structural information for how activins assemble a ternary receptor complex is lacking….

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Opening TRPP2 (PKD2L1) requires the transfer of gating charges [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

The opening of voltage-gated ion channels is initiated by transfer of gating charges that sense the electric field across the membrane. Although transient receptor potential ion channels (TRP) are members of this family, their opening is not intrinsically linked to membrane potential, and they are generally not considered voltage gated….

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Intrinsically motivated collective motion [Applied Physical Sciences]

Collective motion is found in various animal systems, active suspensions, and robotic or virtual agents. This is often understood by using high-level models that directly encode selected empirical features, such as coalignment and cohesion. Can these features be shown to emerge from an underlying, low-level principle? We find that they…

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Ultrasound-assisted optical imaging to replace endoscopy in breakthrough discovery

New research introduces a novel technique which uses ultrasound to noninvasively take optical images through a turbid medium such as biological tissue to image body's organs. This new method has the potential to eliminate the need for invasive visual exams using endoscopic cameras.

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Ebola Outbreak in Congo Has Just Been Declared an "Emergency of International Concern"

"This is the most complex environment there is for an Ebola response."

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Microsoft has warned 10,000 people that nation-state hackers are targeting them

Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge Microsoft has warned nearly 10,000 people that nation-state hackers have targeted or breached their accounts in the past year. The software …

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Laser cooling chills radium ions for the first time

Researchers have successfully used laser cooling on radium ions for the first time. Given that lasers are known for heating things up, laser cooling may seem a contradiction in terms. However, scientists have devised a way to use the technology to achieve unparalleled levels of cold. Radium is the heaviest alkaline earth element, and the only ion in the column that hadn’t been laser cooled. “I lo

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Test shown to improve accuracy in identifying precancerous pancreatic cysts

CompCyst, a new test, distinguishes pancreatic cysts that are destined to become cancer and need to be surgically removed from cysts that can be left alone without causing harm. The researchers believe CompCyst has the capacity to substantially reduce unnecessary surgeries for pancreatic cysts.

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New tuberculosis tests pave way for cow vaccination programs

Skin tests that can distinguish between cattle that are infected with tuberculosis (TB) and those that have been vaccinated against the disease have been created by an international team of scientists.

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Could electrical pulses get wounds to heal faster?

Researchers have created the first large-scale simulation of cells’ response to electrical pulses. Electroporation is a process in which an electrical field is applied to cells to increase the permeability of the cell membrane. It’s already in experimental use to deliver chemotherapy into cancerous cells, but such treatments are in their infancy and involve a great deal of trial and error. It is

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Help scientists track extreme weather this week!

Tropical storms loom large over different parts of the globe, while extreme heat and droughts wreak havoc on other areas. Flash floods and landslides plague parts of India, as dust storms make it difficult to drive and breathe in the southwestern United States. Extreme weather. We may feel powerless, but there are ways we can help scientists better predict these events and help provide warning sys

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Scientists Propose Dumping Absurd Amounts of Snow On Antarctica To Curb Sea Level Rise

A photo of Thwaites Glacier taken during a reconnaissance flight. (Credit: U.S. National Science Foundation) Climate change is melting the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. A recent swell in warm ocean water on the western side of the continent is eating away at two predominant glaciers, Pine Island Glacier and Thwaites Glacier. And the retreating glaciers mean the entire larger ice sheet could disintegra

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Modeling predicts blue whales' foraging behavior, aiding population management efforts

Scientists can predict where and when blue whales are most likely to be foraging for food in the California Current Ecosystem, providing new insight that could aid in the management of the endangered population in light of climate change and blue whale mortality due to ship strikes.

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Elon Musk Wants to Put Slightly Creepy Implants Into People's Brains Next Year

The goal is "symbiosis with artificial intelligence".

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Manmade Antarctic snowstorm 'could save coastal cities from rising seas'

submitted by /u/Pokey_The_Bear [link] [comments]

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Elon Musk Neuralink Presentation

submitted by /u/Kinzarn [link] [comments]

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Elon Musk, SpaceX still hope for Starship hover test this week

submitted by /u/Abscess2 [link] [comments]

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Protected area designation effective in reducing, but not preventing, land cover changes

The designation of protected areas in Europe has been effective in reducing, but not completely preventing, land cover changes associated with human activity.

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Sea level rise: West Antarctic ice collapse may be prevented by snowing ocean water onto it

Scientists are scrutinizing a daring way of stabilizing the West Antarctic ice sheet: generating trillions of tons of additional snowfall by pumping ocean water onto the glaciers and distributing it with snow canons.

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Protecting a forgotten treasure trove of biodiversity

The lesser-known Cerrado biome in Brazil is a hotspot of biodiversity, but it is being destroyed at an alarming rate by unsustainable agricultural activities. A study calls attention to this forgotten region and urges the international community to support measures for its protection.

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Rare inherited enzyme disorder yields insight into fibrosis

Investigators have discovered an association between a deficiency in the enzyme neuraminidase 1 and the build-up of connective tissue in organs, suck as the muscle, kidney, liver, heart and lungs.

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Pilot Whales in Georgia Are Saved From Being Beached

After a pod of whales washed up on the shores of St. Simons Island, dozens of beachgoers raced to push them out to sea.

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Johnson and Hunt told no-deal Brexit 'threat to research'

The Royal Society tells the Tory leadership candidates the UK collaborates more with the EU than the US.

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‘Refugee corals’ move to escape warming seas

Coral reefs are retreating from equatorial waters and establishing new reefs in more temperate regions, a new study shows. Researchers say during the last four decades, the number of young corals on tropical reefs has declined by 85 percent—and doubled on reefs in the subtropics. “Climate change seems to be redistributing coral reefs, the same way it is shifting many other marine species,” says l

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X-ray ‘movie’ captures molecular motion in real time

Ultra high speed X-ray pulses have allowed researchers to make a high-resolution “movie” of a molecule undergoing structural motions. The research, which appears in Nature Chemistry , reveals the dynamics of the processes in unprecedented detail—capturing the excitation of a single electron in the molecule. The ability to see molecular motions in real time offers insights into chemical dynamics p

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Plans to build a massive telescope on sacred Hawaiian land have sparked protests—and arrests

Mauna Kea is a valuable observatory, but tensions are high over its newest addition. (DepositPhotos/) Mauna Kea is special. On that much, every stakeholder can agree. But that’s where the agreement stops. The dormant volcano, whose peak is the highest point in the state of Hawai'i at almost 14,000 feet above sea level, is a sacred site to indigenous Hawaiians. It’s also prime scientific real esta

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Dolphin megapod spotted off California coast swimming alongside boat

Onlookers watched as a huge pod of dolphins – known as a super- or megapod – swam alongside them.

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FaceApp is a privacy nightmare, but so is almost everything else you do online

The more permissions you grant to programs like FaceApp, the more data they can collect. (FaceApp/) Internet phenomena have a tendency to come on strong and totally take over our social feeds, seemingly out of nowhere. The current meme dominating just about every platform involves an app called FaceApp , which uses artificial intelligence to apply surprisingly convincing filters to pictures of pe

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Half of all harm caused by medical care is preventable

About half of all the harm caused by medical care is preventable, according to a review of 70 studies involving more than 330,000 patients around the world

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Should obesity be recognized as a disease?

With obesity now affecting almost a third (29%) of the population in England, and expected to rise to 35% by 2030, should we now recognize it as a disease? Experts debate the issue in The BMJ today.

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Around one in 20 patients are affected by preventable harm

Around one in 20 (6%) of patients are affected by preventable harm in medical care, of which around 12% causes permanent disability or death, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

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200 times faster than ever before: The speediest quantum operation yet

Physicists have built a super-fast version of the central building block of a quantum computer. The research is the milestone result of a vision first outlined by scientists 20 years ago.

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If We All Ate Enough Fruits And Vegetables, There'd Be Big Shortages

There's already not enough produce for everyone in the world to get the daily recommended amount. Two new studies urge revamping the food system to feed the growing population and protect the planet. (Image credit: Wanwisa Hernandez/EyeEm/Getty Images)

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World Health Organization declares Ebola outbreak an international emergency

Concern about spread in and from the Democratic Republic of the Congo propelled response

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The Atlantic Politics & Policy Daily: Tired of Being Alone

Were you forwarded this email? Sign yourself up here. We have many other free email newsletters on a variety of other topics. Browse the full list. What We’re Following Today It’s Wednesday, July 17. ‣ The House voted to table Representative Al Green’s impeachment resolution , killing the measure. Here’s what else we’re watching: There’s No Place Like Washington: Last night Democrats in the House

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Community size matters when people create a new language

Why do some languages have simpler grammars than others? Researchers from the Netherlands and the UK propose that the size of the community influences the complexity of the language that evolves in it. When small and large groups of participants played a 'communication game' using only gibberish words they had to invent, the languages invented by larger groups were more systematic than languages o

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How invading fungus forces zombie ant's death grip

Infected by a parasitic fungus, carpenter ants lose free will and die after clamping their mandibles (jaws) onto a twig or leaf vein. Scientists have investigated how the fungus takes control of the ant's jaw muscles and forces the insect's death grip. They discovered that it forces the muscle to contract so powerfully that it wrecks the minute muscle filaments that slide past each other, clamping

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Fewer Inspections for Aging Nuclear Plants, Regulators Propose

The proposal would significantly weaken or reduce the number and rigor of its safety inspections at the nation's 59 nuclear plants.

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Earlier Ebola Outbreaks, and How the World Overcame Them

Hemorrhagic fever inspires almost mythic terror, but whether it can be beaten depends more on people than on medical advances.

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About 44% of high school seniors who misuse prescription drugs have multiple drug sources

Roughly 11% of high school seniors reported prescription drug misuse during the past year, and of those, 44% used multiple supply sources, according to a pair of recent studies.

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Spawn of the triffid? Tiny organisms give us glimpse into complex evolutionary tale

Two newly discovered organisms point to the existence of an ancient organism that resembled a tiny version of the lumbering, human-eating science fiction plants known as 'triffids.'

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200 times faster than ever before: The speediest quantum operation yet

A group of physicists at UNSW Sydney have built a super-fast version of the central building block of a quantum computer. The research is the milestone result of a vision first outlined by scientists 20 years ago.

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SpaceX’s Starhopper Engulfed by Fireball During Test

Starhopper sits at a test site in Texas earlier this year. (Credit: Elon Musk/SpaceX) On Tuesday, SpaceX ran its second test of Starhopper, the prototype for their enormous future passenger spacecraft. The static fire test was meant to measure the Raptor engines that power the craft. But at the end of the five second test, Starhopper was instead surrounded by an enormous fireball, as shown in a vi

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Scientists Start Developing a Mini Gravitational Wave Detector

Gravitational waves can be detected from the collision of massive objects in the universe, but also from much smaller objects like dark matter particles. (Credit: EPA/R. Hurt / Caltech-JPL) In 2015, scientists made history by detecting the first gravitational waves — ripples in space-time predicted by Albert Einstein a century earlier. The waves were created by the merger of two black holes, each

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Earthquakes Will Rock Central U.S. a Decade After Oil Extraction Ends

An Oklahoma home damaged in 2011 during an earthquake that was likely spawned by injecting wastewater during fossil fuel extraction. (Credit: USGS) Earthquakes used to be uncommon in Middle America. But in the last decade, quakes numbers have skyrocketed in Oklahoma and Kansas. The major uptick in seismic activity has risen alongside the growth of oil and gas production in the area. When fossil fu

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Author Correction: Development of new method to enrich human iPSC-derived renal progenitors using cell surface markers

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46254-0 Author Correction: Development of new method to enrich human iPSC-derived renal progenitors using cell surface markers

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Publisher Correction: Metabarcoding of marine environmental DNA based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46784-7 Publisher Correction: Metabarcoding of marine environmental DNA based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes

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Author Correction: Summertime Primary and Secondary Contributions to Southern Ocean Cloud Condensation Nuclei

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46788-3 Author Correction: Summertime Primary and Secondary Contributions to Southern Ocean Cloud Condensation Nuclei

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Molecular contrast on phase-contrast microscope

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46383-6 Molecular contrast on phase-contrast microscope

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If the Apollo 11 Astronauts Died, Here’s the Speech Nixon Would Have Read

President Nixon greets Apollo 11 astronauts, left to right, Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, shoulders only, and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. (Credit: NASA/Apollo) It’s easy, amid the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, to see it as an inevitable success. NASA had been preparing for the task for years, ever since President John F. Kennedy made his famous speech at Rice U

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Now We Know How the Zombie Ant Gets Its Bite

Scientists solve part of the mystery of how a murderous fungus orders an ant to bite onto a twig, sealing its fate.

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Community size matters when people create a new language

Why are languages so different from each other? After comparing more than 2000 languages, scientists noticed that languages with more speakers are usually simpler than smaller languages. For instance, most English nouns can be turned into plurals by simply adding -s, whereas the German system is notoriously irregular.

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A deadly fungus gives ‘zombie’ ants a case of lockjaw

Clues left on infected ant jaws may reveal how the ‘zombie-ant-fungus’ contracts ant muscles to make their death grip.

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The City of Oakland Votes to Ban Facial Recognition

Opt Out On Tuesday night, the city council of Oakland, California voted to ban the municipal use of facial recognition technology within its borders. That makes Oakland the third U.S. city to ban the high-tech surveillance tool and the second to do so in the Bay Area, according to CNET . San Francisco, California banned facial recognition in May and Somerville, Massachusetts followed suit in June

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Massive potential health gains in switching to active transport

Swapping short car trips for walking or biking could achieve as much health gain as ongoing tobacco tax increases, according to a new study.

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First clinical proof that genotypes determine if Alzheimer's drugs will work

Researchers have determined that a human gene present in 75% of the population is a key reason why a class of drugs for Alzheimer's disease seemed promising in animal studies only to fail in human studies.

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Correcting historic sea surface temperature measurements

Why did the oceans warm and cool at such different rates in the early 20th century? New research points to an answer both as mundane as a decimal point truncation and as complicated as global politics. Part history, part climate science, this research corrects decades of data and suggests that ocean warming occurred in a much more homogenous way.

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Do marine protected areas work?

A study describes how to use data collected before and after Marine Protected Areas are created to verify that they work.

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Oakland, Calif., bars city from using facial recognition technology

Oakland police and other city departments will not use facial recognition technology under a new policy—the third of its kind in the United States.

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Instagram 'likes' could be hidden in the UK and US within MONTHS

The trial in Canada, Japan, Ireland, Italy, Brazil, Australia and New Zealand means users who upload a photo will still be able to see how many likes they get – but no-one else will know.

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Sounding alert about vanishing US coastlines

A new photography book captures the environmental threat to America's coastal region.

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Spacesuit Worn By Neil Armstrong Continues To Inspire

The spacesuit Neil Armstrong wore on the moon is iconic and continues to be the standard for crafting space garb.

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One more thing artificial intelligence can beat you at: Solving a Rubik's cube

Try not to get frustrated at this baffling puzzle and throw it across the room. (Photo by Alvaro Reyes on Unsplash/) Scramble a Rubik’s cube, and you will create one of 43 quintillion possible arrangements of those 54 colorful square stickers. But that part—the messing it up part—is easy. Solving it, as any amateur knows, is hard. People are capable of figuring it out, of course, and doing so ast

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Elon's Brain Computer, Big Tech's Big Day in Congress, and More News

Catch up on the most important news from today in two minutes or less.

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Intensive Anti-H.I.V. Efforts Meet With Mixed Success in Africa

Scientists tested a costly approach to curbing the AIDS epidemic: Test everyone in the community, and treat anyone who is infected.

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New study finds both components of blood pressure predict heart attack, stroke risk

Both numbers in a blood pressure reading — the 'upper' systolic and the 'lower' diastolic — independently predicted the risk of heart attack or stroke in a very large Kaiser Permanente study that included more than 36 million blood pressure readings from more than 1 million people. The study, which was published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, runs counter to decades of previous re

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New HIV program increased viral suppression, decreased new infections in Botswana

In a randomized trial in Botswana, an HIV prevention intervention that included increased testing and counseling, assistance with accessing care, and expanded ART coverage increased population viral suppression to among the highest levels reported globally.

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Sustainable savings on medical care

Over eight years, patients covered under a global budget payment model for doctors and hospitals showed slower spending growth and better quality than comparable populations mostly under the traditional fee-for-service model. The study examines what is likely the largest and longest running private-payer contract of a population-based global budget instead of paying fees for each service provided.

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People Are Begging Elon Musk to Drill Holes in Their Skulls

Guinea Pigs Neuralink, Elon Musk’s secretive brain-computer interface company, came out of stealth mode to share its progress on a livestream Tuesday night. The basic gist is that the company, which Musk repeatedly claimed would eventually connect human brains to the internet , has had some success reading the brain activity of lab rats. The company announced that it plans to begin testing its te

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Elon Musk's Secretive Brain Tech Company Debuts a Sophisticated Neural Implant

Neuralink says it can robotically implant more than 3,000 flexible-polymer electrodes in a rat or monkey brain. The device is still a long way from routine human use, however — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Elon Musk's Secretive Brain Tech Company Debuts a Sophisticated Neural Implant

Neuralink says it can robotically implant more than 3,000 flexible-polymer electrodes in a rat or monkey brain. The device is still a long way from routine human use, however — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Elon Musk's Secretive Brain Tech Company Debuts a Sophisticated Neural Implant

Neuralink says it can robotically implant more than 3,000 flexible-polymer electrodes in a rat or monkey brain. The device is still a long way from routine human use, however — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Boston Dynamics Says It’ll Sell Robots, But Won’t Give Any Details

Boston Dynamics, the company famous for its humanoid and dog-like robots that can run and do backflips , says it’s about to start selling its bots. Just don’t ask it when that will happen or how much it will cost to buy one — the company hasn’t shared a launch date or price, only telling The Verge that robots would be commercially available at some point in 2019. Here’s the plan, as we understand

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There’s Now a Tongue Spray to Help You Stop Smoking Weed

Kick the Habit Cannabis is one of the most commonly used illicit drugs in the world. But despite its ubiquity, there’s little in the way of help for users who become dependent on the drug. That might be changing, though, as a team of Australian researchers recently tested the ability of nabiximols , a THC – and CBD -containing cannabis extract currently approved to treat multiple sclerosis sympto

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Shaky scaffold changes lung infrastructure

Researchers identify changes in enzymes that may contribute to lung damage in rare genetic disorder.

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Study: PFAS move from mom to fetus at higher rate in women with gestational diabetes

A University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental epidemiologist studying the presence of PFAS compounds in new mothers and their babies found that women with gestational diabetes had a 'significantly higher' rate of transferring the synthetic chemicals to their fetus.

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Joseph Lange's Campaign Against HIV

Seema Yasmin, director of research and education at the Stanford Health Communication Initiative, talks about her book The Impatient Dr. Lange: One Man’s Fight to End the Global HIV Epidemic…. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Ebola outbreak declared an international public-health emergency

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02221-3 The World Health Organization’s action could increase the resources available to fight year-old outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Apple co-founder says we should all ditch Facebook — permanently

Steve Wozniak didn't hold back his feelings about the social media giant when stopped at an airport. The Apple co-founder admitted that devices spying on his conversations is worrisome. Wozniak deleted his Facebook account last year, recommending that "most people" should do the same. None When most people are stopped at an airpot, they're unlikely to chat about the news of the day. Perhaps Apple

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Netflix shares slide on disappointing subscriber growth

Netflix shares plunged in after-hours trade Wednesday after its quarterly update showed weaker-than-expected subscriber growth for the streaming television sector leader.

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WHO declares a public health emergency over Congo’s Ebola outbreak

The yearlong Ebola outbreak in the Congo has been declared a public health emergency by the World Health Organization.

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Germany Plans to Make Measles Vaccines Mandatory for All Children

Mandatory Vaccinations The German government just proposed a plan to make measles vaccinations mandatory for children and people who work at kindergartens and schools. Parents could face fines of up to $2,800 if they don’t get their children vaccinated. To prove they have been vaccinated, parents will have to hand over their children’s vaccination records. “Whether in kindergarten, at the childmi

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5G Network: How It Works, and Is It Dangerous?

5G is the next generation of cellular broadband, promising to bring mobile users into a future where Full-HD movies can be downloaded in seconds and emerging technologies such as self-driving cars and augmented reality are commonplace.

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The Nationalists Take Washington

It might have been the first-ever nationalist revolt launched from a Ritz-Carlton ballroom. This week, conservative intellectuals and politicos in Washington tucked into plated dinners and sipped from at least four varieties of seltzer at a new gathering, the National Conservatism Conference. In defiance of conservative-movement shibboleths, they applauded new rallying cries: No more worshipping

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Health insurance rule could help millions spend less for the care they need

Millions of Americans with chronic conditions could save money on the drugs and medical services they need the most, if their health insurance plans decide to take advantage of a new federal rule issued today.

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Timing of spay, neuter tied to higher risk of obesity and orthopedic injuries in dogs

Spaying or neutering large-breed dogs can put them at a higher risk for obesity and, if done when the dog is young, nontraumatic orthopedic injuries, reports a new study based on data from the Morris Animal Foundation Golden Retriever Lifetime Study. The spay/neuter study was published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

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Ants that defend plants receive sugar and protein

The aggressiveness of ants in arid environments with scarce food supply helps protect plants against herbivorous arthropods.

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One in 270 births have 'dual burden' of prematurity and severe maternal complications

A quarter of women who have serious maternal complications during childbirth also have premature births, posing a 'dual burden' on families, finds research from NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing, the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) California Preterm Birth Initiative, and Stanford University.

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It’s just a sheet of glass. With AI.

Scientists have invented a way for a sheet of glass to perform neural computing. The glass uses light patterns to identify images without a computer or power. It's image recognition at the speed of light. None When we think of artificial intelligence (AI), we think of advanced computational hardware running code that allows a processor to see patterns in raw information. A team of researchers fro

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Telescope In Chile's Mountains Looks For Signals To Explain How The Universe Began

There's a telescope high up in the mountains of Chile that's looking for signals from the earliest moments of the universe. Finding these signals would be key to explaining how the universe began.

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Improving the odds of synthetic chemistry success

Chemists show how analyzing previously published chemical reaction data can predict how hypothetical reactions may proceed, narrowing the range of conditions chemists need to explore. Their algorithmic prediction process, which includes aspects of machine learning, can save valuable time and resources in chemical research.

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Fiber-optic vibration sensors could prevent train accidents

Researchers have developed new sensors for measuring acceleration and vibration on trains. The technology could be integrated with artificial intelligence to prevent railway accidents and catastrophic train derailments.

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Mysterious, Glowing Tardigrade May Have Swallowed Part of Its Own Mouth

It looks like buried treasure, but it might just be pieces of the tardigrade's own mouth.

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Top EPA Scientific Integrity Official Not Allowed To Testify At House Hearing

The top scientific integrity official from the Environmental Protection Agency was barred from attending a Congressional hearing on scientific integrity on Wednesday.

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Making cancer stem cells visible to the immune system

Leukemia stem cells protect themselves against the immune defense by suppressing a target molecule for killer cells. This protective mechanism can be tricked with drugs. Scientists now describe a new therapeutic approaches that can possibly be derived from these results.

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First-ever visualizations of electrical gating effects on electronic structure

Scientists have visualized the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices.

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Possible drug target for deadly heart condition

A genetic mutation linked to dilated cardiomyopathy, a dangerous enlargement of the heart's main pumping chamber, activates a biological pathway normally turned off in healthy adult hearts, according to a new study.

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Can gut infection trigger Parkinson's disease?

Results suggest some forms of Parkinson's disease are an autoimmune disease triggered years before noticeable symptoms.

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Improving the odds of synthetic chemistry success

Chemists show how analyzing previously published chemical reaction data can predict how hypothetical reactions may proceed, narrowing the range of conditions chemists need to explore. Their algorithmic prediction process, which includes aspects of machine learning, can save valuable time and resources in chemical research.

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Cell types affected in brains of multiple sclerosis patients pinpointed

Scientists have discovered that a specific brain cell known as a 'projection neuron' has a central role to play in the brain changes seen in multiple sclerosis (MS). The research shows that projection neurons are damaged by the body's own immune cells, and that this damage could underpin the brain shrinkage and cognitive changes associated with MS. These new findings provide a platform for specifi

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Legalized recreational marijuana a substitute for alcohol, but not tobacco

The recent wave of recreational cannabis legalization across the US could generate $22 billion in sales per year, but not everyone is happy about it. New research shows the alcohol industry could be impacted when the substance is legalized.

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Health insurance idea could help millions of Americans spend less

New federal rule could reduce out-of-pocket costs for key drugs and services for people with chronic conditions in high-deductible health plans with health savings accounts.

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Plant viruses may be reshaping our world

A new review article highlights the evolution and ecology of plant viruses. A team of biologists is now exploring many details of viral dynamics. They describe the subtle interplay between three components of the viral infection process, the virus itself, the plant cell hosts infected by the virus and the vectors that act as go-betweens — an intricate system evolving over some 450 million years.

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What counts for our climate: Carbon budgets untangled

The more CO2 we emit from burning coal and oil and gas, the more we heat our climate — this sounds simple, and it is. Different analyzes have come up with different estimates of how much CO2 humankind can still emit if we want to hold global warming to the internationally agreed 1.5 and well below 2 degrees Celsius limits, but a lack of clarity of the reasons causing these variations has created

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Fiber-optic vibration sensors could prevent train accidents

Researchers have developed new sensors for measuring acceleration and vibration on trains. The technology could be integrated with artificial intelligence to prevent railway accidents and catastrophic train derailments.

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Crunching the numbers of cancer metastasis

While revealing that metastatic breast cancer cells alter their shape to spread to other regions of the body, researchers develop a mathematical model that can be applied to study similar cellular systems.

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Pokémon-like card game can help teach ecology

Playing a Pokémon-like card game about ecology and biodiversity can result in broader knowledge of species and a better understanding of ecosystems than traditional teaching methods, like slideshows, according to new research.

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Why JFK Believed His Bold Moonshot Could Actually Happen

The president had confidence NASA could win the race to the moon, despite the Soviet Union's previous successes.

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Police arrest Hawaiian protesters trying to block telescope

Police arrested elderly protesters, some using wheelchairs and canes, as they blocked a road Wednesday to Hawaii's highest peak to try to stop construction of a giant telescope on land some Native Hawaiians consider sacred.

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Elon Musk’s startup eyes human testing for brain-computer interface

Neuralink shares early results from its ultrasmall electrode implants

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Win or lose: Rigged card game sheds light on inequality, fairness

Researchers at Cornell University are using a rigged card game to shed light on perceptions of inequality.

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Dozens of Pilot Whales Washed Up on Georgia Beach, and Beachgoers Came to the Rescue

Concerned beachgoers and wildlife officials teamed up to save as many whales as possible.

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Elon Musk's Neuralink Unveils Mind-Reading Implant that Could Be Ready for Humans by 2020

Neuralink's chip implantation machine, which is designed to insert the company's N1 chip into people's heads with extreme precision. (Credit: Neuralink) He’s pioneered several multi-billion dollar companies, launched one of his cars into space, and now Elon Musk wants to hack your brain. On Tuesday night, the CEO and co-founder of Tesla and SpaceX lifted the veil of secrecy on a new venture, calle

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A graphene superconductor that plays more than one tune

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a graphene device that's thinner than a human hair but has a depth of special traits. It easily switches from a superconducting material that conducts electricity without losing any energy, to an insulator that resists the flow of electric current, and back again to a superconductor—a

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How Humans' Unique Cooking Abilities Might Have Altered Our Fate

(Credit: Petr Bonek/Shutterstock) If you cooked dinner today — even a Cup O Noodles — you did something extraordinary and uniquely human. While the rest of the animal kingdom subsists on raw food, we Homo sapiens cook our chow. And according to some researchers, this distinction made all the difference: When our ancestors mastered cooking roughly 2 million years ago it changed the course of human

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Elon Musk’s Neuralink unveils device to connect your brain to a smartphone

Neuralink seeks to build a brain-machine interface that would connect human brains with computers. No tests have been performed in humans, but the company hopes to obtain FDA approval and begin human trials in 2020. Musk said the technology essentially provides humans the option of "merging with AI." None Elon Musk wants to create a brain-machine interface that helps humans "achieve a kind of sym

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Win or lose: Rigged card game sheds light on inequality, fairness

Researchers at Cornell University are using a rigged card game to shed light on perceptions of inequality.

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A graphene superconductor that plays more than one tune

Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a graphene device that's thinner than a human hair but has a depth of special traits. It easily switches from a superconducting material that conducts electricity without losing any energy, to an insulator that resists the flow of electric current, and back again to a superconductor —

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IBM Unveils New “Electronic Tongue” to Taste and Identify Liquids

Gift of Tongues “Electronic tongues” are devices that can analyze materials just by coming in contact with them — and they have near-infinite applications, from testing water quality to ensuring an expensive wine isn’t a counterfeit. The problem is most fall into one of two categories: portable and specialized for only certain materials, or stationary and versatile. But now, IBM researchers have

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IDT and Washington University join forces to increase access to the latest NGS technologies

As part of its commitment to advocate for the genomics age, Integrated DNA Technologies (IDT) aims to lower the barriers to access the latest NGS technologies.

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Inactivating mutations and X-ray crystal structure of the tumor suppressor OPCML reveal cancer-associated functions

Nature Communications, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10966-8 OPCML is a tumour suppressor gene that is epigenetically silenced in ovarian cancer and is somatically mutated in various cancers. Here, the authors solve the X-ray crystal structure of OPCML and model clinically relevant mutations that could contribute to tumorigenesis.

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Dynamic shortening of disorder potentials in anharmonic halide perovskites

Nature Communications, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11087-y Halide perovskites have sharp optical absorption edges, which seems contradictory to the amount of disorder in the materials. Here Gehrmann and Egger show that the disorder potential is short-range correlated and can thus reconcile with the sharp optical absorption edges and small Urbach energies.

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The longevity-promoting factor, TCER-1, widely represses stress resistance and innate immunity

Nature Communications, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10759-z Resistance to stress is often associated with increased longevity. Using the model organism C. elegans the authors here show that TCER-1 enhances lifespan while at the same time increasing sensitivity to a number of biotic and abiotic stressors.

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NASC-seq monitors RNA synthesis in single cells

Nature Communications, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11028-9 Sequencing of newly synthesised RNA can reveal the transcriptional dynamics in a population of cells. Here the authors develop NASC-seq to bring this sensitivity and temporal resolution to single-cell analysis.

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Active protection of a superconducting qubit with an interferometric Josephson isolator

Nature Communications, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11101-3 Magnetic-based isolators are critical components for protecting qubits against noise in quantum setups but unsuitable for large processors. Here, Abdo et al. show good protection of a qubit in a high-fidelity quantum readout setup using a Josephson-based isolator devoid of magnetic materials.

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A broadband and strong visible-light-absorbing photosensitizer boosts hydrogen evolution

Nature Communications, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11099-8 Converting solar energy to hydrogen fuel requires light-absorbers that well-match the wavelengths of incoming sunlight. Here, authors prepare a broadband visible-light-absorbing molecular complex that efficiently produces hydrogen from water.

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Synthesis, structures and magnetic properties of [(η9-C9H9)Ln(η8-C8H8)] super sandwich complexes

Nature Communications, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10976-6 Lanthanide sandwich complexes represent both a fundamental class of organometallic compounds and promising molecular magnets for information storage. Here the authors unveil a class of lanthanide sandwich complexes containing fully π-coordinated 8- and 9-membered rings, and show their slow relaxation of the magn

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Pulse control protocols for preserving coherence in dipolar-coupled nuclear spin baths

Nature Communications, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11160-6 Fluctuating nuclear spin ensembles are a significant decoherence mechanism for solid-state spin qubits. Here the authors introduce an approach to controlling and extending the coherence of a nuclear spin bath around self-assembled quantum dots and gain insight into the many-body dynamics.

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VW Emissions Cheating Scandal Increased Children's Pollution Exposure

Increased air pollution impacted low birth weights and asthma attacks, a federal economist says — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Review evaluates how AI could boost the success of clinical trials

Researchers examined how artificial intelligence (AI) could affect drug development in the coming decade.

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Stone tool changes may show how Mesolithic hunter-gatherers responded to changing climate

The development of new hunting projectiles by European hunter-gatherers during the Mesolithic may have been linked to territoriality in a rapidly-changing climate, according to a new study.

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Ebola Outbreak in Congo Is Declared a Global Health Emergency

The World Health Organization issued the order; the virus has infected more than 2,500 people and killed nearly 1,700.

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Endangered Bornean orangutans survive in managed forest, decline near oil palm plantations

Recent surveys of the population of endangered Bornean orangutans in Sabah, the Malaysian state in the north-east of Borneo, show mixed results. Populations have remained stable within well-managed forests, where there is little hunting, but declined in landscapes comprising extensive oil palm plantations, according to a new study.

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New AI Identifies People by Their Minuscule Eye Movements

Eye Tracking A new deep learning algorithm can identify people based only on the unique ways that they move their eyeballs. Scientists have long known that eye movements can serve as an like a fingerprint, according to Tech Xplore , but technological limitations made using eye movement-scanners impractical. Now, though, a new algorithm that needs one-hundredth the input data of existing tech coul

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Think FaceApp Is Scary? Wait Till You Hear About Facebook

The idea that FaceApp is somehow exceptionally dangerous threatens to obscure the real point: All apps deserve this level of scrutiny.

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Death as a human sacrifice awaited some travellers to a Mayan city

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02175-6 People whose remains were consigned to a sinkhole in Mexico might have journeyed more than 1,000 kilometres to the site.

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Coral Deaths Spurred by Pollutants From Land

Runoff and waste may be more harmful to the animals than climate change.

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Bio-Rad Launches Bio-Plex Pro Human Immunotherapy Panel 20-plex Multiplex Assay, a targeted tool for researching signaling networks in Immunotherapy Research

Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. (NYSE: BIO and BIOb) July 15, 2019 announced the launch of its Bio-Plex Pro Human Immunotherapy Panel 20-plex, a multiplex immunoassay that offers a targeted approach for Immunotherapy Research.

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Study identifies how to verify whether MPAs are effective

Marine protected areas, or MPAS, are an increasingly common way of protecting marine ecosystems by prohibiting fishing in specific locations. However, many people remain skeptical that MPAs actually benefit fish populations, and there has not yet been a way to demonstrate whether or not they are effective. Until now.

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Correcting historic sea surface temperature measurements

Something odd happened in the oceans in the early 20th century. The North Atlantic and Northeast Pacific appeared to warm twice as much as the global average while the Northwest Pacific cooled over several decades.

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The history of science is for sale

Space Age artifacts are bought and sold every day. (NASA/) Most people probably haven’t visited an auction house, but they are, perhaps surprisingly, rather accommodating of the masses. Last fall, I visited Sotheby’s New York offices, a gray and glass building near the East River. In the foyer, between a high-security prison for collectible wines and the concierge’s desk, someone had parked Richa

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Experimental Spacecraft LightSail 2 Snaps Amazing Photos

Earth Snapshot Crowdfunded spacecraft LightSail 2 just snapped some incredible photos of the Earth, days before it’s scheduled to unfurl its solar sails. Spare bandwidth allowed for two high-resolution images of our planet to reach the LightSail 2 team. Fresh pics from LightSail 2! Our flight controllers are continuing to tweak and test the spacecraft ahead of sail deployment: https://t.co/8HZUcV

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Study identifies how to verify whether MPAs are effective

Marine protected areas, or MPAS, are an increasingly common way of protecting marine ecosystems by prohibiting fishing in specific locations. However, many people remain skeptical that MPAs actually benefit fish populations, and there has not yet been a way to demonstrate whether or not they are effective. Until now.

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Cracks in the skin of eczema patients promote allergic diseases

Many babies with eczema go on to develop food allergies, asthma and hay fever, and researchers at National Jewish Health say it's not a coincidence. The cracks caused by eczema weaken the skin barrier, allowing allergens to penetrate the skin and cause a sequence of allergic diseases, what experts call the 'atopic march.'

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Do marine protected areas work?

A study describes how to use data collected before and after Marine Protected Areas are created to verify that they work.

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A type of antibiotics can cause hearing loss – and now we know why

Aminoglycoside antibiotics can save lives, but the drugs can also cause hearing loss because of the toxic effect they have on sensory cells in the ear

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Artificial skin can sense 1000 times faster than human nerves

An artificial skin inspired by the human nervous system can sense pressure and temperature. It has been tested on a robotic hand and improved its ability to grasp a cup of coffee

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A drastic plan might prevent catastrophic Antarctic ice sheet collapse

Pumping huge volumes of ocean water onto the West Antarctic ice sheet may stop it collapsing and causing a dramatic sea level rise that would threaten New York

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Life’s winners think success was earned even if it was down to luck

People who win in a card game that involves almost no skill and was rigged in their favour tend to think the game was fair and that success was down to talent

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Plant viruses may be reshaping our world

The community of viruses is staggeringly vast. Occupying every conceivable biological niche, from searing undersea vents to frigid tundra, these enigmatic invaders, hovering between inert matter and life, circumnavigate the globe in the hundreds of trillions. They are the most abundant life forms on earth.

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NASA finds tropical storm Danas northeast of the Philippines

NASA's Aqua satellite provided a visible image of Tropical Storm Danas as it continued to move north and away from the Philippines.

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Doctors are turning to artificial intelligence to diagnose cancer patients

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Watch Elon Musk’s Neuralink presentation

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NASA's exoplanet-hunting satellite discovers mysterious supernova

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Plant viruses may be reshaping our world

The community of viruses is staggeringly vast. Occupying every conceivable biological niche, from searing undersea vents to frigid tundra, these enigmatic invaders, hovering between inert matter and life, circumnavigate the globe in the hundreds of trillions. They are the most abundant life forms on earth.

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Devastating banana disease may have reached Latin America, could drive up global prices

Scientists are working to confirm the presence of a fungus that has wreaked havoc in Asia

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WHO Declares Ebola Outbreak In Congo An International Health Emergency

The current outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo has killed more than 1,650 people, according to the World Health Organization. About 12 new cases are reported daily. (Image credit: Al-hadji Kudra Maliro/AP)

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Uber Wants To Help You Buy AirPods And Amazon Echos

Uber has a partnership with a startup called Cargo which allows its riders to purchase minor items like snacks or charging cables from consoles inside the vehicle. The two companies are now …

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Ohioans have lost more than 1 million years of life due to drug overdose since 2009

A new study from Ohio University shows that more than 1 million years of life were lost in Ohio from overdose deaths between Jan. 1, 2009 and Dec. 31, 2018.

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About 44% of high school seniors who misuse prescription drugs have multiple drug sources

Roughly 11% of high school seniors reported prescription drug misuse during the past year, and of those, 44% used multiple supply sources, according to a pair of University of Michigan studies.

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Correcting historic sea surface temperature measurements

Why did the oceans warm and cool at such different rates in the early 20th century? New research from Harvard University and the UK's National Oceanography Centre points to an answer both as mundane as a decimal point truncation and as complicated as global politics. Part history, part climate science, this research corrects decades of data and suggests that ocean warming occurred in a much more h

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Massive potential health gains in switching to active transport — Otago study

Swapping short car trips for walking or biking could achieve as much health gain as ongoing tobacco tax increases, according to a study from the University of Otago, New Zealand.

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Rare inherited enzyme disorder yields insight into fibrosis

St. Jude investigators have discovered an association between a deficiency in the enzyme neuraminidase 1 and the build-up of connective tissue in organs, suck as the muscle, kidney, liver, heart and lungs.

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West Antarctic ice collapse may be prevented by snowing ocean water onto it

The ice sheet covering West Antarctica is at risk of sliding off into the ocean. While further ice-sheet destabilisation in other parts of the continent may be limited by a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the slow, yet inexorable loss of West Antarctic ice is likely to continue even after climate warming is stabilised. A collapse might take hundreds of years but will raise sea levels worldw

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Machine learning platform guides pancreatic cyst management in patients

Researchers have created a comprehensive test based on machine learning algorithms to better guide the management of patients with pancreatic cysts — a potential precursor of pancreatic cancer.

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Artificial snowfall could save the West Antarctic ice sheet, but with high costs and risks

By pumping ocean water onto coastal regions surrounding parts of the West Antarctic ice sheet and converting it to snow, it may be possible to prevent the ice sheet from sliding into the ocean and melting, according to a new modeling study. The authors caution that while the findings offer a potentially feasible and less dangerous solution compared to other proposed.

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HIV vaccine nears clinical trial following new findings

A promising vaccine that clears an HIV-like virus from monkeys is closer to human testing after a new, weakened version of the vaccine has been shown to provide similar protection as its original version. The vaccine — which uses a form of the common herpes virus cytomegalovirus, or CMV — was live-attenuated, or weakened so CMV couldn't spread as easily. Having an attenuated version of the vacci

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Protecting a forgotten treasure trove of biodiversity

The lesser-known Cerrado biome in Brazil is a hotspot of biodiversity, but it is being destroyed at an alarming rate by unsustainable agricultural activities. A study involving IIASA researchers published in the journal Science Advances, calls attention to this forgotten region and urges the international community to support measures for its protection.

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New tuberculosis tests pave way for cow vaccination programs

Skin tests that can distinguish between cattle that are infected with tuberculosis (TB) and those that have been vaccinated against the disease have been created by an international team of scientists.

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Test shown to improve accuracy in identifying precancerous pancreatic cysts

CompCyst, a new test developed by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center distinguishes pancreatic cysts that are destined to become cancer and need to be surgically removed from cysts that can be left alone without causing harm. The researchers believe CompCyst has the capacity to substantially reduce unnecessary surgeries for pancreatic cysts.

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Protected area designation effective in reducing, but not preventing, land cover changes

The designation of protected areas in Europe has been effective in reducing, but not completely preventing, land cover changes associated with human activity, according to a study published July 17, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Niels Hellwig of Potsdam University and Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences in Germany, and colleagues.

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Endangered Bornean orangutans survive in managed forest, decline near oil palm plantations

Recent surveys of the population of endangered Bornean orangutans in Sabah, the Malaysian state in the north-east of Borneo, show mixed results. Populations have remained stable within well-managed forests, where there is little hunting, but declined in landscapes comprising extensive oil palm plantations, according to a new study in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Donna Simon of the World Wid

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Stone tool changes may show how Mesolithic hunter-gatherers responded to changing climate

The development of new hunting projectiles by European hunter-gatherers during the Mesolithic may have been linked to territoriality in a rapidly-changing climate, according to a study published July 17, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Philippe Crombé from Ghent University, Belgium.

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Link between workplace sexual harassment and women's negative self-views may be weakening

A survey analysis suggests that, between 2016 and 2018, the relationship between workplace sexual harassment and women's negative self-views weakened. Ksenia Keplinger and colleagues at the Leeds School of Business at the University of Colorado Boulder, US, present these findings in the open access journal PLOS ONE on July 17, 2019.

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Stone tool changes may show how Mesolithic hunter-gatherers responded to changing climate

The development of new hunting projectiles by European hunter-gatherers during the Mesolithic may have been linked to territoriality in a rapidly-changing climate, according to a study published July 17, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Philippe Crombé from Ghent University, Belgium.

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NASA tracking post-tropical cyclone Barry to Indiana

NASA's Aqua satellite provided a visible image of the clouds associated with Post-Tropical Cyclone Barry moving through the mid-Mississippi Valley on July 16, and headed toward the Ohio Valley.

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We Finally Know Why Florida's Coral Reefs Are Dying, and It's Not Just Climate Change

Hot water is killing Florida's coral reefs. But it's not the only factor bleaching them white.

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Forget Qubits — Scientists Just Built a Quantum Gate With Qudits

Gate Keepers Just like quantum computers have their own versions of bits known as qubits, they also need their own versions of logic gates , which control the flow of information in a computing system. Now, a team from Purdue University has published a study in the journal npj Quantum Information detailing their creation of one of the first known quantum gates incorporating qudits as opposed to q

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Its not just how the game is played, its whether you win or lose

Growing disparities of income and wealth have prompted extensive survey research to measure the effects on public beliefs about the causes and fairness of economic inequality. However, observational data confound responses to unequal outcomes with highly correlated inequality of opportunity. This study uses a novel experiment to disentangle the effects of unequal outcomes and unequal opportunitie

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LKB1 specifies neural crest cell fates through pyruvate-alanine cycling

Metabolic processes underlying the development of the neural crest, an embryonic population of multipotent migratory cells, are poorly understood. Here, we report that conditional ablation of the Lkb1 tumor suppressor kinase in mouse neural crest stem cells led to intestinal pseudo-obstruction and hind limb paralysis. This phenotype originated from a postnatal degeneration of the enteric nervous

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Excessive exosome release is the pathogenic pathway linking a lysosomal deficiency to generalized fibrosis

Lysosomal exocytosis is a ubiquitous process negatively regulated by neuraminidase 1 (NEU1), a sialidase mutated in the glycoprotein storage disease sialidosis. In Neu1 –/– mice, excessive lysosomal exocytosis is at the basis of disease pathogenesis. Yet, the tissue-specific molecular consequences of this deregulated pathway are still unfolding. We now report that in muscle connective tissue, Neu

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Seasonal prediction of Indian wintertime aerosol pollution using the ocean memory effect

As China makes every effort to control air pollution, India emerges as the world’s most polluted country, receiving worldwide attention with frequent winter (boreal) haze extremes. In this study, we found that the interannual variability of wintertime aerosol pollution over northern India is regulated mainly by a combination of El Niño and the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO). Both El Niño sea surface

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Expanding the Soy Moratorium to Brazils Cerrado

The Cerrado biome in Brazil is a tropical savanna and an important global biodiversity hot spot. Today, only a fraction of its original area remains undisturbed, and this habitat is at risk of conversion to agriculture, especially to soybeans. Here, we present the first quantitative analysis of expanding the Soy Moratorium (SoyM) from the Brazilian Amazon to the Cerrado biome. The SoyM expansion

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The regulatory B cell-mediated peripheral tolerance maintained by mast cell IL-5 suppresses oxazolone-induced contact hypersensitivity

The function of regulatory immune cells in peripheral tissues is crucial to the onset and severity of various diseases. Interleukin-10 (IL-10)–producing regulatory B (IL-10 + B reg ) cells are known to suppress various inflammatory diseases. However, evidence for the mechanism by which IL-10 + B reg cells are generated and maintained is still very limited. Here, we found that IL-10 + B reg cells

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The orphan nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5a2 critically regulates T cell functions

LRH-1 (liver receptor homolog-1/NR5a2) is an orphan nuclear receptor, which regulates glucose and lipid metabolism, as well as intestinal inflammation via the transcriptional control of intestinal glucocorticoid synthesis. Predominantly expressed in epithelial cells, its expression and role in immune cells are presently enigmatic. LRH-1 was found to be induced in immature and mature T lymphocytes

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Fc receptor-like 1 intrinsically recruits c-Abl to enhance B cell activation and function

B cell activation is regulated by the stimulatory or inhibitory co-receptors of B cell receptors (BCRs). Here, we investigated the signaling mechanism of Fc receptor-like 1 (FcRL1), a newly identified BCR co-receptor. FcRL1 was passively recruited into B cell immunological synapses upon BCR engagement in the absence of FcRL1 cross-linking, suggesting that FcRL1 may intrinsically regulate B cell a

2d

Photoactivation of Drosophila melanogaster cryptochrome through sequential conformational transitions

Cryptochromes are blue-light photoreceptor proteins, which provide input to circadian clocks. The cryptochrome from Drosophila melanogaster ( Dm Cry) modulates the degradation of Timeless and itself. It is unclear how light absorption by the chromophore and the subsequent redox reactions trigger these events. Here, we use nano- to millisecond time-resolved x-ray solution scattering to reveal the

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Inflammation up-regulates cochlear expression of TRPV1 to potentiate drug-induced hearing loss

Aminoglycoside antibiotics are essential for treating life-threatening bacterial infections, despite the risk of lifelong hearing loss. Infections induce inflammation and up-regulate expression of candidate aminoglycoside-permeant cation channels, including transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1). Heterologous expression of TRPV1 facilitated cellular uptake of (fluorescently tagged) gent

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Worm tubes as conduits for the electrogenic microbial grid in marine sediments

Electrogenic cable bacteria can couple spatially separated redox reaction zones in marine sediments using multicellular filaments as electron conductors. Reported as generally absent from disturbed sediments, we have found subsurface cable aggregations associated with tubes of the parchment worm Chaetopterus variopedatus in otherwise intensely bioturbated deposits. Cable bacteria tap into tubes,

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Structural basis for the multitasking nature of the potato virus Y coat protein

Potato virus Y (PVY) is among the most economically important plant pathogens. Using cryoelectron microscopy, we determined the near-atomic structure of PVY’s flexuous virions, revealing a previously unknown lumenal interplay between extended carboxyl-terminal regions of the coat protein units and viral RNA. RNA–coat protein interactions are crucial for the helical configuration and stability of

2d

Stabilizing the West Antarctic Ice Sheet by surface mass deposition

There is evidence that a self-sustaining ice discharge from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) has started, potentially leading to its disintegration. The associated sea level rise of more than 3m would pose a serious challenge to highly populated areas including metropolises such as Calcutta, Shanghai, New York City, and Tokyo. Here, we show that the WAIS may be stabilized through mass depositi

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A new case of kleptoplasty in animals: Marine flatworms steal functional plastids from diatoms

To date, sea slugs have been considered the only animals known to sequester functional algal plastids into their own cells, via a process called "kleptoplasty." We report here, however, that endosymbionts in the marine flatworms Baicalellia solaris and Pogaina paranygulgus are isolated plastids stolen from diatoms. Ultrastructural data show that kleptoplasts are located within flatworm cells, whi

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Protein lysine de-2-hydroxyisobutyrylation by CobB in prokaryotes

Lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (Khib) has recently been shown to be an evolutionarily conserved histone mark. Here, we report that CobB serves as a lysine de-2-hydroxyisobutyrylation enzyme that regulates glycolysis and cell growth in prokaryotes. We identified the specific binding of CobB to Khib using a novel self-assembled multivalent photocrosslinking peptide probe and demonstrated that CobB

2d

The prostate cancer risk variant rs55958994 regulates multiple gene expression through extreme long-range chromatin interaction to control tumor progression

Genome-wide association studies identified single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs55958994 as a significant variant associated with increased susceptibility to prostate cancer. However, the mechanisms by which this SNP mediates increased risk to cancer are still unknown. In this study, we show that this variant is located in an enhancer active in prostate cancer cells. Deletion of this enhancer f

2d

A defined antigen skin test for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a major zoonotic disease of cattle that is endemic in much of the world, limiting livestock productivity and representing a global public health threat. Because the standard tuberculin skin test precludes implementation of Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine–based control programs, we here developed and evaluated a novel peptide-based defined antigen skin test (DST)

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2d

Study: First clinical proof that genotypes determine if Alzheimer's drugs will work

University at Buffalo researchers have determined that a human gene present in 75% of the population is a key reason why a class of drugs for Alzheimer's disease seemed promising in animal studies only to fail in human studies.

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NASA finds tropical storm Danas northeast of the Philippines

NASA's Aqua satellite provided a visible image of Tropical Storm Danas as it continued to move north and away from the Philippines.

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Plant viruses may be reshaping our world

A new review article appearing in the journal Nature Reviews Microbiology highlights the evolution and ecology of plant viruses. Arvind Varsani, a researcher at ASU's Biodesign Institute joins an international team to explore many details of viral dynamics. They describe the subtle interplay between three components of the viral infection process, the virus itself, the plant cell hosts infected by

2d

NASA tracking post-tropical cyclone Barry to Indiana

NASA's Aqua satellite provided a visible image of the clouds associated with Post-Tropical Cyclone Barry moving through the mid-Mississippi Valley on July 16, 2019 and headed toward the Ohio Valley.

2d

Health insurance idea born at U-M could help millions of Americans spend less

New federal rule could reduce out-of-pocket costs for key drugs and services for people with chronic conditions in high-deductible health plans with health savings accounts.

2d

A New Spin On DNA

For decades, researchers have chased ways to study biological machines. Every mechanical movement — from contracting a muscle to replicating DNA — relies on molecular motors that take near-undetectable steps. Trying to see them move is like trying to watch a soccer game taking place on the moon. Now, with DNA origami helicopters, researchers have captured the first recorded rotational steps of a

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Protecting a forgotten treasure trove of biodiversity

The Cerrado is the largest savanna region in South America, but compared to the Amazon Forest to the north, it does not attract much attention. It is home to an incredible diversity of large mammal species, including the jaguar, the endangered maned wolf, the giant anteater, giant armadillo, and marsh deer, as well as more than 10,000 species of plants, almost half of which are found nowhere else

2d

Endangered Bornean orangutans survive in managed forest, decline near oil palm plantations

Recent surveys of the population of endangered Bornean orangutans in Sabah, the Malaysian state in the north-east of Borneo, show mixed results. Populations have remained stable within well-managed forests, where there is little hunting, but declined in landscapes comprising extensive oil palm plantations, according to a new study in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Donna Simon of the World Wid

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Protected area designation effective in reducing, but not preventing, land cover changes

The designation of protected areas in Europe has been effective in reducing, but not completely preventing, land cover changes associated with human activity, according to a study published July 17 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Niels Hellwig of Potsdam University and Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences in Germany, and colleagues. Approximately 1.5% of all protected areas and 3% of al

2d

Link between workplace sexual harassment and women's negative self-views may be weakening

A survey analysis suggests that, between 2016 and 2018, the relationship between workplace sexual harassment and women's negative self-views weakened. Ksenia Keplinger and colleagues at the Leeds School of Business at the University of Colorado Boulder, USA, present these findings in the open access journal PLOS ONE on July 17, 2019.

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West Antarctic ice collapse may be prevented by snowing ocean water onto it

A team of researchers from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) is now scrutinising a daring way of stabilising the ice sheet: Generating trillions of tons of additional snowfall by pumping ocean water onto the glaciers and distributing it with snow canons. This would mean unprecedented engineering efforts and a substantial environmental hazard in one of the world's last pristin

2d

New tuberculosis tests pave way for cow vaccination programs

Skin tests that can distinguish between cattle that are infected with tuberculosis (TB) and those that have been vaccinated against the disease have been created by an international team of scientists. The traditional TB tuberculin skin test shows a positive result for cows that have the disease as well as those that have been vaccinated against the disease. By distinguishing between these two gro

2d

Speediest quantum operation yet

Australian physicists have built a super-fast version of the central building block of a quantum computer. Phil Dooley reports.

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Is it time to create artificial blizzards in Antarctica?

It could save the ice sheet, researchers suggest, but not without great cost and risk. Richard A Lovett reports.

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New robo-skin mimics human neuro architecture

Singapore scientists unveil a membrane that will let robots react to external stimuli in milliseconds. Barry Keily reports.

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Endangered Bornean orangutans survive in managed forest, decline near oil palm plantations

Recent surveys of the population of endangered Bornean orangutans in Sabah, the Malaysian state in the north-east of Borneo, show mixed results. Populations have remained stable within well-managed forests, where there is little hunting, but declined in landscapes comprising extensive oil palm plantations, according to a new study in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Donna Simon of the World Wid

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Protected area designation effective in reducing, but not preventing, land cover changes

The designation of protected areas in Europe has been effective in reducing, but not completely preventing, land cover changes associated with human activity, according to a study published July 17 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Niels Hellwig of Potsdam University and Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences in Germany, and colleagues. Approximately 1.5% of all protected areas and 3% of al

2d

New tuberculosis tests pave way for cow vaccination programs

Skin tests that can distinguish between cattle that are infected with tuberculosis (TB) and those that have been vaccinated against the disease have been created by an international team of scientists. The traditional TB tuberculin skin test shows a positive result for cows that have the disease as well as those that have been vaccinated against the disease. By distinguishing between these two gro

2d

DoNotPay's New Service Automatically Cancels Your Free Trials

The service Free Trial Card gives you a crafty digital credit card number you can use to sign up for free trials around the web and never get charged.

2d

Congo’s Ebola Outbreak Is Declared a Global Health Emergency

The World Health Organization issued the order as the ebola virus has infected more than 2,500 people and killed more than 1,660.

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​Scotland is generating so much wind energy, it could power all of its homes — twice over

Wind turbines in Scotland produced more than 9.8 million megawatt-hours of electricity in the first half of 2019. Scotland is a global leader in renewable energies, generating more than half of its electricity consumption from renewables. The U.S. currently generates about 7 percent of its electricity from wind. None Scotland's wind turbines have generated enough electricity this year to power al

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First-ever visualizations of electrical gating effects on electronic structure

Scientists have visualised the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely-tuned high performance electronic devices.

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Fears of worsening floods as monsoon rains pound South Asia

Children have been swept away by floodwaters and others killed in landslides caused by heavy monsoon rains across south Asia as the death toll passed 250 Wednesday, with authorities bracing for worse weather in some regions.

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Wary US swimmers share waves with deadly sharks off Cape Cod

At the entrance to Newcomb Hollow Beach, at the tip of the Cape Cod peninsula, the picture of a great white shark reminds swimmers that the US shores of the Atlantic must be shared with the ocean's most feared predator.

2d

The Puzzling Ubiquity of Ed Sheeran

Ed Sheeran has been compared to tofu , to a sponge , to microbes , and to other ubiquitous inoffensive things that take on the qualities of what’s around them. He strums and sings humbly about missing his hometown chip shop, and few observers have an airtight explanation of why that’s resulted in one of the most dominant pop careers ever. On Spotify, he has more followers than any other artist ;

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Ancient survival mechanism may contribute to obesity epidemic

Like starvation, overeating stresses cells and causes a similar slowdown in the release of energy from fat storage, a new mouse study suggests.

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Wary US swimmers share waves with deadly sharks off Cape Cod

At the entrance to Newcomb Hollow Beach, at the tip of the Cape Cod peninsula, the picture of a great white shark reminds swimmers that the US shores of the Atlantic must be shared with the ocean's most feared predator.

2d

Georgia beachgoers help pilot whales from stranding on shore

A summer afternoon at the beach quickly became a scramble to save a pod of disoriented pilot whales, with vacationers joining lifeguards and state wildlife crews in the water trying to keep roughly 30 of the large marine mammals from beaching themselves on the Georgia coast.

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Human Wastewater Runoff is Killing Corals in the Florida Keys

Corals stressed by heat and other environmental conditions can bleach, or kick out their life-giving algae companions. (Credit: sabangvideo/Shutterstock) It’s been said time and time again that climate change is killing coral reefs. Rising ocean temperatures cause bleaching, which damages huge chunks of coral ecosystems from Australia to the southern United States. But heat isn’t the only reason r

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Georgia beachgoers help pilot whales from stranding on shore

A summer afternoon at the beach quickly became a scramble to save a pod of disoriented pilot whales, with vacationers joining lifeguards and state wildlife crews in the water trying to keep roughly 30 of the large marine mammals from beaching themselves on the Georgia coast.

2d

Bleating the traffic: sheep dodge cars in tour around Paris

A flock of sheep that has taken a 140-kilometre (87-mile) tour around Paris, nibbling on grass at historic monuments and housing blocks along the way, ended their 12-day journey on the banks of the river Seine on Wednesday.

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Animal rescue group needs help caring for 89 baby birds

An animal rescue group is asking for help caring for 89 baby snowy egrets and black-crowned night herons left homeless last week after a tree fell in downtown Oakland.

2d

Ghana and Ivory Coast lift threat to suspend cocoa supplies

Ivory Coast and Ghana, the world's two largest cocoa producers, have ended a threat to stop selling their production in what was a push for higher prices.

2d

Bats hang where Israeli soldiers once stood in Jordan Valley

The whoosh of wings disturbs the quiet of an abandoned, pitch-black maze of corridors next to the Jordan River in the occupied Palestinian territories.

2d

A New Spin On DNA

For decades, researchers have chased ways to study biological machines. Every mechanical movement — from contracting a muscle to replicating DNA — relies on molecular motors that take near-undetectable steps. Trying to see them move is like trying to watch a soccer game taking place on the moon. Now, with DNA origami helicopters, researchers have captured the first recorded rotational steps of a

2d

Animal rescue group needs help caring for 89 baby birds

An animal rescue group is asking for help caring for 89 baby snowy egrets and black-crowned night herons left homeless last week after a tree fell in downtown Oakland.

2d

Ghana and Ivory Coast lift threat to suspend cocoa supplies

Ivory Coast and Ghana, the world's two largest cocoa producers, have ended a threat to stop selling their production in what was a push for higher prices.

2d

Toward a better battery: Scientists uncover source of degradation in sodium batteries

Batteries power our lives: we rely on them to keep our cell phones and laptops buzzing and our hybrid and electric cars on the road. But ever-increasing adoption of the most commonly used lithium-ion batteries may actually lead to increased cost and potential shortages of lithium—which is why sodium-ion batteries are being researched intensely as a possible replacement. They perform well, and sodi

2d

Rockets Causing Lunar Dust Storms Could Spark International War

Kicking Sand Landing rockets on the Moon presents an often-overlooked logistical challenge which, unaddressed, could lead to international conflict. Firing the thrusters that gently lower a rocket down to the lunar surface kicks up a massive cloud of Moon dust rocks that can travel hundreds of miles, according to The Verge , which would pelt any other rockets, astronauts, archaeological sites, or

2d

Parasite brings down mosquito numbers in parts of Guangzhou

The number of biting Asian tiger mosquitoes, which spread dengue and Chikungunya, has been reduced by more than 80 per cent at two sites in Guangzhou, China

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Costa Rica is banning the use of polystyrene packaging from 2021

Costa Rica lawmakers are to ban the import of expanded polystyrene packaging in a bid to curb its damaging effects on the environment and human health

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New spin on molecular oxygen

Reactive molecular oxygen singlets have a multitude of uses in chemistry and medicine, but they are less abundant than non-reactive oxygen triplets. A multinational research team has developed a novel method of producing reactive molecular oxygen through controlled, reversible bond formation between two oxygen atoms using atomic force microscopy. In addition, the researchers could alter the charge

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Pokémon-like card game can help teach ecology

Playing a Pokémon-like card game about ecology and biodiversity can result in broader knowledge of species and a better understanding of ecosystems than traditional teaching methods, like slideshows, according to new research from the University of British Columbia.

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Camping hammocks free you from tent tyranny

Hang out in the forest. (Pixabay/) For thousands of years, tents have been the shelter of choice for those sleeping outdoors. They offer cover, a way to keep off the creepy crawlies, and a sense of familiarity—we sleep on a flat surface in a four-walled structure every other day of our lives; why not do so outside, too? But there's a better option out there, an alternative that not only offers a

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Pokémon-like card game can help teach ecology

Playing a Pokémon-like card game about ecology and biodiversity can result in broader knowledge of species and a better understanding of ecosystems than traditional teaching methods, like slideshows, according to new research from the University of British Columbia.

2d

A new material for the battery of the future

Researchers have discovered a new high performance and safe battery material (LTPS) capable of speeding up charge and discharge to a level never observed so far. Practically, if the first tests are confirmed, this new material could be used in the batteries of the future with better energy storage, faster charge and discharge and higher safety targeting many uses from smartphones, to electric bicy

2d

Source of degradation in sodium batteries

Batteries power our lives: we rely on them to keep our cell phones and laptops buzzing and our hybrid and electric cars on the road. But ever-increasing adoption of the most commonly used lithium-ion batteries may actually lead to increased cost and potential shortages of lithium — which is why sodium-ion batteries are being researched intensely as a possible replacement. They perform well, and s

2d

Survival: For bacteria, the neighbors co-determine which cell dies first

Bacteria do not simply perish in hunger phases fortuitously; rather, the surrounding cells have a say as well. A research team has now discovered that two factors, above all, decide over life and death: the energy required to continue living and the efficiency with which surviving cells can recycle biomass from dead cells.

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Red algae steal genes from bacteria to cope with environmental stresses

It's a case of grand larceny that could lead to new fuels and cleanup chemicals. Ten species of red algae stole about 1 percent of their genes from bacteria to cope with toxic metals and salt stress in hot springs, according to a study in the journal eLife.

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Researchers use nano-particles to increase power, improve eye safety of fiber lasers

Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory have devised a new process for using nano-particles to build powerful lasers that are more efficient and safer for your eyes.

2d

Red algae steal genes from bacteria to cope with environmental stresses

It's a case of grand larceny that could lead to new fuels and cleanup chemicals. Ten species of red algae stole about 1 percent of their genes from bacteria to cope with toxic metals and salt stress in hot springs, according to a study in the journal eLife.

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How Moon-Landing Tapes Found in a $218 Batch Could Fetch $1 Million

Three reels of videotape will be auctioned at Sotheby’s on Saturday. Other recordings could have laid claim to being earlier or better, but those tapes were lost.

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Parasite brings down mosquito numbers in parts of Guangzhou

The number of biting Asian tiger mosquitoes, which spread dengue and Chikungunya, has been reduced by more than 80 per cent at two sites in Guangzhou, China

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Legalized recreational marijuana a substitute for alcohol, but not tobacco

The recent wave of recreational cannabis legalization across the U.S. could generate $22 billion in sales per year, but not everyone is happy about it. New research to be published in an upcoming edition of the INFORMS journal Marketing Science, titled, "Asymmetric Effects of Recreational Cannabis Legalization," shows the alcohol industry could be impacted when the substance is legalized.

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For bacteria, the neighbors co-determine which cell dies first

Bacteria do not simply perish in hunger phases fortuitously; rather, the surrounding cells have a say as well. A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now discovered that two factors, above all, decide over life and death: the energy required to continue living and the efficiency with which surviving cells can recycle biomass from dead cells.

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Researchers put a new spin on molecular oxygen

While pinning down a single oxygen atom sounds difficult, trying to then manipulate electrons associated with that single atom to alter its charge sounds downright impossible. However, for the first time, this achievement has been reported by an international research team led by Osaka University.

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A new spin on DNA

For decades, researchers have chased ways to study biological machines. Every mechanical movement–from contracting a muscle to replicating DNA–relies on molecular motors that take near-undetectable steps. Trying to see them move is like trying to watch a soccer game taking place on the moon. Now, with DNA origami helicopters, researchers have captured the first recorded rotational steps of a mol

2d

First-ever visualizations of electrical gating effects on electronic structure

Scientists have visualized the electronic structure in a microelectronic device for the first time, opening up opportunities for finely tuned high-performance electronic devices.

2d

Making cancer stem cells visible to the immune system

Leukemia stem cells protect themselves against the immune defense by suppressing a target molecule for killer cells. This protective mechanism can be tricked with drugs. In the journal Nature, scientists from Basel, Tübingen and Heidelberg describe the new therapeutic approaches that can possibly be derived from these results.

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200 times faster than ever before: the speediest quantum operation yet

A group of physicists at UNSW Sydney have built a super-fast version of the central building block of a quantum computer. The research is the milestone result of a vision first outlined by scientists 20 years ago.

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Can gut infection trigger Parkinson's disease?

Results suggest some forms of PD are an autoimmune disease triggered years before noticeable symptoms.

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Stanford researchers identify possible drug target for deadly heart condition

A genetic mutation linked to dilated cardiomyopathy, a dangerous enlargement of the heart's main pumping chamber, activates a biological pathway normally turned off in healthy adult hearts, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

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Spawn of the triffid? Tiny organisms give us glimpse into complex evolutionary tale

Two newly discovered organisms point to the existence of an ancient organism that resembled a tiny version of the lumbering, human-eating science fiction plants known as 'triffids,' according to research in Nature.

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What counts for our climate: Carbon budgets untangled

The more CO2 we emit from burning coal and oil and gas, the more we heat our climate — this sounds simple, and it is. Different analyzes have come up with different estimates of how much CO2 humankind can still emit if we want to hold global warming to the internationally agreed 1.5 and well below 2 degrees Celsius limits, but a lack of clarity of the reasons causing these variations has created

2d

Lifting the fog on carbon budgets

The concept of a carbon budget has become a popular tool in guiding climate policy since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report was released in 2014. IIASA researchers were involved in the development of a framework that can help scientists determine which factors affect the size of the remaining carbon budget and how they interact.

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Improving the odds of synthetic chemistry success

In a new publication in Nature, University of Utah chemists Jolene Reid and Matthew Sigman show how analyzing previously published chemical reaction data can predict how hypothetical reactions may proceed, narrowing the range of conditions chemists need to explore. Their algorithmic prediction process, which includes aspects of machine learning, can save valuable time and resources in chemical res

2d

Study pinpoints cell types affected in brains of multiple sclerosis patients

Scientists have discovered that a specific brain cell known as a 'projection neuron' has a central role to play in the brain changes seen in multiple sclerosis (MS). The research, published today in Nature, shows that projection neurons are damaged by the body's own immune cells, and that this damage could underpin the brain shrinkage and cognitive changes associated with MS. These new findings pr

2d

For bacteria, the neighbors co-determine which cell dies first

Bacteria do not simply perish in hunger phases fortuitously; rather, the surrounding cells have a say as well. A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now discovered that two factors, above all, decide over life and death: the energy required to continue living and the efficiency with which surviving cells can recycle biomass from dead cells.

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Trilayer graphene shows signs of superconductivity

Triple sheets of carbon atoms may help solve the mystery of high-temperature superconductivity

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Good News: That Nearby Asteroid Won’t Obliterate Us This Year

Crisis Averted Last month, we reported that asteroid 2006 QV89 had a one-in-7,000 chance of striking the Earth. Fortunately, it sounds like we’re safe — for now. The odds of 2006 QV89 ramming into Earth were always astronomically low, but anything greater than a zero percent chance is worth investigating. Now, the European Space Agency has ruled out the possibility of an impact, according to a pr

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Sea level rise requires extra management to maintain salt marshes

Salt marshes are important habitats for fish and birds and protect coasts under sea level rise against stronger wave attacks. However, salt marshes themselves are much more vulnerable to these global change threats than previously thought. Stronger waves due to sea level rise can not only reduce the marsh extent by erosion of the marsh edge, but these waves hamper plant (re-)establishment on neigh

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Protein oxidation reveals the environmental pollution level in Doñana National Park

Deep in the heart of a protected area like Doñana National Park, it is supposedly clean and free from pollution compared to other kinds of areas such as a big city's downtown area. However, it does not always work out that way, since natural environments get a growing number of pollutants. In the specific case of Doñana, we suspect this is due to its geographical location, as it is close to Huelva

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Lead halide perovskites are not ferroelectric

In a solar cell, when the sunlight impacts the material, a charge is generated. Specifically, this charge corresponds to an electron-hole pair, where an electron is excited to the conduction band, leaving a hole in the valence band. For the cells to be efficient, this pair of charges has to be separated and extracted as efficiently as possible (electron and hole must be directed to opposite electr

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Harvesting energy from the human knee

Imagine powering your devices by walking. With new technology that possibility might not be far out of reach. An energy harvester is attached to the wearer's knee and can generate 1.6 microwatts of power while the wearer walks without any increase in effort. The energy is enough to power small electronics like health monitoring equipment and GPS devices.

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Red algae steal genes from bacteria to cope with environmental stresses

It's a case of grand larceny that could lead to new fuels and cleanup chemicals. Ten species of red algae stole about 1 percent of their genes from bacteria to cope with toxic metals and salt stress in hot springs, according to a new study. These red algal species, known as Cyanidiales, also stole many genes that allow them to absorb and process different sources of carbon in the environment to pr

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Radiation in parts of Marshall Islands is higher than Chernobyl

Radiation levels in parts of the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean, where the United States conducted nearly 70 nuclear tests during the Cold War, are still alarmingly high. Researchers tested soil samples on four uninhabited isles and discovered that they contained concentrations of nuclear isotopes that are significantly higher than those found near Chernobyl and Fukushima.

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Multiple injection safety violations found in New Jersey septic arthritis outbreak

Multiple violations of injection safety and infection prevention practices — from lack of handwashing to inappropriate re-use of medication vials — were identified after an outbreak of septic arthritis at a New Jersey outpatient facility in 2017, according to a recent investigation. Investigators found 41 patients with osteoarthritis contracted the rare, painful infection following injections in

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Flying the final approach to Tranquility Base, the moon

Why did Neil Armstrong take over and fly the first lunar landing manually? A stunning recreated video shows what he saw out his window.

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High magnetic field of 10T during activated carbon production improves micropore capacity by 35%

Carbon materials such as nanotubes, graphene, activated carbon and graphite are in high demand. Researchers set out to create more efficient forms of activated carbon by utilizing the superconducting magnets, thus increasing the volume of pores in the activated carbon by 35%. Many other materials that have negative magnetic susceptibility may also be manufactured using this effective procedure wit

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How the brain distinguishes between voice and sound

Is the brain capable of distinguishing a voice from phonemes? Researchers devised pseudo-words spoken by three voices. Their aim? To observe how the brain processes this information when it focuses either on the voice or phonemes. The scientists discovered that the auditory cortex amplifies different aspects of the sounds, depending on what task is being performed. Voice-specific information is pr

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Apathy: The forgotten symptom of dementia

Apathy is the most common neuropsychiatric symptom of dementia, with a bigger impact on function than memory loss — yet it is under-researched and often forgotten in care.

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New insight into microRNA function can give gene therapy a boost

Scientists have shown that small RNA molecules occurring naturally in cells, i.e. microRNAs, are also abundant in cell nuclei. Previously, microRNAs were mainly thought to be found in cytoplasm. The scientists also discovered that microRNA concentrations in cell nuclei change as a result of hypoxia. The findings strongly suggest that microRNAs play a role in the expression of genes in the cell nuc

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Parkinson's: New study associates oxidative stress with the spreading of aberrant proteins

Oxidative stress could be a driving force in the spreading of aberrant proteins involved in Parkinson's disease.

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New spin on molecular oxygen

Reactive molecular oxygen singlets have a multitude of uses in chemistry and medicine, but they are less abundant than non-reactive oxygen triplets. A multinational research team has developed a novel method of producing reactive molecular oxygen through controlled, reversible bond formation between two oxygen atoms using atomic force microscopy. In addition, the researchers could alter the charge

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Megakaryocytes act as 'bouncers' restraining cell migration in the bone marrow

Scientists found that megakaryocytes act as 'bouncers' and thus modulate bone marrow niche properties and cell migration dynamics.

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Anorexia, DNA, and false distinctions | Letters

All psychiatric conditions are caused by an interaction between a person’s mind and body, writes Peter White . Anorexia is a quite recent phenomenon, writes Declan Flynn While it’s welcome news that researchers have found that certain metabolic genes are linked to anorexia nervosa ( Anorexia ‘not solely a psychiatric problem’ , 16 July), I suggest that Gerome Breen and colleagues have made a conce

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Tiger mosquitoes tackled in a trial

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02000-0 A fresh approach to suppressing the Asian tiger mosquito, a highly invasive species that transmits disease-causing viruses, has been used to nearly eradicate these insects from two test sites in China.

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World’s most invasive mosquito nearly eradicated from two islands in China

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02160-z Researchers combined sterilization with a bacterium in an attempt to stamp out the Asian tiger mosquito.

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A two-qubit gate between phosphorus donor electrons in silicon

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1381-2 A fast, high-fidelity two-qubit exchange gate between phosphorus donor electron spin qubits in silicon is demonstrated by creating a tunable exchange interaction between two electrons bound to phosphorus atom qubits.

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Incompatible and sterile insect techniques combined eliminate mosquitoes

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1407-9 A field trial succeeded in eliminating populations of the mosquito Aedes albopictus through inundative mass release of incompatible Wolbachia-infected males, which were also irradiated to sterilize any accidentally-released females, and so prevent population replacement.

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Activation of PDGF pathway links LMNA mutation to dilated cardiomyopathy

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1406-x A disease model using cardiomyocytes derived from induced pluripotent stem cells of patients with mutated LMNA-related dilated cardiomyopathy reveals that the abnormal activation of the PDGF pathway is associated with the arrhythmic phenotypes of patients.

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Signatures of tunable superconductivity in a trilayer graphene moiré superlattice

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1393-y By varying the vertical displacement field in a trilayer graphene and hexagonal boron nitride moiré superlattice, transitions can be observed from the superconducting phase to Mott insulator and metallic phases.

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A calmodulin-gated calcium channel links pathogen patterns to plant immunity

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1413-y The cyclic nucleotide-gated channel proteins CNGC2 and CNGC4 form a calcium channel in Arabidopsis; this channel is blocked by calmodulin in the resting state but is phosphorylated and activated upon pathogen attack, triggering an increase in cytosolic calcium levels.

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Conformation space of a heterodimeric ABC exporter under turnover conditions

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1391-0 Eight cryo-electron microscopy structures of the ATP-binding cassette exporter TmrAB under turnover conditions characterize the entire transport cycle in a lipid environment.

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Thermal conductance of single-molecule junctions

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1420-z Thermal conductance of single-molecule junctions

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Correcting datasets leads to more homogeneous early-twentieth-century sea surface warming

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1349-2 Correction of oddities in the historical record of sea surface temperatures reveals that some basin-wide climate variations were an artefact of systematic biases that stem, in part, from Japanese records being truncated to whole numbers when the records were digitized.

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Corrections to ocean-temperature record resolve puzzling regional differences

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02147-w An analysis of the record of sea surface temperature reveals that some climate variations that are thought to have occurred in the North Atlantic and the North Pacific oceans are an artefact of changes in measurement approaches.

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Rotation tracking of genome-processing enzymes using DNA origami rotors

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1397-7 ORBIT (origami-rotor-based imaging and tracking) is used to track the DNA rotation that results from DNA unwinding by RecBCD helicase and transcription by RNAP at a single-molecule scale and millisecond time resolution.

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Holistic prediction of enantioselectivity in asymmetric catalysis

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1384-z A workflow for deriving statistical models of one set of reactions that can be used to predict related reactions is presented, facilitating catalyst and enantioselective reaction development.

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Giant thermal Hall conductivity in the pseudogap phase of cuprate superconductors

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1375-0 The so-called pseudogap phase in hole-doped cuprate superconductors is associated with an unusually large thermal Hall effect that attains unprecedented levels as the parent Mott insulator is approached.

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Neuronal vulnerability and multilineage diversity in multiple sclerosis

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1404-z Single-cell RNA sequencing was used to construct a map of gene expression in lesions from brains of patients with multiple sclerosis, revealing distinct lineage- and region-specific transcriptomic changes associated with selective cortical neuron damage and glial activation.

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Visualizing electrostatic gating effects in two-dimensional heterostructures

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1402-1 Changes in the electronic states of two-dimensional semiconductor devices resulting from electrical gating can be monitored directly using micrometre-scale angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy.

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Estimating and tracking the remaining carbon budget for stringent climate targets

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1368-z A method of tracking changes in estimates of the remaining carbon budget over time should help to reconcile differences between these estimates and clarify their usefulness for setting emission reduction targets.

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Ebola spread, Turing honour and mosquito-eradication trial

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02140-3 The week in science: 12–18 July 2019.

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Non-photosynthetic predators are sister to red algae

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1398-6 Species of the eukaryotic phylum Rhodelphidia are non-photosynthetic, flagellate predators with gene-rich genomes, in contrast to their closely related sister lineage—the red algae—which are immotile, typically photoautotrophic and have relatively small intron-poor genomes and reduced metabolism.

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Intestinal infection triggers Parkinson’s disease-like symptoms in Pink1−/− mice

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1405-y In mice lacking PINK1, bacterial infection in the intestine results in mitochondrial antigen presentation and generation of CD8+ T cells, and infected mice develop motor impairments, suggesting that PINK1 suppresses autoimmunity.

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Holistic models of reaction selectivity

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02148-9 Computational models that predict the selectivity of reactions are typically accurate for only a specific reaction type and a narrow range of reaction components. A more general model has now been reported.

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Absence of NKG2D ligands defines leukaemia stem cells and mediates their immune evasion

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1410-1 Leukaemic stem cells in acute myeloid leukaemia are defined by a lack of expression of NKG2D ligands, which mediates their ability to evade surveillance by NK cells.

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Infection triggers symptoms similar to those of Parkinson’s disease in mice lacking PINK1 protein

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02094-6 In mice lacking a protein genetically linked to Parkinson’s disease, an autoimmune response to gut infection compromises the function of dopamine-producing neurons and leads to transient movement impairments.

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Podcast: Quantum logic gates in silicon, and moving on from lab disasters

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02205-3 Hear the latest science, with Shamini Bundell and Nick Howe.

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Climate Change Is Very Real. But So Much of It Is Uncertain

Researchers bring new clarity to a key measure of climate change, which could help the fight to save our planet.

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Combination Strategy Nearly Eliminates Invasive Mosquitoes in Field

Researchers use two techniques—Wolbachia infection and irradiation—to suppress reproduction in populations of Asian tiger mosquitoes at two study sites in China.

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Spawn of the triffid?

Tiny organisms give us a glimpse into a complex evolutionary world.

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What counts for our climate: Carbon budgets untangled

A new study published in Nature identifies relevant factors that affect estimates of remaining carbon budgets, and thereby untangles the differences to make estimates more easily comparable, which will help decision-makers in using them. From a climate policy perspective, the bottom line remains the same: Even if the remaining carbon budget for limiting warming to 1.5°C increases by one-half, ther

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New study works with historically disenfranchised communities to combat sudden oak death

Science often reflects the priorities of dominant industries and ignores the needs of disenfranchised communities, resulting in the perpetuation of historical injustices. One team of scientists in Northern California studying sudden oak death, which poses a threat to the longstanding cultural heritage of several indigenous tribes, sought to chip away at this cycle through a new collaboration with

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Monitoring air quality after Fourth of July fireworks in US

The U.S. recently celebrated the Fourth of July with dazzling fireworks displays in many cities. After the 'oohs' and 'ahhs' faded, some people might have wondered how the lingering gunpowder-scented smoke affected air quality. Now researchers have conducted detailed measurements and found increased levels of several pollutants after an Independence Day fireworks event in Albany, New York.

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New study reveals surprising gender disparity in work-life balance

Work-life balance and its association with life satisfaction have been garnering a lot of interest. Life satisfaction plays a crucial role in the general happiness and health of a society or nation. A new study analyzes the effects of factors on the life satisfaction of both women and men to address some unanswered questions on this topic.

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p38 protein regulates the formation of new blood vessels

A new study demonstrates that inhibition of the p38 protein boosts the formation of blood vessels in human and mice colon cancers. Known as angiogenesis, this process is critical in fueling cancer cells, allowing them to grow and to eventually develop metastases.

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Modeling tool addresses uncertainty in military logistics planning

Military deployments to austere environments — whether humanitarian missions or combat operations — involve extensive logistical planning, which is often complicated by unforeseen events. Researchers have now created a model aimed at helping military leaders better account for logistical risk and uncertainty during operational planning and execution.

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A single measurement may help determine kneecap instability risk

Knee injuries can be a scourge to collegiate and pro athletes alike, but Penn State researchers say a single measurement taken by a clinician may help predict whether a person is at risk for knee instability.

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'Semi-synthetic' bacteria churn out unnatural proteins

Synthetic biologists seek to create new life with forms and functions not seen in nature. Although scientists are a long way from making a completely artificial life form, they have made semi-synthetic organisms that have an expanded genetic code, allowing them to produce never-before-seen proteins. Now, researchers have optimized a semi-synthetic bacteria to efficiently produce proteins containin

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Spawn of the triffid? Tiny organisms give us glimpse into complex evolutionary tale

Two newly discovered organisms point to the existence of an ancient organism that resembled a tiny version of the lumbering, human-eating science fiction plants known as 'triffids,' according to research in Nature.

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Spawn of the triffid? Tiny organisms give us glimpse into complex evolutionary tale

Two newly discovered organisms point to the existence of an ancient organism that resembled a tiny version of the lumbering, human-eating science fiction plants known as 'triffids,' according to research in Nature.

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Improving the odds of synthetic chemistry success

Chemistry is more than just mixing compound A with compound B to make compound C. There are catalysts that affect the reaction rate, as well as the physical conditions of the reaction and any intermediate steps that lead to the final product. If you're trying to make a new chemical process for, say, pharmaceutical or materials research, you need to find the best of each of these variables. It's a

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Two-qubit gate: the speediest quantum operation yet

A group of scientists led by 2018 Australian of the Year Professor Michelle Simmons have achieved the first two-qubit gate between atom qubits in silicon—a major milestone on the team's quest to build an atom-scale quantum computer. The pivotal piece of research was published today in world-renowned journal Nature.

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The ZF-1 From The Fifth Element | Savage Builds

Adam Savage teams up with Oscar-winning actor Gary Oldman to build one of Hollywood's deadliest weapons, the ZF-1 multi-artillery gun from The Fifth Element, a weapon so lethal that it features both a rocket launcher and a flamethrower! Stream Full Episodes of Savage Builds: https://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/savage-builds/ Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Join us on Faceb

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Gorillas have developed humanlike social structure, controversial study suggests

Finding challenges when complex hierarchies arose in great apes

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Why some people don’t get sick from viruses like dengue

Clinical trial findings provide new insights into why some people get sick from flaviviral infections such as dengue fever and yellow fever, while others don’t. The findings point to immune cells undergoing stress and an altered metabolism as reasons why. The findings have important implications for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases caused by flaviviral infections such as dengue

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Elon Musk wants to link brains directly to machines

A device worn behind the ear might send your thoughts to your devices

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C. elegans Healthier Without Longevity Gene

Worms with the reproduction-related TCER-1 gene deleted could fight off infection for longer and survived better when exposed to heat and radiation.

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Legalized recreational marijuana a substitute for alcohol, but not tobacco

The recent wave of recreational cannabis legalization across the US could generate $22 billion in sales per year, but not everyone is happy about it. New research in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science shows the alcohol industry could be impacted when the substance is legalized.

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Staging β-amyloid pathology with amyloid positron emission tomography

This multicenter study used in vivo β-amyloid cerebrospinal fluid, a biomarker of Alzheimer disease, and positron emission tomography findings to track progression of Alzheimer disease over six years among study participants.

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The Disturbing Sound of a Human Voice

In the summer of 2017, the mountain lions, bobcats, and other residents of the Santa Cruz Mountains were treated to the dulcet tones of the ecologist Justin Suraci and his friends, reading poetry. Some of the animals became jittery. Others stopped eating. A few fled in fear. Suraci, who’s based at the University of California at Santa Cruz, wasn’t there to see their reactions. He and his colleagu

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Kayaker finds rare Roman glass and pottery off Kent coast

Archaeological discovery could have come from possible shipwreck near Ramsgate Objects from a possible Roman shipwreck have been found off the coast of Kent in one of the most unusual archaeological finds in living memory. The chance discoveries were made by a kayaker in the sea off Ramsgate. The tide was low enough and the water clear enough for him to reach down and pull out beautiful cobalt bl

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Excavation of Waterloo field hospital unearths limbs and musket balls

Waterloo Uncovered’s project shines fresh light on battle that led to Napoleon’s defeat The first ever excavation of the main allied field hospital at the Battle of Waterloo has uncovered sawn-off limbs and musket balls fired during a previously unrecorded fight on the steps of the farm where the Duke of Wellington’s medics worked. The surprise find by British and Dutch archeologists, digging alo

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1.5 million people have signed up to storm Area 51. What could go wrong?

Please don’t attempt to raid Nevada to ‘see them aliens’ as part of the internet’s joke du jour, the US air force will not be amused Urban legend has it that Area 51 is a weird place. Yet even if the conspiracy theories are true and the Nevada air force facility harbors extraterrestrial technology and/or life, it would still barely qualify as being weirder than the internet where, early this mont

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The Toybox 3D Printer Deluxe Bundle Lets Kids Print Their Own Toys

A functioning 3D printer is probably like a dream come true for most kids. It’s a way to make their imaginations materialize in solid, three-dimensional plastic at the touch of a button. The Toybox 3D printer was specially designed to be used by kids to make their own toys at home, and for a very limited time you can get a Toybox 3D Printer Deluxe Bundle with everything you need to get started ma

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Tiny Animals Trapped in Fossil Trees Help Reveal How Fauna Moved Onto Land

New ancient animals will likely be discovered in 310 million-year-old fossilized trees in Nova Scotia

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Why Microsoft’s BlueKeep Bug Hasn’t Wreaked Havoc—Yet

Microsoft's critical vulnerability remains unpatched in hundreds of thousands of computers, and it may already be exploited in secret.

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Scientists Debate the Origin of Cell Types in the First Animals

From one came many. Some 700 million years ago, a single cell gave rise to the first animal, a multicellular organism that would eventually spawn the incredible complexity and diversity seen in animals today. New research is now offering scientists a fresh perspective on what that cell looked like, and how multicellularity could have emerged from it — a transition that marks one of the most pivot

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The Impartial Justice

A decade ago, Justice John Paul Stevens—who passed away yesterday at 99—told me he was a “judicial conservative.” Stevens, who was then widely seen as the leader of the liberal opposition on the Supreme Court, resisted the suggestion that he had become more liberal in his then-32 years on the high court. He insisted that it was the Court itself that had changed, becoming far more conservative ove

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The 33 Best Remaining Amazon Prime Day Deals

Amazon's Prime Day 2019 is over, but there are still a few lingering deals we like on headphones, laptops, cameras, and more.

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Neighborhood environment and health

It is well understood that urban black males are at a disproportionately high risk of poor health outcomes. But little is known about how the neighborhood environments where these men live contribute to their health.

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Second sight study at Baylor College of Medicine

Baylor College of Medicine researchers, in collaboration with the University of California, Los Angeles and Second Sight Medical Products (Los Angeles, Calif.) are using a visual cortical prosthesis to help bring sight to the blind.

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The weirdest things we learned this week: Victorian sex drugs and deadly milk injections

In the 1660s, English doctor Richard Lower transfused lamb blood into a clergyman. These types of animal blood transfusions wouldn't be outlawed until the end of the 17th century. (Wikimedia Commons/) What's the weirdest thing you learned this week? Well, whatever it is, we promise you'll have an even weirder answer if you listen to PopSci's hit podcast . The Weirdest Thing I Learned This Week hi

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Get Ready to Recalculate

Here’s a new paper on ChemRxiv that is very much worth reading if you’re a computational chemist (or work with them). And it makes a larger point that’s applicable to everyone else – not an original point, I fear, but it keeps on coming up. The computational part first: it has to do with Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. ( Here’s a site on the topic that does not end up knee-deep in e

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Become an intellectual explorer: Master the art of conversation

What is a great conversation? They are the ones that leave us feeling smarter or more curious, with a sense that we have discovered something, understood something about another person, or have been challenged. There are 3 design principles that lead to great conversations: humility, critical thinking, and sympathetic listening. Critical thinking is the celebrated cornerstone of liberalism, but n

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The Neurodiversity Movement Should Acknowledge Autism as a Medical Disability

Autism doesn’t have to define a person’s identity — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Think You're Too Old to Learn New Tricks?

Research shows that acquiring additional skills can be a terrific way to keep an aging brain in shape — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Daily briefing: A carbon-neutral Europe by 2050

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02216-0 The new president of the European Commission is set to announce a European Green Deal, the space station uncovers a thunderstorm mystery and Brazil’s scientists begin to recover from a scientific armageddon.

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The Neurodiversity Movement Should Acknowledge Autism as a Medical Disability

Autism doesn’t have to define a person’s identity — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Think You're Too Old to Learn New Tricks?

Research shows that acquiring additional skills can be a terrific way to keep an aging brain in shape — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Red algae steal genes from bacteria to cope with environmental stresses

It's a case of grand larceny that could lead to new fuels and cleanup chemicals. Ten species of red algae stole about 1 percent of their genes from bacteria to cope with toxic metals and salt stress in hot springs, according to a study in the journal eLife. These red algal species, known as Cyanidiales, also stole many genes that allow them to absorb and process different sources of carbon in the

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At-home support helps stroke patients adjust after hospital stay

MSU researchers have found that many stroke patients feel unprepared when discharged from the hospital. Their caregivers feel the same. But when a home-based support network using social work case managers and online resources is put into place, quality of life and confidence in managing one's health improve, according to a new study published in the American Heart Association's journal Circulatio

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Toward a better battery

Materials scientists uncover source of degradation in sodium batteries.

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Pokémon-like card game can help teach ecology: UBC research

Playing a Pokémon-like card game about ecology and biodiversity can result in broader knowledge of species and a better understanding of ecosystems than traditional teaching methods, like slideshows, according to new research from the University of British Columbia.

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Crunching the numbers of cancer metastasis

While revealing that metastatic breast cancer cells alter their shape to spread to other regions of the body, researchers develop a mathematical model that can be applied to study similar cellular systems.

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The physiology of survival

Bacteria do not simply perish in hunger phases fortuitously; rather, the surrounding cells have a say as well. A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now discovered that two factors, above all, decide over life and death: the energy required to continue living and the efficiency with which surviving cells can recycle biomass from dead cells.

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Planning to carbon offset your flight? You should read this first

Carbon offsetting seems like an easy solution to climate guilt, but not all offsetting schemes are created equal

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The Neurodiversity Movement Should Acknowledge Autism as a Medical Disability

Autism doesn’t have to define a person’s identity — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Think You're Too Old to Learn New Tricks?

Research shows that acquiring additional skills can be a terrific way to keep an aging brain in shape — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Vaping might help cigarette smokers cut back — but there’s a hitch

Nature, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02199-y Smokers who used e-cigarettes consumed fewer of the traditional version than those who did not.

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Here’s How Elon Musk Plans to Put a Computer in Your Brain

To hear Musk tell it, Neuralink's hardware is either a state-of-the-art tool for understanding the brain, a clinical advance for people with neurological disorders, or the next step in human evolution

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Google Maps Adds Real-Time Bikeshare Information For These Cities

How people get around in big cities has changed dramatically in recent years, and for those who don't live in big cities, it can be hard to figure out where to get and return these new modes …

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Scientists Desert USDA As Agency Relocates To Kansas City Area

The mandatory move imposed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture on most of the workers at two vital research agencies has been criticized as a "blatant attack on science." (Image credit: J. Scott Applewhite/AP)

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The loss of biodiversity comes at a price

Almost 300,000€ is what the Doñana fire cost in terms of biodiversity, according to an estimate done by a University of Cordoba research group. The fire occurred in 2017 and destroyed about 8,500 hectares, most of which were part of Doñana National Park, home to a number of emblematic species. The fire destroyed the habitat of a group of Iberian lynxes, one of the most symbolic endangered species

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When One Person on a Date Is Just There for the Free Food

Magali Trejo-Martinez, a 22-year-old living in Salem, Oregon, recently went on a date that was rather uninspiring. “I had dinner, had a couple margaritas, and then went home,” is how she recapped the evening. This outcome wasn’t entirely surprising—she says she wasn’t very interested in the guy when she agreed to go out with him—but it wasn’t a letdown either, because he paid the bill. While her

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HBO Max’s Golden Ticket

As media conglomerates prepare for the next age of streaming television, it appears the most pivotal branding choice is the suffix. What punchy addendum do you tack on to your company name to suggest something new and exciting is in the offing? Disney and Apple went for a plus sign, as they spool up their Netflix competitors Disney+ and Apple+ . WarnerMedia, which plans to pull together its ample

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The loss of biodiversity comes at a price

Almost 300,000€ is what the Doñana fire cost in terms of biodiversity, according to an estimate done by a University of Cordoba research group. The fire occurred in 2017 and destroyed about 8,500 hectares, most of which were part of Doñana National Park, home to a number of emblematic species. The fire destroyed the habitat of a group of Iberian lynxes, one of the most symbolic endangered species

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Gigantisk manet hittad utanför Storbritannien

När ett par dykare dök i havet utanför Falmouth i sydvästra Storbritannien stötte de på den här gigantiska maneten. Den är avsevärt mycket större än Sveriges vanliga rödmanet och öronmanet – men med rätt vindar och strömmar kan den dyka upp även på svenska stränder.

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Tech Giants Claim Competition Exists. House Dems Don't Buy It

Executives from Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google testified before Congress that they face fierce competition. Lawmakers say it’s “frustrating.”

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A new level of smart industrial robots control and management reached at FEFU

Robot technicians from Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) together with colleagues from the Far Eastern Brach of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FEB RAS) developed a command-and-control plugin for intelligent industrial robots. The new software allows the robots to build up high quality 3D computer models of workpieces quickly, precisely, and in the fully automated mode. The related article wa

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Japanese scientists embrace creepy-crawlies

Firms in Japan are changing people's perceptions about common spiders, worms and insect larvae. These seemingly unwanted creatures have unique features that could be useful for many applications that benefit humans, according to an article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society.

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Before Going to the Moon, Apollo 11 Astronauts Trained at These Five Sites

From Arizona to Hawaii, these landscapes—similar in ways to the surface of the moon—were critical training grounds for the crew

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Gum disease treatment for Alzheimer’s lowers signs of inflammation

A small trial testing a new kind of treatment for Alzheimer’s that blocks the toxins of P. gingivalis bacteria has had some encouraging preliminary results

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Get Ready: “Flamethrower Drones” Are About to Go on Sale

This Is Fine Quick: close your eyes, and focus on the greatest problem facing the world today. If you, like us, thought about how you can’t buy a fully-functional flamethrower attachment for your drone, you’re in luck! That’s because Throwflame, a company that makes, well, flamethrowers, is poised to release the TF-19 WASP on Thursday, according to The Verge . That’s a $1,499 fully-functional fla

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A study analyzes the influence of political affinities in the processes of socialization

A study in which the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid participated (UC3M) has concluded that most people prefer not to have much to do with those who have political sympathies which are different from their own. Moreover, a substantial proportion of Spaniards are hostile towards those who do not have the same political preferences as them. The research appears in the latest issue of PLOS ONE.

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SpaceX Says It Knows Why Crew Dragon Exploded

SpaceX's Crew Dragon spacecraft opens its nose cone before docking with the International Space Station on March 3. (Credit: NASA) Almost three months after SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule blew up during a test on April 20, the results of the investigation place blame on a leak and a faulty valve. According to a report released by SpaceX, the “anomaly” in the test occurred about 100 milliseconds prio

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New study works with historically disenfranchised communities to combat sudden oak death

Science often reflects the priorities of dominant industries and ignores the needs of disenfranchised communities, resulting in the perpetuation of historical injustices. One team of scientists in Northern California studying sudden oak death, which poses a threat to the longstanding cultural heritage of several indigenous tribes, sought to chip away at this cycle through a new collaboration with

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New study works with historically disenfranchised communities to combat sudden oak death

Science often reflects the priorities of dominant industries and ignores the needs of disenfranchised communities, resulting in the perpetuation of historical injustices. One team of scientists in Northern California studying sudden oak death, which poses a threat to the longstanding cultural heritage of several indigenous tribes, sought to chip away at this cycle through a new collaboration with

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High magnetic field of 10T during activated carbon production improves micropore capacity by 35%

Carbon materials such as nanotubes, graphene, activated carbon and graphite are in high demand. Demand is forecast to continue to increase because carbon materials have many beneficial uses and new applications are being discovered. They are essential to air and water purification, electrodes in metal refining, manufacturing pencils, and lubricants. The carbon source quality (coal tar pitch), temp

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Chennai, the city where drought is visible from space

Chennai is India's sixth largest city, but its residents are relying on trucks and trains to bring them water.

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Wide income gaps affect health of rich and poor alike, says researcher

Sharp income disparity in neighborhoods linked with physical and mental health problems, says U of A social epidemiologist who found similar results in Boston and Calgary.

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Ultrasound-assisted optical imaging to replace endoscopy in breakthrough discovery

Carnegie Mellon University's Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Maysam Chamanzar and ECE Ph.D. student Matteo Giuseppe Scopelliti today published research that introduces a novel technique which uses ultrasound to noninvasively take optical images through a turbid medium such as biological tissue to image body's organs. This new method has the potential to eliminate t

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A new material for the battery of the future, made in UCLouvain

UCLouvain's researchers have discovered a new high performance and safe battery material (LTPS) capable of speeding up charge and discharge to a level never observed so far. Practically, if the first tests are confirmed, this new material could be used in the batteries of the future with better energy storage, faster charge and discharge and higher safety targeting many uses from smartphones, to e

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Pregnancies persist among women taking acne medication known to cause birth defects

In a new study, investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital evaluated the frequency of reported pregnancies and pregnancy-related adverse events among women taking isotretinoin. In a paper published in JAMA Dermatology, the team reports that although the number of pregnancies has decreased, pregnancies among women taking isotretinoin have continued to persist even after the implementation of iPL

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How common is long-term opioid use after job injury?

This observational study included 46,000 injured workers in Tennessee who weren't taking opioids at the time of their injury and looked at how common long-term opioid use was and what factors were associated with it.

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Is intensive treatment to lower lipid levels beneficial to older patients after acute coronary syndrome?

In this secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial, researchers examined the association of age with the benefit of intensive treatment to lower lipid levels with a combination therapy of simvastatin and ezetimibe compared to treatment with simvastatin alone after acute coronary syndrome in older patients.

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Study estimates contribution of genetic, nongenetic factors to ASD risk

National registry data from five countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Israel and Western Australia) were used to estimate the contribution of various genetic and nongenetic factors on the risk of autism spectrum disorder in this population-based study.

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