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nyheder2019juli23

Teen Love for Snapchat Is Keeping Snap Afloat

Left for dead after a disappointing IPO and Instagram copied a key feature, Snap is doing quite well, thank you. Its stock has more than doubled this year.

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How a data detective exposed suspicious medical trials

Nature, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02241-z Anaesthetist John Carlisle has spotted problems in hundreds of research papers — and spurred a leading medical journal to change its practice.

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Teens Are More Likely to Try Illegal Drugs in the Summer

Summer is the most common season for U.S. teens and adults to try illegal or recreational drugs for the first time, a new study finds.

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Amputated Limbs and Musket Balls Unearthed at Waterloo, 200 Years After Napoleon's Defeat

Archaeologists have uncovered the remains of amputated human limbs at the field hospital that serviced the wounded at the Battle of Waterloo.

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Population Health: How We Can Cure What's Ailing Health Care

Looking at circumstances beyond the clinic is a key to better outcomes — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Watch Liquid-Based Magnet Droplets Twirl and Morph

Droplets filled with nanoparticles behave just like bar magnets — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Watch Liquid-Based Magnet Droplets Twirl and Morph

Droplets filled with nanoparticles behave just like bar magnets — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Why Does Trump Want a Second Term?

Updated on July 23 at 8:35 a.m. ET Easy to miss amidst the continuing fusillade of racist remarks from the White House was a remarkable Washington Post story this weekend : President Trump has instructed aides to prepare for sweeping budget cuts if he wins a second term in the White House, five people briefed on the discussions said, a move that would dramatically reverse the big-spending approac

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Gravitational fields, silkworm excrement, and “putor” programs: How did this “pure, utter nonsense” get into in a peer-reviewed journal?

Sometimes, a paper comes along that is so revolutionary, it defies description. So rather than try to do justice to a recent paper in Parasitology Research, we’ll reproduce a few paragraphs here: A certain point between the center of the earth and the center of a certain outer planet is where the gravities of each … Continue reading Gravitational fields, silkworm excrement, and “putor” programs: H

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Watch: Electric Ford F-150 Prototype Tows Over a Million Pounds

Ford demonstrated its electric F-150 prototype towing 10 double-decker rail cars filled with 42 current-model F-150s, weighing over a million pounds in total. (Photo …

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Facebook to fix kids app flaw allowing chats with strangers

Facebook acknowledged Tuesday that a flaw in its Messenger Kids service allowed children get into group chats with people who were not approved by their parents.

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Chris Kraft: Key Apollo 11 director dies days after anniversary

Nasa's first flight director played a critical role in the first Moon landing 50 years ago.

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Rise of Candida auris blamed on global warming

Global warming may have played a pivotal role in the emergence of Candida auris, according to a new study published in mBio, an open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. C. auris, which is often multi-drug resistant and is a serious public health threat, may be the first example of a new fungal disease emerging from climate change.

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How stimulant treatment prevents serious outcomes of ADHD

Analysis quantifies the extent which stimulant treatment reduces serious outcomes in children and young adults with ADHD.

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The Day I Learned I Was American

When I was about 5 years old, I learned I was American. I was sitting at a Japanese restaurant a few blocks from my parents’ apartment in Manhattan. I remember the exact moment, though I can’t remember what had led to it. Maybe I’d parroted some comment about what Americans are like that I’d heard one of my immigrant family members make, and my mother felt the need to set the record straight. I’m

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Iran Is Acting Like the International Villain of Trump’s Prophecy

It was an explosion at an Iran-aligned Shiite militia base in an obscure corner of Iraq—at worst, it could have had global implications, by plunging the United States and Iran into a dangerous new round of escalation. The speculation on social media about the incident last week was rife: Perhaps it was a U.S. or Israeli air strike against Iranian weapons or proxies. On the heels of the U.S. downi

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Girl, Haunted

Fiction writers , Susan Steinberg has always told her students, shouldn’t feel they have to produce a novel. The author of three unconventional story collections, she vowed she never would. She has now broken this rule and, in the process, many others, too—not that she needs to apologize. Her slim narrative of adolescent crisis is as propulsive as it is disorienting, subverting expectations at ev

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North Carolina coastal flooding is worsening with climate change, population growth

A historic 120-year-old data set is allowing researchers to confirm what data modeling systems have been predicting about climate change: Climate change is increasing precipitation events like hurricanes, tropical storms and floods.

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Are Bioplastics Better for the Environment? It’s Complicated.

The term “bioplastics” refers to both bio-based plastics (plastics made from biological matter) and biodegradable plastics (plastics that can be broken down by microbes, given specific conditions). Not all bio-based plastics are biodegradable, and not all biodegradable plastics are bio-based.

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Ford Will Make an Electric F-150 Pickup, but Won't Say When

Ford, which has lagged rivals when it comes to all-electric vehicles, finally shows off an all-electric pickup—towing a 1.3-million-pound train.

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Sports and IQ: the persistence of race ‘science’ in competition

Nature, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02244-w Angela Saini assesses a book examining how bad science lingers.

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U.S. wells are pumping up groundwater from increasing depths

Around the United States, groundwater wells are getting deeper in search of new sources of freshwater, a new study shows.

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Spontaneous magnetization in a non-magnetic interacting metal

Over the past decade, numerous physics studies have explored how oscillating electric fields produced by lasers or microwave sources can be used to dynamically alter the properties of materials on demand. In a new study featured in Nature Physics, two researchers at the University of Copenhagen and Nanyang Technological University (NTU), in Singapore, have built upon the findings of these studies,

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Mercedes cars can now park themselves WITHOUT a human at the wheel

The companies are currently trialing the project in the Mercedes-Benz Museum parking garage, Stuttgart, where the service is accessed via a smartphone app.

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Scientists discover new chemistry that may help explain the origins of cellular life

Before life began on Earth, the environment likely contained a massive number of chemicals that reacted with each other more or less randomly, and it is unclear how the complexity of cells could have emerged from such chemical chaos. Now, a team led by Tony Z. Jia at the Tokyo Institute of Technology and Kuhan Chandru of the National University of Malaysia has shown that simple α-hydroxy acids, li

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Scientists discover new chemistry that may help explain the origins of cellular life

Before life began on Earth, the environment likely contained a massive number of chemicals that reacted with each other more or less randomly, and it is unclear how the complexity of cells could have emerged from such chemical chaos. Now, a team led by Tony Z. Jia at the Tokyo Institute of Technology and Kuhan Chandru of the National University of Malaysia has shown that simple α-hydroxy acids, li

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North Carolina coastal flooding is worsening with climate change, population growth

Researchers can confirm what data modeling systems have predicted: Climate change is increasing precipitation events like hurricanes, tropical storms and floods.

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Garlic on broccoli: A smelly approach to repel a major pest

New University of Vermont study offers a novel framework to test strategies for managing invasive pests. Applying the framework to swede midge, a new invasive fly causing 100% crop losses for organic broccoli growers, the researchers uncover which odors are most effective at repelling the pest.

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Rejected and unfilled prescriptions for new, more expensive cholesterol drugs tied to higher heart, stroke risk

Prescriptions for the newest – but more expensive — cholesterol-lowering drugs called PCSK9 inhibitors that are not covered by insurance companies or unfilled by patients are related to higher risk of cardiovascular problems for high risk patients. High co-payments may make patients less likely to fill prescriptions, even if insurers approve them. Prescriptions written for women, blacks and Hispa

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Usikkerheder på 150-200 procent: Elendig viden om kloakoverløb til åer og søer

Når sommerens skybrud skyller over det danske land, risikerer kloakkerne at løbe over, så urenset kloakvand ender i vandløb og søer. Men rodede data og usikre beregninger gør, at Miljøstyrelsen mangler et ordentligt overblik over problemet.

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The Dirty Secret of Mueller’s Testimony? Voters Might Not Care.

CONCORD, N.H.—Don’t get your hopes up. That’s the message voters in the nation’s first primary state have for Democrats looking to Robert Mueller’s testimony before Congress this week as a game-changing moment in the drive to impeach President Donald Trump. “I don’t think it’s going to make a difference. I wish it would,” said Lin Van Allen, 66, a retired nurse who saw Elizabeth Warren speak in h

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Stop military conflicts from trashing environment

Nature, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02248-6 Stop military conflicts from trashing environment

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Borexino project: response on safety record

Nature, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02250-y Borexino project: response on safety record

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Diversity helps fight wildfires

Nature, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02246-8 Diversity helps fight wildfires

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Strategic advice is crucial for European policy

Nature, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02249-5 Strategic advice is crucial for European policy

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Citizen science could map snakebite risk

Nature, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02247-7 Citizen science could map snakebite risk

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Garlic on broccoli: A smelly approach to repel a major pest

Agricultural insect pests seek out familiar scents to find their plant hosts. However, they can also be repelled by odors from other plant species.

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Garlic on broccoli: A smelly approach to repel a major pest

Agricultural insect pests seek out familiar scents to find their plant hosts. However, they can also be repelled by odors from other plant species.

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DMSO cryopreservation is the method of choice to preserve cells for droplet-based single-cell RNA sequencing

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46932-z DMSO cryopreservation is the method of choice to preserve cells for droplet-based single-cell RNA sequencing

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Modeling the binding of diverse ligands within the Ah receptor ligand binding domain

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-47138-z Modeling the binding of diverse ligands within the Ah receptor ligand binding domain

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C70 Fullerene Cage as a Novel Catalyst for Efficient Proton Transfer Reactions between Small Molecules: A Theoretical study

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46725-4 C 70 Fullerene Cage as a Novel Catalyst for Efficient Proton Transfer Reactions between Small Molecules: A Theoretical study

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Image quality evaluation in a modern PET system: impact of new reconstructions methods and a radiomics approach

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46937-8 Image quality evaluation in a modern PET system: impact of new reconstructions methods and a radiomics approach

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Infant brain activity in response to yawning using functional near-infrared spectroscopy

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-47129-0 Infant brain activity in response to yawning using functional near-infrared spectroscopy

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MTP18 is a Novel Regulator of Mitochondrial Fission in CNS Neuron Development, Axonal Growth, and Injury Responses

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46956-5 MTP18 is a Novel Regulator of Mitochondrial Fission in CNS Neuron Development, Axonal Growth, and Injury Responses

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Tyrosine 51 residue of the syndecan-2 extracellular domain is involved in the interaction with and activation of pro-matrix metalloproteinase-7

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-47140-5 Tyrosine 51 residue of the syndecan-2 extracellular domain is involved in the interaction with and activation of pro-matrix metalloproteinase-7

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Mapping the conductivity of graphene with Electrical Resistance Tomography

Scientific Reports, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46713-8 Mapping the conductivity of graphene with Electrical Resistance Tomography

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The Lowest of Low Seasons at the Edge of the World

The 52 Places Traveler was one of four tourists on the remote Falkland Islands, also known as Las Malvinas. But there were thousands of penguins.

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A Study Confirms That Laugh Tracks Make Jokes Seem Funnier

Comedy shows on TV often use recorded laughter in combination with a live audience. A new study shows that hearing laughter, especially spontaneous laughter, makes a bad joke seem funnier.

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Spørg Fagfolket: Skader narkose hjerne og muskler?

Rigtig mange læsere har spørgsmål om narkose og potentielle bivirkninger. Vi har talt med en narkoselæge om nogle af dem.

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India has launched its Chandrayaan 2 mission to the moon

India launched its second moon mission on 22 July. The mission will place a lander and rover near the moon’s south pole, a promising site for human exploration

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Vyleesi: New Drug for Hypoactive Sexual Desire in Women

New drug to treat hypoactive sexual desire in women, Vyleesi, is not very effective and has several drawbacks. It is NOT Viagra for women.

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Redaktionens favoritter: Sønnens genfejl gjorde ham til ekspert i præcisionsmedicin – og så skrev Obama

Nogle historier lever et alt for kort liv. Derfor har vi bedt et udpluk af Ingeniørens redaktører og journalister anbefale egne og andres historier. Her er, hvad de fandt frem.

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Estimating the success of re-identifications in incomplete datasets using generative models

Nature Communications, Published online: 23 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10933-3 Anonymization has been the main means of addressing privacy concerns in sharing medical and socio-demographic data. Here, the authors estimate the likelihood that a specific person can be re-identified in heavily incomplete datasets, casting doubt on the adequacy of current anonymization practices.

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Will Amazon’s Plan to ‘Upskill’ Its Automated Employees Pay Off?

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Preparing for Retirement Today: What Has Changed?

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What if the Soviet Union was reestablished?

Let's say by a series of miraculous events, Vladimir Putin reunites all post-Soviet countries into a modern incarnation of the USSR. (With the exception of the Baltic states due to them being members of NATO) What would the Soviet structure be like when updated for the 21st century? What would be the main differences between the old USSR and the new USSR? Could there be any possible impact on sci

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Multiresistent malaria spreder sig i Sydøstasien

Forskere slår alarm om multiresistent malaria, der spreder sig hastigt i Cambodja, Vietnam, Laos og Thailand.

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Protests spread as activists fight telescope in Hawaii

Demonstrations against a giant telescope planned for Hawaii's tallest peak have spread to New York, Las Vegas and Honolulu's tourist mecca of Waikiki as Native Hawaiians push to protect what they say is a sacred place.

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How fat prawns can save lives

Before bite-sized crustaceans like crayfish, shrimp and prawns land on our dinner plates, they first have to get fat themselves—and it turns out they relish the freshwater snails that transmit the parasite that causes schistosomiasis, the second most devastating parasitic disease worldwide, after malaria.

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How fat prawns can save lives

Before bite-sized crustaceans like crayfish, shrimp and prawns land on our dinner plates, they first have to get fat themselves—and it turns out they relish the freshwater snails that transmit the parasite that causes schistosomiasis, the second most devastating parasitic disease worldwide, after malaria.

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The Perils of Leadership Based on Charisma Instead of Strategy

Pity Matt Hancock. Until this summer, Britain’s health minister was best known for creating a smartphone app for his constituents—and naming it after himself . Now he is the most obvious instance of a growing political trend: the self-abasing outrider. No U-turn has been too big to stay in favor with Boris Johnson, the man who will likely be Britain’s next prime minister. This type of abasement i

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Forskere graver sig dybt ned under Alaskas is i jagt efter liv på Mars

Under Alaskas permafrost findes livsformer i ekstremt salte vandlommer, som giver håb om liv på Mars.

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Obstructive sleep apnea may be one reason depression treatment doesn't work

When someone is depressed and having suicidal thoughts or their depression treatment just isn't working, their caregivers might want to check to see if they have obstructive sleep apnea, investigators say.

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Facebook can help college students with lower confidence build relationships

Facebook can help first-semester college students maintain relationships with high school friends and assist them in creating new friendships, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

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ELSI scientists discover new chemistry that may help explain the origins of cellular life

All life is cellular, but the origins of cellularity remain unknown. Scientists at the Earth-Life Science Institute have discovered that simple organic compounds like glycolic and lactic acid polymerize and self-assemble into cell-sized droplets when dried and rewetted, as might have happened along primitive beaches and drying puddles. These cell-like compartments can trap and concentrate biomolec

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People are more likely to try drugs for the first time during the summer

American teenagers and adults are more likely to try illegal or recreational drugs for the first time in the summer, a new study shows.

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Send flere penge: Laboratoriebyggerier på Aarhus Universitet overskrider igen budgettet

Et byggeprojekt på Institut for Biomedicin på Aarhus Universitet er løbet løbsk. En af ombygningerne i projektet er allerede droppet, men til trods for det skrider budgettet nu igen med mere end 85 mio. kr.

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What's your opinion on publicly subsidised education

Would it work in countries like UK , USA, Australia etc ? And if not Are there other solutions to subsidize college prices ? submitted by /u/Mewto1k [link] [comments]

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Why I’m turning my son into a cyborg

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Elon Musk Wants to Merge Humans with Artificial Intelligence

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Physicists create record-setting quantum motion

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Space Exploration Isn't Just for Capitalists

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Succeed in sensitivity increase and noise reduction of accelerometer

Tokyo Institute of Technology President Kazuya Masu and NTT Advanced Technology Corporation succeed in the development of high-sensitivity and low-noise MEMS (1) accelerometer by using multi-layer metal structures that are composed of multiple metal layers. The developed accelerometer achieves 1 μG level resolution that has been a challenging task with conventional MEMS technology. (G: gravitation

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Nintendo Could Face Lawsuit Over The Joy-Con ‘Drift’ Issues

Recently, there have been reports that there are a growing number of Nintendo Switch owners who are experiencing issues with their Joy-Cons, where it seems to “drift” by itself …

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Christopher Kraft, NASA Mission Control’s Founding Father, Dies at 95

He directed the first piloted orbital flights, orchestrated spacewalks, oversaw the first lunar landing and led the space center in Houston.

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There’s a viable alternative to building a giant telescope on sacred Hawaiian land

Mauna Kea is a valuable observatory, but tensions are high over its newest addition. (DepositPhotos/) It's been a long week on Hawaii's Big Island, marked by arrests and continued conflict over the Thirty Meter Telescope planned for construction on Mauna Kea. The mountain is Hawaii's highest peak and is sacred to Native Hawaiians, who have challenged plans for the megaproject on those grounds sin

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Research shows high prices of healthy foods contribute to malnutrition worldwide

The first global examination of the affordability of both healthy and unhealthy foods finds high prices for nutritious foods correlate with higher undernutrition, while low prices for unhealthy foods correlate to higher obesity, underlining need for policies to shift prices toward healthier diets.

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Microsoft invests $1 billion in Elon Musk-founded OpenAI

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Fewer cow burps can cut emissions from dairy farms

By making a few changes, farms, particularly dairy farms, can play a key role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions that are warming the planet, researchers report. Based on a series of climate-model projections, the researchers found that if farmers worldwide set a target to adopt practices to reduce their emission of greenhouse gases, particularly methane and nitrous oxide, by just 25% over the

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7 things everyone should know about autism

Autism-spectrum disorder covers a wide range of neurodevelopmental conditions that are highly individualized. The prevalence of autism continues to increase in the United States, not due to vaccines but increased awareness and improved diagnosis. Autism awareness is crucial as treatment strategies are more effective if accessed early. None ​ Autism has captured headlines, and therefore an undue a

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The UK is spending billions on overseas fossil fuel projects

The UK plans to be carbon neutral by 2050, but it gave more than £4.5bn in aid money to fossil fuel projects overseas between 2010 and 2017

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Uber Testing Subscription That Bundles Rides, Food Delivery, Scooters, And Bikes

Uber does much more now than just enabling you to find a driver to take you to your destination. It does food delivery, bike and scooter rentals, and even helicopter rides. The company is …

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Gene test picks out prostate cancers that could respond to 'search-and-destroy' medicine

Testing for genetic weaknesses in repairing DNA could pick out men who may benefit from a new type of targeted nuclear medicine, a new study reports.An emerging class of drugs are made up of a radioactive particle that kills cells attached to a 'homing device' to seek out cancers by detecting the presence of a target molecule on their surface.These new 'search-and-destroy' treatments are starting

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Is the Ebola emergency declaration in Congo too late?

On Wednesday July 17, 2019, the World Health Organization declared the yearlong Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo a global health emergency. One team of scientists had a particularly vested interest in that decision: the medical researchers at the National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratories (NEIDL) at Boston University, who began working on samples of the Ebola virus o

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Pinterest Wants You to Relax, Equifax’s $700M Fine, and More News

Catch up on the most important news from today in two minutes or less.

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‘Navigational goals’ help fruit flies move in a straight line

Navigational ‘goals’ help fruit flies get around the world, according to new research. When a fruit fly decides it wants to walk in a particular direction, it sticks to its plan with impressive resolve. In a new study, researchers showed that fruit flies compare their current heading direction to a goal direction, calculate the difference, and use this information to inform their next step. These

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Social isolation stresses rodents

The traditional method of housing mice and rats alone increases stress and worsens epilepsy, according to a new study. The added stress could complicate results of pre-clinical drug trials.

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Big data clarifies emotional circuit development

Several brain circuits that identify emotions are solidified early in development and include diverse regions beyond the amygdala, according to new research in children, adolescents, and young adults.

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New technique helps create more personalized therapies for people with advanced cancers

Using an ultra-sensitive and high-throughput isolation technology, researchers were able to characterize and identify the neoantigens driving the antitumor responses in a patient.

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Astronomers map vast void in our cosmic neighborhood

A new study reveals more of the vast cosmic structure surrounding our Milky Way galaxy.

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Tourist photographs are a cheap and effective way to survey wildlife

Tourists on safari can provide wildlife monitoring data comparable to traditional surveying methods, suggests new research. The researchers analyzed 25,000 photographs from 26 tour groups to survey the population densities of five top predators (lions, leopards, cheetahs, spotted hyenas, and wild dogs) in northern Botswana, making it one of the first studies to use tourist photographic data for th

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Parasitic plants use stolen genes to make them better parasites

Some parasitic plants steal genetic material from their host plants and use the stolen genes to more effectively siphon off the host's nutrients. A new study reveals that the parasitic plant dodder has stolen a large amount of genetic material from its hosts, including over 100 functional genes, through a process called horizontal gene transfer.

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Widespread aspirin use despite few benefits, high risks

Nearly 30 million Americans older than 40 take aspirin daily to prevent cardiovascular disease. More than 6 million Americans take aspirin daily without physician's recommendation. Nearly half of Americans more than 70 years of age without cardiovascular disease, an estimate of nearly 10 million people, take aspirin daily — despite current guidelines against this practice.

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Using antibiotics without a prescription is a prevalent public health problem

People using antibiotics without a prescription seems to be a prevalent public health problem. Antibiotics were obtained through various means, including saving leftover prescriptions for later use, getting them from friends and family, or obtaining them from local markets 'under the counter.'

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How fat prawns can save lives

New research provides a roadmap for how entrepreneurs can harness freshwater prawns' voracious appetite for snails to reduce the transmission of schistosomiasis-causing parasites while still making a profit selling the tasty animals as food. The study shows how small-scale farming of freshwater prawns could be a win-win for communities in emerging and developing economies where schistosomiasis is

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The Early Universe May Have Been Filled With Dark Matter Stars

With help from dark matter annihilation, some of the universe’s earliest stars were able to grow much larger than they would otherwise. (Credit: Astronomy/Roen Kelly after NSF) Powered by dark matter, dark stars are hypothetical objects that may have inhabited the early universe. If they existed, these mysterious beasts would not only have been the first stars to form in the cosmos, they also migh

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India’s Chandrayaan-2 Spacecraft Launches for the Moon

a's GSLV MkIII-M1 rocket on the launch platform before the launch in India. (Credit: ISRO) The Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) second moon mission, Chandrayaan-2, launched successfully into Earth orbit on July 22 after a week long delay. The mission ultimately aims to place a lander and a rover on the lunar surface later this fall. At about 5:18 a.m. EDT, India’s GSLV MkIII-M1 rocket l

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Apple releases iOS 12.4, watchOS 5.3, macOS 10.14.6, and more

Apple News+ quality-of-life improvements are front and center as well.

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High in the Alps, where it's 'not supposed to melt,' a rare glacial pond has been discovered

Climbing instructor discovers a glacial "lake" high in the Alps. A glacial meltwater lake this size is usually a rare occurrence. French glaciologists are concerned that climate change could create more dangerous lakes like these in the future. In the wake of Europe's unprecedented heatwave , the international community is seeing further glimpses of the many changes which lie ahead for our world

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Multidrug-resistant malaria spreading in Asia

Genomic surveillance has revealed that malaria resistance to two first-line antimalarial drugs has spread rapidly from Cambodia to neighboring countries in Southeast Asia. Researchers discovered that descendants of one multi-drug resistant malaria strain are replacing the local parasites in Vietnam, Laos and northeastern Thailand, and are picking up additional new genetic changes which could furth

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The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Rapidly spreading multidrug-resistant parasites render frontline malaria drug ineffective in southeast Asia

Multidrug-resistant forms of Plasmodium falciparum parasites, the most lethal species causing human malaria, have evolved even higher levels of resistance to antimalarial drugs and spread rapidly since 2015, becoming firmly established in multiple regions of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam, where they are causing alarmingly high treatment failure rates to a widely used frontline malaria drug

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Why Are Native Hawaiians Protesting Against a Telescope?

Demonstrators blocking construction of a major scientific project on Hawaii’s highest mountain have started to attract support across the country. Here’s what you need to know.

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You're probably petting your cat wrong

When it comes to touch, less is often more. (Pexels/) Many of us will have experienced that super friendly cat who seems to love being stroked one minute, only to bite or swipe at us the next. It might be easy at this point to blame it on the cat, but what’s likely happening here is that we’re just not stroking them right. To understand why this might be, we first need to know a bit more about ki

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Apple in talks to buy Intel smartphone chip unit: report

Apple is in talks to buy Intel's smartphone modem chip unit, a move that would help the iPhone maker control a key component, the Wall Street Journal reported on Monday.

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The Atlantic Politics & Policy Daily: Schiffting Gears

Were you forwarded this email? Sign yourself up here. We have many other free email newsletters on a variety of other topics. Browse the full list. What We’re Following Today It’s Monday, July 22. ‣ As protests continue into their tenth consecutive day , Puerto Rico Governor Ricardo Rosselló said he will not run for reelection amid backlash over leaked, offensive private messages; the handling of

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The Marines’ New Drone-Killer Aces Its First Test in Iran

Last week’s US strike of an Iranian drone is the first reported successful use of the Marines’ new energy weapon.

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Best Cosplay from Comic-Con 2019: Handmaid's Tale to Deadpool

Even Offred needs to take a break sometimes, you know? Photographer Maggie Shannon captures the weird and wacky scene in San Diego.

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Kenya launches Africa's largest wind farm

The new wind farm is located in a remote part of Kenya with strong winds. Kenya is leading Africa in terms of renewable energy and hopes to soon cease its reliance on fossil fuels altogether. Globally, China represents the biggest market for wind power. None Kenya has launched Africa's largest wind farm, a move that should bring the nation closer to its ambitious goal of 100 percent green energy

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Nikola Tesla | Inventions, Facts & Biography | Future predictions.

Nikola Tesla Inventions: Wireless Electricity and Wireless Power Tesla death ray The Earthquake Machine (mechanical oscillator) The Thought Camera Remote Controlled Navies The Neon Lamp How to think like Nikola Tesla: Nikola Tesla Future Predictions: Nikola Tesla vs Thomas Edison: Nikola Tesla facts: Nikola Tesla high rated questions: Nikola Tesla Secret documents: Nikola Tesla Wireless electrici

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The Night Pillow Uses High-Tech Fabrics to Increase Melatonin and Improve Your Hair and Skin

If you’re not getting enough sleep , you’re not alone. It turns out a good night sleep is one of the most elusive necessities of modern man. According to the National Sleep Foundation’s inaugural Sleep Health Index , 45 percent of Americans say they’ve suffered from the effects of poor or inefficient sleep at least once in the last seven days. So if you’re one of the 45 percent, you should know a

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Scientists discover tiny ‘pocket shark’ that glows in the dark

The pocket shark is an extremely rare deepwater fish about which little is known. This new specimen, first discovered in 2010, measures just 5.5 inches long and has pocket glands thought to emit a bioluminescent fluid. The finding "underscores how little we know about the Gulf [of Mexico]," wrote one researcher involved with the recent study. None Scientists have identified a new species of tiny

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Find any file on your computer

Sometimes your laptop might as well be a black hole. (Kaitlyn Baker via Unsplash/) You're sure it's here somewhere. You saw it only the other day and now, for some reason, it seems to have vanished. Hunting down files on your computer can be a frustrating experience—partly due to our untidy habits when it comes to saving files—but it doesn't have to be. Both Windows and macOS come with helpful to

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This Website Will Turn Your Face Into a Renaissance Portrait

AIPortraits Hot on the heels of FaceApp, which makes you look old , is the next sensation: AIPortraits.com , a website set up by a team of MIT and IBM researchers that turns your boring old selfies into works of Renaissance-period art — as if they were imagined by the likes of Michelangelo or Botticelli. The researchers trained the generative adversarial network with 45,000 portraits “from the Ea

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Researchers unveil experimental compound to block therapeutic target in blood cancer

UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have discovered a hyperactive cell signal that contributes to tumor growth in primary effusion lymphoma, an aggressive type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma caused by infection with the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (human herpesvirus-8). They also reported in the PNAS paper that they've developed an experimental therapeutic, UNC3810A, to blo

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How fat prawns can save lives

New research led by University of California, Berkeley, scientists provides a roadmap for how entrepreneurs can harness freshwater prawns' voracious appetite for snails to reduce the transmission of schistosomiasis-causing parasites while still making a profit selling the tasty animals as food. The study shows how small-scale farming of freshwater prawns could be a win-win for communities in emerg

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Medicare for All unlikely to cause surge in hospital use: Harvard study

Despite some analysts' claims that Medicare for All would cause a sharp increase in health care utilization, a new study finds the two biggest coverage expansions in US history — Medicare and the ACA — caused no net increase in hospital use. A slight increase in care for poor and sick Americans was offset by a slight reduction in care among wealthier and healthier patients.

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Researchers find widespread aspirin use despite few benefits, high risks

Nearly 30 million Americans older than 40 take aspirin daily to prevent cardiovascular disease. More than 6 million Americans take aspirin daily without physician's recommendation. Nearly half of Americans more than 70 years of age without cardiovascular disease, an estimate of nearly 10 million people, take aspirin daily — despite current guidelines against this practice.

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DRC health minister resigns over Ebola response

Protesting the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s revamp of outbreak leadership, official also charges misbehavior

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Huawei to build wireless network for Canadian north

Embattled Chinese telecom giant Huawei unveiled plans Monday to deploy high-speed wireless internet to dozens of underserved communities in Canada's remote northern regions.

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Leaked NYPD Documents Instruct Cops to Be Funny Online

Fellow Kids Leaked NYPD documents reveal that officers are specifically trained on how to be funny and relatable on social media. The documents, obtained and published by Motherboard , reveal an internal strategy to “build, and maintain trust between the Department and the communities it serves.” Apparently, the secret community-building sauce is posting a mix of police dog pictures and jokes abo

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France Is Hiring Sci-Fi Writers to Predict Future Military Threats

Paid to Predict A new job opportunity just opened up for science-fiction writers in France. In September 2018, the nation launched the Defense Innovation Agency (DIA) , an organization designed to essentially do for the French military what DARPA does for the United States — research and develop futuristic technologies. Now, to help it predict what sorts of technologies it might need in the futur

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Silicon Valley: How Stanford, science, and war made tech history

In the first part of the 20th century, Silicon Valley wasn't known as the "Silicon Valley." It was the "Santa Clara Valley." It was a agricultural region, best known for being the "Prune Capital of America. In terms of getting its start, Sherman Fairchild created Fairchild Semiconductor in the area because he had inherited a lot of money from IBM stock. In this way, IBM is sort of granddaddy of a

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Arctic Ambitions

Suddenly, nations are jockeying to control the seafloor and exploit resources in the rapidly thawing north — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Did Marvel Just Save Comic-Con?

From the details of Phase 4 to the future of *Star Trek*, our culture team weighs in.

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Critical heart drug too pricey for some Medicare patients

An effective drug to treat chronic heart failure may cost too much for senior citizens with a standard Medicare Part D drug plan, said a study co-authored by a John A. Burns School of Medicine researcher at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The therapy is a combination of sacubitril/valsartan called Entresto®. Researchers found that, even with insurance, the cost to Medicare patients may be more

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Astronomers map vast void in our cosmic neighborhood

An astronomer from the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy and an international team published a new study that reveals more of the vast cosmic structure surrounding our Milky Way galaxy.

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Connection to HIV care helps hardly reached US populations suppress the virus

Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men and transgender women with HIV, who are not in care, can be engaged in care when reached and connected with HIV treatment services, according to findings from a clinical trial supported by NIH. Nearly half of the study participants achieved and maintained viral suppression by one year, researchers reported at the 10th IAS Conference on HIV Science

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The Milky Way Cannibalized a Neighboring Galaxy

By pinpointing the ages and origins of stars in the Milky Way, astronomers can trace its history. (Credit: Koppelman, Villalobos and Helmi/NASA/ESA/Hubble) Ten billion years ago, the Milky Way encountered another galaxy in the vast emptiness of space, and consumed it. Dubbed Gaia-Enceladus by astronomers, this stranger was roughly a quarter the Milky Way’s size, and it forever changed the makeup a

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Jim Crow’s Last Stand

The legacy of Jim Crow continues to loom large in the United States. But nowhere is it arguably more evident than in Louisiana. In 1898, a constitutional convention successfully codified a slew of Jim Crow laws in a flagrant effort to disenfranchise black voters and otherwise infringe on their rights. “Our mission was to establish the supremacy of the white race in this State to the extent to whi

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Google is working on ‘self-healing’ maps, thanks to artificial intelligence

Step one: Deploy Google Street View vehicles. Step two: AI analyzes the images and updates the map. (Google/) Zoom in on the Google Maps app on your phone, and eventually the shapes of buildings will come into view. You can thank artificial intelligence for helping to create scenes like that one—and that’s not all AI is doing for the app. Over recent years, the company has turned more to machine

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The First Glacier Killed by Climate Change Is Getting a Haunting Memorial in Iceland

"We know what's happening and what needs to be done," the haunting letter to the future reads. "Only you know if we did it."

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Microsoft pays $25 million to settle corruption charges

Microsoft is paying more than $25 million to settle federal corruption charges involving a bribery scheme in its Hungary office and three other foreign subsidiaries.

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Sweet ice cream makers for your home

Cool ice cream makers for your home (Alex Jones via Unsplash/) If you love ice cream but you're still searching for the perfect flavor, try concocting your own sweet creation. Homemade ice cream can save you some cash and it's more fun than buying a pint at your local grocery store. It doesn’t matter if you are a fan of soft serve or the harder variety, there are plenty of machines out there to s

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Baseball players outlive most of us, but some positions are better than others

Not a bad deal. (Pexels/) Apart from the 81-plus days on the road every year, it's pretty good to be a baseball player . You make a lot of money, you get to do something you love for a living, and you live significantly longer. But to get the maximum benefits, you'll want to be a shortstop or a second baseman: As a new study points out, these players have the lowest overall mortality risk. The wo

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Scientists document late Pleistocene/early Holocene Mesoamerican stone tool tradition

Scientists have documented the very earliest indigenous stone tool tradition in southern Mesoamerica.

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Maintaining shelf-stable drugs

A new mathematical model describes how highly concentrated antibody solutions separate into different phases, similar to an oil and water mixture, which can reduce the stability and shelf-life of some drugs.

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Adolescents who skip breakfast may develop obesity

This study investigated behaviors associated with weight gain and cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Missing the first meal of the day can contribute to the development of unhealthy habits and behaviors.

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Technologies for the directed evolution of cell therapies

New research highlights how the next generation of therapies are moving beyond the use of small molecules and proteins to using whole cells.

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$700 Million Equifax Fine Is Still Too Little, Too Late

For failing to safeguard Social Security numbers, credit card numbers, and more, Equifax will pay up—but not enough, experts say.

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Britain waits for US before Huawei 5G decision

Britain said Monday it was "not yet in a position" to decide what involvement China's Huawei should have in the UK's 5G next-generation telecoms network.

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Adolescents who skip breakfast may develop obesity

This study investigated behaviors associated with weight gain and cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Missing the first meal of the day can contribute to the development of unhealthy habits and behaviors.

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August's SLAS technology cover article announced

The August edition of SLAS Technology features the cover article, 'Technologies for the Directed Evolution of Cell Therapies,' a review featured in the journal's March 2019 edition. The research, led by Dino Di Carlo, Ph.D., (University of California Los Angeles) highlights how the next generation of therapies are moving beyond the use of small molecules and proteins to using whole cells.

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Engaging disenfranchised US populations into HIV care helps suppress the virus

Engaging disenfranchised men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV in the US is possible, but the best way to help them achieve and maintain viral suppression is not yet known, according to findings from HPTN 078 being reported today at the 10th IAS Conference on HIV Science (IAS 2019) in Mexico City. Although almost all participants were retained in the study, only half were virally suppres

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Early life on Earth may have existed as miniature droplets of jelly

Microscopic jelly blobs that form when simple carbon-based chemicals dry out could have been the precursors to the first biological cells on Earth

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Characteristics in older patients associated with inability to return home after operation

The ACS NSQIP Geriatric Surgery Pilot Project has, for the first time, identified four factors in older patients that are associated with an inability to return home after an operation.

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Enhanced recovery pathway for bariatric operations cuts hospital stays by half

A change in the care protocol of patients undergoing weight-reduction operations exceeded its desired effect by cutting postoperative hospital stays in half, reducing postoperative hospital readmissions by 38 percent, and reducing the amount of opioids the patients were sent home with by 95 percent, according to study results.

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NASA seeks ideas from US firms on future lunar lander

US space agency NASA on Monday asked American aerospace companies to offer detailed ideas for vehicles that could bring two astronauts to the Moon by 2024, an American objective that was reconfirmed on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission.

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Scientists document late Pleistocene/early Holocene Mesoamerican stone tool tradition

From the perspective of Central and South America, the peopling of the New World was a complex process lasting thousands of years and involving multiple waves of Pleistocene and early Holocene period immigrants entering into the Neotropics.

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Robots roaming in Antarctic waters reveal why Ross Ice Shelf melts rapidly in summer

A new paper offers fresh insight into the forces causing the world's largest ice shelf to melt.

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Droplets of these simple molecules may have helped kick-start life on Earth

Simple molecules called alpha hydroxy acids form cell-sized structures in conditions mimicking early Earth chemistry.

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Delay from breast cancer diagnosis to chemotherapy after an operation may shorten survival

Women with breast cancer should start postoperative chemotherapy, when recommended, ideally within four months of their cancer diagnosis because new study findings show that waiting longer is associated with poorer overall survival.

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Serious falls are a health risk for adults under 65

Adults who take several prescription medications are more likely to experience serious falls, say Yale researchers and their co-authors in a new study. This heightened risk can affect middle-aged individuals — a population not typically viewed as vulnerable to debilitating or fatal falls, the researchers said.

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Genes linked to death from sepsis ID'd in mice

Bacteria in the bloodstream can trigger an overwhelming immune response that causes sepsis. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found genes that help protect the body's cells from dying during sepsis, which could lead to new treatments for the life-threatening condition.

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Plants defend against insects by inducing 'leaky gut syndrome'

Plants may induce 'leaky gut syndrome' — permeability of the gut lining — in insects as part of a multipronged strategy for protecting themselves from being eaten, according to researchers at Penn State. By improving our understanding of plant defenses, the findings could contribute to the development of new pest control methods.

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A toxic chemical in marine ecosystems turns out to play a beneficial role

Destructive free radicals — known as reactive oxygen species — are thought to degrade the cells of phytoplankton and other organisms. A new paper, however, suggests that these molecules actually play a beneficial role, upending some conventional wisdom.

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Maintaining shelf-stable drugs

A new mathematical model describes how highly concentrated antibody solutions separate into different phases, similar to an oil and water mixture, which can reduce the stability and shelf-life of some drugs.

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The truth behind racial disparities in fatal police shootings

In a sweeping and comprehensive review of every police shooting across the nation, researchers find that white police officers are not more likely to shoot minorities citizens than non-white officers.

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Study finds Nunavik Inuit are genetically unique

A new study has found that an Inuit population in Canada's Arctic are genetically distinct from any known group, and certain genetic variants are correlated with brain aneurysm.

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Racial disparity in fatal officer-involved shootings

New study finds white officers are not more likely to shoot minority civilians than black or Hispanic officers. In the study, the strongest factor in predicting the race of a person fatally shot by a police officer was the race-specific violent crime rate for that jurisdiction.

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Evolutionary gene loss may help explain why only humans are prone to heart attacks

University of California San Diego School of Medicine scientists say the loss of a single gene two to three million years ago in our ancestors may have resulted in a heightened risk of cardiovascular disease in all humans as a species, while also setting up a further risk for red meat-eating humans.

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What gives meteorites their shape? New research uncovers a 'Goldilocks' answer

Meteoroids coming from outer space are randomly shaped, but many of these, which land on Earth as meteorites, are found to be carved into cones. Scientists have now figured out how the physics of flight in the atmosphere leads to this transformation.

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WhatsApp comes to millions of basic cellphones running KaiOS

WhatsApp has only had limited availability on basic cellphones until now, but Facebook is about to throw the gates wide open. The messaging app is now available on the KaiStore, making …

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French inventor to hover across English Channel on 'flyboard'

A French inventor aims to soar across the English Channel this week on a jet-powered "flyboard", despite authorities warning the stunt is a danger to shipping.

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The Conversation

To Save the Church, Dismantle the Priesthood Catholics must detach themselves from the clerical hierarchy, James Carroll argued in June—and take the faith back into their own hands. Thank you, James Carroll, for your article. I, too, am fasting from Mass and my commitment to the Catholic Church. I cannot bear to hear how the vulnerable continue to be emotionally and physically mistreated by some

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Genetic mutation made humans susceptible to heart attacks – study

Gene that helped prevent clogged arteries was lost 2 to 3 million years ago The loss of a single gene 2 to 3 million years ago in our ancestry may help explain why humans are the only animals in which heart attacks are common. Atherosclerosis – the clogging of arteries with fatty deposits – can lead to cardiovascular disease (CVD) events like heart attacks and strokes, which cause about a third o

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Plant defenses interact with insect enteric bacteria by initiating a leaky gut syndrome [Ecology]

Plants produce suites of defenses that can collectively deter and reduce herbivory. Many defenses target the insect digestive system, with some altering the protective peritrophic matrix (PM) and causing increased permeability. The PM is responsible for multiple digestive functions, including reducing infections from potential pathogenic microbes. In our study, we…

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Officer characteristics and racial disparities in fatal officer-involved shootings [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Despite extensive attention to racial disparities in police shootings, two problems have hindered progress on this issue. First, databases of fatal officer-involved shootings (FOIS) lack details about officers, making it difficult to test whether racial disparities vary by officer characteristics. Second, there are conflicting views on which benchmark should be…

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The neural representation of facial-emotion categories reflects conceptual structure [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Humans reliably categorize configurations of facial actions into specific emotion categories, leading some to argue that this process is invariant between individuals and cultures. However, growing behavioral evidence suggests that factors such as emotion-concept knowledge may shape the way emotions are visually perceived, leading to variability—rather than universality—in facial-emotion perceptio

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Effects of policy-driven hypothetical air pollutant interventions on childhood asthma incidence in southern California [Social Sciences]

Childhood asthma is a major public health concern and has significant adverse impacts on the lives of the children and their families, and on society. There is an emerging link between air pollution, which is ubiquitous in our environment, particularly in urban centers, and incident childhood asthma. Here, using data…

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Genetic architecture and adaptations of Nunavik Inuit [Genetics]

The Canadian Inuit have a distinct population background that may entail particular implications for the health of its individuals. However, the number of genetic studies examining this Inuit population is limited, and much remains to be discovered in regard to its genetic characteristics. In this study, we generated whole-exome sequences…

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A tumor-targeted immune checkpoint blocker [Applied Biological Sciences]

To direct checkpoint inhibition to the tumor microenvironment, while avoiding systemic immune activation, we have synthesized a bispecific antibody [norleucine4, d-Phe7]-melanocyte stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH)-antiprogrammed cell death-ligand 1 antibody (αPD-L1) by conjugating a melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) analog to the antiprogrammed cell death-ligand 1 to (αPD-L1) antibody avelumab.

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Prestimulus feedback connectivity biases the content of visual experiences [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Ongoing fluctuations in neural excitability and in networkwide activity patterns before stimulus onset have been proposed to underlie variability in near-threshold stimulus detection paradigms—that is, whether or not an object is perceived. Here, we investigated the impact of prestimulus neural fluctuations on the content of perception—that is, whether one or…

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Site-specific phosphorylation of myosin binding protein-C coordinates thin and thick filament activation in cardiac muscle [Biochemistry]

The heart’s response to varying demands of the body is regulated by signaling pathways that activate protein kinases which phosphorylate sarcomeric proteins. Although phosphorylation of cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) has been recognized as a key regulator of myocardial contractility, little is known about its mechanism of action. Here, we…

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Membraneless polyester microdroplets as primordial compartments at the origins of life [Systems Biology]

Compartmentalization was likely essential for primitive chemical systems during the emergence of life, both for preventing leakage of important components, i.e., genetic materials, and for enhancing chemical reactions. Although life as we know it uses lipid bilayer-based compartments, the diversity of prebiotic chemistry may have enabled primitive living systems to…

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Observation of methane filled hexagonal ice stable up to 150 GPa [Chemistry]

Gas hydrates consist of hydrogen-bonded water frameworks enclosing guest gas molecules and have been the focus of intense research for almost 40 y, both for their fundamental role in the understanding of hydrophobic interactions and for gas storage and energy-related applications. The stable structure of methane hydrate above 2 GPa,…

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Human species-specific loss of CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase enhances atherosclerosis via intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms [Medical Sciences]

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) events due to atherosclerosis cause one-third of worldwide deaths and risk factors include physical inactivity, age, dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and red meat consumption. However, ∼15% of first-time events occur without such factors. In contrast, coronary events are extremely rare even in closely related chimpanzees in…

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Correction for Dendoncker et al., TNF-{alpha} inhibits glucocorticoid receptor-induced gene expression by reshaping the GR nuclear cofactor profile [Corrections]

GENETICS Correction for “TNF-α inhibits glucocorticoid receptor-induced gene expression by reshaping the GR nuclear cofactor profile,” by Karen Dendoncker, Steven Timmermans, Jolien Vandewalle, Melanie Eggermont, Joanna Lempiäinen, Evelien Van Hamme, Sylviane Dewaele, Sofie Vandevyver, Marlies Ballegeer, Jolien Souffriau, Lise Van Wyngene, Kelly Van Looveren, Tineke Vanderhaeghen, Rudi Beyaert, Ka

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Developmental topography of cortical thickness during infancy [Neuroscience]

During the first 2 postnatal years, cortical thickness of the human brain develops dynamically and spatially heterogeneously and likely peaks between 1 and 2 y of age. The striking development renders this period critical for later cognitive outcomes and vulnerable to early neurodevelopmental disorders. However, due to the difficulties in…

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Drugging an undruggable pocket on KRAS [Chemistry]

The 3 human RAS genes, KRAS, NRAS, and HRAS, encode 4 different RAS proteins which belong to the protein family of small GTPases that function as binary molecular switches involved in cell signaling. Activating mutations in RAS are among the most common oncogenic drivers in human cancers, with KRAS being…

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Increased ER-mitochondria tethering promotes axon regeneration [Neuroscience]

Translocation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria to the site of axon injury has been shown to facilitate axonal regeneration; however, the existence and physiological importance of ER–mitochondria tethering in the injured axons are unknown. Here, we show that a protein linking ER to mitochondria, the glucose regulated protein…

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Investigation of the allosteric coupling mechanism in a glutamate transporter homolog via unnatural amino acid mutagenesis [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Glutamate transporters harness the ionic gradients across cell membranes for the concentrative uptake of glutamate. The sodium-coupled Asp symporter, GltPh is an archaeal homolog of glutamate transporters and has been extensively used to understand the transport mechanism. A critical aspect of the transport cycle in GltPh is the coupled binding…

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Deep learning of spontaneous arousal fluctuations detects early cholinergic defects across neurodevelopmental mouse models and patients [Neuroscience]

Neurodevelopmental spectrum disorders like autism (ASD) are diagnosed, on average, beyond age 4 y, after multiple critical periods of brain development close and behavioral intervention becomes less effective. This raises the urgent need for quantitative, noninvasive, and translational biomarkers for their early detection and tracking. We found that both idiopathic…

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Rebuilding global fisheries under uncertainty [Ecology]

Current and future prospects for successfully rebuilding global fisheries remain debated due to uncertain stock status, variable management success, and disruptive environmental change. While scientists routinely account for some of this uncertainty in population models, the mechanisms by which this translates into decision-making and policy are problematic and can lead…

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Acute social isolation alters neurogenomic state in songbird forebrain [Neuroscience]

Prolonged social isolation has negative effects on brain and behavior in humans and other social organisms, but neural mechanisms leading to these effects are not understood. Here we tested the hypothesis that even brief periods of social isolation can alter gene expression and DNA methylation in higher cognitive centers of…

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With 'Lion King' and 'Avengers,' Disney Rules the Box Office

The studio's films are making bank in a lackluster year.

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College spending habits may predict when 'adulting' starts

How well you manage your money in college may determine when you'll ultimately achieve 'adult identity,' according to a new study.

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Cosmic pearls: Fossil clams in Florida contain evidence of ancient meteorite

Researchers picking through the contents of fossil clams from a Sarasota County quarry found dozens of tiny glass beads, likely the calling cards of an ancient meteorite.

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Despite progress, only 3 African nations expected to meet global breastfeeding goal

Only three African countries are expected to meet the global target for exclusive breastfeeding, 'an unparalleled source of nutrition for newborns and infants, no matter where they are born,' according to a global health expert.

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Toxin responsible for Legionella growth identified

A team of scientists has discovered that the toxin SidJ in Legionella bacteria enforces a unique modification on human proteins and helps legionella grow inside human cells. SidJ hijacks human protein Calmodulin to its own advantage in one of the classic examples of pathogenic bacteria exploiting the human molecular machinery and turning it against us. This makes SidJ an ideal target to curb Legio

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More sensitive climates are more variable climates

A decade without any global warming is more likely to happen if the climate is more sensitive to carbon dioxide emissions, new research has revealed.

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Astronomers make first calculations of magnetic activity in 'hot Jupiter' exoplanets

Signals from star-planet interactions tell of strong magnetic fields in 'hot Jupiters'.

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Earth Is Littered with Mysterious Space-Cones, and Now We Know Why

A peculiar atmospheric process is sculpting meteorites into surprising shapes as they fall.

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UNM scientists document late Pleistocene/early Holocene Mesoamerican stone tool tradition

In new research published recently in PLOS ONE titled 'Linking late Paleoindian stone tool technologies and populations in North, Central and South America,' scientists from the University of New Mexico led a study in Belize to document the very earliest indigenous stone tool tradition in southern Mesoamerica.

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Robots roaming in Antarctic waters reveal why Ross Ice Shelf melts rapidly in summer

A new paper offers fresh insight into the forces causing the world's largest ice shelf to melt.

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New Law Lets Students Miss School For “Mental Health Days”

Youth suicides are currently the highest on record in the United States, a devastating indication that the nation isn’t doing enough to identify and address mental illness in its young people. The situation is particularly bleak in Oregon, where youth suicide rates are higher than the national average — and where 16 percent of eighth grade students say they’ve seriously contemplated killing thems

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Microsoft Invests $1 Billion in Elon Musk-Founded OpenAI

Big Payout OpenAI, the artificial intelligence firm originally founded by Elon Musk and Y Combinator’s Sam Altman, just landed a $1 billion investment from Microsoft. Though originally founded to be a non-profit, ethical alternative to the massive companies developing AI tech, OpenAI became a sort of hybrid non-profit and for-profit back in March. The two companies have been collaborating on proj

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Plants defend against insects by inducing 'leaky gut syndrome'

Plants may induce "leaky gut syndrome"—permeability of the gut lining—in insects as part of a multipronged strategy for protecting themselves from being eaten, according to researchers at Penn State. By improving our understanding of plant defenses, the findings could contribute to the development of new pest control methods.

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Plants defend against insects by inducing 'leaky gut syndrome'

Plants may induce "leaky gut syndrome"—permeability of the gut lining—in insects as part of a multipronged strategy for protecting themselves from being eaten, according to researchers at Penn State. By improving our understanding of plant defenses, the findings could contribute to the development of new pest control methods.

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What gives meteorites their shape? New research uncovers a 'Goldilocks' answer

Meteoroids coming from outer space are randomly shaped, but many of these, which land on earth as meteorites, are found to be carved into cones. Scientists have now figured out how the physics of flight in the atmosphere leads to this transformation.

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White police officers are not more likely to shoot minorities

Reports of racially motivated, fatal shootings by police officers have garnered extensive public attention and sparked activism across the nation. New research from Michigan State University and University of Maryland reveals findings that flip many of these reports on their heads—white police officers are not more likely to shoot minorities citizens than non-white officers.

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A toxic chemical in marine ecosystems turns out to play a beneficial role

Advocates of healthy eating often extol the benefits of adding antioxidants to one's diet. These compounds are thought to suppress "free radical" molecules in the body that can age cells as a response to stress.

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New model describes phase separation that spoils antibody solutions

A new mathematical model describes how highly concentrated antibody solutions separate into different phases, similar to an oil and water mixture. This separation can reduce the stability and shelf-life of some drugs that use monoclonal antibodies, including some used to treat autoimmune diseases and cancer. A team of scientists from Penn State and MedImmune, LLC (now AstraZeneca) investigated the

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Major U.S. Offshore Wind Projects Still Face Hurdles

Northeastern states need the power source to meet renewable energy targets — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Photos: Days of Protest in Puerto Rico

For 10 days now, hundreds of thousands of people have taken to the streets in the United States territory of Puerto Rico to demand the resignation of Governor Ricardo Rossell ó . The calls for Rossell ó to step down come after the leak of a group chat between Rossell ó and his aides and Cabinet members, in which offensive, misogynistic, and homophobic comments were made. This follows ongoing publ

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A torque on conventional magnetic wisdom

Physicists have observed a magnetic phenomenon called the 'anomalous spin-orbit torque' (ASOT) for the first time. Scientists have made this observation, demonstrating that there exists competition between what is known as spin-orbit coupling and the alignment of an electron spin to the magnetization.

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New study explains the molecular mechanism for the therapeutic effects of cilantro

Herbs, including cilantro, have a long history of use as folk medicine anticonvulsants. Until now, many of the underlying mechanisms of how the herbs worked remained unknown. In a new study, researchers uncovered the molecular action that enables cilantro to effectively delay certain seizures common in epilepsy and other diseases.

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Forced Swim Test Criticized as Uninformative, Cruel

Some researchers and animal rights groups are amplifying their opposition to an assay that measures how long a rodent tries to stay afloat.

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Even Unhatched, Birds Exchange Survival Skills

Eggs vibrate in response to parental alarm calls, then pass on the warning to nearby eggs.

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Helicopter transport for stroke patients decreases time to surgery, new study finds

The sooner that a severe stroke patient can access thrombectomy, the more likely they are to experience a good outcome. A new study shows that using emergency helicopter ambulance services to transfer a patient to a hospital that can perform a stroke thrombectomy–a minimally invasive surgery which removes the blood clot in the brain causing the stroke–ensures faster access to potentially life-sa

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Vampire algae killer's genetic diversity poses threat to biofuels

New DNA analysis has revealed surprising genetic diversity in a bacterium that poses a persistent threat to the algae biofuels industry. With the evocative name Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus, the predatory pest sucks out the contents of the algae cells (thus the vampire reference) and reduces a productive, thriving, green algae pond to a vat of rotting sludge.

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Search for new semiconductors heats up with gallium oxide

Electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material — beta-gallium oxide — to their arsenal. Beta-gallium oxide is readily available and promises to convert power faster and more efficiently than today's leading semiconductor materials — gallium nitride and silicon, the researchers said.

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Americans are drilling deeper than ever for fresh water

A new study shows Americans are drilling deeper than ever for fresh water.

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Encephalitis identified as rare toxicity of immunotherapy treatment

Researchers chronicling rare but serious toxicities that may occur with immune checkpoint inhibitors, the most widely prescribed class of immunotherapies.

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School psychologists develop intervention to reduce hallway disruptions

A game-like intervention developed by school psychologists may help reduce hallway disruptions among elementary school children.

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Microsoft joins project on ethical artificial intelligence

Microsoft on Monday announced a $1 billion investment in an OpenAI ethical artificial intelligence project backed by Tesla's Elon Musk and Amazon.

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En rumvandring i klodser: Gå på opdagelse i fremtidens månebase

Tag med på en tur gennem en månebase, som den kan komme til at se ud – bygget i Lego.

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The Human Brain Project Hasn’t Lived Up to Its Promise

On July 22, 2009, the neuroscientist Henry Markram walked onstage at the TEDGlobal conference in Oxford, England, and told the audience that he was going to simulate the human brain, in all its staggering complexity, in a computer. His goals were lofty: “It’s perhaps to understand perception, to understand reality, and perhaps to even also understand physical reality.” His timeline was ambitious:

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In Defense of Big Little Lies’ Second Season

This article contains spoilers through the second season of Big Little Lies. Just to put this out there first: No, the second season of HBO’s Big Little Lies wasn’t as good as the first. The plotting was minimal, leading up to an underwhelming showdown in the best-attended family courtroom in America. Even as the characterization of Zoë Kravitz’s Bonnie was beefed up, the show found other women o

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What Happens When Parents Wait to Tell a Child He’s Adopted

A predictable sequence of events nearly always ensues after I mention to someone that I’m adopted. First, people blink, then quickly apologize for whatever assumption forced the clarification—that it must be my dad who’s tall, or that it must be my mom who passed down her olive skin to me … that some distinctive feature of mine must run in my family. Then come the questions: “Do you know your bir

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These Bizarre Objects May Have “Seeded” Supermassive Black Holes

Dark Stars Astronomers have a new theory about the formation of supermassive black holes. Extremely bright objects that first appeared close to the birth of the universe — theoretical objects called “dark stars” — could have seeded supermassive black holes over millions of years, according to a new Astronomy story about University of Michigan physicist Katherine Freese. Dark stars wouldn’t have b

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Don't Toy With Me, Slack

Slack is one of those apps that needs to just work. But too often, especially when I’m on a mobile wifi connection, it barely works at all.Read more…

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The Most Irish Town in America Was Built on Seaweed

After discovering 'Irish moss' in coastal waters, Irish immigrants launched a booming mossing industry in Scituate, Massachusetts

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Exosomes may hold the answer to treating, diagnosing developmental brain disorders

Scientists shed new light on the role that exosomes play in brain development. They show that exosomes are not only integral to the development of neurons and neural circuits, but they can restore health to brain cells affected by developmental disease.

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The early days of the Milky Way revealed

A study puts a sequence to the events which gave rise to our Galaxy.

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Marine heatwaves in a changing climate

Nature, Published online: 22 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02196-1 Heatwaves in the ocean can rapidly disrupt marine ecosystems and the economies that depend on them. A global analysis of these events casts light on their causes and sets the stage for revealing how they might change in the future.

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India monsoons below 'normal' baseline amid water crisis

India's weather agency said Monday it was set to cut estimates for average monsoon rainfall after decades of below-normal downpours, with climate change causing greater variations.

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College spending habits may predict when 'adulting' starts

How well you manage your money in college may determine when you'll ultimately achieve 'adult identity,' according to a new study led by the University of Arizona.

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Astronomers decode Milky Way's violent birth

The Milky Way gobbled up a galaxy one quarter of its mass 10 billion years ago in a "violent collision" that didn't fully settle for eons, astronomers said in new research published Monday.

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NASA sees outside winds affecting new tropical Eastern Pacific depression

A new tropical depression formed in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, far enough away from the coast so that no coastal warnings are needed. Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite shows that Tropical Depression 5E's strongest storms were southwest of its center of circulation because of outside winds.

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Mississippi River drops enough to begin closing big spillway

The Mississippi River is finally low enough again to let the Army Corps of Engineers begin closing a huge spillway after a record-breaking run diverting water into Lake Pontchartrain.

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Tracking smoke from fires to improve air quality forecasting

NASA's DC-8 flying laboratory took to the skies on Monday to kick off a two-month investigation into the life cycles of smoke from fires in the United States. The goal is to better understand smoke impact on weather and climate and provide information that will lead to improved air quality forecasting.

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NASA sees outside winds affecting new tropical Eastern Pacific depression

A new tropical depression formed in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, far enough away from the coast so that no coastal warnings are needed. Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite shows that Tropical Depression 5E's strongest storms were southwest of its center of circulation because of outside winds.

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BU finds workplace injuries contribute to rise in suicide, overdose deaths

A new study finds that workplace injury significantly raises a person's risk of suicide or overdose death, contributing to a trend that has lowered US life expectancy in recent years.

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The Future of Movies Is Marvel

Minutes before the Marvel Studios team—headed by the company’s president, Kevin Feige—took the stage at San Diego’s Comic-Con on July 20, an official release went out to the press reaffirming its cultural dominance. Avengers: Endgame , the culmination of 22 movies over 11 years featuring Marvel superheroes, was officially going to become the highest-grossing film of all time . Its $2.79 billion g

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Vampire algae killer's genetic diversity poses threat to biofuels

New DNA analysis has revealed surprising genetic diversity in a bacterium that poses a persistent threat to the algae biofuels industry. With the evocative name Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus, the predatory pest sucks out the contents of the algae cells (thus the vampire reference) and reduces a productive, thriving, green algae pond to a vat of rotting sludge.

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A torque on conventional magnetic wisdom

Physicists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have observed a magnetic phenomenon called the "anomalous spin-orbit torque" (ASOT) for the first time. Professor Virginia Lorenz and graduate student Wenrui Wang, now graduated and employed as an industry scientist, made this observation, demonstrating that there exists competition between what is known as spin-orbit coupling and the al

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Why Epicurean ideas suit the challenges of modern secular life

'The pursuit of Happiness' is a famous phrase in a famous document, the United States Declaration of Independence (1776). But few know that its author was inspired by an ancient Greek philosopher, Epicurus. Thomas Jefferson considered himself an Epicurean. He probably found the phrase in John Locke, who, like Thomas Hobbes, David Hume and Adam Smith, had also been influenced by Epicurus. Nowadays

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Our ancestors may have begun barbecuing 1.5 million years ago

Our ancestors may have learned to control fire 1.5 million years ago, which could explain how we came to be human

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IBM's debating robot argues it out with human for first time

submitted by /u/the_ravenant [link] [comments]

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Brain-Computer Interface in humans by 2020

Elon Musk's Neuralink thinks it will be testing a brain-computer interface by 2020. Do you agree? Do you think its the next evolutionary step for humanity? submitted by /u/SineadBovell [link] [comments]

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Puerto Rican Startup Plans to Launch Self-Sustaining Moon Habitat

Lunar Househunters Instarz, a space startup from Puerto Rico, just announced plans to launch a self-assembling, self-sustaining Moon habitat by the late 2020s. The company is still raising money to develop a prototype, but an augmented reality simulation reveals the company’s vision for a space hut called Remnant that vaguely resembles Luke Skywalker’s childhood home on Tatooine. Instarz hopes it

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Red wine could hold the secret to staying buff on the moon

In space, no one can hear you whine. (Pixabay/) It turns out resveratrol, the miracle compound in red wine that's been linked to fighting cancer , preventing bone density loss , and increasing longevity , might be just what the Martian doctor ordered. A new study published in Frontiers in Physiology suggests resveratrol could help future astronauts withstand some of the downsides of a low-gravity

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The early days of the Milky Way revealed

A study led by researchers from the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) puts a sequence to the events which gave rise to our galaxy.

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Exosomes may hold the answer to treating, diagnosing developmental brain disorders

In new research published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Hollis Cline, Ph.D., and her colleagues at Scripps Research shed new light on the role that exosomes play in brain development. They show that exosomes are not only integral to the development of neurons and neural circuits, but they can restore health to brain cells affected by developmental disease.

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Hypothalamus pathway drives defense behaviors

Scientists have identified a previously unknown pathway connecting the hypothalamus and midbrain that drives defensive behaviors, according to research in mice published in eNeuro. Further research on this pathway could increase understanding of anxiety disorders.

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Social isolation stresses rodents

The traditional method of housing mice and rats alone increases stress and worsens epilepsy, according to a new study published in eNeuro. The added stress could complicate results of pre-clinical drug trials.

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Big data clarifies emotional circuit development

Several brain circuits that identify emotions are solidified early in development and include diverse regions beyond the amygdala, according to new research in children, adolescents, and young adults published in JNeurosci.

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The Wild, Unregulated World of Sports Supplements

Can gorging yourself on whey and creatine make you a star athlete? Probably not.

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Our ancestors may have begun barbequing 1.5 million years ago

Our ancestors may have learned to control fire 1.5 million years ago, which could explain how we came to be human

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Lots of lead in the water? Maybe manganese is to blame

In the right environment, a harmless mineral can do a lot to change the composition of the drinking water that flows through lead pipes. New research discovers how.

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Vampire algae killer's genetic diversity poses threat to biofuels

New DNA analysis has revealed surprising genetic diversity in a bacterium that poses a persistent threat to the algae biofuels industry. With the evocative name Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus, the predatory pest sucks out the contents of the algae cells (thus the vampire reference) and reduces a productive, thriving, green algae pond to a vat of rotting sludge.

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New study explains the molecular mechanism for the therapeutic effects of cilantro

Herbs, including cilantro, have a long history of use as folk medicine anticonvulsants. Until now, many of the underlying mechanisms of how the herbs worked remained unknown. In a new study, researchers uncovered the molecular action that enables cilantro to effectively delay certain seizures common in epilepsy and other diseases.

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Tourists on safari track leopards and lions just as well as scientists

Study finds outsourcing tracking to tourists is cheaper than traditional techniques

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US Navy’s Energy Weapon Gets First “Kill,” Shoots Iranian Drone

Firing Back In June, Iran’s military shot down one of the U.S. Navy’s $130 million Global Hawk drones, claiming it had veered out of international airspace and into the nation’s territory. Now, the U.S. Navy has returned the favor, using a new directed-energy weapon to disable an Iranian drone in the same region — marking the next-generation device’s first known “kill.” Mixed Signals According to

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Hawaii Telescope Protest Shuts Down 13 Observatories on Mauna Kea

Construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope was supposed to start on July 15 — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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With smart action, hope isn’t lost for coral reefs

Management that takes evolution and adaptation into account can help rescue coral reefs from the effects of climate change, according to a new study. Importantly, the results show that by making smart decisions to protect reefs today, conservation managers can generate the conditions that can help corals adapt to rising temperatures. “It is well documented that climate change is causing corals to

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Pioneer in Bioethics Daniel Callahan Dies

He was the cofounder of the Hastings Center and wrote nearly 50 books on topics including abortion, aging, and medical progress.

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Harsher punishment leads to more suspensions for black kids

Elementary school teachers tend to discipline black students more harshly than white students, leading to a racial gap in expulsions and suspensions, researchers report. A new analysis finds that teachers’ different treatment of black and white students accounts for 46% of the racial gap in suspensions and expulsions from school among five- to nine-year-old children. It shows that differences in

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Lots of lead in the water? Maybe manganese is to blame

Manganese is not a particularly toxic mineral. In fact, people need a little in their diets to remain healthy.

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Toxin responsible for Legionella growth identified

A team of scientists led by EMBL group leader Sagar Bhogaraju and Ivan Dikic of Goethe University, Frankfurt, discovered that the toxin SidJ in Legionella bacteria enforces a unique modification …

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Where Rabies Is Entrenched

The virus has been defeated in many parts of the world. But where it persists, rabies takes a particular toll on the rural poor.

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Rabies Kills Tens of Thousands Yearly. Vaccinating Dogs Could Stop It.

Sometimes the interests of humans and animals are the same, but humans have to save the animals first.

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Five Things to Know About Rabies

One of the world’s most studied and preventable diseases is still a deadly and common threat in much of the world.

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The Role of Seizures in Alzheimer's Disease Is Gaining Overdue Attention

Evidence suggests that such abnormal electrical activity may occur much earlier than signs of memory loss — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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This Ancient Mosque in Israel May Have Been Built Just a Few Years After Muhammed's Death

Unlike some of the large, urban mosques of that era, this structure was a simple, rectangular building that likely served farmers who lived nearby.

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The Role of Seizures in Alzheimer's Disease Is Gaining Overdue Attention

Evidence suggests that such abnormal electrical activity may occur much earlier than signs of memory loss — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Search for new semiconductors heats up with gallium oxide

University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material—beta-gallium oxide—to their arsenal. Beta-gallium oxide is readily available and promises to convert power faster and more efficiently than today's leading semiconductor materials—gallium nitride and silicon, the researchers said.

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A torque on conventional magnetic wisdom

Physicists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have observed a magnetic phenomenon called the 'anomalous spin-orbit torque' (ASOT) for the first time. Professor Virginia Lorenz and graduate student Wenrui Wang, now graduated and employed as an industry scientist, made this observation, demonstrating that there exists competition between what is known as spin-orbit coupling and the al

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New, high-resolution images reveal clues to improve anti-nausea drugs for cancer patients

A new study using a special type of electron microscope using samples cooled to extremely cold temperatures provides critical information for drug developers seeking to reduce nausea and vomiting side effects of cancer treatments. Published in Nature Communications, the study offers a glimpse into how widely used anti-nausea drugs attach to their target protein in the gastrointestinal tract.

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Cosmic pearls: Fossil clams in Florida contain evidence of ancient meteorite

Researchers picking through the contents of fossil clams from a Sarasota County quarry found dozens of tiny glass beads, likely the calling cards of an ancient meteorite.

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Cosmic pearls: Fossil clams in Florida contain evidence of ancient meteorite

Researchers picking through the contents of fossil clams from a Sarasota County quarry found dozens of tiny glass beads, likely the calling cards of an ancient meteorite.

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Astronomers make first calculations of magnetic activity in 'hot Jupiter' exoplanets

Gas-giant planets orbiting close to other stars have powerful magnetic fields, many times stronger than our own Jupiter, according to a new study by a team of astrophysicists. It is the first time the strength of these fields has been calculated from observations.

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Texas' strategic goal for students' debt burden shows potential promise and pitfalls

College students in Texas who graduated from public universities with a bachelor's degree had, on average, student loan debts that equaled 74% of what they earned in their first-year wages, according to a new study. The study, which looked at students who started college between 2004 and 2008, also shows that black and Latinx students are predicted to borrow larger amounts of college debt than whi

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Lots of lead in the water? Maybe manganese is to blame

In the right environment, a harmless mineral can do a lot to change the composition of the drinking water that flows through lead pipes. New research discovers how.

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Airborne lidar system poised to improve accuracy of climate change models

Researchers have developed a laser-based system that can be used for airborne measurement of important atmospheric gases with unprecedented accuracy and resolution. The ability to collect this data will help scientists better understand how these atmospheric gases affect the climate and could help improve climate change predictions.

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Gut microbes may affect the course of ALS

New research in mice shows that the gut microbiome may affect the course of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

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New approach needed to address Anthropocene risk

A team of international researchers suggest adopting a holistic approach to understanding environmental risks.

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New mechanism moving droplets at record-high speed and long distance without extra power

A research team has recently devised a novel mechanism to transport droplets at record-high velocity and distance without extra energy input, and droplets can be moved upward along a vertical surface, which has never been achieved before. The new strategy to control droplet motion can open up new potential in applications in microfluidic devices, bio-analytical devices and beyond.

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Record-setting quantum motion

Showcasing precise control at the quantum level, physicists have developed a method for making an ion (electrically charged atom) display exact quantities of quantum-level motion — any specific amount up to 100 packets of energy or 'quanta,' more than five times the previous record high of 17.

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'Restore UK bogs' to tackle climate change

Restoring peat moors degraded by farming may prove a relatively inexpensive way of tackling climate change.

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Deforestation in Brazil has rocketed since Bolsonaro became president

More than 3700 square kilometres of Brazilian rainforest has been cleared since Jair Bolsonaro became president, but he has dismissed the data as "lies"

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Congressman: The 2020 Election Is Not Safe From Hackers

Dire Warning Tech giants like Facebook, Google, and Twitter have failed to prepare for attempts to hack or compromise the 2020 presidential election. That’s according to U.S. Representative Adam Schiff, chair of the House Intelligence Committee, who went on Monday’s edition of Recode’s podcast to say that neither the government nor private companies have done enough to ramp up cybersecurity proto

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French Scientists Accuse National Institute of Discrimination

For years, a committee at CNRS has bucked the recommendations of its researchers to hire two social scientists, and colleagues conclude that prejudice is at play.

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Dinos for Dinner

Ever eaten ostrich or alligator? Then you may already know what certain dinosaurs may have tasted like.

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Discrimination Is Hard to Prove, Even Harder to Fix

Even when older plaintiffs win their suits, correcting institutional biases can take years.

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Search for new semiconductors heats up with gallium oxide

University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field's hottest material — beta-gallium oxide — to their arsenal. Beta-gallium oxide is readily available and promises to convert power faster and more efficiently than today's leading semiconductor materials — gallium nitride and silicon, the researchers said.

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HPTN 071 modelling and cost analyses show benefits of community HIV testing and treatment

Continuation of community-wide HIV testing and prompt initiation of treatment as delivered in the HPTN 071 (PopART) study in South Africa and Zambia could lead to substantial reductions in new HIV cases, be cost-effective, and help to achieve the UNAIDS 2030 targets, according to projections from mathematical modelling and cost-effectiveness analyses presented today at the 10th International AIDS

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Professor: Indiens raketter er silkebløde at opsende med

Indiens raketter er billige – og bliver vigtige for fremtidens rumfart.

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A new study shows Americans are drilling deeper than ever for fresh water

Groundwater may be out of sight, but for over 100 million Americans who rely on it for their lives and livelihoods it's anything but out of mind. Unfortunately, wells are going dry and scientists are just beginning to understand the complex landscape of groundwater use.

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Etsy buys music gear marketplace Reverb to expand its reach

Etsy is expanding its online shopping empire, albeit not in the way some would have expected. The company plans to acquire Reverb, one of the largest marketplaces for musical instruments, …

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Letters: Trump Is a ‘Source of Hope’ for Taiwan

Taiwan’s Status Is a Geopolitical Absurdity As tensions between Washington and Beijing worsen, Chris Horton wrote earlier this month , it is important to understand Taiwan’s strategic importance to both governments. While the United States does not recognize Taiwan as an independent country, the island’s location, economy, and security are seen as essential to American interests; in recent years,

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Understanding the drivers of a shift to sustainable diets

One of the 21st century's greatest challenges is to develop diets that are both sustainable for the planet and good for our bodies. A new study explored the major drivers of widespread shifts to sustainable diets using a newly developed computational model of population-wide behavioral dynamics.

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How to Talk Effectively about Climate Change

Our conversations have been stuck, but a new book lays out a number of ways to get them flowing productively — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Motor neurone disease researchers find link to microbes in gut

Study could eventually lead to new treatments for neurodegenerative condition Scientists have found tantalising clues that the devastating condition motor neurone disease may be linked to changes in microbes that live in the gut. Studies in mice revealed that animals bred to develop amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a form of the disease that affected the cosmologist Stephen Hawking , improved

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Texas' strategic goal for students' debt burden shows potential promise and pitfalls

College students in Texas who graduated from public universities with a bachelor's degree had, on average, student loan debts that equaled 74 percent of what they earned in their first-year wages, according to a new study from SMU (Southern Methodist University).

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ATLAS Experiment searches for rare Higgs boson decays into muon pairs

Could the Higgs boson still surprise us? Since its discovery in 2012, the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at CERN have been actively studying the properties of this latest and most mysterious addition to the Standard Model of particle physics.

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New research identifies deadly hidden weather hazard that has the potential to affect millions of people

New research, led by Loughborough University academics, has found that tropical cyclones followed by deadly heat is an emerging weather threat that could put millions of people at risk as global temperatures continue to rise.

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Despite progress, only 3 African nations expected to meet global breastfeeding goal

Only three African countries are expected to meet the global target for exclusive breastfeeding, 'an unparalleled source of nutrition for newborns and infants, no matter where they are born,' according to a global health expert.

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Researcher discovers how mosquitoes integrate vision and smell to track victims

Virginia Tech researcher Clément Vinauger has discovered new neurobiology associated with mosquito vision and sense of smell that explains how Aedes aegypti mosquitoes track their victims.

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Patients want physicians more involved in their health outside of the doctor's office

A media briefing on a nationwide survey of physicians and consumers conducted by The Harris Poll on behalf of Samueli Integrative Health Programs on: How consumers and physicians define self-care.; whether physicians agree that self-care is a critical component of their patients' health.; the disconnect between what physicians and their patients say they want to discuss regarding self-care; how Am

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The Quietly Changing Consensus on Neutering Dogs

In the 1970s, a time when tens of millions of unwanted dogs were being euthanized in the United States annually, an orthodoxy began to take hold: Spay and neuter early. Spay and neuter everything. It’s what vets were taught. It’s what responsible pet owners were told to do. A growing body of research, however, suggests that spaying and neutering—especially in some large breeds when very young—are

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School psychologists develop intervention to reduce hallway disruptions

A gamelike intervention developed by school psychology researchers in UT's College of Education, Health, and Human Sciences may help reduce hallway disruptions among elementary school children.

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Physicists create record-setting quantum motion

Showcasing precise control at the quantum level, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a method for making an ion (electrically charged atom) display exact quantities of quantum-level motion—any specific amount up to 100 packets of energy or "quanta," more than five times the previous record high of 17.

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Daily briefing: India launches mission to land on the Moon

Nature, Published online: 22 July 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02264-6 Chandrayaan-2 is India’s second Moon mission and its first to attempt a soft landing. Plus: artificial intelligence takes on protein folding and what not to do in graduate school.

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How to Talk Effectively about Climate Change

Our conversations have been stuck, but a new book lays out a number of ways to get them flowing productively — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Laugh tracks boost humor ratings of corny ‘dad jokes’

People rate jokes as even funnier when the laughter is genuine

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Inventor Set to Fly Across the English Channel on His Hoverboard

Channel Hopping Exactly 110 years ago this Thursday, French inventor Louis Blériot became the first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, the body of water separating the United Kingdom and France. To honor the achievement, another French inventor plans to make his own cross-Channel trip this week — but he’ll attempt to do so while riding a flying hoverboard that looks strangely s

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The Guy Who Popularized “Tetris” Wants to Build a Lunar Spaceport

Landing Zone Henk Rogers wants to build the Moon’s first spaceport. His dream is to create a sort of gas station and hub for any space travelers to use as they venture to the Moon or beyond. Rogers, who already runs a simulated Mars habitat in Hawaii, according to Honolulu Civil Beat , envisions a near future where someone — maybe SpaceX — ships an army of worker robots to the Moon to prepare a s

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As NASA's Apollo Space Program Grew, Alabama Was Pressured To Desegregate

Hundreds of thousands of jobs were created for the Apollo space program. As the program ramped up, leaders in Huntsville, Ala., realized they needed to desegregate to attract talent.

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Huawei reportedly helped North Korea build out 3G network in secret

A new report could ultimately prove another bombshell in Huawei’s on-going conflicts with the U.S. government. New documents obtained by The Washington Post tie the Chinese hardware giant to …

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Tourist photographs are a cheap and effective way to survey wildlife

Tourists on safari can provide wildlife monitoring data comparable to traditional surveying methods, suggests research appearing July 22 in the journal Current Biology. The researchers analyzed …

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Scientists make fundamental discovery to creating better crops

A team of scientists led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered the specific gene that controls an important symbiotic relationship between plants and soil …

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Unique hybrid implant first installed to a cat

A scientific team from a small innovative enterprise, Biomimetix, based at the National University of Science and Technology MISIS together with their colleagues from the N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Centre of oncology developed a unique implant to replace damaged bone fragments. The implant, which imitates real bone structure, was tested on a domestic cat with osteosarcoma by surgeons a

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Unique hybrid implant first installed to a cat

A scientific team from a small innovative enterprise, Biomimetix, based at the National University of Science and Technology MISIS together with their colleagues from the N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Centre of oncology developed a unique implant to replace damaged bone fragments. The implant, which imitates real bone structure, was tested on a domestic cat with osteosarcoma by surgeons a

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Canned laughter works, finds new study of 'dad jokes'

Adding canned laughter to the end of a punchline increases how funny we find a joke, but not as much as real laughter, finds a new study.

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Risk of neural tube defects higher for babies of women on HIV therapy with dolutegravir

Children born to women on HIV therapy containing the drug dolutegravir since conception have a slightly higher risk of neural tube defects, compared to children born to women on regimens of other antiretroviral drugs.

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Beyond finding a gene: Same repeated stretch of DNA in three neurodegenerative diseases

Four different rare diseases are all caused by the same short segment of DNA repeated too many times, a mutation researchers call noncoding expanded tandem repeats. Researchers suspect variations of this type of mutation may cause other diseases that have thus far evaded diagnosis by genetic testing. Researchers are excited because instead of finding unique mutations in specific genes, they identi

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Combined online self-management for pain, associated anxiety and depression works

Online symptom self-management works to decrease pain, anxiety and depression and for some, online self-management plus nurse telecare helps even more according to a new study. Pain is the most common physical symptom for which adults seek medical attention in US, while anxiety and depression are the most common mental health symptoms. All three symptoms frequently co-occur in this difficult to tr

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Massive Snow Cannons Could Save West Antarctica's Ice Sheet

Tons of snow made from seawater could stabilize failing ice.

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Bill Wehrum, an Architect of E.P.A. Rollbacks, Faces New Ethics Inquiry

The inquiry will focus on whether Mr. Wehrum, who left the agency in June, broke rules when he interacted with clients of his former law firm.

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Drilling deeper

A new study shows Americans are drilling deeper than ever for fresh water.

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Texas' strategic goal for students' debt burden shows potential promise and pitfalls

College students in Texas who graduated from public universities with a bachelor's degree had, on average, student loan debts that equaled 74% of what they earned in their first-year wages, according to a new study from SMU (Southern Methodist University). The study, which looked at students who started college between 2004 and 2008, also shows that black and Latinx students are predicted to borro

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Encephalitis identified as rare toxicity of immunotherapy treatment

The results, published July 22 in Nature Medicine, are the latest findings by VICC researchers chronicling rare but serious toxicities that may occur with immune checkpoint inhibitors, the most widely prescribed class of immunotherapies.

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Airborne lidar system poised to improve accuracy of climate change models

Researchers have developed a laser-based system that can be used for airborne measurement of important atmospheric gases with unprecedented accuracy and resolution. The ability to collect this data will help scientists better understand how these atmospheric gases affect the climate and could help improve climate change predictions.

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Researchers develop new chip for superior forensic blood residue detection

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers have developed a new chip device that offers superior identification of miniscule blood residues for forensic applications.

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Scientists learn to control the oil lens

Reconstruction of factories (the construction of modern parks and the removal of communications on racks) significantly prevents the penetration of petroleum products into the ground. However, wastes, accumulated as a result of the activities of oil refineries, continue to have a negative impact on the environment. The method developed at Samara Polytech will allow not only to monitor the state of

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New record in lead-free halide double perovskites

Illumination consumes more than 20 percent of electricity. Thus, finding an efficient, stable, single-phase warm white-light material is very important. Lead hybrid perovskites have drawn interest for excellent photoelectric performance and simple synthesis. Lead perovskites with white-light emission have been studied, but photoluminescence quantum efficiencies (PLQEs) are low. However, the large-

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Living components: Programmable structural dynamics successful in self-organizing fiber structures

Scientists have succeeded in programming the dynamics of structures in an artificial chemical system on the basis of DNA components.

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Is autism caused by environmental or genetic factors?

Judging from their headlines, two recent studies seem to produce contradictory findings in regard to whether autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is mostly due to the environment or mostly due to genetics. Digging deeper, however, it's clear that they do not contradict; taken together, they paint a clearer picture of the nature of ASD than we had before. This potential misunderstanding serves to highli

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More sensitive climates are more variable climates, research shows

A decade without any global warming is more likely to happen if the climate is more sensitive to carbon dioxide emissions, new research has revealed.

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India Successfully Launches Lunar Lander Toward The Moon

Historic Launch India successfully launched its first-ever lunar lander as part of its Chandrayaan-2 mission early Monday morning local time after a “technical glitch” caused the launch to be delayed last week. The lander will take roughly a month to reach the Moon’s orbit, and a few weeks more to land on the surface. “It is the beginning of a historical journey of India towards the Moon and to l

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Women in science: Smashing glass ceilings and glass walls

From pushing boundaries to defying stereotypes – five women who are breaking barriers in science.

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Using visual imagery to find your true passions

You may think you know what you like — how to spend your time or what profession to pursue. But a new study suggests that your pre-existing self-beliefs, as well as cultural stereotypes, may interfere with your memories and keep you from remembering what truly interests you. However, researchers found that one particular mental technique could help us overcome the barriers that block us from find

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Scientists make fundamental discovery to creating better crops

Scientists have discovered the specific gene that controls an important symbiotic relationship between plants and soil fungi, and successfully facilitated the symbiosis in a plant that typically resists it.

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Warning to those wanting to spice up their lives

Think twice before adding that extra kick of chili sauce or chopped jalapeno to your meal. New research shows a spicy diet could be linked to dementia.

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Heart disease biomarker linked to paleo diet

People who follow the paleo diet have twice the amount of a key blood biomarker linked closely to heart disease, the world's first major study examining the impact of the diet on gut bacteria has found.

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Living components: Programmable structural dynamics successful in self-organizing fiber structures

Scientists have succeeded in programming the dynamics of structures in an artificial chemical system on the basis of DNA components.

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Are American nurses prepared for a catastrophe? New study says perhaps not

On average, American colleges and universities with nursing programs offer about one hour of instruction in handling catastrophic situations such as nuclear events, pandemics, or water contamination crises, according to two recent studies.

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Targeting old bottleneck reveals new anticancer drug strategy

The enzyme ribonucleotide reductase is a bottleneck for cancer cell growth. Scientists have identified a way of targeting ribonucleotide reductase that may avoid the toxicity of previous approaches, informing focused drug discovery efforts.

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More colorectal cancer cases are being diagnosed in younger patients

Average age at diagnosis in the United States has decreased over the past decade.

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Solving the salt problem for seismic imaging

The efficient extraction of oil and gas from within the Earth's crust requires accurate images of subsurface rock structures. Some materials are hard to capture, so KAUST researchers have developed a computational method for modeling large accumulations of subsurface salt, a challenging material to derive accurately from seismic imaging data.

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Scientists make fundamental discovery to creating better crops

A team of scientists led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered the specific gene that controls an important symbiotic relationship between plants and soil fungi, and successfully facilitated the symbiosis in a plant that typically resists it.

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Scientists make fundamental discovery to creating better crops

A team of scientists led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered the specific gene that controls an important symbiotic relationship between plants and soil fungi, and successfully facilitated the symbiosis in a plant that typically resists it.

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US groundwater shortage is forcing us to dig extremely deep wells

Groundwater provides drinking water for 120 million Americans and irrigates farmland – but demand in some places, including in California, is drying up wells

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The Milky Way devoured another galaxy and we've spotted the remains

We’ve identified the original stars that were in the Milky Way before it devoured another smaller galaxy called Gaia-Enceladus about 10 billion years ago

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Tourist photographs are a cheap and effective way to survey wildlife

Tourists on safari can provide wildlife monitoring data comparable to traditional surveying methods, suggests research appearing July 22 in the journal Current Biology. The researchers analyzed 25,000 photographs from 26 tour groups to survey the population densities of five top predators (lions, leopards, cheetahs, spotted hyenas, and wild dogs) in northern Botswana, making it one of the first st

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Tourist photographs are a cheap and effective way to survey wildlife

Tourists on safari can provide wildlife monitoring data comparable to traditional surveying methods, suggests research appearing July 22 in the journal Current Biology. The researchers analyzed 25,000 photographs from 26 tour groups to survey the population densities of five top predators (lions, leopards, cheetahs, spotted hyenas, and wild dogs) in northern Botswana, making it one of the first st

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Manuel fejl slukker strømmen i København

En betjeningsfejl i en af elnetselskabet Radius' centraler i Valby forårsagede strømafbrydelse i Ørestaden og Københavns Lufthavn. Radius havde løst problemet, 18 minutter efter det opstod, men følgevirkninger kan stadig spøge.

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School psychologists develop intervention to reduce hallway disruptions

A gamelike intervention developed by school psychology researchers in UT's College of Education, Health, and Human Sciences may help reduce hallway disruptions among elementary school children.

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Lots of lead in the water? Maybe manganese is to blame

In the right environment, a harmless mineral can do a lot to change the composition of the drinking water that flows through lead pipes. New research from the McKelvey School of Engineering discovers how.

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Toxin responsible for Legionella growth identified

A team of scientists led by EMBL group leader Sagar Bhogaraju and Ivan Dikic of Goethe University, Frankfurt, discovered that the toxin SidJ in Legionella bacteria enforces a unique modification on human proteins and helps legionella grow inside human cells. SidJ hijacks human protein Calmodulin to its own advantage in one of the classic examples of pathogenic bacteria exploiting the human molecul

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Using visual imagery to find your true passions

You may think you know what you like — how to spend your time or what profession to pursue. But a new study suggests that your pre-existing self-beliefs, as well as cultural stereotypes, may interfere with your memories and keep you from remembering what truly interests you. However, researchers at The Ohio State University found that one particular mental technique could help us overcome the bar

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Combined online self-management for pain, associated anxiety and depression works

Online symptom self-management works to decrease pain, anxiety and depression and for some, online self-management plus nurse telecare helps even more according to CAMMPS study, conducted by symptoms expert and Regenstrief Institute research scientist Kurt Kroenke, M.D. Pain is the most common physical symptom for which adults seek medical attention in US, while anxiety and depression are the most

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Gut microbes may affect the course of ALS

Researchers isolated a molecule that may be under-produced in the guts of patients.

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Astronomers make first calculations of magnetic activity in 'hot Jupiter' exoplanets

Signals from star-planet interactions tell of strong magnetic fields in 'hot Jupiters.'

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Testing corneal cell quality? Apply physics

A team led by Kyoto University physicists and Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine (KPUM) ophthalmologists, developed a 'quantitative biomarker' that makes it possible to assess the quality of corneal cells — and even predict their long-term efficacy — through simple observation.

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Miniaturized version of ribosome found in microsporidia

A research team lead by MIMS/SciLifeLab research group leader Jonas Barandun, Umeå University, Sweden, uses cryo-electron microscopy to provide near atomic details of the smallest known eukaryotic cytoplasmic protein synthesis machine, the microsporidian ribosome.

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Allergy, asthma risk are increased by microbial compound found in infant gut

A study of newborn infants has identified a compound produced by gut bacteria that appears to predispose certain infants to allergies and asthma later in life.

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Researchers suggest new approach needed to address Anthropocene risk

A team of international researchers suggest adopting a holistic approach to understanding environmental risks.

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New study finds independent predictors of first pass effect in mechanical thrombectomy

A new study, presented today at the Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery's (SNIS) 16th Annual Meeting, found that non-internal carotid artery (non-ICA) site of occlusion, the use of a balloon-guided catheter, and better collateral grade were all independent predictors of the first pass effect (FPE).

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Parasitic plants use stolen genes to make them better parasites

Some parasitic plants steal genetic material from their host plants and use the stolen genes to more effectively siphon off the host's nutrients. A new study led by researchers at Penn State and Virginia Tech reveals that the parasitic plant dodder has stolen a large amount of genetic material from its hosts, including over 100 functional genes, through a process called horizontal gene transfer.

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NIST physicists create record-setting quantum motion

Showcasing precise control at the quantum level, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a method for making an ion (electrically charged atom) display exact quantities of quantum-level motion — any specific amount up to 100 packets of energy or 'quanta,' more than five times the previous record high of 17.

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Canned laughter works, finds UCL-led study of 'dad jokes'

Adding canned laughter to the end of a punchline increases how funny we find a joke, but not as much as real laughter, finds a new UCL-led study published in Current Biology.

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More sensitive climates are more variable climates, research shows

A decade without any global warming is more likely to happen if the climate is more sensitive to carbon dioxide emissions, new research has revealed.

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Understanding the drivers of a shift to sustainable diets

One of the 21st century's greatest challenges is to develop diets that are both sustainable for the planet and good for our bodies. An IIASA-led study explored the major drivers of widespread shifts to sustainable diets using a newly developed computational model of population-wide behavioral dynamics.

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Learning to look

A team led by JGI scientists has overhauled the perception of inovirus diversity. Using machine learning, they identified more than 10,000 inovirus-like sequences compared to the 56 previously known genomes of these filamentous viruses. The results revealed inoviruses are in every major microbial habitat — including soil, water, and humans — around the world.

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Study looks at melatonin use, sleep patterns in school-age kids

This observational study used a study group of children from the Netherlands to examine how common was the use of melatonin and its association with sleep patterns in school-age children.

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Mortality rates of major league baseball players

Major league baseball (MLB) players had lower death rates overall and from many underlying causes of death compared with men in the general US population, differences that could be associated in part with the physical fitness required for their jobs. This research letter reports on an analysis of mortality rates among 10,451 baseball players who debuted in the MLB from 1906 through 2006, including

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Following a healthy plant-based diet may lower type 2 diabetes risk

Greater adherence to predominantly plant-based diets was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes compared to lower adherence to these diets.

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Are plant-based eating habits associated with lower diabetes risk?

This study (called a systematic review and meta-analysis) combined the results of nine studies and examined the association between adherence to plant-based eating habits and risk of type 2 diabetes in adults. The analysis included 307,099 adults with 23,544 cases of type 2 diabetes.

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Quantifying how the brain smells

Neuroscience researchers at CSHL found that how the brain smells is different from previously thought. They are now working towards creating a new model for understanding how the brain processes and characterizes different odors.

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New mechanism moving droplets at record-high speed and long distance without extra power

A research team comprising scientists from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) and three other universities and research institutes has recently devised a novel mechanism to transport droplets at record-high velocity and distance without extra energy input, and droplets can be moved upward along a vertical surface, which has never been achieved before. The new strategy to control droplet motion c

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