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nyheder2019november08

Brazilian Ants Build Unusual Trap for Bugs

Feathers surrounding the insects' nests mask a pitfall — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Brazilian Ants Build Unusual Trap for Bugs

Feathers surrounding the insects' nests mask a pitfall — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Why the U.S. Outplays France

French President Emmanuel Macron gave an extraordinary interview to The Economist in which he declared, "What we are currently experiencing is the brain death of NATO." The cause of this malaise, he said, is the United States abandoning Europe. He doubts the viability of NATO's mutual-defense clause, saying NATO "only works if the guarantor of last resort functions as such. I'd argue that we shou

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Tyska författare stångas fortfarande mot Berlin-muren

Redan 1982, i Murhopparen, formulerade den västtyske författaren Peter Schneider ett problem som lever kvar ännu 30 år efter att muren föll, och 29 år efter att det forna Östtyskland och Västtyskland återförenades. Schneider, vars korta roman handlade om människor som flydde över muren, skrev: "Att riva ner muren i våra tankar kommer att ta längre tid än något rivningsföretag behöver för den synli

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Even the most beautiful maps can be misleading

From reporting election results to issuing weather forecasts, maps offer a powerful, accessible and visually appealing way to convey complex information. But as a researcher focusing on data visualisation, I'm aware that even the most beautiful maps can introduce some degree of misrepresentation.

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Stabilising the global population is not a solution to the climate emergency – but we should do it anyway

A global coalition of 11,000 scientists has come up with a plan for dealing with the climate emergency. Most of these are things scientists have been saying for a while: decarbonise the economy, eliminate pollutants, restore ecosystems and reforest, and reduce meat consumption. However, the last action point is somewhat more controversial. It calls for stabilising the global population.

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Fördelarna med ultraljudsbehandling mot prostatacancer

Det finns flera fördelar med ultraljudsbehandling mot prostatcancer, menar forskare vid Akademiska sjukhuset i Uppsala. En är precisionen, ultraljud riktas enbart mot själva tumörområdet inne i prostata. Målgruppen är män med prostatacancer utan metastaser. Akademiska blir första sjukhuset i Sverige med att införa högintensivt fokuserat ultraljud, HIFU, som potentiellt botande behandling mot pros

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The Simple Dutch Cure for Stress – Facts So Romantic

"Uitwaaien" is a popular activity around Amsterdam—one believed to have important psychological benefits. Photograph by John Loo / Flickr Recently I was in San Francisco, a city known for its tech companies, steep hills, and fierce winds. Each day I'd run around the neighborhood and up through the park, ending with a spectacular view of the Golden Gate Bridge. Back in my AirBnB, I'd feel energize

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Landbrugets kvælstofudvaskning faldt 3 pct. sidste år – men det er for lidt for ministeren

Ny rapport viser, at der korrigeret for tørken blev udvasket 58.000 tons kvælstof til vandmiljøet sidste år. Det er en nedgang på tre pct., hvilket er utilstrækkeligt for regeringen.

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'Greta Thunberg effect' driving growth in carbon offsetting

submitted by /u/MesterenR [link] [comments]

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College Is on Its Way to Costing Six Figures a Year

It took a little more than a decade for the University of Chicago to reinvent itself , going from a well-regarded but largely regional school to an extremely selective university with national prestige. In 2006, the Hyde Park university admitted more than a third of its freshman applicants. That rate has plummeted so drastically in the years since—to a record-low 5.9 percent in the most recent ap

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The Democrats' Biggest Impeachment Challenge

Anyone who's ever seen a CSI episode, read an Agatha Christie novel, or white-knuckled their way through a thriller in a movie theater understands that the key element of such stories is suspense. At the most basic level, there's a crime, no one knows whodunit, and someone has to crack the case. It's the suspense that keeps readers and watchers engaged, searching for the clinching evidence. This

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The Next 12 Months Will Decide the Future of the American Experiment

The year ahead will be no ordinary year. One year from now, barring historically unusual scenarios, we will know the results of the 2020 election, and who will be the next president of the United States. But the election is not all that's at stake. The next 12 months will test the U.S. Constitution and determine the future of the American experiment. Will we manage to keep the republic entrusted

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FKA Twigs Deconstructs the Private Show

On The Tonight Show last week, the singer FKA Twigs made use of a new kind of stage. She began singing her ballad "Cellophane" while sitting on top of a piano. Her pose was a crumpled one, with the glorious ruffles of her gown—medieval in shape, but more Lil Nas X–like with its bandana-print pattern—splayed about her. Midway through the song, Twigs got up and walked down a catwalk-like extension

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PODCAST: Danmark er vokset og trafikkaos i rummet

Udsigten til 20.000 nye satellitter i de kommende år og måske endnu flere får eksperter til at advare om risikoen for sammenstød og rumskrot. Rigsfællesskabets territorium er vokset med 27.000 kvadratkilometer. Vindfænomen ryster Ørsteds offshore-forretning.

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Belgium's first wolf in 100 years is presumed dead – have hopes of coexistence died with her?

When Naya arrived in Belgium in January 2018, she was the first wolf to be tracked in the country for at least 100 years. She'd been followed with a radio collar since she was a cub, so scientists knew when she left her family pack in eastern Germany to start a new life across the border. They also knew when she met another interloper, the male wolf, August, in August 2018.

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Four ways you and your company can make flexible work better

The world of work is fast changing. As life expectancy lengthens and labour markets shift, our working lives have become more complicated. The old expectations about how we work have become unsustainable—not least the expectation that we religiously travel to and from a fixed location ten times a week during rush hour, with all the knock-on effects that this has for carbon emissions.

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Belgium's first wolf in 100 years is presumed dead – have hopes of coexistence died with her?

When Naya arrived in Belgium in January 2018, she was the first wolf to be tracked in the country for at least 100 years. She'd been followed with a radio collar since she was a cub, so scientists knew when she left her family pack in eastern Germany to start a new life across the border. They also knew when she met another interloper, the male wolf, August, in August 2018.

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Rigspolitiet overhørte mindst ti advarsler om fejl i teledata

Politiets øverste top blev advaret af efterforskere om alvorlige fejl i teledata mindst ti gange.

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New polymer releases molecular cargo in response to force

Caltech scientists have developed a new kind of polymer that can carry a chemical payload as part of its molecular structure and release it in response to mechanical stress. The chemical system they have developed could one day be used to create medical implants that can release drugs into the body when triggered by something like ultrasound waves, they say.

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A failure at Renal Failure leads to retraction of duplicate article

A kidney journal has retracted a 2019 paper by a group of researchers in China for an unfortunate own-goal. The article, "The relationship between hemodialysis mortality and the Chinese medical insurance type," was first published in January in Renal Failure, a Taylor & Francis title. It appeared again in the journal nine months later. According … Continue reading

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Are sheep hanging around waterways?

Massey researchers are looking into the behaviour of sheep around waterways and how this impacts on water quality across the seasons.

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Kasserat fiskkött kan bli fullvärdigt fiskfoder

Det är möjligt att producera högvärdigt foderprotein från outnyttjade biprodukter inom sjömatsindustrin. Idag används till exempel inte det fiskkött som finns kvar vid skelettet när fiskfiléer har avlägsnats. Vattenbruket kan bli hållbarare om biprodukter används istället för vildfångad foderfisk, visar studier vid Göteborgs universitet. Vattenbruket i Sverige kan bli mer hållbart om biprodukter

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Are sheep hanging around waterways?

Massey researchers are looking into the behaviour of sheep around waterways and how this impacts on water quality across the seasons.

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Three New Books on Human Consciousness to Blow Your Mind

Three recent books tackle the riddle of consciousness from wildly different perspectives: Can we actually "measure" consciousness? Is everything a little bit conscious? Are we really able to perceive "objective reality"? Are "conscious machines" possible in the future? Get ready to dive down the rabbit hole.

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Disney+ will be available on Amazon Fire TV

Last month brought news that an advertising dispute could result in Amazon’s TV service not supporting Disney+. It was reported that the retail giant wanted more of an ad presence throughout …

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Canadiere finder bly i 4.000 drikkevandsprøver

En stor undersøgelse af drikkevandet i Canada har afsløret for høje niveauer af bly i drikkevandet i 4.000 ud af 12.000 prøver. Der er bly i vandinstallationer i op omkring 500.000 huse.

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CDK2-mediated site-specific phosphorylation of EZH2 drives and maintains triple-negative breast cancer

Nature Communications, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13105-5 EZH2 phosphorylation by CDK2 promotes progression of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Here, the authors show that this signaling axis downregulates ERα, and thus combinatorial blockade of CDK2 and EZH2 sensitizes TNBC cells to tamoxifen.

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Evolutionary games on isothermal graphs

Nature Communications, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13006-7 The spatial structure of a population is often critical for the evolution of cooperation. Here, Allen and colleagues show that when spatial structure is represented by an isothermal graph, the effective number of neighbors per individual determines whether or not cooperation can evolve.

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Memory effects of Eurasian land processes cause enhanced cooling in response to sea ice loss

Nature Communications, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13124-2 The connection between Arctic sea ice loss and mid-latitude cooling in Eurasia has been widely debated. Here, model experiments reveal that the persistence of sea ice loss-related snow and soil temperature anomalies in Eurasia may lead to further cooling in the following winters.

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Functionalized azetidines via visible light-enabled aza Paternò-Büchi reactions

Nature Communications, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13072-x The Aza Paternò-Büchi reaction is arguably among the most direct approaches to functionalized azetidines, which are common medicinal scaffolds. Here, the authors report a mild and selective visible light-enabled intramolecular aza Paternò-Büchi reaction yielding bicyclic azetidines in high yields and diaster

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Topological control of extreme waves

Nature Communications, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12815-0 Theories state that transitions between extreme waves are allowed but experimental confirmations are lacking because of lack of control strategies. Here, the authors propose and experimentally report, for the first time, the use of topological indices to control the generation of extreme waves.

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Universal scaling relations for the rational design of molecular water oxidation catalysts with near-zero overpotential

Nature Communications, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12994-w While water electrolysis affords hydrogen as a carbon-neutral fuel, the oxygen evolution half-reaction limits overall performances. Here, authors examine molecular catalysts and their water oxidation mechanisms via computational methods.

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Super-geometric electron focusing on the hexagonal Fermi surface of PdCoO2

Nature Communications, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13020-9 Ballistic electron beams in clean metals can be focused by passing currents through well designed contraptions, which is mostly done in isotropic materials described by a circular Fermi surface. Here, the authors demonstrate that the almost hexagonal Fermi surface of PdCoO2 gives rise to highly directional b

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Scientists take strides towards entirely renewable energy

Researchers have made a major discovery that will make it immeasurably easier for people (or super-computers) to search for an elusive 'green bullet' catalyst that could ultimately provide entirely renewable energy.

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Creating fake rhino horn with horse hair to help in saving the endangered rhino

Scientists from the University of Oxford and Fudan University, Shanghai, have invented a way to create fake rhino horn using horse hair.

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Using AI to predict where and when lightning will strike

Researchers at EPFL have developed a novel way of predicting lightning strikes to the nearest 10 to 30 minutes and within a radius of 30 kilometers. The system uses a combination of standard data from weather stations and artificial intelligence.

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Study finds brains of girls and boys are similar, producing equal math ability

Jessica Cantlon at Carnegie Mellon University led a research team that comprehensively examined the brain development of young boys and girls. Their research shows no gender difference in brain function or math ability.

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The grand plan to sequence the genomes of 66,000 UK and Irish species

The Darwin Tree of Life project aims to sequence the genomes of 60,000 species of animals, plants, fungi and complex cells such as amoeba found in the British Isles

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Neutrophil extracellular traps and monocyte subsets at the culprit lesion site of myocardial infarction patients

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-52671-y

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Evidence of Cardiovascular Calcification and Fibrosis in Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum Mouse Models Subjected to DOCA-Salt Hypertension

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-52808-z

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Microarray Embedding/Sectioning for Parallel Analysis of 3D Cell Spheroids

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-52007-w

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Re-sequencing and optical mapping reveals misassemblies and real inversions on Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis genomes

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-52695-4

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Temporal and spatial dynamics of Bacteria, Archaea and protists in equatorial coastal waters

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-52648-x

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The Equal Rights Amendment Is an Artifact No More

Not often in American history does a single state election yield the ratification of an amendment to the Constitution—a task that is, by design, perhaps the most Herculean in the U.S. political system. But that's what Virginia's voters may have done on Tuesday by sweeping Democrats into power in the state legislature for the first time this century. The party's newly empowered leaders pledged dur

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Creating fake rhino horn with horse hair to help in saving the endangered rhino

Published today in Scientific Reports they hope their method will provide a blueprint to create credible fakes that could eventually flood a market which has decimated the wild rhino population.

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Scientists take strides towards entirely renewable energy

Scientists from Trinity College Dublin have taken a giant stride towards solving a riddle that would provide the world with entirely renewable, clean energy from which water would be the only waste product.

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Math Looks The Same In The Brains Of Boys And Girls, Study Finds

Brain scans of 104 boys and girls doing basic math tasks found no gender differences. The finding adds to the evidence that boys and girls start out with equal ability in math. (Image credit: John McDonnell/The Washington Post/Getty Images)

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Creating fake rhino horn with horse hair to help in saving the endangered rhino

Published today in Scientific Reports they hope their method will provide a blueprint to create credible fakes that could eventually flood a market which has decimated the wild rhino population.

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Climate change: Sea ice loss linked to spread of deadly virus

Scientists say the decline of Arctic sea ice is connected to the spread of disease among marine mammals.

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To bakterier kædes sammen med øget risiko for astma blandt børn

Danske forskere har identificeret to luftvejsbakterier, der ser ud til at give en øget risiko for astma blandt børn. Resultaterne er netop publiceret i tidsskriftet Nature Communications og skal kaste lys over en sygdom, vi fortsat kan blive meget klogere på.

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I Holstebro hjælper nøglepersoner borgere med KOL til at mestre egen sygdom

I samarbejde med borgeren hjælper en KOL-nøgleperson med at lave en handleplan, der skal sikre et mere optimalt sygdomsforløb og forhåbentligt udskyde næste indlæggelse.

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Klimarådets formand: Flytrafikken vil vokse videre trods flyskat

PLUS. En passagerafgift på fly vil sænke antallet af flypassagerer med fire procent, men selv med sådan en afgift vil den voksende flytrafik buldre derudaf. Forslaget skal tage hul på bylden, siger Klimarådets formand.

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Stresshormon hjælper med at styre hjernecellers døgnrytme

Forskere fra Københavns Universitet har påvist, hvordan hjernens døgnrytme hos rotter…

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Invention of teeny-tiny organic films could enable new electronics

The first cell phone, released in 1983, was the size of a brick and weighed two-and-a-half pounds. The newest Apple Watch, released this fall, weighs 1.1 ounces.

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Sundhedsstyrelsen udgiver ny rapport over danskernes rygevaner

Danskernes aktuelle rygevaner er blevet samlet i en ny årsrapport fra Sundhedsstyrelsen. Hensigten er, at arbejdet skal fungere som et opslagsværk i forbindelse med forebyggelsesindsatser.

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Immersion in virtual reality scenes of the Arctic helps to ease people's pain

Watching immersive 360 videos of icy Arctic scenes helps to relieve intense burning pain and could hold hope for treating chronic pain, a small study has found.

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Evaluering af sundhedsfaglige tilsyn begynder ved årsskiftet

Daværende sundhedsminister Ellen Trane Nørbys bebudede fremrykning af en evaluering af Styrelsen for Patientsikkerheds sundhedsfaglige tilsyn og uddeling af individuelle sanktioner blev aldrig gennemført. 1. januar går processen i gang.

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'Uncharted territory' as bushfires rage across Australia's east

Dozens of bushfires raged out of control across eastern Australia on Friday, blocking escape routes for residents and shuttering the main highway linking major cities on the country's Pacific coast.

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Mothers-to-be fear for their unborn in smog-choked Delhi

Heavily pregnant Rachel Gokavi spends most days shut away in her New Delhi home, desperate to shield her unborn child from the toxic air blamed for soaring miscarriage rates and infant deaths.

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Greece: New bid to understand prehistoric engineering feat

New excavations at an unusual prehistoric fortress northwest of Athens could hold the key to understanding one of ancient Greece's most impressive engineering feats, which converted a lake into rich farmland 3,300 years ago.

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Machine learning enhances light-beam performance at the advanced light source

Synchrotron light sources are powerful facilities that produce light in a variety of "colors," or wavelengths—from the infrared to X-rays—by accelerating electrons to emit light in controlled beams.

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New photonic liquid crystals could lead to next-generation displays

A new technique to change the structure of liquid crystals could lead to the development of fast-responding liquid crystals suitable for next generation displays—3-D, augmented and virtual reality—and advanced photonic applications such as mirrorless lasers, bio-sensors and fast/slow light generation, according to an international team of researchers from Penn State, the Air Force Research Laborat

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Aviation emissions' impacts on air quality larger than on climate, study finds

New research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has quantified the climate and air quality impacts of aviation, broken down by emission type, altitude and location.

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Study: Conflict of interest disclosures don't alter the recommendations of peer reviewers

The majority of high-quality medical and science journals require disclosure of possible conflicts of interest (COI). However, a new study suggests that such disclosures have no impact on journal reviewers, even when the authors of submitted papers did, in fact, report conflicts. The study also found that reviewers' evaluations of seven additional measures of different facets of research quality (

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Research suggests fumigants have very low long-term impact on soil health

It started with curiosity. How does a fumigant, commonly used for nematode management in potato cropping systems, influence soil microbial communities?

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The world's first Gattaca baby tests are finally here

The DNA test claims to let prospective parents weed out IVF embryos with a high risk of disease or low intelligence.

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Scientists: Human extinction is extremely likely

submitted by /u/pjay900 [link] [comments]

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Stratospheric Floating PV Generation Platforms

submitted by /u/NoiselessButter [link] [comments]

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Et privat menneske, der var nødt til at stille sig frem

Overlæge Kristian Rørbæk Madsen bevægede sig på få måneder fra et normalt og i offentligheden relativt anonymt lægeliv til fuldblods aktivist. Hvad motiverede den 43-årige anæstesiolog fra Svendborg til at sætte sig selv på spil? Vi har talt med hans ægtefælle og en række kolleger.

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Rory Stewart's Lofty Aims

Britain's Parliament was formally dissolved [ this week ] to make way for next month's general election. Though the election campaign has only just begun, dozens of lawmakers—including recent government ministers, veteran parliamentarians, and Prime Minister Boris Johnson's own brother—have already said they won't run again. The exodus of more than 70 MPs (and counting ) is not just a simple case

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Neanderthals' cave art skills questioned in dispute over age of images

A dispute over the dating of prehistoric Spanish cave paintings is fuelling a fractious debate over Neanderthals' artistic capabilities

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Fremtiden er landet: Kunstig intelligens afkoder dine hjernebølger og genskaber, hvad du ser

Selv om det umiddelbart virker som tankelæsning, er der andet på spil, vurderer ekspert.

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Photos of the Week: Airborne Giraffe, Horse Fascinator, Scottish Murmuration

A camel in New York City, the biggest Catrina in the world, the European MTV Awards in Spain, flooding in South Sudan, saffron harvest in Iran, a parade for the Washington Nationals, Bonfire Night celebrations in England, pelican moving in the Czech Republic, a huge skull in Ukraine, and much more.

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Machine learning enhances light-beam performance at the advanced light source

A team of researchers at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley has successfully demonstrated how machine-learning tools can improve the stability of light beams' size for science experiments at a synchrotron light source via adjustments that largely cancel out unwanted fluctuations.

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A 'worker' that flies: Chinese researchers design novel flying robot

Recently, Chinese researchers at the Shenyang Institute of Automation (SIA) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences reported the development of a contact aerial manipulator system that shows high flexibility and strong mission adaptability. They presented their findings at the 2019 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2019), an international conference on robotics a

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Family history of cancer associated with asthma diagnosis in children

New study being presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) Annual Scientific Meeting in Houston shows an association between a family history of cancer and a childhood asthma diagnosis.

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Allergy shots may be an effective treatment for pediatric pollen food allergy syndrome

A new study being presented at the ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting in Houston shows allergy shots (subcutaneous immunotherapy) can be effective in reducing PFAS symptoms for pediatric patients.

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Allergy patients equally satisfied with telemedicine and in-person appointments

A new study being presented at the ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting in Houston showed most parents of pediatric patients were more or equally satisfied with the treatment their children received during telemedicine visits for allergies and asthma.

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Breaking news on penicillin allergy

Three new studies being presented at the ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting in Houston present new information on penicillin allergy.

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How prenatal diet, delivery mode and infant feeding relate to pediatric allergies

Two new studies being presented at the ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting contain new information on how prenatal diet, the way the baby is delivered, and infant feeding practices can affect the risk of allergy.

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Breaking news on oral food challenges

Two medically challenging cases being presented at the ACAAI Annual Scientific Meeting contain new information on the benefits of oral food challenges when diagnosing food allergies.

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Social media alternative facts on food allergies can negatively impact medical decisions

Social media misinformation has a negative impact on medical decisions made by people with food allergies.

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Udkørende team ­luger ud i ­ældres medicin

Et utal af behandlingsvejledninger fører ofte til, at ældre borgere ender op med alenlange medicinlister. Gitte Krogh Madsen og Dagmar Dalin forsøger at trække udviklingen den anden vej. Ved at køre ud til de praktiserende læger og gennemgå medicinen sammen er der ofte dosisreduktioner eller seponering at hente.

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Arbejdsmiljøets nye klæder

En beretning fra Odense Universitetshospital anno 2019.

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Ant Colonies Avoid Traffic Jams

Researchers tracked thousands of individual ants to determine how they move in vast numbers without stumbling into gridlock.

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Krypteret PDF og autentisk kodeord i V2-indbakke: »While you were watching the porn …«

Afpresnings-mails a la 2019 har flere tricks oppe i ærmet, der skal få nervøse ofre til at punge ud til it-kriminelle.

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UK universities intensify efforts to develop start-ups

Commercialisation of academic research has improved, but experts warn of complacency

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Internet fra satellit kan give kaos af rumskrot og retssager

PLUS. Mindst ni store selskaber har planer om at sende tusinder af satellitter i kredsløb for at levere internet til hele kloden. Det får bl.a. det danske rumkontor til at kræve ansvarsforsikring.

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Ant Colonies Avoid Traffic Jams

Researchers tracked thousands of individual ants to determine how they move in vast numbers without stumbling into gridlock. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Researchers lay out first genetic history of Rome

Despite extensive records of the history of Rome, little is known about the city's population over time. A new genetic history of the Eternal City reveals a dynamic population shaped in part by political and historical events.

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Neanderthal extinction linked to human diseases

Complex disease transmission patterns could explain why it took tens of thousands of years after first contact for our ancestors to replace Neanderthals throughout Europe and Asia.

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Sounds of mosquito mating rituals could lead to quieter drones

Mosquitoes flap their wings not just to stay aloft but for two other critical purposes: to generate sound and to point that buzz in the direction of a potential mate, researchers at Johns Hopkins University have discovered. Their findings about the aerodynamics of mosquito wings could have implications for building quieter drones and for devising nontoxic methods to trap and exterminate the pests.

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Flexible yet sturdy robot is designed to 'grow' like a plant

Engineers have developed a robot designed to extend a chain-like appendage flexible enough to twist and turn in any necessary configuration, yet rigid enough to support heavy loads or apply torque to assemble parts in tight spaces. When the task is complete, the robot can retract the appendage and extend it again, at a different length and shape, to suit the next task.

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Pesticide management is failing Australian and Great Barrier Reef waterways

Scientists say a failure of Australian management means excessive amounts of harmful chemicals — many now banned in countries such as the EU, USA and Canada — are damaging the country's waterways and the Great Barrier Reef.

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Researchers discover how cells know their future and forget their past

All cells in the body contain the same genetic material. The difference between cells therefore depends solely on which genes are expressed or 'turned on'. Now, researchers have gained new insights into how genes are turned on and off and how the cells "forget their past" while developing into a specific cell in the body. This new knowledge will be crucial for stem cell therapy and potentially t

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Only-children more likely to be obese than children with siblings

Families with multiple children tend to make more healthy eating decisions than families with a single child.

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Researchers model avalanches in two dimensions

There's a structural avalanche waiting inside that box of Rice Krispies on the supermarket shelf. Researchers are now closer to understanding how those structures behave – and in some cases, behave unusually.

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Trisomy 21 dysregulates T cell lineages toward an autoimmunity-prone state associated with interferon hyperactivity [Immunology and Inflammation]

Trisomy 21 (T21) causes Down syndrome (DS), a condition characterized by high prevalence of autoimmune disorders. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms driving this phenotype remain unclear. Building upon our previous finding that T cells from people with DS show increased expression of interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes, we have completed a…

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How collective asperity detachments nucleate slip at frictional interfaces [Physics]

Sliding at a quasi-statically loaded frictional interface can occur via macroscopic slip events, which nucleate locally before propagating as rupture fronts very similar to fracture. We introduce a microscopic model of a frictional interface that includes asperity-level disorder, elastic interaction between local slip events, and inertia. For a perfectly flat…

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The DAGs of war [Commentaries]

The essence of war is fire, famine, and pestilence. They contribute to its outbreak; they are among its weapons; they become its consequences. —Dwight D. Eisenhower The past decade has been marked by the emergence and resurgence of infectious diseases, many of which had previously been controlled through public health…

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Neutrophils promote VLA-4-dependent B cell antigen presentation and accumulation within the meninges during neuroinflammation [Immunology and Inflammation]

The success of B cell depletion therapies and identification of leptomeningeal ectopic lymphoid tissue (ELT) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has renewed interest in the antibody-independent pathogenic functions of B cells during neuroinflammation. The timing and location of B cell antigen presentation during MS and its animal model experimental…

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Lasting coastal hazards from past greenhouse gas emissions [Commentaries]

The emission of greenhouse gases into Earth's atmosphere is a by-product of modern marvels such as the production of vast amounts of energy, heating and cooling inhospitable environments to be amenable to human existence, and traveling great distances faster than our saddle-sore ancestors ever dreamed possible. However, these luxuries come…

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Crack engineering for the construction of arbitrary hierarchical architectures [Applied Physical Sciences]

Three-dimensional hierarchical morphologies widely exist in natural and biomimetic materials, which impart preferential functions including liquid and mass transport, energy conversion, and signal transmission for various applications. While notable progress has been made in the design and manufacturing of various hierarchical materials, the state-of-the-art approaches suffer from limited material

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Genetic LAMP2 deficiency accelerates the age-associated formation of basal laminar deposits in the retina [Medical Sciences]

The early stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are characterized by the accumulation of basal laminar deposits (BLamDs). The mechanism for BLamDs accumulating between the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and its basal lamina remains elusive. Here we examined the role in AMD of lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP2), a glycoprotein that…

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aPKCi triggers basal extrusion of luminal mammary epithelial cells by tuning contractility and vinculin localization at cell junctions [Cell Biology]

Metastasis is the main cause of cancer-related deaths. How a single oncogenic cell evolves within highly organized epithelium is still unknown. Here, we found that the overexpression of the protein kinase atypical protein kinase C ι (aPKCi), an oncogene, triggers basally oriented epithelial cell extrusion in vivo as a potential…

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Researchers model avalanches in two dimensions

There's a structural avalanche waiting inside that box of Rice Krispies on the supermarket shelf. Researchers are now closer to understanding how those structures behave – and in some cases, behave unusually.

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NASA Just Opened a Moon Dirt Sample Untouched Since The '70s

The first sample opened in more than 40 years.

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Human heart cells are altered by spaceflight, but return to (mostly) normal on Earth

Heart muscle cells derived from stem cells show remarkable adaptability to their environment during and after spaceflight, according to a new study. The researchers examined cell-level cardiac function and gene expression in human heart cells cultured aboard the International Space Station for 5.5 weeks. Exposure to microgravity altered the expression of thousands of genes, but largely normal patt

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Mated female mosquitoes are more likely to transmit malaria parasites

Female mosquitoes that have mated are more likely to transmit malaria parasites than virgin females, according to a new study.

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Giving billions of live bacteria to boost the gut health of premature babies

Boosting the milk of premature babies with healthy bacteria may have helped halve the number of serious gut problems and infections, according to new research.

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Stem cell transplants used to grow fully functional lungs in mice

Researchers have used transplanted stem cells to grow lungs in mice. Findings could lead to new options for lung transplant patients.

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Learning to stop cancer at its roots

Leukemia stem cells initiate and sustain leukemia, but researchers have found a way to steer them toward a path of self-destruction.

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Imagined movements can alter our brains

Brain-computer interfaces have a structural impact on brain substance.

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Biodiversity may benefit mental health by affecting gut bacteria, How could we use this to engineer a healthier society

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326937.php This article is very interesting and raises questions about how we could optimize biodiversity for this. The most horrific implication of this is that we might psychologically not survive global warming, but this raises other questions too. If we are living in space colonies how will we optimize this? Could we use indoor plants and gardens in o

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Most countries' climate plans 'totally inadequate' – experts

submitted by /u/MesterenR [link] [comments]

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Tænkeboks: Flyet kan høres, når det er 15 km væk

Her får du løsningen på opgaven fra uge 44!

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Millions of seabirds rely on discarded fish

Millions of scavenging seabirds survive on fish discarded by North Sea fishing vessels, new research shows.

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Increased exercise over the age of 60 reduces risk of heart disease and stroke

People over the age of 60 should do more exercise not less in order to prevent heart disease and stroke, according to findings from a study of over 1.1 million elderly people published in the European Heart Journal.

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Aviation emissions' impacts on air quality larger than on climate, study finds

New research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has quantified the climate and air quality impacts of aviation, broken down by emission type, altitude and location. The MIT team found that growth in aviation causes twice as much damage to air quality as to the climate.

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The Atlantic Politics Daily: Trump All By Himself

It's Thursday, November 7 . The president of Turkey will visit the White House next week, one month after the Syria chaos. Michael Bloomberg has reportedly taken steps to enter the Democratic presidential primary. In today's newsletter: ¶ People. Trump dining alone; Rudy Giuliani. ¶ Places . Capitol Hill. ¶ Things . Warren's wealth tax. * « TODAY IN POLITICS » (Brendan Smialowwski / Getty) Trump

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DNA Analysis of Ancient Rome Reveals a Cosmopolitan Megacity

(Credit: leoks/Shutterstock) A new collection of DNA from ancient Romans spanning 12,000 years shows how the population of the empire’s capital shifted along with its politics. Published …

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A Rocky Planet in This Oddball Solar System Would Have Stunning Skies

(Credit: Teo Mocnik) Over the past couple of decades, astronomers have discovered thousands of alien planets and solar systems. These worlds come in a wide variety of arrangements, many of which are quite different from what we see in our own solar system. Some have giant planets that swing through the planetary systems in stretched-out, or "eccentric," elliptical orbits, unlike the nearly circula

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DNA Analysis of Ancient Rome Reveals a Cosmopolitan Megacity

(Credit: leoks/Shutterstock) A new collection of DNA from ancient Romans spanning 12,000 years shows how the population of the empire's capital shifted along with its politics. Published in Science, the timeline is one of the first to examine what genetic information from archaeological digs says about the region after the time of hunter-gatherers and early farmers. The analysis found that ancient

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Trump Administration Makes It Easier to Dredge Protected Areas to Restore Beaches

The change reverses a 25-year-old policy, allowing coastal communities to take sand from protected ecosystems to rebuild beaches washed away by hurricanes.

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Intended to help human, planetary health, EAT-Lancet diet too costly for 1.6 billion people

A new study estimates that the Eat-Lancet Commission reference diet — meant to improve both human and planetary health — would be unaffordable for at least 1.58 billion people, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The study is published today in The Lancet Global Health.

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Early anthropoid femora reveal divergent adaptive trajectories in catarrhine hind-limb evolution

Nature Communications, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12742-0 The proximal femur is key for understanding locomotion in primates. Here, the authors analyze the evolution of the proximal femur in catarrhines, including a new Aegyptopithecus fossil, and suggest that Old World monkeys and hominoids diverged from an ancestral state similar to Aegyptopithecus.

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Research reveals potential dangers during skin-to-skin contact for mother and baby following cesarean section birth

Research in the latest edition of the European Journal of Anaesthesiology (the official journal of the European Society of Anaesthesiology) reports the potential dangers of allowing skin-to-skin contact for mother and baby in the operating room, following a cesarean section birth.

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Arctic critters are sneezing on each other like never before

Arctic otters are facing new pathogens, but this is just the beginning. (DepositPhotos/) Although we know that a warming Arctic is bad for the creatures who rely on its ice , this region—which is heating up three times faster than the rest of the planet —is still poorly understood. A new study from the University of California, Davis, sheds some light on one way melting sea ice is bad for Arctic

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Publisher Correction: Soluble LRP1 is an independent biomarker of epicardial fat volume in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53407-8

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Author Correction: Intermittent restraint stress induces circadian misalignment in the mouse bladder, leading to nocturia

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53132-2

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Author Correction: Targeting CLDN18.2 by CD3 Bispecific and ADC Modalities for the Treatments of Gastric and Pancreatic Cancer

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53130-4

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Author Correction: Quasi-Periodic Patterns of Neural Activity improve Classification of Alzheimer's Disease in Mice

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53432-7

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Author Correction: Label-free detection of nanoparticles using depth scanning correlation interferometric microscopy

Scientific Reports, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53131-3

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A 'Safe' Smoking Gadget, Vodka Made From Air, and More News

Catch up on the most important news from today in two minutes or less.

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How Facebook Gets the First Amendment Backward

The company's fact-checking policy treats people who aren't politicians as second-class citizens.

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Implantable artificial kidney achieves preclinical milestone

The Kidney Project, a national effort to develop an implantable bio-artificial kidney that could eliminate the need for dialysis, will announce a key milestone in a November 7, 2019 presentation at the American Society of Nephrology Kidney Week 2019 conference in Washington, DC.

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Juul Ends E-Cigarette Sales of Mint-Flavored Pods

The troubled e-cigarette company moved in advance of an expected federal ban on most flavored e-cigarettes that have become popular with teenage vapers.

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At 88, Agnes Denes Finally Gets the Retrospective She Deserves

She set out to change humanity. Now a superbly installed survey at the Shed charts this visionary artist's 50-year journey.

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The Best Game Controller Buttons of All Time

From Nintendo to PlayStation, a definitive list of buttons, sticks, and more.

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Italy Will Soon Force Public Schools to Teach Climate Change

New School Starting in September 2020, every public school student in Italy will study climate change for 33 hours per year — nearly one hour per school week. "The entire ministry is being changed to make sustainability and climate the center of the education model," Education Minister Lorenzo Fioramonti told Reuters . "I want to make the Italian education system the first education system that p

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Sophia the Robot Tells Crowded Room That It Doesn't Have Sex

No Thanks Sophia, the famous humanoid robot, had an important message for the crowd at the ongoing 2019 Web Summit: it's single but not ready to mingle. During the summit, Sophia was asked whether she — actually, let's go with "it" — has ever been in love. Sophia, a joint project between Hanson Robotics and SingularityNET's AI researchers , responded: "No. I don't do sexual activities." It's true

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Research suggests fumigants have very low long-term impact on soil health

It started with curiosity. How does a fumigant, commonly used for nematode management in potato cropping systems, influence soil microbial communities? To explore this question, scientists at Colorado State University and Oregon State University used high-throughput sequencing techniques to investigate changes in soil bacterial and fungal community structure in response to the application of 1,3-D

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Study: Conflict of interest disclosures don't alter the recommendations of peer reviewers

A new study suggests that such conflicts of interest disclosures have no impact on journal reviewers, even when the authors of submitted papers did, in fact, report conflicts. The study also found that reviewers' evaluations of different facets of research quality, such as methods, conclusions and objectivity, were similarly unaffected by COI disclosures.

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This Startup Wants to Turn Space Junk Into Orbital Hotels

Reduce, Reuse Canadian space launch startup Maritime Launch Services (MLS) has partnered with commercial space services company Nanoracks to develop a way to reuse old rocket parts in space, the CBC reports . The idea is to one day turn used upper stages of rockets — the parts that are filled with fuel to launch them into orbit — into orbital facilities, including hotels, research centers and sto

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Netflix CEO defends censoring anti-government video in Saudi Arabia

"We're not in the news business," Reed Hastings said. "We're trying to entertain."

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New photonic liquid crystals could lead to next-generation displays

A new technique to change the structure of liquid crystals could lead to the development of fast-responding liquid crystals suitable for next generation displays — 3D, augmented and virtual reality — and advanced photonic applications such as mirrorless lasers, bio-sensors and fast/slow light generation, according to an international team of researchers from Penn State, the Air Force Research La

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Choosing most cost-effective practices for sites could save in bay cleanup

Using site-specific watershed data to determine the most cost-effective agricultural best management practices — rather than requiring all the recommended practices be implemented across the entire watershed — could make staying below the Chesapeake Bay's acceptable pollution load considerably less expensive.

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Artificial intelligence technology may improve care for patients needing dialysis

A machine learning model boosted rates of patients who started dialysis under optimal conditions. Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2019 Nov. 5-10 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C.

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Could home remote monitoring improve the health of patients on peritoneal dialysis?

A home remote monitoring system may help track the health of patients on dialysis. Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2019 Nov. 5-10 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C.

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Survival following switch from urgent in-center hemodialysis to home dialysis

Few patients who start urgent and unplanned dialysis in clinical centers switch to home dialysis. The potential survival benefits of switching are unclear. Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2019 Nov. 5-10 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C.

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Lifelong medicare coverage of transplant drugs would save money

Extending Medicare coverage of anti-rejection medications beyond 36 months after a kidney transplant would lead to lower costs and an improvement in patients' quality of life. Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2019 Nov. 5-10 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C.

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Poor sleep may affect cognitive abilities and behavior of children with kidney disease

Many children with chronic kidney disease report fatigue and problems with sleep. Sleep problems and fatigue were associated with lower executive functioning and more emotional-behavioral symptoms. Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2019 Nov. 5-10 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C.

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Why Many People Got Mysterious Valentine's Day Texts Today

The issue was reportedly caused by a maintenance update made to "messaging platforms of multiple carriers in the US."

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Obtaining order in the "frustrated" landscape of disordered magnetism

Identifying a material's magnetic structure is a key to unlocking new features and higher performance in electronic devices. However, solving increasingly complex magnetic structures requires increasingly sophisticated approaches.

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Boeing: Pin problem caused parachute issue in capsule test

Boeing says a problem with a pin caused its Starliner capsule to land with two instead of three parachutes earlier this week.

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Unless warming is slowed, emperor penguins will be marching towards extinction

Emperor penguins are some of the most striking and charismatic animals on Earth, but a new study from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) has found that a warming climate may render them extinct by the end of this century. The study, which was part of an international collaboration between scientists, published Nov. 7, 2019, in the journal Global Change Biology.

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Study reveals non-image light sensing mechanism of circadian neurons

University of California, Irvine researchers reveal how an ancient flavoprotein response to ultra violet (UV), blue and red light informs internal circadian processes about the time of day.

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Unless warming is slowed, emperor penguins will be marching towards extinction

Emperor penguins are some of the most striking and charismatic animals on Earth, but a new study from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) has found that a warming climate may render them extinct by the end of this century. The study, which was part of an international collaboration between scientists, published Nov. 7, 2019, in the journal Global Change Biology.

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Study reveals non-image light sensing mechanism of circadian neurons

University of California, Irvine researchers reveal how an ancient flavoprotein response to ultra violet (UV), blue and red light informs internal circadian processes about the time of day.

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Hydration backpacks ideal for endurance sports

Drink up without missing a step. (DepositPhotos/) Portable hydration is so much more than a couple of beers and elaborate straws affixed to a trucker hat. Water bottles of every shape and color now provide ample opportunities for stylish hydration, but a trendy vessel doesn't address a big issue associated with carrying around water: its weight. Luckily, for years designers have been playing arou

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Modified CRISPR gene editing tool could improve therapies for HIV, sickle cell disease

City of Hope researchers may have found a way to sharpen the fastest, cheapest and most accurate gene editing technique, CRISPR-Cas9, so that it can more successfully cut out undesirable genetic information.

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Scientists link Neanderthal extinction to human diseases

Growing up in Israel, Gili Greenbaum would give tours of local caves once inhabited by Neanderthals and wonder along with others why our distant cousins abruptly disappeared about 40,000 years ago. Now a scientist at Stanford, Greenbaum thinks he has an answer.

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NASA observes Tropical Storm Matmo in North Central Bay of Bengal

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Bay of Bengal, Northern Indian Ocean and found that Tropical Storm Matmo was positioned in the center of that body of water.

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New X-ray technology could revolutionize how doctors identify abnormalities

Using ground-breaking technology, researchers at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) and University of Baltimore (UMB) are testing a new method of X-ray imaging that uses color to identify microfractures in bones. Microfractures were previously impossible to see using standard X-ray imaging. The findings associated with this advancement in color (spectral) CT (computed tomography)

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Study updates impacts of Plainridge Park Casino

The Plainridge Park Casino has created job opportunities for the unemployed and underemployed, among other economic benefits, without an increase in problem gambling, according to University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers from the Social and Economic Impacts of Gambling in Massachusetts (SEIGMA) study.

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Modified CRISPR gene editing tool could improve therapies for HIV, sickle cell disease

City of Hope researchers may have found a way to sharpen the fastest, cheapest and most accurate gene editing technique, CRISPR-Cas9, so that it can more successfully cut out undesirable genetic information.

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NICER catches record-setting X-ray burst

NASA's Neutron star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) telescope on the International Space Station detected a sudden spike of X-rays at about 10:04 p.m. EDT on Aug. 20. The burst was caused by a massive thermonuclear flash on the surface of a pulsar, the crushed remains of a star that long ago exploded as a supernova.

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Unless warming is slowed, emperor penguins will be marching towards extinction

Emperor penguins are some of the most striking and charismatic animals on Earth, but a new study has found that a warming climate may render them extinct by the end of this century.

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Older adults find greater well-being in smaller social networks, study finds

Are younger adults who cultivate numerous connections with friends, families and acquaintances through online social networks any happier than older adults who have smaller circles of face-to-face relationships? The answer may be no, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

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UMass Amherst study updates impacts of Plainridge Park Casino

The Plainridge Park Casino has created job opportunities for the unemployed and underemployed, among other economic benefits, without an increase in problem gambling, according to University of Massachusetts Amherst researchers from the Social and Economic Impacts of Gambling in Massachusetts (SEIGMA) study.

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AT&T Switches Customers to More Expensive Plans Without Permission

AT&T has raised prices on its customers without warning, doesn't give them an alternative, and has declared that because it's giving everyone 15GB of …

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T-Mobile's Nationwide 5G Rollout Will Start on December 6th

T-Mobile has been talking a big game when it comes to 5G, but we haven't seen what it can really do yet. That'll change next month, though. The carrier will light up its nationwide 5G network on December 6th , promising coverage for 200 million Americans in over 5,000 cities and towns at launch. It's also announcing several new initiatives most likely aimed at increasing support for its upcoming

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$10 'intelligent' material could make MRI faster

A new, "intelligent" metamaterial—which costs less than ten bucks to build—could make the entire magnetic resonance imaging process faster, safer, and more accessible to patients around the world. Clinicians use MRI to diagnose medical problems by spotting abnormalities that could indicate anything from a torn meniscus to muscular dystrophy . But MRIs are expensive, expose patients to radiation,

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First U.S. Study to Use CRISPR to Fight Cancer "Very Promising"

It's only a preliminary step before such a treatment could be used in human trials, according to The New York Times , but the researchers are optimistic. "This treatment is not ready for prime time," principal investigator Edward Stadtmauter, professor of oncology at the University of Pennsylvania, admitted to NPR . "But it is definitely very promising." The findings have yet to be peer-reviewed,

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1 protein controls West Nile and Zika replication

Researchers have identified a protein critical to controlling replication of West Nile and Zika viruses. The discovery could be important for developing therapies to treat and prevent the viruses. Researchers found Z-DNA binding protein 1 (ZBP1) is a sensor that plays a significant role in triggering a robust immune response when it detects a viral infection within cells. The study, published in

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Urban architecture inspired by mountains, clouds and volcanoes | Ma Yansong

Taking inspiration from nature, architect Ma Yansong designs breathtaking buildings that break free from the boxy symmetry of so many modern cities. His exuberant and graceful work — from a pair of curvy skyscrapers that "dance" with each other to an opera house that looks like a snow-capped mountain — shows us the beauty of architecture that defies norms.

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Four boxes of bandages to keep on hand

Cover up your cuts and scrapes. (Frank V via Unsplash/) Nearly a century ago, a Johnson & Johnson employee named Earle Dickson invented the Band-Aid for his wife, who frequently cut and burned herself while cooking. In the time since, the brand name has become the generic term for any adhesive bandage. Below, wound care essentials to keep in your medicine cabinet. A large box with half a dozen ty

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Emperor penguins could go extinct by 2100 if we fail on climate change

Emperor penguins could become extinct if we don't tackle climate change, but if we limit temperature rises to 1.5°C, then the decline could be less than a third

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Hubble captures a dozen sunburst arc doppelgangers

Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have observed a galaxy in the distant regions of the Universe which appears duplicated at least 12 times on the night sky. This unique sight, created by strong gravitational lensing, helps astronomers get a better understanding of the cosmic era known as the epoch of reionisation.

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Sci-fi graphic novels that will keep you up late and make you miss your train stop

Dive deep into a captivating sci-fi graphic novel. (Miika Laaksonen via Unsplash/) In the hands of a science fiction writer, each discovery of a physical phenomenon, planetary body, or biological quirk offers inspiration for imaginary worlds of strange beauty. These four exceptional graphic novels show us alternate realities and give us new ways to envision our present. And who knows—some of thos

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Western Individualism May Have Roots In The Medieval Church's Obsession With Incest

Researchers combed Vatican archives to find records of how ancient church policies restricting whom one could marry shaped Western values and family structures today. (Image credit: Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

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Groundbreaking HIV vaccine design strategy shows promise in proof-of-principle tests

The new vaccine strategy centers on stimulating the immune system to produce broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) against HIV. These special antibodies are capable of neutralizing many different strains of the fast-mutating virus by binding to important yet difficult-to-access regions of the virus surface that don't vary much from strain to strain.

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Unless warming is slowed, emperor penguins will be marching towards extinction

Emperor penguins are some of the most striking and charismatic animals on Earth, but a new study from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) has found that a warming climate may render them extinct by the end of this century. The study, which was part of an international collaboration between scientists, published Nov. 7, 2019, in the journal Global Change Biology.

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China Bans Minors From Playing Video Games After 10 PM

China has a new plan for preventing youth video game addiction: make it literally illegal for minors to do too much gaming. On Tuesday, China's National Press and Publication Administration released new regulations banning people under the age of 18 from playing videos games between the hours of 10 p.m. and 8 a.m. Even outside of those hours, minors are no longer allowed to game for more than 90

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Valentine's Day text glitch causes mass confusion

Almost 200,000 text messages originally sent in February arrived on Wednesday evening.

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Even in an Existential Crisis, WeWork Continues to Grow

At a party celebrating the launch of WeWork's newest Food Lab, the company's bigger problems seemed far away.

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Yes, the research confirms: Managers shouldn't sleep with subordinates

McDonald's ousted its CEO over a consensual relationship with an employee, just a week after U.S. Rep. Katie Hill stepped down due to a similar allegation. Both McDonald's and the House of Representatives ban sexual relationships between supervisors and employees. Whether such bans on consensual relationships are really necessary has been debated many times . And it seems reasonable to ask, shoul

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OpenAI Just Released the AI It Said Was Too Dangerous to Share

Here You Go In February, artificial intelligence research startup OpenAI announced the creation of GPT-2, an algorithm capable of writing impressively coherent paragraphs of text. But rather than release the AI in its entirety, the team shared only a smaller model out of fear that people would use the more robust tool maliciously — to produce fake news articles or spam, for example. But on Tuesda

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The Enduring Power of Asperger's, Even as a Non-Diagnosis

Six years after it ceased to be an official diagnosis, Asperger's lives on as a unifying label and a source of strength.

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The most extreme rains of today are set to become more commonplace

Nature, Published online: 07 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03429-z For every 1 ºC of global warming, the frequency of the heaviest rainfalls will nearly double.

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Groundwater can prevent drought emergencies in the Horn of Africa. Here's how

Millions of people living in the arid regions of the Horn of Africa lack safe, reliable and affordable water throughout the year. This is because of recent decreases in rainfall in the drought-prone Horn of Africa, rising water demands and persistent challenges in maintaining water supplies.

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Prevalence of hepatitis C rates in Ohio may indicate highest areas of opioid misuse

The Ohio Alliance for Innovation in Population Health (The Alliance) studied hepatitis C rates within the state and discovered consistently high rates in the southern Appalachia region over a five-year period.

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For first time, potential treatment path becomes clear for subtype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

An unexpected finding from the Scripps Research laboratory of Xiang-Lei Yang, PhD, has illuminated a potential strategy for treating the inherited neurological disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth, for which there is no approved medicine today.

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Ape Fossils Shed New Light on Evolution of Bipedalism

The 12-million-year-old bones of a previously unknown species named Danuvius guggenmosi challenge the prevailing view about when and where our ancestors first started walking upright.

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Uber will 'likely' be forced to license Waymo's self-driving car tech or redesign its own

That last controversy is escalating now, in the wake of an "expert review" of Uber's software. According to a recent Reuters report, the ride-hailing service told investors in a securities filing …

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Here's why colleges are being forced to close their doors – and what they can do to stay open

When Cincinnati Christian University became aware of its declining enrollment and dwindling tuition revenue in 2015, the university made a "series of bold bets" to stay afloat.

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Gentle face cleansers to wash the day away

For a fresh-feeling face. (DepositPhotos/) After a long day, it's important to wash your face thoroughly, removing makeup, sweat, sunscreen, and the pollutants that stick to it all. This is a vital step in keeping your skin healthy. Any serums or treatments you put on your skin won't absorb as well if your skin isn't well cleansed. Below, gentle, effective cleansers for your precious facial skin.

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Plants Get Creative to Fend Off Foraging Insects

Plants may recruit defenders by bribing them with other plants' pollen. turkey-mullein-fuzzy-pic_cropped.jpg A plant-eating insect called a cotton fleahopper is camouflaged on this turkey mullein plant. Research suggests the plant's hairs trap pollen, and the pollen attracts predators that defend the plant against enemies like fleahoppers. Image credits: Joe Decruyenaere via Flickr Rights inform

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A judge said police can search the DNA of 1 million Americans without their consent. What's next?

Law professor Natalie Ram discusses implications of landmark warrant

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Study shows fewer American Indians getting heart disease

A first-of-its-kind study led by researchers at Washington State University shows that new cases of heart disease among American Indians in three US regions have gone down. Findings from the study — which looked for changes across a span of 25 years — also suggest that fewer Native men are dying from heart-disease-related events, such as heart attacks and strokes.

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Hubble captures a dozen galaxy doppelgangers

This NASA Hubble Space Telescope photo reveals a cosmic kaleidoscope of a remote galaxy that has been split into a dozen multiple images by the effect of gravitational lensing.

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Hubble captures a dozen Sunburst Arc doppelgangers

Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have observed a galaxy in the distant regions of the Universe which appears duplicated at least 12 times on the night sky. This unique sight, created by strong gravitational lensing, helps astronomers get a better understanding of the cosmic era known as the epoch of reionisation.

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'I have a job but I'm homeless' – the working poor who can't afford to rent

One in every 200 people in Britain is homeless –- sleeping on the streets or stuck in temporary accommodation, including hostels and B&Bs, according to analysis from housing charity Shelter. But it might surprise you to know that despite not having a secure home, a small but significant proportion of people experiencing homelessness are in paid employment.

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How do we know when a species at risk has recovered? It's not just a matter of numbers

Around the world, animals and plants are disappearing at alarming rates. In May 2019, a major U.N. report warned that around one million species were at risk of extinction—more than at any other time in human history.

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How do we know when a species at risk has recovered? It's not just a matter of numbers

Around the world, animals and plants are disappearing at alarming rates. In May 2019, a major U.N. report warned that around one million species were at risk of extinction—more than at any other time in human history.

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Western Individualism Arose from Incest Taboo

Researchers link a Catholic Church ban on cousins marrying in the Middle Ages to the emergence of a way of life that made the West an outlier — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Stanford scientists link Neanderthal extinction to human diseases

Complex disease transmission patterns could explain why it took tens of thousands of years after first contact for our ancestors to replace Neanderthals throughout Europe and Asia.

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NASA's NICER catches record-setting X-ray burst

On Aug. 20, 2019 NASA's NICER telescope saw a spike of X-rays from a massive explosion on a pulsar. It's the brightest X-ray burst NICER has seen so far and shows phenomena that have never been seen together in a single burst.

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NASA observes Tropical Storm Matmo in North Central Bay of Bengal

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Bay of Bengal, Northern Indian Ocean and found that Tropical Storm Matmo was positioned in the center of that body of water.

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New X-ray technology could revolutionize how doctors identify abnormalities

Using ground-breaking technology, researchers at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) and University of Baltimore (UMB) are testing a new method of X-ray imaging that uses color to identify microfractures in bones. Microfractures were previously impossible to see using standard X-ray imaging.

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UCI-led study reveals non-image light sensing mechanism of circadian neurons

University of California, Irvine researchers reveal how an ancient flavoprotein response to ultra violet (UV), blue and red light informs internal circadian processes about the time of day.

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Tailor-made for older adults, new tools improve doctor-patient relations

A Wilmot Cancer Institute-led study in JAMA Oncology shows that when physicians fully appreciate the concerns of older adults with cancer, such as function and forgetfulness, it elevates patient care and satisfaction.

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Targeted gene modification in animal pathogenic chlamydia

Researchers at Umeå University (Sweden), in collaboration with researchers at the University of Maryland and Duke University (USA), now for the first time successfully performed targeted gene mutation in the zoonotic pathogen Chlamydia caviae.

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