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nyheder2019november12

Iron-based solar cells on track to becoming more efficient

An international study shows that 30% of the energy in a certain type of light-absorbing iron molecule disappears in a previously unknown manner. By closing this loophole, the researchers hope to contribute to the development of more efficient solar cells using this iron-based solar cell.

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WPI researchers discover vulnerabilities affecting billions of computer chips

Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) security researchers Berk Sunar and Daniel Moghimi led an international team of researchers that discovered serious security vulnerabilities in computer chips made by Intel Corp. and STMicroelectronics. The flaws affect billions of laptop, server, tablet, and desktop users around the world. The proof-of-concept attack is dubbed TPM-Fail.

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Army researcher promotes cooperation between humans, autonomous machines

The trust between humans and autonomous machines is a top priority for Army researchers — as machines become integral to society, it is critical to understand the impact on human decision-making.

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A milestone in ultrashort-pulse laser oscillators

With the demonstration of a sub-picosecond thin-disk laser oscillator delivering a record-high 350-W average output power, physicists at ETH Zurich set a new benchmark and pave the path towards even more powerful lasers.

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The Hong Kong Protesters Aren't Driven by Hope

HONG KONG—For months now, I've been told that Hong Kong's protests would end soon. They'll end when school starts, I heard during the summer. School did start, but the protests wore on, only now I saw high-school students in crisp school uniforms joining the protesters' ranks. Next, the mask ban of early October was supposed to slow protesters down, but the very first day after that ban, I watche

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Widespread misinterpretation of gene expression data

Reproducibility is a major challenge in experimental biology. New research identifies a frequent technical bias in data generated by RNA-seq technology, which allows in a single test the simultaneous measurement of the expression level of all the genes in a given sample. This bias recurrently leads to false results.

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Songbirds sing species-specific songs

The generation of species-specific singing in songbirds is associated with species-specific patterns of gene activity in brain regions called song nuclei, according to a new study. According to the authors, the findings could be a promising step toward a better understanding of the contribution of multiple genes to the evolution of behaviors.

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Microplastics found in oysters, clams on Oregon coast

Tiny threads of plastics are showing up in Pacific oysters and razor clams along the Oregon coast — and the yoga pants, fleece jackets, and sweat-wicking clothing that Pacific Northwesterners love to wear are a source of that pollution, according to a new study.

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Metabolic effects of an oral blood cancer drug

A recent study found that an effective blood cancer treatment was associated with weight gain, obesity, and increased systolic blood pressure.

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Trial of Gene Therapy for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Put on Hold

The US Food and Drug Administration halts a study by Solid Biosciences after a patient experiences severe side effects following treatment.

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Who Really Discovered the First Exoplanet?

Two Swiss astronomers got a well-deserved Nobel for finding an exoplanet, but there's an intriguing backstory — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology publish new joint 2019 Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Adults with High Blood Pressure

Outlines 22, 2019 new measures for the diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure (HBP), including 6 performance measures, 6 process quality measures and 10 structural quality measures. Developed by a Writing Committee of 12 expert members convened by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures with the support of the Physician Consortium fo

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Ten ways climate change can make wildfires worse

Wildfires such as those raging across eastern Australia have become more common across the world in recent years. AFP talked to scientists about the ways in which climate change can make them worse.

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Facebook's Head of News Founded an Anti-Warren Website

Interesting Choice Campbell Brown, who Facebook has named as head of news partnerships for its recently-launched news service, is also the cofounder of an aggressively anti-Elizabeth Warren media outlet. Brown's outlet, The 74 , recently ran a slew of attack op-eds like this one , which argued that the presidential candidate's education plan would cripple schoolchildren's future careers, Business

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National parks a boost to mental health worth trillions: study

Spending time outdoors is long understood to offer mental health perks, including reduced stress, improved sleep and enhanced cognition.

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EPA Plans Modifications to Controversial Transparency Proposal

The changes would further restrict which scientific findings can be used in drafting regulations.

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Scientists advance citrus greening research efforts

Citrus greening, a devastating disease, has reduced Florida citrus production by 70%, according to most accounts. Efforts to develop disease control methods have been stymied because scientists have been unable to culture and experimentally manipulate the causal bacterial pathogen, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus.

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Bats don't rely on gut bacteria the way humans do

Right now, there are trillions of bacteria living in your gut, making up about one percent of your body weight. They're supposed to be there—we need them to help us digest food and fight off diseases. The same is true for most mammals; in general, just about every mammal from dogs to dolphins relies on a community of helpful bacteria, called a microbiome, living inside them for health and survival

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Scientists advance citrus greening research efforts

Citrus greening, a devastating disease, has reduced Florida citrus production by 70%, according to most accounts. Efforts to develop disease control methods have been stymied because scientists have been unable to culture and experimentally manipulate the causal bacterial pathogen, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus.

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Bats don't rely on gut bacteria the way humans do

Right now, there are trillions of bacteria living in your gut, making up about one percent of your body weight. They're supposed to be there—we need them to help us digest food and fight off diseases. The same is true for most mammals; in general, just about every mammal from dogs to dolphins relies on a community of helpful bacteria, called a microbiome, living inside them for health and survival

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New research finds carbon nanotubes show a love/hate relationship with water

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are valuable for a wide variety of applications. Made of graphene sheets rolled into tubes 10,000 times smaller than a human hair, CNTs have an exceptional strength-to-mass ratio and excellent thermal and electrical properties. These features make them ideal for a range of applications, including supercapacitors, interconnects, adhesives, particle trapping and structural co

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Study reveals breach of 'dancing' barrier governs crystal growth

While crystals have been studied for centuries and are ubiquitous in daily life—they are in our bones, the food we eat and the batteries we use—scientists still don't fully understand how crystals grow or how to efficiently manufacture them. As a result, scientific efforts to improve a wide range of crystalline materials, from self-healing biomaterials to solar panels, have been limited.

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Scientist who takes on firms causing wildfires wins John Maddox prize

Bambang Hero Saharjo has received death threats for testifying against companies A scientist who takes on the companies responsible for massive wildfires across Indonesia has won the prestigious John Maddox prize for standing up for science in the face of harassment, intimidation and lawsuits. Bambang Hero Saharjo, a fire forensics specialist at Bogor Agricultural University, gathers evidence for

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It's time to unsubscribe from some streaming services

Disney Plus is ready to stream—if it's working for you. It's Disney Plus day. All across the land, people are firing up their streaming devices to let the sweet, digitally remastered visions of their favorite pop culture creations flood into their eyeballs. Of course, Disney is a very late entry into this world, but the launch of its $7 per month service is widely regarded as the beginning of the

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New collection showcases cutting-edge techniques in insect morphology and systematics

While the field of morphology—the study of the form and function of organisms—is centuries old, the last two decades have brought incredible leaps forward through the emergence of new technologies and genetic research methods. And the impact of these advances has been revolutionary for the scientists working to untangle the vast biodiversity and evolutionary paths of the world of insects.

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Larger than life: Augmented ants

An ant the size of a lion isn't as far-fetched as you would think. From as small as a sesame seed to the size of a big cat, ants come in all sizes—in augmented reality, at least.

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Whale shark hot spot offers new conservation insights

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), whale sharks are considered endangered, which means the species has suffered a population decline of more than 50% in the past three generations. The whale shark is only two classifications from being extinct. Improvements and conservation efforts are in place, but there is still a long way to go to protect these gentle underw

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Ancient rain gauge: New evidence links groundwater, climate changes in deep time

Changes in groundwater millions of years ago created alternating layers of vivid yellow and brown in the mineral sphalerite, and those variations align with movements in Earth's orbit that impacted climate in the deep past, Penn State scientists found.

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New collection showcases cutting-edge techniques in insect morphology and systematics

While the field of morphology—the study of the form and function of organisms—is centuries old, the last two decades have brought incredible leaps forward through the emergence of new technologies and genetic research methods. And the impact of these advances has been revolutionary for the scientists working to untangle the vast biodiversity and evolutionary paths of the world of insects.

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Larger than life: Augmented ants

An ant the size of a lion isn't as far-fetched as you would think. From as small as a sesame seed to the size of a big cat, ants come in all sizes—in augmented reality, at least.

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Whale shark hot spot offers new conservation insights

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), whale sharks are considered endangered, which means the species has suffered a population decline of more than 50% in the past three generations. The whale shark is only two classifications from being extinct. Improvements and conservation efforts are in place, but there is still a long way to go to protect these gentle underw

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Songbirds sing species-specific songs

The generation of species-specific singing in songbirds is associated with species-specific patterns of gene activity in brain regions called song nuclei, according to a study published November 12 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Kazuhiro Wada of Hokkaido University in Japan, and colleagues. According to the authors, the findings could be a promising step toward a better understanding o

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Widespread misinterpretation of gene expression data

Reproducibility is a major challenge in experimental biology, and with the increasing complexity of data generated by genomic-scale techniques this concern is immensely amplified. RNA-seq, one of the most widely used methods in modern molecular biology, allows in a single test the simultaneous measurement of the expression level of all the genes in a given sample. New research publishing November

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UK Teen Needed Life Support After Vaping for Just Five Months

When British teen Ewan Fisher was 16 years old, he traded in his cigarette-smoking habit for vaping because he "thought it would be healthier," the now-19-year-old recently told The Press Association . But instead of seeing his health improve, Fisher soon found himself with a fever, a persistent cough, and difficulty breathing that eventually landed him in the hospital with serious respiratory fa

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Best Buy Made These Smart Home Gadgets Dumb Again

It's yet another cautionary tale about the risks of buying internet-connected devices.

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Who Really Discovered the First Exoplanet?

Two Swiss astronomers got a well-deserved Nobel for finding an exoplanet, but there's an intriguing backstory — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Songbirds sing species-specific songs

The generation of species-specific singing in songbirds is associated with species-specific patterns of gene activity in brain regions called song nuclei, according to a study published November 12 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Kazuhiro Wada of Hokkaido University in Japan, and colleagues. According to the authors, the findings could be a promising step toward a better understanding o

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Widespread misinterpretation of gene expression data

Reproducibility is a major challenge in experimental biology, and with the increasing complexity of data generated by genomic-scale techniques this concern is immensely amplified. RNA-seq, one of the most widely used methods in modern molecular biology, allows in a single test the simultaneous measurement of the expression level of all the genes in a given sample. New research publishing November

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With Mars methane mystery unsolved, Curiosity serves scientists a new one: Oxygen

For the first time in the history of space exploration, scientists have measured the seasonal changes in the gases that fill the air directly above the surface of Gale Crater on Mars. As a result, they noticed something baffling: oxygen, the gas many Earth creatures use to breathe, behaves in a way that so far scientists cannot explain through any known chemical processes.

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Trend: American sleep has gotten worse

Broadly speaking, sleep got worse in the United States from 2013 to 2017. New research finds more Americans have trouble falling asleep and staying asleep. The changes were independent of sleep duration, and difficulties were most prevalent in people with healthy sleep length, the findings show. Zlatan Krizan, professor of psychology at Iowa State University, and his research team analyzed data c

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Facebook bug accesses iPhone's camera while user scrolls through News Feed

Facebook confirmed the bug was "inadvertently introduced" and promised a fix was in the works.

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An additional component can triple vaccine efficiency, and scientists explained how

A team of Russian scientists carried out a study on the cell immunity level and found out how an adjuvant called azoximer bromide increases the immunogenicity of the anti-flu vaccine. The results of the study were presented at the Russian-Chinese Symposium on Infectious Diseases in Saint-Petersburg (5-7 November, 2019).

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Paralyzed US Veteran Uses Exoskeleton to Complete a Marathon

Retired Army Sergeant Terry Hannigan Vereline just made history at the 2019 New York City Marathon. When she crossed the finish line on November 3, the 65-year-old became the first paralyzed American to successfully complete a marathon — and she did so with the help of a robotic exoskeleton. "Words cannot express the feelings I had crossing the finish line," Vereline said in a press release . "Th

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Minecraft Earth Lands in the US—Let the Block Party Begin

The augmented-reality game isn't just Microsoft's most ambitious mobile title to date; it's a play to change the way we interact with the world and each other.

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Carbon nanotubes show a love/hate relationship with water

New research reveals that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as a coating can both repel and hold water in place, a useful property for applications like printing, spectroscopy, water transport, or harvesting surfaces. When water is dropped on a CNT forest, the CNTs repel the water, and it forms a sphere. However, when flipped over, the drop does not fall to the ground but rather clings to the surface.

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Low-cost, portable system takes OCT beyond ophthalmology

Researchers have developed a way to perform optical coherence tomography (OCT) in hard-to-reach areas of the body such as joints. The advance could help bring this high-resolution biomedical imaging technique to new surgical and medical applications.

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Is virtual reality the next big thing in art therapy?

Researchers have conducted a study to see if virtual reality can be used as an expressive tool in art therapy.

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Facebook messaging apps getting unified payment system

Facebook on Tuesday said it is consolidating the system that handles payments at the social network and in its family of messaging apps.

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Gaming in the US emits as much carbon dioxide as all of Sri Lanka

Energy use from gaming in the US produces carbon emissions on a par with Sri Lanka's total annual carbon footprint

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Loss of tropical forests will have 'terrifying' climate impact

The effect of losing intact tropical forests is more devastating on the climate than previously thought, researchers report. A new international study reveals that between 2000 and 2013, the clearance of intact tropical forests led to much higher levels of carbon being emitted into the atmosphere than first believed—resulting in a 626% increase in the calculated impact on climate. This difference

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Robots appear more persuasive when pretending to be human

Recent technological breakthroughs in artificial intelligence have made it possible for machines, or bots, to pass as humans. A team of researchers studied study how people interact with bots they believe to be human, and how such interactions are affected once bots reveal their identity. The researchers found that bots are more efficient than humans at certain human-machine interactions, but only

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USA's orkaner er blevet større og mere ødelæggende de seneste 100 år

Vi forventer, at det skyldes klimaforandringer, siger forskere.

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Watch Police Drag Away Truck That ICEd Tesla Driver

Mr. Cool ICE As electric cars are becoming more and more common, cities are making small changes to infrastructure to accommodate them, from dedicated charging stations to replacing fuel pumps with chargers at gas stations. But not everybody is cooperating with those infrastructure shifts. Police used a crane to lift an enormous Ford pickup truck away from a parking spot in Berlin this week, afte

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leukemia diagnostics: AI-driven single blood cell classification

For the first time, researchers show that deep learning algorithms perform similar to human experts when classifying blood samples from patients suffering from acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Their proof of concept study paves the way for an automated, standardized and on-hand sample analysis in the near future.

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At the heart of regeneration: Scientists reveal a new frontier in cardiac research

Researchers uncover mechanisms in zebrafish heart regeneration that could lead to better treatments for babies in need of heart repair.

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Scientists advance citrus greening research efforts

To facilitate the scientific community's ability to use L. crescens in citrus greening research, scientists have published an article that outlines, step-by-step, highly reproducible and detailed protocols that they have standardized for culturing L. crescens.

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More Americans struggle to fall asleep, stay asleep

If you have trouble sleeping, you're not alone. New research finds more Americans have trouble falling asleep and staying asleep. The difficulties were most prevalent in people with healthy sleep length.

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Complementary and alternative therapies to treat colic in babies

A review of the evidence on the use of complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies to treat babies with colic has shown some that some treatments — including probiotics, fennel extract and spinal manipulation — do appear to help, but that overall the evidence on the use of these therapies is limited so should be treated with caution.

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Protein could offer therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer

A protein that drives growth of pancreatic cancer, and which could be a target for new treatments, has been identified.

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Scientists shed new light on neural processes behind learning and motor behaviors

Researchers have provided new insight into the neural processes behind movement and learning behaviors, according to a new study.

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Robots appear more persuasive when pretending to be human

Recent technological breakthroughs in artificial intelligence have made it possible for machines, or bots, to pass as humans. A team of researchers studied study how people interact with bots they believe to be human, and how such interactions are affected once bots reveal their identity. The researchers found that bots are more efficient than humans at certain human-machine interactions, but only

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A Silicon Valley Disruption for Birds That Gorge on Endangered Fish

To persuade some migrating Caspian terns to stop short of the Columbia River, scientists planted plastic decoys and patio speakers in San Francisco Bay.

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Is virtual reality the next big thing in art therapy?

Researchers from Drexel University's College of Nursing and Health Professions in the Creative Arts Therapies Department conducted a study to see if virtual reality can be used as an expressive tool in art therapy.

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ICU survivors commonly experience job loss after critical illness, study confirms

National attention has been drawn to the plight of patients who have experienced the unintended side effects of prolonged ICU care such as memory loss and muscle weakness. Now, a research team led by UC San Diego have evaluated the employment impacts to ICU patients, with concerning findings.

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Intel Failed to Fix a Hackable Chip Flaw Despite a Year of Warnings

Speculative execution attacks still haunt Intel, long after researchers told the company what to fix.

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There's a better way to cut the cheese

All those different shapes aren't just for aesthetic reasons. (AllaSerebrina via Depositphotos/) I'll always remember the day a Paris cheesemonger told me there is actually a right way to cut up each type of cheese. I looked at him, incredulous. "It's about making sure everyone has the same experience," he explained as he cut a wheel of cheese into wedges. Up until that point, I'd been perfectly

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Spray painting fiber bandages onto wounds

Researchers have developed a portable electrospinning device with a confined electric field that can safely deposit bandages and drugs directly onto biological surfaces, using air to spray the fibers out onto the surface, like a can of spray paint. The device can be used to cover wounds and provide controlled drug release over time.

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People doing their bit for fish and moths | Letters

Dave Morris on the collective power of research and Alastair Leake on the decline in moth populations The efforts of campaigners to highlight important issues can often be overlooked by a historical approach that focuses on individuals, often academics or politicians. An example is in the obituary of the biologist Victoria Braithwaite ( Obituary , 9 November), which asserts that "until the early

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Don't let don't-knows triumph at the polls | Brief letters

Boarding schools | Wellington college fees | Steve McQueen's Year 3 project | Spike Milligan's election advice | Shared ancestry | Parliamentary disillusion George Monbiot's article on boarding schools ( Journal , 7 November) will have been a painful read for many, and may well have been painful for him to write. As a director for Boarding School Survivors Support (BSSS), I read of experience afte

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England floods: What is making them worse?

Why has the huge amount of rainfall that hit South Yorkshire had such a large impact on people and property?

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Pay More Attention to Climate Perils People with Disabilities Face, Experts Warn

Increased disease exposure and extreme weather events pose heightened risks for already vulnerable communities — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Spray painting fiber bandages onto wounds

Researchers have developed a portable electrospinning device with a confined electric field that can safely deposit bandages and drugs directly onto biological surfaces, using air to spray the fibers out onto the surface, like a can of spray paint. The device can be used to cover wounds and provide controlled drug release over time.

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Reply to Friedman and Banich: Right measures for the research question [Letters (Online Only)]

In their Letter to the Editor, Friedman and Banich (1) suggest we (2) "overstate" the higher suitability of dependent variables (DVs) derived from surveys for individual difference analyses. We appreciate this opportunity for a continued discussion regarding the measurement of self-regulation. However, their critiques (1) do not provide evidence against…

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On the energy efficiency of cell migration in diverse physical environments [Applied Mathematics]

In this work, we explore fundamental energy requirements during mammalian cell movement. Starting with the conservation of mass and momentum for the cell cytosol and the actin-network phase, we develop useful identities that compute dissipated energies during extensions of the cell boundary. We analyze 2 complementary mechanisms of cell movement:…

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Reply to Mislavsky et al.: Sometimes people really are averse to experiments [Letters (Online Only)]

In response to our article (1), Mislavsky et al. (2) claim that "experiment aversion" does not exist because they found no evidence of it in their own research on low-stakes corporate experiments (3) and because our studies used between- rather than within-subjects designs. First, as we noted, we do not…

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Definitive demonstration by synthesis of genome annotation completeness [Genetics]

We develop a method for completing the genetics of natural living systems by which the absence of expected future discoveries can be established. We demonstrate the method using bacteriophage øX174, the first DNA genome to be sequenced. Like many well-studied natural organisms, closely related genome sequences are available—23 Bullavirinae genomes…

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Fast fit-free analysis of fluorescence lifetime imaging via deep learning [Applied Biological Sciences]

Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLI) provides unique quantitative information in biomedical and molecular biology studies but relies on complex data-fitting techniques to derive the quantities of interest. Herein, we propose a fit-free approach in FLI image formation that is based on deep learning (DL) to quantify fluorescence decays simultaneously over a…

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Single-cell transcriptomics reveals expansion of cytotoxic CD4 T cells in supercentenarians [Immunology and Inflammation]

Supercentenarians, people who have reached 110 y of age, are a great model of healthy aging. Their characteristics of delayed onset of age-related diseases and compression of morbidity imply that their immune system remains functional. Here we performed single-cell transcriptome analysis of 61,202 peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), derived from…

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Veil-of-ignorance reasoning favors the greater good [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

The "veil of ignorance" is a moral reasoning device designed to promote impartial decision making by denying decision makers access to potentially biasing information about who will benefit most or least from the available options. Veil-of-ignorance reasoning was originally applied by philosophers and economists to foundational questions concerning the overall…

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Steric complementarity directs sequence promiscuous leader binding in RiPP biosynthesis [Biochemistry]

Enzymes that generate ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptide (RiPP) natural products have garnered significant interest, given their ability to produce large libraries of chemically diverse scaffolds. Such RiPP biosynthetic enzymes are predicted to bind their corresponding peptide substrates through sequence-specific recognition of the leader sequence, which is removed af

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Sexually antagonistic selection promotes genetic divergence between males and females in an ant [Evolution]

Genetic diversity acts as a reservoir for potential adaptations, yet selection tends to reduce this diversity over generations. However, sexually antagonistic selection (SAS) may promote diversity by selecting different alleles in each sex. SAS arises when an allele is beneficial to one sex but harmful to the other. Usually, the…

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Shockley-Queisser triangle predicts the thermodynamic efficiency limits of arbitrarily complex multiȷunction bifacial solar cells [Engineering]

As monofacial, single-junction solar cells approach their fundamental limits, there has been significant interest in tandem solar cells in the presence of concentrated sunlight or tandem bifacial solar cells with back-reflected albedo. The bandgap sequence and thermodynamic efficiency limits of these complex cell configurations require sophisticated numerical calculation. Therefore, the…

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Oxidation of methionine residues activates the high-threshold heat-sensitive ion channel TRPV2 [Physiology]

Thermosensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels detect changes in ambient temperature to regulate body temperature and temperature-dependent cellular activity. Rodent orthologs of TRP vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) are activated by nonphysiological heat exceeding 50 °C, and human TRPV2 is heat-insensitive. TRPV2 is required for phagocytic activity of macrophages which are…

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Structure of the zinc-finger antiviral protein in complex with RNA reveals a mechanism for selective targeting of CG-rich viral sequences [Microbiology]

Infection of animal cells by numerous viruses is detected and countered by a variety of means, including recognition of nonself nucleic acids. The zinc finger antiviral protein (ZAP) depletes cytoplasmic RNA that is recognized as foreign in mammalian cells by virtue of its elevated CG dinucleotide content compared with endogenous…

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How to forge rhinoceros horn

A realistic knock-off may wreck the rhino-horn market

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Low-cost, portable system takes OCT beyond ophthalmology

Researchers have developed a way to perform optical coherence tomography (OCT) in hard-to-reach areas of the body such as joints. The advance could help bring this high-resolution biomedical imaging technique to new surgical and medical applications.

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Getting cancer drugs to the brain is difficult — but a new 'road map' might make it easier

Purdue University scientists have provided the first comprehensive characterization of both the blood-brain and blood-tumor barriers in brain metastases of lung cancer, which will serve as a road map for treatment development. The work was recently published in Oncotarget.

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Practice characteristics and job satisfaction among GPs in 11 countries

Organizational and functional features of general practitioner practices in 11 countries were studied in search of underlying reasons for job dissatisfaction.

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New Pitt research finds carbon nanotubes show a love/hate relationship with water

New research in the journal Carbon reveals that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as a coating can both repel and hold water in place, a useful property for applications like printing, spectroscopy, water transport, or harvesting surfaces. When water is dropped on a CNT forest, the CNTs repel the water, and it forms a sphere. However, when flipped over, the drop does not fall to the ground but rather clings

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Study reveals breach of 'dancing' barrier governs crystal growth

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago used computer-based simulations to analyze how atoms and molecules move in a solution and identified a general mechanism governing crystal growth that scientists can manipulate when developing new materials.

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Listening to music while driving reduces cardiac stress

A study by Brazilian researchers suggests that cardiac overload due to the stress of driving in heavy traffic can be attenuated by listening to instrumental music.

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AI-driven single blood cell classification

For the first time, researchers from Helmholtz Zentrum München and the University Hospital of LMU Munich show that deep learning algorithms perform similar to human experts when classifying blood samples from patients suffering from acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Their proof of concept study paves the way for an automated, standardized and on-hand sample analysis in the near future. The paper was p

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Associations between burnout and practice organization in family physicians

With the rate of burnout as high as 63% among family physicians, it is important to identify risk factors for physician burnout. The relationship between burnout and personal environmental and organizational risk factors was examined in a study of family physicians.

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More Americans struggle to fall asleep, stay asleep

If you have trouble sleeping, you're not alone. New research from Iowa State University finds more Americans have trouble falling asleep and staying asleep. The difficulties were most prevalent in people with healthy sleep length.

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Program linking patients to community resources shows no significant impact on well-being

A social prescribing initiative, designed to improve patients' well-being and quality of life by connecting them to non-medical resources, did not prove effective overall.

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Directing differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells toward androgen-producing Leydig cells rather than adrenal cells [Medical Sciences]

Reduced serum testosterone (T), or hypogonadism, affects millions of men and is associated with many pathologies, including infertility, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, and decreased libido and sexual function. Administering T-replacement therapy (TRT) reverses many of the symptoms associated with low T levels. However, TRT is linked to side effects such…

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Pre-detection history of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa [Medical Sciences]

Antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) infections pose a major threat to global public health. Similar to other AMR pathogens, both historical and ongoing drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) epidemics are characterized by transmission of a limited number of predominant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains. Understanding how these predominant strains achieve sustained transmission, particularly during the

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Microbial communities in the tropical air ecosystem follow a precise diel cycle [Microbiology]

The atmosphere is vastly underexplored as a habitable ecosystem for microbial organisms. In this study, we investigated 795 time-resolved metagenomes from tropical air, generating 2.27 terabases of data. Despite only 9 to 17% of the generated sequence data currently being assignable to taxa, the air harbored a microbial diversity that…

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Cooperation and spatial self-organization determine rate and efficiency of particulate organic matter degradation in marine bacteria [Microbiology]

The recycling of particulate organic matter (POM) by microbes is a key part of the global carbon cycle. This process is mediated by the extracellular hydrolysis of polysaccharides, which can trigger social behaviors in bacteria resulting from the production of public goods. Despite the potential importance of public good-mediated interactions,…

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An onboard checking mechanism ensures effector delivery of the type VI secretion system in Vibrio cholerae [Microbiology]

The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a lethal yet energetically costly weapon in gram-negative bacteria. Through contraction of a long sheath, the T6SS ejects a few copies of effectors accompanied by hundreds of structural carrier proteins per delivery. The few ejected effectors, however, dictate T6SS functions. It remains elusive…

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Relation between gamma oscillations and neuronal plasticity in the visual cortex [Neuroscience]

Use-dependent long-term changes of neuronal response properties must be gated to prevent irrelevant activity from inducing inappropriate modifications. Here we test the hypothesis that local network dynamics contribute to such gating. As synaptic modifications depend on temporal contiguity between presynaptic and postsynaptic activity, we examined the effect of synchronized gamma…

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Retinotopic specializations of cortical and thalamic inputs to area MT [Neuroscience]

Retinotopic specializations in the ventral visual stream, especially foveal adaptations, provide primates with high-acuity vision in the central visual field. However, visual field specializations have not been studied in the dorsal visual stream, dedicated to processing visual motion and visually guided behaviors. To investigate this, we injected retrograde neuronal tracers…

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A small molecule protects mitochondrial integrity by inhibiting mTOR activity [Pharmacology]

Apoptosis activation by cytochrome c release from mitochondria to cytosol is a normal cellular response to mitochondrial damage. Using cellular apoptosis assay, we have found small-molecule apoptosis inhibitors that protect cells from mitochondrial damage. Previously, we reported the discovery of a small molecule, Compound A, which blocks dopaminergic neuron death…

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Distinct mechanisms of Drosophila CRYPTOCHROME-mediated light-evoked membrane depolarization and in vivo clock resetting [Physiology]

Drosophila CRYPTOCHROME (dCRY) mediates electrophysiological depolarization and circadian clock resetting in response to blue or ultraviolet (UV) light. These light-evoked biological responses operate at different timescales and possibly through different mechanisms. Whether electron transfer down a conserved chain of tryptophan residues underlies biological responses following dCRY light activati

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A MYC2/MYC3/MYC4-dependent transcription factor network regulates water spray-responsive gene expression and jasmonate levels [Plant Biology]

Mechanical stimuli, such as wind, rain, and touch affect plant development, growth, pest resistance, and ultimately reproductive success. Using water spray to simulate rain, we demonstrate that jasmonic acid (JA) signaling plays a key role in early gene-expression changes, well before it leads to developmental changes in flowering and plant…

2d

Multiple health and environmental impacts of foods [Sustainability Science]

Food choices are shifting globally in ways that are negatively affecting both human health and the environment. Here we consider how consuming an additional serving per day of each of 15 foods is associated with 5 health outcomes in adults and 5 aspects of agriculturally driven environmental degradation. We find…

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Correction for Kreiner et al., Multiple modes of convergent adaptation in the spread of glyphosate-resistant Amaranthus tuberculatus [Corrections]

EVOLUTION Correction for "Multiple modes of convergent adaptation in the spread of glyphosate-resistant Amaranthus tuberculatus," by Julia M. Kreiner, Darci Ann Giacomini, Felix Bemm, Bridgit Waithaka, Julian Regalado, Christa Lanz, Julia Hildebrandt, Peter H. Sikkema, Patrick J. Tranel, Detlef Weigel, John R. Stinchcombe, and Stephen I. Wright, which was first…

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In This Issue [This Week in PNAS]

Expanding the temperature range of CRISPR-Cas9 Homology model of IgnaviCas9, with colors indicating various domains. CRISPR-Cas9 has become a valuable tool for genome editing, but most Cas9 enzymes are active only at moderate temperatures. Stephanie Tzouanas Schmidt et al. (pp. 23100–23105) identified a Cas9 protein from unculturable Ignavibacterium that can…

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Duration of activity inestimable due to imprecision of the data [Social Sciences]

Ledger et al. (1) report some exciting findings from the well-known site of L'Anse aux Meadows (LAM) in Newfoundland. However, their eye-catching conclusion that "Norse activity at LAM may have endured for a century" is misleading and arises from a misinterpretation of the outputs of their chronological model, constructed in…

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Reply to Dee and Kuitems: Our model is an expression of the uncertainties inherent in the radiocarbon data [Social Sciences]

We thank Dee and Kuitems (1) for their reply and welcome their criticism and the opportunity to elaborate on our analysis presented in Ledger et al. (2). We agree that estimating the duration of Norse activity at L'Anse aux Meadows (LAM) with any certainty is hindered by the imprecision of…

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Localized electroporation with track-etched membranes [Biological Sciences]

In PNAS, Cao et al. (1) employ track-etched membranes for the intracellular delivery of various molecular cargoes via electroporation in both adherent and suspended cells. While the concept of utilizing such membranes for electroporation is not novel (2, 3), its extension to suspended cells and the wide parametric space covered…

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Reply to Nathamgari et al.: Nanopore electroporation for intracellular delivery of biological macromolecules [Biological Sciences]

We are pleased to see that simulation results by Mukherjee et al. (1) and Nathamgari et al. (2) are accordant with our experimental results (3). We also very much appreciate the detailed simulation study by Mukherjee et al. (1), specifically, on the prediction of the existence of an intermediate optimum…

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Richard P. Van Duyne, plasmonics pioneer [Retrospectives]

Prof. Richard P. Van Duyne (Fig. 1), a National Academy of Sciences member who played a pivotal role in starting the field of plasmonics and promoting nanoscience, died on July 28, 2019, at the age of 73. Rick's prominence as a great intellect and visionary is apparent by his tremendous…

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Breakthroughs in antemortem diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases [Biochemistry]

The World Health Organization forecasts that within 2 decades neurodegenerative disorders will eclipse cancer to become the foremost cause of death in the developed world after cardiovascular disease. Accurate detection of pathological processes goes hand in hand with the goals of treatment and prevention and, in light of their protracted…

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Actin-packed topography: Cytoskeletal response to curvature [Cell Biology]

In recent years, it has become increasingly apparent that the material characteristics of a cell's environment are an important aspect of cell functions, whether they are in the context of developmental biology (1, 2) or implantable devices (3, 4). While the importance of this is well known, the specific ways…

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Male mating displays can evolve from exploitative origins to cooperative endings [Evolution]

Animal mating displays provide some of nature's most dramatic and curious spectacles. Ring doves (Streptopelia risoria) are a case in point (Fig. 1). According to Cheng (ref. 1, p. 2), "When a male ring dove courts a female, he starts with majestic bowing and cooing (bow coo) interspersed with strutting…

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A peaceful death orchestrates immune balance in a chaotic environment [Immunology and Inflammation]

Immunity evolved as an impossibly elegant, yet devastatingly destructive force to combat pathogens, environmental insults, and rogue malignant cellular agents arising from within. The immunologic arsenal developed in a veritable coevolutionary arms race with the world's pathogens, culminating in lymphocytic weapons of mass destruction. Indeed, T cells and B cells…

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An approach that someday may boost testosterone biosynthesis in males with late-onset hypogonadism (low testosterone) [Medical Sciences]

Male hypogonadism (abnormally low levels of circulating serum testosterone resulting from a variety of medical and lifestyle issues) can affect males throughout their life span, often because of aging. The Leydig cells, located in the interstitial compartment of the testis and nestled between the seminiferous tubules, produce testosterone in response…

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A mechanistic examination of salting out in protein-polymer membrane interactions [Applied Physical Sciences]

Developing a mechanistic understanding of protein dynamics and conformational changes at polymer interfaces is critical for a range of processes including industrial protein separations. Salting out is one example of a procedure that is ubiquitous in protein separations yet is optimized empirically because there is no mechanistic description of the…

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The impact of dynamic status changes within competitive rank-ordered hierarchies [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Jockeying and competing for higher status is an inherent feature of rank-ordered hierarchies. Despite theoretically acknowledging rank changes within hierarchies, the extant literature has ignored the role of competitors' dynamic movements on a focal actor's resulting behavior. By using a dynamic lens to examine these movement in competitive situations, we…

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Million-fold sensitivity enhancement in proteopathic seed amplification assays for biospecimens by Hofmeister ion comparisons [Biochemistry]

Recent work with prion diseases and synucleinopathies indicates that accurate diagnostic methods for protein-folding diseases can be based on the ultrasensitive, amplified measurement of pathological aggregates in biospecimens. A better understanding of the physicochemical factors that control the seeded polymerization of such aggregates, and their amplification in vitro, should allow…

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Structure of a Tc holotoxin pore provides insights into the translocation mechanism [Biochemistry]

Tc toxins are modular toxin systems of insect and human pathogenic bacteria. They are composed of a 1.4-MDa pentameric membrane translocator (TcA) and a 250-kDa cocoon (TcB and TcC) encapsulating the 30-kDa toxic enzyme (C terminus of TcC). Binding of Tc toxins to target cells and a pH shift trigger…

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Passive membrane transport of lignin-related compounds [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Lignin is an abundant aromatic polymer found in plant secondary cell walls. In recent years, lignin has attracted renewed interest as a feedstock for bio-based chemicals via catalytic and biological approaches and has emerged as a target for genetic engineering to improve lignocellulose digestibility by altering its composition. In lignin…

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Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Many multidomain proteins contain disordered linkers that regulate interdomain contacts, and thus the effective concentrations that govern intramolecular reactions. Effective concentrations are rarely measured experimentally, and therefore little is known about how they relate to linker architecture. We have directly measured the effective concentrations enforced by disordered protein linkers usin

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Membrane curvature underlies actin reorganization in response to nanoscale surface topography [Cell Biology]

Surface topography profoundly influences cell adhesion, differentiation, and stem cell fate control. Numerous studies using a variety of materials demonstrate that nanoscale topographies change the intracellular organization of actin cytoskeleton and therefore a broad range of cellular dynamics in live cells. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is not well understood,…

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Scaffold subunits support associated subunit assembly in the Chlamydomonas ciliary nexin-dynein regulatory complex [Cell Biology]

The nexin–dynein regulatory complex (N-DRC) in motile cilia and flagella functions as a linker between neighboring doublet microtubules, acts to stabilize the axonemal core structure, and serves as a central hub for the regulation of ciliary motility. Although the N-DRC has been studied extensively using genetic, biochemical, and structural approaches,…

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Precision mapping of snail habitat provides a powerful indicator of human schistosomiasis transmission [Ecology]

Recently, the World Health Organization recognized that efforts to interrupt schistosomiasis transmission through mass drug administration have been ineffective in some regions; one of their new recommended strategies for global schistosomiasis control emphasizes targeting the freshwater snails that transmit schistosome parasites. We sought to identify robust indicators that would enable…

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Phylogenetic dispersion and diversity in regional assemblages of seed plants in China [Ecology]

Species assemble into communities through ecological and evolutionary processes. Phylogenetic niche conservatism—the tendency of species to retain ancestral ecological distributions—is thought to influence which species from a regional species pool can persist in a particular environment. We analyzed data for seed plants in China to test hypotheses about the distribution…

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HMGB1-C1q complexes regulate macrophage function by switching between leukotriene and specialized proresolving mediator biosynthesis [Immunology and Inflammation]

Macrophage polarization is critical to inflammation and resolution of inflammation. We previously showed that high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) can engage receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) to direct monocytes to a proinflammatory phenotype characterized by production of type 1 IFN and proinflammatory cytokines. In contrast, HMGB1 plus C1q…

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The importance of better models in stochastic optimization [Applied Mathematics]

Standard stochastic optimization methods are brittle, sensitive to stepsize choice and other algorithmic parameters, and they exhibit instability outside of well-behaved families of objectives. To address these challenges, we investigate models for stochastic optimization and learning problems that exhibit better robustness to problem families and algorithmic parameters. With appropriately accurat

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Inference and uncertainty quantification for noisy matrix completion [Applied Mathematics]

Noisy matrix completion aims at estimating a low-rank matrix given only partial and corrupted entries. Despite remarkable progress in designing efficient estimation algorithms, it remains largely unclear how to assess the uncertainty of the obtained estimates and how to perform efficient statistical inference on the unknown matrix (e.g., constructing a…

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SERF engages in a fuzzy complex that accelerates primary nucleation of amyloid proteins [Biochemistry]

The assembly of small disordered proteins into highly ordered amyloid fibrils in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's patients is closely associated with dementia and neurodegeneration. Understanding the process of amyloid formation is thus crucial in the development of effective treatments for these devastating neurodegenerative diseases. Recently, a tiny, highly conserved and disordered…

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Timing and specificity of cotranslational nascent protein modification in bacteria [Biochemistry]

The nascent polypeptide exit site of the ribosome is a crowded environment where multiple ribosome-associated protein biogenesis factors (RPBs) compete for the nascent polypeptide to influence their localization, folding, or quality control. Here we address how N-terminal methionine excision (NME), a ubiquitous process crucial for the maturation of over 50%…

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The dissociation mechanism of processive cellulases [Biochemistry]

Cellulase enzymes deconstruct recalcitrant cellulose into soluble sugars, making them a biocatalyst of biotechnological interest for use in the nascent lignocellulosic bioeconomy. Cellobiohydrolases (CBHs) are cellulases capable of liberating many sugar molecules in a processive manner without dissociating from the substrate. Within the complete processive cycle of CBHs, dissociation from…

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Pseudouridinylation of mRNA coding sequences alters translation [Biochemistry]

Chemical modifications of RNAs have long been established as key modulators of nonprotein-coding RNA structure and function in cells. There is a growing appreciation that messenger RNA (mRNA) sequences responsible for directing protein synthesis can also be posttranscriptionally modified. The enzymatic incorporation of mRNA modifications has many potential outcomes, including…

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Single-nucleotide control of tRNA folding cooperativity under near-cellular conditions [Biochemistry]

RNA folding is often studied by renaturing full-length RNA in vitro and tracking folding transitions. However, the intracellular transcript folds as it emerges from the RNA polymerase. Here, we investigate the folding pathways and stability of numerous late-transcriptional intermediates of yeast and Escherichia coli transfer RNAs (tRNAs). Transfer RNA is…

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Mode of action of quinoline antimalarial drugs in red blood cells infected by Plasmodium falciparum revealed in vivo [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

The most widely used antimalarial drugs belong to the quinoline family. Their mode of action has not been characterized at the molecular level in vivo. We report the in vivo mode of action of a bromo analog of the drug chloroquine in rapidly frozen Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells. The…

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Nucleic acid cleavage with a hyperthermophilic Cas9 from an uncultured Ignavibacterium [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated 9 (Cas9) systems have been effectively harnessed to engineer the genomes of organisms from across the tree of life. Nearly all currently characterized Cas9 proteins are derived from mesophilic bacteria, and canonical Cas9 systems are challenged by applications requiring enhanced stability or elevated…

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Quantifying the impact of treatment history on plasmid-mediated resistance evolution in human gut microbiota [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

To understand how antibiotic use affects the risk of a resistant infection, we present a computational model of the population dynamics of gut microbiota including antibiotic resistance-conferring plasmids. We then describe how this model is parameterized based on published microbiota data. Finally, we investigate how treatment history affects the prevalence…

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Self-renewing endometrial epithelial organoids of the human uterus [Cell Biology]

The human endometrium is essential in providing the site for implantation and maintaining the growth and survival of the conceptus. An unreceptive endometrium and disrupted maternal−conceptus interactions can cause infertility due to pregnancy loss or later pregnancy complications. Despite this, the role of uterine glands in first trimester human pregnancy…

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Optimal functionalization of a molecular electrocatalyst for hydride transfer [Chemistry]

Optimization of hydride transfer (HT) catalysts to enhance rates and selectivities of (photo)electroreduction reactions could be a crucial component of a sustainable chemical industry. Here, we analyze how ring functionalization of the adsorbed transient intermediate 2-pyridinide (2-PyH−*)—predicted to form in situ from pyridine (Py) in acidified water at a cathode…

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Global imprint of mycorrhizal fungi on whole-plant nutrient economics [Ecology]

Mycorrhizal fungi are critical members of the plant microbiome, forming a symbiosis with the roots of most plants on Earth. Most plant species partner with either arbuscular or ectomycorrhizal fungi, and these symbioses are thought to represent plant adaptations to fast and slow soil nutrient cycling rates. This generates a…

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Success and failure of ecological management is highly variable in an experimental test [Ecology]

When managing natural systems, the importance of recognizing the role of uncertainty has been formalized as the precautionary approach. However, it is difficult to determine the role of stochasticity in the success or failure of management because there is almost always no replication; typically, only a single observation exists for…

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Plant defense resistance in natural enemies of a specialist insect herbivore [Ecology]

Plants defend themselves against herbivores through the production of toxic and deterrent metabolites. Adapted herbivores can tolerate and sometimes sequester these metabolites, allowing them to feed on defended plants and become toxic to their own enemies. Can herbivore natural enemies overcome sequestered plant defense metabolites to prey on adapted herbivores?…

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Compact single-shot metalens depth sensors inspired by eyes of jumping spiders [Engineering]

Jumping spiders (Salticidae) rely on accurate depth perception for predation and navigation. They accomplish depth perception, despite their tiny brains, by using specialized optics. Each principal eye includes a multitiered retina that simultaneously receives multiple images with different amounts of defocus, and from these images, distance is decoded with relatively…

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An unbounded approach to microfluidics using the Rayleigh-Plateau instability of viscous threads directly drawn in a bath [Engineering]

We study the droplet-forming instability of a thin jet extruded from a nozzle moving horizontally below the surface of an isoviscous immiscible fluid bath. While this interfacial instability is a classic problem in fluid mechanics, it has never been studied in the context of the deposition of a thread into…

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A global-level assessment of the effectiveness of protected areas at resisting anthropogenic pressures [Environmental Sciences]

One-sixth of the global terrestrial surface now falls within protected areas (PAs), making it essential to understand how far they mitigate the increasing pressures on nature which characterize the Anthropocene. In by far the largest analysis of this question to date and not restricted to forested PAs, we compiled data…

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Human and climate global-scale imprint on sediment transfer during the Holocene [Environmental Sciences]

Accelerated soil erosion has become a pervasive feature on landscapes around the world and is recognized to have substantial implications for land productivity, downstream water quality, and biogeochemical cycles. However, the scarcity of global syntheses that consider long-term processes has limited our understanding of the timing, the amplitude, and the…

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Chronic social disruption following a systemic fishery failure [Environmental Sciences]

In the United States, the iconic groundfish fishery for Gulf of Maine cod has endured several dramatic reductions in annual catch limits and been federally declared an economic disaster. Using a repeated cross-sectional survey of fishing captains to assess potential social impacts of the fishery failure, we found that psychological…

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Expansion of a single transposable element family is associated with genome-size increase and radiation in the genus Hydra [Evolution]

Transposable elements are one of the major contributors to genome-size differences in metazoans. Despite this, relatively little is known about the evolutionary patterns of element expansions and the element families involved. Here we report a broad genomic sampling within the genus Hydra, a freshwater cnidarian at the focal point of…

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Inexperienced preys know when to flee or to freeze in front of a threat [Evolution]

Using appropriate antipredatory responses is crucial for survival. While slowing down reduces the chances of being detected from distant predators, fleeing away is advantageous in front of an approaching predator. Whether appropriate responses depend on experience with moving objects is still an open question. To clarify whether adopting appropriate fleeing…

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Hybridization increases population variation during adaptive radiation [Evolution]

Adaptive radiations are prominent components of the world's biodiversity. They comprise many species derived from one or a small number of ancestral species in a geologically short time that have diversified into a variety of ecological niches. Several authors have proposed that introgressive hybridization has been important in the generation…

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Evolution of sexual cooperation from sexual conflict [Evolution]

In many species that form pair bonds, males display to their mate after pair formation. These displays elevate the female's investment into the brood. This is a form of cooperation because without the display, female investment is reduced to levels that are suboptimal for both sexes. The presence of such…

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Natural human genetic variation determines basal and inducible expression of PM20D1, an obesity-associated gene [Genetics]

PM20D1 is a candidate thermogenic enzyme in mouse fat, with its expression cold-induced and enriched in brown versus white adipocytes. Thiazolidinedione (TZD) antidiabetic drugs, which activate the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) nuclear receptor, are potent stimuli for adipocyte browning yet fail to induce Pm20d1 expression in mouse adipocytes. In contrast,…

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Human-specific tandem repeat expansion and differential gene expression during primate evolution [Genetics]

Short tandem repeats (STRs) and variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) are important sources of natural and disease-causing variation, yet they have been problematic to resolve in reference genomes and genotype with short-read technology. We created a framework to model the evolution and instability of STRs and VNTRs in apes. We…

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An antibody against HK blocks Alzheimer's disease peptide {beta}-amyloid-induced bradykinin release in human plasma [Immunology and Inflammation]

Bradykinin is a proinflammatory factor that mediates angioedema and inflammation in many diseases. It is a key player in some types of hereditary angioedema and is involved in septic shock, traumatic injury, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and stroke, among others. Activation of the plasma contact system leads to elevated levels of…

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Tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment under uncertainty [Medical Sciences]

In 2017, 1.6 million people worldwide died from tuberculosis (TB). A new TB diagnostic test—Xpert MTB/RIF from Cepheid—was endorsed by the World Health Organization in 2010. Trials demonstrated that Xpert is faster and has greater sensitivity and specificity than smear microscopy—the most common sputum-based diagnostic test. However, subsequent trials found…

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An allosteric PGAM1 inhibitor effectively suppresses pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma [Medical Sciences]

Glycolytic enzyme phosphoglycerate mutase 1 (PGAM1) plays a critical role in cancer metabolism by coordinating glycolysis and biosynthesis. A well-validated PGAM1 inhibitor, however, has not been reported for treating pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), which is one of the deadliest malignancies worldwide. By uncovering the elevated PGAM1 expressions were statistically related…

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Inner Workings: Probing predatory bacteria as an antibacterial remedy [Microbiology]

As microbiologists and public health officials scramble for weapons to combat antibiotic resistance, they may end up including an unlikely ally in their arsenal: other bacteria. The prime candidate right now is a predatory bacterium known as Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus. Researchers have started to evaluate predatory bacteria such as Bdellovibrio—shown here…

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Long-wavelength fluctuations and anomalous dynamics in 2-dimensional liquids [Physics]

In 2-dimensional systems at finite temperature, long-wavelength Mermin–Wagner fluctuations prevent the existence of translational long-range order. Their dynamical signature, which is the divergence of the vibrational amplitude with the system size, also affects disordered solids, and it washes out the transient solid-like response generally exhibited by liquids cooled below their…

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Hydrodynamics of random-organizing hyperuniform fluids [Physics]

Disordered hyperuniform structures are locally random while uniform like crystals at large length scales. Recently, an exotic hyperuniform fluid state was found in several nonequilibrium systems, while the underlying physics remains unknown. In this work, we propose a nonequilibrium (driven-dissipative) hard-sphere model and formulate a hydrodynamic theory based on Navier–Stokes…

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How kinesin waits for ATP affects the nucleotide and load dependence of the stepping kinetics [Physics]

Conventional kinesin, responsible for directional transport of cellular vesicles, takes multiple nearly uniform 8.2-nm steps by consuming one ATP molecule per step as it walks toward the plus end of the microtubule (MT). Despite decades of intensive experimental and theoretical studies, there are gaps in the elucidation of key steps…

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Evidence for the reproduction of social class in brief speech [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Economic inequality is at its highest point on record and is linked to poorer health and well-being across countries. The forces that perpetuate inequality continue to be studied, and here we examine how a person's position within the economic hierarchy, their social class, is accurately perceived and reproduced by mundane…

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A century of research on conscientiousness at work [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Evidence from more than 100 y of research indicates that conscientiousness (C) is the most potent noncognitive construct for occupational performance. However, questions remain about the magnitudes of its effect sizes across occupational variables, its defining characteristics and functions in occupational settings, and potential moderators of its performance relation. Drawing…

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Harvesting synergy from sustainable development goal interactions [Sustainability Science]

As countries pursue sustainable development across sectors as diverse as health, agriculture, and infrastructure, sectoral policies interact, generating synergies that alter their effectiveness. Identifying those synergies ex ante facilitates the harmonization of policies and provides an important lever to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the United Nations 2030…

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Linking global drivers of agricultural trade to on-the-ground impacts on biodiversity [Sustainability Science]

Consumption of globally traded agricultural commodities like soy and palm oil is one of the primary causes of deforestation and biodiversity loss in some of the world's most species-rich ecosystems. However, the complexity of global supply chains has confounded efforts to reduce impacts. Companies and governments with sustainability commitments struggle…

2d

Finding the factors that most influence the steel corrosion in reinforced concrete

Since the Egyptian pyramids and the Roman Coliseum were built, mankind has been searching for an affordable, versatile building material, that can be easily manufactured and transported, and, above all, which is durable. Concrete, a mixture of water, cement and different kinds of minerals and rocks, has all these characteristics, which is why it is currently the most-used material in all sorts of

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Food like tempeh tastes better with a backstory

Knowing about the origins and creation of an unfamiliar food can make it taste better, research with tempeh finds, even if the taste isn't great to begin with. The researchers conducted the study in Indonesia with the participation of young Indonesians who rated modern and traditional versions of tempeh, which has a long tradition in Indonesian cuisine and consists of beans fermented with a type

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Distant space rock known as Ultima Thule renamed to avoid Nazi links

The space rock that the New Horizons probe visited earlier this year had been nicknamed Ultima Thule, but it was pointed out this name has links to the Nazis

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This Person Vaped So Much They Needed a Double Lung Transplant

In a national first, one unfortunate man vaped so much that he needed a double lung transplant. The procedure is being publicized as a warning to other vapers at the patient's request, CNN reports , but he also requested privacy — meaning details about the case are few and far between. The U.S. is currently in the middle of a "vape lung" outbreak — a mysterious lung illness tied to vaping has str

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UAE's first astronaut urges climate protection on Earth

Wearing a blue space suit with a UAE flag on one sleeve and a spaceship on the other, the first Emirati astronaut said Tuesday his mission highlighted a crucial issue—climate change.

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Last Arctic ice refuge is disappearing

The oldest and thickest Arctic sea ice is disappearing twice as fast as ice in the rest of the Arctic Ocean, according to new research.

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Knowledge of the origin of the food makes it taste better

The research was conducted in Indonesia with the participation of young Indonesians who rated modern and traditional versions of tempeh, which has a long tradition in Indonesian cuisine and consists of beans fermented with a type of fungus.

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Massive photons in an artificial magnetic field

An international research collaboration from Poland, the UK and Russia has created a two-dimensional system—a thin optical cavity filled with liquid crystal—in which they trapped photons. As the properties of the cavity were modified by an external voltage, the photons behaved like massive quasiparticles endowed with a magnetic moment, called "spin," under the influence of an artificial magnetic f

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Rocky Mountain not-so high: Oil, gas wells drive down Colorado home values

A cornucopia of contradiction is dotting the landscape of Colorado's Front Range, at the foot of the Rocky Mountains.

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Sorry, wrong number: Statistical benchmark comes under fire

Earlier this fall Dr. Scott Solomon presented the results of a huge heart drug study to an audience of fellow cardiologists in Paris.

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Leader of food security nonprofits to head World Food Prize

The foundation that awards the World Food Prize to individuals who work to improve food security in hopes of ending world hunger announced Tuesday that its new president will be a woman who has led nonprofit organizations focused on global food security, food safety and the impact of climate change on agricultural productivity.

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AI Doesn't Actually Exist Yet

Many businesses claim they're using it, but they're kidding themselves—and they're kidding you, too — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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EU must boost spending in space or be squeezed out: experts

The EU needs to boost space funding and improve its strategy to compete with military superpowers and smaller upstarts, a panel of experts told MEPs on Tuesday.

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How to Watch the Donald Trump Impeachment Hearings

Your options for streaming the public hearings live from the House of Representatives, taking place November 13 and 15.

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University of Florida scientists advance citrus greening research efforts

To facilitate the scientific community's ability to use L. crescens in citrus greening research, University of Florida Department of Plant Pathology scientists have published an article in Phytopathology that outlines, step-by-step, highly reproducible and detailed protocols that they have standardized for culturing L. crescens.

2d

What future do emperor penguins face?

Emperor penguins establish their colonies on sea ice under extremely specific conditions. Yet, this ice will gradually melt as the climate warms, depriving these birds of their habitat, food sources, and the capacity to raise their young. To predict what will happen to emperor penguin colonies, a team of scientists led by the Chizé Centre for Biological Studies (CNRS / University of La Rochelle) a

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Delivering large genes to the retina is problematic

A new study has shown that a commonly used vector for large gene transfer can success-fully deliver genes to retinal cells in the laboratory, but when injected subretinally into rats it provokes a robust and acute inflammatory response.

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New SLAS Technology auto-commentary released

November's SLAS Technology Auto-Commentary, "On the Way to Efficient Analytical Measurements: The Future of Robot-Based Measurements," highlights potentially suitable replacement measurement systems and processes as outlined in the book, Automation Solutions for Analytical Measurements: Concepts and Applications.

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Capacity to address patient social needs affects primary care clinician burnout

Clinicians noted the importance of social needs interventions being timely, accessible and tailored to each individual patient, while being responsive to patient feedback. Yet, they were skeptical that referral-based interventions based solely on referrals would adequately address patients' social needs.

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At the heart of regeneration: Scientists reveal a new frontier in cardiac research

Researchers at CHLA uncover mechanisms in zebrafish heart regeneration that could lead to better treatments for babies in need of heart repair.

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A national decline in primary care visits associated with more comprehensive visits and electronic follow-up

The number of primary care visits may be declining nationally, but analysis reveals that in-person visits have become more comprehensive and follow-up care has moved online.

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Does blue light therapy help acne? Efficacy and evidence is lacking

Conclusions about the effectiveness of blue light therapy for acne are limited. A new systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 randomized controlled trials of blue light therapy for acne shows methodological and reporting limitations — including small sample sizes, short intervention periods, and variation in reporting quality for acne outcomes.

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New Report Assesses State of Concussion Research in Youth Sports

Panel of experts says there is not enough evidence to give solid recommendations on many youth sports safety issues. FootballKids.jpg Image credits: Jon Osumi/ Shutterstock Sports Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – 12:00 Chris Gorski, Editor (Inside Science) — A panel of experts studying past research on the risk of concussion in youth contact sports concluded that for most sports, including football

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Flooding caused by poor management and floodplain building, say experts

Big floods likely to become more frequent because of climate breakdown Poor management of the rural landscape along with global heating and building on floodplains are the main factors that led to the floods that have engulfed towns in northern England, according to experts. Sheffield, Rotherham and Doncaster are among the places flooded, 12 years after they were badly hit when the River Don burs

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Superconducting wind turbine chalks up first test success

A superconducting rotor has been successfully tested on an active wind turbine for the first time. The researchers designed, developed, manufactured a full-size superconducting generator for a 3.6 megawatt wind turbine, and field-tested it.

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With Mars methane mystery unsolved, Curiosity serves scientists a new one: Oxygen

For the first time in the history of space exploration, scientists have measured the seasonal changes in the gases that fill the air directly above the surface of Gale Crater on Mars.

2d

New pathways in brain's amygdala

Researchers are pioneering an innovative brain study that sheds light on how the amygdala portion of the brain functions and could contribute to a better understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression and Alzheimer's disease.

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Innovations in treatment of traumatic injuries with severe bleeding are saving lives

Deaths from severe bleeding after major trauma have been reduced by 40% over the last decade through a program of research and innovation.

2d

Last Arctic ice refuge is disappearing

The oldest and thickest Arctic sea ice is disappearing twice as fast as ice in the rest of the Arctic Ocean, according to new research.

2d

New exploration method for geothermal energy

Where to drill? This is the basic question in the exploration of underground energy resources, such as geothermal energy. A research team presents a new method for locating potential drilling sites that are covered by water. The new approach combines bathymetry measurements with geochemical profiles.

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Knowledge of the origin of the food makes it taste better

Food we are familiar with tastes the best, but if we know where the food comes from and how it is made, it actually gets better, even if we don't think the taste is spot on.

2d

Epigenetic pathway controls social behavior in carpenter ants

Researchers discovered that a protein called CoRest, a neural repressor that is also found in humans, plays a central role in determining the social behavior of ants. The study also revealed that worker ants called Majors, known as 'brawny' soldiers that protect colonies, can be reprogrammed to perform the foraging role — generally reserved for their sisters, the Minor ants — up to five days aft

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The Science Is Extremely Clear: You Need to Prioritize Sleep

The more scientists learn about the slumbering brain, the more they realize how vital sleep actually is. Now some researchers hope to develop it into a form of medicine.

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Daily briefing: Elusive tiny hoofed mammal 'rediscovered' in Vietnam

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03496-2 Once thought lost to science, the silver-backed chevrotain has been spotted again. Plus, explore the gender gap in chemistry publishing and hear from the astronauts who crewed the first all-female spacewalk.

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Star systems full of planetary smash-ups are bad news for alien life

We've seen the remains of a collision between two planets in a distant star system – and these planetary smash-ups are thought to be surprisingly common

2d

Chronic adversity dampens dopamine production

People exposed to a lifetime of psychosocial adversity may have an impaired ability to produce the dopamine levels needed for coping with acutely stressful situations.

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Ancient rain gauge: New evidence links groundwater, climate changes in deep time

Changes in groundwater millions of years ago created alternating layers of vivid yellow and brown in the mineral sphalerite, and those variations align with movements in Earth's orbit that impacted climate in the deep past, Penn State scientists found.

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Perspectives and suggestions in caring for high-need, complex patients

High-need high-cost patients, many of whom are experiencing poverty, use a large portion of health care resources. Despite receiving more care, such patients often experience poor health outcomes.

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Higher education holds key to more age-friendly society, publication says

The age-friendly movement is an ideal means of embracing demographic shifts in higher education and society at large, according to the latest issue in the What's Hot newsletter series from The Gerontological Society of America (GSA), titled 'Higher Education and Aging: The Age-Friendly Movement — Building a Case for Age Inclusivity.' Support for the publication was provided by AARP.

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Study reveals 'bug wars' that take place in cystic fibrosis

Scientists have revealed how common respiratory bugs that cause serious infections in people with cystic fibrosis interact together, according to a new study in eLife.

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Good noise, bad noise: White noise improves hearing

Noise is not the same as noise — and even a quiet environment does not have the same effect as white noise. With a background of continuous white noise, hearing pure sounds becomes even more precise, as researchers from the University of Basel have shown in a study in Cell Reports. Their findings could be applied to the further development of cochlear implants.

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AI Doesn't Actually Exist Yet

Many businesses claim they're using it, but they're kidding themselves—and they're kidding you, too — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Ebola Vaccine Approved in Europe in Landmark Moment

The approval of Merck's vaccine comes after decades of research aimed at preventing the deadly disease — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Patient Care Is Wrenching: A Psychiatrist, a Nurse and a Doctor Bare All

Three new books by medical professionals delve into the human emotions involved in tending to the gravely ill.

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Skeptical Science New Research for Week #45, 2019

A telegenic thumb on the scales of perception Kristin Timm reports on presentation habits of television weather forecasters, in AMS journal Weather, Climate and Society. "Conformal comportment" might be the label on the bucket of behaviors described in Timm's paper, but styles change with time— hopefully. Abstract: The journalistic norm of balance bas been described as the practice of giving equa

2d

New home-based app to better monitor Parkinson's disease

In order to optimally treat motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), it is necessary to have a good understanding of their severity and daily fluctuations. A report describes how a new app, SleepFit, could be a useful tool in routine clinical practice to monitor motor symptoms and facilitate specific symptom-oriented follow-up.

2d

Defining a new approach to treating Parkinson's disease

Scientists have identified Cav2.3 as a new target for a promising specific therapy.

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Applying biodiversity conservation research in practice

One million species are threatened with extinction, many of them already in the coming decades. This unprecedented loss of biodiversity threatens valuable ecosystems and human well-being. But what is holding us back from putting conservation research into practice?

2d

Superconducting wind turbine chalks up first test success

A superconducting rotor has been successfully tested on an active wind turbine for the first time. The researchers designed, developed, manufactured a full-size superconducting generator for a 3.6 megawatt wind turbine, and field-tested it.

2d

Magnetic tuning at the nanoscale

Physicists are working to produce engineered magnetic nanostructures and to tailor material properties at the nanoscale. The scientists use a special microscope to achieve this goal. This microscope's ultrathin ion beam is capable of producing stable, periodically arranged nanomagnets in a sample material. The device can also be used to optimize the magnetic properties of carbon nanotubes.

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Esports gamers face same level of psychological pressure as pro-athletes

Videogamers competing in major esports tournaments are under as much pressure and stress as professional athletes. In the first study of its kind, scientists examined the psychological challengers encountered by elite esports competitors and found players exhibited 51 different stress factors.

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At future Mars landing spot, scientists spy mineral that could preserve signs of past life

Using orbital instruments to peer into Jezero crater, the landing site for NASA's Mars 2020 rover, researchers found deposits of hydrated silica, a mineral that's great at preserving microfossils and other signs of life.

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A runaway star ejected from the galactic heart of darkness

Astronomers have spotted an ultrafast star, traveling at a blistering 6 million km/h, that was ejected by the supermassive black hole at the heart at the Milky Way five million years ago. The discovery of the star, known as S5-HVS1, was made as part of the Southern Stellar Stream Spectroscopic Survey (S5). Located in the constellation of Grus – the Crane – S5-HVS1 was found to be moving ten times

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First evidence of feathered polar dinosaurs found in Australia

A cache of 118 million-year-old fossilized dinosaur and bird feathers has been recovered from an ancient lake deposit that once lay beyond the southern polar circle.

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This is what the monsoon might look like in a warmer world

In the last interglacial period on Earth about 125,000 years ago, the Indian monsoon was longer, more extreme and less reliable than it is today. This is the conclusion drawn after analyses of a dripstone from a cave in north-eastern India, combining various methods that provide information about supra-regional and local weather phenomena and the climate dynamics of the past.

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Disney+ glitchy debut is the stuff of tech launch nightmares

Thousands of users were greeted with an error message paired with Wreck-It-Ralph or Mickey the Mouse stranded in space.

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With Mars methane mystery unsolved, Curiosity serves scientists a new one: Oxygen

For the first time in the history of space exploration, scientists have measured the seasonal changes in the gases that fill the air directly above the surface of Gale Crater on Mars.

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Contacts with primary care physicians did not increase after the Affordable Care Act

At the same time the Affordable Care Act increased the number of insured Americans, analysis of health care industry data shows a continued decline in contact with primary care physician services.

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UTSA researchers discover new pathways in brain's amygdala

The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) researchers are pioneering an innovative brain study that sheds light on how the amygdala portion of the brain functions and could contribute to a better understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression and Alzheimer's disease.

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Innovations in treatment of traumatic injuries with severe bleeding are saving lives

Deaths from severe bleeding after major trauma have been reduced by 40% over the last decade through a programme of research and innovation led by Queen Mary University of London, Barts Health NHS Trust and NHS Blood and Transplant.

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Scientists shed new light on neural processes behind learning and motor behaviours

Researchers have provided new insight into the neural processes behind movement and learning behaviours, according to a study published today in eLife.

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Specific neurons that map memories now identified in the human brain

Neuroengineers have found the first evidence that individual neurons in the human brain target specific memories during recall. They studied recordings in neurosurgical patients who had electrodes implanted in their brains and examined how the patients' brain signals corresponded to their behavior while performing a virtual-reality object-location memory task. The researchers identified 'memory-tr

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Why the Nile River hasn't changed course in 30 million years

Scientists have finally solved the geologic mystery of the Nile River's unchanging path. And they made another discovery: the river is about 30 million years old—six times as old as previously believed. Ancient Egyptians considered the Nile River to be the source of all life. The steady northward path of the river has nourished the fertile valleys of northeast Africa for millions of years and in

2d

Biosensor for stem cells could lead to Alzheimer's therapies

New biosensor technology monitors the fate of stem cells by detecting genetic material involved in turning such cells into brain cells, according to a study. The technology, which features a unique graphene and gold-based platform and high-tech imaging, may lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and other neurological disorders, researchers report. Stem

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Danske forskere vil lukke munden på klimaskeptikere med ny orkanmodel

PLUS. Forskere fra Niels Bohr Institutet har brugt skadestallene fra store orkaner på en ny måde, så de for alvor viser klimaforandringerne.

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As 5G Rolls Out, Troubling New Security Flaws Emerge

Researchers have identified 11 new vulnerabilities in 5G—with time running out to fix them.

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Starwatch: Leonid shooting stars return for their annual visit

Meteor showers originated from comet 55P/Tempel–Tuttle will be preceded by Taurids six days before One of the year's most dependable meteor showers is set to take place at the end of the week. The Leonids will peak in the hours between midnight and dawn on 18 November. They are so-called because they herald from a point in the constellation Leo – the lion. Known as the radiant, this point is loca

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New research shows the more women on a company's board, the more market value is lost

A company with a gender-diverse board of directors is interpreted as revealing a preference for diversity and a weaker commitment to shareholder value, according to new research in the INFORMS journal Organization Science.

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At future Mars landing spot, scientists spy mineral that could preserve signs of past life

Next year, NASA plans to launch a new Mars rover to search for signs of ancient life on the Red Planet. A new study shows that the rover's Jezero crater landing site is home to deposits of hydrated silica, a mineral that just happens to be particularly good at preserving biosignatures.

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New exploration method for geothermal energy

Where to drill? This is the basic question in the exploration of underground energy resources, such as geothermal energy. A research team with participation of GFZ Potsdam presents a new method for locating potential drilling sites that are covered by water. The new approach combines bathymetry measurements with geochemical profiles.

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Protein could offer therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer

A protein that drives growth of pancreatic cancer, and which could be a target for new treatments, has been identified by researchers at the Crick.

2d

Last Arctic ice refuge is disappearing

The oldest and thickest Arctic sea ice is disappearing twice as fast as ice in the rest of the Arctic Ocean, according to new research.

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Complementary and alternative therapies to treat colic

A review of the evidence on the use of complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies to treat babies with colic has shown some that some treatments — including probiotics, fennel extract and spinal manipulation — do appear to help, but that overall the evidence on the use of these therapies is limited so should be treated with caution.

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Cells control their dance of death

La Trobe University researchers have revealed for the first time how white blood cells control the final moments of their death, helping their own removal from the human body.

2d

New research suggests robots appear more persuasive when pretending to be human

Recent technological breakthroughs in artificial intelligence have made it possible for machines, or bots, to pass as humans. A team of researchers at NYU Abu Dhabi, studied study how people interact with bots they believe to be human, and how such interactions are affected once bots reveal their identity. The researchers found that bots are more efficient than humans at certain human-machine inte

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Penn team discovers epigenetic pathway that controls social behavior in carpenter ants

Researchers discovered that a protein called CoRest, a neural repressor that is also found in humans, plays a central role in determining the social behavior of ants. The study also revealed that worker ants called Majors, known as 'brawny' soldiers that protect colonies, can be reprogrammed to perform the foraging role — generally reserved for their sisters, the Minor ants — up to five days aft

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Hospitals given latitude to select transplant candidates don't prioritize sickest patients

Analysis of more than 29,000 adults listed on the national heart transplant registry from 2006 to 2015 shows how rules that give hospitals discretion in determining who gets a transplant result in large discrepancies in how sick patients are when they receive heart transplants at hospitals across the United States.

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Epigenetic switch found that turns warrior ants into forager ants

In 2016, researchers observed that they could reprogram the behavior of the Florida carpenter ant Camponotus floridanus. This species has two distinct castes with nearly identical genetic makeup: smaller Minor workers who forage and nurse the ant brood and larger Major worker soldiers that defend the colony. On Nov. 12 in the journal Molecular Cell, the same group reports that ant castes are deter

2d

WSU study shows insulin can increase mosquitoes' immunity to West Nile virus

A discovery by a Washington State University-led research team has the potential to inhibit the spread of West Nile virus as well as Zika and dengue viruses. The researchers demonstrated that mammalian insulin activated an antiviral immunity pathway in mosquitoes, increasing the insects' ability to suppress the viruses. Since mosquito bites are the most common way humans are infected with West Nil

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Using sound waves to remotely target drugs to tumors

The lack of a clinically viable method to track and direct cancer drugs to tumors is a big problem for targeted therapeutics. But a new ultrasonic method proposed by biomedical engineers from Qifa Zhou's team at the University of Southern California could enable acoustic control and real-time tracking of drug release within the body. The researchers report on their manipulation of ultrasonic waves

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Spray painting fiber bandages onto wounds

Researchers at Montana Technological University have developed a portable electrospinning device with a confined electric field that can safely deposit bandages and drugs directly onto biological surfaces, using air to spray the fibers out onto the surface, like a can of spray paint. The device can be used to cover wounds and provide controlled drug release over time, and is described in the Journ

2d

Trauma and kids: The role of the early childhood teacher

New research has explored the growing uncertainty faced by children aged 0-8 years in disaster zones, such as bushfires, finding that early childhood teachers hold a vital role in supporting children dealing with trauma.

2d

Bacteria may contribute more to climate change as planet heats up

As bacteria adapt to hotter temperatures, they speed up their respiration rate and release more carbon, potentially accelerating climate change.

2d

Preterm children have similar temperament to children who were institutionally deprived

A child's temperament appears to be affected by the early stages of their life. Researchers have found children who were born very preterm (under 32 weeks gestation) or very low birthweight (under 1500g) had similar temperamental difficulties in controlling their impulses, to children who experienced institutional deprivation.

2d

Nitrous oxide emissions set to rise in the Pacific Ocean

The acidification of the Pacific Ocean in northern Japan is increasing the natural production rate of N2O, an ozone-depleting greenhouse gas.

2d

Small RNAs link immune system and brain cells

A collaborative study shows sex-specific biases in disease-specific changes in brain cells, as well as in cellular control mechanisms based on endogenous short ribonucleic acid (RNA) chains.

2d

Scientists identify immune cells linked to malaria-induced anemia through autoantibody production

An autoimmune attack on uninfected red blood cells likely contributes to anemia — a shortage of red blood cells — in people with malaria.

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Boosting host immune defenses to treat tuberculosis

A study suggests a new approach that might help treat Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis: making people's cells better at killing Mtb by harnessing RNA sensors in our cells, which detect the RNA of invading pathogens. For the first time, researchers have shown that RNA sensing is important in inhibiting Mtb's growth once it gets inside cells.

2d

Scientists explore Egyptian mummy bones with X-rays and infrared light

Experiments are casting a new light on Egyptian soil and ancient mummified bone samples that could provide a richer understanding of daily life and environmental conditions thousands of years ago.

2d

Vaccine reduces likelihood of severe pneumonia

A new study has found severe pneumonia decreases by 35 per cent in children who receive a vaccine against a pneumonia-causing bacteria.

2d

Specific neurons that map memories now identified in the human brain

Neuroengineers have found the first evidence that individual neurons in the human brain target specific memories during recall. They studied recordings in neurosurgical patients who had electrodes implanted in their brains and examined how the patients' brain signals corresponded to their behavior while performing a virtual-reality object-location memory task. The researchers identified 'memory-tr

2d

Carbon dots make calcium easier to track

In hospitals, doctors often advise patients to take calcium supplements. But does the calcium get into the cells that need it? Until recently, it's been hard to tell.

2d

Zimbabwe says 200 elephants have now died amid drought

More than 200 elephants have died amid a severe drought, Zimbabwe's parks agency said on Tuesday, and a mass relocation of animals is planned to ease congestion.

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Air quality sinks to 'severe' in haze-shrouded New Delhi

A thick gray haze blanketed India's capital on Tuesday, with authorities attempting to reduce the pollution by sprinkling water to settle dust and banning some construction.

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Grin and bear it: Berlin panda gets CT scan for kidney exam

A Berlin zoo says a giant panda whose twin cubs have captured international attention has undergone a CT scan after veterinarians discovered one of his kidneys was smaller than the other.

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Zimbabwe says 200 elephants have now died amid drought

More than 200 elephants have died amid a severe drought, Zimbabwe's parks agency said on Tuesday, and a mass relocation of animals is planned to ease congestion.

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Grin and bear it: Berlin panda gets CT scan for kidney exam

A Berlin zoo says a giant panda whose twin cubs have captured international attention has undergone a CT scan after veterinarians discovered one of his kidneys was smaller than the other.

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Small rockets are the next space revolution | Peter Beck

We're in the dawn of a new space revolution, says engineer Peter Beck: the revolution of the small. In a talk packed with insights into the state of the space industry, Beck shares his work building rockets capable of delivering small payloads to space rapidly and reliably — helping us search for extraterrestrial life, learn more about the solar system and create a global internet network.

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MXene materials help photodetectors see the light

Photodetectors are the devices that convert information carried by light into an electric signal that can be processed by electronic circuits and computers. They are found in everyday devices, such as television remotes and motion sensors, and they are a key component in many artificial intelligence and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. But the largest, and fastest growing market for them is

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Magnetic tuning at the nanoscale

In collaboration with colleagues from the Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden (IFW) and the University of Glasgow, physicists from the German research center Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) are working to produce engineered magnetic nanostructures and to tailor material properties at the nanoscale. The scientists use a special microscope at the HZDR Ion Bea

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Superconducting wind turbine chalks up first test success

A superconducting rotor has been successfully tested on an active wind turbine for the first time.

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'Make Ebola a thing of the past': first vaccine against deadly virus approved

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03490-8 The drug, which has already been given to hundreds of thousands of people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, can now be distributed more widely.

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Maritime continent weakens Asian Tropical Monsoon rainfall through Australian cross-equatorial flows

Cross-equatorial flows (CEFs) north of the Australia in the lower atmosphere play a pivotal role in mass, moisture and energy transport between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, and serve as one of the crucial components of the Asian monsoon system.

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Gender quotas in business—how do Europeans feel?

Despite years of effort to bring more women to the top boards of business, the proportion of women on the committees of listed companies remains in the single digits. In 2019, women held just 8.7 percent of the positions on the boards of the 160 largest German companies. Despite this, quotas, such as the statutory gender quota for supervisory board members introduced in Germany in 2016, are still

2d

Study shows insulin can increase mosquitoes' immunity to West Nile virus

A discovery by a Washington State University-led research team has the potential to inhibit the spread of West Nile virus as well as Zika and dengue viruses.

2d

Using sound waves to remotely target drugs to tumors

The lack of a clinically viable method to track and direct cancer drugs to tumors is a big problem for targeted therapeutics.

2d

Scientists: SpaceX Satellites Threaten "Astronomy Itself"

Elon Musk-led spacetech company SpaceX wants to bring broadband internet to everybody on the planet by launching tens of thousands of small "Starlink" satellites to low Earth orbit. The Federal Communications Commission already gave SpaceX permission to operate a maximum of 30,000 of them — eight times as many satellites as are currently in orbit, according to the European Space Agency . The comp

2d

National parks estimated to save trillions in mental health costs

Scientists hope such a tangible benefit will boost conservation efforts.

2d

Using sound waves to target tumours

Researchers trial a clever new way to deliver cancer drugs.

2d

AI learns to design

The challenge is to solve engineering problems the same way as humans.

2d

Climate warnings from the distant past

We looked at sea levels 125,000 years ago. The results are terrifying.

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Vaping linked to teenager's lung inflammation

Doctors suspect trigger was immune response to chemical.

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Knowledge of the origin of the food makes it taste better

Food we are familiar with tastes the best, but if we know where the food comes from and how it is made, it actually gets better, even if we don't think the taste is spot on. New research from the Future Consumer Lab at the Department of Food Science at the University of Copenhagen demonstrates this.

2d

Boosting host immune defenses to treat tuberculosis

A study in iScience suggests a new approach that might help treat Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis: making people's cells better at killing Mtb by harnessing RNA sensors in our cells, which detect the RNA of invading pathogens. For the first time, researchers led by Anne Goldfeld, MD, of Boston Children's Hospital's Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, s

2d

Scientists identify immune cells linked to malaria-induced anaemia through autoantibody production

An autoimmune attack on uninfected red blood cells likely contributes to anaemia — a shortage of red blood cells — in people with malaria, according to a new study published in eLife.

2d

Beware probiotics in ICU patients

A collaborative study published in Nature Medicine sounds a note of caution in using probiotics in the ICU. In a small percentage of cases, the live bacteria in the probiotic formulations can cause bloodstream infections. An investigation began when the Infection Prevention and Control group at Boston Children's Hospital began noticing cases of bacteremia in the ICU caused by Lactobacillus, a genu

2d

Using cardiac-specific biomarkers to predict cardiovascular disease risk early

A new review article provides valuable insights into how traditional and emerging cardiac-specific biomarkers and their associated cardiovascular disease risk factors may help point to effective preventive interventions in high-risk obese populations starting at an early stage of disease development.

2d

New research shows the more women on a company's board, the more market value is lost

A company with a gender-diverse board of directors is interpreted as revealing a preference for diversity and a weaker commitment to shareholder value, according to new research in the INFORMS journal Organization Science.

2d

At future Mars landing spot, scientists spy mineral that could preserve signs of past life

Using orbital instruments to peer into Jezero crater, the landing site for NASA's Mars 2020 rover, researchers found deposits of hydrated silica, a mineral that's great at preserving microfossils and other signs of life.

2d

Magnetic tuning at the nanoscale

Physicists from the German research center Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) are working to produce engineered magnetic nanostructures and to tailor material properties at the nanoscale. The scientists use a special microscope at the HZDR Ion Beam Center to achieve this goal. This microscope's ultrathin ion beam is capable of producing stable, periodically arranged nanomagnets in a sampl

2d

Study shows insulin can increase mosquitoes' immunity to West Nile virus

A discovery by a Washington State University-led research team has the potential to inhibit the spread of West Nile virus as well as Zika and dengue viruses.

2d

Cells control their dance of death

La Trobe University researchers have revealed for the first time how white blood cells control the final moments of their death, helping their own removal from the human body.

2d

Research team discovers epigenetic pathway that controls social behavior in carpenter ants

Through early adulthood, exposure to new experiences—like learning to drive a car or memorizing information for an exam—triggers change in the human brain, re-wiring neural pathways to imprint memories and modify behavior. Similar to humans, the behavior of Florida carpenter ants is not set in stone—their roles, whether it is protecting the colony or foraging for food, are determined by signals fr

2d

Cells control their dance of death

La Trobe University researchers have revealed for the first time how white blood cells control the final moments of their death, helping their own removal from the human body.

2d

Spray painting fiber bandages onto wounds

With newly developed technology, medical personnel can manufacture a bandage with drug-delivery capabilities directly onto a wound.

2d

Research team discovers epigenetic pathway that controls social behavior in carpenter ants

Through early adulthood, exposure to new experiences—like learning to drive a car or memorizing information for an exam—triggers change in the human brain, re-wiring neural pathways to imprint memories and modify behavior. Similar to humans, the behavior of Florida carpenter ants is not set in stone—their roles, whether it is protecting the colony or foraging for food, are determined by signals fr

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Another tale set in amber

Ancient beetle provides evidence of pollination.

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These maps show how many people will lose their homes to rising seas—and it's worse than we thought

Jakarta, Indonesia, is at high risk of being underwater this century When you hear how many people are living on land that might be underwater by 2100 , you might wonder how we know exactly how high the sea level will be so far into the future. That kind of modeling is incredibly complex, and involves countless calculations and assumptions that influence the outcome. But you probably don't wonder

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Satellite and reanalysis data can substitute field observations over Asian water tower

The Tibetan Plateau (TP), known as the "Asian water tower" because of its huge storage capacity in glaciers, has a profound impact on local and downstream ecosystems. However, it is a challenge to establish and maintain in situ observations there due to the complex terrain. Scientists have found substitutes, thanks to satellite technology.

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Only 1 in 10 of the world's largest energy companies have made plans to get to net-zero emissions

Just 13 out of the largest 132 coal, electricity, and oil and gas companies have made commitments to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to net zero, research published today has revealed.

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Video: Rosetta's ongoing science

On 12 November 2014 Philae became the first spacecraft to land on a comet as part of the successful Rosetta mission to study Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Five years later, and after the mission's official end in 2016, Rosetta is continuing to provide insights into the origins of our solar system.

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Wildlife in Catalonia carry bacteria resistant to antimicrobials used in human health

A study performed in Catalonia by IRTA-CReSA, UAB and Torreferrussa Wildlife Center demonstrates that the enteric bacteria of wildlife origin in Catalonia exhibits a high prevalence and diversity of antibiotic resistance genes. The study, published in the PLoS ONE journal, emphasizes that these antibiotics are classified by the World Health Organization as critically important for human health.

2d

Researchers develop a new home-based app to better monitor Parkinson's disease

In order to optimally treat motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), it is necessary to have a good understanding of their severity and daily fluctuations. A report in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease describes how a new app, SleepFit, could be a useful tool in routine clinical practice to monitor motor symptoms and facilitate specific symptom-oriented follow-up.

2d

A runaway star ejected from the galactic heart of darkness

Astronomers have spotted an ultrafast star, traveling at a blistering 6 million km/h, that was ejected by the supermassive black hole at the heart at the Milky Way five million years ago. The discovery of the star, known as S5-HVS1, was made by Carnegie Mellon's Sergey Koposov as part of the Southern Stellar Stream Spectroscopic Survey (S5). Located in the constellation of Grus – the Crane – S5-HV

2d

Finding out the factors that most influence the steel corrosion in reinforced concrete

This process causes structures to deteriorate internally and can even cause buildings to collapse.

2d

Defining a new approach to treating Parkinson's disease

Scientists from the University of Cologne have contributed to identifying Cav2.3 as a new target for a promising specific therapy.

2d

Superconducting wind turbine chalks up first test success

A superconducting rotor has been successfully tested on an active wind turbine for the first time.The EcoSwing consortium designed, developed, manufactured a full-size superconducting generator for a 3.6 megawatt wind turbine, and field-tested it in Thyborøn, Denmark.

2d

Universal guideline for treating mucormycosis developed

'One World — One Guideline': Researchers at the University of Cologne and Cologne University Hospital have launched an initiative to significantly reduce the mortality rate of the rare fungal disease mucormycosis, which afflicts 7,000 people worldwide every year.

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Researchers find new way to target childhood cancer

An international research effort has broken fresh ground in the race to find more effective treatments for the childhood cancer neuroblastoma, by uncovering a new and as-yet unexploited target in cancer cells that therapeutic drugs can be aimed at.

2d

Anthrax may be the next tool in the fight against bladder cancer

Researchers have come up with a way to combine the anthrax toxin with a growth factor to kill bladder cancer cells and tumors.

2d

Hot town, springtime in the city: Urbanization delays spring plant growth in warm regions

The first appearance of bright green leaves heralds the start of spring. But a new study shows that urbanization shifts this seasonal cue in nuanced ways, with cities in cold climates triggering earlier spring plant growth and cities in warm climates delaying it.

2d

Wildlife in Catalonia carry enteric bacteria resistant to critically important antimicrobials used in human health

Antibiotic resistance has become a global health problem due to decades of misuse of these drugs in both human and veterinary medicine. Nowadays, the prevalence of multi-drug resistant bacteria in humans, domestic animals and livestock has increased, hindering the finding of the correct treatment for infectious diseases that before were not a problem. This is especially true in hospital settings,

2d

Geoscientists reconstruct the climate of the past by analysing dripstones

In the last interglacial period on Earth about 125,000 years ago, the Indian monsoon was longer, more extreme and less reliable than it is today. This is the conclusion drawn by geoscientists from Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) and the University of Oxford, together with other colleagues from the UK, New Zealand, China and the U.S.. The team analysed a dripstone from a cave in north-eastern India,

2d

Apparent meteor flashes across night sky in St. Louis area

An apparent meteor has brightened the night sky over St. Louis.

2d

Wildlife in Catalonia carry enteric bacteria resistant to critically important antimicrobials used in human health

Antibiotic resistance has become a global health problem due to decades of misuse of these drugs in both human and veterinary medicine. Nowadays, the prevalence of multi-drug resistant bacteria in humans, domestic animals and livestock has increased, hindering the finding of the correct treatment for infectious diseases that before were not a problem. This is especially true in hospital settings,

2d

Bacteria may contribute more to climate change as planet heats up

As bacteria adapt to hotter temperatures, they speed up their respiration rate and release more carbon, potentially accelerating climate change.

2d

Ice Age footprints of mammoths and prehistoric humans revealed for the first time using radar

The mammoth lumbers through our imaginations when we think about the world during the most recent Ice Age. They're just one of many giant creatures that our ancestors lived alongside and which became extinct when the climate changed. The giant ground sloth – a large herbivore which was endemic to the Americas—is another.

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Data science could help Californians battle future wildfires

A major wildfire spread through Colorado, and I spent long hours locating shelters, identifying evacuation routes and piecing together satellite imagery.

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Apple AirPods Pro Review: The Best Earbuds for iPhone

With a comfortable fit, great sound, and awesome noise canceling, these are the best AirPods ever.

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TTP plc Desktop Biology enables development and manufacture of DnaNudge technology

· Novel multiplex technology developed to help consumers make healthier choices based on their genetic profile· TTP involved with all aspects of product development, from initial concept to prototype testing and manufacture· Culmination of technology and product development partnership spanning just over 3 years

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Mathematicians Calculate How Randomness Creeps In

You've probably played a 15 puzzle. It's that frustrating yet addictive game with 15 tiles and a single empty space in a 4-by-4 grid. The goal is to slide the tiles around and put them in numerical order or, in some versions, arrange them to form an image. The game has become a staple of party-favor bags since it was introduced in the 1870s. It has also caught the attention of mathematicians, who

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Founding a global biotechnology summit — while pursuing a PhD

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03486-4 Ipshita Mandal-Johnson teamed up with other graduate students to set up an annual forum to develop tomorrow's biotechnology leaders. This is what she learnt.

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How Machine Learning Pushes Us to Define Fairness

submitted by /u/futuredude [link] [comments]

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Bacteria may contribute more to climate change as planet heats up

submitted by /u/stormforce7916 [link] [comments]

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SpaceX launches another 60 solar-powered internet satellites

submitted by /u/solar-cabin [link] [comments]

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Impulse control at 6 links preterm birth, deprivation

New research finds similar impulse control issues among children who were born preterm or at very low birth weight and those who were institutionally deprived early in life. The researchers considered children who were born before 32 weeks gestation or weighing under 1,500g (3.3 pounds) at birth. They found they had similar difficulties in controlling their impulses as children who experienced in

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At Jezero crater, Mars mineral may preserve signs of ancient life

The landing spot for NASA's Mars 2020 rover, Jezero crater, is home to deposits of hydrated silica, a mineral that just happens to be particularly good at preserving microfossils and other signs of life, researchers say. "Using a technique we developed that helps us find rare, hard-to-detect mineral phases in data taken from orbiting spacecraft, we found two outcrops of hydrated silica within Jez

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Sitter du mer än du tror?

Forskare från Högskolan i Gävle, i samarbete med Academic medical center (kopplat till Universitetet i Amsterdam) har i en studie tittat på stillasittande bland kontorsarbetare. Vanligtvis är självskattning den traditionella metoden för att samla in uppgifter. Men forskarna har nu kunnat konstatera att självskattningssvaren inte stämmer med verkligheten.

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What leads citizens to vote for 'anti-establishment' parties?

The first national elections that were held in Europe after the economic crisis of 2008 revealed rather a clear political map. In almost all countries (especially in southern and eastern Europe), challenger parties obtained significant electoral results at the expense of the traditional parties.

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Runaway star – out of the galactic heart of darkness like a bat out of hell

The discovery of the star, known as S5-HVS1, was made by Sergey Koposov from Carnegie Mellon University as part of the Southern Stellar Stream Spectroscopic Survey (S5). Located in the constellation of Grus—the Crane—S5-HVS1 was found to be moving ten times faster than most stars in the Milky Way.

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Should Ireland fuel its power stations with wood shipped from Australia?

In Ireland, there has recently been some controversy over a proposal to transition a number of the country's dirtiest power stations away from burning peat bogs, which emits even more carbon than coal. Instead, the plan is to burn "biomass" – that is, wood. However, because Ireland has relatively little forestry, there is not enough wood available to meet demand. That's why Bord na Mona, a semi-st

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Massive photons in an artificial magnetic field

An international research collaboration from Poland, the UK and Russia has created a two-dimensional system — a thin optical cavity filled with liquid crystal — in which they trapped photons. As the properties of the cavity were modified by an external voltage, the photons behaved like massive quasiparticles endowed with a magnetic moment, called 'spin', under the influence of an artificial magn

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First evidence of feathered polar dinosaurs found in Australia

A cache of 118 million-year-old fossilized dinosaur and bird feathers has been recovered from an ancient lake deposit that once lay beyond the southern polar circle.

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Nitrous oxide emissions set to rise in the Pacific Ocean

The acidification of the Pacific Ocean in northern Japan is increasing the natural production rate of N2O, an ozone-depleting greenhouse gas. That's the finding of a study carried out jointly by scientists at EPFL, Tokyo Institute of Technology and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology and appearing recently in Nature Climate Change.

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Applying biodiversity conservation research in practice

One million species are threatened with extinction, many of them already in the coming decades. This unprecedented loss of biodiversity threatens valuable ecosystems and human well-being. But what is holding us back from putting conservation research into practice? The journal Biological Conservation has published a collection of 14 articles on this topic. In their editorial, Bea Maas from the Uni

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This is what the monsoon might look like in a warmer world

In the last interglacial period on Earth about 125,000 years ago, the Indian monsoon was longer, more extreme and less reliable than it is today. This is the conclusion drawn after analyses of a dripstone from a cave in north-eastern India, combining various methods that provide information about supra-regional and local weather phenomena and the climate dynamics of the past.

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Iron-based solar cells on track to becoming more efficient

An international study led from Lund University in Sweden shows that 30% of the energy in a certain type of light-absorbing iron molecule disappears in a previously unknown manner. By closing this loophole, the researchers hope to contribute to the development of more efficient solar cells using this iron-based solar cell.

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Severity of earthquake impact may change with the seasons, study shows

The devastating impact caused by earthquakes on the local communities and environment could differ in severity depending on the season a pioneering new study on two historic earthquakes in Kazakhstan has suggested.

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Trauma and kids: The role of the early childhood teacher

New research from the University of South Australia, has explored the growing uncertainty faced by children aged 0-8 years in disaster zones, such as bushfires, finding that early childhood teachers hold a vital role in supporting children dealing with trauma.

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Gender quotas in business — how do Europeans feel?

Despite years trying to bring more women to the top boards of business, the proportion of women on the committees of companies is tiny. Yet quotas, such as the 2016 statutory gender quota for supervisory board members in Germany, remain controversial. Now, researchers at the Universities of Göttingen and Mannheim have examined the attitudes of the European population to the gender quota in boards.

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Preterm children have similar temperament to children who were institutionally deprived

A child's temperament is affected by the early stages of their life. Researchers from the University of Warwick, the University of Tennessee, University of Southampton and Kings College London have found children who were born very preterm (under 32 weeks gestation) or very low birthweight (under 1500g) had similar temperamental difficulties in controlling their impulses, to children who experienc

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Bacteria may contribute more to climate change as planet heats up

As bacteria adapt to hotter temperatures, they speed up their respiration rate and release more carbon, potentially accelerating climate change.

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Depression linked to nutrition in middle-aged and older Canadians

Your diet can put you at risk of depression, according to a new study. The study also found that the likelihood of depression is higher among middle-aged and older women who were immigrants to Canada when compared to Canadian-born women.

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7T MRI offers new insights into multiple sclerosis

Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital have completed a new study using 7 Tesla (7T) MRI — a far more powerful imaging technology — to further examine LME in MS patients

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Deep learning assists in detecting malignant lung cancers

Radiologists assisted by deep-learning based software were better able to detect malignant lung cancers on chest X-rays, according to new researched.

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Targos and Ultivue partner to incorporate highly standardized UltiMapper™ tissue multiplex phenotypic assays in support of clinical research services

Targos Molecular Pathology GmbH, a market leader in clinical biomarker services announced today a technology partnership with Ultivue, the innovation leader in multiplex tissue biomarker assays, to offer the biopharmaceutical industry new capabilities to improve the characterization of cancer patients' samples selected for clinical research programs.

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Design- og vaneændringer skal hjælpe genanvendelse af besværlig plastfolie på vej

Onlinesupermarkedet nemlig.com og Stena Recycling har indgået et samarbejde om behandling og genanvendelse af 50 ton LDPE-plastfolie fra 2020. Processen starter allerede ved designet af plastposerne, der fremover skal være nemmere at genanvende.

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Applying biodiversity conservation research in practice

One million species are threatened with extinction, many of them already in the coming decades. This unprecedented loss of biodiversity threatens valuable ecosystems and human well-being. But what is holding us back from putting conservation research into practice? The journal Biological Conservation has published a collection of 14 articles on this topic. In their editorial, Bea Maas from the Uni

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Fishmeal developed for sustainable aquaculture

Aquaculture in Sweden could be more sustainable if by-products from industrial feed production were used instead of wild-caught aquafeed, according to studies at the University of Gothenburg.

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Iron-based solar cells on track to becoming more efficient

An international study led from Lund University in Sweden shows that 30 percent of the energy in a certain type of light-absorbing iron molecule disappears in a previously unknown manner. By closing this loophole, the researchers hope to contribute to the development of more efficient solar cells using this iron-based solar cell.

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New bio-inspired hydrogels can act like superglue in highly ionic environments like seawater

Scientists have been working on developing adhesives for the marine environment that are inspired by organisms that fix themselves to underwater surfaces, like mussels. These catechol-based glues are easily oxidized and so eventually lose their adhesiveness, making them less than satisfactory for their intended purpose.

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Scientists explore Egyptian mummy bones with X-rays and infrared light

Experiments at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) are casting a new light on Egyptian soil and ancient mummified bone samples that could provide a richer understanding of daily life and environmental conditions thousands of years ago.

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Applying biodiversity conservation research in practice

One million species are threatened with extinction, many of them already in the coming decades. This unprecedented loss of biodiversity threatens valuable ecosystems and human well-being. But what is holding us back from putting conservation research into practice? The journal Biological Conservation has published a collection of 14 articles on this topic. In their editorial, Bea Maas from the Uni

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Fishmeal developed for sustainable aquaculture

Aquaculture in Sweden could be more sustainable if by-products from industrial feed production were used instead of wild-caught aquafeed, according to studies at the University of Gothenburg.

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New spin directions in pyrite an encouraging sign for future spintronics

An Australian study revealing new spin textures in pyrite could unlock these materials' potential in future spintronics devices. The study of pyrite-type materials provides new insights and opportunities for selective spin control in topological spintronics devices.

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The Mesmerizing Science of Garden Sprinklers

Don't trust your eyes—the water's not moving the way you think it is.

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The Next Olympics Mascot Might Have Been a Mutant Morning Glory

T he 12th-floor apartment of one of Long Island City's waterfront towers features both spectacular views of Manhattan and a small yet state-of-the-art bioengineering lab, tucked into the spare bedroom. Sebastian Cocioba, a 29-year-old college dropout and self-styled "plant hacker," has lived there with his parents for the past decade. And, for the past three years, the condo has also been home to

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Global lessons from South Africa's rooibos compensation agreement

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03488-2 Indigenous communities must be compensated for their knowledge and treated as equals in research.

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Small RNAs link immune system and brain cells

A collaborative study carried out by the Institute of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy at Goethe University (Professor Jochen Klein) and the Institute of Neurosciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Professor Hermona Soreq) shows sex-specific biases in disease-specific changes in brain cells, as well as in cellular control mechanisms based on endogenous short ribonucleic acid (RNA) chain

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Esports gamers face same level of psychological pressure as pro-athletes, study finds

Videogamers competing in major esports tournaments are under as much pressure and stress as professional athletes. In the first study of its kind, scientists examined the psychological challengers encountered by elite esports competitors and found players exhibited 51 different stress factors.

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Researchers strengthen weakest link in manufacturing strong materials

Industrial and automotive machinery, such as automotive engine parts, contain materials that are, heat-, wear-, and corrosion-resistant. They are known as 'super engineering plastics,' and they continue to revolutionize manufacturing processes. While they are actually plastic, they are much stronger than the typical plastics we encounter in everyday life. These materials, however, create a corrosi

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Maritime continent weakens Asian Tropical Monsoon rainfall through Australian cross-equatorial flows

A new study reveals how maritime continent weakens Asian tropical monsoon rainfall through Australian Cross-equatorial Flows.

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Satellite and reanalysis data can substitute field observations over Asian water tower

Satellite data sets are found reliable to reproduce the total column water vapor characteristics over the Tibetan Plateau.

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What leads citizens to vote for 'anti-establishment' parties?

An article by Danilo Serani, a researcher with the Department of Political and Social Sciences at UPF, analyses the impact of the economic crisis on the electoral preferences of European citizens. The study reveals that the electoral success of challenger parties is largely due to a lack of trust in the actors of political representation.

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Scientists explore Egyptian mummy bones with x-rays and infrared light

Experiments at Berkeley Lab are casting a new light on Egyptian soil and ancient mummified bone samples that could provide a richer understanding of daily life and environmental conditions thousands of years ago. In a 2-monthslong research effort that concluded in late August, 2 researchers from Cairo University in Egypt brought 32 bone samples and 2 soil samples to study using X-ray and infrared

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Researchers highlight progress and challenges of phloem research

A new study by researchers from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) and their collaborators brings this knowledge together. In a survey of the relevant scientific literature, the scientists highlight significant advances in the understanding of phloem interactions with insects and prokaryotic pathogens as well as make recommendations for future research.

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How Much Can We Delay Aging? A Gene Therapy Trial Is About to Find Out

Aging is reversible. It's still a somewhat controversial idea in humans. Yet recent attempts at delaying—or even reversing—diseases that pop up with age in animals clearly show that health doesn't necessarily decline with age. The slip-and-slide into poor health as we age may seem like a natural trajectory, but it's not inevitable. In the lab, just a single treatment can often reverse aging's nag

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Nurse visits after a new baby cut child abuse

Family Connects, a program in which nurses visit the homes of newborns, is linked to substantial reductions in child abuse investigations in the earliest years, a new study shows. Participants in the program had 44% lower rates of child maltreatment investigations during the child's first 24 months of life, compared with parents who did not take part in the program, researchers found. "We now hav

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Droplets, Then Crystals

If you're a chemist, then you like crystallization. I think that's pretty much a given; I've never met anyone who doesn't appreciate a good crystal, and watching them form out of a solution never stops feeling a bit like magic. When I was doing a project involving metal-organic frameworks, I had some of the best fun I've ever had in the lab making new crystals all the time (and some of the more f

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Den första "vikingen" var en bronsåldersman

Redan 2500 år före vikingatiden rådde nordisk högkultur. Bronsåldern präglades av båtfärder, handel, krigarideal och ett hövdingavälde med lyxkonsumtion och makt från gudarna. Parallellerna är slående, visar dagens forskning. Plötsligt uppstår en lucka i väster. Ett sug efter statusföremål av brons gör att handelslederna över kontinenten måste dras om. Den så kallade uneticekulturen – med tyngdpu

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The controversial tech driving James Dean's return to the big screen

The tagline for Superman: The Movie was "You'll believe a man can fly." That was how low the bar was for visual effects in 1978. Now, of course, it's more like you'll believe the guy from Goonies can play an 8-foot purple alien warlord, Will Smith can play opposite his younger self, and you'll believe an actor hasn't actually been dead for 64 years. Earlier this month, filmmakers Anton Ernst and

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Vi finder ikke syndebukke eller uddeler straf

Det skaber unødig frygt blandt læger, når der tales om, at vi straffer læger. Vi beskæftiger os med at imødegå fare for patientsikkerheden, skriver direktør for Styrelsen for Patientsikkerhed.

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Recreating Earth through code

The first Earth System Model developed and based in Africa are creating one of the most reliable and most detailed modulations of climate change.

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Why words make language

From hieroglyphics to emojis, and grunts to gestures, humans have always used multiple modes to communicate, including language.

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New spin directions in pyrite an encouraging sign for future spintronics

A Monash University study revealing new spin textures in pyrite could unlock these materials' potential in future spintronics devices.

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Engineer Finds Way to Pull Diseases From Blood Using Magnets

A British engineer has found a way to filter unwanted cells from blood using magnets — and his tool could be used in clinical trials as soon as next year. Thanks to existing research, biochemical scientist George Frodsham knew it was possible to force magnetic nanoparticles to bind to specific cells in the body. But while other researchers did so primarily to make those cells show up in images, h

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Anthrax may be the next tool in the fight against bladder cancer

Researchers at Purdue University have come up with a way to combine the anthrax toxin with a growth factor to kill bladder cancer cells and tumors.

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Rocky Mountain not-so high: Oil, gas wells drive down Colorado home values, reveals WVU research

Heather Stephens, assistant professor of resource economics and management at West Virginia University, found that shale development negatively impacts house prices, particularly for houses with private water and close proximity to the mountains.

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Researchers find new way to target childhood cancer

An Australian-led international research effort has broken fresh ground in the race to find more effective treatments for the childhood cancer neuroblastoma, by uncovering a new and as-yet unexploited target in cancer cells that therapeutic drugs can be aimed at.

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Getting glued in the sea

New bio-inspired hydrogels can act like superglue in highly ionic environments such as seawater, overcoming issues in currently available marine adhesives.

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Getting glued in the sea

New bio-inspired hydrogels can act like superglue in highly ionic environments such as seawater, overcoming issues in currently available marine adhesives.

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Study shows where global renewable energy investments have greatest benefits

New study finds that the amount of climate and health benefits achieved from renewable energy depends on the country where it is installed. Countries with higher carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and more air pollution, such as India, China, and areas in Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe, achieve greater climate and health benefits per megawatt (MW) of renewable energy installed than those operating

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Materials help photodetectors see the light

Using a special type of two-dimensional material, researchers have developed a new way to make light sensors that improves their sensitivity and could allow manufacturers to keep up with the growing demand for their use in devices ranging from television remotes to fiber optic receivers in data centers, and light detecting and ranging systems (LiDAR) in autonomous vehicles.

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Mothers' pregnancy-related anxiety may alter how infants' brains respond to sad speech

A study shows a correlation between mothers' self-reported pregnancy-related anxiety, and babies' blood flow to brain areas responsible for emotional responses when listening to sad speech

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New vaccine protects from widespread, costly infection, mice study shows

A newly developed experimental vaccine was more than eighty percent effective in protecting mice from succumbing to Staphylococcus aureus infection. S. aureus causes more than 30,000 deaths from hospital-acquired infections annually in the US, costing the healthcare system $10 billion.

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Too much sugar doesn't put the brakes on turbocharged crops

Plants make sugars to form leaves to grow and produce grains and fruits through the process of photosynthesis, but sugar accumulation can also slow down photosynthesis. Researching how sugars in plants control photosynthesis is therefore an important part of finding new ways of improving crop production. Recent research into highly productive turbocharged crops such as maize and sorghum, show the

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Sådan voksede kongeriget med et område på størrelse med Jylland

PLUS. Detaljerede undersøgelser har kortlagt territorier, Kongeriget Danmark kunne gøre krav på ud fra et naturvidenskabeligt synspunkt. Alligevel er ny politisk aftale endt langt fra de naturvidenskabelige krav.

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First study to combine 3-D climate modeling with chemistry refines which exoplanets are potentially habitable

In order to search for life in outer space, astronomers first need to know where to look. A new Northwestern University study will help astronomers narrow down the search.

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Trauma and kids: The role of the early childhood teacher

As catastrophic bushfires continue to rage across New South Wales and Queensland, thousands of people are reeling from the devastation. It's a shocking start to Australia's fire season, but beyond the physical damage, the emotional scars persist, especially for Australia's youngest citizens.

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Potential vitamin and Alzheimer's drug produced in yeast

Scientists prove that ergothioneine, an important compound that may be used to delay the onset of diseases such as Alzheimer's and dementia, can be produced in baker's yeast.

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Putting a conservation finger on the internet's pulse

Scientists from the University of Helsinki have figured out how to mine people's online reactions to endangered animals and plants so that they can reduce the chance of pushing species toward extinction.

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Newsrooms not keeping up with changing demographics, study suggests

Over the past two decades, as Canada's demographics have shifted, news organizations have failed to reflect the country's increasing diversity in both content and staffing.

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Lies of the bamboo toothbrush: The plastic industry's perverse greenwashing

A bamboo toothbrush deconstructed: bamboo handle, paper packaging box, plant-based nylon bristles and plant-based wrapper. It also comes with disposal instructions.

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Potential vitamin and Alzheimer's drug produced in yeast

Scientists prove that ergothioneine, an important compound that may be used to delay the onset of diseases such as Alzheimer's and dementia, can be produced in baker's yeast.

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Putting a conservation finger on the internet's pulse

Scientists from the University of Helsinki have figured out how to mine people's online reactions to endangered animals and plants so that they can reduce the chance of pushing species toward extinction.

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New book refutes 'boys will be boys'

A new book traces the origins of the claim that "boys will be boys"—and refutes it. Thirty years ago, in downtown Mexico City, Matthew Gutmann took a picture of a man holding a baby. Little did he know then that photo would launch a decades-long career studying men and masculinity around the world. "I showed that photo to a bunch of people in the United States, and I kept getting vehement reactio

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Advancing spring warmth could disrupt species migration, development

The spring season is lengthening in some regions of the U.S. and compressing in others, potentially disrupting species' migration patterns and development, a new study finds.

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Mechanisms of soft tissue and protein preservation in Tyrannosaurus rex

The existing notion that soft tissue architectures and native proteins can be preserved across geological time is controversial since methods of such preservation remain to be investigated and well-defined. In a new study, Elizabeth M. Boatman and colleagues at the departments of Engineering, Paleontology, Biological Science, Materials and Engineering and the Advanced Light Source in the U.S., tes

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Mechanisms of soft tissue and protein preservation in Tyrannosaurus rex

The existing notion that soft tissue architectures and native proteins can be preserved across geological time is controversial since methods of such preservation remain to be investigated and well-defined. In a new study, Elizabeth M. Boatman and colleagues at the departments of Engineering, Paleontology, Biological Science, Materials and Engineering and the Advanced Light Source in the U.S., tes

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Beetle in amber pollinated flowers 99M years ago

A tumbling flower beetle with pollen on its legs, trapped in amber, pushes the first known physical evidence of insect flower pollination to 99 million years ago. The fossil comes from deep inside a mine in northern Myanmar and from the same amber deposit as the first ammonite discovered in amber , which the same research group reported earlier this year. The newly reported fossil appears in the

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Sådan sikres en stabil og billig medicinforsyning

EU bliver nødt til at igangsætte statslig produktion af generika. For vi kan ikke leve med, at priserne hopper op og ned, skriver praktiserende læge.

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Using CRISPR for dose-dependent activation of gene expressions

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. has developed a way to use the CRISPR gene editing technique for dose-dependent activation of gene expressions. In their paper published in the journal Nature Biotechnology, the group describes their technique for altering gene expression in an alternative way and how well it worked.

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Digital technology and the rise of new informal learning methods

Consulting a YouTube tutorial or an online dictionary, improving English skills using a dedicated application while taking public transportation, etc. To develop their skills, professionals are increasingly turning to these informal digital learning methods. This is illustrated by two studies conducted by the HRM Digital Lab at Institut Mines-Télécom Business School, on a representative sample of

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Using CRISPR for dose-dependent activation of gene expressions

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. has developed a way to use the CRISPR gene editing technique for dose-dependent activation of gene expressions. In their paper published in the journal Nature Biotechnology, the group describes their technique for altering gene expression in an alternative way and how well it worked.

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Meal-detection technology brings 'artificial pancreas' one step closer to reality

A.I. researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have developed a system that can detect when a person is eating and calculate how many carbohydrates they are consuming with unprecedented accuracy and speed. The work provides a significant advance for people who wear continuous glucose monitors as part of their diabetes treatment, allowing insulin to be administered closer to the time when it's

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New spin directions in pyrite an encouraging sign for future spintronics

An Australian study revealing new spin textures in pyrite could unlock these materials' potential in future spintronics devices. The study of pyrite-type materials provides new insights and opportunities for selective spin control in topological spintronics devices.

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Carbon dots make calcium easier to track

Prof. DONG Wenfei's research group from the Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology (SIBET) has developed a new type of fluorescent carbon dot that can effectively detect calcium levels in cells.

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SMAD2 and SMAD3, two almost identical transcription factors but with distinct roles

Both transcription factors regulate the expression of genes involved in embryo development, among other functions, although they exert very different roles.The study also refutes the theory accepted to date that SMAD2 does not bind to DNA.Published in Genes & Development, the research is the result of collaboration between Maria J. Macias' lab at IRB Barcelona and Joan Massagué's group at the Sloa

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Magnetic skin ensures the force is with you

A magnetic skin that is safe and comfortable to wear could open the door to a wide range of wireless, remotely controlled applications.

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Mothers' pregnancy-related anxiety may alter how infants' brains respond to sad speech

Study shows correlation between mothers' self-reported pregnancy-related anxiety, and babies' blood flow to brain areas responsible for emotional responses when listening to sad speech

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Drexel's MXene materials help photodetectors see the light

Using a special type of two-dimensional material, researchers at Drexel University have developed a new way to make light sensors that improves their sensitivity and could allow manufacturers to keep up with the growing demand for their use in devices ranging from television remotes to fiber optic receivers in data centers, and light detecting and ranging systems (LiDAR) in autonomous vehicles.

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Harvard study shows where global renewable energy investments have greatest benefits

New study finds that the amount of climate and health benefits achieved from renewable energy depends on the country where it is installed. Countries with higher carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and more air pollution, such as India, China, and areas in Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe, achieve greater climate and health benefits per megawatt (MW) of renewable energy installed than those operating

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New Trailer For Sonic The Hedgehog Movie Released With Updated Character Design

Earlier this year, the official trailer for the Sonic the Hedgehog movie was released and it featured a very weird looking Sonic. This was met with massive backlash from the internet, which …

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From the archive

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03430-6 How Nature reported historic changes in medical practice in 1919, and call for doctors and nurses to receive computer training in 1969.

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Siemens CEO Denies Slamming "Pot Smoking" Elon Musk

Someone's Jelly It seems even billionaire CEOs like to throw the occasional shade via Twitter — and then deny it when confronted. The tea: On October 31, Roland Busch, deputy CEO of German engineering powerhouse Siemens, called SpaceX CEO Elon Musk a "true visionary of our time" in a tweet . Eight days later, Busch's boss, Siemens CEO Joe Kaeser, published a tweet of his own. "Amusing opinions in

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The Musician Who Wants to Be the 'King of R&B'

Last year, the Atlanta-based singer-songwriter Jacquees posted a lofty declaration on Instagram just six months after releasing his debut studio album, 4275 . "I just wanna let everybody know that I'm the king of R&B right now—for this generation," he said in the December video . "I understand who done came and who done did that and that and that, but now it's my turn." The claim drew swift criti

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University of Missouri loses suit over records of dogs and cats used in research

A Boone County, Mo., judge has ruled that University of Missouri violated the state's open records law by placing an exorbitantly high price tag on records sought by a California animal rescue group.

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Evidence found of gene markers that may help people survive at high altitudes

A team of researchers with members from several institutions in the U.S., one from Peru and one from India, has found evidence of gene markers in native Andean people that may help them survive at high altitudes, where oxygen levels can sometimes be half as much as lowland areas. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their study, which inv

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Antibiotics: New substances break bacterial resistance

Researchers at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have developed a promising new class of active ingredients against resistant bacteria. In initial tests in cell cultures and insects, the substances were at least as effective as common antibiotics. The new compounds target a special enzyme that only appears in bacteria in this specific form and that was not previously the target o

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Rivers are changing all the time, and it affects their capacity to contain floods

The rainfall that has inundated the North of England is the latest in a long line of flood events that are becoming the country's new normal. Indeed, across the world, flooding is expected to become more frequent and more extreme as the planet heats up.

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Sound-redirecting prototype could fool eavesdroppers

Tuning the instruments that produce some of our most indelible sound waves—guitars, pianos, vocal chords—has become commonplace, expected, easy.

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University of Missouri loses suit over records of dogs and cats used in research

A Boone County, Mo., judge has ruled that University of Missouri violated the state's open records law by placing an exorbitantly high price tag on records sought by a California animal rescue group.

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Evidence found of gene markers that may help people survive at high altitudes

A team of researchers with members from several institutions in the U.S., one from Peru and one from India, has found evidence of gene markers in native Andean people that may help them survive at high altitudes, where oxygen levels can sometimes be half as much as lowland areas. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their study, which inv

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Opinion: China is Pushing Toward Global Blockchain Dominance

As US leaders dither, President Xi Jinping vies for the technological future of finance.

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The Tao of Goo: Lessons From a Slime Workshop

Teenage slime influencer Katie Anstett teaches grownups the viral, sticky craft.

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Satellite data shows loss of snow cover, not soot to blame for rapid temperature rise in the Arctic

A team of researchers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the University of Washington and the University of Wisconsin-Madison has found evidence that shows the rapid rise of temperatures in the Arctic is caused by the loss of snow and ice cover, and not soot. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes studying satellite data for the re

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Antibiotics: New substances break bacterial resistance

Researchers at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have developed a promising new class of active ingredients against resistant bacteria. In initial tests in cell cultures and insects, the substances were at least as effective as common antibiotics. The new compounds target a special enzyme that only appears in bacteria in this specific form and that was not previously the target o

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Making metallic materials more climate-friendly

Six percent of global CO2 emissions—4.4. billion tonnes per year—are currently produced by the steel and aluminum industry. In an overview article for the journal Nature, Dierk Raabe, Director at the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung in Düsseldorf, and scientists from MIT in Cambridge Massachusetts outline how the immense CO2 footprint in metal production and use can be reduced. On the one ha

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Is China gaining an edge in artificial intelligence?

The US-China over artificial intelligence is heating up, but some warn the US could be over-reacting.

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Getting glued in the sea

New bio-inspired hydrogels can act like superglue in highly ionic environments such as seawater, overcoming issues in currently available marine adhesives.

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Goodbye, Phone Calls. Hello, Loneliness

Can you really "reach out and touch someone" via text? — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Första bevisen för befjädrade polardinosaurier i Australien

118 miljoner år gamla fossila fjädrar från dinosaurier och tidiga fåglar har hittats i sedimenten efter en sjö som en gång i tiden låg innanför den södra polcirkeln. I Koonwarra Fish Beds Geological Reserve,145 kilometer sydöst om Melbourne i Australien. Fossila fynd från dinosaurier med fjädrar har hittats på en handfull olika platser runt om i världen. Det har dock funnits väldigt få exempel fr

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Internet-KBT hjälper hjärtsjuka med depression

Det är vanligt att hjärtpatienter drabbas av depression. Det kan leda till en ond cirkel där också hjärtsjukdomen kan påverkas negativt och det är därför viktigt att depressionen blir behandlad. En studie från Linköpings universitet visar att terapi via nätet är effektiv. – Vår studie visar att terapi via nätet kan minska depression och förbättra livskvaliteten för hjärtsjuka. Brist på resurser g

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When cyberwar struck its first civilian target

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03457-9 Andy Greenberg's book Sandworm is trenchant on the mounting capacity of malware to wreak havoc. Brian Nussbaum reviews.

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A 150-year-old idea could hinder Suez Canal invasions

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03476-6

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Who shrank the drug factory? Briefcase-sized labs could transform medicine

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03455-x Engineers are miniaturizing pharmaceutical production in the hope of making it portable and inexpensive.

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WHO sticks to 2020 governance plan for human-genome editing

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03474-8

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More South Korean academics caught naming kids as co-authors

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03371-0 The practice was probably used to improve the children's chances of securing a university place.

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Planet junk: a journey through discards

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03456-w A trawl through the global tide of cast-offs shows how we might avoid drowning in them. Edward Humes reviews.

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Overhaul intensive farming systems to meet emissions goals

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03475-7

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Pandemic policy can learn from arms control

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03452-0 Ebola uncovered policy flaws. A bioweapons treaty might show a fix, says Rebecca Katz.

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Research culture must be kinder for all, not just royalty

Nature, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03466-8

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Larger than life: Augmented ants

The first app of its kind allows users to interact with biodiversity research through augmented reality.

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Metal industry is about to undergo one of the greatest upheavals in history, expert says

Metallic materials are the backbone of modern economies. However, large quantities of CO2 are produced during their production and processing. The metal industry must therefore use more climate-friendly processes in the future. The CO2 balance of alloys and their components must also be improved over their entire service life. Dierk Raabe, Director at the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung in

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Fracking: Have the Conservatives left open the back door?

The Conservatives are accused of harbouring ambitions to revive fracking after the general election.

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The differences between SMAD2 and SMAD3, nearly identical transcription factors with distinct roles

Scientists at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), in collaboration with the Sloan Kettering Institute (New York, U.S.), have published the structural and functional keys that distinguish two very similar transcription factors, namely SMAD2 and SMAD3.

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Economics of a four-day working week: Research shows it can save businesses money

The idea of a four-day working week is gaining momentum. The Labour Party has included it in its 2019 electoral manifesto, and Microsoft Japan announced positive results from a trial run earlier in 2019. Some fear it will "wreck" the economy.

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When a tree dies, don't waste your breath: Rescue the wood to honor its memory

Trees die. You don't have to like it, but they do. And this comes as a surprise to some. A senior public servant once told one of us (Brack): "Trees don't die; people kill them."

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First evidence of feathered polar dinosaurs found in Australia

A cache of 118 million-year-old fossilized dinosaur and bird feathers has been recovered from an ancient lake deposit that once lay beyond the southern polar circle.

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Researchers strengthen weakest link in manufacturing strong materials

Industrial and automotive machinery, such as automotive engine parts, contain materials that are, heat-, wear-, and corrosion-resistant. They are known as "super engineering plastics," and they continue to revolutionize manufacturing processes. While they are actually plastic, they are much stronger than the typical plastics we encounter in everyday life. These materials, however, create a corrosi

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The differences between SMAD2 and SMAD3, nearly identical transcription factors with distinct roles

Scientists at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), in collaboration with the Sloan Kettering Institute (New York, U.S.), have published the structural and functional keys that distinguish two very similar transcription factors, namely SMAD2 and SMAD3.

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Firestorms and flaming tornadoes: How bushfires create their own ferocious weather systems

As the east coast bushfire crisis unfolds, New South Wales Premier Gladys Berejiklian and Rural Fire Service operational officer Brett Taylor have each warned residents bushfires can create their own weather systems.

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SpaceX Deploys 60 More Starlink Satellites in Record-Breaking Launch

What a SpaceX Starlink satellite looks like in orbit. It has been a quiet fall for SpaceX, which launched a Falcon 9 rocket early August before taking a break to prepare for future missions. Now, SpaceX has successfully deployed a new batch of Starlink internet satellites, and the Falcon 9 that delivered them made history in the process. At this rate, SpaceX could begin offering internet access b

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What the Protests and Violence in Chile Mean for Science

As universities shut down, researchers are demonstrating—and meeting with lawmakers to figure out if science can help solve socioeconomic inequality — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Mathematician discovers method to simplify polymer growth modelling

A mathematician from RUDN University has proven that there are no solutions to functional differential inequalities associated with the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ)-type equations, nonlinear stochastic partial differential equations that arise when describing surface growth. The obtained conditions for the absence of solutions will help in studies of polymer growth, the theory of neural networks, and

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Scientists develop superfast-charging, high-capacity potassium batteries

Skoltech researchers in collaboration with scientists from the Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of RAS and the Ural Federal University have shown that high-capacity, high-power batteries can be made from organic materials without lithium or other rare elements. In addition, they demonstrated the impressive stability of cathode materials and recorded high energy density in fast charge/dis

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New study shows how male allies can combat sexism—or contribute to it

Male allies can play a powerful role in combating chauvinistic behavior toward women but they can also unintentionally contribute to sexism, according to a new study from a social psychologist at Rice University.

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Norske F-16 skal sælges: Skal komme andre nationer i forkøbet for at opnå den bedste pris

Nordmændene satser på at sælge mindst 28 jagerfly på en gang.

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All antibiotics for livestock will soon require a vet's prescription

No longer will producers who need injectable antibiotics for their cattle be able to grab them at their local feed store or order them online.

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Nitrous oxide emissions set to rise in the Pacific Ocean

The acidification of the Pacific Ocean in northern Japan is increasing the natural production rate of N2O, an ozone-depleting greenhouse gas. That's the finding of a study carried out jointly by scientists at EPFL, Tokyo Institute of Technology and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology and appearing recently in Nature Climate Change.

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Scientists find no evidence for 'insect Armageddon' but there's still cause for concern

Researchers who set out to test the widespread theory that the UK is experiencing an alarming plunge in insect numbers have found no evidence For "insect Armageddon."

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High resolution cryo-EM images from Africa pave the way to bespoke nitrilases for industry

A team from Cape Town have recently published the first high-resolution cryo-electron microscopy (EM) paper to originate from Africa. As described in Nature Communications Biology, the team solved the structure of a nitrilases enzyme to a close-to-atomic resolution and used the structural insights to design a mutant enzyme that could be fine-tuned for applications in biotechnology. This work was m

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Frogs' mating calls also attract predators

Frogs have been struggling a bit in recent years. Their populations around the world have been declining for decades, and the reasons for their loss come from many fronts. Like many other animals, frogs are losing their homes and learning to live in a changing world.

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Whole language approach: Reading is more than sounding out words and decoding

When I was younger I decided to learn Greek. I learned the letter-sound correspondences and could say the words—the sounds, that is. But although I could and still can decode these words, I can't actually read Greek because I don't know what the words mean.

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All antibiotics for livestock will soon require a vet's prescription

No longer will producers who need injectable antibiotics for their cattle be able to grab them at their local feed store or order them online.

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Scientists find no evidence for 'insect Armageddon' but there's still cause for concern

Researchers who set out to test the widespread theory that the UK is experiencing an alarming plunge in insect numbers have found no evidence For "insect Armageddon."

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High resolution cryo-EM images from Africa pave the way to bespoke nitrilases for industry

A team from Cape Town have recently published the first high-resolution cryo-electron microscopy (EM) paper to originate from Africa. As described in Nature Communications Biology, the team solved the structure of a nitrilases enzyme to a close-to-atomic resolution and used the structural insights to design a mutant enzyme that could be fine-tuned for applications in biotechnology. This work was m

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Whale shark hot spot offers new conservation insights

An international team of researchers, led by marine scientists at King Abdullah University for Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia and including researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in the USA, has performed an extensive study of whale shark movement and residency in the Red Sea, offering insights for conservation.

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New collection showcases cutting-edge techniques in insect morphology and systematics

In the last 20 years, the study of the form and function of insects has been revitalized by modern technologies and genetic research methods. A new special collection of studies published the journal Insect Systematics and Diversity illustrates the power of these new tools and illuminates future directions in systematic entomology.

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Larger than life: Augmented ants

The first app of its kind allows users to interact with biodiversity research through augmented reality.

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Microplastics found in oysters, clams on Oregon coast, PSU study finds

Tiny threads of plastics are showing up in Pacific oysters and razor clams along the Oregon coast — and the yoga pants, fleece jackets, and sweat-wicking clothing that Pacific Northwesterners love to wear are a source of that pollution, according to a new Portland State University study.

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Frogs' mating calls also attract predators

Frogs have been struggling a bit in recent years. Their populations around the world have been declining for decades, and the reasons for their loss come from many fronts. Like many other animals, frogs are losing their homes and learning to live in a changing world.

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Soil scientists use mining waste to restore manmade wasteland

Soil scientists and chemists from RUDN University, together with colleagues from the Kola Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, have developed and tested a method of ecosystem restoration in the sub-Arctic technogenic wasteland contaminated by the waste of non-ferrous metallurgy enterprises. The technology is based on the use of mining waste capable of neutralizing toxic metal compoun

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'Missed opportunity': Australia to fall short of Sustainable Development Goals by 2030

Rapid progress for Australia on the U.N."s Sustainable Development Goals is possible and could deliver a fairer, greener, more prosperous nation in 2030—if managed properly—new UNSW research has found.

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Study investigates a critical transition in water that remains liquid far below the freezing point

Water can remain liquid at temperatures far below 0 degrees Celsius. This supercooled phase is a current focus for scientific research. A theoretical model developed at São Paulo State University (UNESP) in Brazil shows that in supercooled water, there is a critical point at which properties such as thermal expansion and compressibility exhibit anomalous behavior.

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Mathematicians prove the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequalities

RUDN University mathematicians have proven the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev (HLS) inequalities for the class of generalized Riesz potentials. These results extend the scope of these potentials in mathematics and physics because the main tools for working with such potentials are based on HLS inequalities. New mathematical tools can greatly simplify calculations in quantum mechanics and other fields of

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A fast and precise look into fiber-reinforced composites

Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have improved a method for small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to such an extent that it can now be used in the development or quality control of novel fiber-reinforced composites. This means that in the future, such materials can be investigated not only with X-rays from especially powerful sources such as the Swiss Light Source SLS, but also with th

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Humans' ability to read dog facial expressions is learned, not innate

In a recent study published in Scientific Reports, a team of researchers from Germany and the United Kingdom assessed how experience with dogs affects humans' ability to recognize dog emotions. Participants who grew up in a cultural context with a dog-friendly attitude were more proficient at recognizing dog emotions. This suggests that the ability to recognize dogs' expressions is learned through

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If the US military is facing up to the climate crisis, shouldn't we all? | Michael Klare

Pentagon officials view climate breakdown as an existential threat to human society – and are already taking action We have heard from the scientists on climate change, with their meticulous data on ecosystem degradation and species loss. We have heard from the climate deniers, with their desperate attempts to deploy countervailing arguments. Both groups have mobilized substantial blocs of voters

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There's a pay penalty for certain speech patterns

Speech patterns strongly affect a person's wages, particularly for African Americans, according to new research. The new paper by Jeffrey Grogger, a professor in urban policy at the Harris School of Public Policy at the University of Chicago, shows that workers with racially and regionally distinctive speech patterns earn lower wages compared to those who speak in the mainstream. For Southern whi

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Humans' ability to read dog facial expressions is learned, not innate

In a recent study published in Scientific Reports, a team of researchers from Germany and the United Kingdom assessed how experience with dogs affects humans' ability to recognize dog emotions. Participants who grew up in a cultural context with a dog-friendly attitude were more proficient at recognizing dog emotions. This suggests that the ability to recognize dogs' expressions is learned through

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Add Another Animal to the List of Tool Users: Pigs

A chance discovery brings new interest in porcine intelligence — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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A fast and precise look into fiber-reinforced composites

Researchers have improved a method for small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to such an extent that it can now be used in the development or quality control of novel fiber-reinforced composites. This means that in the future, such materials can be investigated not only with X-rays from especially powerful sources such as the Swiss Light Source SLS, but also with those from conventional X-ray tubes.

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Cats of the sea offer insights into territorial behavior of wild fishes

Researchers carrying out regular monitoring of a Marine Protected Area off the UK coastline noticed species of wrasse demonstrating almost cat-like behavior as they chased lasers shone onto the seabed.

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Shedding new light on earthquake that killed 9,000 people

For decades, scientists have debated the structure of the Main Himalayan Thrust — the fault responsible for a 2015 earthquake that killed nearly 9,000 people, injured 22,000, and destroyed 600,000 homes in Gorkha, Nepal. A new understanding of the fault can help scientists better predict where and when the next big one will hit.

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KU hindrer pesticid-selvmord på håndkøb

Manden på billedet har med vilje drukket flydende pesticider i et desperat selvmordsforsøg,…

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Årsfest på 3 minutter: Bæredygtighed, ledelsesbashing og royal ro

Temaet for årsfesten på Københavns Universitet 2019 var bæredygtighed, men protesterende…

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Microplastics found in oysters, clams on Oregon coast, study finds

Tiny threads of plastics are showing up in Pacific oysters and razor clams along the Oregon coast—and the yoga pants, fleece jackets, and sweat-wicking clothing that Pacific Northwesterners love to wear are a source of that pollution, according to a new Portland State University study.

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The Undeniable Blackness of Vine (RIP)

Vine was a white-hot sterling feature of a larger truth: The internet depends on black people.

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Image of the Day: Chevrotain Caught on Camera

The silver-backed chevrotain was undetected for decades, but local reports have led researchers to document the species on camera.

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Add Another Animal to the List of Tool Users: Pigs

A chance discovery brings new interest in porcine intelligence — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Add Another Animal to the List of Tool Users: Pigs

A chance discovery brings new interest in porcine intelligence — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Biosensorer för större precision vid cancerbehandling

Att dosera kemoterapi är en grannlaga uppgift. Dosen för en positiv anticancereffekt är mycket nära den som orsakar allvarliga, ibland dödliga, biverkningar. Doktoranden Sereilakhena Phal vid Umeå har utvecklat biosensorytor för detektion av läkemedel som används för cancerbehandling. Hon utvecklar i sitt avhandlingsarbete elektrokemiska biosensorer och sensorplattformar för detektion av läkemede

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Visualizing the Future of Computer Vision Across Businesses

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Row over whether fracking could resume in England despite 'ban'

A document released just days after the government announced a halt to fracking suggests that future applications will be considered

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Instagram Takes On TikTok With New App ‘Reels’

Apps tend to trend every now and then, and for a while back, Snapchat was one of the more popular apps around. While it is still very popular, there is a new-ish app that has kind of taken …

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Where plastic outnumbers fish by seven to one

Plastic is building up in the areas of the ocean where fish feed and grow, according to research.

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Dehumanization has been trending for decades. Here's how.

There has been a trend toward dehumanization the past four or five decades. This dehumanization has made it easier for us to see others more as commodities than as co-citizens. This dehumanization manifests in four different pillars: political polarization, income inequality, automation, and marketization. Whether through political splits, or income differences, there is more social distance betw

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Dehumanization has been trending for decades. Here's how.

There has been a trend toward dehumanization the past four or five decades. This dehumanization has made it easier for us to see others more as commodities than as co-citizens. This dehumanization manifests in four different pillars: political polarization, income inequality, automation, and marketization. Whether through political splits, or income differences, there is more social distance betw

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How binge-watching your favourite TV show is fuelling climate change

Streaming video services like Netflix, Apple TV+ and Disney+ are on the rise – but so are their carbon emissions

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Lions See These Illusions the Same Way You Do

And then they rip them to shreds — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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*The Mandalorian*'s Producer Names His Top 10 Star Wars Moments

Dave Filoni spearheaded the Star Wars cartoons—and might be the future of the franchise. Here, he picks the scenes that inspired him as a creator.

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Hjälp kroppen överlista reptilhjärnan!

Det luktar ljuvligt från köket i lägenheten hemma hos Louise Brunkwall, som forskar på tarmbakterier och är näringsfysiolog. Idag blir det pasta och grönsakssås till lunch.

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What Kind of Chief Innovation Officer Does Your Company Need?

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Thailand to ban single-use plastics in 2021 | Coconuts Bangkok

submitted by /u/MesterenR [link] [comments]

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The EPA Says We Need to Reuse Wastewater

It's much more economical than finding new sources — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Appar samlar in onödig data – trots GDPR

När du installerar en ny app brukar du få frågan om den får använda funktioner som kamera, mikrofon och platsinformation. Men enligt EU:s dataskyddsförordning GDPR, som infördes i maj 2018, får appar bara samla in information som behövs för appens funktion. Har GDPR då haft någon effekt på apparnas informationshunger? – Apparna har blivit lite snällare, säger Lothar Fritsch, docent i datavetenskap

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Worsening bushfires cause Australia to declare state of emergency

Australia is preparing for catastrophic bushfires as one state minister warns that this could be the worst week of wildfires in the country's history

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Proposed Interstellar Mission Reaches for the Stars, One Generation at a Time

Starting in the early 2030s, the project could become our first purposeful step out of the solar system—if it launches at all — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Proposed Interstellar Mission Reaches for the Stars, One Generation at a Time

Starting in the early 2030s, the project could become our first purposeful step out of the solar system—if it launches at all — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Fartgrænse for skibe kan give stor miljøgevinst, men danske rederier kæmper imod

PLUS. 20 pct. lavere hastighed medfører blandt andet 24 pct. lavere CO2-emissioner, viser rapport før vigtigt møde blandt FN's maritime organisation, IMO's, 173 medlemmer.

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How Do We Know When an At-Risk Species Has Recovered?

Conservation scientists have long considered a species' influence on the ecosystems it inhabits to be a fundamental aspect of its essence and its intrinsic value. To properly track the recovery of endangered species, researchers should therefore measure the species' ability to perform its ecological function.

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Professor: Google får kæmpe pædagogisk magt i Aarhus

Et Google-indkøb i Aarhus svarer til at købe alle bøger fra ét forlag, mener professoren.

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Antimicrobial resistance poses significant risk to people, the economy

CCA expert panel study provides new data on potential impact of antimicrobial resistance in Canada.

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Hackers attempt to take down UK Labour Party's web services ahead of election

Hackers attacked Britain's opposition Labour Party, bombarding its web services with malicious traffic in an attempt to force them offline just weeks ahead of a national election, party and …

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Is there life on super-Earths? The answer could lie in their cores

Rocky planets larger than our own, so-called super-Earths, are surprisingly abundant in our Galaxy, and stand as the most likely planets to be habitable. Getting a better idea of their interior structures will help predict whether different planets are able to generate magnetic fields—thought to be conducive for life to survive.

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Some people 'genetically wired' to avoid some vegetables

An inherited gene makes certain healthy foods taste exceptionally bitter and unpleasant, according to researchers.

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Vaping nearly killed me, says British teenager

Vaping caused a catastrophic reaction in Ewan Fisher's lungs that meant he could not breathe.

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Research sheds new light on earthquake that killed 9,000 people

A new understanding of a fault that caused a deadly 7.8 magnitude earthquake can help scientists better understand where and when the next big one will hit.

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It-fejl i Skattestyrelsen sendte forkerte skatteopkrævninger ud til 115.000 danskere

350 danskere nåede i sidste uge at betale restskat tilbage, som de slet ikke skyldte. Det skete, efter der opstod en teknisk fejl, når data skulle indlæses i Skattestyrelsens systemer.

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After ten years of being in limbo, a chemistry paper is retracted

In May of this year, François-Xavier Coudert, a chemist at PSL University in Paris, had a question about a paper in Chemistry: A European Journal. Several days later, he had an answer — sort of — along with an apology for readers from Haymo Ross, the journal's editor in chief. It turns out that there … Continue reading

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Republicans Know Trump Is Innocent—They're Trying to Figure Out Why

Give Mac Thornberry this much: Unlike some of his Republican colleagues, he was at least trying. On Sunday the Texas Republican appeared on ABC's This Week , where he tentatively offered a message on the impeachment inquiry, which enters its public phase with hearings this Wednesday and Friday. Thornberry sought a middle course. "I believe that it is inappropriate for a president to ask a foreign

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Meet the Immigrants Who Took On Amazon

How a group of Somalis became leaders in the fight to change a tech behemoth.

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Disney+ Is Here—and It's a Fully Formed Streaming Juggernaut

The service didn't need the kind of ramp-up Apple TV+ or Netflix needed—in terms of content and infrastructure, Disney's already locked and loaded.

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Transcription and translation contribute to gene locus relocation to the nucleoid periphery in E. coli

Nature Communications, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13152-y Transcription and translation are coupled in bacteria. Here, the authors show that the movement of a gene locus to the nucleoid periphery correlates with transcription, and the effect is potentiated by translation.

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Adjacent cationic–aromatic sequences yield strong electrostatic adhesion of hydrogels in seawater

Nature Communications, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13171-9 Specific sequences are essential for the development of cationic polymers that can adhere to negatively charged surfaces in saline environments. Here, the authors show that copolymers with adjacent cation–aromatic sequences can be synthesized through cation–π complex-aided free-radical polymerization, which

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Antibody cross-reactivity accounts for widespread appearance of m1A in 5'UTRs

Nature Communications, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13146-w N1-methyladenosine (m1A) was recently reported as a new mRNA modification but its prevalence has been controversial. Here the authors showed that m1A, if present in mRNA, is at very low stoichiometry, with the notable exception of MT-ND5. Further, they show that the previously reported enrichment of m1A near

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Coevolution of male and female mate choice can destabilize reproductive isolation

Nature Communications, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12860-9 Models of mate choice have mainly focused on the implications of female mate choice for reproductive isolation. Here, Aubier et al. develop a population genetic model of coevolution between female and male mate choice, which can lead the population to oscillate between assortative and random mating.

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ZEB1/NuRD complex suppresses TBC1D2b to stimulate E-cadherin internalization and promote metastasis in lung cancer

Nature Communications, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12832-z Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is often associated with metastasis to the lungs. Here, the authors perform independent screens and identify NuRD as a co-repressor of ZEB1, and demonstrate TBC1D2b as a downstream target of ZEB1/NuRD complex regulating NSCLC metastasis.

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Community-level respiration of prokaryotic microbes may rise with global warming

Nature Communications, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13109-1 Warmer temperatures could increase the growth and metabolic rates of microbes. Here, the authors assemble a dataset of thermal performance curves for over 400 bacteria and archaea, showing that metabolic rates are likely to increase under warming, with implications for global carbon cycling.

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Vapour-phase-transport rearrangement technique for the synthesis of new zeolites

Nature Communications, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12882-3 Assembly-Disassembly-Organization-Reassembly (ADOR) is a valuable method to prepare zeolites of predictable topologies, but has yet to be successfully applied on open framework zeolites. Here, the authors show that non-contact vapour-phase-transport rearrangement allows access to new zeolite topologies from

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Multi-ancestry sleep-by-SNP interaction analysis in 126,926 individuals reveals lipid loci stratified by sleep duration

Nature Communications, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12958-0 Sleep duration is associated with an adverse lipid profile. Here, the authors perform genome-wide gene-by-sleep interaction analysis and find 49 previously unreported lipid loci when considering short or long total sleep time.

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Mount Sinai researchers examine the metabolic effects of an oral blood cancer drug

Recent study found that an effective blood cancer treatment was associated with weight gain, obesity, and increased systolic blood pressure.

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The thrust of the problem

For decades, scientists have debated the structure of the Main Himalayan Thrust — the fault responsible for a 2015 earthquake that killed nearly 9,000 people, injured 22,000, and destroyed 600,000 homes in Gorkha, Nepal. A new understanding of the fault can help scientists better predict where and when the next big one will hit.

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A fast and precise look into fiber-reinforced composites

Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have improved a method for small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to such an extent that it can now be used in the development or quality control of novel fiber-reinforced composites. This means that in the future, such materials can be investigated not only with X-rays from especially powerful sources such as the Swiss Light Source SLS, but also with th

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Snap Spectacles 3 review: A better, more sophisticated novelty

In case you've forgotten, Snap makes video-recording sunglasses called Spectacles. The first two iterations didn't do very well, and you had to go to a special vending …

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Metabolic Effects of JAK1/2 Inhibition in Patients with Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53056-x

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Precision and Normative Values of a New Computerized Chart for Contrast Sensitivity Testing

Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-52987-9

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Metabolomic Changes of Human Proximal Tubular Cell Line in High Glucose Environment

Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53214-1

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Real-Time Extraction of Important Surgical Phases in Cataract Surgery Videos

Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53091-8

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Dietary short-chain fatty acid intake improves the hepatic metabolic condition via FFAR3

Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53242-x

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A citizen science supported study on seasonal diversity and monoflorality of pollen collected by honey bees in Austria

Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53016-5

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LKB1/p53/TIGAR/autophagy-dependent VEGF expression contributes to PM2.5-induced pulmonary inflammatory responses

Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53247-6

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Mitochondrial somatic mutations and the lack of viral genomic variation in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis

Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53148-8

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Return of hypnosis: Time to see if it really has a place in medicine

Signs are growing that hypnosis, once the preserve of charlatans, has real medical benefits. We need robust research to find out for sure

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The Atlantic Makes a New Mark

The Atlantic has an arresting new look, and a new way for readers to experience its journalism. Today, The Atlantic has launched a stunning design and product experience—most striking through a new logo and visual identity; a complete redesign of the print magazine, beginning with the December issue , out today; and an iOS app that now offers a more curated, visual, and personal way to navigate T

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The Atlantic Devotes Its December Issue to a Special Report: "How to Stop a Civil War"

"We don't believe that the conditions in the United States today resemble those of 1850s America. But we worry that the ties that bind us are fraying at alarming speed—we are becoming contemptuous of each other in ways that are both dire and possibly irreversible," writes editor in chief Jeffrey Goldberg in an introduction to The Atlantic 's December issue, " How to Stop a Civil War ." The Americ

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Opioid Addiction In Jails: An Anthropologist's Perspective

In Getting Wrecked: Women, Incarceration, and the American Opioid Crisis, a Rikers Island doctor says drug treatment in U.S. jails and prisons is often shaped by societal prejudice, not science. (Image credit: Catie Dull/NPR)

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Debat: Bredbåndspuljen er et hæfteplaster på et misrøgtet teleforlig

PLUS. Regeringen har pillet den udskældte bredbåndspulje ud af sit finanslovsforslag, men hvordan sikrer vi så bredbånd til alle? Ingeniøren har bedt teleanalytiker Torben Rune om et bud.

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Minister overrasket over pesticid-fund: Vi skal beskytte vores grundvand bedre

»Jeg er dybt bekymret,« siger miljøminister Lea Wermelin efter fund af pesticider i knap to ud af tre grundvandsprøver.

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Physics experiment with ultrafast laser pulses produces a previously unseen phase of matter

Adding energy to any material, such as by heating it, almost always makes its structure less orderly. Ice, for example, with its crystalline structure, melts to become liquid water, with no order at all.

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Australian bushfires hit Sydney suburbs

Bushfires raging across eastern Australia on Tuesday singed the Sydney suburbs, where firefighters were forced to scramble planes and helicopters to splatter a built-up neighbourhood with water and red retardant.

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Introducing a New Look for The Atlantic

Today, we launch our December issue , built around a single theme: "How to Stop a Civil War." This issue, an exploration of our dangerous political moment, also represents the debut of a new visual identity for The Atlantic . It is the most dramatic new look for our magazine in its 162-year history, and one that, we hope, reflects boldness, elegance, and urgency. The redesign of the print magazin

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Saving lives with cleaner air

Research findings from the Center for Air Quality, Climate, and Energy Solutions (CACES) at Carnegie Mellon University show significant human health benefits when air quality is better than the current national ambient air quality standard. The estimate of lives that could be saved by further reduction of air pollution levels is more than 30,000, which is similar to the number of deaths from car a

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Australians trapped by bushfires told 'too late to leave'

Dozens of fires fanned by gale-force winds, scorching temperatures and tinder-dry bushland burned out of control in eastern Australia on Tuesday, as residents up and down the coast were warned it was now too late to leave.

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China aims to build its own Yellowstone on Tibetan plateau

There's a building boom on the Tibetan plateau, one of the world's last remote places. Mountains long crowned by garlands of fluttering prayer flags are newly topped with sprawling steel power lines. At night, the illuminated signs of Sinopec gas stations cast a red glow over newly built highways.

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The voyage home: Japan's Hayabusa-2 probe to head for Earth

Japan's Hayabusa-2 probe will leave its orbit around a distant asteroid and head for Earth on Wednesday after an unprecedented mission, carrying samples that could shed light on the origins of the Solar System.

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Scientists study impact of sediments and nutrients from Conowingo Dam on Chesapeake Bay

University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science researchers have completed a study on the impact of Conowingo Dam on water quality in Chesapeake Bay. Scientists synthesized field observations, model results, and long-term monitoring data to better understand the potential impacts of nutrient pollution associated with sediment transported from behind the Dam to the Bay.

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What is the best way to read human faces? Do you think there is any science behind face reading?

Do we have any expert on face reading in this community? Do you think there is any science behind face reading? Any video/book recommendation as well as personal experience are very much appreciated. submitted by /u/what_is_next_now [link] [comments]

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Cats of the sea offer insights into territorial behavior of wild fishes

The entertaining spectacle of wild fishes chasing lasers shone onto the seabed could provide scientists with an innovative way of measuring their territory size and therefore helping to sustainably and spatially manage fisheries and associated habitats in the future, a new study suggests.

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Cats of the sea offer insights into territorial behavior of wild fishes

The entertaining spectacle of wild fishes chasing lasers shone onto the seabed could provide scientists with an innovative way of measuring their territory size and therefore helping to sustainably and spatially manage fisheries and associated habitats in the future, a new study suggests.

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If I Touched the Moon, What Would It Feel Like?

If you like handling tiny glass shards, sure, go ahead and touch the lunar surface. But avoid the rocks.

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Ethnic minority academics get less UK research funding

White researchers are nearly 59 per cent more likely to receive funding for their studies than ethnic minority researchers, according to data from seven UK research councils

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Krympande isar ökar risk för sjuka sälar

Sommaren 1988 dog omkring hälften av Europas knubbsälar på ett par månader. De var drabbade av PDV, ett mässlingliknande virus, som troligen hade följt med när grönlandssälar rörde sig längre söderut än normalt. Nu visar en amerikansk studie att risken för sjuka sälar ökar när Arktis isar smälter. Arter som tidigare skiljts av stora ismassor stöter plötsligt på varandra och överför smittor.

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Fisketorvet efter ammoniakudslip: Sniffer-alarm var ikke nok til at evakuere

Fem personer måtte tilses af en læge efter et ammoniakudslip i shoppingcentret Fisketorvet i København lørdag. Centret afviser, at det skulle have evakueret de handlende.

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Civility Is Overrated

Image above: William Howard Taft and a succession of other Republican presidents privileged restoring relations with the South over protecting black Americans' rights. J oe Biden has fond memories of negotiating with James Eastland, the senator from Mississippi who once declared, "I am of the opinion that we should have segregation in all the States of the United States by law. What the people of

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The Enemy Within

In 1838, Abraham Lincoln gave a speech to the Young Men's Lyceum in Springfield, Illinois. The subject was citizenship and the preservation of America's political institutions. The backdrop was the threat posed to those institutions by the evil of slavery. Lincoln warned that the greatest danger to the nation came from within. All the armies of the world could not crush us, he maintained, but we

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The Dishonesty of the Abortion Debate

Images above: A protestor holding a sign that reads "Abortion Is Freedom" and protestors holding anti-abortion signs In 1956, two American physicians, J. A. Presley and W. E. Brown, colleagues at the University of Arkansas School of Medicine, decided that four recent admissions to their hospital were significant enough to warrant a published report. "Lysol-Induced Criminal Abortion" appeared in t

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The Dark Psychology of Social Networks

Suppose that the biblical story of Creation were true: God created the universe in six days, including all the laws of physics and all the physical constants that apply throughout the universe. Now imagine that one day, in the early 21st century, God became bored and, just for fun, doubled the gravitational constant. What would it be like to live through such a change? We'd all be pulled toward t

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How America Ends

Democracy depends on the consent of the losers. For most of the 20th century, parties and candidates in the United States have competed in elections with the understanding that electoral defeats are neither permanent nor intolerable. The losers could accept the result, adjust their ideas and coalitions, and move on to fight in the next election. Ideas and policies would be contested, sometimes vi

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The Commons

Updated at 1:30 p.m. ET on November 12, 2019. When the Culture War Comes for the Kids In October, George Packer wrote about his attempt to do right by his children while navigating New York City's schools, caught between a brutal meritocracy and a radical new progressivism. As public-school principals in Brooklyn, we feel obligated to correct George Packer's mischaracterization of the educational

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A Nation Coming Apart

The 45th president of the United States is uniquely unfit for office and poses a multifaceted threat to our country's democratic institutions. Yet he might not represent the most severe challenge facing our country. The structural failures in our democratic system that allowed a grifter into the White House in the first place—this might be our gravest challenge. Or perhaps it is the tribalization

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Aging: Is It a Preventable Disease?

David Sinclair says aging is a disease that can be prevented and treated, and there is no reason life must end. The evidence he presents from scientific studies is intriguing, but far from definitive.

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"Hennes mjälte låg på helt fel plats i buken"

"Det var på natten på akuten för ett par år sedan som jag träffade en 13-årig flicka med ont i magen som kom in i sällskap av sin mamma. Flickan hade haft ont i nedre delen av buken till och från i tre dagar, men det senaste dygnet hade smärtan tilltagit, hon hade 39 graders feber och hade kräkts. Något som är vanligt är blindtarmsinflammation, men oftast brukar patienten då beskriva att smärtan b

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Ant and Dec's DNA test merely tells us that we're all inbred | Adam Rutherford

Many of us crave historical connections – but ultimately, everybody now is descended from everybody then After watching Ant & Dec's DNA Journey on ITV, I can confidently say that one thing it failed to do for me – and which genetics could definitively answer – is clarify which one is Ant and which one is Dec. Alas, this mystery remains unsolved. Aside from that, the documentary is entertaining eno

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