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nyheder2019november18

Oh My God, Netflix, Please Chill Out!

The carousel of hair-trigger auto-plays is now my nightmare reality.

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Six-Word Sci-Fi: Sketch the Plot of 'Star Wars: Episode XXI'

Each month we publish a six-word story—and it could be written by you.

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Microtasks Might Be the Future of White-Collar Work

Microsoft is experimenting with inserting small Word doc jobs into people's Facebook feeds, letting them get work done while trying to procrastinate.

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Why would NASA outsource missions to SpaceX?

Tragedies at NASA, such as Challenger and Columbia disasters, have impeded the organization from taking risks, critics say. Indeed, in terms of PR, these tragedies were particularly baleful. Although NASA was once a contractor, its staff spearheading missions, today they are more a client. SpaceX is basically selling NASA a ride to the ISS. Essentially, NASA has put the risk on private companies

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Criminologist to have four papers retracted following months of scrutiny

A criminology professor at Florida State University whose work has been under the microscope for six months will have four papers retracted, Retraction Watch has learned. We first reported on the case of Eric Stewart, the FSU professor, in July, after Justin Pickett, one of the co-authors on one of the papers, posted a 27-page … Continue reading

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Fransk brokollaps: Lastbil var dobbelt så tung som tilladt

Dykkere har fundet en lastbil med en entreprenørmaskine på ladet i floden under den sydfranske bro, der kollapsede mandag. Vogntoget vejede angiveligt 38 ton, mens vægtgrænsen på broen var 19 ton

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Physicists see new hints of a fifth force of nature hidden in helium

A 2016 experiment pointed towards the existence of an undiscovered force of nature. Now researchers say they've seen a second sign

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New hope for one of world's most endangered reptiles

The discovery of baby crocodiles in a river in Nepal is raising hopes for the future of the gharial.

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Brazil's Amazon deforestation highest since 2008, space agency says

The rainforest loses 9,762 sq km in 12 months, an increase of nearly 30%, Brazil's space agency says.

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Modulating multi-functional ERK complexes by covalent targeting of a recruitment site in vivo

Nature Communications, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12996-8 The ERK signalling pathway is activated in many cancers, however ERK1 and ERK2 are difficult to target pharmacologically. Here, the authors identify a small molecule inhibitor that binds covalently to the D-recruitment site of ERK and induces cell death and reduces tumour growth in mice.

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HPV infection and the genital cytokine milieu in women at high risk of HIV acquisition

Nature Communications, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13089-2 Cervicovaginal inflammation and human papillomavirus (HPV) are separately associated with increased risk of HIV acquisition. Here the authors longitudinally profile 48 cervicovaginal cytokines and HPV status in a large observational HIV high-risk cohort, and show the same cytokines associate with HPV infecti

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A Bayesian machine learning approach for drug target identification using diverse data types

Nature Communications, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12928-6 Drug target identification is a crucial step in drug development. Here, the authors introduce a Bayesian machine learning framework that integrates multiple data types to predict the targets of small molecules, enabling identification of a new set of microtubule inhibitors and the target of the anti-cancer m

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Transposable element expression in tumors is associated with immune infiltration and increased antigenicity

Nature Communications, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13035-2 Treatment with demethylation agents can reactivate transposable elements. Here in glioblastoma, the authors also show that this is accompanied by de novo presentation of TE-derived peptides on MHC class I molecules.

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Intrinsically distinct hole and electron transport in conjugated polymers controlled by intra and intermolecular interactions

Nature Communications, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13155-9 Determining the structure-property relationship responsible for charge transport in organic semiconductors remains a challenge. Here, the authors, through spectroscopic & microscopic studies on organic transistors, report the intrinsic factors that affect charge transport in polymer semiconductors.

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Single-atom cobalt array bound to distorted 1T MoS2 with ensemble effect for hydrogen evolution catalysis

Nature Communications, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12997-7 While single-atom catalysis offers an efficient materials usage, the ambiguous interactions with supports poses a difficulty in understanding catalytic performances. Here, authors show an ensemble effect via synergy of Co adatoms and the S of MoS2 supports to boost hydrogen evolution activities.

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Highly efficient multiplex human T cell engineering without double-strand breaks using Cas9 base editors

Nature Communications, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13007-6 Multiplexed genome engineering with Cas9 can increase efficiency but also the risk of unintended alterations. Here the authors demonstrate the use of multiplexed base editors on primary T cells with reduced translocation frequency.

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Molecular mechanisms underlying phytochrome-controlled morphogenesis in plants

Nature Communications, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13045-0 Perception of red and far-red light by photosensory phytochromes regulates plant development and adaptive responses to light. Here, Legris et al. review current models of phytochrome function connecting light-induced conformational changes to physiological outputs and highlight open questions for future rese

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Monolayer MoS2 field effect transistor with low Schottky barrier height with ferromagnetic metal contacts

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53367-z Monolayer MoS 2 field effect transistor with low Schottky barrier height with ferromagnetic metal contacts

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Graphene Supported Rhodium Nanoparticles for Enhanced Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53501-x

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3D hierarchically gold-nanoparticle-decorated porous carbon for high-performance supercapacitors

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53506-6

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A LONELY GUY protein of Bordetella pertussis with unique features is related to oxidative stress

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53171-9

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Observation of scalable sub-Poissonian-field lasing in a microlaser

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53525-3

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Clinical impact of low serum free T4 in patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated with nivolumab

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53327-7

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Water hydrogen uptake in biomolecules detected via nuclear magnetic phosphorescence

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53558-8

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Decarbonizing the power sector

Electricity supply is one of the biggest CO2 emitters globally. To keep global warming well below 2°C, several paths lead to zero emissions in the energy sector, and each has its potential environmental impacts — such as air and water pollution, land-use or water demand. Using a first-time combination of multiple modelling systems, an international team of researchers has now quantified the actua

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Ayahuasca compound changes brainwaves to vivid 'waking-dream' state

Scientists have peered inside the brain to show how taking DMT affects human consciousness by significantly altering the brain's electrical activity.

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Klima, teamwork og ligestilling: Nye bøger på vores skrivebord

PLUS. Hænger klimakrisen uløseligt sammen med den måde vi har indrettet vores samfund på? Og hvad skal der til for at løse krisen? De nylige bogudgivelser byder blandt andet på to bøger om klimakrisens samfundsmæssige årsager og løsninger – for ikke at nævne 'livsdesign' og ' den danske …

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Chile: reform science policy to tackle social problems

Nature, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03568-3

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Writer's secret? Shut the door and no interruptions till you're done

Nature, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03570-9

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Mapping project could unearth mineral wealth

Nature, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03569-2

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Chile: web poll sifts policies amid riot, rallies and curfews

Nature, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03557-6

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Why the Hubble is unlike any other satellite in history

In this excerpt from her book Handprints on Hubble: An Astronaut's Story of Invention , the first American woman to walk in space tells what it was like to be part of the team that designed and launched the space telescope.

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Listen to the sound of Earth's magnetic field as it's pummeled by a solar storm

These strange new sounds underscore the complexities at play when solar storm events head for Earth.

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Violent clashes at Hong Kong universities disrupt research

Nature, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03515-2 Several institutions have cancelled classes — and some fear that conflict will make the city less appealing to foreign academics.

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Tackling emissions from heavy industry is key to fixing climate change

Ramping up renewable energy, electrifying transport and ending energy waste is the easy stuff, the hard problem of climate change is reducing emissions from steel and concrete production

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Skräddarsydd behandling av kronisk myeloisk leukemi

Kronisk myeloisk leukemi (KML) är en långsamt fortskridande form av blodcancer som angriper de blodbildande cellerna i benmärgen. Behandlingen är livslång och kan medföra svåra biverkningar. Rebecca Warfvinge kartlägger patientens stamceller och hoppas kunna identifiera markörer som förutsäger hur patienten kommer att svara på behandling.

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7.700 km kabel: Nu nærmer havfruen sig Jylland

PLUS. Et årelangt projekt over Atlanterhavet er snart i mål, når datakablet Havfruen går i land ved Nymindegab. Kablet skal være en af fremtidens digitale motorveje.

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Foreign interference fears prompt guidelines for Australian universities

Nature, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03523-2 The move comes amid concerns over China's influence on Australian campuses, and after major cybersecurity breaches at one institution.

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Trash-talking robot troll makes people worse at playing video games

Researchers who asked people to play a video game against a robot opponent found that humans made worse decisions when the bot trolled them

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Disney Plus user accounts already found on hacking sites

Disney says its new Disney Plus streaming service doesn't have a security breach, but some users have been shut out after hackers tried to break into their accounts.

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Apple hosting special press event in New York to honor best apps and games of 2019

Apple is hosting a "special event" on Dec. 2 in New York to honor what the company says are "our favorite apps and games" of 2019. The invitation to the press event showcases the App Store icon …

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Author Correction: The population structure of Clostridium tetani deduced from its pan-genome

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53688-z

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Author Correction: A normalized template matching method for improving spike detection in extracellular voltage recordings

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53689-y

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Publisher Correction: Combining Biomarkers with EMR Data to Identify Patients in Different Phases of Sepsis

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-53691-4

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Smoke haze blankets Sydney as bushfire threat rises

Sydney was shrouded in dangerous haze Tuesday as smoke from bushfires blazing along Australia's eastern seaboard sent pollution levels soaring in the country's biggest city.

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Mongolia's new 'cleaner' fuel linked to deaths, illness

One cold night in October, Gerel Ganbaatar decided to stay with her parents in one of Mongolia's traditional ger communities on the outskirts of the capital—a decision which would prove fatal.

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Arctic in hot water: Sea ice minimal in Chukchi, Bering seas

The U.S. research vessel Sikuliaq can break through ice as thick as 2.5 feet (0.76 meters). In the Chukchi Sea northwest of Alaska this month, which should be brimming with floes, its limits likely won't be tested.

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Snapchat checks for deception in political ads

Snap on Monday confirmed that it checks political ads at Snapchat to make sure they are not deceptive or misleading and thus enforce its ban on such material.

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Butterfly on a bomb range: Endangered Species Act at work

In the unlikely setting of the world's most populated military installation, amid all the regimented chaos, you'll find the Endangered Species Act at work.

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Butterfly on a bomb range: Endangered Species Act at work

In the unlikely setting of the world's most populated military installation, amid all the regimented chaos, you'll find the Endangered Species Act at work.

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In the deserts of Dubai, salmon farming thrives

From a control room in the middle of Dubai's desert, Norway's sunrises and sunsets and the cool currents of the Atlantic are recreated for the benefit of thousands of salmon raised in tanks despite searing conditions outside.

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Trash-talking robot troll makes people worse at playing video games

Researchers who asked people to play a video game against a robot opponent found that humans made worse decisions when the bot trolled them

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In the deserts of Dubai, salmon farming thrives

From a control room in the middle of Dubai's desert, Norway's sunrises and sunsets and the cool currents of the Atlantic are recreated for the benefit of thousands of salmon raised in tanks despite searing conditions outside.

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UNT scientist helps advance archaeology millions of years

Reid Ferring, a professor in the University of North Texas Department of Geography and the Environment, is part of an international team of scientists who have developed a breakthrough method of identifying the sex and species of animal in fossils more than a million years old.

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The Heat Goes On: Last Month Was the Second Warmest October on Record

As rising floodwaters assault Venice, there's now an 85% chance that 2019 will come in as second warmest year This anomaly map shows how temperatures departed last month from the long-term average. (Note: The temperature scale is in Celsius. Source: NASA GISS) Two U.S. agencies have now released their global warming report cards for last month, and they both show the same depressing grade: Of the

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Husbands' stress increases if wives earn more than 40 per cent of household income: study

Husbands are least stressed when their wives earn up to 40% of household income but they become increasingly uncomfortable as their spouse's wages rise beyond that point and are most stressed when they are entirely economically dependent on their partner, new research from the University of Bath shows.

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Access to food and nutrition more limited in sub-Saharan Africa than previously estimated

A survey of over six thousand sub-Saharan households shows an estimated 39% experience severely unreliable access to food. In addition, 49% have inadequate diversity in their diet, putting them at risk for micronutrient deficiencies. The study, published in Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, is among the largest of its kind—and also the first to correlate food access and nutrition to time of y

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First evidence of the impact of climate change on Arctic Terns

Data collected from electronic tags retrieved from 47 journeys made by the Farne Island Arctic Terns, has revealed for the first time how climate change might affect their behaviour.

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First evidence of the impact of climate change on Arctic Terns

Data collected from electronic tags retrieved from 47 journeys made by the Farne Island Arctic Terns, has revealed for the first time how climate change might affect their behaviour.

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Genombrott för tryckt elektronik

Ta en plastfilm och tryck ett bläckmönster i fem olika lager i en tryckpress. Resultatet är en dator med 100 transistorer som klarar enkla beräkningar. – Det är världsunikt. Ingen har tidigare lyckats trycka så stora digitala kretsar i en tryckpress, säger Magnus Berggren, professor i organisk elektronik vid Linköpings universitet om forskningsresultatet som publicerats i Nature Communications.

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Nurse Practitioner Pushes Dubious Aesthetic Treatments

Nurse practitioner aggressively advertises a plethora of aesthetic treatments, some of which are dubious. It's legal, but is it ethical?

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FREE Mind Hack

submitted by /u/rayballer89 [link] [comments]

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Australia fires: Sydney blanketed by smoke from NSW bushfires

People in Sydney woke up to a city shrouded in smoke on Tuesday, as bushfires rage across the region

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Snart kan nanosolceller vända sig mot ljuset

De flesta solpaneler bygger på teknik som är beroende av solstrålarnas vinkel. Så fort solen inte lyser rakt på går energi förlorad. På vår runda, snurrande planet innebär det problem. Förutom att röra sig över himlen under dygnet lyser solen alltid vinklat på jordens norra och södra delar. Solceller som sitter fast på hustak går därför miste om energi. I solcellsparker kan panelerna vinklas om me

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Slut med store kulisser: Fremtidens film optages i computerspil

Spilteknologi og filmproduktion er ved at smelte sammen, siger forsker.

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Designer baby revolution 'two years away'

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Forget WhatsApp, this developer built encrypted messages on Bitcoin

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All-Electric Ford Mustang Mach-E

submitted by /u/RyJa64 [link] [comments]

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Trash talk hurts, even when it comes from a robot

Trash talking has a long and colorful history of flustering game opponents, and now researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated that discouraging words can be perturbing even when uttered by a robot.

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Husbands' stress increases if wives earn more than 40% of household income

Husbands are least stressed when their wives earn up to 40% of household income but they become increasingly uncomfortable as their spouse's wages rise beyond that point.

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Radiation from CT scans associated with increased risk for cancer

A new study in JNCI Cancer Spectrum finds that exposure to radiation from CT scans is associated with higher risks of developing thyroid cancer and leukemia.

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Cannabis found not to be a substitute for opioids

The research team looked at all research on the effects of cannabis use on illicit opioid use during methadone maintenance therapy, which is a common treatment for opioid use disorder, and found six studies involving more than 3,600 participants. A meta-analysis of the studies found cannabis use didn't reduce illicit opioid use during treatment nor did it retain people in treatment.

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Study identifies barriers high schools face when implementing, enforcing concussion laws

A new study conducted by researchers at the Center for Injury Research and Policy in the Abigail Wexner Research Institute (AWRI) at Nationwide Children's Hospital investigated the barriers high schools across the country face when implementing state concussion laws.

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Access to food and nutrition more limited in sub-Saharan Africa than previously estimated

Chronic and hidden hunger (nutritional deficiency) affect nearly half of rural households in sub-Saharan Africa, suggests a recent survey. As one of the largest and most comprehensive surveys to date, the results highlight the need to consider varied factors such as food availability, seasonality, production diversity, income and nutrition education in the design of effective interventions.

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Low gravity in space made some astronauts' blood flow backwards

Spending time in microgravity can reverse the flow of a person's blood and lead to clots, as seen in astronauts who spent months on the International Space Station

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Why the electric-car revolution may take a lot longer than expected

An MIT analysis finds that steady declines in battery costs will stall in the next few years.

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These Scientists May Have Found a Cure for 'Bubble Boy' Disease

A newly developed gene therapy is saving young people afflicted by the rare but deadly diagnosis

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Meet the Global Team That Captured the First Image of a Black Hole

Never before had scientists seen the phenomenon until they rallied colleagues around the world to view a galaxy far, far away

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Nu kommer C# i browseren til forretnings-apps

Langt om længe er tiden inde til at benytte samme sprog på server som klient – og det er vel at mærke ikke Javascript. Webassembly og frameworket Blazor giver mulighed for at anvende .Net i browseren.

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Attenborough: People have shown they care about plastic pollution

Sir David Attenborough says people's response to plastic pollution has been encouraging

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Nyt københavnerkvarter bygges på forurenet losseplads med methan 'over eksplosionsgrænsen'

PLUS. Den tidligere lossepladsgrund i Vejlandskvarteret er kraftigt forurenet, og der fundet koncentrationer af methan, der ligger 'over eksplosionsgrænsen', fremgår det af en rapport fra Sweco. Men projektets direktør garanterer for kommende beboeres sikkerhed.

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Stanford's helping hand for inventors

The university's Office of Technology Licensing turns student innovations into revenue

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Robots rush in where humans fear to tread

University innovators are creating machines that are at home in extreme environments

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Cambridge 'spinouts' attract record funding

University-based businesses thrive but 'Silicon Fen' faces growing competition

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How will Brexit hit British research?

The outlook is worrying — but Boris Johnson's government has been strongly pro-science

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Attenborough: World 'changing habits' on plastic

"I think we're all shifting our behaviour," the BBC broadcaster says as he wins a prestigious award.

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Rare bird's detection highlights promise of 'environmental DNA'

Nature, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03522-3 Researchers are increasingly using traces of genetic material in the wild to track endangered species.

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Trump backing off banning vaping flavors popular with teens

When President Donald Trump boarded Air Force One to fly to a Kentucky campaign rally two weeks ago, a plan was in place for him to give final approval to a plan to ban most flavored e-cigarettes.

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Scientists create precursor to life in thermal vent experiment

The findings also suggest that life may have formed in the deep oceans of other celestial bodies in our solar system as well. These are a lot like cell membranes, only they don't contain any of the complicated machinery that real, living cells do. Researchers recently demonstrated that these vesicles form frequently in environments similar to the hydrothermal vents of early Earth. None One of the

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Among people with bipolar disorder, inflammation predicts cognitive deficits

A team of investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital has conducted the largest study to date of people with bipolar disorder that examined whether inflammation may play an important role in patient outcomes.

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9 ways religion can affect stress about money

Churchgoers who are strapped for cash may experience a spike in anxiety when the donation plate is passed, according to a new study. The study also finds, however, that knowing they have a church family to support them in times of need may help ease their money worries. The study draws upon 134 interviews with religious leaders and parents in Ireland and the United Kingdom who consider themselves

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Meat industry is trying to stifle plant-based food innovation

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The newest gene editor radically improves on CRISPR

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Plastic waste converted back to oil

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Playing Hide-and-Seek, Machines Invent New Tools

submitted by /u/Marha01 [link] [comments]

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How close are we to curing ageing? Very.

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First evidence of the impact of climate change on Arctic Terns

New study shows how changes in Antarctic sea ice is driving one of the world's smallest seabirds to forage further for food.

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Borderline personality disorder has strongest link to childhood trauma

People with Borderline Personality Disorder are 13 times more likely to report childhood trauma than people without any mental health problems, according to University of Manchester research. The analysis of data from 42 international studies of over 5,000 people showed that 71.1% of people who were diagnosed with the serious health condition reported at least one traumatic childhood experience.

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Predicting people's driving personalities

Self-driving cars are coming. But for all their fancy sensors and intricate data-crunching abilities, even the most cutting-edge cars lack something that (almost) every 16-year-old with a learner's …

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Infants from 2100 years ago found with helmets made of children's skulls

A team of researchers from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and Universidad Técnica de Manabí in Ecuador has found and reported on ancient infant skulls that were excavated at a …

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Endocrinologist and Reproductive Physiologist Wayne Bardin Dies

Bardin's work helped lead to the development of long-acting contraceptive devices for women.

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Can Valve tempt gamers to try virtual reality?

The game studio is preparing a prequel to its iconic Half-Life title that will be set entirely in VR.

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Paleontologists on the Trail of "Ghost Tracks"

Ground Penetrating Radar has the potential to reveal a world of hidden footprints. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Scientists and schoolkids find family soups have antimalarial properties

London schoolchildren have found that some of their families' soup recipes have antimalarial properties, with the help of Imperial scientists.

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California to Stop Buying From Automakers That Backed Trump on Emissions

California, hitting back at automakers that sided with President Trump, will not buy from manufacturers that do not recognize its authority to set emissions standards.

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Doctors warn of danger of 'feather duvet lung'

Medical team say people's unexplained breathlessness could be down to bedding dust As winter approaches it might be tempting to curl up under a thick feather duvet, but experts have warned it might lead to more than just warm toes. Doctors have reported a case of "feather duvet lung" – a lung inflammation caused by breathing in dust from the feathers in bedding – and have called for medical profe

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The Atlantic Politics Daily: The Other Giuliani Who Works for Trump

It's Monday, November 18. In today's newsletter: Andrew Giuliani, impeachment hearings, and whether American cities have measurable personalities. * « TODAY IN POLITICS » (NICHOLAS KAMM / NOAM GALAI / ASTRID STAWIARZ / GETTY / THE ATLANTIC ) The Other Giuliani He works for President Trump. His last name is Giuliani. I'm talking about Andrew Giuliani, who works in the White House's Office of Publi

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Ford's Electric Mustang, A Gadget-Stealing Hack, and More News

Catch up on the most important news from today in two minutes or less.

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Publisher Correction: Guest Edited Collection: Gravitational biology and space medicine

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-54135-9

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Amazon Music launches free, ad-sponsored tier on iOS, Android, and Fire TV

Image: Amazon Earlier this year, Amazon began offering a free, ad-sponsored music streaming tier on Echo speakers and other Alexa devices. Offering access to “top playlists and …

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Can pro-vaccine bills save us from ourselves?

Disease outbreaks prompted legislators to propose bills that would limit the ability to obtain a vaccine exemption. In 2019, the United States saw the largest number of measles cases since 1992, and the vast majority occurred in people who had not been vaccinated against the disease. Like outbreaks of most vaccine-preventable diseases, one of the principal contributing factors was an easy ability

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Five advanced Safari tips to level up your browsing

Venture beyond the safe confines of Safari's default settings. (David Nield/) Safari just keeps getting better: The default browser for Apple's operating systems adds new features every year, so you could be missing out on some cool functionality if you're not up to speed with everything it can do. See how many of these power user tips make a difference to your productivity in Apple's web browser

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Virtual 'moonwalk' for science reveals distortions in spatial memory

In order to orient ourselves in space, and to find our way around, we form mental maps of our surroundings. But what happens if the coordinate system of our brain, which measures our mental maps, is distorted? Jacob Bellmund and Christian Doeller from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences show in Nature Human Behaviour that under these circumstances there are also distort

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Hear this: Healthful diet tied to lower risk of hearing loss

Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital have found that eating a healthy diet may reduce the risk of acquired hearing loss.

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People in counties with worse economies are more likely to die from heart disease

Communities in the United States that experienced the most economic distress in the wake of the Great Recession saw a significant increase in death rates from heart disease and strokes among middle-aged people. While the death rates remained nearly unchanged in counties with the least economic distress, areas experiencing worsening economic trends saw a sharp increase, from 122 deaths per 100,000

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Novel Direct Thermal Charging Cell Converts low-grade waste heat to usable electricity

Engineers can now efficiently convert heat into electricity, creating a huge potential to reduce greenhouse effects by capturing exhaust heat and cutting down primary energy wastage.

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Discovery in ferroelectric material reveals unique property, application potential

A discovery from a team of physicists and other researchers is breaking new ground in the study of ferroelectricity, a characteristic of certain dielectric materials that are used in high-technology applications.

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Superbug battle: Bacteria structure may be key to new antibiotics

Cornell researchers have uncovered the structure of a regulatory mechanism unique to bacteria, opening the door for designing new antibiotics targeted to pathogens.

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Potato virus Y is the most serious threat to potato—some strains more than others

Potato virus Y (PVY) is the most serious problem facing the potato industry in the United States and is the main cause for rejection of seed potato lots. The virus affects potatoes in two ways: It reduces the yield of potato tubers by 70-80% and also negatively affects the quality of the remaining tubers due to necrotic reactions.

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Get over it? When it comes to recycled water, consumers won't

If people are educated on recycled water, they may come to agree it's perfectly safe and tastes as good—or better—than their drinking water. They may even agree it's an answer to the critical water imbalance in California, where the northern third of the state holds 75% of the water despite 80% of the demand coming from the southern two-thirds.

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NASA finds light rain in fading tropical depression fengshen

A NASA analysis of rainfall rates shows that the once mighty Fengshen is now a depression devoid of heavy rainfall.

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Superbug battle: Bacteria structure may be key to new antibiotics

Cornell researchers have uncovered the structure of a regulatory mechanism unique to bacteria, opening the door for designing new antibiotics targeted to pathogens.

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Potato virus Y is the most serious threat to potato—some strains more than others

Potato virus Y (PVY) is the most serious problem facing the potato industry in the United States and is the main cause for rejection of seed potato lots. The virus affects potatoes in two ways: It reduces the yield of potato tubers by 70-80% and also negatively affects the quality of the remaining tubers due to necrotic reactions.

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How LISA pathfinder detected dozens of 'comet crumbs'

LISA Pathfinder, a mission led by ESA (the European Space Agency) that included NASA contributions, successfully demonstrated technologies needed to build a future space-based gravitational wave observatory, a tool for detecting ripples in space-time produced by, among other things, merging black holes. A team of NASA scientists leveraged LISA Pathfinder's record-setting sensitivity for a differen

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Elon Musk Tears Into NASA for Pricey Boeing Launches

Not Right On Thursday, NASA's inspector general released a report about the Commercial Crew Program, an initiative through which NASA has contracted both Boeing and SpaceX to develop systems to transport astronauts to the International Space Station. According to that report, Boeing's solution will end up costing about $90 million per astronaut per trip, while SpaceX's will cost just $55 million

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Daily briefing: Samoa imposes compulsory immunization to halt deadly measles epidemic

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03559-4 A state of emergency in Samoa, the first global map of Titan and how to use less plastic in the lab.

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New screening method identifies inhibitors of cancer cell metabolism

A new screening system developed by scientists at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center leverages redundancy in an important component of a cell – nucleotide metabolism – to help identify new drugs that specifically and potently block processes that are essential for cancer cell growth.

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Get over it? When it comes to recycled water, consumers won't

If people are educated on recycled water, they may come to agree it's perfectly safe and tastes as good — or better — than their drinking water. They may even agree it's an answer to the critical water imbalance in California. But that doesn't mean they're going to use recycled water — and it sure doesn't mean they'll drink it. And the reason lies in the word 'disgust.' That's the result of a s

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Mechanism connects early binge drinking to adult behaviors

Intermittent exposure to high levels of alcohol in adolescent animals leads to increased levels of microRNA-137 in the brains of adults. Blocking microRNA-137 helps to reverse or the lasting effects of youth drinking, such as increased alcohol use and anxiety.

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'The Anti-Facebook': Wikipedia co-founder launches ad-free social media platform

The social media platform features a Facebook-style newsfeed, but content is prioritized by recency instead of engagement. Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales said he was inspired to create WT:Social because advertising had allowed "low-quality" content to dominate Facebook and Twitter. Facebook and Twitter have recently adopted opposing strategies in how to handle political advertising. None Fed up

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The Challenges Scientists Face While Working In The Arctic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean is a stunning place that not many get the chance to see. But if you're a scientist there to do field work, that beauty comes with some pretty unique challenges.

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The Man Who Did Not Sweat

Updated at 9:37 p.m. ET on November 11, 2019. Prince Andrew, Duke of York, had a long friendship with the deceased sex offender Jeffrey Epstein and his girlfriend, Ghislaine Maxwell. Over the course of a decade, he stayed at their homes in New York and Palm Beach, traveled on Epstein's private jet, and partied with the pair. According to Virginia Roberts Giuffre, the prince was also involved in E

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Nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas, is on the rise

A new study from an international group of scientists finds we are releasing more of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide into the atmosphere than previously thought.

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Superbug battle: Bacteria structure may be key to new antibiotics

Cornell researchers have uncovered the structure of a regulatory mechanism unique to bacteria, opening the door for designing new antibiotics targeted to pathogens.

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New York loses rideshare provider as Juno drops out

New York-based rideshare firm Juno said Monday it was shutting down its service, citing a "changing market situation," as its Israeli-based parent company announced a partnership with Lyft.

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Scientists Confirm Water Vapor Above the Surface of Europa

A team led by researchers out of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, has confirmed traces of water vapor above the surface of Jupiter's icy moon Europa. And that's a big deal as the tiny space rock is one of the highest priority targets in NASA's search for extraterrestrial life, according to the agency. "While scientists have not yet detected liquid water directly, we've f

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Do we actually grow from adversity?

In our culture, there's this idea that enduring a tragedy can be good for your personal growth . You'll have a newfound appreciation for life. You'll be grateful for your friends and family. You'll learn from the experience. You'll become more resilient. This theme appears in media coverage, time and again , in the wake of natural disasters and terrorist attacks. But what does the science say? Is

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5 steps for clean air in India | Arunabha Ghosh

India's big cities have some of the worst air quality in the world. How can we fix this public health crisis? In an actionable talk, social entrepreneur Arunabha Ghosh lays out a five-step plan to put India on the path to cleaner, safer air — and shows how every citizen can play an active role in getting there.

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How LISA pathfinder detected dozens of 'comet crumbs'

A team of NASA scientists leveraged LISA Pathfinder's record-setting sensitivity (designed to ripples in space-time produced by, among other things, merging black holes) for a different purpose much closer to home — mapping microscopic dust shed by comets and asteroids.

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NASA finds light rain in fading Tropical Depression Fengshen

A NASA analysis of rainfall rates shows that the once mighty Fengshen is now a depression devoid of heavy rainfall.

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Potato virus Y is the most serious threat to potato — some strains more than others

Potato virus Y (PVY) is the most serious problem facing the potato industry in the United States and is the main cause for rejection of seed potato lots. The virus affects potatoes in two ways: It reduces the yield of potato tubers by 70-80% and also negatively affects the quality of the remaining tubers due to necrotic reactions. During the last 10 years, major changes have been observed in the p

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What will make grandma use her Fitbit longer?

For older adults, Fitbits and other activity trackers may be popular gifts, but they may not be used for very long. While counterintuitive, engaging in competition with family and friends decreases the odds of long-term use among older adults, perhaps because they feel it's demotivating, according to a new Michigan State University study.

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Blowing bubbles: Scientist confirms novel way to launch and drive current in fusion plasmas

An obstacle to generating fusion reactions inside facilities called tokamaks is that producing the current in plasma that helps create confining magnetic fields happens in pulses. Such pulses, generated by an electromagnet that runs down the center of the tokamak, would make the steady-state creation of fusion energy difficult to achieve. To address the problem, physicists have developed a techniq

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Quantum light improves sensitivity of biological measurements

In a new study, researchers showed that quantum light can be used to track enzyme reactions in real time. The work brings together quantum physics and biology in an important step toward the development of quantum sensors for biomedical applications.

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A century later, plant biodiversity struggles in wake of agricultural abandonment

Decades after farmland was abandoned, plant biodiversity and productivity struggle to recover, according to new research.

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Blowing bubbles: Scientist confirms way to launch current in fusion plasmas

Physicists have used high-resolution computer simulations to investigate the practicality of the CHI start-up technique. The simulations show that CHI could produce the current continuously in larger, more powerful tokamaks than exist today to produce stable fusion plasmas.

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Don't confuse luck with skill when rewarding performance

Managers and those who evaluate the performance of others, whether in the workplace or on the sporting field, are likely to be often confusing luck with skill, and over rewarding those who are just lucky, a new study reveals.

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New findings on the largest natural sulfur source in the atmosphere

An international research team was able to experimentally show in the laboratory a completely new reaction path for the largest natural sulfur source in the atmosphere. The team is now reporting on the new degradation mechanism for dimethyl sulfide (DMS), which is released mainly by the oceans.

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Unlikely wasp enemy of a serious alien pest in North America named Idris elba

Idris is a worldwide genus of microscopic, parasitic wasps. A new species of Idris from Mexico (Guanajuato) and the United States (California, New Mexico) proved to be an unlikely enemy of the invasive bagrada bug, a major pest of various crops, including cruciferous vegetables.

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A century later, plant biodiversity struggles in wake of agricultural abandonment

Decades after farmland was abandoned, plant biodiversity and productivity struggle to recover, according to new University of Minnesota research.

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Liberal or conservative? CEOs' political leanings skew firms' logic in structuring initial pay packages, study shows

When firms design the initial pay package for a new CEO, they focus on that person's tolerance or aversion to risk-taking. Research and corporate governance practices generally recommend compensating a risk-averse CEO with more performance-based pay to incentivize risk taking.

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Four ways to curb light pollution, save bugs

Artificial light at night negatively impacts thousands of species: beetles, moths, wasps and other insects that have evolved to use light levels as cues for courtship, foraging and navigation.

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A century later, plant biodiversity struggles in wake of agricultural abandonment

Decades after farmland was abandoned, plant biodiversity and productivity struggle to recover, according to new University of Minnesota research.

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Four ways to curb light pollution, save bugs

Artificial light at night negatively impacts thousands of species: beetles, moths, wasps and other insects that have evolved to use light levels as cues for courtship, foraging and navigation.

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Quantum light improves sensitivity of biological measurements

In a new study, researchers showed that quantum light can be used to track enzyme reactions in real time. The work brings together quantum physics and biology in an important step toward the development of quantum sensors for biomedical applications.

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NASA finds heavy rain potential in typhoon Kalmaegi

NASA analyzed the cloud top temperatures in Typhoon Kalmaegi using infrared light to determine the strength of the storm. Kalmaegi is known locally as Ramon in the Philippines where warnings are in effect.

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How religion can heighten or help with financial stress

Churchgoers who are strapped for cash may experience a spike in anxiety when the donation plate is passed. However, knowing they have a church family to support them in times of need may help ease their money worries.

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Four ways to curb light pollution, save bugs

Artificial light at night negatively impacts thousands of species: beetles, moths, wasps and other insects that have evolved to use light levels as cues for courtship, foraging and navigation. Writing in the scientific journal Biological Conservation, Brett Seymoure, the Grossman Family Postdoctoral Fellow of the Living Earth Collaborative at Washington University in St. Louis, and his collaborato

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Study — disparities in care among homeless adults hospitalized for cardiovascular conditions

In a new retrospective study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine, a team of researchers led by Rishi Wadhera, MD, MPP, MPhil, an investigator in the Smith Center for Outcomes Research in Cardiology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), found that there are indeed striking disparities in in-hospital care and mortality between homeless and non-homeless adults.

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CEOs' political leanings skew firms' logic in structuring initial pay package

Newly appointed, conservative CEOs who are naturally more risk averse receive less performance-based pay than those who are more willing to take risks, and more liberal CEOs get more performance-based pay, according to research from Timothy Hubbard.

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The sun can help break down ocean plastic, but there's a catch

As of 2014, 5 trillion plastic pieces are floating around the planet's oceans. (DepositPhotos/) What if the plastic in the ocean could burn itself up? This thought might not be too far from the truth. A recent study in the Journal of Hazardous Materials found that when four different types of post-consumer microplastics collected from the waters of the North Pacific Gyre were placed under a solar

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Janette Sherman, Public Health Activist, Dies

The physician, toxicologist, and expert witness drew attention to health issues caused by radiation and toxic chemicals.

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Courting "Vapers Who Vote," Trump May Cancel Flavored Vape Ban

In September, President Donald Trump announced plans to ban the sale of all flavored vapes and vape juices in the United States. Now, he seems to have changed his mind. Trump likely caved to the political advisers and lobbyists who have been urging him to change course since his announcement, according to The New York Times . Apparently, they insist there are a lot of single-issue voters who woul

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Taylor Swift Is Waging Reputational Warfare

Leverage. It's one of those rare pieces of business jargon that actually means what it sounds like it. Money, assets, and rights all amount to force with which one moves something in the manner of a lever. So, it turns out, does fame. That's why Taylor Swift has elevated a behind-the-scenes financial dispute into a brouhaha that's collected the power of her fans, other pop stars, and even politic

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Synthetic biologists developing a new class of high-performance materials

Synthetic biologists have developed a process that could lead to a new class of synthetic polymers that may create new high-performance materials and therapeutics for Soldiers.

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A four-way switch promises greater tunability of layered materials

A scientific team has made the first experimental observation of a material phase that had been predicted but never seen. The newly discovered phase couples with a known phase to enable unique control over material properties — an advance that paves the way to eventual manipulation of electrical conduction in two-dimensional materials such as graphene.

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Saving 'half Earth' for nature would affect over a billion people

Plans to save biodiversity must take into account the social impacts of conservation if they are to succeed, say researchers.

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AI could transform how we monitor the structural health of civil infrastructure

Scientists have developed a new machine learning algorithm (AI) that could transform the way we monitor major infrastructure – such as dams and bridges.

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'Bad cholesterol' is only as unhealthy as its composition

New research shows that a particular subclass of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is a much better predictor of potential heart attacks than the mere presence of LDL.

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Blowing bubbles: PPPL scientist confirms way to launch current in fusion plasmas

PPPL physicist Fatima Ebrahimi has used high-resolution computer simulations to investigate the practicality of the CHI start-up technique. The simulations show that CHI could produce the current continuously in larger, more powerful tokamaks than exist today to produce stable fusion plasmas.

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A century later, plant biodiversity struggles in wake of agricultural abandonment

Decades after farmland was abandoned, plant biodiversity and productivity struggle to recover, according to new University of Minnesota research.

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New finding on origin of avian predentary in Mesozoic birds

Researchers from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology reported new finding on origin of avian predentary in Mesozoic birds. They presented strong evidence that the avian predentary was covered by a keratinous beak, and it was proprioceptive and mobile – representing a now extinct form of cranial kinesis.

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'Dual login' mechanism found to resist fungal infection in cells

Indiana University researchers have identified how two immune receptors coordinate closely to trigger a powerful response against fungal invaders, which could help advance research on cancer therapies.

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Study of Wisconsin walleye finds recreational fishing contributes to stock declines

New research shows that shows when stocks of fish get so low that it becomes a greater challenge to catch them, many anglers step up to the challenge and continue catching fish. This poses a threat to the long-term health of sportfish populations in Wisconsin and in inland recreational fisheries around the world.

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Can plants tell us something about longevity?

The oldest living organism on Earth is a plant, Methuselah a bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) (pictured below) that is over 5,000 years old. Conversely, animals only live up to a few hundred years. Can we learn something from plants about longevity and stay young forever or even recapture lost youth?

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Bees 'surf' atop water

Ever see a bee stuck in a pool? He's surfing to escape.

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Can plants tell us something about longevity?

The oldest living organism on Earth is a plant, Methuselah a bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) that is over 5000 years old. Conversely, animals only live up to a few hundred years. Can we learn …

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Is climate change driving migration from Central America?

The conversation about migration from Central America needs more nuance, say climate researchers. "We were seeing articles in big-name media saying migration from Central America is being driven by climate change and yet, we were looking at these and asking, where is the evidence?" says Kevin Anchukaitis, professor in the University of Arizona School of Geography and Development. To nail down the

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What Butterflies' Colorful Wing Patterns Can Teach Us About Evolution

Smithsonian scientists used genetically-engineered butterflies to learn that evolution can take a different path to achieve the same thing

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Watch Bees Surf to Safety on Waves They Create

When honeybees fall into water, they generate their own ripples, then glide to dry land, a study found.

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As CBD Skyrockets in Popularity, Scientists Scramble to Understand How It's Metabolized

Everything from bacon consumption to kidney function can skew cannabidiol dosing — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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What America Lost When It Lost the Bison

Chris Geremia was surprised. After considerable effort, and substantial risk to life and limb, he and his colleagues finally had the results from their decade-long experiment, and those results were both clear and unexpected: Bison do not surf. Specifically, bison (or buffalo) don't follow the waves of new shoots that burst from the ground every spring. This phenomenon, known as surfing the green

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Researchers clear the path for 'designer' plants

A team of researchers has found a way to identify gene regulatory elements that could help produce 'designer' plants and lead to improvements in food crops at a critical time.

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Switching to renewable energy could save thousands of lives in Africa

New research finds that if Africa chooses a future powered by fossil fuels, nearly 50,000 people could die prematurely each year from fossil fuel emissions by 2030, mostly in South Africa, Nigeria and Malawi.

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Synthetic biologists developing a new class of high-performance materials

Synthetic biologists have developed a process that could lead to a new class of synthetic polymers that may create new high-performance materials and therapeutics for Soldiers.

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Quantum computers learn to mark their own work

A new test to check if a quantum computer is giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing could help the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer to be realized.

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Pollution from Athabasca oil sands affects weather processes

Scientists have been looking at pollution affecting the air, land and water around the Athabaska Oil Sands for some time. After looking at contaminants in snow taken from up-to 25 km away from the oil sands, a McGill-led scientific team now suggests that oil sand pollution is also affecting the weather patterns in the surrounding regions.

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Tracking inheritance of human mitochondrial DNA

New insight into how genetic information stored in human mitochondria is passed from one generation to the next could have important implications for genetic counseling of women planning pregnancies, according to a study by researchers at Penn State and the University of California, Berkeley. The findings are especially relevant to women carrying disease-causing mutations within their mitochondria

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Paying countries for carbon protects forests, but only if payments continue

Fires ravaging the Amazon rainforests and global climate strikes have highlighted the need for global action to mitigate climate change and conserve forests. Though the situation can seem dire at times, there is good news from a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Carbon payments do protect forests and represent one solution to reversing the trend of global defo

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Yellowstone's migrating bison manipulate springtime green-up

On a typical June day in Yellowstone, it's not unusual to see hundreds of bison grazing in the Lamar Valley. The herds appear to aimlessly move back and forth through meadows threaded by a winding river, just passive figures in an idyllic scene. But, as it turns out, that's far from the full picture.

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'Dual login' mechanism found to resist fungal infection in cells

Indiana University researchers have identified a mechanism involving the body's ability to resist fungal infection. The work could help advance research on cancer therapies that use the body's own immune system to fight disease.

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Study of Wisconsin walleye finds recreational fishing contributes to stock declines

There's a long-standing belief in the freshwater fishing community that once anglers find it too hard to land a particular fish for their dinner plate, they either move on to fishing for different species or fish in new waters, giving depleted populations time to rebound.

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Can plants tell us something about longevity?

The oldest living organism on Earth is a plant, Methuselah a bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) that is over 5000 years old. Conversely, animals only live up to a few hundred years. Can we learn something from plants about longevity and stay young forever or even recapture lost youth?

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Climate change could double greenhouse gas emissions from freshwater lakes

Every drop of fresh water contains thousands of different organic molecules that have previously gone unnoticed. By measuring the diversity of these molecules and how they interact with the environment around them, research has revealed an invisible world that affects the functioning of freshwater ecosystems and can contribute to greenhouse gas emissions.

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Tracking inheritance of human mitochondrial DNA

New insight into how genetic information stored in human mitochondria is passed from one generation to the next could have important implications for genetic counseling of women planning pregnancies, according to a study by researchers at Penn State and the University of California, Berkeley. The findings are especially relevant to women carrying disease-causing mutations within their mitochondria

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Yellowstone's migrating bison manipulate springtime green-up

On a typical June day in Yellowstone, it's not unusual to see hundreds of bison grazing in the Lamar Valley. The herds appear to aimlessly move back and forth through meadows threaded by a winding river, just passive figures in an idyllic scene. But, as it turns out, that's far from the full picture.

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'Dual login' mechanism found to resist fungal infection in cells

Indiana University researchers have identified a mechanism involving the body's ability to resist fungal infection. The work could help advance research on cancer therapies that use the body's own immune system to fight disease.

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Study of Wisconsin walleye finds recreational fishing contributes to stock declines

There's a long-standing belief in the freshwater fishing community that once anglers find it too hard to land a particular fish for their dinner plate, they either move on to fishing for different species or fish in new waters, giving depleted populations time to rebound.

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Can plants tell us something about longevity?

The oldest living organism on Earth is a plant, Methuselah a bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) that is over 5000 years old. Conversely, animals only live up to a few hundred years. Can we learn something from plants about longevity and stay young forever or even recapture lost youth?

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NASA finds heavy rain potential in typhoon Kalmaegi

NASA analyzed the cloud top temperatures in Typhoon Kalmaegi using infrared light to determine the strength of the storm. Kalmaegi is known locally as Ramon in the Philippines where warnings are in effect.

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Google's new system captures character lighting for virtually any environment

Computer scientists at Google are revolutionizing the area of volumetric capture technology with a novel, comprehensive system that is able, for the first time, to capture full-body reflectance of 3D human performances, and seamlessly blend them into the real world through AR or into digital scenes in films, games, and more. Google will present their new system, called The Relightables, at ACM SIG

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Getting some SVO for your (auto) SUV

It's one thing to make a car that can drive itself. How do you give it a social conscience?

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Honeybees can surf to safety

On water their wings work like hydrofoils.

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First full map of Titan assembled

Now it's time to find out more about 'the Earth of the outer Solar System'.

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Were animal ancestors bisexual?

Scientists suggest we might have been working on some incorrect assumptions.

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Engineers less flush with success

Super slippery toilet conserves water and cuts odour, they say.

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Another glorious galaxy

But NGC 772 is officially peculiar.

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As CBD Skyrockets in Popularity, Scientists Scramble to Understand How It's Metabolized

Everything from bacon consumption to kidney function can skew cannabidiol dosing — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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When stuck in water, bees create a wave and hydrofoil atop it, study finds

Walking on Caltech's campus, research engineer Chris Roh (MS '13, Ph.D. '17) happened to see a bee stuck in the water of Millikan Pond. Although it was a common-enough sight, it led Roh and his advisor, Mory Gharib (Ph.D. '83), to a discovery about the potentially unique way that bees navigate the interface between water and air.

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Watch a Galaxy Form Over More Than 13 Billion Years

Using a powerful supercomputer, scientists have created a state-of-the-art simulation of galactic formation. While previous simulations typically had to choose between showing a big-picture view or being highly detailed, the TNG50 simulation is both. Not only does it show how a whole universe may have formed in the 13.8 years since the Big Bang , but it also gives scientists the ability to zoom i

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Kick-starting Moore's Law? New 'synthetic' method for making microchips could help

Researchers have developed a new method for producing atomically-thin semiconducting crystals that could one day enable more powerful and compact electronic devices.

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Money spent on beer ads linked to underage drinking

Advertising budgets and strategies used by beer companies appear to influence underage drinking, according to new research. The findings show that the amount of money spent on advertising strongly predicted the percentage of teens who had heard of, preferred and tried different beer brands.

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Helicopter parents and 'hothouse children' — exploring the high stakes of family dynamics

The phenomenon of helicopter parenting most often occurs in middle- to upper-class families where stakes are high for parents to be able to show off their children's success. Her research, which focuses on young adults 18- to 24- years-old, indicates that high helicopter parenting leads to 'low mastery, self-regulation and social competence.'

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Learning from traditional Indian building techniques

Dense, humid broadleaf forests, monsoon-swollen rivers and deep ravines — in the Indian state of Meghalaya wooden bridges easily decay or are washed away in floodwaters. Bridges made from steel and concrete are pushed to their limits here as well. But bridges made of living tree roots can survive here for centuries. Researchers have investigated these special structures and proposes integrating t

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HIV drug exposure in womb may increase child risk of microcephaly, developmental delays

Children born to women on HIV therapy containing the drug efavirenz were 2 to 2.5 times more likely to have microcephaly, or small head size, compared to children born to women on regimens of other antiretroviral drugs, according to a new analysis. The children with microcephaly also had a higher risk for developmental delays, compared to children with normal head size.

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How to observe a 'black hole symphony' using gravitational wave astronomy

Astrophysicists present a compelling roadmap for capturing intermediate-mass black hole activity.

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How gene expression noise shapes cell fate

Researcher develops a method for measuring gene expression noise across single cells in complex tissue.

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How much energy do we really need?

Two fundamental goals of humanity are to eradicate poverty and reduce climate change, and it is critical that the world knows whether achieving these goals will involve trade-offs. New research for the first time provides a basis to answer this question, including the tools needed to relate basic needs directly to resource use.

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Here Are 3 Climategate Myths That Have Not Aged Well

This is a re-post from DeSmogUK Excessive media coverage of an email hacking tilted the outcome of a critically important event against the victims of the crime. Sound familiar? In 2016, it happened to the Hillary Clinton presidential campaign and the Democratic National Committee . That was déjà vu for climate scientists, who seven years earlier had experienced a nearly identical chain of events

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2019 SkS Weekly Climate Change & Global Warming News Roundup #46

A chronological listing of news articles linked to on the Skeptical Science Facebook Page during the past week, i.e., Sun, Nov 10 through Sat, Nov 16, 2019 Editor's Pick The Climate Change Health Risks Facing a Child Born Today: A Tale of Two Futures The latest Countdown report from the medical journal Lancet lays out the risks ahead, from the womb to adulthood. A child born today faces two possi

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Riot Police Lay Siege to Hong Kong University Occupied by Protesters

Five months into a pro-democracy protest movement in Hong Kong, some of the most violent clashes so far took place this past weekend, as riot police stormed the campus of a university where protesters had barricaded themselves. Hundreds of demonstrators had occupied Hong Kong Polytechnic University and prepared for a siege. Later, as some attempted to leave the campus, they found themselves trapp

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Study measures impact of agriculture on diet of wild mammals

In an article published in PNAS, Brazilian researchers stress the need for agricultural management that favors the maintenance of wildlife.

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Craigslist linked to 15% increase in drug abuse facilities, 6% increase in overdose deaths

New research in the INFORMS journal Management Science looks at the influence online platforms have on the rising illegal drug epidemic. This study shows drug abuse treatment admissions and overdose deaths have increased since the founding of Craigslist.

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How religion can heighten or help with financial stress

Researchers found that some people experience financial stress due, in part, to their religion's demands on their time and money. Yet, others feel their religious involvement and support of their church community reduces their financial stress.

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Ford Mach-E: It's a Mustang, an EV (Yes), an SUV (Gasp), Very Quick, and the Future of Ford

LOS ANGELES — The 2021 Mustang Mach-E announced here Sunday night in Elon Musk's backyard is a compact crossover that runs on electricity, for as much as 300 miles. There is no gasoline-engine option. More than that, Mach-E is Ford's bet on the future shifting away from combustion engines, toward electrification, and toward driver assistance that becomes self-driving if the driver wants it and th

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Renewable energy: climate crisis 'may have triggered faster wind speeds'

Windfarms could be able to generate more energy due to phenomenon, says report The global climate crisis could lead to more renewable electricity being generated by spurring faster wind speeds for the world's growing number of windfarms, according to research. Scientists have discovered that the world's shifting ocean circulation patterns may have triggered a rapid increase in wind speeds over th

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Quantum light improves sensitivity of biological measurements

In a new study, researchers showed that quantum light can be used to track enzyme reactions in real time. The work brings together quantum physics and biology in an important step toward the development of quantum sensors for biomedical applications.

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Barbra Streisand featured in JAMA podcast on heart disease in women

Oscar-winner, recording artist and filmmaker Barbra Streisand, who helped create a namesake Women's Heart Center at Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles, and Noel Bairey Merz, M.D., the center's director, discuss cardiovascular disease in women, which often presents differently and may not be diagnosed.

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Is early menopause associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease?

Whether natural premature menopause and premature menopause that results from surgery to remove a woman's ovaries before age 40 are associated with increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases was the focus of this observational study.

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Shark proof wetsuit material could help save lives

A new wet suit material tested by Flinders marine researchers can help reduce blood loss caused by shark bites, to reduce injuries and prevent the leading cause of death from shark bites.

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Statins not associated with memory or cognition decline in elderly, may be protective in some patients

Given consumer concern that statins may be associated with memory or cognitive decline, a new study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology may offer reassurance, as no difference was found in the rate of memory or cognitive decline of elderly statin-users compared to never-users.

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Research reveals no link between statins and memory loss

Over 6 years, researchers evaluated the cognitive effects of statins in elderly consumers, revealing no negative impact and potential protective effects in those at risk of dementia.

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European Investment Bank Will Stop Lending to Fossil Fuel Projects

Money will be redirected to clean energy innovation, efficiency and renewables — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Sisyphean Solitude of a Migrant Shepherd

Some films don't need words. El Desierto is one of them. Carly and Jared Jakins's award-winning short documentary, premiering on The Atlantic today, follows a lone migrant worker as he shepherds thousands of sheep in the Great Basin desert amid a formidable drought. Without a single line of dialogue, the film's imagery speaks volumes about the isolating plight of America's migrant workers and the

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Ford's all-electric Mustang Mach-E is available for preorder and it's bringing lots of options

The Ford Mustang Mach-E comes in many flavors. (Ford/) Back in 2018, Ford announced its plan to phase out passenger cars in the United States so it could concentrate on its more successful trucks, SUVs, and crossovers. The venerable Mustang, however, would stick around as one of the company's most iconic brands. Last night, Ford introduced its new all-electric Mustang Mach-E vehicle . And while i

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Is the universe controlled by gigantic structures?

New findings in astronomy are making some astronomers doubt our basic model of the universe. Alignments of celestial objects suggest that they may be embedded in large-scale structures. Galaxies too far apart to be influencing each other are moving through space together. None Solidity is a function of magnification. We know that anything we experience as solid is actually a structure of atoms pa

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Shark proof wetsuit material could help save lives

A new wet suit material tested by Flinders marine researchers can help reduce blood loss caused by shark bites, to reduce injuries and prevent the leading cause of death from shark bites.

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Should targeted groups reclaim slurs to neutralize them?

Reclaiming disparaging words, a process called reappropriation, could be a way for targeted groups of people to neutralize uncivil speech, say political scientists. "The purpose of this research is to test several hypotheses related to the process of reappropriation, using 'The Slants' controversy as our general context," says Lee Epstein, professor at Washington University in St. Louis and a coa

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Big ad budgets for beer grab teens' attention

The advertising budgets and strategies of beer companies appear to influence underage drinking, according to new research. The findings show that the amount of money spent on advertising strongly predicted the percentage of teens who had heard of, preferred, and tried different beer brands. For example, 99% of middle school and high school students surveyed for the study had heard of Budweiser an

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How The Mandalorian Can Work for Disney+

This story contains spoilers for Episode 2 of The Mandalorian . The first episode of The Mandalorian might have been too slight to carry the hopes of an entire streaming service, but two entries in, that sleekness is starting to look like an asset. When Disney+ launched last week , the flashiest original offering for subscribers was a show set in the Star Wars universe that felt consciously remov

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Disparities in care, mortality among hospitalized homeless adults with cardiovascular conditions

Disparities in hospital care as measured by procedure rates and in-hospital death rates between homeless and nonhomeless adults hospitalized for cardiovascular conditions in New York, Massachusetts and Florida were examined in this observational analysis.

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Unlikely wasp enemy of a serious alien pest in North America named Idris elba

A parasitic wasp was recently discovered in Guanajuato, Mexico, where it was found to parasitize the eggs of an invasive stink bug, known as the bagrada bug, which is a major pest of cruciferous …

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Researchers clear the path for 'designer' plants

A team of researchers at the University of Georgia has found a way to identify gene regulatory elements that could help produce "designer" plants and lead to improvements in food crops at a critical time. They published their findings in two separate papers in Nature Plants.

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Implementing no-till and cover crops in Texas cotton systems

Healthy soil leads to productive and sustainable agriculture. Farmers who work with, not against, the soil can improve the resiliency of their land. Because of this, practices such as no-till and cover crops and topics such as regenerative agriculture and soil biology have become increasingly important in the agricultural conversation.

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Venice comes up for air after week of record flooding

Venice sought to return to normal life on Monday after a week of unprecedented flooding that devastated the city, submerging homes, business and cultural treasures.

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Researchers clear the path for 'designer' plants

A team of researchers at the University of Georgia has found a way to identify gene regulatory elements that could help produce "designer" plants and lead to improvements in food crops at a critical time. They published their findings in two separate papers in Nature Plants.

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Lyft Is Another Step Closer to Driverless Ridesharing

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Portland to consider banning facial recognition technology

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3D-Printed Artificial Coral Designed to Bolster Endangered Reefs

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Cells That 'Taste' Danger Set Off Immune Responses

Taste and smell receptors in unexpected organs monitor the state of the body's natural microbial health and raise an alarm over invading parasites.

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Two Professors Accused of Making Meth in Campus Lab

The Henderson State University academics face charges of manufacturing methamphetamine and using drug paraphernalia.

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Researchers clear the path for 'designer' plants

A team of researchers at the University of Georgia has found a way to identify gene regulatory elements that could help produce 'designer' plants and lead to improvements in food crops at a critical time.

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Helicopter parents and 'hothouse children' — exploring the high stakes of family dynamics

Kristin Moilanen, associate professor of child development and family studies, said the phenomena of helicopter parenting most often occurs in middle- to upper-class families where stakes are high for parents to be able to show off their children's success. Her research, which focuses on young adults 18- to 24- years-old, indicates that high helicopter parenting leads to 'low mastery, self-regulat

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Living bridges

Dense, humid broadleaf forests, monsoon-swollen rivers and deep ravines — in the Indian state of Meghalaya wooden bridges easily decay or are washed away in floodwaters. Bridges made from steel and concrete are pushed to their limits here as well. But bridges made of living tree roots can survive here for centuries. Prof. Ferdinand Ludwig of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has investigat

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Ketamine reduces drinking in male, but not female, rats

The drug ketamine decreases alcohol consumption in male, but not female, rats, according to new research published in eNeuro. The findings suggest that ketamine may be a viable treatment option for male patients with an alcohol use disorder.

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Adolescent drinking increases anxiety, alcohol abuse later in life

Adolescent binge drinking modifies gene expression in a fashion that increases susceptibility to anxiety and alcohol use disorders in adulthood, according to research in rats recently published in eNeuro. Targeting the microRNAs responsible could be a new route for undoing the damage of alcohol use caused during adolescence.

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Here's What Happens When a Solar Storm Slams Into the Earth

Eerie Song A team of scientists from the University of Helsinki used data collected by the European Space Agency's Cluster mission — an investigation into the Earth's magnetic field using a constellation of four spacecraft — to map out the "eerie song" that the Earth sings when bombarded by electrically charged particles from the Sun. The research could allow us to understand disturbances in spac

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Playing Hide-and-Seek, Machines Invent New Tools

Programmers at OpenAI, an artificial intelligence research company, recently taught a gaggle of intelligent artificial agents — bots — to play hide-and-seek. Not because they cared who won: The goal was to observe how competition between hiders and seekers would drive the bots to find and use digital tools. The idea is familiar to anyone who's ever played the game in real life; it's a kind of sca

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First global geologic map of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, completed

The first map showing the global geology of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, has been completed and fully reveals a dynamic world of dunes, lakes, plains, craters and other terrains.

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Deeper Insights Emerge into How Memories Form

Forming lasting memories appears to depend on an interaction between glial cells and brain waves that are produced during sleep — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Test gets quantum computers to check their own work

A new test checks if quantum computers are giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing. It could help make the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer a reality. By creating a protocol that allows a quantum computer to check its own answers to difficult problems, the scientists from the University of Warwick have provided a means to confir

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Geologist blasts society's links with oil firms

A leading London scientist quits the Geological Society over its ties with fossil fuel companies.

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As Air Pollution Spikes, Indian "Bars" Sell Clean Oxygen

Perri-air Selling oxygen to those in need of fresh air to breathe: what was originally a recurring gag in the 1987 sci-fi "Spaceballs" is now a reality in the form of oxygen bars popping up amidst India's air quality crisis. Bars like Oxy Pure in New Delhi offer customers 15 minutes of pure oxygen — scented if they like — through hospital-like breathing apparatuses, according to The New York Time

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The Fight for the Reindeer

Scandinavia's Sami people, who had herded reindeer for generations, had never been protesters. Until now — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Majority US parents cite socioeconomic factors negatively impact their families' health

Nearly two-thirds of American parents of children under 18 (65%) report at least one economic, environmental, or lifestyle factor that limits their family's ability to live a healthy life, according to a new nationwide survey conducted by The Harris Poll on behalf of Nemours Children's Health System. Eighty percent of parents believe that they have sufficient resources to raise healthy children, b

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Communication support technology for training surgeons has promising results

Researchers at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) and Anne Arundel Medical Center have conducted a study that explores how surgical trainees are experiencing a new gestural technology designed to improve communication during laparoscopic surgery.

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Implementing no-till and cover crops in Texas cotton systems

Healthy soil leads to productive and sustainable agriculture. Farmers who work with, not against, the soil can improve the resiliency of their land. Because of this, practices such as no-till and cover crops and topics such as regenerative agriculture and soil biology have become increasingly important in the agricultural conversation.

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Structure of a mitochondrial ATP synthase

ATP synthase is a universal molecular machine for energy conversion. By coupling to cellular respiration in mitochondria, it catalyzes conversion of chemical energy of cells.

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Antibiotics from the sea

The team led by Prof. Christian Jogler of Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, has succeeded in cultivating several dozen marine bacteria in the laboratory—bacteria that had previously been paid little attention. The researchers then carried out a functional characterisation of the bacteria, thus enabling a systematic screening for active substances. Initial bioinformatic analyses and cell biologi

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Mantis shrimp vs. disco clams: Colorful sea creatures do more than dazzle

When Lindsey Dougherty was an undergraduate student at CU Boulder in 2011, she got the chance to visit North Sulawesi, Indonesia, on a research trip. There, in the clear tropical waters off the coast, she encountered an animal that would change the course of her career.

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How gene expression noise shapes cell fate

Essential genes are often expressed with high variability during the development of cells. Scientists call this phenomenon "biological noise" and suspect that it is also decisive for the fate of cells, i.e. the developmental pathway a cell takes. Max Planck researcher Dominic Grün now presents a method based on single-cell data to quantify this variability in gene expression. The advantage of the

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Structure of a mitochondrial ATP synthase

ATP synthase is a universal molecular machine for energy conversion. By coupling to cellular respiration in mitochondria, it catalyzes conversion of chemical energy of cells.

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Antibiotics from the sea

The team led by Prof. Christian Jogler of Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, has succeeded in cultivating several dozen marine bacteria in the laboratory—bacteria that had previously been paid little attention. The researchers then carried out a functional characterisation of the bacteria, thus enabling a systematic screening for active substances. Initial bioinformatic analyses and cell biologi

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Mantis shrimp vs. disco clams: Colorful sea creatures do more than dazzle

When Lindsey Dougherty was an undergraduate student at CU Boulder in 2011, she got the chance to visit North Sulawesi, Indonesia, on a research trip. There, in the clear tropical waters off the coast, she encountered an animal that would change the course of her career.

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How gene expression noise shapes cell fate

Essential genes are often expressed with high variability during the development of cells. Scientists call this phenomenon "biological noise" and suspect that it is also decisive for the fate of cells, i.e. the developmental pathway a cell takes. Max Planck researcher Dominic Grün now presents a method based on single-cell data to quantify this variability in gene expression. The advantage of the

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Chronic Inflammation Is a Huge Problem. But This Specialized CBD for Inflammation Can Help.

Inflammation has become one of the biggest buzzwords in health and wellness circles in recent years. And while all the fuss over inflammation it may seem like yet another fad promulgated by television quacks and bloggers, it's really not. Many health professionals now believe that understanding and controlling chronic inflammation is the future of preventative medicine. That's why Mellowment CBD

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Deeper Insights Emerge into How Memories Form

Forming lasting memories appears to depend on an interaction between glial cells and brain waves that are produced during sleep — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Army project may lead to new class of high-performance materials

Synthetic biologists working on a U.S. Army project have developed a process that could lead to a new class of synthetic polymers that may create new high-performance materials and therapeutics for Soldiers.

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Switching to renewable energy could save thousands of lives in Africa

With economies and populations surging, an industrial revolution is inevitable on the African continent. The question is, what's going to power it? With renewable energy cheaper and more efficient than ever, countries in Africa have the unique opportunity to harness abundant renewable sources like wind, solar and geothermal to leapfrog the dependence on fossil fuels that has poisoned the air and e

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WhatsApp flaw leaves users data vulnerable to attack from hackers

The vulnerability could have allowed a hacker to send a video file to a WhatsApp phone number and use malicious code hidden in the file to access the user's personal information.

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Buried children wore headgear made from other youngsters' skulls

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03556-7 Strange headpieces might have been protection for the souls of those who died young.

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Paper: Outcomes vary for workers who 'lawyer up' in employment arbitration disputes

Conventional wisdom dictates that workers who "lawyer up" in workplace disputes would be more likely to improve their chances at securing a better outcome, but in an alternative dispute resolution context such as arbitration, employers can all but cancel out those positive effects, says a new paper by a University of Illinois expert who studies labor and employment arbitration.

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Steep energy bills can lead families into poverty, nationwide study shows

While it makes sense that families living below the poverty line have a difficult time covering their energy bills, new University of Wisconsin Oshkosh research shows the reverse to be true as well—high energy bills can lead a household into poverty.

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Should scientists change the way they view (and study) same sex behavior in animals?

Over the years, scientists have recorded same-sex sexual behavior in more than 1,500 animal species, from snow geese to common toads. And for just as long evolutionary biologists studying these behaviors have grappled with what has come to be known as a "Darwinian paradox": How can these behaviors be so persistent when they offer no opportunity to produce offspring?

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Platforms can't settle on 'appropriate' engagement-boosting practices

Whether you are a company or a reporter trying to boost your visibility online, what is ok to do and what is considered "unfairly gaming the system?"

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The measurements of the expansion of the universe don't add up

Physicists use two types of measurements to calculate the expansion rate of the universe, but their results do not coincide, which may make it necessary to update the cosmological model. "It's like trying to thread a cosmic needle," explains researcher Licia Verde of the University of Barcelona, co-author of an article on the implications of this problem.

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Kick-starting Moore's Law? New 'synthetic' method for making microchips could help

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University have developed a new method for producing atomically-thin semiconducting crystals that could one day enable more powerful and compact electronic devices.

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NASA finds light rain in fading Tropical Depression 21E

Tropical Depression 21E never matured into a tropical storm and a NASA analysis of rainfall rates show the storm won't have that chance.

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Nitrous oxide levels are on the rise

Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas and one of the main stratospheric ozone depleting substances on the planet. According to new research, we are releasing more of it into the atmosphere than previously thought.

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Pollution from Athabasca oil sands affects weather processes

Scientists have been looking at pollution affecting the air, land and water around the Athabaska Oil Sands for some time. After looking at contaminants in snow taken from up-to 25 km away from the oil sands, a McGill-led scientific team now suggests that oil sand pollution is also affecting the weather patterns in the surrounding regions.

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Subtle changes, big effects

"Does the flap of a butterfly's wings in Brazil set off a tornado in Texas?," Edward Lorenz, once famously wondered at the 139th meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Scientists have recently discovered the mechanism by which a minuscule change in 3 atoms in a protein molecule can affect immune signalling in cells. This 'butterfly effect' is used by the bacterium, Shi

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Should scientists change the way they view (and study) same sex behavior in animals?

Over the years, scientists have recorded same-sex sexual behavior in more than 1,500 animal species, from snow geese to common toads. And for just as long evolutionary biologists studying these behaviors have grappled with what has come to be known as a "Darwinian paradox": How can these behaviors be so persistent when they offer no opportunity to produce offspring?

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Heather Ashton obituary

Psychopharmacologist who started a clinic for people addicted to tranquillisers and wrote a manual on how to quit them safely One day in the early 1980s a distressed patient went to see the doctor Heather Ashton at her pharmacology clinic in the Royal Victoria hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne. The patient had been given the tranquilliser Ativan (lorazepam) to relax her muscles before an operation an

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Mantis shrimp vs. disco clams: Colorful sea creatures do more than dazzle

Eight years ago, Lindsey Dougherty encountered a colorful creature called a disco clam in an Indonesian reef. Now, recent research suggests that she may be narrowing in on answering why this bivalve looks so wild.

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Fertilization discovery could lead to new male contraceptive, help infertile couples

An unexpected discovery about fertilization reveals new insights into how sperm and egg fuse and could have major implications for couples battling infertility — and may lead to a future male contraceptive.

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Army project may lead to new class of high-performance materials

Synthetic biologists working on a U.S. Army project have developed a process that could lead to a new class of synthetic polymers that may create new high-performance materials and therapeutics for Soldiers.

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Structure of a mitochondrial ATP synthase

SciLifeLab researchers Alexander Mühleip and Alexey Amunts from Stockholm University solved the structure of a mitochondrial ATP synthase with native lipids.

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Deeper Insights Emerge into How Memories Form

Forming lasting memories appears to depend on an interaction between glial cells and brain waves that are produced during sleep — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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October 2019: Earth's Second Warmest October on Record

2019 is very likely to be Earth's second warmest year on record, behind 2016 — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Jeffrey Epstein and the Decadence of Science

The Epstein scandal, which embroiled many prominent scientists, is just one of many signs that a gloomy prophecy is being fulfilled. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Subtle changes, big effects

"Does the flap of a butterfly's wings in Brazil set off a tornado in Texas?," Edward Lorenz, once famously wondered at the 139th meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Scientists have recently discovered the mechanism by which a minuscule change in 3 atoms in a protein molecule can affect immune signalling in cells. This 'butterfly effect' is used by the bacterium, Shi

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Unlikely wasp enemy of a serious alien pest in North America named Idris elba

A parasitic wasp was recently discovered in Guanajuato, Mexico, where it was found to parasitize the eggs of an invasive stink bug, known as the bagrada bug, which is a major pest of cruciferous vegetables. A research team from Colegio de Postgraduados (Mexico), Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and the Florida State Collection of Arthropods (FSCA) collaborated to publish a study on the biol

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Unlikely wasp enemy of a serious alien pest in North America named Idris elba

A parasitic wasp was recently discovered in Guanajuato, Mexico, where it was found to parasitize the eggs of an invasive stink bug, known as the bagrada bug, which is a major pest of cruciferous vegetables. A research team from Colegio de Postgraduados (Mexico), Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and the Florida State Collection of Arthropods (FSCA) collaborated to publish a study on the biol

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AI is digitally pasting products into your favourite films and TV

Major entertainment companies including NBC Universal and 20th Century Fox are digitally inserting ads into movies and TV shows after they are filmed, including in Modern Family

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Hackers Are Already Selling Stolen Disney+ Accounts

Steal the Show On November 12, Disney launched its new streaming service, Disney+, and within 24 hours , more than 10 million people had purchased accounts for $7 per month. But a significant number of those legitimate account holders didn't have access to all their favorite Disney content for long. A ZDNet investigation found that, within hours of the launch, hackers were already selling thousan

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Job losses during the Great Recession may be responsible for decline in US birth rates

New research published this month in the Southern Economic Journal reveals job losses during the Great Recession (2007-2009) may be partly responsible for the recent drop in U.S. birth rates. Further, researchers found job losses for men and women affect fertility in different ways—as does women's age and marital status—shedding light on possible drivers of the falling U.S. birth rate, which has b

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The Internet Wants Zack Snyder's Version of 'Justice League'

On the second anniversary of the movie's debut, \#ReleaseTheSnyderCut is trending once again.

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Did you solve it? The two child problem

The solutions to today's puzzles Earlier today I set you the following four questions : 1. Mrs Smith has two children. The eldest one is a boy. What's the chance that both are boys. Continue reading…

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Switching to renewable energy could save thousands of lives in Africa

New research from Harvard University and the University of Leicester finds that if Africa chooses a future powered by fossil fuels, nearly 50,000 people could die prematurely each year from fossil fuel emissions by 2030, mostly in South Africa, Nigeria and Malawi.

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Vietnam-era women veterans continue to experience wartime stress

Vietnam-era women veterans suffer with stress-related mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression and generalized anxiety disorder, more than four decades after their service.

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Paper: Outcomes vary for workers who 'lawyer up' in employment arbitration disputes

A worker who retains legal counsel to litigate a workplace dispute in arbitration doesn't account for the potentially countervailing effect of employers hiring their own legal counsel, says new research co-written by U. of I. labor professor Ryan Lamare.

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Heart pumps associated with complications in some patients after heart stent procedure

In critically ill patients who require a heart pump to support blood circulation as part of stent procedures, specific heart pumps have been associated with serious complications, according to a new study led by cardiologists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

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Tailored T-cell therapies neutralize viruses that threaten kids with PID

Tailored T-cells specially designed to combat a half dozen viruses are safe and may be effective in preventing and treating multiple viral infections, according to research led by Children's National Hospital faculty presented during a symposium jointly led by Children's National and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

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Antibiotics from the sea

The team led by Prof. Christian Jogler of Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, has succeeded in cultivating several dozen marine bacteria in the laboratory — bacteria that had previously been paid little attention. The researchers then carried out a functional characterisation of the bacteria, thus enabling a systematic screening for active substances. Initial bioinformatic analyses and cell biol

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Oculus Debuts PC Support for Quest Via USB-C Cable

The Oculus Link beta program officially launches today, with early support for the Quest on PC hardware. The post Oculus Debuts PC Support for Quest Via …

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Dozens of potential new antibiotics discovered with free online app

A new web tool speeds the discovery of drugs to kill Gram-negative bacteria, which are responsible for the overwhelming majority of antibiotic-resistant infections and deaths. The tool also …

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Pollutant's accelerating emissions are an unwelcome surprise

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03549-6 Levels of nitrous oxide, which promotes global warming, are galloping upwards at a rate higher than previously estimated.

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Nitrous oxide levels are on the rise

Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas and one of the main stratospheric ozone depleting substances on the planet. According to new research, we are releasing more of it into the atmosphere than previously thought.

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Does Grandpa Have Depression?

In traditional Vietnamese culture, the very question is virtually taboo — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Does Grandpa Have Depression?

In traditional Vietnamese culture, the very question is virtually taboo — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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How to Tell If Trump Is Winning

As the impeachment inquiry gains steam, President Donald Trump and his defenders are running their old playbook. It's not a good playbook. It wasn't all that convincing the first time around. But it worked once—and the modern Republican Party doesn't have a lot of imagination for new arguments. And what the heck—if something was good enough for the Russia investigation, why wouldn't it be good en

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What Jeffrey Epstein Offered Prince Andrew

Prince Andrew has, clearly, made many poor decisions in life: traveling to royal engagements in Britain in a helicopter , rather than taking the train; criticizing the government's attempts to combat corruption over lunch with British businessmen in Kyrgyzstan ; captaining a team in a medieval-themed game show broadcast on national television. Yet his friendship with Jeffrey Epstein—which continu

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Massive simulation of the universe shows how galaxies form and die

A sophisticated computer simulation of the universe, approximately 1 billion light years across, is modelling tens of thousands of galaxies

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Philadelphia had 46 neighborhood mass shootings over 10 years, Temple-led team finds

The definition of mass shooting varies widely depending upon the information sources that are used. In a new study published online in the journal Preventive Medicine, a research team led by Temple's Jessica H. Beard, MD, MPH, standardized the defining features of neighborhood mass shootings using police department data, then examined media coverage of the shooting incidents.

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Money spent on beer ads linked to underage drinking

Advertising budgets and strategies used by beer companies appear to influence underage drinking, according to new research. The findings show that the amount of money spent on advertising strongly predicted the percentage of teens who had heard of, preferred and tried different beer brands.

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Kick-starting Moore's Law? New 'synthetic' method for making microchips could help

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University have developed a new method for producing atomically-thin semiconducting crystals that could one day enable more powerful and compact electronic devices, according to their paper published today in Nature Nanotechnology.By using specially-treated silicon surfaces to tailor the crystals' size and shape, the researchers have found a potentially faster and less

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Quantum computers learn to mark their own work

A new test to check if a quantum computer is giving correct answers to questions beyond the scope of traditional computing could help the first quantum computer that can outperform a classical computer to be realised.

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Steep energy bills can lead families into poverty, nationwide study shows

While it makes sense that families living below the poverty line have a difficult time covering their energy bills, new University of Wisconsin Oshkosh research shows the reverse to be true as well … high energy bills can lead a household into poverty. The nationwide study–led by UWO environmental sociologist Jeremiah Bohr and published Nov. 15 in the peer-reviewed journal Social Forces–indica

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NASA finds light rain in fading Tropical Depression 21E

Tropical Depression 21E never matured into a tropical storm and a NASA analysis of rainfall rates show the storm won't have that chance.

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Should scientists change the way they view (and study) same sex behavior in animals?

In a new article, researchers from the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies argue these behaviors may actually have been part of the original, ancestral condition in animals and have persisted because they have few — if any — costs and perhaps some important benefits.

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Renewable energy: Rise in global wind speed to boost green power

Rising winds could increase energy production from turbines by a third over the next decade.

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Google Stadia Review: It's Getting There

Google is a streaming game company now, for better and worse.

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Does Grandpa Have Depression?

In traditional Vietnamese culture, the very question is virtually taboo — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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What Does Rudy Giuliani's Son Do?

It's hard to turn on cable news or scroll through Twitter these days without catching the name "Giuliani." Rudy Giuliani, President Donald Trump's personal attorney, is a central character in the House's impeachment inquiry. Meanwhile, Rudy's third wife, Judith Giuliani, has commanded her own headlines as she's aired details of the couple's contentious, ongoing divorce proceedings. Scarcely menti

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Wearable graphene sensors use ambient light to monitor health

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03483-7 Graphene coated with nanoparticles has been used to make wearable light sensors that measure the human pulse and blood oxygen levels from ambient light passing through tissue, offering a potential platform for health-care monitoring.

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Temperature-dependent polarization in a non-polar crystal

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03494-4 A crystal's surface has been found to behave as a distinct material that has temperature-dependent electrical polarization — despite the rest of the crystal being non-polar.

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A whole new world: astronomers draw first global map of Titan

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03539-8 Cassini data reveal the geological diversity of Saturn's largest moon.

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Renewable energy: Rise in global wind speed to boost green power

Rising winds could increase energy production from turbines by a third over the next decade.

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How much energy do we really need?

Two fundamental goals of humanity are to eradicate poverty and reduce climate change, and it is critical that the world knows whether achieving these goals will involve trade-offs. New IIASA …

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Vejdirektoratet: Niels Bohr-entreprenør forsømte sit arbejde

PLUS. Forsømmelser, fejl og mangler prægede ifølge Vejdirektoratet ventilationsentreprenøren Proventilations arbejder i Niels Bohr Bygningen. Nu strides parterne om millionbeløb.

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Astronomers Catch Water Erupting from Plumes on Jupiter's Icy Moon Europa

Subsurface water on Jupiter's moon Europa is one place where humans plan to search for life. This artist's concept shows a massive plume of underground water erupting from the moon's surface. (Credit: NASA/ESA/K. Retherford/SWRI) Jupiter's moon Europa has an icy shell that conceals a liquid water ocean. Now, scientists have made the first direct measurement of water vapor in Europa's atmosphere. I

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New Study Estimates How Many Children in Europe Were Born From Adultery

(Credit: Tomsickova Tatyana/Shutterstock) A new study takes a look at the rates of extramarital childbirth in Europe over the past 500 years. This includes children born as the result of adultery — and, spoiler, it's much lower than you probably think. The study, published in Current Biology, used genetic and historical data to estimate how often parents had children outside their primary relation

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The measurements of the expansion of the universe don't add up

Physicists use two types of measurements to calculate the expansion rate of the universe, but their results do not coincide, which may make it necessary to touch up the cosmological model. 'It's like trying to thread a cosmic needle,' explains researcher Licia Verde of the University of Barcelona, co-author of an article on the implications of this problem.

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Ohio University research shows 'bad cholesterol' is only as unhealthy as its composition

New research at Ohio University shows that a particular subclass of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is a much better predictor of potential heart attacks than the mere presence of LDL.

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New assessment finds EU electricity decarbonization discourse in need of overhaul

It's well known that the EU is focusing its efforts on decarbonizing its economy. In many respects, Germany's Energiewende personifies the poster child of that effort. Unfortunately, substantial investments in the Energiewende have not yet yielded significant reductions in GHG emissions and political disillusionment has emerged as an unwelcome result. Decarbonization efforts in other European coun

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Most physicians and other faculty in large medical center experienced sexual harassment

A new study has shown that the majority of women (82.5%) and men (65.1%) working at an academic medical center reported at least one incident of sexual harassment by staff, students, and faculty during the previous year.

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HIV drug exposure in womb may increase child risk of microcephaly, developmental delays

Children born to women on HIV therapy containing the drug efavirenz were 2 to 2.5 times more likely to have microcephaly, or small head size, compared to children born to women on regimens of other antiretroviral drugs, according to an analysis funded by the National Institutes of Health. The children with microcephaly also had a higher risk for developmental delays, compared to children with norm

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Pollution from Athabasca oil sands affects weather processes

Scientists have been looking at pollution affecting the air, land and water around the Athabaska Oil Sands for some time. After looking at contaminants in snow taken from up-to 25 km away from the oil sands, a McGill-led scientific team now suggests that oil sand pollution is also affecting the weather patterns in the surrounding regions.

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People in counties with worse economies are more likely to die from heart disease

Communities in the United States that experienced the most economic distress in the wake of the Great Recession saw a significant increase in death rates from heart disease and strokes among middle-aged people. While the death rates remained nearly unchanged in counties with the least economic distress, areas experiencing worsening economic trends saw a sharp increase, from 122 deaths per 100,000

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Doc Holliday Is Dead But Tuberculosis Is Still Killing Us – Facts So Romantic

During the Romantic era, as science was beginning to understand tuberculosis, though not yet its etiology, it "was left to the arts," David M. Morens, an infectious disease researcher, once wrote, "to make sense of misery and death in ways that turned otherwise senseless suffering into human dignity and hope." Rockstar Games / YouTube In 2002, David M. Morens, now Senior Scientific Advisor at the

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The difference between an expert's brain and a novice's

In learning new tasks, neuron networks in the brain of mice become more refined and selective. Charting changes in neural activity can help inform the design of better computational models for understanding decision making and cognition.

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How Facebook's Anti-Revenge Porn Tools Failed Katie Hill

Despite automated systems and zero tolerance policies, it's easy to find photos of the former representative weeks after they were published without her consent.

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It's getting windier and that could be good news for renewable energy

Wind speed had been slowing down since the 1970s, but since 2010 it's been getting windier. Though this may just be a blip, it's good news for wind farms in the meantime

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We have the first full map of the weird surface features of Titan

Astronomers have used data from the Cassini spacecraft to build a full map of Titan's geological features for the first time, revealing strange belts of different terrains

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Plans to save species from extinction are ignoring climate change

Climate change is a threat to almost all the animals officially regarded as endangered in the US, but conservation plans don't take this into account

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AI could transform how we monitor the structural health of civil infrastructure

The University of Surrey and King's College London have developed a new machine learning algorithm (AI) that could transform the way we monitor major infrastructure – such as dams and bridges.

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Gut microbiota imbalance promotes the onset of colorectal cancer

Researchers have demonstrated that an imbalance in the gut microbiota, also known as 'dysbiosis', promotes the onset of colorectal cancer. The teams demonstrated that transplanting fecal flora from patients with colon cancer into mice caused lesions and epigenetic changes characteristic of the development of a malignant tumor.The pilot study led to the development of a non-invasive blood test whic

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Heart-on-a-chip technology predicts preclinical systolic and diastolic in vivo observations for novel cardiac drug in development

MyoKardia presented data at the American Heart Association's annual meeting that showed TARA's heart-on-a-chip system was able to measure in vivo cardiac performance of its Phase 2 cardiac drug candidate.

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How gene expression noise shapes cell fate

Max Planck researcher develops a method for measuring gene expression noise across single cells in complex tissue.

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Platforms can't settle on 'appropriate' engagement-boosting practices

Researchers at Rutgers University say more consistent standards are needed for advertisers, journalists, influencers and marketers seeking to boost their visibility on platforms such as Google, Facebook and Instagram.

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SwRI Technology Today Podcast celebrates first anniversary

Southwest Research Institute's Technology Today Podcast celebrates one year of giving listeners an inside perspective on world-changing science, engineering, research and technology through informative conversations with SwRI experts. The podcast highlights SwRI advances, discoveries and programs in easy-to-follow discussions with institute technical staff. It encourages the audience to simply, 'l

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Nitrous oxide levels are on the rise

Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas and one of the main stratospheric ozone depleting substances on the planet. According to new research, we are releasing more of it into the atmosphere than previously thought.

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Directional control of self-propelled protocells

Synthetic protocells can be made to move toward and away from chemical signals, an important step for the development of new drug-delivery systems that could target specific locations in the body.

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Vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks and state legislative proposals

This study explored how health is associated with legislative activity by examining whether outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles, mumps, whooping cough and chickenpox, were associated with the introduction of legislation in states to change vaccine exemption laws.

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One-two punch drug combination offers hope for pancreatic cancer therapy

Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have identified a combination of two anti-cancer compounds that shrank pancreatic tumors in mice — supporting the immediate evaluation of the drugs in a clinical trial. US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved versions of the compounds are used today to treat certain leukemias and solid tumors, including melanoma. The study wa

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Effects of HIV self-tests on testing, diagnosis

A 12-month randomized clinical trial used internet recruitment of men who have sex with men to evaluate the effects of providing self-tests for HIV to increase HIV testing and diagnosis among the men and people in their social networks.

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Scientists uncover resistance genes for deadly ash tree disease

New research has identified the genetic basis of resistance to ash dieback in UK trees, opening up new avenues for conservation.

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New method takes analysis of genetic libraries to next level

Uppsala researchers have developed a new method for investigating dynamic processes in large genetic libraries. By using this method to study cell cycle regulation, they help paint a clearer picture of the elusive control mechanism. The study is published in the journal Nature Methods.

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A genetic tug-of-war between the sexes begets variation

In species with sexual reproduction, no two individuals are alike and scientists have long struggled to understand why there is so much genetic variation. In a new study published in Nature Ecology & Evolution, a team of researchers from the University of Uppsala in Sweden now show that a genetic tug-of-war between the sexes acts to maintain variation.

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Discovery in ferroelectric material reveals unique property, application potential

A discovery from a team of physicists and other researchers is breaking new ground in the study of ferroelectricity, a characteristic of certain dielectric materials that are used in high-technology applications. The findings appear today in the journal Nature Materials.

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New, slippery toilet coating provides cleaner flushing, saves water

In the Wong Laboratory for Nature Inspired Engineering, housed within the Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Materials Research Institute, researchers have developed a method that dramatically reduces the amount of water needed to flush a conventional toilet, which usually requires 6 liters.

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A four-way switch promises greater tunability of layered materials

A scientific team from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Vanderbilt University has made the first experimental observation of a material phase that had been predicted but never seen. The newly discovered phase couples with a known phase to enable unique control over material properties — an advance that paves the way to eventual manipulation of electrical conduction in

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Saving 'half Earth' for nature would affect over a billion people

Plans to save biodiversity must take into account the social impacts of conservation if they are to succeed, say University of Cambridge researchers.

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How to observe a 'black hole symphony' using gravitational wave astronomy

New research led by Vanderbilt astrophysicist Karan Jani presents a compelling roadmap for capturing intermediate-mass black hole activity.

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How much energy do we really need?

Two fundamental goals of humanity are to eradicate poverty and reduce climate change, and it is critical that the world knows whether achieving these goals will involve trade-offs. New IIASA research for the first time provides a basis to answer this question, including the tools needed to relate basic needs directly to resource use.

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Scientists make vampire bats 'glow' to simulate vaccine spread

University of Michigan scientists and their colleagues used glowing fluorescent gel to test the potential effectiveness of vaccines to control rabies and other diseases in wild bats.

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Dozens of potential new antibiotics discovered with free online app

A new web tool speeds the discovery of drugs to kill Gram-negative bacteria, which are responsible for the overwhelming majority of antibiotic-resistant infections and deaths. The tool also offers insights into discrete chemical changes that can convert drugs that kill other bacteria into drugs to fight Gram-negative infections. The team proved the system works by modifying a Gram-positive drug an

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Protein imaging at the speed of life

A team of physicists from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee have completed the first molecular movie of the ultrafast movement of proteins at the European XFEL facility. Their findings mark a new age of protein research that enables enzymes involved in disease to be observed in real time for meaningful durations in unprecedented clarity.

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Boosting wind farmers, global winds reverse decades of slowing and pick up speed

In a boon to wind farms, average daily wind speeds are picking up across much of the globe after about 30 years of gradual slowing. Research led by a team at Princeton University shows that wind speeds in northern mid-latitude regions have increased by roughly 7% since 2010.

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Genetic alterations caused by cancer therapies identified

Scientists at IRB Barcelona determine the genetic alterations in the cells of cancer patients caused by the main cancer therapies.This is an important step towards understanding the long-term side effects and optimizing treatments against cancer.The results have been published in the journal Nature Genetics.

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Researchers split the 'AtoM' in search of a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, disabling disease in which the joints become swollen and painfully inflamed. Current treatments can only reduce symptoms or slow the disease course. Researchers at Osaka University discovered a new type of osteoclast (bone-dissolving cell) involved in the disease, called AtoMs. The cell type has unique properties that can potentially be targeted by new treatments

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Disease outbreaks are increasing; a Drexel study shows that legislators are taking action

Vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) outbreaks are increasing in frequency in the United States, but this trend is also met with an uptick in legislation aimed at increasing childhood vaccination in places where those epidemics occurred, according to findings published today in JAMA Pediatrics from researchers at the Dornsife School of Public Health at Drexel University.

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Article proposes important mucin link between microbial infections and many cancers

In a review article, cancer biologists Pinku Mukherjee and Mukulika Bose argue that recent research suggests a mechanism that may implicate bacterial infections as important factors in epithelial cell cancers. The article points to microbial interactions that may alter the glycoprotein known as MUC1, triggering signaling pathways that cause cancer, including cancers of the colon, lungs, stomach, l

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The difference between an expert's brain and a novice's

In learning new tasks, neuron networks in the brain of mice become more refined and selective. Charting changes in neural activity can help inform the design of better computational models for understanding decision making and cognition.

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Confinement of atomically defined metal halide sheets in a metal–organic framework

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1776-0

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Trispecific antibodies offer a third way forward for anticancer immunotherapy

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03495-3 Immunotherapy approaches seek to boost immune responses against cancer. A single antibody engineered to recognize three targets shows promise, when tested in animals, in improving the ability of T cells to target cancer.

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Scientists develop slippery toilet coating to stop poo sticking

Spray-on surface could prevent bacteria building up and reduce household water use The toilet brush need never leave its holder again. Scientists have created a super-slippery coating that helps usher excrement on its way without leaving traces behind. The spray-on coating, which is slipperier than Teflon, reduces adhesion of even tenacious faeces by up to 90%, tests suggest, so far less water is

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Pharmacies could better serve young black women

Although young African American women tend to live closer to pharmacies than do white women, those pharmacies tend to fall short in terms of birth control. The study found that although young African American women tend to live nearly a mile closer to pharmacies than young white women—1.2 miles compared to 2.1 miles—those pharmacies are more likely to be independent pharmacies that are open fewer

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Magic therapy cuts anxiety of kids in the hospital

A program called MagicAid helped significantly reduce anxiety for both kids in the hospital and their parents or caregivers by about 25%, research finds. The experience of stress and fear upon hospitalization is frequent with pediatric patients . The findings suggest that a magic therapy program for pediatric inpatient care may have great value to patients and caregivers while they're in the hosp

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Scientist: Astronaut Hibernation Pods "Actually Not so Crazy"

It's a long way to Mars. At its closest, it's still 55 million kilometers away from the Earth, meaning that depending on how fast you're traveling, it'd still take at least five months . But there might be a way to make the journey less taxing: hibernation, an idea that has so far been limited to the realm of science fiction. A special dedicated panel made up of European Space Agency (ESA) scient

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How to change your behavior for the better | Dan Ariely

What's the best way to get people to change their behavior? In this funny, information-packed talk, psychologist Dan Ariely explores why we make bad decisions even when we know we shouldn't — and discusses a couple tricks that could get us to do the right thing (even if it's for the wrong reason).

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The Three Personalities of America

A few years ago, Jason Rentfrow, a psychologist at the University of Cambridge, dug into a question that has captivated him for decades: Do different places have different personalities? Do people in Los Angeles, for instance, have measurably different temperaments than the residents of Augusta, Georgia? If so, what does that mean for both places? Rentfrow decided to test these questions on a phe

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Subtle changes, big effects

According to the chaos theory in mathematics, a minute change such as the 'flap of a butterfly's wing' could cause huge changes elsewhere. This seems to hold true at much smaller scales too–for example, within a cell. Scientists from the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore, have now found how a minuscule atomic change in a protein molecule enables the bacterium to shut down

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Job losses during the Great Recession may be responsible for decline in US birth rates

New research published this month in the Southern Economic Journal reveals job losses during the Great Recession (2007-2009) may be partly responsible for the recent drop in U.S. birth rates.

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Standard treatment programmes for OCD are not always enough

Teenagers with the contamination and washing variant of OCD are not generally more ill than children and adolescents with other forms of disabling obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviour. However, if they have poor insight into their condition, they find it more difficult to recover and become healthy again as a result of the 14-week cognitive behavioural therapy, which is the standard form of

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Scientists uncover resistance genes for deadly ash tree disease

New research has identified the genetic basis of resistance to ash dieback in UK trees, opening up new avenues for conservation.

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Scientists make vampire bats 'glow' to simulate vaccine spread

University of Michigan scientists and their colleagues used glowing fluorescent gel to test the potential effectiveness of vaccines to control rabies and other diseases in wild bats.

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Boosting wind farmers, global winds reverse decades of slowing and pick up speed

In a boon to wind farms, average daily wind speeds are picking up across much of the globe after about 30 years of gradual slowing. Research led by a team at Princeton University shows that wind speeds in northern mid-latitude regions have increased by roughly 7% since 2010.

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Saving 'half Earth' for nature would affect over a billion people

As the extinction crisis escalates, and protest movements grow, some are calling for hugely ambitious conservation targets. Among the most prominent is sparing 50% of the Earth's surface for nature.

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New, slippery toilet coating provides cleaner flushing, saves water

Every day, more than 141 billion liters of water are used solely to flush toilets. With millions of global citizens experiencing water scarcity, what if that amount could be reduced by 50%?

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How to observe a 'black hole symphony' using gravitational wave astronomy

Shrouded in mystery since their discovery, the phenomenon of black holes continues to be one of the most mind-boggling enigmas in our universe.

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A four-way switch promises greater tunability of layered materials

A scientific team from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Vanderbilt University has made the first experimental observation of a material phase that had been predicted but never seen. The newly discovered phase couples with a known phase to enable unique control over material properties—an advance that paves the way to eventual manipulation of electrical conduction in two

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Protein imaging at the speed of life

To study the swiftness of biology—the protein chemistry behind every life function—scientists need to see molecules changing and interacting in unimaginably rapid time increments—trillionths of a second or shorter.

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Directional control of self-propelled protocells

Synthetic protocells can be made to move toward and away from chemical signals, an important step for the development of new drug-delivery systems that could target specific locations in the body. By coating the surface of the protocells with enzymes—proteins that catalyze chemical reactions—a team of researchers at Penn State was able to control the direction of the protocell's movement in a chem

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Dozens of potential new antibiotics discovered with free online app

A new web tool speeds the discovery of drugs to kill Gram-negative bacteria, which are responsible for the overwhelming majority of antibiotic-resistant infections and deaths. The tool also offers insights into discrete chemical changes that can convert drugs that kill other bacteria into drugs to fight Gram-negative infections. The team proved the system works by modifying a Gram-positive drug an

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New method takes analysis of genetic libraries to next level

Uppsala researchers have developed a new method for investigating dynamic processes in large genetic libraries. By using this method to study cell cycle regulation,researchers can paint a clearer picture of the elusive control mechanism. The study is published in the journal Nature Methods.

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A genetic tug-of-war between the sexes begets variation

In species with sexual reproduction, no two individuals are alike, and scientists have long struggled to understand why there is so much genetic variation. In a new study published in Nature Ecology & Evolution, a team of researchers from the University of Uppsala in Sweden now show that a genetic tug-of-war between the sexes acts to maintain variation.

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Scientists uncover resistance genes for deadly ash tree disease

New research has identified the genetic basis of resistance to ash dieback in UK trees, opening up new avenues for conservation.

2d

Scientists make vampire bats 'glow' to simulate vaccine spread

University of Michigan scientists and their colleagues used glowing fluorescent gel to test the potential effectiveness of vaccines to control rabies and other diseases in wild bats.

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Dozens of potential new antibiotics discovered with free online app

A new web tool speeds the discovery of drugs to kill Gram-negative bacteria, which are responsible for the overwhelming majority of antibiotic-resistant infections and deaths. The tool also offers insights into discrete chemical changes that can convert drugs that kill other bacteria into drugs to fight Gram-negative infections. The team proved the system works by modifying a Gram-positive drug an

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New method takes analysis of genetic libraries to next level

Uppsala researchers have developed a new method for investigating dynamic processes in large genetic libraries. By using this method to study cell cycle regulation,researchers can paint a clearer picture of the elusive control mechanism. The study is published in the journal Nature Methods.

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A genetic tug-of-war between the sexes begets variation

In species with sexual reproduction, no two individuals are alike, and scientists have long struggled to understand why there is so much genetic variation. In a new study published in Nature Ecology & Evolution, a team of researchers from the University of Uppsala in Sweden now show that a genetic tug-of-war between the sexes acts to maintain variation.

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New hope for trees affected by ash dieback

A study identifies the genetics in ash trees that confers resistance to a deadly disease.

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Superslippery Toilets Squash Water Wastage

A slick coating, inspired by the carnivorous pitcher plant, could halve the liquid needed for flushing — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Twelve photos that capture the wonder of Apollo 11

In the 50 years since Apollo 11 took off from Launch Pad 39A in Cape Kennedy, Florida, only a dozen NASA astronauts have strolled along the moon's surface. The original mission lasted 12 days, depositing the crew in the Pacific Ocean after a total flight distance of 952,000 miles. Several books, films, and series have eulogized that first successful lunar flight and walk, but none are as breathta

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Superslippery Toilets Squash Water Wastage

A slick coating, inspired by the carnivorous pitcher plant, could halve the liquid needed for flushing — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Don't confuse luck with skill when rewarding performance

Managers and those who evaluate the performance of others, whether in the workplace or on the sporting field, are likely to be often confusing luck with skill, and over rewarding those who are just lucky, a new study reveals.

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New findings on the largest natural sulfur source in the atmosphere

An international research team was able to experimentally show in the laboratory a completely new reaction path for the largest natural sulfur source in the atmosphere. The team from the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS), the University of Innsbruck and the University of Oulu are now reporting in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters on the new degradation mechanism for dime

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Scientists show how perovskite solar cells can capture more electricity

Scientists have developed a method to analyze which pairs of materials in next-generation perovskite solar cells will harvest the most energy.

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10 video games to help kids think big

Educational video games endure a gimcrack reputation for being boring. We list 10 games that can help players learn and may improve their cognitive skills. The American Psychological Association recognizes other benefits to playing video games, including social and motivational. Video games have shouldered a bad rap. Critics argue they indoctrinate children to violence, reinforce negative stereot

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Fate of bigeye tuna in the balance in quota meet

The fate of big-eye tuna, over-fished and in decline, could be decided this week when fishing nations meet to set quotas after failing last year to agree on safeguard measures for the valuable food resource.

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Fate of bigeye tuna in the balance in quota meet

The fate of big-eye tuna, over-fished and in decline, could be decided this week when fishing nations meet to set quotas after failing last year to agree on safeguard measures for the valuable food resource.

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Drill music with positive lyrics is more popular than negative songs

An analysis of drill music, a form of hip hop controversially linked to gang violence by UK police, on YouTube has found that positive songs are more popular

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High-protein diets may harm your kidneys

High protein intake is believed to be healthy, but it may pave the way to irreversible kidney failure. The risk of the kidneys being harmed by a diet rich in proteins is especially high in people with a pre-existing low-grade chronic kidney disease, of which most of the affected people are unaware. "It is essential that people know there is another side to high-protein diets."

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More children survive neuroblastoma

Both the survival rate and the incidence of neuroblastoma have increased in the last decennia in the Netherlands, as was shown by a study from the Princess Máxima Center. The improved chance of survival and the increase in the number of patients has been greatest in the high risk group; children older than 18 months with a stage 4 neuroblastoma.

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Measuring online behavioral advertising: One more step to protect users

When we search for information on the Internet, buy online or use social networks we often see ads relating to our likes or profile. The fact is not everyone knows how online advertising works and what data companies are using to create personalized ads to show us. Dr. Nikolaos Laoutaris, Research Professor at IMDEA Networks, has published new research results on the detection of behavioural targe

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Unlikely wasp enemy of a serious alien pest in North America named Idris elba

Idris is a worldwide genus of microscopic, parasitic wasps. A new species of Idris from Mexico (Guanajuato) and the United States (California, New Mexico) proved to be an unlikely enemy of the invasive bagrada bug, a major pest of various crops, including cruciferous vegetables. Described in the peer-reviewed, open-access Journal of Hymenoptera Research, this species is given the name 'elba,' maki

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NSF unwittingly hired a professor guilty of bullying, highlighting the 'pass the harasser' problem

U.S. universities are taking steps to learn more about job candidates without violating privacy

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Scientists show how perovskite solar cells can capture more electricity

Scientists have developed a method to analyze which pairs of materials in next-generation perovskite solar cells will harvest the most energy.

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Opioid prescription doses are increasingly being tapered, often more rapidly than recommended

Stigma and safety fears have made daily dose tapering of opioid prescriptions more common. New research, however, shows tapering can occur at rates as much as six times higher than recommended, putting patients at risk of withdrawal, uncontrolled pain or mental health crises.

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The forests of the Amazon are an important carbon sink

The world's tropical forests store huge quantities of carbon in their biomass and thus constitute an important carbon sink. However, current estimates of the amount of carbon dioxide stored in tropical forests of the Amazon vary largely. Scientists have developed an approach that uses recent satellite data to provide much more precise estimates of the amount of biomass in tropical forests than in

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Are hyoliths Palaeozoic lophophorates?

Hyoliths are extinct invertebrates with calcareous shells that were common constituents of Cambrian fauna and formed a minor component of benthic faunas throughout the Palaeozoic until their demise in the end-Permian mass extinction. The biological affinity of hyoliths has long been controversial and the group has been compared with a number of animal phyla, most frequently the Mollusca or the Sip

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Look Who's Trying to Seize Private Property

A candidate in the 2020 presidential race wants the federal government to seize the private property of dozens of Texans under the dubious pretext of a national emergency. I refer not to Bernie Sanders or Elizabeth Warren, but to President Donald Trump, whose lack of respect for private-property rights goes back decades. [ Read: The many scandals of Donald Trump: a cheat sheet ] In the early 1990

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Amazon deforestation officially hits highest level in a decade

The loss of nearly 10,000 square kilometres of forest in the Amazon between August 2018 to July 2019 is the first official confirmation that deforestation has soared since Jair Bolsnaro came to power

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Genome 'hyperhotspots' are 170X more sensitive to UV rays

"Hyperhotspots" in the human genome are up to 170-times more sensitive to ultraviolet radiation from sunlight compared to the genome average, researchers report. Exposure to UV radiation is the major cause of skin cancer. Screening the hyperhotspots could offer a new way to predict a person's skin cancer risk. Scientists knew of hotspots, but not of ultra-sensitive hotspots. "These are 100 times

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Scientists 3-D Print Skin That Develops Working Blood Vessels

A promising new technique could lead to lasting skin grafts after burns or other injuries

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Gene therapy: Development of new DNA transporters

Scientists at the Institute of Pharmacy at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have developed new delivery vehicles for future gene therapies. A team of researchers led by Dr Christian Wölk are using artificial fats to transport DNA into cells. The scientists demonstrate how well this technique works in a study conducted in collaboration with pharmacists from the University of Marburg.

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Self-cannibalizing mitochondria may set the stage for ALS development

Early stages of neurodegeneration seen in diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) could be due to self-destructive mitochondria in diseased upper motor neurons of the brain that begin to disintegrate from within at a very early age.

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HKU Engineering team invents novel Direct Thermal Charging Cell for Converting low-grade waste heat to usable electricity

Dr Tony Shien-Ping Feng of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Hong Kong (HKU) and his team invented a Direct Thermal Charging Cell (DTCC) which can effectively convert heat to electricity, creating a huge potential to reduce greenhouse effects by capturing exhaust heat and cutting down primary energy wastage.

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New findings on the largest natural sulfur source in the atmosphere

An international research team was able to experimentally show in the laboratory a completely new reaction path for the largest natural sulfur source in the atmosphere. The team from the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS), the University of Innsbruck and the University of Oulu are now reporting in The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters on the new degradation mechanism for dime

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Sierra Nevada has oldest underground water recharge system in Europe

Scientists from the University of Granada, the IGME, and the Universities of Cologne and Lisbon have demonstrated that the careo irrigation channels of Sierra Nevada constitute the oldest underground aquifer recharge system on the continent.

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Patients with advanced breast cancer are being denied access to life-prolonging drug

Survival for patients with the most common forms of advanced breast cancer could be substantially improved if both younger and older patients had access to a group of anti-cancer drugs called CDK4/6 inhibitors, according to experts at the Advanced Breast Cancer Fifth International Consensus Conference (ABC5) in Lisbon today (Saturday).

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Don't confuse luck with skill when rewarding performance

Managers and those who evaluate the performance of others, whether in the workplace or on the sporting field, are likely to be often confusing luck with skill, and over rewarding those who are just lucky, a new study reveals.

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Moss: A bio-monitor of atmospheric nitrogen deposition in the Yangtze River Delta

Atmospheric reactive nitrogen (N) deposition has more than doubled over the past century. It is very important to estimate the rates and sources of N deposition because it's considered as a main factor of ecosystem structure changes, such as soil acidification, water eutrophication and biodiversity losses, especially in countries with high N deposition, such as China. However, it is very difficult

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Got mutation? 'Base editors' fix genomes one nucleotide at a time

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03536-x A new class of CRISPR-based tools efficiently corrects point mutations in cell lines, animal models and perhaps the clinic.

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Rätt skött kan en granhäck stå fin i hundra år

Gran har klippts som häck för att skapa rum i parker och trädgårdar i Sverige sedan flera hundra år tillbaka. Rätt skött kan en granhäck hålla sig fin i ett helt sekel. Redan vid 1600-talets mitt började granen användas som tuktad trädgårdsväxt i Sverige. – Det sägs att den franske trädgårdsmästaren André Mollét, som kom till Sverige för att arbeta hos drottning Kristina, insåg att den härdiga gr

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Foam offers way to manipulate light

Scientists have shown that a type of foam long studied by scientists is able to block particular wavelengths of light, a coveted property for next-generation information technology that uses light instead of electricity.

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Personality traits affect retirement spending

How quickly you spend your savings in retirement may have as much or more to do with your personality than whether you have a lot of debt or want to leave an inheritance.

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Experimental cholesterol-lowering drug effective at lowering bad cholesterol, study shows

Twice-yearly injections of an experimental cholesterol-lowering drug, inclisiran, were effective at reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, often called bad cholesterol, in patients already taking the maximum dose of statin drugs.

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Side effects mild, brief with single antidepressant dose of intravenous ketamine

Researchers found that a single, low-dose ketamine infusion was relatively free of side effects for patients with treatment-resistant depression. Widespread off-label use of intravenous subanesthetic-dose ketamine has raised concerns about side effects, especially given its history as a drug of abuse. The most common short-term side effect of the rapid-acting treatment was 'feeling strange or loop

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Moody or depressed teen? 40% of parents aren't sure

In a recent poll, 40% of parents said they struggle to differentiate between normal mood swings and signs of depression. At the same time, 30% said their child is good at hiding feelings. Though the majority of parents say they are confident they would recognize depression in their middle or high school aged child, two thirds acknowledge barriers to spotting specific signs and symptoms, according

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Internationale eksperter: Statsministeren skal selv stå i spidsen for dansk innovation

PLUS. At Danmark skal satse på grøn forskning og innovation, kan være meget fornuftigt. Men hvordan vil Danmark skille sig ud?, spørger internationale eksperter.

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Are hyoliths Palaeozoic lophophorates?

Liu et al. describe, for the first time, the feeding apparatus of an orthothecid hyolith, Triplicatella opimus, from the Chengjiang biota in South China. The recent interpretation that hyolithids possess a lophophore and pedicle is questioned with new information presented by Liu et al. in National Science Review, suggesting that hyoliths are more likely basal members of the lophotrochozoans, rath

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Balancing elementary steps for boosting alkaline hydrogen evolution

Recently, Professors Jin-Song Hu and Li-Jun Wan from Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and their collaborators designed the nanocrystals with tunable Ni/NiO heterosurfaces to target Volmer and Heyrovsky/Tafel steps in the alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and discovered that such bicomponent active sites on the surface should be balanced for promoting HER performance.

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ECDC: Study shows gaps in healthcare workers' knowledge and attitudes about antibiotics

Knowledge and awareness of antibiotic resistance and related issues is generally high among European healthcare workers, according to the first European survey to examine attitudes and behaviours in relation to antibiotic resistance in this group. However, the study also illustrates important knowledge gaps.

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Moss: a bio-monitor of atmospheric nitrogen deposition in the Yangtze River Delta

The epilithic moss Haplocladium microphyllum can bio-monitor the rates and sources of atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region, making up for the lack of monitoring data of N deposition.

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Opioid prescription doses are increasingly being tapered, often more rapidly than recommended

Stigma and safety fears have made daily dose tapering of opioid prescriptions more common. New research from UC Davis Health physicians, however, shows tapering can occur at rates as much as six times higher than recommended, putting patients at risk of withdrawal, uncontrolled pain or mental health crises.

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NTU and Dutch scientists show how perovskite solar cells can capture more electricity

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) in a collaboration with the University of Groningen (UG) in the Netherlands, have developed a method to analyse which pairs of materials in next-generation perovskite solar cells will harvest the most energy.

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We're Making Progress in Explainable AI, but Major Pitfalls Remain

Machine learning algorithms are starting to exceed human performance in many narrow and specific domains, such as image recognition and certain types of medical diagnose s . They're also rapidly improving in more complex domains such as generating eerily human-like text. We increasingly rely on machine learning algorithms to make decisions on a wide range of topics, from what we collectively spen

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Superfast star launched from black hole at Milky Way's center

Astronomers have spotted a high velocity star, traveling at a blistering six million kilometers per hour (3,728,227 miles per hour), that the supermassive black hole at the heart at the Milky Way ejected five million years ago. The researchers saw the star, known as S5-HVS1 and located in the constellation of Grus—the Crane, was moving 10 times faster than most stars in the Milky Way. "The veloci

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It's Not the Greed—It's the Inequality

Deval Patrick is in. The former Massachusetts governor, responding to the fears of the Democratic establishment that the party's aspirants are too left-wing and that its moderate standard-bearer, Joe Biden, is not up to the task of defeating Donald Trump, announced his candidacy for president in a video Thursday. After filing for the primary in New Hampshire, Patrick told reporters , "I think we

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How we probe and pollute the cosmos

Nature, Published online: 18 November 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03532-1 An astronaut and an archaeologist explore the triumphs and disasters of space hardware. Meg Urry reviews.

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Side effects mild, brief with single antidepressant dose of intravenous ketamine

Researchers found that a single, low-dose ketamine infusion was relatively free of side effects for patients with treatment-resistant depression. Widespread off-label use of intravenous subanesthetic-dose ketamine has raised concerns about side effects, especially given its history as a drug of abuse. The most common short-term side effect of the rapid-acting treatment was 'feeling strange or loop

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