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nyheder2019oktober09

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The Side Effects of Adderall Are Real. But These Powerful Supplements Can Help.

October is ADHD Awareness month. And if you’re one of the millions of Americans who rely on prescription stimulants like Adderall to boost concentration, alertness, and energy, but you’re worried about possible long term damage the drug might be doing to your brain, here’s some very good news. A new company called Recoop has created the world’s first science-based supplement system specifically d

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Zika: Researchers Are Learning More About The Long-Term Consequences For Children

A new review of research on the Zika virus since 2016 finds there is still much scientists don't understand about the pandemic — including when another may strike. (Image credit: Mario Tama/Getty Images)

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This girl’s dramatic story shows hyper-personalized medicine is possible—and costly

Doctors say gene medicine tailored to a single person can work, but it still costs millions.

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New study supports nervous system's role in age-related weakness

A study recently published by researchers from the Ohio Musculoskeletal and Neurological Institute (OMNI) at the Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, in collaboration with a colleague from outside Ohio University, finds new evidence to support the belief that the nervous system plays an important role in age-related weakness.

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Human gut microbes could make processed foods healthier

A new study sheds light on how human gut microbes break down processed foods — especially potentially harmful chemical changes often produced during modern food manufacturing processes.

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First cell map of developing human liver reveals how blood and immune system develops

In a world first, scientists have created the human developmental liver cell atlas that provides crucial insights into how the blood and immune systems develop in the fetus. It maps changes in the cellular landscape of the developing liver between the first and second trimesters of pregnancy, including how stem cells from the liver seed other tissues to support the high demand for oxygen needed fo

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Bio-inspired theoretical research may make robots more effective on the future battlefield

In an effort to make robots more effective and versatile teammates for Soldiers in combat, researchers are on a mission to understand the value of the molecular living functionality of muscle, and the fundamental mechanics that would need to be replicated in order to artificially achieve the capabilities arising from the proteins responsible for muscle contraction.

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Folding a drop of water solves a longstanding challenge in portable diagnostic devices

If you've ever stopped to watch rain falling on a windowpane, you've seen what happens when two drops of water touch and merge into one. But you probably never imagined that the physics at work in this phenomenon was the key to unlocking a solution for the development of miniaturized personal biological analysis devices.

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Fresh insights could lead to new treatments for liver disease

The fight against liver disease could be helped by the discovery of cells that cause liver scarring.

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New cancer-driving mutation in 'dark matter' of the cancer genome

A research group has discovered a novel cancer-driving mutation in the vast non-coding regions of the human cancer genome, also known as the 'dark matter' of human cancer DNA.

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How common genetic mutation drives cancer

A new, multicenter study has determined how a single mutation in splicing factor 3b subunit 1 (SF3B1), the most frequently mutated splicing factor gene, drives the formation of many cancers.

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Berkeley Labs Face Power Outage Amid Wildfire Threat

The utility company PG&E has cut electricity to much of the Bay Area as a preventive measure.

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Bad behavior between moms driven by stereotypes, judgment

Mothers are often their own toughest critics, but new research shows they judge other mothers just as harshly. According to the results — which build upon previous work identifying seven stereotypes of mothers — ideal and lazy mothers drew the most contempt from both working and stay-at-home mothers. The overworked stay-at-home mom also was near the top of the list.

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Scientists find gender-distinct circuit for depression

Depression affects women nearly twice as much as men, but unraveling the brain's blueprint that regulates this behavior, let alone identifying specific molecular differences between sexes, has proven difficult. Researchers, however, have found and flipped a switch in the brain, revealing a single circuit in mice that activates during stress and is controlled by testosterone.

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More patients with cardiovascular disease now die at home than in the hospital

In a new study, Haider Warraich, MD, of Brigham and Women's Hospital, and colleagues assessed place of death for CVD patients from 2003 to 2017, finding that home has surpassed the hospital as the most common place of death for these patients.

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One billion people, many in poor countries, have major vision problems that could be fixed

Better health coverage and primary care could help, the World Health Organization says

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No, Dads Don’t Need to Stop Drinking Six Months Before Conception

A massive analysis of 55 studies recently led a team of Chinese researchers to conclude that men who drank any alcohol at all in the three months prior to conception increased their offspring’s risk of having a congenital heart defect by 44 percent. They published their findings in the journal European Journal of Preventative Cardiology on October 2, and the study was widely covered by the media,

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Infectious disease in marine life linked to decades of ocean warming

New research shows that long-term changes in diseases in ocean species coincides with decades of widespread environmental change.

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Social determinant screening useful for families with pediatric sickle cell disease

Individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) face the burdens of chronic illness and often racial disparities, both of which may increase vulnerability to adverse social determinants of health (SDoH). For children with SCD, living in poverty is associated with lower quality of life, higher healthcare utilization and higher complication rates.

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Could ‘Planet 9’ actually be an ancient black hole?

Though a Planet 9 has been hypothesized, we can't seem to find it, at least not yet. The strange orbits of distant bodies and weird gravitational anomalies beg for an explanation. Scientists propose a hunt for telltale gamma rays from a primordial black hole. None One of the more tantalizing mysteries of modern astronomy is figuring out just what it is that's distorting the orbits of objects out

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Changing Your Diet Can Help Tamp Down Depression, Boost Mood

Depression symptoms dropped significantly in a group of young adults who ate a Mediterranean-style diet for three weeks. It's the latest study to show that food can influence mental health. (Image credit: Claudia Totir/Getty Images)

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Newly Discovered Dinosaur Was a Giant 'Shark Tooth' Carnivore

Siamraptor suwati , discovered in Thailand, sliced flesh with razor-sharp teeth rather than crushing the bones of its prey

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Move Over, Tardigrades — 'Mold Pigs' Are the New Micro-Beast in Town

A paleobiologist uncovered a never-before-seen microinvertebrate in Dominican amber.

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Help Us Recognize Tech That Protects Our Values

Opinion: The Tech Spotlight will highlight products, initiatives, and policies that protect the public good and shape a more responsible future.

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NIH marquee awards for ‘high risk, high reward’ projects skew male—again

Agency struggles to attract female applicants for premier grants; one award appears to favor male applicants

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Germany’s synagogue shooting was live-streamed on Twitch—but almost no one saw it

The rapid response to the shootings in Halle shows how tech firms are learning from Christchurch.

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Most Americans don’t know Facebook owns Instagram and WhatsApp, among other digital basics

Only 2 percent of Americans can ace a digital-knowledge quiz.

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Blood-Cleaning Machine Quickly Eliminates Carbon Monoxide in Rats

A device that illuminates and oxygenates blood outside of the body before pumping it back in removes the gas by freeing hemoglobin from CO.

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As Trump Administration Downplays Warming, Agencies Chronicle Climate Impacts

Environmental reviews emphasize the relatively small contributions from individual infrastructure projects, ignoring the bigger picture — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Antibiotic resistance: Researchers have directly proven that bacteria can change shape inside humans to avoid antibiotics

Widespread antibiotic use is largely to blame for the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria, which is currently one of the biggest threats to global health. Not only does antibiotic resistance already cause an estimated 700,000 deaths a year , it's also made numerous infections, including pneumonia, tuberculosis, and gonorrhoea, harder to treat . Without knowing how to stop bacteria from dev

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Russell DeBose-Boyd (UTSW) 2: Schnyder Corneal Dystrophy: UBIAD1 Regulation of Cholesterol

https://www.ibiology.org/biochemistry/regulation-cholesterol-synthesis Dr. Russell DeBose-Boyd describes cellular regulation of cholesterol synthesis, with a focus on endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of HMG CoA reductase. Regulation of cholesterol synthesis is very important: cholesterol is a component of cell membranes and a precursor of steroid hormones and bile acids, yet hi

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Russell DeBose-Boyd (UTSW) 1: Feedback Regulation of HMG CoA Reductase

https://www.ibiology.org/biochemistry/regulation-cholesterol-synthesis Dr. Russell DeBose-Boyd describes cellular regulation of cholesterol synthesis, with a focus on endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of HMG CoA reductase. Regulation of cholesterol synthesis is very important: cholesterol is a component of cell membranes and a precursor of steroid hormones and bile acids, yet hi

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Graphene air filter traps and kills bacteria

Scientists have devised a graphene air filter that can capture and destroy microorganisms, such as bacteria and other infectious agents and contaminants.

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Back from the dead: Some corals regrow after 'fatal' warming

For the first time ever, scientists have found corals that were thought to have been killed by heat stress have recovered, a glimmer of hope for the world's climate change-threatened reefs.

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Criminals Hacked the “Sesame Street” Store, Stole Credit Card Info

Muppet Money Security researcher Marcel Afrahim recently made a startling discovery while browsing Sesame Street’s online store. Buried in the code of the site’s shopping cart was a piece of malicious software designed to pull customers’ credit card details and send them to an outside domain, a hack Afrahim describes in detail in a new Medium post . Even more troubling? Afrahim suspects that more

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This telescope could ‘see’ inside alien worlds for the first time

Array in France looks for radio signals whipped up by the magnetic dynamos of exoplanets

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Research brief: Nanoparticles may have bigger impact on the environment than previously thought

In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers have shown that nanoparticles may have a bigger impact on the environment than previously thought. The research is published in Chemical Science, a peer-reviewed journal of the Royal Society of Chemistry.

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Uncovering the presynaptic distribution and profile of mitochondria

In a recent study published in the Journal of Neuroscience, scientists from the MPFI and the University of Iowa CCOM have provided unprecedented insight into the presynaptic distribution and profile of mitochondria in the developing and mature calyx of Held.

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Hip-Hop’s Answer to American Idol Is Irresistible

In the first episode of Netflix’s Rhythm + Flow , the aspiring rapper Inglewood IV delivers a furious verse about police brutality to a packed nightclub and a panel of superstar judges. Tears well in his eyes. Chance the Rapper complains that his song is too “dark” and “abrasive.” Cardi B chides that it’ll be too scary for white people. T.I. smiles. “Boy, you gonna hate yourself for cryin’ on TV.

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Nanoparticles may have bigger impact on the environment than previously thought

Over the last two decades, nanotechnology has improved many of the products we use every day from microelectronics to sunscreens. Nanoparticles (particles that are just a few hundred atoms in size) are ending up in the environment by the ton, but scientists are still unclear about the long-term effects of these super-small nanoparticles.

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Hush, little baby: Mother right whales 'whisper' to calves

A recent study explores whether right whale mother-calf pairs change their vocalizations to keep predators from detecting them.

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Antibiotic resistance in food animals nearly tripled since 2000

Researchers report that the growing appetite for animal protein in low- to middle-income countries has resulted in a smorgasbord of antibiotic consumption for livestock that has nearly tripled the occurrence of antibiotic resistance in disease-causing bacteria between 2000 and 2018. The researchers found that antibiotic resistance in livestock was most widespread in China and India, with Brazil an

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Tuberculosis: New insights into the pathogen

Researchers have gained new insights into the pathogen that causes tuberculosis. The work provides the basis for a new approach in antibiotic therapy.

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Tesla Screens Flash Warning: Charge Your Cars Before CA Blackout

Historic Blackout California electric utility company Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) is about to shut off power for almost a million people in the Bay Area in an effort to prevent wildfires. And electric car company Tesla is pushing a message onto its cars display consoles: charge your cars before it’s too late. “A utility company in your area announced they may turn off power in some areas of N

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Return of warm water 'blob' in the Pacific threatens marine life

The reappearance of a vast blob of abnormally warm water in the Pacific, around seven times the size of Alaska, has raised the prospect of impacts on marine ecosystems and weather systems

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Siamraptor suwati: First Bitey Dino of Its Kind in Southeast Asia

A reconstruction of the predatory dinosaur's skull based on partial fossils of Siamraptor suwati. (Credit: Chokchaloemwong et al., 2019) Siamraptor suwati joins the ranks of predatory dinosaurs …

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Graphene substrate improves the conductivity of carbon nanotube network

Scientists have combined graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes into a transparent hybrid material with conductivity higher than either component exhibits separately.

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Finding upends theory about the cerebellum's role in reading and dyslexia

New brain imaging research debunks a controversial theory about dyslexia that can impact how it is sometimes treated. The cerebellum, a brain structure traditionally considered to be involved in motor function, has been implicated in the reading disability, developmental dyslexia, however, this 'cerebellar deficit hypothesis' has always been controversial. The new research shows that the cerebellu

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Atomic-level imaging could offer roadmap to metals with new properties

A team of researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology has developed a new process that could help gain new insights into high-entropy alloys and help characterize their properties.

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Single-particle spectroscopy of CsPbBr3 perovskite reveals the origin low electrolumine

Researchers have used the method of single-particle spectroscopy to study electroluminescence in light-emitting devices. They discovered that efficient charge funneling between individual perovskite nanocrystals and the phenomenon of emission blinking are responsible for the low efficiencies of perovskite light-emitting devices.

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Chemical evolution — One-pot wonder

Before life, there was RNA: Scientists show how the four different letters of this genetic alphabet could be created from simple precursor molecules on early Earth — under the same environmental conditions.

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No soil left behind: How a cost-effective technology can enrich poor fields

Many farmers across sub-Saharan Africa try to coax crops out of sandy soils that are not ideal for holding water and nutrients. Traditional approaches would have them apply more fertilizers and use irrigation, but both require access to resources and infrastructure that many do not have. A relatively new technology modeled for eight African countries, and currently being tested in Zimbabwe, shows

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Rich Counties Get More Help to Escape Climate Risk, New Data Show

FEMA's buyout money goes disproportionately to high-income counties, new research shows. The findings raise concerns about fairness and efficiency.

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Review of 96 healthy eating studies finds 'nudges' yield best changes in eating habits

A gentle nudge in the right direction is sometimes all people need. In this case, new research in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science finds it works when it comes to promoting healthy eating.

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Siamraptor suwati: First Bitey Dino of Its Kind in Southeast Asia

A reconstruction of the predatory dinosaur's skull based on partial fossils of Siamraptor suwati. (Credit: Chokchaloemwong et al., 2019) Siamraptor suwati joins the ranks of predatory dinosaurs known to science — and it's the first of its lineage from Southeast Asia, giving its discovery greater significance. When it comes to bitey dinos, most people think of T. rex and velociraptors (thanks, Jura

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Anti-austerity Protests and Strikes Shut Down Quito, Ecuador

Demonstrators have filled the streets of Quito, Ecuador, for more than a week, after the government of Ecuador’s President Lenín Moreno doubled fuel prices by eliminating a 40-year-old subsidy, part of an agreement with the International Monetary Fund to secure loans despite the nation’s high levels of debt. The protests grew, and others joined by staging a nationwide transport strike, leading Mo

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2020 Ford Expedition Review: For Big Trips, Big Families, Big Budgets

Keene Camp 2019 The 2020 Ford Expedition is a honking big SUV that does pretty much what you expect: It hauls eight people, trailers four and a half tons of cargo, feels more at home on the interstate than country back roads, gets okay gas mileage that feels better when you calculate MPG-per-passenger, and provides a measure of luxury. If you’ve been in other SUVs that seem big outside yet snug b

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Twitter Puts Profit Ahead of User Privacy—Just Like Facebook Did Before

Twitter funneled two-factor authentication phone numbers into their ad targeting platform—but they weren't the only ones.

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Ancient humans planned ahead and stored bones to eat the marrow later

Patterns of markings from skinning preserved bones are the first evidence that humans living 200,000 to 400,000 years ago stored food to eat later

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Mini organs grown from tumour cells can help us choose the best chemo

Miniature clumps of cells grown from a person's tumour biopsy can be used to test different cancer treatments so medics can decide which one is best for the individual

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Some corals ‘killed’ by climate change are now returning to life

Warm water can leave corals looking dead – but in some cases polyps still survive deep in the coral skeleton and in time they can return the coral to life

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Det er sket før: Vi er på vej mod et klima, hvor havet igen kan stige med 13 meter

Klimaet ligger på vippen til at store dele af isen i de arktiske områder smelter.

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What Was Kept in This Stone Age Meat Locker? Bone Marrow

In an Israeli cave, paleoarchaeologists unearthed what may be the earliest example of humans storing food for later consumption.

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A Second Interstellar Visitor Has Arrived in Our Solar System. This Time, Astronomers Think They Know Where It Came From

When 'Oumuamua passed through our solar system in 2017, no one could figure out where the object came from. But astronomers think they've worked out how Comet 2I/Borisov got here.

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Chernobyl's Control Room Is Now Open to Tourists … for 5 Minutes

Chernobyl tour companies have confirmed that the control room is open to the brave souls who wish to be closer to the scene of the disaster

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Republican-led Senate report shows how Russian trolls attacked 2016 election

A long-awaited bipartisan Senate Intelligence Committee report shows how Kremlin-directed operatives at the Internet Research Agency used disinformation to influence the 2016 presidential elections. The report was published by a Republican-led Senate committee. The committee issued several recommendations for how to protect against future disinformation campaigns, which are ongoing, the report st

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Surprise finding about HIV reservoir could lead to better therapies

HIV antiretroviral (ART) meds cannot completely eradicate the virus; it persists in reservoirs inside immune cells. This latent reservoir forms even when a person begins therapy very early after infection, but the dynamics of the reservoir's formation have been largely unknown. Now scientists have discovered evidence that the initial use of ART alters the host environment to allow the formation or

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Physics vs. asthma

A research team from the MIPT Center for Molecular Mechanisms of Aging and Age-Related Diseases has collaborated with colleagues from the U.S., Canada, France, and Germany to determine the spatial structure of the CysLT1 receptor.

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Population shift resulting in fewer homicides

People are living longer and fewer are having children. This has caused the 15-29 age group to shrink worldwide, a demographic responsible for majority of homicides.

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New insights into how to protect premature babies from common brain disorder

Premature babies have delicate brain tissue that is prone to bleeding and can result in post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus, a dangerous condition that leads to excess fluid accumulation and brain dysfunction. Now, scientists from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have identified a new disease mechanism and potential molecular drug target that may protect premature newborns from develo

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Study finds prehistoric humans ate bone marrow like canned soup 400,000 years ago

Tel Aviv University researchers have uncovered evidence of the storage and delayed consumption of animal bone marrow at Qesem Cave near Tel Aviv. The research provides direct evidence that early Paleolithic people saved animal bones for up to nine weeks before feasting on them inside the cave.

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Unique immune cell could help stop breast cancer

A new study, published in Science Translational Medicine, has identified a specific subtype of gamma delta T cells in breast tissue and showed that they are linked to remission in patients with triple negative breast cancer. Gamma delta T cells are specialist immune cells that have previously been identified in the human gut and skin, but this is the first time they have been clearly characterized

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Patient-derived organoids help predict how patients respond to chemotherapy

Researchers have created a test based on tumor organoids — or 3D tissue cultures — that can help predict how patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) may respond to chemotherapy treatment.

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Could government-funded flood buyout programs be adjusted to better serve communities?

Wealthier, more densely populated counties in the US have been more likely to implement buyouts of flood-prone properties, according to the first programmatic-level analysis of voluntary property buyouts through the US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). These results contradict economic predictions of flood risk management.

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Uncorrected congenital heart disease may lead to increased risks in pregnant women

Pregnant women with congenital heart disease (CHD) who have not had surgery to repair their cardiac condition are more likely to experience cardiac events or maternal death, especially those with certain conditions in emerging countries, according to a study published Oct. 9 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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You Can Now Buy The Xbox Wireless Controller From Apple’s Online Store

With the update to iOS 13, iPhone and iPad users can now finally directly connect gaming controllers from the PS4 and the Xbox One to their devices. However, unlike the PS4’s DualShock …

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Robots could learn to recognise human emotions

submitted by /u/stormforce7916 [link] [comments]

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Germany pledges €300 million for green hydrogen research

submitted by /u/DrDike [link] [comments]

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Medical technology's quick-fix addiction

submitted by /u/dat303 [link] [comments]

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We have ‘inner salamander capacity’ to fix cartilage

Contrary to popular belief, cartilage in human joints can repair itself, research finds. The process is similar to what creatures such as salamanders and zebrafish use to regenerate limbs, say the researchers. As reported in Science Advances , the researchers identified a mechanism for cartilage repair that appears to be more robust in ankle joints and less so in hips. The finding could potential

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How do the strongest magnets in the universe form?

How do some neutron stars become the strongest magnets in the Universe? Astrophysicists have found a possible answer to the question of how these so-called magnetars form. Researchers have used large computer simulations to demonstrate how the merger of two stars creates strong magnetic fields. If such stars explode in supernovae, magnetars could result.

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Siblings of problem gamblers also impulsive, prone to risk-taking

Biological siblings of people with gambling disorder also display markers of increased impulsivity and risk-taking, according to a new psychology study. The findings suggest people with gambling disorder — a psychiatric term for serious gambling problems — may have pre-existing genetic vulnerabilities to the illness.

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Important questions on how mental illness is currently diagnosed

This research raises questions as to whether current diagnoses accurately reflect the underlying neurobiology of mental illness. The findings, just published in the leading peer-reviewed medical journal, JAMA Psychiatry, highlight the need for more individualised approaches to defining mental illness.

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Vaping-associated lung injury findings

A clinical perspective article reviews various imaging manifestations of electronic nicotine delivery systems such as e-cigarettes, vape pens, and hookah tanks. Despite the lack of a standardized case definition for vaping-associated lung injury, the radiologist may be the first person to prompt the clinical team to ask about relevant exposures like hypersensitivity pneumonitis, diffuse alveolar h

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Nobel prize for chemistry: the lithium-ion battery

An overdue award for a ubiquitous invention

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Study identifies a key reason black scientists are less likely to receive NIH funding

Black applicants are more likely to propose research topics less favored by reviewers

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Bone marrow storage and delayed consumption at Middle Pleistocene Qesem Cave, Israel (420 to 200 ka)

Bone marrow and grease constitute an important source of nutrition and have attracted the attention of human groups since prehistoric times. Marrow consumption has been linked to immediate consumption following the procurement and removal of soft tissues. Here, we present the earliest evidence for storage and delayed consumption of bone marrow at Qesem Cave, Israel (~420 to 200 ka). By using expe

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Topic choice contributes to the lower rate of NIH awards to African-American/black scientists

Despite efforts to promote diversity in the biomedical workforce, there remains a lower rate of funding of National Institutes of Health R01 applications submitted by African-American/black (AA/B) scientists relative to white scientists. To identify underlying causes of this funding gap, we analyzed six stages of the application process from 2011 to 2015 and found that disparate outcomes arise at

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Antiviral activity of a purine synthesis enzyme reveals a key role of deamidation in regulating protein nuclear import

Protein nuclear translocation is highly regulated and crucial for diverse biological processes. However, our understanding concerning protein nuclear import is incomplete. Here we report that a cellular purine synthesis enzyme inhibits protein nuclear import via deamidation. Employing human Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) to probe the role of protein deamidation, we identified a pu

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Directed evolution of an {alpha}1,3-fucosyltransferase using a single-cell ultrahigh-throughput screening method

Fucosylated glycoconjugates are involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. However, economical production of fucosylated drugs and prebiotic supplements has been hampered by the poor catalytic efficiency of fucosyltransferases. Here, we developed a fluorescence-activated cell sorting system that enables the ultrahigh-throughput screening (>10 7 mutants/hour) of such enzyme

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Epigenetic initiation of the TH17 differentiation program is promoted by Cxxc finger protein 1

IL-6/STAT3 signaling is known to initiate the T H 17 differentiation program, but the upstream regulatory mechanisms remain minimally explored. Here, we show that Cxxc finger protein 1 (Cxxc1) promoted the generation of T H 17 cells as an epigenetic regulator and prevented their differentiation into T reg cells. Mice with a T cell–specific deletion of Cxxc1 were protected from experimental autoim

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LPA1/3 overactivation induces neonatal posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus through ependymal loss and ciliary dysfunction

Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) in premature infants is a common neurological disorder treated with invasive neurosurgical interventions. Patients with PHH lack effective therapeutic interventions and suffer chronic comorbidities. Here, we report a murine lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)–induced postnatal PHH model that maps neurodevelopmentally to premature infants, a clinically accessible high-r

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Habenular and striatal activity during performance feedback are differentially linked with state-like and trait-like aspects of tobacco use disorder

The habenula, an epithalamic nucleus involved in reward and aversive processing, may contribute to negative reinforcement mechanisms maintaining nicotine use. We used a performance feedback task that differentially activates the striatum and habenula and administered nicotine and varenicline (versus placebos) to overnight-abstinent smokers and nonsmokers to delineate feedback-related functional b

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Troughs developed in ice-stream shear margins precondition ice shelves for ocean-driven breakup

Floating ice shelves of fast-flowing ice streams are prone to rift initiation and calving originating along zones of rapid shearing at their margins. Predicting future ice-shelf destabilization under a warming ocean scenario, with the resultant reduced buttressing, faster ice flow, and sea-level rise, therefore requires an understanding of the processes that thin and weaken these shear margins. H

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Structure-based mechanism of cysteinyl leukotriene receptor inhibition by antiasthmatic drugs

The G protein–coupled cysteinyl leukotriene receptor CysLT 1 R mediates inflammatory processes and plays a major role in numerous disorders, including asthma, allergic rhinitis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Selective CysLT 1 R antagonists are widely prescribed as antiasthmatic drugs; however, these drugs demonstrate low effectiveness in some patients and exhibit a variety of side effects.

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Living evidence of a fossil survival strategy raises hope for warming-affected corals

Climate change is affecting reef-building corals worldwide, with little hope for recovery. However, coral fossils hint at the existence of environmental stress–triggered survival strategies unreported in extant colonial corals. We document the living evidence and long-term ecological role of such a survival strategy in which isolated polyps from coral colonies affected by warming adopt a transito

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Analysis of "old" proteins unmasks dynamic gradient of cartilage turnover in human limbs

Unlike highly regenerative animals, such as axolotls, humans are believed to be unable to counteract cumulative damage, such as repetitive joint use and injury that lead to the breakdown of cartilage and the development of osteoarthritis. Turnover of insoluble collagen has been suggested to be very limited in human adult cartilage. The goal of this study was to explore protein turnover in articul

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MIBI-TOF: A multiplexed imaging platform relates cellular phenotypes and tissue structure

Understanding tissue structure and function requires tools that quantify the expression of multiple proteins while preserving spatial information. Here, we describe MIBI-TOF (multiplexed ion beam imaging by time of flight), an instrument that uses bright ion sources and orthogonal time-of-flight mass spectrometry to image metal-tagged antibodies at subcellular resolution in clinical tissue sectio

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Nuclear receptors regulate alternative lengthening of telomeres through a novel noncanonical FANCD2 pathway

Alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) is known to use homologous recombination (HR) to replicate telomeric DNA in a telomerase-independent manner. However, the detailed process remains largely undefined. It was reported that nuclear receptors COUP-TFII and TR4 are recruited to the enriched GGGTCA variant repeats embedded within ALT telomeres, implicating nuclear receptors in regulating ALT a

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Synchronization of stochastic expressions drives the clustering of functionally related genes

Functionally related genes tend to be chromosomally clustered in eukaryotic genomes even after the exclusion of tandem duplicates, but the biological significance of this widespread phenomenon is unclear. We propose that stochastic expression fluctuations of neighboring genes resulting from chromatin dynamics are more or less synchronized such that their expression ratio is more stable than that

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Microglia morphology and proinflammatory signaling in the nucleus accumbens during nicotine withdrawal

Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. However,

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Managed retreat through voluntary buyouts of flood-prone properties

Retreat from some areas will become unavoidable under intensifying climate change. Existing deployments of managed retreat are at small scale compared to potential future needs, leaving open questions about where, when, and how retreat under climate change will occur. Here, we analyze more than 40,000 voluntary buyouts of flood-prone properties in the United States, in which homeowners sell prope

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Morphology and composition play distinct and complementary roles in the tolerance of plantar skin to mechanical load

Plantar skin on the soles of the feet has a distinct morphology and composition that is thought to enhance its tolerance to mechanical loads, although the individual contributions of morphology and composition have never been quantified. Here, we combine multiscale mechanical testing and computational models of load bearing to quantify the mechanical environment of both plantar and nonplantar ski

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Ubiquitin-proteasomal regulation of chromatin remodeler INO80 in the nucleus accumbens mediates persistent cocaine craving

Neuroadaptations in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) underlie cue-induced cocaine craving that intensifies ("incubates") during abstinence and is believed to contribute to persistent relapse vulnerability. Changes in gene expression often govern perpetual behavioral abnormalities, but epigenetic plasticity during prolonged abstinence from drug exposure is poorly understood. We examined how E3 ubiquiti

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Wealthy Counties Benefited Most From a Flood Relief Program

When the government offered to buy up houses in flood zones, wealthier homeowners took advantage while poorer residents stayed put or fled.

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Sweeping Study Raises Questions About Who Benefits From Buyouts Of Flood-Prone Homes

Scientists have released the most detailed look yet at where and how the U.S. government helps residents retreat from flood-prone areas. Climate change is making such questions more urgent. (Image credit: Claire Harbage/NPR)

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Can Eating a Healthy Diet Really Help Treat Depression?

A study suggests that an improved diet can help relieve depressive symptoms, but an expert points out major weaknesses in the trial.

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Physics vs. asthma

A research team from the MIPT Center for Molecular Mechanisms of Aging and Age-Related Diseases has collaborated with colleagues from the U.S., Canada, France, and Germany to determine the spatial structure of the CysLT1 receptor. The paper was published in Science Advances .

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Our 'inner salamander' could help treat arthritis, study finds

Research links human ability to regrow cartilage to molecules that help amphibians sprout new limbs Contrary to popular opinion, humans can regrow cartilage in their joints, researchers have found. Experts hope the research could lead to new treatments for a common type of arthritis. Osteoarthritis, in which joints become painful and stiff, is the most common form of arthritis and is thought to c

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Hip pain? Turn on your inner salamander

These clever little critters could teach us how to regrow cartilage. Paul Biegler reports.

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Early Cretaceous predator discovered in Thailand

Siamraptor is the first carcharodontosaur to be found in Southeast Asia. Dyani Lewis reports.

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Traffic-light system can predict repeat earthquakes

Detecting the size of aftershocks could help manage them. Richard A Lovett reports.

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Move over Jupiter – Saturn has more moons

And a Twitter campaign is calling for help to name them. Richard A Lovett reports.

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Physics vs. asthma

A research team from the MIPT Center for Molecular Mechanisms of Aging and Age-Related Diseases has collaborated with colleagues from the U.S., Canada, France, and Germany to determine the spatial structure of the CysLT1 receptor. The paper was published in Science Advances .

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Warm ocean water attacking edges of Antarctica's ice shelves

Upside-down "rivers" of warm ocean water are eroding the fractured edges of thick, floating Antarctic ice shelves from below, helping to create conditions that lead to ice-shelf breakup and sea-level rise, according to a new study.

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Research topic contributes to persistent gap in NIH research grants to black scientists

Research topic preference accounts for more than 20% of a persistent funding gap for black scientists applying for National Institutes of Health research project (R01) grants compared to white scientists, according to a new study by NIH scientists. Researchers examined each step in the application submission and review process for R01 applications submitted between 2011-2015. The study confirms pr

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Study finds prehistoric humans ate bone marrow like canned soup 400,000 years ago

Tel Aviv University researchers, in collaboration with scholars from Spain, have uncovered evidence of the storage and delayed consumption of animal bone marrow at Qesem Cave near Tel Aviv, the site of many major discoveries from the late Lower Paleolithic period some 400,000 years ago.

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Meet Siamraptor suwati, a new species of giant predatory dinosaur from Thailand

Fossils discovered in Thailand represent a new genus and species of predatory dinosaur, according to a study released October 9, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Duangsuda Chokchaloemwong of Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University, Thailand and colleagues.

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Police Robot Ignores Woman Trying to Call Police

Paul Bot, Mall Cop Those Knightscope security robots may not be so great at their jobs. When a woman in a park near Los Angeles saw people fighting and tried to summon help via a police robot patrolling nearby, the robot merely told her to “step out of the way” and continued along its pre-determined route, according to NBC News . No help came until the spectators called 911 directly, raising the

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Badger culling likely worse for bovine TB

A measure designed to reduce the spread of bovine tuberculosis in the UK might be having the opposite effect.

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Mini pig-like fossils captured in amber

This newly discovered animal reveals a unique lineage from 30 million years ago.

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Longer life, flying, mind-bending drugs: Dreams that science made real

Robert Boyle's 17th-century wish list of innovations shows the world-changing power of basic research – and why we must invest more in it, says historian David Cannadine

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Pigs Caught Using Tools in First-of-Its-Kind Video

Pigs are one of the smartest animals on Earth, right up there with elephants, crows, and dolphins. But while scientists have caught all three of the latter types of animals using tools — a hallmark of advanced intelligence — they’d never seen pigs exhibit the same behavior. Until now, that is, as a team of scientists has released the first known video of pigs using tools. The ecologist behind the

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Rocket ride-shares could make going to space like catching a bus

Rocket launches that leave on a regular schedule will make it much cheaper and easier to get small satellites into orbit.

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Opinion: Taxpayers Should Cover Portion of Patent Costs

Federal grant support for technology transfer at universities will strengthen the national innovation system.

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California Is Cutting Power For Nearly a Million Homes

Mid-Apocalyptic On Wednesday, California utility company Pacific Gas & Electric started to cut power to nearly 1 million homes across the state. Apparently, the company is concerned that windy conditions could damage its equipment and spark devastating wildfires, CNBC reports — so about 800,000 customers in 34 California counties will need to go without electricity for as long as five days. Monop

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Chronic Lyme disease may be a misdiagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome

People who think they have a long-lasting form of Lyme disease are taking antibiotics for many months and may be treating the wrong disease

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Report: San Diego has unique edge to tackle climate change

The Earth's coastal and polar areas are on thin ice, a new climate report warns, but San Diego may be in a better place than others to weather those changes if it acts swiftly, several authors said.

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Moms deal with (and perpetuate) these 7 stereotypes

New research documents the stereotypes that moms both face and apply to others. “It’s not unusual for moms to have low self-esteem or feel they’re not living up to the standards of what it means to be a mom,” says Kelly Odenweller, lead author and assistant teaching professor of communication studies at Iowa State University. “If other moms treat them poorly, even when they’re trying to do a good

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Single-particle spectroscopy of CsPbBr3 perovskite reveals the origin low electrolumine

Researchers from Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) used the method of single-particle spectroscopy to study electroluminescence in light-emitting devices. They discovered that efficient charge funneling between individual perovskite nanocrystals and the phenomenon of emission blinking are responsible for the low efficiencies of perovskite light-emitting devices.

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Tuberculosis: New insights into the pathogen

Researchers at the University of Würzburg and the Spanish Cancer Research Centre have gained new insights into the pathogen that causes tuberculosis. The work published in Nature provides the basis for a new approach in antibiotic therapy.

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Researchers discover a new cancer-driving mutation in 'dark matter' of the cancer genome

An Ontario-led research group has discovered a novel cancer-driving mutation in the vast non-coding regions of the human cancer genome, also known as the 'dark matter' of human cancer DNA.

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Fresh insights could lead to new treatments for liver disease

The fight against liver disease could be helped by the discovery of cells that cause liver scarring.

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Folding a drop of water solves a longstanding challenge in portable diagnostic devices

If you've ever stopped to watch rain falling on a windowpane, you've seen what happens when two drops of water touch and merge into one. But you probably never imagined that the physics at work in this phenomenon was the key to unlocking a solution for the development of miniaturized personal biological analysis devices.

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How do the strongest magnets in the universe form?

How do some neutron stars become the strongest magnets in the Universe? A German-British team of astrophysicists has found a possible answer to the question of how these so-called magnetars form. Researchers from Heidelberg, Garching, and Oxford used large computer simulations to demonstrate how the merger of two stars creates strong magnetic fields. If such stars explode in supernovae, magnetars

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First cell map of developing human liver reveals how blood and immune system develops

In a world first, scientists have created the human developmental liver cell atlas that provides crucial insights into how the blood and immune systems develop in the fetus. It maps changes in the cellular landscape of the developing liver between the first and second trimesters of pregnancy, including how stem cells from the liver seed other tissues to support the high demand for oxygen needed fo

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New method visualizes groups of neurons as they compute

Using a fluorescent probe that lights up when brain cells are electrically active, MIT and Boston University researchers found they can image the activity of many neurons at once, in mice brains. The technique could allow neuroscientists to analyze circuits within the brain and link them to specific behaviors.

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Electronic solid could reduce carbon emissions in fridges and air conditioners

A promising replacement for the toxic and flammable greenhouse gases that are used in most refrigerators and air conditioners has been identified by researchers from the University of Cambridge.

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CNIO and University of Wurzburg solve 3D structure of 'nanomachine' that makes tuberculosis virulent

Tuberculosis bacterium releases virulence factors into the body through a secretion system whose structure and functioning were as yet unknown. The CNIO team, together with the University of Würzburg, has determined its three-dimensional structure and proposed an operating mechanism. This multidisciplinary study opens a new field to explore diseases caused by bacterial infections, with the opportu

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Atomic-level imaging could offer roadmap to metals with new properties

A team of researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology has developed a new process that could help gain new insights into high-entropy alloys and help characterize their properties.

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New research uncovers how common genetic mutation drives cancer

A new, multicenter study led by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center determined how a single mutation in splicing factor 3b subunit 1 (SF3B1), the most frequently mutated splicing factor gene, drives the formation of many cancers. The findings are published today in the journal Nature.

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Finding upends theory about the cerebellum's role in reading and dyslexia

New brain imaging research debunks a controversial theory about dyslexia that can impact how it is sometimes treated. The cerebellum, a brain structure traditionally considered to be involved in motor function, has been implicated in the reading disability, developmental dyslexia, however, this 'cerebellar deficit hypothesis' has always been controversial. The new research shows that the cerebellu

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The U.S. Moves Out, and Turkey Moves In

Days after President Donald Trump told Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan that American troops would not stand in the way of a planned Turkish assault into northeastern Syria, the assault began. American troops pulled back from outposts near the border with Turkey, where a contingent of about 50 to 100 special operators were working with Kurdish-led forces against ISIS. Turkish warplanes kic

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The Science of Getting Over It

Luci Gutiérrez D espite our commitment to 24/7 news, unlimited-data plans, and bottomless mimosas, nothing lasts forever. So how should we handle life’s endings and last hurrahs? Should we rage against the dying of the light, or be content to let things go? Approaching an end can have a focusing effect, leading people to summon strength for a final push. A study of more than 3,000 professional so

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Tomatoes are good for sperm count – if only I had known that years ago

A man’s worry seems to be hardwired – as if being fertile constitutes a meaningful measure of masculinity I read that tomatoes might be good for a fella’s sperm count . Sperm’s always been a worry for me, ever since the day of the 1978 FA Cup final. I’ll spare you the goriest of the details, but the long and, er, short of it is that I fell off my bike going to my nan and grandad’s house to watch

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NVIDIA Joins GM And Toyota In New Hardware, Software Platform For Autonomous Vehicles

Every new technology experiences growing pains; there is typically a period of innovation and then a period of standardization. The autonomous vehicle market is no exception. Industry leaders …

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Test can tell how well kindergarteners will do in school later on

A new readiness test can predict kindergarteners’ success in school 18 months later, researchers report. Melissa Stormont, a professor of special education at the University of Missouri, says identifying students early in the academic year who may need additional support can allow teachers and parents more time to build essential academic and social-behavioral skills. “Kindergarteners come to sch

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Stellar mergers as the origin of magnetic massive stars

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1621-5 Simulated mergers of two massive stars provide a solution to the long-standing puzzle of the origin of strong magnetic fields in a subset of massive stars.

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Spliceosomal disruption of the non-canonical BAF complex in cancer

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1646-9 A range of SF3B1 mutations promote tumorigenesis through the repression of BRD9, a core component of the non-canonical BAF complex, and correcting BRD9 mis-splicing in these SF3B1-mutant cells suppresses tumour growth.

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Tuning element distribution, structure and properties by composition in high-entropy alloys

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1617-1 In high-entropy alloys, atomic-resolution chemical mapping shows that swapping some of the atoms for larger, more electronegative elements results in atomic-scale modulations that produce higher yield strength, excellent strain hardening and ductility.

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Decoding human fetal liver haematopoiesis

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1652-y Single-cell transcriptomic profiling of fetal liver, skin, kidney and yolk sac reveals the differentiation trajectories of human haematopoietic stem cells and multipotent progenitors, which are validated to produce an integrated map of fetal liver haematopoiesis.

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The human body at cellular resolution: the NIH Human Biomolecular Atlas Program

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1629-x HuBMAP supports technology development, data acquisition, and spatial analyses to generate comprehensive molecular and cellular three-dimensional tissue maps.

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Resolving the fibrotic niche of human liver cirrhosis at single-cell level

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1631-3

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Recurrent non-coding U1-snRNA mutations drive cryptic splicing in Shh medulloblastoma

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1650-0

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Large electrocaloric effects in oxide multilayer capacitors over a wide temperature range

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1634-0

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Population imaging of neural activity in awake behaving mice

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1641-1 A genetically encoded fluorescent voltage indicator, SomArchon, is used to image changes in membrane voltage from many neurons simultaneously in multiple brain regions of awake, behaving mice.

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Real-time discrimination of earthquake foreshocks and aftershocks

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1606-4 Changes in the average size distribution of earthquakes are used to discriminate between foreshocks and aftershocks, and a traffic light classification is proposed for the real-time assessment of the probability of a subsequent larger event.

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Podcast: Estimating earthquake risk, and difficulties for deep-learning

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03041-1 Hear the latest science news, with Benjamin Thompson and Nick Howe.

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Determining whether the worst earthquake has passed

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02972-z When a big earthquake occurs, it is hard to tell if it will be followed by a larger quake or by only smaller ones. A method has been developed that aims to distinguish between these scenarios while events are still unfolding.

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A sensor kinase controls turgor-driven plant infection by the rice blast fungus

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1637-x The histidine–aspartate kinase Sln1 acts as a molecular sensor of turgor in appressoria of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae, enabling penetration of the host leaf cuticle and plant infection.

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A hexagonal planar transition-metal complex

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1616-2 A six-coordinate transition-metal complex with a hexagonal planar geometry is isolated and characterized.

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The U1 spliceosomal RNA is recurrently mutated in multiple cancers

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1651-z

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Self-coalescing flows in microfluidics for pulse-shaped delivery of reagents

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1635-z Characterization of a capillary flow phenomenon termed self-coalescence leads to the development of scalable, compact microfluidic devices that could see application in diagnostics, high-throughput screening and biological assays.

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Analogue quantum chemistry simulation

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1614-4 An analogue quantum simulator based on ultracold atoms in optical lattices and cavity quantum electrodynamics is proposed for the solution of quantum chemistry problems and tested numerically for a simple molecule.

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Architecture of the mycobacterial type VII secretion system

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1633-1

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Micro-engineered liquid flow dissolves solids without dispersing them

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02973-y Microfluidic devices have revolutionized biological assays, but complex set-ups are required to prevent the unwanted mixing of reagents in the liquid samples being analysed. A simpler solution has just been found.

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Crash stats compare off-roading on city streets vs. motorcycles

People who illegally ride off-road vehicles, such as dirt bikes and all-terrain vehicles, on city streets suffer similar crash injuries as motorcyclists, but are less likely to die, even though many riders don’t wear helmets, according to new research. With more people riding off-road vehicles in urban areas, understanding the types of injuries involved in crashes will help emergency medical prov

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American Journal of Roentgenology reviews vaping-associated lung injury findings

A Clinical Perspective article in the American Journal of Roentgenology reviews various imaging manifestations of electronic nicotine delivery systems such as e-cigarettes, vape pens, and hookah tanks. Despite the lack of a standardized case definition for vaping-associated lung injury, the radiologist may be the first person to prompt the clinical team to ask about relevant exposures like hyperse

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NASA Scientist Ponders Life on Planets Orbiting Black Holes

Black Hole Sun Black holes aren’t black — in fact, they can be one of the brightest sources of radiation in the entire universe. But does that mean Earth-like planets could survive in their orbit, or would they burn up in a massive ball of hot gas? In a paper published on preprint archive arXiv , NASA scientist Jeremy Schnittman argues that it’s pretty unlikely life could survive in a black hole’

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Folding a drop of water solves a longstanding challenge in portable diagnostic devices

If you've ever stopped to watch rain falling on a windowpane, you've seen what happens when two drops of water touch and merge into one. The physics at work in this phenomenon could provide unlock a solution for the development of miniaturized personal biological analysis devices. An international team of scientists from IBM Research-Zurich and the Microfluidics for Oncology Laboratory at Polytech

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Researchers theorize origins of magnetars, the strongest magnets in the universe

How do some neutron stars become the strongest magnets in the universe? A German-British team of astrophysicists has found a possible answer to the question of how magnetars form. They used large computer simulations to demonstrate how the merger of two stars creates strong magnetic fields. If such stars explode in supernovae, magnetars can result. Scientists from Heidelberg University, the Max Pl

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Scientists solve 3-D structure of 'nanomachine' that makes tuberculosis virulent

An international team headed by Óscar Llorca at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), and the group led by Sebastian Geibel at the University of Würzburg (Germany), report an accurate 3-D model of the mechanism used by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis to block the immune response when infecting an organism.

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Atomic-level imaging could offer roadmap to metals with new properties

High-entropy alloys, which are made from nearly equal parts of several primary metals, could hold great potential for creating materials with superior mechanical properties.

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Electronic solid could reduce carbon emissions in fridges and air conditioners

A promising replacement for the toxic and flammable greenhouse gases that are used in most refrigerators and air conditioners has been identified by researchers from the University of Cambridge.

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Trade rules emerge as weapon to fight climate change in Europe

The European Union is poised to bring trade policy into the fight against climate change, a move that risks stoking global commercial tensions.

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Scientists solve 3-D structure of 'nanomachine' that makes tuberculosis virulent

An international team headed by Óscar Llorca at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), and the group led by Sebastian Geibel at the University of Würzburg (Germany), report an accurate 3-D model of the mechanism used by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis to block the immune response when infecting an organism.

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Storms Over St. Louis | Storm Chasers (Full Episode)

It’s the most violent tornado season in over fifty years, and on the year’s first chase there’s a storm headed toward downtown St. Louis. While team TWISTEX chases too close to the beast, team Dominator is on the verge of falling apart. TIV team h Stream More Full Episodes of Storm Chasers: https://go.discovery.com/tv-shows/storm-chasers Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Fo

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No soil left behind: How a cost-effective technology can enrich poor fields

Many farmers across sub-Saharan Africa try to coax crops out of sandy soils that are not ideal for holding water and nutrients. Their harvests are predictably poor. A traditional approach would have them apply more fertilizers and use irrigation, but both of these options require access to resources and infrastructure that many of them do not have. A relatively new technology modeled for eight Afr

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Humans will not 'migrate' to other planets, Nobel winner says

Humans will never migrate to a planet outside of Earth's solar system because it would take far too long to get there, Swiss Nobel laureate Michel Mayor said Wednesday.

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Daily briefing: A scientist’s guide to overcoming impostor syndrome

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03043-z A clinical psychologist describes how to dial down self-doubt, chemistry Nobel for lithium-ion batteries and why deep-learning AIs are so easy to fool.

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British science is in jeopardy despite Nobel wins

Government is too wedded to the individual ‘great man’ theory of progress

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Engineered viruses could protect soldiers, fight antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic resistance is a one of the world's most pressing public health problems. Army scientists have developed a new weapon to combat super-bugs, which could protect Soldiers and fight resistance.

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Threshold-dependent gene drives in wild populations

The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences.

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No soil left behind: How a cost-effective technology can enrich poor fields

Many farmers across sub-Saharan Africa try to coax crops out of sandy soils that are not ideal for holding water and nutrients. Traditional approaches would have them apply more fertilizers and use irrigation, but both require access to resources and infrastructure that many do not have. A relatively new technology modeled for eight African countries, and currently being tested in Zimbabwe, shows

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Chemical evolution — One-pot wonder

Before life, there was RNA: Scientists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich show how the four different letters of this genetic alphabet could be created from simple precursor molecules on early Earth — under the same environmental conditions.

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A Synagogue Attack on the Holiest Day of the Year

This morning, the small Jewish community in the city of Halle, in eastern Germany, assembled for the holiest day of the Jewish year: Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. While 70 people were following the services, two armed men drove up outside the synagogue with firearms. Judging from the information available so far , it seems the armed men tried to enter the synagogue with the intention of killi

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Reef fish caring for their young are taken advantage of by other fish

Scroungers and parasites seem to show up in nature wherever life produces something useful, and that includes parental care. Among birds, for example, the practice of laying eggs in other birds' nests is surprisingly common.

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Butterflies, birds and zebras: The magic of animal motion

Shortlisted entries for the Royal Society of Biology Photography Competition.

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Reef fish caring for their young are taken advantage of by other fish

Scroungers and parasites seem to show up in nature wherever life produces something useful, and that includes parental care. Among birds, for example, the practice of laying eggs in other birds' nests is surprisingly common.

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New production technique for high-performance polymer could make for better body armor

A team of researchers has found a new way to produce a polymer material called PBO, a product known commercially as Zylon that's used in bulletproof vests and other high-performance fabrics. The new approach could be useful in making PBO products that resist degradation, a problem that has plagued PBO-based materials in the past.

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Why Machine Learning Is Critical for Disaster Response

It can help decision makers answer questions such as “When?” and “How bad?”—and “How many people are in harm’s way?” — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Oh Good, They’re Adding Guns to the Flying Iron Man Jet Suit

Jet Suit Up Gravity Industries’ Iron Man-style flying jet suit just got a new upgrade : a shoulder-mounted pellet rifle that fires much like an assault weapon. On Monday, engineer James Bruton uploaded a video detailing his creation of a turret for the jet suit at the request of Gravity. The video goes on to show the company’s founder, Richard Browning, donning the suit to hover above a parking l

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Chemistry Nobel Prize Honors Three Scientists Who Developed Lithium-Ion Batteries

(Credit: Abigail Malate, Staff Illustrator. Copyright American Institute of Physics) (Inside Science) — The 2019 Nobel Prize in chemistry has been awarded to three scientists "for the development of lithium-ion batteries." The prize goes jointly to John B. Goodenough of the University of Texas at Austin, M. Stanley Whittingham of Binghamton University in New York, and Akira Yoshino, of Meijo Univ

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Bioelectricity's promise for therapeutic targets in cancer

Bioelectricity of Cancer, a special issue of the peer-reviewed journal Bioelectricity, has just been published.

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Reef fish caring for their young are taken advantage of by other fish

Among birds, the practice of laying eggs in other birds' nests is surprisingly common. This phenomenon, known as brood parasitism, was unknown in coral reef fish because most marine fish don't provide any parental care at all. Now, however, biologists studying an unusual kind of coral reef fish that does care for its young have found that, sure enough, other fish are taking advantage of this to ge

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New research raises important questions on how mental illness is currently diagnosed

This research raises questions as to whether current diagnoses accurately reflect the underlying neurobiology of mental illness. The findings, just published in the leading peer-reviewed medical journal, JAMA Psychiatry, highlight the need for more individualised approaches to defining mental illness.

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New production technique for high-performance polymer could make for better body armor

Using a new composite nanoparticle catalyst, Brown University researchers have shown they can make degradation-resistant PBO, a polymer used to make body armor and other high-performance fabrics.

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Antibiotic resistance in food animals nearly tripled since 2000

Researchers from ETH Zurich, the Princeton Environmental Institute (PEI), and the Free University of Brussels report that the growing appetite for animal protein in low- to middle-income countries has resulted in a smorgasbord of antibiotic consumption for livestock that has nearly tripled the occurrence of antibiotic resistance in disease-causing bacteria between 2000 and 2018. The researchers fo

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New mechanism fueling brain metastasis discovered at Wistar

Wistar scientists described a novel mechanism through which astrocytes, the most abundant supporting cells in the brain, also promote cancer cell growth and metastasis in the brain.

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Graphene substrate improves the conductivity of carbon nanotube network

Transparent conductive films (TCFs) have many applications in touch screens, organic light emitting diodes and solar cells. These applications need materials that are strong, energy efficient and stable, which is why companies and researchers are interested in carbon-based materials. This applies especially to networks of single-walled carbon nanotubes, which are expected to replace the metal-oxid

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Why the Science Community Is Upset About Who Won a Nobel — and Who Didn't

The Nobel Prize in physics this year has gone to two very different research threads — and danced around some big societal issues, even as they celebrate distinguished work.

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Alaska Natives and fishermen sue EPA for reversing Pebble Mine decision

Trump administration officials broke the law when they reversed course and gave a green light to a proposed copper and gold mine near Alaska's Bristol Bay, mining opponents said in a lawsuit filed Tuesday.

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Citizen science for sustainable development

Monitoring progress on the UN Sustainable Development Goals requires a huge amount of data. Citizen science could help fill important data gaps, say IIASA researchers.

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CRISPR-BEST prevents genome instability

Even though CRISPR technologies allow for better manipulation of genomes with many positive effects on modern drug development and the discovery of new and better antibiotics, significant problems such as genome instability and toxicity of the Cas9 protein still remain when using the technology.

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The UK Knew Its Passport AI Was Racist — and Used It Anyway

“Sufficient” The U.K. government uses facial recognition AI to check travelers’ photos when they apply for passports. It works just fine for white people, but like so many algorithms out there, it doesn’t work well when presented with dark skin. Anti-black bias in tech is nothing new , unfortunately: algorithms trained on biased data have often resulted in software that perpetuates prejudice . Wh

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Graphene substrate improves the conductivity of carbon nanotube network

Scientists at Aalto University, Finland, and the University of Vienna, Austria, have combined graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes into a transparent hybrid material with conductivity higher than either component exhibits separately.

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NSU professor's research underpins World Health Organization first ever report on vision

Dr. Janet Leasher, optometrist and professor of health policy, economics and public health at Nova Southeastern University's (NSU) College of Optometry was the only optometrist from the United States who is part of the core Vision Loss Expert Group which provided the estimates on the numbers of persons affected around the world with blindness and vision impairment.

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Why Machine Learning Is Critical for Disaster Response

It can help decision makers answer questions such as “When?” and “How bad?”—and “How many people are in harm’s way?” — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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CRISPR-BEST prevents genome instability

Even though CRISPR technologies allow for better manipulation of genomes with many positive effects on modern drug development and the discovery of new and better antibiotics, significant problems such as genome instability and toxicity of the Cas9 protein still remain when using the technology.

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California turns off power to millions to prevent wildires

Rolling blackouts affecting up to 800,000 customers began Wednesday in parts of California as a utility company switched off power because of hot, windy weather that raises the risk of wildfires.

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Genome-Edited Hornless Cows' Offspring Are Healthy: Study

All six calves inherited the gene for preventing horn growth, but four also got a piece of the plasmid used to introduce the sequence to their dad–complicating regulatory approval.

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Hush, little baby: Mother right whales 'whisper' to calves

A recent study led by Syracuse University biology professor Susan Parks in Biology Letters explores whether right whale mother-calf pairs change their vocalizations to keep predators from detecting them.

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Ethnically diverse mothers, children living in poverty at risk for sleep problems

African-American and other ethnically diverse mothers know the value of a good night's sleep, but they and their young children are at risk for developing sleep problems if they live in urban poverty, a Rutgers study finds.

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UBC study finds siblings of problem gamblers also impulsive, prone to risk-taking

Biological siblings of people with gambling disorder also display markers of increased impulsivity and risk-taking, according to a new UBC psychology study. The findings, published today in Neuropsychopharmacology, suggest people with gambling disorder — a psychiatric term for serious gambling problems — may have pre-existing genetic vulnerabilities to the illness.

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Genes partially explain dog breed behaviors

Some of the behaviors that help characterize dog breeds—a drive to chase, for example, or aggression toward strangers—are associated with distinct genetic differences between them, research finds. People have bred dogs for their looks, but the lion’s share of breeding efforts have taken aim at eliciting particular behaviors, says James A. Serpell, professor of animal welfare and ethics and direct

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The Exquisite Boredom of Spacewalking

Ask astronauts what spacewalking around the International Space Station is like, and they get a dreamy look on their face almost instantly. They might say something about how the view “just takes your breath away .” Or that the experience “is what it truly feels like to be on top of the world .” That “nothing compares to being alone in the universe; to that moment of opening the hatch and pulling

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Grundforskning skal bane vejen for et grønnere internet

PLUS. Danske virksomheder arbejder på at opgradere infrastrukturen bag internettet til en grønnere version med hjælp fra dansk grundforskning i fiberoptik og telekommunikation.

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Scientists find gender-distinct circuit for depression

Depression affects women nearly twice as much as men, but unraveling the brain's blueprint that regulates this behavior, let alone identifying specific molecular differences between sexes, has proven difficult.Michigan State University researchers, however, have found and flipped a switch in the brain, revealing a single circuit in mice that activates during stress and is controlled by testosteron

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Women and black Americans more likely to face severe adult obesity

A multi-national study led by experts at Cincinnati Children's shows how adult severe obesity risk rates vary by sex, race and other factors identifiable in childhood.

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Army bio-inspired theoretical research may make robots more effective on the future battlefield

In an effort to make robots more effective and versatile teammates for Soldiers in combat, Army researchers are on a mission to understand the value of the molecular living functionality of muscle, and the fundamental mechanics that would need to be replicated in order to artificially achieve the capabilities arising from the proteins responsible for muscle contraction.

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Bad behavior between moms driven by stereotypes, judgment

Mothers are often their own toughest critics, but new Iowa State University research shows they judge other mothers just as harshly. According to the results — which build upon previous work identifying seven stereotypes of mothers — ideal and lazy mothers drew the most contempt from both working and stay-at-home mothers. The overworked stay-at-home mom also was near the top of the list.

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Brain tissue kept alive for weeks on an artificial membrane

Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research in Japan have developed a new system for keeping tissue viable for long-term study once transferred from an animal to a culture medium. The new system uses a microfluidic device that can keep tissue from both drying out and from drowning in fluid. A proof-of-concept experiment showed that tissue explanted from the mouse brain remaine

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Citizen science for sustainable development

Monitoring progress on the UN Sustainable Development Goals requires a huge amount of data. Citizen science could help fill important data gaps, say IIASA researchers.

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Human gut microbes could make processed foods healthier

A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis sheds light on how human gut microbes break down processed foods — especially potentially harmful chemical changes often produced during modern food manufacturing processes.

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Elevated risk of blood clot in lungs after surgery lasts for how long?

Researchers examined how long an increased risk of pulmonary embolism (lung artery blockage usually caused by a blood clot) persisted after six types of surgery (vascular, gynecological, gastrointestinal, hip or knee replacement, fractures and other orthopedic operations) among 60,000 cancer-free middle-age adults using data from a French national inpatient database.

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Study assesses cost of overpayments for topical prescription medications

This study examined how common and at what cost is the practice of so-called 'clawbacks' for topical prescription drugs when an insured patient's copayment exceeds the insurer's cost for the drug.

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Long-term outcomes for transplant patients who receive high-risk donor lungs

Researchers compared long-term outcomes between transplant patients who received conventional donor lungs and those who received high-risk donor lungs that had been assessed and reconditioned outside the body through a technique known as ex vivo lung perfusion.

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Differences in severity, health care utilization for firearm injuries, other penetrating trauma in kids

Pediatric firearm injuries were associated with greater severity and health care utilization than other penetrating trauma suffered by children caused by cutting or piercing, such as with a knife.

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Large income change associated with cardiovascular disease risk

Whether a significant change in income is associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) was the focus of this observational study. Previous research has indicated that having a higher income is associated with lower risk of CVD; however, there is limited evidence on the association between changes in income and CVD.

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Use of tape strips in early onset pediatric atopic dermatitis

May also help predict therapeutic responses.

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Columbia scientists reverse core symptom of schizophrenia in adult mice

Columbia researchers have restored normal working memory to a mouse model of schizophrenia, eliminating a core symptom of the disorder that, in people, has proven virtually impossible to treat.

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Algorithm personalizes which cancer mutations are best targets for immunotherapy

As tumor cells multiply, they often spawn tens of thousands of genetic mutations. Figuring out which ones are the most promising to target with immunotherapy is like finding a few needles in a haystack. Now a new model hand-picks those needles so they can be leveraged in more effective, customized cancer vaccines.

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Gemini Man Is Splendidly Bizarre

As they get older and see the long arc of their career stretching out behind them, many great directors make movies about obsolescence, expressing their fear of getting left behind in a changing world. Martin Scorsese just made one ; so did Tim Burton and Clint Eastwood . And now it’s the two-time Oscar winner Ang Lee’s turn. His latest Hollywood foray is Gemini Man , a splendidly bizarre piece o

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CRISPR-BEST prevents genome instability

Scientists have developed CRISPR-BEST, a new genome editing tool for actinomycetes. It addresses the problem of genome instability caused by DNA double-stranded breaks in current CRISPR-technologies.

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The big polluters’ masterstroke was to blame the climate crisis on you and me | George Monbiot

Fossil fuel giants have known the harm they do for decades. But they created a system that absolves them of responsibility Let’s stop calling this the Sixth Great Extinction . Let’s start calling it what it is: the “first great extermination”. A recent essay by the environmental historian Justin McBrien argues that describing the current eradication of living systems (including human societies) a

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Deep3DFly: The deep-learning way to design fly-like robots

Scientists have developed a deep-learning based motion-capture software that uses multiple camera views to model the movements of a fly in three dimensions. The ultimate aim is to use this knowledge to design fly-like robots.

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Global analysis of submarine canyons may shed light on Martian landscapes

Submarine canyons are a final frontier on planet Earth. There are thousands of these breathtaking geological features hidden within the depths of the ocean—yet scientists have more high-resolution imagery of the surface of Mars than of Earth's ocean floor.

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Cretan tomb's location may have strengthened territorial claim

Examining the position occupied by tombs in their landscape in Prepalatial Crete gives us new insights into the role played by burial sites, mortuary practices and the deceased in the living society.

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Hög arbetsbelastning påverkar arbete med migranter

I en avhandling i socialt arbete från Lunds universitet framkommer att personer som arbetar med migranter inom välfärdsorganisationer och har en negativ inställning till dem, kan uppleva sitt arbete med dem som mer belastande. Det finns redan kvalitativ forskning som visar att socialarbetare som är negativ inställda till migranter bemöter dem sämre i sitt arbete. – Utifrån detta blev jag intresse

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Physicists couple key components of quantum technologies

Quantum effects are genuinely found in the world of nanostructures and allow a wide variety of new technological applications. For example, a quantum computer could in the future solve problems, which conventional computers need a lot of time to handle. All over the world, researchers are engaged in intensive work on the individual components of quantum technologies—these include circuits that pro

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Liquifying a rocky exoplanet

Rocky exoplanets that are around Earth-size are comparatively small, which makes them incredibly difficult to detect and characterise using telescopes. What are the optimal conditions to find such small planets that linger in the darkness? "A rocky planet that is hot, molten, and possibly harboring a large outgassed atmosphere ticks all the boxes," says Dan Bower, astrophysicist at the Center for

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Fruit flies help in the development of personalized medicine

People with the same diagnosis typically receive a standard treatment that is not necessarily effective for everyone. With knowledge of the individual patient's genome, it may be possible in the future to a greater extent to target the medical treatment to fit with the patient's genetic characteristics. Genetic information can thus contribute to more personalised—or customised—medicine. This is no

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Human gut microbes could make processed foods healthier

A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis sheds light on how human gut microbes break down processed foods—especially potentially harmful chemical changes often produced during modern food manufacturing processes.

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Fruit flies help in the development of personalized medicine

People with the same diagnosis typically receive a standard treatment that is not necessarily effective for everyone. With knowledge of the individual patient's genome, it may be possible in the future to a greater extent to target the medical treatment to fit with the patient's genetic characteristics. Genetic information can thus contribute to more personalised—or customised—medicine. This is no

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Human gut microbes could make processed foods healthier

A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis sheds light on how human gut microbes break down processed foods—especially potentially harmful chemical changes often produced during modern food manufacturing processes.

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CRISPR-BEST prevents genome instability

Scientists from The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Biosustainability has developed CRISPR-BEST, a new genome editing tool for actinomycetes. It addresses the problem of genome instability caused by DNA double-stranded breaks in current CRISPR-technologies.

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A personal plea for humanity at the US-Mexico border | Juan Enriquez

In this powerful, personal talk, author and academic Juan Enriquez shares stories from inside the immigration crisis at the US-Mexico border, bringing this often-abstract debate back down to earth — and showing what you can do every day to create a sense of belonging for immigrants. "This isn't about kids and borders," he says. "It's about us. This is about who we are, who we the people are, as a

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Brain tissue kept alive for weeks on an artificial membrane

Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research in Japan have developed a new system for keeping tissue viable for long-term study once transferred from an animal to a culture medium. The new system uses a microfluidic device that can keep tissue from both drying out and from drowning in fluid. A proof-of-concept experiment showed that tissue explanted from the mouse brain remaine

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Highly virulent listeriosis pathogen discovered

An international team of researchers identifies the genetic basis for the hypervirulence of a Listeria strain that can cause severe infections.

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Blood test could help to accelerate brain cancer diagnosis

A blood test which could help to accelerate the diagnosis of brain cancer has been developed in new research.

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Cretan tomb's location may have strengthened territorial claim

Examining the position occupied by tombs in their landscape in Prepalatial Crete gives us new insights into the role played by burial sites, mortuary practices and the deceased in the living society.

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Physicists couple key components of quantum technologies

Researchers are engaged in intensive work on the components of quantum technologies – these include circuits processing information using single photons instead of electricity, as well as light sources producing such quanta of light. Coupling these components to produce integrated quantum optical circuits on chips presents a challenge. Researchers have developed an interface that couples light sou

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Deep3DFly: The deep-learning way to design fly-like robots

Scientists have developed a deep-learning based motion-capture software that uses multiple camera views to model the movements of a fly in three dimensions. The ultimate aim is to use this knowledge to design fly-like robots.

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Irony and humor keep teenage #gymlads healthy on social media

Teenage boys rely on social media to access a wealth of information about living a healthy lifestyle — but rather than being victims of online harms, such as an unhealthy body image obsession, the majority are able to use humor, irony and banter to navigate social media content.

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Astronauts 3D-Print Beef on the International Space Station

Most people like eating meat, but the ecological impacts of raising livestock to feed seven billion humans is not insignificant. So, companies around the world are trying to come up with alternative ways of producing meat and meat-like materials. That’s all happened on Earth, but what about meat-loving astronauts? For the first time, we’ve made synthetic meat in space aboard the International Spa

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If You’re a DIY Tech Lover, This Arduino Kit Subscription Box Is a Must

Everyone knows that it’s important to unwind at the end of a busy day. Unfortunately, way too many people do it by staring at their phones for hours on end while the latest reality show streams in the background. If that sounds like you, maybe it’s time to consider taking up a new hobby that’s a bit more intellectually stimulating. And if you’re the type of person who is interested in science and

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Skal dine penge gavne eller svine? Sådan bliver dit forbrug klimavenligt

Vores opsparinger står ikke bare og samler støv. De udleder også store mængder CO2.

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Spørg Fagfolket: Hvorfor anvender vi ikke mere 'gråt' spildevand i husholdningerne?

En læser undrer sig over, hvorfor der ikke er en større grad af genbrug af vand inden for hjemmets fire vægge. Hofor fortæller om udfordringerne.

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How to make biocatalysts immortal

Oxygen threatens sustainable catalysts that use hydrogen to produce electricity in fuel cells. Researchers have now developed a way to combat this.

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Dietary supplement from tomatoes discovered to boost sperm quality

Sperm quality can be improved with a simple diet supplement containing a compound found in cooked tomatoes, according to new research.

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A unique study sheds light on the ecology of the glacial relict amphipod Gammaracanthus lacustris

The glacial relict amphipod Gammaracanthus lacustris only occurs in deep and cold waters. A new study produced new information on the life cycle and ecology of this rare amphipod. G. lacustris is adapted to cold water and would probably not survive in rising water temperatures due to climate change.

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How do children express their state of knowledge of the world around them?

A study reveals for the first time that three-year-olds use gestural and prosodic precursors in the expression of uncertainty, which they will express after five years of age through lexical cues.

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How to make biocatalysts immortal

Oxygen threatens sustainable catalysts that use hydrogen to produce electricity in fuel cells. Researchers have now developed a way to combat this.

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Special occasion drinking during pregnancy may cause harm

If you thought a glass or two of alcohol on special occasions was safe during pregnancy, think again. Research shows even small amounts of alcohol consumed during pregnancy can cause insulin-resistance, which increases the likelihood of diabetes, in male rat offspring.

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'Wild idea' opens possible new frontier for preventing ovarian cancer

A laboratory study offers a new hypothesis about how ovarian cancer forms and suggests how it might be prevented. The study is the first to show that the natural stiffening of the ovaries called fibrosis occurs with age. It also suggests that the diabetes drug metformin may be able to halt this process.

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Molecular mechanisms behind women's biological clock

Throughout life, women's fertility curve goes up and down, and researchers have now shown why. The results might have impact on fertility counseling and in the longer term for treatment of infertility.

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Highly virulent listeriosis pathogen discovered

An international team of researchers identifies the genetic basis for the hypervirulence of a Listeria strain that can cause severe infections. The work was led by scientists at the Justus Liebig University Giessen and supported by the DZIF (German Center for Infection Research).

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Deep3DFly: the deep-learning way to design fly-like robots

EPFL scientists have developed a deep-learning based motion-capture software that uses multiple camera views to model the movements of a fly in three dimensions. The ultimate aim is to use this knowledge to design fly-like robots.

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Physicists couple key components of quantum technologies

Researchers are engaged in intensive work on the components of quantum technologies – these include circuits processing information using single photons instead of electricity, as well as light sources producing such quanta of light. Coupling these components to produce integrated quantum optical circuits on chips presents a challenge. Researchers have developed an interface that couples light sou

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First Teen Dies of “Vaping-Related” Illness in the U.S.

A 17-year-old teenager from New York died of a “vaping-related illness,” officials told the New York Times . The deceased individual is New York State’s first vaping-related death and the youngest to have died of the mysterious illness nationwide. It’s still not 100 percent clear if the cause of death was directly linked to vaping, though the patient was hospitalized twice last month for the illn

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Get less stuff: ‘Green buying’ is still materialism

Materialism may influence us to choose “green buying” rather than not buying anything at all, research finds. Humans’ overconsumption of resources—from the food and clothes we buy to the methods of transportation we choose—is a leading contributor to global climate change, says Sabrina Helm, an associate professor in the Norton School of Family and Consumer Sciences in the College of Agriculture

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Kids’ climate lawsuit to go before Alaska court

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03037-x State supreme court will determine whether case that accuses government of endangering public welfare can proceed.

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry: 1901-Present

A list of the winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, including Marie Curie, Roger Kornberg and Otto Hahn.

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Cretan tomb's location may have strengthened territorial claim

Examining the position occupied by tombs in their landscape in Prepalatial Crete gives us new insights into the role played by burial sites, mortuary practices and the deceased in the living society.

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Blood test could help to accelerate brain cancer diagnosis

A blood test which could help to accelerate the diagnosis of brain cancer has been developed in research led at the University of Strathclyde.

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Dietary supplement from tomatoes discovered to boost sperm quality

Sperm quality can be improved with a simple diet supplement containing a compound found in cooked tomatoes, according to new research by the University of Sheffield.

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A unique study sheds light on the ecology of the glacial relict amphipod Gammaracanthus lacustris

The glacial relict amphipod Gammaracanthus lacustris only occurs in deep and cold waters. A collaborative Finnish study by University of Jyvaskyla and University of Eastern Finland produced new information on the life cycle and ecology of this rare amphipod. G. lacustris is adapted to cold water and would probably not survive in rising water temperatures due to climate change. The study has been p

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Researchers are finding molecular mechanisms behind women's biological clock

Throughout life, women's fertility curve goes up and down, and in a new study led by the University of Copenhagen, researchers have now shown why. The results might have impact on fertility counselling and in the longer term for treatment of infertility.

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'Wild idea' opens possible new frontier for preventing ovarian cancer

A laboratory study published in Clinical Cancer Research offers a new hypothesis about how ovarian cancer forms and suggests how it might be prevented. The study is the first to show that the natural stiffening of the ovaries called fibrosis occurs with age. It also suggests that the diabetes drug metformin may be able to halt this process.

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Global analysis of submarine canyons may shed light on Martian landscapes

On a map, submarine canyons seem identical to land canyons — so much so that researchers surmised they are shaped by the same physical laws. New research reveals distinct differences for the first time.

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Liquifying a rocky exoplanet

A hot, molten Earth would be around 5% larger than its solid counterpart. The difference between molten and solid rocky planets is important for the search of Earth-like worlds beyond our Solar System and the understanding of Earth itself.

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A new strategy for the synthesis of complex natural products

Chemists have succeeded in synthesizing two complex natural products from the group of dithiodiketopiperazines (DTPs). For this, they employed a new strategy based on "C-H bond activation," resulting in a short and high yielding route. The researchers describe their new concept for the total synthesis of Epicoccin G and Rostratin A.

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How neuronal migration and outgrowth shape network architecture

Neurons are not randomly arranged in the human brain. In the cortex, they are organized in interconnected clusters with high intrinsic connectivity. This modular connectivity structure, in which clusters eventually serve as functional units, is formed in early phases of development. The underlying self-organization process is regulated by neuronal activity but the detailed mechanisms are still poo

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Calories in popular UK restaurant chain dishes can be 'shockingly high' warn experts

The calorie content of popular starters, sides and desserts served in UK restaurant chains is too high and only a minority meet public health recommendations.

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DNA study sheds new light on the people of the Neolithic battle axe culture

Scientists have combined archaeological, genetic and stable isotope data to understand the demographic processes associated with the iconic Battle Axe Culture and its introduction in Scandinavia.

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Potential liver cancer treatment by targeting cancer stem-like cells

Researchers have shown the potential use of small molecule inhibitors to treat advanced liver cancer.

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Researchers use game theory to successfully identify bacterial antibiotic resistance

Researchers have developed a novel way to identify previously unrecognized antibiotic-resistance genes in bacteria.

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Chlamydia in testicular tissue linked to male infertility

The potential impact of undiagnosed sexually transmitted chlamydia infection on men's fertility has been highlighted in a study, which for the first time found chlamydia in the testicular tissue biopsies of infertile men whose infertility had no identified cause.

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A new strategy for the synthesis of complex natural products

Chemists have succeeded in synthesizing two complex natural products from the group of dithiodiketopiperazines (DTPs). For this, they employed a new strategy based on "C-H bond activation," resulting in a short and high yielding route. The researchers describe their new concept for the total synthesis of Epicoccin G and Rostratin A.

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CFCS og Erhvervsstyrelsen skal lave ny cybersikkerhedsmyndighed

Vi skal i Danmark have noget så mundret som en cybersikkerhedscertificeringsmyndighed. Derfor kigger CFCS og Erhvervsstyrelsen nu på, hvordan det bedst kan lade sig gøre.

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Machine vision has learned to use radio waves to see through walls and in darkness

An algorithm uses radio waves rather than visible light to detect what people are up to without revealing what they look like.

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Why fertility ‘curves’ between puberty and menopause

New research explains women’s fertility curve between the teen years and menopause. The researchers mapped out some of the mechanisms that may affect women’s fertility. These mechanisms largely depend on naturally occurring chromosome errors—errors that vary depending on age group. For the study in Science , the researchers examined 3,000 egg cells from girls and women between the ages of 9 and 4

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Researchers find multiple effects on soil from manure from cows administered antibiotics

Use of antibiotics is under heightened scrutiny due to the increased prevalence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. While the primary focus is on more stringent use of antibiotics in medical settings, the use of antibiotics in the livestock sector is gaining increased attention.

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Tiny, One-of-a-Kind Diamond Is Trapped … Inside Another Diamond

A diamond inside another diamond was recently discovered in a mine in Russia.

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Vertical farmers in India aim to reduce water usage by 95%

submitted by /u/lughnasadh [link] [comments]

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JFK Airport’s Terminal 1 launches facial recognition boarding

submitted by /u/Arzu_1982 [link] [comments]

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How to make biocatalysts immortal

Oxygen threatens sustainable catalysts that use hydrogen to produce electricity in fuel cells. Researchers from Bochum and Marseille have developed a way to combat this.

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Irony and humour keep teenage #gymlads healthy on social media

Teenage boys rely on social media to access a wealth of information about living a healthy lifestyle — but rather than being victims of online harms, such as an unhealthy body image obsession, the majority are able to use humour, irony and banter to navigate social media content.

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DNA study sheds new light on the people of the Neolithic battle axe culture

In an interdisciplinary study published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, an international research team has combined archaeological, genetic and stable isotope data to understand the demographic processes associated with the iconic Battle Axe Culture and its introduction in Scandinavia.

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Calories in popular UK restaurant chain dishes can be 'shockingly high' warn experts

The calorie content of popular starters, sides and desserts served in UK restaurant chains is too high and only a minority meet public health recommendations, finds a University of Liverpool study published in BMJ Open.

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Growing and moving

How interactions between neuronal migration and outgrowth shape network architecture.

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A new strategy for the synthesis of complex natural products

Chemists from the University of Basel have succeeded in synthesizing two complex natural products from the group of dithiodiketopiperazines (DTPs). For this, they employed a new strategy based on "C-H bond activation," resulting in a short and high yielding route. In the most recent edition of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, the researchers describe their new concept for the total sy

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How do children express their state of knowledge of the world around them?

A study published in Journal of Language, Learning and Development by researchers with the Prosodic Studies Group led by Pilar Prieto, ICREA research professor with the Department of Translation and Language Sciences, reveals for the first time that three-year-olds use gestural and prosodic precursors in the expression of uncertainty, which they will express after five years of age through lexical

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Liquifying a rocky exoplanet

A hot, molten Earth would be around 5% larger than its solid counterpart. This is the result of a study led by researchers at the University of Bern. The difference between molten and solid rocky planets is important for the search of Earth-like worlds beyond our Solar System and the understanding of Earth itself.

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Rest may help reduce PTSD symptoms, UCL study finds

A period of rest following a traumatic event can reduce the subsequent development of involuntary 'memory intrusions'*, one of the hallmark symptoms in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new UCL study has found.

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Study in rats suggests special occasion drinking during pregnancy may cause harm

If you thought a glass or two of alcohol on special occasions was safe during pregnancy, think again. Research in the Journal of Physiology shows even small amounts of alcohol consumed during pregnancy can cause insulin-resistance, which increases the likelihood of diabetes, in male rat offspring.

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Tech Spread Misinformation in 70 Countries This Year. How Can We Make 2020 Better?

Following discussions about the societal influence of a technology like the internet feels much like watching a tennis match. One side serves with ‘the internet is the greatest tool of enlightenment ever!’ The opposition counters with a baseline drive of ‘we’re drowning in data and misinformation that’s leading us into a new dark age!’ The pro-internet side scrambles, and with outstretched racket

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Researchers find multiple effects on soil from manure from cows administered antibiotics

Use of antibiotics is under heightened scrutiny due to the increased prevalence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. While the primary focus is on more stringent use of antibiotics in medical settings, the use of antibiotics in the livestock sector is gaining increased attention.

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We've discovered 20 more moons of Saturn – and you can help name them

We have discovered 20 new moons orbiting Saturn, all of them less than 5 kilometres across. This means Saturn has 82 moons, the most of any known planet

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How chromosomes change their shape during cell differentiation

Scientists have provided an explanation of how chromosomes undergo structural changes during cell differentiation.

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Multiple effects on soil from manure from cows administered antibiotics

A new study found multiple effects on soils from exposure to manure from cows administered antibiotics, including alteration of the soil microbiome and ecosystem functions, soil respiration and elemental cycling.

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Fruit flies help in the development of personalized medicine

It is common knowledge that there is a connection between our genes and the risk of developing certain diseases. In a study on fruit flies, researchers have found that gene mapping can also be used to predict response to a given treatment. This knowledge is crucial for the development of personalized medicine.

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Physicists have found a way to 'hear' dark matter

Physicists at Stockholm University and the Max Planck Institute for Physics have turned to plasmas in a proposal that could revolutionise the search for the elusive dark matter.

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Children bullied by friends and siblings are more likely to think about suicide in their early 20s

Depression, self-harm and suicidal ideation are more prominent in adults in their early twenties if they were bullied at home and at school, a study has found. Researchers stress that intervention is needed to educate people in bullying to reduce it.

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New large-sized insect species discovered in tropical forest

Scientists have studied the diversity of tropical parasitoid wasps for years. Parasitoid wasps are among the most species rich animal taxa on Earth, but their tropical diversity is still poorly known. Recently, the research group sampled Afrotropical rhyssine wasps, which are among the largest wasps.

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The Spellbinding Allure of Seoul's Fake Urban Mountains

Photographer Seunggu Kim spent nearly a decade capturing the manufactured peaks of the city's apartment complexes.

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Biogen: Spinraza-data er endnu ikke tilgængelige for os

Grunden til, at Biogen ikke for længst har fremlagt nye data for effekt og bivirkninger af lægemidlet Spinraza mod spinal muskelatrofi er, at det ikke har adgang til data fra de forskellige behandlingsenheder rundt om i verden. Lægerne vil selv publicere data.

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Litiumbatteri får årets Nobelpris i kemi

De sitter i varje mobil, bärbar dator och i majoriten av den växande flottan av elbilar. Utan litiumjonbatterier skulle den snabba utvecklingen av produkter som dessa inte varit möjlig. Men det var ingen enkel uppgift att utveckla batteriet som visat sig överlägset när det gäller energi-innehåll i förhållande till batteriets vikt. Litium är ett litet, lätt och extremt reaktivt ämne – just de egens

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DTU advarer: Ny byggemetode giver kuldeproblemer i Grønland

Et endnu ikke færdigudviklet isoleringssystem er blevet brugt på flere byggerier i Grønland for at spare penge. Men flere af lejlighederne er stærkt kuldeplagede. En enkelt lejlighed er for kold til at bo i.

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Lawsuit: “Fortnite” Is as Addictive as Cocaine, Ruins Lives

Hell of a Game On Thursday, a Canadian law firm filed a notice requesting permission to launch a class-action lawsuit against Epic Games — makers of the incredibly popular video game “ Fortnite” — on behalf of two parents in Quebec. The reason the parents want to sue? They believe “Fortnite” is as “addictive as cocaine” — and that Epic intentionally made it that way to hook kids. Sleep, Fortnite,

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Polyamides from terpenes: Amorphous Caramid-R and semi-crystalline Caramid-S

The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB has developed a sustainable alternative to petrochemically produced plastics using terpenes found in resin-rich wood. The natural substances are available from conifers such as pine, larch or spruce. In the production of pulp, in which wood is broken down to separate the cellulose fibers, the terpenes are isolated in large

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Global analysis of submarine canyons may shed light on Martian landscapes

On a map, submarine canyons seem identical to land canyons — so much so that researchers surmised they are shaped by the same physical laws. New research reveals distinct differences for the first time.

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How chromosomes change their shape during cell differentiation

Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research have provided an explanation of how chromosomes undergo structural changes during cell differentiation.

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Researchers find multiple effects on soil from manure from cows administered antibiotics

A new study found multiple effects on soils from exposure to manure from cows administered antibiotics, including alteration of the soil microbiome and ecosystem functions, soil respiration and elemental cycling.

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NUS researchers show potential liver cancer treatment by targeting cancer stem-like cells

NUS researchers from the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore and the N.1 Institute for Health have shown the potential use of small molecule inhibitors to treat advanced liver cancer.

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Mechanism regulating species coexistence in a subtropical forest revealed

A research group led by Prof. MA Keping from the Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with scientists from the University of Maryland, College Park and the Institute of Microbiology, have now revealed the underlying mechanism regulating species coexistence in a subtropical forest.

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Fruit flies help in the development of personalized medicine

It is common knowledge that there is a connection between our genes and the risk of developing certain diseases. In a study on fruit flies, researchers from Aarhus University and Aalborg University have found that gene mapping can also be used to predict response to a given treatment. This knowledge is crucial for the development of personalised medicine.

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Someone Built an OS for Computers Salvaged After the World Ends

Contingency Plan When the end of the world comes, how will you tweet? Thankfully for those of us who didn’t have a plan ready, Motherboard reports , software developer Virgil Dupras built an operating system — Collapse OS — that can be run on parts salvaged from a post-apocalyptic hellscape. The idea is to find ways to keep civilization from having to start from scratch when everything falls apar

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Astronauts and citizens team up against light pollution

For an astronaut looking out of the International Space Station windows, city lights are brighter than the stars. To tackle light pollution citizen scientists are urged to help map out the problem on their smartphones by identifying images of cities taken from space.

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Lithium Ion Batteries: The 2019 Chemistry Nobel Prize

I am very pleased to write up a blog post on the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry , because it is well overdue. People have been saying that about recognition of the discovery of lithium-ion batteries for many years now, and like many others I’m just glad that the committee was able to recognize John Goodenough , who is now 97. He and his co-awardees, M. Stanley Whittingham of Binghamton and Akira Y

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How the language we use entrenches inequalities

The rhetoric surrounding the UK's exit from the EU has become increasingly inflammatory. Some feel that Boris Johnson's use of military metaphors such as "surrender act" to describe a piece of legislation has made debates even more polarised.

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Nanoscale manipulation of light leads to exciting new advancement

Controlling the interactions between light and matter has been a long-standing ambition for scientists seeking to develop and advance numerous technologies that are fundamental to society. With the boom of nanotechnology in recent years, the nanoscale manipulation of light has become both, a promising pathway to continue this advancement, as well as a unique challenge due to new behaviors that app

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Investigators report arsonists using snack foods to start fires

High fat and calorie levels feed fire, tests conducted by the University of Greenwich show. Fire investigators learned about the potential for crisps to be used to start fires after talking to colleagues in the prison service, who were familiar with the technique.

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A Note to the Nobel Prize Selection Committee

Howard Temin was an ideal role model for scientists; the Nobel can encourage them to follow his example — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Takeaway food packaging may be source of synthetic chemicals in blood

The food packaging used in some takeaway and fast food meals, as well as microwave popcorn, appear to be a source of potentially harmful chemicals leaching into people’s bodies

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How a Nobel Prize winner moves from data to discovery

In 2018, Dr. Jim Allison was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering an effective way to attack cancer through immunology. In pursuing this discovery, he recruited other scientists who were curious, who cared about and were committed to science. "You have to put up with a lot of failure, 'cause if you're not, you're probably doing boring stuff," Allison says. When it comes to developi

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A deep dive into what drives protests in Ghana

The history of protests in Ghana reveals three persisting themes. These may suggest what Ghana and some other countries could do to avoid protest action in future.

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Study links sleep disturbances and Alzheimer's among Hispanics

Sleep disturbances among Hispanics may increase their risk of cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study led by a University of Miami Miller School neurologist and sleep expert.

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Physicists have found a way to 'hear' dark matter

Physicists at Stockholm University and the Max Planck Institute for Physics have turned to plasmas in a proposal that could revolutionise the search for the elusive dark matter.

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Children bullied by friends and siblings are more likely to think about suicide in their early 20s

Depression, self-harm and suicidal ideation are more prominent in adults in their early twenties if they were bullied at home and at school, a study by researchers at the University of Warwick have found. Researchers stress that intervention is needed to educate people in bullying to reduce it.

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Chlamydia in testicular tissue linked to male infertility

The potential impact of undiagnosed sexually transmitted chlamydia infection on men's fertility has been highlighted in a study led by scientists at Queensland University of Technology (QUT), which for the first time found chlamydia in the testicular tissue biopsies of infertile men whose infertility had no identified cause.

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To learn English, bilingual children need robust vocabulary from parents and caregivers

A study examining parents' vocabulary and grammar as an influence on children's acquisition of English, finds that the quality of child-directed speech depends on the speaker's language proficiency. Children who hear a rich vocabulary acquire a rich vocabulary and children who hear a rich vocabulary in full sentences acquire the ability to put their words together in full sentences. Findings have

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People who eat more meals at home have lower levels of harmful PFAS in their bodies

Preparing meals at home can reduce your exposure to harmful PFAS chemicals that are commonly found in take-out and fast food packaging, suggests a new study published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Uber Pet Lets Four-Legged Friends Ride Along—For a Fee

(via Andrew Pons/Unsplash) Uber is reportedly testing a new feature that lets passengers warn drivers that a four-legged friend is coming along for the …

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To learn English, bilingual children need robust vocabulary from parents and caregivers

A study examining parents' vocabulary and grammar as an influence on children's acquisition of English, finds that the quality of child-directed speech depends on the speaker's language proficiency. Children who hear a rich vocabulary acquire a rich vocabulary and children who hear a rich vocabulary in full sentences acquire the ability to put their words together in full sentences. Findings have

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Nobelpristagaren som kämpat med dyslexi

John B. Goodenough hade svårt för att läsa och skriva och pappan ville inte betala för hans studier. Nu får han Nobelpriset i kemi.

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See a Drone Kill Another Drone by Slamming Into It at 100 MPH

Anti-Drone Drone As the use of drones as military weapons has increased, so too has the need for anti-drone tech . Anduril Industries, a startup founded by Palmer Luckey, one of the tech industry’s most controversial figures , is helping the U.S. military meet that need — with a drone that slams into other drones in order to destroy them. Target Acquired Bloomberg got a first look at this anti-dr

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Can we create an empathic alternative to the capitalist system?

Any attempt to propose a detailed alternative to the capitalist economic system in a short article could be seen as somewhat presumptuous. How different economic models are established and how they work around the globe in distinct realities and societies is enormously complex. But, whatever the difficulties in envisioning an alternative, there seems to be a growing consensus on the existing situ

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How a Nobel Prize winner moves from data to discovery

When it comes to ideation, it pays to bring in people who are very curious and who care about a specific field. You also have to be willing to put up with a lot of failure, as this indicates you are trying to develop things on the "edges" — things that are new. When it comes to developing a theory that works, it's critical to ask as many people as possible on a project for their hypotheses on why

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Workplace sex discrimination claims are common – but they're not making it into court

Several cases addressing whether it's legal to fire a worker because of their sexual orientation and gender identity were taken up by the Supreme Court this week.

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Carbon-rich hot bubble detected in the planetary nebula NGC 5189

Using ESA's XMM-Newton space telescope, astronomers have found that the planetary nebula NGC 5189 harbors a carbon-enriched X-ray-emitting hot bubble. The discovery, presented in a paper published September 30 on arXiv.org, could shed more light on the nature of gaseous material in planetary nebulae.

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Quickly designing a white LED

The advent of the white light emitting diode (LED), which consists of a blue LED with a phosphor layer, greatly reduces the energy consumption for lighting. Despite the fast-growing market, white LEDs are still being designed with slow numerical trial-and-error methods. A team of scientists from the University of Twente, Technical University of Eindhoven, and leading industry Signify (formerly Phi

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Psychedelic psychiatry, breast cancer, and a paean to the emperor penguin: Books in brief

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02997-4 Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week’s best science picks.

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Giant iceberg, Nobel prizes and nuclear-fusion plans

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03012-6 The week in science: 4–10 October 2019.

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The Perils of Distracted Fighting

Opinion: Without proper guidelines, smartphones on the battlefield may kill more soldiers than they save.

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'One small nibble for man': 3-D printer makes meat in space

The prospect of astronauts tucking into a roast dinner has grown slightly closer after a successful experiment used a 3D printer to create meat on the International Space Station.

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DNA study sheds new light on the people of the Neolithic Battle Axe Culture

In an interdisciplinary study published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, an international research team has combined archaeological, genetic and stable isotope data to understand the demographic processes associated with the iconic Battle Axe Culture and its introduction in Scandinavia.

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Fake news: emotions and experiences, not more data, could be the antidote

At a time when public debate around the world is suffering from a collision between facts and "alternative facts", experts must find new ways to reach people.

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High-Energy Award: Lithium Batteries Win 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The batteries drive mobile phones, laptops, electric cars and solar panels — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019: Lithium-ion batteries

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019 is being awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham, and Akira Yoshino "for the development of lithium-ion batteries."

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A Vanished Martian Oasis Holds Clues to How the Red Planet Dried Out

Mars from Hubble: Astronomers took advantage of a rare close approach by Mars in 2001. When the Red Planet was just 43 million miles away, Hubble snapped this picture with the WFPC2. It has a surface resolution of just 10 miles. This is the best image we’ve gotten of Mars that didn’t involve sending a robot there. The prevailing scientific wisdom on Mars, based on information gathered by the Spir

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High Energy Award: Lithium Batteries Win 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry

The power packs drive mobile phones, laptops, electric cars and solar panels — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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FÖRELÄSNING: Långvarig smärta

Föreläsning som tar upp bakgrund, orsaker, behandling, forskning, fysiologiska och psykologiska samband till långvarig smärta. Samt om hur det är att leva med långvarig smärta.

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UK launched passport photo checker it knew would fail with dark skin

Documents released by the Home Office show it was aware of problems with its website’s passport photo checking service for people with very dark or very light skin, but decided to use it regardless

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10,000 types of plant outgrowths bundled

For nine years he worked on the three-volume standard work Plant Galls of Europe. It yielded 2300 pages about 10,000 species of European galls, abnormal outgrowths in plants caused by parasites. Hans Roskam from the Institute of Biology Leiden: "The abundance of galls says something about the natural value of a site."

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Grim projections for the ocean—and the life within it

The chain of causation that connects rising concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to the marine biota has been made clearer by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report "Special Report on Climate Change and Oceans and the Cryosphere." It was released on September 25 and examines the effects of increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases on the global oceans and t

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Kangaroos and other herbivores are eating away at national parks across Australia

Protected land, including national parks, are a cornerstone of conservation. Once an area is legally protected, it is tempting to assume that it is shielded from further degradation.

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These microbes 'eat' electrons for energy

The human body is populated by a greater number of microbes than its own cells. These microbes survive using metabolic pathways that vary drastically from those of humans.

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A Note to the Nobel Prize Selection Committee

Howard Temin was an ideal role model for scientists; the Nobel can encourage them to follow his example — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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10,000 types of plant outgrowths bundled

For nine years he worked on the three-volume standard work Plant Galls of Europe. It yielded 2300 pages about 10,000 species of European galls, abnormal outgrowths in plants caused by parasites. Hans Roskam from the Institute of Biology Leiden: "The abundance of galls says something about the natural value of a site."

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Kangaroos and other herbivores are eating away at national parks across Australia

Protected land, including national parks, are a cornerstone of conservation. Once an area is legally protected, it is tempting to assume that it is shielded from further degradation.

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DNA-PAINT super-resolution microscopy at speed

Recent advances in fluorescence microscopy allow researchers to study biological processes below the classical diffraction limit of light. Ralf Jungmann, Professor for Experimental Physics at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in Munich and research group leader at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, and colleagues developed DNA-PAINT, a variant of these so-called super-resolution approaches. "D

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Opinion: Unions can and will play a leading role in tackling the climate crisis

How did a billionaire win over coal miners in Pennsylvania and West Virginia to become president? Three words: "Trump digs coal". By linking deindustrialisation and the decline of working communities in America's "rust belt" to environmental regulation, Donald Trump could paint his greener rivals as out of touch with the concerns of ordinary Americans. Never mind that climate change and pollution

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A study of genetic contributions to changes in prehistoric human stature

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. has found that genetics played a large role in changes in height for Europeans over the past 38,000 years. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group explains their comparison of skeletal and DNA data from early Europeans.

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A study of genetic contributions to changes in prehistoric human stature

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. has found that genetics played a large role in changes in height for Europeans over the past 38,000 years. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group explains their comparison of skeletal and DNA data from early Europeans.

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California turns off power to millions to prevent wildires

Rolling blackouts affecting up to 800,000 customers began Wednesday in parts of California as a utility company switched off power because of hot, windy weather that raises the risk of wildfires.

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Study of sewage gives clues about socioeconomic status, habits

A team of researchers from the University of Queensland and the Norwegian Institute for Water Research has found that the study of wastewater sewage can provide clues about the habits of people that live in different areas. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their study and what they learned from it.

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Pålidelighed er nøglen til store IoT-netværk i byer og fabrikker

PLUS. Mange eksisterende IoT-løsninger er ustabile og ikke sikre. DTU-forskere arbejder på at flytte skyen tættere på de forbundne maskiner for at give øget sikkerhed.

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Virtual town sheds light on how our brains perceive places

The human brain uses three distinct systems to perceive our environment, according to new research. There’s one system for recognizing a place, another for navigating through that place, and a third for navigating from one place to another. For a new paper, the researchers designed experiments involving a simulated town and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to gain new insights into th

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Care for knee osteoarthritis in the United States

A new study provides an overview of US physicians' recommendations for physical therapy, lifestyle counseling, pain medications for treating knee osteoarthritis.

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Mapping white clover heritage

Pedigree analysis will help breeders develop clover varieties with desired traits.

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Predicting the impact of climate change on bridge safety

Climate change will increase the frequency and intensity of natural hazards like flooding. In turn, floodwaters erode a bridge's foundation, creating scour holes that compromise the integrity of the structure. But to date, it's been possible to quantify that scour risk. A new model developed by civil engineering researchers takes a holistic approach combining climatology, hydrology, structural eng

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Impact of police stops on youth's mental health

New research looks into the impact police stops have on the mental health of youth. Researchers reveal that youth experiencing intrusive police stops are at risk of heightened emotional distress. The researchers found that youth who were stopped more often by police officers were more likely to report emotional trauma.

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Autopilot hjälper fåglar att landa

Nervceller i fåglarnas synorgan och hjärna identifierar och tolkar det optiska flödet. På så vis upplever de hur olika objekt under dem rör sig mot dem och kan avgöra avståndet till marken när de flyger på relativt låg höjd. Forskarna beskriver det som en autopilot hos fåglarna som automatiskt justerar flyghöjden i förhållande till hastigheten. – Det har funnits olika teorier men det är i och med

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Proven styr skrivandet i SO

Christina Lindh har lång erfarenhet från skolvärlden men också som lärare vid lärarutbildningen.Hon har i sin forskning följt en sjundeklass under alla SO-lektioner, tre tillfällen i veckan, under åtta månader. – Jag dokumenterade vad eleverna skrev, varför och hur. Jag är själv lärare i svenska och SO och skrivandet har alltid intresserat mig och varit en central del av min undervisning. Att skr

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Sexually Transmitted Disease Cases Rise to Record High, C.D.C. Says

Cases of syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia in the United States jumped last year, and an alarming number of newborn deaths were linked to congenital syphilis.

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Northern California hit by mega power cuts over wildfire fears

In a bid to stop wildfires, San Francisco Bay Area residents could be denied power for several days.

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Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2019

given to researchers who discovered the mechanisms of oxygen sensing in cells.

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A Nobel for Gadgets\! Lithium-Ion Batteries Win the Prize

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to an invention at the heart of modern life: the rechargeable lithium-ion battery.

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How an Attempt at Correcting Bias in Tech Goes Wrong

As Silicon Valley pushes facial recognition as a convenient means to secure your laptop , board a flight , or pay for dinner , it has run into a problem: Computer vision systems have repeatedly misidentified dark-skinned black people as criminals , labeled them as gorillas , or simply failed to see them altogether . These horrifying incidents are the unintentional results of harder-to-spot bias i

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Whiskey Pods Are Tailor-Made for American Drinkers

Over the weekend, images began to circulate online of what can only be described as boozy Tide Pods. Dubbed “The Glenlivet Capsule Collection” in a winking reference to limited-edition high-end fashion lines, these pods are clear, ice-cube-size pouches filled with mini whiskey cocktails. They come in three flavors, all photographed on a small, stately platform in front of a bottle of scotch. Pop

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When GoFundMe Gets Ugly

In June 2016 , Chauncy Black rode the bus from his home in South Memphis to one of the city’s whiter, wealthier neighborhoods. The 16-year-old helped his grandmother pay the bills by doing odd jobs for neighbors, and on this afternoon he was headed for the rich-person Kroger supermarket to try something new: approaching shoppers who’d just bought hundreds of dollars’ worth of groceries and offeri

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Här är Nobelpriset i kemi – på en minut

Årets nobelpris i kemi går till tre män som utvecklat litiumjonbetteriet. Men hur gjorde de det – och vilken betydelse har forskarnas arbete fått? SVT sammanfattar årets Nobelpristagare tillsammans med vetenskapsnyheternas Victoria Dyring.

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Try this weird trick to make your next run more efficient

The next time you go out for a run, you might want to strap a light resistance band between your feet. This rather quirky but oddly effective hack could make you a more efficient runner by approximately 6.4%, according to new research. “In running, the energy is mostly wasted,” says Elliot Hawkes, a mechanical engineer at the University of California, Santa Barbara who conducted research on this

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Infringement

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03016-2 Brought down to Earth.

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Losing weight — and keeping it off — linked to cardiometabolic benefits

People who lose weight and keep it off can stabilize or even improve their cardiometabolic risk factors compared to people who regain weight, finds a new study.

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Vaccine against RSV could be in sight, researchers say

A vaccine for the common and sometimes deadly RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) has been elusive, but scientists say a new discovery puts them much closer to success.

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How bats relocate in response to tree loss

Identifying how groups of animals select where to live is important for understanding social dynamics and for management and conservation. In a recent study, researchers examined the movement of a maternity colony of big brown bats as a response to naturally occurring tree loss.

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When blood vessels are overly permeable

In Germany alone there are around 400,000 patients who suffer from chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. For the first time, researchers have discovered that dysfunctions in blood vessels play a significant role in the development of such diseases. In experimental model systems, the progression of the disease slowed down significantly by eliminating these dysfunctions.

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Paclitaxel-coated devices are safe for unblocking arteries in lower limbs, study suggests

A study of nearly 65,000 people suggests that devices coated with a drug called paclitaxel that are used for widening blocked arteries in legs and feet are safe and not linked to an increase in deaths — a finding that contradicts smaller studies that led to the FDA issuing a safety alert about the use of paclitaxel-coated stents and balloons for arterial revascularization in the lower limbs in Ja

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Worrisome badger behavior inside the cull zone

A new study has found that culling drives badgers to roam 61% further afield — helping to explain why the practice, intended to reduce bovine TB transmission, can sometimes exacerbate the problem instead.

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Details of dental wear in mammals revealed

The teeth of mammals experience constant wear. However, the details of these wear processes are largely unknown. Researchers have now demonstrated that the various areas of herbivores' teeth differ in how susceptible they are to dental wear, detailing an exact chronology.

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Low intelligence linked to suicide risk later in life

People with low scores on intelligence tests in adolescence run a higher risk of suicide and suicide attempt later in life. That is according to a study that followed almost 50,000 Swedish men from the 1970s until recently.

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to development of lithium batteries

Lithium-ion battery developers share award

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A Computer Model From Facebook AI Research Group Can Offer You Styling Tips

A new machine learning model suggests small tweaks to your outfit, points to the future of algorithm-based fashion advice.

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Trump's Latest Salvo Against China Targets AI Firms

The US bans trade with six Chinese companies, ostensibly for their work against Uighurs. Analysts say it’s evidence of tech rivalry between the countries.

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Nobel in Chemistry for Lightweight Rechargeable Batteries

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to John Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino “for the development of lithium-ion batteries.”

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Image of the Day: Spider Spotting

A type of jumping spider called Afraflacilla had never been documented in India—until now.

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Swiss team use AI to probe dark matter

submitted by /u/lughnasadh [link] [comments]

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Doctors turn to thumbs for diagnosis and treatment by text

submitted by /u/Captain-Blitzed [link] [comments]

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Podcast Extra: Q&A with Nobel Prize winner Didier Queloz

Nature, Published online: 08 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03040-2 Benjamin Thompson chats to Queloz about being awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics.

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How a Nobel Prize winner moves from data to discovery

In 2018, Dr. Jim Allison was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering an effective way to attack cancer through immunology. In pursuing this discovery, he recruited other scientists who were curious, who cared about and were committed to science. "You have to put up with a lot of failure, 'cause if you're not, you're probably doing boring stuff," Allison says. Breakthrough Movie, Scien

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Chemistry Nobel Prize Honors Three Scientists Who Developed Lithium-Ion Batteries

The rechargeable, lightweight batteries revolutionized the way we power a host of devices. nobel2019_chemwinner.jpg Image credits: Abigail Malate, Staff Illustrator Rights information: Copyright American Institute of Physics Technology Wednesday, October 9, 2019 – 07:30 Catherine Meyers, Editor (Inside Science) — The 2019 Nobel Prize in chemistry has been awarded to three scientists "for the de

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Details of dental wear revealed

The teeth of mammals experience constant wear. However, the details of these wear processes are largely unknown. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now demonstrated that the various areas of herbivores' teeth differ in how susceptible they are to dental wear, detailing an exact chronology.

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New horizons for connecting future quantum computers into a quantum network

Researchers led by Delft University of Technology personnel have made two steps in the conversion of quantum states between signals in the microwave and optical domains. This is of great interest for connecting future superconducting quantum computers into a global quantum network. This week they report on their findings in Nature Physics and in Physical Review Letters.

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Details of dental wear revealed

The teeth of mammals experience constant wear. However, the details of these wear processes are largely unknown. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now demonstrated that the various areas of herbivores' teeth differ in how susceptible they are to dental wear, detailing an exact chronology.

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Photocatalytic hydrogen production from water

NUS chemists have developed carbon-conjugated covalent organic frameworks for visible light-driven catalytic production of hydrogen gas from water.

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Scientists discover unique stretchable conductor

The Air Force Research Laboratory has developed liquid metal systems which autonomously change structure so that they become better conductors in response to strain.

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How interchangeable parts revolutionised the way things are made

One man's desire to create the perfect gun profoundly changed manufacturing.

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Mother Earth Doesn't Like to Be Naked

Harvesting almonds is easier on bare dirt—but the soil itself is happier when clothed — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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New paper explores race, representation in campaign finance

In politics as in life, money talks. And in American politics, the question of "Who donates?" is closely linked to the crucial question of "Who governs?"

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Expert outlines pathway to net zero emissions by 2050

A key figure in the United Kingdom's decision to legislate a climate change target of net zero emissions by 2050 is in Australia.

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Geneva's commuters embrace multimodal transport, survey reveals

Why do some people cycle instead of taking the bus? Why do others drive rather than traveling by train? Two factors—price and journey time—have long determined how commuters choose to get to work. But much has changed in the past 25 years. According to an EPFL survey covering Greater Geneva, commuters are now more concerned about how they spend their travel time. The research provides detailed ins

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Researchers use AI to find patterns among multitude of people and cells

A group of Yale scientists have devised a way to leverage artificial neural networks to reveal larger patterns of activity of individual cells that come from a multitude of individuals.

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Cosmic theorist and planet-hunters share physics prize as Nobels reward otherworldly discoveries

This year's Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to three researchers for their contributions to two unique fields.

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A unique study sheds light on the ecology of the glacial relict amphipod Gammaracanthus lacustris

The glacial relict amphipod Gammaracanthus lacustris only occurs in deep and cold waters. A collaborative study by University of Jyväskylä and University of Eastern Finland produced new information on the life cycle and ecology of this rare amphipod. G. lacustris is adapted to cold water and would probably not survive in rising water temperatures due to climate change. The study has been published

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How chromosomes change their shape during cell differentiation

The human genome is made up of 46 chromosomes, each of which has a length of about 100 to 200 million base pairs, the building blocks of the DNA double helix. Even during interphase, the period in between the cell division phases, chromosomes are still tightly packed inside the cell nucleus. On each chromosome, a regular structural unit called the nucleosome corresponds to a 146-base-pair-long str

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Physicists report a way to 'hear' dark matter

Physicists at Stockholm University and the Max Planck Institute for Physics have turned to plasmas in a proposal that could revolutionise the search for the elusive dark matter.

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How to make biocatalysts immortal

Oxygen threatens sustainable catalysts that use hydrogen to produce electricity in fuel cells. Researchers from Bochum and Marseille have developed a way to combat this.

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A new strategy for the synthesis of complex natural products

Chemists from the University of Basel have succeeded in synthesizing two complex natural products from the group of dithiodiketopiperazines (DTPs). For this, they employed a new strategy based on "C-H bond activation," resulting in a short and high yielding route. In the most recent edition of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, the researchers describe their new concept for the total sy

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Researchers use AI to find patterns among multitude of people and cells

A group of Yale scientists have devised a way to leverage artificial neural networks to reveal larger patterns of activity of individual cells that come from a multitude of individuals.

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A unique study sheds light on the ecology of the glacial relict amphipod Gammaracanthus lacustris

The glacial relict amphipod Gammaracanthus lacustris only occurs in deep and cold waters. A collaborative study by University of Jyväskylä and University of Eastern Finland produced new information on the life cycle and ecology of this rare amphipod. G. lacustris is adapted to cold water and would probably not survive in rising water temperatures due to climate change. The study has been published

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How chromosomes change their shape during cell differentiation

The human genome is made up of 46 chromosomes, each of which has a length of about 100 to 200 million base pairs, the building blocks of the DNA double helix. Even during interphase, the period in between the cell division phases, chromosomes are still tightly packed inside the cell nucleus. On each chromosome, a regular structural unit called the nucleosome corresponds to a 146-base-pair-long str

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UTSA researchers investigate the impact of police stops on youth's mental health

New research looks into the impact police stops have on the mental health of youth. UTSA researchers collaborated with the College for Public Health and Social Justice at St. Louis University to conduct a study that reveals that youth experiencing intrusive police stops are at risk of heightened emotional distress. The researchers found that youth who were stopped more often by police officers wer

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Lost Version of '50 Shades' of Medieval Erotica Is Rediscovered

Researchers have rediscovered an early version of a medieval popular romance with a steamy sex scene.

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3 Scientists Win Nobel Prize in Chemistry for Developing the Lithium-Ion Battery

Three scientists have won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing the lithium-ion battery that powers everything from smartphones to electric cars.

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Botswana rhinos risk wipeout as poaching rises

Nine Botswana rhinos have been poached since April, the government said Wednesday, an unprecedented rate of one per month that could see rhinos wiped out in the southern African country by 2021.

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Why deep-learning AIs are so easy to fool

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03013-5 Artificial-intelligence researchers are trying to fix the flaws of neural networks.

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Revealed: the 20 firms behind a third of all carbon emissions

New data shows how fossil fuel companies have driven climate crisis despite industry knowing dangers Half a century of dither and denial – a climate crisis timeline Why we need political action to tackle the oil, coal and gas companies – video explainer The Guardian today reveals the 20 fossil fuel companies whose relentless exploitation of the world’s oil, gas and coal reserves can be directly l

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Botswana rhinos risk wipeout as poaching rises

Nine Botswana rhinos have been poached since April, the government said Wednesday, an unprecedented rate of one per month that could see rhinos wiped out in the southern African country by 2021.

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Scientist, 97, among Nobel winners for work on batteries

John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino share $910,000 Chemistry prize

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What Is Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome?

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome affects connective tissues in the body and can cause a wide array of symptoms.

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German chemical industry sketches costly carbon-neutral path

The industry federation of Germany's powerful chemical sector said Wednesday companies could achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, but at a massive cost in financial and energy terms.

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A Controversial Plan to Encrypt More of the Internet

The road to routing all Domain Name System lookups through HTTPS is pocked with disagreements over just how much it will help.

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Why Lightning Strikes Twice as Much Over Shipping Lanes

It might sound crazy, but it’s true: The heavens cast their wrath and fury on the ships more than on the fishes.

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'Ripper'—the Inside Story of the Egregiously Bad Videogame

The 1996 title featuring Christopher Walken was held up as an exemplar of gaming’s future. But things didn’t exactly work out that way.

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Mother Earth Doesn't Like to Be Naked

Harvesting almonds is easier on bare dirt—but the soil itself is happier when clothed — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Inequality Is Slowing Cities to a Crawl

Even before Uber announced its helicopter service from Manhattan to John F. Kennedy International Airport for $200 to $225 a ride, transportation in major U.S. cities already reflected the growing inequality within them. Buses creep through streets choked with cars. Major subway systems are in disrepair. Meanwhile, Silicon Valley companies are selling the idea of escape to those who can afford it

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Forskere presser kolleger til at citere egne artikler

PLUS. En sag om mulig manipulation med citationer i forskningsverdenen viser endnu en gang manglerne i peer-review-systemet.

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Lægestuderende: Brug os, hvor det brænder på

Hvad venter vi på: Både hospitaler, almen praksis, plejehjem og socialpsykiatriske institutioner kan have gavn af at ansætte lægestuderende.

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Quiet Disadvantage: Study Finds Extroverts Are Happier–Even When They're Really Introverts

A new study suggests a dose of “acting extroverted” could boost your mood—but some researchers caution there is a cost to acting against type — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Quiet Disadvantage: Study Finds Extroverts Are Happier–Even When They're Really Introverts

A new study suggests a dose of “acting extroverted” could boost your mood—but some researchers caution there is a cost to acting against type — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Nobel in Chemistry for Lightweight Rechargeable Batteries

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to John Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino “for the development of lithium-ion batteries.” — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Quiet Disadvantage: Study Finds Extroverts Are Happier–Even When They're Really Introverts

A new study suggests a dose of “acting extroverted” could boost your mood—but some researchers caution there is a cost to acting against type — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Three win Nobel in Chemistry for work on lithium-ion batteries

Three scientists on Wednesday were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their contributions to the development of lithium-ion batteries, which have reshaped energy storage and transformed cars, mobile phones and many other devices in an increasingly portable and electronic world.

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Nobelpriset i fysik: De gav oss ny syn på vår plats i universum

James Peebles idéer om fysikalisk kosmologi befruktade hela forskningsfältet och lade grunden till det senaste halvseklets omvandling av kosmologin från spekulationer om världsalltet till vetenskap. Hans teoretiska ramverk, som han utvecklat sedan mitten av 1960-talet, ligger till grund för vår tids bild av universum. Den rådande bigbangmodellen beskriver universum från dess allra första ögonblic

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Regeringen foreslår massivt øget overvågning af danskerne

Der skal være massiv tv-overvågning med 300 flere kameraer og mulighed for, at efterretningstjenesten kan overtage al overvågning, lyder det i nyt udspil fra regeringen.

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Chemistry Nobel honours world-changing batteries

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02965-y John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino receive the prize for their development of lithium-ion rechargeable batteries.

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Researchers confirm timeline of human presence on Madagascar

A team of researchers has confirmed that humans arrived on Madagascar about 11,000 years ago, much earlier than commonly accepted estimates of 2,000 years.

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Engineers develop graphene smart suitcase

A prototype for a graphene- based smart suitcase made of 100 percent of recycled plastic has been developed in collaboration with The University of Manchester.

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Oxygen and metal from lunar regolith

On the left side of this before and after image is a pile of simulated lunar soil, or regolith; on the right is the same pile after essentially all the oxygen has been extracted from it, leaving a mixture of metal alloys. Both the oxygen and metal could be used in future by settlers on the Moon.

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Can oceans turn the tide on the climate crisis?

As we pump more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, the world is warming at an alarming rate, with devastating consequences. While our vast oceans are helping to take the heat out of climate change, new research shows that they are absorbing a lot more atmospheric carbon dioxide than previously thought—but these positives may be outweighed by the downsides.

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Exoplanet and cosmology discoveries awarded Nobel Prize in Physics

ESA congratulates 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics laureates Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz, who have been awarded the prestigious prize for the first discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star, and James Peebles, honoured for the theoretical framework of cosmology used to investigate the Universe on its largest scales.

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British electorate 'most volatile in modern times,' new study finds

An unprecedented trend of voting volatility amplified by a pattern of 'electoral shocks' means it will be extremely difficult to accurately predict the outcome of the next general election, according to new analysis from the British Election Study (BES). This is especially true given the picture around Brexit is still changing, the BES warns.

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Experiments show us how animal minds work – but should we do them?

We've now found that budgies have empathy and macaques use logic. But such experiments mean keeping animals in unnatural conditions, raising questions about their value

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Nobel prize in chemistry goes to developers of lithium-ion batteries

The 2019 Nobel prize in chemistry has been awarded to John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for the development of lithium-ion batteries.

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30-årig prismodtager: Almen medicin skal fylde mere på medicinstudiet

DSAM’s talentpris går i år til Anne Mette Torp for sit glødende engagement. Ikke mindst i forbindelse med Nordisk Kongres i juni, der kan have lokket flere medicinstuderende ind i specialet. Selv mener hun, rekrutteringen bør starte tidligere.

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Banish hunger on university campuses

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03011-7 For World Food Day, Esther Ngumbi calls on institutions of higher education to help students know where their next meal is coming from.

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Nobelprisen i kemi går til forskere bag batteriet i din mobil

Nobelprisen i kemi blev i dag givet til tre forskere bag lithium-ion-batteriet, som blandt andet bruges i mobiltelefoner og elbiler.

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Canada Opens the Door to Public Scrutiny of Clinical Drug Trials

Canada's health department is making clinical study reports submitted by companies seeking approval for new drugs and treatments publicly available through an online portal. The reports play an important role in helping regulators make their decisions and transparency advocates want the U.S. to do the same.

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Endelig: Opfinderne af lithium-ion-batteriet får deres Nobelpris

Den 97-årige amerikaner John B. Goodenough bliver den ældste modtager af en Nobelpris nogensinde.

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Attacks on the Whistle-Blower Miss the Point

In August, an intelligence analyst filed a whistle-blower complaint alleging that President Donald Trump pressured President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine to open an investigation into Hunter Biden, the son of former Vice President Joe Biden. That allegation has since been substantiated by independent reporting, a summary of the call released by the White House, and text messages from Trump offic

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The PBS Drama That Untangles British Journalism

It’s reasonably obvious from just the first minute of Press what kind of Serious British Drama this is going to be. It has the theatrical credentials of the writer Mike Bartlett ( Doctor Foster, King Charles III ), whose plays and TV dramas tend to be wry, timely autopsies of British institutions. It has oppositional central characters: the satanically charismatic tabloid editor Duncan Allen (pla

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Democracy in Poland Is in Mortal Danger

A few minutes’ walk from the center of Gdańsk, with its redbrick churches and cobblestone alleyways, a giant sans serif sign welcomes visitors to the city’s historic shipyard: the STOCZNIA GDAŃSKA . Passing through the gate underneath the modernist white lettering, you reach a maroon museum hall in the form of a ship. Erected a few years ago with financial support from the European Union, it tell

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The Fragility of American Citizenship

Establishing U.S. citizenship is supposed to be easy. In 1868, the first sentence of the newly ratified Fourteenth Amendment declared: “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.” In light of those words, either a birth certificate or a naturalization certificate is all that

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Lithium-Ion Batteries Work Earns Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 3 Scientists

John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino were recognized for research that has “laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil fuel-free society.”

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Hypersonic research spotlights future flight challenges

Engineers are advancing what researchers know about hypersonic flight. A new study describes a series of tests that elucidate the conditions a future aircraft may experience traveling faster than 10 times the speed of sound.

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“I decline to respond” but “take this history to undermine”

There are various ways to respond to criticism of one’s work. There is the “well, that’s not pleasant news, but thank you, I’ll correct that straightaway” approach. There’s the “I guess we’ll correct this but hope no one notices” approach. There’s the “I’m suing you” approach — often followed by “never mind.” And then there’s … Continue reading

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Nobel prize in chemistry awarded for work on lithium-ion batteries

John B Goodenough, M Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino honoured for sparking a portable technology revolution The Nobel prize in chemistry has been awarded to three scientists for their work in developing lithium-ion batteries. John B Goodenough of the University of Texas at Austin, M Stanley Whittingham of Binghamton University and Akira Yoshino of Meijo University will receive equal shares

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Trump’s America Is Not The Handmaid’s Tale

Woven through The Testaments —the new novel by the eminent Canadian author Margaret Atwood and a sequel to her 1985 classic, The Handmaid’s Tale —are harrowing flashbacks in which women deemed undesirable by the new men in charge are herded into a football stadium, held in brutal and degrading captivity, and periodically gunned down in the arena. These powerful, sickening scenes evoke both radica

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Chemistry Nobel Goes to Lithium-Ion Battery Innovators

Three researchers were honored with a Nobel Prize in Chemistry this morning for their roles in the development of lithium-ion batteries, a technology that has made possible our mobile electronic world of cellular phones and electric cars. John Goodenough of the University of Texas, Austin, M. Stanley Whittingham of Binghamton University and Akira Yoshino of Meijo University share equally in the p

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3 Share Nobel Prize In Chemistry For Development Of Lithium-Ion Batteries

An American, British and Japanese scientist have jointly received the award, according to an announcement from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm. (Image credit: Charles Dharapak/AP)

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Nobel chemistry prize: Lithium-ion battery scientists honoured

Three scientists have been awarded the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of lithium-ion batteries.

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Japan super typhoon at weekend could hit Rugby World Cup, Grand Prix

A super typhoon among the most powerful in decades was set to hit Japan this holiday weekend, weather officials warned Wednesday, and could severely disrupt both the Rugby World Cup and Formula One Grand Prix.

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Trump’s Obstruction Letter

Over the past few days, Democrats have been warning with more and more urgency that the Trump administration’s response to an impeachment inquiry might represent obstruction of justice. White House Counsel Pat Cipollone explained the administration’s view yesterday in a letter to House Democratic leaders . The missive sprawls over eight pages, but its message can be boiled down to just five words

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Researchers use game theory to successfully identify bacterial antibiotic resistance

Washington State University researchers have developed a novel way to identify previously unrecognized antibiotic-resistance genes in bacteria.

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Nobel prize in chemistry awarded for development of lithium-ion batteries – live!

John B Goodenough, M Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino made laureates for development that sparked portable technology revolution • Report: chemistry Nobel given to lithium-ion battery researchers 11.20am BST This year’s prize is clearly one that people have been expecting for a long time – but were this year’s winners surprised? A journalist at the press briefing if any of the laureates said

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Researchers use game theory to successfully identify bacterial antibiotic resistance

Washington State University researchers have developed a novel way to identify previously unrecognized antibiotic-resistance genes in bacteria.

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California Makes H.I.V.-Prevention Drugs Available Without a Prescription

The state is the first in the nation to allow pharmacists to dispense PrEP and PEP, drugs that can prevent new H.I.V. infections.

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On Climate Change, Biden Has a Record and a Plan. Young Activists Want More.

No presidential candidate has Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s experience in the trenches of the climate wars. For a youth-driven movement, though, he may not be the man of the hour.

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Pparg promotes differentiation and regulates mitochondrial gene expression in bladder epithelial cells

Nature Communications, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12332-0 The nuclear receptor Pparg regulates urothelial differentiation in vitro but its role in healthy urothelium is unclear. Here, the authors show that PPAR gamma mediates urothelial development during both homeostasis (via mitochondrial function) and following infection, via an inflammatory response.

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Publisher Correction: Equivalence and its invalidation between non-Markovian and Markovian spreading dynamics on complex networks

Nature Communications, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12577-9

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Anatomy and function of the vertebral column lymphatic network in mice

Nature Communications, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12568-w The lymphatic vasculature is essential to maintain fluid homeostasis and immune surveillance, including in the brain where lymphatic vessels were only recently identified. Here, Jacob et al. provide an anatomical map of lymphatic vessels in the vertebral column, where they find these contribute to fluid drain

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Reply to ‘Bias in energy system models with uniform cost of capital assumption’

Nature Communications, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12469-y

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Viral N6-methyladenosine upregulates replication and pathogenesis of human respiratory syncytial virus

Nature Communications, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12504-y Here, Xue et al. identify N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification sites in RNAs of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and show that these sites, particularly sites in the transcript encoding for the viral glycoprotein, affect virus replication in primary human cells and cotton rats.

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Reconfiguration of interfacial energy band structure for high-performance inverted structure perovskite solar cells

Nature Communications, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12613-8 Charged surface defects are expected to undermine the charge extraction in organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells. Here Zhang et al. design ionic fullerene derivatives to not only passivate the charged defects, but also optimize the interfacial energy due to aligned orientation of the fullerenes.

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Vocal state change through laryngeal development

Nature Communications, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12588-6 Vocal development in humans and primate model systems is typically attributed to changing neural circuits. Here the authors show in marmoset monkeys that biomechanical changes in the vocal organ underlie the transition from infant cries to adult contact calls, demonstrating that vocal development is not solel

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Bias in energy system models with uniform cost of capital assumption

Nature Communications, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12468-z

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Researchers use game theory to successfully identify bacterial antibiotic resistance

Washington State University researchers have developed a novel way to identify previously unrecognized antibiotic-resistance genes in bacteria.

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Vaccine against RSV could be in sight, researchers say

A vaccine for the common and sometimes deadly RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) has been elusive, but scientists say a new discovery puts them much closer to success.

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Study: Losing weight — and keeping it off — linked to cardiometabolic benefits

People who lose weight and keep it off can stabilize or even improve their cardiometabolic risk factors compared to people who regain weight, finds a new study led by researchers from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts.

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Maintaining weight loss beneficial for people with Type 2 diabetes

People with Type 2 diabetes who regained weight forfeited the benefits of an intensive weight loss program that reduced their heart disease and stroke risk factors. Keeping off at least 75% of lost weight sustained or improved the initial benefits.

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Mick Mulvaney’s Uncertain Fate

A few weeks back, a Trump-administration official told me that the White House’s acting chief of staff, Mick Mulvaney, would soon be “acting” no more. Mulvaney had won the job for good, and Donald Trump was about to make him permanent chief, this person said. One week ago, another person close to the president came to me with a different tip: Trump had seen enough, and Mulvaney’s firing was immin

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Shared parental leave: making it work for the whole family

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03019-z Lynsey Bunnefeld and her spouse took advantage of shared parental leave following their son’s birth, and this is what it taught them.

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The structure of DNA

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02554-z In the early 1950s, the identity of genetic material was still a matter of debate. The discovery of the helical structure of double-stranded DNA settled the matter — and changed biology forever.

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Let independent panel shape Africa’s largest hydropower dam

Nature, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-03029-x Researchers are assessing the environmental risks posed by a dam on the Nile. The countries involved should let them finish the job.

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Distinctive mutational spectrum and karyotype disruption in long-term cisplatin-treated urothelial carcinoma cell lines

Scientific Reports, Published online: 09 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-50891-w

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Fra samarbejdende robotter til produktionsdroider

PLUS. De såkaldt kollaborative robotter har været på markedet i mere end ti år. Men måske er de først nu ved at blive brugt til de opgaver, de var tiltænkt.

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UN agency meant to be limiting flying emissions votes to limit action

The agency’s own scheme will not stop greenhouse gas emissions soaring, yet members have voted to block all other efforts to slow the growth

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Nobelpriset går till utvecklingen av laddbara batterier

Nobelpriset i kemi har tilldelats John B. Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham och Akira Yoshino för utvecklingen av litiumjonbatterier.

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Norsk ingeniør dømt for industrispionage: Downloadede 71 GB data fra arbejdsgiveren

Den norske højesteret har dømt en ingeniør, der har downloadet følsomme data fra olieleverandøren NOV, for industrispionage. Forsvaret kalder loven uklar.

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Whale 'whispers' keep young safe near predators: study

Female Atlantic right whales lower their voices to a whisper when communicating with their young in order to prevent "eavesdropping" by predators, researchers said Wednesday.

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Whale 'whispers' keep young safe near predators: study

Female Atlantic right whales lower their voices to a whisper when communicating with their young in order to prevent "eavesdropping" by predators, researchers said Wednesday.

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From Med's biggest nesting ground, turtles swim to uncertain future

Freed from its eggshell by a volunteer, the tiny turtle hatchling clambers across a pebble-strewn sandy Greek beach in a race to the sea, the start of a hazardous journey that only one in 1,000 will survive.

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Odds favour Greta Thunberg for Peace Prize, but experts sceptical

Bookmakers seem confident that Swedish teen climate activist Greta Thunberg is a shoo-in for the Nobel Peace Prize to be announced this week, but some experts are more cautious.

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From Med's biggest nesting ground, turtles swim to uncertain future

Freed from its eggshell by a volunteer, the tiny turtle hatchling clambers across a pebble-strewn sandy Greek beach in a race to the sea, the start of a hazardous journey that only one in 1,000 will survive.

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Forskere finder molekylære mekanismer bag kvinders biologiske ur

Kvinders naturlige fertilitetskurve går op og ned gennem livet, og med et nyt studie ledet af Københavns…

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China says Thailand's panda died from heart attack

A giant panda whose sudden death in Thailand sparked outrage in China last month died from a heart attack, according to a Chinese government agency.

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China says Thailand's panda died from heart attack

A giant panda whose sudden death in Thailand sparked outrage in China last month died from a heart attack, according to a Chinese government agency.

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Nobel week continues with the Chemistry Prize

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be announced Wednesday, a day after the Physics award was given to a Canadian-American cosmologist and two Swiss scientists.

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Scientists identify molecule that could have helped cells survive—and thrive—on early Earth

To truly understand how the body works and improve human health, researchers need to tease apart the building blocks of our cells. But as scientists continue to make major breakthroughs in cellular biology, an important question lingers: How did cells originally form billions of years ago?

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Study recommends special protection of emperor penguins

In a new study published this week (Wednesday 9 October) in the journal Biological Conservation, an international team of researchers recommends the need for additional measures to protect and conserve one of the most iconic Antarctic species—the emperor penguin (Aptenodyptes forsteri).

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Can a Machine Learn to Write for The New Yorker?

submitted by /u/izumi3682 [link] [comments]

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Scientists identify molecule that could have helped cells survive—and thrive—on early Earth

To truly understand how the body works and improve human health, researchers need to tease apart the building blocks of our cells. But as scientists continue to make major breakthroughs in cellular biology, an important question lingers: How did cells originally form billions of years ago?

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Study recommends special protection of emperor penguins

In a new study published this week (Wednesday 9 October) in the journal Biological Conservation, an international team of researchers recommends the need for additional measures to protect and conserve one of the most iconic Antarctic species—the emperor penguin (Aptenodyptes forsteri).

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Could a habitable planet orbit a supermassive black hole?

A black hole offers plenty of energy sources that might give life a foothold. But a NASA scientist has determined that despite what you saw in the movies, habitable conditions nearby are pretty unlikely.

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How bats relocate in response to tree loss

Identifying how groups of animals select where to live is important for understanding social dynamics and for management and conservation. In a recent Journal of Wildlife Management study, researchers examined the movement of a maternity colony of big brown bats as a response to naturally occurring tree loss.

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Badger behavior inside the cull zone

A study led by researchers at international conservation charity ZSL (Zoological Society of London) and Imperial College London has found that culling drives badgers to roam 61% further afield—helping to explain why the practice, intended to reduce bovine TB transmission, can sometimes exacerbate the problem instead.

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How bats relocate in response to tree loss

Identifying how groups of animals select where to live is important for understanding social dynamics and for management and conservation. In a recent Journal of Wildlife Management study, researchers examined the movement of a maternity colony of big brown bats as a response to naturally occurring tree loss.

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Badger behavior inside the cull zone

A study led by researchers at international conservation charity ZSL (Zoological Society of London) and Imperial College London has found that culling drives badgers to roam 61% further afield—helping to explain why the practice, intended to reduce bovine TB transmission, can sometimes exacerbate the problem instead.

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Are we alone? Nobel Prize goes to three who tackled cosmic query

They are two of the most fundamental questions not just of science, but of humanity: How did we get here? And are we alone?

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The Unending Disquiet After Attacks in Paris

In comparison to the murderous years of 2015 and 2016, when terrorists killed more than 200 people in Paris and Nice and wounded hundreds of others, last week’s attack at the French capital’s police headquarters, in which four people died, was almost modest, if grim. The assault lasted all of seven minutes . The city wasn’t put on lockdown. And yet it may turn out to be France’s most dangerous at

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Vattnets kosmiska ursprung är värt ett Nobelpris

Ska Nobelpriset i kemi för första gången gå till en astrokemist? I sådana fall borde priset gå till kvinnan som upptäckte vattnets kosmiska ursprung, tycker Ulrika Engström som är vetenskapsreporter på SVT. Storfavoriten till kemipriset är gensaxen Crispr-Cas9 som råkade ut för en stor skandal förra året.

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Predicting the impact of climate change on bridge safety

Climate change will increase the frequency and intensity of natural hazards like flooding. In turn, floodwaters erode a bridge's foundation, creating scour holes that compromise the integrity of the structure. But to date, it's been possible to quantify that scour risk. A new model developed by civil engineering researchers at Lehigh University takes a holistic approach combining climatology, hydr

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When blood vessels are overly permeable

In Germany alone there are around 400,000 patients who suffer from chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. For the first time, researchers at Universitätsklinikum Erlangen have discovered that dysfunctions in blood vessels play a significant role in the development of such diseases. In experimental model systems, the progression of the disease slowed down significantly by eliminating these dysfunctio

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Mapping white clover heritage

Pedigree analysis will help breeders develop clover varieties with desired traits.

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How bats relocate in response to tree loss

Identifying how groups of animals select where to live is important for understanding social dynamics and for management and conservation. In a recent Journal of Wildlife Management study, researchers examined the movement of a maternity colony of big brown bats as a response to naturally occurring tree loss.

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Fentanyl's risk on the 'darknet'

US overdose deaths attributed to synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, have increased from under 3,000 in 2013 to nearly 20,000 in 2016, making up half of all opioid-related overdose deaths. These drugs are often purchased on the web's hidden 'darknet.' An analysis published in Contemporary Economic Policy that examined the darknet's opioid purchases from 2014 to 2016 found that vendors priced fent

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Can being neighborly reduce depression in older adults?

In a Health & Social Care in the Community study of 10,105 older adults in China examined in 2011, 2013, and 2015, living in neighborhoods with a higher level of neighborhood social participation was related to lower rates of depression.

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Study examines care for knee osteoarthritis in the United States

A new study published in Arthritis Care & Research provides an overview of US physicians' recommendations for physical therapy, lifestyle counseling, pain medications for treating knee osteoarthritis.

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Melatonin may not help prevent delirium after heart surgery

Delirium is observed in approximately 15% of hospitalised older adults, and it is more common in the critically ill and in those undergoing major surgery, such as heart surgery. Studies have found that blood levels of melatonin, a serotonin-derived hormone, decrease following surgery and are lower in surgical patients who develop delirium. A new study published in the Journal of the American Geria

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Autism spectrum disorders linked with excess weight gain in children

A recent meta-analysis published in Obesity Reviews revealed that children with autism spectrum disorders had a 41.1% higher risk of developing obesity than matched groups of children, and on average, 22 out of 100 children with autism were found to have obesity.

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Study examines timing of weight gain in children

Recent studies suggest kids tend to gain the most weight in summer, but schools are chastised for providing unhealthy food and beverages, along with decreasing opportunities for physical activity. A new study published in Pediatric Obesity that analyzed data from 2010 to 2015 confirmed that the body mass index of Wisconsin children and adolescents generally rose in the summer and then decreased in

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Study provides insights on statins' link to lower prostate cancer risk

In a Cancer Medicine study of cancer-free men followed for a median of seven years, statin use was associated with a lower risk of developing prostate cancer.

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Long-term dupilumab benefits adolescents with eczema

Results from a phase IIa open-label trial and a subsequent phase III open-label extension trial reinforce findings from an earlier short-term trial that adolescents with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis, or eczema, can experience significant improvements with dupilumab. The results from these latest studies, which are reported in the British Journal of Dermatology, demonstrate the long-term sa

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Are steroids used too much for patients with inflammatory bowel disease?

Steroid therapy is commonly used to treat acute attacks of the inflammatory bowel diseases ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease; however, because it does not provide long-term benefits and it carries a risk of serious side effects, it should not be used to treat inflammatory bowel disease for more than three months.

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Late third trimester ultrasound may detect missed fetal abnormalities

In a study published in Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology that involved more than 50,000 pregnancies, a fetal anomaly was detected for the first time in the third trimester in one in 200 women who had undergone a first and/or second trimester ultrasound examination.

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Statins linked to higher risk of diabetes and skin infections

Statins have been reported to be beneficial for infections such as pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. In the case of skin and soft tissue infections however, statin use is ironically associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes, which is a risk factor for such infections. In a British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology study, statin use for as little as 91 days was linked w

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Survey finds less than 1/2 of Americans concerned about poor posture

The average American adult spends more than three and a half hours looking down at their smartphones every day. Looking down or slouching for long periods of time can not only cause chronic pain in the back, neck and knees, but it can lead to more serious health issues like circulation problems, heartburn and digestive issues if left unchecked. However, a new national survey by Orlando Health find

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Future of learning

What does automated learning activities mean to you? And if anything was possible what would it looks like? submitted by /u/mrish90 [link] [comments]

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Dansk start-up vil bruge AI til at finde din gamingmakker: Vi vil reducere giftige spil-miljøer

Hvis du spiller med folk, du passer godt med, får alle en bedre oplevelse. Derfor har en start-up nu bygget en AI, der skal hjælpe gamere med at møde andre, de passer med.

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Banedanmark ofrer timemodel for miljø og borgerhensyn i Østjylland

PLUS. Forslaget til den nye bane skærer 5:44 minutters rejsetid mellem Odense og Aarhus ved at omgå Skanderborg. Pris: 3,7 milliarder kroner.

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Badger culls risk increased spread of TB to cattle, study finds

Culls drive badgers to roam further afield, allowing them to disperse TB over a larger area, research suggests.

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Hundreds of temperature records broken over summer

Nearly 400 all-time high temperature records were broken over the summer.

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