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nyheder2019september03

Developed biodegradable anti-cancer treatment micro-robot

DGIST Professor Hongsoo Choi's team developed a biodegradable micro-robot that performs both drug release and hyperthermia treatment into a desired area. Improved drug treatment and opened a new path of future anti-cancer treatment.

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The Lancet journals: Papers at ESC Congress 2019

The following papers will be presented at the ESC Congress 2019, organised by the European Society of Cardiology in Paris and published simultaneously in either The Lancet or The Lancet Global Health journals. All papers are under embargo until the stated time. Contact details for corresponding authors are provided in the Articles and linked Comments. Funding information is listed on the first pag

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It’s red, even if we can’t say it

Human perception of colour doesn’t rely entirely on language. Nick Carne reports.

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Girls are just as good at STEM, study finds

The proof lies in longer test duration. Natalie Parletta reports.

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Cancer now the biggest killer in richer countries

Twin studies reveal ‘a new epidemiologic transition’.

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So was it the chicken or the egg?

Physicists find time, but not as we know it. Phil Dooley reports.

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Detecting early signs of banana diseases

Trials of new app on three continents show positive results. Biplab Das reports.

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Eye on the hurricane

ISS looks down on nature at its wildest.

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Dorian Drives Home Warnings of Climate Influence on Hurricanes

After pummeling the Bahamas, the storm is expected to skirt the East Coast of the U.S. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Why fruit flies eat practically anything

Say hello to the common fruit fly: a regular guest in most homes, feasting on that banana peel you tossed into the garbage a few days ago.

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Why fruit flies eat practically anything

Say hello to the common fruit fly: a regular guest in most homes, feasting on that banana peel you tossed into the garbage a few days ago.

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Minister og læger kritiserer ny skandale i udskældt styrelse: Ikke godt nok

Nye regler kombineret med en forsinket reaktion fra Styrelsen for Patientsikkerhed har betydet, at 19 sundhedspersoner kan have fået mulighed for at virke, mens de har ventet på retssager, der skulle fratage deres autorisation permanent.

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Vangsted må gå

Styrelseschefen magter hverken de brodne kar eller den brede gruppe af klinikere.

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Unhappy mothers talk more to their baby boys, study finds

Mothers who are dissatisfied with their male partners spend more time talking to their infants — but only if the child is a boy, according to a new study.

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Unique fingerprint: What makes nerve cells unmistakable?

Protein variations that result from the process of alternative splicing control the identity and function of nerve cells in the brain. This allows organisms to build a highly complex neuronal network with only a limited number of genes.

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The seeds of parkinson's disease: Amyloid fibrils that move through brain

Researchers have found that the structure of Parkinson's disease-associated protein aggregates can tell us, for the first time, about their movement through the brain. These new findings indicate that Parkinson's disease is a kind of amyloidosis, which has implications for its diagnosis and treatment.

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Body's ageing process accelerated by DNA changes

DNA changes throughout a person's life can significantly increase their susceptibility to heart conditions and other age-related diseases, research suggests.

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Color-change urine test for cancer shows potential in mouse study

A simple and sensitive urine test has produced a color change in urine to signal growing tumors in mice.

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Identification of new populations of immune cells in the lungs

Two very distinct sub-populations of interstitial macrophages exist, and identifies their local precursors. This new knowledge is a further step towards understanding the regulation of the lung immune system and developing targeted approaches to prevent respiratory diseases, such as asthma.

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The neurobiological mechanisms behind schizophrenia may depend on gender

The neurobiological pathophysiology of schizophrenia differs significantly between males and females, according to a new study. The findings suggest a possible need for more sex-specific treatments for schizophrenia. The study was the first to identify a number of sex-specific genes related to schizophrenia using neurons derived from induced pluripotent stem cells.

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Single atoms as catalysts

Only the outermost layer of a catalyst can play a role in chemical reactions. Therefore, in principle, it would be best not to use big chunks of catalytic material but to us it as nanoparticles, on an atomic scale. Surface physicists have now achieved an important breakthrough; metal atoms can be placed on a metal oxide surface so that they show exactly the desired chemical behavior.

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Many doctors hold back health advice for cancer survivors

Physicians often fail to discuss healthy lifestyle changes with cancer survivors, according to a new study. The findings are noteworthy because maintaining a healthy lifestyle is especially important to the long-term health of survivors. Cancer survivors face increased risks of cardiovascular disease and other conditions, and guidelines advise physicians—including oncologists—to encourage survivo

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‘Beigeing’ white fat may replace brown

New research clarifies how white fat, which stores excess energy, can become brown fat, which dissipates energy through the production of heat. This process, called “beigeing,” is initiated in humans and other mammals in response to cold conditions as the body attempts to maintain proper temperature. After an initial shivering response to cold, a nonshivering phase occurs, in which brown adipose

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A climate change solution that's right under our feet | Asmeret Asefaw Berhe

There's two times more carbon in the earth's soil than in all of its vegetation and the atmosphere — combined. Biogeochemist Asmeret Asefaw Berhe dives into the science of soil and shares how we could use its awesome carbon-trapping power to offset climate change. "[Soil] represents the difference between life and lifelessness in the earth system, and it can also help us combat climate change —

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Trump Tweet Accidentally Reveals Secrets About US Spy Satellites

Classified Tweet In recent tweet , U.S. President Donald Trump included a smartphone picture of Iran’s Semnan Launch Site One — a location where U.S. authorities believe a rocket failure took place. The United States of America was not involved in the catastrophic accident during final launch preparations for the Safir SLV Launch at Semnan Launch Site One in Iran. I wish Iran best wishes and good

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What Netflix's “Great Hack” tells us about the future of our data

None The world promised by the internet and social media is one where physical barriers are a thing of the past and communication is instantaneous. The current reality has some of that promise, with communication faster and better than ever before. However, along with this ease of communication comes a dark side that we have only recently been exposed to. In order to power our instant messaging,

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Transportminister »forventer selvsagt«, at Bornholmsfærge får monteret T-foil

Molslinjen får mere end 300 millioner kroner årligt for den ‘samfundsvigtige’ færgefart til og fra Bornholm. Men kunderne klager over lav komfort og søsyge på ruten til Ystad.

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Affordable multiferroic material

Toyohashi University of Technology has developed a novel liquid process for fabrication of an affordable multiferroic nanocomposite film in collaboration with an international joint research team. The multiferroic material obtained by the novel process possesses strong correlation between the electric and the magnetic properties, thus various applications such as low-power-consumption large-volume

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Discovered a factor that predicts long survival in brain tumor

Researchers of the Josep Carreras Leukaemia Research Institute have discovered an epigenetic lesion that allows identifying those patients affected by brain tumors that have a longer life expectancy.

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Birds in serious decline at Lake Constance

In the past 30 years, the number of breeding pairs in the region has dropped by 25 percent from 465,000 in the eighties to 345,000 by 2012.

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Spreading light over quantum computers

Scientists at Linköping University have shown how a quantum computer really works and have managed to simulate quantum computer properties in a classical computer. 'Our results should be highly significant in determining how to build quantum computers', says Professor Jan-Åke Larsson.

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How to Discover Dinosaurs

Smithsonian paleontologist Hans Sues reveals some of his tips for finding and excavating a Mesozoic monster

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Scientists successfully use a gel to regrow tooth enamel.

submitted by /u/Sumit316 [link] [comments]

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Silicon Is Reaching its Limits. Up Next: Carbon Nanotubes

submitted by /u/dwaxe [link] [comments]

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A Future Without Long-Haul Vacations

submitted by /u/Splenda [link] [comments]

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The world’s most advanced nanotube computer may keep Moore’s Law alive

submitted by /u/gone_his_own_way [link] [comments]

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Behind the Rise of China's Facial-Recognition Giants

submitted by /u/gone_his_own_way [link] [comments]

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Deep learning enables rapid identification of potent DDR1 kinase inhibitors

submitted by /u/gone_his_own_way [link] [comments]

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Agrivoltaics proves mutually beneficial across food, water, energy nexus

Building resilience in renewable energy and food production is a fundamental challenge in today's changing world, especially in regions susceptible to heat and drought. Agrivoltaics, the co-locating of agriculture and solar photovoltaic panels, offers a possible solution, with new University of Arizona-led research reporting positive impacts on food production, water savings and the efficiency of

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Scotland's genetic landscape echoes Dark Age populations

The DNA of Scottish people still contains signs of the country's ancient kingdoms, with many apparently living in the same areas as their ancestors did more than a millennium ago, a study shows.

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Protein shakes may not be the answer for post-gym muscle pain

Sports scientists found that neither whey-protein based shakes nor milk-based formulas enhanced the rate of muscle recovery following resistance training when compared to a carbohydrate only drink.

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Methylation of microRNA may be a new powerful biomarker for cancer

Researchers have found that levels of methylated microRNA were significantly higher in tissue and serum from cancer patients compared with that from normal controls. Specifically, methylation levels in serum samples distinguished patients with early pancreatic cancer from healthy controls with extremely high sensitivity and specificity. These findings provide a basis for new diagnostic strategies

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Functional changes of thermosensory molecules related to environmental adaptation

Animals have adapted to diverse thermal environments from cold to hot. During the course of thermal adaptation processes, preferred thermal ranges for survival shift among species adapted to different thermal niches. Accordingly, evolutionary changes of thermal perception must be required during thermal adaptation. To understand the molecular basis for the shift in thermal perception, the research

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Functional changes of thermosensory molecules related to environmental adaptation

Animals have adapted to diverse thermal environments from cold to hot. During the course of thermal adaptation processes, preferred thermal ranges for survival shift among species adapted to different thermal niches. Accordingly, evolutionary changes of thermal perception must be required during thermal adaptation. To understand the molecular basis for the shift in thermal perception, the research

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Could recreating freshwater lakes help trial plastic alternatives?

In the first experiment of its kind, scientists are looking at new ways to test how plastics degrade in water—which could be used to trial plastic alternatives.

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How much carbon the land can stomach with more carbon dioxide in the air?

About 600 petagrams, or 600 billion tons of carbon (the weight of about 100 billion really big elephants), was emitted as carbon dioxide from 1750-2015 due to fossil fuel burning, cement production and land-use change. About one-third of this was absorbed by land ecosystems.

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Genes reveal kinship between 3 victims of Mongol army in 1238 massacre

Researchers from MIPT and the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Archaeology have used DNA testing to prove close genetic kinship between three individuals buried in a mass grave following the capture of the Russian city Yaroslavl by Batu Khan's Mongol army in 1238. This confirms the hypothesis made by archaeologists and anthropologists after studying the remains of 15 persons interred on a

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Unhappy mothers talk more to their baby boys, study finds

Mothers who are dissatisfied with their male partners spend more time talking to their infants — but only if the child is a boy, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Cambridge.

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World-first cardio trial shows shorter wait times and admissions

A major new cardiology study shows that up to 70% of patients presenting with chest pain to Australian hospital emergency departments could be safely discharged in less time than they currently are under standard Australian protocols. The system has the potential to significantly reduce wait times and rates of hospital admissions while maintaining health outcomes for patients – not just in Austral

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Genetics may play a role in reaction to CT contrast agents

Researchers in South Korea have found that patients with family and personal history of allergic reactions to contrast media are at risk for future reactions, according to a new large study. Allergic reactions to commonly used CT contrast media may be prevented by premedicating patients with antihistamines and using a different type of contrast agent.

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Parkinson's disease may originate in the intestines

A theory that Parkinson's disease can arise in the intestinal system and from there migrate to the brain has now gained support from research conducted at Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital.

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Unique fingerprint: What makes nerve cells unmistakable?

Protein variations that result from the process of alternative splicing control the identity and function of nerve cells in the brain. This allows organisms to build a highly complex neuronal network with only a limited number of genes. The study describing a detailed map of neuronal splicing conducted by a research team at the Biozentrum, University of Basel, has now been published in "Nature Neu

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Revolutionizing water quality monitoring for our rivers and reef

New, lower-cost help may soon be on the way to help manage one of the biggest threats facing the Great Barrier Reef.

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The NFL joins TikTok in multi-year partnership

The NFL and social video app TikTok today announced a multi-year partnership to bring NFL content to worldwide fans, just ahead of the NFL’s 100th season kick off on September 5. The partnership …

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Native birds in southeastern Australia worst affected by habitat loss

New research has found that habitat loss is a major concern for hundreds of Australian bird species, and southeastern Australia has been the worst affected.

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Revolutionizing water quality monitoring for our rivers and reef

New, lower-cost help may soon be on the way to help manage one of the biggest threats facing the Great Barrier Reef.

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Agrivoltaics proves mutually beneficial across food, water, energy nexus

Building resilience in renewable energy and food production is a fundamental challenge in today's changing world, especially in regions susceptible to heat and drought. Agrivoltaics, the co-locating of agriculture and solar photovoltaic panels, offers a possible solution, with new research reporting positive impacts on food production, water savings and the efficiency of electricity production.

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Native birds in South-eastern Australia worst affected by habitat loss

New research has found that habitat loss is a major concern for hundreds of Australian bird species, and south-eastern Australia has been the worst affected. Scientists found that half of all native bird species have each lost almost two-thirds of their natural habitat across Victoria, parts of South Australia and New South Wales.

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Breast cancer gene a potential target for childhood liver cancer treatment

Hepatoblastoma is a rare liver cancer that mainly affects infants and young children. Researchers confirmed that breast cancer gene GREB1 plays a major role in hepatoblastoma cell proliferation. By interfering with GREB1 protein production, tumor formation was inhibited in a mouse liver cancer model, suggesting this approach could be used to develop a targeted hepatoblastoma therapy.

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Functional changes of thermosensory molecules related to environmental adaptation

Scientists have clarified the functional shift of thermal sensors among frog species adapted to different thermal niches and revealed the molecular basis for the shift in thermal perception related to environmental adaptation. They have found that thermal properties of heat sensors, TRPV1 and TRPA1, changed during adaptation processes to different thermal niches among clawed frog species.

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Anak Krakatau: Volcano's tsunami trigger was 'relatively small'

The tsunami hazard from volcanoes that collapse into the sea may have been underestimated as a result.

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Moose eat 40 pounds a day but stay picky

Moose are surprisingly picky eaters, according to mathematical models and evidence in their droppings. An adult moose must eat approximately 40 pounds of vegetation per day just to keep itself going. Yet despite their need to consume such large volumes of food, they don’t eat everything they come across. Instead, moose are considerably more selective than is obvious when deciding which plant spec

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The neurobiological mechanisms behind schizophrenia may depend on gender

The neurobiological pathophysiology of schizophrenia differs significantly between males and females, according to a new study. The findings suggest a possible need for more sex-specific treatments for schizophrenia. The study was the first to identify a number of sex-specific genes related to schizophrenia using neurons derived from induced pluripotent stem cells. The results were published in Na

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Identification of new populations of immune cells in the lungs

In an article published in Nature Communications, the Immunophysiology Laboratory of the GIGA Institute, headed by Prof. Thomas Marichal, reports that two very distinct sub-populations of interstitial macrophages exist, and identifies their local precursors. This new knowledge is a further step towards understanding the regulation of the lung immune system and developing targeted approaches to pre

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New AI technology for advanced heart attack prediction

Technology developed using artificial intelligence (AI) could identify people at high risk of a fatal heart attack at least 5 years before it strikes, according to new research funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF). The researchers hope that the powerful technology will become part of NHS practice within two years.

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Heart attack care in Sweden superior to UK

People suffering from heart attacks in Sweden were less likely to die from them in the short and long-term than those in England and Wales, according to a new study.

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Protein shakes may not be the answer for post-gym muscle pain

Sports scientists at the University of Lincoln, UK, found that neither whey-protein based shakes nor milk-based formulas enhanced the rate of muscle recovery following resistance training when compared to a carbohydrate only drink.

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Single atoms as catalysts

Only the outermost layer of a catalyst can play a role in chemical reactions. Therefore, in principle, it would be best not to use big chunks of catalytic material but to us it as nanoparticles, on an atomic scale. Surface physicists at the TU Wien have now achieved an important breakthrough; metal atoms can be placed on a metal oxide surface so that they show exactly the desired chemical behavior

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What drives plate tectonics?

Scientists found "switches" between continental rupture, continental collision, and oceanic subduction initiation in the Tethyan evolution after a reappraisal of geological records from the surface and new global-scale geophysical images at depth.

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Plagiarism and inclusivity shown in new study into the arts, humanities and social sciences

A new study looking at the issues arising in publication ethics that journal editors face within the arts, humanities and social sciences has highlighted that detecting plagiarism in papers submitted to a journal is the most serious issue they tackle, something which over half of editors reported encountering.

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Researchers find a new pathological mediator of ALS

A research collaboration based in Japan has found a new pathological mediator of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which could have further implications for understanding the molecular breakdown that gives rise to the neurodegenerative disease that affects nearly half a million people around the world.

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Scotland's genetic landscape echoes Dark Age populations

The DNA of Scottish people still contains signs of the country's ancient kingdoms, with many apparently living in the same areas as their ancestors did more than a millennium ago, a study shows.

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Silicon Is Reaching Its Limits. Up Next: Carbon Nanotubes

Silicon has powered the information age, but it’s reaching its physical limits. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) hold a lot of promise as a replacement if we can get around some key obstacles—and the designers of a new chip seem to have done just that. For decades computer power steadily increased in line with Moore’s Law , which observed that the number of transistors in a chip doubled roughly every two

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Uncertainty Isn't Always a Problem—It Can Be the Solution

Many areas of technology—from pacemakers to space missions—deliberately create controlled amounts of uncertainty to make devices and processes work better.

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It’s Way Too Early to Talk About #MeToo and Redemption

We need to keep the focus on the community harmed and not on our feelings for the harm-doers.

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Why College Became So Expensive

The story of the rising cost of college in America is often told through numbers, with references to runaway tuition prices and the ever-growing pile of outstanding student debt . The personal toll these trends have taken is hard to convey, but the anthropologist Caitlin Zaloom does so in her new book, Indebted: How Families Make College Work at Any Cost , which documents how the price of a colle

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Hurricane Dorian Is Not a Freak Storm

After a second long night, Hurricane Dorian is still, improbably, lingering over the Bahamas. Since hitting Great Abaco as a Category 5 on Sunday afternoon, the storm has stubbornly refused to move, crawling along at just seven miles an hour , then five, then one, then virtually standing still as it unleashed “ pure hell ” on the island nation. Though the storm has been downgraded to a Category 3

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Color-change urine test for cancer shows potential in mouse study

A simple and sensitive urine test developed by Imperial and MIT engineers has produced a color change in urine to signal growing tumors in mice.

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Heart failure care must address patients' broader health if survival rates are to be improved

Research published in JAMA Cardiology today presents new evidence that might explain why the prognosis of heart failure patients has improved so little over the past decade.

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Body's ageing process accelerated by DNA changes, study suggests

DNA changes throughout a person's life can significantly increase their susceptibility to heart conditions and other age-related diseases, research suggests.

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The seeds of Parkinson's disease: amyloid fibrils that move through the brain

Researchers at Osaka University used microbeam X-ray diffraction to study the ultrastructure of Lewy bodies in post-mortem brains of Parkinson's disease patients. They identified amyloid fibrils with a cross-β structure, which have been found to travel in a prion-like manner in previous in vitro work. This could mean that Parkinson's disease is a kind of amyloidosis that features the accumulation

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A life of low cholesterol and BP slashes heart and circulatory disease risk by 80 per cent

Modest and sustained decreases in blood pressure and cholesterol levels reduces the lifetime risk of developing fatal heart and circulatory diseases, such as heart attack and stroke, according to research part-funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) and supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR).

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How much carbon the land can stomach with more carbon dioxide in the air

Researchers from 28 institutions in nine countries succeeded in quantifying carbon dioxide fertilization for the past five decades, using simulations from 12 terrestrial ecosystem models and observations from seven field carbon dioxide enrichment experiments.

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Breeding has shaped dogs' brains, MRI scans reveal

As hunters, fetchers, and vigilant protectors, dogs have honed a wide array of specialized skills through centuries of breeding.

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Soil health can combat climate change from the ground up

Five months after devastating spring flooding across the Midwest, farms along the Missouri River remain under water. This summer, severe drought has hit patches of Texas and Oklahoma. Areas of the West and Southeast are abnormally dry.

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Breeding has shaped dogs' brains, MRI scans reveal

As hunters, fetchers, and vigilant protectors, dogs have honed a wide array of specialized skills through centuries of breeding.

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Poor diet can lead to blindness, case study shows

An extreme case of 'fussy' or 'picky' eating caused a young patient's blindness, according to a new case report. The researchers who examined the case recommend clinicians consider nutritional optic neuropathy in any patients with unexplained vision symptoms and poor diet, regardless of BMI, to avoid permanent vision loss.

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Her er det nye i den kommende Windows 10

Snart kan du geninstallere Windows 10 fra skyen.

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How to survive a mountain lion encounter

Not something you want to see staring back at you as you trek through the wilderness. (Pixabay/) In 2012, a 6-year-old boy was attacked by a mountain lion while walking through a parking lot with his family in Big Bend National Park in southwest Texas. The animal, likely an older one desperate for food, and possibly the same cat that had menaced another group earlier that day, grabbed the child b

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Evolution doesn't proceed in a straight line, so why draw it that way?

Evolution doesn't follow a preordained, straight path. Yet images abound that suggest otherwise. From museum displays to editorial cartoons, evolution is depicted as a linear progression from primitive to advanced.

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Evolution doesn't proceed in a straight line, so why draw it that way?

Evolution doesn't follow a preordained, straight path. Yet images abound that suggest otherwise. From museum displays to editorial cartoons, evolution is depicted as a linear progression from primitive to advanced.

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Turning a handheld smartphone into a fluorescence microscope

Researchers in the U.S. and China have developed a method to transform a smartphone into a fluorescence microscope. The handheld smartphone-fluorescence microscope (HSFM) device allows complex biomedical analyses both rapidly and inexpensively. Conventional fluorescence microscopes play an important role to detect diverse cells and proteins, but they are bulky and inconvenient for point-of-care di

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This skull reveals the face of Lucy’s ancestor

Researchers have discovered a “remarkably complete” cranium of a 3.8-million-year-old early human ancestor. Working for the past 15 years at the Woranso-Mille paleontological site in the Afar region of Ethiopia, the team discovered the cranium (MRD-VP-1/1), here referred to as “MRD,” in February 2016. In the years following the discovery, paleoanthropologists conducted extensive analyses of MRD,

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Reactor turns greenhouse gas into pure liquid fuel

An electrocatalysis reactor built at Rice University recycles carbon dioxide to produce pure liquid fuel solutions using electricity. The scientists behind the invention hope it will become an efficient and profitable way to reuse the greenhouse gas and keep it out of the atmosphere.

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How to Get Better at Embracing Unknowns

Interpreting uncertainty through data visualizations — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Patients with cardiac devices do not adhere to driving ban

Nearly one-third of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) resume driving despite it being medically contraindicated — a practice that is dangerous for themselves and others, and is illegal in some countries.

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Diabetes and heart attack is a particularly risky combination

fter a heart attack, patients with diabetes are at greater risk of heart failure and subsequent death than those without diabetes, according to late breaking results.

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It is never too late to start statins for clogged leg arteries

Statins are linked with reduced mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease, even when started late after diagnosis, reports a new study.

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Fat-absorbing XX chromosomes raise heart disease risk in women

New research in mice has confirmed that the presence of XX sex chromosomes increases the amount of fat circulating in the blood, which leads to narrowing of the arteries and ultimately a higher risk of heart attacks and coronary artery disease.

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Extracting clean fuel from sunlight

The new study explores the subtle interplay of the primary components of such devices and outlines a theoretical framework for understanding the underlying fuel-forming reactions. The results suggest strategies for improving the efficiency and performance of such hybrid technologies, bringing them a step closer to commercial viability.

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Impact of climate change on global banana yields revealed

Climate change could negatively impact banana cultivation in some of the world's most important producing and exporting countries, a study has revealed.

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40 års vellykket samspil skrev dansk vindmølleeventyr

PLUS. Ny bog sætter fokus på DTU Vindenergis rolle i udviklingen af den danske vindmøllebranche – men afslører også behov for fornyelse, hvis eventyret skal fortsætte på DTU.

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Breast cancer gene a potential target for childhood liver cancer treatment

Hepatoblastoma is a rare liver cancer that mainly affects infants and young children and is associated with mutations in the β-catenin gene. Researchers from Osaka University screened uncharacterized targets of Wnt/β-catenin signaling and confirmed that breast cancer gene GREB1 plays a major role in hepatoblastoma cell proliferation. By interfering with GREB1 protein production, tumor formation wa

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Poor diet can lead to blindness

An extreme case of 'fussy' or 'picky' eating caused a young patient's blindness, according to a new case report published today [2 Sep 2019] in Annals of Internal Medicine. The University of Bristol researchers who examined the case recommend clinicians consider nutritional optic neuropathy in any patients with unexplained vision symptoms and poor diet, regardless of BMI, to avoid permanent vision

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Native birds in South-eastern Australia worst affected by habitat

New research has found that habitat loss is a major concern for hundreds of Australian bird species, and south-eastern Australia has been the worst affected.The Threatened Species Recovery Hub study, featuring University of Queensland scientists, found that half of all native bird species have each lost almost two-thirds of their natural habitat across Victoria, parts of South Australia and New So

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People believe achieving environmental sustainability could hinder quality of life

Social wellbeing and community, not wider economy, uppermost in people's concerns over sustainability policies.

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New whale species discovered along the coast of Hokkaido

In a collaboration between the National Museum of Nature and Science, Hokkaido University, Iwate University, and the United States National Museum of Natural History, a beaked whale species which has long been called Kurotsuchikujira (black Baird's beaked whale) by local Hokkaido whalers has been confirmed as the new cetacean species Berardius minimus (B. minimus).

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Novel CRISPR method identifies key genes for Toxoplasma survival

Using a new approach to genetic screening with CRISPR, researchers at the Crick have identified key genes for the survival of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii in mice.

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Conservation plan could help endangered primates in Africa

A project co-led by the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol), Bristol Zoo and West African Primate Conservation Action is set to protect nine species of primate found across Africa. A five-year plan that will be sent to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and which begins in 2020, sets out measures to protect the endangered Mangadrills.

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Chagas parasite thought to be asexual shown to reproduce sexually

A parasite, largely thought to be asexual, has been shown to reproduce sexually after scientists uncover clues hidden in its genomic code.

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Orkanjægere flyver direkte ind i Dorians øje

Den stilhed, der er i orkaners øje, er stadig lidt af et mysterium for meteorologerne.

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Rice reactor turns greenhouse gas into pure liquid fuel

A common greenhouse gas could be repurposed in an efficient and environmentally friendly way with an electrolyzer that uses renewable electricity to produce pure liquid fuels.

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Satellite images of forest fires are reliable

Recently, there was a strong appeal in the newspapers from the Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro that satellite images on the bush fires were not correct, i.e. that they were providing unreliable information. This is a rather strange statement, as satellite images have a regular coverage and are very well suited to monitor large areas of land. In particular remote and inaccessible areas can perfe

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3 ways to help sex offenders safely reintegrate back into the community

Few categories of offender invoke as strong a response as sex offenders. There is a public desire to "do something" about sex offenders, which is taken seriously by politicians of all persuasions.

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Employees who work long hours enjoy their jobs, but those who don't are quick to quit

We are forever being told that we work long hours, many of them not formally paid. And we do. Nearly a quarter of working Australians say they work more than 50 hours per week. Around half of them say they would like to work less.

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Desert plantations found to enhance rainfall

A pair of researchers at the University of Hohenheim has found evidence that suggests planting forests in desert areas can lead to an increase in local rainfall. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Oliver Branch and Volker Wulfmeyer describe their study of desert plantations and what they found.

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How to address America's lead crisis and provide safe drinking water for all

Since the Flint drinking water crisis erupted five years ago, Americans have realized that many cities and towns struggle to ensure safe water. Currently residents of Newark, New Jersey are drinking bottled water after the city realized lead filters it handed out had failed.

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New whale species discovered along the coast of Hokkaido

In a collaboration between the National Museum of Nature and Science, Hokkaido University, Iwate University, and the United States National Museum of Natural History, a beaked whale species which has long been called Kurotsuchikujira (black Baird's beaked whale) by local Hokkaido whalers has been confirmed as the new cetacean species Berardius minimus (B. minimus).

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Novel CRISPR method identifies key genes for Toxoplasma survival

Using a new approach to genetic screening with CRISPR, researchers at the Crick have identified key genes for the survival of the parasite Toxoplasma gondii in mice.

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Conservation plan could help endangered primates in Africa

A project co-led by the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol), Bristol Zoo and West African Primate Conservation Action is set to protect nine species of primate found across Africa. A five-year plan that will be sent to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and which begins in 2020, sets out measures to protect the endangered Mangadrills.

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Chagas parasite thought to be asexual shown to reproduce sexually

A parasite, largely thought to be asexual, has been shown to reproduce sexually after scientists uncover clues hidden in its genomic code.

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From the archive

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02618-0 How Nature reported an owl invasion in 1919, and efforts to establish prawn farming in the United Kingdom in 1969.

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Star Wars: The evolution of the Death Star reflects Hollywood's growing fears of a climate apocalypse

Science fiction films are rarely about the future. Their distant planets and remote time periods instead seem to reflect upon the concerns and anxieties of the contemporary moment. For instance, 1978's Invasion of the Bodysnatchers played on the US public's fear of communism at the height of the Cold War. Terminator 2: Judgement Day capitalized on concerns of a nuclear apocalypse and the fears ass

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Uganda offers lessons in tapping the power of solid waste

In places where municipalities continuously fail to collect and manage waste, authorities tend to concentrate their efforts in a few areas. These are often in a city's wealthier sections. Informal settlements remain under-served or are not served at all. And so, waste accumulates.

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Trauma-informed classrooms can better support kids in care

As teachers return to school, they're thinking about the students who they'll be getting to know. In our province, Manitoba, there are some students who are becoming more prominent in the minds of teachers, particularly the students who arrive at school in the care of Child and Family Service agencies.

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How Misinformation Spreads–and Why We Trust It

The most effective misinformation starts with seeds of truth — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Share your goals — but be careful whom you tell

If you want to achieve a goal, make sure you share your objective with the right person. In a new set of studies, researchers found that people showed greater goal commitment and performance when they told their goal to someone they believed had higher status than themselves.

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Cancer now leading cause of death in high-income countries – while heart disease burden persists in low-income and middle-income countries

New research provides unique information on common disease incidence, hospitalization and death, and modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, in middle-aged adults across 21 countries.

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Reactor turns greenhouse gas into pure liquid fuel

An electrocatalysis reactor built at Rice University recycles carbon dioxide to produce pure liquid fuel solutions using electricity. The scientists behind the invention hope it will become an efficient and profitable way to reuse the greenhouse gas and keep it out of the atmosphere.

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Vintage film shows Thwaites Glacier ice shelf melting faster than previously observed

Newly available archival film has revealed the eastern ice shelf of Thwaites Glacier in Antarctica is melting faster than previous estimates, suggesting the shelf may collapse sooner than expected.

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Four U.S. CRISPR Trials Editing Human DNA to Research New Treatments

Breaking down how the gene editing technology is being used, for the first time in the United States, to treat patients with severe medical conditions

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Planned Eric Schmidt Talk at AI Conference Draws Protest

The former Google CEO is scheduled to keynote a Stanford conference on ethics in artificial intelligence. Critics say Schmidt is a poor ethical role model.

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Wouldn’t It Be Great If People Could Vote on the Blockchain?

Well, for starters, stop calling it "the" blockchain.

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Extremely Dangerous Hurricane Dorian Expected to Make Close Shave with Florida

Hurricane Dorian is starting to make a turn toward the northwest and is expected to move dangerously close to the east coast of Florida later today (Sept. 3) and tomorrow.

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Agrivoltaics proves mutually beneficial across food, water, energy nexus

Building resilience in renewable energy and food production is a fundamental challenge in today's changing world, especially in regions susceptible to heat and drought. Agrivoltaics, the co-locating of agriculture and solar photovoltaic panels, offers a possible solution, with new University of Arizona-led research reporting positive impacts on food production, water savings and the efficiency of

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Revolutionizing water quality monitoring for our rivers and reef

New, lower-cost help may soon be on the way to help manage one of the biggest threats facing the Great Barrier Reef.

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Functional changes of thermosensory molecules related to environmental adaptation

Scientists from National Institute for Physiological Sciences and their collaborator in Japan have clarified the functional shift of thermal sensors among frog species adapted to different thermal niches and revealed the molecular basis for the shift in thermal perception related to environmental adaptation. They have found that thermal properties of heat sensors, TRPV1 and TRPA1, changed during a

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AI learns complex gene-disease patterns

A deep learning model improves the ability to identify genes potentially involved in disease.

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Methylation of microRNA may be a new powerful biomarker for cancer

Researchers from Osaka University found that levels of methylated microRNA were significantly higher in tissue and serum from cancer patients compared with that from normal controls. Specifically, methylation levels in serum samples distinguished patients with early pancreatic cancer from healthy controls with extremely high sensitivity and specificity. These findings provide a basis for new diagn

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Cometh the hourglass: Why do men prefer a low waist-to-hip ratio?

Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is a strong predictor of women's physical attractiveness. The 'ideal' value varies, but it is always low relative to men's or the average female WHR. Writing in Frontiers in Psychology, one woman asks: why?

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Barn owls reflect moonlight in order to stun their prey

Ecosystems that are bathed in light during the day change profoundly at night. As the sun fades from the land, nocturnal life emerges, with the barn owl (Tyto alba) among them. Barn owls are iconic nocturnal birds of prey that are found all over the world, often near towns and villages. Although a familiar species to many, there is still much we don't know about them.

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Polar EU Cancri investigated with Kepler spacecraft

Using NASA's prolonged Kepler spacecraft mission, known as K2, astronomers have investigated a peculiar polar designated EU Cancri. The new observations, described in a paper published August 9 on arXiv.org, provide more insights into the nature of this intriguing object.

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How Misinformation Spreads–and Why We Trust It

The most effective misinformation starts with seeds of truth — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Barn owls reflect moonlight in order to stun their prey

Ecosystems that are bathed in light during the day change profoundly at night. As the sun fades from the land, nocturnal life emerges, with the barn owl (Tyto alba) among them. Barn owls are iconic nocturnal birds of prey that are found all over the world, often near towns and villages. Although a familiar species to many, there is still much we don't know about them.

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Scientists recommend procedures for the protection of the oceans

Together with an international team, Senckenberg scientist Angelika Brandt has published an inventory of the current knowledge and discussions concerning marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ). With regard to urgently needed species protection measures, the researchers' recommendations include unrestricted scientific access to any samples collected in these areas. Their opinion was publi

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How the limits of the mind shape human language

When we speak, our sentences emerge as a flowing stream of sound. Unless we are really annoyed, We. Don't. Speak. One. Word. At. A. Time. But this property of speech is not how language itself is organized. Sentences consist of words: discrete units of meaning and linguistic form that we can combine in myriad ways to make sentences. This disconnect between speech and language raises a problem. How

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Deadly Hurricane Dorian parks itself over the Bahamas

Practically parking itself over the Bahamas for a day and a half, Hurricane Dorian pounded away at the islands Tuesday in a catastrophic onslaught that sent floodwaters up to the second floors of buildings, trapped people in attics and chased others from one shelter to another. At least five deaths were reported.

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Scientists recommend procedures for the protection of the oceans

Together with an international team, Senckenberg scientist Angelika Brandt has published an inventory of the current knowledge and discussions concerning marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ). With regard to urgently needed species protection measures, the researchers' recommendations include unrestricted scientific access to any samples collected in these areas. Their opinion was publi

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The role of environmental factors and internal regulation in determining the growth of an organism

The body size of a living creature has a direct impact on its fitness—from the simplest animal and plant organisms right up to human beings. The individual size or height is therefore an important criterion for the ability of an organism to succeed in the competition for resources or reproduction. We basically assume that there is similar genetic information within a species, which in theory shoul

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World's smallest accelerometer points to new era in wearables, gaming

In what could be a breakthrough for body sensor and navigation technologies, researchers at KTH have developed the smallest accelerometer yet reported, using the highly conductive nanomaterial, graphene.

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The role of environmental factors and internal regulation in determining the growth of an organism

The body size of a living creature has a direct impact on its fitness—from the simplest animal and plant organisms right up to human beings. The individual size or height is therefore an important criterion for the ability of an organism to succeed in the competition for resources or reproduction. We basically assume that there is similar genetic information within a species, which in theory shoul

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Diabetes and heart attack is a particularly risky combination

Paris, France – 3 Sept 2019: After a heart attack, patients with diabetes are at greater risk of heart failure and subsequent death than those without diabetes, according to late breaking results from the FAST-MI registry presented today at ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology.(1)

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Patients with cardiac devices do not adhere to driving ban

Nearly one-third of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) resume driving despite it being medically contraindicated — a practice that is dangerous for themselves and others, and is illegal in some countries. The Danish research is presented today at ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology.

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Spreading light over quantum computers

Scientists at Linköping University have shown how a quantum computer really works and have managed to simulate quantum computer properties in a classical computer. "Our results should be highly significant in determining how to build quantum computers," says Professor Jan-Åke Larsson.

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First pea genome to help improve crops of the future

A global team including scientists from The University of Western Australia has assembled the first genome of the field pea, which provides insight into how the legume evolved and will help aid future improvements of the crop.

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Study finds pesticides banned in Europe present in New Zealand streams

A University of Otago study investigating chemicals in New Zealand waterways has found evidence of pesticides banned in some European countries present in agricultural streams.

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Dense Antarctic water returning to the Atlantic

The supply of dense Antarctic water from the bottom of the ocean to the Atlantic has declined in recent years. However, a new study explains for the first time how since 2014 this has stabilized and slightly recovered due to the variability in upstream dense waters, with implications for the global climate. The study, led by British Antarctic Survey, is published this week in the journal Nature Cl

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Native birds in southeastern Australia worst affected by habitat loss

New research has found that habitat loss is a major concern for hundreds of Australian bird species, and southeastern Australia has been the worst affected.

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First pea genome to help improve crops of the future

A global team including scientists from The University of Western Australia has assembled the first genome of the field pea, which provides insight into how the legume evolved and will help aid future improvements of the crop.

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Native birds in southeastern Australia worst affected by habitat loss

New research has found that habitat loss is a major concern for hundreds of Australian bird species, and southeastern Australia has been the worst affected.

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Swedish company teams up with CERN to advance autonomous car tech

submitted by /u/gone_his_own_way [link] [comments]

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Extracting clean fuel from sunlight

submitted by /u/izumi3682 [link] [comments]

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Does Our DNA Make Us All Unique or All the Same?

A better understanding of the genetic diversity among humans could motivate an appreciation of both our similarities and our differences.

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Researchers discover more male than female mammalian fossils in museum collections

A team of researchers from the University of Adelaide and the Polish Academy of Sciences has found that there are, on average, many more male mammalian fossil specimens in museums than female. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their fossil gender study and what they found.

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Så ska bönderna tackla klimatkrisen

1900-talets så kallade Gröna revolution har drivit fram grödor med hög avkastning och ett snävt spektrum av egenskaper, skräddarsydda för industriell produktion av livsmedel. Det har hjälpt oss att klara den globala matförsörjningen, men har också ett högt pris. Att man inte förädlat på i första hand resistens gör att dagens odlingssystem kräver mycket bekämpning av ogräs, svampar och insekter. D

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Flere læger i ledelse i Region Midtjylland

At få flere læger i ledelse kræver, som strategien fra Region Midtjylland viser, at der spilles på mange forskellige tangenter, skriver Lone Winther Jensen.

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Why we match our friends’ portion size

When making food choices when we’re with friends, we tend to want to match characteristics that others can measure or rank, such as size or price, but feel free to go our own way on things like flavor or shape, a new study suggests. Researchers say we do this to avoid awkwardness. It’s a familiar scenario: You go out to eat with a friend, and he or she orders a Caesar salad. Your friend’s choice

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‘The most terrifying moments’: India counts down to risky Moon landing

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02587-4 If touchdown is successful, Chandrayaan-2 will be the first lunar mission to explore the south pole.

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Samsung's foldable clamshell phone may hinge on the success of the Galaxy Fold

Samsung’s vision with its first… and next… foldable smartphone was to create a device that opens up like a book, transforming the handset into what’s more or less a small tablet. The concept …

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Deciphering dark matter: the remarkable life of Fritz Zwicky

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02603-7 Jaco de Swart enjoys a biography of the scientist who pioneered findings on dark matter and supernovae.

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Scientists Watch Atoms Fall to See Earth's Changing Structure

A new instrument is so sensitive it can discern a 1.5-centimeter change in sea level. “It was detecting the food in our stomachs,” one physicist says.

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Yamaha Wabash Review: An E-Bike Ready to Hit (Some) Trails

Yamaha’s gravel-friendly electric bike will make you feel like a kid crazily biking in circles again.

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China's Lunar Rover Just Found Something Weird on the Far Side of the Moon

China's Chang'e-4 lunar rover has discovered an unusually colored, 'gel-like' substance during its exploration activities on the far side of the moon.

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The Politics of Nuclear Power

Our president is a global warming denier, is anti-vaccine, and is a conspiracy theorist. Regardless of where you are on the political spectrum, being anti-science is never a good thing. When those in positions of power are ignorant of science and hostile to the institutions of science and the methods that those institutions espouse, that is a recipe for disaster. But even a stopped clock is corre

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Image of the Day: Enamel Repair

Scientists engineered a new material that could be developed for use in treating tooth decay.

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A dog’s breed is a window onto its brain

Nature, Published online: 02 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02610-8 Brain anatomy reflects the activities — such as hunting — for which a breed is known.

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Rigspolitiet løfter sløret for konkrete teledata-fejl

Internt hos Rigspolitiet er der sket flere fejl i behandlingen af teleoplysninger, der er blevet brugt som bevis i retssager. Men samtidig er der en række »usikkerheder og fejlkilder« i de rådata, som politiet modtager fra teleselskaberne.

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Smaller brains actually benefit some birds

In highly variable environments, birds tend to have either larger or smaller brains relative to their body size, according to a new study comparing 2,062 species. Big brains can help an animal mount quick, flexible behavioral responses to frequent or unexpected environmental changes. But some birds just don’t need them. Birds with smaller brains tend to use ecological strategies that are not avai

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2020 GMC Sierra Review: The Pickup With X-Ray Vision for Trailering

Federal mandates require one camera for backing up in all vehicles. The 2020 GMC Sierra full-size pickup truck matches and raises the feds. You can have cameras on all four sides, looking down into the pickup bed, another inside your trailer, another looking behind the trailer — as many as fifteen camera views of the trailer alone. The most fascinating is an X-ray view that effectively sees throu

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Communities in East Anglia are deciding whether to abandon their towns

Rising sea levels mean that coastal communities in the UK are having to decide whether to defend their towns, and when they will need to abandon them altogether

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Color-change urine test for cancer shows potential in mouse study

A simple and sensitive urine test developed by Imperial and MIT engineers has produced a color change in urine to signal growing tumors in mice.

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Research probes cross-cultural beliefs about sustainability

New research carried out in 12 countries shows most people believe achieving environmental sustainability could hinder quality of life but not the wider economy.

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Battle of Worcester artefacts unearthed for first time

It is the first time physical evidence of the 1651 Battle of Worcester has been discovered.

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Anthropocene? Humans Have Been Changing the Planet for Millennia.

So how do we mark the beginning of this human age?

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Lungmätning via mobilen självhjälp vid okontrollerad astma

Astma är en folksjukdom som drabbar cirka 10 procent av Sveriges befolkning, varav ungefär hälften har så kallad okontrollerad astma och ofta har besvär eller får astmaanfall. En vanlig orsak är bristande behandling eller att man tar sin medicin på fel sätt. – Tidigare forskning har visat att patientutbildning med fokus på egenvård, självtestning och tydlig behandlingsplan förbättrar hälsan och l

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Forskere vil kortlægge søskendes betydning for social mobilitet

Sociolog Kristian Karlson er blevet tildelt det prestigefulde ERC Starting Grant fra Det Europæiske…

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Share your goals — but be careful whom you tell

If you want to achieve a goal, make sure you share your objective with the right person. In a new set of studies, researchers found that people showed greater goal commitment and performance when they told their goal to someone they believed had higher status than themselves.

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Restrict use of riot-control chemicals

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02594-5 Tear gas and pepper spray put lives at risk. Examine their effects and regulate their deployment, urges Dan Kaszeta.

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A project-management tool from the tech industry could benefit your lab

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02620-6 Scientist fans of ‘agile’ and ‘Scrum’ claim that they can help labs to prioritize tasks and cut meeting times — but some research groups are more sceptical.

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Future-proofing cereals for climate change drought conditions

Scientists at Heriot-Watt University have identified a gene responsible for drought resistance in barley which, it is believed, could help future-proof the cereals industry to increasingly dry conditions as climate change gathers pace.

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Future-proofing cereals for climate change drought conditions

Scientists at Heriot-Watt University have identified a gene responsible for drought resistance in barley which, it is believed, could help future-proof the cereals industry to increasingly dry conditions as climate change gathers pace.

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Genes reveal kinship between three victims of Mongol army in 1238 massacre

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Archaeology have used DNA testing to prove close genetic kinship between three individuals buried in a mass grave following the capture of the Russian city Yaroslavl by Batu Khan's Mongol army in 1238. This confirms the hypothesis made by archaeologists and anthropologists after studyin

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Are Hospitals Intentionally Hiding Prices?

Or are they just unprepared to deal with the transition to patients, rather than insurance companies, as the payer? — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Did a Jurassic Magma Plume Burst Through the Earth in Ancient Africa?

A chemical analysis of these stones provides some compelling early evidence.

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White Barn Owls Thrive When Hunting in Bright Moonlight

Something about the light from a full moon shining on the frightening face of a barn owl makes voles freeze a bit too long.

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Dansk forsker: ‘Gelé’ på Månen er sandsynligvis vulkansk glas

Kinesisk månekøretøj har fundet et usædvanligt udseende materiale i et krater på Månens bagside. Det bliver beskrevet som gelé, men er efter al sandsynlighed et glasagtigt mineral.

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Behind the Rise of China's Facial-Recognition Giants

Megvii, one of four highly valued Chinese facial-recognition startups, has filed for an IPO. Most of its revenue comes from surveillance and security systems.

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Are Hospitals Intentionally Hiding Prices?

Or are they just unprepared to deal with the transition to patients, rather than insurance companies, as the payer? — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Taxibolagen fortsätter köra för fort

Resultaten från studien visar att fler än 90 procent av taxiförarna kör för fort på de studerade vägsträckorna där hastighetsbegränsningen är 80 km/tim. – Både taxi och vanliga personbilsförare är dåliga på att hålla hastighetsgränsen, men efterlevnaden hos taxi är sämre. Det innebär att taxi bidrar till att dra upp hastighetsnivåerna på de studerade vägarna, säger Anna Vadeby, senior forskare på

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I sommer var den igen helt gal med ilten på bunden af de danske fjorde

Vand helt uden ilt, svovlbrinter og døde bunddyr var atter en gang et normalt syn på bunden af nogle af de danske fjorde.

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Earth's Orbital Shifts May Have Triggered Ancient Global Warming

A new study combining astronomical and geologic data hints at an extraterrestrial cause for extreme climate change 56 million years ago — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Plagiarism and inclusivity highlighted in new study into arts, humanities and social sciences

A new study looking at the issues arising in publication ethics that journal editors face within the arts, humanities and social sciences has highlighted that detecting plagiarism in papers submitted to a journal is the most serious issue they tackle, something which over half of editors reported encountering.

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Earth's Orbital Shifts May Have Triggered Ancient Global Warming

A new study combining astronomical and geologic data hints at an extraterrestrial cause for extreme climate change 56 million years ago — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Rice reactor turns greenhouse gas into pure liquid fuel

An electrocatalysis reactor built at Rice University recycles carbon dioxide to produce pure liquid fuel solutions using electricity. The scientists behind the invention hope it will become an efficient and profitable way to reuse the greenhouse gas and keep it out of the atmosphere.

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Röntgen av brösten – mer än bara skuggor

Bröstcancer drabbar var nionde svensk kvinna. Alla kvinnor är olika och vilken behandling som är bäst är därför inte samma för alla. Genom att använda mer information från varje mammografibild, en röntgen av brösten, vill vi bidra till att kunna ge mer skräddarsydd cancerbehandling till varje drabbad kvinna.

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The Amazon Fires Are Alarming, But They Won’t Bankrupt Earth’s Oxygen Supply

There are many reasons to protect tropical rainforests: They harbor species found nowhere else and contain enormous stores of carbon that would otherwise contribute to the climate crisis. But the oft-repeated claim that the Amazon produces 20 percent of our planet's oxygen is based on a misunderstanding.

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“A flooding accident:” Engineer has seven papers retracted at once

A chemical engineer in China who claims his supporting data were wiped out in a flood has notched his ninth retraction, seven from a single journal, for suspicious images and related issues. The work of Dong Ge Tong, of Chengdu University of Technology, had come under scrutiny in PubPeer, and several of his articles received … Continue reading

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Supermicro Bug Could Let "Virtual USBs" Take Over Corporate Servers

A newly disclosed vulnerability in Supermicro hardware brings the threat of malicious USBs to corporate servers.

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Plastforbud rammer kun pizzaposer

Regeringen er på vej med lovindgreb mod de sidste gratis bæreposer. Kun poser til frugt og grønt undtages – resten skal koste penge.

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Polisen berättar om nykterhetskontroller på sociala medier

Utvärderingenfrån VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut visar förbättring totalt sett, på så kallad subjektiv upptäcktsrisk, det vill säga trafikanters känsla för att bli upptäckta vid trafikbrott. Men metoden som testats vid Polisregion Mitt har många fördelar, menar forskarna. – Vi tror att den kan leda till att den subjektiva upptäcktsrisken ökar på sikt. Men då behöver antal kontr

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Wild geese change routes to cope with climate change

Migratory patterns have changed in the last 25 years according to a new study by Scots researchers.

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Irrelevance of linear controllability to nonlinear dynamical networks

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11822-5 Linear controllability theories have stimulated research on control of complex networks. Here the authors investigate the concordance between linear and nonlinear approaches in ranking the importance of nodes in nonlinear networks, and conclude that linear controllability may not be applicable.

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Closed-loop control of gamma oscillations in the amygdala demonstrates their role in spatial memory consolidation

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11938-8 Gamma oscillations have been proposed to underlie many cognitive and memory processes, but it has proven difficult to directly test this by manipulating them. Here, in rats, the authors show that manipulation of gamma oscillations in the amygdala affects memory consolidation.

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Propagation of temporal and rate signals in cultured multilayer networks

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11851-0 The nature of the signals that propagate through feedforward networks is not well understood. Here, the authors combine microfabrication, multilayer cortical cultures, and optogenetic stimulation to show that NMDA-mediated synaptic current generates a sustained phase of activity that propagates firing rate

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Prediction of ferroelectricity-driven Berry curvature enabling charge- and spin-controllable photocurrent in tin telluride monolayers

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11964-6 Materials exhibiting a Berry curvature (BC) show potential for optoelectronics, but, finite BC dipoles have so far only been shown in small-gap materials. Here in semiconducting tin telluride monolayers a ferroelectrically driven BC dipole is shown to be used to control charge and spin photocurrents.

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Author Correction: Fcmr regulates mononuclear phagocyte control of anti-tumor immunity

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12106-8

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Meiotic sex in Chagas disease parasite Trypanosoma cruzi

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11771-z Here, Llewellyn and colleagues present evidence of meiotic sex in Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. These findings have implications for the epidemiology of the disease in endemic regions and challenge existing ideas that the parasites are strictly clonal.

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Publisher Correction: Gallium arsenide solar cells grown at rates exceeding 300 µm h−1 by hydride vapor phase epitaxy

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11927-x Publisher Correction: Gallium arsenide solar cells grown at rates exceeding 300 µm h −1 by hydride vapor phase epitaxy

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Pituitary cell translation and secretory capacities are enhanced cell autonomously by the transcription factor Creb3l2

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11894-3 Pituitary POMC secreting cells achieve high hormone expression levels after birth but the mechanism for this regulation is unclear. Here, the authors show that this process is driven cell autonomously by the differentiation factor Tpit that activates the bZIP transcription factors Creb3l2 and XBP1 to enhanc

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Kan kirurger lede?

At det kirurgiske fagområde indeholder selvpromoverende typer gør dog ikke det nuværende ledelses-system på AUH’s operationsafdelinger optimalt endsige godt.

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CVD leading cause of death worldwide, but cancer rising cause in rich countries

CVD is the major cause of death among middle-aged adults around the world; however, in high-income countries deaths from cancer have become twice as frequent as those from CVD. The research involved more than 162,500 adults aged 35 to 70 from 21 countries who were followed for a median of 9.5 years.

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The Lancet: Cancer now leading cause of death in high-income countries — while heart disease burden persists in low-income and middle-income countries

Two reports from the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiologic (PURE) study published in the Lancet and presented together at the ESC Congress 2019 provide unique information on common disease incidence, hospitalization and death, and modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, in middle-aged adults across 21 High-Income, Middle-Income, and Low-Income Countries (HIC, MIC, LIC).

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Study finds most risks for heart attacks, strokes, deaths around world could be improved

A large international study, involving more than 155,000 people in 21 countries, has found some of the risks are the same around the world, such as hypertension or low education, but other risks vary by a country's level of economic development, such as air pollution and poor diet which impact health more in middle- and low-income countries.

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Natural 'breakdown' of chemicals may guard against lung damage in 9/11 first responders

The presence of chemicals made as the body breaks down fats, proteins, and carbohydrates can predict whether Sept. 11, 2001 first responders exposed to toxic dust at the World Trade Center site subsequently develop lung disease, a new study finds.

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The next Apple Watch could feature sleep tracking

Details have surfaced about one of the potentially key features of the next Apple Watch — sleep tracking. Bloomberg originally reported that Apple has been working on a sleep tracking feature, …

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M1-like macrophage polarization prevails in young children with classic Hodgkin Lymphoma from Argentina

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49015-1

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Microstructure and chemical composition of Roman orichalcum coins emitted after the monetary reform of Augustus (23 B.C.)

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48941-4

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Nucleoporin insufficiency disrupts a pluripotent regulatory circuit in a pro-arrhythmogenic stem cell line

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49147-4

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Enhanced Electrocatalytic Stability of Platinum Nanoparticles Supported on Sulfur-Doped Carbon using in-situ Solution Plasma

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49194-x

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Delay effect and burden of weather-related tuberculosis cases in Rajshahi province, Bangladesh, 2007–2012

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49135-8

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Model of Anisotropic Reverse Cardiac Growth in Mechanical Dyssynchrony

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48670-8

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Germline evo-devo — a history in two steps

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02609-1

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Promoting science in India’s minority languages

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02626-0

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Coming Soon to a Battlefield: Robots That Can Kill

W allops Island —a remote, marshy spit of land along the eastern shore of Virginia, near a famed national refuge for horses—is mostly known as a launch site for government and private rockets. But it also makes for a perfect, quiet spot to test a revolutionary weapons technology. If a fishing vessel had steamed past the area last October, the crew might have glimpsed half a dozen or so 35-foot-lo

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Embrace data anonymity, not ‘digital consent’

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02627-z

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Sand governance: include artisanal miners’ voices

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02625-1

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Is Japan’s commercial whaling doomed?

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02624-2

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As Rising Heat Bakes U.S. Cities, The Poor Often Feel It Most

Hotter neighborhoods tend to be poorer in dozens of major U.S. cities. That extra heat can have serious health effects for those living there. (Image credit: Sean McMinn/NPR)

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Medier: Kina udnyttede iOS-sårbarheder til at spionere

Ifølge flere medier har Kina gennem to år udnyttet en række sikkerhedshuller til at lave overvågning og stjæle billeder, adgangskoder og mails fra iOS-enheder, der tilhører en kinesisk minoritetsgruppe.

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Arctic and Amazon climate tipping points put our future in doubt

The Amazon and the Arctic are on fire. What we do now will have a massive impact on the future of the planet – and us

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Self-monitoring solution in mobile app can help uncontrolled asthma

A study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet shows that a treatment adjustment algorithm based on lung function and symptoms in a mobile phone can be an efficient tool in managing uncontrolled asthma. For fuss-free measuring of lung function, the phone connects to a wireless spirometer and the app can register respiratory symptoms and provide visual feedback on treatment. The study is published

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The Ghost Workers Powering The AI Economy

submitted by /u/stormforce7916 [link] [comments]

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Kompakte reaktorer er en genvej til fusionsenergi

PLUS. Selskabet Tokamak Energy har som mål at udvikle en kommerciel fusionsreaktor inden 2030. DTU har lånt en prototype til undervisning og forskning.

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Europe's oldest lake traces 1.36 million years of climate

By analysing sediment cores from the bed of Europe's oldest lake, an international team of scientists has created a detailed climate history of the north-central Mediterranean stretching back 1.36 million years—and revealed the climate mechanism that has driven winter rainfall in the region.

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Deadly Dorian pounds relentlessly at desperate Bahamas

Hurricane Dorian came to a catastrophic daylong halt over the northwest Bahamas, flooding the islands of Abaco and Grand Bahama with walls of water that lapped into the second floors of buildings, trapped people in attics and drowned the Grand Bahama airport under 6 feet of water. At least five people died and 21 injured people were airlifted to the capital by the U.S. Coast Guard, Bahamas officia

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Extracting clean fuel from sunlight

Securing enough energy to meet human needs is one of the greatest challenges society has ever faced. Previously reliable sources—oil, gas and coal—are degrading air quality, devastating land and ocean and altering the fragile balance of the global climate, through the release of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. Meanwhile, earth's rapidly industrializing population is projected to reach 10 billion b

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A Molecule Designed By AI Exhibits 'Druglike' Qualities

submitted by /u/izumi3682 [link] [comments]

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Electric vehicles are getting noisier, for safety's sake

submitted by /u/solar-cabin [link] [comments]

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Generic Drugs and Global Deception

Generic drugs are supposed to be equivalent to brand-name drugs, but all too often they are defective. Katherine Eban's book shows that corrupt overseas manufacturers have committed intentional global fraud. The system is broken and the FDA lacks the power to correct abuses.

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What is sustainable palm oil?

Can the palm oil industry improve its impact on the environment?

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Increased body weight in adolescent boys linked with heart attack before 65

A study in nearly 1.7 million 18-year-old boys has found that higher body mass index (BMI) is linked with greater risk of a heart attack before 65 years of age. The research is presented today at ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology.

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It is never too late to start statins for clogged leg arteries

Statins are linked with reduced mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease, even when started late after diagnosis, reports a study presented today at ESC Congress 2019 together with the World Congress of Cardiology.

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As Patients Struggle With Bills, Hospital Sues Thousands

Most hospitals do not frequently take patients to court over medical debt. But since 2015, Carlsbad Medical Center, in New Mexico, has filed lawsuits by the thousands.

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UK biotech seals £100m funding for lung cancer trials

AchillesTherapeutics approved to start treating patients before end of 2019

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Perovskite solar cell efficiency tops 21 percent

submitted by /u/savuporo [link] [comments]

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Truly incredible

submitted by /u/Stargirl_x [link] [comments]

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Why a ‘Brexit Election’ Will Make Things Worse

Britain has many specialties: queues, talking about the weather, the perfect cup of tea. It might be about to add another—public votes that don’t solve any of the country’s problems. In five years, Britain has held four of these: general elections in 2015 and 2017, the Scottish independence referendum of 2014, and the European Union referendum two years later. Now, as Parliament returns from its

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‘Our Government Doesn’t Want to Spoil Relations with China’

ALMATY, Kazakhstan—In early March, Serikzhan Bilash, a Kazakh activist documenting and advocating for Muslims caught up in an immense internment-camp system in China, was taken from his hotel room by security services and arrested. Late on August 16, after being under house arrest for five months, he was unexpectedly freed. Kazakhstan, the Central Asian country of 18 million that shares a 1,100-m

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Sjælden mutation: Nogle mennesker kan nøjes med fire timer søvn

Familie med genmutation er tilsyneladende sunde og friske trods lidt søvn.

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Skeptical Science New Research for Week #35, 2019

62 articles, with 11 freely available Nearer and dearer Emerging research on "psychological proximity" and climate change appears to be identifying relationships of physical and temporal distance of human thinkers to climate change effects with more or less acceptance of the reality of global warming and interest in addressing the problem. In a variation on that theme, this week's article by Dann

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Fat-absorbing XX chromosomes raise heart disease risk in women

New research in mice at the University of Kentucky has confirmed that the presence of XX sex chromosomes increases the amount of fat circulating in the blood, which leads to narrowing of the arteries and ultimately a higher risk of heart attacks and coronary artery disease.

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Extracting clean fuel from sunlight

The new study explores the subtle interplay of the primary components of such devices and outlines a theoretical framework for understanding the underlying fuel-forming reactions. The results suggest strategies for improving the efficiency and performance of such hybrid technologies, bringing them a step closer to commercial viability.

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Overweight kids actually eat less right after stressful events

People often react to stress by binging on sweets or fattening comfort foods, cravings fueled by the appetite-stimulating stress hormone cortisol.

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Research into Parkinson's disease: Binding-protein prevents fibril proliferation

Several neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's are closely linked to the aggregation of a specific protein, α-synuclein. An international collaborative project involving Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ) and RWTH Aachen University has now shed light on the mechanisms used by a specific binding-protein discovered by them to prevent aggregation. In th

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Unlimited Graphene MIT roll to roll CVD explained

submitted by /u/Memetic1 [link] [comments]

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Neurocapitalism: Facebook and Neuralink are building brain-reading tech

submitted by /u/gone_his_own_way [link] [comments]

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Pakistani scientist generates bio-plastic with mango kernel

submitted by /u/mozzboi [link] [comments]

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Sammenlægning af ældre it-systemer skaber problemer hos forsikringsselskab

En række ældre systemer er blevet udskiftet med et nyt standandardsystem hos LB Forsikring. Konsolideringen og migrering af medlemsdata til nyt system har skabt problemer.

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Energistyrelsen: Transportens tørst efter fossile brændstoffer stort set uændret i 2030

Styrelsen sender i sin nyeste fremskrivning langt flere elbiler på vejene de næste ti år. Alligevel vil transportsektoren være største drivhusgasudleder til den tid.

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Honest Government Ad | We're F**ked

submitted by /u/enthion [link] [comments]

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Japan’s Town With No Waste

submitted by /u/waterbug123 [link] [comments]

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Robots Are the One Area of the Industrial Economy Doing Great

submitted by /u/gone_his_own_way [link] [comments]

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Should students learn about their implicit biases in grade school?

Awareness of your implicit biases can lessen their effect. In the classic "Draw-A-Scientist Test" young students overwhelmingly drew similar representations of a scientist. Teaching young people to become aware of the idea of their "implicit biases" could help them better understand their peers. Implicit bias refers to the unconscious ideas and stereotypes we hold through repeated cultural condit

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Women in science: 'Go for it'

Only a third of scientists are women but Nobel Laureate Elizabeth Blackburn wants young women to persist.

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Does anybody want to start a sci-fi-esque Future Tech blog with me?

I’ve been searching for something that doesn’t exist. So if I can’t find it; create it. I want to make a blog called “Moonshot of the Month”. Every month, we postulate a future science tech or idea or concept and briefly write about it. I’m a good writer so I could write the details (about how it would benefit mankind or how it might work). Would anybody be interested in helping me do this? I don

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Study finds increase in women giving TED talks but not ethnic minorities

Women gave more than half of TED talks in the first half of 2017, up from less than one-third in 2006, according to a new study published in Political Research Exchange. But the German research team also found that ethnic minorities remain under-represented as TED speakers, giving just one in five talks over the same time period.

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Bacteria in pneumonia attack using bleaching agent

Research shows that bacteria use hydrogen peroxide to weaken the immune system and cause pneumonia. Hydrogen peroxide is also known as a bleaching agent that is used to whiten teeth or hair, as a stain remover, as well as for cleaning surfaces and disinfecting wounds.

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It takes a community to lower cardiovascular risk

People in 16 communities received usual care and those in 14 communities had an intervention that included the initiation and monitoring of treatments and controlling risk factors by non-physician health workers using computer tablet-based management algorithms and counselling; the provision of free antihypertensive and statin medicines recommended by non-physician health workers under supervision

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New feedback phenomenon found to drive increasing drought and aridity

A new study indicates that the world will experience more frequent and more extreme drought and aridity than currently experienced in the coming century, exacerbated by both climate change and land-atmosphere processes. The researchers demonstrate that concurrent soil drought and atmospheric aridity are largely driven by a series of land-atmosphere processes and feedback loops. They also found tha

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Study finds increase in women giving TED talks but not ethnic minorities

Women gave more than half of TED talks in the first half of 2017, up from less than one-third in 2006, according to a new study published in Political Research Exchange. But the German research team also found that ethnic minorities remain under-represented as TED speakers, giving just one in five talks over the same time period.

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Enzyme known for promoting cancer found to also protect healthy cells

New research reveals a new role for the enzyme telomerase, which scientists thought was turned off in most normal adult cells, except in cancerous tumors where it promotes unlimited cell division. The researchers discovered that as normal, healthy adult cells approach cell-death, they produce a burst of telomerase that prevents malignancies and softens the final steps in the aging process.

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Lifestyle, not genetics, explains most premature heart disease

Physical inactivity, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol play a greater role than genetics in many young patients with heart disease, according to new research. The findings show that healthy behaviors should be a top priority for reducing heart disease even in those with a family history of early onset.

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Decline in sports-related sudden cardiac death linked with rise in bystander resuscitation

Fewer sports-related sudden cardiac arrest victims die nowadays, a trend linked with increased bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), reports a new study. The study also found that the incidence of sudden cardiac arrest during sports has not changed over the last decade.

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How popular drug helps in heart failure

Results were released today from the first two clinical studies designed specifically to examine the effects of the heart drug sacubitril/valsartan on the structure and function of the failing heart.

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Toxic frogs with weak defenses persist in the gene pool alongside stronger competitors

Diversity is a hallmark of life and it shows up in unexpected places. A multi-national team of evolutionary biologists investigated how two types of poison frog co-exist when we expect only one. An innovative study offers new perspectives on chemical defense.

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Plant gene discovery could help reduce fertilizer pollution in waterways

Excess phosphorus from fertilized cropland frequently finds its way into nearby rivers and lakes, resulting in a boom of aquatic plant growth, plunging oxygen levels in the water, fish die-offs and other harmful effects. Researchers have uncovered the function of a pair of plant genes that could help farmers improve phosphate capture, potentially reducing the environmental harm associated with fer

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Early life environment may lead to high blood pressure in children

Where a mother lives and the temperature outside while she is pregnant, among other environmental factors, can impact whether her child is prehypertensive or hypertensive during childhood, according to a new study.

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Sleeping too much — or too little — boosts heart attack risk

Even if you are a non-smoker who exercises and has no genetic predisposition to cardiovascular disease, skimping on sleep — or getting too much of it — can boost your risk of heart attack, according to a new study of nearly a half-million people.

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How humans have shaped dogs' brains

Dog brain structure varies across breeds and is correlated with specific behaviors, according to new research. These findings show how, by selectively breeding for certain behaviors, humans have shaped the brains of their best friends.

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Chronic cocaine use modifies gene expression

Chronic cocaine use changes gene expression in the hippocampus, according to new research in mice.

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Author Correction: Noninvasive Self-diagnostic Device for Tear Collection and Glucose Measurement

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49489-z

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Author Correction: Community Detection on Networks with Ricci Flow

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49491-5

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Author Correction: mPEG-PLA and PLA-PEG-PLA nanoparticles as new carriers for delivery of recombinant human Growth Hormone (rhGH)

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49305-8

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Author Correction: Urinary CE-MS peptide marker pattern for detection of solid tumors

Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49304-9

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Poor diet causes blindness in a young 'fussy eater'

A poor diet caused a young patient's blindness, according to a case report published in Annals of Internal Medicine. According to the authors, nutritional optic neuropathy should be considered in any patient with unexplained vision symptoms and poor diet, regardless of BMI.

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Teen's Junk Food Diet Caused Him to Go Blind, Doctors Say

A teen's strict diet of fries, chips and other junk foods slowly caused him to go blind.

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Retreating from rising seas isn’t a win or a defeat — it’s reality

submitted by /u/The_Necromancer10 [link] [comments]

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The science of senolytics: how a new pill could spell the end of ageing

submitted by /u/tocreatewebsite [link] [comments]

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Dr. Donald Lindberg, 85, Dies; Opened Medical Research to the World

As director of the National Library of Medicine, the world’s largest medical library, he digitized its holdings to make them available to experts globally.

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Weatherwatch: an unsung climate hero comes in from the cold

US woman Eunice Foote only now receiving credit for first identifying greenhouse effect This year marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of Eunice Foote , a pioneer in climate research of whom few people have heard. She showed that water vapour and carbon dioxide helped to heat Earth’s atmosphere, and realised that when the atmosphere had higher levels of carbon dioxide it made the climate much

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Global Carbon Emissions Continue To Rise Despite Efforts To Cut Them

NPR's Ailsa Chang talks with Steven Davis, earth system scientist with the University of California-Irvine about why global carbon emissions continue to rise, despite efforts and pledges to cut them.

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Some storm-savvy Floridians shrug, others flee or bunker down

Michael James was boarding over the last two windows of his house on Florida's east coast. The first gusty blasts of wind were announcing Hurricane Dorian's imminent arrival, and most residents had fled. But James, an old hand at this, knew he had a few hours to go before leaving.

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New feedback phenomenon found to drive increasing drought and aridity

A new Columbia Engineering study indicates that the world will experience more frequent and more extreme drought and aridity than currently experienced in the coming century, exacerbated by both climate change and land-atmosphere processes. The researchers demonstrate that concurrent soil drought and atmospheric aridity are largely driven by a series of land-atmosphere processes and feedback loops

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Toxic frogs with weak defenses persist in the gene pool alongside stronger competitors

A multi-national team of evolutionary biologists investigated how two types of poison frog co-exist when we expect only one. An innovative study offers new perspectives on chemical defense. The project was a collaboration between the University of Jyvaskyla, the University of Mississippi, Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) and John Carroll University. The findings were published i

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Vintage film shows Thwaites Glacier ice shelf melting faster than previously observed

Newly available archival film has revealed the eastern ice shelf of Thwaites Glacier in Antarctica is melting faster than previous estimates, suggesting the shelf may collapse sooner than expected.

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Mumps study shows immunity gaps among vaccinated people

Immunity against mumps virus appears insufficient in a fraction of college-aged people who were vaccinated in childhood, research from Emory and CDC indicates. The findings highlight the need to better understand the immune response to mumps and mumps vaccines.

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Enzyme known for promoting cancer found to also protect healthy cells

New research from the University of Maryland and the NIH reveals a new role for the enzyme telomerase, which scientists thought was turned off in most normal adult cells, except in cancerous tumors where it promotes unlimited cell division. The researchers discovered that as normal, healthy adult cells approach cell-death, they produce a burst of telomerase that prevents malignancies and softens t

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Nyt institut er gearet til tværfaglige løsninger på samfundsudfordringer

Det nye Institut for Kommunikation samler en række fagmiljøer med international tyngde på…

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Professor Mikael Rask Madsen modtager Carlsbergfondets Forskningspris 2019

Carlsbergfondets forskningspris 2019 tildeles leder af iCourts og professor i europæisk ret og integration…

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Novel maths could bring AI ‘to next level’

Applying topology forces neural networks to see things differently, mathematicians suggest.

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Android 10 may reach Pixel phones on September 3rd

It's been months since Google started testing Android Q (now Android 10), so where's the finished version? If you believe Canadian carriers, it's right around the corner. …

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Manny Pacquiao launches merchandise-backed cryptocurrency

Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images On Sunday, champion boxer Manny Pacquiao announced the launch of his own cryptocurrency before a crowd of fans in Manila. The currency — dubbed …

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Toward a Positive Evolutionary Psychology

A new book integrates positive psychology and evolutionary psychology to help advance the human condition — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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New feedback phenomenon found to drive increasing drought and aridity

A new Columbia Engineering study indicates that the world will experience more frequent and more extreme drought and aridity than currently experienced in the coming century, exacerbated by both climate change and land-atmosphere processes. The researchers demonstrate that concurrent soil drought and atmospheric aridity are largely driven by a series of land-atmosphere processes and feedback loops

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Toxic frogs with weak defenses persist in the gene pool alongside stronger competitors

Diversity is a hallmark of life and it shows up in unexpected places. A multi-national team of evolutionary biologists investigated how two types of poison frog co-exist when only one might be expected. Their innovative study uncovers conditions where diversity flourishes against the odds, and offers new perspectives on chemical defense. The findings were published in the Proceedings of the Nation

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Ability to detect directional gaze is not unique to humans

The ability to detect the direction of someone's gaze is not unique to humans, as had been previously thought, according to new research.

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Vintage film shows Thwaites Glacier ice shelf melting faster than previously observed

Newly digitized vintage film has doubled how far back scientists can peer into the history of underground ice in Antarctica, and revealed that an ice shelf on Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica is being thawed by a warming ocean more quickly than previously thought. This finding contributes to predictions for sea-level rise that would impact coastal communities around the world.

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Toxic frogs with weak defenses persist in the gene pool alongside stronger competitors

Diversity is a hallmark of life and it shows up in unexpected places. A multi-national team of evolutionary biologists investigated how two types of poison frog co-exist when only one might be expected. Their innovative study uncovers conditions where diversity flourishes against the odds, and offers new perspectives on chemical defense. The findings were published in the Proceedings of the Nation

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If you’re a vole, beware white owls when it’s full moon

Light-reflecting plumage tricks their prey. Natalie Parletta reports.

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Why are fossils more often male?

Genetic sexing reveals some interesting anomalies. Dyani Lewis reports.

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Scottish settlement patterns driven by Gael-force winds

Genetic analysis reveals Dark Age invasions left their mark. Barry Keily reports.

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Novel maths could bring AI ‘to next level’

Applying topology forces neural networks to see things differently, mathematicians suggest.

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Sleeping too much, as well as too little, boosts heart attack risk

Just being healthy doesn’t change things, new study shows.

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Dormant but still dangerous

Some breast cancer cells are forced into ‘sleeper’ mode.

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Toward a Positive Evolutionary Psychology

A new book integrates positive psychology and evolutionary psychology to help advance the human condition — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Ability to detect directional gaze is not unique to humans

The ability to detect the direction of someone's gaze is not unique to humans, as had been previously thought, according to new research.

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Sleeping too much — or too little — boosts heart attack risk

Even if you are a non-smoker who exercises and has no genetic predisposition to cardiovascular disease, skimping on sleep — or getting too much of it — can boost your risk of heart attack, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study of nearly a half-million people.

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Early life environment may lead to high blood pressure in children

Where a mother lives and the temperature outside while she is pregnant, among other environmental factors, can impact whether her child is prehypertensive or hypertensive during childhood, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Environmental exposures in pregnancy and childhood could affect blood pressure in children

A new study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) in six European countries used the exposome holistic approach to analyse more than 200 environmental exposures during pregnancy and childhood. This research, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, concludes that some of the exposures analysed could have an impact on blood pressure in children.

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King's Cross facial-recognition plans revealed by letter

The developer intended to identify known offenders and "high-risk missing persons".

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2019 SkS Weekly Climate Change & Global Warming News Roundup #35

A chronological listing of news articles linked to on the Skeptical Science Facebook Page during the past week, i.e., Sun, Aug 25 through Sat, Aug 31, 2019 Editor's Pick Hurricane Dorian is a powerful Category 4 hurricane — pummeling the Bahamas and heading “dangerously close” to Florida A worst-case scenario is playing out the Bahamas. Florida and the Southeast US may be spared the worst. But un

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Can we crowdsource innovative projects that help prevent deforestation and facilitate reforestation?

What are some interesting innovations that can help stop deforestation or facilitate reforestation? Here are the projects aggregated so far: Preventing deforestation (more effective – see below) Project What they're doing/building Notes, problems, proposer AI/S: Global Forest Watch * GLAD fire/deforestation alerts * allows companies and investors to evaluate supply chain risk through high-resolut

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Svært ved at blive motiveret? 'Helte'- musik kan få dig op af sofaen

Såkaldt heroisk musik kan påvirke dine tanker positivt, viser undersøgelse.

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Hurricane Dorian triggers massive flooding across Bahamas

Hurricane Dorian unleashed massive flooding across the Bahamas on Monday, pummeling the islands with so much wind and water that authorities urged people to find floatation devices and grab hammers to break out of their attics if necessary.

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Grand Canyon to make second run at corralling bison herd

In the two years since the Grand Canyon approved a plan to reduce the number of bison roaming in the national park, the herd has only grown in size.

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Grand Canyon to make second run at corralling bison herd

In the two years since the Grand Canyon approved a plan to reduce the number of bison roaming in the national park, the herd has only grown in size.

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Chronic cocaine use modifies gene expression

Chronic cocaine use changes gene expression in the hippocampus, according to research in mice recently published in JNeurosci.

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How humans have shaped dogs' brains

Dog brain structure varies across breeds and is correlated with specific behaviors, according to new research published in JNeurosci. These findings show how, by selectively breeding for certain behaviors, humans have shaped the brains of their best friends.

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I Sverige skilter de med artsrige vejkanter: Nu følger dansk kommune trop

Lejre Kommune har udnævnt ti kilometer vejkant til særlig artsrig.

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Humans haven’t just changed what dogs look like—we’ve altered the very structure of their brains

Differences in breed behavior are rooted in dogs’ neural anatomy

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Cell therapy results ‘very promising’ in children with cancer

Genetically engineered immune system enables young patients to overcome leukaemia

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Where Will Hurricane Dorian Make Landfall?

Hurricane Dorian's track has been tricky to predict with certainty. Here's where it could make U.S. landfall.

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'Catastrophic' Dorian pounds Bahamas, US evacuates coast

Monster storm Dorian came to a near stand-still over the Bahamas Monday, prolonging the agony as surging seawaters and hurricane winds made a shambles of low-lying island communities and spurred mass evacuations along the US east coast.

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7 ways augmented reality can change the way you use your phone

Pokémon Go's augmented reality feature made a big splash, but the technology is good for even more than gaming. (John Kennedy/) Augmented reality, or AR, is making big strides on mobile. Looking through your phone's camera to see a bit of the digital world blended with the real one is exactly the kind of thing that makes us feel like we're living in the future . But AR is not only about cute filt

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The bizarre logic of the many-worlds theory

Nature, Published online: 02 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02602-8 Robert P. Crease enjoys Sean Carroll’s foray into a 60-year-old theory.

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Mediterranean winter rainfall in phase with African monsoons during the past 1.36 million years

Nature, Published online: 02 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1529-0 Comparisons between past regional drivers of precipitation extremes found time series data from Lake Ohrid and modern climate models of the Mediterranean may help to reduce simulation uncertainties in predictions of the Mediterranean climate.

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Daily briefing: How to bioengineer better cannabis

Nature, Published online: 02 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02631-3 Genetic modification to enable industrial-scale production of cannabinoids, how scientists are investigating a deadly Russian explosion and an ambitious plan to improve mental-health support for graduate students.

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Mystery solved about the machines that move your genes

Congestion causes the mass of tubes and motors that form chromosome-dividing spindles to move at full speed instead of slowing to a crawl, new research reveals.

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Mystery solved about the machines that move your genes

Congestion causes the mass of tubes and motors that form chromosome-dividing spindles to move at full speed instead of slowing to a crawl, new research reveals.

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A comprehensive catalog of human digestive tract bacteria

The human digestive tract is home to thousands of different strains of bacteria. Many of these are beneficial, while others contribute to health problems such as inflammatory bowel disease. Researchers have now isolated and preserved samples of nearly 8,000 of these strains, while also clarifying their genetic and metabolic context.

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A New Lake Grows in Kilauea Caldera

A very different kind of lake is growing inside Halema‘uma‘u crater — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Store forskelle på udgifter til hjertesvigtpatienter

Hjertesvigtpatienter koster i de første år efter diagnosen fra 21.000 til 641.000 i samfundsomkostninger, viser sundhedsøkonomisk beregning.

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Plant gene discovery could help reduce fertilizer pollution in waterways

Over-fertilization of agricultural fields is a huge environmental problem. Excess phosphorus from fertilized cropland frequently finds its way into nearby rivers and lakes. A resulting boom …

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After busting through a glass ceiling, Maya the agave plant is dying as dramatically as possible

Maya is one gangly lady. (Garfield Park Conservatory/) On the west side of Chicago sits Garfield Park Conservatory, a venerable crystal palace rising from acres of lush gardens. Its iconic glass roof houses more than 2,000 different plant species, many straight out of a Dr. Seuss book. Adding to the whimsy this summer has been a peculiar-looking stem sticking out from the roof, clad with stalks o

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Consensus on consensus hits half a million downloads

In 2013, the Skeptical Science team published a study in Environmental Research Letters finding 97% scientific consensus on human-caused global warming . However, we weren't the first researchers to find overwhelming scientific consensus, nor were we the last. In 2016, we teamed up with authors of six other consensus studies to publish Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of consensus estimates on

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Plant gene discovery could help reduce fertilizer pollution in waterways

Excess phosphorus from fertilized cropland frequently finds its way into nearby rivers and lakes, resulting in a boom of aquatic plant growth, plunging oxygen levels in the water, fish die-offs and other harmful effects. Researchers from Boyce Thompson Institute have uncovered the function of a pair of plant genes that could help farmers improve phosphate capture, potentially reducing the environm

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Novel molecules designed by artificial intelligence in 21 days are validated in mice

Experimental validation confirms the ability of artificial intelligence to accelerate drug discovery

7d

Impact of climate change on global banana yields revealed

Climate change could negatively impact banana cultivation in some of the world's most important producing and exporting countries, a study has revealed.

7d

A comprehensive catalogue of human digestive tract bacteria

The human digestive tract is home to thousands of different strains of bacteria. Many of these are beneficial, while others contribute to health problems such as inflammatory bowel disease. Researchers from MIT and the Broad Institute have now isolated and preserved samples of nearly 8,000 of these strains, while also clarifying their genetic and metabolic context.

7d

Novel math could bring machine learning to the next level

In recent years, a theory called 'Topological Data Analysis,' stemmed from a branch of Mathematics so abstract that it did not seem to have any application whatsoever in the real world, has been making computers much better at recognizing meaningful structure inside all kinds of large datasets (a.k.a. 'big data'). A new study now shows that it could also make machine vision much more efficient.

7d

Mystery solved about the machines that move your genes

Researchers have discovered how the chromosome-dividing spindle avoids slowdowns: congestion. A spindle comprises tens of thousands of microtubules connected by biological motors. Microtubules move forward only when linked to an anti-aligned neighbor. Previous experiments, however, showed microtubules cruising at full speed even when surrounded by neighbors with the same orientation. The researche

7d

Monster Storm Dorian Slows to a Crawl Over the Bahamas

It's barely budged over the last several hours and is dumping huge amounts of rainfall on the island of Grand Bahama.

7d

Hurricane Dorian's Sluggish Movement Makes Future Path Hard To Project

The storm has slowed as it passes over the Bahamas, battering the islands. NPR's Rachel Martin speaks with Joel Klein, meteorologist at the National Hurricane Center.

7d

Bananas have benefited from climate change – but they won’t in future

As the world has warmed, banana producers have been able to grow more fruit per hectare. But by 2050 annual production may begin to fall in some countries

7d

Strong support for Trump linked to willingness to persecute immigrants

Surveys have found that people who identify strongly with Donald Trump are more likely to say they are willing to commit violence against immigrants

7d

Forskere får ødelagt tandemalje til at gro frem igen

PLUS. Kinesiske forskere har skabt et materiale af kalciumfosfat, der lokker ny emalje frem på tænderne.

7d

Effekten af PCSK9-hæmmere lever op til forventningerne

Første danske ‘real life’ data for anvendelsen af de nye PCSK9-hæmmere peger på, at patienterne får en hurtig og vedvarende reduktion af LDL-kolesterol.

7d

Facebook Reportedly Considers Hiding ‘Like’ Counts

Facebook mulls hiding reactions from News Feed posts (via George Pagan III/Unsplash) Facebook may start hiding the Like counter on News Feed posts. Following …

8d

Atomically thin minerals show promise as proton conducting membranes for green technologies

Researchers at The University of Manchester discovered that atomically- thin micas—the name given to a type of common mineral found in soil—are excellent proton conductors. This surprising result is important for the use of 2-D materials in applications such as fuel cells and other hydrogen-related technologies.

8d

Techathlon podcast: Labor Day tech trivia special

iPad screen sizes are getting out of control. The water-proofing really has come a long way, though. (Stan Horaczek/) It’s Labor Day here in the United States, which means summer is officially over and we’re headed into the heart of new gadget season. You can expect heaps of new devices appearing between now and the Consumer Electronics Show in January, including the new iPhone and some other, mo

8d

A Molecule Designed By AI Exhibits 'Druglike' Qualities

Insilico Medicine is among several startups trying to harness artificial intelligence to speed to development of drugs.

8d

Här flyger orkanjägarna in i stormens öga

Orkanen Dorian har orsakat stor skada på Bahamas. Nu är den på väg mot Floridas kust. För att få färsk data på orkanens styrka och riktning flyger man rakt in i den.

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Climate change has created more bird winners than losers in England

Of 23 bird species in England affected by climate change over the past 50 years, 19 have seen a positive effect, including wrens, long-tailed tits and egrets

8d

Mystery solved about the machines that move your genes

Fleets of microscopic machines toil away in your cells, carrying out critical biological tasks and keeping you alive. By combining theory and experiment, researchers have discovered the surprising way one of these machines, called the spindle, avoids slowdowns: congestion.

8d

Impact of climate change on global banana yields revealed

Climate change could negatively impact banana cultivation in some of the world's most important producing and exporting countries, a study has revealed.

8d

Plant gene discovery could help reduce fertilizer pollution in waterways

Over-fertilization of agricultural fields is a huge environmental problem. Excess phosphorus from fertilized cropland frequently finds its way into nearby rivers and lakes. A resulting boom of aquatic plant growth can cause oxygen levels in the water to plunge, leading to fish die-offs and other harmful effects.

8d

Omsorg om föräldrar är ojämställd

– Vi är alla överens om att jämställdhet är en bra idé. Varför fortsätter vi då att dela ojämlikt på ansvaret för omsorgen om våra äldre anhöriga? är den fråga Sofia Björk vid Göteborgs universitet ställt i sin avhandling. Hon har intervjuat 31 föräldrar till barn under 12 år och 20 söner och döttrar som ger omsorg till sina åldrande föräldrar i sin avhandling Gender and Emotions in Family Care. U

8d

Gröna tak hejdar översvämningar

600 miljoner kostade ett skyfall som drabbade Malmö 2014. Dagvattensystemet blev fullt och vattnet rann in i hus där det orsakade stora skador. Men Ekostaden Augustenborg sticker ut, här blev skadorna bara en tiondel så stora som i omkringliggande bostadsområden. Förklaringen är att Augustenborg byggts om med ”grön och blå medvetenhet”. Gröna tak, dammar, träd och öppna dagvattensystem gav vattnet

8d

Impact of climate change on global banana yields revealed

Climate change could negatively impact banana cultivation in some of the world's most important producing and exporting countries, a study has revealed.

8d

Plant gene discovery could help reduce fertilizer pollution in waterways

Over-fertilization of agricultural fields is a huge environmental problem. Excess phosphorus from fertilized cropland frequently finds its way into nearby rivers and lakes. A resulting boom of aquatic plant growth can cause oxygen levels in the water to plunge, leading to fish die-offs and other harmful effects.

8d

Bristande stöd för gravida leder till fler komplikationer

Att få barn är oftast en omvälvande erfarenhet. Därför är ett bra stöd från nära och kära tiden före, under och efter förlossningen av stor betydelse för att kvinnan ska må bra, visar ny forskning. Isländska Sigríður Sía Jónsdóttir undersöker i sin avhandling i vårdvetenskap, som läggs fram vid Linnéuniversitet, sambandet mellan just bristande stöd från gravida kvinnors närstående och de fysiska

8d

Langtidsdata styrker resultater fra DANAMI-2

Det banebrydende danske DANAMI-2 studies resultater bekræftes i langtidsdata, som underbygger PCI’s styrke over for blodpropopløsende behandling til patienter med akutte blodpropper. Data er i dag blevet præsenteret på ESC af medicinstuderende Pernille Gro Thrane.

8d

Hurricane Dorian pummels Bahamas with Category 5 assault

Hurricane Dorian hovered over the Bahamas on Monday, pummeling the islands with a fearsome Category 5 assault that shredded roofs, hurled cars and forced even rescue crews to take shelter until the onslaught passes.

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Bang & Olufsen’s first soundbar looks stylish but starts at $1,750

Bang & Olufsen makes both pricey, high-end speakers and pricey, high-end TVs, so the fact that the luxury hardware company has combined those two passions into a pricey, high-end …

8d

The Bugatti Chiron becomes the first hypercar to break the 300 mph barrier in a mind-bending speed run

Exclusively revealed by TopGear, the Bugatti Chiron just over a month ago crossed 300 mph with Le Mans-winning Andy Wallace at the wheel, who's also the company's official test driver.

8d

Breast cancer can form 'sleeper cells' after drug treatment

Breast cancer medicines may force some cancer cells into 'sleeper mode,' allowing them to potentially come back to life years after initial treatment.

8d

Non-physician health workers lead new approach to lowering risk of world's number one cause of death

A substantial reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease, the world's leading cause of death, can be achieved in a year with a new comprehensive approach, according to a randomized controlled trial.

8d

How bacteria behind hospital infections block out antibiotics

Drug-resistant bacteria responsible for deadly hospital-acquired infections shut out antibiotics by closing tiny doors in their cell walls.

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Know the risks about HRT and breast cancer. But don’t panic about them | Joanna Moorhead

As a breast cancer survivor, I understand the grip of fear. But the best thing is to talk to a doctor then make your own choices It was hard to avoid the story, late last week: “Breast cancer risk from using HRT is twice what was thought,” it warned . I read it, because as someone who’s experienced breast cancer I’m always interested in the latest news about it. The new research doesn’t apply to m

8d

Varning för vattenkonflikt i Mellanöstern

The Economist Intelligence Units rapport bygger på ett nytt index, The Blue Peace Index som mäter hur väl samarbeten mellan länderna i fem av världens floddalar fungerar. Enligt indexet finns det i framtiden stora risker för konflikter kring floderna i Tigris och Eufrat i Mellanöstern. De två floderna rinner genom Iran, Irak, Syrien och Turkiet.

8d

Elektrificering baner vejen for overdækning af banegraven i Aarhus

En ny grøn bydel mellem Midtbyen og Frederiksbjerg i Aarhus kan være på vej oven på banegraven. Elektrificering af jernbanen aflyser så mange tog, at byggeriet kan finde sted.

8d

Språket kan göra matematikuppgifter svårare

Matematikuppgifter ges ofta till elever i skriftlig form som ”lästal”. Då ska eleverna ur en kontext ta fram informationen om vad som ska beräknas. Men för att kunna lösa uppgiften måste eleverna kunna läsa och förstå uppgiftstexten. Om språket i texten försvårar elevernas förståelse, finns det en risk att uppgiften mäter elevernas läsförmågan istället för den matematiska förmågan. Genom att hitt

8d

Udredning af slægtninge til hjertedøde udpeger mange syge

Database på enhed for arvelige hjertesygdomme på Rigshospitalet har skabt overblik over, hvor mange slægtninge til yngre patienter med pludselig hjertedød, der har arvelige hjertesygdomme, viser undersøgelse præsenteret på ESC.

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Effektiv indsats af ikke-sundhedspersonale mod hjertekarsygdom

Skræddersyet intervention reducerer risikoen for hjertekarsygdomme blandt patienter med forhøjet blodtryk.

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