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nyheder2019september04

A Hillstrand Joins the Saga | Deadliest Catch

Jake taps a Hillstrand to save the Saga. Stream Full Episodes of Deadliest Catch: https://go.discovery.com/tv-shows/deadliest-catch/ Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Join us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DeadliestCatch https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/DeadliestCatch https://twitter.com/Discovery From: Discovery

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Watch the Iron Man-Style Jet Suit Inventor Fly to an Island

Special Delivery In 1934, German entrepreneur Gerhard Zucker attempted — and failed — to use a rocket to deliver a letter to the Isle of Wight, an island off England’s southern coast. Now, 85 years later, British inventor Richard Browning has managed to pull off the stunt . But instead of attaching the letter to a rocket, he donned his Iron Man-style jet suit to hand deliver it — and broke a pers

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Discovered a molecule that regulates the development of cancer in a variety of tumors

Researchers from the Josep Carreras Leukemia Research Institute (IJC), discover that a non-coding region of the genome originates a key molecule for the proliferation of tumors in breast cancer and some types of sarcoma.

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By comparing needles to mosquitoes, new model offers insights into Hepatitis C solutions

Removing used needles does not reduce the spread of Hepatitis C virus — instead, changing the ratio of infected to uninfected needles is critical, study finds.

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The kombucha culture

In today's health-conscious community, kombucha is all the rave. Its appeal comes from its accessibility and alleged health benefits, which range from introducing probiotics to killing deleterious bacteria in the human body.

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Brands can get political, say more marketing leaders

More marketing leaders are starting to support their brands taking a political stance, survey results show. The twice-yearly CMO Survey gathers insights from marketing executives at US for-profit companies. Eighteen months ago, 17.4% of survey participants said it would be appropriate for their brand to take a political stance. According to new data from 341 marketers surveyed in July and August,

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The kombucha culture

In today's health-conscious community, kombucha is all the rave. Its appeal comes from its accessibility and alleged health benefits, which range from introducing probiotics to killing deleterious bacteria in the human body.

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Transport proteins provide key to improve infant formula

Sugar compounds in breast milk play a crucial role in the development of a healthy gut bacterial community and contribute to the maturation of the immune system in infants. In a new study professors from DTU and Kyoto University, Japan, have established a framework to identify and describe the function of key transport proteins that mediate the uptake of nutrients from the mother's breastmilk to a

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Transport proteins provide key to improve infant formula

Sugar compounds in breast milk play a crucial role in the development of a healthy gut bacterial community and contribute to the maturation of the immune system in infants. In a new study professors from DTU and Kyoto University, Japan, have established a framework to identify and describe the function of key transport proteins that mediate the uptake of nutrients from the mother's breastmilk to a

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Stretching proteins with magnetic tweezers

Physicists at LMU have developed a highly sensitive method for measuring the mechanical stability of protein conformations, and used it to monitor the early steps in the formation of blood clots.

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Why forecasting floods should be a global collaborative effort

The number of people exposed to the risk of floods is rising. More and expanding human settlements are being built in flood-prone areas, especially in Africa, Asia and South America. This is undoubtedly linked to the dramatic increase in death tolls and economic damages from floods experienced in Africa over the past decades.

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Study shows female students perform better on longer tests

A team of researchers from Universitat de les Illes Balears and Erasmus University Rotterdam, has found that female students score better than male students on tests over two hours long. In their paper published in the journal Nature Communications, the researchers describe their study of test results of students taking the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and what they found.

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Study details how Tibetan dog got oxygen boost

For millennia, the massive Tibetan mastiff has laid literal claim to the label "top dog."

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Amazon to phase out single-use plastic in India

Amazon said Wednesday it will ditch single-use plastic packaging in India by next year, joining Walmart-backed rival Flipkart in a major push by e-commerce giants in the South Asian nation.

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Germany to ban glyphosate to protect insects, biodiversity

Germany said Wednesday it would phase out the controversial weed killer glyphosate because it wipes out insect populations crucial for ecosystems and pollination of food crops.

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New mechanism that could counteract obesity

Obesity rates worldwide have nearly tripled since 1975. Now, new research has discovered, in rodents, critical mutations in molecules implicated in obesity, which may help inform the development of new anti-obesity therapies.

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A novel recipe for efficiently removing intrinsic defects from hard crystals

A team of researchers has discovered an effective method for removing lattice defects from crystals.

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Automated text analysis: The next frontier of marketing innovation

The volumes of text data generated in the marketplace can be valuable in generating marketing insights using the newest text analysis methods and technologies.

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There is more to kombucha than meets the eye — literally

In today's health-conscious community, kombucha is all the rave. Its appeal comes from its accessibility and alleged health benefits, which range from introducing probiotics to killing deleterious bacteria in the human body.

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Sculpture smelling of breast milk to draw in visitors to new Wellcome gallery

London gallery intended as celebration of what it means to be human in 21st century Some say it smells of modelling clay. Others that it has the vague aroma of talcum powder mixed with vanilla. Or perhaps a freshly painted room. Members of the public will be able to decide for themselves when they rub a scented sculpture designed to evoke the smell of human breast milk. The bronze artwork, which

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Stress may turn overweight teens away from food

When exposed to stress, overweight adolescents tend to eat less and avoid high-fat and sugary options, research finds. That’s contrary to the belief that people react to stress by turning to comfort foods—cravings that the appetite-stimulating stress hormone cortisol fuels. Even more surprising, kids who produced the most cortisol after the stressor had the biggest appetite reduction, eating abou

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Study details how Tibetan dog got oxygen boost

For millennia, the massive Tibetan mastiff has laid literal claim to the label "top dog."

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Germany to ban glyphosate to protect insects, biodiversity

Germany said Wednesday it would phase out the controversial weed killer glyphosate because it wipes out insect populations crucial for ecosystems and pollination of food crops.

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The real cost of workplace sexual harassment to businesses

Sexual harassment causes tremendous damage to employees who experience it, leading to higher employee turnover, lower employee productivity, increased absenteeism and increased sick leave costs for companies.

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Hurricane Dorian: Where it hit, where it's headed, and why it's so destructive

At least seven people have died in the wake of Hurricane Dorian in the Bahamas, although that figure is expected to rise as rescue work continues.

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Vast majority of dementia patients don't receive specialty diagnosis and care, study finds

In the first large study to examine the diagnosis of dementia in older Americans over time, researchers found the vast majority never meet with a dementia specialist and 85% of individuals were first diagnosed by a non-dementia specialist physician.

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Study shows BioCell collagen can visibly reduce common signs of skin aging within 12 weeks

In one of the most substantial studies of a skin health supplement, BioCell Collagen®, was found to visibly reduce common signs of skin aging, including lines and wrinkles, within 12 weeks of daily use. The findings reported in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial included a measurable improvement in signs of aging in women, represented by increased skin elasticity, red

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It is best not to fly to conferences

The political scientist Sebastian Jäckle develops a climate-friendly concept for international conference tourism.

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New insulation technique paves the way for more powerful and smaller chips

Researchers at KU Leuven and imec (Belgium) have successfully developed a new technique to insulate microchips. The technique uses metal-organic frameworks, a new type of materials consisting of structured nanopores. In the long term, this method can be used for the development of even smaller and more powerful chips that consume less energy. The team has received an ERC Proof of Concept grant to

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Spørg Fagfolket: Kan vi fodre plankton, så det spiser mere CO2?

En læser funderer over, hvorvidt det ikke giver mere på den CO2-mæssige bundlinje, hvis man giver plankton mere føde frem for at plante træer. Det svarer en biolog på.

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Instead of Fingerprints, Future Apple Watches May Scan Your Wrist

Hanz Wrist Apple was just granted three new patents for the Apple Watch , one of which involves taking an uncomfortably-close look at the skin on your wrist. Two of the patents are pretty neat — they describe a self-adjusting watch band and a band that lights up when a notification comes in, TechCrunch reports . But the most bizarre of the three describes how the patch of wrist skin beneath the w

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Daring scientists extract ice from Earth’s highest tropical glacier

Nature, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02566-9 Researchers race to retrieve ice amid protests by local residents.

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Regeringen og Danske Regioner vil samle dobbeltdiagnoser et sted

Økonomiaftalen mellem regeringen og Danske Regioner sikrer en 10 års plan for psykiatrien, som bl.a. betyder, at dobbeltdiagnoser fremover ikke længere bliver kastebold mellem region, der tager sig af psykisk sygdom, og kommunernes misbrugsbehandling.

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Her er økonomiaftalen mellem regionerne og regeringen

Økonomiaftalen mellem regioner og regeringen giver 1,5 mia. kr. til regionerne i 2020. Få et overblik over aftalen her:

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Læge var på vej med protest i toget: Så kom finansministeren med en hjælpende hånd

Ekstra 100 mio. kr. til Aarhus Universitetshospital gør fællestillidsmand for Yngre Læger særdeles opløftet. Det kan betyde et markant løft af stemningen, siger hun.

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Oxytocin linked to growth in seal pups

Scientists at the University of St Andrews have, for the first time, shown that grey seal pups with naturally high oxytocin levels gain more mass before weaning, without increasing the amount they are fed.

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3 ways insecticides can be counterproductive in agriculture

Pesticides are not new and are definitely not a human invention. Plants and other microorganisms have used chemicals to defend themselves from other organisms for hundred thousands of years.

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Why methane emissions matter to climate change: 5 questions answered

The EPA on Aug. 29 unveiled a proposal to rescind regulations to limit methane emissions from the oil and gas industry. Critics said the rollback will worsen climate change and air quality. Reaction from energy companies varied, with some arguing the limits are unnecessary while others supported the federal regulations.

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Sear a steak perfectly without a grill

This story was originally published on Saveur . We love firing up the grill to cook the new beef cuts that have become available in recent years, but it's possible to achieve that perfect sear on the stovetop, too. Here's how: 1. Salt your steak well before cooking for the deepest seasoning and best browning. Salting overnight is best, but if you can't plan that far ahead, try seasoning your stea

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Oxytocin linked to growth in seal pups

Scientists at the University of St Andrews have, for the first time, shown that grey seal pups with naturally high oxytocin levels gain more mass before weaning, without increasing the amount they are fed.

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3 ways insecticides can be counterproductive in agriculture

Pesticides are not new and are definitely not a human invention. Plants and other microorganisms have used chemicals to defend themselves from other organisms for hundred thousands of years.

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Many AMD Ryzen 3000 CPUs Don’t Hit Full Boost Clock: Report

Overclocker Der8auer has published the results of a survey of more than 3,000 Ryzen 7nm owners who have purchased AMD’s new CPUs since they went on sale in July. Last month, reports surfaced that the Ryzen 3000 family weren’t hitting their boost clocks as well as some enthusiasts expected. Now, we have some data on exactly what those figures look like. There are, however, two confounding variable

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17-årig blev blind af vitaminmangel: Spiste kun pomfritter, kød og hvidt brød

Den engelske dreng er et ekstremt sjældent tilfælde, understreger dansk øjenlæge.

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New methods for optimization of vibration shock protection systems are proposed

Nowadays the words "uncertainty" and "multicriteria" characterize in a best way the relevance and complexity of modern problems of management of a variety of dynamic objects and processes.

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Albeit it exists: Unexpected new material has been quenched to ambient pressure

Scientists from the National University of Science and Technology MISIS together with colleagues from Germany and Sweden achieved a result that seemed impossible. The researchers managed to create at ultra-high pressures a new material that preserves the structure and properties even under normal atmospheric pressure. Moreover, it turned out that it can be recreated in more "trivial" laboratory co

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Charge fluctuations, a new property in superconductors

An experiment conducted jointly at the ESRF European Synchrotron Radiation Facility by the Politecnico di Milano, National Research Council, the Università La Sapienza di Roma and the Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg has revealed a new property of cuprates, so-called high critical temperature superconductors. The study is published in Science.

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How California wildfires can impact water availability

A new study by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) uses a numerical model of an important watershed in California to shed light on how wildfires can affect large-scale hydrological processes, such as stream flow, groundwater levels, and snowpack and snowmelt. The team found that post-wildfire conditions resulted in greater winter snowpack and subsequently greater sum

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Depression breakthrough

Major depressive disorder — referred to colloquially as the 'black dog' — has been identified as a genetic cause for 20 distinct diseases, providing vital information to help detect and manage high rates of physical illnesses in people diagnosed with depression.

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NUS study reveals similarities in human, chimpanzee, and bonobo eye color patterns

Researchers from the National University of Singapore have revealed that chimpanzees and bonobos share the contrasting color pattern seen in human eyes, which makes it easy for them to detect the direction of someone's gaze from a distance.

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New viruses discovered in endangered wild Pacific salmon populations

Three new viruses — including one from a group of viruses never before shown to infect fish — have been discovered in endangered Chinook and sockeye salmon populations. While the impact of the viruses on salmon health isn't yet known, all three are related to viruses that cause serious disease in other species.

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Automated text analysis: The next frontier of marketing innovation

The volumes of text data generated in the marketplace can be valuable in generating marketing insights using the newest text analysis methods and technologies.

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A novel recipe for efficiently removing intrinsic defects from hard crystals

A team of researchers from Osaka University, the Institute for High Pressure Physics and the Institute for Nuclear Research of Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia), and TU Dresden (Germany), discovered an effective method for removing lattice defects from crystals.

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New study confirms the long-term benefits of a low-fat diet

A team led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has identified several women's health benefits from a low-fat diet. The findings, published in the September issue of the Journal of Nutrition, found a low-fat diet commensurate with an increase in fruit, vegetable and grain servings reduced death following breast cancer, slowed diabetes progression and prevented coronary heart di

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New peanut allergy treatment shows effectiveness and safety

Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) trial participants tolerated between 10 and 20 times more peanut protein than it would take for someone to get sick. UNC School of Medicine researchers say SLIT provides a good cushion of protection with an easy mechanism (tiny bit of liquid under the tongue) and a strong safety signal.

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Arbovirus manipulation of plant immune systems to favor disease spread

A group of scientists led by Prof. YE Jian from the Institute of Microbiology discovered that viruses mobilize plant immunity to deter nonvector insect herbivores. They uncovered the mechanism used by begomoviruses (the largest genus of plant viruses in the world) to alter a host plant's immune system. This discovery may facilitate the development of biological methods to control vector-borne dise

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U of M researchers discover a new mechanism that could counteract obesity

Obesity rates worldwide have nearly tripled since 1975. Now, new research from the University of Minnesota Medical School has discovered, in rodents, critical mutations in molecules implicated in obesity, which may help inform the development of new anti-obesity therapies.

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Argonne discovery offers new way to coat nuclear materials

Argonne scientists have discovered a new way to coat nuclear materials that supports efforts to minimize use of high-enriched uranium.

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New data analysis proves science is sexist

The data shows: Science is sexist.

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Opening the hatch to heal the break

LMU researchers have determined the structure of a key enzyme complex that is involved in DNA repair, and traced the cycle of conformational changes that it undergoes while performing its biochemical function.

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Mercury's ancient magnetic field likely evolved over time

Mercury's ancient magnetic poles were far from the location of its poles today, implying its magnetic field, like Earth's, changed over time, a new study says.

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Parents can benefit as much as their kids from Ontario's new sex ed

In time for back-to-school 2019, the Ontario government released a revised health and physical education curriculum. Commentators have noted that despite Premier Doug Ford having stressed the need for an overhaul, the new curriculum is strikingly similar to the one from 2015, prompting some to call it a backtrack of election promises.

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Understanding the link between fracking and earthquakes

Researchers studying hydraulic fracturing have answered a longstanding question over how the practice can sometimes cause moderate earthquakes and may be able to use their model to forecast when quakes linked to fracking might occur.

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People in their 90s are Australia's fastest growing senior age group

When the media discusses aging, it commonly focuses on people older than 65. But generally, a 65-year-old and a 95-year-old have about as much in common as a 65-year-old and a 35-year-old.

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Damage estimates for hurricanes like Dorian don't capture the full cost of climate change-fueled disasters

Scientists say climate change is causing powerful hurricanes like Dorian to increasingly stall over coastal areas, which leads to heavy flooding. Officials in the Bahamas feared "unprecedented" devastation after Dorian hovered over the islands for two days, pummeling it with rain.

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World's hungriest caterpillar is wreaking destruction around the world

Scientists are racing to develop weapons against fall armyworms, a devastating pest that is rapidly invading new continents and destroying vital food crops

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Tool for rapid breakdown of cellular proteins

A new study improves the efficacy of a method based on AID technology.

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New peanut allergy treatment shows effectiveness and safety

Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) trial participants tolerated between 10 and 20 times more peanut protein than it would take for someone to get sick. Researchers say SLIT provides a good cushion of protection with an easy mechanism (tiny bit of liquid under the tongue) and a strong safety signal.

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Long-term benefits of a low-fat diet

Researchers have identified several women's health benefits from a low-fat diet. The findings found a low-fat diet commensurate with an increase in fruit, vegetable and grain servings reduced death following breast cancer, slowed diabetes progression and prevented coronary heart disease.

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Opening the hatch to heal the break

LMU researchers have determined the structure of a key enzyme complex that is involved in DNA repair, and traced the cycle of conformational changes that it undergoes while performing its biochemical function.

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Construction Robots Learn to Excavate by Mimicking Humans

submitted by /u/gone_his_own_way [link] [comments]

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A land without water: the scramble to stop Jordan from running dry

Nature, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02600-w Climate change, a wave of refugees and poor planning are draining water supplies in Jordan.

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Secret messages hidden in light-sensitive polymers

Scientists have recently shown how valuable light-sensitive macromolecules are: when exposed to the right wavelength of light, they can be transformed so as to change, erase or decode the molecular message that they contain.

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'Carnival Row' Brings a Richly Textured Fantasy World to Life

Amazon has already renewed the series for a second season.

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Roku Smart Soundbar: Price, Specs, Release Date

The company’s new streaming audio-video twofer arrives with a wireless subwoofer that matches—in aesthetics and price.

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The Red Lights Stopping Yellow School Buses from Going Green

Opinion: Pilot programs show that electric buses, pricey today, offer long-term savings and crucial learning opportunities.

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What Recession? Low Interest Rates Could Mean Tech-Fueled Growth

Opinion: As in the Industrial Revolution, tech is powering an economy that can produce more, at lower cost.

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Mennesket som mål i sig selv

Når der skal udarbejdes en langsigtet nationale psykiatriplan er det vigtigt, at mennesket er mål i sig selv, skriver Gitte Ahle.

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PALFA survey reveals eight new millisecond pulsars

An international team of astronomers has reported the discovery of eight new millisecond pulsars in the PALFA (Pulsar Arecibo L-band Feed Array) survey. All of the newly detected pulsars were found to have orbiting companions. The finding is detailed in a paper published August 26 on arXiv.org.

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Researchers develop a tool for rapid breakdown of cellular proteins

A new study improves the efficacy of a method based on AID technology.

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'Resonance' raman spectroscopy with 1-nm resolution

Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy resolved 'resonance' Raman scattering with 1-nm resolution in ultrathin zinc oxide films epitaxially grown on a single-crystal silver surface. Tip-enhanced 'resonance' Raman scattering can be used to investigate a specific chemical structure at nanoscale and at the single-molecule level and provides a new approach for the atomic-scale optical characterization of loc

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Emergency department openings and closures impact resources for heart attack patients

A new study has found that hospital emergency room closures can adversely affect health outcomes for heart attack patients at neighboring hospitals that are near or at full capacity. Conversely, when a new emergency department opens, health outcomes for patients at those so-called 'bystander' hospitals improve.

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The kombucha culture

In response to this, Aktipis teamed up with other researchers to take all the pieces of the puzzle she had found in pre-existing literature and put them together see the bigger picture on how kombucha operates and how the different species of microbes interact and cooperate within.

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Secret messages hidden in light-sensitive polymers

Scientists have recently shown how valuable light-sensitive macromolecules are: when exposed to the right wavelength of light, they can be transformed so as to change, erase or decode the molecular message that they contain.

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Many older adults aren't fully prepared for emergency situations, poll finds

Most people over age 50 say they're ready for natural disasters and emergency situations, but a new national poll shows that many haven't taken key steps to protect their health and well-being in case of severe weather, long-term power outages or other situations.

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Deception in the Animal Kingdom

Homo sapiens is not the only species that lies — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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What are the hidden benefits of green infrastructure?

Around 72 percent of New York City's land is covered in an impervious layer of concrete, living up to its hype as the "concrete jungle" that Alicia Keys and Jay-Z sang about in "Empire State of Mind." This city might be "where dreams are made," but unfortunately a lot of sewage and pollution are made here, too. And thanks to all of these impermeable surfaces, heavy rains often wash untreated sewag

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Researchers develop a tool for rapid breakdown of cellular proteins

Cellular functions depend on the functionality of proteins, and these functions are disturbed in diseases. A core aim of cell biological research is to determine the functions of individual proteins and how their disturbances result in disease.

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Invasive Japanese barberry drives down invertebrate richness and abundance

Since its first introduction to the U.S. from Asia in the late 1800s, Japanese barberry has become one of the most dominant and widespread woody plants in Northeastern forests. Its allelopathic properties, shade tolerance, and resistance to deer browsing allow it to turn forest understories into near-monocultures of the invasive plant at the expense of native shrubs and regenerating trees. Yet, li

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Researchers develop a tool for rapid breakdown of cellular proteins

Cellular functions depend on the functionality of proteins, and these functions are disturbed in diseases. A core aim of cell biological research is to determine the functions of individual proteins and how their disturbances result in disease.

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Invasive Japanese barberry drives down invertebrate richness and abundance

Since its first introduction to the U.S. from Asia in the late 1800s, Japanese barberry has become one of the most dominant and widespread woody plants in Northeastern forests. Its allelopathic properties, shade tolerance, and resistance to deer browsing allow it to turn forest understories into near-monocultures of the invasive plant at the expense of native shrubs and regenerating trees. Yet, li

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Humpback whales change their tune

New research led by the University of St Andrews reveals that humpback whales can learn new songs while navigating a shared migratory route.

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Chemical element potassium detected in an exoplanet atmosphere

A team of astronomers led by AIP Ph.D. student Engin Keles detected the chemical element potassium in the atmosphere of an exoplanet, for the first time with overwhelming significance and applying high-resolution spectroscopy. The Potsdam Echelle Polarimetric and Spectroscopic Instrument (PEPSI) at the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) in Arizona was used to study the atmosphere on the Jupiter-like

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Asus reveals its gaming laptops with 300Hz displays will arrive in October

At the Berlin-based tech conference, Asus revealed several 15- and 17-inch Strix and Zephyrus S laptops, sporting RTX 2070 and 2080 cards, which feature the 300Hz displays. The company also …

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ASUS’ ProArt StudioBook One Laptop Manages To Pack A $4,000 NVIDIA GPU

Usually when it comes to GPUs in laptops, due mostly to the size, it would be near-impossible to fit a full-sized GPU into it. This usually means that most laptops with discrete GPU options …

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Humpback whales change their tune

New research led by the University of St Andrews reveals that humpback whales can learn new songs while navigating a shared migratory route.

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'Resonance' raman spectroscopy with 1-nanometer resolution

Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy resolved "resonance" Raman scattering with 1-nm resolution in ultrathin zinc oxide films epitaxially grown on a single-crystal silver surface. Tip-enhanced "resonance" Raman scattering can be used to investigate a specific chemical structure at nanoscale and even at the single-molecule level and also provides a new approach for the atomic-scale optical characterizat

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Secret messages hidden in light-sensitive polymers

Scientists from the CNRS and Aix-Marseille Université have recently shown how valuable light-sensitive macromolecules are: When exposed to the right wavelength of light, they can be transformed so as to change, erase or decode the molecular message that they contain. The results of this research were published on Sept. 4, 2019, in Nature Communications.

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Female gorillas detect and avoid sick groups

Gorillas are social animals, living in groups that females will migrate to join, becoming members of harems.

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Genetic engineering and human-animal hybrids: How China is leading a global split in controversial research

If you want to conduct groundbreaking but contentious biological research, go to China. Last year, Chinese scientist He Jiankui announced he had created the world's first gene-edited human babies, shocking the world at a time when such practice is illegal in most leading scientific nations. More recently, US-based researcher Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte revealed he had produced the world's first h

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Virtual fences and cattle: How new tech could allow effective, sustainable land sharing

Climate change and the global population boom continue to put pressure on the agriculture industry.

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Studying heart cells with nanovolcanoes

Researchers at EPFL and the University of Bern have developed a groundbreaking method for studying the electrical signals of cardiac muscle cells. The technology has numerous potential applications in basic and applied research—such as improving the search for mechanisms underlying cardiac arrhythmias.

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The surprising future of driving: cars that spy on your every move

All cars could soon be equipped with driving-assistance technology that closely monitors our driving. It could save thousands of lives – if we use it properly

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The Delusion of Scientific Omniscience

As time passes, the claim that science can comprehend everything looks increasingly nutty — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Electronic glove offers 'humanlike' features for prosthetic hand users

An electronic glove, or e-glove, developed by researchers can be worn over a prosthetic hand to provide human-like softness, warmth, appearance and sensory perception, such as the ability to sense pressure, temperature and hydration.

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Female gorillas detect and avoid sick groups

Gorillas are social animals, living in groups that females will migrate to join, becoming members of harems.

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Genetic engineering and human-animal hybrids: How China is leading a global split in controversial research

If you want to conduct groundbreaking but contentious biological research, go to China. Last year, Chinese scientist He Jiankui announced he had created the world's first gene-edited human babies, shocking the world at a time when such practice is illegal in most leading scientific nations. More recently, US-based researcher Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte revealed he had produced the world's first h

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The first line of defense for Hurricane Dorian is the shoreline

Hurricane Dorian was downgraded to a still-dangerous Category 2 hurricane packing powerful winds and generating catastrophic storm surges that slammed into the Bahamas. After Dorian hit the Abacos Islands on Monday as a Category 5 hurricane, its outer band reached Florida's coast Tuesday evening, and the National Hurricane Center reported that the storm is expected to track north along the East Co

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Developing a richer understanding of natural sciences critical to making better policy decisions

To fully understand the challenges of progressive environmental transformation requires that policy makers develop a more sophisticated and nuanced relationship with the various sciences and the kinds of knowledge their work can provide, according to the results of a new study by a University at Buffalo sociologist.

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X-ray analysis reveals amazing 3-D soft anatomy of animals that lived 500 million years ago

An international team led by scientists from the University of Leicester and Yunnan University in China has revealed unprecedented anatomical detail from fossil animals that lived 500 million years ago.

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Laser-based ultrasound approach provides new direction for nondestructive testing

Many industrial buildings, including nuclear power plants and chemical plants, rely on ultrasound instruments that continually monitor the structural integrity of their systems without damaging or altering their features. One new technique draws on laser technology and candle soot to generate effective ultrasonic waves for nondestructive testing and evaluation.

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A novel recipe for efficiently removing intrinsic defects from hard crystals

A team of researchers from Osaka University, the Institute for High Pressure Physics and the Institute for Nuclear Research of Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia), and TU Dresden (Germany), discovered an effective method for removing lattice defects from crystals. Their research results were published in Journal of Physics: Materials.

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UK has higher level of regional inequality than any other large wealthy country

A leading regional scientist has called on the government and the media to acknowledge the fact that the UK has higher levels of regional inequality than any other large wealthy country.

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Utdöda sångfåglars DNA avslöjar dödsorsaker

På jorden sker nu en dramatisk förlust av biologisk mångfald, vilket beskrivs som det sjätte massutdöendet. Även när människan ytterst är orsaken till andra arters utdöende, så påverkas mångfalden även av klimatförändringar och genetiska faktorer, till exempel förlust i genetisk mångfald och inavel. Öar särskilt drabbade Öars ekosystem påverkats mycket av mänsklig aktivitet. Ett tydligt exempel ä

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Evolution doesn't work the way you think it does

Evolution has no final endpoint in mind. (Uncle Leo/Shutterstock.com/) Homo sapiens A high school marching band's T-shirt places a horn-playing Homo sapiens at the end of the evolutionary process. (Brian Kloppenburg, Jordan Summers, Main Street Logo/) Evolution doesn’t follow a preordained, straight path. Yet images abound that suggest otherwise. From museum displays to editorial cartoons, evolut

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A CRISPR Doyen Discusses Gene-Editing Challenges

Jennifer Doudna, winner of the 2018 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience, talks to Scientific American about what it’s like to work in perhaps the hottest research area in all of biology. She also… — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Economists warn palm oil solutions may have unintended consequences

The growth of palm oil, the most-consumed vegetable oil in the world, has been fueled by expansion of palm plantings in Malaysia and Indonesia that have contributed to massive deforestation in those countries. The carbon and biodiversity losses there have spurred the European Union and others to call for measures to slow palm oil sales and limit forest losses.

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Using correlated photons to enhance x-ray imaging

A team of researchers at Bar-Ilan University has found a way to use correlated photons to make sharper X-ray images. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the group describes their process and suggest ways it could be used in commercial applications.

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When more pain means more gain

It seems unimaginable that intense, self-inflicted pain can result in an individual feeling much better, but that was the case with a longstanding ritual studied by researchers at the University of Connecticut.

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Syv yderligere sager rammer to-års-grænsen i efteråret

Fra oktober risikerer yderligere syv sager, hvor Styrelsen for Patientsikkerhed undersøger om det er muligt at fratage farlige lægers autorisation ved dom, at blive forældet. I et forsøg på at undgå det har Retslægerådet indført en hasteprocedure.

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Entreprenør-støtte til stamcelle-spinout fra KU

Startup-virksomheden PanCryos, som er et spinout-firma fra Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Stem Cell…

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Laserlys erstatter massespektrometer: Skal hurtigt afsløre bakterieinfektioner

SDU-forskere vil erstatte den omkostningstunge og langsommelige massespektrometri med en langt hurtigere og billigere metode med laserlys. Det vil gøre læger i stand til hurtigere at gribe ind over for en infektion.

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A CRISPR Doyen Discusses Gene-Editing Challenges

Jennifer Doudna, winner of the 2018 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience, talks to Scientific American about what it’s like to work in perhaps the hottest research area in all of biology. She also… — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Researchers unearth cost-effective method for finding shale gas

A new method for exploring natural gas in the Marcellus Shale, developed by Penn State researchers, shows potential high yield areas can be found more easily and with lower costs.

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Researchers identify five factors for better coastal risk-management strategies

Decision makers face choices about how to design risk management strategies to protect coastal populations from rising sea levels and storm surges. Finding a solid strategy is difficult and only complicated by a warming climate, but a team of Penn State researchers has identified five factors that can better characterize risk management options.

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New viruses discovered in endangered wild Pacific salmon populations

Three new viruses—including one from a group of viruses never before shown to infect fish—have been discovered in endangered Chinook and sockeye salmon populations.

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NASA's ARIA team maps flooding in the Bahamas

While many NASA missions are tracking Hurricane Dorian as the storm makes its way toward the United States, some researchers are looking at what Dorian has already left behind.

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Student uses plant waste to create sustainable alternative to dye

Imperial student Nicole Stjernswärd is using plant waste to create natural powder pigments that can be used for paints, inks or textiles.

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Image: Dorian brings destruction

This Copernicus Sentinel-3 image features Hurricane Dorian as it pummels the Bahamas on 2 September 2019 at 15:16 GMT (11:16 EDT). This mighty storm has been parked over the northwest Bahamas for more than 24 hours unleashing a siege of devastation. Storm surges, wind and rain have claimed at least five lives and destroyed homes and infrastructure.

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Image: Subsea scouting with NEEMO NXT

That is not the ESA Kids mascot Paxi's ship on the right. Nor is that a vintage diving suit on the left. It is lunar exploration with an aquatic twist.

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Measuring stellar oscillations with Kepler

The Kepler satellite is famous for its discovery of thousands of exoplanets by continuously and meticulously measuring the brightnesses of over half-a-million stars for the signatures of transiting exoplanets. Less well known are the revolutionary consequences of its monitoring program for stellar astrophysics, in particular for the study of stellar oscillations. Our own star, the sun, has been kn

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Emoji buttons gauge emergency department sentiments in real time

Simple button terminals stationed around emergency departments featuring 'emoji' reflecting a range of emotions are effective in monitoring doctor and patient sentiments in real time.

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New viruses discovered in endangered wild Pacific salmon populations

Three new viruses—including one from a group of viruses never before shown to infect fish—have been discovered in endangered Chinook and sockeye salmon populations.

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SpaceX satellite near miss shows need for rules of the road in space

Two satellites have almost collided in space. With the number of satellites set to increase 10 fold before long, we desperately need better orbital navigation rules

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What must remain

Nature, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02621-5 A heroic effort.

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Baby elephants, painkiller prescriptions and Russian radiation clues

Nature, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02599-0 The week in science: 30 August–5 September 2019.

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Seventeen Questions Every College Should Be Asking

Our oldest kid is a senior in high school, so like a lot of American households, our whole family is visiting campuses and comparing colleges. One of the striking aspects of this process is how similarly many schools seek to present themselves—and how few make any clear promises about how our daughter would be changed, improved, better habituated, or made more thoughtful by investing four of her

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Hurricane Dorian moves towards US coast as seven killed in Bahamas

Hurricane Dorian churned towards the United States Wednesday after leaving seven dead in the Bahamas, where the prime minister said terrified residents had endured "days of horror" at the hands of the monster storm.

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Update on the Obesity Epidemic

The obesity epidemic continues, and even accelerates, among continued debate about its causes and solutions.

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Image of the Day: Gene-Edited Reptiles

Scientists injected unfertilized anole lizard eggs with CRISPR-Cas9 to produce albino offspring.

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Light Phone II: Price, Specs, Release Date

The new version of the minimal handset from Light still makes phone calls, but it can now send text messages too.

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Why the Feds Want to Block a Flight-Booking Software Deal

Airlines think Sabre, the industry leader in booking software, is stodgy. Now Sabre wants to acquire upstart rival Farelogix, which would leave carriers fewer choices.

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When Vitamin Pills Are Too Much of a Good Thing

Taking megadoses of vitamins can be risky, as a recent study shows — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Acer’s New Predator Triton 300 Is a Budget-Conscious Gaming Laptop

This gaming laptop weighs just 5 pounds (2.3 kilograms) and has enough power to satisfy the average gamer. The post Acer’s New Predator Triton 300 …

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Startstöd gynnar unga jordbrukare

Andelen unga jordbrukare minskar i Sverige. För att motverka utvecklingen erbjuder Jordbruksverket ett startstöd till just unga jordbrukare. I en ny studie från AgriFood Economics Centre, som är ett samarbete mellan Ekonomihögskolan vid Lunds universitet och Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, undersöker nationalekonomerna Martin Nordin och Ida Lovén om startstödet föryngrar sektorn. Landsbygdsprogram

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Goose blood runs cold to carry more oxygen on high altitude flights

Geese that migrate on high altitude routes over the Himalayas have a lower metabolism and cooler blood when they are flying in low-oxygen conditions

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Five Things to Watch During CNN's Climate Forum

Democratic presidential candidates will appear individually to discuss their plans for how the U.S. should tackle climate change — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Don't Believe Everything You Hear about Stem Cells

The science is progressing rapidly, but bad actors have co-opted stem cells’ hope and promise by preying on unsuspecting patients and their families — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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How High Heat Can Impact Mental Health

A new NPR probe found low-income areas in dozens of major U.S. cities are more likely to be hotter than wealthier ones, and people with severe mental illness are impacted by that increase in heat. (Image credit: Nora Eckert/NPR)

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You Can’t Keep Your Parents’ Skulls

You might (or might not) be surprised at how often in my work as a mortician I am asked whether a mourning family member can keep a dearly departed’s skull. Assuming your intentions are good, you’re looking at three major hurdles to clear before Dad’s brainpan can hold jelly beans on your coffee table: paperwork, legal control, and skeletonization. In theory, people get to decide what happens to

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Eliminating malaria should not be the end of vigilance

Nature, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02598-1 Three years after Sri Lanka was declared free of the deadly disease, complacency is a big risk, warns Kamini Mendis.

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Meet the 'Giant Elephant Trunks,' Mysterious Cosmic Structures 10 Times Bigger Than the 'Pillars of Creation'

Astronomers have spotted enormous column-shaped structures called Giant Elephant's Trunks in the galaxy

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Animal Camo: Can You Find the Animals Hiding Out in These Images?

Animals are amazing hiders, using their camouflaged coats to blend in with their environments and appear invisible.

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A 'Quarkonium Spectrum' of Exotic Particles Might Lurk in the Universe, So Why Can't We Find Them?

There are some odd little particles out there that are bound by the strong nuclear force, but physicists can barely get a glimpse of them before they flit out of existence.

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Why Hurricane Dorian Defied Forecasts and Sank the Bahamas

The storm evolved swiftly and unpredictably. But it was other weather phenomena that caused Dorian to stall, devastating the island nation.

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Forget Politics. For Now, Deepfakes Are for Bullies

The surging popularity of Chinese app Zao has reignited concern that deepfakes could influence an election. Researchers say that's not likely.

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Who Is the Black Knight and Why Is He in the 'Eternals' Movie?

Also, turns out, it's pretty apt he's being played by 'Game of Thrones' alum Kit Harington.

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Don't Believe Everything You Hear about Stem Cells

The science is progressing rapidly, but bad actors have co-opted stem cells’ hope and promise by preying on unsuspecting patients and their families — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Photos: Hurricane Dorian Rages in Pics from Space

As Hurricane Dorian pummels the Caribbean and the U.S. East Coast, NASA satellites and space station astronauts are keeping an eye on the epic storm from space.

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Poison Frog Fathers Ferry Their Tadpoles Great Distances

The amphibian fathers make the extra leap to secure space for their offspring in faraway ponds — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Acer’s $14,000 Predator Thronos Air is a chair fit for gaming royalty

What do you get the gamer in your life that has everything? And we mean absolutely everything. If you ask Acer, the answer is the company's new Predator Thronos Air Gaming Chair. …

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Logitech Announces New MX Master 3 Mouse

When it comes to non-gaming mice, Logitech’s MX Master series of mice is a very popular option that you can find on the desks of many a YouTuber. This is due to the fact that the mouse …

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Poison Frog Fathers Ferry Their Tadpoles Great Distances

Adults make the extra leap to secure space for their young in faraway ponds — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Lucius Annaeus Seneca was a futurologist

"The time will come when diligent research over long periods will bring to light things which now lie hidden. A single lifetime, even though entirely devoted to the sky, would not be enough for the investigation of so vast a subject. And so this knowledge will be unfolded only through long successive ages. There will come a time when our descendants will be amazed that we did not know things that

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Will people still commute to work in the future?

Will people still commute to work in the future let's say 10-15 years time? Or will technology such as Virtual Reality, telecommuting reduce or even replace the need to physically commute to work? submitted by /u/cumminsdriver434 [link] [comments]

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112: Nu får alarmcentralen automatisk din position på sms

Google har nu åbnet for, at alarmcentralerne automatisk får lokationsoplysninger fra borgere, der ringer 112 fra en Android-smartphone. IPhone-brugere må vente, da Apple stadig diskuterer med de danske myndigheder, hvordan Avanced Mobile Location-teknologien skal implementeres.

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Many older adults aren't fully prepared for emergency situations, poll finds

Most people over age 50 say they're ready for natural disasters and emergency situations, but a new national poll shows that many haven't taken key steps to protect their health and well-being in case of severe weather, long-term power outages or other situations.

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Extreme inbreeding in a European ancestry sample from the contemporary UK population

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11724-6 Mating between first or second-degree relatives is prohibited in most countries, yet it occurs and is under-studied. Here, Yengo et al. use large runs of homozygosity from the UK Biobank resource to provide DNA-based quantification of extreme inbreeding and its consequence for health and other complex trait

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Females show more sustained performance during test-taking than males

Nature Communications, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11691-y Females tend to perform poorer than males on math and science tests, but better on verbal reading tests. Here, by analysing performance during a cognitive test, the authors provide evidence that females are better able to sustain their performance during a test across all of these topics.

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What the data say about police shootings

Nature, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02601-9 How do racial biases play into deadly encounters with the police? Researchers wrestle with incomplete data to reach answers.

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Wanted: better data on police shootings to reduce mistrust between the police and the communities they serve

Nature, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02614-4 Law-enforcement organizations in the United States need to record data on civilians killed in encounters with the police.

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Oticon-ejer lukker alle it-systemer efter »kritisk it-hændelse«

Den danske Demant-gruppe, som ejer en række høreapparatproducenter, blev tirsdag eftermiddag ramt af en »kritisk it-hændelse«.

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Follow the Money to the Amazon

The scale of the crisis is unfathomable: the skies of Sao Paulo darkened with smoke from the Amazon aflame thousands of miles away. A terrifying climate double whammy is upon us: As the forest burns, the trees release stored carbon in the form of greenhouse-gas-inducing carbon dioxide; and as these forests vanish, we lose the carbon-storing potential of the trees. It may seem there’s nothing we i

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The Surprising Rural Health-Care Legacy of the ’60s

Of the many challenges for America’s rural communities, near the top of the list is access to health care. Rural clinics and hospitals are closing across the nation. When they close, it’s hard for younger families, and older residents, to stay in town—and harder to attract new businesses, or attract replacements for the doctors, nurses, and other health-care workers who may be retiring from their

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Indonesia sends back hundreds of shipping containers full of waste

Indonesia has sent hundreds of garbage-filled shipping containers back to their countries of origin, according to the customs agency, as the Southeast Asian nation pushes back against becoming a dumping ground for foreign trash.

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“Questioned as implausible:” Journal retracts paper because a researcher claimed to perform a large clinical trial single-handedly

Is it possible for just one researcher to perform a clinical trial of more than 200 participants? According to the editorial board of the European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, an Elsevier title, the answer would seem to be no. The journal has decided to retract a 2016 paper in which the … Continue reading

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Are We Overestimating How Much Trees Will Help Fight Climate Change?

Forests play an important role in helping to offset global warming by storing carbon from atmospheric carbon dioxide, but new research using imaging techniques to look inside of trees suggests that American forests could be storing significantly less carbon than is currently believed.

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What NASA can teach us about education reform

Founder of 4.0 Schools, Matt Candler, questions why school has stayed overwhelmingly the same the past 100 years. As a teacher, he sees the future of schools embracing mutual curiosity in both students and educators. He points to the example of NASA scientists, who approach missions with the idea that failure is welcome and necessary. Failure during preparation ensures the mission will succeed wh

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The secret to winning the Midwest: Democrats must fight big agriculture | George Goehl

Factory farming sucks up money and pollutes rural communities in swing states like Iowa Not since the Rev Jesse Jackson’s candidacy for the Democratic nomination in 1988 have we seen presidential hopefuls so fiercely and consistently bring the issues facing family farmers into the national conversation. This year, five candidates for the Democratic nomination say they support a ban on factory far

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Regeringen i kovending: Timemodellen er nu til forhandling

Transportministeren afviser at svare klart på, om Socialdemokratiet stadig vil have rejsetiden ned på en time mellem landets store byer.

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30.000 læger og sundhedsansatte skal fælde dom over Sundhedsplatformen fra i dag

Alle sundhedsansatte i Region Sjælland og Region Hovedstaden skal fra i dag vurdere Sundhedsplatformen i en stor brugerundersøgelse.

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Britain’s Political Chaos Shows Everything Is Okay

Boris Johnson has been defeated in Parliament, the first loss of his brief premiership—on his first vote. His government has no majority, members of Parliament are trying to legally stop the government from carrying out its stated agenda, and Johnson is shutting down the legislature for five weeks at the very moment of Britain’s gravest postwar political crisis. All the while, legal challenges ar

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Synthetic meat, racism at the poles, and the long road to the opioid crisis: Books in Brief

Nature, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02604-6 Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week’s best science picks.

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Interrogating Mutant Allele Expression via Customized Reference Genomes to Define Influential Cancer Mutations

Scientific Reports, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48967-8

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Symmetry-protected metallic and topological phases in penta-materials

Scientific Reports, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49187-w

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Construction of three-dimensional temperature distribution using a network of ultrasonic transducers

Scientific Reports, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49088-y

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Diffusion Tensor Imaging of the Kidney: Design and Evaluation of a Reliable Processing Pipeline

Scientific Reports, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49170-5

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Comprehensive genomic analysis of an indigenous Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes degrading phenolic compounds

Scientific Reports, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49048-6

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The indole compound MA-35 attenuates tumorigenesis in an inflammation-induced colon cancer model

Scientific Reports, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48974-9

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Combination treatment with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and ursodeoxycholic acid dissolves cholesterol gallstones in mice

Scientific Reports, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49095-z

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Neurobiological and behavioural responses of cleaning mutualisms to ocean warming and acidification

Scientific Reports, Published online: 04 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41598-019-49086-0

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Secret messages hidden in light-sensitive polymers

Scientists from the CNRS and Aix-Marseille Université have recently shown how valuable light-sensitive macromolecules are: when exposed to the right wavelength of light, they can be transformed so as to change, erase or decode the molecular message that they contain. The results of this research were published on Sept. 4, 2019, in Nature Communications.

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Heart failure deaths are highest in the poorest US counties

Death rates from heart failure are higher in counties with higher levels of poverty.The link between county poverty and heart failure mortality was largely explained by the prevalence of diabetes and obesity.

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Trees Are Key To Fighting Urban Heat — But Cities Keep Losing Them

Trees are one of the best ways to fight deadly urban heat, but U.S. cities lose millions every year. And many low-income areas are starting at a disadvantage. (Image credit: Sean McMinn/NPR)

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Sahara-Level Sand Dunes, Mediterranean-Blue Water: Welcome to Michigan

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore is one of the Midwest’s most delightful surprises.

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Sagen set fra to sider: Hvad skal ind – biomasse eller vind?

PLUS. Kul skal ud af den danske kraftvarmesektor til fordel for bæredygtige brændsler. Men skal myndighederne stille krav til, hvor stor andelen af el i fjernvarmesektoren skal være? To interesseorganisationer trækker i hver sin retning – vi borer i deres argumenter.

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The 2020 Congressional-Retirement Tracker

This article was updated on September 4 at 10:31 a.m. ET Congressional retirements are an early indicator of the political environment, and for the second consecutive election, more Republicans than Democrats are heading for the exit. House Republicans suffered another loss this morning, when Representative Bill Flores became the fifth member from Texas alone to announce that he would not seek re

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Flere nordjyske uddannelsespladser i almen medicin

Region Nordjylland skruer op for antallet af uddannelsespladser til de læger, som overvejer at blive praktiserende læge. Der ventes 56 introduktionsstillinger i år.

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Sololæger har flere patienter og mere personale

Ny PLO-analyse rokker ved en udbredt fordom om, at sololægen ikke formår at ansætte og uddelegere. Både på patient og personalefronten ligger praksistypen i top. »Analysen er nærmest i direkte modstrid med noget af det, vi har gået og antaget herinde i PLO,« siger PLO-formand Christian Freitag.

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Dansk museum vinder international pris

Medicinsk Museion vinder den præstigefulde UMAC Award 2019 for museets eksperimenterende udstilling…

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New fuel to get sea freight environmentally shipshape

Tens of thousands of cargo ships will have to start using less polluting fuels in January, a boon for the environment that could however lead to higher bills for consumers.

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Planetfeberen raser: Exoplaneter er her og der og allevegne

PLUS. Dansk forfatter beskriver, hvordan astronomer har opdaget flere tusinde exoplaneter selv om den første opdagelse ikke er mere end 25 år gammel.

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Slow-crawling Dorian a new kind of threat

After devastating the Bahamas, Dorian is continuing its long crawl toward the southeast US with slightly weakened winds.

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A concrete advantage for space explorers

When humans go to the Moon or Mars to stay, they will need to construct safe places in which to live and work. The most widely used building material on Earth, concrete, may be the answer. It is strong and durable enough to provide protection from cosmic radiation and meteorites and it may be possible to make it using materials available on these celestial bodies.

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Deer browsing is not stopping the densification of Eastern forests

Selective browsing by white-tailed deer has been blamed by many for changing the character and composition of forest understories in the eastern U.S.; however, its impact on the forest canopy was previously unknown.

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Remora-inspired suction disk mimics fish's adhesion ability, offers evolutionary insight

Remora fishes are famed hitchhikers of the marine world, possessing high-powered suction disks on the back of their head for attaching themselves in torpedo-like fashion to larger hosts that can provide food and safety—from whales and sharks to boats and divers.

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Deer browsing is not stopping the densification of Eastern forests

Selective browsing by white-tailed deer has been blamed by many for changing the character and composition of forest understories in the eastern U.S.; however, its impact on the forest canopy was previously unknown.

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AI learns the language of chemistry to predict how to make medicines

submitted by /u/stormforce7916 [link] [comments]

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NASA infrared eye analyzes typhoon Lingling

The storm that became Typhoon Lingling strengthened very quickly in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and infrared imagery from NASA revealed the powerful thunderstorms fueling that intensification.

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GPM analyzes tropical depression Kajiki's rainfall over Vietnam and Laos

The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite provided a look at rainfall rates in Tropical Depression Kajiki after it made a quick landfall in Vietnam.

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School district secessions in the South have deepened racial segregation between school systems

Since 2000, school district secessions in the South have increasingly sorted white and black students, and white and Hispanic students, into separate school systems, weakening the potential to improve school integration, according to a new study published today in AERA Open, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.

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The Neural Qubit. [Siraj Raval]

submitted by /u/Danj_memes_ [link] [comments]

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Fashion brands' business practices undermining progress on ending garment worker exploitation

Top fashion companies that are pledging to end worker exploitation in their global supply chains are hampering progress through their own irresponsible sourcing practices, concludes a new report published today on working conditions in the Southern Indian garment industry powerhouse.

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Scientists shed new light on demise of two extinct New Zealand songbirds

They may not have been seen for the past 50 and 110 years, but an international study into their extinction has provided answers to how the world lost New Zealand's South Island kokako and huia.

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NASA finds tropical storm 14W strengthening

Tropical Storm 14W formed as a depression a couple of days ago in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and strengthened into a tropical storm on Sept. 2. Infrared data from NASA's Aqua satellite shows some powerful thunderstorms fueling further intensification.

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Scientists shed new light on demise of two extinct New Zealand songbirds

They may not have been seen for the past 50 and 110 years, but an international study into their extinction has provided answers to how the world lost New Zealand's South Island kokako and huia.

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Greenland's rapidly vanishing glaciers

The BBC's David Shukman returns to the Sermilik glacier that he last visited in 2004.

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Benefits to farmers of global heating outweighed by losses, says report

Value of European agriculture could fall 16% in 30 years due to drought and higher rainfall Any advantages to European agriculture from a warming world will be outweighed by the losses from extreme events and environmental stress, leading to a probable large economic loss for farming in the next 30 years, research on the impacts of the climate crisis has found. While some have pointed to longer g

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Razer Blade Stealth 13 Ultrabook Gains GeForce GTX 1650 And 10nm Ice Lake Firepower

Razer's Blade Stealth 13 is getting a big upgrade this week with respect to its graphics subsystem. Razer is labeling the new Blade Stealth 13 as the world first's gaming ultrabook, which now …

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Kobo’s new Libra H20 is like a cheaper Kindle Oasis

Kobo has a new e-reader out, the Libra H20, which looks to join the existing Kobo Forma in taking on Amazon’s luxury Kindle Oasis, with a similar one-handed design. But where the …

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The Myth of ‘European Values’

Editor’s Note: As much of Europe battles a rising tide of populist and nationalist sentiment, the murder of the Maltese investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia offers a lesson into the future of “European values.” This adapted excerpt of The Fabulists: The World’s New Rulers, Their Myths and the Struggle Against Them , published in Britain by Oneworld Publications, looks back at her killi

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Nærkontakt i rummet: SpaceX-satellit tvinger ESA til at lave undvigelsesmanøvre

Der bliver større risiko for kollisioner i rummet, fordi antallet af satellitter vokser eksplosivt, siger ekspert.

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Electronic glove offers 'humanlike' features for prosthetic hand users

An electronic glove, or e-glove, developed by Purdue University researchers can be worn over a prosthetic hand to provide humanlike softness, warmth, appearance and sensory perception, such as the ability to sense pressure, temperature and hydration.

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School district secessions in the South have deepened racial segregation between school systems

Since 2000, school district secessions in the South have increasingly sorted white and black students, and white and Hispanic students, into separate school systems, weakening the potential to improve school integration, according to a new study published today in AERA Open, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.

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(Documentary) School of the Future

submitted by /u/mind_bomber [link] [comments]

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Hackere kan overtage mailkonti hos Google og Microsoft via telefonnummer – behøver ikke kende adgangskode

Kun med adgang til et telefonnummer er det muligt at overtage folks mail-konti hos Google og Microsoft.

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An AI system identified a potential new drug in just 46 days

submitted by /u/KalpaX [link] [comments]

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Europas genbrugsindustri brænder inde med otte mio. ton papir årligt

Restmængden af papir og pap til genanvendelse er af så lav kvalitet, at Kina ikke længere vil have det. Nu risikerer det at blive brændt.

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The best ways to reduce body heat

Hot weather, illness, and certain medications can all cause a higher-than-normal body temperature. Learn about eight tips to reduce body heat, as well as when to see a doctor, here.

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Problems Predicted From Satellite Fleets Like SpaceX's Starlink Have Already Started

The European Space Agency just avoided a potential collision.

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Meat-eating plants making a comeback in England

Endangered carnivorous plants are being reintroduced in an attempt to reverse their decline.

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'Super Pumped' Benefits From Hindsight in Its Complex Portrait of Uber

Mike Isaac's meticulously reported account of Uber's trajectory avoids the easy paths.

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New Yorkers Are Losing An Increasing Amount Of AirPods On Subway Tracks

The AirPods have to be one of Apple’s better-selling products in recent years. Despite them being made fun of when they first launched, the headphones now appear to be a pretty hot item …

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How much is the average internet user's data worth? Can such a thing even be calculated?

I was wondering how much our data was worth in $$$, but not sure how I would calculate it. Any thoughts? submitted by /u/Antonomon [link] [comments]

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Vaccine shows promise against Klebsiella superbug

Scientists have produced and tested, in mice, a vaccine that protects against a worrisome superbug: a hypervirulent form of the bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae . Klebsiella pneumoniae causes a variety of infections including rare but life-threatening liver, respiratory tract, bloodstream, and other infections. Little is known about how exactly people become infected, and the bacteria are unusually

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Buying many smart home devices leaves people dissatisfied with the technology, research shows

The more smart devices such as Amazon Echo that people add to their homes, the less happy they are with the technology, new research shows.

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Surgical masks as good as respirators for flu and respiratory virus protection

The study reported 'no significant difference in the effectiveness' of medical masks vs. N95 respirators for prevention of influenza or other viral respiratory illness.

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Cannabis may hold promise to treat PTSD but evidence lags behind use

As growing numbers of people are using cannabis to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new study reports that prescriptions are not backed up by adequate evidence.

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New light shed on demise of two extinct New Zealand songbirds

They may not have been seen for the past 50 and 110 years, but an international study into their extinction has provided answers to how the world lost New Zealand's South Island kokako and huia.

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Finding an effective way to reduce pressure ulcers

Expensive high-tech air mattresses are only marginally better at preventing pressure sores and ulcers than a specialist foam mattress, according to the results of a major study.

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Greenland's ice faces melting 'death sentence'

submitted by /u/solar-cabin [link] [comments]

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Deer browsing is not stopping the densification of Eastern US forests

Selective browsing by white-tailed deer has been blamed by many for changing the character and composition of forest understories in the eastern US; however, its impact on the forest canopy was previously unknown.

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FAK protein linked to chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer

A new study links changes in the gene for the protein focal adhesion kinase, or FAK, to ovarian cancer's ability to survive chemotherapy.

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Scientists link 'hunger hormone' to memory in Alzheimer's study

Scientists have found evidence suggesting that resistance to the 'hunger hormone' ghrelin in the brain is linked to the cognitive impairments and memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The findings, based on observations of postmortem brain-tissue samples from Alzheimer's patients and on experiments with a mouse model of AD, also suggest a possible treatment strategy for the incurab

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Surgical masks as good as respirators for flu and respiratory virus protection

The study reported 'no significant difference in the effectiveness' of medical masks vs. N95 respirators for prevention of influenza or other viral respiratory illness.

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Medullary thymic epithelial NF-kB-inducing kinase (NIK)/IKK{alpha} pathway shapes autoimmunity and liver and lung homeostasis in mice [Immunology and Inflammation]

Aberrant T cell development is a pivotal risk factor for autoimmune disease; however, the underlying molecular mechanism of T cell overactivation is poorly understood. Here, we identified NF–κB-inducing kinase (NIK) and IkB kinase α (IKKα) in thymic epithelial cells (TECs) as essential regulators of T cell development. Mouse TEC-specific ablation…

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Positive selection in dNTPase SAMHD1 throughout mammalian evolution [Microbiology]

The vertebrate protein SAMHD1 is highly unusual in having roles in cellular metabolic regulation, antiviral restriction, and regulation of innate immunity. Its deoxynucleoside triphosphohydrolase activity regulates cellular dNTP concentration, reducing levels below those required by lentiviruses and other viruses to replicate. To counter this threat, some primate lentiviruses encode accessory…

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Encounter complexes and hidden poses of kinase-inhibitor binding on the free-energy landscape [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Modern drug discovery increasingly focuses on the drug-target binding kinetics which depend on drug (un)binding pathways. The conventional molecular dynamics simulation can observe only a few binding events even using the fastest supercomputer. Here, we develop 2D gREST/REUS simulation with enhanced flexibility of the ligand and the protein binding site….

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Correction for Jailkhani et al., Noninvasive imaging of tumor progression, metastasis, and fibrosis using a nanobody targeting the extracellular matrix [Corrections]

MEDICAL SCIENCES Correction for “Noninvasive imaging of tumor progression, metastasis, and fibrosis using a nanobody targeting the extracellular matrix,” by Noor Jailkhani, Jessica R. Ingram, Mohammad Rashidian, Steffen Rickelt, Chenxi Tian, Howard Mak, Zhigang Jiang, Hidde L. Ploegh, and Richard O. Hynes, which was first published May 8, 2019; 10.1073/pnas.1817442116…

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A tryptophan synchronous and normal fluorescence study on bacteria inactivation mechanism [Chemistry]

The UV photodissociation kinetics of tryptophan amino acid, Trp, attached to the membrane of bacteria, Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, have been studied by means of normal and synchronous fluorescence. Our experimental data suggest that the fluorescence intensity of Trp increases during the first minute of irradiation with 250 nm…

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Cross-national evidence of a negativity bias in psychophysiological reactions to news [Social Sciences]

What accounts for the prevalence of negative news content? One answer may lie in the tendency for humans to react more strongly to negative than positive information. “Negativity biases” in human cognition and behavior are well documented, but existing research is based on small Anglo-American samples and stimuli that are…

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Weak warning signals can persist in the absence of gene flow [Evolution]

Aposematic organisms couple conspicuous warning signals with a secondary defense to deter predators from attacking. Novel signals of aposematic prey are expected to be selected against due to positive frequency-dependent selection. How, then, can novel phenotypes persist after they arise, and why do so many aposematic species exhibit intrapopulation signal…

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P2Y2 purinergic receptor modulates virus yield, calcium homeostasis, and cell motility in human cytomegalovirus-infected cells [Cell Biology]

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) manipulates many aspects of host cell biology to create an intracellular milieu optimally supportive of its replication and spread. Our study reveals that levels of several components of the purinergic signaling system, including the P2Y2 and P2X5 receptors, are elevated in HCMV-infected fibroblasts. Knockdown and drug treatment…

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Market-mediated responses confound policies to limit deforestation from oil palm expansion in Malaysia and Indonesia [Sustainability Science]

The global demand for palm oil has grown rapidly over the past several decades. Much of the output expansion has occurred in carbon- and biodiversity-rich forest lands of Malaysia and Indonesia (M&I), contributing to record levels of terrestrial carbon emissions and biodiversity loss. This has led to a variety of…

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The genetic landscape of Scotland and the Isles [Genetics]

Britain and Ireland are known to show population genetic structure; however, large swathes of Scotland, in particular, have yet to be described. Delineating the structure and ancestry of these populations will allow variant discovery efforts to focus efficiently on areas not represented in existing cohorts. Thus, we assembled genotype data…

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Deliberate enhancement of rainfall using desert plantations [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

Large-scale afforestation is increasingly being considered as a negative emissions method for sequestering large quantities of atmospheric CO2. At the same time, regional weather modification methods, like cloud seeding, are being used to counteract increasing water scarcity in arid regions. Large-scale sustainable desert agroforestry plantations can contribute to climate change…

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Statistical inference of body representation in the macaque brain [Neuroscience]

The sense of one’s own body is a pillar of self-consciousness and could be investigated by inducing human illusions of artificial objects as part of the self. Here, we present a nonhuman primate version of a rubber-hand illusion that allowed us to determine its computational and neuronal mechanisms. We implemented…

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Historical records reveal the distinctive associations of human disturbance and extreme climate change with local extinction of mammals [Ecology]

Accelerated anthropogenic impacts and climatic changes are widely considered to be responsible for unprecedented species extinction. However, determining their effects on extinction is challenging owing to the lack of long-term data with high spatial and temporal resolution. In this study, using historical occurrence records of 11 medium- to large-sized mammal…

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Multidecadal observations of the Antarctic ice sheet from restored analog radar records [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

Airborne radar sounding can measure conditions within and beneath polar ice sheets. In Antarctica, most digital radar-sounding data have been collected in the last 2 decades, limiting our ability to understand processes that govern longer-term ice-sheet behavior. Here, we demonstrate how analog radar data collected over 40 y ago in…

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Discovery of novel bacterial queuine salvage enzymes and pathways in human pathogens [Microbiology]

Queuosine (Q) is a complex tRNA modification widespread in eukaryotes and bacteria that contributes to the efficiency and accuracy of protein synthesis. Eukaryotes are not capable of Q synthesis and rely on salvage of the queuine base (q) as a Q precursor. While many bacteria are capable of Q de…

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Scleral pigmentation leads to conspicuous, not cryptic, eye morphology in chimpanzees [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

Gaze following has been argued to be uniquely human, facilitated by our depigmented, white sclera [M. Tomasello, B. Hare, H. Lehmann, J. Call, J. Hum. Evol. 52, 314–320 (2007)]—the pale area around the colored iris—and to underpin human-specific behaviors such as language. Today, we know that great apes show diverse…

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Decreased humoral immunity to mumps in young adults immunized with MMR vaccine in childhood [Immunology and Inflammation]

In the past decade, multiple mumps outbreaks have occurred in the United States, primarily in close-contact, high-density settings such as colleges, with a high attack rate among young adults, many of whom had the recommended 2 doses of mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) vaccine. Waning humoral immunity and the circulation of divergent wild-type…

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Overproduction of H2S, generated by CBS, inhibits mitochondrial Complex IV and suppresses oxidative phosphorylation in Down syndrome [Pharmacology]

Down syndrome (DS) is associated with significant perturbances in mitochondrial function. Here we tested the hypothesis that the suppression of mitochondrial electron transport in DS cells is due to high expression of cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and subsequent overproduction of the gaseous transmitter hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Fibroblasts from DS individuals showed higher…

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Transient induction of telomerase expression mediates senescence and reduces tumorigenesis in primary fibroblasts [Cell Biology]

Telomerase is an enzymatic ribonucleoprotein complex that acts as a reverse transcriptase in the elongation of telomeres. Telomerase activity is well documented in embryonic stem cells and the vast majority of tumor cells, but its role in somatic cells remains to be understood. Here, we report an unexpected function of…

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Land-atmosphere feedbacks exacerbate concurrent soil drought and atmospheric aridity [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

Compound extremes such as cooccurring soil drought (low soil moisture) and atmospheric aridity (high vapor pressure deficit) can be disastrous for natural and societal systems. Soil drought and atmospheric aridity are 2 main physiological stressors driving widespread vegetation mortality and reduced terrestrial carbon uptake. Here, we empirically demonstrate that strong…

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Global atmospheric oxygen variations recorded by Th/U systematics of igneous rocks [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

Atmospheric oxygen has evolved from negligible levels in the Archean to the current level of about 21% through 2 major step rises: The Great Oxidation Event (GOE) in the early Proterozoic and the Neoproterozoic Oxygenation Event (NOE) during the late Proterozoic. However, most previous methods for constraining the time of…

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Extracellular RNA in a single droplet of human serum reflects physiologic and disease states [Systems Biology]

Extracellular RNAs (exRNAs) are present in human serum. It remains unclear to what extent these circulating exRNAs may reflect human physiologic and disease states. Here, we developed SILVER-seq (Small Input Liquid Volume Extracellular RNA Sequencing) to efficiently sequence both integral and fragmented exRNAs from a small droplet (5 μL to…

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Widespread male sex bias in mammal fossil and museum collections [Evolution]

A recent study of mammoth subfossil remains has demonstrated the potential of using relatively low-coverage high-throughput DNA sequencing to genetically sex specimens, revealing a strong male-biased sex ratio [P. Pečnerová et al., Curr. Biol. 27, 3505–3510.e3 (2017)]. Similar patterns were predicted for steppe bison, based on their analogous female herd-based…

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Fashion brands' business practices undermining progress on ending garment worker exploitation

Top fashion companies that are pledging to end worker exploitation in their global supply chains are hampering progress through their own irresponsible sourcing practices, concludes a new report published today on working conditions in the Southern Indian garment industry powerhouse.

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Cannabis may hold promise to treat PTSD but evidence lags behind use

As growing numbers of people are using cannabis to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new UCL study published in the Journal of Dual Diagnosis reports that prescriptions are not backed up by adequate evidence.

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International scientists shed new light on demise of two extinct New Zealand songbirds

They may not have been seen for the past 50 and 110 years, but an international study into their extinction has provided answers to how the world lost New Zealand's South Island kokako and huia. Lead author Dr. Nicolas Dussex, of the University of Otago and Swedish Museum of Natural History, says the team set out to investigate if it was external (habitat loss, mammalian predators) or internal (de

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Finding an effective way to reduce pressure ulcers

Expensive high-tech air mattresses are only marginally better at preventing pressure sores and ulcers than a specialist foam mattress, according to the results of a major study.

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We can tell where a whale has travelled from the themes in its song

Humpback whales pick up songs from one another along their migratory routes, which means we can tell which places they’ve visited just by listening to them

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Does chiropractic work?

With over 70,000 certified chiropractors in America, the modality has gained wide acceptance. Yet many studies do not show chiropractic to be more effective than placebo or pharmaceuticals. Some chiropractors treat newborns as young as two weeks to help alleviate "birth trauma." None The first chiropractic adjustment took place in 1896 in an Iowa office building. D.D. Palmer, a fan of magnetic he

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Android 10's Best Features, a 'Virtual USB' Hack, and More News

Catch up on the most important news from today in two minutes or less.

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Study challenges idea that autism is caused by an overly masculine brain

Work finds no evidence for “extreme male brain” hypothesis

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Cholesterol Climbs after Crows Chomp Cheeseburgers

Wild animals that live near humans have higher cholesterol than their rural counterparts—and our food could be to blame. Christopher Intagliata reports.

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Many top chefs started their careers later in life and after a chance event, research says

Many top chefs started their careers later in life and often as a result of a chance event, new research says.

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Managers rated as highly emotionally intelligent are more ineffective and unpopular, research shows

Managers who are rated as highly emotionally intelligent are more unpopular and ineffective than those who are less so, new research shows.

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Tropical sea snake uses its head to 'breathe'

Humans use a snorkel and fish have gills. Now researchers have found a sea snake which uses a complex system of blood vessels in its head to draw in extra oxygen when it dives and swims underwater.

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Women entrepreneurs are less likely to quit their business than men are, research says

Women entrepreneurs are less likely to quit their business than men are, new research shows.

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Tropical sea snake uses its head to 'breathe'

Humans use a snorkel and fish have gills. Now researchers have found a sea snake which uses a complex system of blood vessels in its head to draw in extra oxygen when it dives and swims underwater.

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One Free Press Coalition Spotlights Journalists Under Attack

An investigative reporter in Mexico suffers retaliatory attacks and a Tanzanian journalist is detained by police.

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These Might be the Spacesuits Astronauts Wear on Mars

The Astro suit designed by ILC Dover. (Credit: ILC Dover) Fifty years after Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon wearing an ILC Dover-made spacesuit, the Delaware-based aerospace manufacturing company is coming out with two brand-new designs. The company announced two new spacesuits on Aug. 28 called Astro and Sol. Unlike other suits the company has produced, like the extravehicular mobility unity (

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What Scientists Found After Analyzing Cases of Inbreeding in the UK

Charles II, the last of the Spanish Hapsburgs. Generations of inbreeding left him infertile, in addition to numerous additional health problems. (Credit: Wikimedia Commons) Inbreeding, or mating between two closely-related people, is a strong taboo across the world. There's good reason for this, of course. The potential for sexual abuse and lasting trauma is high, and the odds of inheriting rare g

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The Death of a Prominent Scientist Can Actually Help Their Field

(Credit: l i g h t p o e t/Shutterstock) Prominent scientists can be guiding beacons for an entire field. Their work can define research for years to come, and sets a precedent for successive generations. The life of an eminent researcher is obviously a boon to science. But, says a new study, their death might be important as well. Now researchers discover the death of a science superstar also has

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Snowfall frequency declining across Northwest

With warming temperatures, average snowfall frequency is estimated to decline across the Pacific Northwest by 2100 — and at a faster rate if greenhouse emissions are not reduced, according to a new study.

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Obesity pandemic shifting cancer to younger people

A new study looking at incidence of disease data nationwide from 2000 to 2016 found a shift in obesity-associated cancers (OACs) to younger individuals. Typically, these cancers are diagnosed at higher rates among people older than 65. The most notable findings pertain to increases in these OACs among non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic women and men for whom certain cancers increased by 200-400%.

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Remora-inspired suction disk mimics fish's adhesion ability, offers evolutionary insight

Researchers offer new insight into the evolution of the suction ability of remora fishes, showcasing a bioinspired suction disk that mimics, and can exceed, the fish's uncanny powers of adhesion.

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Receptor protein in brain promotes resilience to stress

Scientists have discovered that a receptor on the surface of brain cells plays a key role in regulating how both animals and people respond to stress. The research suggests that the receptor may represent an important biomarker of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in humans and may offer a new target for future, more effective treatments for stress and anxiety.

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Prescription drug monitoring program mandates

States that require prescribers to register with and use prescription drug monitoring programs in most clinical circumstances saw notably fewer opioid prescriptions and reduced opioid-related hospital use by Medicaid patients compared to states with weak or no drug monitoring program mandates, according to a new study.

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Promising new target to combat Alzheimer's disease

In the case of Alzheimer's disease, researchers show that mitochondrial calcium transport remodeling — what appears to be an attempt by cells to compensate for flagging energy production and metabolic dysfunction — while initially beneficial, ultimately becomes maladaptive, fueling declines in mitochondrial function, memory, and learning. The new research, published by Nature Communications, is

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New way to reduce food waste

In a society that equates beauty with quality, the perception that blemished produce is less desirable than its perfect peers contributes to 1.3 billion tons of wasted food a year globally. Researchers are suggesting a potential solution — they found that 'humanizing' produce can change consumer attitudes toward fresh fruits and vegetables that are showing signs of age.

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Explosive fireballs: Never-before-seen insight

An explosion is a complex event involving quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. A special type of infrared laser, known as a swept-wavelength external cavity quantum cascade laser, can be used to study explosions. This versatile instrument has a broad wavelength tuning range that allows the measurement of multiple chemical substances in an explosive fireball. The ab

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'Radical' wrinkle in forming complex carbon molecules in space

A team of scientists has discovered a new possible pathway toward forming carbon structures in space using a specialized chemical exploration technique.

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Crystalline nets harvest water from desert air, turn carbon dioxide into liquid fuel

Having solved stability problems, chemists think metal-organic frameworks are ready for a commercial ascent

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The Atlantic Politics & Policy Daily: Pence’s First Resort

Were you forwarded this email? Sign yourself up here. We have many other free email newsletters on a variety of other topics. Browse the full list. What We’re Following Today It’s Tuesday, September 3. ‣ Following two deadly shootings this summer in its own stores, Walmart said it will stop selling handgun ammunition , and has asked customers not to openly carry firearms on the premises. ‣ A judg

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Cholesterol Climbs after Crows Chomp Cheeseburgers

Wild animals that live near humans have higher cholesterol than their rural counterparts—and our food could be to blame. Christopher Intagliata reports. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Having too much time to prepare for a hurricane could actually be a bad thing

Advance preparations might not sound like a problem, but that far in advance, the projected path of a hurricane is subject to change. (Wikimedia Commons/) Hurricane Dorian is only now inching up the coast of Florida, a few dozen miles offshore, after days spent battering the Bahamas with Category 5 winds and devastating storm surge. The cyclone has been in the news for nearly a week, since the Na

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Stalled in Hawaii, giant telescope faces roadblocks at its backup site in the Canary Islands

Spanish environmental group determined to fight the Thirty Meter Telescope in court

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Cholesterol Climbs after Crows Chomp Cheeseburgers

Wild animals that live near humans have higher cholesterol than their rural counterparts—and our food could be to blame. Christopher Intagliata reports. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Vitamin D: How much is too much of a good thing?

A three-year study has shown that there is no benefit in taking high doses of vitamin D. More research is required to determine if high doses may actually compromise bone health.

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Comparing primate vocalizations

The language of Old World monkeys, some of our primate cousins, may be more sophisticated than previously realized. Even so, it displays constraints that reinforce the singularity of human language, according to a new study.

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Bugatti's Chiron Clocks 305 MPH Thanks to Top-Notch Tires

Clever engineering and x-rayed tires pushed the latest version of the Chiron past the 300 mph barrier.

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This bird really can fly over Mount Everest, wind tunnel experiments reveal

Study confirms that the bar-headed goose may be the world’s highest flyer

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Another Tropical Storm Could Hit Parts of Mexico and Texas This Week

A second, smaller tropical storm may make landfall in North America this week.

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Climate change: Greenland's ice faces melting 'death sentence'

The massive ice sheet covering Greenland may have melted by a record amount this year, scientists say.

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Our Critically Acclaimed Futurism Cartoons Instagram Page Is Getting Its Own Book

In the future they probably won’t make physical books. Either everything will go completely digital—to save the trees, if there are any left—or our attention spans will have been ravaged by social media to the point that all ideas will be expressed in the form of likes, emojis, and memes. But one way or another, books will go the way of the dodo. However, the good news for all you bibliophiles is

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Get Vaccinated or Leave School: 26,000 N.Y. Children Face a Choice

Religious exemptions for vaccinations are no longer available. With the start of the school year, some parents face a reckoning.

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What Will Turn Hurricane Dorian? How Wide Is the Eye? Your Questions Answered.

Understanding and forecasting a giant storm requires knowledge, experience and data — a lot of it, though scientists could always use more.

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Novel approach leads to potential sepsis prevention in burn patients

Abdul Hamood, Ph.D., from the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine and his collaborative team investigated the feasibility of developing a topical treatment unrelated to conventional antibiotics that can be used to battle Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Their study, 'Application of Lactobacillus gasseri 63 AM supernatant to Pseudomonas aeruginosa-infected wounds prevents sepsis

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GPM analyzes tropical depression Kajiki's rainfall over Vietnam and Laos

The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite provided a look at rainfall rates in Tropical Depression Kajiki after it made a quick landfall in Vietnam.

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NASA infrared eye analyzes typhoon Lingling

The storm that became Typhoon Lingling strengthened very quickly in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and infrared imagery from NASA revealed the powerful thunderstorms fueling that intensification.

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NASA finds tropical storm 14W strengthening

Tropical Storm 14W formed as a depression a couple of days ago in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and strengthened into a tropical storm on Sept. 2, 2019. Infrared data from NASA's Aqua satellite shows some powerful thunderstorms fueling further intensification.

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FAK protein linked to chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer

A new University of California San Diego School of Medicine study links changes in the gene for the protein focal adhesion kinase, or FAK, to ovarian cancer's ability to survive chemotherapy.

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Tropical sea snake uses its head to 'breathe'

Humans use a snorkel and fish have gills. Now researchers have found a sea snake which uses a complex system of blood vessels in its head to draw in extra oxygen when it dives and swims underwater. During submersion, the blue-banded sea snake (Hydrophis cyanocinctus) is now thought to use an extensive vascular network across the top of its head to absorb oxygen from the surrounding water.

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The Climate Crisis News Roundup

As the world gets hotter… will we continue to shift in our seats and mutter, “this is fine”? (Image credit: Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

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Engineers Can Help Save The Earth

John Browne, Lord Browne of Madingley, used to be the CEO oil and gas giant BP. In 1997, he talked about the existence of climate change. (Image credit: © 2018 David Levenson)

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10 common plants that can hurt you

This story was originally published by Field & Stream . Plants aren't out to harm you. On the other hand, they don’t seem to mind if they do. Even the most harmless shrub won’t go out of its way to prevent you from scratching, bleeding, or, in rare cases, dying from respiratory paralysis. And some plants, including all 10 of the ones listed here, are well equipped to make your life miserable if y

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Why 'Zero Day' Android Hacking Now Costs More Than iOS Attacks

Brokers of so-called zero day exploits are paying out more for Android than iOS—which would have been unthinkable until recently.

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Scientists link 'hunger hormone' to memory in Alzheimer's study

Scientists at The University of Texas at Dallas have found evidence suggesting that resistance to the 'hunger hormone' ghrelin in the brain is linked to the cognitive impairments and memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The findings, based on observations of postmortem brain-tissue samples from Alzheimer's patients and on experiments with a mouse model of AD, also suggest a possib

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Performance of electric solid propellant

Electric solid propellants are being explored for use in dual-mode rocket engines because they aren't susceptible to ignite from a spark or flame and can be turned on and off electrically. Researchers have conducted experiments to understand the behavior of a high-performance electric propellant compared with a traditional propellant.

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Obstacles to disease eradication

The realities of subsistence living in a region of Senegal hard hit by schistosomiasis make reinfection likely, despite mass drug administration. Researchers find that engaging communities in the design of disease control programs could help.

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Wealth can lead to more satisfying life if viewed as a sign of success vs. happiness

A new study found that viewing wealth and material possessions as a sign of success yields significantly better results to life satisfaction than viewing wealth and possessions as a sign of happiness.

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Our individuality is deeply encrypted in our DNA

Providing a glimpse the hidden workings of evolution, a group of researchers have discovered that embryos that appear the same can start out with surprisingly different instructions.

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At the edge of chaos, powerful new electronics could be created

A phenomenon that is well known from chaos theory was observed in a material for the first time ever. A structural transition in the ferroelastic material barium titanate, caused by an increase or decrease in temperature, resembles the periodic doubling seen in non-linear dynamical systems. This 'spatial chaos' in a material was first predicted in 1985 and could be used in applications such as ada

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Scientists use advanced imaging to map uncharted area of genome

Using advanced imaging techniques, researchers have mapped a previously uncharted region of the human genome that gives rise to a variety of disease, setting the stage to potentially test for the conditions in the future.

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Slowed metabolism helps migrating geese soar

Researchers have shed new light on how some geese can fly high for long periods of time, according to a new study.

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Sexual selection influences the evolution of lamprey pheromones

Sexual selection may play a role in the evolution of lamprey pheromones.

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Aesthetics of skin cancer therapy may vary by treatment type

In a meta-analysis of 58 studies, a study compared four types of skin cancer treatments and found that while all four had similar recurrence rates a year after treatment, a form of radiation called brachytherapy and a type of surgery called Mohs micrographic surgery had better cosmetic results.

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Who benefits from a defibrillator?

Implantable defibrillators can save lives, but also harbor risks. A major study has found that a special ECG method can help to identify the patients most likely to benefit from these devices.

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A new alphabet to write and read quantum messages with very fast particles

Quantum information relies on the possibility of writing messages in a quantum particle and reading them out in a reliable way. If, however, the particle is relativistic, meaning that it moves with velocities close to the speed of light, it is impossible for standard techniques to unambiguously decode the message and the communication fails. Thanks to a new method to write and read the message res

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10 common plants that can hurt you

This story was originally published by Field & Stream . Plants aren't out to harm you. On the other hand, they don’t seem to mind if they do. Even the most harmless shrub won’t go out of its way to prevent you from scratching, bleeding, or, in rare cases, dying from respiratory paralysis. And some plants, including all 10 of the ones listed here, are well equipped to make your life miserable if y

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Hurricane Bonus: Tesla Unlocks More Range, OnStar Adds Services

Legend had it that cool, rainy weather made dad’s carbureted car run smoother. In 2019, there is one automotive advantage to rainy, stormy weather: Automakers are unlocking or freeing up features to customers affected by Hurricane Dorian. Tesla will unlock free Supercharger access, unlock the software-limited range ceiling on some cars, and force-charge PowerWall batteries to full power. General

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MIT Technology Review young writers essay contest

Win $500 and get your work published in our magazine by telling adults what they need to understand about your generation and technology.

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Now You Can Get Your Horoscope on Spotify

Also, YouTube has removed a lot of hateful content and Taylor Swift has a new No. 1 album.

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A Scammer Reportedly Used a Deepfake to Steal $243,000

Robocalls A scammer used deepfake technology to swindle a U.K. energy company out of $243,000. By mimicking the voice of the CEO of the energy firm’s parent company, the person behind the deepfake swindling convinced the energy firm’s CEO to transfer the money within the hour, according to The Wall Street Journal . It’s a troubling vision of the future — in which digital misinformation becomes so

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Trump Tweeted a Sensitive Photo. Internet Sleuths Decoded It

Within hours of the president's post, amateur satellite trackers had hunted down the secret spy satellite that photographed a charred Iranian launch pad.

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UM physical therapy professor authors new guideline on treating runner's knee

University of Montana Assistant Professor Richard Willy is the lead author on a paper that offers new guidelines for treating patellofemoral pain, often known as 'runner's knee.'

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Deer browsing is not stopping the densification of Eastern forests

Selective browsing by white-tailed deer has been blamed by many for changing the character and composition of forest understories in the eastern US; however, its impact on the forest canopy was previously unknown.

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Remora-inspired suction disk mimics fish's adhesion ability, offers evolutionary insight

NJIT researchers offer new insight into the evolution of the suction ability of remora fishes, showcasing a bioinspired suction disk that mimics, and can exceed, the fish's uncanny powers of adhesion.

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Facebook face recognition feature to replace tag suggestions

Facebook says it is ending its practice of using face recognition software to identify users' friends in uploaded photos and automatically suggesting they "tag" them.

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USB4 Standard Has Been Cleared And Ready For Deployment Next Year

At the moment, most modern day computers rely on the USB 3.1 port or USB-C. However, it seems that in 2020, we can start looking forward to computers relying on a new standard in the form of …

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Terrawatch: warnings fail to prevent UK fracking quakes

Why didn’t a traffic-light scheme stop the recent fracking-induced tremors near Blackpool? In theory, the chances of your house being shaken by a fracking-related earthquake are incredibly slim. In the UK, a traffic-light system is designed to minimise the risk of larger quakes occurring, with fracking halted if a tremor of magnitude 0.5ML (local magnitude) or above is recorded. So last week’s 2.

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Giant Ammonia Storms Are Screwing with Jupiter's Beautiful Brown and White Belts of Color

Powerful storms have erupted on Jupiter, and they're screwing up the planet's beautiful belts of white and color.

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Diet's effect on gut bacteria could play role in reducing Alzheimer's risk

Could following a certain type of diet affect the gut microbiome — the good and bad bacteria that live in the gastrointestinal tract — in ways that decrease the risk of Alzheimer's disease? According to researchers, that is a fair possibility.

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Genetics may play a role in reaction to CT contrast agents

Researchers have found that patients with family and personal history of allergic reactions to contrast media are at risk for future reactions, according to a new large study. Allergic reactions to commonly used CT contrast media may be prevented by premedicating patients with antihistamines and using a different type of contrast agent.

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Mumps study shows immunity gaps among vaccinated people

Immunity against mumps virus appears insufficient in a fraction of college-aged people who were vaccinated in childhood, research indicates. The findings highlight the need to better understand the immune response to mumps and mumps vaccines.

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Spaceflight affects gut bacteria the same way every time

Spaceflight—both aboard a space shuttle or on the International Space Station—has a consistent effect on the gut microbiome, a new study shows. Researchers developed a new analytical tool to compare microbiome data from mice as far back as 2011. Called STARMAPS (Similarity Test for Accordant and Reproducible Microbiome Abundance Patterns), the tool indicates that spaceflight causes a specific, co

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Watch Russia’s Gun-Toting Robot Use a Power Drill on the ISS

Just a Drill Last month, the Russian space agency sent a humanoid robot called Fedor — which had previously been shown blasting out rounds with a pistol — to the International Space Station . And today we get an update from its brief visit in space: a first-person video uploaded today to Twitter by the agency shows Fedor flailing his arms around, using an electric drill and what appears to be a w

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Someone Stole the Bones of an 18th-Century 'Witch.' Scottish Authorities Want Them Back.

Following the 315th anniversary of a Scottish witch's death, officials have renewed the search for her missing skeleton.

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Obesity pandemic shifting cancer to younger people

A new study looking at incidence of disease data nationwide from 2000 to 2016 found a shift in obesity-associated cancers (OACs) to younger individuals. Typically, these cancers are diagnosed at higher rates among people older than 65. The most notable findings pertain to increases in these OACs among non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic women and men for whom certain cancers increased by 200-400%.

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Prescription drug monitoring program mandates

States that require prescribers to register with and use prescription drug monitoring programs in most clinical circumstances saw notably fewer opioid prescriptions and reduced opioid-related hospital use by Medicaid patients compared to states with weak or no drug monitoring program mandates, according to a new study from investigators at Weill Cornell Medicine. The approximate annual reduction o

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Bigger spend, same end: Post-hospital care study suggests ways to save Medicare money

A new study reveals that spending on post-hospital care for patients who have traditional Medicare coverage costs much more than it does for an identical patient with private insurance. And despite the difference in cost, both patients have about the same clinical ending — as measured in their odds of ending up back in the hospital again, the study shows.

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In Health Affairs: Moving deliveries to hospitals in low- and middle-income countries

In many low- and middle-income countries, maternal and neonatal mortality remains high. To overcome this problem, in 2005 the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended a 'close to client' approach, with delivery for most women in nearby primary care facilities.

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Seaweed farming could really help fight climate change

Seaweed is a lot more than marine debris you find on the beach. It may play a big role in the effort to mitigate climate change, researchers say. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), addressing carbon emissions from our food sector is absolutely essential to fight climate change. While land and agriculture took center stage in the panel’s most recent report, how the

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How Has Climate Change Affected Hurricane Dorian?

Climate change is making hurricanes more destructive in several ways.

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New Deepfake App Lets You “Act” in Popular Movies, TV Shows

Face Rights On Friday, Chinese company Momo launched Zao, a new deepfake app that lets iPhone users in China replace actors’ faces in video clips with their own. The app quickly went viral, and by Sunday, it topped the Chinese App Store’s free chart . But users may have been a bit too eager to use Zao to create deepfakes of themselves replacing Leonardo DiCaprio in “Titanic.” By using the app, th

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A Photo Trip to Washington State, Dedicated to My Parents

This summer has been a difficult one for me personally. In the past month, both my mother and my father passed away. I will miss them immensely, and will be remembering their lives among family and friends, but here, on these pages, I’d like to honor them with a collection of images showcasing the place on Earth they loved and called home: Washington. When I was young, we lived on the east side o

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Receptor protein in brain promotes resilience to stress

Scientists have discovered that a receptor on the surface of brain cells plays a key role in regulating how both animals and people respond to stress. The research suggests that the receptor may represent an important biomarker of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in humans and may offer a new target for future, more effective treatments for stress and anxiety.

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Snowfall frequency declining across Northwest, study finds

With warming temperatures, average snowfall frequency is estimated to decline across the Pacific Northwest by 2100—and at a faster rate if greenhouse emissions are not reduced, according to a new Portland State University study.

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How to meet student body diversity goals while still giving parents a say in where their child goes to school

All parents want their children to get the best education possible, so how do school districts allow parents/guardians to have a say in where their child goes to school while still meeting diversity goals for the student body? New research in an upcoming addition of the INFORMS journal Operations Research has a solution, just in time for children to return to school for the 2019-2020 year.

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Do those retail apps increase customer engagement and sales in all channels?

Researchers from Texas A&M University published new research in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science, which shows that retailers' branded mobile apps are very effective in increasing customer engagement, increasing sales on multiple levels, not just on the retailer's website, but also in its stores. At the same time, apps increase the rate of returns, although the increase in sales outweighs the

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NASA infrared data reveals rainmaking potential in tropical depression 7

Another Atlantic Ocean basin depression formed while Hurricane Dorian is still wreaking havoc on the Bahamas and affecting the southeastern U.S. Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite shows that Tropical Depression 7 in the western Gulf of Mexico has developed powerful thunderstorms with heavy rain capabilities. That potential for heavy rainfall includes southern Texas and northeastern Mexico

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Major Hurricane Juliette's emerging eye spotted in NASA satellite imagery

NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean and provided an image of Hurricane Juliette as its eye began to emerge. Juliette has grown into a major hurricane, about 450 miles southwest of the southern tip of Baja California, Mexico.

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NASA's IMERG estimates hurricane Dorian's rain

In the early hours of Tuesday, September 3, Hurricane Dorian had been stationary over the island of Grand Bahama for 18 hours, most of the time as a category 5 hurricane. Storm-total rain accumulation over parts of Grand Bahama and Abaco Islands have exceeded 24 inches according to NASA satellite-based estimates.

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Research finds a new way to reduce food waste

Pity the poor blemished banana. In a society that equates beauty with quality, the perception that blemished produce is less desirable than its perfect peers contributes to 1.3 billion tons of wasted food a year globally.

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Using lasers to study explosions

An explosion is a complex event involving quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. In a paper in the Journal of Applied Physics a special type of infrared laser, known as a swept-wavelength external cavity quantum cascade laser (swept-ECQCL), is used to study explosions. This versatile instrument has a broad wavelength tuning range that allows the measurement of multip

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Woman Receives First Corneal Transplant Made from iPS Cells

The patient's vision has improved since the procedure, and her cornea remains clear.

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Study shows Old World monkeys combine items in speech—but only two and never more, unlike humans

The utterances of Old World monkeys, some of our primate cousins, may be more sophisticated than previously realized—but even so, they display constraints that reinforce the singularity of human language, according to a new study co-authored by an MIT linguist.

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Study shows Old World monkeys combine items in speech—but only two and never more, unlike humans

The utterances of Old World monkeys, some of our primate cousins, may be more sophisticated than previously realized—but even so, they display constraints that reinforce the singularity of human language, according to a new study co-authored by an MIT linguist.

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Major Hurricane Juliette's emerging eye spotted in NASA satellite imagery

NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean and provided an image of Hurricane Juliette as its eye began to emerge. Juliette has grown into a major hurricane, about 450 miles southwest of the southern tip of Baja California, Mexico.

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Using lasers to study explosions

An explosion is a complex event involving quickly changing temperatures, pressures and chemical concentrations. A special type of infrared laser, known as a swept-wavelength external cavity quantum cascade laser, can be used to study explosions. This versatile instrument has a broad wavelength tuning range that allows the measurement of multiple chemical substances in an explosive fireball. The ab

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Woman Pecked to Death by Her Rooster

The rooster's pecking lead to a "significant hemorrhage," the report said.

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Google emerges as target of a new state attorneys general antitrust probe

More than half of the nation’s state attorneys generals are readying an investigation into Google for potential antitrust violations, scheduled to be announced next week.

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Researchers develop technique to de-ice surfaces in seconds

Airplane wings, wind turbines and indoor heating systems all struggle under the weight and chill of ice. De-icing techniques are energy-intensive, however, and often require large masses of ice to melt completely in order to work. Researchers from the University of Illinois and Kyushu University have developed a new technique that requires only a thin layer of ice at the interface of a surface to

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Research finds a new way to reduce food waste

In a society that equates beauty with quality, the perception that blemished produce is less desirable than its perfect peers contributes to 1.3 billion tons of wasted food a year globally. Researchers are suggesting a potential solution — they found that 'humanizing' produce can change consumer attitudes toward fresh fruits and vegetables that are showing signs of age.

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A new study shows it's never too late to begin strength building

Researchers at the University of Birmingham compared master athletes in their seventies and eighties with non-exercising seniors. Regardless of previous conditioning levels, the seniors' ability to create new muscle is the same. This inspiring news is an important reminder that fitness gains are possible at any age. None Humans are aging. Of course, this is the natural biological course, but enti

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Trump Invites Pence to Stay at His Place—Then Hands Taxpayers the Bill

In Brigadoon , the Lerner-Loewe musical, an American travels to Scotland and finds a chance to win the affection of a girl in a village that appears for only one day every 100 years. This is not to be confused with Doonbeg, the political drama of the week, in which an American travels to Ireland and finds a chance to win the affection of his president. Vice President Mike Pence and his retinue—in

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Collectibles and toys to celebrate Marvel Comics’ 80th year

The first comic featured Human Torch and The Angel. X-Men and The Incredible Hulk came in 1963. (Amazon/) Although Marvel Comics as we know it didn’t really exist until 1961—the publisher was known as Timely Comics and Atlas Comics first—the first comic book titled Marvel Comics published in 1939, which makes this year a special one for the creators of the X-Men, Spider Man, and Captain America.

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A Startup Wants to Launch a Space Hotel Named After a Nazi

Name Game A startup called the Gateway Foundation has plans to launch a luxury hotel in outer space and name it the Von Braun Space Station in honor of the Nazi rocket scientist who first imagined the concept in the 1950s. The plan is to launch a modular space station made of two rotating concentric rings that the company claims would provide artificial gravity one-sixth as strong as Earth’s by 2

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Metabolites May Predict Lung Injury in 9/11 First Responders

Firefighters who didn't develop obstructive airway disease after the World Trade Center attacks had higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids and other factors that hint at possible protective effects of diet.

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Temple scientists identify promising new target to combat Alzheimer's disease

In the case of Alzheimer's disease, Temple researchers show that mitochondrial calcium transport remodeling — what appears to be an attempt by cells to compensate for flagging energy production and metabolic dysfunction — while initially beneficial, ultimately becomes maladaptive, fueling declines in mitochondrial function, memory, and learning.The new research, published by Nature Communication

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NASA's IMERG estimates Hurricane Dorian's rain

In the early hours of Tuesday, Sept. 3, Hurricane Dorian had been stationary over the island of Grand Bahama for 18 hours, most of the time as a category 5 hurricane. Storm-total rain accumulation over parts of Grand Bahama and Abaco Islands have exceeded 24 inches according to NASA satellite-based estimates.

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NASA infrared data reveals rainmaking potential in tropical depression 7

Another Atlantic Ocean basin depression formed while Hurricane Dorian is still wreaking havoc on the Bahamas and affecting the southeastern US Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite shows that Tropical Depression 7 in the western Gulf of Mexico has developed powerful thunderstorms with heavy rain capabilities. That potential for heavy rainfall includes southern Texas and northeastern Mexico.

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Achieving zero harm from healthcare — new collection comments on 20 years of research

Over the past 20 years, has the US made significant progress to improve preventable medical errors? A new special collection of articles in the American Journal of Medical Quality (AJMQ), published by SAGE Publishing, begins to answer this question by analyzing the impact these articles have had on the medical field.

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Zip-lining owls reveal what really scares their prey

Nature, Published online: 02 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02605-5 The light of a full moon gives white barn owls a deadly glow.

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‘Identity fusion’ with leaders boosts support for political violence

People whose identity is “fused” with that of a political leader are more likely to take extreme positions or commit violence on behalf of the leader, new studies show. Followers of Donald Trump who have fused—or experience a deep sense of oneness—with the president are more likely to support use of violence to challenge an election result, persecute Iranians or other immigrants, and support a ba

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Black boys with a disability face far higher risk of suspension

In St. Louis area schools, being black, male, or having a disability places students at a 20, 30, or even 60 times greater risk of out-of-school suspension, according to new research. When researchers took all three factors—race, sex, and disability—together, the numbers increased dramatically. “A person could smoke a pack of cigarettes every day for 30 years and face a lower risk of getting lung

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Mini fridges to stash your beers and/or skincare

Sometimes you want a fridge in your bedroom. Or office. Or dorm. Or closet. Or bathroom. (Sam Balye via Unsplash/) You’ll be pleased to see that the modern mini-fridge is well beyond the dark days of drab brown boxes crouching in a corner of the office break room. We picked a few standouts to keep up your energy as you study, vacation, or entertain. The convenience of a real fridge, just smaller.

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The crop that’s gobbling up a vast Brazilian ecosystem

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02606-4 But all is not lost: targeted soya-bean planting could help to preserve the country’s species-rich savanna.

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Air Force-Affiliated Researchers Want to Let AI Launch Nukes

A pair of researchers associated with the U.S. Air Force want to give nuclear codes to an artificial intelligence. Air Force Institute of Technology associate dean Curtis McGiffin and Louisiana Tech Research Institute researcher Adam Lowther, also affiliated with the Air Force, co-wrote an article — with the ominous title “ America Needs a ‘Dead Hand’ ” — arguing that the United States needs to d

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US’s Berkeley Lab creates fully recyclable plastic called 'polydiketoenamine'

submitted by /u/just_another_mike [link] [comments]

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Social network interventions can lead to potential health benefits

Social network interventions can have a significant effect on a range of health behaviors and outcomes both in the short and long term, according to a new study published this week in PLOS Medicine by Ruth Hunter of Queen's University Belfast, UK, and colleagues.

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PrEParing family planning clinics in Kenya to prevent new HIV infections

In sub-Saharan Africa, many young women and adolescent girls are at high risk of HIV infection. In a new research paper published in the open access journal PLOS Medicine, Kenneth Mugwanya and co-authors report on a study aiming to investigate the feasibility of providing antiretroviral drugs via family planning clinics to prevent HIV infection in young women.

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The Bugatti Chiron supercar broke the 300 mph barrier and set a new speed record

The record-setting Bugatti looks similar to the stock Chiron with some tweaks to the body. (Bugatti/) Bugatti’s 1,500-horsepower Chiron hypercar has reclaimed the world speed record for production cars with a run of 304.773 mph, making the French luxury marque the first to top 300 mph in a production model. The Chiron seemed destined to be the world’s first production car to top 300 mph when it w

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Elon Musk: “Next Gen” Craft Could Be Twice the Size of Starship

Chonk Last week, SpaceX’s Starhopper spacecraft finally completed its long-delayed test launch. The same day, CEO Elon Musk took to Twitter to speculate about what a future iteration of the spacecraft might look like. The current Starhopper, a test version of the spacecraft Musk hopes will bring SpaceX to the surface of Mars , has a core diameter of nine meters. On Twitter, Musk said that a futur

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This is no time for hunches – we need evidence and expertise in science | Ian Chubb

Nobody argues that science is perfect, but it has been an essential part of making us what we are There will always be people who call for additional review or scrutiny of science when the results of a rigorous process don’t yield the outcomes they want. Effectively they want incontrovertible evidence, and anything less is unacceptable to them. Incontrovertible evidence is rare in science, so it

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Snowfall frequency declining across Northwest, PSU study finds

With warming temperatures, average snowfall frequency is estimated to decline across the Pacific Northwest by 2100 — and at a faster rate if greenhouse emissions are not reduced, according to a new Portland State University study.

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Student body diversity goals & giving parents a say in where their child goes to school

All parents want their children to get the best education possible, so how do school districts allow parents/guardians to have a say in where their child goes to school while still meeting diversity goals for the student body? New research in an upcoming addition of the INFORMS journal Operations Research has a solution, just in time for children to return to school for the 2019-2020 year.

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Emory cardiologist introduces WHF Roadmap on CVD prevention with diabetes

Emory cardiologist Laurence Sperling introduced the World Heart Federation's new roadmap aimed at reducing the global burden of (CVD) in people living with diabetes at a conference in Paris on Monday, Sept. 2, 2019.

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Study tests performance of electric solid propellant

Electric solid propellants are being explored for use in dual-mode rocket engines because they aren't susceptible to ignite from a spark or flame and can be turned on and off electrically. Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Missouri University of Science and Technology, and NASA conducted experiments to understand the behavior of a high-performance electric propellant

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Do those retail apps increase customer engagement and sales in all channels?

Researchers from Texas A&M University published new research in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science (Editor's note: The source of this research is INFORMS), which shows that retailers' branded mobile apps are very effective in increasing customer engagement, increasing sales on multiple levels, not just on the retailer's website, but also in its stores. At the same time, apps increase the rate o

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Why We Hate | Premieres Sunday, October 13th at 10p

Catch the 6-part Special WHY WE HATE Sunday, October 13th at 10p on Discovery. Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Join us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/Serengeti https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Discovery Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/Discovery/ From: Discovery

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Graphene layer enables advance in super-resolution microscopy

Researchers have developed a new method that uses the unusual properties of graphene to interact with fluorescing molecules. This method allows scientists to optically measure extremely small distances, in the order of 1 ångström (one ten-billionth of a meter) with high accuracy for the first time. This enabled researchers to measure the thickness of lipid bilayers, the stuff that makes the membra

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European satellite in near collision with Elon Musk SpaceX craft

ESA say its Aeolus Earth observation satellite fired thrusters to avoid crash The European Space Agency has said it altered the trajectory of one of its observation satellites to avoid a collision with a craft operated by Elon Musk’s SpaceX. “@ESA’s Aeolus Earth observation satellite fired its thrusters, moving it off a collision course with a @SpaceX satellite in their Starlink constellation,” t

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Surgical masks as good as respirators for flu and respiratory virus protection

The study reported 'no significant difference in the effectiveness' of medical masks vs. N95 respirators for prevention of influenza or other viral respiratory illness.

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NASA Astronauts Snap Terrifying Photos of Hurricane Dorian

Eye of the Storm Astronauts aboard the International Space Station are well above the path of Hurricane Dorian, but that isn’t stopping them from keeping a close eye on the storm — and sharing their unique vantage point with the rest of the world. On Monday, NASA astronaut Nick Hague tweeted a terrifying photo of the hurricane he’d snapped from aboard the ISS. The eye of #HurricaneDorain . You ca

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Scientists Figured out How to Regrow Teeth

A team of scientists says that it’s finally figured out how to regrow tooth enamel, a development that could totally upend dental care. Normally, tooth enamel doesn’t grow back once it breaks or wears away — which is why dentists currently resort to plugging the gaps with artificial fillings. But researchers from China’s Zhejiang University and Jiujiang Research Institute developed a gel that the

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Long Live Microbiomes!

Nourishing microbial communities both inside our bodies and on our farms could be crucial to the health of humans and the planet we live on — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Long Live Microbiomes!

Nourishing microbial communities both inside our bodies and on our farms could be crucial to the health of humans and the planet we live on — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Fragmenting ions and radiation sensitizers

The anti-cancer drug 5-fluorouracil (5FU) acts as a radiosensitizer: it is rapidly taken up into the DNA of cancer cells, making the cells more sensitive to radiotherapy.

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Oldest lake in Europe reveals more than one million years of climate history

The collected geological samples allow the scientists to reconstruct the climate developments of the past 1.3 million years.

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Android 10 released: everything you need to know about Google's update

Big update adds gestures, dark theme, smart replies, emoji, privacy and parental controls Google has released its big new update to Android 10, and for the first time it is available for more …

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YouTube says it’s being responsible — but what it needs to be is accountable

Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge Last week, YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki wrote a blog post in which she talked about the platform’s commitment to leaving up controversial …

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Comparing primate vocalizations

The language of Old World monkeys, some of our primate cousins, may be more sophisticated than previously realized. Even so, it displays constraints that reinforce the singularity of human language, according to a new study co-authored by MIT linguist Shigeru Miyagawa.

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Slowed metabolism helps geese fly high

A few years before NASA astronaut Jessica Meir began learning to fly a spacecraft for her upcoming trip to the International Space Station, she was in flight-training of a different kind: teaching bar-headed geese how to fly in a wind tunnel at the University of British Columbia.

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Tesla Model 3 Owners Locked Out of Cars Thanks to App Outage

The Tesla Model 3 is the budget offering in Tesla’s lineup, but it’s still jam-packed with fancy technology like custom driver profiles, autonomous driving, and a top speed of 162 miles per hour. You can even control the car from the smartphone app. That app support is usually a selling point, but it was a big problem for some Tesla owners over the weekend. The company experienced an app outage t

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In Praise of Chicago's Hypotenuses

Walking the Pythagorean theorem — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Wealth can lead to more satisfying life if viewed as a sign of success vs. happiness

Money can't buy you happiness, but it could motivate you to live a better life.

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Undercover evolution: Our individuality is encrypted in our DNA, but it is deeper than expected

Providing a glimpse the hidden workings of evolution, a group of researchers at UC Santa Barbara have discovered that embryos that appear the same can start out with surprisingly different instructions.

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Who Was Napoleon Bonaparte?

The chaos of the French Revolution allowed Bonaparte to use his military prowess to become ruler of much of Europe.

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What happened when we paired up thousands of strangers to talk politics | Jochen Wegner

In spring 2019, more than 17,000 Europeans from 33 countries signed up to have a political argument with a complete stranger. They were part of "Europe Talks," a project that organizes one-on-one conversations between people who disagree — sort of like a Tinder for politics. Editor Jochen Wegner shares the unexpected things that happened when people met up to talk — and shows how face-to-face di

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Undercover evolution: Our individuality is encrypted in our DNA, but it is deeper than expected

Providing a glimpse the hidden workings of evolution, a group of researchers at UC Santa Barbara have discovered that embryos that appear the same can start out with surprisingly different instructions.

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The brain processes words placed on the right side of a screen more quickly

When reading words on a screen, the human brain comprehends words placed on the right side of the screen faster. The total amount of presented information on the screen also affects the speed and accuracy of the brain's ability to process words. These are the findings of HSE University researchers Elena Gorbunova and Maria Falikman presented in an article that was published in the journal, Advance

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Study reveals 'radical' wrinkle in forming complex carbon molecules in space

A team of scientists has discovered a new possible pathway toward forming carbon structures in space using a specialized chemical exploration technique at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source.

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Vitamin D: How much is too much of a good thing?

A three-year study by researchers at the Cumming School of Medicine's McCaig Institute for Bone and Joint Health published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), showed there is no benefit in taking high doses of vitamin D. More research is required to determine if high doses may actually compromise bone health.

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Undercover evolution

Our individuality is encrypted in our DNA, but it is deeper than expected.

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Wealth can lead to more satisfying life if viewed as a sign of success vs. happiness

A new study featuring researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York found that viewing wealth and material possessions as a sign of success yields significantly better results to life satisfaction than viewing wealth and possessions as a sign of happiness.

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Daily briefing: ESA satellite forced to move to avoid SpaceX collision

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02640-2 No hard feelings after game of space chicken. Plus: the first iPS cornea transplant and India’s risky Moon landing.

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Science needs mentors

Nature, Published online: 03 September 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02617-1 Nature’s mentoring awards are open for nominations from India.

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Study reveals 'radical' wrinkle in forming complex carbon molecules in space

A team of scientists has discovered a new possible pathway toward forming carbon structures in space using a specialized chemical exploration technique at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).

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Prenatal exposure to these pesticides may change teen brain

Advanced brain imaging reveals how exposure in the womb to organophosphates changes brain activity in teenagers, a new study shows. Organophosphates are among the most commonly used classes of pesticides in the United States, despite mounting evidence linking prenatal exposure to the chemicals to poorer cognition and behavior problems in children. As reported in the Proceedings of the National Ac

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Google Android 10: The 5 Best New Features

The next version of Google's mobile operating system starts rolling out this week. Here's what to expect.

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Jakten tar fler älgar än vargarna

En analys av älgstammens utveckling – mätt med älgkvoter, fällda och observerade djur – visar att avskjutningen av älg har varierat mycket i både Norge och Sverige under de senaste årtiondena. Under denna period har antalet fällda djur minskat kraftigt, vilket till viss del kan förklaras av den växande vargstammen. En ökad förekomst av varg visade sig påverka jägarnas jaktstrategi. I både Sverige

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NT-proBNP er stærk risikomarkør ved aortaklapstenose

Hidtil største kohorteundersøgelse af patienter med mild til moderat aortaklapstenose peger på målinger af biomarkøren NT-proBNP som et effektivt redskab til at identificere patienter med forværring af sygdommen.

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Fragmenting ions and radiation sensitizers

A new study using mass spectrometry is helping piece together what happens when DNA that has been sensitized by the oncology drug 5-fluorouracil is subjected to the ionising radiation used in radiotherapy.

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Gigantrådgiver køber Orbicon

Hedeselskabets 500 mand store rådgivningsvirksomhed Orbicon er efter nogle problemfyldte år blevet solgt til gigantrådgiveren WSP.

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'Catastrophic': Hurricane Dorian parks over the Bahamas

Practically parking over the Bahamas for a day and a half, Hurricane Dorian pounded away at the islands Tuesday in a watery onslaught that devastated thousands of homes, trapped people in attics and crippled hospitals. At least five deaths were reported, with the full extent of the damage far from clear.

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This incredible meditation will help solve your existential dread

The universe is huge, and we're not. This fact has given rise to countless existential crises. You don't have to be left in dread after looking at the night sky, however. Astronomer Michelle Thaller has an excellent meditation on why the vastness of space can be revitalizing. Who hasn't looked up at the night sky and felt small? The vastness of space and the sudden realization of our own insignif

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Sexual selection influences the evolution of lamprey pheromones

In "Intra- and Interspecific Variation in Production of Bile Acids that Act As Sex Pheromones in Lampreys," published in Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, Tyler J. Buchinger and others find that sexual selection may play a role in the evolution of lamprey pheromones.

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Slowed metabolism helps migrating geese soar

Researchers have shed new light on how some geese can fly high for long periods of time, according to a study published today in eLife.

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Corals take control of nitrogen recycling

Corals are shown to recycle their own waste ammonium using a surprising source of glucose—a finding that reveals more about the relationship between corals and their symbiotic algae.

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Will a woman set foot on the Moon soon?

Nasa's Artemis mission plans to send the first woman and the next man to the Moon.

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Sexual selection influences the evolution of lamprey pheromones

In "Intra- and Interspecific Variation in Production of Bile Acids that Act As Sex Pheromones in Lampreys," published in Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, Tyler J. Buchinger and others find that sexual selection may play a role in the evolution of lamprey pheromones.

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Slowed metabolism helps migrating geese soar

Researchers have shed new light on how some geese can fly high for long periods of time, according to a study published today in eLife.

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Corals take control of nitrogen recycling

Corals are shown to recycle their own waste ammonium using a surprising source of glucose—a finding that reveals more about the relationship between corals and their symbiotic algae.

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Dorian batters Bahamas with strong hurricane winds for record time

Category 5 Dorian slowed to a halt as it moved over the island, subjecting it to the most prolonged and fiercest battering by an Atlantic hurricane ever recorded

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Poverty as disease trap

The realities of subsistence living in a region of Senegal hard hit by schistosomiasis make reinfection likely, despite mass drug administration. Stanford researchers find that engaging communities in the design of disease control programs could help.

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Europe's future is renewable

Europe has enough solar and wind resources to meet its electricity demand entirely from renewable sources. A new study by researchers at the Institute for Transformative Sustainability Research (IASS) in Potsdam shows that many regions and municipalities could meet their electricity demand using electricity systems based exclusively on renewables. However, their development would exacerbate land u

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Create your breakout moment: Take risks to get the job you really want

When it comes to advancing your career, taking those first steps can be intimidating. Making a big move often incites anxiety and fear surrounding imperfection. Sally Susman , Executive Vice President and Chief Corporate Affairs Officer at Pfizer, reminds that the pursuit of perfection can be the enemy of taking that next step. She urges us to express ambition and embrace rejection, which should

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Hurricane Dorian Looks Massive from Space As NASA Prepares for Impacts

Hurricane Dorian's clouds are staggering, a massive swirl of white surrounding the knotted eyewall at the storm's heart, in this image taken from space.

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In This Issue [This Week in PNAS]

Potential therapeutic target for early-onset preeclampsia Mitochondrial stress response implicated in preeclampsia. Image courtesy of iStock/wir0man. Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal and neonatal mortality and can increase the risk of heart disease among mothers and offspring. Early-onset preeclampsia (PE < 34 wk), which occurs before 34 weeks of…

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Scientists who leave research to pursue other careers in science are still scientists [Social Sciences]

In their study, Milojević et al. (1) set out to examine the relationships between number of publications by (primarily academic) research scientists, whether those scientists were lead or supporting authors, and how long they remained in their research career. The authors found trends between how productive (measured by number of…

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Reply to Hanlon: Transitions in science careers [Social Sciences]

We thank Hanlon for his comments on our paper and appreciate his summary of our findings (1). We recognize the concerns raised regarding both research and non-research roles in science. For example, the National Science Foundation reports various estimates of the science labor force: about 6 million in “science and…

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Parallel transcriptomic changes in the origins of divergent monogamous vertebrates? [Biological Sciences]

Comparing the neural transcriptomes of 5 phylogenetically independent pairs of monogamous and nonmonogamous vertebrates, Young et al. (1) claim to have found evidence for “a universal transcriptomic mechanism underlying the evolution of monogamy in vertebrates.” They state that “while evolutionary divergence time between species or clades did not explain gene…

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Reply to Jiang and Zhang: Parallel transcriptomic signature of monogamy: What is the null hypothesis anyway? [Biological Sciences]

To explore whether parallel transcriptomic patterns underlie behavioral similarities across vertebrates, we compared the brain transcriptomes of 5 species pairs representing independent transitions to monogamy. We found similar expression patterns associated with monogamy across deep phylogenetic distances (1). In their letter (2), Jiang and Zhang reanalyze our publicly available data….

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Some concerns regarding the association of rs17185536 in SIM1 with erectile dysfunction [Biological Sciences]

We read with great interest the study by Jorgenson et al. (1), which demonstrated that genetic variation in the SIM1 locus is associated with erectile dysfunction (ED). This large and ethnically diverse genome-wide association study (GWAS) provides strong evidence for the significance of rs17185536 in SIM1 with ED risk. However,…

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Repurposing off-the-shelf antihelix antibodies for enabling structural biology [Biochemistry]

Antibodies are among the most impactful reagents in biological research and medicine. Both the immune system and recent advancements in antibody engineering technology are capable of generating potent and selective antibodies to virtually any antigen. In structural biology, antibodies and other types of engineered target-binding proteins, collectively termed “binders” hereafter,…

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An asymmetry that leads to activity [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

A defining characteristic of all retroviruses is the ability to undergo reverse transcription, allowing for the viral RNA genome’s conversion from single-stranded RNA into double-stranded DNA, enabling subsequent integration into the host genome, and thereby resulting in infection (1). This process is catalyzed by reverse transcriptase (RT), an enzyme discovered…

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Stress: An evolutionary mutagen [Genetics]

The fundamental conflicts in Western literature—person vs. nature and person vs. person—shape protagonists into more-evolved characters by the ends of their stories. This is no less true in biological evolution, where the environment and competing organisms shape a species’ form and behavior over vast time scales, and thus its likelihood…

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Nuclear safety in the unexpected second nuclear era [Engineering]

Nuclear energy development has entered an unexpected second nuclear era, which is mainly driven by developing countries. Despite major efforts to pursue a safe nuclear energy system in the first nuclear era, severe nuclear accidents occurred. A basic problem is that we do not have an adequate understanding of nuclear…

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Site-specific impairment of perivascular adipose tissue on advanced atherosclerotic plaques using multimodal nonlinear optical imaging [Applied Biological Sciences]

Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT), as a mechanical support, has been reported to systemically regulate vascular physiology by secreting adipokines and cytokines. How PVAT spatially and locally changes as atherosclerosis progresses is not known, however. We aimed to reveal the molecular changes in PVAT in advanced atherosclerosis based on multimodal nonlinear…

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The iron-regulated vacuolar Legionella pneumophila MavN protein is a transition-metal transporter [Biochemistry]

Legionella pneumophila causes a potentially fatal form of pneumonia by replicating within macrophages in the Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV). Bacterial survival and proliferation within the LCV rely on hundreds of secreted effector proteins comprising high functional redundancy. The vacuolar membrane-localized MavN, hypothesized to support iron transport, is unique among effectors because…

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Role of soluble endoglin in BMP9 signaling [Biochemistry]

Endoglin (ENG) is a coreceptor of the transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) family signaling complex, which is highly expressed on endothelial cells and plays a key role in angiogenesis. Its extracellular domain can be cleaved and released into the circulation as soluble ENG (sENG). High circulating levels of sENG contribute to…

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Disrupted mechanobiology links the molecular and cellular phenotypes in familial dilated cardiomyopathy [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a leading cause of sudden cardiac death and a major indicator for heart transplant. The disease is frequently caused by mutations of sarcomeric proteins; however, it is not well understood how these molecular mutations lead to alterations in cellular organization and contractility. To address this…

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Cell phenotypic plasticity requires autophagic flux driven by YAP/TAZ mechanotransduction [Cell Biology]

Autophagy, besides ensuring energy metabolism and organelle renewal, is crucial for the biology of adult normal and cancer stem cells. However, it remains incompletely understood how autophagy connects to stemness factors and the nature of the microenvironmental signals that pattern autophagy in different cell types. Here we advance in these…

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Developmental plasticity of epithelial stem cells in tooth and taste bud renewal [Developmental Biology]

In Lake Malawi cichlids, each tooth is replaced in one-for-one fashion every ∼20 to 50 d, and taste buds (TBs) are continuously renewed as in mammals. These structures are colocalized in the fish mouth and throat, from the point of initiation through adulthood. Here, we found that replacement teeth (RT)…

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Tissue-specific geometry and chemistry of modern and fossilized melanosomes reveal internal anatomy of extinct vertebrates [Evolution]

Recent discoveries of nonintegumentary melanosomes in extant and fossil amphibians offer potential insights into the physiological functions of melanin not directly related to color production, but the phylogenetic distribution and evolutionary history of these internal melanosomes has not been characterized systematically. Here, we present a holistic method to discriminate among…

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Horizontal gene transfer overrides mutation in Escherichia coli colonizing the mammalian gut [Evolution]

Bacteria evolve by mutation accumulation in laboratory experiments, but tempo and mode of evolution in natural environments are largely unknown. Here, we study the ubiquitous natural process of host colonization by commensal bacteria. We show, by experimental evolution of Escherichia coli in the mouse intestine, that the ecology of the…

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Signatures of replication timing, recombination, and sex in the spectrum of rare variants on the human X chromosome and autosomes [Evolution]

The sources of human germline mutations are poorly understood. Part of the difficulty is that mutations occur very rarely, and so direct pedigree-based approaches remain limited in the numbers that they can examine. To address this problem, we consider the spectrum of low-frequency variants in a dataset (Genome Aggregation Database,…

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Divergent allocation of sperm and the seminal proteome along a competition gradient in Drosophila melanogaster [Evolution]

Sperm competition favors large, costly ejaculates, and theory predicts the evolution of allocation strategies that enable males to plastically tailor ejaculate expenditure to sperm competition threat. While greater sperm transfer in response to a perceived increase in the risk of sperm competition is well-supported, we have a poor understanding of…

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A kleptoplastidic dinoflagellate and the tipping point between transient and fully integrated plastid endosymbiosis [Evolution]

Plastid endosymbiosis has been a major force in the evolution of eukaryotic cellular complexity, but how endosymbionts are integrated is still poorly understood at a mechanistic level. Dinoflagellates, an ecologically important protist lineage, represent a unique model to study this process because dinoflagellate plastids have repeatedly been reduced, lost, and…

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The Hsp70 chaperone is a major player in stress-induced transposable element activation [Genetics]

Previous studies have shown that heat shock stress may activate transposable elements (TEs) in Drosophila and other organisms. Such an effect depends on the disruption of a chaperone complex that is normally involved in biogenesis of Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), the largest class of germline-enriched small noncoding RNAs implicated in the…

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Diverse repertoire of human adipocyte subtypes develops from transcriptionally distinct mesenchymal progenitor cells [Medical Sciences]

Single-cell sequencing technologies have revealed an unexpectedly broad repertoire of cells required to mediate complex functions in multicellular organisms. Despite the multiple roles of adipose tissue in maintaining systemic metabolic homeostasis, adipocytes are thought to be largely homogenous with only 2 major subtypes recognized in humans so far. Here we…

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The RNA demethylase FTO is required for maintenance of bone mass and functions to protect osteoblasts from genotoxic damage [Medical Sciences]

The fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) encodes an m6A RNA demethylase that controls mRNA processing and has been linked to both obesity and bone mineral density in humans by genome-wide association studies. To examine the role of FTO in bone, we characterized the phenotype of mice lacking Fto globally…

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Regulation of PRMT5-MDM4 axis is critical in the response to CDK4/6 inhibitors in melanoma [Medical Sciences]

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors are an established treatment in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer and are currently in clinical development in melanoma, a tumor that exhibits high rates of CDK4 activation. We analyzed melanoma cells with acquired resistance to the CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib and demonstrate that the activity of PRMT5,…

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Human cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B variants affect viral entry, cell fusion, and genome stability [Microbiology]

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), like many other DNA viruses, can cause genome instability and activate a DNA damage response (DDR). Activation of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM), a kinase activated by DNA breaks, is a hallmark of the HCMV-induced DDR. Here we investigated the activation of caspase-2, an initiator caspase activated in response…

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Makes caterpillars floppy-like effector-containing MARTX toxins require host ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) proteins for systemic pathogenicity [Microbiology]

Upon invading target cells, multifunctional autoprocessing repeats-in-toxin (MARTX) toxins secreted by bacterial pathogens release their disease-related modularly structured effector domains. However, it is unclear how a diverse repertoire of effector domains within these toxins are processed and activated. Here, we report that Makes caterpillars floppy-like effector (MCF)-containing MARTX toxins

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Cell-to-cell interaction requires optimal positioning of a pilus tip adhesin modulated by gram-positive transpeptidase enzymes [Microbiology]

Assembly of pili on the gram-positive bacterial cell wall involves 2 conserved transpeptidase enzymes named sortases: One for polymerization of pilin subunits and another for anchoring pili to peptidoglycan. How this machine controls pilus length and whether pilus length is critical for cell-to-cell interactions remain unknown. We report here in…

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Robust computation with rhythmic spike patterns [Neuroscience]

Information coding by precise timing of spikes can be faster and more energy efficient than traditional rate coding. However, spike-timing codes are often brittle, which has limited their use in theoretical neuroscience and computing applications. Here, we propose a type of attractor neural network in complex state space and show…

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Rapid and active stabilization of visual cortical firing rates across light-dark transitions [Neuroscience]

The dynamics of neuronal firing during natural vision are poorly understood. Surprisingly, mean firing rates of neurons in primary visual cortex (V1) of freely behaving rodents are similar during prolonged periods of light and darkness, but it is unknown whether this reflects a slow adaptation to changes in natural visual…

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CPEB3 inhibits translation of mRNA targets by localizing them to P bodies [Neuroscience]

Protein synthesis is crucial for the maintenance of long-term memory-related synaptic plasticity. The cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein 3 (CPEB3) regulates the translation of several mRNAs important for long-term synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus. In previous studies, we found that the oligomerization and activity of CPEB3 are controlled by small ubiquitin-like…

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Awakening: Predicting external stimulation to force transitions between different brain states [Neuroscience]

A fundamental problem in systems neuroscience is how to force a transition from one brain state to another by external driven stimulation in, for example, wakefulness, sleep, coma, or neuropsychiatric diseases. This requires a quantitative and robust definition of a brain state, which has so far proven elusive. Here, we…

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Gangliosides interact with synaptotagmin to form the high-affinity receptor complex for botulinum neurotoxin B [Pharmacology]

Botulinum neurotoxin type B (BoNT/B) recognizes nerve terminals by binding to 2 receptor components: a polysialoganglioside, predominantly GT1b, and synaptotagmin 1/2. It is widely thought that BoNT/B initially binds to GT1b then diffuses in the plane of the membrane to interact with synaptotagmin. We have addressed the hypothesis that a…

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Noncanonical mitochondrial unfolded protein response impairs placental oxidative phosphorylation in early-onset preeclampsia [Physiology]

Preeclampsia (PE) is a dangerous complication of pregnancy, especially when it presents at <34 wk of gestation (PE < 34 wk). It is a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and also increases the risk of cardiometabolic diseases in later life for both mother and offspring. Placental…

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AP3M harbors actin filament binding activity that is crucial for vacuole morphology and stomatal closure in Arabidopsis [Plant Biology]

Stomatal movement is essential for plant growth. This process is precisely regulated by various cellular activities in guard cells. F-actin dynamics and vacuole morphology are both involved in stomatal movement. The sorting of cargoes by clathrin adaptor protein (AP) complexes from the Golgi to the vacuole is critical for establishing…

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The efficiency paradox: How wasteful competitors forge thrifty ecosystems [Ecology]

Organic waste, an inevitable byproduct of metabolism, increases in amount as metabolic rates (per capita power) of animals and plants rise. Most of it is recycled within aerobic ecosystems, but some is lost to the system and is sequestered in the crust for millions of years. Here, I identify and…

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Histone deacetylase 1 suppresses Kruppel homolog 1 gene expression and influences ȷuvenile hormone action in Tribolium castaneum [Agricultural Sciences]

Posttranslational modifications, including acetylation and deacetylation of histones and other proteins, modulate hormone action. In Tribolium castaneum TcA cells, Trichostatin A, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, mimics juvenile hormone (JH) in inducing JH response genes (e.g., Kr-h1), suggesting that HDACs may be involved in JH action. To test this hypothesis,…

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Birch tar production does not prove Neanderthal behavioral complexity [Anthropology]

Birch tar production by Neanderthals—used for hafting tools—has been interpreted as one of the earliest manifestations of modern cultural behavior. This is because birch tar production per se was assumed to require a cognitively demanding setup, in which birch bark is heated in anaerobic conditions, a setup whose inherent complexity…

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Inner Workings: Self-powered biomedical devices tap into the body’s movements [Applied Physical Sciences]

In early 2017, researchers managed to slip a flexible sliver of polymer next to a pig’s heart. The device—placed between the heart and the fibrous wall that encases it, called the pericardium—squished and expanded with each contraction. It also converted the physical strain of its movement into electrical energy stashed…

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Application of antihelix antibodies in protein structure determination [Biochemistry]

Antibodies are indispensable tools in protein engineering and structural biology. Antibodies suitable for structural studies should recognize the 3-dimensional (3D) conformations of target proteins. Generating such antibodies and characterizing their complexes with antigens take a significant amount of time and effort. Here, we show that we can expand the application…

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Mitochondrial transcription factor A promotes DNA strand cleavage at abasic sites [Biochemistry]

In higher eukaryotic cells, mitochondria are essential subcellular organelles for energy production, cell signaling, and the biosynthesis of biomolecules. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome is indispensable for mitochondrial function because it encodes protein subunits of the electron transport chain and a full set of transfer and ribosomal RNAs. MtDNA degradation…

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Spatial domain organization in the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase p66 homodimer precursor probed by double electron-electron resonance EPR [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

HIV type I (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) catalyzes the conversion of viral RNA into DNA, initiating the chain of events leading to integration of proviral DNA into the host genome. RT is expressed as a single polypeptide chain within the Gag-Pol polyprotein, and either prior to or following excision by…

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Claudin-9 structures reveal mechanism for toxin-induced gut barrier breakdown [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

The human pathogenic bacterium Clostridium perfringens secretes an enterotoxin (CpE) that targets claudins through its C-terminal receptor-binding domain (cCpE). Isoform-specific binding by CpE causes dissociation of claudins and tight junctions (TJs), resulting in cytotoxicity and breakdown of the gut epithelial barrier. Here, we present crystal structures of human claudin-9 (hCLDN-9)…

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Interaction specificity of clustered protocadherins inferred from sequence covariation and structural analysis [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Clustered protocadherins, a large family of paralogous proteins that play important roles in neuronal development, provide an important case study of interaction specificity in a large eukaryotic protein family. A mammalian genome has more than 50 clustered protocadherin isoforms, which have remarkable homophilic specificity for interactions between cellular surfaces. A…

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Closed-loop cycles of experiment design, execution, and learning accelerate systems biology model development in yeast [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

One of the most challenging tasks in modern science is the development of systems biology models: Existing models are often very complex but generally have low predictive performance. The construction of high-fidelity models will require hundreds/thousands of cycles of model improvement, yet few current systems biology research studies complete even…

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Runx1 promotes murine erythroid progenitor proliferation and inhibits differentiation by preventing Pu.1 downregulation [Cell Biology]

Pu.1 is an ETS family transcription factor (TF) that plays critical roles in erythroid progenitors by promoting proliferation and blocking terminal differentiation. However, the mechanisms controlling expression and down-regulation of Pu.1 during early erythropoiesis have not been defined. In this study, we identify the actions of Runx1 and Pu.1 itself…

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Neural networks-based variationally enhanced sampling [Chemistry]

Sampling complex free-energy surfaces is one of the main challenges of modern atomistic simulation methods. The presence of kinetic bottlenecks in such surfaces often renders a direct approach useless. A popular strategy is to identify a small number of key collective variables and to introduce a bias potential that is…

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Recognition with metallo cavitands [Chemistry]

We describe here the effects of metal complexation on the molecular recognition behavior of cavitands with quinoxaline walls. The nitrogen atoms of the quinoxalines are near the upper rim of the vase-like shape and treatment with Pd(II) gave 2:1 metal:cavitand derivatives. Characterization by 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopy, HR ESI-MS, and…

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Identification of a uranium-rhodium triple bond in a heterometallic cluster [Chemistry]

The chemistry of d-block metal–metal multiple bonds has been extensively investigated in the past 5 decades. However, the synthesis and characterization of species with f-block metal–metal multiple bonds are significantly more challenging and such species remain extremely rare. Here, we report the identification of a uranium–rhodium triple bond in a…

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Abiotic methane synthesis and serpentinization in olivine-hosted fluid inclusions [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

The conditions of methane (CH4) formation in olivine-hosted secondary fluid inclusions and their prevalence in peridotite and gabbroic rocks from a wide range of geological settings were assessed using confocal Raman spectroscopy, optical and scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, and thermodynamic modeling. Detailed examination of 160 samples from ultraslow-…

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Plants obey (and disobey) the island rule [Ecology]

The island rule predicts that small animals evolve to become larger on islands, while large animals evolve to become smaller. It has been studied for over half a century, and its validity is fiercely debated. Here, we provide a perspective on the debate by conducting a test of the island…

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Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed [Ecology]

Global change drivers (GCDs) are expected to alter community structure and consequently, the services that ecosystems provide. Yet, few experimental investigations have examined effects of GCDs on plant community structure across multiple ecosystem types, and those that do exist present conflicting patterns. In an unprecedented global synthesis of over 100…

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Spatial ecology of territorial populations [Ecology]

Many ecosystems, from vegetation to biofilms, are composed of territorial populations that compete for both nutrients and physical space. What are the implications of such spatial organization for biodiversity? To address this question, we developed and analyzed a model of territorial resource competition. In the model, all species obey trade-offs…

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Risk attitudes and personality traits of entrepreneurs and venture team members [Economic Sciences]

Personality distinctions between entrepreneurs, nonfounder CEOs/leaders, and inventor employees have received limited attention, especially in innovative settings where they are working together. We surveyed these groups, along with other employees of innovative firms, at 4 locations of a prominent innovation and coworking center. Entrepreneurs display the greatest tolerance of risk,…

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Optimizing organic electrosynthesis through controlled voltage dosing and artificial intelligence [Engineering]

Organic electrosynthesis can transform the chemical industry by introducing electricity-driven processes that are more energy efficient and that can be easily integrated with renewable energy sources. However, their deployment is severely hindered by the difficulties of controlling selectivity and achieving a large energy conversion efficiency at high current density due…

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Proglacial freshwaters are significant and previously unrecognized sinks of atmospheric CO2 [Environmental Sciences]

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from freshwater ecosystems are almost universally predicted to increase with climate warming. Glacier-fed rivers and lakes, however, differ critically from those in nonglacierized catchments in that they receive little terrestrial input of organic matter for decomposition and CO2 production, and transport large quantities of easily mobilized…

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Biomineralization by particle attachment in early animals [Evolution]

Crystallization by particle attachment (CPA) of amorphous precursors has been demonstrated in modern biomineralized skeletons across a broad phylogenetic range of animals. Precisely the same precursors, hydrated (ACC-H2O) and anhydrous calcium carbonate (ACC), have been observed spectromicroscopically in echinoderms, mollusks, and cnidarians, phyla drawn from the 3 major clades of…

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Large-effect flowering time mutations reveal conditionally adaptive paths through fitness landscapes in Arabidopsis thaliana [Evolution]

Contrary to previous assumptions that most mutations are deleterious, there is increasing evidence for persistence of large-effect mutations in natural populations. A possible explanation for these observations is that mutant phenotypes and fitness may depend upon the specific environmental conditions to which a mutant is exposed. Here, we tested this…

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Peroxidase evolution in white-rot fungi follows wood lignin evolution in plants [Evolution]

A comparison of sequenced Agaricomycotina genomes suggests that efficient degradation of wood lignin was associated with the appearance of secreted peroxidases with a solvent-exposed catalytic tryptophan. This hypothesis is experimentally demonstrated here by resurrecting ancestral fungal peroxidases, after sequence reconstruction from genomes of extant white-rot Polyporales, and evaluating their

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CD8{alpha}{alpha} homodimers function as a coreceptor for KIR3DL1 [Immunology and Inflammation]

Cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8) is a cell surface glycoprotein, which is expressed as 2 forms, αα homodimer or αβ heterodimer. Peptide-loaded major histocompatibility complex class I (pMHC-I) molecules are major ligands for both forms of CD8. CD8αβ is a coreceptor for the T cell receptor (TCR) and binds to…

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Addressing cellular heterogeneity in tumor and circulation for refined prognostication [Medical Sciences]

Despite pronounced genomic and transcriptomic heterogeneity in non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) not only between tumors, but also within a tumor, validation of clinically relevant gene signatures for prognostication has relied upon single-tissue samples, including 2 commercially available multigene tests (MGTs). Here we report an unanticipated impact of intratumor heterogeneity (ITH)…

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Parkinson’s disease is a type of amyloidosis featuring accumulation of amyloid fibrils of {alpha}-synuclein [Medical Sciences]

Many neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by the accumulation of abnormal protein aggregates in the brain. In Parkinson’s disease (PD), α-synuclein (α-syn) forms such aggregates called Lewy bodies (LBs). Recently, it has been reported that aggregates of α-syn with a cross-β structure are capable of propagating within the brain in a…

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Core Concept: Cells nibble one another via the under-appreciated process of trogocytosis [Microbiology]

Neuroscientists believe that immediately after a mammal is born, brain cells called microglia spring into action, pruning away connections between neurons. This may be a way for the brain to refine its neural networks. Until recently, neurobiologists had assumed the microglia worked by phagocytosis, reaching out a cup-shaped tendril to…

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Power-law tail in lag time distribution underlies bacterial persistence [Microbiology]

Genetically identical microbial cells respond to stress heterogeneously, and this phenotypic heterogeneity contributes to population survival. Quantitative analysis of phenotypic heterogeneity can reveal dynamic features of stochastic mechanisms that generate heterogeneity. Additionally, it can enable a priori prediction of population dynamics, elucidating microbial survival strategies. Here, we q

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A unique variant of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus that induces pheromone binding protein MUP: Critical role for CTL [Microbiology]

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) WE variant 2.2 (v2.2) generated a high level of the major mouse urinary protein: MUP. Mice infected with LCMV WE v54, which differed from v2.2 by a single amino acid in the viral glycoprotein, failed to generate MUP above baseline levels found in uninfected controls. Variant…

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A high-throughput system to identify inhibitors of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus transcription regulators [Microbiology]

Citrus greening disease, also known as huanglongbing (HLB), is the most devastating disease of Citrus worldwide. This incurable disease is caused primarily by the bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus and spread by feeding of the Asian Citrus Psyllid, Diaphorina citri. Ca. L. asiaticus cannot be cultured; its growth is restricted to…

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Short-chain diamines are the physiological substrates of PACE family efflux pumps [Microbiology]

Acinetobacter baumannii has rapidly emerged as a major cause of gram-negative hospital infections worldwide. A. baumannii encodes for the transport protein AceI, which confers resistance to chlorhexidine, a widely used antiseptic. AceI is also the prototype for the recently discovered proteobacterial antimicrobial compound efflux (PACE) family of transport proteins that…

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Mapping visual symbols onto spoken language along the ventral visual stream [Neuroscience]

Reading involves transforming arbitrary visual symbols into sounds and meanings. This study interrogated the neural representations in ventral occipitotemporal cortex (vOT) that support this transformation process. Twenty-four adults learned to read 2 sets of 24 novel words that shared phonemes and semantic categories but were written in different artificial orthographies….

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Inhibitory interneurons mediate autism-associated behaviors via 4E-BP2 [Neuroscience]

Translational control plays a key role in regulation of neuronal activity and behavior. Deletion of the translational repressor 4E-BP2 in mice alters excitatory and inhibitory synaptic functions, engendering autistic-like behaviors. The contribution of 4E-BP2-dependent translational control in excitatory and inhibitory neurons and astrocytic cells to these behaviors remains unknown. To…

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Pressure-induced phase transitions and superconductivity in a quasi-1-dimensional topological crystalline insulator {alpha}-Bi4Br4 [Physics]

Great progress has been achieved in the research field of topological states of matter during the past decade. Recently, a quasi–1-dimensional bismuth bromide, Bi4Br4, has been predicted to be a rotational symmetry-protected topological crystalline insulator; it would also exhibit more exotic topological properties under pressure. Here, we report a thorough…

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Sequential localization of a complex electron fluid [Physics]

Complex and correlated quantum systems with promise for new functionality often involve entwined electronic degrees of freedom. In such materials, highly unusual properties emerge and could be the result of electron localization. Here, a cubic heavy fermion metal governed by spins and orbitals is chosen as a model system for…

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Identification of the expressome by machine learning on omics data [Plant Biology]

Accurate annotation of plant genomes remains complex due to the presence of many pseudogenes arising from whole-genome duplication-generated redundancy or the capture and movement of gene fragments by transposable elements. Machine learning on genome-wide epigenetic marks, informed by transcriptomic and proteomic training data, could be used to improve annotations through…

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A conserved but plant-specific CDK-mediated regulation of DNA replication protein A2 in the precise control of stomatal terminal division [Plant Biology]

The R2R3-MYB transcription factor FOUR LIPS (FLP) controls the stomatal terminal division through transcriptional repression of the cell cycle genes CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASE (CDK) B1s (CDKB1s), CDKA;1, and CYCLIN A2s (CYCA2s). We mutagenized the weak mutant allele flp-1 seeds with ethylmethane sulfonate and screened out a flp-1 suppressor 1 (fsp1) that…

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Oil and aid revenue produce equal demands for accountability as taxes in Ghana and Uganda [Political Sciences]

Received wisdom argues that citizens more readily demand accountability from government for taxes than for nontax revenue from oil or foreign aid, giving rise to an important mechanism underlying the “resource curse,” which posits that nontax revenue causes citizen quiescence and hampers government accountability. However, in developing countries, obfuscation through…

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A primarily serial, foveal accumulator underlies approximate numerical estimation [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

The approximate number system (ANS) has attracted broad interest due to its potential importance in early mathematical development and the fact that it is conserved across species. Models of the ANS and behavioral measures of ANS acuity both assume that quantity estimation is computed rapidly and in parallel across an…

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A large-scale analysis of task switching practice effects across the lifespan [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

An important feature of human cognition is the ability to flexibly and efficiently adapt behavior in response to continuously changing contextual demands. We leverage a large-scale dataset from Lumosity, an online cognitive-training platform, to investigate how cognitive processes involved in cued switching between tasks are affected by level of task…

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Correlations between social dominance orientation and political attitudes reflect common genetic underpinnings [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

A foundational question in the social sciences concerns the interplay of underlying causes in the formation of people’s political beliefs and prejudices. What role, if any, do genes, environmental influences, or personality dispositions play? Social dominance orientation (SDO), an influential index of people’s general attitudes toward intergroup hierarchy, correlates robustly…

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Origins of the concepts cause, cost, and goal in prereaching infants [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

We investigated the origins and interrelations of causal knowledge and knowledge of agency in 3-month-old infants, who cannot yet effect changes in the world by reaching for, grasping, and picking up objects. Across 5 experiments, n = 152 prereaching infants viewed object-directed reaches that varied in efficiency (following the shortest…

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Disintermediating your friends: How online dating in the United States displaces other ways of meeting [Social Sciences]

We present data from a nationally representative 2017 survey of American adults. For heterosexual couples in the United States, meeting online has become the most popular way couples meet, eclipsing meeting through friends for the first time around 2013. Moreover, among the couples who meet online, the proportion who have…

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Correction for Tananbaum et al., Riccardo Giacconi (1931-2018) [Corrections]

RETROSPECTIVE Correction for “Riccardo Giacconi (1931–2018),” by Harvey Tananbaum, Ethan J. Schreier, and Wallace Tucker, which was first published June 4, 2019; 10.1073/pnas.1902399116 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 116, 12587–12589). The authors note that on page 12587, right column, first full paragraph, line 4, “June 12, 1962” should instead appear…

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How theater gave us the modern image of mermaids

Our modern interpretation of mermaids first came into view thanks to 19th-century European theater, according to new research. Mermaids can be larger than life or little, but regardless of stature, most people have basically the same idea of what they look like, says Tracy C. Davis, professor of performing arts at the School of Communication at Northwestern University. “What they may not realize,

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SpaceX Wouldn’t Move Its Satellite to Avoid a Collision, Says ESA

On Monday, the European Space Agency (ESA) tweeted that it had to perform a “ collision avoidance ” maneuver to avoid a crash with one of SpaceX’s Starlink satellites. SpaceX knew about the potential collision, Holger Krag, head of the ESA’s Space Debris Office, told Forbes — but refused to do anything about it and wouldn’t say why. According to the Forbes story, the U.S. military noticed that on

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Canine MRIs Sniff Out How Human Preferences Shaped Dogs' Hallmark Traits

A new study explores the brain structure of various dog breeds and how it relates to their behavior — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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FFR-CT effektiv til at forudsige vedvarende symptomer ved angina pectoris

Studie ledet fra Sydvestjysk Sygehus i Esbjerg har som det første vist, at FFR-CT kan bruges til at forudsige, hvilke angina pectoris patienter der et år efter revaskularisering fortsat vil have symptomer

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Fysisk aktivitet giver lavere risiko for omgående død af myokardieinfarkt

Selv moderat fysisk aktivitet giver en betydeligt lavere risiko i forhold til inaktive personer, viser meta-analyse, som Kim Wadt Hansen fra Bispebjerg Hospital har præsenteret på ESC.

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Bedre overlevelse ved genoptaget AK-behandling

Signifikant bedre overlevelse blandt de atrieflimrenpatienter, der genoptager deres blodfortyndende behandling efter indlæggelse for mavetarmblødning, end de, der ikke gør, viser kohorteundersøgelse præsenteret på ESC.

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The Thrilling Unpredictability of Women’s Tennis

For the second straight year, Naomi Osaka was part of a tennis match that briefly took on a life of its own. Unfortunately for Osaka and her fans, that match didn’t end with her hoisting a grand-slam singles trophy. It took place in the third round of the 2019 U.S. Open on Saturday, when she defeated the precocious Coco Gauff in straight sets and then took the unusual step of asking Gauff to part

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Hardship during the Great Recession linked with lasting mental health declines

People who suffered a financial, housing-related, or job-related hardship as a result of the Great Recession were more likely to show increases in symptoms of depression, anxiety, and problematic drug use, research shows. The declines in mental health that were still evident several years after the official end of the recession, but were obscured when examining trends in population-level data (e.g

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Why walnuts are such tough nuts to crack

Unique shell cells fit together like a puzzle

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