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Time-dependent plasticity in silicon microbeams mediated by dislocation nucleation [Engineering]
Understanding deformation mechanisms in silicon is critical for reliable design of miniaturized devices operating at high temperatures. Bulk silicon is brittle, but it becomes ductile at about 540 °C. It creeps (deforms plastically with time) at high temperatures (∼800 °C). However, the effect of small size on ductility and creep…
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Bioinspired nervous signal transmission system based on two-dimensional laminar nanofluidics: From electronics to ionics [Applied Physical Sciences]
Mammalian nervous systems, as natural ionic circuitries, stand out in environmental perception and sophisticated information transmission, relying on protein ionic channels and additional necessary structures. Prosperously emerged ionic regulated biomimetic nanochannels exhibit great potentialities in various application scenarios, especially signal transduction. Most reported direct current syste
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Ekspertgruppe løfter sløret for omfang af teledataskandale: Forventer 'relevante fejl' i ca. 60 sager
Der kan også være mange flere berørte sager, hvor dommen har været betinget fængsel, påpeger jurist. Endnu har teledataskandalen ikke ledt til, at sager er blivet genoptaget.
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Forskere: Ministers soja-ambition er ingen garanti mod skovrydning
PLUS. Fødevareministeren vil have, at den danske import af sydamerikansk soja til Danmark er 'afskovningsfri'. Men det er ikke nogen garanti mod mindre afskovning i verdensdelen, fortæller forskere.
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The Atlantic Daily: Election Day Will Be a Complicated One
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox . SHUTTERSTOCK / THE ATLANTIC In the face of a deadly pandemic, conversation about the presidential election has felt comparatively muted. But there's still much to be sorted before Election Day ro
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COVID-19 affects human neurons, mini-brains show
The virus that causes COVID-19 can infect organoids made from human brain cells, known as "mini-brains," researchers say. Early reports have suggested that more than a third of COVID-19 patients show neurological symptoms, but until now it was not clear whether the virus infects human brain cells. "There is no doubt that the virus infects neurons and multiplies." Through their use of tiny tissue
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You can aid COVID-19 research with Folding@home
More than four million computers are now helping researchers fight the COVID-19 pandemic by using the freely available software Folding@home. When the crowdsourced supercomputing project first announced a shift to coronavirus research they asked for new volunteers to run its software and expand its computing capacity. "We've got an incredible community—here and out in the world—contributing to th
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Jellyfish robot outswims the real thing
Soft robots inspired by jellyfish that can outswim their real-life counterparts, researchers report. More practically, the new jellyfish-bots highlight a technique that uses pre-stressed polymers to make soft robots more powerful. "We wanted to make a completely soft robot, without an inner spine…" " Our previous work focused on making soft robots that were inspired by cheetahs—and while the robo
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Coronavirus live news: New Zealand health minister quits, as WHO says Middle East at 'critical' point
David Clark resigns after controversy over handling of Covid-19; Middle East records 1m cases amid easing and return of tourists; California rolls back reopening of bars. Follow all the latest updates California rolls back reopening of bars and restaurants Global report: first tourists arrive in Greece as Brazil cases hit 60,000 Oxford offers world best hope of vaccine this year, UK MPs told Aust
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Stay refreshed with these four water bottles
Sparkling or plain, water gives you life. (ExplorerBob/Pixabay/) The recommended water intake for any adult lands at around 64 ounces, but we often forget to do even half of that. Many doctors note that having a reliable water bottle with you will help you remember to stay hydrated. These water bottles are insulated to keep your water cold on a hot day, but also for easy consumption at your desk
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US daily virus cases jump by more than 50,000 for first time
California, Texas and Arizona set records as Apple and McDonald's rethink reopening plans
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Tweets Reveal Politics of COVID-19
Political scientists analyzed congressional tweets and observed how Republicans and Democrats responded differently to the virus. Christopher Intagliata reports.
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Growing numbers of alcohol related hospital admissions linked to local spending cuts
A new study by King's College London has shown an association between increases in alcohol related hospital admissions and decreases in spending on alcohol services since they came under the responsibility of local authorities in 2012.
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Leading academics call for statutory levy on gambling firms to reduce harm
Leading UK academic scientists are urging the government to introduce a statutory levy on gambling firms to deliver reductions in gambling harms.
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Keep your food cool and fresh with these packable freezer bags
Keep your refreshments refreshing wherever you go. (Cinthia Escalante via Unsplash/) Having a sturdy, reliable freezer bag during a road trip or on your next grocery run can save you from a messy situation. Who wants melted ice cream all over the car seat? Whether you're a regular camper or just doing a quick meal delivery, it pays to have compartments to keep everything fresh and cold. These ins
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Giant whale sharks have teeth on their eyeballs
Japanese researchers discovered that the whale shark has "tiny teeth"—dermal denticles—protecting its eyes from abrasion. They also found the shark is able to retract its eyeball into the eye socket. Their research confirms that this giant fish relies on vision more than previously believed. Cape Cod residents and tourists received a stark warning ahead of the July 4th weekend: beware of great wh
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The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Individual decisions to reduce movement — even before state-wide stay-at-home policies were introduced — likely helped slow the spread of COVID-19 in the USA
Real-world mobile phone data suggests a decline in the number of trips people made per day began before state-level stay-at-home policies were implemented, and the decline was strongly correlated with a reduction of COVID-19 case growth in the 25 most affected counties across the USA, according to a modelling study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal.
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Individuals physically distanced before state mandates, slowing COVID-19 spread
Residents in all 25 of the US counties hardest hit by COVID-19 began to limit their public movements six to 29 days before states implemented stay-at-home orders, according to Johns Hopkins University researchers.
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Review finds major weaknesses in evidence base for COVID-19 antibody tests
Major weaknesses exist in the evidence base for covid-19 antibody tests, finds a review of the latest research published by The BMJ today.
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Meeting recommended weekly physical activity levels linked to lower risk of death
Adults who meet recommended weekly physical activity levels have a lower risk of death, finds a US study published by The BMJ today.
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Why are patient and public voices absent in COVID-19 policy-making?
Patient and public voices were "regrettably" absent in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, but must now move centre stage, argue experts in The BMJ today.
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What Would Happen If We Didn't Have Vaccines?
Immunizations are intended to stop diseases like the coronavirus. But there are a range of other long-term societal benefits from vaccines.
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Tweets Reveal Politics of COVID-19
Political scientists analyzed congressional tweets and observed how Republicans and Democrats responded differently to the virus. Christopher Intagliata reports. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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A massive star has mysteriously vanished, confusing astronomers
The massive star in the Kinsman Dwarf Galaxy seems to have disappeared between 2011 and 2019. It's likely that it erupted, but could it have collapsed into a black hole without a supernova? Maybe it's still there, but much less luminous and/or covered by dust. A "very massive star" in the Kinman Dwarf galaxy caught the attention of astronomers in the early years of the 2000s: It seemed to be reac
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Uncovering the Spark of Life – Issue 86: Energy
This summer, NASA's Perseverance rover will set out on a voyage to the edge of the Jezero crater on Mars. The goal of the mission is to learn more about our neighboring planet, and to collect core samples that will one day return to Earth. The hope is that by studying the ancient carbonate rocks that line the northern edge of the crater, we might glean signs of life. Anything we find there, even
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The Idea of Entropy Has Led Us Astray – Issue 86: Energy
Last summer, in the early days of a heat wave that would culminate in the highest temperatures ever recorded in Paris, I biked across the city to meet my friend Romain Graziani. At a sidewalk café, we sipped burnt espresso and watched the air shimmer weirdly over the cobbles. Romain, who is a scholar of ancient Chinese texts, shared an idea that had emerged from his research: There are certain go
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The Black Sheep of Black Holes – Facts So Romantic
Primordial black holes could have formed in the absence of any matter, from quantum fluctuations that would go on to form, after billions of years, the filament-like scaffolding around which all galaxy clusters now coalesce. NASA The Indian-American astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar once remarked that black holes, regions of spacetime whose gravitational field is so strong that not even l
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Pre-built garden beds for a bounteous harvest
Focus on more than personal growth. (Markus Spiske via Unsplash/) It's never too late to learn to grow your own produce, and raised vegetable beds are one of the easiest and most space effective ways to get started. They're excellent for small yards, patios, or in situations where growing space is ample, but you don't want to alter the environment by planting directly into the earth. There are tw
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A User's Guide To Masks: What's Best At Protecting Others (And Yourself)
They're made of cotton. Or polyester. Or paper. Or polypropylene. Here's what researchers say about the effectiveness of the different types of face masks during this pandemic. (Image credit: Photo illustration by Max Posner/NPR)
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Author Correction: Incompatible Coulomb hamiltonian extensions
Scientific Reports, Published online: 02 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68526-w
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Author Correction: Ultra Short Echo Time MRI of Iron-Labelled Mesenchymal Stem Cells in an Ovine Osteochondral Defect Model
Scientific Reports, Published online: 02 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68531-z
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Author Correction: Spatiotemporal regulation of liver development by the Wnt/β-catenin pathway
Scientific Reports, Published online: 02 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68277-8
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Author Correction: Tunable correlated states and spin-polarized phases in twisted bilayer–bilayer graphene
Nature, Published online: 02 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2393-7
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Beavers might be making the Arctic melt even faster
Beavers are moving onto the icy tundra (Pixabay/) Carbon pollution is causing all sorts of weird effects on the planet, including dramatic weather shifts and reshuffling ecosystems . Every day brings a new surprise driven by the cascading impacts of warming the Earth. Now, a new study in Environmental Research Letters shows that a warming climate may have unleashed beavers upon the tundra in the
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Could the shift to remote working make tech more inclusive?
Tech giants, including Microsoft, Google, Facebook, Twitter, and Amazon, have already stated they'll be adapting company policies to allow for more remote working. In the business software and tech infrastructure sectors, which are more in-demand than ever, it seems likely that recruiting will resume quickly, with companies seeking to fill specifically remote positions. The tech sector has long s
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NIH ACTIV working group weighs human challenge studies for SARS-CoV-2 vaccine development
In a Perspective for the New England Journal of Medicine, members of the National Institutes of Health's Accelerating COVID-19 Therapeutic Interventions and Vaccines (ACTIV) Vaccines Working Group assess practical considerations and prerequisites for using controlled human infection models (CHIMs), which can be used for human challenge studies, to support SARS-CoV-2 vaccine development.
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Higher concentration of metal in Moon's craters provides new insights to its origin
There has been considerable debate over how the Moon was formed. The popular hypothesis contends that the Moon was formed by a Mars-sized body colliding with Earth's upper crust which is poor in metals. But new research suggests the Moon's subsurface is more metal-rich than previously thought, providing new insights that could challenge our understanding of that process.
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First confirmed underwater Aboriginal archaeological sites found off Australian coast
Ancient submerged Aboriginal archaeological sites await underwater rediscovery off the coast of Australia, according to a study.
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Jellyfish-inspired soft robots can outswim their natural counterparts
Engineering researchers have developed soft robots inspired by jellyfish that can outswim their real-life counterparts. More practically, the new jellyfish-bots highlight a technique that uses pre-stressed polymers to make soft robots more powerful.
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Federal Officials Turn to a New Testing Strategy as Infections Surge
Millions of additional coronavirus tests may be processed with "pooling," enabling widespread surveillance as the country struggles to reopen.
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The Glassmaker Who Sparked Astrophysics – Issue 86: Energy
The lights in the sky above us—the sun, the moon, and the panoply of countless stars—have surely been a source of wonder since long before recorded history. Ingenious efforts to measure distances to them began in earnest in the 3rd and 4th centuries B.C., and astronomers and astrophysicists today, with high-powered telescopes and computers, still ponder the universe and attempt to tease out answe
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The Path to Ingenuity: One Man's Decades-Long Quest to Fly a Helicopter on Mars
NASA is about to fly a rotorcraft on another planet. For the engineers who built the Mars Ingenuity helicopter, it's a Wright brothers moment.
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'Ghost fleas' bring toxic mercury up from the depths of prairie lakes
Migratory invertebrates move pollutant to the surface, where it accumulates in fish
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Does deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's increase risk of dementia?
There's good news for people with Parkinson's disease. A new study shows that deep brain stimulation may not increase the risk of developing dementia.
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Beacon from the early universe
Often described as cosmic lighthouses, quasars are luminous beacons that can be observed at the outskirts of the Universe, providing a rich topic of study for astronomers and cosmologists. Now scientists have announced the discovery of the second-most distant quasar ever found, at more than 13 billion lightyears from Earth.
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The psychology of narcissism explained
Narcissistic personality disorder is one of several types of personality disorders. It is characterized as a mental condition in which people have an inflated sense of self. According to the most recent data, narcissistic personality disorder isn't as common as we think, impacting an estimated 1 percent of our population. The confusion lies in how we define the disorder compared to other narcissi
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New Mac Ransomware Is Even More Sinister Than It Appears
The malware known as ThiefQuest or EvilQuest also has spyware capabilities that allow it to grab passwords and credit card numbers.
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Researchers outline adapted health communications principles for the COVID-19 pandemic
In an article published Tuesday in Public Health Research & Practice, CUNY SPH Distinguished Lecturer Scott C. Ratzan and colleagues outline a checklist for the implementation of COVID-19 communication strategies to move from the acute phase of the pandemic to the 'next normal.'
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Fever-associated seizures after vaccination do not affect development, behavior
Now a new study has found there is no difference in developmental and behavioral outcomes for children who have febrile seizures after vaccination, children who have febrile seizures not associated with vaccination and children who have never had a seizure.
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Influence of insect and microalgae feeds on meat quality
Worldwide there is growing demand for animal products for human nutrition, despite the popularity of plant-based diets. This means more feed is needed for animals. Future feedstuffs will need to be produced without exacerbating deforestation. Insects and microalgae are up-and-coming sectors to meet protein demands for humans and animals. Therefore, researchers nvestigated whether these alternative
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Knowledge of severe storm patterns may improve tornado warnings
A radar signature may help distinguish which severe storms are likely to produce dangerous tornadoes, potentially leading to more accurate warnings, according to scientists.
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Why memory-forming neurons are vulnerable to Alzheimer's
Scientists have used advanced technology to 'micro-dissect' the first brain cells to perish in Alzheimer's disease. The result is a short list of genes that could represent new drug targets.
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Charcoal a weapon to fight superoxide-induced disease, injury
Artificial enzymes made of treated charcoal could have the power to curtail damaging levels of superoxides, radical oxygen ions that are toxic at high concentrations.
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This Forest Fire Was So Huge, NASA Spotted It From Space
Blazing Up The Bighorn Fire is a vicious blaze that's been raging in Arizona since the beginning of June — forcing evacuations as recently as this week . In fact, the fire has grown so large that satellites can easily see it from space, according to a new post by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Terra Firma NASA grabbed the imagery using its Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Ra
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Toward principles of gene regulation in multicellular systems?
Quantitative biologists ombine precision measurements and mathematical models to uncover a common mechanism regulating gene expression during development.
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Why do arteries age? Study explores link to gut bacteria, diet
Eat a slab of steak and your resident gut bacteria get to work immediately to break it down. But new research shows that a metabolic byproduct, called TMAO, produced in the process can be harmful to the lining of arteries, making them age faster.
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A shake-up in cell culturing: Flame sterilization may affect the culture
Researchers have found that flame-sterilizing shake-flasks, to avoid introducing microbial contaminants, considerably increases the carbon dioxide concentration in the flasks. This enhanced carbon dioxide concentration affects the growth of some microbial species, which may affect the quantity of vaccines or other valuable substances produced by the microbes.
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Charcoal a weapon to fight superoxide-induced disease, injury
Artificial enzymes made of treated charcoal could have the power to curtail damaging levels of superoxides, toxic radical oxygen ions that appear at high concentrations after an injury.
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Does deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's increase risk of dementia?
There's good news for people with Parkinson's disease. A new study shows that deep brain stimulation may not increase the risk of developing dementia. The study is published in the July 1, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
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Study: Fever-associated seizures after vaccination do not affect development, behavior
Now a new study has found there is no difference in developmental and behavioral outcomes for children who have febrile seizures after vaccination, children who have febrile seizures not associated with vaccination and children who have never had a seizure.
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Coronavirus Live Updates: As Cases Surge, Some States Halt Reopenings and Indoor Dining
New York City will not resume indoor dining next week. Iranian officials announced new shutdown measures in 11 provinces. President Trump still believes the virus will "sort of just disappear."
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Virgin Galactic's latest test flight puts it one step closer to commercial space travel
SpaceShipTwo was released from the mothership at 51,000 feet. ( Courtesy Virgin Galactic/) This story originally featured on Flying Magazine . Virgin Galactic's SpaceShipTwo last week completed its second successful test flight from Spaceport America in Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, marking another important milestone toward the launch of Virgin Galactic's commercial service. The company sai
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Brussels in talks with Gilead to secure doses of remdesivir for EU
Health commissioner has been negotiating with US pharma group over Covid-19 drug
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Researchers Debate Infecting People With Coronavirus to Test Vaccines
The technique, called a human challenge trial, has been used to evaluate other vaccines.
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Can beauty open our hearts to difficult conversations? | Titus Kaphar
An artwork's color or composition can pull you in — and put you on the path to having important and difficult conversations, says artist Titus Kaphar. In this stunning talk, he reflects on his artistic evolution and takes us on a tour of his career — from "The Jerome Project," which draws on religious icons to examine the US criminal justice system, to "From a Tropical Space," a haunting body of
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New Yorkers grow more hesitant about a return to normalcy, poll shows
New Yorkers continue to report much higher than normal rates of depression and anxiety, but much less than at their peak in mid-April. As they witness the surge in COVID-19 cases in states that re-opened early, New Yorkers have also grown significantly more hesitant about resuming normal activities than they reported in May 2020.
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A Japanese City Just Banned Using Phones While Walking
No Multitasking Yamato, a city in Japan, just passed an unusual new law: Pedestrians are no longer allowed to use their smartphones while walking around. The city, a suburb of Tokyo, is treating smartphone use as a public health hazard, Agence France-Presse reports . And while it sounds like a bizarre thing to turn into a legal rule, the ban is reportedly popular among Yamato's 240,000 residents.
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Scientists use a Teflon pipe to make a cheap, simple reactor for silica particle synthesis
The synthesis of silica particles, used in bioimaging and drug delivery, could become considerably cheaper and more efficient by adopting a new flow synthesis method which involves a spiral channel and simple Teflon pipe to promote the rapid mixing of precursor fluids.
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Material research: New chemistry for ultra-thin gas sensors
The application of zinc oxide layers in industry is manifold and ranges from the protection of degradable goods to the detection of toxic nitrogen oxide gas. Such layers can be deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) which employs typically chemical compounds, or simply precursors, which ignite immediately upon contact with air, i.e. are highly pyrophoric.
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Beginner-friendly sewing machines for any home project
For projects of all sizes. (Volha Flaxeco via Unsplash/) Sewing machines can look intimidating with tons of stitch types and features, not to mention the buttons and pedals. But just because you've never operated a sewing machine before—or perhaps never hand sewn, either—doesn't mean it has to be a major challenge. Here are our favorite beginner-friendly models, perfect for someone who has never
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Councils' anger over missing data that could quell new Covid-19 outbreaks
Exclusive: local leaders say they are not getting test results needed to prevent flare-ups Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Crucial data that could help prevent fresh local waves of coronavirus is being withheld from some of the places most in danger of further lockdowns, the Guardian has been told. Council leaders said on Wednesday they were either not getting test r
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Second Brazilian museum fire in two years reignites calls for reform
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01990-6 A recent fire at a natural history museum in Minas Gerais is forcing some researchers to relive the pain of losing priceless specimens and artefacts.
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Daily briefing: LIGO turns huge mirrors into quantum objects to break precision limit
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01998-y Gravitational-wave detector goes quantum to overcome the limits of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Plus: why it's so hard to know when we will reach herd immunity to COVID-19, and how flying snakes glide through the air.
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Giant leap in diagnosing liver disease
A collaborative team of Salk Institute and UC San Diego scientists have created a novel microbiome-based diagnostic tool that, with the accuracy of the best physicians, quickly and inexpensively identifies liver fibrosis and cirrhosis over 90 percent of the time in human patients. The non-invasive method relies on an algorithm to analyze patient stool samples–which contains traces of what lives i
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Treatments tested for invasive pest on allium crops
Native to Europe but discovered in Pennsylvania in 2015, the Allium leafminer is a fly whose larvae feed on crops in the Allium genus, including onions, garlic and leeks.
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Treatments tested for invasive pest on allium crops
Native to Europe but discovered in Pennsylvania in 2015, the Allium leafminer is a fly whose larvae feed on crops in the Allium genus, including onions, garlic and leeks.
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Tabletop quantum experiment could detect gravitational waves
Tiny diamond crystals could be used as an incredibly sensitive and small gravitational detector capable of measuring gravitational waves, suggests new research.
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Researchers unlock mystery of subterranean stoneflies
In a new study published in the scientific journal Ecology, researchers from the University of Montana's Flathead Lake Biological Station may have unlocked a mystery surrounding unique aquatic insects in the Flathead watershed.
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Treatments tested for invasive pest on allium crops
A Cornell University-led team of researchers field-tested 14 active ingredients in insecticides, applied in a variety of methods, to understand the best treatment options against the Allium leafminer, a growing threat to onions, garlic and leeks.
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Radar points to moon being more metallic than researchers thought
The Moon's subsurface might be richer in metals, like iron and titanium, than researchers thought.
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Tiny Quantum Fluctuations Can Actually "Kick" Large Objects
Quantum Funhouse For the first time, scientists noticed that tiny fluctuations of quantum energy actually "kicked" a large mirror out of alignment — the first tangible impact of quantum noise at the human scale. The nudge happened inside the LIGO gravitational wave detector. And while it's a fascinating discovery, it actually poses a bit of a practical problem for the observatory's continued rese
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Finally, There's a Sustainable Bamboo Toilet Paper That's as Gentle as Traditional TP
The events of the last few months have forced all of us to devote more thought than we'd like to the subject of toilet paper . But even before the lock downs, many consumers were starting to see the inherent limitations of traditional toilet paper, and were looking for something more sustainable. So if doing what you can to help the environment is important to you, there are alternatives. Specifi
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Spot Medical Problems Before They Begin With Genetic Health Testing From 23andMe
Back in the day, there was no such thing as preventative healthcare . Human beings had no choice but to just sit around and wait for diseases and defects to pop up. Luckily, those days are over. After decades of research into the human genome, scientists today can identify hereditary dispositions and genetic indicators for a wide array of potential health issues before they become serious. All yo
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Researchers unlock mystery of subterranean stoneflies
In a new study published in the scientific journal Ecology, researchers from the University of Montana's Flathead Lake Biological Station may have unlocked a mystery surrounding unique aquatic insects in the Flathead watershed.
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Higher concentration of metal in Moon's craters provides new insights to its origin
Life on Earth would not be possible without the Moon; it keeps our planet's axis of rotation stable, which controls seasons and regulates our climate. However, there has been considerable debate over how the Moon was formed. The popular hypothesis contends that the Moon was formed by a Mars-sized body colliding with Earth's upper crust which is poor in metals. But new research suggests the Moon's
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A Submerged 7,000-Year-Old Discovery Shows the Great Potential of Underwater Archaeology
Stone tools scattered on the seafloor mark the oldest underwater site ever found on the continent.
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What Disbanding the Police Really Meant in Camden, New Jersey
Since the city overhauled its force in 2012, reported crimes fell, but electronic surveillance increased. Some community activists are unhappy.
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Researchers investigate the influence of insect and microalgae feeds on meat quality
Worldwide there is a growing demand for animal products for human nutrition, despite vegan and vegetarian diets becoming more popular in Western countries. Changing diets necessitate a substantial amount of protein as an input for animal production. Future protein feedstuffs will need to become independent of arable land in order to avoid further land use changes, such as deforestation.
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Consumption of products derived from vulnerable wildlife species pervasive in Laos
A new study of wildlife consumption in northern Laos by San Diego Zoo Global researchers found widespread use of products made from sun bears, Asiatic bears and serows—goat-like mammals found throughout Asia—among other vulnerable species. The findings indicate that efforts are needed to reduce the unsustainable harvest of bears and serows, in particular, "before this demand becomes a significant
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Study confirms Ultra Music Festival likely stressful to fish
A new study published in the Journal Environmental Pollution by researchers at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that the Ultra Music Festival was likely stressful to toadfish.
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Energy-saving servers: Data storage 2.0
Whether it's sending the grandparents a few pictures of the kids, streaming a movie or music, or surfing the Internet for hours, the volume of data our society generates is increasing all the time. But this comes at a price, since storing data consumes huge amounts of energy. Assuming that data volumes continue to grow in future, the related energy consumption will also increase by several orders
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Researchers investigate the influence of insect and microalgae feeds on meat quality
Worldwide there is a growing demand for animal products for human nutrition, despite vegan and vegetarian diets becoming more popular in Western countries. Changing diets necessitate a substantial amount of protein as an input for animal production. Future protein feedstuffs will need to become independent of arable land in order to avoid further land use changes, such as deforestation.
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Consumption of products derived from vulnerable wildlife species pervasive in Laos
A new study of wildlife consumption in northern Laos by San Diego Zoo Global researchers found widespread use of products made from sun bears, Asiatic bears and serows—goat-like mammals found throughout Asia—among other vulnerable species. The findings indicate that efforts are needed to reduce the unsustainable harvest of bears and serows, in particular, "before this demand becomes a significant
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Study confirms Ultra Music Festival likely stressful to fish
A new study published in the Journal Environmental Pollution by researchers at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that the Ultra Music Festival was likely stressful to toadfish.
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Why Latinx People Are Hospitalized From COVID-19 At 4 Times The Rate Of Whites
Dr. Joseph Betancourt of Massachusetts General Hospital says a "perfect storm" of factors is causing the coronavirus to hit the nation's Latinx population especially hard. (Image credit: Lynne Sladky/AP)
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Oxford offers best hope for Covid-19 vaccine this year, MPs told
University is leading rivals but first drugs may not work fully, says vaccine taskforce chair Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Oxford University is leading the world in developing a vaccine against Covid-19 and offers the best chance of having something protective against the virus as we go into winter, MPs have been told. Kate Bingham, chair of the UK vaccine taskfor
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Financial conflicts of interest are often not disclosed in spinal surgery journals
Many studies published by major spinal surgery journals do not include full disclosure of researchers' financial conflicts of interest (COIs), reports a study in Spine. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
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UM Bio Station researchers unlock mystery of subterranean stoneflies
In a new study published in the scientific journal Ecology, researchers from the University of Montana's Flathead Lake Biological Station may have unlocked a mystery surrounding unique aquatic insects in the Flathead watershed.
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Jellyfish-inspired soft robots can outswim their natural counterparts
Engineering researchers have developed soft robots inspired by jellyfish that can outswim their real-life counterparts. More practically, the new jellyfish-bots highlight a technique that uses pre-stressed polymers to make soft robots more powerful.
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Study: 35 percent of excess deaths in pandemic's early months tied to causes other than COVID-19
Since COVID-19's spread to the United States earlier this year, death rates in the U.S. have risen significantly. But deaths attributed to COVID-19 only account for about two-thirds of the increase in March and April, according to a new study.
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FEMA Flood Maps Miss Risk to Millions of Homes
The new analysis could help property owners, municipalities and financial institutions better prepare for future inundation — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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FDA to Require 50 Percent Efficacy for COVID-19 Vaccines
Vaccine experts divided on whether that level of protection is too low or too demanding.
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As belly size gets larger, the memory center in the brain gets smaller
Researchers at University College London have discovered a link between waist circumference and dementia. Seventy-four percent of volunteers that developed dementia were overweight or obese. Women with central obesity had a 39 percent greater risk of dementia. One of every eight deaths in England was attributed to dementia in 2017. Considering the substantial public health burden this adds to a s
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Higher concentration of metal in Moon's craters provides new insights to its origin
But new research suggests the Moon's subsurface is more metal-rich than previously thought. These new observations could challenge previous theories of how the Moon was formed.
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Need to check patient's jugular venous pressure? There's an app for that
A new report from cardiologists at UT Southwestern raises the hope that doctors will be able to visually check the jugular venous pressure of heart failure patients remotely, using the camera on a smartphone. The finding is especially timely as telemedicine expands during the pandemic.
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Study confirms ultra music festival likely stressful to fish
A new study published in the Journal Environmental Pollution by researchers at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that the Ultra Music Festival was likely stressful to toadfish.
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Consumption of products derived from vulnerable wildlife species pervasive in Laos
A new study of wildlife consumption in northern Laos by San Diego Zoo Global researchers found widespread use of products made from sun bears, Asiatic bears and serows–goat-like mammals found throughout Asia–among other vulnerable species. The findings indicate that efforts are needed to reduce the unsustainable harvest of bears and serows, in particular, 'before this demand becomes a significan
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Ultrafast insulin formulation may enable faster management of blood sugar in diabetes
A new, ultra-rapid formulation of insulin reached peak activity in pigs with diabetes about twice as fast as a commercially available option, according to new research.
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Brain activity prior to an action contributes to our sense of control over what we do
Scientists have identified specific brain regions that contribute to humans' sense of agency – the implicit sense that we control our actions and that they affect the outside world. The findings suggest that brain activity involved in planning our next move is crucial to this sense of agency, supporting a 'constructive' hypothesis in which humans compare the predictions.
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Researchers develop a new ultrafast insulin
Stanford researchers tested a new insulin drug in diabetic pigs and found that it was twice as fast-acting as traditional insulin.
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New drug reduces stroke damage in mice
Mice that received an injection of a new experimental drug, TAT-DP-2, after a stroke had smaller areas of damage, and their long-term neurological function was better than that of untreated animals.
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Loss of intestinal goblet cells causes fatal disease after stem cell transplantation
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation can cause a loss of protective goblet cells from the colon's inner lining, which can be fatal. But boosting those cells beforehand could improve the outcome.
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Crystal wars
Scientists at The University of Tokyo and Fudan University researched the process of crystallization in which competing structural forms coexist. By compensating for fluctuations, they were able to more accurately describe the process that determines the final crystalline form. This work may help industrial chemists design new methods.
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Aboriginal artifacts reveal first ancient underwater cultural sites in Australia
The first underwater Aboriginal archaeological sites have been discovered off northwest Australia dating back thousands of years ago when the current seabed was dry land.Aboriginal artefacts discovered off the Plibara coast in Western Australia were discovered through a series of archaeological and geophysical surveys in the Dampier Archipelago, as part of the Deep History of Sea Country Project,
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Adding an extra entrance to an ants' nest reduces their foraging efficiency
: more ants go foraging, but they are less able to find and distinguish between food sources of varying value.
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First confirmed underwater Aboriginal archaeological sites found off Australian coast
Ancient submerged Aboriginal archaeological sites await underwater rediscovery off the coast of Australia, according to a study published July 1, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jonathan Benjamin of Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia and colleagues.
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Level of media coverage for scientific research linked to number of citations
An analysis of over 800 academic research papers on physical health and exercise suggests that the level of popular media coverage for a given paper is strongly linked to the attention it receives within the scientific community. P. Sage Anderson and colleagues at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, report these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on July 1, 2020.
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Exercise can slow or prevent vision loss, study finds
Exercise can slow or prevent the development of macular degeneration and may benefit other common causes of vision loss, such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, new research suggests.
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Building a harder diamond
Scientists create a theoretical carbon-based material that would be even harder than diamond. This work may have industrial applications for cutting and polishing in place of current synthetic diamond.
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Leicester and Merthyr Tydfil top table for UK-wide Covid infections
New data from public health bodies show other towns and cities that could be at risk of local lockdown
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Behind Bars, but Still Posting on TikTok
The lives of incarcerated people are usually hidden from society. On prison TikTok, they're going viral.
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VRK-1 extends life span by activation of AMPK via phosphorylation
Vaccinia virus–related kinase (VRK) is an evolutionarily conserved nuclear protein kinase. VRK-1, the single Caenorhabditis elegans VRK ortholog, functions in cell division and germline proliferation. However, the role of VRK-1 in postmitotic cells and adult life span remains unknown. Here, we show that VRK-1 increases organismal longevity by activating the cellular energy sensor, AMP-activated p
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Revealing roles of competing local structural orderings in crystallization of polymorphic systems
Most systems have more than two stable crystalline states in the phase diagram, which is known as polymorphism. Crystallization in such a system is often under strong influence of competing orderings linked to those crystals. However, how such competition affects crystal nucleation and ordering toward the final crystalline state is largely unknown. This is primarily because the competition takes
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How the effects of actions become our own
Every day, we do things that cause effects in the outside world with little doubt about who caused what. To some, this sense of agency derives from a post hoc reconstruction of a likely causal relationship between an event and our preceding movements; others propose that the sense of agency originates from prospective comparisons of motor programs and their effects. Using functional magnetic reso
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Xenogenization of tumor cells by fusogenic exosomes in tumor microenvironment ignites and propagates antitumor immunity
Many cancer patients not responding to current immunotherapies fail to produce tumor-specific T cells for various reasons, such as a lack of recognition of cancer cells as foreign. Here, we suggest a previously unidentified method for xenogenizing (turning self to non-self) tumors by using fusogenic exosomes to introduce fusogenic viral antigens (VSV-G) onto the tumor cell surface. We found that
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Coupling chromatin structure and dynamics by live super-resolution imaging
Chromatin conformation regulates gene expression and thus, constant remodeling of chromatin structure is essential to guarantee proper cell function. To gain insight into the spatiotemporal organization of the genome, we use high-density photoactivated localization microscopy and deep learning to obtain temporally resolved super-resolution images of chromatin in living cells. In combination with
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Long-term heat-storage ceramics absorbing thermal energy from hot water
In thermal and nuclear power plants, 70% of the generated thermal energy is lost as waste heat. The temperature of the waste heat is below the boiling temperature of water. Here, we show a long-term heat-storage material that absorbs heat energy at warm temperatures from 38°C (311 K) to 67°C (340 K). This unique series of material is composed of scandium-substituted lambda-trititanium-pentoxide (
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The predictable chaos of slow earthquakes
Slow earthquakes, like regular earthquakes, result from unstable frictional slip. They produce little slip and can therefore repeat frequently. We assess their predictability using the slip history of the Cascadia subduction between 2007 and 2017, during which slow earthquakes have repeatedly ruptured multiple segments. We characterize the system dynamics using embedding theory and extreme value
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Targeted disruption of Kv2.1-VAPA association provides neuroprotection against ischemic stroke in mice by declustering Kv2.1 channels
Kv2.1 channels mediate cell death–enabling loss of cytosolic potassium in neurons following plasma membrane insertion at somatodendritic clusters. Overexpression of the carboxyl terminus (CT) of the cognate channel Kv2.2 is neuroprotective by disrupting Kv2.1 surface clusters. Here, we define a seven–amino acid declustering domain within Kv2.2 CT (DP-2) and demonstrate its neuroprotective efficac
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DeepH&M: Estimating single-CpG hydroxymethylation and methylation levels from enrichment and restriction enzyme sequencing methods
Increased appreciation of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) as a stable epigenetic mark, which defines cell identity and disease progress, has engendered a need for cost-effective, but high-resolution, 5hmC mapping technology. Current enrichment-based technologies provide cheap but low-resolution and relative enrichment of 5hmC levels, while single-base resolution methods can be prohibitively expens
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Matching cell lines with cancer type and subtype of origin via mutational, epigenomic, and transcriptomic patterns
Cell lines are commonly used as cancer models. The tissue of origin provides context for understanding biological mechanisms and predicting therapy response. We therefore systematically examined whether cancer cell lines exhibit features matching the presumed cancer type of origin. Gene expression and DNA methylation classifiers trained on ~9000 tumors identified 35 (of 614 examined) cell lines t
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Single-dose mRNA therapy via biomaterial-mediated sequestration of overexpressed proteins
Nonviral mRNA delivery is an attractive therapeutic gene delivery strategy, as it achieves efficient protein overexpression in vivo and has a desirable safety profile. However, mRNA's short cytoplasmic half-life limits its utility to therapeutic applications amenable to repeated dosing or short-term overexpression. Here, we describe a biomaterial that enables a durable in vivo response to a singl
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The structure of the RCAN1:CN complex explains the inhibition of and substrate recruitment by calcineurin
Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) is an endogenous inhibitor of the Ser/Thr phosphatase calcineurin (CN). It has been shown that excessive inhibition of CN is a critical factor for Down syndrome and Alzheimer's disease. Here, we determined RCAN1's mode of action. Using a combination of structural, biophysical, and biochemical studies, we show that RCAN1 inhibits CN via multiple routes: first, by
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The fungal collaboration gradient dominates the root economics space in plants
Plant economics run on carbon and nutrients instead of money. Leaf strategies aboveground span an economic spectrum from "live fast and die young" to "slow and steady," but the economy defined by root strategies belowground remains unclear. Here, we take a holistic view of the belowground economy and show that root-mycorrhizal collaboration can short circuit a one-dimensional economic spectrum, p
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Esophageal extracellular matrix hydrogel mitigates metaplastic change in a dog model of Barretts esophagus
Chronic inflammatory gastric reflux alters the esophageal microenvironment and induces metaplastic transformation of the epithelium, a precancerous condition termed Barrett's esophagus (BE). The microenvironmental niche, which includes the extracellular matrix (ECM), substantially influences cell phenotype. ECM harvested from normal porcine esophageal mucosa (eECM) was formulated as a mucoadhesiv
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Signal dynamics of midbrain dopamine neurons during economic decision-making in monkeys
When we make economic choices, the brain first evaluates available options and then decides whether to choose them. Midbrain dopamine neurons are known to reinforce economic choices through their signal evoked by outcomes after decisions are made. However, although critical internal processing is executed while decisions are being made, little is known about the role of dopamine neurons during th
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A novel system to map protein interactions reveals evolutionarily conserved immune evasion pathways on transmissible cancers
Around 40% of humans and Tasmanian devils ( Sarcophilus harrisii ) develop cancer in their lifetime, compared to less than 10% for most species. In addition, devils are affected by two of the three known transmissible cancers in mammals. Immune checkpoint immunotherapy has transformed human medicine, but a lack of species-specific reagents has limited checkpoint immunology in most species. We dev
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Calpain-2 as a therapeutic target in repeated concussion-induced neuropathy and behavioral impairment
Repeated concussion represents a serious health problem as it can result in various brain pathologies, ranging from minor focal tissue injury to severe chronic traumatic encephalopathy. The calcium-dependent protease, calpain, participates in the development of neurodegeneration following concussion, but there is no information regarding the relative contribution of calpain-1 and calpain-2, the m
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Identification of human CD4+ T cell populations with distinct antitumor activity
How naturally arising human CD4 + T helper subsets affect cancer immunotherapy is unclear. We reported that human CD4 + CD26 high T cells elicit potent immunity against solid tumors. As CD26 high T cells are often categorized as T H 17 cells for their IL-17 production and high CD26 expression, we posited these populations would have similar molecular properties. Here, we reveal that CD26 high T c
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Photonic paper: Multiscale assembly of reflective cellulose sheets in Lunaria annua
Bright, iridescent colors observed in nature are often caused by light interference within nanoscale periodic lattices, inspiring numerous strategies for coloration devoid of inorganic pigments. Here, we describe and characterize the septum of the Lunaria annua plant that generates large (multicentimeter), freestanding iridescent sheets, with distinctive silvery-white reflective appearance. This
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Coupling and confinement of current in thermoacoustic phased arrays
When a medium is rapidly heated and cooled, heat transfers to its surroundings as sound. A controllable source of this sound is realized through joule heating of thin, conductive films by an alternating current. Here, we show that arrays of these sources generate sound unique to this mechanism. From the sound alone, we spatially resolve current flow by varying the film geometry and electrical pha
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Acceptorless dehydrogenation and hydrogenation of N- and O-containing compounds on Pd3Au1(111) facets
Catalytic dehydrogenation and hydrogenation of amines and alcohols are important in the synthesis of fine chemicals. Despite several efficient homogeneous catalysts having been identified, highly active heterogeneous catalysts remain elusive, although they would meet an unmet need. Here, we show that bimetallic Pd-Au nanoparticles with Pd-to-Au molar ratios of 3:1 immobilized on multiwall carbon
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Emergence of SARS-CoV-2 through recombination and strong purifying selection
COVID-19 has become a global pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Understanding the origins of SARS-CoV-2 is critical for deterring future zoonosis, discovering new drugs, and developing a vaccine. We show evidence of strong purifying selection around the receptor binding motif (RBM) in the spike and other genes among bat, pangolin, and human coronaviruses, suggesting similar evol
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I feel fine: fans of world-ending films 'coping better with pandemic'
Researchers say apocalyptic movies prepare people for Covid-19 and make them more resilient Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage For those of you who whiled away hours on the sofa watching society crumble in the face of marauding zombies, deadly aliens and infectious diseases – it's time to reap the rewards. Psychologists have found evidence that fans of apocalyptic movie
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Mystisk mumie overrasker: Oldtids-kriger viser sig at være kvinde
Pigen tilhørte et folk, der har inspireret til græske myter om kvindekrigere.
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Photos: The Locust Swarms of 2020
Throughout the year, parts of East Africa have been suffering record-setting waves of locust swarms. In the past few months, even more swarms have dramatically struck parts of Yemen, Pakistan, and India. Farmers and communities are fearful of the damage to crops and rangeland, harming income and food supplies, all while dealing with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Some of the swarms are the larges
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A simpler way to make sensory hearing cells
Scientists are whispering the secrets of a simpler way to generate the sensory cells of the inner ear. Their approach uses direct reprogramming to produce sensory cells known as 'hair cells,' due to their hair-like protrusions that sense sound waves.
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Elucidating how asymmetry confers chemical properties
New research categorizes the causes of structural asymmetry, some surprising, which underpin useful properties of crystals, including ferroelectricity, photoluminescence, and photovoltaic ability.
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A binary star as a cosmic particle accelerator
Scientists have identified the binary star Eta Carinae as a new kind of source for very high-energy (VHE) cosmic gamma-radiation. Eta Carinae is located 7500 lightyears away in the constellation Carina in the Southern Sky and, based on the data collected, emits gamma rays with energies up to 400 gigaelectronvolts (GeV), some 100 billion times more than the energy of visible light.
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Would these 5 changes make policing more equitable?
As the nation struggles with police violence, a new report recommends reforms to build an equitable, transparent, and accountable public safety approach. The report proposes five changes to federal policy: permitting private lawsuits against police officers; creating a national database on police misconduct and mandated reporting; establishing a federally mandated continuum that specifies the typ
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Watch These Mad Geniuses Light Birthday Candles With a Rocket Engine
Happy Birthday Rocket engines are great for blasting off into space. But what about getting ready for a party? The team at Firefly Aerospace — that's one of the spacetech contractors NASA selected in 2018 to help it get back to the Moon — used one of its homebrewed rocket engines to try to light all those pesky candles on a birthday cake for its co-founder Max Polakov. The results were, well, abo
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This image wiggles when you scroll—or does it?
Is this image wiggling, or is it just me? (PopSci/) We know you are bored at home right now—we are too. Here are some puzzles and brainteasers to challenge your family and friends with, either in person or over video chat. Look at the patterned image above . With the screen fixed, the design remains still. But scroll or physically move your screen ever so slightly, and the decorative display pick
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Fun family games that aren't Scrabble or Monopoly
Game on! (Dave Photoz via Unsplash/) A board game is a great way to bring the family together—or to bring out a competitive spirit—but there are only so many times you can play the same classics before they start feeling a little old. Here are some excellent titles for families looking to branch out, whether in storytelling or challenge level. Trade resources and build cities. (Amazon/) Settlers
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Crystal wars: Research may lead to more efficient crystal engineering methods
A team of researchers at the University of Tokyo and Fudan University has studied the process of crystallization when more than one structural arrangement is possible. By reducing the noise from random fluctuations, they found that transient precursors of the various crystalline orderings coexist and compete with each other. This work may help lead to more efficient crystal engineering methods.
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Level of media coverage for scientific research linked to number of citations
An analysis of over 800 academic research papers on physical health and exercise suggests that the level of popular media coverage for a given paper is strongly linked to the attention it receives within the scientific community. P. Sage Anderson and colleagues at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, report these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on July 1, 2020.
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Aboriginal artifacts reveal first ancient underwater cultural sites in Australia
The first underwater Aboriginal archeological sites have been discovered off northwest Australia dating back thousands of years ago when the current seabed was dry land.
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The Guardian view on local lockdowns: share the data faster | Editorial
The UK government needs to be more rigorous and transparent with information if regional outbreaks of Covid-19 are to be contained In the game of whack-a-mole, the target pops up in one location and, once hammered down, appears immediately somewhere else. The defining features of the exercise are randomness and futility, which makes it an unfortunate metaphor for Boris Johnson to use for his gove
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NASA Is Running Out of Time to Launch Perseverance Rover After Latest Delay
The Perseverance rover will set the stage by collecting samples from Mars. Curiosity has been exploring Mars for years, and NASA has been planning its successor for almost as long. The Perseverance rover is nearly complete, but NASA has been forced to delay the launch yet again. The rover will now launch no earlier than July 30th, putting it perilously close to the end of the launch window. Missi
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Spider silk can create lenses useful for biological imaging
Spider silk is useful for a variety of biomedical applications: It exhibits mechanical properties superior to synthetic fibers for tissue engineering, and it is not toxic or harmful to living cells. One unexpected application for spider silk is its use in the creation of biocompatible lenses for biological imaging applications. Researchers now describe the feasibility of creating lenses capitalizi
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Cartwheeling light reveals new optical phenomenon
Researchers have discovered details about a novel type of polarized-light matter interaction with light that literally turns end over end as it propagates from a source.
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Anders Ericsson, Psychologist and 'Expert on Experts,' Dies at 72
His research helped inspire "Outliers," Malcolm Gladwell's best-selling book on the keys to excelling.
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Global heating will make it much harder for tropical plants to germinate, study finds
Temperatures will be too hot for the seeds of one in five plants by the year 2070, Australian researcher says Global heating will make it much harder for tropical plants around the world to germinate, with temperatures becoming too hot for the seeds of one in five plants by the year 2070, according to a new study. Global heating will impact the ability of more than half of all tropical plants to
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Long-term culture of human pancreatic slices reveals regeneration of beta cells
Scientists from the Diabetes Research Institute (DRI) at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine have developed a method allowing for the long-term culture of 'pancreatic slices' to study the regeneration of the human pancreas in real time.
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Alarming long-term effects of insecticides weaken ant colonies
Scientists have shown how even low doses of neonicotinoid insecticides, as they may realistically occur in contaminated soils, adversely affect the development of black garden ants (Lasius niger). This study highlights the need to overthink current deployment and management of chemical pest control for more sustainable agriculture.
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Coordinating complex behaviors between hundreds of robots
Researchers propose a new approach to finding an optimal solution for controlling large numbers of robots collaboratively completing a set of complex linear temporal logic commands called STyLuS*, for large-Scale optimal Temporal Logic Synthesis, that can solve problems massively larger than what current algorithms can handle, with hundreds of robots, tens of thousands of rooms and highly complex
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First exposed planetary core discovered allows glimpse inside other worlds
The surviving core of a gas giant has been discovered orbiting a distant star, offering an unprecedented glimpse into the interior of a planet.
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Elon Musk Is Still Sharing Coronavirus Misinformation
Dangerous Platform As the coronavirus pandemic rages on in the U.S., Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk continues to downplay the very real danger it poses. As recently as Tuesday, Elon Musk tweeted inaccurate claims that official reports were exaggerating the COVID-19 death toll. But, as Business Insider reports , the opposite is likely true: The over 127,400 people officially killed by the disease
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Ministers shifting blame to Public Health England for Covid-19 errors, say experts
Former health officials say the government is unfairly laying fault at the door of PHE Experts have accused ministers of shifting the blame for their own mistakes during the coronavirus crisis on to Public Health England, amid speculation that the agency may be scrapped. Downing Street on Wednesday failed to guarantee that PHE will survive in its present form as an executive agency of the Departm
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New forms of 'red devil' cancer drug could spare hearts
Insight into how compound kills cells might lead to safer variants of commonly used chemotherapy
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Covid-19 news: UK's local coronavirus hotspots revealed
The latest coronavirus news updated every day including coronavirus cases, the latest news, features and interviews from New Scientist and essential information about the covid-19 pandemic
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A simpler way to make sensory hearing cells
Scientists from the USC Stem Cell laboratories of Neil Segil and Justin Ichida are whispering the secrets of a simpler way to generate the sensory cells of the inner ear. Their approach uses direct reprogramming to produce sensory cells known as 'hair cells,' due to their hair-like protrusions that sense sound waves. The study was published in the journal eLife.
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New system combines smartphone videos to create 4D visualizations
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated that they can combine iPhone videos shot 'in the wild' by separate cameras to create 4D visualizations that allow viewers to watch action from various angles, or even erase people or objects that temporarily block sight lines.
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Different tracks, same dinosaurs: Researchers dig deeper into dinosaur movements
Using X-ray-based technology, researchers uncover shared subsurface movement patterns between birds and dinosaurs, adding a new dimension of fossil track diversity.
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How the pandemic will shape the near future | Bill Gates
Bill Gates talks best (and worst) case scenarios for the coronavirus pandemic in the months ahead, explaining the challenges of reducing virus transmission, providing an update on promising vaccine candidates, offering his thoughts on reopening and even taking a moment to address conspiracy theories circulating about himself. Stay tuned for his critical call to fellow philanthropists to ramp up th
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United Kingdom plans 'office for talent' to smooth entry for top scientists
Government R&D plan commits to covering Brexit funding shortfalls
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Laser takes pictures of electrons in crystals
Microscopes of visible light allow to see tiny objects as living cells and their interior. They cannot discern how electrons are distributed among atoms in solids. Researchers around Prof. E. Goulielmakis of Extreme Photonics Labs at the University of Rostock and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching, Germany, along with coworkers of the Institute of Physics of the Chinese Academy
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Feeds of the future
Worldwide there is growing demand for animal products for human nutrition, despite the popularity of plant-based diets. This means more feed is needed for animals. Future feedstuffs will need to be produced without exacerbating deforestation. Insects and microalgae are up-and-coming sectors to meet protein demands for humans and animals. Therefore, researchers at Göttingen University investigated
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Showing pro-diversity feelings are the norm makes individuals more tolerant
Showing people how their peers feel about diversity in their community can make their actions more inclusive, make members of marginalized groups feel more like they belong, and even help close racial achievement gaps in education, according to a new study.
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Stars Aren't Supposed to Go Out Like This
A star has gone missing. Not in our own Milky Way, but in a galaxy about 75 million light-years away. The star in question is so hot that it glows crystal blue, and it shines a couple million times brighter than the star we know best, our sun. Even as stars go, it's massive. Astronomers have studied it for nearly two decades, so it was pretty disconcerting when, one day last year, they looked at
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CRISPR-assisted novel method detects RNA-binding proteins in living cells
While scientists still don't fully understand the diverse nature of RNA molecules, it is believed that the proteins binding to them, called RNA-binding proteins, are associated with many types of disease formation. Research led by biomedical scientists from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has led to a novel detection method, called CARPID, to identify binding proteins of specific RNAs in livi
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Elucidating how asymmetry confers chemical properties
You've heard the expression 'form follows function'? In materials science, function follows form.
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Light pollution gives invasive cane toads a belly full of grub
Light pollution is increasingly being recognized as yet another of humanity's many impacts on the rest of the natural world. Artificial light at night, or 'ALAN' to use the researchers' name for the phenomenon, can alter foraging behavior, migration patterns, mortality rates and even the very physical structure of animals.
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Researchers find the origin and the maximum mass of massive black holes
Through simulations of a dying star, a team of theoretical physics researchers have found the evolutionary origin and the maximum mass of black holes which are discovered by the detection of gravitational waves.
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Satellites reveal a 49 per cent increase in tree felling in Europe
Between 2016 and 2018, there was a sharp rise in the area of forest felled in countries across Europe, perhaps to feed demand for wood-based products
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Coordinating complex behaviors between hundreds of robots
Researchers from Duke University propose a new approach to finding an optimal solution for controlling large numbers of robots collaboratively completing a set of complex linear temporal logic commands called STyLuS*, for large-Scale optimal Temporal Logic Synthesis, that can solve problems massively larger than what current algorithms can handle, with hundreds of robots, tens of thousands of room
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Energy-saving servers: Data storage 2.0
A research team of Mainz University has developed a technique that will potentially halve the energy required to write data to servers and make it easier to construct complex server architectures.
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Study: 35% of excess deaths in pandemic's early months tied to causes other than COVID-19
Since COVID-19's spread to the United States earlier this year, death rates in the U.S. have risen significantly. But deaths attributed to COVID-19 only account for about two-thirds of the increase in March and April, according to a study published Wednesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
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Alarming long-term effects of insecticides weaken ant colonies
This week, scientists of the Institute of Bee Health of the University of Bern have published an article in the peer-reviewed journal Communications Biology, which shows how even low doses of neonicotinoid insecticides, as they may realistically occur in contaminated soils, adversely affect the development of black garden ants (Lasius niger). This study highlights the need to overthink current dep
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CRISPR-assisted novel method detects RNA-binding proteins in living cells
While scientists still don't fully understand the diverse nature of RNA molecules, it is believed that the proteins binding to them, called RNA-binding proteins, are associated with many types of disease formation. Research led by biomedical scientists from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has led to a novel detection method, called CARPID, to identify binding proteins of specific RNAs in livi
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Light pollution gives invasive cane toads a belly full of grub
Light pollution is increasingly being recognized as yet another of humanity's many impacts on the rest of the natural world. Artificial light at night, or 'ALAN' to use the researchers' name for the phenomenon, can alter foraging behavior, migration patterns, mortality rates and even the very physical structure of animals.
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US Treasury takes stake in trucking company with $700m bailout
Government will take near 30% stake in YRC as it struggles to survive coronavirus crisis
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Forest harvesting in Europe threatens climate goals: study
Annual forest harvesting in 26 European countries increased nearly 50 percent during 2016-2018 compared to an average of the four previous years, a trend that could threaten the European Union's climate goals, according to a study by the European Commission.
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Sustainable biomedical device for use in regenerative medicine
UPV/EHU researchers have developed a biomedical device consisting of byproducts from the food industry and which displays excellent properties for use in regenerative medicine. The novel device comprises soy protein and chitin, which form a matrix with a porous, interconnected microarchitecture similar to that of certain body tissues. The work has been published in the June issue of Green Chemistr
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Pfizer and BioNTech's First Vaccine Candidate
We now have a preprint with a great deal of data on the first mRNA coronavirus vaccine candidate from the Pfizer/BioNTech effort. This is actually the first real data set on any of the genetic vaccines, since Moderna's paper on their Phase I trial has not yet appeared (all we had was a brief press release) and a brief press release is all we got from Inovio's DNA vaccine work as well. I'm very gl
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Paging Dr. Hamblin: Are Kids Really Spared From the Coronavirus?
Editor's Note: Every Wednesday, James Hamblin takes questions from readers about health-related curiosities, concerns, and obsessions. Have one? Email him at paging.dr.hamblin@theatlantic.com . Dear Dr. Hamblin, I'm a college professor, but homeschooling my 6-year-old is proving to be one of the most challenging things I have ever done. I'm currently failing. Naturally, I have a lot of questions
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Scientists Are Renting out Giant Batteries to Areas Without Power
Rental Power In order to bring clean energy to regions of Africa that are growing faster than the electric grid can accommodate, researchers have developed a sort of battery pack loaner system. Engineers from England's University of Sheffield partnered with the energy company Mobile Power Ltd to create a battery-swapping system in Sierra Leone, according to a press release . Basically, they drop
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SUNY Downstate study finds wide variation in trust of health information by Hispanics
Hispanic adults vary widely in their reported trust of health information sources, suggesting that information tailored to specific ethnic subgroups and targeted by age group may be beneficial, according to results of a study by SUNY Downstate Assistant Professor Marlene Camacho-Rivera, MS, MPH, ScD.
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Different tracks, same dinosaurs: Brown researchers dig deeper into dinosaur movements
Using X-ray-based technology developed at Brown University, researchers uncover shared subsurface movement patterns between birds and dinosaurs, adding a new dimension of fossil track diversity.
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Why memory-forming neurons are vulnerable to Alzheimer's
Scientists have used advanced technology to 'micro-dissect' the first brain cells to perish in Alzheimer's disease. The result is a short list of genes that could represent new drug targets.
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Moffitt develops tool to detect patients at high risk for poor lung cancer outcomes
In a new study published in Nature Scientific Reports, Moffitt Cancer Center researchers have shown how the use of radiomics can improve lung cancer screening by identifying early stage lung cancer patients who may be at high risk for poorer outcomes, and therefore require aggressive follow-up and/or adjuvant therapy.
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CityU's CRISPR-assisted novel method detects RNA-binding proteins in living cells
A research led by biomedical scientists from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has developed a novel detection method, called CARPID, to identify binding proteins of specific RNAs in the living cells. It is expected the innovation can be applied in various cell researches, from identifying biomarkers of cancer diagnosis to detecting potential drug targets for treating viral diseases.
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Elucidating how asymmetry confers chemical properties
New research by Carnegie's Olivier Gagné and collaborator Frank Hawthorne of the University of Manitoba categorizes the causes of structural asymmetry, some surprising, which underpin useful properties of crystals, including ferroelectricity, photoluminescence, and photovoltaic ability.
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Alarming long-term effects of insecticides weaken ant colonies
This week, scientists of the Institute of Bee Health of the University of Bern have published an article in the peer-reviewed journal Communications Biology, which shows how even low doses of neonicotinoid insecticides, as they may realistically occur in contaminated soils, adversely affect the development of black garden ants (Lasius niger). This study highlights the need to overthink current dep
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Kanye West Is Hanging Out With Elon Musk, For Some Reason
Star Power Acclaimed musician Kanye West has been hanging out with SpaceX and Tesla CEO Elon Musk, according to a photo the "Jesus Walks" singer posted on Twitter . When you go to your boys house and you're both wearing orange pic.twitter.com/IyPOdEKaVY — ye (@kanyewest) July 1, 2020 Bromance Musk and West have spoken positively of each other in the past. Back in 2015, Musk penned a blurb about W
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Alarming long-term effects of insecticides weaken ant colonies
This week, scientists of the Institute of Bee Health of the University of Bern have published an article in the peer-reviewed journal Communications Biology, which shows how even low doses of neonicotinoid insecticides, as they may realistically occur in contaminated soils, adversely affect the development of black garden ants (Lasius niger). This study highlights the need to overthink current dep
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Cost-effective ways to minimize risks in the supply chain
The coronavirus pandemic has hit the economy hard. What lessons can be learned from this experience? And what's the best way for companies to protect themselves against this kind of crisis in the future? The answer will certainly involve a combination of different approaches—but new mathematical methods developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Mathematics (ITWM) look likely to be a ver
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Coronavirus: Why we should end the pandemic ban on reusable cups
Of the many ways the coronavirus pandemic has changed our lives, the banning of reusable cups by many cafes and other outlets serving hot drinks probably doesn't appear at the top of most people's lists. But the move is likely to add to the mountain of waste piling up as the pandemic has led to a reliance on large amounts of single-use plastic and brought recycling to a halt.
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New plastic biomaterials could lead to tougher, more versatile medical implants
A new thermoplastic biomaterial, which is tough and strong but also easy to process and shape has been developed by researchers at the University of Birmingham.
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How to bring conservation messaging into wildlife-based tourism
The study states that failing to encourage tourists to do more on behalf of wildlife represents a missed opportunity for conservation. "We argue that the combination of emotional engagement and knowledge-driven action provided by wildlife-based tours will pave the way for a new area of conservation-oriented tourism" says Dr. Alvaro Fernández-Llamazares, the lead-author of the study from the Univer
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Nine natural shelters that can save your life in the wild
If you get lost in the wilderness, finding shelter should be one of your top priorities. (USFWS/) This story was originally featured on Outdoor Life . A survival shelter can be something you build, with tools or your bare hands. It can also be something you find, ready-to-use and provided by nature. Since exposure is one of the top threats in a wilderness survival setting, learning how to find sh
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How to bring conservation messaging into wildlife-based tourism
The study states that failing to encourage tourists to do more on behalf of wildlife represents a missed opportunity for conservation. "We argue that the combination of emotional engagement and knowledge-driven action provided by wildlife-based tours will pave the way for a new area of conservation-oriented tourism" says Dr. Alvaro Fernández-Llamazares, the lead-author of the study from the Univer
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Why is there a delay in sharing Covid-19 test data with English councils?
Attempts to suppress localised flare-ups hampered by failure to share detailed information Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Attempts to contain regional outbreaks of coronavirus are being hampered by a failure to share comprehensive test results with local health authorities. Beyond Leicester, where lockdown restrictions are being reimposed, there are fears of further
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Satellites detect upsurge in tree felling across Europe since 2016
Between 2016 and 2018, there was a sharp rise in the area of forest felled in countries across Europe, perhaps to feed demand for wood-based products
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Soap bubbles can split light into otherworldly branching streams
When a laser beam shines through a membrane made of simple household soap, it branches in a strange and unexpected way that could help us understand the cosmos
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High-end microscopy refined: ExM
The synaptonemal complex is a ladder-like cell structure that plays a major role in the development of egg and sperm cells in humans and other mammals. "The structure of this complex has hardly been changed in evolution, but its protein components vary greatly from organism to organism," says Professor Ricardo Benavente, cell and developmental biologist at the Biocenter of Julius-Maximilians-Unive
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Reply to: Transformation of naked mole-rat cells
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2411-9
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Transformation of naked mole-rat cells
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2410-x
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Cryo-EM of elongating ribosome with EF-Tu•GTP elucidates tRNA proofreading
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2447-x Time-resolved cryogenic electron microscopy structures of a ribosome during the delivery of aminoacyl-tRNA by EF-Tu•GTP capture 33 ribosomal states, enabling visualization of the initial selection, proofreading and peptidyl transfer stages.
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What the atomic structure of enamel tells us about tooth decay
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01986-2 On this week's podcast, how the molecular structure of tooth enamel may impact decay, and a mysterious planetary core from a half-formed gas giant.
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Wapl repression by Pax5 promotes V gene recombination by Igh loop extrusion
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2454-y Pax5 regulates contraction of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (Igh) locus—an essential step in V(D)J recombination—by promoting chromatin loop extrusion via repression of Wapl expression.
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Chemical gradients in human enamel crystallites
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2433-3 Hydroxylapatite crystallites in human dental enamel show gradients in chemical composition, with a layer of magnesium enrichment on each side of a core rich in sodium, fluoride and carbonate ions.
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Abrupt increase in harvested forest area over Europe after 2015
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2438-y Fine-scale satellite data are used to quantify forest harvest rates in 26 European countries, finding an increase in harvested forest area of 49% and an increase in biomass loss of 69% between 2011–2015 and 2016–2018.
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A remnant planetary core in the hot-Neptune desert
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2421-7 Observations of TOI-849b reveal a radius smaller than Neptune's but a large mass of about 40 Earth masses, indicating that the planet is the remnant core of a gas giant.
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Atomic forces mapped out by lasers
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01913-5 The forces between electrons and nuclei in solids are difficult to image directly. A study shows that these forces can instead be indirectly imaged using the light emitted when the electrons are subjected to a strong laser field.
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Structural cells are key regulators of organ-specific immune responses
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2424-4 Structural cells implement a broad range of immune-regulatory functions beyond their roles as barriers and connective tissues, and they utilize an epigenetically encoded potential for immune gene activation in their rapid response to viral infection.
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Clinical targeting of HIV capsid protein with a long-acting small molecule
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2443-1 The small molecule GS-6207, which disrupts the function of the HIV capsid protein, shows potential as a long-acting therapeutic agent for the treatment and prevention of HIV infection.
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Laser picoscopy of valence electrons in solids
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2429-z Laser-generated high-harmonic emission is used to image the valence potential and electron density in magnesium fluoride and calcium fluoride at the picometre scale, enabling direct probing of material properties.
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An antiviral response beyond immune cells
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01916-2 Fibroblast, epithelial and endothelial cells are more than just the scaffold of an organ — it emerges that they communicate with immune cells and are primed to launch organ-specific gene-expression programs for antiviral defence.
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Observation of branched flow of light
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2376-8 Branched flow of light is experimentally observed inside a thin soap membrane, where smooth variations of the membrane thickness transform the light beam into branched filaments of enhanced intensity that keep dividing as the waves propagate.
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Suppression of proteolipid protein rescues Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2494-3
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Unexpected amount of blood-borne protein enters the young brain
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01791-x The discovery that larger quantities of blood-borne proteins enter the brains of young, healthy mice than enter those of aged animals will alter our understanding of the blood–brain barrier, and how it changes with age.
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How Europe can fix its forests data gap
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01848-x The European Union must improve how it collects forest data, which are essential to its ambitions in biodiversity and climate change.
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Extensive signal integration by the phytohormone protein network
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2460-0 A systems-level map of the Arabidopsis hormone signalling network, comprising more than 2,000 binary protein–protein interactions, reveals hundreds of interpathway contact points, many of which mediate crosstalk between different hormone pathways.
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Systematic quantitative analysis of ribosome inventory during nutrient stress
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2446-y During nutrient stress, ribosomal protein abundance is regulated primarily by translational and non-autophagic degradative mechanisms, but ribosome density per cell is largely maintained by reductions in cell volume and rates of cell division.
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Quantum fluctuations have been shown to affect macroscopic objects
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01914-4 A method has been reported that improves the precision of measurements made by gravitational-wave detectors beyond an intrinsic limit — and shows that quantum fluctuations can alter the position of macroscopic objects.
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Physiological blood–brain transport is impaired with age by a shift in transcytosis
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2453-z Tagging and tracking the blood plasma proteome as a discovery tool reveals widespread endogenous transport of proteins into the healthy brain and the pharmacologically modifiable mechanisms by which the brain endothelium regulates this process with age.
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A substrate-specific mTORC1 pathway underlies Birt–Hogg–Dubé syndrome
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2444-0 Dysregulation of an mTORC1 substrate-specific mechanism leads to constitutive activation of TFEB, and promotes kidney cystogenesis and tumorigenesis in a mouse model of Birt–Hogg–Dubé syndrome.
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Structural basis of CXC chemokine receptor 2 activation and signalling
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2492-5
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Structure and flexibility in cortical representations of odour space
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2451-1 Both piriform cortex and its sensory inputs from the olfactory bulb represent chemical odour relationships, but cortex reshapes relational information inherited from the sensory periphery to enhance odour generalization and to reflect experience.
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Quantum correlations between light and the kilogram-mass mirrors of LIGO
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2420-8 Quantum correlations between the laser beams and the positions of the 40-kg mirrors of LIGO are confirmed experimentally, enabling high-precision measurements of both gravitational waves and macroscopic quantum states.
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A laser show in a soap bubble
Nature, Published online: 29 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01991-5 Rare 'branched flow' phenomenon seen for the first time in visible light.
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High-end microscopy refined: ExM
The synaptonemal complex is a ladder-like cell structure that plays a major role in the development of egg and sperm cells in humans and other mammals. "The structure of this complex has hardly been changed in evolution, but its protein components vary greatly from organism to organism," says Professor Ricardo Benavente, cell and developmental biologist at the Biocenter of Julius-Maximilians-Unive
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A Number Theorist Who Solves the Hardest Easy Problems
When James Maynard was three, a health visitor came to his home in Chelmsford, just northeast of London, to check on his development. Such visits were routine for young children, and the assessor led him through a standard battery of tests. There was just one problem: Maynard thought they were stupid. So when she gave him a shape-sorting task, he intentionally put the shapes in a surprising order
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The courage to live with radical uncertainty | Shekinah Elmore
When your future is uncertain, how do you keep moving forward? In this courageous talk, oncologist and cancer survivor Shekinah Elmore shares how she embraced life after a rare genetic diagnosis — and explains why she believes doctors have a duty to help their patients learn to live with radical uncertainty.
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Core of a gas planet seen for the first time
Astronomers have found a previously unseen type of object circling a distant star.
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Coronavirus: Immunity may be more widespread than tests suggest
A Swedish study found twice as many people had protective T-cells as tested positive for antibodies.
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Auto 'politeness transfer' softens blunt work messages
A new automated method makes communications more polite, researchers report. Specifically, the method takes nonpolite directives or requests—those that use either impolite or neutral language—and restructures them or adds words to make them more well-mannered. "Send me the data," for instance, might become "Could you please send me the data?" The idea of transferring a style or sentiment from one
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Solution to viscosity mystery may curb pesticide pollution
Researchers have come up with a missing math formula to measure the viscosity of the droplets like those that aircraft spray over farm fields. Drones and other aircraft effectively spray pesticides over miles of crops, but the method also can pollute the environment if wind carries the mist off-target. The discovery ends a decades-long race by researchers around the world to make surface viscosit
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Study shows asthma drug salbutamol's potential as Alzheimer's treatment
A new study reveals that the common asthma drug salbutamol may offer potential as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease.
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How to bring conservation messaging into wildlife-based tourism
A new study from the University of Helsinki suggests that wildlife-based tourism operators should be key partners in educating and inspiring tourists to take informed conservation action. The study introduces a toolbox of ideas for improving wildlife-based tourism operations.
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Hong Kong universities rattled by new security law
The impact on research is unclear but worrisome, scholars say
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Hong Kong Is a Colony Once More
Carrie Lam, Hong Kong's chief executive, stood in front of reporters yesterday for the most consequential press conference of her time leading the city. Prior to Lam stepping behind the podium, news had begun to stream in that officials in Beijing had passed a national-security law to be imposed on Hong Kong, the most significant altering of the ostensibly autonomous territory's status since it w
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Don't expect to pay for Facebook any time soon
"Do you really want to create an economic incentive for poor people to opt in to pervasive surveillance for money" is a reasonable policy question you could ask https://t.co/CTENg2ti2Z — nilay patel (@reckless) June 19, 2020
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A Neural Network Generated a Bunch of Mutated-Looking New Animals
You probably remember the neural network that generates photos of people who don't actually exist . You might even remember the one that spits out photos of nonexistent cats , or the one that whips up fake résumés , or the one that dreams up listings for imaginary rental properties . Now, a programmer named Aldo Cortesi has created an even stranger algorithm — one that draws silhouettes for nonex
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FAST detects neutral hydrogen emission from extragalactic galaxies for the first time
Recently, an international research team led by Dr. CHENG Cheng from Chinese Academy of Sciences South America Center for Astronomy (CASSACA) observed four extragalactic galaxies by using the FAST 19-beam receiver, and detected the neutral hydrogen line emission from three targets with only five minutes of exposure each. This is the first publication for FAST to detect extragalactic neutral hydrog
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The combination of four drugs at low doses is more effective in the treatment of a lu
The study, published in the Nature Communications journal, and led by the Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), has had the collaboration of researchers from IDIBELL/ICO and HUB. This study demonstrates the beneficial effect of treatment with a cocktail drug at low doses to block a single signaling pathway in a lung cancer type.
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Clinical-grade wearables offer continuous monitoring for COVID-19
Researchers have introduced a novel wearable device and set of algorithms specifically tailored to catch early signs and symptoms associated with COVID-19 and to monitor patients as the illness progresses.
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Light pollution gives invasive cane toads a belly full of grub
Artificial light at night attracts insects, thus giving invasive cane toads in places like Australia a lot more food to eat, researchers have found, potentially giving a boost to such invasions.
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Researchers develop computational model to build better capacitors
Researchers have developed a computational model that helps users understand how changes in the nanostructure of materials affect their conductivity – with the goal of informing the development of new energy storage devices for a wide range of electronics.
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Quantum fluctuations can jiggle objects on the human scale
A team led by researchers at MIT LIGO Laboratory has measured the effects of quantum fluctuations on objects at the human scale.
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First exposed planetary core discovered
Researchers led by the University of Warwick have discovered the first exposed core of an exoplanet, which provides an unprecedented glimpse inside the interior of a planet. Christoph Mordasini from the University of Bern is leading the theoretical interpretation of this discovery.
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To listen is to survive: Unravelling how plants process information
Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) mapped the signaling network in plants and discovered novel insights about how plants process information about their environment. This gives new potential to strategies to protect crops and help them thrive in the time of increasing droughts.
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Smart structures: Structural cells of the body control immune function
In a Nature paper, CeMM researchers analyzed the epigenetic and transcriptional regulation in structural cells. They found widespread activity of immune genes, suggesting that structural cells are deeply involved in the body's response to pathogens. Moreover, the study uncovered an epigenetic potential that pre-programs structural cells to engage in the immune response against pathogens. These fin
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Infant sleep problems can signal mental disorders in adolescents — Study
Specific sleep problems among babies and very young children can be linked to mental disorders in adolescents, a new study has found.
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Mental health symptoms among the general population in china during the COVID-19 outbreak
This online survey study investigated how common were symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia and acute stress and potential risk factors in the general population in China during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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Estimation of excess deaths from COVID-19 in the US
Weekly changes in U.S. deaths from March 1 through May 30, 2020, due to any cause and deaths due to pneumonia, influenza or COVID-19 are investigated in this observational study.
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Telehealth for substance-using populations in the age of COVID-19
The need for and implementation of telemedicine for patients with substance use disorder in the era of COVID-19 is discussed in this Viewpoint.
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Neurologic, radiographic findings associated with COVID-19 infection in children
The clinical findings of four children who experienced neurological symptoms associated with COVID-19 are presented in this case series.
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Changes in proportion of adults screening positive for depression, receiving treatment
This observational study looked at changes from 2007 to 2016 in the proportion of US adults who screened positive for depression and received treatment.
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Medicaid expansion, association with breast cancer stage at diagnosis
Researchers investigated the association between the stage of breast cancer at diagnosis and the insurance status, age and race/ethnicity of patients before and after the expansion of Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act.
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Research finds new approach to treating certain neurological diseases
A team led by Case Western Reserve University medical researchers has developed a potential treatment method for Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD), a fatal neurological disorder that produces severe movement, motor and cognitive dysfunction in children. It results from genetic mutations that prevent the body from properly making myelin, the protective insulation around nerve cells.
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Addiction care barriers fell due to COVID-19; experts see challenges in keeping them down
The opioid and addiction epidemic didn't go away when the coronavirus pandemic began. But rapid changes in regulations and guidance made during COVID-19 response could also help many more people get care for opioid use disorder and other addiction problems, experts say in a new paper. But it will take more changes to truly lower barriers that stand in the way of delivering evidence-based addiction
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Materials scientists drill down to vulnerabilities involved in human tooth decay
Northwestern University researchers have cracked one of the secrets of tooth decay. The materials scientists are the first to identify a small number of impurity atoms in human enamel that may contribute to the material's strength but also make it more soluble. They also are the first to determine the spatial distribution of the impurities with atomic-scale resolution. The discovery could lead to
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First exposed planetary core discovered allows glimpse inside other worlds
The surviving core of a gas giant has been discovered orbiting a distant star by University of Warwick astronomers, offering an unprecedented glimpse into the interior of a planet.
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Hydrated eutectic electrolytes help improve performance of aqueous zn batteries
A research team led by Prof. CUI Guanglei from the Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has proposed a new class of aqueous electrolytes, called hydrated eutectic electrolytes, to ensure better performance of aqueous Zn batteries.
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Complexity of human tooth enamel revealed at atomic level in NIH-funded study
Scientists used a combination of advanced microscopy and chemical detection techniques to uncover the structural makeup of human tooth enamel at unprecedented atomic resolution, revealing lattice patterns and unexpected irregularities. The findings could lead to a better understanding of how tooth decay develops and might be prevented.
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Do IQ Tests Actually Measure Intelligence?
The assessments have been around for over 100 years. Experts say they've been plagued by bias, but still have some merit.
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New study of naked mole rats' cancer resistance sparks row
Cambridge team say 2013 study was flawed and rarity of tumours in rodents still unexplained With a hairless, wrinkly body, a whopping pair of front teeth and tiny eyes, the naked mole rat might seem an unusual creature to fight over, but a row has erupted among scientists over what might be its most unusual feature: a striking resistance to cancer. The burrowing rodents, native to east Africa and
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The Large Hadron Collider Just Discovered a Brand-New Particle
Charming Discovery Physicists at CERN's Large Hadron Collider just discovered a brand-new kind of subatomic particle — and its composition is a baffling world-first. The yet-unnamed particle is the first — that we know of — to be entirely made up of the same kind of quark, which is a building block for subatomic particles. In this case, according to preprint research shared online Tuesday, the pa
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Tabletop quantum experiment could detect gravitational waves
Predicted by Einstein's general theory of relativity, gravitational waves are ripples in space-time generated by certain movements of massive objects. They are important to study because they allow us to detect events in the universe that would otherwise leave little or no observable light, like black hole collisions.
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Hong Kong universities rattled by new security law
The impact on research is unclear but worrisome, scholars say
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Over 40 new species described in 2020 by a research group
It is estimated that 15 million different species live on our planet, but only 2 million of them are currently known to science. Discovering new species is important as it helps to protect them. Furthermore, new species can also produce compounds that could lead to the development of new medicine.
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Hydrated eutectic electrolytes help improve performance of aqueous zinc batteries
Zinc (Zn) batteries have attracted increasing attention due to their large volumetric capacity, their Earth-abundance, and environmental friendliness. Zn batteries provide a promising solution to safety hazards and economic challenges facing prevailing Li-ion batteries.
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First exposed planetary core discovered allows glimpse inside other worlds
The surviving core of a gas giant has been discovered orbiting a distant star by University of Warwick astronomers, offering an unprecedented glimpse into the interior of a planet.
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Materials scientists drill down to vulnerabilities involved in human tooth decay
Northwestern University researchers have cracked one of the secrets of tooth decay. In a new study of human enamel, the materials scientists are the first to identify a small number of impurity atoms that may contribute to the enamel's strength but also make the material more soluble. They also are the first to determine the spatial distribution of the impurities with atomic-scale resolution.
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Quantum fluctuations can jiggle objects on the human scale
The universe, as seen through the lens of quantum mechanics, is a noisy, crackling space where particles blink constantly in and out of existence, creating a background of quantum noise whose effects are normally far too subtle to detect in everyday objects.
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China eyes July 20-25 launch for Mars rover
China's first Mars rover should launch later this month, authorities said Wednesday, as the country races to catch up with the US dominance of space.
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Over 40 new species described in 2020 by a research group
It is estimated that 15 million different species live on our planet, but only 2 million of them are currently known to science. Discovering new species is important as it helps to protect them. Furthermore, new species can also produce compounds that could lead to the development of new medicine.
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Researchers develop computational model to build better capacitors
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a computational model that helps users understand how changes in the nanostructure of materials affect their conductivity—with the goal of informing the development of new energy storage devices for a wide range of electronics.
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Laser takes pictures of electrons in crystals
Microscopes of visible light allow scientists to see tiny objects such living cells. Yet, they cannot discern how electrons are distributed among atoms in solids. Now, researchers with Prof. Eleftherios Goulielmakis of the Extreme Photonics Labs at the University of Rostock and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching, Germany, along with coworkers of the Institute of Physics of the
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To listen is to survive: Unravelling how plants process information
Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) have mapped the signaling network in plants and discovered novel insights about how plants process information about their environment. This gives new potential for strategies to protect crops and help them thrive in the time of increasing droughts.
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New plastic biomaterials could lead to tougher, more versatile medical implants
A new thermoplastic biomaterial, which is tough and strong but also easy to process and shape has been developed by researchers at the University of Birmingham.
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Age research: A low level of the stress hormone cortisol contributes to the ageing process
Why do we age? What exactly is happening in our bodies? And can we do anything about it? Mankind has sought answers to these questions since time immemorial. While the pharmaceutical scientists Alexandra K. Kiemer and Jessica Hoppstädter from Saarland University are not claiming to have solved this ancient problem, they have uncovered processes within our immune system that contribute to ageing.
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Reliable coffee filters for any kind of pour over
Eco-friendly and disposable options. (Tyler Nix vua/) Making a cup of coffee isn't just a great way to start the day … it's also an art form. There are loads of ways to do it—french press, aeropress, moka pot, pour over—depending on the gear you have, the flavors you prefer, and your favorite preparation methods. If pour over is your go-to, you'll need to invest in great coffee filters that are
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To listen is to survive: Unravelling how plants process information
Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) have mapped the signaling network in plants and discovered novel insights about how plants process information about their environment. This gives new potential for strategies to protect crops and help them thrive in the time of increasing droughts.
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Toward principles of gene regulation in multicellular systems
A team of quantitative biology researchers from Northwestern University have uncovered new insights into the impact of stochasticity in gene expression, offering new evolutionary clues into organismal design principles in the face of physical constraints.
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Japan begins charging for plastic bags
Retailers in Japan began charging for plastic bags on Wednesday, a move aimed at curbing Japanese consumers' love for packaging and finally bringing the country in line with other major economies.
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Toward principles of gene regulation in multicellular systems
A team of quantitative biology researchers from Northwestern University have uncovered new insights into the impact of stochasticity in gene expression, offering new evolutionary clues into organismal design principles in the face of physical constraints.
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Indonesia province declares state of emergency over forest fire risk
An Indonesian province declared a state of emergency Wednesday as officials said they had pinpointed hundreds of spots at risk of erupting into smog-belching forest fires that plague the region every year.
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Launch of NASA Mars rover delayed again, 2 weeks left to fly
NASA has delayed the launch of its newest Mars rover yet again—to the end of July at the earliest—this time for a rocket issue.
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Astronauts perform spacewalk to swap station batteries
Astronauts performed their second spacewalk in under a week Wednesday to replace old batteries outside the International Space Station.
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A binary star as a cosmic particle accelerator
With a specialized telescope in Namibia a DESY-led team of researchers has proven a certain type of binary star as a new kind of source for very high-energy cosmic gamma-radiation. Eta Carinae is located 7500 lightyears away in the constellation Carina (the ship's keel) in the Southern Sky and, based on the data collected, emits gamma rays with energies all the way up to 400 gigaelectronvolts (GeV
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New synthetic biology tools unlock complex plant engineering
Researchers at JBEI have developed a new set of synthetic biology tools that could unlock advanced plant engineering.
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New synthetic biology tools unlock complex plant engineering
Researchers at JBEI have developed a new set of synthetic biology tools that could unlock advanced plant engineering.
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Women who experience high blood pressure during pregnancy more likely to develop heart disease
Women who experience high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to develop heart disease and heart failure in later life, according to an international team of researchers.
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B-cell protectors
A research group at the MDC has discovered a protein that protects mature B lymphocytes from stress-induced cell death. It also helps immune cells produce effective antibodies, which can stop the pathogen at different points in the infection.
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How does our brain fold? Study reveals new genetic insights
Problems with brain folding are linked with neurological conditions like autism, anorexia and schizophrenia, but there are currently no ways to detect, prevent or treat misfolding.New research offers genetic insights into the folding process, an important step towards developing potential treatments.
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Sharing work could ease mental health impact of pandemic
Catharina Boehme of Find, path of the pandemic, racism and public health
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The mystery of pollen sterility and its reversion in pigeon pea revealed in a new study
Published in The Plant Genome recently, a study has analyzed one environment-sensitive genic male sterile (EGMS) line that exhibited fertility transition under specified environmental conditions. Fertility transition here refers to the reversion of male sterile condition producing viable pollen to become male fertile plant and vice-versa.
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Looping footstep pattern in modern guineafowl sheds light on dinosaur tracks
A trio of researchers, two with Brown University, the other with Liverpool John Moores University, has found that a looping pattern in modern guineafowl footsteps is similar to those of certain dinosaurs. In their paper published in The Royal Society Biology Letters, Morgan Turner, Peter Falkingham and Stephen M. Gatesy describe their study of tracks made by modern guineafowl and how they compared
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New chemistry for ultra-thin gas sensors
The application of zinc oxide layers in industry is manifold and ranges from the protection of degradable goods to the detection of toxic nitrogen oxide gas. Such layers can be deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) which employs typically chemical compounds, or simply precursors, which ignite immediately upon contact with air, i.e. are highly pyrophoric. An interdisciplinary research team at
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Knowledge of severe storm patterns may improve tornado warnings
A radar signature may help distinguish which severe storms are likely to produce dangerous tornadoes, potentially leading to more accurate warnings, according to scientists.
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Image: Suitcase-sized asteroid explorer
A view of ESA's smallest future asteroid mission mapping its target body by laser.
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The mystery of pollen sterility and its reversion in pigeon pea revealed in a new study
Published in The Plant Genome recently, a study has analyzed one environment-sensitive genic male sterile (EGMS) line that exhibited fertility transition under specified environmental conditions. Fertility transition here refers to the reversion of male sterile condition producing viable pollen to become male fertile plant and vice-versa.
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Study gains new insight into bacterial DNA packing
When bacteria are put in different environments, such as one that is more acidic or anaerobic, their genes start to adapt remarkably quickly. They're able to do so because the proteins making up their chromosome can pack and unpack rapidly. Now, a Berkeley Lab-led team of researchers has been able to capture this process at the molecular level using advanced imaging techniques, a discovery that co
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Study gains new insight into bacterial DNA packing
When bacteria are put in different environments, such as one that is more acidic or anaerobic, their genes start to adapt remarkably quickly. They're able to do so because the proteins making up their chromosome can pack and unpack rapidly. Now, a Berkeley Lab-led team of researchers has been able to capture this process at the molecular level using advanced imaging techniques, a discovery that co
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Oslo samarbejder med Jaguar om trådløs opladning af el-taxaer
PLUS. Den norske hovedstad Oslo har indgået et samarbejde med bilproducenten Jaguar om induktiv opladning af 25 el-taxaer.
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Even groupers have parasites
"Parasite" is a term with a negative connotation, associated with laziness and predation, and the recent Oscar-winning movie "Parasite" will certainly not improve the public's general opinion on the matter.
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Surprising mammal diversity discovered in Bidoup Nui Ba National Park
New surveys have revealed surprising mammal biodiversity in Bidoup Nui Ba National Park (Bidoup Nui Ba NP), a large protected area located in the southern part of the Annamites range. The presence of numerous rare and endangered mammals in Bidoup Nui Ba NP provides a ray of hope for the long-term conservation of Vietnam's unique biodiversity.
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A shake-up in cell culturing: Flame sterilization may affect the culture
Researchers commonly culture bacteria for many purposes, such as to screen pharmaceuticals and manufacture vaccines. In these cases, shake flasks have been commonly and generally used for over 90 years to cultivate microbes.
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Artificial photosynthesis can convert useless carbon dioxide into formic acid used in industry
With energy from the sun, a special enzyme can convert CO2 molecules into formic acid. This can both remove CO2 and provide us with something more useful.
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Tiny silica particles: Powerful agents that could wipe out bone diseases
Nanoparticles constitute the main pillar in nanomedicine: They are now continuously being explored for their use in targeted drug delivery or repairing damaged tissues such as bones and muscles.
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Whale sharks found to have tiny teeth around their eyes
A team of researchers working at Japan's Okinawa Churashima Research Center has found that whale sharks have thousands of dermal denticles (tiny teeth) in the skin surrounding their eyeballs. In their paper posted on the open access site PLOS ONE, the group describes their study of the teeth and suggest possible functions.
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Medical debt can keep people homeless longer
Medical debt extended people's period of homeless by an average of two years, according to research in Washington state's King County. Medical bills were the primary source of debt among people in the study. Research shows that medical debt burdens millions of Americans: Depending on how you define "medical debt," studies from nonprofits and academic institutions generally show from 16% to 28% of
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Even groupers have parasites
"Parasite" is a term with a negative connotation, associated with laziness and predation, and the recent Oscar-winning movie "Parasite" will certainly not improve the public's general opinion on the matter.
9d
Surprising mammal diversity discovered in Bidoup Nui Ba National Park
New surveys have revealed surprising mammal biodiversity in Bidoup Nui Ba National Park (Bidoup Nui Ba NP), a large protected area located in the southern part of the Annamites range. The presence of numerous rare and endangered mammals in Bidoup Nui Ba NP provides a ray of hope for the long-term conservation of Vietnam's unique biodiversity.
9d
A shake-up in cell culturing: Flame sterilization may affect the culture
Researchers commonly culture bacteria for many purposes, such as to screen pharmaceuticals and manufacture vaccines. In these cases, shake flasks have been commonly and generally used for over 90 years to cultivate microbes.
9d
Whale sharks found to have tiny teeth around their eyes
A team of researchers working at Japan's Okinawa Churashima Research Center has found that whale sharks have thousands of dermal denticles (tiny teeth) in the skin surrounding their eyeballs. In their paper posted on the open access site PLOS ONE, the group describes their study of the teeth and suggest possible functions.
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The first five minutes of ReBirth
Nature, Published online: 01 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01894-5 Once in a lifetime.
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Artificial photosynthesis can convert useless carbon dioxide into formic acid used in industry
With energy from the sun, a special enzyme can convert CO2 molecules into formic acid. This can both remove CO2 and provide us with something more useful.
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Astronomers see unexpected molecule in exoplanet atmosphere
SRON-astronomers have found the signature for aluminum oxide (AlO) in the spectrum of exoplanet WASP-43b. This came as a surprise because AlO is expected to stay hidden in the lower atmospheric layers. It is only the second time that astronomers have observed the molecule in an exoplanet's atmosphere. The results are published in Astronomy & Astrophysics on July 1.
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Researchers building a specialized drone to study dolphins in the wild
Human actions have taken a steep toll on whales and dolphins. Some studies estimate that small whale abundance, which includes dolphins, has fallen 87% since 1980 and thousands of whales die from rope entanglement annually. But humans also cause less obvious harm. Researchers have found changes in the stress levels, reproductive health and respiratory health of these animals, but this valuable dat
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The Protests that Rocked the Nation
Public art displayed this month reflects widespread calls for action. 1crop_50033369093_f7ea74e52d_k.jpg A college graduate, photographed on Black Lives Matter Plaza. Image credits: Ted Eytan Culture Wednesday, July 1, 2020 – 10:00 Abigail Malate, Staff Illustrator (Inside Science) — June saw unrest and upheaval of the likes of which have not been seen in the U.S. in many decades. Across the Un
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Researchers building a specialized drone to study dolphins in the wild
Human actions have taken a steep toll on whales and dolphins. Some studies estimate that small whale abundance, which includes dolphins, has fallen 87% since 1980 and thousands of whales die from rope entanglement annually. But humans also cause less obvious harm. Researchers have found changes in the stress levels, reproductive health and respiratory health of these animals, but this valuable dat
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Knowledge of severe storm patterns may improve tornado warnings
A radar signature may help distinguish which severe storms are likely to produce dangerous tornadoes, potentially leading to more accurate warnings, according to scientists.
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Science snapshots July 2020
Berkeley Lab science snapshots July 2020
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The mystery of pollen sterility and its reversion in pigeon pea revealed in a new study
The Vienna Metabolomics Centre (VIME), University of Vienna, in collaboration with International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), based in India has made a breakthrough in pigeonpea by resolving the mystery behind fertility-sterility transition in pigeonpea.
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Cancer cells make blood vessels drug resistant during chemotherapy
Scientists have identified how inflammatory changes in tumors caused by chemotherapy trigger blood vessel anomalies and thus drug-resistance. Through mice experiment, the team also found that the combined usage of an inhibitor and anticancer drug makes chemotherapy more effective.
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High-end microscopy refined
New details are known about an important cell structure: For the first time, two Würzburg research groups have been able to map the synaptonemal complex three-dimensionally with a resolution of 20 to 30 nanometres.
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Identified the genetic landscape of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms
Researchers from the MDS Group of the Josep Carreras Leukaemia Research Institute and the Munich Leukemia Laboratory map the mutations that can ease and accelerate the diagnosis of Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms rare malignancies.
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New Curtin research uncovers the two 'faces' of the Earth
New Curtin University-led research has uncovered how rocks sourced from the Earth's mantle are linked to the formation and breakup of supercontinents and super oceans over the past 700 million years, suggesting that the Earth is made up of two distinct 'faces'.
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More than medicine: Pain-relief drug delivers choices for mothers in labor
Choice and control are important factors for ensuring a positive childbirth experience, yet until recently, little was known about the impact of alternative administrations of fentanyl — one of the pain relief drugs used during labour- on both mother and baby.
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A Highway to Smell: How Scientists Used Light to Incept Smell in Mice
I was on a panel a few weeks ago and realized I forgot to turn off the oven. Utterly mortified, I told my Zoom attendees that I had to save my lasagna that was likely burning into a smoky crisp. One chuckled and replied "Well I'm sure it smells great—about time we get tech so we can smell it too, no?" While we can't yet send the smell of a fresh-cooked cheesy lasagna as data through the interwebs
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Rape Kits Are Sitting on Shelves, Untested
Evidence gathered in sexual-assault cases could catch more criminals—if anyone bothered to look — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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It's time to learn how to smile in your mask
As people navigate a masked world, they'll need to focus more on the eyes and voice to connect with those around them, a psychologist argues. With faces covered to help reduce the spread of COVID-19, some of the facial cues that people rely on to connect with others—such as a smile that shows support—are also obscured. This will be particularly true for North Americans, says Jeanne Tsai , a profe
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This Scientist Says He's Built a Jet Engine That Turns Electricity Directly Into Thrust
This past autumn, a professor at Wuhan University named Jau Tang was hard at work piecing together a thruster prototype that, at first, sounds too good to be true. The basic idea, he said in an interview, is that his device turns electricity directly into thrust — no fossil fuels required — by using microwaves to energize compressed air into a plasma state and shooting it out like a jet. Tang sug
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A race to solve the COVID protein puzzle
Among the many unknown factors in the science of COVID-19, one involves the structures of the proteins that make up the exterior of the coronavirus. A coronavirus particle has multiple proteins, including the familiar spiky structures on the outside of the spherical virus particle (aptly named "spike proteins"). While researchers know the specific amino acids that make up the various proteins, the
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Scientists identify specific molecular elements that regulate root development
Plant scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have garnered the most comprehensive—and first ever—genetic level dataset of the rooting process in a flowering model grass, Brachypodium. It's a feat that gets scientists closer to increasing crop productivity to feed the growing global population and yield crops specifically for bioenergy.
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Co-offenders provide key to crime patterns
A large volume of criminal offending involves two or more individuals acting collaboratively—yet detailed analysis of co-offending is lacking to obtain more detailed and accurate pictures of criminal networks and broad crime patterns.
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A race to solve the COVID protein puzzle
Among the many unknown factors in the science of COVID-19, one involves the structures of the proteins that make up the exterior of the coronavirus. A coronavirus particle has multiple proteins, including the familiar spiky structures on the outside of the spherical virus particle (aptly named "spike proteins"). While researchers know the specific amino acids that make up the various proteins, the
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Scientists identify specific molecular elements that regulate root development
Plant scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have garnered the most comprehensive—and first ever—genetic level dataset of the rooting process in a flowering model grass, Brachypodium. It's a feat that gets scientists closer to increasing crop productivity to feed the growing global population and yield crops specifically for bioenergy.
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Lockdown home workers used to the lack of face-to-face contact now
New research for HR specialist SD Worx by Cass Business School and IESE Business School has found that 91 percent of European workers who have been required to work from home during the pandemic are adjusting to not seeing their colleagues face-to-face and are broadly accepting of the changes needed.
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Underwater cameras reveal biodiversity hotspot in tropical marine park
Researchers from The University of Western Australia have found an area of tropical ocean protected under law is a hotspot for iconic marine life but does not provide enough defence from human activities.
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Is not helping a bad person good or bad?
A research team led by Hitoshi Yamamoto from Rissho University has analyzed how the social norm of indirect reciprocity is adopted in human society and revealed results that contradict previous theoretical predictions. The study was carried out in collaboration with colleagues Takahisa Suzuki (Tsuda University) and Ryohei Umetani (Rissho University), and its results were published in the open-acce
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Underwater cameras reveal biodiversity hotspot in tropical marine park
Researchers from The University of Western Australia have found an area of tropical ocean protected under law is a hotspot for iconic marine life but does not provide enough defence from human activities.
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Stjärnan som försvann
I det tidiga universum fanns nästan bara väte och helium, och ytterst lite av tyngre grundämnen. Stjärnor som bildades då blev större och hetare och brann ut fortare – men hur sådana stjärnor fungerar i slutet av sina liv är ganska okänt. Därför ville ett forskarlag från Irland, Chile och USA rikta in sig på att studera en blå jättestjärna i en galax med låg halt av tunga grundämnen, 75 miljoner l
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Baby Bottles Are the Best Way to Drink in Space
Originally published in June 1959 — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Programming van der Waals interactions with complex symmetries into microparticles using liquid crystallinity
Versatile approaches to engineer asymmetric van der Waals interactions can expand the palette of materials development through bottom-up engineering processes. In a new study, H.A. Fuster and a research team in chemical and biological engineering, and mathematics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin, and Cornell University New York, U.S., demonstrated the polymerization of liquid crys
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Studying many genes in many animals is key to understanding how humans can live longer
Much of longevity and aging research focuses on studying extremely long-lived species, including bats, naked mole-rats and bowhead whales, to find genetic changes that contribute to long life.
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History tells us that ideological 'purity spirals' rarely end well
Nobody is more dangerous than he who imagines himself pure in heart, for his purity, by definition, is unassailable.
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A binary star as a cosmic particle accelerator
Scientists have identified the binary star Eta Carinae as a new kind of source for very high-energy (VHE) cosmic gamma-radiation. Eta Carinae is located 7500 lightyears away in the constellation Carina in the Southern Sky and, based on the data collected, emits gamma rays with energies up to 400 gigaelectronvolts (GeV), some 100 billion times more than the energy of visible light, as the team repo
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Well packed
Biomacromolecules incorporated into tailored metal-organic frameworks using peptide modulators are well shielded but highly active thanks to carefully tuned nanoarchitecture. As scientists report in the journal Angewandte Chemie, this strategy can be used to synthesize an "artificial cell" that functions as an optical glucose sensor.
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Why don't confused patients call medicines helplines after discharge from hospital?
Research from the University of Bath in the UK suggests the best medicine-related support comes from hospital pharmacists, yet few discharged patients use helplines set up for this purpose.
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Building a harder diamond
Scientists at the University of Tsukuba create a theoretical carbon-based material that would be even harder than diamond. This work may have industrial applications for cutting and polishing in place of current synthetic diamond.
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Why do arteries age? Study explores link to gut bacteria, diet
Eat a slab of steak and your resident gut bacteria get to work immediately to break it down. But new research shows that a metabolic byproduct, called TMAO, produced in the process can be harmful to the lining of arteries, making them age faster.
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Is not helping a bad person good or bad?
A research team led by Hitoshi Yamamoto from Rissho University has analyzed how the social norm of indirect reciprocity is adopted in human society and revealed results that contradicted previous theoretical predictions. The study was carried out in collaboration with colleagues Takahisa Suzuki (Tsuda University) and Ryohei Umetani (Rissho University), and its results were published in the open-ac
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Research shows telehealth is an important tool for rural hospitals in treating COVID-19
A study of 3,268 hospitals in the U.S. shows that rural hospitals are more likely than urban facilities to have access to telehealth, a once-underused service that now is playing a key role in treating coronavirus patients. The research can help US hospitals understand the extent to which they are prepared for another wave of the pandemic.
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Material research: New chemistry for ultra-thin gas sensors
The application of zinc oxide layers in industry is manifold and ranges from the protection of degradable goods to the detection of toxic nitrogen oxide gas. Such layers can be deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) which employs typically chemical compounds, or simply precursors, which ignite immediately upon contact with air, i.e. are highly pyrophoric. An interdisciplinary research team at
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Traffic data show drastic changes in Floridians' behavior at onset of the pandemic
Using same-day traffic volumes for March 2019 and March 2020 across Florida, researchers examined the relationship of key governmental requests for public isolation and travel limitations. Results show the drastic changes in human behavior during the onset of the pandemic. Traffic volumes by March 22, 2020, dropped by 47.5% compared to that same point in 2019. Moreover, traffic declined in March 2
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Studying many genes in many animals is key to understanding how humans can live longer
Much of longevity and aging research focuses on studying extremely long-lived species, including bats, naked mole-rats and bowhead whales, to find genetic changes that contribute to long life.
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Can we become immune to the coronavirus? What the evidence says so far
The evidence is growing that we can form an immune memory of the coronavirus – but we don't know how strong it is and how long it lasts yet
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