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New evidence challenges Euro-centric narrative of early colonization

In American history, we learn that the arrival of Spanish explorers led by Hernando de Soto in the 1500s was a watershed moment resulting in the collapse of Indigenous tribes and traditions across the southeastern United States.

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Mood-Altering 'Euphoric Beverages' Are the Alcohol-Free Drinks We've Been Waiting For

There have always been lots of reasons to drink alcohol , and the events of 2020 have only added to that list. But one of the biggest reasons for people drink is to enhance a sense of social connection with others. For many people, that benefit alone is worth the negative side-effects associated with drinking, like hangovers or loss of control. But over time, it can also seem as if alcohol is pro

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Bring Your Grilling Game Into The 21st Century With A Wireless Smart Meat Thermometer

Fans of The Jetsons (and, presumably, readers of Futurism) are familiar with the science-fiction concept of perfect food at the touch of a button. And while we might still be a long way off from using a re-hydrating device to make a flawlessly cooked steak, technology is working it's way to the grill. And one prime example of this is the MEATER+ meat thermometer and Bluetooth repeater, which brin

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Newly-Discovered Bacteria Can Eat Metal as Food

Metal Mouth A newly-discovered bacteria is capable of gobbling up the metal manganese and use it as a source of nutrition. Jared Leadbetter, an environmental microbiologist at Caltech, found the bacteria almost purely by chance after he left glassware to soak in tapwater after conducting experiments with manganese. The next day, according to a university press release , he found the instruments c

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Scientists constructed 'DNA droplets' comprising designed DNA nanostructures

In living organisms, DNA is the storage unit of all genetic information. It is with this information that proteins are encoded, which then enable biological systems to function as needed for the organism to survive. DNA's functioning is enabled by its structure: a double-stranded helix formed via the joining of specific pairs of molecules called 'nucleotides' in specific orders, called 'sequences'

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Identifying sources of deadly air pollution in the United States

A new study from University of Minnesota researchers provides an unprecedented look at the causes of poor air quality in the United States and its effects on human health.

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Researchers using ultraviolet lasers make unprecedented measurement of nanomaterials

University of Colorado Boulder researchers have used ultra-fast extreme ultraviolet lasers to measure the properties of materials more than 100 times thinner than a human red blood cell.

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AI model to forecast complicated large-scale tropical instability waves in Pacific Ocean

Large-scale oceanic phenomena are complicated and often involve many natural processes. Tropical instability wave (TIW) is one of these phenomena.

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New nuclear magnetic resonance method enables monitoring of chemical reactions in metal containers

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is employed in a wide range of applications. In chemistry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is in standard use for the purposes of analysis, while in the medical field, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to see structures and metabolism in the body. Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and the Helmholtz Institute Mainz (HIM), working

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Scientists constructed 'DNA droplets' comprising designed DNA nanostructures

In living organisms, DNA is the storage unit of all genetic information. It is with this information that proteins are encoded, which then enable biological systems to function as needed for the organism to survive. DNA's functioning is enabled by its structure: a double-stranded helix formed via the joining of specific pairs of molecules called 'nucleotides' in specific orders, called 'sequences'

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Paging Dr. Hamblin: Should I Fly?

Editor's Note: Every Wednesday, James Hamblin takes questions from readers about health-related curiosities, concerns, and obsessions. Have one? Email him at paging.dr.hamblin@theatlantic.com . Dear Dr. Hamblin, I'm a healthy 76-year-old thinking about taking a nonstop flight from Las Vegas to Baltimore. I want to see my daughter and her family, including my grandkids, who have been fantastic abo

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Tree planting does not always boost ecosystem carbon stocks, study finds

Planting huge numbers of trees to mitigate climate change is 'not always the best strategy' – with some experimental sites in Scotland failing to increase carbon stocks, a new study has found.

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Move over, Siri! Researchers develop improv-based Chatbot

Computer scientists have incorporated improv dialogues into chatbots to produce more grounded and engaging interactions.

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Multidisciplinary approach more effective for gut disorders

Researchers have conducted a trial involving 144 patients to compare the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary clinic – involving gastroenterologists, dieticians, psychiatrists and physiotherapists – with usual gastroenterology specialist-only care.

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New organic material unlocks faster and more flexible electronic devices

Mobile phones and other electronic devices made from an organic material that is thin, bendable and more powerful are now a step closer.

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Scientists find new link between delirium and brain energy disruption

Scientists have discovered a new link between impaired brain energy metabolism and delirium — a disorienting and distressing disorder particularly common in the elderly and one that is currently occurring in a large proportion of patients hospitalized with COVID-19. The research suggests that therapies focusing on brain energy metabolism may offer new routes to mitigating delirium.

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Regulation of stem cell function and neuronal differentiation by HERV-K via mTOR pathway [Cell Biology]

Stem cells are capable of unlimited proliferation but can be induced to form brain cells. Factors that specifically regulate human development are poorly understood. We found that human stem cells expressed high levels of the envelope protein of an endogenized human-specific retrovirus (HERV-K, HML-2) from loci in chromosomes 12 and…

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A cocrystal structure of dengue capsid protein in complex of inhibitor [Microbiology]

Dengue virus (DENV) was designated as a top 10 public health threat by the World Health Organization in 2019. No clinically approved anti-DENV drug is currently available. Here we report the high-resolution cocrystal structure (1.5 Å) of the DENV-2 capsid protein in complex with an inhibitor that potently suppresses DENV-2…

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A deep-time perspective on the latitudinal diversity gradient [Commentaries]

Today, species richness is highest in the tropics and declines toward the poles. Although there are exceptions, this pattern is pervasive within both the terrestrial and marine realm and across taxonomic groups (1). This latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) was first recognized by Alexander von Humboldt over two centuries ago. Despite…

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Recurrent mismatch binding by MutS mobile clamps on DNA localizes repair complexes nearby [Biochemistry]

DNA mismatch repair (MMR), the guardian of the genome, commences when MutS identifies a mismatch and recruits MutL to nick the error-containing strand, allowing excision and DNA resynthesis. Dominant MMR models posit that after mismatch recognition, ATP converts MutS to a hydrolysis-independent, diffusive mobile clamp that no longer recognizes the…

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Robustness of plant quantitative disease resistance is provided by a decentralized immune network [Plant Biology]

Quantitative disease resistance (QDR) represents the predominant form of resistance in natural populations and crops. Surprisingly, very limited information exists on the biomolecular network of the signaling machineries underlying this form of plant immunity. This lack of information may result from its complex and quantitative nature. Here, we used an…

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Structure-based development of a subtype-selective orexin 1 receptor antagonist [Pharmacology]

Orexins are neuropeptides that activate the rhodopsin-like G protein-coupled receptors OX1R and OX2R. The orexin system plays an important role in the regulation of the sleep-wake cycle and the regulation of feeding and emotions. The nonselective orexin receptor antagonist suvorexant has been the first drug on the market targeting the…

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Scientific versus public debates: A PNAS case study [Editorials]

Unfortunately, scientific communication and the resulting public use of research often do not reflect the painstaking and sometimes imperfect—process of peer review, and in a hyperpartisan landscape invalid conclusions can acquire a tendentious life of their own. Here we review the process by which a controversial PNAS paper was published,…

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TEAD4 ensures postimplantation development by promoting trophoblast self-renewal: An implication in early human pregnancy loss [Developmental Biology]

Early pregnancy loss affects ∼15% of all implantation-confirmed human conceptions. However, evolutionarily conserved molecular mechanisms that regulate self-renewal of trophoblast progenitors and their association with early pregnancy loss are poorly understood. Here, we provide evidence that transcription factor TEAD4 ensures survival of postimplantation mouse and human embryos by controlling sel

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Tumor cell lysate-loaded immunostimulatory spherical nucleic acids as therapeutics for triple-negative breast cancer [Chemistry]

Highly heterogenous cancers, such as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), remain challenging immunotherapeutic targets. Herein, we describe the synthesis and evaluation of immunotherapeutic liposomal spherical nucleic acids (SNAs) for TNBC therapy. The SNAs comprise immunostimulatory oligonucleotides (CpG-1826) as adjuvants and encapsulate lysates derived from TNBC cell lines as antigens. The res

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Communicating sentiment and outlook reverses inaction against collective risks [Sustainability Science]

Collective risks permeate society, triggering social dilemmas in which working toward a common goal is impeded by selfish interests. One such dilemma is mitigating runaway climate change. To study the social aspects of climate-change mitigation, we organized an experimental game and asked volunteer groups of three different sizes to invest…

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Individual learning phenotypes drive collective behavior [Evolution]

Individual differences in learning can influence how animals respond to and communicate about their environment, which may nonlinearly shape how a social group accomplishes a collective task. There are few empirical examples of how differences in collective dynamics emerge from variation among individuals in cognition. Here, we use a naturally…

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Machine learning classification can reduce false positives in structure-based virtual screening [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

With the recent explosion in the size of libraries available for screening, virtual screening is positioned to assume a more prominent role in early drug discovery's search for active chemical matter. In typical virtual screens, however, only about 12% of the top-scoring compounds actually show activity when tested in biochemical…

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Wide lag time distributions break a trade-off between reproduction and survival in bacteria [Microbiology]

Many microorganisms face a fundamental trade-off between reproduction and survival: Rapid growth boosts population size but makes microorganisms sensitive to external stressors. Here, we show that starved bacteria encountering new resources can break this trade-off by evolving phenotypic heterogeneity in lag time. We quantify the distribution of single-cell lag times…

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Complete microviscosity maps of living plant cells and tissues with a toolbox of targeting mechanoprobes [Plant Biology]

Mechanical patterns control a variety of biological processes in plants. The microviscosity of cellular structures effects the diffusion rate of molecules and organelles, thereby affecting processes such as metabolism and signaling. Spatial variations in local viscosity are also generated during fundamental events in the cell life cycle. While crucial to…

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Structural mechanism of helicase loading onto replication origin DNA by ORC-Cdc6 [Biochemistry]

DNA replication origins serve as sites of replicative helicase loading. In all eukaryotes, the six-subunit origin recognition complex (Orc1-6; ORC) recognizes the replication origin. During late M-phase of the cell-cycle, Cdc6 binds to ORC and the ORC–Cdc6 complex loads in a multistep reaction and, with the help of Cdt1, the…

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Inner Workings: A pulse of hope in the fight against Alzheimer's [Neuroscience]

Flashes of strobe lights and the beat of stereo speakers filled the otherwise pitch-black, shoebox-sized cages. The mice inside may not have danced, but their brains caught the rhythm. Pulses of light and sound delivered to mouse brains at a frequency of 40 hertz appeared to reduce the number of…

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Chimeric hemagglutinin vaccine elicits broadly protective CD4 and CD8 T cell responses against multiple influenza strains and subtypes [Biochemistry]

Vaccination has been used to control the spread of seasonal flu; however, the virus continues to evolve and escape from host immune response through mutation and increasing glycosylation. Efforts have been directed toward development of a universal vaccine with broadly protective activity against multiple influenza strains and subtypes. Here we…

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Opinion: At a Crossroads: Reimagining science, engineering, and medicine—and its practitioners [Social Sciences]

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has cast a bright light on the importance of science and evidence (1). Epidemiologists have provided public health advice informed by experience with epidemics and are sharing best practices for halting the spread of the virus. Biomedical scientists are researching how the virus works,…

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French university rescinds researcher's PhD after misconduct finding

A university in France has stripped a researcher of her doctoral degree after she was found to have committed misconduct in at least two studies of yeast. As we reported in May, Marjorie Petitjean, who received her PhD from the National Institute of Applied Sciences at the University of Toulouse, was accused of having fabricated … Continue reading

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CDC Bypassed Under New COVID-19 Reporting Guidelines

The Trump administration suggests deploying the National Guard to ensure timely data sharing into a new, centralized database.

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Exploring how a scorpion toxin might help treat heart attacks

Scientists are discovering potential life-saving medicines from an unlikely source: the venom of creatures like snakes, spiders and scorpions. Scorpion venom, in particular, contains a peptide that has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system of rats with high blood pressure. Now, researchers say they know a little more about how that happens.

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Sun and rain transform asphalt binder into potentially toxic compounds

Chemists show that asphalt binder, when exposed to sun and water, leaches thousands of potentially toxic compounds into the environment.

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Coumarin compounds from oak barrels could contribute to bitter taste in wine and spirits

Wine and spirits are complex mixtures of flavor and aroma compounds, some of which arise during aging in wooden barrels. Among other compounds, oak wood releases coumarins, but how they affect wine's sensory properties is unclear. Now, researchers have detected and measured six coumarins in oak wood, wine and spirits, showing that a combination of these compounds can produce a bitter taste.

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New material mimics strength, toughness of mother of pearl

In the summer, many people enjoy walks along the beach looking for seashells. Among the most prized are those that contain iridescent mother of pearl (also known as nacre) inside. But many beachcombers would be surprised to learn that shimmery nacre is one of nature's strongest, most resilient materials. Now, researchers have made a material with interlocked mineral layers that resembles nacre and

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Detailed study of immune responses in COVID-19 patients reveals distinct 'immunotypes'

Expanding on observations made in smaller patient cohorts, researchers studying immune responses of 125 hospitalized COVID-19 patients identified distinct immune profiles — "Immunotypes" — and showed how these signatures correlated with disease severity.

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Analysis of immune responses in COVID-19 patients identifies defining features of severe disease

An analysis of immune responses in 42 COVID-19 patients, both infected and recovered, identified immune signatures that distinguish severe COVID-19 cases. Notably, the analysis features insights not only into adaptive immune cell responses, but also those of innate immune cells responding to the virus.

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Penn researchers find three distinct immune responses for sicker COVID-19 patients

Researchers from the Penn Institute of Immunology discovered three distinct immune responses to the SARS-CoV2 infection that could help predict the trajectory of disease in severe COVID-19 patients and may ultimately inform how to best treat them. A second study from researchers at Penn uncovered new details about the innate, or initial, response to SARS-CoV2.

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AI model to forecast complicated large-scale tropical instability waves in Pacific Ocean

Prof. LI Xiaofeng from the Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IOCAS) and his collaborators from Ministry of Natural Resources and Shanghai Ocean University studied this type of complex oceanic phenomena through artificial intelligence (AI) technologies.

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Identifying sources of deadly air pollution in the United States

A new study from University of Minnesota researchers provides an unprecedented look at the causes of poor air quality in the United States and its effects on human health.

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A rapid finger-stick blood test quickly estimates radiation exposure in mice

A new finger-stick test can use a single drop of blood to quickly estimate how much harmful radiation mice have been exposed to, according to a study.

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Blueprint of oxytocin receptor facilitates development of new autism drugs

Oxytocin plays a role in various mental health and sexual reproduction disorders. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now determined the three-dimensional structure of the oxytocin receptor to which the hormone binds. This knowledge could promote the development of novel drugs to treat a variety of diseases.

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Smartphone accelerometers could help in resistance workouts and rehabilitation protocols

Smartphone accelerometers are effective tools to measure key time-under-tension indicators of muscle training — and could help in resistance-based workouts and rehabilitation protocols.

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Sylvester researchers identify protein target that might ease graft versus host disease

Researchers at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, part of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine publish findings on how inhibiting the STING protein pathway can help protect against a complication from stem cell transplants.

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Two studies suggest strategies to help students at community colleges and broad access institutions

A brief reading and writing exercise designed to alleviate worries about sense of belonging helped students at a midwestern broad-access public university with a high Hispanic population stay in school, raising continuous enrollment over 2 years by 9% among socially disadvantaged students, according to a new study. The findings suggest that social belonging

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Study first to show tiger sharks' travels and desired hangouts in the Gulf of Mexico

From 2010 to 2018, scientists tagged 56 tiger sharks of varying life stages to track their movements via satellite. Movement patterns varied by life stage, sex, and season. Some of their core habitats overlapped with locations designated by NOAA as Habitat Areas of Particular Concern and also were found near 2,504 oil and gas platforms. Findings may help inform studies into potential climate chang

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Cases of black hole mistaken identity

Astronomers have discovered one type of growing supermassive black hole masquerading as another, thanks to a suite of telescopes including NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. The true identity of these black holes helps solve a long-running mystery in astrophysics.

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In one hour, surface coating inactivates virus that causes COVID-19

Researchers have developed a surface coating that, when painted on common objects, inactivates SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

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Researchers outline strategy for testing ketone bodies against COVID-19

A new review encourages researchers studying metabolism and immunity to turn their attention to ketone bodies, which are being widely studied for their role in aging, as a possible therapeutic against COVID-19, seasonal flu and other respiratory infections.

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New hyperbaric oxygen therapy protocol can improve cognitive function of older adults

A new study has demonstrated for the first time that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can significantly enhance the cognitive performance of healthy older adults.

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How flies flip around on take-off from an upside- down position

Flies are able to right themselves very quickly when taking off from an upside-down position. Scientists studying this phenomenon discovered the surprising way these insects begin by turning their bodies before their heads on take-off.

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During the pandemic, students do field and lab work without leaving home

Some changes to hands-on classes may be here to stay

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Nutrient ratios in marine particulate organic matter are predicted by the population structure of well-adapted phytoplankton

A common assumption of a constant nitrogen-to-phosphorus ratio (N:P) of 16:1 in marine particulate organic matter (POM) appears to be invalidated by observations of major spatial variations in N:P. Two main explanations have been proposed. The first attributes the N:P variability to changes in the community composition of well-adapted phytoplankton. The second proposes that variability arises fro

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Targeting brain metastases with ultrasmall theranostic nanoparticles, a first-in-human trial from an MRI perspective

The use of radiosensitizing nanoparticles with both imaging and therapeutic properties on the same nano-object is regarded as a major and promising approach to improve the effectiveness of radiotherapy. Here, we report the MRI findings of a phase 1 clinical trial with a single intravenous administration of Gd-based AGuIX nanoparticles, conducted in 15 patients with four types of brain metastases

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A reanalysis of nanoparticle tumor delivery using classical pharmacokinetic metrics

Nanoparticle (NP) delivery to solid tumors has recently been questioned. To better understand the magnitude of NP tumor delivery, we reanalyzed published murine NP tumor pharmacokinetic (PK) data used in the Wilhelm et al . study. Studies included in their analysis reporting matched tumor and blood concentration versus time data were evaluated using classical PK endpoints and compared to the unes

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ARID1A loss in neuroblastoma promotes the adrenergic-to-mesenchymal transition by regulating enhancer-mediated gene expression

Mutations in genes encoding SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes are found in approximately 20% of all human cancers, with ARID1A being the most frequently mutated subunit. Here, we show that disruption of ARID1A homologs in a zebrafish model accelerates the onset and increases the penetrance of MYCN-driven neuroblastoma by increasing cell proliferation in the sympathoadrenal lineage. Depletion

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The shape of educational inequality

Hundreds of thousands of students drop out of school each year in the United States, despite billions of dollars of funding and myriad educational reforms. Existing research tends to look at the effect of easily measurable student characteristics. However, a vast number of harder-to-measure student traits, skills, and resources affect educational success. We present a conceptual framework for the

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Ocean currents promote rare species diversity in protists

Oceans host communities of plankton composed of relatively few abundant species and many rare species. The number of rare protist species in these communities, as estimated in metagenomic studies, decays as a steep power law of their abundance. The ecological factors at the origin of this pattern remain elusive. We propose that chaotic advection by oceanic currents affects biodiversity patterns o

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Helicity-dependent photocurrents in the chiral Weyl semimetal RhSi

Weyl semimetals are crystals in which electron bands cross at isolated points in momentum space. Associated with each crossing point (or Weyl node) is a topological invariant known as the Berry monopole charge. The circular photogalvanic effect (CPGE), whereby circular polarized light generates a helicity-dependent photocurrent, is a notable example of a macroscopic property that emerges directly

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Future precipitation increase from very high resolution ensemble downscaling of extreme atmospheric river storms in California

Precipitation extremes will likely intensify under climate change. However, much uncertainty surrounds intensification of high-magnitude events that are often inadequately resolved by global climate models. In this analysis, we develop a framework involving targeted dynamical downscaling of historical and future extreme precipitation events produced by a large ensemble of a global climate model.

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Purely satellite data-driven deep learning forecast of complicated tropical instability waves

Forecasting fields of oceanic phenomena has long been dependent on physical equation–based numerical models. The challenge is that many natural processes need to be considered for understanding complicated phenomena. In contrast, rules of the processes are already embedded in the time-series observation itself. Thus, inspired by largely available satellite remote sensing data and the advance of d

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Single C-to-T substitution using engineered APOBEC3G-nCas9 base editors with minimum genome- and transcriptome-wide off-target effects

Cytosine base editors (CBEs) enable efficient cytidine-to-thymidine (C-to-T) substitutions at targeted loci without double-stranded breaks. However, current CBEs edit all Cs within their activity windows, generating undesired bystander mutations. In the most challenging circumstance, when a bystander C is adjacent to the targeted , existing base editors fail to discriminate them and edit both Cs.

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Inhibition of Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) facilitates the elimination of HIV-1 viral reservoirs in CD4+ T cells ex vivo

Although combination antiretroviral therapy is effective in controlling HIV-1 infection, latent HIV-1 proviruses cannot be eliminated. HIV-1 reactivation induced by the mere use of latency-reversing agents is insufficient to render death of reservoir cells, indicating that certain intrinsic survival mechanisms exist. We report that Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) plays a critical role in survival of CD

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Magnetic levitational bioassembly of 3D tissue construct in space

Magnetic levitational bioassembly of three-dimensional (3D) tissue constructs represents a rapidly emerging scaffold- and label-free approach and alternative conceptual advance in tissue engineering. The magnetic bioassembler has been designed, developed, and certified for life space research. To the best of our knowledge, 3D tissue constructs have been biofabricated for the first time in space u

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A customized belonging intervention improves retention of socially disadvantaged students at a broad-access university

Broad-access institutions play a democratizing role in American society, opening doors to many who might not otherwise pursue college. Yet these institutions struggle with persistence and completion. Do feelings of nonbelonging play a role, particularly for students from groups historically disadvantaged in higher education? Is belonging relevant to students' persistence—even when they form the n

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Pre-Clovis occupation of the Americas identified by human fecal biomarkers in coprolites from Paisley Caves, Oregon

When and how people first settled in the Americas is an ongoing area of research and debate. The earliest sites typically only contain lithic artifacts that cannot be directly dated. The lack of human skeletal remains in these early contexts means that alternative sources of evidence are needed. Coprolites, and the DNA contained within them, are one such source, but unresolved issues concerning a

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Cell invasion in digital microfluidic microgel systems

Microfluidic methods for studying cell invasion can be subdivided into those in which cells invade into free space and those in which cells invade into hydrogels. The former techniques allow straightforward extraction of subpopulations of cells for RNA sequencing, while the latter preserve key aspects of cell interactions with the extracellular matrix (ECM). Here, we introduce "cell invasion in d

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Wise or mad crowds? The cognitive mechanisms underlying information cascades

Whether getting vaccinated, buying stocks, or crossing streets, people rarely make decisions alone. Rather, multiple people decide sequentially, setting the stage for information cascades whereby early-deciding individuals can influence others' choices. To understand how information cascades through social systems, it is essential to capture the dynamics of the decision-making process. We introdu

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Co-delivery of IKBKE siRNA and cabazitaxel by hybrid nanocomplex inhibits invasiveness and growth of triple-negative breast cancer

IKBKE is an oncogene in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and we demonstrate that IKBKE small interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of TNBC cells. Despite the recent success of siRNA therapeutics targeting to the liver, there still remains a great challenge to deliver siRNAs to solid tumors. Here, we report a hybrid nanocomplex to co-deliver the IKBKE siR

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An artificial metalloenzyme for catalytic cancer-specific DNA cleavage and operando imaging

Metalloenzymes are promising anticancer candidates to overcome chemoresistance by involving unique mechanisms. To date, it is still a great challenge to obtain synthetic metalloenzymes with persistent catalytic performance for cancer-specific DNA cleavage and operando imaging. Here, an artificial metalloenzyme, copper cluster firmly anchored in bovine serum albumin conjugated with tumor-targeting

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Strain engineering of the magnetic multipole moments and anomalous Hall effect in pyrochlore iridate thin films

The recent observation of the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) without notable magnetization in antiferromagnets has suggested that ferromagnetic ordering is not a necessary condition. Thus, recent theoretical studies have proposed that higher-rank magnetic multipoles formed by clusters of spins (cluster multipoles) can generate the AHE without magnetization. Despite such an intriguing proposal, contr

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Codelivery of CRISPR-Cas9 and chlorin e6 for spatially controlled tumor-specific gene editing with synergistic drug effects

Controlled release of CRISPR-Cas9 ribonucleoprotein (RNP) and codelivery with other drugs remain a challenge. We demonstrate controlled release of CRISPR-Cas9 RNP and codelivery with antitumor photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) using near-infrared (NIR)– and reducing agent–responsive nanoparticles in a mouse tumor model. Nitrilotriacetic acid–decorated micelles can bind His-tagged Cas9 RNP. Lysosom

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A positive, growth-based PAM screen identifies noncanonical motifs recognized by the S. pyogenes Cas9

CRISPR technologies have overwhelmingly relied on the Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 (SpyCas9), with its consensus NGG and less preferred NAG and NGA protospacer-adjacent motifs (PAMs). Here, we report that SpyCas9 also recognizes sequences within an N(A/C/T)GG motif. These sequences were identified on the basis of preferential enrichment in a growth-based screen in Escherichia coli . DNA binding, c

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Self-healable sticky porous elastomer for gas-solid interacted power generation

A previously unknown gas-solid interacted power generation is developed using triboelectric effect. We designed an adhesive, gas-tight, and self-healing supramolecular polysiloxane-dimethylglyoxime–based polyurethane (PDPU) porous elastomer based on segmented oxime-carbamate-urea. It is an intrinsically triboelectric negative material with trapped air within closed voids, exhibiting ultrahigh sta

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Crystal structure of the human oxytocin receptor

The peptide hormone oxytocin modulates socioemotional behavior and sexual reproduction via the centrally expressed oxytocin receptor (OTR) across several species. Here, we report the crystal structure of human OTR in complex with retosiban, a nonpeptidic antagonist developed as an oral drug for the prevention of preterm labor. Our structure reveals insights into the detailed interactions between

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p-type transparent superconductivity in a layered oxide

Development of p-type transparent conducting materials has been a challenging issue. The known p-type transparent conductors unsatisfy both of high transparency and high conductivity nor exhibit superconductivity. Here, we report on epitaxial synthesis, excellent p-type transparent conductivity, and two-dimensional superconductivity of Li 1– x NbO 2 . The LiNbO 2 epitaxial films with NbO 2 sheets

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Beyond the cell factory: Homeostatic regulation of and by the UPRER

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is commonly referred to as the factory of the cell, as it is responsible for a large amount of protein and lipid synthesis. As a membrane-bound organelle, the ER has a distinct environment that is ideal for its functions in synthesizing these primary cellular components. Many different quality control machineries exist to maintain ER stability under the stresses ass

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Global report: Barcelona facing new lockdown as Tokyo raises alert level

Tensions over how to quell outbreak in Catalan capital as cases flare up around the world Politics live – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Part of the northern Spanish region of Catalonia has gone back into lockdown, with Barcelona suggesting it might also follow suit with restrictions in some districts, as authorities sought to control a resurgence of coronavirus cases emerging ju

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4-foot prehistoric-looking bird seen at Outer Banks lighthouse is on wrong coast, experts say

Strange things often wash up on North Carolina's Outer Banks, and the National Park Service says the latest example is a big, prehistoric-looking bird that is far outside its natural range.

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Researchers develop first of its kind, simple test for identifying toxic silver ions

Chemistry researchers at the University of North Texas have developed a test to more easily identify toxic silver ions, which can be harmful to humans and the environment at high concentrations.

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A new Rx: AI for operations in health care

We may think of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care in terms of scientific advances, such as a cure for cancer or a science-fiction tricorder-like device. But in the real world, AI is making its initial impact in workflow and administrative tasks. That's not to say AI technologies aren't being used for genuinely exciting work in radiology, drug discovery, or to flag high-risk patients in

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'Invasion' of ancient Egypt may have actually been immigrant uprising

Hyksos rulers may have come from Egypt itself

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Someone Used Deepfake Tech to Invent a Fake Journalist

Fake News Reuters reports that somebody used deepfake tech and a false name and biography to invent the persona of a journalist — and then got the sock puppet's work published in several international newspapers. Whoever's behind the operation — Reuters was not able to track them down — managed to publish six articles and editorials in the Jerusalem Post and the Times of Israel while posting as a

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4-foot prehistoric-looking bird seen at Outer Banks lighthouse is on wrong coast, experts say

Strange things often wash up on North Carolina's Outer Banks, and the National Park Service says the latest example is a big, prehistoric-looking bird that is far outside its natural range.

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New material mimics strength, toughness of mother of pearl

In the summer, many people enjoy walks along the beach looking for seashells. Among the most prized are those that contain iridescent mother of pearl (also known as nacre) inside. But many beachcombers would be surprised to learn that shimmery nacre is one of nature's strongest, most resilient materials. Now, researchers have made a material with interlocked mineral layers that resembles nacre and

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Exercise in a first-year writing course increases retention at broad-access universities

Colleges and universities strive to use best practices and innovative ways to cultivate and support students' sense of belonging, a consideration that is acutely important during the COVID-19 era.

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Marine drifters: Interdisciplinary study explores plankton diversity

Ocean plankton are the drifters of the marine world. They include algae, animals, bacteria, and protists that are at the mercy of the tide and currents. Many are microscopic, though others, like jellyfish, can grow to relatively large sizes.

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Hyksos, 15th Dynasty rulers of Ancient Egypt, were an internal takeover

The Hyksos, who ruled during the 15th Dynasty of ancient Egypt, were not foreign invaders, but a group who rose to power from within, according to a study published July 8, 2020 in the open-access journal PLoS ONE by Chris Stantis of Bournemouth University, UK and colleagues.

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Movements of tiger sharks at varying life stages tracked in Gulf of Mexico

A tracking study of 56 sharks provides a first look at how their patterns of movement across the Gulf of Mexico vary according to their sex, their life stage, and the season. Matthew Ajemian of Florida Atlantic University, U.S., and colleagues present these findings in the open-access journal PLoS ONE on July 15.

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Urban bees: pollinator diversity and plant interactions in city green spaces

With the right mix of plants, urban green spaces can be a rich habitat to support diverse pollinators, according to a study published July 15, 2020 in the open-access journal PLoS ONE by Benjamin Daniels from RWTH Aachen University, Germany, and colleagues.

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How long should you fast for weight loss?

Two daily fasting diets, also known as time-restricted feeding diets, are effective for weight loss, according to a new study. The study reported results from a clinical trial that compared a 4-hour time-restricted feeding diet and a 6-hour time-restricted feeding diet to a control group.

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Will antidepressant medications ever require informed consent?

The directors of the new documentary, "Medicating Normal," want psychiatrists to require informed consent when writing prescriptions. Long-term effects of antidepressant usage do not have to be documented for FDA approval. Big Think talks to producer/director Wendy Ratcliffe and film subject, Angela Peacock. While humoral theory was finally abandoned with the acceptance of germ theory, Hippocrate

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How Galileo Battled the Science Deniers of His Time

The man who discovered Jupiter's satellites and the mountains of the moon had no patience for idiots — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Marine drifters: Interdisciplinary study explores plankton diversity

Ocean plankton are the drifters of the marine world. They include algae, animals, bacteria, and protists that are at the mercy of the tide and currents. Many are microscopic, though others, like jellyfish, can grow to relatively large sizes.

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Movements of tiger sharks at varying life stages tracked in Gulf of Mexico

A tracking study of 56 sharks provides a first look at how their patterns of movement across the Gulf of Mexico vary according to their sex, their life stage, and the season. Matthew Ajemian of Florida Atlantic University, U.S., and colleagues present these findings in the open-access journal PLoS ONE on July 15.

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Urban bees: pollinator diversity and plant interactions in city green spaces

With the right mix of plants, urban green spaces can be a rich habitat to support diverse pollinators, according to a study published July 15, 2020 in the open-access journal PLoS ONE by Benjamin Daniels from RWTH Aachen University, Germany, and colleagues.

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Covid-19 news: US vaccine candidate set to enter final trials

The latest coronavirus news updated every day including coronavirus cases, the latest news, features and interviews from New Scientist and essential information about the covid-19 pandemic

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What COVID-19 can teach tourism about the climate crisis

The global coronavirus pandemic has hit the tourism industry hard worldwide. Not only that, but it has exposed a lack of resilience to any type of downturn, according to new research from Lund University in Sweden. While the virus may or may not be temporary, the climate crisis is here to stay—and tourism will have to adapt, says Stefan Gössling, professor of sustainable tourism.

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Low-cost catalyst helps turn seawater into fuel at scale

The Navy's quest to power its ships by converting seawater into fuel is one step nearer fruition.

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New Mygatt-Moore quarry research leads to prehistoric climate finds

Top predator dinosaurs like the Allosaurus and Ceratosaurus devouring dinosaur remains isn't all that surprising, but the smaller creatures feasting on dinosaur remains may just give us a more complete picture of what life was like at Mygatt-Moore Quarry outside Fruita, Colorado 152 million years ago. A new study out in PeerJ on Wednesday, July 15th, 2020 authored by Museums of Western Colorado's

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Two new species of parasite discovered in crabs: Discovery will help prevent infection of other marine species

Swansea University researchers have discovered two new species of parasite, previously unknown to science, in crabs in Swansea Bay, during a study on disease in the Celtic and Irish Seas.

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Spectacular Views of Comet Neowise

For the next month, comet C/2020 F3 (NEOWISE), otherwise known as "Neowise," will be visible in the night sky above much of the Northern Hemisphere. The comet will be at its brightest this week, dimming as it moves away from the sun. If you have clear skies, head outside about an hour after sunset and look near the horizon to the northwest. For the next week or so, if it's dark enough, Neowise mi

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Two new species of parasite discovered in crabs: Discovery will help prevent infection of other marine species

Swansea University researchers have discovered two new species of parasite, previously unknown to science, in crabs in Swansea Bay, during a study on disease in the Celtic and Irish Seas.

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New NMR method enables monitoring of chemical reactions in metal containers

Scientists have developed a new method of observing chemical reactions in metal containers. For this purpose they use NMR spectroscopy, but with an unusual twist: There is no magnetic field.

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Isle of Wight infection rates dropped after launch of contact tracing app

Scientists 'disappointed' app has not been deployed since first one was scrapped Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Infection rates dropped dramatically on the Isle of Wight following the launch of an NHS contact tracing phone app, which was later scrapped in an embarrassing government U-turn, according to an analysis. After having initially suggested the app would be r

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CDC workers protest racism at agency

Letter demands diverse leaders, decries "pernicious 'old boy/girl' network"

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Fauci: 'Bizarre' White House Behavior Only Hurts the President

Anthony Fauci isn't about to quit, despite the White House's clumsy attempts to stain his public image. More so now than at any other point in their uneasy partnership, it seems that if President Donald Trump wants to be rid of Fauci, he'll need to fire him. In recent days especially, the White House has stepped up efforts to discredit Fauci, a move he describes as "bizarre." "Ultimately, it hurt

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Bed bugs modify microbiome of homes they infest

Bed bug infestations can modify the home microbiome, according to a new study. When bed bugs are eradicated, home microbiomes return to normal.

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U.S. Air Force cadets study idea of Space Force bases on the Moon

Future Space Force officers explore how military might interact with NASA on the Moon

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Obesity and metabolic syndrome are risk factors for severe influenza, COVID-19

Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of severe disease from viral infection, according to a review of the literature performed by a team of researchers from St. Jude Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, both in Memphis. The research appears this week in the Journal of Virology, a publication of the American Society for Microbiology.

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Scientists open new window into the nanoworld

University of Colorado Boulder researchers have used ultra-fast extreme ultraviolet lasers to measure the properties of materials more than 100 times thinner than a human red blood cell.

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Tulane scientists build high-performing hybrid solar energy converter

The project is the culmination of a U.S. Department of Energy ARPA-E project that began in 2014 with $3.3 million in funding and involved years of prototype development at Tulane and field testing in San Diego.

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Designing DNA from scratch: Engineering the functions of micrometer-sized DNA droplets

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) have constructed "DNA droplets" comprising designed DNA nanostructures. The droplets exhibit dynamic functions such as fusion, fission, Janus-shape formation, and protein capture. Their technique is expected to be applicable to a wide variety of biomaterials, opening doors to many promising applications in materials design, drug delivery, an

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Tech to help autonomous vehicles better scan for nearby fast-moving objects

Researchers have built a way that lidar could achieve higher-resolution detection of nearby fast-moving objects through mechanical control and modulation of light on a silicon chip.

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A Heat Wave, the Coronavirus: Double Spikes of Risk Hit Communities

The South and Southwest hit record temperatures over the weekend and meteorologists warned that heat will rise in the East and High Plains.

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Transparent inorganic multicolour displays enabled by zinc-based electrochromic devices

Multicolour electrochromic displays are one of the most versatile applications because they can retain their colored states without the need to supply electrical power. However, the simultaneous colouration of the counter layer when operating a conventional electrochromic display restricts the color overlay effects. Additionally, the operation of conventional electrochromic displays requires exter

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The smallest micro-gripper, grown on optical fibers, is operated remotely with light

Researchers at the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, used the liquid crystal elastomer technology to demonstrate a series of micro-tools grown on optical fibers. The 200-micrometer gripers are controlled remotely, without electric wiring or pneumatic tubing, with green light delivered through the fibers—absorbed light energy is directly converted into the gripper jaws' action.

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Monitoring groundwater changes more precisely

A new method could help to track groundwater changes better than before. To this end, researchers from Potsdam and Oberlin, Ohio (USA), have compared gravity field data from the GRACE and GRACE-Follow On satellite missions with other measuring methods. They investigated the seasonal water storage in almost 250 river basins in Asia, whose water regime is dominated by monsoon. The results allow the

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Children exposed to Deepwater Horizon oil spill suffered physical, mental health effects

A recent study has found that the Deepwater Horizon disaster was harmful to the mental and physical health of children in the area.

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New, remote weight-loss method helped slash pounds

A new remote weight-loss program, called Opt-IN, provides maximum weight loss for the lowest cost and with much less hassle than the gold-standard National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), the most successful behavioral non-drug treatment currently available.

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With Sea Level Rise, High-tide Flooding Spikes Along U.S. Coasts

Fifteen communities set records for the number of days with such floods last year — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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An ancient tomcat skeleton is found along the Silk Road

Until now, it was thought that cats weren't domesticated in Central Asia until much later. The completeness and details of the skeleton suggest it was someone's pet. Isotopic examination reveals a high-protein diet most likely provided by caring humans. Piecing together history through archaeology is inherently sketchy. Clues that tell a complete story could be anywhere — so much depends on the a

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Rebirth of leading European facility promises revolutionary advances in x-ray science

Shining 100 times brighter than its predecessor, the new European Synchrotron Radiation Facility is the first of more than a dozen of its kind in the works

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Bedbugs alter your home's microbiome

Homes infested with bedbugs appear to have different bacterial communities—often referred to as microbiomes—than homes without the pests, according to a new study. In addition, once infestations were eradicated, home microbiomes became more similar to those in homes that didn't have infestations. The findings could be an important step in lifting the veil on the factors involved in indoor environ

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Mystery over Universe's expansion deepens with fresh data

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02126-6 A long-awaited map of the Big Bang's afterglow fails to settle a debate over how fast the Universe is expanding.

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Row over Africa's largest dam in danger of escalating, warn scientists

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02124-8 Ethiopia has started filling the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, as Egypt still calls it an 'existential threat'.

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Daily briefing: Meat consumption and natural gas boost methane levels to record high

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02131-9 Increasing red-meat consumption propelled a 12% increase in methane emissions from agriculture in 2017 alone. Plus: promising results from the phase 1 trial of Moderna's coronavirus vaccine candidate, and Gödel's incomparable incompleteness theorems.

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In one hour, surface coating inactivates virus that causes COVID-19

A chemical engineering professor at Virginia Tech has developed a surface coating that, when painted on common objects, inactivates SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

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Slow growth the key to long term cold sensing

In this study which appears in Nature, researchers Yusheng Zhao and Rea Antoniou-Kourounioti in the groups of Professor Dame Caroline Dean and Professor Martin Howard at John Innes Centre show that slow growth is used as a signal to sense long-term changes in temperature.

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Invasive hedgehogs and ferrets habituate to and categorize smells

A new study published in the Ecological Society of America's journal Ecological Applications examines how invasive mammalian predators both habituate to and generalize avian prey cues.

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Study identifies patient-&hospital-level risk factors for death in critically ill COVID-19 patients

The team studied over 2,000 critically ill adults with COVID-19, and found that 35 percent of patients died in the 28 days after ICU admission. They also found that treatment and outcomes varied greatly between hospitals.

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"Alexa, go to the kitchen and fetch me a snack"

New model helps robots understand their environment as humans do.

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Space station motors make a robotic prosthetic leg more comfortable, extend battery life

A new robotic prosthetic leg prototype offers a more natural gait while also being quieter and more energy efficient than other designs.

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Study funded by ADDF finds dopamine therapy improves cognitive function in Alzheimer's

A study supported by the Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation and published today in JAMA Network Open provides the first evidence that rotigotine, a drug that acts on dopamine transmission in the brain, improves cognitive function in patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease.

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Back to the operating room: Orthopedic surgeons issue guidelines on resuming elective surgery amid COVID-19 pandemic

Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, thousands of Americans have had to delay recommended but elective orthopedic surgical procedures, such as joint replacement surgery or knee arthroscopy. Now an expert panel has issued recommendations to guide safe resumption of elective orthopedic surgery. The guidelines appear in the July 15, 2020 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, published in

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Research brief: Researchers 3D print a working heart pump with real human cells

In a groundbreaking new study, researchers at the University of Minnesota have 3D printed a functioning centimeter-scale human heart pump in the lab. The discovery could have major implications for studying heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States killing more than 600,000 people a year.

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Rewriting history: New evidence challenges Euro-centric narrative of early colonization

ew research from Washington University in St. Louis provides evidence that Indigenous people continued to live in southeastern US and actively resist European influence for nearly 150 years after the arrival of Spanish explorers in the 1500s.

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Don't Let social isolation keep you from being active

Researchers from the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil recently reported on the dangers of physical inactivity for older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Their paper was published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Immunotherapy with CAR T cells results in exceptional patient recovery

In a clinical trial, a child with rhabdomyosarcoma, a form of muscle cancer, that had spread to the bone marrow, showed no detectable cancer following treatment with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells that were engineered to target the HER2 protein on the surface of the cancer cells.

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Love-hate relationship of solvent and water leads to better biomass breakup

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutron scattering and supercomputing to better understand how an organic solvent and water work together to break down plant biomass, creating a pathway to significantly improve the production of renewable biofuels and bioproducts.

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Researchers outline strategy for testing ketone bodies against COVID-19

Given that many of the risk factors for COVID-19 are age-related, a compelling argument can be made that those infected are suffering from an aging-related disease, no matter how old they are. A review published in Med encourages researchers studying metabolism and immunity to turn their attention to ketone bodies, which are being widely studied for their role in aging, as a possible therapeutic a

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Cyanobacteria from Lake Chad analyzed for toxins

Analysis of dried cyanobacterial cakes from Lake Chad show that they are rich in needed amino acids, but some exceed WHO standards for microcystin, a potent liver toxin. Cyanobacteria can supplement the diets of undernourished villagers, but periodic monitoring of toxins is needed.

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New tech keeps phone batteries from going boom

A new technology can prevent lithium batteries like those in cell phones from heating up, failing, or even bursting in flames. In most cases, the culprit behind such incidents can be traced back to lithium batteries. Despite providing long-lasting electric currents that can keep devices powered up, lithium batteries can internally short circuit, heating up the device. The new carbon nanotube desi

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Laughing at Quibi Is Way More Fun Than Watching Quibi

The schadenfreude of seeing the company stumble is the kind of relief people need right now.

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The politics and practicalities of mask-wearing | Letters

Bob Hamblett suspects Dominic Cummings had an economic reason for the U-turn. Simon Fairlie worries about the psychological implications. Plus letters from Jonathan Myerson, Andrew Firth, and Margaret Deighan Marina Hyde ( Johnson has seen the light on 'face coverings'. Just not the toxic mask-ulinity , 14 July) takes the PM at his word that it's "the scientific evidence" that has brought about h

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A nanomaterial path forward for COVID-19 vaccine development

From mRNA vaccines entering clinical trials, to peptide-based vaccines and using molecular farming to scale vaccine production, the COVID-19 pandemic is pushing new and emerging nanotechnologies into the frontlines and the headlines. Nanoengineers detail the current approaches to COVID-19 vaccine development, and highlight how nanotechnology has enabled these advances, in a review article.

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Big US retail chains to require masks for all shoppers

Walmart, Kohl's and Kroger act on their own in face of mixed response by authorities

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New Mygatt-Moore quarry research leads to prehistoric climate finds

Top predators dinosaurs like the Allosaurus and Ceratosaurus devouring dinosaur remains isn't all that surprising, but the smaller creatures feasting on dinosaur remains may just give us a more complete picture of what life was like at Mygatt-Moore Quarry outside Fruita, Colorado 152 million years ago. A new study out in PeerJ on Wednesday July 15th, 2020 authored by Museums of Western Colorado's

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UCalgary research study finds MRI effective in predicting major cardiac events

An international study led by Dr. James White, a clinician and researcher at the University of Calgary finds magnetic resonance imaging can be used to predict major cardiac events for people diagnosed dilated cardiomyopathy. White's study confirms about 40 per cent of patients with DCM have scarring patterns on their heart muscle which can be seen with MRI. These patterns are associated with highe

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Two new species of parasite discovered in crabs — discovery will help prevent infection of other marine species

Two new species of parasite, previously unknown to science, have been discovered in crabs in Swansea Bay, Wales, during a study on disease in the Celtic and Irish Seas.Both species are emerging pathogens, and were discovered infecting the common shore crab, so they could potentially have damaging effects on fisheries and other marine species. The researchers' discovery will help inform measures to

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Researchers identify genetic factors that may influence COVID-19 susceptibility

A new Cleveland Clinic study has identified genetic factors that may influence susceptibility to COVID-19. Published today in BMC Medicine, the study findings could guide personalized treatment for COVID-19.

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Common FDA-approved drug may effectively neutralize virus that causes COVID-19

A common drug, already approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), may also be a powerful tool in fighting COVID-19, according to research published this week in Antiviral Research.

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States slow to implement stay-at-home orders saw higher rates of COVID-19 deaths

Researchers from Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine have conducted one of the first studies to measure the efficacy of social distancing in the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic. They found that states that were slow to implement such orders saw higher COVID-19 death rates.

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Flavored cigarette ban significantly reduced youth smoking, new study finds

Dr. Matthew Rossheim, assistant professor of global and community health in George Mason University's College of Health and Human Services, analyzed National Survey on Drug Use and Health data to test the effect of the 2009 U.S. flavored cigarette ban. The study found the ban reduced underage smoking by 43% and smoking among young adults by 27%. Researchers call for more comprehensive bans of flav

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Moffitt researchers identify factors to predict severe toxicities in CAR T patients

In a new study published in Clinical Cancer Research, Moffitt Cancer Center researchers identify possible factors that could help physicians know if patients are at higher risk for severe adverse events before they receive CAR T therapy.

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Common FDA-approved drug may effectively neutralize virus that causes COVID-19

A common drug, already approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), may also be a powerful tool in fighting COVID-19, according to new research.

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New research highlights increased loneliness in over-70s during COVID-19 pandemic

A new report highlights effects of COVID-19 government measures on Ireland's older population. The research finds that public health measures such as social distancing and cocooning to curb the spread of the virus has increased levels of loneliness and social isolation in older people.

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After universal masking, health care worker COVID-19 rates drop at Mass General Brigham

A new study makes it clear: after universal masking was implemented at Mass General Brigham, the rate of COVID-19 infection among health care workers dropped significantly.

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COVID-19: Patients improve after immune-suppressant treatment

Most patients hospitalized with COVID-19 (coronavirus) pneumonia experienced improvement after receiving an FDA-approved drug normally given for rheumatoid arthritis, according to an observational study. Outcomes for patients who received the drug, tocilizumab, included reduced inflammation, oxygen requirements, blood pressure support and risk of death, compared with published reports of illness a

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Novel test method detects coronavirus in highly diluted gargle samples

Pharmacists have succeeded in detecting small amounts of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 using mass spectrometry. For their investigation, they used gargle solutions of COVID-19 patients. The novel method might supplement conventional tests.

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Learning the wiring diagram for autism spectrum disorders

Researchers have identified brain circuitry that plays a key role in the dysfunctional social, repetitive, and inflexible behavioral differences that characterize autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The findings could lead to new therapies.

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World's thinnest mirror is made from a single layer of rubidium atoms

Cooling rubidium atoms and slowing them down makes them behave like a mirror that could one day be used to explore the quantum world

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Less than a third of Antarctica remains untouched by humans

Less than a third of Antarctica is still entirely pristine and free from direct human influence, according to an analysis that scientists say shows the need for greater environmental protections in the remote region

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Google Is Working on Tattoos That Turn Your Body Into a Touchpad

New Ink Undeterred by its historic Google Glass flop , Google is still investing heavily in various oddball forms of wearable technology. Recent projects, according to CNET , include new mixed reality glasses, virtual reality controllers that let you feel the weight of virtual objects, and new smartwatches. But perhaps the most unusual is a high-tech temporary tattoo that basically turns your fle

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A nanomaterial path forward for COVID-19 vaccine development

From mRNA vaccines entering clinical trials, to peptide-based vaccines and using molecular farming to scale vaccine production, the COVID-19 pandemic is pushing new and emerging nanotechnologies into the frontlines and the headlines. Nanoengineers detail the current approaches to COVID-19 vaccine development, and highlight how nanotechnology has enabled these advances, in a review article.

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With COVID Tests Flooding In, US Healthcare Systems Are Breaking Down

With millions of COVID-19 test results flooding in, many healthcare systems around the US are drowning in paperwork. More than 3.4 million people have been confirmed to have caught the virus in the country — and that's just those who tested positive. That kind of volume of tests comes with a massive uptick in paperwork as well. Many health departments simply can't keep up with all that data. Outd

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Translating skeletal movements, joint by joint

A global team of computer scientists has developed a novel deep-learning framework that automates the precise translation of human motion, specifically accounting for the wide array of skeletal structures and joints. The team of researchers hail from AICFVE, the Beijing Film Academy, ETH Zurich, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Peking University, and Tel Aviv University, and plan to demonstrate the

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Bed bugs modify microbiome of homes they infest

Bed bug infestations can modify the home microbiome, according to a new NC State study. When bed bugs are eradicated, home microbiomes return to normal.

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Setting up an alarm system in the Atlantic Ocean

Climate scientists Laura Jackson and Richard Wood from The Met Office, UK have identified metrics that may give us early warnings of abrupt changes to the European Climate. The work is part of the EU Horizon 2020 TiPES project which is coordinated by the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Portugal heat wave heightens risk of wildfires

Portugal is experiencing a heat wave with hot and dry weather, sweltering nights and a heightened risk for wildfires.

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Bed bugs modify microbiome of homes they infest

Homes infested by bed bugs appear to have different bacterial communities—often referred to as microbiomes—than homes without bed bugs, according to a first-of-its-kind study from North Carolina State University. In addition, once bed bug infestations were eradicated, home microbiomes became more similar to those in homes that never had bed bugs. The findings could be an important step in lifting

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How flies flip around on take-off from an upside- down position

Flies are able to right themselves very quickly when taking off from an upside-down position. Scientists from the CNRS and from The Institute of Movement Science (ISM) at Aix-Marseille Université studying this phenomenon discovered the surprising way these insects begin by turning their bodies before their heads on take-off. The research will be published on 15 July 2020 in the Journal of Experime

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Shaking light with sound

Piezoelectric materials can convert electrical voltage to mechanical displacement and vice versa. They are ubiquitous in modern wireless communication networks such as in cellphones. Today, piezoelectric devices, including filters, transducers and oscillators, are used in billions of devices for wireless communications, global positioning, navigations, and space applications.

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Help Transcribe Field Notes Penned by S. Ann Dunham, a Pioneering Anthropologist and Barack Obama's Mother

Newly digitized, Dunham's papers reflect her work as a scholar and as a scientist and as a woman doing anthropology in her own right

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Bed bugs modify microbiome of homes they infest

Homes infested by bed bugs appear to have different bacterial communities—often referred to as microbiomes—than homes without bed bugs, according to a first-of-its-kind study from North Carolina State University. In addition, once bed bug infestations were eradicated, home microbiomes became more similar to those in homes that never had bed bugs. The findings could be an important step in lifting

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How flies flip around on take-off from an upside- down position

Flies are able to right themselves very quickly when taking off from an upside-down position. Scientists from the CNRS and from The Institute of Movement Science (ISM) at Aix-Marseille Université studying this phenomenon discovered the surprising way these insects begin by turning their bodies before their heads on take-off. The research will be published on 15 July 2020 in the Journal of Experime

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New material mimics strength, toughness of mother of pearl

In the summer, many people enjoy walks along the beach looking for seashells. Among the most prized are those that contain iridescent mother of pearl (also known as nacre) inside. But many beachcombers would be surprised to learn that shimmery nacre is one of nature's strongest, most resilient materials. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Nano have made a material with interlocked mineral layers th

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How to talk to conspiracy theorists—and still be kind

On May 4, a slick, 26-minute video was released, alleging that the coronavirus was actually a laboratory-manipulated virus deployed to wreak havoc so that a resulting vaccine could be used for profit. None of that was true, and Plandemic 's claims were thoroughly, repeatedly debunked. Still, it went viral , getting liked on Facebook 2.5 million times . Soon after, another conspiracy theory took h

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COVID-19 may attack patients' central nervous system

A new study finds that depressed mood or anxiety exhibited in COVID-19 patients may be a sign the virus affects the central nervous system. These two psychological symptoms were most closely associated with a loss of smell and taste rather than the more severe indicators of the novel coronavirus such as shortness of breath, cough or fever.

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Study finds hidden emotions in the sound of words

New research shows that some sound combinations, like those in the word 'virus,' elicit more emotionally intense responses than others. This may play a role in both children's language acquisition and how we might have evolved language in the first place.

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Low-cost catalyst helps turn seawater into fuel at scale

The Navy's quest to power its ships by converting seawater into fuel is one step nearer fruition. University of Rochester chemical engineers, in collaboration with the Naval Research Laboratory, the University of Pittsburgh, and OxEon Energy, have demonstrated that a potassium-promoted molybdenum carbide catalyst efficiently and reliably converts carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, a critical step

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What COVID-19 can teach tourism about the climate crisis

The global coronavirus pandemic has hit the tourism industry hard worldwide. Not only that, but it has exposed a lack of resilience to any type of downturn, according to new research from Lund University in Sweden. While the virus may or may not be temporary, the climate crisis is here to stay – and tourism will have to adapt, says Stefan Gössling, professor of sustainable tourism.

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Setting up an alarm system in the Atlantic Ocean

Climate scientists Laura Jackson and Richard Wood from The Met Office, UK have identified metrics that may give us early warnings of abrupt changes to the European Climate. The work is part of the EU Horizon 2020 TiPES project which is coordinated by the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

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NUS researchers gives robots intelligent sensing abilities to carry out complex tasks

The novel system developed by National University Singapore computer scientists and materials engineers combines an artificial brain system with human-like electronic skin, and vision sensors, to make robots smarter.

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Children exposed to Deepwater Horizon oil spill suffered physical, mental health effects

A study recently published in Environmental Hazards has found that the Deepwater Horizon disaster was harmful to the mental and physical health of children in the area.

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Exploring how a scorpion toxin might help treat heart attacks

Scientists are discovering potential life-saving medicines from an unlikely source: the venom of creatures like snakes, spiders and scorpions. Scorpion venom, in particular, contains a peptide that has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system of rats with high blood pressure. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Journal of Proteome Research say they know a little more about how that happens.

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New hyperbaric oxygen therapy protocol can improve cognitive function of older adults

The Sagol Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Research at Shamir Medical Center, together with the Sackler School of Medicine and Sagol School of Neuroscience at Tel Aviv University, announced today that a peer-reviewed study has demonstrated for the first time that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can significantly enhance the cognitive performance of healthy older adults.

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How flies flip around on take-off from an upside- down position

Flies are able to right themselves very quickly when taking off from an upside-down position. Scientists from the CNRS and from The Institute of Movement Science (ISM) at Aix-Marseille Université studying this phenomenon discovered the surprising way these insects begin by turning their bodies before their heads on take-off. The research will be published on 15 July 2020 in the Journal of Experime

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FSU researchers find sun, rain transform asphalt binder into potentially toxic compounds

A study by chemists at the Florida State University-headquartered National High Magnetic Field Laboratory shows that asphalt binder, when exposed to sun and water, leaches thousands of potentially toxic compounds into the environment. The study was published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology

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Elon Musk Teases "Indoor/Outdoor Rave Space" on Berlin Tesla Factory Roof

Berlin Y'all Elon Musk-led electric car company Tesla is set to open the doors on its brand new Giga Factory in Berlin, Germany. Earlier this morning, Musk shared a 3D render of what the space could look like, with expanses of trees surrounding the massive, solar panel-lined facility. And the factory might even have a secret killer feature up its sleeve as well, likely meant to appease German tec

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New Data on T Cells and the Coronavirus

Well, I was writing just the other day about what we don't know about the T-cell response to coronavirus infection, and as of today we know quite a bit more. And from what I can see, we have encouraging news, mixed with some things that we're going to need to keep an eye on. Here's a post from May on a paper in Cell that looked at T cell responses in recovering SARS CoV-2 patients and compared th

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Boosting immune memory could reduce cancer recurrence

A new study on how immune memory can be targeted and improve immunotherapy and prevent cancer recurrence.

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New study shows how plants regulate their growth-inhibiting hormones to survive

Scientists have, for the first time, observed one of the natural mechanisms underlying the regulation of the levels of growth inhibiting hormone in plants. This mechanism had been hitherto seen in bacteria, but its discovery in plants will enable novel ways of increasing crop productivity globally.

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Renewable energy transition makes dollars and sense

Ne research has disproved the claim that the transition to renewable electricity systems will harm the global economy.

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For chimpanzees, salt and pepper hair not a marker of old age

Silver strands and graying hair is a sign of aging in humans, but things aren't so simple for our closest ape relatives –the chimpanzee. A new study found graying hair is not indicative of a chimpanzee's age.

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Ancient oyster shells provide historical insights

Scientists studying thousands of oyster shells along the Georgia coast, some as old as 4,500 years, have published new insights into how Native Americans sustained oyster harvests for thousands of years, observations that may lead to better management practices of oyster reefs today.

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Researchers cast doubt on earlier COVID-19 origins study citing dogs as possible hosts

A study published earlier this year claiming the coronavirus may have jumped from dogs to humans is scientifically flawed, offering no direct evidence to support its conclusions, according to a collaborative group of international researchers.

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Ups and downs in COVID-19 data may be caused by data reporting practices

As data accumulates on COVID-19 cases and deaths, researchers have observed patterns of peaks and valleys that repeat on a near-weekly basis. A new study reports that those oscillations arise from variations in testing practices and data reporting, rather than from societal practices around how people are infected or treated.

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Autism researchers map brain circuitry of social preference

A new study reveals how two key neural circuits dictate the choice between social approach and avoidance. The findings will enable researchers to evaluate social interventions in autism.

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Coumarin compounds from oak barrels could contribute to bitter taste in wine and spirits

Wine and spirits are complex mixtures of flavor and aroma compounds, some of which arise during aging in wooden barrels. Among other compounds, oak wood releases coumarins, but how they affect wine's sensory properties is unclear. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry have detected and measured six coumarins in oak wood, wine and spirits, showing that a comb

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Growing up trilobite

If you've ever held a trilobite fossil, seen one in a classroom, or walked by one in a store, chances are it was Elrathia kingii, one of the most common and well-recognized trilobites, and collected by the hundreds of thousands in western Utah. But despite the popularity of this species, scientists had not determined how it grew—from hatchling to juvenile to adult—until now. New work from the Amer

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Geoengineering's benefits limited for apple crops in India

Geoengineering—spraying sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere to combat global warming—would only temporarily and partially benefit apple production in northern India, according to a Rutgers co-authored study.

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Extinction Rebellion's activists more likely to be new to protesting, study shows

Extinction Rebellion supporters are more likely to be new to protesting than other environmental activists, a new study shows.

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New chemical analyses: What did Danes and Italians in the Middle Ages have in common?

In the 1600s, two private chapels were erected as family burial sites for two noble families. One in the town Svendborg in Denmark, the other in Montella, Italy. They were both attached to a Franciscan Friary, and only a few meters from the chapels, more common townspeople and friars were buried in the cloister walks.

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NASA Spokesperson Says Agency Is Working on an "RV for the Moon"

All Terrain Vehicle As NASA works toward its literal moonshot goal of establishing a permanent human presence on the Moon, one of the lingering challenges is figuring out where everyone would live . Past ideas for lunar habitats have included inflatable tents , underground bases , and even giant fungi . Now, through a partnership with Japan's space agency JAXA, NASA is exploring a new angle, Ars

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Siberia heatwave caused by man-made emissions, study finds

Surface temperatures in parts of the Russian region were up to 10C above average in May

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New promising treatment uses smart nanoparticles to target lung cancer

A new and promising approach for treatment of lung cancer has been developed by researchers at Lund University. The treatment combines a novel surgical approach with smart nanoparticles to specifically target lung tumors. The new study has been published in the July issue of Advanced Therapeutics.

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The road to a battery-powered Europe

For the past century, the world has relied on combustion engines powered by fossil fuels for transportation, but now lithium-ion battery-powered vehicles are emerging as sustainable successors. As major vehicle producers, European manufacturers are looking to establish their own lithium-ion battery market to compete with firms in Asia and the US. A new report in Chemical & Engineering News , the w

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Coumarin compounds from oak barrels could contribute to bitter taste in wine and spirits

Wine and spirits are complex mixtures of flavor and aroma compounds, some of which arise during aging in wooden barrels. Among other compounds, oak wood releases coumarins, but how they affect wine's sensory properties is unclear. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry have detected and measured six coumarins in oak wood, wine and spirits, showing that a comb

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Rsearchers suggest modification of quantum encryption system with compact detector

A new system can significantly lower the production costs costs of mass quantum key distribution (QKD) networks, which will make them available to a wider user audience. This will make it possible to use QDK in the regular fiber-optic cable infrastructure. The paper was published in Scientific Reports.

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The force necessary to kill a single bacterium

Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health and food security today according to the World Health Organization. This process occurs naturally, but misuse of antibiotics in humans and animals is accelerating it. In this context, mechano-bactericidal materials emerge as a promising strategy to tackle bacterial resistance to antibiotics.

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Compression of curium pyrrolidine-dithiocarbamate enhances covalency

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2479-2 Enhanced covalency is achieved for a curium complex with curium–sulfur bonds by subjecting the compound to high pressures, indicating that pressure can be used to tune covalency in actinide compounds.

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Graphene's magic angle reveals a new twist

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02125-7 Probing the superconducting properties of graphene and bacteria that can use manganese to grow.

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Antarctica's wilderness fails to capture continent's biodiversity

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2506-3 Historical records reveal that although 99.6% of Antarctica is defined as wilderness, areas undisturbed by humans comprise less than 32%, largely in regions of low biodiversity.

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The National Lung Matrix Trial of personalized therapy in lung cancer

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2481-8 Current outcomes are reported from the ongoing National Lung Matrix Trial, an umbrella trial for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer in which patients are triaged according to their tumour genotype and matched with targeted therapeutic agents.

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Antagonistic regulation of the gibberellic acid response during stem growth in rice

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2501-8 Stem growth in rice is regulated by an accelerator gene and a decelerator gene in parallel with gibberellic acid, and the opposite selection of these genes has led to adaptations to different environments.

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Electronics tuned in twisted bilayer graphene

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02008-x The strength of the interactions between electrons in a structure called twisted bilayer graphene has been tuned by adjusting the immediate environment — a major advance for tunable electronic quantum matter.

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A single-cell transcriptomic atlas characterizes ageing tissues in the mouse

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2496-1 A single-cell transcriptomic atlas across the lifespan of the mouse, denoted Tabula Muris Senis, provides molecular information about the hallmarks of ageing in a range of tissues and cell types.

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An umbrella approach to test lung cancer therapies

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02062-5 A clinical trial has tested the use of gene-sequencing results for lung cancer to match patients to targeted therapies. Some paired treatments were a good fit, but others did not succeed, for reasons that will require further exploration.

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Self-assembled poly-catenanes from supramolecular toroidal building blocks

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2445-z Nanoscale toroids with a high percentage of poly-catenation and radii of up to about 13 nm are kinetically organized using fibrous supramolecular assemblies with intrinsic curvature and a solvent-mixing strategy.

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Monolithic piezoelectric control of soliton microcombs

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2465-8 By monolithically integrating piezoelectric actuators on ultralow-loss photonic circuits, soliton microcombs—a spectrum of sharp lines over a range of optical frequencies—can be modulated at high speeds with megahertz bandwidths.

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Bacterial chemolithoautotrophy via manganese oxidation

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2468-5 A co-culture of two newly identified microorganisms—'Candidatus Manganitrophus noduliformans' and Ramlibacter lithotrophicus—exhibits exponential growth that is dependent on manganese(II) oxidation, demonstrating the viability of this metabolism for supporting life.

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Growth-mediated sensing of long-term cold in plants

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02060-7 The prolonged cold of winter is required for the flowering of many plants. Now the identification of a previously unknown long-term cold-sensing mechanism helps to reveal how plants are able to time their flowering correctly.

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Plug COVID-19 research gaps in detection, prevention and care

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02004-1 Many studies needed to quell this and future pandemics are not being done, and the chance is ebbing away.

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Ageing hallmarks exhibit organ-specific temporal signatures

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2499-y Bulk RNA sequencing of organs and plasma proteomics at different ages across the mouse lifespan is integrated with data from the Tabula Muris Senis, a transcriptomic atlas of ageing mouse tissues, to describe organ-specific changes in gene expression during ageing.

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Fasting-mimicking diet and hormone therapy induce breast cancer regression

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2502-7 In mice, periodic fasting or a fasting-mimicking diet enhances the efficacy of endocrine therapy for breast cancer and delays acquired resistance to it; in patients with breast cancer, a fasting-mimicking diet recreates the metabolic changes observed in mice.

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Nucleolar RNA polymerase II drives ribosome biogenesis

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2497-0 RNA polymerase II has an unexpected function in the nucleolus, helping to drive the expression of ribosomal RNA and to protect nucleolar structure through a mechanism involving triplex R-loop structures.

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Temperature-dependent growth contributes to long-term cold sensing

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2485-4 The authors find that slow plant growth at low temperatures during winter reduces dilution of the transcription factor NTL8, which allows slow accumulation of NTL8 and thus the gradual increase in transcription of VIN3—a gene involved in memory of cold exposure.

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A universal trade-off between growth and lag in fluctuating environments

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2505-4 A model of sequential flux bottlenecks explains a universal trade-off between steady-state growth and physiological adaptation time in bacteria exposed to fluctuating growth conditions.

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Genetic drivers of high-rise rice that survives deep floods

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02059-0 Rice in deepwater paddy fields can survive a slow-rising flood by a remarkably rapid elongation of submerged stem sections. Two genes discovered to affect this process could aid targeted improvements in crop height and flood tolerance.

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Superconductivity in metallic twisted bilayer graphene stabilized by WSe2

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2473-8 Placing a single layer of tungsten diselenide in contact with twisted bilayer graphene enables superconductivity even for non-magic twist angles where insulating behavior is absent.

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N6-methyladenine in DNA antagonizes SATB1 in early development

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2500-9 The DNA modification N6-methyladenine regulates gene expression during mouse trophoblast development by depositing at the boundaries of active chromatin and preventing its spread by antagonizing the chromatin organizer SATB1.

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Simple molecules self-assemble into the links of a nanoscale chain

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02007-y Non-covalent interactions can assemble molecules into complex architectures, but with limited control of the resulting topology. A method for assembling nanoscale chains shows how specific architectures can be targeted.

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The 'Radcliffe Wave' as a Kelvin–Helmholtz instability

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2476-5

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Vacancy-enabled N2 activation for ammonia synthesis on an Ni-loaded catalyst

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2464-9 Ammonia is synthesized using a dual-site approach, whereby nitrogen vacancies on LaN activate N2, which then reacts with hydrogen atoms produced over the Ni metal to give ammonia.

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A subradiant optical mirror formed by a single structured atomic layer

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2463-x A single two-dimensional array of atoms trapped in an optical lattice shows a tunable cooperative subradiant optical response, acting as a single-monolayer optical mirror with controllable reflectivity.

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Single-cell lineage tracing unveils a role for TCF15 in haematopoiesis

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2503-6 Using single-cell lineage tracing, the authors identify TCF15 as a novel regulator of haematopoietic stem cell quiescence and self-renewal.

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Scientific Panel Urges That Schools Reopen

Younger children in particular are ill-served by remote learning, according to a report issued by the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine.

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For each COVID-19 death, 9 family members grieve

Every death from COVID-19 will affect approximately nine surviving family members, according to a new study of kinship networks in the United States. Deaths from COVID-19 will have a ripple effect causing impacts on the mental health and health of surviving family members. But the extent of that impact has been hard to assess until now. For example, if the virus kills 190,000 people, 1.7 million

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The force necessary to kill a single bacterium

Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health and food security today according to the World Health Organization. This process occurs naturally, but misuse of antibiotics in humans and animals is accelerating it. In this context, mechano-bactericidal materials emerge as a promising strategy to tackle bacterial resistance to antibiotics.

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New lithium battery charges faster, reduces risk of device explosions

Cell phone batteries often heat up and, at times, can burst into flames. In most cases, the culprit behind such incidents can be traced back to lithium batteries. Despite providing long-lasting electric currents that can keep devices powered up, lithium batteries can internally short circuit, heating up the device.

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Scientists Accidentally Bred the Fish Version of a Liger

American paddlefish and Russian sturgeon were not supposed to be able to create hybrid offspring. Surprise!

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The Struggle for the Urban Soundscape

Videos by Erin Brethauer and Tim Hussin I remember a night of insomnia a few weeks after the pandemic began. As I lay in bed early that March morning, my mind racing, the robins began to sing—a silver lining under a poor night's rest. As the sun rose, I waited for the inevitable sounds of day: the car engines of people in my Washington, D.C. apartment building headed off to work, the clamor of la

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Misconduct allegations push psychology hero off his pedestal

Dozens of papers on personality and health by Hans Eysenck have been retracted or are under suspicion

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How many hot dogs can a person really scarf down in 10 minutes?

Study suggests competitive eaters have yet to reach the body's limit

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The pandemic virus is slowly mutating. But is it getting more dangerous?

Determining whether genetic changes have increased transmission of COVID-19 is surprisingly hard

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Spread of flu virus in hospital environment common

One in four inpatients with influenza in a given season showed signs of having become infected during care.

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Global methane emissions soar to record high

The pandemic has tugged carbon emissions down, temporarily. But levels of the powerful heat-trapping gas methane continue to climb, dragging the world further away from a path that skirts the worst effects of global warming.

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New lithium battery charges faster, reduces risk of device explosions

Cell phone batteries often heat up and, at times, can burst into flames. In most cases, the culprit behind such incidents can be traced back to lithium batteries. Despite providing long-lasting electric currents that can keep devices powered up, lithium batteries can internally short circuit, heating up the device.

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Tree planting does not always boost ecosystem carbon stocks, study finds

Planting huge numbers of trees to mitigate climate change is 'not always the best strategy' – with some experimental sites in Scotland failing to increase carbon stocks, a new study has found.

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New material mimics strength, toughness of mother of pearl

In the summer, many people enjoy walks along the beach looking for seashells. Among the most prized are those that contain iridescent mother of pearl (also known as nacre) inside. But many beachcombers would be surprised to learn that shimmery nacre is one of nature's strongest, most resilient materials. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Nano have made a material with interlocked mineral layers th

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Designed a new model to predict the life expectancy of a severe neurodegenerative disease

Researchers from IDIBELL, the University of Göttingen and the University of Münster, designed six tables, using data available at the time of diagnosis, where easily extrapolate patient's life expectancy. This model has been created with the world's largest cohort of patients with this disease, up to 1,200 patients registered since 1993.

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Precision trial highlights need for new approach to treating genomically complex cancers

A pioneering lung cancer study, led by the University of Birmingham's Cancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit, has highlighted important factors that will need to be considered in the next wave of precision medicine studies particularly in treating genomically complicated cancers.

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New research highlights increased loneliness in over-70s during COVID-19 pandemic

A joint report from Trinity College Dublin researchers and age charity ALONE highlights effects of COVID-19 government measures on Ireland's older population. The research finds that public health measures such as social distancing and cocooning to curb the spread of the virus has increased levels of loneliness and social isolation in older people.

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Shaking light with sound

Combining integrated photonics and MEMS technology, scientists from EPFL and Purdue University demonstrate monolithic piezoelectric control of integrated optical frequency combs with bulk acoustic waves. The technology opens up integrated ultrafast acousto-optic modulation for demanding applications.

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Simple twist of DNA determines fate of placenta

The development of the mammalian placenta depends upon an unusual twist that separates DNA's classic double helix into a single-stranded form, Yale researchers report July 15 in the journal Nature.

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Polycatenanes in mesoscale

An international research group led by Chiba University has succeeded in forming self-assembled molecule rings called "polycatenanes" without using additional molecular templates. The research group also succeeded in observing the polycatenanes, the longest structure reaching 500 nm, by using atomic force microscopy. This work, published in the journal Nature, is the first vital step in technologi

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Bacteria with a metal diet discovered in dirty glassware

Newfound bacteria that oxidize manganese help explain the geochemistry of groundwater.

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Only a third of pediatricians fully follow guidelines on peanut allergy prevention

While 93 percent of U.S. pediatricians surveyed were aware of the national guidelines on peanut allergy prevention in infants, only 30 percent were fully implementing the recommended practices and 64 percent reported partial implementation, according to the study published in JAMA Network Open.

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FSU news: Scientists discover heavy element chemistry can change at high pressures

An international team of researchers has demonstrated how curium — element 96 in the periodic table and one of the last that can be seen with the naked eye — responds to the application of high pressure created by squeezing a sample between two diamonds.

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Research raises concerns about firearm access for people with dementia

Today, new research released from faculty at the University of Colorado School of Medicine at the Anschutz Medical Campus looked at how caregivers address the issues of firearm safety when taking care of someone who has Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD) and has access to a gun. The findings published today in JAMA Network Open.

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University of Toronto scientists uncover key process in the manufacture of ribosomes and proteins

Researchers at the University of Toronto have shown that an enzyme called RNA polymerase (Pol) II drives generation of the building blocks of ribosomes, the molecular machines that manufacture all proteins in cells based on the genetic code.

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Running on empty: New affordable catalyst relies on nitrogen vacancies to produce ammonia

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have developed a new catalyst for synthesizing ammonia that does not comprise rare metals. By exploring a new design concept based around nitrogen vacancies, they created an inexpensive catalyst from abundantly available elements that still achieves state-of-the-art performance.

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Data analytics can predict global warming trends, heat waves

New research from Arizona State and Stanford Universities is augmenting meteorological studies that predict global warming trends and heat waves, adding human originated factors into the equation.

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Twisting magnetic fields for extreme plasma compression

A new spin on the magnetic compression of plasmas could improve materials science, nuclear fusion research, X-ray generation and laboratory astrophysics, research led by the University of Michigan suggests.

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We don't know how fast the universe is expanding, and that's a problem

Different ways of measuring how fast the expansion of the universe is accelerating disagree with one another, and new measurements are not fixing the issue

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Human Tests For This COVID Vaccine Look "Promising," Researchers Say

US-based biotech company Moderna has found that its COVID-19 vaccine was able to boost immune response in all volunteers during a Phase 1 human trial, according to early results published in the New England Journal of Medicine on Tuesday. The finding marks the first time a US-made vaccine candidate had results published in a peer-reviewed medical journal, CNN reports . "This is really quite good

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Bacteria with a metal diet discovered in dirty glassware

Caltech microbiologists have discovered bacteria that feed on manganese and use the metal as their source of calories. Such microbes were predicted to exist over a century ago, but none had been found or described until now.

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Scientists uncover key process in the manufacture of ribosomes and proteins

Researchers at the University of Toronto have shown that an enzyme called RNA polymerase (Pol) II drives generation of the building blocks of ribosomes, the molecular machines that manufacture all proteins in cells based on the genetic code.

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Scientists discover heavy element chemistry can change at high pressures

New research shows that one of the heaviest known elements can be manipulated to a greater degree than previously thought, potentially paving the way for new strategies to recycle nuclear fuel and better long-term storage of radioactive elements.

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Nano-polycatenane synthesis achieved with molecular self-assembly

An international research group led by Chiba University Professor Shiki Yagai has for the first time developed self-assembled polycatenanes, structures comprised of mechanically interlocked small molecule rings. The research group also succeeded in observing the geometric structure of the polycatenanes via atomic force microscopy (AFM). This work, published in the journal Nature, is the first to a

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Running on empty: New affordable catalyst relies on nitrogen vacancies to produce ammonia

Ammonia (NH3) is one of the most commonly produced chemicals worldwide, because of its use as an important ingredient in a broad range of industrial manufacturing processes. For instance, it is pivotal in the production of fertilizers, and over 150 million tons of it are applied each year to increase the yields of various crops. Ammonia is produced naturally by many living organisms, but synthesiz

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Biomedical instrument based on microvesicles

Researchers have proved that a microvesicle-based instrument can be effective in reducing inflammation and immune response.

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Novel biomarker technology for cancer diagnostics

A new way of identifying cancer biomarkers has been developed by researchers at Lund University in Sweden. The new technology allows very sensitive, quick and cost-effective identification of cancer biomarkers. The research is published in Nature Communication Biology.

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Goodbye, Howard Henning

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02018-9 A form of control.

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Living with Scientific Uncertainty

We're inevitably forced to make decisions without knowing all of the facts — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Scientists uncover key process in the manufacture of ribosomes and proteins

Researchers at the University of Toronto have shown that an enzyme called RNA polymerase (Pol) II drives generation of the building blocks of ribosomes, the molecular machines that manufacture all proteins in cells based on the genetic code.

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How city mayors are taking action on climate change | Eric Garcetti

"If you change your city, you're changing the world," says Eric Garcetti, mayor of Los Angeles and chair of C40 Cities, a network of the world's megacities committed to tackling the climate crisis. He shares tangible ways Los Angeles and other cities across the globe are promoting economic and social justice while taking concrete action on climate change — and talks about how to create a more inc

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Extinction Rebellion's activists more likely to be new to protesting, study shows

Extinction Rebellion supporters are more likely to be new to protesting than other environmental activists, a new study shows.

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The smallest micro-gripper, grown on optical fibers, is operated remotely with light

Researchers at the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, used the liquid crystal elastomer technology to demonstrate a series of micro-tools grown on optical fibers. The 200-micrometer gripers are controlled remotely, without electric wiring or pneumatic tubing, with green light delivered through the fibers – absorbed light energy is directly converted into the gripper jaws' action.

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New chemical analyzes: What did Danes and Italians in the Middle Ages have in common?

Chemists have analyzed bones from a Danish and an Italian cemetery, casting light on the lives of nobles and common people in the north and the south of Europe.

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Does Blood Type Affect Your Risk Of Coronavirus? Probably Not, New Studies Say

New studies show that people with Type A blood are not at greater risk of getting sick, as previous studies had suggested.

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Planetary scientist collaborates on first-ever Mars mission launched by Arab world

A veteran of multiple NASA missions to Mars, Northern Arizona University planetary scientist Christopher Edwards will closely watch the upcoming launch of a space probe to Mars that carries a unique new instrument he co-designed in collaboration with engineers from the United Arab Emirates Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC) and Arizona State University (ASU).

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Mystery about cause of genetic disease in horses

Warmblood fragile foal syndrome is a severe, usually fatal, genetic disease that manifests itself after birth in affected horses. Due to the defect, the connective tissue is unstable. Under force, for instance, the skin tears from the tissue underneath and the joints can suffer dislocation. A research team from the Universities of Göttingen and Halle has now been able to prove that the disease did

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Q&A: Coming soon? A brief guide to 21st-century megadisasters

When it comes to calamities, Jeffrey Schlegelmilch thinks big. In his upcoming book, "Rethinking Readiness: A Brief Guide to Twenty-First-Century Megadisasters," he explores menaces that potentially could change not just lives or communities, but entire societies. He groups these into five categories: climate change; cyber threats; nuclear war; failures of critical infrastructure such as electric

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How do you measure innovation in sustainable development?

In 2015, the United Nations established 17 Sustainable Development Goals as "a blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all." The goals range from eliminating poverty and hunger to reducing inequality and tackling climate change. To solve these complex and systemic challenges, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) is establishing country support platforms (CSPs), or se

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Using magnetic worms to engineer nanoscale communication systems

Researchers at EPFL have shown that electromagnetic waves coupled to precisely engineered structures known as artificial ferromagnetic quasicrystals allow for more efficient information transmission and processing at the nanoscale. Their research also represents the first practical demonstration of Conway worms, a theoretical concept for the description of quasicrystals.

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Higher-order topology found in 2-D crystal

Over the last decade, the field of condensed matter physics has experienced a golden age with the discovery of new materials and properties, and related technologies being developed at breakneck speed thanks to the arrival of topological physics. Topological physics took off in 2008 with the discovery of topological insulator, a type of material that is electrically insulating in bulk but metallic

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Researchers Say Earth Is Headed for "Jaw-Dropping" Population Decline

People around the globe are having way fewer babies. By the year 2100, that might turn into a pretty big problem for humanity — rather than the relief one might expect. If they aren't already, dozens of countries' populations will be going into decline in this century, according to a new study published in the Lancet this week. 23 countries are expected to feel this effect intensify, with their p

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Mystery about cause of genetic disease in horses

Warmblood fragile foal syndrome is a severe, usually fatal, genetic disease that manifests itself after birth in affected horses. Due to the defect, the connective tissue is unstable. Under force, for instance, the skin tears from the tissue underneath and the joints can suffer dislocation. A research team from the Universities of Göttingen and Halle has now been able to prove that the disease did

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Spotting Quantum Black Holes in the Lab

In physics, we discover a new law by making a guess, and then comparing the consequences of the guess with experimental results. As the ever-quotable Richard Feynman put it: "It does not make any difference how beautiful your guess is. It does not make any difference how smart you are … if it disagrees with experiment it is wrong." This is the essence of what separates physics from, say, math. Ma

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Subaru Telescope and New Horizons explore the outer solar system

Collaborative observations with NASA's New Horizons mission have been ongoing at the Subaru Telescope since May 2020. Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC), the wide field camera mounted on the prime focus of the Subaru Telescope, is used for the observations to search for target candidates for New Horizons' next observations. Astronomers from Japan are participating in the observation team together with ones f

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Chasing particles with tiny electric charges

All known elementary particles have electric charges that are integer multiples of a third of the electron charge. But some theories predict the existence of "millicharged" elementary particles that would have a charge much smaller that the electron charge and could account for the elusive dark matter that fills the universe. An international team of researchers has now reported the first search at

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Molecular 'tails' are secret ingredient for gene activation in humans, yeast, and other organisms

It might seem as though humans have little in common with the lowly yeast cell. Humans have hair, skin, muscles, and bones, among other attributes. Yeast have, well, none of those things.

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Molecular 'tails' are secret ingredient for gene activation in humans, yeast, and other organisms

It might seem as though humans have little in common with the lowly yeast cell. Humans have hair, skin, muscles, and bones, among other attributes. Yeast have, well, none of those things.

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Molecular 'tails' are secret ingredient for gene activation

It might seem as though humans have little in common with the lowly yeast cell. Humans have hair, skin, muscles, and bones, among other attributes. Yeast have, well, none of those things.

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Shedding light on the brown color of algae

For many people, algae are just an odorous nuisance on their vacation beach or unwelcome guests in the garden pond and aquarium. This does not take into account, however, the enormous effects these mostly microscopic aquatic inhabitants have on the global climate and does not pay due heed to their role as nutrition for the fish of the oceans. Marine algae convert roughly the same amount of carbon

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SNMMI Image of the Year: Super-agers show resistance to tau and amyloid accumulation

Super-agers, or individuals whose cognitive skills are above the norm even at an advanced age, have been found to have increased resistance to tau and amyloid proteins, according to research presented at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) 2020 Annual Meeting.

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After universal masking, health care worker COVID-19 rates drop at Mass General Brigham

A new study led by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and published in JAMA makes it clear: after universal masking was implemented at Mass General Brigham, the rate of COVID-19 infection among health care workers dropped significantly.

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Making balanced decisions

How decisions are made and how behavior is controlled is one of the most important questions in neuroscience. The neurotransmitter dopamine plays a central role in all of this. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), together with researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, looked into the role that dopamine plays in the decision-making process and in controlling movem

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Regular physical activity seems to enhance cognition in children who need it most

Researchers at the Universities of Tsukuba and Kobe re-analyzed data from three experiments that tested whether physical activity interventions lead to improved cognitive skills in children. They found that (1) the benefits of regular exercise on cognition were greater in children who have poor cognitive performance before the intervention and (2) spending time on physical activity did not hinder

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Data analytics can predict global warming trends, heat waves

New data analytics process evaluates how global energy consumption, as well as urban green infrastructure, can affect climate change.

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How breast cancer cells sneak past local immune defenses

Breast cancer cells grow locally, then metastasize throughout the body. They succeed in establishing tumors by sabotaging local immune cells embedded in tissues, thus evading detection and destruction by the body's roving immune defenses.

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Kiwis stockpile paracetamol, the basis of most calls to National Poisons Centre

While paracetamol was the most common substance of enquiry for calls to the National Poisons Centre in 2018, new research reveals most New Zealanders have large quantities of the painkiller stockpiled in their homes.

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Intervention gets kids who see violence at home more support

Children who witness intimate partner violence benefit from a joint community and law enforcement intervention, research shows. The police and community-based organization partnership called the Child Trauma Response Team has demonstrated success at screening and treating children for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) immediately following incidents of intimate partner violence, according to

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Molecular 'tails' are secret ingredient for gene activation

It might seem as though humans have little in common with the lowly yeast cell. Humans have hair, skin, muscles, and bones, among other attributes. Yeast have, well, none of those things.

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Shedding light on the brown color of algae

For many people, algae are just an odorous nuisance on their vacation beach or unwelcome guests in the garden pond and aquarium. This does not take into account, however, the enormous effects these mostly microscopic aquatic inhabitants have on the global climate and does not pay due heed to their role as nutrition for the fish of the oceans. Marine algae convert roughly the same amount of carbon

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Genes clarify the colors on these little hybrid birds

Hybrid birds help clarify the color difference between blue-winged and golden-winged warblers. The hybrids of golden-winged and blue-winged warblers have a mix of coloration from the parent species, which allows researchers to identify which regions of the genome are associated with which color patterns. The study also reveals a more complex basis for the amount of yellow in warbler bellies and r

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How children in the UK are coping with the coronavirus lockdown

A survey of families in the UK finds that during lockdown some children are more emotional or disobedient, while others have lower anxiety without the pressures of school

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Seventy-Five Years After Trinity

Culture The Manhattan Project's massive effort to build the first atomic bomb led to the Trinity test on July 16, 1945 and inspired innovations and actions that continue to cascade through science and culture. 07/15/2020 Inside Science Staff To read more…

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Desert telescope takes aim at ageing our Universe

A telescope high in the Atacama Desert in Chile enters the debate about the age of the Universe.

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Ideal way to screen for disease

In the pandemic age of telehealth and new technologies, remote site lab or point-of-care (POC) testing of biofluids is a potentially rapid and non-invasive way to test for most diseases – including COVID-19.Now scientists at Flinders University have run tests on the bioprobe industry, recommending the potential of a novel group of bioprobes with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties, so-ca

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Monitoring groundwater changes more precisely

A new method could help to track groundwater changes better than before. Researchers from Potsdam and the USA have compared gravity field data from the GRACE and GRACE-Follow On satellite missions with other measuring methods. They investigated the seasonal water storage in almost 250 river basins in Asia, whose water regime is dominated by monsoon. The results allow the large-scale GRACE data to

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Novel test method detects coronavirus in highly diluted gargle samples

Pharmacists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have succeeded in detecting small amounts of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 using mass spectrometry. For their investigation, they used gargle solutions of COVID-19 patients. The novel method might supplement conventional tests. It is currently undergoing improvements and might be available as standard diagnostic tool for COVID-19 in the futur

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Mystery about cause of genetic disease in horses

Warmblood fragile foal syndrome is a severe, usually fatal, genetic disease that manifests itself after birth in affected horses. Due to the defect, the connective tissue is unstable. Under force, the skin tears from the tissue underneath and the joints can dislocate. Researchers from the Universities of Göttingen and Halle have now been able to prove that the disease did not stem from the English

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CERN: Physicists Report the Discovery of Unique New Particle

The LHCb collaboration at CERN has announced the discovery of a new exotic particle: a so-called "tetraquark." The paper by more than 800 authors is yet to be evaluated by other scientists in a process called "peer review," but has been presented at a seminar. It also meets the usual statistical threshold for claiming the discovery of a new particle. The finding marks a major breakthrough in a se

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Clearing Opium Fields Hurts Honeybees

Originally published in August 1911 — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Image: Place for space testing

ESA's Compact Antenna Test Range at its ESTEC technical centre in Noordwijk, the Netherlands. This anechoic chamber is used to test space antennas of 1 m across or less, or else entire small satellites.

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Northern accents are becoming more similar, suggests new research

The accents of educated city dwellers across the North of England are becoming more similar, according to new research from The University of Manchester.

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Pandemic disproportionately affects scientists with young children

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a disproportionate, negative impact on the careers of scientists with young children at home, a new survey finds.

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Tracking particles containing charm quarks offers insight into how quarks combine

Nuclear physicists are trying to understand how particles called quarks and gluons combine to form hadrons, composite particles made of two or three quarks. To study this process, called hadronization, a team of nuclear physicists used the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider—a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science user facility for nuclear physics research at DOE's Brookhave

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Studying whales with high-tech tools

Scanning the airwaves over Monterey Bay with a hand-held antenna, Stanford University researchers listen for blue whales—or, more precisely, they listen for the suction tags they've stuck on blue whales. The first beep sounds and the captain whips the boat on course, following the quickening signal to find the surfacing giant. The three-person crew must reach the animal before it disappears under

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Studying whales with high-tech tools

Scanning the airwaves over Monterey Bay with a hand-held antenna, Stanford University researchers listen for blue whales—or, more precisely, they listen for the suction tags they've stuck on blue whales. The first beep sounds and the captain whips the boat on course, following the quickening signal to find the surfacing giant. The three-person crew must reach the animal before it disappears under

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Higher-order topology found in 2D crystal

The research team took a new approach by using the Josephson junctions to spatially resolve the supercurrent flow and to show that WTe2 does indeed appear to have hinge states and be a higher-order topological insulator. They have identified a new higher-order topological insulator. It is a layered two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) called WTe2. This is a famous material in con

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Scientists discover way to stop spread of devastating childhood cancer

New research reveals a new way to stop the spread of bone cancer in children.The discovery is thought to be the most important breakthrough in the field for more than 40 years.The researchers say their work could lead to 'kinder' treatments for children with bone cancer and save lives.

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COVID-19: Patients improve after immune-suppressant treatment

Most patients hospitalized with COVID-19 (coronavirus) pneumonia experienced improvement after receiving a Food and Drug Administration-approved drug normally given for rheumatoid arthritis, according to an observational study at Cedars-Sinai. Outcomes for patients who received the drug, tocilizumab, included reduced inflammation, oxygen requirements, blood pressure support and risk of death, comp

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Pandemic disproportionately affects scientists with young children

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a disproportionate, negative impact on the careers of scientists with young children at home, a new survey finds. They have been forced to drastically reduce the amount of time they spend on their research, which could have long-term effects on their careers and could exacerbate existing inequalities.

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Renewable energy transition makes dollars and sense

New UNSW research has disproved the claim that the transition to renewable electricity systems will harm the global economy.

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Transparent inorganic multicolour displays enabled by zinc-based electrochromic devices

Electrochromic displays have been the subject of extensive research as a promising colour display technology. Herein, a transparent inorganic multicolour display platform based on Zn-based electrochromic devices was demonstrated. These devices enable independent operation of top and bottom electrochromic electrodes, thus providing additional configuration flexibility of the devices through the uti

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High-fat diet with antibiotic use linked to gut inflammation

UC Davis researchers have found that combining a Western-style high-fat diet with antibiotic use significantly increases the risk of developing pre- inflammatory bowel disease. This combination shuts down the mitochondria in cells of the colon lining, leading to gut inflammation. Mesalazine can help restart the mitochondria and treat pre-IBD condition.

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Molecular "tails" are secret ingredient for gene activation

Researchers in the lab of Caltech's Paul Sternberg discover how diverse forms of life are able to use the same cellular machinery for DNA transcription.

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Burger King giver køer citrongræs mod bøvser: Ekspert er skeptisk

Forskere har i mange år forsøgt at lave foder til kvæg, der kan gøre fødevareproduktionen mere klimavenlig.

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How best to burn the bush to reduce bushfire risk

New research into the complexities of prescribed burning across varied landscapes and weather conditions is supporting the critical decisions on how and where to use fire to protect communities.

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Ideal method for rapid disease testing

In the pandemic age of telehealth and new technologies, remote site lab or point-of-care (POC) testing of biofluids is a potentially rapid and non-invasive way to test for most diseases—including COVID-19.

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Will COVID pandemic's environmental benefit last?

(HealthDay)—It has been the sole silver lining in the coronavirus pandemic—cleaner air and water on the planet. But will it continue?

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Global sentiments towards COVID-19 shifts from fear to anger

The fear that people developed at the start of the COVID-19 outbreak has given way to anger over the course of the pandemic, a study of global sentiments led by NTU Singapore has found. Xenophobia, a common theme among anger-related tweets, evolved to reflect feelings arising from isolation and social seclusion. Accompanying this later shift is the emergence of tweets that show joy, which suggest

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Learning the wiring diagram for autism spectrum disorders

A team led by UT Southwestern researchers has identified brain circuitry that plays a key role in the dysfunctional social, repetitive, and inflexible behavioral differences that characterize autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The findings, published online this week in Nature Neuroscience, could lead to new therapies for these relatively prevalent disorders.

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New study shows how plants regulate their growth-inhibiting hormones to survive

Scientists from Japan have, for the first time, observed one of the natural mechanisms underlying the regulation of the levels of growth inhibiting hormone in plants. This mechanism had been hitherto seen in bacteria, but its discovery in plants will enable novel ways of increasing crop productivity globally.

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Boosting immune memory could reduce cancer recurrence

New study on how immune memory can be targeted and improve immunotherapy and prevennt cancer recurrence.

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Move over, Siri! USC researchers develop improv-based Chatbot

USC ISI computer scientists Jonathan May and Justin Cho incorporate improv dialogues into chatbots to produce more grounded and engaging interactions.

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New organic material unlocks faster and more flexible electronic devices

Mobile phones and other electronic devices made from an organic material that is thin, bendable and more powerful are now a step closer thanks to new research led by scientists at The Australian University (ANU).

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Multidisciplinary approach more effective for gut disorders: study

Researchers from the University of Melbourne and St Vincent's Hospital in Australia have conducted a trial involving 144 patients to compare the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary clinic – involving gastroenterologists, dieticians, psychiatrists and physiotherapists – with usual gastroenterology specialist-only care.

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Genetic editing milestone in mouse model of Rett Syndrome

A genomic error that causes Rett Syndrome, a serious lifelong neurological disorder, can be corrected in the brains of mice by rewriting the genetic instructions carried by the RNA.The new research, published July 14 in the journal Cell Reports, shows that RNA editing may repair the underlying cause of Rett Syndrome in a mouse model. The technology recoded enough RNA to restore half of the normal

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A nanomaterial path forward for COVID-19 vaccine development

From mRNA vaccines entering clinical trials, to peptide-based vaccines and using molecular farming to scale vaccine production, the COVID-19 pandemic is pushing new and emerging nanotechnologies into the frontlines and the headlines. Nanoengineers at UC San Diego detail the current approaches to COVID-19 vaccine development, and highlight how nanotechnology has enabled these advances, in a review

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Growing up trilobite

If you've ever held a trilobite fossil, seen one in a classroom, or walked by one in a store, chances are it was Elrathia kingii, one of the most common and well-recognized trilobites. New work describes the development and growth rate of Elrathia kingii–only the second such dataset to be compiled for a trilobite–allowing for the first comparison among trilobite species.

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Study of natural gas flaring finds high risks to babies

Researchers from USC and UCLA have found that exposure to flaring — the burning off of excess natural gas — at oil and gas production sites is associated with 50% higher odds of preterm birth, compared with no exposure.

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Twisting magnetic fields for extreme plasma compression

A new spin on the magnetic compression of plasmas could improve materials science, nuclear fusion research, X-ray generation and laboratory astrophysics, research led by the University of Michigan suggests.

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St18 is a negative regulator of VEGF

A research team led by Kenta Maruyama M.D., Ph.D. from National Institute for Physiological Sciences explored the role of St18 in the regulation of VEGF expression. Mice lacking St18 in myeloid lineages are highly susceptible to septic shock. These mice also exhibit increased retinal vasculature with enhanced serum VEGF concentrations, and pharmacological inhibition of VEGF signaling rescues the h

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Geochemical analysis from the last ice age may hold clues for future climate change and preparedness strategies

Stalagmites from Lake Shasta Caverns (LSC) – located in northern California within an important transitional climate zone between the Pacific Northwest and southwestern United States—hold geochemical clues to help researchers understand how climate changed during the end of the last ice age (14,000—37,000 years ago) and predict what may happen amid climatic changes in modern times.

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Network fuels burning desire to understand wildfire

Each year since 1990, about 2.4 million hectares of Canadian trees fall to wildfires, more than double the annual area that caught fire 50 years ago.

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Tree planting does not always boost ecosystem carbon stocks, study finds

Planting huge numbers of trees to mitigate climate change is "not always the best strategy"—with some experimental sites in Scotland failing to increase carbon stocks, a new study has found.

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In the sharing economy, consumers see themselves as helpers

Whether you use a taxi or a rideshare app like Uber, you're still going to get a driver who will take you to your destination.

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Myanmar Plan to Breed Protected Species in Captivity Draws Criticism

Myanmar's conservation ministry is considering captive breeding of as many as 175 threatened species, including tigers, Irrawaddy dolphins and rare birds that exist only in the wild.

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America Should Prepare for a Double Pandemic

(Nicola Muirhead) Editor's Note : The Atlantic is making vital coverage of the coronavirus available to all readers. Find the collection here . Seven years ago , the White House was bracing itself for not one pandemic, but two. In the spring of 2013, several people in China fell sick with a new and lethal strain of H7N9 bird flu, while an outbreak of MERS—a disease caused by a coronavirus—had spr

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Bioelectric device on your skin could start with a pencil

Engineers have demonstrated that just pencils and paper could create bioelectronic devices with potential for tracking health. One day, people could monitor their own health conditions by simply picking up a pencil and drawing a bioelectronic device on their skin , they say. Many existing commercial on-skin biomedical devices often contain two major components—a biomedical tracking component and

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COVID-19 a driver of widespread gender inequality, study finds

Women are almost twice as likely as men to have lost their job and suffered an anxiety attack during lockdown, according to a study that reveals how COVID-19 has driven widespread gender inequality.

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Six things to know about the Ingenuity Mars helicopter

When NASA's Mars 2020 Perseverance rover launches from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida later this summer, an innovative experiment will ride along: the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter. Ingenuity may weigh only about 4 pounds (1.8 kilograms), but it has some outsize ambitions.

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Researchers find potential in eco-friendly synthesizer

Long before dimethylformamide (DMF) failed the squishy toy test, chemists raised concerns about its use as a solvent in the construction of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs).

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Related Reading from the Inside Science Archive

Highlights from our previous coverage of nuclear weapons and radiation. Links Page top image Bradbury-and-the-Gadget.jpg Norris Bradbury and one other man with the "gadget," before it exploded in the Trinity test on July 16, 1945. Image credits: U.S. Department of Energy Culture Wednesday, July 15, 2020 – 07:30 Inside Science Staff The stories and infographics below showcase Inside Science's pre

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The Diversity and Greatness of Manhattan Project Alumni

A selection of women and people of color who achieved remarkable things in science after working on the Manhattan Project. yearbook_topimage_final.jpg Image credits: Abigail Malate, Staff Illustrator Rights information: This image may only be reproduced with this Inside Science article. Culture Wednesday, July 15, 2020 – 07:45 Nala Rogers, Staff Writer (Inside Science) — The Manhattan Project w

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A Forgotten Legacy: How Nuclear Reactors Built for War Transformed Peacetime Science

Isotopes produced in the original Manhattan Project reactors seeded decades of research and even a few Nobel Prizes. topNteaser_X-10Reactor.jpg Workers load uranium slugs into the X-10 Graphite Reactor at Oak Ridge in 1943. Image credits: Ed Westcott/US Army/Manhattan Engineer District via Wikipedia . Rights information: Public domain Technology Wednesday, July 15, 2020 – 07:45 Catherine Meyers,

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160 turtles caught in plastic waste rescued from Bangladesh beach

About 160 sea turtles, many of them injured after getting entangled in plastic waste, have been rescued after washing up on one of the world's longest beaches in Bangladesh, an official and conservationists said Wednesday.

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Microsoft Courts New Customers on the Farm: Cows

The software company reveals a partnership with dairy cooperative Land O'Lakes that will equip cows with sensors and other gear to improve yields.

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An Ethics Guide for Tech Gets Rewritten With Workers in Mind

The Ethical Explorer Pack is designed to help Silicon Valley's rank and file—not just CEOs—steer products away from harmful directions.

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160 turtles caught in plastic waste rescued from Bangladesh beach

About 160 sea turtles, many of them injured after getting entangled in plastic waste, have been rescued after washing up on one of the world's longest beaches in Bangladesh, an official and conservationists said Wednesday.

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Variability of blazar 3C 273 examined by astronomers

Using data from space observatories and ground-based telescopes, astronomers have investigated variability of a blazar known as 3C 273. The new study, presented in a paper published July 6 on the arXiv pre-print server, sheds more light on the emission from this source.

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1 in 5 PhD students could drop out. Here are some tips for how to keep going

Doctoral students show high levels of stress in comparison to other students, and ongoing uncertainty in terms of graduate career outcomes can make matters worse.

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Spray-drying to produce new materials in industrial applications

Spray drying is an industrial technique based on the atomization of a solution into aerosol droplets that in turn are evaporated to produce a powder (dried particles). This technique is well known in the chemical, food, and pharmaceutical industries, where it is routinely used.

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Online tutoring improves disadvantaged school pupils performance and wellbeing in lockdown

Eliana La Ferrara (Bocconi University's LEAP, Laboratory for Effective Anti-poverty Policies) and Michela Carlana (Harvard Kennedy School) have demonstrated the improvement of the academic performance, aspirations, well-being, and socio-emotional skills of disadvantaged Italian high-school students during the COVID-19 lockdown through a simple, low-cost online homework tutoring program (TOP, or: t

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Sensor for non-spoofable biometric identification easily integrated in smart phones

Holst Center has demonstrated the world's first organic near-infrared large-area image sensor capable of detecting the unique pattern of veins in a person's hand via reflected light. The sensor opens the door to highly secure, non-spoofable biometric identification for security-critical applications such as passports and payment authentication, and can be easily integrated into devices such as sma

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'Celestial sleuth' sheds new light on Vermeer's masterpiece 'View of Delft'

Johannes Vermeer is one of the most celebrated artists of the 17th century's Dutch Golden Age period. Widely known today for his "Girl with a Pearl Earring," he was famed for his mastery in rendering the effects of light and shadow. Nowhere is this technical precision more evident than in his masterpiece, "View of Delft", a vibrant cityscape that has captivated viewers for centuries. Because few d

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10 cool things we learned about Pluto from New Horizons

Five years ago today, NASA's New Horizons spacecraft made history. After a voyage of nearly 10 years and more than 3 billion miles, the intrepid piano-sized probe flew within 7,800 miles of Pluto. For the first time ever, we saw the surface of this distant world in spectacular, colored detail.

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Tracking quokkas through fires

Dubbed the world's "happiest animal," there's still a lot we don't know about quokkas that is needed to secure the survival of the species. This is especially true for how we manage quokka habitat for mainland populations.

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Sustainable water quality sensor made from human hair-derived carbon dots

Griffith University researchers have used human hair waste to develop sustainable organic hi-tech devices for water quality testing of contaminants.

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New organic material unlocks faster electronic devices

Mobile phones and other electronic devices made from an organic material that is thin, bendable and more powerful are now a step closer thanks to new research led by scientists at The Australian University (ANU).

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Moderna's Phase I Data

Well, it's finally here – eight weeks to the day after press-releasing some top line results, the full paper is out on the Moderna mRNA vaccine candidate's Phase I trial. I'm very glad to see it – it's going to be very important for the full data sets on all the vaccine candidates to be made public. So how's it look? As we found out back in May , we're looking at three groups of 15 volunteers eac

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Tracking quokkas through fires

Dubbed the world's "happiest animal," there's still a lot we don't know about quokkas that is needed to secure the survival of the species. This is especially true for how we manage quokka habitat for mainland populations.

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String of firsts in forensic proteomics for ricin detection

As the first author of her first publication, Isabelle O'Bryon developed the first forensic proteomics method to more quickly detect ricin, a lethal toxin that is often crudely made in home laboratories. With this method, forensic scientists can detect ricin and better account for the clumsy methods would-be terrorists use to concentrate the toxin.

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With no work in lockdown, tour operators helped find coral bleaching on Western Australia's remote reefs

Significant coral bleaching at one of Western Australia's healthiest coral reefs was found during a survey carried out in April and May.

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COVID-19 Has Resurrected Single-Use Plastics—Are They Back to Stay?

Studies show that these products are not necessarily safer than reusable alternatives with respect to viral spread

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String of firsts in forensic proteomics for ricin detection

As the first author of her first publication, Isabelle O'Bryon developed the first forensic proteomics method to more quickly detect ricin, a lethal toxin that is often crudely made in home laboratories. With this method, forensic scientists can detect ricin and better account for the clumsy methods would-be terrorists use to concentrate the toxin.

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HIV testing people who spit at police or health workers won't actually protect them

People who expose a police officer or emergency worker to body fluids would be compelled to have their blood tested for HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C, under a proposed law in NSW.

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Brand i turbolader på Samsø-færge: Uvist hvornår den sejler igen

Samsøs gasfærge Prinsesse Isabella blev ramt af en brand i en turbolader. Det er anden gang på en uge, at færgen er ramt af problemer, lige midt i sommertrafikken. Ingen er dog kommet til skade.

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How we found the earliest glass production south of the Sahara, and what it means

The story of humankind from the earliest times to the present is in many ways a story about technology. Archaeologists tend to study the development of technology to show how people lived and how they interacted with their environment.

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Trump looks to scale back environmental reviews for projects

President Donald Trump is expected to announce a new federal rule to speed up the environmental review process for proposed highways, gas pipelines and other major infrastructure, a move that critics are describing as the dismantling of a 50-year-old environmental protection law.

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'Planet Nine' Might Be an Ancient Black Hole

We tend to think of the solar system as our little corner of the universe, but there are still a lot of things we don't know about it. For example, what's perturbing the orbits of small space rocks out past the orbit of Neptune? Some scientists believe there's another planet out there, often called Planet Nine . What if it's not a planet, though? Researchers from Harvard University have published

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Duckweed is an incredible, radiation-fighting astronaut food – and by changing how it is grown, we made it better

Current industrialized food systems were optimized for a single goal—growing the maximum amount of food for the least amount of money. But when room and supplies are limited—like during space travel—you need to optimize for a different set of goals to meet the needs of the people you are trying to feed.

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Experts strongly recommend varenicline over the patch for adult smokers hoping to quit

Smoking cessation initiatives notwithstanding, along with provocative public health campaigns and clinical guidance, quitting tobacco has remained elusive for many smokers. The American Thoracic Society's new clinical practice guideline on treatment for tobacco dependence in adults addresses how clinicians may deal with patients' reluctance to quit, one of a number of issues not previously assesse

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In the sharing economy, consumers see themselves as helpers

Whether you use a taxi or a rideshare app like Uber, you're still going to get a driver who will take you to your destination. But consumers view an employee of a taxi company differently from an independent driver picking up riders via an app, a new Ohio State University study suggests.

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Another Broken Meditation Study

Another study shows meditation does not work, but the authors manage to conclude that it does.

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Duckweed is an incredible, radiation-fighting astronaut food – and by changing how it is grown, we made it better

Current industrialized food systems were optimized for a single goal—growing the maximum amount of food for the least amount of money. But when room and supplies are limited—like during space travel—you need to optimize for a different set of goals to meet the needs of the people you are trying to feed.

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If we love our cities, we'll make better decisions about their future after the COVID-19 pandemic

It's the most famous city slogan in the world: I Love New York. And yet, surprisingly, love doesn't seem to play a part in how urban planners build cities.

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'Vertical cruise ships'? Here's how we can remake housing towers to be safer and better places to live

After 3,000 people in nine public housing towers in Melbourne were placed under the harshest coronavirus lockdown in Australia so far, acting Australian Chief Medical Officer Paul Kelly referred to the towers on July 5 as "vertical cruise ships." The statement was a reference to the danger of contagion in these overcrowded buildings. However, such terms play into a long, international history of v

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How your car sheds microplastics into the ocean thousands of miles away

The impact of car travel on the environment is well known. Exhaust emissions pollute the atmosphere with gases that raise global temperatures and make the air less safe to breathe. Sadly, the problems don't end there. Scientists have been studying another problem—and one that connects your daily commute to the most remote stretches of the world's oceans.

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An argument for gene drive technology to genetically control insects like mosquitoes and locusts

The fate of society rests in part on how humans navigate their complicated relationship with insects—trying to save "good" insects and control "bad" ones. Some insects, like mosquitoes, bite people and make them sick—remember Zika? Now the U.S. mosquito season is already in full swing, with over 10 cases of Dengue fever reported in the Florida Keys this year. Some insects, like bees, are pollinato

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An argument for gene drive technology to genetically control insects like mosquitoes and locusts

The fate of society rests in part on how humans navigate their complicated relationship with insects—trying to save "good" insects and control "bad" ones. Some insects, like mosquitoes, bite people and make them sick—remember Zika? Now the U.S. mosquito season is already in full swing, with over 10 cases of Dengue fever reported in the Florida Keys this year. Some insects, like bees, are pollinato

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What We Can Learn From Bruce Lee's Fight Scenes

Perhaps the purest distillation of Bruce Lee's cinematic presence is when he snapped Chuck Norris's neck at the end of a battle in the Roman Colosseum. It's the climactic showdown in The Way of the Dragon —the only movie Lee directed and the last film released in his lifetime. It's also one of the few times in Lee's career when his character faced a worthy opponent. In the scene, Lee approaches N

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G20-lande favoriserer olie og kul i genopretningspakker: »Så hul i hovedet, at det nærmest ikke er til at forklare«

G20-landene investerer massivt i fossile brændstoffer i de genopretningspakker, der skal sætte gang i økonomien efter coronakrisen – trods løfter om det modsatte.

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A potential wave of mass evictions could make this year's turbulent hurricane season even worse

Homelessness could get a lot worse due to mass evictions, and that's only going to exacerbate hurricane season (Cameron Venti/Unsplash/) Like shelters across the country, the Good Shepherd Center in the coastal city of Wilmington, North Carolina has been operating in a state of emergency for months. By late March, the challenges of social distancing with 85 residents came to a head, and it wasn't

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UAE again delays Mars probe launch over weather

The United Arab Emirates said on Wednesday it would delay the launch of its "Hope" Mars probe for a second time, again due to bad weather.

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'DDoS-For-Hire' Is Fueling a New Wave of Attacks

Turf wars are heating up over the routers that fuel distributed denial of service attacks—and cybermercenaries are running rampant.

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Amazon Fire HD 8 and 8 Plus Review: Unrivaled Value

The company's no-frills tablets keep improving. The latest 8-inch models are great entry-level devices that won't break the bank.

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Don't Talk About Covid-19's 'Waves'—This Isn't the Spanish Flu

It's not useful to think about coronavirus coming in synchronized surges. This is a long, lingering epidemic that is only just getting started.

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How Afrofuturism Can Help the World Mend

In a year that's broken the world and shattered reality, imagining Black futures can help plot a pathway to recovery.

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Short gamma ray burst leaves most-distant optical afterglow ever detected

The farther away an object lies in the universe, the fainter it appears through the lens of a telescope.

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New study shows how plants regulate their growth-inhibiting hormones to survive

In a world with a consistently growing population and a climate crisis, food shortage is a looming threat. To alleviate this threat, crop scientists, botanists, genetic engineers, and others, have been exploring ways of boosting crop productivity and resilience. One way to control plant growth and physiology is to regulate the levels of "phytohormones" or plant hormones.

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Researchers report 3-D printed latex rubber breakthrough

Virginia Tech researchers have discovered a novel process to 3-D print latex rubber, unlocking the ability to print a variety of elastic materials with complex geometric shapes.

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Solar cell material performs better under pressure

Solar cells produced from a combination of silicon and perovskite—especially the variant with mixed halides such as iodine and bromine—can be more efficient and cheaper than traditional silicon solar cells because they convert a greater proportion of the sunlight into electricity. However, perovskites degrade under the influence of light, and so they cannot yet be used for commercial applications.

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Sleep Paralysis and the Monsters Inside Your Mind

Research suggests that cultural beliefs about the phenomenon may make it more terrifying to experience — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Sleep Paralysis and the Monsters Inside Your Mind

Research suggests that cultural beliefs about the phenomenon may make it more terrifying to experience — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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New study shows how plants regulate their growth-inhibiting hormones to survive

In a world with a consistently growing population and a climate crisis, food shortage is a looming threat. To alleviate this threat, crop scientists, botanists, genetic engineers, and others, have been exploring ways of boosting crop productivity and resilience. One way to control plant growth and physiology is to regulate the levels of "phytohormones" or plant hormones.

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Goodall: 'Great hope' chimpanzees can avoid extinction

Wild chimpanzees are under threat from deforestation and the bushmeat trade.

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A new strategy to synthesize 2-D inorganic materials used in capacitors, batteries, and composites

Surface functional groups in two dimensional (2-D) transition-metal carbides can undergo versatile chemical transformations to facilitate a broad class of MXene materials. In a new report on Science, Vladislav Kamysbayev, and a team of scientists in chemistry, physics and nanoscale materials at the James Franck Institute, the University of Chicago and the Argonne National Laboratory in the U.S. in

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Researchers develop dielectrophoretic tweezers for toxic nanoparticles

A Korean research team has developed a technology that enables the effective control of fine particulate matter and nanoplastics, which are major causes of human toxicity and ecosystem disturbances. This technology, which allows for real-time sorting, purification, and concentration of nanoparticles invisible to the human eye has great potential application, not only for the removal of toxic parti

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A Lot of Americans Are About to Lose Their Homes

The COVID-19 pandemic is a historical accelerant. It has compressed 10 years of online-shopping growth into a few months, bankrupted chains that were in steady decline, hastened Democratic gains in the Sun Belt , sped up an urban exodus from America's most expensive cities, and persuaded my grandmother to finally use Instacart. All of this was bound to happen eventually. The coronavirus just mash

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Country Music Can No Longer Hide Its Problems

The No. 1 song on country radio at the moment is about the joy of tequila, Jimmy Buffett, and crowds. " One Margarita, " by the 43-year-old Georgia-born superstar Luke Bryan, gives a detailed plan for losing one's faculties to lime-flavored frozen cocktails guzzled with friends. In the music video, crowds wearing sombreros gather with beach balls on some nice sandy shore as Bryan presides in boar

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Podcast: Lassoing the venture capital cowboys

The numbers tell the story. US venture capital firms have $444 billion under management, including $121 billion in "dry powder" waiting in reserve—all in pursuit of the next "unicorn" startup that will grow to be worth billions. But about three-quarters of the industry's cash goes to support software innovation—a habit that's looking particularly short-sighted at a time when the nation is facing

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From the archives: Can we reverse the ageing process by putting young blood into older people? – podcast

We are raiding the Audio Long Reads archives to bring you some classic pieces from years past, with new introductions from the authors. This week, from 2015: A series of experiments has produced incredible results by giving young blood to old mice. Now the findings are being tested on humans. Ian Sample meets the scientists whose research could transform our lives • Read the text version here Con

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A New Map Shows the Inescapable Creep of Surveillance

The Atlas of Surveillance shows which tech law enforcement agencies across the country have acquired. It's a sobering look at the present-day panopticon.

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Will the Hydrogen Revolution Start in a Garbage Dump?

American companies are racing to commercialize technologies that can turn almost any kind of waste into clean hydrogen fuel.

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Llamas—Yes, Llamas—Could Help Us Fight Covid-19

These creatures have evolved special "nanobodies" that may have an edge over human antibodies when it comes to developing a new treatment.

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The Legacy of the First Nuclear Bomb Test

The 75th anniversary of what's known as the Trinity explosion, the world's first nuclear weapon test, comes as tensions over nuclear devices intensify.

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Methane Is on an Alarming Upward Trend

Atmospheric concentrations of the second most important greenhouse gas are hitting record levels — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Fertility rate: 'Jaw-dropping' global crash in children being born

Nearly every country will see their populations fall as the world has fewer babies.

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Chinese Spacecraft Poised for First Mars Mission

Tianwen-1 will attempt to send an orbiter, lander and rover to the Red Planet, a historically difficult destination — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Chinese Spacecraft Poised for First Mars Mission

Tianwen-1 will attempt to send an orbiter, lander and rover to the Red Planet, a historically difficult destination — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Terrifying Next Phase of the Coronavirus Recession

Failed businesses and lost loved ones, empty theme parks and socially distanced funerals, a struggling economy and an unmitigated public-health disaster: This is the worst-of-both-worlds equilibrium the United States finds itself in. Since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, President Donald Trump has railed against shutdowns and shelter-in-place orders, tweeting in all caps that "we canno

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Alzheimer's disease may start in the gut and spread to the brain

A protein linked to brain damage in people with Alzheimer's disease may come from the gut, which could lead to new therapies to prevent the condition

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Coronavirus vaccine tracker: how close are we to a vaccine?

More than 140 teams of researchers are racing to develop a safe and effective coronavirus vaccine Researchers around the world are racing to develop a vaccine against Covid-19, with more than 140 candidate vaccines now tracked by the World Health Organization (WHO). Continue reading…

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Geoengineering's benefits limited for apple crops in India

Geoengineering – spraying sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere to combat global warming – would only temporarily and partially benefit apple production in northern India, according to a Rutgers co-authored study. But abruptly ending geoengineering might lead to total crop failure faster than if geoengineering were not done, according to the study – believed to be the first of its kind – in the journ

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Scientists identify new material with potential for brain-like computing

Chinedu E. Ekuma and his colleagues at the Sensor and Electrons Devices Directorate at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory have developed a new complex material design strategy for potential use in neuromorphic computing, using metallocene intercalation in hafnium disulfide (HfS2). The work is the first to demonstrate the effectiveness of a design strategy that functionalizes a 2D material with an o

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The Dehumanizing Condescension of White Fragility

I must admit that I had not gotten around to actually reading Robin DiAngelo's White Fragility until recently. But it was time to jump in. DiAngelo is an education professor and—most prominently today—a diversity consultant who argues that whites in America must face the racist bias implanted in them by a racist society. Their resistance to acknowledging this, she maintains, constitutes a "white

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An analysis of ways to decarbonize conference travel after COVID-19

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02057-2 Biennials, regional hubs and virtual attendance can slash emissions, new calculations show.

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SARS-CoV-2-specific T cell immunity in cases of COVID-19 and SARS, and uninfected controls

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2550-z

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Polynesian ancestry, COVID-19 autopsies and a giant DNA database

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02095-w The latest science news, in brief.

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Potently neutralizing and protective human antibodies against SARS-CoV-2

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2548-6

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Mitochondrial genome editing: another win for curiosity-driven research

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02094-x A promising biomedical tool began life as part of efforts to answer a different question.

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Daily briefing: How Vietnam acheived zero deaths from coronavirus

Nature, Published online: 14 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02122-w Vietnam has a population of 97 million people, a border shared with China — and no recorded deaths from COVID-19. Plus: Koala- and human-health researchers work together to discover a vaccine for chlamydia, and the month's best science images.

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"I am the first one to regret not being more careful in the first place": Paper on rat semen retracted

A journal has retracted a paper on the semen of diabetic rats after learning about problems with authorship, and possibly more. Physiology International, which also is called Acta Physiologica Hungarica, published the article, "The effects of sericin in recovering spermatogenesis and sexual hormone levels in diabetic rats," in 2019. The first author was Ali Olfati, … Continue reading

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Opfinder af benzin-anhænger til elbiler: Helt forkert at fokusere på større batterier

PLUS. Franskmanden Jean-Baptiste Segard har udviklet en lille anhænger til elbiler, så rækkevidden kan forlænges med et ekstra batteri. Nu arbejder han på at etablere et netværk af anhængere i Europa.

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Coronavirus Live Updates: Virus Resurgence Threatens U.S. Economy

Walmart, the nation's largest retailer, said it would require all customers to wear masks. Childhood vaccination rates worldwide continue to plunge.

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Trump Weakens Major Conservation Law to Speed Construction Permits

President Trump has used a regulatory reinterpretation to limit one of the country's bedrock environmental laws and speed permitting of infrastructure projects.

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The stability of P2-layered sodium transition metal oxides in ambient atmospheres

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17290-6 Air-stability is a critical challenge faced by layered sodium transition metal oxide cathodes. Here, the authors depict a general and in-depth model of the structural/chemical evolution of P2-type layered oxides in air and propose an evaluation rule for the air-stability of layered sodium cathodes.

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Rieske iron-sulfur protein induces FKBP12.6/RyR2 complex remodeling and subsequent pulmonary hypertension through NF-κB/cyclin D1 pathway

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17314-1 Pulmonary hypertension is a devastating disease with elevation of pulmonary artery pressure and related to abnormal calcium signalling. Here, the authors show that suppression or stabilization of the calcium channel ryanodine receptor 2 may be a potential treatment approach for this disease.

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Force generation by a propagating wave of supramolecular nanofibers

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17394-z The rational design of spatiotemporal patterns in artificial molecular systems remains at an early stage of development. Here, the authors design a reaction network to control the formation and degradation of nanofibers by orthogonal chemical stimuli and describe force generation by a propagating wave of supramo

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Structurally divergent dynamic combinatorial chemistry on racemic mixtures

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17321-2 Structurally divergent reactions on racemic mixtures, which produce distinct chemical species from an enantiomeric mixture, are extremely rare in the literature. Here, the authors are able to use a dynamic combinatorial approach to yield structurally divergent, non-isomeric [2]catenanes from an enantiomeric mixt

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Large-scale DNA-based phenotypic recording and deep learning enable highly accurate sequence-function mapping

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17222-4 Current methods to generate sequence-function data at large scale are either technically complex or limited to specific applications. Here the authors introduce DNA-based phenotypic recording to overcome these limitations and enable deep learning for accurate prediction of function from sequence.

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Ion sieving by a two-dimensional Ti3C2Tx alginate lamellar membrane with stable interlayer spacing

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17373-4 Two dimensional lamellar membranes are attractive for anomalous water and ion transfer, but performance is hindered by swelling. Here, the authors stabilize a MXene membrane laminar architecture with fixed nanochannels, achieving highly selective acid recovery from iron-based wastewater.

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Tumor response and endogenous immune reactivity after administration of HER2 CAR T cells in a child with metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17175-8 Recurrent metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma remains largely incurable. Here, the authors describe a child with metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma who has durable response to HER2-specific CAR T cells and shows endogenous immune reactivity.

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Attentional priorities drive effects of time pressure on altruistic choice

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17326-x Forcing people to choose quickly often changes pro-social behavior, but it is unclear why. Here, the authors show that under time pressure, people engage in incomplete information searches biased by concern (or lack thereof) for others, explaining effects often attributed to automatic processing.

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In India, Modern Development Puts Prehistoric Sites at Risk

India's prehistoric heritage, which is key to the story of early human migration, is at risk of being wiped out by modern development. The slow, deliberate, decades-long pace of fieldwork in prehistoric research requires archaeological sites to remain undisturbed, but protecting them is a challenge.

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Housing conditions affect cardiovascular health risks

Lack of stable housing or inadequate housing is related to high blood pressure, obesity and other risk factors for cardiovascular events such as heart attacks, strokes, heart failure and others.Racial and ethnic segregation and gentrification affect heart health by limiting access to affordable, high-quality housing in under-resourced communities.

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Crystals reveal magma convection and melt transport in dyke-fed eruptions

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68421-4

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Longer-term (≥ 2 years) survival in patients with glioblastoma in population-based studies pre- and post-2005: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68011-4 Longer-term (≥ 2 years) survival in patients with glioblastoma in population-based studies pre- and post-2005: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Pharmacokinetics and safety of IBI301 versus rituximab in patients with CD20+ B-cell lymphoma: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled study

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68360-0 Pharmacokinetics and safety of IBI301 versus rituximab in patients with CD20 + B-cell lymphoma: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled study

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Chemical weathering and CO2 consumption rates of rocks in the Bishuiyan subterranean basin of Guangxi, China

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68572-4 Chemical weathering and CO 2 consumption rates of rocks in the Bishuiyan subterranean basin of Guangxi, China

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Development of novel and green NiFe2O4/geopolymer nanocatalyst based on bentonite for synthesis of imidazole heterocycles by ultrasonic irradiations

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68426-z Development of novel and green NiFe 2 O 4 /geopolymer nanocatalyst based on bentonite for synthesis of imidazole heterocycles by ultrasonic irradiations

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Jamming, fragility and pinning phenomena in superconducting vortex systems

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68417-0

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Effects of weaning age and housing conditions on phenotypic differences in mice

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68549-3

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Has science made religion useless?

Science and religion (fact versus faith) are often seen as two incongruous groups. When you consider the purpose of each and the questions that they seek to answer, the comparison becomes less black and white. This video features religious scholars, a primatologist, a neuroendocrinologist, a comedian, and other brilliant minds considering, among other things, the evolutionary function that religi

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Are stage 4 coronavirus lockdown restrictions coming to Victoria?

There's no definition of what stage four might mean, what the new rules would be or when it could come into effect in Melbourne, but premier Daniel Andrews hasn't ruled it out Follow coronavirus live updates in Thursday's Australia blog What you need to know about Melbourne's stage 3 lockdown rules Melbourne map: where Covid-19 cases are rising or falling Sign up for Guardian Australia's coronavi

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A high performance wearable strain sensor with advanced thermal management for motion monitoring

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17301-6 Though stretchable strain sensors are attractive for next-generation applications due to their high sensitivity, heat generated in these devices limits their reliability. Here, the authors report boron nitride nanosheet-based stretchable strain sensors with enhanced thermal management.

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Early triage of critically ill COVID-19 patients using deep learning

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17280-8 The sudden deterioration of patients with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) into critical illness is of major concern and early assessment would be vital. Here, the authors show that a deep learning-based survival model can predict the risk of COVID-19 patients developing critical illness based on clinic

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Tuning the hysteresis of a metal-insulator transition via lattice compatibility

Nature Communications, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17351-w The effect of the lattice degrees of freedom on the metal-insulator transition of VO2 remains a topic of debate. Here the authors show that the lattice compatibility of the high temperature tetragonal phase and the low-temperature monoclinic phase strongly influences the electronic transition, as manifested in t

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Loneliness Hasn't Increased Despite Pandemic, Research Finds. What Helped?

Though anxiety has increased in the U.S. in recent months, a drastic spike in loneliness that psychologists expected hasn't emerged. People seem to be finding new ways to connect, researchers say. (Image credit: Janice Chang for NPR)

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What kind of face mask gives the best protection against coronavirus?

Your questions answered on what type of mask to wear to cut the risk of getting Covid-19 Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Yes. Different types of mask offer different levels of protection. Surgical grade N95 respirators offer the highest level of protection against Covid-19 infection, followed by surgical grade masks. However, these masks are costly, in limited supply

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Hundägares genetik

Det råder lite delade meningar om betydelsen för människors hälsa av att ha hund, men många undersökningar tyder på att att hundägare i genomsnitt mår något bättre än de som inte har hund. Men vad är orsak och vad är verkan? Är man mer benägen att ha hund om man är friskare? Ett svensk-brittiskt forskarlag (Tove Fall och medarbetare 2019) har dessutom funnit att hundägande har en ärftlig komponent

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Nuclear blast sends star hurtling across galaxy

A star has been sent hurtling across the galaxy after undergoing a partial supernova.

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Signs of Covid-19 may be hidden in speech signals

It's often easy to tell when colleagues are struggling with a cold — they sound sick. Maybe their voices are lower or have a nasally tone. Infections change the quality of our voices in various ways. But MIT Lincoln Laboratory researchers are detecting these changes in Covid-19 patients even when these changes are too subtle for people to hear or even notice in themselves. By processing speech re

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Ruby Princess inquiry: NSW Health made 'serious mistake' when assessing travel history of passengers

Authorities distributed an arrival form with outdated questions about coronavirus hotspot countries, inquiry told New South Wales Health made a "serious mistake" in using an out-of-date arrival form template for the Ruby Princess when it docked in Sydney, the special inquiry into the cruise ship that resulted in a Covid-19 cluster has heard. Commissioner Bret Walker SC on Wednesday heard the firs

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Rate of decline in Covid-19 deaths in England and Wales slows in latest ONS data

Separate study shows rate of Covid-19 infection halved every eight to nine days during May Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Covid-19 deaths in England and Wales have dropped steadily for the past seven weeks, but the rate of decline slowed in the most recent week of data. The latest figures from the Office for National Statistics showed 532 deaths related to Covid-19

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Chilean police train dogs to sniff out COVID-19

Police in Chile are training dogs to detect people that may be infected with the novel coronavirus by sniffing their sweat.

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Chilean police train dogs to sniff out COVID-19

Police in Chile are training dogs to detect people that may be infected with the novel coronavirus by sniffing their sweat.

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Pocket-sized German satellite maker shoots for stars

Holding its own against aerospace giants like pan-European Airbus Space or French-Italian Thales Alenia, German minnow OHB has carved out a space as a national champion in satellite building.

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Dieselparadiset Danmark: Tyske Michael sparer 750.000 om året på at tanke i Padborg

Danmarks CO2-udledninger vil stige, når Tyskland fra nytår hæver deres afgift på diesel.

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US rescinds order denying visas for foreign students

The United States government rescinded its controversial decision to revoke foreign student visas whose courses move online due to coronavirus, a federal judge said Tuesday.

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World population in 2100 could be 2 billion below UN projections

Earth will be home to 8.8 billion souls in 2100, two billion fewer than current UN projections, according to a major study published Wednesday that foresees new global power alignments shaped by declining fertility rates and greying populations.

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Supercomputer reveals atmospheric impact of gigantic planetary collisions

The giant impacts that dominate late stages of planet formation have a wide range of consequences for young planets and their atmospheres, according to new research.

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World population likely to shrink after mid-century, forecasting major shifts in global population and economic power

World's population likely to shrink after mid-century, forecasting major shifts in global population and economic power—new analysis, published in The Lancet forecasts global, regional, and national populations, mortality, fertility, and migration for 195 countries worldwide.

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Invasive alien species may soon cause dramatic global biodiversity loss

An increase of 20 to 30 per cent of invasive non-native (alien) species would lead to dramatic future biodiversity loss worldwide. This is the conclusion of a study by an international team of researchers led by Franz Essl and Bernd Lenzner from the University of Vienna. It has been published in the journal Global Change Biology.

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Global methane emissions soar to record high

Global emissions of methane have reached the highest levels on record. Increases are being driven primarily by growth of emissions from coal mining, oil and natural gas production, cattle and sheep ranching, and landfills.

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Efter kapløb med tiden: Danske forskere løser gammel matematisk gåde fra 1980'erne

Forskere fra KU og DTU har løst en gammel matematisk gåde, som matematikere over hele verden har arbejdet på siden 1980'erne, og den nye algoritme kan måske være med til at forbedre fremtidens elektronik.

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Invasive alien species may soon cause dramatic global biodiversity loss

An increase of 20 to 30 per cent of invasive non-native (alien) species would lead to dramatic future biodiversity loss worldwide. This is the conclusion of a study by an international team of researchers led by Franz Essl and Bernd Lenzner from the University of Vienna. It has been published in the journal Global Change Biology.

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Studie: Nigeria kan ende med større befolkning end Kina i år 2100

Verdens befolkningstilvækst kan blive væsentligt mindre end ventet. Det kan være gode nyheder for miljøet.

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Forskere: Hpv-virus kan måske føre til prostatakræft

Vi ved i forvejen, at hpv-virus kan give blandt andet analkræft, livmoderhalskræft og peniskræft.

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Early life stress is associated with youth-onset depression for some types of stress but not others

Examining the association between eight different types of early life stress (ELS) and youth-onset depression, a study in JAACAP, published by Elsevier, reports that individuals exposed to ELS were more likely to develop a major depressive disorder (MDD) in childhood or adolescence than individuals who had not been exposed to ELS.

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KIST develops "dielectrophoretic tweezer" technology for toxic nanoparticles

A Korean research team has developed a technology that enables the effective control of fine particulate matter and nanoplastics, which are major causes of human toxicity and ecosystem disturbances. This technology, which allows for real-time sorting, purification, and concentration of nanoparticles invisible to the human eye, has great potential application, not only for the removal of toxic part

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How much fluorine is too much fluorine?

Research investigates how fluorine levels affect beneficial soil microbes.

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How much postmenopause weight gain can be blamed on weight-promoting medications?

Abdominal weight gain, which is common during the postmenopause period, is associated with an array of health problems, including diabetes and heart disease. A new study suggests that the use of antidepressants, beta-blockers, and insulin during the menopause transition is partially to blame for such unhealthy weight gain. Study results are published online today in Menopause, the journal of The N

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Central Asian countries fear economic hit as virus cases surge

Kazakhstan and neighbours reintroduce lockdown after rising infections highlight danger of exiting early

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Start-ups test ideas to suck CO2 from atmosphere

Widespread targets to reduce emissions to net zero have boosted interest in 'direct air capture' technology

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Solar provides fertile ground for 'green' hydrogen chemical plant

Clean production of the gas promises valuable role in decarbonising energy — if costs can be brought down

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Kobo Nia Review: A Decent Kindle Alternative

It's worth the extra $10 for this ebook reader to escape Amazon's stranglehold on our lives.

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Trump Administration Strips C.D.C. of Control of Coronavirus Data

Hospitals have been ordered to bypass the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and send all patient information to a central database in Washington, raising questions about transparency.

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True colors: Scientists discuss evolution of white coloration of velvet ants

Driving across the arid American Southwest, one views miles upon miles of scrubby creosote bushes. Well-adapted to the hot, thirsty landscape, the evergreen shrub, also known as greasewood, chaparral and gobernadora, produces tufts of fluffy, white fruit capsules. Living among the plants are similarly fluffy white insects, difficult to distinguish from the fruit, that are, in fact, a species of wa

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Målstregen rammes: Continuous integration på kodeserveren med Rust, Cargo, Git og VS Code

Rusts Cargo-værktøj gør det legende let at builde og teste på Github, og ligeså med Git og Visual Studio Code.

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Sådan hastebyggede DSB system til at forudsige fyldte tog under coronakrisen

PLUS. Med vægtdata fra sensorer i S-tog kan DSB estimere, hvor mange passagerer toget har med – og dermed, om de kan rejse med fornuftig afstand til hinanden.

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True colors: Scientists discuss evolution of white coloration of velvet ants

Driving across the arid American Southwest, one views miles upon miles of scrubby creosote bushes. Well-adapted to the hot, thirsty landscape, the evergreen shrub, also known as greasewood, chaparral and gobernadora, produces tufts of fluffy, white fruit capsules. Living among the plants are similarly fluffy white insects, difficult to distinguish from the fruit, that are, in fact, a species of wa

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The Atlantic Daily: The Future of the Supreme Court

Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox . DREW ANGERER / BLOOMBERG / GETTY / THE ATLANTIC The Supreme Court ended its term last week, but our writers are still processing the decisions made in recent days—and what they signal for the Cou

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Extinction Rebellion were not veteran protesters, new analysis shows

Extinction Rebellion activists who occupied London twice last year were largely white, middle class and highly educated – but many were first-time or inexperienced protesters, a new analysis has found

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With the US-Canada border closed, wildlife tourism is hurting

There likely won't be any trips in the Yukon like this one for American hunters in 2020. (Sloane Brown/YETI/) This story originally featured on Outdoor Life . For many of us here in the US, an annual hunting or fishing trip to Canada is a longstanding tradition. And Canadians, particularly those in the more remote western provinces, depend on American tourism dollars to bolster local economies. B

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Divers discover mining cave from the Ice Age

A team of underwater cave explorers in Mexico has discovered the oldest known system of red ochre mines in the Americas. The discovery sheds light on how humans lived as long as 12,000 years ago. The subterranean cave system, known as Sagitario, was once dry but is now completely submerged. Humans mined the caves during the tail-end of the Pleistocene era for the highly valued mineral pigment. Th

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Thank You Grant for Helping the World Find the Truth.

We are heartbroken to hear this sad news about Grant Imahara. He was an important part of our Discovery family and a really wonderful man. Our thoughts and prayers go out to his family. From: Discovery

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Coronavirus live news: India Covid-19 cases top 900,000 as 133m re-enter lockdown

Restrictions imposed on Indian city of Bangalore and state of Bihar; Venezuela's capital Caracas to go into a strict lockdown on Wednesday; Face masks mandatory in France; Follow the latest updates 133m re-enter lockdown in India as cases top 900,000 Cities worldwide reimpose lockdowns as Covid-19 cases surge France: baby boy infected with coronavirus in womb Does coronavirus spread in the air an

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Trump Administration Strips C.D.C. of Control of Coronavirus Data

Hospitals have been ordered to bypass the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and send all patient information to a central database in Washington, raising questions about transparency.

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Lasers and sticky tape triple lithium metal battery life

Researchers have turned adhesive tape into a silicon oxide film that replaces troublesome anodes in lithium metal batteries. For the Advanced Materials study, the researchers used an infrared laser cutter to convert the silicone-based adhesive of commercial tape into the porous silicon oxide coating, mixed with a small amount of laser-induced graphene from the tape's polyimide backing. The protec

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Invasive alien species may soon cause dramatic global biodiversity loss

An increase of 20 to 30 per cent of invasive non-native (alien) species would lead to dramatic future biodiversity loss worldwide. This is the conclusion of a study by an international team of researchers led by Franz Essl and Bernd Lenzner from the University of Vienna.

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Supercomputer reveals atmospheric impact of gigantic planetary collisions

The giant impacts that dominate late stages of planet formation have a wide range of consequences for young planets and their atmospheres, according to new research.

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Thermonuclear blast sends supernova survivor star hurtling across the Milky Way

An exploding white dwarf star blasted itself out of its orbit with another star in a 'partial supernova' and is now hurtling across our galaxy, according to a new study from the University of Warwick.

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COVID-19: Cuba offers UK salutary lesson in 'shoe-leather' epidemiology

Cuba's successful containment of COVID-19 through door-to-door screening of every home in the country, shows how 'shoe-leather' epidemiology could have averted the dramatic failure of the UK's response to the pandemic. In Cuba there have been 2,173 confirmed cases and 83 deaths, with no reported deaths throughout the first week in June, 2020.

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Increase in invasive species poses dramatic threat to biodiversity – report

Tourism, transport and the climate crisis found to be major drivers of rise in alien plants and animals, which can decimate ecosystems An increase in the spread of non-native plant and animals species around the world could lead to dramatic biodiversity loss, a new study has found, causing permanent damage to ecosystems as they are pushed past biological tipping points. The study, published in Gl

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Competitive hotdog eaters nearing limit of human performance

A maximum of 84 hotdogs in 10 minutes is possible, says sports science study The four-minute mile and the two-hour marathon were once believed impossible: now a new gauntlet has been thrown down for the world of elite competition. A scientific analysis suggests competitive eaters have come within nine hotdogs of the limits of human performance. The theoretical ceiling has been set at 84 hotdogs i

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Book: Fear of cash in politics is overblown

Voters, policymakers, the media, and political analysts all misunderstand the influence of campaign financing, argue two social scientists in their new book. When in 2010 the US Supreme Court ruled in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission that companies and labor unions enjoy the same right to political speech as individuals, many restrictions on money in American politics went out the w

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How Many Hot Dogs Can Someone Eat In 10 Minutes?

The world's best hot dog eaters could outeat a grizzly bear or a coyote, but would fall far behind a wolf or a Burmese python, a new study finds.

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How a Velvet Ant (Which Is a Wasp) Got Its White Fluff

The thistledown velvet ant (which is actually a wasp) resembles creosote fuzz. But mimicry isn't the reason, a new study suggests.

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Blast sends star hurtling across the Milky Way

An exploding white dwarf star blasted itself out of its orbit with another star in a "partial supernova" and is now hurtling across our galaxy, according to a new study from the University of Warwick.

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Supporting climate science increases skepticism of out-groups

A new study has found evidence suggesting that conservative climate skepticism is driven by reactions to liberal support for science. This was determined both by comparing polling data to records of cues given by leaders, and through a survey. The findings could lead to new methods of influencing public opinion. Among citizens of major Western nations, Americans' acceptance of the science of clim

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Heart Abnormalities Found in COVID-19 Patients Mean Scans Are Vital, Scientists Say

"We now need to understand the exact mechanism of this damage."

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Author Correction: 3-ketodihydrosphingosine reductase mutation induces steatosis and hepatic injury in zebrafish

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-67912-8

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Author Correction: Impact of imaging cross-section on visualization of thyroid microvessels using ultrasound: Pilot study

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-69042-7

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Publisher Correction: Discordance for genotypic sex in phenotypic female Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is related to a reduced sdY copy number

Scientific Reports, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-69049-0 Publisher Correction: Discordance for genotypic sex in phenotypic female Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ) is related to a reduced sdY copy number

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Rapid genome sequencing and screening help hospital manage COVID-19 outbreaks

Cambridge researchers have shown how rapid genome sequencing of virus samples and enhanced testing of hospital staff can help to identify clusters of healthcare-associated COVID-19 infections.

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The Lancet: World population likely to shrink after mid-century, forecasting major shifts in global population and economic power

World's population likely to shrink after mid-century, forecasting major shifts in global population and economic power – new analysis, published in The Lancet forecasts global, regional, and national populations, mortality, fertility, and migration for 195 countries worldwide.

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Global methane emissions soar to record high

The pandemic has tugged carbon emissions down, temporarily. But levels of the powerful heat-trapping gas methane continue to climb, dragging the world further away from a path that skirts the worst effects of global warming.

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Harvard anthropology professor retires amid accusations of sexual harassment

Alleged victims dissatisfied with prospect of scholar's quiet retirement

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Remote learning vs. online instruction: How COVID-19 woke America up to the difference

If you or someone you know is attending school remotely, you are more than likely learning through emergency remote instruction, which is not the same as online learning, write Rich DeMillo and Steve Harmon. Education institutions must properly define and understand the difference between a course that is designed from inception to be taught in an online format and a course that has been rapidly

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Publisher Correction: Imaging single glycans

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2518-z

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Publisher Correction: A planet within the debris disk around the pre-main-sequence star AU Microscopii

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2516-1

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Author Correction: Structure of human GABAB receptor in an inactive state

Nature, Published online: 15 July 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2543-y Author Correction: Structure of human GABA B receptor in an inactive state

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Global methane levels soar to record high

Nature, Published online: 14 July 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02116-8 Annual emissions of the greenhouse gas have risen by almost 10% in the past two decades, driven by agriculture and the gas industry.

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Methane rises to highest level on record

Livestock farming and fossil fuels are main causes of rise in gas, which is 28 times more powerful than CO 2 at trapping heat Animal farming and fossil fuels have driven global emissions of the potent greenhouse gas methane to the highest level on record, putting the world on track for dangerously increased heat levels of 3C to 4C. Since 2000 discharges of the odourless, colourless gas have risen

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Experimental COVID-19 vaccine safe, generates immune response

An investigational vaccine, mRNA-1273, designed to protect against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), was generally well tolerated and prompted neutralizing antibody activity in healthy adults, according to interim results.

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Massachusetts Launches Uber and Lyft's Latest Legal Headache

The state sued the ride-hail companies for misclassifying drivers as contractors, following a similar move by California officials.

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Things to Know Before Spraying Pesticides On Your Garden

A guide on how to keep insects and pests from destroying your garden veggies and plants.

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United States drops visa restriction on foreign students attending remote classes

Universities filed lawsuits saying the immigration policy was improperly crafted

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Danske forskere har løst mysteriet: Derfor dufter vasketøjet så godt, når det er tørret i solen

Når solen rammer det våde vasketøj, bliver organiske molekyler omdannet til duftstoffer.

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The White House Is Attempting to Circumvent the CDC on COVID Data

The Trump administration is trying to take control over national data about coronavirus patients by ordering hospitals to skip the US Centers for Disease Control and send all data to a database in Washington, DC, The New York Times reports . Critics are worried that the White House might be attempting to politicize the pandemic. Access to the database could allow the administration to be selectiv

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Experimental COVID-19 vaccine safe, generates immune response

An investigational vaccine, mRNA-1273, designed to protect against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, was generally well tolerated and prompted neutralizing antibody activity in healthy adults, according to interim results published today in The New England Journal of Medicine. The ongoing Phase 1 trial is supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). The

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Biden steps up his clean-energy plan, in a nod to climate activists

Joe Biden has raised the ambitions of his climate plan, in a clear sign his campaign is responding to demands for greater action among the progressive flank of his party. In a speech on Tuesday, the presumptive Democratic nominee for president announced proposals to spend $2 trillion on clean-energy projects and eliminate carbon emissions from the electricity sector by 2035, stepping up his prima

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Publishers Develop Inclusive Name-Change Policies

Transgender scientists are seeing some success in advocating for standards that allow authors to change their names on previous work.

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Moderna's Covid-19 vaccine produces antibodies in early trial

Immune responses triggered in all 45 participants in phase one trial, without safety issues

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The US Space Force Is Launching Four Top Secret Spy Satellites

Top Secret The newly-formed US Space Force is about to launch four reconnaissance satellites into orbit on behalf of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). The new military branch is launching its top secret payload on board a Minotaur IV rocket built by US defense tech company Northrop Grumman — the first time a rocket in its line has flown since 2013. The exact launch time is classified — bu

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Humans have partnered with sled dogs for 9,500 years

Sled dogs are not only incredibly adorable, but have unique genes that make them powerful travel-mates. (Benjamin Zanatta on Unsplash/) To an owner, every dog is special. Maybe your Beagle is brilliant, or your Goldendoodle is hilarious. But some dogs have traits that make them shockingly unique, and not just in their owners eyes—traits that date back thousands of years. One example is sled dogs,

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New AI Calculates Distant Planet Orbits 100,000 Times Faster

The Trappist-1 system We live in a solar system of eight planets, none of which collide with each other, which is nice for us. How often do planets in other solar systems smash into each other, though? A new AI designed by Princeton researchers can crunch the numbers with record speed to determine which potential orbits are stable and which will result in catastrophe. This could help astronomers

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Global Methane Emissions Reach a Record High

Scientists expect emissions, driven by fossil fuels and agriculture, to continue rising rapidly.

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New Data Shows an 'Extraordinary' Rise in U.S. Coastal Flooding

Rising seas are bringing water into communities at record rates, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said Tuesday.

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Could the willow help us fight cancer?

An ingredient in its bark led to aspirin, now researchers are looking into the properties of another compound in the tree Willow trees are a pharmaceutical treasure trove. The ancient Egyptians used its bark for relieving pain, inflammation and fevers, and science has since shown these medical powers came from an ingredient called salicin, named after salix , the Latin name for the tree. That dis

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Oncotarget: The Golgi protein TMEM165 controls migration/invasion for carcinoma

The cover for issue 28 of Oncotarget features Figure 5, 'TMEM165 expression levels alters N-linked glycosylation,' by Murali, et al., and reported that the TMEM165 protein was not detected in non-malignant matched breast tissues and was detected in invasive ductal breast carcinoma tissues by mass spectrometry.

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Coronavirus News: Live Updates

Refrigerated morgue trucks are needed in Texas and Arizona. The Trump administration backed away from stripping foreign students of their visas.

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Feeling Exhausted? Maybe It's Empathy

Research into compassion fatigue suggests that the act of caring takes a toll on us.

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Oncotarget: Tumor markers for carcinoma identified by imaging mass spectrometry

Volume 11, Issue 28 of Oncotarget features 'Lipid and protein tumor markers for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma identified by imaging mass spectrometry' by Schmidt et, al. which reported that the authors used MALDI imaging mass spectrometry and immunohistochemistry to seek tumor-specific expression of proteins and lipids in HNSCC samples.

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New lithium battery charges faster, reduces risk of device explosions

Cell phone batteries often heat up and, at times, can burst into flames. In most cases, the culprit behind such incidents can be traced back to lithium batteries. Despite providing long-lasting electric currents that can keep devices powered up, lithium batteries can internally short circuit, heating up the device.

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Long-term safety of radiotherapy in fewer doses for patients with early breast cancer

A lower total dose of radiotherapy delivered in fewer but larger doses is as safe in the long term as breast cancer radiotherapy courses giving multiple small doses, according to the final results of a 10-year study.

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The plight of the Kalahari San

Over the past few decades, San (Bushmen) communities in southern Africa, former hunter-gatherers, have developed new adaptive strategies to cope with climate change, the presence of other groups on their land, and the impacts of globalization. While San have likely lived in southern Africa for 20,000 to 40,000 years, they remain politically and economically marginalized in relation to other social

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A biologist and a historian are looking for art to trace fruit and vegetable evolution

Plant geneticists seeking to understand the history of the plants we eat can decode the genomes of ancient crops from rare, well-preserved samples. However, this approach leaves significant gaps in the timelines of where and when many modern-day fruits, vegetables, and cereal crops evolved, and paints an incomplete picture of what they looked like. A Science & Society article publishing July 14th

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Scientists achieve first complete assembly of human X chromosome

Although the current human reference genome is the most accurate and complete vertebrate genome ever produced, there are still gaps in the DNA sequence, even after two decades of improvements. Now, for the first time, scientists have determined the complete sequence of a human chromosome from one end to the other ('telomere to telomere') with no gaps and an unprecedented level of accuracy.

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Ancient oyster shells provide historical insights

An interdisciplinary team of scientists studying thousands of oyster shells along the Georgia coast, some as old as 4,500 years, has published new insights into how Native Americans sustained oyster harvests for thousands of years, observations that may lead to better management practices of oyster reefs today.

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NASA infrared view finds small areas of strength in new depression 6E

NASA's Aqua satellite used infrared light to identify the strongest storms and coldest cloud top temperatures in Tropical Depression 6E. Aqua found a few small areas of strength but cooler sea surface temperatures are expected to weaken them.

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Innovative catalytic reaction for low-cost synthesis of aromatic esters

Aromatic esters are chemicals that contain an aromatic ring consisting of functional groups called esters. These organic compounds are widely used as chemical feedstock in industries like food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. Thus, finding efficient reactions for their synthesis is an important area of research in organic chemistry.

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For chimpanzees, salt and pepper hair not a marker of old age

Silver strands and graying hair is a sign of aging in humans, but things aren't so simple for our closest ape relatives—the chimpanzee. A new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE by researchers at the George Washington University found graying hair is not indicative of a chimpanzee's age.

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New England Biolabs' SARS-CoV-2 Rapid Colorimetric LAMP Assay Kit Enables Visual Detection of Novel Coronavirus In 30 Minutes

The research use only kit can be used as a simple alternative to RT-qPCR for SARS-CoV-2 analysis

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COVID-19 and the heart: Searching for the location of the SARS-CoV-2 receptor

Nearly 20% of COVID-19-associated deaths are from cardiac complications, yet the mechanisms from which these complications arise have remained a topic of debate in the cardiology community. One hypothesis centers on the infection of the heart itself. To address this, MMRI Assistant Professor Dr. Nathan Tucker, in collaboration with the Broad Institute, the University of Pennsylvania, and Bayer US,

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A biologist and a historian are looking for art to trace fruit and vegetable evolution

Plant geneticists seeking to understand the history of the plants we eat can decode the genomes of ancient crops from rare, well-preserved samples. However, this approach leaves significant gaps in the timelines of where and when many modern-day fruits, vegetables, and cereal crops evolved, and paints an incomplete picture of what they looked like. A Science & Society article publishing July 14th

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Scientists achieve first complete assembly of human X chromosome

Although the current human reference genome is the most accurate and complete vertebrate genome ever produced, there are still gaps in the DNA sequence, even after two decades of improvements. Now, for the first time, scientists have determined the complete sequence of a human chromosome from one end to the other ('telomere to telomere') with no gaps and an unprecedented level of accuracy.

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Ancient oyster shells provide historical insights

An interdisciplinary team of scientists studying thousands of oyster shells along the Georgia coast, some as old as 4,500 years, has published new insights into how Native Americans sustained oyster harvests for thousands of years, observations that may lead to better management practices of oyster reefs today.

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For chimpanzees, salt and pepper hair not a marker of old age

Silver strands and graying hair is a sign of aging in humans, but things aren't so simple for our closest ape relatives—the chimpanzee. A new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE by researchers at the George Washington University found graying hair is not indicative of a chimpanzee's age.

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A blueprint for reparations in the US | William "Sandy" Darity

With clarity and insight, economist and author William "Sandy" Darity discusses how the grievous injustice of slavery in the US led to the immense wealth gap that currently exists between Black and white Americans. He explains how reparations for descendants of enslaved people would work — and why it's necessary that the US engage in this act of compensation and redemption to make progress toward

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Converting female mosquitoes to non-biting males with implications for mosquito control

Virginia Tech researchers have proven that a single gene can convert female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes into fertile male mosquitoes and identified a gene needed for male mosquito flight.

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What determines a warbler's colors?

A new study has narrowed down the region of the genome that drives the black color in throat and face of warblers by studying the hybrid offspring produced when two species mate. The hybrids of golden-winged and blue-winged warblers have a mix of coloration from the parent species, which allows researchers to identify which regions of the genome are associated with which color patterns. The study,

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Physicists introduce novel mechanism for electron optics in solid-​state systems

Electrons can interfere in the same manner as water, acoustical or light waves do. When exploited in solid-state materials, such effects promise novel functionality for electronic devices, in which elements such as interferometers, lenses or collimators could be integrated for controlling electrons at the scale of mirco- and nanometres. However, so far such effects have been demonstrated mainly in