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Analysis of Seattle EMS and hospital data indicates low COVID infection risk from bystander CPR

Analysis of Seattle emergency medical services (EMS) and hospital data from Jan. 1 to April 15, 2020, indicates bystander CPR is a lifesaving endeavor whose benefits outweigh the risks of COVID-19 infection, according to a new article published yesterday in the American Heart Association's flagship journal Circulation.

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New technique for engineering living materials and patterns

A new method for engineering living materials called 'MeniFluidics', made by researchers at the University of Warwick could see a transformation in tissue engineering and bio-art, as well as new ways to research cellular interactions.

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First measurement of electron energy distributions, could enable sustainable energy technologies

To answer a question crucial to technologies such as energy conversion, a team of researchers at the University of Michigan, Purdue University and the University of Liverpool in the UK have figured out a way to measure how many 'hot charge carriers' — for example, electrons with extra energy — are present in a metal nanostructure.

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American lobster, sea scallop habitat could shift off the northeast

Researchers have projected significant changes in the habitat of commercially important American lobster and sea scallops on the Northeast U.S. continental shelf. They used a suite of models to estimate how species will react as waters warm. The researchers suggest that American lobster will move further offshore and sea scallops will shift to the north in the coming decades.

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Creating hairy human skin: Not as easy as you think

For the first time, growing human skin cell capable of growing hair embedded with fat and nerve cells is a reality. The platform could have applications for testing cosmetics, drugs, and burn treatments along with creating other cultured human organ models, including the inner ear.

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Warmest May on record, Siberia 10C hotter

Temperatures soared 10 degrees Celsius above average last month in Siberia, home to much of Earth's permafrost, as the world experienced its warmest May on record, the European Union's climate monitoring network said Friday.

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Cristobal regains tropical storm force on track to US coast

A storm that appears to be headed for the U.S. Gulf Coast regained tropical storm force Friday while drenching southern Mexico and Central America.

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COVID-19 mortality alarmingly high in dialysis patients

Analysis of a Spanish experience shows that COVID-19 is frequent in hemodialysis patients, who appear to be at risk for worse outcome. A dramatic finding from the own experience, register and published papers from Spain is that the risk of dialysis patients dying of COVID-19 is very high at 1:4. These patients require special protection, and routine unconditional tests should be carried out on pat

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DNA increases our understanding of contact between Stone Age cultures

What kind of interactions did the various Stone Age cultures have with one another? In a new interdisciplinary study, researchers have combined archaeological and genetic information to better understand Battle Axe cultural influences discovered in graves of the Pitted Ware culture. The findings are published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

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Are kidney transplant patients at higher risk? The European experience

The risk of death is relatively high in kidney transplant patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19. Advanced age is the most important risk factor for death but, unlike in the general population, male sex, diabetes and cardiovascular disease do not appear to increase this risk. Younger, healthier patients may not be at special risk if they adhere strictly to hygiene and social distancing advice

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NMDA receptors may link psychosis and sleep deficits

Sofya Kulikova, a researcher at HSE University in Perm, is part of an international research team that has discovered potential mechanisms that explain the sleep spindle deficit in electroencephalograms (EEG) of people with schizophrenia. The article was published in the Schizophrenia Research on June 5.

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'It's Been Setting in on Me That This Is Like a Cycle'

Roger Williams Jr. was 10 years old when Martin Luther King Jr. was killed. It was 1968, and the assassination prompted chaos, uprisings, and fires across the country, including in his own Chicago neighborhood. "At the time, as a kid, you didn't understand it," Williams, now 62, told me. More than 50 years later, "the faces have changed, but the policy is the same," he said, referring to the kill

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Curbing Implicit Bias: What Works and What Doesn't

Psychologists have yet to find a way to diminish hidden prejudice, but they do have strategies for thwarting discrimination.

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Hydroxychloroquine does not cure Covid-19, say drug trial chiefs

Major study of thousands of patients led by University of Oxford shows drug is ineffective Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Hydroxychloroquine does not work against Covid-19 and should not be given to any more hospital patients around the world, say the leaders of the biggest and best-designed trial of the drug, which experts will hope finally settle the question. "If

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Measuring Atlantic bluefin tuna with a drone

Researchers have used an unmanned aerial system (or drone) to gather data on schooling juvenile Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Gulf of Maine.

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Measuring Atlantic bluefin tuna with a drone

Researchers have used an unmanned aerial system (or drone) to gather data on schooling juvenile Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Gulf of Maine.

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Volcanic glass spray shows promise in controlling mosquitoes

An indoor residual spray made by combining a type of volcanic glass with water showed effective control of mosquitoes that carry malaria, according to a new study. The findings could be useful in reducing disease-carrying mosquito populations—and the risk of malaria—in Africa.

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Volcanic glass spray shows promise in controlling mosquitoes

An indoor residual spray made by combining a type of volcanic glass with water showed effective control of mosquitoes that carry malaria, according to a new study. The findings could be useful in reducing disease-carrying mosquito populations—and the risk of malaria—in Africa.

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High-profile coronavirus retractions raise concerns about data oversight

Nature, Published online: 05 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01695-w Retracted studies had relied on health-record analyses from a company that declined to share its raw data for an audit.

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Murder hornets, park robots and planet formation — May's best science images

Nature, Published online: 05 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01556-6 The month's sharpest science shots — selected by Nature's photo team.

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Genomic surveillance of antibiotic resistance in the Philippines established

Antibiotic resistance surveillance in the Philippines has moved into the genomic era, enabling better tracking of dangerous bacteria. Researchers have set up local DNA sequencing and analysis of drug resistant bacteria in the Philippines, enhancing ongoing national infection control. The genomic capacity has tracked the spread of resistance to last-line antibiotics and identified drug resistant in

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Volcanic glass spray shows promise in controlling mosquitoes

An indoor residual spray made by combining a type of volcanic glass with water showed effective control of mosquitoes that carry malaria, according to a new study. The findings could be useful in reducing disease-carrying mosquito populations – and the risk of malaria – in Africa.

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Elon Musk Calls To "Break Up Amazon"

Billionaire Brawl On Thursday, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk sent some angry tweets directed at Amazon — and rival space company Blue Origin — CEO Jeff Bezos, calling Amazon a monopoly that deserved to be broken up. "This is insane," Musk tweeted to Bezos . He then followed up with "Time to break up Amazon. Monopolies are wrong!" Time to break up Amazon. Monopolies are wrong! — Elon Musk (@elonmusk) June

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Human-like ears 3D-printed inside mice as surgery-free spare parts

Human-like ears grown on the backs of mice by 3D printing under their skin show that it might one day be possible to replace body parts without the need for surgery

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Review of Learned Hopefulness: The Power of Positivity to Overcome Depression

By refocusing on the positive potential that already lies within, you will restore a greater sense of hope than you ever thought possible — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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We can't be 100% sure face masks work – but that shouldn't stop us wearing them | Trish Greenhalgh

Public health experts like me know the only conclusive trial of masks will come from them being rolled out in the real world Trish Greenhalgh is a professor of primary care health sciences at Oxford University Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Despite disagreement among scientists, we will soon have to wear cloth face coverings on public transport . The policy could be

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The Paradox Behind an Emerging Microfluidics Revolution

Constructing switches out of pure liquid seemed impossible. Then researchers discovered Braess' paradox could help.

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The Government is Scaling Back Water Quality Protections. These Surfers are Picking up the Slack

Decades ago, California surfers decided to fight coastal pollution. Today, their massive network of citizen scientists is monitoring water quality in places the government doesn't.

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Potential Covid-19 drug suffers setback in Oxford study

Researchers halt trial after concluding hydroxychloroquine has no positive effect on virus patients

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View into plant cells: A membrane protein is targeted to two locations

Metabolic processes are especially complex in plants due to their obligate sessile life style. A metabolic pathway that has occupied plant researchers for decades is the oxidative pentose-phosphate pathway. Researchers now found that an important membrane protein is distributed to two cell organelles simultaneously, to provide reduction power at both locations. The researchers suppose that plants

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Measuring Atlantic bluefin tuna with a drone

Researchers have used an unmanned aerial system (or drone) to gather data on schooling juvenile Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Gulf of Maine. This pilot study tested whether a drone could keep up with the tuna while also taking photographs that captured physical details of this fast-moving fish.

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Hospitalized COVID-19 patients with diabetes represent more than 20 percent of ICU population

The COVID-19 pandemic presents new challenges for clinicians caring for infected patients with diabetes, according to new guidance published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Could the blood of COVID-19 patients be used to predict disease progression?

Researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Francis Crick Institute have identified 27 proteins which are present at different levels in the blood of COVID-19 patients, depending on the severity of their symptoms. These biomarker profiles could be used to predict disease progression and make it easier for doctors to decide which type of treatment to use. The work has been publish

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Something in the water: Pollutant may be more hazardous than previously thought

Perchlorate, a chemical compound used in rocket fuels and other materials, may be a more hazardous pollutant than previously thought, says a new study from Johns Hopkins Medicine.

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Diet, gut microbes affect cancer treatment outcomes, research suggests

What we eat can affect the outcome of chemotherapy – and likely many other medical treatments – because of ripple effects that begin in our gut, new research suggests.

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Psychedelic drug psilocybin tamps down brain's ego center

To see how psychedelics impact the claustrum, a mysterious region of the brain believed to control the ego, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers compared the brain scans of people after they took psilocybin with their scans after taking a placebo.

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Protecting the neuronal architecture

Protecting nerve cells from losing their characteristic extensions, the dendrites, can reduce brain damage after a stroke. Neurobiologists from Heidelberg University have demonstrated this by means of research on a mouse model. The team, led by Prof. Dr. Hilmar Bading in cooperation with Junior Professor Dr. Daniela Mauceri, is investigating the protection of neuronal architecture to develop new a

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Physicists create quantum-inspired optical sensor

Researchers from the MIPT, joined by a colleague from Argonne National Laboratory, U.S., have implemented an advanced quantum algorithm for measuring physical quantities using simple optical tools. Published in Scientific Reports, their study takes us a step closer to affordable linear optics-based sensors with high performance characteristics. Such tools are sought after in diverse research field

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Youth-inspired program increases bike helmet use by urban children

To reduce the number of traumatic brain injuries in children, a team of health care professionals at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health is urging emergency room physicians to help ensure that youngsters are thoroughly educated on the proper use of bike helmets, especially in urban environments where most severe head injuries occu

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Some People Are Having Horrific COVID Symptoms For Months

They weren't sick enough to be admitted to a hospital or put on a ventilator, and they're not being represented in the numbers of active cases or deaths — but what they are going through is nonetheless extraordinarily difficult. Thousands of COVID-19 patients, now calling themselves "long-haulers," are reporting that they are experiencing symptoms including coughs, chest pain, and aching joints f

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The RECOVERY Trial Reports on Hydroxychloroquine

The recent implosion of the Surgisphere data papers has been big news. It included one that purported to show no benefit (and actual harm) from hydroxychloroquine treatment, and even more harm when combined with azithromycin – but since the authors have been unable to back up the raw data on this, the paper cannot be taken as valid. This has some people thinking that there is therefor no case aga

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I Went to a Drive-In Theater to Feel Normal. The Opposite Happened.

I arrive at the Paramount Drive-In Theater two and a half hours before its first screening, but it appears I'm already late: Ahead of me, a line of cars has formed, ranging from sedans like mine to pickup trucks loaded with blankets and pillows in the back, all inching toward the entrance. A masked employee walks toward me, stands a few feet away from my window, and informs me that my ticket will

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The Books Briefing: A Struggle to Breathe

Many remarkable narratives explore the affliction of racially oppressed people in granular detail. Saidiya Hartman's written history of black women arriving in urban American cityscapes at the turn of the 20th century encapsulates marginalized people's struggle to live. In her book, Wayward Lives, Beautiful Experiments , she centralizes the stories of that population of black drifters, marking al

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As pandemic pounds U.S. universities, federal support helps their labs stay afloat

Government grants continue to support scientists, who are starting to return

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A tiny arctic shrub reveals secrets of plant growth on Svalbard

It's not easy being a tiny willow on the wind-and snow-blasted islands of the Norwegian territory of Svalbard. It turns out that Salix polaris, the polar willow, handles these tough conditions by growing as best it can in response to July temperatures — a response that researchers recorded all over the archipelago.

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My Quantum Experiment

An aging science journalist with a literature degree sets out to learn quantum mechanics, mathematics and all — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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WHO advises public to wear face masks when unable to distance

Over-60s should use medical-grade masks and all others three-layer fabric ones, health body says Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage People over 60 or with health issues should wear a medical-grade mask when they are out and cannot socially distance, according to new guidance from the World Health Organization, while all others should wear a three-layer fabric mask. The

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Shouting Into the Institutional Void

The urban unrest of the mid-to-late 1960s was more intense than the days and nights of protest since George Floyd was murdered by a Minneapolis policeman. More people died then, more buildings were gutted, more businesses were ransacked. But those years had one advantage over the present. America was coming apart at the seams, but it still had seams. The streets were filled with demonstrators rag

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How metal is formed: Electrolytes becoming metallic

An international team has developed a sophisticated experimental technique at BESSY II to observe the formation of a metallic conduction band in electrolytes.

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Coronapod: The heavy toll on people of colour

Nature, Published online: 05 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01698-7 The coronavirus is killing a disproportionate number of people of colour. As systemic injustices are brought to the fore across the world, what can be done to address the virus's unequal burden?

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Black Birders Call Out Racism, Say Nature Should Be for Everyone

Co-organizers of the first Black Birders Week talk about the joy of the natural world and the work outdoor-focused groups need to do to reduce racism and promote inclusion — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Psychedelic drug psilocybin tamps down brain's ego center

Perhaps no region of the brain is more fittingly named than the claustrum, taken from the Latin word for 'hidden or shut away.' The claustrum is an extremely thin sheet of neurons deep within the cortex, yet it reaches out to every other region of the brain. Its true purpose remains 'hidden away' as well, with researchers speculating about many functions. For example, Francis Crick of DNA-discover

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COVID-19 safety recommendations, aim to reduce deaths among elderly in nursing homes

Seeking to address estimates that more than a third of COVID-19 deaths nationally have occurred in nursing homes and long-term care facilities — more than 38,000 — the American Medical Directors Association published recommendations for reducing the spread of the pandemic virus among residents and staff.

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Something in the water: Environmental pollutant may be more hazardous than previously thought

Sometimes toxins, such as hazardous wastes and industrial byproducts, seep into groundwater, the source of our drinking water. One such pollutant is perchlorate, a chemical compound used in rocket fuels, fireworks, fertilizers and other materials. The compound is thought to contribute to health issues in humans such as hypothyroidism, the decreased production of hormones from the thyroid gland, wh

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Wearable brain scanner technology expanded for whole head imaging

A new type of wearable brain scanner is revealing new possibilities for understanding and diagnosing mental illness after the technology has been expanded to scan the whole brain with millimeter accuracy.

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Increasingly efficient serological tests thanks to a new ECL based mechanism

An innovative electrochemiluminescence-based technique (ECL) for quicker, more cost-effective and more ultra-sensitive serological tests, even for SARS-CoV-2.

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Investigational treatments of COVID-19 in children

This pharmacokinetic simulation study estimates appropriate pediatric-specific dosing regimens for hydroxychloroquine and remdesivir in the treatment of pediatric patients with COVID-19.

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EULAR 2020: Thrombosis risk particularly high for people suffering

People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis with increased disease activity are more often affected by thrombosis.

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Can deep water masses in the Mediterranean cross the Sicily Strait?

The Sicily Strait, an underwater relief connecting the Italian island with the Tunisian coasts, is not a geological barrier for the deep water circulation between eastern and western Mediterranean -which was always thought to be. Quite the contrary, the contribution of the eastern Mediterranean deep water flow towards the western one can reach 70%, according to a study recently published in the jo

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New smart fabrics from bioactive inks monitor body and environment by changing color

Researchers developed biomaterial-based inks that respond to and quantify chemicals released from the body or in the environment by changing color. Multiple inks can be screen printed onto clothes or even face masks at high resolution, providing a detailed map of human response or exposure

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Palliative Care in emergency departments during COVID-19 pandemic

The clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients who received intervention by a COVID-19 palliative care response team are examined in this case series.

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Ribociclib in breast cancer: Added benefit for certain women after menopause

After expiry of the G-BA decisions, IQWiG reassessed the drug in two combinations. The new data cut-offs used for this purpose confirm both advantages and disadvantages.

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More evidence of no survival benefit in COVID-19 patients receiving hydroxychloroquine

A study of electronic medical records from US Veterans Health Administration medical centers has found that hydroxychloroquine — with or without azithromycin — did not reduce the risk of ventilation or death and was associated with longer length of hospital stay. This analysis, published June 5 in the journal Med, is the first in the US to report data on hydroxychloroquine outcomes for COVID-19

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Researchers find TEG test can identify undetected blood clots in COVID-19 ICU patients

Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine are recommending that all COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICU undergo a thromboelastography (TEG) to test for the risk of forming blood clots. This recommendation comes after they found that more than half of the patients tested under these same conditions developed clinically significant blood clots that went undetected using routine screenings.

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Is e-cigarette use associated with relapse among former smokers?

Whether use of electronic cigarettes among former cigarette smokers was associated with an increased risk of smoking relapse was examined with the use of nationally representative survey data.

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Research shows promising advances to lower cost and durable smart window technology

Researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder have developed an improved method for controlling smart tinting on windows that could make them cheaper, more effective and more durable than current options on the market.

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Comparing new use of flavored vs unflavored e-cigarettes with starting, quitting smoking

This survey study looked at the association between starting to use flavored or unflavored e-cigarettes and subsequently starting or quitting smoking among adolescents and adults.

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Air Force Pilots Are About to Do Battle With Autonomous Drones

War Games The U.S. military is planning to put its combat drones to the ultimate test: a skirmish against human fighter pilots. Lieutenant General Jack Shanahan, who's the head of the Pentagon's Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, told BBC News that the military is interested in measuring the capabilities of AI-driven aircraft against its human pilots. While the plan isn't to replace human crew

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Så blir relationen god mellan sjuksköterska, patient och närstående

Allt fler äldre med multisjuklighet blir liggande på sjukhusavdelningar. Närstående blir en viktig resurs i vården, och kommunikationen mellan parterna extra viktig. Forskning visar hur sjuksköterskor, patienter och närstående kan använda olika strategier för att tillsammans bygga en positiv vårdrelation. Avhandlingen från Högskolan Väst i samarbete med Jönköping University, utgår från en medicin

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Foodborne illness? DNA-barcoded microbial spores can trace origin of objects

Researchers have developed synthetic microbial spores that can be safely introduced onto objects and surfaces at a point of origin, such as a field or manufacturing plant, and be detected and identified months later. The approach can help determine the source of foodborne illnesses.

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UK experts call for coronavirus inquiry to prevent deadly second wave

Many more will die unless we fix structural problems that have blighted Britain's response, say scientists Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Leading medics and scientists have called on Boris Johnson to order a public inquiry to prepare Britain for a second wave of the coronavirus this winter, warning that many more will die unless the country improves its response. Th

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Northern gannet found on Norfolk trampoline

The RSPCA is caring for the gannet and suspects it was "blown off course".

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Black Birders Call Out Racism, Say Nature Should Be for Everyone

Co-organizers of the first Black Birders Week talk about the joy of the natural world and the work outdoor-focused groups need to do to reduce racism and promote inclusion — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Cars: transition from lockdown is a fork in the road – here are two possible outcomes for future travel

As more and more countries, including the UK, are eased out of lockdown, people are returning to their workplaces and taking children to school. How they choose to make those journeys could determine the future of travel after the pandemic, with consequences for society and the planet.

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Physicists create quantum-inspired optical sensor

Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, joined by a colleague from Argonne National Laboratory, U.S., have implemented an advanced quantum algorithm for measuring physical quantities using simple optical tools. Published in Scientific Reports, their study takes us a step closer to affordable linear optics-based sensors with high performance characteristics. Such tools are

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Reconsidering the efficiency of grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau

A study about grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau(TP) by a team of researchers from China (Dr. Jian Sun's research team at Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Australia and Japan recently published in Science Bulletin, and commented in the Editors' choice column of Science.

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'Whispering gallery' effect controls electron beams with light

When you speak softly in one of the galleries of St Paul's cathedral, the sound runs so easily around the dome that visitors anywhere on its circumference can hear it. This striking phenomenon has been termed the 'whispering gallery' effect, and variants of it appear in many scenarios where a wave can travel nearly perfectly around a structure. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now

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Reconsidering the efficiency of grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau

A study about grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau(TP) by a team of researchers from China (Dr. Jian Sun's research team at Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Australia and Japan recently published in Science Bulletin, and commented in the Editors' choice column of Science.

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Study shows diamonds aren't forever

Diamonds, those precious, sparkling jewels, are known as the hardest materials on Earth. They are a high-pressure form of carbon and found deep in the ground. While diamonds are commonly thought of as hard and stable, carbon from about 100 miles beneath the African plate is being brought to shallower levels where diamond will become unstable. Molten rock (magma) brings the excess carbon towards th

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Sleep, death and … the gut?

A new study finds a causal link between sleep deprivation and death. In sleep-deprived fruit flies, death is preceded by the accumulation of molecules known as reactive oxidative species in the gut. When fruit flies were given antioxidant compounds that neutralize ROS, sleep-deprived flies remained active and had normal lifespans. The findings may one day inform new approaches to counteract the ha

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Revealed: How cancer develops resistance to treatment

Researchers reveal the tactic that cancer cells use to adapt and evade treatment.

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Mothers ensure their offspring's success through epigenetics

Parents pass genes along to their offspring which equip them for their future life. In recent years, research has shown that the reality is much more complex and that parents endow much more than just genes. A new study reveals that active epigenetic modifications are also passed from one generation to the next.

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Foodborne illness? DNA-barcoded microbial spores can trace origin of objects

Researchers have developed synthetic microbial spores that can be safely introduced onto objects and surfaces at a point of origin, such as a field or manufacturing plant, and be detected and identified months later. The approach can help determine the source of foodborne illnesses.

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Don't feed the bears! How parks get visitors to protect nature

After weeks of pandemic lockdown and closures, families keen on camping holidays and getting outdoors are relieved that many of our parks are reopening. Canada's national parks partially open June 1 for day use; camping will be closed until at least June 21 while authorities assess safety. In Alberta, provincial parks are open for day use, and camping is open at a reduced capacity.

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Uncovering the tricks of game changer antibiotic teixobactin

Utrecht scientists have discovered how the powerful antibiotic teixobactin kills bacteria. Heralded as a breakthrough drug, the discovery of teixobactin marked a milestone for combating drug-resistant superbugs. However, the way teixobactin binds to its target was hitherto unknown. An international group, led by Dr. Markus Weingarth of Utrecht University, presents the structure of teixobactin 5 Ju

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5 steps to remove yourself from drama at work | Anastasia Penright

No matter your industry, you've experienced drama at work. In this funny and all-too-relatable talk, community leader Anastasia Penright outlines five steps you can follow to better coexist with your coworkers and focus on what's really important.

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A Genethon team has succeeded in inhibiting the immune response linked to AAV

A research team from Genethon, in collaboration with teams from CNRS/Inserm and from the biotechnology company Spark Therapeutics, announced today in Nature Medicine that it has succeeded in inhibiting the immune response induced by AAV antibodies present as a result of natural immunity or following gene therapy, thanks to the IdeS enzyme. This result opens up new therapeutic prospects and the pos

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Magnetic liquid structure elucidated through hybrid reverse Monte Carlo simulation

Magnetic ionic liquid structures were elucidated through hybrid reverse Monte Carlo simulation. The research results elucidated fundamental understanding of pure liquids with magnetic responses as well as lead to the development of MIL for a variety of practical applications.

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Gut research delves deeper into obesity problems

Serotonin in the gut is considered a regulator of normal gut function and is an important driver of metabolism and metabolic diseases including obesity and type 2 diabetes. Flinders University researchers have found that individual cells producing serotonin in the intestines change under high-fat diet conditions.

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Charity shops seek staff to prepare for deluge of donations

Managers fear up to half of existing volunteers will be unable to return when stores reopen

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Scientists demonstrate ion implantation advantages for the use of silicon in optoelectronics

Silicon is the main material in electronic engineering. All information and computing technologies that play a key role in modern civilization are based on silicon: computers, communications, astronautics, biomedicine, robotics and much more.

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Don't feed the bears! How parks get visitors to protect nature

After weeks of pandemic lockdown and closures, families keen on camping holidays and getting outdoors are relieved that many of our parks are reopening. Canada's national parks partially open June 1 for day use; camping will be closed until at least June 21 while authorities assess safety. In Alberta, provincial parks are open for day use, and camping is open at a reduced capacity.

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Uncovering the tricks of game changer antibiotic teixobactin

Utrecht scientists have discovered how the powerful antibiotic teixobactin kills bacteria. Heralded as a breakthrough drug, the discovery of teixobactin marked a milestone for combating drug-resistant superbugs. However, the way teixobactin binds to its target was hitherto unknown. An international group, led by Dr. Markus Weingarth of Utrecht University, presents the structure of teixobactin 5 Ju

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Study documents the challenges of herbicide-resistant annual bluegrass in turf

Greenskeepers and landscape managers consider annual bluegrass to be a significant pest. It has an unsightly appearance, competes with desirable grasses, and produces an uneven surface that affects golf and other sports. In addition, the weed has now developed resistance to multiple herbicides.

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RACE dashboard now available

The coronavirus pandemic constitutes an unprecedented challenge with severe societal and socio-economic consequences. In order to shed new light on these changes taking place, ESA and the European Commission have worked closely together to create the 'Rapid Action Coronavirus Earth observation' dashboard—also known as RACE. The platform, which was unveiled today during an online event, uses Earth

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Study documents the challenges of herbicide-resistant annual bluegrass in turf

Greenskeepers and landscape managers consider annual bluegrass to be a significant pest. It has an unsightly appearance, competes with desirable grasses, and produces an uneven surface that affects golf and other sports. In addition, the weed has now developed resistance to multiple herbicides.

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Image: Arm out to asteroid

This robotic arm, moving along a 33-m-long track, forms ESA's GNC Rendezvous, Approach and Landing Simulator, used to simulate close approach to targets such as drifting satellites or asteroids.

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Video: Plastic—the new fantastic?

Plastic has become a malevolent symbol of our wasteful society. It's also cheap, durable, flexible, waterproof, versatile, lightweight, protective and hygienic.

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A new catalog of infrared dark clouds

Infrared dark clouds (IRDCs) are dark patches of cold dust and gas seen in the sky against the bright diffuse infrared glow of warm dust in our galaxy. These IRDCs, massive and rich in molecules, are natural sites for star birth—one of the main reasons why astronomers are actively studying them. IRDCs were first detected by two early space infrared missions, the Infrared Space Observatory and the

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Cracking open the proton

Physicists around the world are cracking open the proton, within the nucleus of the atom, to see what's inside.

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Eat less and live a long healthy life? Study shows 'not in all cases'

The assumption that dietary restriction (and drugs that mimic its effects) will extend both lifespan and healthspan jointly has come under question, based on research involving 160 genetically distinct strains of fruit fly. Noting that results may foreshadow what will happen in humans eating a Spartan diet, researchers report that thirteen percent of the strains were more vigorous, yet died sooner

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Disrupted sleep increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by promoting inflammation

Sleep disruption has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis, but the mechanism has been unclear. A new study reveals that fragmented sleep exacerbates atherosclerosis and may raise the risk of stroke via an effect on inflammatory pathways.

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Stimulating research gives new treatment hope for Tourette Syndrome

New research has found that delivering electrical pulses to the wrist can significantly reduce the amount and severity of tics experienced by individuals with Tourette Syndrome (TS), giving new hope for an effective treatment.

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Restoring vision by gene therapy

Macular degeneration is one of the major reasons for visual impairment. Scientists have now developed a therapeutic approach based on gene therapy. They managed to activate degenerated photoreceptors using near-infrared light.

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High-speed atomic video

Researchers have successfully captured video of single molecules in motion at 1,600 frames per second. This is 100 times faster than previous experiments of this nature. They accomplished this by combining a powerful electron microscope with a highly sensitive camera and advanced image processing. This method could aid many areas of nanoscale research.

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Protesters Weigh Risks: Avoid a Virus, or Let Injustice Stand

Protests over the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died on May 25 while in police custody, are taking place in the middle of a global pandemic. Covid-19 has now killed around 108,000 people in the U.S., and the demonstrations raised concerns that the gatherings will fuel a spike in infections.

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It's time to rethink the disrupted U.S. food system from the ground up

The COVID-19 pandemic and resulting economic shutdowns have severely disrupted and spotlighted weaknesses in the U.S. food system. Farmers, food distributors and government agencies are working to reconfigure supply chains so that food can get to where it's needed. But there is a hidden, long-neglected dimension that should also be addressed as the nation rebuilds from the current crisis.

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Manipulating metals for adaptive camouflage

Many species have naturally evolved remarkable strategies to visually adapt to their environments for protection and predation. Researchers have studied adaptive camouflaging in the infrared (IR) spectrum, although the method is highly challenging to develop in the lab. In a new report now published on Science Advances, Mingyang Li and a research team at the National University of Defense Technolo

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ESA moves ahead on low-cost reusable rocket engine

ESA's Prometheus is the precursor of ultra-low-cost rocket propulsion that is flexible enough to fit a fleet of new launch vehicles for any mission and will be potentially reusable.

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Research reveals Bristol won't reach 2030 carbon neural target without major transport transformation

Bristol must make significant changes to its transport sector in order to meet its 2030 carbon neutral target, according to a new report led by a team of postgraduate students at the University of Bristol.

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Palaeontologists create most detailed virtual 3-D-model of endocranial cast and blood vessels of head of ankylosaurian

Palaeontologists from St Petersburg University have been the first to study in detail the structure of the brain and blood vessels in the skull of the ankylosaur Bissektipelta archibaldi, an herbivorous dinosaur somewhat similar in appearance to a modern armadillo. Scientists produced the first three-dimensional computer reconstruction of a dinosaur endocast made in Russia,a digital cast of its br

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Hubble catches cosmic snowflakes

Almost like snowflakes, the stars of the globular cluster NGC 6441 sparkle peacefully in the night sky, about 13,000 light-years from the Milky Way's galactic center. Like snowflakes, the exact number of stars in such a cluster is difficult to discern. It is estimated that together the stars have 1.6 million times the mass of the Sun, making NGC 6441 one of the most massive and luminous globular c

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Bacteria perform mass suicide to defend their colony

A new study from researchers at Oxford University's Departments of Zoology and Biochemistry shows that warring bacteria will engage in suicidal attacks in vast numbers to take down competitors.

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Women follow pandemic rules more strictly than men

Compared to other European countries and the U.S., Germans adopted social distancing even before it was encouraged by the authorities. In all eight countries surveyed, women adopted preventive behaviors more than men.

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Uprisings after pandemics have happened before – just look at the English Peasant Revolt of 1381

As a professor of medieval Europe, I've taught the bubonic plague, and how it contributed to the English Peasant Revolt of 1381. Now that America is experiencing widespread unrest in the midst of its own pandemic, I see some interesting similarities to the 14th-century uprising.

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Bacteria perform mass suicide to defend their colony

A new study from researchers at Oxford University's Departments of Zoology and Biochemistry shows that warring bacteria will engage in suicidal attacks in vast numbers to take down competitors.

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Rain plays a surprising role in making some restored prairies healthier than others

Prairies once covered an enormous area of North America, but today have been reduced to a small fraction of this historical range. Imagine an area the size of Texas, the second largest state, shrinking over the course of decades to an area the size of Massachusetts, the sixth smallest state.

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Why forgotten food manufacturers deserve our thanks too

The UK government's list of key workers helping society to deal with the pandemic was a long one. But it seems to me that some of the people who really keep us going have been overlooked.

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Reconsidering the efficiency of grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau

A study about grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau by a team of researchers from China, Australia and Japan recently published in Science Bulletin, and commented in the Editors' choice column of Science.

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Russian scientists demonstrate ion implantation advantages for the use of silicon in optoelectronics

Silicon is the main material in electronic engineering. All information and computing technologies that play a key role in modern civilization are based on silicon: computers, communications, astronautics, biomedicine, robotics and much more.

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How is a metal formed?

Metal is characterized by free electrons which give rise to its high electric conductivity. But how exactly is a metallic conduction band formed from originally localized electrons and what is the corresponding microscopic picture for the material involved? Scientists succeeded in mapping at the molecular level the electrolyte-to-metal transition in alkali metal — liquid ammonia solutions using a

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Study documents the challenges of herbicide-resistant annual bluegrass in turf

In an study featured in the journal Weed Science, researchers in Australia examined 31 populations of annual bluegrass suspected to be herbicide resistant. All 31 were found to be resistant to multiple turf herbicides. Three populations had evolved resistance to herbicides with five different mechanisms of action.

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Fewer antibiotics to better fight bacterial infections

Reducing the use of antibiotics appears to be one of the only solutions to preserve their effectiveness and limit the emergence of resistance. A new study, published in the journal JAMA, show that a treatment duration reduced by half is equally effective. In addition, tailoring the antibiotic regimen to each patient's individual characteristics and disease patterns would allow the drug dose to be

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Inherited mutation linked to higher prostate cancer risk in African American families

For years, researchers have known that men of African ancestry are at greater risk of developing prostate cancer with research suggesting that inherited factors may contribute to their greater risk. A new USC study is the first to identify an inherited genetic variant associated with higher risk of prostate cancer in men of African descent that contributes to the clustering of prostate cancer case

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NASA and SpaceX Employees Reportedly Furious at Trump Admin

A new petition , signed by thousands of people, is calling for U.S. president Donald Trump to stop taking credit for SpaceX and NASA accomplishments. The petition was created in response to a recent "Make Space Great Again" video released by Trump's reelection campaign, which included footage of SpaceX's recent successful launch of two NASA astronauts. According to Ars Technica senior space edito

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Satellite images help assess effective use of cover crops in the Netherlands

Researchers from the University of Twente's Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC) have used satellite images to assess the effective use of cover crops in the Dutch province of Overijssel. The study focuses on analysing satellite images from 2017 and 2018 and the results have now been published in the International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation.

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DNA evidence increases our understanding of contact between Stone Age cultures

What kind of interactions did the various Stone Age cultures have with one another? In a new interdisciplinary study, researchers have combined archaeological and genetic information to better understand Battle Axe cultural influences discovered in graves of the Pitted Ware culture. The findings are published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

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Unbinding Life, Unbounded

The blog's author reflects as nine years of writing undergo an evolutionary change — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Legal experts: How can police be held accountable?

Legal experts explain the avenues for police reform and challenges in the way. Horrifying images of George Floyd dying on a Minneapolis street while a police officer knelt on his neck have sparked peaceful protests and rioting throughout the country. The latest in a string of killings of unarmed black Americans, the incident once again raises questions about training and the use of force by polic

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Plowing, mulching or direct sowing: Modelling of soil structural changes as important fundamental research

Since 1972, most countries in the world have been celebrating the United Nations World Environment Day on 5 June. In the past decades, environmental awareness has risen. More and more people realise how vulnerable the natural resources that we all depend on are. Yet, the situation is worsening and global efforts for protecting the environment are in dire need.

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Breaking symmetry leads to responsive organic photodetectors

A column of liquid crystal molecules could form the basis of a new breed of flexible light detectors that have ultrafast responses, an all-RIKEN team has demonstrated.

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Strategic redundancy can prevent collapse of supply chains during global crises

When the novel coronavirus began spreading during the early months of 2020, it put kinks in multinational production chains—first in China and then around the globe. But it didn't have to happen that way, according to Francisco Polidoro, associate management professor at the McCombs School of Business at The University of Texas at Austin.

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Is there a limit to optimism when it comes to climate change?

'We're doomed': a common refrain in casual conversation about climate change. It signals an awareness that we cannot, strictly speaking, avert climate change. It is already here. All we can hope for is to minimise climate change by keeping global average temperature changes to less than 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels in order to avoid rending consequences to global civilisation. It is still ph

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Dreaming with purpose

Researchers from University of Tsukuba and the University of Tokyo have found that activity in adult-born neurons (ABNs) in the hippocampus, which is a brain region associated with memory, are responsible for memory consolidation during REM sleep. Identifying the role of specific neurons in memory function deepens our understanding of how memories are formed, retrieved, and consolidated.

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'Whispering gallery' effect controls electron beams with light

When you speak softly in one of the galleries of St Paul's cathedral, the sound runs around the dome and visitors anywhere on its circumference can hear it. This striking phenomenon has been termed the 'whispering gallery' effect, and one variant is where a wave travels nearly perfectly around a structure. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now harnessed the effect to control the be

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BESSY II: Experiment shows for the first time in detail how electrolytes become metallic

To accomplish this, the team first prepared cryogenic solutions of liquid ammonia containing different concentrations of alkali metals. The color of the solutions changes with concentration from blue to golden as the individual atoms of metal in solution transition to a metallic compound.

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High uric acid levels benefit women's lungs in aging and disease

Researchers at Kumamoto University, Japan have discovered that uric acid, an antioxidant, protects against declining lung function, especially in women. High uric acid levels can cause health problems, but this study showed that it protects against lung function decline in females. The function of uric acid and other antioxidants in the lungs, as well as gender differences, will likely be consider

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T cell immunity in the elderly

A study by Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI) expands the understanding of the molecular pathways that control T cell function and survival and how it relates to declining .

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Largest ever study of radiosurgery for brain metastases from small cell lung cancer

The international First-line Radiosurgery for Small-Cell Lung Cancer (FIRE-SCLC) analysis led by University of Colorado Cancer Center researchers and published today in JAMA Oncology shows no overall survival benefit with whole-brain radiation therapy compared with radiosurgery in patients with small cell lung cancer.

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Strategic redundancy can prevent collapse of supply chains during global crises

Companies should use redundancy as a way to fortify their operations against unforeseeable events such as pandemics.

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Study shows diamonds aren't forever

Two Tulane researchers were among a team of international experts who co-authored a paper that was published in the journal Nature on June 3.

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Areas of brain where recognition and identification occur

Using "sub-millimeter" brain implants, researchers have been able to determine which parts of the brain are linked to facial and scene recognition.

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Silicon 'neurons' may add a new dimension to computer processors

Research shows that energy constraints on a system, coupled with an intrinsic property of systems, push silicon neurons to create a dynamic, at-a-distance communication that is more robust and efficient than traditional computer processors. And it may teach us something about biological brains.

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Adult neurogenesis essential for sleep-induced memory consolidation in mice

Adult neurogenesis, in which new neurons are generated within the hippocampus in the fully developed adult brain, occurs in mice — but how new neurons are functionally integrated into existing brain circuitry has remained largely unknown. A study now shows an important new role for neurons generated during adulthood in consolidating memories during sleep in mice.

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Probiotics with top-performing Lactobacillus strains may improve vaginal health

Vaginal Lactobacillus bacterial strains largely perform better than strains currently used in probiotics for vaginal health, according to a new study. The findings suggest that a vaginal health probiotic that includes top-performing vaginal Lactobacillus strains may improve treatment options for bacterial vaginosis.

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Plant detectives develop new way to trace global spread of major plant disease

Scientists have developed a way to potentially thwart the spread of a disease-causing bacterium that harms more than hundred plant species worldwide, an advance that could save the nursery industry billions of dollars a year.

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Dogs don't always boost social skills for kids with autism

While therapy dogs may benefit some children on the autism spectrum, aren't a one-size-fits-all answer for children struggling with social communication, according to new research. One of the most common struggles for people living with autism spectrum disorder is socializing with others. Previous research has shown that dogs can serve as social catalysts, and children with autism may feel more c

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A Better Jobs Report Belies America's Breadlines

While Friday's report showed improved employment numbers, things could still get so much worse.

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Q&A: How are you rebuilding your business?

The FT's Claer Barrett and Andy Bounds answered reader questions on business under the pandemic

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A Triple Threat Imperils Millions of People Across Africa

A "perfect storm" of ravenous locusts, flooding, and the Covid-19 pandemic threatens to create huge food shortages.

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So How Deadly Is COVID-19?

We still don't know, and it doesn't really matter right now; it's plenty deadly — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Scientists iron out the physics of wrinkling

In a paper recently published in Applied Physics Letters, researchers from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) have shown how wrinkles can be increased or reduced by altering the curvature at the edge of a material.

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A guide to protesting during a pandemic

Gloves, masks, and signs—protest essentials. (Clay Banks / Unsplash/) Protesting has always been risky business. The current situation in the US, with people in all 50 states standing up to racism and police brutality, is no exception. But since we're still in the middle of a pandemic, these demonstrations have an extra layer of risk. If you want to support the cause from home, you can help by do

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Vitamin K found in some cheeses could help fight Covid-19, study suggests

Scientists in Netherlands explore possible link between deficiency and Covid-19 deaths Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Patients who have died or been admitted to intensive care with Covid-19 have been found to be deficient in a vitamin found in spinach, eggs, and hard and blue cheeses, raising hopes that dietary change might be one part of the answer to combating the

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Fixing What's Broken: If We Build a Moral Economy, the Future Will Be Better

Throughout the coronavirus pandemic, we've been eagerly awaiting a return to normal. We want to be able to go out again, see our friends, and be in public places without feeling like we're risking our health or that of others. Now that Covid-19 case counts have gone down and restrictions are starting to lift, it seems we're at last on the path back to some semblance of normalcy. But as recent eve

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So How Deadly Is COVID-19?

We still don't know, and it doesn't really matter right now; it's plenty deadly — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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UN launches push for net-zero emissions by 2050

Businesses and city leaders are urged to back the Race to Zero campaign ahead of the COP26 summit in Glasgow next year.

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A giant leap for Elon Musk's multi-planetary ambitions

SpaceX's 'cool stuff' has been an inspiring distraction from Earthbound news

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Coronavirus diaries: taking leave, but not holiday

Nature, Published online: 05 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01696-9 A stressful return to work after two days' absence forces John Tregoning to prioritize his growing to-do list more ruthlessly.

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Wanted: Weapon to Intercept Atomic Bombs

Originally published in November 1945 — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Telephone interventions could be used to reduce symptoms of cancer

Telephone interventions could be used to successfully treat symptoms of cancer such as fatigue, depression and anxiety, new research in the Cochrane Library reports. This could help patients receive the care they need during the current Covid-19 pandemic when face- to- face access with medical professionals is limited.

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Protecting the kidneys from failing

Researchers from the University of Tsukuba identified the protein MafB as a key molecular actor in the development of FSGS. They showed that MafB-lacking mice develop FSGS and that treatment of FSGS mice with atRA, an agent known to induce the production of MafB, partially reversed the development of the disease. These findings provide new insights into a potential novel therapeutic target for FSG

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Study links malaria risk in deforestation hotspots to demand for agricultural commodities

A paper recently published in Nature Communications is the first to show a connection between demand from certain developed countries for agricultural commodities and the growing risk of malaria in the countries that supply those goods. The study was conducted by scientists affiliated with the School of Public Health of the University of São Paulo (FSP-USP) in Brazil and colleagues at the Universi

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Study links malaria risk in deforestation hotspots to demand for agricultural commodities

A paper recently published in Nature Communications is the first to show a connection between demand from certain developed countries for agricultural commodities and the growing risk of malaria in the countries that supply those goods. The study was conducted by scientists affiliated with the School of Public Health of the University of São Paulo (FSP-USP) in Brazil and colleagues at the Universi

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New study reveals cracks beneath giant, methane gushing craters

A paper published in Science in 2017 described hundreds of massive, kilometer-wide craters on the ocean floor in the Barents Sea. Today, more than 600 gas flares have been identified in and around these craters, releasing the greenhouse gas steadily into the water column. Another study, published the same year in PNAS, mapped several methane mounds, some 500 meters wide, in the Barents Sea. The mo

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Combat drone to compete against piloted plane

The US Air Force will pit an advanced autonomous aircraft against a piloted plane in tests.

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Astronomers warn 'wilderness' of southern night sky at risk from SpaceX satellites

Stargazing under threat as pristine skies over New Zealand and Australia fill with scores of Starlink satellites Astronomers in the southern hemisphere have warned that the wonders of the night sky are at risk from hundreds of satellites that have been shot into space by Elon Musk's company SpaceX. The night skies of Australia and New Zealand are globally renowned for their clarity, drawing touri

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Excess UK deaths blamed on undiagnosed coronavirus cases

ONS study explains why rise in toll since outbreak started far exceeds official Covid-19 mortality numbers

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Fighting mosquito-borne viruses requires a precise balance of immune cells

In a new study, published June 5, 2020, in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, scientists at La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) shows that antibodies against JEV are 'cross-reactive' and can also recognize Zika virus. Unfortunately, these antibodies can actually make Zika cases more severe. The research, conducted in mice, is the first to show that T cells can counteract this dangerous phen

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Chance of finding young Earth-like planets higher than previously thought

Research from the University of Sheffield has found that the chance of finding Earth-like planets in their early stages of formation is much higher than previously thought.

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Nobel prizewinners have different career patterns than peers

Are scientists who win Nobel Prizes different in key ways from their peer researchers? What happens to the quality of a scientist's work after they win a Nobel Prize?

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Can microbes mine for metals?

They're microscopic miners. Some species of aquatic bacteria draw in dissolved iron from their watery environment and store it in specialized compartments called magnetosomes. They use its magnetic properties to navigate, sort of like ancient mariners using a lodestone to keep their bearings.

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Clayborne Carson: Leaders turn protest into change

Leaderless, decentralized protest is both a strength and a weakness, historian and civil rights scholar Clayborne Carson argues. As spontaneous and loosely organized demonstrations against the death of George Floyd continue to erupt across the world, Carson has a message to activists: There needs to be some kind of leadership stating objectives of the current movement . As a student at UCLA in 19

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Can corporations be trusted after regulations are eased during the pandemic?

Around the start of the COVID-19 crisis, U.S. and European government officials decided to relax their usual vigilance of possible collusion among business interests. The authorities took this uncommon action of easing antitrust guidelines to in order to promote intercorporate cooperation to manufacture sorely needed supplies in the fight against the pandemic, especially medical equipment.

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Can microbes mine for metals?

They're microscopic miners. Some species of aquatic bacteria draw in dissolved iron from their watery environment and store it in specialized compartments called magnetosomes. They use its magnetic properties to navigate, sort of like ancient mariners using a lodestone to keep their bearings.

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Leaderless protest is a strength and weakness, scholar warns

As spontaneous and loosely organized demonstrations against the death of George Floyd continue to erupt across the world, Stanford historian and civil rights scholar Clayborn Carson has a message to activists: There needs to be some kind of leadership stating objectives of the current movement.

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Researchers experimentally prove flat mirror ability to focus light

For the first time, researchers of Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with teams from Taiwan and Spain have experimentally confirmed the flat focusing mirror effect, which they previously predicted. Physical properties of the effect and simplicity of its reproduction make it promising for application in microelectronics, photonics, and on-chip systems, where a single microcircuit functions as an

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Scientists iron out the physics of wrinkling

When we think of wrinkles, we usually envision the lines etched into our skin, for some an unwelcome reality and for others a proud sign of a life well-lived. In material science, wrinkles can also be either wanted or unwanted. But the physical factors that cause wrinkling to occur are not yet fully understood.

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Watch how social inequality impacts everything from health to longevity

Merging animal and people studies can clarify the role of social status in well-being

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Essential first aid tips for protesters

Stay hydrated and prepared for anything, even in the most peaceful of protests. (Julian Wan on Unsplash/) Even if you're planning on attending a peaceful protest, you should never assume you won't encounter dangerous situations while exercising your first amendment rights. We chatted with nurses and healthcare providers across the country to see what you absolutely need to keep on you and keep in

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Specialized Turbo Vado SL Equipped Review: Summer Fun Ride

The company's lightweight commuter electric bike amazingly doesn't feel like an ebike at all.

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Can't Go Out and Protest? Here's How to Help From Home

Whether you're trying to maintain your social distance or just looking for other ways to speak up, here are some other ideas on how to contribute.

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The Police's Military Tactics Turn Peaceful Protests Violent

Research shows that calm and negotiation, not excessive force, reduces damage. So why are officers still turning to tear gas?

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Mark Zuckerberg Is an Arbiter of Truth—Whether He Likes It or Not

Plus: Facebook in its early days, reasonable speech on the internet, and an overdue decision in Philadelphia.

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Chance of finding young Earth-like planets higher than previously thought

Research from the University of Sheffield has found that the chance of finding Earth-like planets in their early stages of formation is much higher than previously thought.

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Unemployment rate in US falls unexpectedly to 13.3%

Markets rally as economy adds 2.5m jobs in May after staff are recalled

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Would Lancet and NEJM retractions happen if not for COVID-19 and chloroquine?

NEJM and The Lancet retract two fake papers, one was dealing with chloroquine. Did we just get a brief glimpse into the fraudulent abyss of medical literature and the corruption of medical elites, briefly opened by the current COVID-19 situation?

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Replacement for PFAS found in soil in New Jersey

A team of researchers from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection has found evidence of chloroperfluoropolyether carboxylates (ClPFPECAs) in New Jersey soils. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes their efforts to test for PFAS replacements and to identify the compounds they have found. Steve Gold and Wendy

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Vulnerability of the UK's food supply chains exposed by COVID-19, study reveals

The UK has been left "dangerously dependent" on just two EU countries for its fresh vegetable imports, a new study on the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the UK food system has revealed.

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New data show Abbott's FreeStyle® Libre 14 day system significantly reduces costs associated with diabetes management and complications

New data show Abbott's freestyle® libre 14 day system significantly reduces costs associated with diabetes management and complications

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Deadly bacterial infection in pigs deciphered

The Clostridium perfringens bacterium is part of the large Clostridium genus which can cause various fatal illnesses in animals and humans. Clostridium infections are widespread. These bacteria are dangerous because they produce extremely strong poisons (toxins) which cause targeted damage to the host's cells. Dreaded diseases caused by Clostridium include botulism, tetanus, gas gangrene and intes

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Deadly bacterial infection in pigs deciphered

The Clostridium perfringens bacterium is part of the large Clostridium genus which can cause various fatal illnesses in animals and humans. Clostridium infections are widespread. These bacteria are dangerous because they produce extremely strong poisons (toxins) which cause targeted damage to the host's cells. Dreaded diseases caused by Clostridium include botulism, tetanus, gas gangrene and intes

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A new hybrid fungus is found in hospitals and linked to lung disease

From the mythical minotaur to the mule, creatures created from merging two or more distinct organisms – hybrids – have played defining roles in human history and culture. However, not all hybrids are as fantastic as the minotaur or as dependable as the mule; in fact, some of them cause human diseases.

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A new hybrid fungus is found in hospitals and linked to lung disease

From the mythical minotaur to the mule, creatures created from merging two or more distinct organisms – hybrids – have played defining roles in human history and culture. However, not all hybrids are as fantastic as the minotaur or as dependable as the mule; in fact, some of them cause human diseases.

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Is it possible to overcome our biases in the face of conflict?

The images in the media have been strong and often disturbing in the wake of George Floyd's death at the hands of Minneapolis police. We process them through our biases, both conscious and unconscious. That's the domain of Travis Dixon, who studies media stereotypes and their impact as a professor of communication at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He spoke with News Bureau social

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The day is dawning on a four-day work week

As we near the 100-day mark since the pandemic was declared, one area getting a significant attention is the workplace, where a window is opening for good ideas to move from the fringes to the mainstream.

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Big Tech's Role in Policing the Protests

This week, we discuss how tools developed in Silicon Valley are being used to erode the privacy and safety of citizens protesting police brutality.

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British Airways threatens legal action over UK quarantine plans

Willie Walsh, head of airline's parent company, says government's plans are 'terrible'

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Farewell, Amoeba Fans

This blog, though not its author, reaches the end of the line — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Why are big neutron stars like Tootsie Pops?

New instruments can generate maps of neutron stars in unprecedented detail, but physicists are still trying to figure out what lies beneath the surface. (NASA, NICER, GSFC's CI Lab/) The Earth is a balmy oasis in cosmos of raging extremes, and few bodies are more extreme than neutron stars. These objects form when stars of a certain mass die, and their cores collapse and cram a couple of suns wor

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'Invincible' material could light up soft robots

A new stretchy material called HELIOS could pave the way for flexible digital screens that heal cracks or light-emitting robots that locate survivors in dark, dangerous environments, researchers report. In light-emitting capacitor devices, the material enables highly visible illumination at much lower voltages than other similar materials. The HELIOS (which stands for Healable, Low-field Illumina

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The pandemic mixed up what scientists study – and some won't go back

Nature, Published online: 05 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01525-z Thousands of researchers have jumped into studying coronavirus and many want to continue: part 8 in a series on science after the pandemic.

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How a global ocean treaty could protect biodiversity in the high seas

Oceans cover 70 percent of the Earth's surface. But, because many of us spend most of our lives on land, the 362 million square kilometers of blue out there aren't always top of mind.

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How a global ocean treaty could protect biodiversity in the high seas

Oceans cover 70 percent of the Earth's surface. But, because many of us spend most of our lives on land, the 362 million square kilometers of blue out there aren't always top of mind.

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Spying a rare 'ring of fire' around Venus at inferior conjunction

Amazing things happen in the day-to-day sky that often go unnoticed during our normal routine. Just such a curious 'non-event' happened this week, when Venus reached inferior conjunction between the Earth and the sun on its race from the dusk to the dawn sky. And what's even more amazing is the fact that some skilled observers followed this passage and caught sight of Venus as a tiny blazing 'ring

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New study puts unusual forensic investigation technique to the test

Could household slime become a tool to help solve crimes? That's the question U of T Mississauga forensic science graduate Leanne Byrne (H. BSc, 2020) sought to answer in a recent study that tested a popular children's "slime" recipe as a technique to enhance the appearance of hard-to-see fingerprints in forensic investigations.

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Cosmic rays may be behind life's mirrored molecules

Cosmic rays may have left indelible imprint on early life, researchers report. They propose that the influence of cosmic rays on early life may explain nature's preference for a uniform "handedness" among biology's critical molecules. "We are irradiated all the time by cosmic rays." Before there were animals, bacteria, or even DNA on Earth, self-replicating molecules were slowly evolving their wa

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Thwarting deadly heart blockages with organic nanoparticles

Cardiovascular disease, which kills one Australian every 12 minutes, is caused by a hardening of the arteries due to abnormal deposits of fat and cholesterol (known as plaque) in the inner lining of the artery; a process known as atherosclerosis. When plaque deposits rupture, this can cause heart attacks and stroke. But what if the plaque could be prevented from rupturing using microscopic nanopar

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Suddenly one Spring

The BoE's Andrew Hauser on March's market madness.

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Abuse of shopworkers is on the rise—coronavirus brought it to our attention and now we need to act

A well-known mantra, "the customer is always right," was once regarded by retailers as good customer relations, but now many fear it has led to a culture in which consumers can freely subject shopworkers to verbal and physical abuse with impunity.

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Research explores how to build and maintain teams that will bounce back from adversity

As the coronavirus pandemic brings with it a number of enormous challenges, almost every team in every workplace is facing adversity, and some teams will recover more successfully than others. New research from the University of Delaware's Sal Mistry suggests that there are a few key steps that leaders can take to help their teams swim instead of sink through difficult times like these.

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New modeling approach helps laser glass design

Nd-doped phosphate glasses are used in high energy / high power laser applications due to their low nonlinear refractive index and high stimulated emission cross section. In order to ensure superior properties of laser glasses, the composition of practical laser glasses is complex. However, the traditional experimental method of composition fine-tuning to improve properties of glass is slow and la

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Russia says has stopped spread of Arctic fuel spill

Russia has managed to contain a massive diesel spill into a river in the Arctic, a spokeswoman for the emergencies ministry told AFP on Friday.

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Greening our grey cities: here's how green roofs and walls can flourish in Australia

Tomorrow is the first World Green Roof Day. Cities around the world will celebrate the well-documented environmental, economic and social benefits of green roofs. New ground-level green spaces are difficult to create in high-density urban areas. As a result, other forms of city greening—green roofs, green walls and vegetated facades—are increasingly popular.

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Why do protests turn violent? It's not just because people are desperate

We have seen ten days of protests in the United States over the death of George Floyd.

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Making sense of climate scenarios: Toolkit for decision-makers launched

To make climate scenarios work for decision-makers, an international team of researchers developed a comprehensive interactive online platform. It is the first of its kind to provide the tools to use those scenarios—from climate impacts to mitigation and energy options—to a broader public beyond science. The scenarios help policy makers and businesses, finance actors and civil society alike to ass

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CYCLIN-B1/2 and CYCLIN-D1 act in opposition to coordinate cortical stem cell self-renewal and lineage commitment

The capacity of a stem cell population to generate several distinct cell types in a temporally defined manner is fundamental to both organ development and homeostasis. To achieve this, stem cells must carefully balance self-renewal and commitment to cellular differentiation, but how this is regulated at the genetic level has remained unclear.

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The politics of pandemics: Why some countries respond better than others

The capacity of a state and the degree of economic inequality among its residents will determine how successful it is in coping effectively with a pandemic like COVID-19. Whether it is a democracy or a dictatorship matters relatively less, according to recent research by Wharton management professor Mauro Guillén.

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CYCLIN-B1/2 and CYCLIN-D1 act in opposition to coordinate cortical stem cell self-renewal and lineage commitment

The capacity of a stem cell population to generate several distinct cell types in a temporally defined manner is fundamental to both organ development and homeostasis. To achieve this, stem cells must carefully balance self-renewal and commitment to cellular differentiation, but how this is regulated at the genetic level has remained unclear.

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Less than 10% of people in Britain are immune to coronavirus. There's no room for mistakes | Rupert Beale

Covid-19 is is still a threat to most in Britain. If we allow it to spread now, a deadly second wave in winter could be the result Dr Rupert Beale heads the cell biology of infection laboratory at the Francis Crick Institute in London Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage The lockdown approach to combating Covid-19 has been undeniably effective. The surge in cases was stop

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Research finds being proactive reduces sense of job insecurity

New Curtin University research has found workers who proactively pursue career goals are less likely to suffer a sense of job insecurity when faced with employment uncertainty, as many are now due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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AI, AR, and the (Somewhat) Speculative Future of a Tech-Fueled FBI

A view of the Washington. DC, of tomorrow, excerpted from 'BURN-IN: A Novel of the Real Robotic Revolution.'

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Weed Sales on the Dark Web Surged Early in the Pandemic

Research shows that as Covid-19 lockdowns spread, people turned to internet dealers for their pot fix.

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Schools Turn to Surveillance Tech to Prevent Covid-19 Spread

Administrators hope tracking beacons will identify where students congregate and who should be isolated if someone contracts the coronavirus.

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The Role of Fantasy in Times of Radical Unrest

Protest is not solely about fighting for a new world—it is about the ability to envision the right one. This time, it will take a sustained belief in black futures.

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Noisy Cicadas Are Widely Misunderstood

The insects emerge only every 13 or 17 years, right? Not so — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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One Week to Save Democracy

In America's house divided, racism—its structures and its individual acts—is tearing us apart in what feel like irreparable ways. On top of that, more than 106,000 Americans are dead from a virus that's still raging, nearly 40 million others are unemployed, and hundreds of businesses as well as police buildings and vehicles are burning in American cities. As small but violent groups peddle conspi

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Will COVID-19 Kill the Routine Physical Exam?

A long-standing staple of conventional medical practice looks increasingly outdated — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Will COVID-19 Kill the Routine Physical Exam?

A long-standing staple of conventional medical practice looks increasingly outdated — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Noisy Cicadas Are Widely Misunderstood

The insects emerge only every 13 or 17 years, right? Not so — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Live Coronavirus Updates: Bleak Picture of Academic Loss

New research suggests that some will lose months or more of academic progress. Australia's prime minister warns about weekend protests.

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The first wave of Covid-19 is not over – but how might a second look?

The pandemic's future will be decided by human action and several unanswered questions about the nature of the virus Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Restaurants are opening, parks are full and people are getting back to work: parts of Europe, Asia and much of the Middle East are enjoying the benefits of flattened coronavirus curves. Meanwhile, parts of the US, India

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Noisy Cicadas Are Widely Misunderstood

The insects emerge only every 13 or 17 years, right? Not so — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Eleverna vill använda samiska men känner sig begränsade

Det handlar inte bara om styrdokument, utan också om vad individernas egna uppfattningar. Det konstaterar Kristina Belančić vid Umeå universitet efter att ha undersökt vad som påverkar hur samiska språket används i sameskolan. Hennes forskning visar att elever vill använda samiska men tycker sig ha begränsade möjligheter och svårt att utveckla både skrift- och talspråk. – Å ena sidan riskerar sam

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Defund the Police

What are the police for? Why are we paying for this? The death of George Floyd and the egregious, unprovoked acts of police violence at the peaceful protests following his death have raised these urgent questions. Police forces across America need root-to-stem changes—to their internal cultures, training and hiring practices, insurance, and governing regulations. Now a longtime demand from social

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No, coronavirus apps don't need 60% adoption to be effective

With dozens of digital contact tracing apps already rolled out worldwide, and many more on the way, how many people need to use them for the system to work? One number has come up over and over again: 60%. That's the percentage of the population that many public health authorities documented by MIT Technology Review's Covid Tracing Tracker say they are targeting as they attempt to protect their c

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Longest known comet tail stretched for over a billion kilometres

NASA's Cassini spacecraft crossed paths with the elongated tail of a comet in 2002, picking up hydrogen ions from over a billion kilometres away

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Long term care faclities are where most COVID-19 deaths occur

Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are a major driver of total COVID-19 deaths.

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Lessons for American Police From Hong Kong

The Atlantic HONG KONG—For most of last year, life here was intertwined with protests. Those not attending demonstrations might have found themselves caught in the middle of a police clearance operation, with officers chasing black-clad protesters into subway stations or around shopping malls. Large video boards hanging off skyscrapers occasionally carried live footage of marches just a few block

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Astronomers unveil the magnetic field of the solar corona

While the world has been dealing with the coronavirus pandemic, researchers at the University of Hawaiʻi Institute for Astronomy (IfA) have been hard at work studying the solar corona, the outermost atmosphere of the sun which expands into interplanetary space. This stream of charged particles radiating from the surface of the sun is called the solar wind and expands to fill the entire solar syste

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University recommends retraction of two computing papers for plagiarism

Following an investigation prompted by a whistleblower, a university in Australia has recommended that one of its researchers retract two papers, Retraction Watch has learned. The reviews, "Cryptography and State-of-the-art Techniques" and "An Advanced Survey on Cloud Computing and State-of-the-art Research Issues," were both published in 2012 in the International Journal of Computer Science Issue

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