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Honey as a Wound Treatment? Scientists Are Exploring Its Potential Healing Effects

Research on honey's antibacterial qualities could push this ancient remedy from alternative medicine into the mainstream.

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#BlackInNature: How Young Scientists are Pushing for Equality

Black Birders Week helped show the world that Black scientists exist in the great outdoors. Now participants hope to keep the conversation going.

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Author Correction: Hepatic stellate cells secrete Ccl5 to induce hepatocyte steatosis

Scientific Reports, Published online: 19 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-67553-x

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What if education was engaging for every student?

In 2012, I founded OpenStax as a then-radical solution to the Great Recession: Why not make college textbooks free for students? And why not make them open-licensed? Now we are faced with COVID-19, another crisis of enormous scale—and one that is once again underscoring the harsh inequities in our communities and accelerating the existing gap between the haves and the have-nots. Student engagemen

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Oleh Hornykiewicz, Who Pioneered Treatment for Parkinson's, Dies

The University of Toronto and University of Vienna pharmacologist developed L-dopa, a precursor to dopamine that remains the most widely used therapy for Parkinson's disease.

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What Minnesota's Protests Are Revealing About Covid-19 Spread

After George Floyd's killing, experts warned that demonstrations could set off new waves of infections. But early testing in Minneapolis tells another story.

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Fighting the COVID-19 pandemic through testing

Research labs are racing to develop innovative testing methods and overcome the bottlenecks to more widespread testing, which is crucial to controlling the spread of the disease.

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Insecure Is Finally Growing Up

It was a sexual misfire that first broke me. I'd been coasting along, appreciating the low-stakes ebbs and flows of HBO's Insecure , when suddenly the problem was right in my face. Well, rather it was in Issa's. Midway through Season 2 of the series, which follows a group of black Millennials meandering through adulthood in Los Angeles, Insecure 's protagonist was ready to shake things up. Still

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Discovery of widely available abyssal rock patches reveals overlooked habitat type and prompts rethinking deep-sea biodiversity [Ecology]

Habitat heterogeneity and species diversity are often linked. On the deep seafloor, sediment variability and hard-substrate availability influence geographic patterns of species richness and turnover. The assumption of a generally homogeneous, sedimented abyssal seafloor is at odds with the fact that the faunal diversity in some abyssal regions exceeds that…

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Bond-breaking induced Lifshitz transition in robust Dirac semimetal VAI3 [Physics]

Topological electrons in semimetals are usually vulnerable to chemical doping and environment change, which restricts their potential application in future electronic devices. In this paper, we report that the type-II Dirac semimetal VAl3 hosts exceptional, robust topological electrons which can tolerate extreme change of chemical composition. The Dirac electrons remain…

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Economic and social consequences of human mobility restrictions under COVID-19 [Physics]

In response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, several national governments have applied lockdown restrictions to reduce the infection rate. Here we perform a massive analysis on near–real-time Italian mobility data provided by Facebook to investigate how lockdown strategies affect economic conditions of individuals and local governments. We model…

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Imaging oxygenation of retinal capillaries with depth resolution [Commentaries]

The inner retina has a three-tiered vascular supply, with capillary beds stratifying in the nerve fiber layer/ganglion cell layer, the inner plexiform layer, and the outer plexiform layer (1). While this trilaminar architecture likely functions to serve the metabolic needs of individual retinal layers, we do not know how metabolism…

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NASA Will Allow SpaceX to Reuse Rockets and Capsules for Astronaut Launches

SpaceX and NASA made history a few weeks ago when astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley lifted off on their way to the International Space Station (ISS). Unlike all past astronaut launches, Behnken and Hurley flew aboard a privately developed spacecraft launched from the US as part of NASA's Commercial Crew Program. The Falcon 9 rocket and Crew Dragon capsule used for that launch were shiny and

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Half of the Earth is still free from human impact, but it's not all good news

Deserts are some of the least touched biomes (Pixabay/) The idea of reserving half of the Earth for nature has been gaining traction among conservationists in recent years. Organizations like Nature Needs Half are pushing to protect 50 percent of the planet's lands by 2030, saying it's necessary to preserve biodiversity. That enormous area may seem impossible given all we've done to the planet, b

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The Pentagon Is Worried a Space Nuke Will Fry Its Satellites

Space Nukes The U.S. Department of Defense released a new space strategy report on Wednesday. I n it, the military revealed that it's concerned that nukes detonated in space could wipe out its fleet of satellites. It's not a new concern, since space nukes were originally banned in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. But all the same, Business Insider reports that the Pentagon is particularly concerned t

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UC Davis study details use of extreme risk protection orders in Calif. over first four years

The population-based study is one of the first to detail the early use of ERPOs in California. The policies help fill a gap in violence prevention efforts by allowing individuals to intervene when someone who is not prohibited from owning a firearm poses an immediate risk of violence to themselves or others.

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Are planets with oceans common in the galaxy? It's likely, NASA scientists find

Several years ago, planetary scientist Lynnae Quick began to wonder whether any of the more than 4,000 known exoplanets, or planets beyond our solar system, might resemble some of the watery moons around Jupiter and Saturn.

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Mayo finds convalescent plasma safe for diverse patients with COVID-19

Mayo Clinic researchers and collaborators have found investigational convalescent plasma to be safe following transfusion in a diverse group of 20,000 patients. The findings — from the US Food and Drug Administration's Expanded Access Program for COVID-19 — are reported in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Trump Is Losing Credit Where He May Soon Need It Most

Today, President Trump tweeted a bewildered question about the latest Supreme Court decision against him: "Do you get the impression the Supreme Court doesn't like me?" Thousands of people on Twitter promptly tweeted back, "It's not about you!" Yet the president's self-involved question touched on a truth. The Supreme Court's decision in the latest immigration case did reveal something about the

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Hubble Captures Heartbreaking Images of Dying Stars

A new study sheds reveals the spectacular final stages of stars nearing the end of their lives. Using fresh observations of two distant nebulas collected in multi-wavelength form by NASA's Hubble space telescope, a team of astronomers made several new discoveries about what stars go through as they die. "These new multi-wavelength Hubble observations provide the most comprehensive view to date of

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The Parkinson's disease gut has an overabundance of opportunistic pathogens

In 2003, Heiko Braak proposed that Parkinson's disease is caused by a pathogen in the gut that could pass through the intestinal mucosal barrier and spread to the brain through the nervous system. Until now, no evidence of a specific pathogen that may trigger PD was found; now researchers report for the first time a significant overabundance of a cluster of opportunistic pathogens in the PD gut.

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Information recorded over time in medical records tells more about diseases

A new study describes an approach that uses machine learning, a type of artificial intelligence, to carefully track patients' medical records over time in EHRs to predict their likelihood of having or developing different diseases.

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COVID-19 news from Annals of Internal Medicine

Living practice points from ACP: advice on use of N95, surgical, and cloth masks to prevent COVID-19.

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Pollutionwatch: air quality benefits of lockdown continue

There was an average decrease of 31% in nitrogen dioxide levels on London's roads The start of the UK lockdown brought news of reduced air pollution . Did it last? Measurements from London show that initial improvements in nitrogen dioxide from traffic continued into April and May. Compared with the first 11 weeks of 2020 before lockdown, there was an average decrease of 31% on the capital's road

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Vær opmærksom på hedeslag: Disse hunde klarer sommervarmen dårligst

Kort snude og høj vægt er blandt risikofaktorerne for alvorlig overophedning.

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Smithsonian Scientists Bring the Planets to the Public

A pair of researchers at the National Air and Space Museum want everyone to be able to tour the solar system

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Scientists Take Aim at Another Coronavirus Study in a Major Journal

A report on masks relied on unfounded assumptions, researchers charged, and the authors were permitted to choose their own reviewers.

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One press release on OSHA violations yields compliance equal to 210 inspections

A single press release naming a company that has violated workplace health and safety regulations can result in a 73 percent improvement in compliance by other facilities, a Duke researcher finds.

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New research shows tiny, decoy 'sponges' attract coronavirus away from lung cells

New nanotechnology tested at BU's NEIDL stops SARS-CoV-2 from infecting cells and replicating.

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Popular doesn't mean influential among Cambodian farmers

Published in the International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, their research examined the role of social network brokers – well-connected individuals within a community – in the adoption of innovative farming practices in Battambang Province in North-Western Cambodia. The authors, Dr Petr Matous, Junjian Zhang and Associate Professor Daniel Tan found that less popular farmers were better

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Popular doesn't mean influential among Cambodian farmers

It's become common practice for NGOs and environmental development agencies to use 'influencers' for the roll out of environmentally sustainable farming practices, but this isn't always the most effective method, say social network analysts from the University of Sydney.

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The Trump Administration's Incompetence Was the Saving Grace of 700,000 Dreamers

In a bravura interagency pageant of incompetence, the Trump administration managed today to wrest defeat from the jaws of victory. The Supreme Court decided in favor of the "Dreamers" in Department of Homeland Security v. Regents of the University of California , the blockbuster case weighing the fate of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program announced in 2012 by the Obama admi

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Roberts Wanted Minimal Competence, but Trump Couldn't Deliver

Two years ago, Chief Justice John Roberts gave the Trump administration a very important piece of advice: When you come to the Supreme Court, you need to do your homework. In his majority opinion sanctioning the Trump administration's travel ban, Roberts disregarded Trump's public statements that "Islam hates us," and that America has problems "with Muslims coming into the country," because the u

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New Plan to Deflect Killer Asteroids: Tie Their Shoelaces Together

See You Next Fall If it comes down to stopping a killer asteroid before it ends life on Earth, a technique similar to a classic schoolyard prank might be what saves the world. Basically, scientists suggest tethering the inbound killer asteroid to another one, according to research published last month in The European Physical Journal Special Topics . Doing so would send both objects careening awa

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This New RNA-Based Health Intelligence Service Is the Ultimate Gut Health Tool

When it comes to living a happy and fulfilling life, the importance of good health cannot be overstated. Though it's not an end in itself, good health helps make all the things that really matter possible. So what steps are you taking to make sure your health is as strong as it possibly can be? Thanks to decades of advanced scientific research, today we know more about the foundations of good hea

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Planets must be formed early, study finds

Scientists have found evidence that planets form in a blink of an eye on a cosmic scale. New results, obtained using the combined power of Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and Very Large Array (VLA), show that very young disks, with ages of between 0.1—0.5 million years, have more than enough pieces to assemble planetary systems.

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'Nanotorch' highlights ultrafast biochemical reactions

Life depends on remarkable arrays of biochemical reactions. Understanding the workings of biomolecules involves real-time monitoring of these reactions. Happening in only tiny fractions of a millisecond, this is very difficult even with highly sensitive optical instruments. Therefore, Ph.D. researcher Yuyang Wang uses a 'plasmonic nanotorch," a single metal nanoparticle that illuminates single flu

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Artificial intelligence could revolutionize sea ice warnings

Today, large resources are used to provide vessels in the polar seas with warnings about the spread of sea ice. Artificial intelligence may make these warnings cheaper, faster, and available for everyone.

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Genetic variation may affect bacterial composition and healing of wounds

Genetic variability across patients might play an important role in shaping the microbiome composition of wounds, thereby influencing the healing process, according to a new study.

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Hookworm trial offers new hope to MS patients

Parasitic worms could offer a new treatment hope for patients suffering from the autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis, according to experts.

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New Argentine fossils uncover history of celebrated conifer group

Newly unearthed, surprisingly well-preserved conifer fossils from Patagonia, Argentina, show that an endangered and celebrated group of tropical West Pacific trees has roots in the ancient supercontinent that once comprised Australia, Antarctica and South America, according to an international team of researchers.

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The Brain Interprets Smell like the Notes of a Song

The sequence in which clusters of olfactory neurons switch on can evoke the smell of an apple instead of a pear — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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How cells' 'lava lamp' effect could make cancer drugs more powerful

Nature, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01838-z Discovery that synthetic compounds form concentrated droplets inside cells could shake up drug development — including the hunt for coronavirus treatments.

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New study: Publicizing OSHA violations increases compliance

A single press release naming a company that has violated workplace health and safety regulations can result in a 73 percent improvement in compliance by other facilities, a Duke researcher finds in a study published in the American Economic Review. 'OSHA would have to conduct an additional 210 inspections to elicit the same improvement in compliance as sparked by a single press release about seve

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Scientists working to make molecule-sized robots swarm together to perform tasks

Multi-disciplinary research has led to the innovative fabrication of molecule-sized robots. Scientists are now advancing their efforts to make these robots interact and work together in the millions, explains a review in the journal Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

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Left over right: Communicative auditory processing from mice to men

The terms "left" and "right", if not used to give directions, are often evoked to describe a preference. You might prefer to kick with your right leg, or throw with your right arm, or lead with your right foot on your skateboard or surfboard. Political convictions often lean left or right. And then there's handedness, […]

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US cities with pro sports see more flu deaths

Sports leagues may want to consider calling a timeout on reopening their doors to fans, based on new research that links an uptick in seasonal flu deaths to US cities with pro sports teams.

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Scientists decode how the brain senses smell

Scientists have further decoded how mammalian brains perceive odors and distinguish one smell from thousands of others.

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Natural fluid injections triggered Cahuilla earthquake swarm

Scientists generated a catalog of 22,000 seismic events from a four-year period to reveal the structure of an active fault zone.

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Achievement isn't why more men are majoring in physics, engineering and computer science

Researchers have found that the reason there are more undergraduate men than women majoring in physics, engineering and computer science is not because men are higher achievers. On the contrary, the scholars found that men with very low high-school GPAs in math and science and very low SAT math scores were choosing these math-intensive majors just as often as women with much higher math and scienc

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Listen: Serenity Now

On the latest episode of the podcast Social Distance , staff writer James Hamblin and executive producer Katherine Wells are joined by the public theologian Ekemini Uwan, who explains the idea of "radical acceptance." Listen to the episode here: Subscribe to Social Distance on Apple Podcasts , Spotify , or another podcast platform to receive new episodes as soon as they're published. What follows

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Vinslot mellem fjord og snedækkede fjelde: Klimaforandringer gør det utænkelige muligt

2.500 kilometer nord for franske Bordeaux dyrker nordmændene vin.

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Researchers make new discovery on the molecular structure of natural products

Researchers from the Institute of Molecular Science (ICMol) of the University of Valencia have managed to synthesize a new porous material that makes it possible to encapsulate a series of active principles of natural substances and determine their chemical structure by using X-ray diffraction. This will allow for the future characterisation of natural products, hitherto unknown, and to reveal the

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Researchers discover unique material design for brain-like computations

Over the past few decades, computers have seen dramatic progress in processing power; however, even the most advanced computers are relatively rudimentary in comparison with the complexities and capabilities of the human brain.

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Scientists unlock secrets of Ethiopia's superfood in race to save it from warming climate

Teff, an ancient grain originally from Ethiopia, is a staple crop for 50 million people in the country. It is also increasingly popular worldwide, touted as a superfood for its gluten-free, high fiber and protein, and low-sugar properties.

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The Brain Interprets Smell like the Notes of a Song

The sequence in which clusters of olfactory neurons switch on can evoke the smell of an apple instead of a pear — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Scientists unlock secrets of Ethiopia's superfood in race to save it from warming climate

Teff, an ancient grain originally from Ethiopia, is a staple crop for 50 million people in the country. It is also increasingly popular worldwide, touted as a superfood for its gluten-free, high fiber and protein, and low-sugar properties.

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Researchers make new discovery on the molecular structure of natural products

Researchers from the Institute of Molecular Science (ICMol) of the University of Valencia have managed to synthesize a new porous material that makes it possible to encapsulate a series of active principles of natural substances and determine their chemical structure by using X-ray diffraction. This will allow for the future characterisation of natural products, hitherto unknown, and to reveal the

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The Brain Interprets Smell like the Notes of a Song

The sequence in which clusters of olfactory neurons switch on can evoke the smell of an apple instead of a pear — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Rise of measles linked with emergence of large cities 2500 years ago

A 110-year-old measles genome has helped date the origin of the disease to about 500 BC, which is roughly when humans began living in cities with large populations

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Ministers show how world beating they are all over again | John Crace

From Hancock being forced to bin the test and trace app to Raab's BLM gaffe, who can rival the cabinet for incompetence? For months now the government has been prefacing all its coronavirus briefings as world-beating when the only thing in which we appeared to be global leaders was our mortality rates. But now I'm beginning to think Boris Johnson and his cabinet may have been on to something afte

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Hubble provides holistic view of stars gone haywire

As nuclear fusion engines, most stars live placid lives for hundreds of millions to billions of years. But near the end of their lives they can turn into crazy whirligigs, puffing off shells and jets of hot gas. Hubble has dissected such crazy fireworks in two nearby young planetary nebulas.

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Sedentary behavior independently predicts cancer mortality

In the first study to look at objective measures of sedentary behavior and cancer mortality, researchers found that greater inactivity was independently associated with a higher risk of dying from cancer.

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Studying the Neanderthal DNA found in modern humans using stem cells and organoids

Protocols that allow the transformation of human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines into organoids have changed the way scientists can study developmental processes and enable them to decipher the interplay between genes and tissue formation, particularly for organs where primary tissue is not available. Now, investigators are taking this technology and applying it to study the development

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US cities with pro sports see more flu deaths

Sports leagues may want to consider calling a timeout on reopening their doors to fans, based on new West Virginia University-led research that links an uptick in seasonal flu deaths to US cities with pro sports teams.

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Hubble provides holistic view of stars gone haywire

As nuclear fusion engines, most stars live placid lives for hundreds of millions to billions of years. But near the end of their lives they can turn into crazy whirligigs, puffing off shells and jets of hot gas. Hubble has dissected such crazy fireworks in two nearby young planetary nebulas.

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Biologist Lynika Strozier Dies

The Field Museum researcher and biology instructor, who died of complications associated with COVID-19, used DNA sequencing to identify new species of plants and birds.

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You May Have Antibodies After Coronavirus Infection. But Not for Long.

Antibodies to the virus faded quickly in asymptomatic people, scientists reported. That does not mean immunity disappears.

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My Soccer Fandom Is Out of Shape

Here we go, here we go, here we rather clankingly and disconnectedly go. And you can't say there isn't a bit of an atmosphere. The rain—Manchester rain, Industrial Revolution rain—is lashing down, fuming down, making a bodiless, roaring sound as it hits the empty bowl of the stadium. The players strut, scowl, looking nervous and thespian. Some of them, in this gleaming, gushing emptiness, appear

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The Books Briefing: The Possibilities and Limits of Freedom

Juneteenth, the holiday celebrating when enslaved Americans in Texas learned of their freedom—two and half years after Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation became effective—offers a moment for reflection. Tomorrow it occurs amid the fog of a pandemic that is disproportionately killing black people and renewed protests against the brutality that police inflict on black Americans—emphasizing

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An expert explains what 'Abolish the Police' really means

People are talking a lot about abolishing police lately, but what does that mean? We spoke with an expert on the subject, who reveals the nuance in the idea. Like any broad concept, there are a diversity of ideas expressed in the slogan. Unless you've been living under a rock, you are undoubtedly aware that Americans are taking to the streets in opposition to police brutality in the wake of the d

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Uncovering the genetic basis of hermaphroditism in grapes, the trait that allowed domestication

Plant experts at UC Davis have defined the genetic basis of sex determination in grapevines, one of the oldest and most valuable crops worldwide. In new research Dario Cantu and Mélanie Massonnet propose a novel model of sex evolution before and during grapevine domestication nearly 8,000 years ago. Their work could have broad application in breeding grapes and other plant species.

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Your Coronavirus Antibodies Might Fade After Just a Few Months

After your immune system fights off a disease, conventional wisdom dictates that your body builds up resistance to it in the future. Unfortunately, when it comes to COVID-19, the reality may be more complex. The main way that the immune system builds up resistance is by producing antibodies , which are proteins coded to hunt down specific pathogens. Sometimes, these antibodies fend off disease fo

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Coronavirus poses grave threat to Amazon's indigenous communities

Indigenous communities in the Peruvian Amazon have contracted covid-19, and the disease could reach uncontacted tribes, which are particularly vulnerable

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Governors Are Passing the Coronavirus Buck to Mayors

No one wants to catch the coronavirus. That goes just as much for policy makers, who don't want to have to handle it, as it does for ordinary citizens, who don't want to get sick from it. As case counts soar in Arizona and Texas, governors in those states are loosening restrictions on what local leaders can do to fight COVID-19 that they'd earlier imposed. By now, that may be too little and too l

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Sleep Hygiene Doesn't Cure Insomnia–Do This Instead

Sleep hygiene is so bad at treating insomnia that it's used as the placebo in clinical sleep trials. Before you buy darker blackout curtains, try these expert tips — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Brain Gene Tops the List for Making Humans, Human

In a study involving marmosets, a primate genetically similar to humans, researchers have come closer to understanding brain evolution

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Sleep Hygiene Doesn't Cure Insomnia–Do This Instead

Sleep hygiene is so bad at treating insomnia that it's used as the placebo in clinical sleep trials. Before you buy darker blackout curtains, try these expert tips — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Why science research still focuses mostly on males

A new study finds that though more females are included in experiments, sex-specific data often goes un-analyzed. Only about a third of studies analyzed published participant breakdown by sex. Some researchers say considering females more fully as research subjects is logistically too challenging. In 2016, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) issued a directive that scientists receiving NIH fu

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A Small Company Is Quietly Planning a Moon Mission Next Year

Moon Orbiter Aerospace startup Rocket Lab is planning a private mission to the Moon in 2021, The Verge reports — meaning that, if it's successful, it'll become the first-ever commercial lunar orbiter. The California-based aerospace startup is hoping to send its CAPSTONE spacecraft to orbit the Moon and to test out navigation systems, laying groundwork for future visits. The company isn't starting

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Measles origin finding could inform COVID-19 research

Virus genome sequencing study and comment published in Science. University of Sydney and University of Melbourne evolutionary scientists provide commentary on important new study.

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Achievement isn't why more men are majoring in physics, engineering and computer science

Researchers at New York University's Steinhardt School found that the reason there are more undergraduate men than women majoring in physics, engineering and computer science is not because men are higher achievers. On the contrary, the scholars found that men with very low high-school GPAs in math and science and very low SAT math scores were choosing these math-intensive majors just as often as

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Natural fluid injections triggered Cahuilla earthquake swarm

Scientists generated a catalog of 22,000 seismic events from a four-year period to reveal the structure of an active fault zone.

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Forests can be risky climate investments to offset greenhouse gas emissions

Given the tremendous ability of forests to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, some governments are counting on planted forests as offsets for greenhouse gas emissions — a sort of climate investment. As with any investment, however, it's important to understand the risks. If a forest goes bust–through severe droughts or wildfires, researchers say — much of that stored carbon could go up

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Forest loss escalates biodiversity change

New international research reveals the far-reaching impacts of forest cover loss on global biodiversity.

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Addressing the persistent gender gaps in some STEM pursuits

In a Policy Forum, Joseph Cimpian and colleagues identify blind spots in current educational policy designed to remedy gender inequity in STEM and argue that interventions may need to become more nuanced concerning student achievement.

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22,000 tiny tremblors illustrate 3D fault geometry and earthquake swarm evolution

By mapping the more than 22,000 tremblors, researchers composed a detailed, three-dimensional image of the complex fault structure below southern California's Cahuilla Valley.

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Optogenetic odors reveal the logic of olfactory perception

Using optogenetic control, researchers have created an electrical signature that is perceived as an odor in the brain's smell-processing center, the olfactory bulb, even though the odor does not exist.

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The origins of measles: Virus diverged from cattle-infecting relative earlier than thought in history

The measles virus diverged from a closely related cattle-infecting virus in approximately the sixth century BCE – around 1,400 years earlier than current estimates – according to a new study of dozens of measles genomes.

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Know the risks of investing in forests

Given the tremendous ability of forests to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, some governments are counting on planted forests as offsets for greenhouse gas emissions–a sort of climate investment. But as with any investment, it's important to understand the risks. If a forest goes bust, researchers say, much of that stored carbon could go up in smoke.

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Forest loss escalates biodiversity change

New international research reveals the far-reaching impacts of forest cover loss on global biodiversity.

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Human brain size gene triggers bigger brain in monkeys

Dresden and Japanese researchers show that a human-specific gene causes a larger neocortex in the common marmoset, a non-human primate.

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High school students build lockers for trip to the International Space Station

Pulling that final zipper closed on a stuffed suitcase or getting the tailgate of a packed car shut is a true feeling of victory at the start of any road trip. Sending supplies to the International Space Station—including on NASA's SpaceX Demo-2 test flight that launched the first astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley on SpaceX's Crew Dragon capsule May 30 from NASA's Kennedy Space Center i

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COVID-19 and cancer

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News at a glance

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Weather makers

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Tempting T cells

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Monitoring mitophagy

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Structure-based design of antiviral drug candidates targeting the SARS-CoV-2 main protease

SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) is the etiological agent responsible for the global COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) outbreak. The main protease of SARS-CoV-2, M pro , is a key enzyme that plays a pivotal role in mediating viral replication and transcription. We designed and synthesized two lead compounds ( 11a and 11b ) targeting M pro . Both exhibited excellent i

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Different genetic barriers for resistance to HA stem antibodies in influenza H3 and H1 viruses

The discovery and characterization of broadly neutralizing human antibodies (bnAbs) to the highly conserved stem region of influenza hemagglutinin (HA) have contributed to considerations of a universal influenza vaccine. However, the potential for resistance to stem bnAbs also needs to be more thoroughly evaluated. Using deep mutational scanning, with a focus on epitope residues, we found that th

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Landscape-scale forest loss as a catalyst of population and biodiversity change

Global biodiversity assessments have highlighted land-use change as a key driver of biodiversity change. However, there is little empirical evidence of how habitat transformations such as forest loss and gain are reshaping biodiversity over time. We quantified how change in forest cover has influenced temporal shifts in populations and ecological assemblages from 6090 globally distributed time se

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Making ultrastrong steel tough by grain-boundary delamination

Developing ultrahigh-strength steels that are ductile, fracture resistant, and cost effective would be attractive for a variety of structural applications. We show that improved fracture resistance in a steel with an ultrahigh yield strength of nearly 2 gigapascals can be achieved by activating delamination toughening coupled with transformation-induced plasticity. Delamination toughening associa

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Microfluidic electrochemistry for single-electron transfer redox-neutral reactions

Electrochemistry offers opportunities to promote single-electron transfer (SET) redox-neutral chemistries similar to those recently discovered using visible-light photocatalysis but without the use of an expensive photocatalyst. Herein, we introduce a microfluidic redox-neutral electrochemistry (μRN-eChem) platform that has broad applicability to SET chemistry, including radical-radical cross-cou

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3D fault architecture controls the dynamism of earthquake swarms

The vibrant evolutionary patterns made by earthquake swarms are incompatible with standard, effectively two-dimensional (2D) models for general fault architecture. We leverage advances in earthquake monitoring with a deep-learning algorithm to image a fault zone hosting a 4-year-long swarm in southern California. We infer that fluids are naturally injected into the fault zone from below and diffu

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Rapid implementation of mobile technology for real-time epidemiology of COVID-19

The rapid pace of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) presents challenges to the robust collection of population-scale data to address this global health crisis. We established the COronavirus Pandemic Epidemiology (COPE) Consortium to unite scientists with expertise in big data research and epidemiology to develo

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Measles virus and rinderpest virus divergence dated to the sixth century BCE

Many infectious diseases are thought to have emerged in humans after the Neolithic revolution. Although it is broadly accepted that this also applies to measles, the exact date of emergence for this disease is controversial. We sequenced the genome of a 1912 measles virus and used selection-aware molecular clock modeling to determine the divergence date of measles virus and rinderpest virus. This

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T cells with dysfunctional mitochondria induce multimorbidity and premature senescence

The effect of immunometabolism on age-associated diseases remains uncertain. In this work, we show that T cells with dysfunctional mitochondria owing to mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) deficiency act as accelerators of senescence. In mice, these cells instigate multiple aging-related features, including metabolic, cognitive, physical, and cardiovascular alterations, which together res

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Information arms race explains plant-herbivore chemical communication in ecological communities

Plants emit an extraordinary diversity of chemicals that provide information about their identity and mediate their interactions with insects. However, most studies of this have focused on a few model species in controlled environments, limiting our capacity to understand plant-insect chemical communication in ecological communities. Here, by integrating information theory with ecological and evo

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Structural evidence for a dynamic metallocofactor during N2 reduction by Mo-nitrogenase

The enzyme nitrogenase uses a suite of complex metallocofactors to reduce dinitrogen (N 2 ) to ammonia. Mechanistic details of this reaction remain sparse. We report a 1.83-angstrom crystal structure of the nitrogenase molybdenum-iron (MoFe) protein captured under physiological N 2 turnover conditions. This structure reveals asymmetric displacements of the cofactor belt sulfurs (S2B or S3A and S5

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Partitioning of cancer therapeutics in nuclear condensates

The nucleus contains diverse phase-separated condensates that compartmentalize and concentrate biomolecules with distinct physicochemical properties. Here, we investigated whether condensates concentrate small-molecule cancer therapeutics such that their pharmacodynamic properties are altered. We found that antineoplastic drugs become concentrated in specific protein condensates in vitro and that

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Undergrads in charge

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Manipulating synthetic optogenetic odors reveals the coding logic of olfactory perception

How does neural activity generate perception? Finding the combinations of spatial or temporal activity features (such as neuron identity or latency) that are consequential for perception remains challenging. We trained mice to recognize synthetic odors constructed from parametrically defined patterns of optogenetic activation, then measured perceptual changes during extensive and controlled pertu

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Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses of encapsulated stable perovskite solar cells

Although perovskite solar cells have produced remarkable energy conversion efficiencies, they cannot become commercially viable without improvements in durability. We used gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to reveal signature volatile products of the decomposition of organic hybrid perovskites under thermal stress. In addition, we were able to use GC-MS to confirm that a low-cost polym

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Meissner corpuscles and their spatially intermingled afferents underlie gentle touch perception

Meissner corpuscles are mechanosensory end organs that densely occupy mammalian glabrous skin. We generated mice that selectively lacked Meissner corpuscles and found them to be deficient in both perceiving the gentlest detectable forces acting on glabrous skin and fine sensorimotor control. We found that Meissner corpuscles are innervated by two mechanoreceptor subtypes that exhibit distinct res

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Climate-driven risks to the climate mitigation potential of forests

Forests have considerable potential to help mitigate human-caused climate change and provide society with many cobenefits. However, climate-driven risks may fundamentally compromise forest carbon sinks in the 21st century. Here, we synthesize the current understanding of climate-driven risks to forest stability from fire, drought, biotic agents, and other disturbances. We review how efforts to us

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Tempting T cells

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E.P.A. Won't Regulate Toxic Compound Linked to Fetal Brain Damage

The move was widely expected after The New York Times reported last month that the agency's administrator had decided to effectively defy a court order.

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Daily briefing: Some dinosaurs laid soft-shelled eggs

Nature, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01858-9 Intriguing fossil eggs challenge long-held tenets of reproductive evolution, a record-breaking heatwave in Siberia, and US coronavirus complacency worries scientists.

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An artificial skin oozes 'sweat' through tiny pores

Nature, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01832-5 A coating made of liquid crystals perspires a drug-laced liquid.

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Stunning new Hubble images reveal stars gone haywire

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope demonstrates its full range of imaging capabilities with two new images of planetary nebulae. The images depict two nearby young planetary nebulae, NGC 6302, dubbed the Butterfly Nebula, and NGC 7027. Both are among the dustiest planetary nebulae known and both contain unusually large masses of gas, which made them an interesting pair for study in parallel by a

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Use of forests to offset carbon emissions requires an understanding of the risks

Given the tremendous ability of forests to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, some governments are counting on planted forests as offsets for greenhouse gas emissions—a sort of climate investment. But as with any investment, it's important to understand the risks. If a forest goes bust, researchers say, much of that stored carbon could go up in smoke.

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Forest loss escalates biodiversity change

New international research reveals the far-reaching impacts of forest cover loss on global biodiversity.

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Achievement isn't why more men are majoring in physics, engineering and computer science

While some STEM majors have a one-to-one male-to-female ratio, physics, engineering and computer science (PECS) majors consistently have some of the largest gender imbalances among U.S. college majors—with about four men to every woman in the major. In a new study published today in the peer-reviewed research journal, Science, NYU researchers find that this disparity is not caused by higher math o

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Natural fluid injections triggered Cahuilla earthquake swarm

A naturally occurring injection of underground fluids drove a four-year-long earthquake swarm near Cahuilla, California, according to a new seismological study that utilizes advances in earthquake monitoring with a machine-learning algorithm. In contrast to mainshock/aftershock sequences, where a large earthquake is followed by many smaller aftershocks, swarms typically do not have a single stando

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Forest loss escalates biodiversity change

New international research reveals the far-reaching impacts of forest cover loss on global biodiversity.

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Researchers Make Mice Smell Odors that Aren't Really There

Using optogenetics, scientists have simulated the sense of smell directly within the mouse brain to investigate the nature of olfactory perception.

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Den första mässlingsepidemin uppstod i Mesopotamiens storstäder

Analys av en över hundra år gammal mässlingsvirus-stam visar nu att mässlingen har funnits i 2500 år. Då bodde människor för första gången i städer som hade mer än en kvarts miljon invånare. Spela klippet och titta in i samlingarna i källaren på det gamla Charité-sjukhuset i Berlin.

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This Giant Battery Is Powered by Compressed Air

Air Power In order to make renewable energy more efficient, a U.K. power company is building a giant energy storage facility that uses compressed air to store energy like a giant battery. When the facility is complete, it will use surplus electricity to compress a giant air tank so much that the air turns into a liquid, The Guardian reports . The air can then be decompressed to power a giant turb

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Study shows sedentary behavior independently predicts cancer mortality

In the first study to look at objective measures of sedentary behavior and cancer mortality, researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center found that greater inactivity was independently associated with a higher risk of dying from cancer.

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Covid-19 news: NHS Test and Trace still not reaching enough contacts

The latest coronavirus news updated every day including coronavirus cases, the latest news, features and interviews from New Scientist and essential information about the covid-19 pandemic

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Coronavirus Antibody Tests Have a Mathematical Pitfall

The accuracy of screening tests is highly dependent on the infection rate — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Researchers make next-generation, high-toughness battery component

By combining a ceramic material with graphene, engineers have made what they say is the toughest solid electrolyte built to date.

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New research leads to drones changing shape mid-flight

Engineers have developed autonomous air vehicles that can change shape during flight.

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The Big Story: Putin's Plan for the Next Election

Join Atlantic staff writers Franklin Foer and McKay Coppins for a live conversation about Putin's mission and what's at stake for American democracy.

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Stunning new hubble images reveal stars gone haywire

The NASA/Hubble Space Telescope demonstrates its full range of imaging capabilities with two new images of planetary nebulae. The images depict two nearby young planetary nebulae, NGC 6302, dubbed the Butterfly Nebula, and NGC 7027. Both are among the dustiest planetary nebulae known and both contain unusually large masses of gas, which made them an interesting pair for study in parallel by a team

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Researchers create a photographic film of a molecular switch

Molecular switches—they are the molecular counterparts of electrical switches and play an important role in many processes in nature. Such molecules can reversibly interconvert between two or more states and thereby control molecular processes. In living organisms, for example, they play a role in muscle contraction but also our visual perception is based on the dynamics of a molecular switch in t

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Vapor fix lifts up perovskite crystal performance

A simple and noninvasive treatment could become a prime post-crystallization process to optimize the optoelectronic properties of hybrid perovskite solar cell materials.

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Researchers identify key steps in development of kidneys

The discovery of how certain key structures in the kidneys are formed could have important implications for treating renal fibrosis (or scarring), a feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a new study by a researcher at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).

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Researchers create a photographic film of a molecular switch

Molecular switches—they are the molecular counterparts of electrical switches and play an important role in many processes in nature. Such molecules can reversibly interconvert between two or more states and thereby control molecular processes. In living organisms, for example, they play a role in muscle contraction but also our visual perception is based on the dynamics of a molecular switch in t

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Researchers identify key steps in development of kidneys

The discovery of how certain key structures in the kidneys are formed could have important implications for treating renal fibrosis (or scarring), a feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a new study by a researcher at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).

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Researchers make next-generation, high-toughness battery component

A team of Brown University researchers has found a way to double the toughness of a ceramic material used to make solid-state lithium ion batteries. The strategy, described in the journal Matter, could be useful in bringing solid-state batteries to the mass market.

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New Argentine fossils uncover history of celebrated conifer group

Newly unearthed, surprisingly well-preserved conifer fossils from Patagonia, Argentina, show that an endangered and celebrated group of tropical West Pacific trees has roots in the ancient supercontinent that once comprised Australia, Antarctica and South America, according to an international team of researchers.

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To Boost Renewable Energy, Australia Looks to Water and Gravity

Pumped storage hydropower could store intermittent energy from wind and solar power to de-carbonize the nation's electricity supply — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Scientists Grow Petri Dish Mini-Brains With Neanderthal DNA

Neanderthal Mini-Brains To study how early humans related to the ancient human subspecies known as Neanderthals, CNN reports , a team of European scientists grew mini-brains from human stem cells that contain Neanderthal DNA and proteins. "We were curious how much of the Neanderthal genome could be explored if you just have access to stem cells from the right people," Grayson Camp, lead author of

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Homeless patients are more likely to be readmitted to a hospital within 30 days

Patients who are homeless are far more likely than housed individuals to be readmitted to a hospital within 30 or 90 days of their discharge, according to a new study of inpatient data from Florida, Massachusetts and New York. The team of researchers found the most glaring disparity in Florida, where the 30-day readmission rate among homeless patients was 11 percentage points higher than the rate

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Coronavirus: 13-day-old baby becomes one of UK's youngest victims

Newborn with no underlying health conditions among 135 newly reported deaths Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage A 13-day old baby, understood to have no underlying health conditions, has died from Covid-19, NHS England has reported. The newborn is thought to be one of youngest victims of the disease in the UK. Continue reading…

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African lion counts miss the mark, but new method shows promise

The current technique used for counting lion populations for research and conservation efforts doesn't add up, according to a researcher. He has been investigating new methods of photographing and reviewing data to count lions.

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Researchers shed new light on solar flares

Plasma astrophysicists have created the first self-consistent simulation of the physical processes that occur during a solar flare. The researchers used supercomputers and a new combination of physical models.

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How TikTok's 'For You' Algorithm Works

For the first time, the social media company is opening up about its most mysterious feature.

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Researchers discover unique material design for brain-like computations

Over the past few decades, computers have seen dramatic progress in processing power; however, even the most advanced computers are relatively rudimentary in comparison with the complexities and capabilities of the human brain.

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UAlberta clinician-scientists identify pink eye as possible primary symptom of COVID-19

A case of pink eye is now reason to be tested for COVID-19, according to University of Alberta researchers. Coughing, fever and difficulty breathing are common symptoms of the illness, but a recent case study involving an Edmonton woman and published in the Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology has determined that conjunctivitis and keratoconjunctivitis can also be primary symptoms.

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Researchers create a photographic film of a molecular switch

Molecular switches are the molecular counterparts of electrical switches and play an important role in many processes in nature. Nanotechnologist now produced a photographic film at the atomic level and thus tracked the motion of a molecular building block. The result was a light-controlled 'pedalo-type motion', going forward and backward. The study has been published in the "The Journal of Physic

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Researchers make next-generation, high-toughness battery component

By combining a ceramic material with graphene, Brown University engineers have made what they say is the toughest solid electrolyte built to date.

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Hvad er der mon inde i midten af en neutronstjerne?

PLUS. Neutronstjerner er blandt de mest kompakte objekter i universet. De består, som navnet siger, af neutroner. Men i midten findes måske andre partikler på en form, som ikke ses andre steder i universet. Og hvordan ser lidt tungere objekter mon ud? Det spekulerer forskerne på.

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Uber and Lyft pricing algorithms charge more in non-white areas

The algorithms that ride-hailing companies such as Uber use to determine fare prices appear to set higher prices for non-white neighbourhoods

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High-tech CT reveals ancient evolutionary adaptation of extinct crocodylomorphs

New insights into the anatomy of the inner ear of prehistoric reptiles, the thalattosuchians, revealed details about the evolutionary adaption during the transition into the ocean after a long semiaquatic phase. These new findings were made possible by the use of a Canon high-tech computed tomography (CT) scanner.

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Nanoparticle for overcoming leukemia treatment resistance

One of the largest problems with cancer treatment is the development of resistance to anticancer therapies. A research team found that repurposing a commonly used chemotherapy drug using a nanoparticle was more effective than both a solution of the pure drug and other available treatments.

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Innovation by ancient farmers adds to biodiversity of the Amazon

Innovation by ancient farmers to improve soil fertility continues to have an impact on the biodiversity of the Amazon, a major new study shows.

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Decide now or wait for something better? Our standards drop over time

When we make decisions, we don't always have all options available to choose from at the same time. Instead they often come one after another, as for example when we search for an apartment or a flight ticket. So we have to decide on something without knowing if a better option might have come along later. A study has shown that our standards drop more and more in the course of decision-making.

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Simulating cooperation in local communities

A new simulation-based approach is introduced which could help to reduce the proportion of people who misuse welfare payoffs, through a cost-effective system which rewards individuals who use them responsibly.

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Two-dimensional carbon networks

Lithium-ion batteries usually contain graphitic carbons as anode materials. Scientists have investigated the carbonic nanoweb graphdiyne as a novel two-dimensional carbon network for its suitability in battery applications. Graphdiyne is as flat and thin as graphene, which is the one-atomic-layer-thin version of graphite, but it has a higher porosity and adjustable electronic properties. Researche

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Mapping microbiomes to improve food quantity, quality and safety

Thanks to its key role in development, immunity and nutrition, the microbiome—the genetic material of all microorganisms that live in the human body—has attracted a lot of attention in recent years. The gut microbiome in particular, and how it affects overall health, has become a popular topic of scientific and medical research amid growing interest in fermented foods due to their proposed benefit

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Nanoparticle for overcoming leukemia treatment resistance

One of the largest problems with cancer treatment is the development of resistance to anticancer therapies. A research team found that repurposing a commonly used chemotherapy drug using a nanoparticle was more effective than both a solution of the pure drug and other available treatments.

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How racial bias works — and how to disrupt it | Jennifer L. Eberhardt

Our brains create categories to make sense of the world, recognize patterns and make quick decisions. But this ability to categorize also exacts a heavy toll in the form of unconscious bias. In this powerful talk, psychologist Jennifer L. Eberhardt explores how our biases unfairly target Black people at all levels of society — from schools and social media to policing and criminal justice — and

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Mapping microbiomes to improve food quantity, quality and safety

Thanks to its key role in development, immunity and nutrition, the microbiome—the genetic material of all microorganisms that live in the human body—has attracted a lot of attention in recent years. The gut microbiome in particular, and how it affects overall health, has become a popular topic of scientific and medical research amid growing interest in fermented foods due to their proposed benefit

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The Birds of Turkey's Lake Van

Turkey's Lake Van basin is home to hundreds of bird species throughout the year, both resident and migratory. Lake Van is the largest body of water in Turkey and has protected wetlands set aside for wildlife. Photographers with the Anadolu Agency have documented quite a few of these fine-feathered creatures in and around this lake in recent years, and I've collected a few of their images below.

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Researchers develop urine test that identifies pregnancy outcome after threatened miscarriage

Researchers at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore)and clinicians at KK Women's and Children's Hospital (KKH) have developed a urine test that can, within 30 minutes, gauge pregnancy outcomes for women presenting with signs of threatened miscarriage.

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New research leads to Army drones changing shape mid-flight

oon, the U.S. Army will be able to deploy autonomous air vehicles that can change shape during flight, according to new research presented at the AIAA Aviation Forum and Exposition's virtual event June 16.

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Crowded homes, poor neighborhoods linked to COVID-19

A study of nearly 400 pregnant women is among the first to show that socioeconomic status and household crowding increase the risk of getting COVID-19.

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Anal cancer's first randomized trial for inoperable disease sets the treatment standard

Results from first randomized trial for inoperable anal cancer suggest that carboplatin-paclitaxel become the standard treatment for these patients. Results of worldwide InterAAct trial published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Phase 2 trial compared two conventional chemotherapies (N=91). Objective response rate (the primary endpoint) the same between treatments: 57% (cisplatin-5FU) versus 5

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How chandelier cells light up the brain

Chandelier cells stand out among brain cells for their elaborate, branching structure. A single chandelier cell reaches out to connect and communicate with more than 100 other neurons. Abnormalities in chandelier cells have been linked to epilepsy, autism, and schizophrenia. However, these cells have been notoriously difficult to study as their numbers are few, so until recently, chandelier cells

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New Argentine fossils uncover history of celebrated conifer group

Newly unearthed, surprisingly well-preserved conifer fossils from Patagonia, Argentina, show that an endangered and celebrated group of tropical West Pacific trees has roots in the ancient supercontinent that once comprised Australia, Antarctica and South America, according to an international team of researchers.

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Scientists unlock secrets of Ethiopia's superfood in race to save it from warming climate

Teff, an ancient grain originally from Ethiopia, is a staple crop for 50 million people in the country. It is also increasingly popular worldwide, touted as a superfood for its gluten-free, high fiber and protein, and low-sugar properties.Yet dramatic temperature increases projected in Ethiopia by 2070, could force farmers to grow it only in mountainous areas at higher altitudes, driving down prod

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New connections between quantum computing and machine learning in computational chemistry

Quantum computing promises to improve our ability to perform some critical computational tasks in the future. Machine learning is changing the way we use computers in our present everyday life and in science. It is natural to seek connections between these two emerging approaches to computing, in the hope of reaping multiple benefits. The search for connecting links has just started, but we are al

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'Fake news' lowers trust in mainstream media across party lines, study finds

A Rutgers-led study finds that online misinformation, or "fake news," lowers people's trust in mainstream media across party lines. The researchers defined fake news as fabricated information that looks like news content but lacks the editorial standards and practices of legitimate journalism.

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High-tech CT reveals ancient evolutionary adaptation of extinct crocodylomorphs

The tree of life is rich in examples of species that changed from living in water to a land-based existence. Occasionally, some species took the opposite direction. New insights into the anatomy of the inner ear of prehistoric reptiles, the thalattosuchians, revealed details about one of these evolutionary turning points. During the Mesozoic era, these now extinct crocodile relatives ventured into

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Leonardo's 'quick eye' may be key to Mona Lisa's magnetism

Scientists believe Leonardo da Vinci's super-fast eye may have helped him catch the enigmatic magic of Mona Lisa's smile.

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High-tech CT reveals ancient evolutionary adaptation of extinct crocodylomorphs

The tree of life is rich in examples of species that changed from living in water to a land-based existence. Occasionally, some species took the opposite direction. New insights into the anatomy of the inner ear of prehistoric reptiles, the thalattosuchians, revealed details about one of these evolutionary turning points. During the Mesozoic era, these now extinct crocodile relatives ventured into

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In 20 big cities, police rules fall short of human rights law

Police use-of-force policies in the nation's 20 largest cities fail to meet international human rights standards, according to a new report. The report in the University of Chicago Law Review Online comes amid growing demands for police reform at local, state and federal levels following the deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Laquan McDonald, and many other Black Americans. "The video and te

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The Meme-Fueled Rise of a Dangerous, Far-Right Militia

The Boogaloo Bois have been showing up online and IRL since the start of 2020. Now they're materializing at George Floyd protests.

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Goodbye 'extinction,' hello 'evanescence'? Validating a new paradigm

Naturalist and zoologist Georges Cuvier established extinction as a distinct field of science in a series of publications beginning in 1799. He confirmed that fossil species were formerly living species no longer extant, confirming similar conclusions of classical Greek scholars. However, mechanisms thought to control the process remained controversial for two centuries.

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EPA drops regulation for contaminant harming babies' brains

The Environmental Protection Agency on Thursday ended an Obama-era drive to regulate a widespread contaminant in drinking water linked to brain damage in infants. The agency rejected warnings that the move will mean lower IQs for an unknown number of American newborns.

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Age discrimination laws don't protect older women as they do older men

Older women in the workforce should be considered collectively as a unique demographic group that includes both gender and age if they're to receive adequate protection against workplace discrimination, according to a new paper published by a University at Buffalo economist.

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Goodbye 'extinction,' hello 'evanescence'? Validating a new paradigm

Naturalist and zoologist Georges Cuvier established extinction as a distinct field of science in a series of publications beginning in 1799. He confirmed that fossil species were formerly living species no longer extant, confirming similar conclusions of classical Greek scholars. However, mechanisms thought to control the process remained controversial for two centuries.

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Viruses can steal our genetic code to create new human-virus genes

Like a scene out of "Invasion of the Body Snatchers," a virus infects a host and converts it into a factory for making more copies of itself. Now researchers have shown that a large group of viruses, including the influenza viruses and other serious pathogens, steal genetic signals from their hosts to expand their own genomes.

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Will Protests Spread Coronavirus?

It's likely that people will get sick from attending protests — but how that compares to people getting sick for other reasons might be the bigger question.

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RV Polarstern returns to the MOSAiC floe

After a month's absence, on 17 June the German research icebreaker Polarstern rendez-voused with the MOSAiC floe at 82.2° North and 8.4° East, after having left it on 19 May 2020 to exchange personnel and bunker supplies near Svalbard. Full of energy, the research team for the fourth leg of the expedition, which consists of experts from 19 countries, is looking forward to continuing the one-year-l

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Viruses can steal our genetic code to create new human-virus genes

Like a scene out of "Invasion of the Body Snatchers," a virus infects a host and converts it into a factory for making more copies of itself. Now researchers have shown that a large group of viruses, including the influenza viruses and other serious pathogens, steal genetic signals from their hosts to expand their own genomes.

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Researchers shed new light on solar flares

Plasma astrophysicists at KU Leuven have created the first self-consistent simulation of the physical processes that occur during a solar flare. The researchers used Flemish supercomputers and a new combination of physical models.

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Viruses can steal our genetic code to create new human-virus genes

A new study unveils a novel mechanism that allows viruses to produce unexpected proteins.

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Antioxidant-rich diet reduces stress response during bird migration

Ornithologist had birds fly in a wind tunnel to simulate migration and found that birds that consume dietary antioxidants before and during fall migration can reduce the endocrine stress response triggered by long-duration flights.

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Laser technology: The Turbulence and the Comb

While the light of an ordinary laser only has one single, well-defined wavelength, a so-called "frequency comb" consists of different light frequencies, which are precisely arranged at regular distances, much like the teeth of a comb. Such frequency combs are difficult to generate. Now, researchers have succeeded in producing frequency combs using simple circular quantum cascade lasers – a resul

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Graphene smart textiles developed for heat adaptive clothing

New research on the two-dimensional (2D) material graphene has allowed researchers to create smart adaptive clothing which can lower the body temperature of the wearer in hot climates.

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Exploring mass dependence in electron-hole clusters

A study reveals that the behavior of one type of three-particle cluster displays a distinct relationship with the ratio between the masses of its particles.

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Goodbye 'extinction,' hello 'evanescence'? Validating a new paradigm

Naturalist and zoologist Georges Cuvier established extinction as a distinct field of science in a series of publications beginning in 1799. He confirmed that fossil species were formerly living species no longer extant, confirming similar conclusions of classical Greek scholars. However, mechanisms thought to control the process remained controversial for two centuries.

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Age discrimination laws don't protect older women as they do older men

Older women in the workforce should be considered collectively as a unique demographic group that includes both gender and age if they're to receive adequate protection against workplace discrimination, according to a new article.

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Antioxidant-rich diet reduces stress response during bird migration

A research team led by a University of Rhode Island ornithologist had birds fly in a wind tunnel to simulate migration and found that birds that consume dietary antioxidants before and during fall migration can reduce the endocrine stress response triggered by long-duration flights.

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Innovation by ancient farmers adds to biodiversity of the Amazon, study shows

Innovation by ancient farmers to improve soil fertility continues to have an impact on the biodiversity of the Amazon, a major new study shows.

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Researchers identify key steps in development of kidneys

The discovery of how certain key structures in the kidneys are formed could have important implications for treating renal fibrosis (or scarring), a feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD).

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Boston partnership leverages local manufacturing to quickly produce reusable face shields

Researchers at a major Boston academic medical center designed, fabricated, tested, and implemented a reusable face shield for front-line medical staff within a couple of weeks. The work, presented June 18 in the journal Med, was carried out at the Brigham and Women's Hospital Emergency Department in collaboration with members of the volunteer group Greater Boston Pandemic Fabrication Team (PanFab

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Study examines how the COVID-19 pandemic impacts quality of life in patients with cancer

Quality of life of cancer patients during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

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Google's new light field video research showcases high-quality experience

Google is taking immersive media technology to the next level, showing a practical system for light field video. The research team, led by Michael Broxton, Google research scientist, and Paul Debevec, Google senior staff engineer, plans to demonstrate the new system at SIGGRAPH 2020.

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More than 80% of Americans report nation's future is significant source of stress

More than 8 in 10 Americans (83%) say the future of our nation is a significant source of stress, according to the American Psychological Association's most recent survey report, Stress in AmericaTM 2020: Stress in The Time of COVID-19, Volume Two. The previous high was 69%, reported in 2018 as part of APA's annual Stress in America survey.

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COVID-19 affects adolescent and young adults sexual and reproductive health

Social distancing and limited access to contraceptive and abortion care during the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and young adults according to a new study. The researchers address how these challenges, as well as peer and romantic relationships, are being navigated.

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"Fake news" lowers trust in mainstream media across party lines, study finds

A Rutgers-led study finds that online misinformation, or "fake news," lowers people's trust in mainstream media across party lines.

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Lancet Neurology publishes results of AFFiRiS' Phase 1 trial with PD01A in Parkinson's

AFFiRiS AG, a clinical-stage biotechnology company developing novel disease-modifying specific active immunotherapies (SAITs), today announced that detailed results of the phase 1 clinical program with its lead candidate PD01 in early Parkinson's disease (PD) patients were published in the peer-reviewed journal The Lancet Neurology

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Sloth robot is a very cute way to boost conservation

SlothBot is a slow-moving and energy-efficient robot that can linger in the trees to monitor animals, plants, and the environment below, researchers report. For the next several months, visitors to the Atlanta Botanical Garden will be able to observe the testing of the new high-tech tool in the battle to save some of the world's most endangered species. Researchers are testing the SlothBot near t

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Scientists Predict Scorching Temperatures to Last Through Summer

Hotter than normal temperatures are expected across almost all of the United States into September, government researchers said.

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Antioxidant-rich diet reduces stress response during bird migration

A research team led by a University of Rhode Island ornithologist had birds fly in a wind tunnel to simulate migration and found that birds that consume dietary antioxidants before and during fall migration can reduce the endocrine stress response triggered by long-duration flights.

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Innovation by ancient farmers adds to biodiversity of the Amazon, study shows

Innovation by ancient farmers to improve soil fertility continues to have an impact on the biodiversity of the Amazon, a major new study shows.

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Exploring mass dependence in electron-hole clusters

In solid materials, when an electron changes position without another to fill its place, a positively charged 'hole' can appear which is attracted to the original electron. In more complex situations, the process can even result in stable clusters of multiple electrons and holes, whose behaviors all depend on each other. Strangely, the masses of each particle inside a cluster can be different to t

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Protecting Earth from asteroid impact with a tethered diversion

Our planet exists within the vicinity of thousands of Near-Earth Objects (NEOs), some of which—potentially hazardous asteroids (PHAs)—carry the risk of impacting Earth and causing major damage to infrastructure and loss of life. Methods to mitigate such a collision are highly desirable. A new paper published in EPJ Special Topics, authored by Flaviane Venditti, Planetary Radar Department, Arecibo

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The Rage Unifying Boomers and Gen Z

T he 1960s have achieved almost mythic status as a hinge point in American history. Both those who welcomed and those who feared the convulsive changes the decade brought can agree on one thing: Socially, culturally, and politically, the nation was a very different place when the '60s ended than when they began. This could be another such moment. The '60s watershed moments—the civil-rights campai

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Startup Says It'll Launch You Into the Stratosphere on a Balloon

Balloon Vision A startup wants to send you to the edge of space, lifted by a giant balloon. The company, Space Perspective, is run by husband-and-wife team Taber MacCallum and Jane Poynter, who unveiled their grand vision today, GeekWire reports . The pair already attempted to get a similar venture off the ground in 2013, but pivoted to smaller scientific balloons in 2015 instead. They even launc

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UK to replace contact-tracing app with Apple and Google model

U-turn follows technical difficulties and widespread criticism from privacy campaigners

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Genetic detectives ID microbes suspected of slowly ruining humanity's treasures

A new study of the microbial settlers on old paintings, sculptures, and other forms of art charts a potential path for preserving, restoring, and confirming the geographic origin of some of humanity's greatest treasures.

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You probably won't get COVID-19 from flushing the toilet

Research done over the past few months suggests that SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, survives in the GI tract and can remain viable in your poop in a process charmingly known as "viral shedding." (Unsplash/) When you live in the world, you are faced with two unavoidable truths: public bathrooms, generally speaking, are grotty, and yet, the time will come when you must visit one. Often

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A controversial Russian theory claims forests don't just make rain—they make wind

Biotic pump theory would have radical consequences in a world of rampant deforestation

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A simple and universal design for fuel cell electrolyte

Researchers at Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST) and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, have successfully established a universal synthetic design using porous organic polymers (POPs) for fuel cell electrolytes, according to an Editor's choice hot article published in the journal Materials Chemistry Frontiers.

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Genetic detectives ID microbes suspected of slowly ruining humanity's treasures

A new study of the microbial settlers on old paintings, sculptures, and other forms of art charts a potential path for preserving, restoring, and confirming the geographic origin of some of humanity's greatest treasures.

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Here's how genes from covid-19 survivors could help you

Potential weapons against covid-19 include manufactured antibodies, serum transfusions from survivors, antivirals, steroids, and more than 100 vaccine candidates, some now advancing toward decisive tests in volunteers. But there's another approach to battling the virus—one that hasn't won much attention, but which in the future could become the fastest way to beat back a pandemic. It involves iso

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How to Breed a Pomsky and Other Questions About Dogs and Sex

The cute puppy pictured below is the latest addition to my extended family. Dax is a "Pomsky" — part Pomeranian, part Siberian husky. His pedigree is the subject of our first puzzle. Puzzle 1 Dax is certified to be 56% Siberian husky and 44% Pomeranian. Given that a cross between two purebreds is nominally considered to have an equal genetic mixture of both breeds, how is Dax's unusual genetic ma

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Europeans discuss deal to access potential J&J coronavirus vaccine

Move is part of intensifying international battle to secure any treatments that emerge

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High-tech CT reveals ancient evolutionary adaptation of extinct crocodylomorphs

New insights into the anatomy of the inner ear of prehistoric reptiles, the thalattosuchians, revealed details about the evolutionary adaption during the transition into the ocean after a long semiaquatic phase. These new findings of an international research team were made possible by the use of a Canon high-tech computed tomography (CT) scanner from the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Res

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Age discrimination laws don't protect older women as they do older men

Older women in the workforce should be considered collectively as a unique demographic group that includes both gender and age if they're to receive adequate protection against workplace discrimination, according to a new paper published by a University at Buffalo economist.

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Goodbye 'extinction,' hello 'evanescence'? Validating a new paradigm

Naturalist and zoologist Georges Cuvier established extinction as a distinct field of science in a series of publications beginning in 1799. He confirmed that fossil species were formerly living species no longer extant, confirming similar conclusions of classical Greek scholars. However, mechanisms thought to control the process remained controversial for two centuries.

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First known case of a potentially deadly heart rhythm disturbance induced by chloroquine therapy for COVID-19 reported

A patient who met many of the published safety guidelines for chloroquine therapy against COVID-19 was observed to have a very abnormal ECG pattern after treatment began, leading to multiple episodes of torsade de pointes (TdP), a life-threatening arrhythmia in which the lower chambers of the heart beat out of sync with the upper chambers. Her condition was resolved after chloroquine was discontin

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Hookworm trial offers new hope to MS patients

Parasitic worms could offer a new treatment hope for patients suffering from the autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis, according to experts from the University of Nottingham.

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Viruses can steal our genetic code to create new human-virus genes

Study unveils novel mechanism that allows viruses to produce unexpected proteins.

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The Truth about Scientific Models

They don't necessarily try to predict what will happen—but they can help us understand possible futures — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Spacecrafts get a boost in 'aerogravity assisted' interactions

Researchers map the energy variations of the spacecraft orbits due to 'Aerogravity Assisted' manoeuvers.

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Protecting Earth from asteroid impact with a tethered diversion

The use of a tether assisted system could prevent an asteroid impacting Earth without the risk of fragmentation.

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Using LEGO to test children's ability to visualize and rotate 3D shapes in space

Researchers have developed a test that uses children's ability to assemble LEGO pieces to assess their spatial visualization ability. Spatial visualization is the ability to visualize 3D shapes in one's mind, which is tied to increased GPAs and graduation rates in STEM college students.

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Off the scales: Fish armor both tough and flexible

Humans have drawn technological inspiration from fish scales going back to ancient times: Romans, Egyptians, and other civilizations would dress their warriors in scale armor, providing both protection and mobility. Now, using advanced X-ray imaging techniques, scientists have characterized carp scales down to the nanoscale, enabling them to understand how the material is resistant to penetration

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URI researcher: Antioxidant-rich diet reduces stress response during bird migration

A research team led by a University of Rhode Island ornithologist had birds fly in a wind tunnel to simulate migration and found that birds that consume dietary antioxidants before and during fall migration can reduce the endocrine stress response triggered by long-duration flights.

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Innovation by ancient farmers adds to biodiversity of the Amazon, study shows

Innovation by ancient farmers to improve soil fertility continues to have an impact on the biodiversity of the Amazon, a major new study shows.

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Survey finds many are buying fireworks this year due to COVID-19 cancellations

Fireworks are a time-honored tradition of July Fourth celebrations and a signature sound of summer in America, but many public displays are being cancelled this year amid COVID-19 social distancing. Health experts worry this could lead to an increase in fireworks-related injuries as more people attempt to put on their own displays, a concern validated by a new national survey by Orlando Health.

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Nanoparticle for overcoming leukemia treatment resistance

One of the largest problems with cancer treatment is the development of resistance to anticancer therapies. A research team found that repurposing a commonly used chemotherapy drug using a nanoparticle developed at UConn was more effective than both a solution of the pure drug and other available treatments.

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Bobwhites listen to each other when picking habitat

Northern bobwhites are attracted to a habitat based on whether other bobwhites are present there, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign report. This phenomenon, called conspecific attraction, could aid conservation efforts.

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COVID-19 collaboration reduces infections in long-term care facilities

A collaborative program to battle COVID-19 in long-term care facilities is saving lives and offers a model for communities across the country, UVA doctors report.

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COVID-19 may have consequences for mental health

The COVID-19 pandemic appears to be adversely affecting mental health among hospitalised patients, the healthcare professionals treating them and the general population. This is shown in a new review from the University of Copenhagen that gathers the current knowledge on mental symptoms and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Exploring mass dependence in electron-hole clusters

A study published in EPJ B reveals that the behaviour of one type of three-particle cluster displays a distinct relationship with the ratio between the masses of its particles.

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These 4 Pandemics Changed the Course of Human History

COVID-19 isn't the first disease to upend daily life.

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French Firm Sells Cars Made from Plaster

Originally published in July 1914 — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The best smart plugs, outlets, and power strips for automating your home

Control your outlets. ( Nathan Fertig via Unsplash/) We've firmly set foot in the automation age, and there's no better place to start streamlining your life than in your own home. Smart plugs are a super quick and cost-effective solution for automating your lamps, fans, and other appliances to be voice-controlled, app-controlled, or powered on and off on a set schedule. Looking to turn on the li

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Strange Theory: Entire Universe Structured by "Quantum Static"

Quantum Static Scientists have a new plan to test a bizarre theory that's resisted confirmation for decades. In the very first moments of the universe, some researchers suspect that the arrangement of imperceptibly-small and short-lived fluctuations of energy called quantum static may have dictated the shape and arrangement of new galaxies as they began to form, Scientific American reports . And

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They Want to Sell Balloon Rides 19 Miles Up. Haven't We Heard This Before?

Seven years ago, entrepreneurs planned trips to the stratosphere, but tourists never got off the ground. They're trying again.

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The UK is abandoning its current contact tracing app for Google and Apple's system

The news: The UK is going to abandon its current contact tracing app in favor of one based on technology built by Apple and Google, the BBC reports. Tests of its existing app among residents on the Isle of Wight found it had trouble recognizing iPhones. The app had been supposed to launch for the rest of the country in mid-May. What this means: All contact tracing apps work on the same premise: t

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Science on the Hill: Calculating Climate

For the fourth Science on the Hill event, Future Climate: What We Know, What We Don't, experts talked with Scientific American senior editor Mark Fischetti about what goes into modeling… — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Wales chicken plant shut for 2 weeks after Covid-19 outbreak among workers

Union says social distancing ended too soon as 58 employees fall ill at 2 Sisters factory

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Do Volcanoes Spew a Cooler Lava?

Smithsonian geologist Liz Cottrell has answers to your questions on black lava and the Earth's molten outer core in the "Dr Is In" video series

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Spacecrafts get a boost in 'aerogravity assisted' interactions

Researchers map the energy variations of the spacecraft orbits due to 'Aerogravity Assisted' manoeuvers.

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Reducing the risk of space debris collision

Scientists model the complex rendezvous manoeuvers a tug vehicle clearing space debris would have to undergo to mitigate the risk of collision at the moment of coupling.

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Protecting Earth from asteroid impact with a tethered diversion

The use of a tether assisted system could prevent an asteroid impacting Earth without the risk of fragmentation.

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Graphene smart textiles developed for heat adaptive clothing

New research on the two-dimensional (2D) material graphene has allowed researchers to create smart adaptive clothing which can lower the body temperature of the wearer in hot climates.

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The first model proposed to simulate the functioning of concept cells in the brain

Lobachevsky University scientists together with foreign colleagues for the first time theoretically substantiated the existence of concept cells. These are individual neurons, and each of them is responsible for its own abstract concept, such as the musical note «A». Researchers have shown how these cells work using the example of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.

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Laser technology: The Turbulence and the Comb

While the light of an ordinary laser only has one single, well-defined wavelength, a so-called "frequency comb" consists of different light frequencies, which are precisely arranged at regular distances, much like the teeth of a comb. Such frequency combs are difficult to generate. Now, researchers have succeeded in producing frequency combs using simple circular quantum cascade lasers – a result

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Vapor fix lifts up perovskite crystal performance

A facile and mild bromine treatment eliminates surface and bulk defects from perovskites to boost the materials' optoelectronic properties.

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Why and to what extent a large hip protects from type 2 diabetes and CVD

In a Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology review article Norbert Stefan from the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), the University Hospital of Tübingen and the Boston Children's Hospital, highlights why and to what extent a large hip circumference, an estimate of increased fat mass in the lower part of the body, protects from type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

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Five steps to stop the death of the most threatened birds of prey

A new study presents a new five-step protocol to mitigate the mortality of birds of prey due to accidents with infrastructures (power lines, etc.) and other unnatural causes. The protocol that could also be applied to the conservation of other terrestrial vertebrates is a new scientific contribution from the Conservation Biology Group , led by the lecturer Joan Real, from the Faculty of Biology an

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Simulating cooperation in local communities

In new research published in EPJ B, a new simulation-based approach is introduced which could help to reduce the proportion of people who misuse welfare payoffs, through a cost-effective system which rewards individuals who use them responsibly.

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KU Leuven researchers shed new light on solar flares

Plasma astrophysicists at KU Leuven have created the first self-consistent simulation of the physical processes that occur during a solar flare. The researchers used Flemish supercomputers and a new combination of physical models.

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Decide now or wait for something better?

When we make decisions, we don't always have all options available to choose from at the same time. Instead they often come one after another, as for example when we search for an apartment or a flight ticket. So we have to decide on something without knowing if a better option might have come along later. A study at the University of Zurich has shown that our standards drop more and more in the c

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Protecting Earth from asteroid impact with a tethered diversion

A new paper published in EPJ Special Topics, co-authored by Flaviane Venditti, Planetary Radar Department, Arecibo Observatory, University of Central Florida, Arecibo, suggests the use of a tether assisted system to prevent PHA impact.

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Neandertal genes in the petri dish

Protocols that allow the transformation of human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines into organoids have changed the way scientists can study developmental processes and enable them to decipher the interplay between genes and tissue formation, particularly for organs where primary tissue is not available. Now, investigators are taking this technology and applying it to study the development

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How common are taste, smell dysfunction in COVID-19 patients

This survey study of patients with COVID-19 investigates how common the ability to taste and smell was reduced at the onset of the disease.

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Design, analyses of oncology trials during COVID-19 pandemic

The challenges associated with conducting and assessing results of clinical trials during the COVID-19 pandemic are discussed in this Viewpoint.

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Disparities in COVID-19 reported incidence, knowledge, behavior among US adults

The association of sociodemographic characteristics with reported incidence, knowledge and behavior regarding COVID-19 among US adults is examined in this survey study.

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Yale scientists solve a thorny problem

"Why do plants have thorns?" is an easy question: The thorns help protect against hungry animals that like to munch on the plants. "Where do thorns come from?" is a more complicated question — but Yale scientists have found an answer. Their insight, reported in the June 18 issue of Current Biology, may help change the way oranges and other crops are grown.

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Researchers find a new therapeutic target in pancreatic cancer

The development of pancreatic cancer is driven by coexisting mutations in an oncogene involved in controlling cell growth, and in a tumor suppressor gene. But how these mutations cooperate to promote cancer is unknown. A new study uncovers the link between key processes in the formation of pancreatic cancer.

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Veterinary medicine: Risk factors for heatstroke in UK dogs

Dogs that are older and heavier than their breed average or that have flat faces are at higher risk of heat-related illness, according to a study in Scientific Reports.

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Studying the Neandertal DNA found in modern humans using stem cells and organoids

Protocols that allow the transformation of human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines into organoids have changed the way scientists can study developmental processes and enable them to decipher the interplay between genes and tissue formation, particularly for organs where primary tissue is not available. Now, investigators are taking this technology and applying it to study the development

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Home tennis training tools guaranteed to up your game

Keep your skills sharp at home. ( Ben Hershey via Unsplash/) Tennis is a lifestyle. Even when you're home, consider checking out some tennis training gear to keep your forehand in tip-top shape. Whether you are already a pro or just starting lessons, there is no need to abandon practice if you can't get to the club. Set some new goals for yourself and work at them in the privacy of your own home;

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Reducing the risk of space debris collision

As humanity expands its horizons beyond the Earth and begins to consider space missions with extended duration, sustainability necessitates the launch of more space vehicles, increasing the risk of collision with existing space debris. One method of clearing this debris involves a tug vehicle dragging it to a safe region. In a new paper published in EPJ Special Topics, authors Antônio Delson Conce

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Quantum rings in the grip of laser light

Ultracold atoms trapped in appropriately prepared optical traps can arrange themselves in surprisingly complex, hitherto unobserved structures, according to scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow. In line with their most recent predictions, matter in optical lattices should form tensile and inhomogeneous quantum rings in a controlled manner.

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Spacecrafts get a boost in 'aerogravity assisted' interactions

In a recent paper published in EPJ Special Topics, Jhonathan O. Murcia Piñeros, a post-doctoral researcher at Space Electronics Division, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São José dos Campos, Brazil, and his co-authors, map the energy variations of the spacecraft orbits during 'aerogravity assisted' (AGA) maneuvers. A technique in which energy gains are granted to a spacecraft by a close

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A Scientist's Pink Cast Leads To Discovery About How The Brain Responds To Disability

A neurologist who wanted to know how the brain changes in response to a physical disability put his arm in a pink cast for two weeks to find out. (Image credit: Tim Parker/Washington University School of Medicine)

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Climate Change Tied to Pregnancy Risks, Affecting Black Mothers Most

Women exposed to high temperatures or air pollution are more likely to have premature, underweight or stillborn babies, a look at 32 million U.S. births found.

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Using LEGO to test children's ability to visualize and rotate 3-D shapes in space

Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed a test that uses children's ability to assemble LEGO pieces to assess their spatial visualization ability. Spatial visualization is the ability to visualize 3-D shapes in one's mind, which is tied to increased GPAs and graduation rates in STEM college students.

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Off the scales: Fish armor both tough and flexible

Humans have drawn technological inspiration from fish scales going back to ancient times: Romans, Egyptians, and other civilizations would dress their warriors in scale armor, providing both protection and mobility. Now, using advanced X-ray imaging techniques, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) scientists have characterized carp scales down to the nanoscale, enabling them to und

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Fossilized fish could indicate rich deposits of valuable rare-earth metals

Rare metals crucial to green industries turn out to have a surprising origin. Ancient global climate change and certain kinds of undersea geology drove fish populations to specific locations. As remains of the fish fossilized, they accumulated valuable elements and these fossil beds became concentrated deposits of such metals. This discovery could aid future prospects for deposits of so-called rar

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Fish fossils become buried treasure

Rare metals crucial to green industries turn out to have a surprising origin. Ancient global climate change and certain kinds of undersea geology drove fish populations to specific locations. As remains of the fish fossilized, they accumulated valuable elements and these fossil beds became concentrated deposits of such metals. This discovery could aid future prospects for deposits of so-called rar

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A decade ago, this scientist predicted 2020 would bring 'peak' chaos to the U.S.

Cliodynamics is a relatively new area of research that aims to take a scientific approach to studying history. In 2012, a scientist named Peter Turchin published a paper describing how political instability in the U.S. tends to repeat over short- and long-term cycles. Turchin suggests that political instability in the U.S. is driven by underlying factors like falling wages, wealth inequality, and

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The new science of personalized vaccines | Ofer Levy

At the intersection of precision medicine and vaccinology lies a revolutionary scientific pursuit: personalized vaccines. Infectious disease specialist Ofer Levy introduces this promising medical approach, in which tailored inoculations will enable effective immunization of the most vulnerable among us, including the young and elderly, and shares how we're now venturing into a new era of sustainin

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Efficient indium oxide catalysts designed for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol

Catalytic hydrogenation of carbon dioxide (CO2) is a green and sustainable means of synthesizing commodity chemicals such as methanol. This conversion process is key to realizing the 'methanol economy' or creating 'liquid sunshine,' both aspects of the circular economy. Recent studies revealed the potential for a family of metal oxides to catalyze this reaction. However, further optimizing their c

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Scientists reveal a lost eight billion light years of universe evolution

Last year, the Advanced LIGO-VIRGO gravitational-wave detector network recorded data from 35 merging black holes and neutron stars. A great result—but what did they miss? According to Dr. Rory Smith from the ARC Centre of Excellence in Gravitational Wave Discovery at Monash University in Australia—it's likely there are another 2 million gravitational wave events from merging black holes, "a pair o

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Challenging brain teasers and mind-bending 3D puzzles

Challenge yourself. (Amazon/) It's hard to put a finger on what makes puzzles so satisfying. They're simple enough for anyone to use but demand sustained focus and precision, and they offer a beautiful feeling upon completion. Whatever the reason, it's undeniable that puzzles are a fun and pressure-free way to eat up hours of anyone's day. For those of us looking to push our limits, there's an en

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Natural bamboo cutting boards for your kitchen

A good place to dice. (Sébastien Marchand via Unsplash/) Cutting boards made from natural materials are a sustainable and stylish alternative to traditional plastic boards, and bamboo boards stand tall among them as some the best you can buy. Bamboo—which is technically a grass, and not a wood—grows extremely fast, making it an easily renewable resource and a safe and sanitary choice for kitchen

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Studying the Neandertal DNA found in modern humans using stem cells and organoids

Protocols that allow the transformation of human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines into organoids have changed the way scientists can study developmental processes and enable them to decipher the interplay between genes and tissue formation, particularly for organs where primary tissue is not available. Now, investigators are taking this technology and applying it to study the development

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Scientists solve a thorny problem

"Why do plants have thorns?" is an easy question: The thorns help protect against hungry animals that like to munch on the plants. "Where do thorns come from?" is a more complicated question—but Yale scientists have found an answer.

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Risk factors for heatstroke in UK dogs

Dogs that are older and heavier than their breed average or that have flat faces are at higher risk of heat-related illness, according to a study in Scientific Reports.

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Clear signs of brain injury with severe COVID-19

Certain patients who receive hospital care for coronavirus infection (COVID-19) exhibit clinical and neurochemical signs of brain injury, a University of Gothenburg study shows. In even moderate COVID-19 cases, finding and measuring a blood-based biomarker for brain damage proved to be possible.

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Reducing the risk of space debris collision

In a new paper published in EPJ Special Topics, authors Antônio Delson Conceição de Jesus and Gabriel Luiz F. Santos, from the State University of Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil, model the complex rendezvous manoeuvres a tug vehicle clearing space debris would have to undergo to mitigate the risk of collision at the moment of coupling.

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Spacecrafts get a boost in 'aerogravity assisted' interactions

In a recently published paper in EPJ Special Topics, Jhonathan O. Murcia Piñeros, A post-doctoral researcher at Space Electronics Division, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São José dos Campos, Brazil, and his co-authors map the energy variations of the spacecraft orbits due to 'Aerogravity Assisted' manoeuvres.

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Authors of article on IQ, religiosity and crime retract it to do "a level of vetting we should have done before submitting"

The authors of a paper that some critics have labeled white supremacy in academic robes say they will be retracting the article because some of the data they'd used for their analysis were "highly questionable." The January 2020 article, from a group led by Cory Clark, of Heterodox Academy and New York University, was titled … Continue reading

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Studying the Neandertal DNA found in modern humans using stem cells and organoids

Protocols that allow the transformation of human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines into organoids have changed the way scientists can study developmental processes and enable them to decipher the interplay between genes and tissue formation, particularly for organs where primary tissue is not available. Now, investigators are taking this technology and applying it to study the development

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Scientists solve a thorny problem

"Why do plants have thorns?" is an easy question: The thorns help protect against hungry animals that like to munch on the plants. "Where do thorns come from?" is a more complicated question—but Yale scientists have found an answer.

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Risk factors for heatstroke in UK dogs

Dogs that are older and heavier than their breed average or that have flat faces are at higher risk of heat-related illness, according to a study in Scientific Reports.

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Why neutrinos are the strangest particles in the Standard Model

We still don't know what the mass of a neutrino is, which means there is still lots of exciting work to do, says Chanda Prescod-Weinstein

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A cheap steroid cuts deaths from severe covid-19

Dexamethasone appears most effective for patients needing ventilation

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The best mosquito and bug repellants for your evenings outdoors

Bugs be gone. ( Chang Duong via Unsplash/) With warmer weather comes a million reasons to venture outdoors and enjoy the fresh air. Unfortunately, biting insects and mosquitoes usually follow suit, and these annoying critters can put a serious damper on your outdoor recreation, turning enjoyable activities into a miserable, itchy nightmare. Reclaim the great outdoors and keep your body bite-free

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Politics this week

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Business this week

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KAL's cartoon

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Ekspert anbefaler at stoppe flyvninger fra Pakistan efter 16 smittede passagerer

PLUS. Sundhedsmyndighederne har nu fundet yderligere ti passagerer, som kan være smittet på fly fra Islamabad til København. Covid-19-epidemien er i kraftig vækst i Pakistan.

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New Trick Could Save Agriculture Even If All the Bees Keep Dying

Pollen Jocks Should bees continue to die off at a catastrophic rate, a team of scientists has a new technique they say we could use to continue to pollinate plants without them. It turns out that soap bubbles — like the ones you might make with a kid's toy — can carry pollen as they float around, CNET reports . After mounting bubble makers onto the bottom of drones, scientists successfully pollin

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How tourist destinations can rebuild after coronavirus

Tourism has virtually stopped thanks to the COVID-19 lockdowns. This is hitting many cities hard—see this report about New York galleries and museums losing millions of dollars, for example. Many tourist businesses are now contemplating a future without lucrative international visitors, having to rely instead on those closer to home.

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Quantum rings in the hold of laser light

Ultracold atoms trapped in appropriately prepared optical traps can arrange themselves in surprisingly complex, hitherto unobserved structures, according to scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow. In line with their most recent predictions, matter in optical lattices should form tensile and inhomogeneous quantum rings in a controlled manner.

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Mutations linked to intellectual disability point to overly active ion channe

Two mutations identified in individuals with developmental and epileptic brain disease can be traced back to the same ion channel. Researchers have now elucidated how both independent mutations affect the channel's function: by making it overly active and highly sensitive to stimulation.

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Study: Urban density not linked to higher coronavirus infection rates — and is linked to lower COVID-19 death rates

A new study suggests that denser places, assumed by many to be more conducive to the spread of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19, are not linked to higher infection rates.

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Australian scientists reveal a lost 8 billion light years of universe evolution

Scientists, from the ARC Centre of Excellence in Gravitational Wave Discovery (OzGrav) at Monash University in Australia, reveal it's likely there are 2 million gravitational wave events from merging black holes – a pair of merging black holes every 200 seconds and a pair of merging neutron stars every 15 seconds – that are missed every year.

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Simple is best? Simple and universal design for fuel cell electrolyte

Researchers at Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST) and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences have successfully established a universal synthetic design using porous organic polymers (POPs) for fuel cell electrolyte, according to an Editor's choice hot article published in the journal Materials Chemistry Frontiers.

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African lion counts miss the mark, but new method shows promise

The current technique used for counting lion populations for research and conservation efforts doesn't add up, according to a University of Queensland researcher. But UQ Ph.D. candidate Mr. Alexander Braczkowski has been investigating new methods of photographing and data analytics to count lions that could be more widely used.

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What electric car drivers want in charging stations

New research clarifies the attitudes of electric vehicle drivers about the network of charging stations. As electric vehicles (EVs) go mainstream, building out the nationwide network of charging stations to keep them going will be increasingly important. The new findings could help policymakers focus their efforts. In the paper, published in the journal Nature Sustainability , describes training

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More Than 100 Spacecraft Signed Up for SpaceX Rideshare Program

100+ Last August, SpaceX announced a "rideshare" program for launching satellites, an initiative designed to make it easier — and cheaper — for smaller satellite operators to reach orbit. Then, in February, the Elon Musk-led space company officially launched an online booking tool to take reservations. It sounds like there's been plenty of demand. "More than 100 spacecraft have been signed up to

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Autocomplete serves up more bad COVID info in Spanish

Online autocomplete results for COVID-19 information are more likely to yield misleading results if the user types in Spanish than in English, according to a new report. The difference may harm Spanish speakers by connecting them with misinformation about handwashing , sanitizers, masks, or the disease itself, according to Vivek Singh, an assistant professor at Rutgers-New Brunswick's School of C

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Graphene smart textiles developed for heat adaptive clothing

New research on the two-dimensional (2-D) material graphene has allowed researchers to create smart adaptive clothing which can lower the body temperature of the wearer in hot climates.

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HOPS 383: X-rays from a newborn star hint at our sun's earliest days

By detecting an X-ray flare from a very young star using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, researchers have reset the timeline for when stars like the sun start blasting high-energy radiation into space, as reported in our latest press release. This is significant because it may help answer some questions about our sun's earliest days as well as some about the solar system today.

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Here's why some people are willing to challenge bullying, corruption and bad behavior, even at personal risk

Utah Senator Mitt Romney voted in February to convict President Donald Trump on the charge of abuse of power, becoming the first senator ever to vote against his own party's president in an impeachment trial.

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Cyclosporin study may lead to novel ways of approaching mitochondrial dysfunction

Fungi producing cyclosporins exist as two reproducing stages: asexual — soil fungi from which cyclosporin was initially extracted, and sexual — parasitic fungi close to a popularly known genus Cordyceps. Unlike most polypeptides synthesized on ribosomes following the information directly encoded in nucleic acid, cyclosporins are produced on a special enzyme, cyclosporin synthetase.

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Women and men still choose partners like they used to

Men and women choose partners according to different criteria. These are the same almost all over the world and have remained unchanged in the last 30 years, according to a new survey of 14 000 people.

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No disadvantages to having kids early

Maturing and reproducing early hardly has any downsides. If you're a wild boar, that is.

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Less sleep reduces positive feelings

Sleep deprivation makes us feel less happy, active, attentive and purposeful, according to a new study.

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Researchers design a system to reduce the noise of space rockets in the launch phase

Researchers at the Gandia campus of the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV) have developed a new system to reduce the noise of space rockets during the first phases of launching. The prototype was presented by Iván Herrero, Doctor in Mathematics by UPV in his doctoral thesis, and will increase the safety of launching of space vehicles

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AJR: Chest CT can distinguish negative from positive lab results for COVID-19

American Journal of Roentgenology investigators from five infectious disease hospitals across four districts in Guangzhou, China found that the less pulmonary consolidation on chest CT, the greater the possibility of negative initial reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction results for 21 patients (nine men, 12 women; age range, 26-90 years).

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Biology in art: Genetic detectives ID microbes suspected of slowly ruining humanity's treasures

New from Leonardo da Vinci DNA Project collaborators:1) A study led by the J. Craig Venter Institute of microbial settlers on old paintings and sculptures, charting a potential path for preserving, restoring, and confirming the geographic origin of some of humanity's greatest treasures.2) Two studies by David S. Thaler, University of Basel, of Leonardo's keen visual acuity — e.g. he could see mor

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New study indicates pressing conservation questions for Crocodilian researchers

Not a lot is known about the importance of crocodilians to the health of their freshwater environments. An extensive literature review recently published in the journal Biological Reviews takes stock of existing knowledge relating to the role these predators play in stabilizing aquatic ecosystems, with far-reaching conservation implications.

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Glaciers may record the story of the coronavirus pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic will be remembered for decades to come through history books, oral narratives and an abundance of personal protective equipment. However, the glaciers of the Himalayas, the Alps, Patagonia and other regions may also hold the story of this time. Among the layers of ice lay records of many things—volcanic eruptions, other pandemics, ancient civilizations, and anthropogenic c

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Ugens debat: Er meningen med bøder ikke at holde folk tilbage?

En forestående evaluering af den danske implementering af EU's databeskyttelsesregler (GDPR) har ført til forslag om muligheden for i første omgang at give påbud frem for bøder. Udsigten til en sådan lempelse fik mange kritiske læsere til tasterne på Inge­niørens it-medie Version2.

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Covid-19 Worldwide: Live Updates on Cases and Deaths

An outbreak in Beijing prompted a backlash against salmon. Coronavirus antibodies may last only two to three months, according to a study.

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HBO's Roy Cohn Documentary Is a Lesson for Trump

In the late 1980s, when Tony Kushner was in the process of writing Angels in America, Kushner and the show's co-director Oskar Eustis went to visit the AIDS Memorial Quilt, which had gone on display for the first time at the Moscone Center in San Francisco. Amid the thousands of panels was one dedicated to the lawyer Roy Cohn. Underneath Cohn's name, which was inscribed in plain black letters and

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Commerce in a time of COVID

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic caused by the recently emerged virus SARS-CoV-2 is affecting everyone's lives in many significant and disparate ways. New research published in the International Journal of Integrated Supply Management has looked at how companies are attempting to sustain their supply chains in the face of this disease.

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As Some Sleepaway Summer Camps Close Down, Others Balance the Risks

Close contact at day and overnight camps can make it easy for disease to spread. Can programs adjust to keep children safe?

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Not smoking and being socially active keys to longevity

Researchers have discovered some of the secrets to longevity with new research revealing not smoking and being social engaged throughout older age are common traits of New Zealand centenarians.

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A deep-learning E-skin decodes complex human motion

A deep-learning powered single-strained electronic skin sensor can capture human motion from a distance. The single strain sensor placed on the wrist decodes complex five-finger motions in real time with a virtual 3D hand that mirrors the original motions. The deep neural network boosted by rapid situation learning (RSL) ensures stable operation regardless of its position on the surface of the ski

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Earth's species have more in common than previously believed

In the largest mapping of proteins ever to be conducted across different species, an international team of researchers have analysed and compared the proteins of 100 animal, plant and bacterial species. The different life forms appear to have remarkable similarities when looking at their proteins. The new study has also doubled the number of experimentally confirmed proteins.

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Stor opjustering i forventningen til salg af elbiler – men transporten forbliver sort

PLUS. I 2030 vil 36 procent af solgte biler køre på el, lyder det i ny basisfremskrivning. Antallet af biler på vejene vil dog totalt være steget med over 600.000, og dermed går CO2-udledningen knap nok ned.

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Bobwhites listen to each other when picking habitat

Northern bobwhites are attracted to a habitat based on whether other bobwhites are present there, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign report. This phenomenon, called conspecific attraction, could aid conservation efforts.

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Bonelli's eagle: Five steps to stop the death of the most threatened birds of prey due to unnatural causes

An article published in the journal Global Ecology and Conservation presents a five-step protocol to mitigate the mortality of birds of prey due to accidents with infrastructure (power lines, ponds, etc.) and other unnatural causes (direct hunting). The protocol, which could also be applied to the conservation of other terrestrial vertebrates, including marine species, is a new scientific contribu

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OpenAI's New Text Generator Writes Even More Like a Human

In early 2019 OpenAI , a startup co-founded by Elon Musk devoted to ensuring artificial general intelligence is safe for humanity, announced it had created a neural network for natural language processing called GPT-2. In what some saw as a publicity stunt and others as a sign of an imminent robot apocalypse, OpenAI initially chose not to publicly release the text generator. Because the tool coul

5d

Bobwhites listen to each other when picking habitat

Northern bobwhites are attracted to a habitat based on whether other bobwhites are present there, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign report. This phenomenon, called conspecific attraction, could aid conservation efforts.

5d

Bonelli's eagle: Five steps to stop the death of the most threatened birds of prey due to unnatural causes

An article published in the journal Global Ecology and Conservation presents a five-step protocol to mitigate the mortality of birds of prey due to accidents with infrastructure (power lines, ponds, etc.) and other unnatural causes (direct hunting). The protocol, which could also be applied to the conservation of other terrestrial vertebrates, including marine species, is a new scientific contribu

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Coronavirus in the Swedish media—has confidence passed its peak?

After a significant increase in April, the Swedish public's confidence in government officials is now back at the same level as it was in March. Swedish Television (SVT) remains the media channel that most Swedes access for news about the coronavirus. These are the latest findings of a study being conducted by the Swedish non-profit organisation VA (Public & Science).

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Conservation could create jobs post-pandemic

Earlier this month, President Trump signed an executive order making it easier for pipeline projects and other oil and gas development to progress, claiming environmental regulations cause economic burdens and cost jobs.

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Soft and ion-conducting hydrogel artificial tongue for astringency perception

Artificial tongues have received increased attention due to their ability to detect the five basic tastes, but until now scientists have been unable to fully enable human tongue-like biomimicry for astringency in the lab. To mimic the mechanisms of human tongue-like perception of astringency, Jeonghee Yeom and a team of scientists in energy engineering and chemical engineering at the Ulsan Nationa

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Two-dimensional carbon networks

Lithium-ion batteries usually contain graphitic carbons as anode materials. Scientists have investigated the carbonic nanoweb graphdiyne as a novel two-dimensional carbon network for its suitability in battery applications. Graphdiyne is as flat and thin as graphene, which is the one-atomic-layer-thin version of graphite, but it has a higher porosity and adjustable electronic properties. In the jo

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Using LEGO to test children's ability to visualize and rotate 3D shapes in space

Researchers at the University of California San Diego have developed a test that uses children's ability to assemble LEGO pieces to assess their spatial visualization ability. Spatial visualization is the ability to visualize 3D shapes in one's mind, which is tied to increased GPAs and graduation rates in STEM college students.

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Off the scales: Fish armor both tough and flexible

Humans have drawn technological inspiration from fish scales going back to ancient times: Romans, Egyptians, and other civilizations would dress their warriors in scale armor, providing both protection and mobility. Now, using advanced X-ray imaging techniques, Berkeley Lab scientists have characterized carp scales down to the nanoscale, enabling them to understand how the material is resistant to

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Fish fossils become buried treasure

Rare metals crucial to green industries turn out to have a surprising origin. Ancient global climate change and certain kinds of undersea geology drove fish populations to specific locations. As remains of the fish fossilized, they accumulated valuable elements and these fossil beds became concentrated deposits of such metals. This discovery could aid future prospects for deposits of so-called rar

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Study finds Oregon's gender-affirming health care good on paper; still lacking in practice

While Oregon ranks highly nationwide for its gender-affirming policies and health care for transgender women, many of those polices are not fully realized in practice, a recent study from Oregon State University found.

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Vitamin D could help mitigate chemotherapy side effects

New findings by University of South Australia researchers reveal that Vitamin D could potentially mitigate chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis and provide relief to cancer patients.

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An excessive amount of propionic acid (PPA) in food preservatives may hinder brain development

This research proves the mechanism of autism induced by an imbalance of human gut microorganisms.

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One Upside of COVID-19: Kids Are Spending More Time with Dads

Among the benefits are more resilience and better emotional health — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Engineers develop new fuel cells with twice the operating voltage as hydrogen

Engineers have developed high-power, direct borohydride fuel cells that operate at double the voltage of conventional hydrogen fuel cells.

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Non-invasive fetal oxygen monitor could make for safer deliveries

A device to directly measure blood oxygen saturation in a fetus during labor has been developed by researchers at UC Davis. By providing better information about the health of a fetus right before birth, the device could both reduce the rate of Cesarean sections and improve outcomes in difficult deliveries.

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Yellowstone's Supervolcano Is a Hot Spot, but It May Be Calming Down

Some researchers interpret a new timeline of some of the formation's biggest eruptions as evidence that its activity is waning.

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Our standards go down as decisions drag on

Our standards drop more and more in the course of making decisions, research finds. This occurs when we see one option after another and don't know if something better will come along later, say the researchers. Whether booking flight tickets, buying a car, or finding a new apartment, we always come up against the same question: Should I wait until a better offer comes along? People often find it

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Earth's rock-solid connections between Canada and Australia contain clues about the origin of life

The rocks at the surface of the modern Earth are broadly divided into two types: felsic and mafic. Felsic rocks are generally relatively low density—for a rock—and light in color because they are made from whitish minerals rich in silicon and aluminum. Half Dome in California is made of granite that is a felsic rock. Mafic rocks, in contrast, are relatively high in density and dark in color becaus

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Tibetan antelopes developed a unique way to survive high in the mountains

A team of researchers at the University of Nebraska's School of Biological Sciences has found that Tibetan antelopes evolved in a unique way to survive high in the mountains. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes their genetic analysis of the high-altitude Tibetan antelope and what they learned about its genetic evolution.

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A deep-learned E-skin decodes complex human motion

A deep-learning powered single-strained electronic skin sensor can capture human motion from a distance. The single strain sensor placed on the wrist decodes complex five-finger motions in real time with a virtual 3D hand that mirrors the original motions. The deep neural network boosted by rapid situation learning (RSL) ensures stable operation regardless of its position on the surface of the ski

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Antioxidant agent may prevent chronic kidney disease and Parkinson's disease

Researchers from Osaka University developed a novel dietary silicon-based antioxidant agent with renoprotective and neuroprotective effects. They showed in animals models of chronic kidney disease and Parkinson's disease that the intake of their agent protects the kidney and brain, respectively, from taking further damage. These findings could provide new insights into the treatment of patients wi

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Virtual demolition

Scientists at Osaka University show how buildings and moving objects can be virtually removed from real-time images in a process of "diminished reality." This work can be beneficial for urban and campus planners.

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Not smoking and being socially active keys to longevity

University of Otago researchers have discovered some of the secrets to longevity with new research revealing not smoking and being social engaged throughout older age are common traits of New Zealand centenarians.

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Efficient indium oxide catalysts designed for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol

A team jointly led by Profs.SUN Yuhan, GAO Peng, and LI Shenggang at the Shanghai Advanced Research Institute (SARI) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences reported a successful case of theory-guided rational design of indium oxide (In 2 O 3 ) catalysts for CO 2 hydrogenation to methanol with high activity and selectivity.

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Homeless likelier to go on ventilators for respiratory infections than the non-homeless

During a recent six-year period, homeless people in New York state were more likely to hospitalized and treated with mechanical ventilators for respiratory infections than people who are not homeless. The findings have implications for the COVID-19 pandemic.

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After coronavirus, universities must collaborate with communities to support social transition

COVID-19 comes with a set of pressing social challenges. These include environmental catastrophes such as the Australian droughts and bushfires, and the impending crisis of global warming. Social and health issues—include debilitating poverty, racial and income inequality, and chronic diseases—also loom large.

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Tibetan antelopes developed a unique way to survive high in the mountains

A team of researchers at the University of Nebraska's School of Biological Sciences has found that Tibetan antelopes evolved in a unique way to survive high in the mountains. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes their genetic analysis of the high-altitude Tibetan antelope and what they learned about its genetic evolution.

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Smart chemistry rids anti-cancer drugs of serious side effects

Researchers of the Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC) and the Leiden Institute of Chemistry have made an important discovery about the commonly used anti-cancer drug doxorubicin. They have found a way to reduce its side effects without sacrificing the effectiveness of the medication. This is encouraging because the serious side effects are often a reason to discontinue treatment.

5d

Engineers develop new fuel cells with twice the operating voltage as hydrogen

Engineers have developed high-power, direct borohydride fuel cells that operate at double the voltage of conventional hydrogen fuel cells.

5d

Smart chemistry rids anti-cancer drugs of serious side effects

Researchers of the Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC) and the Leiden Institute of Chemistry have made an important discovery about the commonly used anti-cancer drug doxorubicin. They have found a way to reduce its side effects without sacrificing the effectiveness of the medication. This is encouraging because the serious side effects are often a reason to discontinue treatment.

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How the pandemic affects teen reproductive health

The pandemic is affecting the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and young adults, research finds. The study, which appears in Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health , attributes changes to social distancing as well as limited access to contraceptive and abortion care. "Young people are supposed to be gaining independence at this time in life…" Here, Leslie Kantor , a professor

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Astronomers make composition drawing of elusive wandering black holes

When two galaxies collide, their central black holes merge, emitting gravitational waves. Astronomers theorize that a recoil effect sometimes kicks the merged black hole out of the galaxy while dragging nearby stars along for the ride. Researchers from SRON and Radboud University have now made a prediction of what these clusters will look like to identify them and prove their existence. Their find

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As climate warms, fire ants head north

Fire ants are on the move, and aided by climate change, they're heading north.

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It's not too late to build Dad a homemade Father's Day gift

With a simple design, this small organizational cabinet floats on a hidden French cleat and employs the same joinery used to build full sized cabinets. (David Kaleko/) Father's Day is only a few days away, and if you're still looking for a great gift for your dad, we're not here to judge—we're here to help. It's hard to beat a handmade present, and the projects on this list are almost guaranteed

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Partiklar får skjuts i galaktisk kaskad

I den aktiva galaxen Centaurus A accelereras elektroner till tusentals gånger högre energi än i till exempel acceleratorn Max IV i Lund, och avger energi i form av gammafotoner. Yvonne Becherini, astropartikelfysiker och docent vid Linnéuniversitetet i Växjö, har varit med och studerat denna gammastrålning.

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UK abandons contact-tracing app in favour of Apple and Google model

NHS will switch to alternative design by tech giants, says Matt Hancock in latest embarrassing U-turn Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage The NHS has been forced to abandon a centralised coronavirus contact tracing app after spending three months and millions of pounds on technology that experts had repeatedly warned would not work. In an embarrassing U-turn, Matt Hancoc

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100 days of coronavirus has sent shock waves through the food system

The COVID-19 lockdown has exposed a large number of problems in the food system.

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How will public spaces change as result of the COVID-19 pandemic?

Restaurants, hair salons and retail businesses are reopening throughout the country—many under safety guidelines that call for outdoor seating at restaurants, social distancing, partitions between customers or between customers and cashiers, mandatory masks and frequent sanitizing. A licensed architect who specialized in commercial and retail projects in his 20 years of practice, Illinois architec

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Launch is approaching for NASA's next Mars rover, Perseverance

NASA's Perseverance Mars rover is just over a month from its July 20 targeted launch date. The rover's astrobiology mission will seek signs of past microscopic life on Mars, explore the geology of the Jezero Crater landing site, and demonstrate key technologies to help prepare for future robotic and human exploration. And the rover will do all that while collecting the first samples of Martian roc

5d

As climate warms, fire ants head north

Fire ants are on the move, and aided by climate change, they're heading north.

5d

What can police trainers learn from the current crisis?

Police reform is on the national agenda in response to the choking death of George Floyd by a Minneapolis police officer in late May—and many other such incidents before and since. Police Training Institute director Michael Schlosser weighed in on the current crisis. Based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the PTI trains dozens of police departments across the state of Illinois. S

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Study sheds light on why retinal ganglion cells are vulnerable to glaucoma

Millions of sufferers of glaucoma might someday benefit from a study released in STEM CELLS in which a "disease in a dish" stem cell model was used to examine the mechanism in glaucoma that causes retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to degenerate, resulting in loss of vision.

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Diabetic ketoacidosis threatens hospitalized patients with COVID-19

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a common and potentially fatal complication in hospitalized patients with COVID-19, according to a new clinical perspective published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

5d

Engineers develop new fuel cells with twice the operating voltage as hydrogen

Engineers at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis have developed high-power, direct borohydride fuel cells that operate at double the voltage of conventional hydrogen fuel cells.

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Managing pain after sports medicine surgery

A Henry Ford Hospital study published in the Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery has found that patients who underwent knee surgery and other types of sports medicine procedures could manage their pain without opioids or a minimal dosage.

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Letbanebyggeri sat på pause i Aarhus Ø

Trods sunde finanser og ambitioner om at opprioritere Aarhus Ø-delen af letbanen har Teknik og Miljø-forvaltningen i Aarhus Kommune sat projektet i bero.

5d

Microsoft Surface Go 2 Review: An Improvement in Every Way

The company's latest model delivers on the hybrid laptop-tablet we've been waiting for. Just don't use it for power-hungry tasks.

5d

To make a good impression, leave cell phone alone during work meetings

New hires especially should keep their cell phones stashed away during business meetings, a new study strongly implies. Researchers have just published an article that finds viewers perceive someone who appears to be using their cell phone during a business meeting far more negatively than someone who takes notes on a pad.

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U.S. science groups wary of new Senate bills to curb foreign influences

Bipartisan coalition proposes sweeping changes to protect federally funded research

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Artificial intelligence could revolutionize sea ice warnings

Today, large resources are used to provide vessels in the polar seas with warnings about the spread of sea ice. Artificial intelligence may make these warnings cheaper, faster, and available for everyone.

5d

Quantum-inspired approach dramatically lowers light power needed for OCT

Researchers have shown that a detection technology borrowed from quantum optics can be used to perform optical coherence tomography (OCT) with much lower light power than previously possible.

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For babies born with a rare immune deficiency, a unique new test to better target care

A new test will enable better management of patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID).

5d

Toward ultra-sensitive diagnostic chips

An international team, led by Swinburne researchers, has developed an ultra-thin nanostructure gold film—or metasurface—with the potential to revolutionize next-generation bio-sensing chips.

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Community spirit dwindling amongst British public during lockdown says new poll

The UK public feel that any sense of 'community togetherness' that has been built during the coronavirus crisis will disperse as soon as it is over says a new study commissioned by the Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues at the University of Birmingham.

5d

How school systems make criminals of Black youth

As support for the Black Lives Matter movement has surged in recent weeks and anti-Black racism reading lists have flooded the internet, education scholar Subini Ancy Annamma noticed a particular issue missing from many of them: the role school systems play in making criminals of Black youth.

5d

'Like having a truck idling in your living room': the toxic cost of wood-fired heaters

Australians are accustomed to having fresh air, and our clean atmosphere is a source of pride for many.

5d

Study reveals dual impact of technology on worker's mental health

Led by researchers from the University of Sydney Business School, the peer-reviewed research synthesizes existing studies on how technology-driven changes at work will impact workplace mental health and employee wellbeing.

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Stigning i aktivitet på hjerteområdet efter COVID-19 nedlukning

Opfordringerne til borgerne om fortsat at henvende sig ved symptomer på hjertesygdom har haft effekt, viser særrapport fra RKKP.

5d

Tesla Has Some Serious Quality Control Problems With the Model Y

Tesla hopes to release the Model Y later this year. A government investigation could derail those plans. It's not unusual for a car manufacturer to have difficulty ramping up production on a new model, but reports concerning Tesla's Model Y suggest the manufacturer is having far more problems than is normal. The Model 3 may have been compared with a 1990s Kia when it launched, but at least a few

5d

Quantum-inspired approach dramatically lowers light power needed for OCT

Researchers have shown that a detection technology borrowed from quantum optics can be used to perform optical coherence tomography (OCT) with much lower light power than previously possible.

5d

Evolutionary biology may be solution to economic recovery

Researchers are examining policies that can help bring the global economy back on track.

5d

Study unveils new mechanism for long-distance cell communication

An extracellular vesicle—a nanoparticle released by cells—can use jerky movements similar to a car weaving in and out of traffic to navigate the obstacle-filled environment outside of cells, according to new discoveries made by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

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Jurors respond negatively to police overreactions to Black Americans

As law enforcement's use of body-worn cameras and dash cams has increased in the U.S., the growth of attorneys' introduction of video evidence in court, including jury trials, has followed.

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Ankle monitors could stigmatize wearers, research says

Electronic ankle monitors—increasingly used as an alternative to incarceration—are bulky and difficult to conceal, displaying their wearers' potential involvement with the justice system for all to see, according to a new article by a Cornell researcher.

5d

Non-native species threaten 73% of African states

Non-native alien plants and animals are threatening fish production, water supply and other natural resources in almost three quarters of African countries, a study has concluded.

5d

9 in 10 Americans concerned pharma will use COVID-19 pandemic to raise drug prices

Nearly 9 in 10 US adults are "very" (55%) or "somewhat" (33%) concerned that the pharmaceutical industry will leverage the COVID-19 pandemic to raise drug prices. Similarly, 84% are very or somewhat concerned that the general cost of care will rise, and 79% are very or somewhat concerned their health insurance premiums will go up in response to the pandemic. In each of the latter two scenarios, 41

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Non-native species threaten 73% of African states

Non-native alien plants and animals are threatening fish production, water supply and other natural resources in almost three quarters of African countries, a study has concluded.

5d

Catastrophic disease events in marine mammals mostly caused by viruses

Viruses were responsible for 72 percent of these events and caused 20 times the number of deaths than bacterial outbreaks.

5d

Open-source machine learning tool connects drug targets with adverse reactions

Scientists develop AI-based tool to predict adverse drug events. Such events are responsible for some 2 million U.S. hospitalizations per year. The free, open-source system could enable safer drug design, optimize drug safety.

5d

COVID-19 har måske konsekvenser for mentalt helbred

Covid19-pandemien ser ud til at påvirke det mentale helbred negativt. Det viser en ny analyse fra…

5d

Én gang om måneden bliver en ingeniør bortvist fra sin arbejdsplads

PLUS. Bortvisning er den groveste sanktion på arbejdsmarkedet, og skal tages yderst alvorligt, påpeger advokat. Når den bliver brugt mod IDA-medlemmer er illoyalitet den mest udbredte årsag, men upassende sprog og arbejdsvægring figurerer også på listen over sager.

5d

African lion counts miss the mark, but new method shows promise

The current technique used for counting lion populations for research and conservation efforts doesn't add up, according to a University of Queensland researcher.

5d

Don't fear the robots: Helping future workers learn how to innovate

Flinders University's Professor Giselle Rampersad has undertaken a study to investigate key factors that drive innovation among Worker Integrated Learning students and has found that upskilling workers with vital innovation capabilities is key for the future employment landscape.

5d

New study finds 'pedophile hunter' groups violate human rights, must be regulated

The methods used by so-called 'pedophile hunter' groups need to be subjected to more rigorous official oversight, according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA).

5d

#85 Frygtelige forsøg

Hvor længe kan menneskekroppen overleve i koldt vand? Hvordan reagerer de indre organer på ekstreme trykforhold og iltmangel? Tag med tilbage til Nazityskland, og bliv klogere på, hvordan de konkrete forsøg fandt sted, hvilket idégrundlag de byggede på, og hvordan de har formet nutidens etiske retningslinjer for menneskeforsøg.

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African lion counts miss the mark, but new method shows promise

The current technique used for counting lion populations for research and conservation efforts doesn't add up, according to a University of Queensland researcher.

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'SlothBot in the Garden' demonstrates hyper-efficient conservation robot

For the next several months, visitors to the Atlanta Botanical Garden will be able to observe the testing of a new high-tech tool in the battle to save some of the world's most endangered species. SlothBot, a slow-moving and energy-efficient robot that can linger in the trees to monitor animals, plants, and the environment below, will be tested near the Garden's popular Canopy Walk.

5d

Dansk undersøgelse giver håb om ny behandling til patienter med urinsyregigt

GLP-1 receptor agonisten liraglutid giver ikke kun vægttab, men har også signifikant gavnlig effekt til patienter med urinsyregigt, viser dansk undersøgelse.

5d

Unique metabolic markers detect over 50% of children affected by autism spectrum disorder

Blood sample analyses from the Children's Autism Metabolome Project have now reproducibly identified unique metabolic signatures in over 50% of the participating children with autism. This is an important step towards developing a metabolomics test panel that could biologically screen for ASD risk in children as young as 18 months. Analysis of other potential blood-based biomarkers using CAMP stud

5d

Sundhedsordførere fra S og V: Interessant forslag om lungekræftscreening

Både Socialdemokratiet og Venstre finder forslaget til et kommende dansk lungekræftscreeningsprogram for interessant og ser frem til, at Sundhedsstyrelsen får set nærmere på forslaget. Begge partier er generelt positive når det gælder nationale screeningprogrammer.

5d

Scientists say the last of British Columbia's old-growth trees will soon be gone, if policies don't change

Most of British Columbia's old-growth forests of big trees live only on maps, and what's left on the ground is fast disappearing, a team of independent scientists has found.

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Scientists say the last of British Columbia's old-growth trees will soon be gone, if policies don't change

Most of British Columbia's old-growth forests of big trees live only on maps, and what's left on the ground is fast disappearing, a team of independent scientists has found.

5d

Intelligent Life in the Galaxy

The headlines (taken from the press release) read: " New light shed on intelligent life existing across the galaxy ." But here's the thing – I don't think the referenced study does that at all. So what are they talking about? The study uses their own version of the Drake Equation, which is a way of calculating how many spacefaring civilizations there are likely to be in the universe. The equation

5d

COVID-19 Worsens Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder–but Therapy Offers Coping Skills

The pandemic has heightened OCD phobias such as fear of germs. Yet some patients say experience with anxiety, and treatment for it, gives them an advantage — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

5d

Poor sleep significantly linked with teenage depression

Teenagers who experience very poor sleep may be more likely to experience poor mental health in later life, as depressed teens in study slept 30 minutes less per night than other groups.

5d

A changing mating signal may initiate speciation in populations of Drosophila mojavensis

When choosing a mate, females of different subspecies of Drosophila mojavensis recognize the right mating partners either mainly by their song or by their smell. New species apparently evolve when the chemical mating signal is altered and when, in turn, the signal is reinterpreted by the opposite sex in the context of other signals, such as the courtship song.

5d

Brainsourcing automatically identifies human preferences

Researchers have developed a technique, using artificial intelligence, to analyze opinions and draw conclusions using the brain activity of groups of people. This technique, which the researchers call "brainsourcing", can be used to classify images or recommend content, something that has not been demonstrated before.

5d

What it means when animals have beliefs

Humans are not the only ones who have beliefs; animals do too, although it is more difficult to prove them than with humans. Researchers have now proposed four criteria to understand and empirically investigate animal beliefs.

5d

If the Virus Slows This Summer, It May Be Time to Worry

We hoped that Covid-19 would be a seasonal infection. We hoped wrong.

5d

COVID-19 Worsens Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder–but Therapy Offers Coping Skills

The pandemic has heightened OCD phobias such as fear of germs. Yet some patients say experience with anxiety, and treatment for it, gives them an advantage — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Sådan formidler du din lægeviden: Drop P1-lytterne og fokuser på flertallet

Fire kendte læger om at kommunikere til andre end P1-lyttere.

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COVID-19 Worsens Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder–but Therapy Offers Coping Skills

The pandemic has heightened OCD phobias such as fear of germs. Yet some patients say experience with anxiety, and treatment for it, gives them an advantage — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Researchers create a new class of rate-sensitive mechanical metamaterials

Researchers at the Department of Biomechanical Engineering of Delft University of Technology have created a new class of metamaterials that can dynamically switch their mechanical behavior. It may form the basis for practical applications such as fall-protective clothing for the elderly. The results are to appear in the journal Science Advances on 17 June.

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Renting a home is clearly better than buying in much of the nation

The cost of homeownership is outpacing the cost of renting across the United States, and the discrepancy between the two is rising sharply in parts of the Southeast, Midwest and Pacific Northwest, according to the latest national index by professors at Florida Atlantic and Florida International universities.

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'SlothBot in the Garden' demonstrates hyper-efficient conservation robot

For the next several months, visitors to the Atlanta Botanical Garden will be able to observe the testing of a new high-tech tool in the battle to save some of the world's most endangered species. SlothBot, a slow-moving and energy-efficient robot that can linger in the trees to monitor animals, plants, and the environment below, will be tested near the Garden's popular Canopy Walk.

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This supernova in a lab mimics the cosmic blast's splendid aftermath

Mystery enshrouds the birth of swirls typical for supernova remnants like the Crab Nebula. A new 'supernova machine' may help solve it.

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University spinouts seek fair reward for vital R&D work

Academic institutions must balance private and public interests

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High risk of corporate bankruptcy due to the coronavirus pandemic, according to a new analysis

The lockdown which occurred as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic increases the probability of corporate bankruptcy, according to an analysis co-authored by an academic from Queen Mary University of London.

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Two-dimensional carbon networks: Graphdiyne as a functional lithium-ion storage material

Lithium-ion batteries usually contain graphitic carbons as anode materials. Scientists have investigated the carbonic nanoweb graphdiyne as a novel two-dimensional carbon network for its suitability in battery applications. Graphdiyne is as flat and thin as graphene, which is the one-atomic-layer-thin version of graphite, but it has a higher porosity and adjustable electronic properties. In the jo

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Researchers perform quantum simulation of dynamical phase transitions

Quantum simulation uses a controllable quantum system to mimic complex systems or solve intractable problems, among which the non-equilibrium problems of quantum many-body systems have attracted wide research interest. Such systems are hard to simulate using classical computers. Instead, popular quantum simulators, such as superconducting circuits, can provide insights into these problems. As cons

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It's not always about money—why academic scientists engage in commercial activities

For scientists, engaging in commercial activities such as patenting and starting new ventures can be much more lucrative than relying on pure academic work. However, according to new research by Henry Sauermann of ESMT Berlin and colleagues Wesley M. Cohen (Duke University) and Paula Stephan (Georgia State University), money is not the main reason why scientists choose to work on commercial activi

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Arctic Ocean acidification worse than expected

The Arctic Ocean will take up more CO2 over the 21st century than predicted by most climate models. This additional CO2 causes a distinctly stronger ocean acidification. These results were published in a study by climate scientists from the University of Bern and École normale supérieure in Paris. Ocean acidification threatens the life of calcifying organisms—such as mussels and "sea butterflies"—

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I Was Mayor of Minneapolis. I Know Why Police Reforms Fail.

When I attended police swearing-in ceremonies as the mayor of Minneapolis, I spent a lot of time shaking hands with our city's new recruits. I wanted to understand the people who had stepped up to do a job I was too scared to do. I tried to spend even more time with their families; I wanted to thank the parents who raised a child to do a job I would never let my own kid do. I wanted to know who a

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Facing a COVID-19 Resurgence and Unable to Act

A n alarming resurgence of the coronavirus is threatening to overwhelm America's fifth-largest city, and its leaders aren't allowed to do much about it. "We've had elected officials who've not wanted to use the word crisis ," Phoenix, Arizona, Mayor Kate Gallego told me by phone earlier this week. "I am very comfortable telling the people of Phoenix, 'We are in a crisis and you have to take this

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30 Years Ago, Romania Deprived Thousands of Babies of Human Contact

Image above : Izidor Ruckel near his home outside Denver F or his first three years of life, Izidor lived at the hospital. The dark-eyed, black-haired boy, born June 20, 1980, had been abandoned when he was a few weeks old. The reason was obvious to anyone who bothered to look: His right leg was a bit deformed. After a bout of illness (probably polio), he had been tossed into a sea of abandoned i

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Genetic Diversity of Malaria in a Single Mosquito Bite May Be Huge

New blood tests help to track disease-causing Plasmodium strains — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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The Trouble With Counting Aliens

A new study estimates that there might only be 36 communicating extraterrestrial civilizations in our galaxy. But that number doesn't tell the whole story.

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25 Last-Minute Father's Day Gift Ideas and Deals (2020)

If you want to show your appreciation for Dad with something more than a phone call, one of these deals might make the old man smile. But you better hurry!

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Baidu Breaks Off an AI Alliance Amid Strained US-China Ties

The search giant was the only Chinese member of the Partnership on Artificial Intelligence, a US-led effort to foster collaboration on ethical issues.

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To Process Grief over COVID-19, Children Need Empathetic Listening

The pandemic creates both a need and an opportunity to help kids deal with difficult emotions — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Regnefejl øger klimapres på politikerne: Nu skal de finde 20 mio. ton CO2 i stedet for 19

PLUS. Ny basisfremskrivning fra Energistyrelsen stiller skarpt på landbruget, som kommer til at belaste klimaet mere end transporten i 2030.

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Genetic Diversity of Malaria in a Single Mosquito Bite May Be Huge

New blood tests help to track disease-causing Plasmodium strains — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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Nykøbing får sin klapbro – men den skal være lukket 200 dage om året

Sund & Bælt og Banedanmark ville droppe den planlagte togklapbro over Guldborg Sund, men det er blevet afvist af forligskredsen bag aftalen om Femern-forbindelsen. Men den nye bro kommer til at være lukket fra 15. september til 1. april.

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'Protest Is the Highest Form of Patriotism'

The protests against police brutality that have swept the country in the aftermath of the killing of George Floyd have gone on for weeks. Although there is a long tradition of black protest against police misconduct, the strength of the outcry, the diversity of the protesters, and the sheer volume of demonstrations have illustrated a profound shift in public opinion about the existence of racial

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The Case for Capitalizing the B in Black

S hould the b in black , as a designation for people of African descent, be uppercase? Media outlets and other institutions are asking themselves that question these days, and many are answering in the affirmative. But the reasons given for why can sometimes be perplexing—in a way that reveals larger perplexities about the meaning of race. Everyone knows that black people aren't literally black.

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Den danske coronamodel er sendt på sommerferie

PLUS. Der er få smittede og indlagte til, at modellering giver mening. Vi ser nærmere på modellen og dens usikre parametre, for modellen kan blive hentet frem igen, hvis covid-19 blusser op på ny.

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COVID-19 toll in nursing homes linked to staffing levels and quality

A new study shows that residents of long-term care facilities with lower nurse staffing levels, poorer quality scores, and higher concentrations of disadvantaged residents suffer from higher rates of confirmed COVID-19 cases and deaths.

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Sit With Negative Emotions, Don't Push Them Away

Editor's Note: " How to Build a Life " is a biweekly column by Arthur Brooks, tackling questions of meaning and happiness. I was 5 years old when Woodstock took place. The only thing I remember about it was a hippie on television saying, "If it feels good, do it." Given the limits of my feel-good experiences at the time, I imagined not the sexual revolution and drug culture but hippies eating lot

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The Leader Who Killed Her City

Updated at 5:10 p.m. ET T he sunny, humid Saturday should have been a day of cautious relaxation in Hong Kong. The city had not tallied a new case of COVID-19 in a week, and people were returning to markets, restaurants, and the popular hiking trails that traverse its sylvan hills. But by that afternoon, social-media posts and alerts on messaging apps began to spread, initially in frantic, disjoi

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GLP-1-baseret behandling af diabetes giver ikke betændelse i bugspytkirtlen

Den hyppigt anvendte behandling for type 2 diabetes og fedme, GLP-1, er kendt for at øge to markører…

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Figure "anomalies" prompt Harvard group to retract Nature paper

A group of researchers based at Harvard Medical School have retracted their 2019 paper in Nature after a data sleuth detected evidence of suspect images in the article. The move comes ten months after the journal first heard from the sleuth, Elisabeth Bik. The paper, "Fatty acids and cancer-amplified ZDHHC19 promote STAT3 activation through S-palmitoylation," … Continue reading

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How to Make Government Trustworthy Again

Why have some Asian countries controlled their outbreaks so well? It's because authorities have earned their citizens' confidence.

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Videoconferencing Needs to Climb Out of the Uncanny Valley

Many people will continue to WFH more, but remote communication tools are still lacking. Tech companies are racing to add more presence to our telepresence.

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Coronavirus Researchers Are Dismantling Science's Ivory Tower—One Study at a Time

Homebound scientists were looking for ways to help battle the pandemic. I put out a call on Twitter, and the Covid-19 Dispersed Volunteer Network was born.

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News at 11: Kid Reporters Tackle the Coronavirus

I started a Covid-themed newspaper for the children in my neighborhood. It turned into a global outlet for youth journalism—and no-parents-allowed tips for acquiring candy.

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Live Wrong and Prosper: Covid-19 and the Future of Families

Many of us are failing to build the secure, stable households we were taught to desire. But new shapes of family are emerging from the isolation of quarantine.

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What Will Science, Tech, and Life Look Like After Covid-19?

What happens next? Writers share stories of a world—and a future—transformed by a viral cataclysm.

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After the Virus: How We'll Learn, Age, Move, Listen, and Create

We asked a geriatrician, the CEO of Bandcamp, a public schools chief, a transportation expert, and the US poet laureate what to expect in the wake of Covid-19.

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Daily briefing: Tantalising hints from dark matter detector

Nature, Published online: 17 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01844-1 The world's most sensitive dark-matter experiment might have found a hint of the stuff. Plus, the mathematical pitfall that plagues antibody tests and the power struggle over user data in the social sciences.

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Food deliveries during virus lockdown fuel Thailand plastic usage

Single-use plastic waste in Thailand ballooned during the coronavirus lockdown as demand for home food deliveries soared, activists say, setting back efforts to reduce the country's dependency on the environmental scourge.

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DNA from ancient Irish tomb reveals incest and an elite class that ruled early farmers

Practice linked to royalty around the world found in massive Newgrange tomb

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New tensions dim hopes for salvaging Iran nuclear deal

Disappearance of a uranium disk and alleged explosives testing raise fresh questions about past clandestine research

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Virus crisis gives throwaway plastic a new lease on life

Just when you thought it was beyond the social and environmental pale, single-use plastic is making a comeback, be it for throwaway facemasks, gloves or shrink-wrapped vegetables.

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Coronavirus Live Updates: Mixed Messages From Washington

Oklahoma, where President Trump plans a rally this weekend, is among the states reporting a record number of new cases. An outbreak in Beijing prompted a backlash against salmon. Arizona and Texas will allow local officials to require masks.

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Convergent antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 in convalescent individuals

Nature, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2456-9

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Scathing COVID-19 book from Lancet editor — rushed but useful

Nature, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01839-y Richard Horton skewers leaders in two of the richest, most powerful and scientifically advanced countries for getting it so wrong.

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Researchers take a bloody good look at the medicinal leech genome

The results of new research published this week in Scientific Reports reveal insights that may have profound effects on the use of medicinal leeches in hospital-based medicine.

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Specificity of end resection pathways for double-strand break regions containing ribonucleotides and base lesions

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16903-4 DNA double-strand break repair by homologous recombination initiates with nucleolytic resection of the 5' DNA strand at the break ends. Here, the authors reveal that the lesion context influences the action and efficiency of the long range resection factors EXO1 and BLM-DNA2.

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Genetic breakdown of a Tet-off conditional lethality system for insect population control

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16807-3 Insect population control using conditional lethal systems could break down due to spontaneous mutations that render the system ineffective. Here the authors analyse the structure and frequency of such mutations in Drosophila and suggest the use of dual lethality systems to mitigate their survival.

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Radiation-resistant metal-organic framework enables efficient separation of krypton fission gas from spent nuclear fuel

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16647-1 Management of spent nuclear fuel is challenging due to the release of volatile radionuclides. Here the authors report krypton separation from fission gas in the presence of other competing gases by a radiation resistant metal-organic framework using the two-bed breakthrough technique.

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Bone marrow adipose tissue is a unique adipose subtype with distinct roles in glucose homeostasis

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16878-2 Bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) comprises over 10% of total fat mass but its systemic metabolic role is unclear. Here, the authors show that BMAT glucose uptake is not insulin or cold responsive; however, BMAT basal glucose uptake is higher than in white adipose tissue or skeletal muscle, underscoring BMAT's p

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Proline-rich protein PRR19 functions with cyclin-like CNTD1 to promote meiotic crossing over in mouse

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16885-3 Crossing over is a critical process during meiosis, although the regulation of this process still remains somewhat elusive. Here, the authors show that PRR19 partners with CNTD1 to enable formation of crossover-specific recombination complexes in mouse germ cells.

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Metallic nanocrystals with low angle grain boundary for controllable plastic reversibility

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16869-3 Improving the reversible plastic deformability and damage tolerance of nanosized metals remains challenging. Here, the authors custom-design low angle grain boundaries in metallic bicrystals to achieve controllable plastic reversibility via fully conservative grain boundary migration.

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Negative cooperativity upon hydrogen bond-stabilized O2 adsorption in a redox-active metal–organic framework

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16897-z Oxygen capture is attractive for catalysis, sensing, and separations, but engineering stable and selective adsorbents is challenging. Here the authors combine metal-based electron transfer with secondary coordination sphere effects in a metal-organic framework, leading to strong and reversible O2 adsorption that

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Harmonization of quality metrics and power calculation in multi-omic studies

Nature Communications, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16937-8 Multi-omics studies are popular but lack rigorous criteria for experimental design. We define Figures of Merit across omics to comparatively describe their performance, and present new algorithms for sample size calculation in multi-omics experiments aiming either at feature selection or sample classification.

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Researchers take a bloody good look at the medicinal leech genome

The results of new research published this week in Scientific Reports reveal insights that may have profound effects on the use of medicinal leeches in hospital-based medicine.

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Researchers study catastrophic disease events in marine mammals

As the COVID-19 pandemic sweeps across the globe, people are beginning to understand, at a very personal level, the ways in which infectious diseases can devastate life. But disease outbreaks are not confined to just humans or to life on land.

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Researchers study catastrophic disease events in marine mammals

As the COVID-19 pandemic sweeps across the globe, people are beginning to understand, at a very personal level, the ways in which infectious diseases can devastate life. But disease outbreaks are not confined to just humans or to life on land.

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Predicting side effects

Scientists develop AI-based tool to predict adverse drug events. Such events are responsible for some 2 million U.S. hospitalizations per year. The free, open-source system could enable safer drug design, optimize drug safety

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Researchers take a bloody good look at the medicinal leech genome

An international team of researchers, led by Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) scientist Sebastian Kvist, have announced the completion and results of their work to sequence the genome of Hirudo medicinalis, a European leech, and one of the most prominently used medicinal species. The team focused their efforts on unveiling the diversity and abundance of anticoagulants (blood thinners) in the leech genom

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Silicosis: Ominous resurgence of an occupational lung condition reported

A new study appearing in the journal CHEST®, published by Elsevier, documents an increased incidence of silicosis, which progressed rapidly to massive pulmonary fibrosis in a significant proportion of patients who had previously worked artificial stone (AS), also called artificial quartz agglomerate or conglomerate, a popular new countertop material, despite cessation of exposure after diagnosis.

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Disparities in stroke care at urban vs. rural hospitals impacts quality of care, patient survival

Stroke patients in rural areas are less likely to get the most advanced treatments and are more likely to die before leaving the hospital than people treated for stroke at hospitals in urban areas.Between 2012 and 2017, there was no improvement in rural/urban disparities in stroke treatments and outcomes.

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Effect of plant density on yield and Quality of perilla sprouts

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-67106-2

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Circadian disruption with constant light exposure exacerbates atherosclerosis in male ApolipoproteinE-deficient mice

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-66834-9 Circadian disruption with constant light exposure exacerbates atherosclerosis in male ApolipoproteinE -deficient mice

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Lightweight carbon-red mud hybrid foam toward fire-resistant and efficient shield against electromagnetic interference

Scientific Reports, Published online: 18 June 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-66929-3

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What Matters Most Is That Bolton Publishes the Book Before the Election

Philip Montgomery Updated at 4:26 p.m. ET on June 18, 2020. I am not a fan of John Bolton. I've written several critical essays about his time as national security adviser. He is incapable of strategic thought, he failed to run a proper interagency process and excluded people he personally disagreed with on issues, he tried to box Donald Trump into launching wars and interventions that the presid

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New evidence of virus risks from wildlife trade

Animals sold in markets and restaurants in Southeast Asia harbour multiple coronaviruses, study shows.

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Medical School Taught Me How to Talk to Conspiracy Theorists

As a newly minted M.D. who will be taking care of patients at a safety-net hospital, I am pained by the conspiracy theories surrounding the Covid-19 pandemic. But I know that we must respond to the misinformation with the tools of motivational interviewing — active listening, empathy, patience, and respect.

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The startup making deep learning possible without specialized hardware

The discovery that led Nir Shavit to start a company came about the way most discoveries do: by accident. The MIT professor was working on a project to reconstruct a map of a mouse's brain and needed some help from deep learning. Not knowing how to program graphics cards, or GPUs, the most common hardware choice for deep-learning models, he opted instead for a central processing unit, or CPU, the

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'For sent', 'duer ikke', 'gider ikke' og 'det rene big brother': DRs tech-korrespondent ser nærmere på fire myter om Smittestop-appen

DR's tech-korrespondent Henrik Moltke klæder dig på til at vælge, om du vil downloade smitteappen.

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What Makes Some People More Resilient Than Others

The very earliest days of our lives, and our closest relationships, can offer clues about how we cope with adversity.

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The Milky Way could have dozens of alien civilizations capable of contacting us

We've been sending out radio signals for about into the galaxy for a century. Have other civilizations been doing the same? (Pixabay/) With astronomers constantly discovering new exoplanets orbiting distant stars and planetary scientists better understanding the warm, wet corners of our own solar system, the universe is looking more and more hospitable to life. Until someone spots far-off extrate

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Covid-19: what kind of face mask gives the best protection against coronavirus?

Your questions answered on what type of mask to wear to cut the risk of getting Covid-19 Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Yes. Different types of mask offer different levels of protection. Surgical grade N95 respirators offer the highest level of protection against Covid-19 infection, followed by surgical grade masks. However, these masks are costly, in limited supply

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Danske myndigheder har ingen mål for brugere af ny corona-app

Lande over hele verden har svært ved at få tilstrækkeligt med borgere til downloade deres smittesporings-apps. Den danske app er netop sendt på gaden, men myndighederne har ingen forventninger til, hvor mange danskere der skal bruge den.

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Jordens arter har mere til fælles, end man troede

Forskere har i den største kortlægning af proteiner nogensinde på tværs af arter…

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Researchers study catastrophic disease events in marine mammals

Viruses were responsible for 72 percent of these events and caused 20 times the number of deaths than bacterial outbreaks.

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Smittestop-appen er landet

Danmarks officielle smittestop-app er på gaden. Den kræver, at Bluetooth er slået til hele tiden.

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The Milky Way is about to completely obliterate a neighbouring galaxy

One of the Milky Way's neighbour galaxies has been disrupting our galaxy's disc for billions of years, but now it is on the brink of being shredded into pieces

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Älgar anpassar sin kalvning till klimatet

När älgkon föder sina kalvar behöver hon massor med energi. Att kalvningen sammanfaller med ett grönskande landskap är ingen slump. Därför sker också kalvningen 2,5 dagar senare för varje breddgrad norrut, visar en studie på 555 älgkor från Växjö i söder till Nikkaluokta i norr. Sommaren är kort och intensiv – även för älgen. De korta växtsäsongerna i norr ger begränsad möjlighet till näringsrikt

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Mysterium om forhistorisk gigantæg er løst

Ægget er det største nogensinde fundet med blød skal og det måler 28 x 18 centimeter.

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I'm a nurse in a deprived area of the UK. Here's the sinister truth about Covid and inequality

People praise me and my key worker neighbours for keeping things running before ranting about rule-breakers in ghettos Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage I'm a nurse in inner-city Birmingham. After my shifts, which have been long, hot and often harrowing, I return to the densely populated, working-class neighbourhood where I can afford to live. My street, which is about

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Violin-makers tune in to tradition of Stradivarius in Italy's Cremona

Working in the shadow of the great masters, the violin-makers of Italy's Cremona are valiantly fighting a shrinking market and foreign competition as they seek perfection, one violin at a time.

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NASA's next Mars rover honors medical teams fighting virus

NASA's next Mars rover is honoring all the medical workers on the front lines of the coronavirus battle around the world.

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Plants are marvelous chemists, as the gardenia's DNA shows

Plants are some of nature's most extraordinary chemists. Unlike animals, they can't run from predators or pathogens. They can't uproot themselves to seek out a mate or spread their seeds.

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Tydliga tecken på hjärnskada vid svår covid-19

Vissa patienter som vårdas på sjukhus för coronavirusinfektion, covid-19, har kliniska och neurokemiska tecken på hjärnskada, visar en studie från Göteborgs universitet. Redan vid måttlig covid-19 kunde en biomarkör för hjärnskada uppmätas. Vissa som smittas av coronaviruset SARS-CoV-2 får bara en lättare förkylning, medan andra blir allvarligt sjuka och behöver vård på sjukhus. Där har det blivi

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Plants are marvelous chemists, as the gardenia's DNA shows

Plants are some of nature's most extraordinary chemists. Unlike animals, they can't run from predators or pathogens. They can't uproot themselves to seek out a mate or spread their seeds.

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Coronavirus Fears in China Find a New Target: Salmon

Suppliers and restaurants are scrambling after an outbreak in Beijing triggered fears that salmon may have spread it. Officials later absolved the fish of blame, but consumers are avoiding it anyway.

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AI goes underground: root crop growth predicted with drone imagery

Root crops like cassava, carrots and potatoes are notoriously good at hiding disease or deficiencies which might affect their growth. While leaves may look green and healthy, farmers can face nasty surprises when they go to harvest their crops.

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AI goes underground: root crop growth predicted with drone imagery

Root crops like cassava, carrots and potatoes are notoriously good at hiding disease or deficiencies which might affect their growth. While leaves may look green and healthy, farmers can face nasty surprises when they go to harvest their crops.

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Roaming-forhandling mellem Clever og E.ON brudt sammen: Elbilejere er de store tabere

PLUS. Elbilejerne er overladt til dyre løsninger for at kunne oplade frit.

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IEA til verdens regeringer: Sådan ser en bæredygtig genstart ud

PLUS. Vedligehold af ældre a-kraftværker, højhastighedsbaner, bygningsisolering samt investeringer i elnet og vedvarende energi er blandt de mere end 30 initiativer, som IEA anbefaler til verdens regeringer.

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Planet 9 kan skriva om solsystemets historia

Sedan länge har man sett tecken som tyder på att det finns en stor, ännu oupptäckt planet i yttre delen av solsystemet. Här skriver astronom Hans Rickman om vad vi kan lära oss om solens syskon om det visar sig att Planet 9 faktiskt existerar.

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UK coronavirus live: Treasury opposing bid to use private hospitals to tackle NHS backlog

News updates: health bosses are pushing for a £5bn-a-year deal to treat NHS patients in private hospitals and tackle a spiralling backlog amid the coronavirus pandemic Treasury blocks plan for private hospitals to tackle NHS backlog NHS Covid-19 contact-tracing app for UK will not be ready before winter Coronavirus global updates See all our coronavirus coverage 8.58am BST The NHS Covid-19 contac

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A Mysterious Network of Underwater Rivers Appears to Surround The Australian Coast

"The most significant discovery for coastal oceanography in recent decades."

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Footprints reveal giant carnivorous dinosaurs the length of a bus wandered Australia

Researchers say the Queensland dinosaur predates its more famous 'cousin' the T rex by about 90 million years Giant carnivorous dinosaurs the length of a bus wandered south-east Queensland about 160 million years ago, new research shows. Analysis of fossilised footprints by a University of Queensland research team has shone new light on the diversity of dinosaur life during the mid-to-late Jurass

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Global report: Beijing Covid-19 cluster may have begun a month earlier – China health official

Chinese capital reports 21 new cases; New Zealand records new infection in returned traveller; India has highest daily jump in infections Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Beijing's cluster of new coronavirus cases may have begun a month earlier than first thought, partly due to asymptomatic infections, according to the director of China' s Center for Disease Control a

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FTC warns naturopaths, acupuncturists, physicians, and chiropractors about false and misleading COVID-19 claims

Since March, the FTC has issued almost 250 warning letters to companies and individuals making unsubstantiated claims for COVID-19 treatments. Included among these are naturopaths, acupuncturists, physicians, and chiropractors.

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Corona-appen er udkommet: Her er, hvad den kan

Efter en hård fødsel udkommer Danmarks corona-app, Smittestop.

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Research news tip sheet: Story ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine

We want you to continue having access to the latest Johns Hopkins Medicine research achievements and clinical advances, so we are issuing a second tip sheet every Thursday, covering topics not related to COVID-19 or the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

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It's not about money — why academic scientists engage in commercial activities

For scientists, engaging in commercial activities such as patenting and starting new ventures can be much more lucrative than relying on pure academic work. However, according to new research by ESMT Berlin, money is not the main reason why scientists choose to work on commercial activities. Motives such as social impact seem more important.

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Suicide rate for people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders 170 times higher

The suicide rate for people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) is 170 times higher than the general population according a study just published in the journal Schizophrenia Research, a figure the authors call 'tragically high.'

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Study links financial hardship to more ED visits; less preventive care

A new study finds higher medical and nonmedical financial hardships are independently associated with more emergency department visits, lower receipt of some preventive services, and worse self-rated health in cancer survivors.

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Complications of premature birth decline in California, Stanford-led study finds

California's most vulnerable premature babies are now healthier when they go home from the hospital, according to a new study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative.

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How cephalopod cells could take us one step closer to invisibility – podcast

Watching the mesmerising patterns of squids, octopuses and cuttlefish has been the catalyst for much of Dr Alon Gorodetsky's recent work, including his attempts to mimic their ability to become transparent. Nicola Davis talks to him about a recent paper where he engineered mammalian cells to share these optic properties – paving the way for exciting potential applications Continue reading…

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Pandemic reopens wounds on IP rights

The ethics of pharmaceutical monopolies are under scrutiny

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Inventions still need a human touch

Machine learning is testing the limits of IP protection

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How cephalopod cells could take us one step closer to invisibility

Watching the mesmerising patterns of squids, octopuses and cuttlefish has been the catalyst for much of Dr Alon Gorodetsky's recent work, including his attempts to mimic their ability to become transparent. Nicola Davis talks to him about a recent paper where he engineered mammalian cells to share these optic properties – paving the way for exciting potential applications. Help support our indepen

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African business steps up in global scramble for virus test kits

Ghana's mPharma have helped countries shut out by suppliers to source vital equipment

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