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Does the visual field move as you move your eyeballs, or does it only move when you move your head?
Just a bit confused about how visual field is defined. Based on its definition, does one's visual field move as they look around (but keep their head still)? Or does it only move when they move their head? Seems very important in, for example, split brain studies where we present different things to each visual field. submitted by /u/optimal_honeybee [link] [comments]
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Would it be too easy to validate visual stimuli like this?
Hello, For my research, I have to validate some visual stimuli. I am asking about the methodology part. So, I collected some pictures. I will ask as many participants as to vote their valence, arousal and so on like in other studies. Then, I will keep the most negative-positive voted images. I will use a threshold or something like if 95% of the sample voted negative, then it is negative. Is it e
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Autistic people's nerve cells differ before birth, new study finds
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral challenges. Although a diagnosis of autism can typically be made around the age of 2, the average age for diagnosis in the United States is after 4 years old. A new study shows that the atypical development of autism in human brain cells starts at the very earliest sta
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Catalytic asymmetric addition of an amine N–H bond across internal alkenes
Nature, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2919-z
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Daily briefing: Philae's misadventure reveals what's inside a comet
Nature, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03113-7 Bouncing comet lander reveals details of cometary materials, Europe is back at the epicenter of the pandemic and breakthrough nears for black-hole information paradox.
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Redesign open science for Asia, Africa and Latin America
Nature, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03052-3 Researchers in many countries need custom-built systems to do robust and transparent science.
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Young scientists in Malaysia have made integrity training fun and relevant
Nature, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03082-x Bottom-up workshops have laid a foundation for responsible research, but institutions must add structural support.
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Egalité: France's research reforms must balance competitiveness with well-being
Nature, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02853-w France must take a harder look at the risks and rewards of its competitiveness agenda.
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Moment's MagSafe accessories let you stick your iPhone wherever you want
The bracket on top of the device can hold a light or microphone meant to sit on top of a DSLR. (Moment /) Apple announced its new iPhone 12 lineup late last month. Its 5G connectivity was the big headline, but its MagSafe magnetic accessory system was a pleasantly useful surprise . Apple already makes some first-party accessories including cases, a pouch for the iPhone 12 Mini, and a wallet attac
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Harnessing the 'wisdom of crowds' can help combat antibiotic over-prescription
A new study has demonstrated that using the 'wisdom of crowds' (also known as collective intelligence) of three or more medical prescribers, can improve decisions about antibiotic prescribing and help combat rising levels of antibiotic resistance.
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Transparent soil-like substances provide window on soil ecology
By using two different transparent soil substitutes, scientists have shown that soil bacteria rely on fungi to help them survive dry periods, says a new study.
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The cement for coral reefs
Coral reefs are hotspots of biodiversity. As they can withstand heavy storms, they offer many species a safe home. A team has now discovered that a very specific type of 'cement' is responsible for the stability of coral reefs – by forming a hard calcareous skeleton, coralline red algae stabilize the reefs, and have been doing so for at least 150 million years.
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Combo-drug treatment for Type 2 diabetes remains effective after two years
Patients whose Type 2 diabetes is not controlled with metformin can benefit long-term from a two-drug combination treatment that also reduces weight.
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How Bison Mummies Help Scientists to Ruminate on Ancient Climate
Bison mummies hold valuable information for researchers who want to understand how biodiversity evolved and responded to climate change.
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Active surveillance safe for African Americans with low-risk prostate cancer
Researchers with UC San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center say active surveillance is safe for African American men with low-risk prostate cancer.
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Study uncovers subset of COVID-19 patients who recover quickly and sustain antibodies
Brigham investigators examined blood samples and cells from patients who had recovered from mild to moderate COVID-19 and found that while antibodies against the virus declined in most individuals after disease resolution, a subset of patients sustained anti-virus antibody production several months following infection.
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Antibodies may trigger scary COVID-19 blood clots
Blood clots continue to wreak havoc for patients with severe COVID-19 infection, and a new study explains what may spark them in up to half of patients. The culprit: an autoimmune antibody that's circulating in the blood, attacking the cells and triggering clots in arteries, veins, and microscopic vessels. Blood clots can cause life-threatening events like strokes. And, in COVID-19, microscopic c
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Så viktiga är grannarna i en katalysator
Påverkas du av din granne? Det gör nanopartiklar i katalysatorer också. Studier från Chalmers visar att närmaste grannarna avgör hur optimalt en nanopartikel fungerar i en katalysator. – Det långsiktiga målet med forskningen är att kunna urskilja superpartiklar som kan bidra till mer effektiva katalysatorer i framtiden. För att utnyttja resurserna bättre än idag vill vi också att så många partikl
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Forget the Exit Polls, Watch Florida, Ignore Pennsylvania
The election will be weird, no matter what. If the polls are right, and Joe Biden wins the states where he's favored, tonight could bring the most resounding defeat of an incumbent president since Herbert Hoover lost to Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932. If the polls are wrong, and Biden concedes to President Donald Trump early tomorrow morning, it would mark the most catastrophic polling disaster in
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Coronavirus/mass testing: positive diagnosis
Spotting potential 'spreaders' could provide a vital route out of the crisis
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New mineral discovered in moon meteorite
The high-pressure mineral Donwilhelmsite, recently discovered in the lunar meteorite Oued Awlitis 001 from Apollo missions, is important for understanding the inner structure of Earth.
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Tracking flight trajectory of evaporating cough droplets
Researchers conducted a numerical study on droplet dispersion using high fidelity air flow simulation. The scientists found a single 100-micrometer cough droplet under wind speed of 2 meters per second can travel up to 6.6 meters and even further under dry air conditions due to droplet evaporation.
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Venous origin of brain blood-vessel malformations
In the condition known as cavernoma, lesions arise in a cluster of blood vessels in the brain, spinal cord or retina. Researchers can now show, at molecular level, that these changes originate in vein cells. This new knowledge of the condition creates potential for developing better therapies for patients.
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Study finds 1 in 8 patients with cancer harbor inherited genetic mutations
Genetic testing can uncover inherited genetic mutations, and could individualize cancer therapies, improve survival, manage cancer in loved ones and push the boundaries of precision medicine.
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Drones that patrol forests could monitor environmental and ecological changes
Researchers have created drones that can attach sensors to trees to monitor environmental and ecological changes in forests.
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Model of multicellular evolution overturns classic theory
Cells can evolve specialized functions under a much broader range of conditions than previously thought, according to a study.
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'Extremely dangerous' Hurricane Eta hits Nicaragua
An "extremely dangerous" hurricane named Eta lashed the north coast of Nicaragua on Tuesday as it made landfall packing heavy rain and high winds, authorities said.
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An Expert on Voting Machines Explains How They Work
Election officials also rely on high-speed scanners, envelope openers and good old-fashioned paper — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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An Expert on Voting Machines Explains How They Work
Election officials also rely on high-speed scanners, envelope openers and good old-fashioned paper — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Climate Change–and Research–Raced Forward as Trump Turned His Back
The U.S. has seen numerous climate-fueled disasters in the last four years, just as scientists have made leaps in climate science — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Expensive gene therapies raise challenges and opportunities: Expert panel report
Gene therapies are being approved for use in Canada, but could strain healthcare budgets and exacerbate existing treatment inequities across the country. However, there are opportunities to control spending, streamline approvals and support fair access through innovation, coordination and collaboration, according to a new expert panel report from the Council of Canadian Academies (CCA).
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Nano coatings with many functions
Materials that simultaneously have contrasting properties—for example, they are soft on the one hand and hard on the other, with a gradual transition between the two properties—could enable completely new applications like anti-reflective lenses. In nature, such merging properties are indeed common, for example in mussels or in the human eye. Materials scientists at Kiel University have been using
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A new approach for studying electric charge arrangements in a superconductor
High-temperature superconductors are a class of materials that can conduct electricity with almost zero resistance at temperatures that are relatively high compared to their standard counterparts, which must be chilled to nearly absolute zero—the coldest temperature possible. The high-temperature materials are exciting because they hold the possibility of revolutionizing modern life, such as by fa
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The 'Trump Train' Drivers Had Reason to Expect Impunity
In Texas on Friday, dozens of vehicles driven by supporters of President Donald Trump formed a "Trump Train" on Interstate 35, and several of them surrounded a Joe Biden campaign bus, slowing it and attempting to force it off the road . One viral video shows a truck with pro-Trump and Blue Lives Matter banners striking a Biden staffer's vehicle. After the FBI announced an investigation of the coo
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The Weekly Planet: How Jeff Bezos Is Spending His $10 Billion Earth Fund
Every Tuesday morning, our lead climate reporter brings you the big ideas, expert analysis, and vital guidance that will help you flourish on a changing planet. Sign up to get T he Weekly Planet , our guide to living through climate change, in your inbox . Back in February, Jeffrey Bezos posted a picture of the Earth on Instagram. In the caption, the world's richest man announced his new project
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How Texas Turned Purple
No one knows what is going to happen in Texas on Election Day. And it's been decades since anyone could say that. "The raw numbers in Texas, and the year-to-year or the election-to-election increase [in voter turnout] is really, you know, fairly stunning," James Henson, the director of the Texas Politics Project, told me. "Texas is competitive this year, and it's much more competitive than we've
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Model of multicellular evolution overturns classic theory
Cells can evolve specialized functions under a much broader range of conditions than previously thought, according to a study published today in eLife.
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A new mathematical front to understand species coexistence
How biodiversity is generated and maintained are central questions in science, which are becoming increasingly important for our quality of life. How do similar species coexist in a system? Which ones will dominate or be excluded? Will the system succumb to invasion by outsiders? Can we predict these interactive dynamics in systems with many different species? Simulations and statistical approache
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Ants swallow their own acid to protect themselves from germs
Ants use their own acid to disinfect themselves and their stomachs. A team from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the University of Bayreuth has found that formic acid kills harmful bacteria in the animal's food, thereby reducing the risk of disease. At the same time, the acid significantly influences the ant's intestinal flora. The new study was published in the journal eLife.
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Model of multicellular evolution overturns classic theory
Cells can evolve specialized functions under a much broader range of conditions than previously thought, according to a study published today in eLife.
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A new mathematical front to understand species coexistence
How biodiversity is generated and maintained are central questions in science, which are becoming increasingly important for our quality of life. How do similar species coexist in a system? Which ones will dominate or be excluded? Will the system succumb to invasion by outsiders? Can we predict these interactive dynamics in systems with many different species? Simulations and statistical approache
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Ants swallow their own acid to protect themselves from germs
Ants use their own acid to disinfect themselves and their stomachs. A team from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the University of Bayreuth has found that formic acid kills harmful bacteria in the animal's food, thereby reducing the risk of disease. At the same time, the acid significantly influences the ant's intestinal flora. The new study was published in the journal eLife.
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The cement for coral reefs
Coral reefs are hotspots of biodiversity. As they can withstand heavy storms, they offer many species a safe home. A team of researchers from Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) and the University of Bayreuth have now discovered that a very specific type of 'cement' is responsible for the stability of coral reefs – by forming a hard calcareous skeleton, coralline red algae stab
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Transparent soil-like substances provide window on soil ecology
By using two different transparent soil substitutes, scientists have shown that soil bacteria rely on fungi to help them survive dry periods, says a study published today in eLife .
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New mineral discovered in moon meteorite
The high-pressure mineral Donwilhelmsite, recently discovered in the lunar meteorite Oued Awlitis 001 from Apollo missions, is important for understanding the inner structure of the earth.
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Harnessing the 'wisdom of crowds' can help combat antibiotic over prescription
A new study has demonstrated that using the 'wisdom of crowds' (also known as collective intelligence) of three or more medical prescribers, can improve decisions about antibiotic prescribing and help combat rising levels of antibiotic resistance.
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The birth of a bacterial tRNA gene
The Microbial Evolutionary Dynamics Group at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Plön has directly observed the birth of a tRNA gene, using experimental evolution of bacterial populations in the laboratory.
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RUDN University chemists developed new magnetic and luminescent lanthanide-siloxane-based compounds
A team of chemists from RUDN University synthesized new organosilicon compounds containing terbium and europium ions. These complexes have an unusual cage-like crystal structure that contains four metal ions. The team was the first to study the magnetic and photophysical properties of such compounds and to observe their magnetic phase transition and luminescence properties.
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How Tech Firms Have Tried to Stop Disinformation and Voter Intimidation — and Come up Short
Facebook and the other social media platform companies are facing a reckoning for their handling of disinformation.
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Birx warns US entering 'deadly phase' of Covid, contradicting Trump's message
Deborah Birx says 'we are entering the most concerning and most deadly phase' as Trump claims US is 'rounding the corner' White House scientific adviser Dr Deborah Birx warned the United States is entering a new "deadly phase" of the coronavirus pandemic, and urged an "aggressive" approach to containing its spread. Birx gave the warning in a written memo delivered to top administration officials
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A new lead for disarming antibiotic-resistant bacteria
A virus can stop bacteria from sharing genes for antibiotic resistance among themselves, researchers have discovered. The results hint at new ways to treat infections and describe a new feature of a highly diverse, largely unexplored part of the biosphere.
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New study reveals poisoning exposures in Australian schools
New research has found poisoning exposures in children and adolescents while at school are relatively common and appear to be increasing, highlighting the need for more robust prevention measures.
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Buffalo fly faces Dengue nemesis
Australian beef cattle researchers trial the use of insect-infecting bacterium Wolbachia to tackle buffalo fly, a major blood-sucking pest that costs the industry $100 million a year in treatments and lost production.
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Ants swallow their own acid to protect themselves from germs
Ants use their own acid to disinfect themselves and their stomachs. A team has found that formic acid kills harmful bacteria in the animal's food, thereby reducing the risk of disease. At the same time, the acid significantly influences the ant's intestinal flora.
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New AI tool provides much-needed help to protein scientists across the world
Sorting huge amounts of data is a bottleneck in protein research, a field that is crucial to make use of the gene-editing technology CRISPR and fully understand diseases like cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Now, researchers have employed artificial intelligence to do the heavy lifting — and do so in a way that can ensure common international standards while making advanced protein science mo
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It's Been 1,000 Years Since 2016
According to the calendar, the 2016 election was three years, 11 months, and 26 days ago. Based on people's subjective impressions, though, it can feel like either yesterday or a lifetime ago. Sometimes it feels like both. As Americans await information about the future on Election Night, their minds will probably also be on the past. Like the Olympics and other infrequently recurring high-profil
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Vener bakom missbildade blodkärl i hjärnan
Vid kavernöst angiom bildas hallonliknande missbildningar i hjärnans, ryggmärgens eller näthinnans blodkärl – som blöder lätt och kan framkalla epileptiska anfall och stroke. Upptäckten att det är i venernas celler som missbildningen uppstår, ökar nu chanserna för bättre behandlingar mot den hittills obotliga sjukdomen. Kavernöst angiom, också kallad CCM (Cerebral cavernous malformations beror på
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Brain effects of repetitive low-level occupational blast exposure
Military and law enforcement personnel with extensive occupational blast exposure had statistically significant differences in brain imaging measures compared to nonexposed control personnel
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Drones that patrol forests could monitor environmental and ecological changes
Imperial researchers have created drones that can attach sensors to trees to monitor environmental and ecological changes in forests.
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Model of multicellular evolution overturns classic theory
Cells can evolve specialised functions under a much broader range of conditions than previously thought, according to a study published today in eLife .
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A new mathematical front to understand species coexistence
In an effort to understand how different species coexist, researchers develop a mathematical model that establishes interactions in co-colonization as the key. The study, published in the Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, links epidemiology, ecology and evolution and models host colonization by different microbial species, providing fundamental advances for the analysis of species coexistence and
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Healthy oil from wild olives
The oil from wild olive trees has excellent sensorial, physicochemical and stability characteristics from a nutritional point of view, according to an article published in the journal Antioxidants. The study, based on the analysis of fruits from wild olive trees of the natural reserve of the Medes islands (Catalonia), reveals that the parameters of the quality of oil are within the values the Inte
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Invisible fungi revealed by their genetic material
How can new life forms that we cannot see be discovered? Using a novel method based on looking for DNA in soil samples, researchers at Uppsala University have revealed the existence of two hitherto unknown, but very common fungus species. They are thought to perform a key function in the ecosystem, but their exact role remains to be clarified. The study is published in the journal IMA Fungus.
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Venous origin of brain blood-vessel malformations
In the condition known as cavernoma, lesions arise in a cluster of blood vessels in the brain, spinal cord or retina. Researchers from Uppsala University can now show, at molecular level, that these changes originate in vein cells. This new knowledge of the condition creates potential for developing better therapies for patients. The study has been published in the journal eLife.
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Cornea appears to resist infection from novel coronavirus
Some doctors have worried that the novel coronavirus may be able to infect people by getting into their eyes. Viruses such as herpes simplex can infect the eye's cornea and Zika virus has been found in corneal tissue and tears, but new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggests the cornea can resist infection from SARS-CoV-2.
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Earwax sampling could measure stress hormone
A novel method to sample earwax could be a cheap and effective way to measure the hormone cortisol, according to a study led by researchers at UCL and King's College London, published in the academic journal Heliyon.
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A DNA-based molecular tagging system that could take the place of printed barcodes
University of Washington and Microsoft researchers have developed a DNA-based molecular tagging system.
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Tracking flight trajectory of evaporating cough droplets
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has led many to study airborne droplet transmission in different conditions and environments, and in Physics of Fluids, researchers from A*STAR conducted a numerical study on droplet dispersion using high fidelity air flow simulation. The scientists found a single 100-micrometer cough droplet under wind speed of 2 meters per second can travel up to 6.6 meters and even
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Squid jet propulsion can enhance design of underwater robots, vehicles
Squids use a form of jet propulsion that is not well understood, especially when it comes to their hydrodynamics under turbulent flow conditions. Discovering their secrets can help create new designs for bioinspired underwater robots, so researchers are exploring the fundamental mechanism. They describe their numerical study in Physics of Fluids ; among their discoveries, they found that thrust pr
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Association between African American race, clinical outcomes in men treated for low-risk prostate cancer with active surveillance
This observational study estimates the 10-year risk for disease progression, surgery, metastasis, and cause-specific and all-cause mortality among African American men with low-risk prostate cancer managed with active surveillance.
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Combining population health management and online program may help patients lose weight
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital paired an online weight loss program with a phone- and email-based population health management program, a two-pronged strategy previously unexplored, and determined that patients in the combined program had greater weight loss over 12 months than patients in the other two groups.
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Ice-binding molecules stop ice growth, act as natural antifreeze
Certain molecules bind tightly to the surface of ice, creating a curved interface that can halt further ice growth. Some insects, plants, and sea-dwelling creatures contain protein molecules of this type that act as natural antifreeze agents, allowing the organisms to withstand freezing temperatures. In The Journal of Chemical Physics, scientists report a computational method to model ice binding
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The highest heat-resistant plastic ever is developed from biomass
The use of biomass-derived plastics is one of the prime concerns to establish a sustainable society. However, the use of most of the biomass-derived plastics is limited due to their low heat resistance. Researchers have now successfully developed the white-biotechnological conversion from cellulosic biomass into the aromatic polymers having the highest thermodegradation of all the plastics reporte
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Some of the principal treatments for osteoporosis could reduce the incidence of COVID-19, study finds
A new study suggests that certain drugs used to treat osteoporosis are safe for COVID-19 patients and could even have a protective effect. The results support the recommendations of the scientific guidelines relating to the desirability of maintaining treatments for osteoporosis in patients with COVID-19.
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Study finds 1.7 million New Yorkers have been infected with SARS-Cov-2 and virus was in NYC earlier than reported
The virus that causes COVID-19 was present in New York City long before the city's first case of the disease was confirmed on March 1, according to a new study.
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Review finds almost 20 percent of COVID-19 patients only show gastrointestinal symptoms
Almost one in five patients with COVID-19 may only show gastrointestinal symptoms, according to a review of academic studies. The findings of the review suggest abdominal radiologists need to remain vigilant during the pandemic while imaging patients.
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From nitrate crisis to phosphate crisis?
The aim of the EU Nitrates Directive is to reduce nitrates leaking into the environment and to prevent pollution of water supplies. The widely accepted view is that this will help protect threatened plant species which can be damaged by high levels of nutrients like nitrates. However, an international team has discovered that many threatened plant species will suffer because of this policy.
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The craters on Earth
A two-volume atlas presents and explains the impact sites of meteorites and asteroids worldwide.
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Students develop tool to predict the carbon footprint of algorithms
Within the scientific community, it is estimated that artificial intelligence — otherwise meant to serve as a means to effectively combat climate change — will become one of the most egregious CO2 culprits should current trends continue. To raise awareness about the challenge, two students have launched a tool to calculate the carbon footprint of developing deep learning models.
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Is This the End of the Election Night Watch Party?
For Election Night in 2016, Dwight Onley and his wife set up a life-size cardboard cutout of Hillary Clinton in their living room and bought a cake with chocolate ganache, strawberries, and "Madame President" written on it in frosting with curlicues. After Clinton lost, the cake remained. They were inclined against waste, and so they finished it, eating "in a rote, joyless manner," Onley, a retir
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New Developments in Live-Cell Analysis
A deeper understanding of the cell.
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Plant viruses hijack the defence system of plants, but there might be a way to strike back
Many diseases caused by common plant viruses reduce the crops of important food plants. In the worst case, potato viruses, among others, can destroy as much as 80% of crops on infected fields.
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Buffalo fly faces Dengue nemesis
Few beef producers in the temperate climate of southern Australia will have encountered the parasitic buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua), a scourge of the cattle industry in the country's tropical and subtropical north—but maintaining this state of affairs, and also lifting a burden off the northern industry, has become a race against time, and climate.
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From nitrate crisis to phosphate crisis?
The aim of the EU Nitrates Directive is to reduce nitrates leaking into the environment in order to prevent pollution of water supplies. The widely accepted view is that this will also help protect threatened plant species which can be damaged by high levels of nutrients like nitrates in the soil and water. However, an international team of researchers including the Universities of Göttingen, Utre
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What's for dinner? Dolphin diet study
More evidence has emerged to support stricter coastal management, this time focusing on pollution and overfishing in the picturesque tourist waters off Auckland in New Zealand.
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New AI tool provides much-needed help to protein scientists across the world
Using artificial intelligence, UCPH researchers have solved a problem that until now has been the stumbling block for important protein research into the dynamics behind diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, as well as in the development of sustainable chemistry and new gene-editing technologies.
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Ice-binding molecules stop ice growth, act as natural antifreeze
Certain molecules bind tightly to the surface of ice, creating a curved interface that can halt further ice growth. Some insects, plants, and sea-dwelling creatures contain protein molecules of this type that act as natural antifreeze agents, allowing the organisms to withstand freezing temperatures.
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Squid jet propulsion can enhance design of underwater robots, vehicles
Squids and other cephalopods use a form of jet propulsion that is not well understood, especially when it comes to their hydrodynamics under turbulent flow conditions. Discovering their secrets can help create new designs for bioinspired underwater robots and vehicles that need to operate within this environment.
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Tracking flight trajectory of evaporating cough droplets
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has led many researchers to study airborne droplet transmission in different conditions and environments. The latest studies are starting to incorporate important aspects of fluid physics to deepen our understanding of viral transmission.
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A DNA-based molecular tagging system that could take the place of printed barcodes
Many people have had the experience of being poked in the back by a plastic tag while trying on clothes in a store. That is just one example of radio frequency identification technology, which has become a mainstay not just in retail but also in manufacturing, logistics, transportation, health care and more. Other tagging systems include the scannable barcode and the QR code.
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Plant viruses hijack the defence system of plants, but there might be a way to strike back
Many diseases caused by common plant viruses reduce the crops of important food plants. In the worst case, potato viruses, among others, can destroy as much as 80% of crops on infected fields.
1d
Buffalo fly faces Dengue nemesis
Few beef producers in the temperate climate of southern Australia will have encountered the parasitic buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua), a scourge of the cattle industry in the country's tropical and subtropical north—but maintaining this state of affairs, and also lifting a burden off the northern industry, has become a race against time, and climate.
1d
From nitrate crisis to phosphate crisis?
The aim of the EU Nitrates Directive is to reduce nitrates leaking into the environment in order to prevent pollution of water supplies. The widely accepted view is that this will also help protect threatened plant species which can be damaged by high levels of nutrients like nitrates in the soil and water. However, an international team of researchers including the Universities of Göttingen, Utre
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What's for dinner? Dolphin diet study
More evidence has emerged to support stricter coastal management, this time focusing on pollution and overfishing in the picturesque tourist waters off Auckland in New Zealand.
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Hurricane season surges on as Eta slams Nicaragua and Honduras
Hurricane Eta colliding with Central America on November 3, 2020. (NHC/NOAA/) The 28th storm of the Atlantic hurricane season is currently battering Nicaragua, Honduras, and much of the rest of Central America as a Category 4 hurricane. Most of the region is expecting upwards of six inches of rain, but Nicaragua and Honduras will receive the worst battering. The National Hurricane Center (NHC) is
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Challenges to providing behavioral health care during pandemic
The COVID-19 outbreak has significantly impacted the delivery of behavioral health services, which had to modify rapidly from in-person to remote, according to a Rutgers study published in the Community Mental Health Journal.
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Cancer treatment could be replicated for COVID-19
Beta-blockers could potentially be used to treat COVID-19, according to a new international study by Italian and Australian scientists.
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The Specter of Endothelial Injury in COVID-19
Studies signal that damage to the endothelium–cells that cover blood vessels like wallpaper–could underpin the thrombosis and inflammation induced by coronavirus infection.
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New AI tool provides much-needed help to protein scientists across the world
Using artificial intelligence, UCPH researchers have solved a problem that until now has been the stumbling block for important protein research into the dynamics behind diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, as well as in the development of sustainable chemistry and new gene-editing technologies.
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A DNA-based molecular tagging system that could take the place of printed barcodes
Many people have had the experience of being poked in the back by a plastic tag while trying on clothes in a store. That is just one example of radio frequency identification technology, which has become a mainstay not just in retail but also in manufacturing, logistics, transportation, health care and more. Other tagging systems include the scannable barcode and the QR code.
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OK, You've Just Won the Election. Now Fix Covid
The next president, whoever it is, should start by convening a brand-new Coronavirus Task Force.
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Divergent wildlife conservation perspectives in Africa
In African wildlife conservation, most documented experiences are from southern and south-eastern Africa; countries with well developed 'wildlife industries'. Their voices and perspectives are dominant, but a new paper in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution presents divergent perspectives from West, Central and the Horn of Africa. The authors argue that empathy towards multiple perspectives w
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Divergent wildlife conservation perspectives in Africa
In African wildlife conservation, most documented experiences are from southern and south-eastern Africa; countries with well developed 'wildlife industries'. Their voices and perspectives are dominant, but a new paper in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution presents divergent perspectives from West, Central and the Horn of Africa. The authors argue that empathy towards multiple perspectives w
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Seven types of election misinformation to watch out for
There was a time when misinformation was thought of as something that fought its way from the fringes into the mainstream, as if it lived in a darker parallel reality that was waiting to invade our own. That's never been quite right, but in 2020 it's an obvious misconception. Cornell researchers recently identified President Trump as the biggest driver of covid-related misinformation. The preside
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New method shows great potential for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
In Alzheimer's disease, a protein (peptide) forms clumps in the brain and causes sufferers to lose their memory. In a recently published article, a research group at Uppsala University described a new treatment method that increases the body's own degradation of the building blocks that lead to these protein clumps.
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Depression and anxiety are more frequently diagnosed in women
According to a study conducted by the UPV/EHU's OPIK research group, the hypothesis on the increased biological vulnerability of women is inconsistent, which would suggest that unequal conditions of life between men and women, together with the prevailing hegemonic models of masculinity and femininity, could account for these gender inequalities in mental health.
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New AI tool speeds up biology and removes potential human bias
Scientists have developed an AI tool to analyse how proteins move and interact which is faster and more accurate than humans, according to a study published today in eLife.
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BfR-Corona-Monitor: Respondents reduce contacts and stay at home more frequently
Starting this week, the new regulations for the containment of the coronavirus adopted by the Federal Government and the Länder will come into force throughout Germany. As the results of the BfR-Corona-Monitor, a regular survey by the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), show, the respondents were already more cautious last week than they were two weeks before.
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Some of the principal treatments for osteoporosis could reduce the incidence of COVID-19
A joint study by physicians at Hospital del Mar, researchers from the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute, Pompeu Fabra University and the Pere Virgili Health Care Park suggests that certain drugs used to treat osteoporosis are safe for COVID-19 patients and could even have a protective effect. The results support the recommendations of the scientific guidelines relating to the desirabilit
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Plant viruses hijack the defence system of plants, but there might be a way to strike back
Recently discovered interactions between plant and viral proteins open up new avenues for making plants resistant to viruses, thus safeguarding crop yields in changing climate conditions.
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Quantity, content, and context of social media use may affect adolescents' sleep
A new study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health found that checking social media often, viewing emotional or violent videos, and starting to use social media at an early age were significantly related to later bedtimes and fewer hours of sleep on school nights for early adolescents. Parental rules restricting mobile phone and online use before bed and obtaining a smartphone at a later ag
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Neutrons chart atomic map of COVID-19's viral replication mechanism
To better understand how the novel coronavirus behaves and how it can be stopped, scientists have completed a three-dimensional map that reveals the location of every atom in an enzyme molecule critical to SARS-CoV-2 reproduction. Researchers used neutron scattering to identify key information to improve the effectiveness of drug inhibitors designed to block the virus's replication mechanism.
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New type of soil waters plants by itself
A new type of soil can pull water from the air and distribute it to plants, researchers report. The self-watering soil could potentially expand the map of farmable land around the globe to previously inhospitable places and reduce water use in agriculture at a time of growing droughts. As reported in ACS Materials Letters , the team's atmospheric water irrigation system uses super-moisture-absorb
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Encouraging walking and cycling isn't hard, and here are three tried and tested methods
The UK has been promised a cycling revolution for decades. In 1996, then-transport minister Steve Norris enthused about quadrupling cycling trips by 2012. Similarly, former prime minister David Cameron promised a "cycling revolution" in 2013 which fizzled out as funding failed to follow. Little has changed for over 50 years. Over this time, cycling trips have been in steep decline. The same is tru
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Students develop tool to predict the carbon footprint of algorithms
Within the scientific community, it is estimated that artificial intelligence — otherwise meant to serve as a means to effectively combat climate change — will become one of the most egregious CO2 culprits should current trends continue. To raise awareness about the challenge, two University of Copenhagen students have launched a tool to calculate the carbon footprint of developing deep learning
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The craters on Earth
A two-volume atlas presents and explains the impact sites of meteorites and asteroids worldwide
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AI helps detect brain aneurysms on CT angiography
A powerful type of artificial intelligence known as deep learning can help physicians detect potentially life-threatening cerebral aneurysms on CT angiography, according to a new study.
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Diabetes: Finerenone nedsætter risiko for nyresvigt og hjertekarsygdom
Internationalt forskningskonsortium med danske deltagelse finder endnu et stof, der ser ud til at kunne sænke risikoen for nyresvigt og hjertekarsygdom hos personer med type 2-diabetes og kronisk nyresygdom.
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Bats use squeaks to 'see' prey's future
Bats calculate where their prey is headed by building on-the-fly predictive models of target motion from echoes, researchers report. The models are so robust, bats can continue to track prey even when it temporarily vanishes behind echo-blocking obstacles like trees. Although predicting object motion paths through vision has been extensively studied, these findings in the journal PNAS are the fir
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Spørg Fagfolket: Skyldes farveblindhed en fejl i øjet eller i hjernen?
En læser vil gerne vide, om farveblindhed sidder i selve øjet, så man i princippet kunne kurere det ved at udskifte øjet. Det svarer overlæge på Aarhus Universitetshospital på.
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Smartphone app might help when picking peanuts
Georgia's peanut crop generates more than $600 million annually, but determining the optimal harvest time for the crop can be tricky. Current crop assessment tools are time consuming and prone to human error, leading to millions of dollars in lost yield each year.
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Death of female soldiers does not diminish support for war
The thought of female soldiers dying in combat does not diminish public support for war, according to a new study from Rice University, Harvard University and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
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Smartphone app might help when picking peanuts
Georgia's peanut crop generates more than $600 million annually, but determining the optimal harvest time for the crop can be tricky. Current crop assessment tools are time consuming and prone to human error, leading to millions of dollars in lost yield each year.
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One last trip: when tourism embraces the terminally ill
A change of weather cannot cure cancer, but it can provide precious benefits, according to a new study. A vacation when the cancer is terminal can prepare the patient's family for the future in ways that medical regimens cannot. Per the study, it is time for public health officials, researchers, medical personnel, and social tourism programs to recognize this need and turn their attention to this
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From nitrate crisis to phosphate crisis?
The aim of the EU Nitrates Directive is to reduce nitrates leaking into the environment and to prevent pollution of water supplies. The widely accepted view is that this will help protect threatened plant species which can be damaged by high levels of nutrients like nitrates. However, an international team including the Universities of Göttingen, Utrecht and Zurich, has discovered that many threat
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Review finds almost 20% of COVID-19 patients only show gastrointestinal symptoms
Almost one in five patients with COVID-19 may only show gastrointestinal symptoms, according to a review of academic studies published in the journal Abdominal Radiology. The findings of the review suggest abdominal radiologists need to remain vigilant during the pandemic while imaging patients.
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New Danish AI tool provides much-needed help to protein scientists across the world
Sorting huge amounts of data is a bottleneck in protein research, a field that is crucial to make use of the gene-editing technology CRISPR and fully understand diseases like cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Now, researchers at the University of Copenhagen have become the first in the world to employ artificial intelligence to do the heavy lifting — and do so in a way that can ensure common i
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What's for dinner? Dolphin diet study
More evidence has emerged to support stricter coastal management, this time focusing on pollution and overfishing in the picturesque tourist waters off Auckland in New Zealand.A study of common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) in the Hauraki Gulf connects their diet with the prevalence of commercial fishing and water quality – emphasising the need to carefully manage marine parks and surrounding envir
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New study reveals poisoning exposures in Australian schools
New research from the University of Sydney has found poisoning exposures in children and adolescents while at school are relatively common and appear to be increasing, highlighting the need for more robust prevention measures.
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Where you get depression care matters, study finds
Research shows that collaborative care programs in which primary-care providers work with a depression care manager and a designated psychiatric consultant can more than double the likelihood of improving depression outcomes. But a new study published in Health Affairs shows that not all care is equal.
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COVID-19 news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Emergency Approvals for COVID-19: Evolving Impact on Obligations to Patients in Clinical Care and Research
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Study reveals unexpected protective role for brain swelling after injury
Following a brain-injuring bump or blow to the head, brain cells and blood vessels typically swell. This can lead to a potentially life-threatening increase in pressure inside the skull, and managing swelling is critical for patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). But researchers at University of Utah Health have discovered that swelling may also be important for protecting the brain.
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Nye klinikker skal håndtere patienter med alvorlige corona-senfølger
Sundhedsstyrelsen har udarbejdet anbefalinger til indsatser ved senfølger efter COVID-19. En af dem går på at oprette særlige senfølgeklinikker, som regionerne melder, at de er klar til at oprette.
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Media Multitasking Is Ruining Our Memory. Can We Fix It?
I picked up a bad habit during lockdown: binge Netflix at double speed, while scrolling through the Twitter cesspool on my phone. I think I feel mentally stimulated, and trick myself into believing that I'm learning more in less time. Yeah, no. A new study , published in Nature , took a deep dive into media multitasking and found that it correlates with "tip of the tongue" syndrome. Those times w
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When a drought is over, here is what happens to forested areas where trees have died
A large international team of researchers has found that forested areas that experience tree loss due to drought have a wide range of regrowth possibilities after the drought ends. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their study of forested areas around the globe that experienced drought and what happened to them when it was over.
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Magnetism of Himalayan rocks reveals the mountains' complex tectonic history
Breathing quickly in the thin mountain air, my colleagues and I set down our equipment. We're at the base of a jagged outcrop that protrudes upwards out of a steep gravel slope.
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Layer-engineered large-area exfoliation of graphene
Large-scale manufacturing processes that aim to produce two-dimensional materials (2DMs) for industrial applications are based on a competition between quality and productivity. The top-down mechanical cleavage method allows pure and perfect 2DMs, but they are a weak option for large-scale manufacture. In a new report in Science Advances, Ji-Yun Moon and a research team in energy systems, material
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Put the baking soda back in the bottle: Banned sodium bicarbonate 'milkshakes' don't make racehorses faster
The controversial and banned practice of giving horses baking soda "milkshakes" before a race doesn't work, according to our analysis of the available research.
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Study shows over 1.1 million urban people in US live in homes without proper indoor plumbing
A team of researchers from King's College London, the University of Arizona and ECONorthwest has found that an estimated 1.1 million urban people in the U.S. live in homes without proper indoor plumbing. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their analysis of census data for 50 of the largest metropolitan areas in the U.S. and what it show
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Put the baking soda back in the bottle: Banned sodium bicarbonate 'milkshakes' don't make racehorses faster
The controversial and banned practice of giving horses baking soda "milkshakes" before a race doesn't work, according to our analysis of the available research.
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Time-lapse microscopy reveals different life cycle strategies in Bacillus subtilis
Because natural resources are always limited, the right strategy decides about success in life. This also applies to spore-forming bacteria. Bacillus subtilis can survive unfavorable living conditions by forming endospores. Time-lapse microscopy studies suggest that the bacteria can either make more or better spores, and that natural isolates follow different life cycle strategies. These findings
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Artificial Intelligence has learned to estimate oil viscosity
A group of Skoltech scientists have developed machine learning (ML) algorithms that can teach artificial intelligence (AI) to determine oil viscosity based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data. The new method can come in handy for the petroleum industry and other sectors that have to rely on indirect measurements to characterize a substance. The research was published in the Energy and Fuels j
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Fossil poop shows fishy lunches from 200 million years ago
A new study of coprolites, fossil poop, shows the detail of food webs in the ancient shallow seas around Bristol in south-west England. One hungry fish ate part of the head of another fish before snipping off the tail of a passing reptile.
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Time-lapse microscopy reveals different life cycle strategies in Bacillus subtilis
Because natural resources are always limited, the right strategy decides about success in life. This also applies to spore-forming bacteria. Bacillus subtilis can survive unfavorable living conditions by forming endospores. Time-lapse microscopy studies suggest that the bacteria can either make more or better spores, and that natural isolates follow different life cycle strategies. These findings
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How to Think About the Trump Presidency
The Atlantic has covered Donald Trump as a television star, provocateur, and businessman for as long as he's been all those things. But our first writing on Donald Trump as a politician came in 2010, in a piece that now feels as prescient as it does quaint. " Might Donald Trump Try for the White House in 2012? " inquires the headline of an article dated October 4, 2010. "Almost certainly not, say
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A different view of COVID-19
Queen's University researcher Mona Kanso has developed a new and unique way of looking at viruses, including SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. By sculpting the coronavirus particle from tiny beads, and then applying the laws of fluid physics to each and every bead, Kanso calculates the properties of the coronavirus from its shape. While the full potential of this new method is still bein
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Hashtags may not be words, grammatically speaking, but they help spread a message
Hashtags are a pervasive feature of social media posts and used widely in search engines.
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Polymer derived from material in shrimp's shells could deliver anti-cancer drugs to tumor sites
Drug delivery is a recurring conundrum in cancer treatment. Scientists have developed many anti-cancer therapeutics. But those drugs often harm healthy tissues, and drugs can even break down in the bloodstream before reaching the tumor site. Anti-cancer drugs can last longer if dissolved in certain chemical solutions, but many come with potentially toxic side effects.
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Ants swallow their own acid to protect themselves from germs
Ants use their own acid to disinfect themselves and their stomachs. A team from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the University of Bayreuth has found that formic acid kills harmful bacteria in the animal's food, thereby reducing the risk of disease. At the same time, the acid significantly influences the ant's intestinal flora. The new study was published in the journal eLife .
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Buffalo fly faces Dengue nemesis
Australian beef cattle researchers trial the use of insect-infecting bacterium Wolbachia to tackle buffalo fly, a major blood-sucking pest that costs the industry $100 million a year in treatments and lost production.
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Study finds 1.7 million New Yorkers have been infected with SARS-Cov-2 and virus was in NYC earlier than reported
The virus that causes COVID-19 was present in New York City long before the city's first case of the disease was confirmed on March 1.
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COVID-19 control measures shorten hospital stays for moms, babies
A new study from Cedars-Sinai shows new infection prevention practices implemented during the coronavirus pandemic have resulted in significantly shorter hospital stays for mothers and their babies, with no changes in the rates of cesarean deliveries, complications or poor outcomes.
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Anxious About Election Results? Here's What's Happening in Your Brain as You Wait
Scientists are learning more about the neuroscience of awaiting uncertain outcomes
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Study points way to possible new treatment for ligament injuries
A new exosomes study released in STEM CELLS may lead to future treatment for ligament injuries.
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A new lead for disarming antibiotic-resistant bacteria
A virus can stop bacteria from sharing genes for antibiotic resistance among themselves, Texas A&M AgriLife researchers have discovered. The results hint at new ways to treat infections and describe a new feature of a highly diverse, largely unexplored part of the biosphere.
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Increasing the efficiency of organic solar cells
Organic solar cells are cheaper to produce and more flexible than their counterparts made of crystalline silicon, but do not offer the same level of efficiency or stability. Researchers demonstrated that increases in efficiency can be achieved using luminescent acceptor molecules.
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Turning a coronavirus protein into a nanoparticle could be key for COVID-19 vaccine
One of the proteins on the virus — located on the characteristic COVID spike — has a component called the receptor-binding domain, or RBD, which is its 'Achilles heel.' That is, he said, antibodies against this part of the virus have the potential to the neutralize the virus.
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Ny næstformand i Overlægeforeningen
Overlæge Susanne Wammen er blevet valgt som ny næstformand i Overlægeforeningen.
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Debate Erupts Over How 'Forbidden' Black Holes Grow
Until recently, black holes — those celestial spheres so dense that not even light can escape their gravitational pull — only seemed to come in size small or XXL. Astrophysicists inferred the presence of small "stellar" black holes weighing up to about 50 times the mass of the sun, as well as gargantuan black holes millions or billions of times heavier that sit in the centers of galaxies. "It's l
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China changes school curriculum to reflect Beijing's positive Covid narrative
Content added to classes will say the state 'always put the life and safety of its people first' Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Chinese government-endorsed content about the pandemic and the "fighting spirit" of the country's response will be added to school curriculum, the country's ministry of education has said, in a move to enshrine the country's narrative of su
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Increasing the efficiency of organic solar cells
Organic solar cells are cheaper to produce and more flexible than their counterparts made of crystalline silicon, but do not offer the same level of efficiency or stability. Researchers demonstrated that increases in efficiency can be achieved using luminescent acceptor molecules.
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The importance of good neighbors in catalysis
Are you affected by your neighbors? So are nanoparticles in catalysts. New research reveals how the nearest neighbors determine how well nanoparticles work in a catalyst.
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Two centuries of Monarch butterflies show evolution of wing length
North America's beloved Monarch butterflies are known for their annual, multi-generation migrations in which individual insects can fly for thousands of miles. But Monarchs have also settled in some locations where their favorite food plants grow year round, so they no longer need to migrate. A new study of specimens collected over the last two centuries shows how wing length evolves in response t
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Secrets behind 'Game of Thrones' unveiled by data science and network theory
What are the secrets behind one of the most successful fantasy series of all time? How has a story as complex as 'Game of Thrones' enthralled the world and how does it compare to other narratives? Researchers from five universities across the UK and Ireland came together to unravel 'A Song of Ice and Fire', the books on which the TV series is based.
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Just like us – Neanderthal children grew and were weaned similar to us
Neanderthals behaved not so differently from us in raising their children, whose pace of growth was similar to Homo sapiens. Thanks to the combination of geochemical and histological analyses of three Neanderthal milk teeth, researchers were able to determine their pace of growth and the weaning onset time. These teeth belonged to three different Neanderthal children who have lived between 70,000
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We Need to Know Who's Surveilling Protests—and Why
If it closes a loophole, the FAA can hold all drone operators accountable to transparency.
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New eclipsing binary system detected by Kepler spacecraft
An international team of astronomers reports the discovery of a new eclipsing binary system using NASA's Kepler spacecraft during its prolonged mission known as K2. The system, designated EPIC 216747137, appears to be a post-common-envelope binary (PCEB) of HW Virginis class. The finding is detailed in a paper published October 26 on arXiv.org.
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Central America braces for 'extremely dangerous' Hurricane Eta
Hurricane Eta was hours from making landfall in Central America on Tuesday after gaining strength in the Caribbean Sea, threatening Nicaragua and Honduras with catastrophic winds and floods.
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A breakthrough of the mechanism of energy saving in collective swimming
Professor Xie Guangming's group in the College of Engineering at Peking University has found a simple yet previous unknown rule, explaining how do schooling fish save energy in collective motion.
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Researchers find new lead for disarming antibiotic-resistant bacteria
A virus can stop bacteria from sharing genes for antibiotic resistance among themselves, Texas A&M AgriLife researchers have discovered. The results hint at new ways to treat infections and describe a new feature of a highly diverse, largely unexplored part of the biosphere.
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How ancient DNA is uncovering the mysteries of Australian biodiversity
If TV has taught us anything, it's that DNA can solve crimes. But can it shed a light on prehistory?
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How 12 Asian Americans Are Voting in 1 Swing State
Asian Americans are the fastest-growing group of eligible voters in the United States, increasing from 4.6 million in 2000 to 11.1 million in 2020, according to the Pew Research Center. And in Pennsylvania, one of the states that's most likely to decide the presidential election, some 4 percent of the voting-age population is Asian American or Pacific Islander. Yet much mainstream political cover
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Building a star in a smaller jar
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have gained a better understanding of a promising method for improving the confinement of superhot fusion plasma using magnetic fields. Improved plasma confinement could enable a fusion reactor called a spherical tokamak to be built smaller and less expensively, moving the world closer to reproducing on
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Researchers find new lead for disarming antibiotic-resistant bacteria
A virus can stop bacteria from sharing genes for antibiotic resistance among themselves, Texas A&M AgriLife researchers have discovered. The results hint at new ways to treat infections and describe a new feature of a highly diverse, largely unexplored part of the biosphere.
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Mars plays shepherd to our moon's long-lost twin, scientists find
An international team of planetary scientists led by astronomers at AOP have found an asteroid trailing behind Mars with a composition very similar to the moon's. The asteroid could be an ancient piece of debris, dating back to the gigantic impacts that formed the moon and the other rocky planets in our solar system like Mars and the Earth. The research, which was published in the journal Icarus,
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How did the Earth get its water? The answer might be found on Mercury
I don't know if you've noticed by now, but the Earth is a little bit wet. How Earth got all its water is one of the major mysteries in the formation of the solar system, and a team of Japanese researchers have just uncovered a major clue. But not on Earth—the clue is on Mercury.
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Light-gated control of the cytoskeleton
LMU researchers have developed photoresponsive derivatives of the anticancer drug Taxol, which allow light-based control of cytoskeleton dynamics in neurons. The agents can optically pattern cell division and may elucidate how Taxol acts.
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People in the pro-Trump parts of the U.S. stayed at home less and got COVID more
People in counties in the United States that voted for Donald Trump (Republican) in the 2016 presidential election tended to physically distance 14% less than those in counties that voted for Hillary Clinton (Democrat) from March to May 2020. This study, published in Nature Human Behavior, analyzed daily geotracking data from 15 million smartphones. Anton Gollwitzer and colleagues analyzed daily g
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Light-gated control of the cytoskeleton
LMU researchers have developed photoresponsive derivatives of the anticancer drug Taxol, which allow light-based control of cytoskeleton dynamics in neurons. The agents can optically pattern cell division and may elucidate how Taxol acts.
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Framework to trace the path of individual carbon atoms
Like water molecules in a river, soil carbon atoms are always in motion.
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Pros and cons of solar energy
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Online voting will be an option in five to seven countries by the 2029 EU elections.
In a report entitled Democracy Decentralised: Voting, Governance & Transparency , Dutch ThinkTank, explores discussions on governance, and the possibilities that emerging technology could bring to voting and governance models. Based on how emerging voting technology is already being used, and the technological advancements that may emerge in the next decade, the report concludes: The EU Parliamen
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The food future
Society used yeast and bacteria to improve food a long time ago. People use yeast for the following products; Bread, beer, wine, cider and alcohol. Usually, bacteria which are lactic acid are used to make; Wine vinegar, pickled cabbage, making yoghurts as well as kefir and other lactic acid products. Isaac Asimov in his novel "The Caves of Steel" described the future, where yeast will be well, th
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Robot lawyer gets Sberbank role
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Walmart scraps its plan to use robots to take inventory
submitted by /u/Gari_305 [link] [comments]
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Could the downfall of privacy and rise of complete transparency be utopia?
Lets assume everyone knows everything about anyone, but as a utopian concept for once. Many parts of human individuality is currently protected by privacy. Parts of individuality are shared with spouses, close friends or certain groups, other parts are kept private for the entire lifespan of an individual. Privacy is a goal for most people, when violated it is usually involving a scandal or seen
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[In-depth] What situations would augmented reality actually be successful in, both recreationally and work-related?
Augmented reality vs virtual reality is a FDQ (frequently discussed question) on here, but here I'm focusing on the first one of the two technologies. In general, what recreational situations would AR be successful in? Having seen /r/SelfDrivingCars , someone on there suggested manual driving being AR-only (forgotten which discussion) , but then it gets you into /r/legaladviceofftopic discussion
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Quantum computers are coming. Get ready for them to change everything
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What It's Like To be a Computer: An Interview with GPT-3
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Could Scotland ever be 'the Saudi Arabia of renewables'?
submitted by /u/V2O5 [link] [comments]
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Framework to trace the path of individual carbon atoms
Like water molecules in a river, soil carbon atoms are always in motion.
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Most isolated massive stars are 'runaways'
A pair of studies reveals how some massive stars—stars eight or more times the mass of our sun—become isolated in the universe: most often, their star clusters kick them out. Massive stars typically reside in clusters. Isolated massive stars are called field massive stars. The papers examine most of these stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud, a dwarf galaxy near the Milky Way. The studies, appeari
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COVID-19 'super-spreading' events play outsized role in overall disease transmission
Researchers find COVID-19 super-spreading events, in which one person infects more than six other people, are much more frequent than anticipated, and that they have an outsized contribution to coronavirus transmission.
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Rapid method finds potent COVID-19 monoclonal antibody among a trillion possibilities
Scientists have discovered the fastest way to identify potent, neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The method — as well as a trio of successful animal studies on an antibody called 'Ab1' — are described today in a new study. Ab1 is on track for human clinical trials by early next year.
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Sprængte bomber på havbunden ødelægger hvalernes hørelse
Efterladte bomber på den britiske havbund skal ryddes til vindmølleparker.
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How tech firms have tried to stop disinformation and voter intimidation, and come up short
Neither disinformation nor voter intimidation is anything new. But tools developed by leading tech companies including Twitter, Facebook and Google now allow these tactics to scale up dramatically.
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Latent customer needs can be discovered and knowable, says marketing expert
Companies can discover customer needs that are unknown to customers themselves through learning from their own market experiences and observing the market experiences of collaborators and competitors, says a research paper by a professor at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), a part of the University of Alabama System.
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Study shows reading culturally relevant books improves students' comprehension
A recent study led by Oakland University Professor Tanya Christ indicates that minority students' reading comprehension improves when reading culturally relevant books whose characters, places and events align well with their own cultural and experiential backgrounds.
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Magic Amulets Do Not Prevent COVID
Retraction Watch has an interesting article about a very curious paper published in Science of the Total Environment. In fact, the paper and communication from the lead author are so bad I have to wonder if its a Sokal-like prank. If not, it is more evidence that the world has become so weird there are many things which are beyond satire. But let's take this at face value. The title of the paper
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Lactoferrin: tears, spit, snot and COVID-19
"Un dato su tutti era evidente nella pandemia: i bambini non si ammalavano o avevano sintomi lievi. La lattoferrina è una proteina con proprietà antivirali, abbiamo deciso di trattare i pazienti Covid positivi all'esordio della malattia e i pazienti asintomatici. Incredibilmente, dopo dieci giorni dalla terapia, osservavamo la scomparsa dei sintomi e poi ottenevamo la negativizzazione del tampone"
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Tysk domstol afviser miljøklage over Femern-tunnelen: Nu er juridiske forhindringer ryddet af vejen
Et fund af fredede rev er ikke tilstrækkeligt for at kræve en ny byggetilladelse af Femern-projektet, fremgår det af ny afgørelse fra tysk domstol.
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Cloud storage is cheaper when you know how to share it
It's better (and cheaper) when we're together. (Dimitri Houtteman/Unsplash/) We've been relying on cloud storage more and more in recent years. From our photos and videos, to our music and movies, and even our devices' backup, most of our precious files are out there—anywhere and everywhere all at once. You can get a piece of the cloud to yourself, but most services—including those by Google, App
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Star Wars: Squadrons Explores the Changing Face of Fascism
What does it mean when the notoriously oppressive Empire looks … inclusive? The game raises new questions about tyranny in the galaxy—and at home.
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Here's What You Need to Know About WatchOS 7
The Apple Watch is slowly becoming a more comprehensive family- and fitness-oriented tracker. Here are our favorite features.
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The International Space Station Is Doomed to Die by Fire
Twenty years after the famed orbital outpost went up, scientists and engineers are deciding how and when it will come back down — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Fossils reveal cozy, social life of this early mammal
The earliest evidence of mammal social behavior goes back to the age of dinosaurs, new research indicates. The evidence, published in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution , lies in the fossil record of a new genus of multituberculate—a small, rodent-like mammal that lived during the Late Cretaceous of the dinosaur era—called Filikomys primaevus , which translates to "youthful, friendly mouse."
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Research reveals decreasing genetic connectivity in endangered tree Magnolia patungensis in fragmented forests
Endemic to the mountainous region of East Sichuan, West Hubei and its neighboring areas, Magnolia patungensis Hu is endangered due to overharvesting, habitat degradation and fragmentation. The current endangered status of M. patungensis makes its genetic variation and population connectivity a concern. However, previous studies focused on evaluating the genetic diversity of M. patungensis, the eff
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Rare 8,000 year old child burial reveals secrets of the dead
ANU Archeologists have discovered a rare child burial dating back 8,000 years on Alor Island, Indonesia.
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Where the wind blows: New study shows powerful forces sculpting Argentina's landscape
A new study from U of T Mississauga earth science researchers reveals surprising new information about how powerful winds shape the landscape in a remote part of the Andes mountain range.
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Explaining the physical origin of the memory effect in glasses
Prof. Wang Junqiang's team at the Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering (NIMTE) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), has revealed the key role of activation entropy in the memory effect of glasses, providing new understanding of the physical origin of the memory effect in glasses. The study was published in Physical Review Letters.
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Scientists construct M29 cluster model catalyst
Recently, a group led by Prof. Li Gao from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with Prof. Wan Chongqing from Capital Normal University and Prof. Hannu Hakkinen from University of Jyvaskyla, synthesized a novel atomically precise AuAg cluster with special structure, which is exploited as a model catalyst for A3-coupling reactions.
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Research reveals decreasing genetic connectivity in endangered tree Magnolia patungensis in fragmented forests
Endemic to the mountainous region of East Sichuan, West Hubei and its neighboring areas, Magnolia patungensis Hu is endangered due to overharvesting, habitat degradation and fragmentation. The current endangered status of M. patungensis makes its genetic variation and population connectivity a concern. However, previous studies focused on evaluating the genetic diversity of M. patungensis, the eff
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Researchers reconstruct the first complete brain of one of the oldest dinosaurs
The study of the brain of extinct organisms sheds lights on their behaviors. However, soft tissues, like the brain, are not usually preserved for long periods. Hence, researchers reconstruct the brains of dinosaurs by analyzing the cranial cavities under computed tomography. It demands well-preserved braincases, which is the region that envelops the brain tissues. To date, complete and well-preser
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Higgs boson probes for new phenomena
Physicists at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are on the hunt for physics phenomena beyond the standard model. Some theories predict an as-yet undiscovered particle could be found in the form of a new resonance (a narrow peak) similar to the one that heralded the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012.
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Researchers probe how nanoparticles affect neighbors in catalysis
Are you affected by your neighbors? So are nanoparticles in catalysts. New research from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, published in the journals Science Advances and Nature Communications, reveals how the nearest neighbors determine how well nanoparticles work in a catalyst.
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Dna avslöjar osynliga svampars existens
Hur upptäcker man nya livsformer som inte går att se? Genom att söka efter dna i jordprover har forskare hittat två hittills okända svamparter som är osynliga för ögat. Svamparna är vanligt förekommande och tros fylla en viktig funktion i ekosystemet. Säg svamp och de flesta tänker sig nog något i stil med en kantarell eller en flugsvamp som sticker upp ur marken, men väldigt många svampar bildar
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Oncotarget: Heterogeneity of CEACAM5 in breast cancer
Oncotarget recently published "Heterogeneity of CEACAM5 in breast cancer" which reported that Here, we examined a repository of 110 cryopreserved primary breast carcinomas by immunohistochemistry to assess the distribution of CEACAM5 in tumor subtypes.
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Oncotarget: Predictive biomarkers in Trop-2-expressing triple-negative breast cancer
SG could provide better clinical benefit than irinotecan in patients with HRR-proficient tumors expressing high levels of Trop-2, as well as to patients with HRR-deficient tumors expressing low/moderate levels of Trop-2.
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Five ways political groups are getting around ad bans
Online platforms have made bans on political advertising a core part of their plans to mitigate the spread of disinformation around the US elections. Twitter moved early, banning political ads in October 2019. Facebook stopped accepting new ads last week and will indefinitely remove all political ads, old and new, after the polls close on Tuesday (the ban also applies to Instagram). Google and Yo
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Read the (Virtual) Room! How to Improve Your Digital Nunchi
We all can learn to be better, more empathetic communicators—especially now that we're all behind screens instead of in-person.
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When You Fly a Science Plane Through Wildfire Smoke
Aboard a decked-out C-130, researchers measure how smoke transforms from "fresh" to "stale" and begin to parse what that means for humans downwind.
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Schools Adopt Face Recognition in the Name of Fighting Covid
A WIRED investigation finds dozens of districts have purchased thermal cameras to monitor fevers that can also identify students and staff.
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Change Species Names to Honor Indigenous Peoples, Not Colonizers, Researchers Say
New Zealand scientists make a case for updating long-held scientific names to incorporate more meaningful terms — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Coronavirus Study in Germany Offers Hope for Concertgoers
Findings from a test event with 1,200 attendees suggest that indoor concerts have a "low" impact on infection rates, providing they are well ventilated and follow hygiene protocols.
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Change Species Names to Honor Indigenous Peoples, Not Colonizers, Researchers Say
New Zealand scientists make a case for updating long-held scientific names to incorporate more meaningful terms — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Danske virksomheder opprioriterer it-sikkerhed under corona
PwC's årlige Digital Trust Insights 2021 spørger flere end 3.000 topledere og it-chefer, hvordan de ser det aktuelle globale cyberlandskab. Og her fylder sikkerhed stadig mere og mere trods faldende indtjening.
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Arbejdsgivere går uden om tværfaglige kandidater
PLUS. Hardcore teknisk videnskabelige uddannelser er en vip-billet til arbejdsmarkedet, mens uddannelser, der blander teknologi med f.eks. antropologi, idræt eller arkitektur ofte giver en træg start på arbejdslivet.
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We've Rarely Seen a Dinosaur Brain Like This Before
While later dinosaurs in this lineage were giant herbivores with tiny brains, this small species packed a lot more power in its skull.
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Nothing Changes at the Stroke of Midnight Tonight
When the clock strikes midnight tonight, nothing will magically change. The president seems to think otherwise. In a tweet last Monday , which Twitter blocked as potentially misleading, Donald Trump proclaimed: "Must have final total on November 3rd." He said that "it would be very, very proper and very nice if a winner were declared on November 3 instead of counting ballots for two weeks," an al
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Timely book tells the CRISPR story so far
Nature, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03071-0 A gene-editing primer maps the solid ground better than the quagmires. By Natalie Kofler
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I Joined America at Its Worst
In 1996, my parents left their friends and family in China for the United States. To them and many immigrants of their generation, the idea that America— mei guo (美国), or "beautiful country," in Chinese—would transform their life for the better was as obvious as vegetables being good for their health. This year, on July 22, I fulfilled one of their goals when I became an American citizen. Instead
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Brændstof drypper fra motor: Volkswagen tilbagekalder 218.000 biler i USA
Volkswagen Jetta fra 2016-2018 risikerer at bryde i brand på grund af fejlmonterede bolte.
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How we created a portal to another world for our most mysterious cover yet
Setting the scene at the Stephenson Nature Reserve in Austin. (The Voorhes/) The forest on the cover is a real place, but it's not as eerie as it looks. Adam Voorhes, of photography duo The Voorhes, captured it in Stephenson Nature Reserve in Austin, Texas, where he ventured to find the perfect backdrop. The earthen sausage in the making. (The Voorhes/) Before pressing the shutter, he waited for
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Myrer er dygtige landmænd: Har løst et problem vi mennesker aldrig har kunnet
Myrer har været landmænd i millioner af år og de har formået at løse en gåde,…
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Authors earn praise — but a "poorly worded" retraction notice — for flagging their errors
The authors of an October 2020 paper on the genetics of thyroid cancer are getting praise from the journal for retracting their article after learning that it contained a critical error. The paper, "Mendelian randomization supports a causative effect of TSH on thyroid carcinoma," had appeared in Endocrine-Related Cancer, a bioscientifica property. Jonathan Fussey, a … Continue reading
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Læger vil have vaccinesvar fra sundhedsministeren
Den udbredte mangel på vacciner får Lægeforeningen til at kræve både en redegørelse og en plan, der sikrer både influenza- og pneumokokvacciner til kronisk syge og udsatte
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'Stick to the science': when science gets political
Nature, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03067-w A three-part podcast series explores the intimate relationship between politics and science.
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This Election, Science Seems More Political Than Ever. Is It?
Scientists and physicians running for office this year present themselves as foils to Trump and other Republicans, who they say have dismissed scientific evidence and public health recommendations to battle the pandemic. But experts say that Democrats' use of "pro-science" messaging may increase polarization.
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Population genetic portrait of Pakistani Lahore-Christians based on 32 STR loci
Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-76016-2
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Muometric positioning system (μPS) with cosmic muons as a new underwater and underground positioning technique
Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-75843-7
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Mirror effect in atomic force microscopy profiles enables tip reconstruction
Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-75785-0
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Metabolic comparison of polycystic ovarian syndrome and control women in Middle Eastern and UK Caucasian populations
Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-75109-2
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Phenotype prediction and characterization of 25 pharmacogenes in Thais from whole genome sequencing for clinical implementation
Scientific Reports, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-76085-3
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Repeated cross-sectional sero-monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 in New York City
Nature, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2912-6
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Bulk valley transport and Berry curvature spreading at the edge of flat bands
Nature Communications, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19284-w Spontaneous symmetry breaking of flat bands in twisted graphene systems may lead to anomalous Hall effect with a precursor state which has not been observed. Here, the authors probe this precursor state by observing bulk valley current and large nonlocal voltage several micrometers away from the charge curre
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Revealing fine-scale spatiotemporal differences in SARS-CoV-2 introduction and spread
Nature Communications, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19346-z In this study, the authors present an analysis of 247 full-genome SARS-CoV-2 sequences obtained from two communities in Wisconsin, USA, and report distinct patterns of viral spread. Their results suggest that patterns of SARS-CoV-2 transmission and spread may vary substantially, even between neighbouring com
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Nearest-neighbor NMR spectroscopy: categorizing spectral peaks by their adjacent nuclei
Nature Communications, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19325-4 The structure and dynamics of large proteins and complexes can be studied by methyl-NMR but resonance assignment is still challenging. Here, the authors present a NMR method that leverages optimal control pulse design to unambiguously distinguish between Leu and Val using a simple 2D HMQC experiment and they
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Role of specialized composition of SWI/SNF complexes in prostate cancer lineage plasticity
Nature Communications, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19328-1 The differentiation of prostate adenocarcinoma to neuroendocrine prostate cancer (CRPC-NE) is a mechanism of resistance to androgen deprivation therapy. Here the authors show that SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex is deregulated in CRPC-NE and that the complex interacts with different lineage specific fac
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Self-templated synthesis of uniform hollow spheres based on highly conjugated three-dimensional covalent organic frameworks
Nature Communications, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18844-4 Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are promising porous crystalline materials but controllable synthesis of COFs with uniform morphology remains challenging. Here, the authors report a self-templated synthesis of uniform and unique hollow spheres based on highly conjugated three-dimensional COFs.
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Behavior control of membrane-less protein liquid condensates with metal ion-induced phase separation
Nature Communications, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19391-8 Mimetic membrane-less organelles are of interest for the range of biochemical processes which can be spatio-temporally organized using them. Here, the authors report on a protein condensate system formed by metal ion induced clustering and demonstrate control over condensate properties.
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cAMP-dependent regulation of HCN4 controls the tonic entrainment process in sinoatrial node pacemaker cells
Nature Communications, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19304-9 The involvement of cAMP-dependent regulation of HCN4 in the chronotropic heart rate response is a matter of debate. Here the authors use a knockin mouse model expressing cAMP-insensitive HCN4 channels to discover an inhibitory nonfiring cell pool in the sinoatrial node and a tonic and mutual interaction betw
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ArfB can displace mRNA to rescue stalled ribosomes
Nature Communications, Published online: 03 November 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19370-z Alternative rescue factor B (ArfB) is an enzyme that releases peptides from stalled ribosomes to allow ribosome recycling. Here the authors carry-out cryo-EM analyses of 70S ribosomes complexed with ArfB on either a short or longer mRNA to reveal distinct modes of ArfB function.
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Framtidens flygskam ett måste för att rädda miljön
De mest frekventa flygpassagerarna utgör inte mer än en procent av världens befolkning. Tillsammans står den lilla skaran för mer än hälften av de totala utsläppen av koldioxid från passagerarflyg. De största miljöbovarna är dock de enskilda användarna av privata flygplan. En procent av världens befolkning står för mer än hälften av flygets koldioxidutsläpp. Det finns därför all anledning att se
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Huntingtons sjukdom – en fascinerande gåta
Den som bär på den muterade genen får någon gång i livet den dödliga sjukdomen Huntingtons sjukdom. Hjärnsjukdomen kan ärvas över generationer, börjar smygande, gör det allt svårare att reglera känslor, tankar, sedan rörelser. Än finns ingen behandling. Men Huntingtonforskaren och psykiatrikern Åsa Petersén jobbar hårt på det.
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AI pioneer Geoff Hinton: "Deep learning is going to be able to do everything"
The modern AI revolution began during an obscure research contest. It was 2012, the third year of the annual ImageNet competition, which challenged teams to build computer vision systems that would recognize 1,000 objects, from animals to landscapes to people. In the first two years, the best teams had failed to reach even 75% accuracy. But in the third, a band of three researchers—a professor an
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Are humans wired for conflict? Lord of the Flies vs. Charles Darwin
The iconic novel "Lord of the Flies" paints a picture of human beings as naturally selfish and prone to conflict, but that is not the most accurate depiction of humanity, argues historian Rutger Bregman. Bregman shares a true story from his research about a group of Tongan students who survived on an island together for 15 months in 1965, not through brutal alliances, but by working together and
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A Game Plan for Watching the Election Results
Shutterstock / Getty / The Atlantic Updated on November 3, 2020 at 12:35 p.m. ET W hen will we know who won? Which House and Senate races should I be watching? How can I tell who's going to win before a race is called? These are the questions that many Americans will be asking themselves tonight—and the ones that those of us who cover politics have to try to answer. But we get paid to do this. So
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I Kolding er der gang i elektrolysen
PLUS. Green Hydrogen Systems står inden årsskiftet klar med ny fabrik og regner med at kunne møde den hastigt voksende efterspørgsel på brint og elektrolyse.
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Digitalt sammenkoblede lastbiler skal sænke brændstofforbruget og forbedre trafiksikkerheden
PLUS. Det går ok på firesporede motorveje. På smalle, bugtede veje i det nordlige Norge stødte de dog på nogle udfordringer.
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Därför är myror så starka
Arbetarmyror klarar att bära föremål som väger åtminstone tio gånger mer än vad de själva gör. Ett forskarteam med japanska och europeiska deltagare har röntgat arbetare och drottningar, som har vingar, och jämfört deras anatomi (se film nedan). Analyserna visar att hos drottningar tar flygmusklerna upp en stor del av utrymmet i mellankroppen. Hos arbetarmyrorna har flygmusklerna ersatts med kraft
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The surprising strength of liquid crystals
Dendrites are the destructive by-products of the cycle of charging and discharging lithium ion batteries. These tiny deposits form between the battery's anode and cathode, building up over time. Inevitably, they diminish battery life. More problematic is their risk of causing the battery to burst into flames. In the quest for safer and longer lasting batteries—especially for electric cars, trucks,
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Explainer: Kan regeringen redde klimaet med en hockeystav?
Klimarådet mener, at regeringen satser for meget på teknologier og efterlyser mere handling nu og her.
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UK coronavirus live: Johnson faces SNP anger over Scotland furlough; nearly 1,000 deaths in England in one week
Latest updates: minister backtracks over furlough extension for Scotland beyond November , latest ONS figures show rise in Covid deaths Exclusive: £45m deal for NHS masks collapses amid fraud claims Number in work limbo may double during England lockdown Liverpool to test half a million in UK's first attempt at mass screening Global coronavirus updates – live 10.28am GMT The ONS has also been twe
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Continuity of English primary care has worsened with GP expansions
A new study published by the British Journal of General Practice has found that patients' abilities to see their preferred GP has fallen greater in English practices that have expanded, compared with those that stayed about the same size.
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Sri Lanka rescues 120 whales after country's largest stranding
Sri Lanka has saved some 120 pilot whales in a gruelling overnight rescue involving the navy, officials said Tuesday, after the island nation's biggest stranding.
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Sri Lanka rescues 120 whales after country's largest stranding
Sri Lanka has saved some 120 pilot whales in a gruelling overnight rescue involving the navy, officials said Tuesday, after the island nation's biggest stranding.
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Not forever: world's biggest pink diamond mine closes
The world's largest pink diamond mine has shut its doors after exhausting its reserves of the expensive gems, global mining giant Rio Tinto said Tuesday.
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Cat 4 Hurricane Eta threatens flooding in Central America
Hurricane Eta erupted quickly into a potentially catastrophic major hurricane Monday as it headed for Central America, where forecasters warned of massive flooding and landslides across a vulnerable region.
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Two centuries of Monarch butterflies show evolution of wing length
North America's beloved Monarch butterflies are known for their annual, multi-generation migrations in which individual insects can fly for thousands of miles. But Monarchs have also settled in some locations where their favorite food plants grow year round, so they no longer need to migrate.
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Lizard skull fossil is new and 'perplexing' extinct species
In 2017, while browsing the fossil collections of Yale's Peabody Museum of Natural History, University of Texas at Austin graduate student Simon Scarpetta came across a small lizard skull, just under an inch long.
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Two centuries of Monarch butterflies show evolution of wing length
North America's beloved Monarch butterflies are known for their annual, multi-generation migrations in which individual insects can fly for thousands of miles. But Monarchs have also settled in some locations where their favorite food plants grow year round, so they no longer need to migrate.
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Biologists shed light on mystery of how microbes evolve and affect hosts
The era of COVID-19 and the need to constantly wash one's hands and sanitize things have brought microbes to new levels of scrutiny, particularly for their impact on an individual's health.
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Short-term moisture removal can eliminate downy mildew of spinach
Downy mildew is the biggest threat to spinach production around the world. While the pathogen has a short life cycle (approximately a week), it can produce millions of spores during the spinach growing season. Overhead sprinkler irrigation systems and dew formation on cool nights leads to more moisture, which enables these spores to infect the spinach.
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Self-watering soil could transform farming
A new type of soil created by engineers at The University of Texas at Austin can pull water from the air and distribute it to plants, potentially expanding the map of farmable land around the globe to previously inhospitable places and reducing water use in agriculture at a time of growing droughts.
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Biologists shed light on mystery of how microbes evolve and affect hosts
The era of COVID-19 and the need to constantly wash one's hands and sanitize things have brought microbes to new levels of scrutiny, particularly for their impact on an individual's health.
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New protein nanobioreactor designed to improve sustainable bioenergy production
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have unlocked new possibilities for the future development of sustainable, clean bioenergy. The study, published in Nature Communications, shows how bacterial protein 'cages' can be reprogrammed as nanoscale bioreactors for hydrogen production.
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Short-term moisture removal can eliminate downy mildew of spinach
Downy mildew is the biggest threat to spinach production around the world. While the pathogen has a short life cycle (approximately a week), it can produce millions of spores during the spinach growing season. Overhead sprinkler irrigation systems and dew formation on cool nights leads to more moisture, which enables these spores to infect the spinach.
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Biofield Tuning: Another Example of Tooth Fairy Science
Biofield tuning uses tuning forks to assess the health of clients. This study of inter-rater agreement is a prime example of Tooth Fairy science. The post first appeared on Science-Based Medicine .
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Covid-related cybercrime drives attacks on UK to record number
Criminal gangs target NHS while hostile states hit vaccine research, says cybersecurity centre Britain's National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) has dealt with 194 coronavirus-related incidents involving hostile states and criminal gangs, which led to the overall number of serious hacker attacks reaching an all time record of 723 over the past year. The intelligence unit said that while Russia and
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Klinik forskade om långtidscovid utan tillstånd
I brist på behandling mot långtidscovid har patienter vänt sig till en privatklinik i Stockholm som erbjuder experimentell behandling. Där har också bedrivits forskning på patienter utan etiskt godkännande avslöjar Vetenskapens värld.
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Quest for Covid treatment spurs rise in preprint publishing
Pandemic underscores attractiveness of platforms that allow researchers to bypass lengthy peer review process
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Studerende opfinder værktøj, der forudsiger algoritmers CO2-aftryk
I forskerkredse anslår man, at kunstig intelligens – som ellers er udpeget som et effektivt våben…
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A Huge Fusion Experiment in The UK Just Achieved The Much Anticipated 'First Plasma'
We're still edging towards limitless, clean energy.
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The importance of good neighbors in catalysis
Are you affected by your neighbors? So are nanoparticles in catalysts. New research from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, published in the journals Science Advances and Nature Communications, reveals how the nearest neighbors determine how well nanoparticles work in a catalyst.
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Solar cells of the future
Organic solar cells are cheaper to produce and more flexible than their counterparts made of crystalline silicon, but do not offer the same level of efficiency or stability. During his doctoral thesis, Andrej Classen, who is a young researcher at FAU, demonstrated that increases in efficiency can be achieved using luminescent acceptor molecules.
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New protein nanobioreactor designed to improve sustainable bioenergy production
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have unlocked new possibilities for the future development of sustainable, clean bioenergy. The study, published in Nature Communications, shows how bacterial protein 'cages' can be reprogrammed as nanoscale bioreactors for hydrogen production.
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Your favorite music can send your brain into a pleasure overload
Electroencephalography (EEG) has been used as a novel technique to show how cortical activity, related to the reward-system, happens in the brain when people experience a musical "chill". The new study yields an in-depth view into how organic chills are produced in natural musical settings, and why they might occur.
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Covid-19: How do you make a vaccine? – podcast
With any future Covid-19 vaccine requiring its manufacturing process to be signed off as part of its regulatory approval for use on the general population, Madeleine Finlay talks to Dr Stephen Morris from the Future Vaccine Manufacturing Research Hub about how vaccines are made at the volume and speed required for a mass vaccination programme Continue reading…
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Covid-19: How do you make a vaccine?
With any future Covid-19 vaccine requiring its manufacturing process to be signed off as part of its regulatory approval for use on the general population, Madeleine Finlay talks to Dr Stephen Morris from the Future Vaccine Manufacturing Research Hub about how vaccines are made at the volume and speed required for a mass vaccination programme. Help support our independent journalism at theguardian
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Skal du se præsidentvalg? En hel nat uden søvn kan gøre dig langsom og sur
En nat foran skærmen kan give en tømmermændsagtig følelse dagen efter, siger ekspert.
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Why the UK's second wave is likely to cause less economic pain than the first
Five reasons the second lockdown might be coming earlier in the virus's cycle than in March
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Asian governments and firms in record sprint to issue dollar bonds
Borrowers from the region have raised $354bn in debt denominated in US currency this year
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Elbiler betaler ikke regningen for trængsel, trafikulykker eller slid på vejene
PLUS. Særligt trængsel giver et stort samfundsøkonomisk tab. Tænketank foreslår kørselsafgift.
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Unforced Variations: Nov 2020
This month's open thread for climate science. As if there wasn't enough going on, we have still more hurricanes in the Atlantic, temperature records tumbling despite La Niña, Arctic sea ice that doesn't want to reform, bushfire season kicking off in the Southern Hemisphere while we are barely done with it in the North… Welcome to the new normal, folks.
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The Atlantic Daily: 6 States to Watch
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox . As you try to suss out the national picture on Election Night, you can use these six states as bellwethers. 1. PENNSYLVANIA: THE TIPPING POINT The Midwest is getting most of the attention this ye
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Science News Briefs from around the Globe
Here are some brief reports about science and technology from all over, including one from the United Arab Emirates about the the first interplanetary mission by an Arab country.
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Pandemic hits poor hit hardest as inequality rises
Unlike Black Death, coronavirus has widened divisions, hurting low skilled, women and the young more than others
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Ten ways coronavirus crisis will shape world in long term
Much remains uncertain for business, the economy, domestic politics and international relations
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Which sectors are likely to win or lose from the pandemic?
From tech to travel, many businesses are likely to feel the pain of economic fallout
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Race to discover pandemic vaccine faces hurdles
Drug research strategies should be complemented with existing tools to fight outbreak
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Volunteers in Sri Lanka Are Fighting to Save 100 Whales From a Mass Stranding
"It is very unusual for such a large number to reach our shores."
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Science News Briefs from around the Globe
Here are some brief reports about science and technology from all over, including one from the United Arab Emirates about the the first interplanetary mission by an Arab country. — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Lack of understanding of common heart condition leads to missed treatment opportunities
Poor awareness of a condition known as Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF) – the cause of a half of all cases of heart failure in England – could be hindering opportunities to improve care for patients, say researchers from the Universities of Cambridge, Manchester, and Keele.
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Liverpool to pioneer UK's first attempt at mass Covid testing
Up to 500,000 people in city will be tested in bid to measure feasibility of mass population screening Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Up to half a million people in Liverpool are set to be tested for Covid-19 under the UK government's first attempt to embark on city-wide mass testing and track down every case of the virus. The Guardian also understands that the self
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Liverpool to be first UK city to hold trial of mass testing for Covid-19
Small businesses find regional measures more economically damaging than full national lockdown
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More than one in four UK cyber attacks related to Covid-19
National centre's findings come days after US warned of threat to hospitals from hackers
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Coronavirus live news: France sees record new cases; WHO warns it's 'not too late' to take critical action
Portugal considering state of emergency ; Italy's coronavirus strategy is 'wasting time', says scientific advisor ; Germany begins 'light lockdown' . Follow the latest updates. Police may be asked to stop England residents escaping to Wales to avoid lockdown Latest coronavirus lockdowns spark protests across Europe Slovakia carries out Covid mass testing of two-thirds of population See all our co
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How social media sites plan to handle premature election declarations
The election results will start to come in as early as 7 p.m. US Eastern Time on Tuesday, when seven states begin closing the polls. The next few hours will see more polls close around the country, more votes processed, more counts updated. But we won't have the final result that night. This isn't unusual : In the US, the process of counting votes and officially certifying them always goes on lon
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During COVID-19 first wave, the proportion of caesarean section deliveries done under
New research from north-west England published in Anaesthesia (a journal of the Association of Anaesthetists) shows that during the first wave of COVID-19, the proportion of caesarean section deliveries carried out under general anaesthesia approximately halved, from 7.7% to 3.7%.
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New simulation finds max cost for cost-effective health treatments
As health care costs balloon in the U.S., experts say it may be important to analyze whether those costs translate into better population health. A new study analyzed existing data to find a dividing line – or "threshold – for what makes a treatment cost-effective or not.
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'Transparent solar cells' can take us towards a new era of personalized energy
Solar power has shown immense potential as a futuristic, 'clean' source of energy. No wonder environmentalists worldwide have been looking for ways to advance the current solar cell technology. Now, scientists have put forth an innovative design for the development of a high-power transparent solar cell. This innovation brings us closer to realizing our goal of a sustainable green future with off-
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How scientists keep ancient shipwrecks from crumbling into dust
Without proper help, the most wondrous shipwrecks can turn into a pile of dust. (Giuseppe Murabito Unsplash/) From underwater, a centuries-old shipwreck can almost look brand new. When conditions are just right, wood can stay undeterred, escaping the usual fate of being eaten by hungry sea creatures or bacteria. And unlike other artifacts that must be dug up in graves or hidden under years of dir
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UK's vaccine taskforce chief shared sensitive documents in US, report says
Government sources say information was already public and wrongly labelled 'official sensitive' Labour has asked the cabinet secretary to "undertake an urgent and swift investigation" into the vaccines taskforce chief after it was claimed she showed US financiers "official sensitive" government documents at a $200-a-head conference last week. Kate Bingham, the head of Britain's vaccine taskforce,
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New lasers that fire terahertz beams could propel medical imaging and contraband detection
New semiconductor lasers work with small, portable coolers, enabling applications outside laboratories
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The secret to helping this resilient whale species lies in its genes
A southern right whale swims with its calf near its breeding grounds in the southern Pacific. (University of Auckland tohorā research team, Department of Conservation/) Emma Carroll is a Rutherford Discovery Fellow at the University of Auckland. This story originally featured on The Conversation . After close to a decade of globe-spanning effort, the genome of the southern right whale has been re
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Walmart Is Giving Up on Its Inventory Robots
Unplugged Tour After a years-long push to automate its stores with helpful worker robots, Walmart Inc. is pulling the plug. While Walmart plans to experiment with some kinds of robots and automated tech, according to The Wall Street Journal , the retail giant will no longer use robots to scan shelves and track inventory. It turns out that people still do the job better — and were less likely to c
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Rapid method finds potent COVID-19 monoclonal antibody among a trillion possibilities
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine scientists have discovered the fastest way to identify potent, neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The method – as well as a trio of successful animal studies on an antibody called "Ab1" – are described today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Ab1 is on track for human clinical
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New simulation finds max cost for cost-effective health treatments
As health care costs balloon in the U.S., experts say it may be important to analyze whether those costs translate into better population health. A new study led by a Penn State researcher analyzed existing data to find a dividing line – or "threshold – for what makes a treatment cost-effective or not.
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Self-watering soil could transform farming
A new type of soil created by engineers can pull water from the air and distribute it to plants, potentially expanding the map of farmable land around the globe to previously inhospitable places and reducing water use in agriculture at a time of growing droughts.
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Discrimination increases against Asian and Asian American population, affecting health
Reports of racial discrimination against Asians and Asian-Americans have increased since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic hit the United States, coinciding with an increase in reported negative health symptoms, according to researchers.
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Hot or cold, weather alone has no significant effect on COVID-19 spread
New research is adding some clarity on weather's role in COVID-19 infection, with a new study finding that temperature and humidity do not play a significant role in coronavirus spread.
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New cause of COVID-19 blood clots identified
A new study reveals that COVID-19 triggers production of antibodies circulating through the blood, causing clots in people hospitalized with the disease.
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Excessive alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic
The full impact of COVID-19 on alcohol use is not yet known, but rates have been rising during the first few months of the pandemic. There's an urgent need for public health and medical responses to address harmful alcohol use.
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The Genshin Impact Backlash Is Here
So-called gacha mechanics are central to the blockbuster open-world RPG and many other games from China, Japan, and South Korea. But they've left US players smarting.
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MIT Algorithm Detects COVID-19 in the Sound of Your Cough
A new MIT algorithm is capable of determining, with impressive accuracy, whether or not people have COVID-19 — just by listening to them cough. The algorithm, which the researchers trained using the sound of tens of thousands of coughs recorded over the course of the pandemic, has a 98.5 percent success rate among patients who were already diagnosed with COVID-19, BBC News reports . If they didn'
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Covid-19 "super-spreading" events play outsized role in overall disease transmission
MIT researchers find Covid-19 super-spreading events, in which one person infects more than six other people, are much more frequent than anticipated, and that they have an outsized contribution to coronavirus transmission.
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'Transparent solar cells' can take us towards a new era of personalized energy
Solar power has shown immense potential as a futuristic, 'clean' source of energy. No wonder environmentalists worldwide have been looking for ways to advance the current solar cell technology. Now, scientists in Korea have put forth an innovative design for the development of a high-power transparent solar cell. This innovation brings us closer to realizing our goal of a sustainable green future
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Two centuries of Monarch butterflies show evolution of wing length
North America's beloved Monarch butterflies are known for their annual, multi-generation migrations in which individual insects can fly for thousands of miles. But Monarchs have also settled in some locations where their favorite food plants grow year round, so they no longer need to migrate. A new study of specimens collected over the last two centuries shows how wing length evolves in response t
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Facebook Wants to Give You Superhuman Hearing Using AR Glasses
Researchers at Facebook are investigating whether a pair of augmented reality glasses can isolate a specific conversation in a noisy environment like a bar, Digital Trends reports . "Many people with hearing loss don't use hearing aids — in part — because they don't work well in everyday situations like a noisy restaurant, a conversation involving multiple people at a loud party, or in a moving c
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Pregnant Women Face Increased Risks From Covid
If symptomatic, they were more likely to develop complications and die than nonpregnant women with symptoms.
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Lizard skull fossil is new and 'perplexing' extinct species
A new species of extinct lizard, Kopidosaurus perplexus, has just been described. The first part of the name references the lizard's distinct teeth; a 'kopis' is a curved blade used in ancient Greece. But the second part is a nod to the 'perplexing' matter of just where the extinct lizard should be placed on the tree of life.
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Short-term moisture removal can eliminate downy mildew of spinach
Scientists at the University of Arkansas explored the relationship between available moisture and disease establishment and in a recent article they demonstrated that removing moisture decreased both spore survival and disease. Even a 30-minute dry period reduced spore germination to almost zero. Spores were unable to recover and cause disease on spinach.
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Baking Soda Boosts T Cells' Ability to Fight Leukemia
Infusions of donor T cells to fight the cancer often fail, but sodium bicarbonate can counter lactic acid produced by leukemia cells, potentially improving remission rates in mice and humans.
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The Shroud of Turin: Created by Miracle or Medieval Forgers?
Although its authenticity is hotly debated, the supposed burial cloth of Jesus Christ is still one of the most studied Christian relics there is. What have scientists learned about it?
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Biologists shed light on mystery of how microbes evolve and affect hosts
While associations between microbes and their hosts have long been known, little is known about how microbes evolve and how their evolution affects the health of their hosts. Now, researchers find that as microbes evolve and adapt to their unique hosts, they become less beneficial to hosts of other genotypes, suggesting that there is probably not one universally healthy microbiome and that transpl
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Depression, social anxiety, and use of mobile dating apps
Depression symptoms and social anxiety are associated with greater use of mobile dating applications among women
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Self-watering soil could transform farming
A new type of soil created by engineers at The University of Texas at Austin can pull water from the air and distribute it to plants, potentially expanding the map of farmable land around the globe to previously inhospitable places and reducing water use in agriculture at a time of growing droughts.
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Lizard skull fossil is new and 'perplexing' extinct species
A new species of extinct lizard, Kopidosaurus perplexus, has been described by a graduate student at The University of Texas at Austin. The first part of the name references the lizard's distinct teeth; a 'kopis' is a curved blade used in ancient Greece. But the second part is a nod to the 'perplexing' matter of just where the extinct lizard should be placed on the tree of life.
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ACA's expansion of Medicaid improved maternal health
The period of time before pregnancy is critically important for the health of a woman and her infant, yet not all women have access to health insurance during this time. New research finds that the expansion of Medicaid for many states under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) had a positive impact on a variety of indicators of maternal health prior to conception.
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From Health Affairs: Financial consequences of firearm fatalities in OECD countries
Firearm-related fatalities are a global public health issue. However, few data exist about the macroeconomic effect of firearm-related fatalities. To gain a better understanding of this issue, Alexander W. Peters from New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell and coauthors estimate the macroeconomic consequences of firearm-related fatalities in each of the thirty-six Organization for Economic Cooperatio
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Genomic data 'catches corals in the act' of speciation and adaptation
A new study revealed that diversity in Hawaiian corals is likely driven by co-evolution between the coral host, the algal symbiont, and the microbial community.
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Amazon Patent Makes the Most Horrible Gamers Play With Each Other
Lobby Filled A new Amazon patent describes a poetic way to deal with toxicity in online games. Instead of just giving them the boot, Business Insider reports that the system would instead give the most toxic gamers a taste of their own medicine by putting them all in the same matches with each other. Then, all the people who would otherwise ruin your game end up harassing and trolling each other
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Is Twitter Real Life? And 7 Other Election 2020 Questions
Social media companies, election officials, and candidates have spent four years preparing for Tuesday. Soon we'll find out how they did.
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Study suggests increased risk of restraint use in black patients in the emergency setting
A study published in the most recent issue of Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM) journal showed an increased risk of restraint use in Black patients compared with white patients in the emergency setting. The risk was not increased in other races or Hispanic/Latino ethnicity.
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Hot or cold, weather alone has no significant effect on COVID-19 spread
Research led by The University of Texas at Austin is adding some clarity on weather's role in COVID-19 infection, with a new study finding that temperature and humidity do not play a significant role in coronavirus spread.
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Discrimination increases against Asian and Asian American population, affecting health
Reports of racial discrimination against Asians and Asian-Americans have increased since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic hit the United States, coinciding with an increase in reported negative health symptoms, according to Washington State University researchers.
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India's countryside offers no refuge from filthy air
Nature, Published online: 02 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03078-7 The cities in India are notorious for their polluted air, but the air outside cities is just as dirty.
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Hubble Examines 16 Psyche, the Asteroid Worth $10,000 Quadrillion
The asteroid 16 Psyche (named as such because it was the 16th to be discovered) is believed to be the now-exposed core of a differentiated protoplanet that was smashed apart some billions of years ago. Its composition is generally estimated to be 90 percent metallic and 10 percent silicate rock. It's thought to be much denser than a typical stony object of equivalent size, and it contains approxi
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Genomic data 'catches corals in the act' of speciation and adaptation
A new study led by the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa's Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) revealed that diversity in Hawaiian corals is likely driven by co-evolution between the coral host, the algal symbiont, and the microbial community.
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The Banality of Trump's Hatred
E xcitement seizes Donald Trump's face when it's time, once again, to humiliate another human. His eyes narrow and he curls the corners of his lips. You're likely to spot the sinister grimace during one of the president's campaign rallies. Yesterday in Michigan, Trump turned to the screen behind him to watch a clip of former Vice President Joe Biden stumbling while trying to say, "I'll lead an ef
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Genomic data 'catches corals in the act' of speciation and adaptation
A new study led by the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa revealed that diversity in Hawaiian corals is likely driven by co-evolution between the coral host, the algal symbiont, and the microbial community.
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Novel technique spotlights neuronal uptake of amyloid beta in Alzheimer's disease
One of the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease is the formation of amyloid plaques that collect between neurons in the brain. Increasingly, however, attention has turned from these insoluble plaques to soluble forms of amyloid beta that can be taken up into neurons and are highly neurotoxic. A new study pinpoints a segment of the amyloid beta protein that is recognized by receptors involved in neuron
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Just like us – Neanderthal children grew and were weaned similar to us
Neanderthals behaved not so differently from us in raising their children, whose pace of growth was similar to Homo sapiens. Thanks to the combination of geochemical and histological analyses of three Neanderthal milk teeth, researchers were able to determine their pace of growth and the weaning onset time. These teeth belonged to three different Neanderthal children who have lived between 70,000
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Secrets behind "Game of Thrones" unveiled by data science and network theory
What are the secrets behind one of the most successful fantasy series of all time? How has a story as complex as "Game of Thrones" enthralled the world and how does it compare to other narratives? Researchers from five universities across the UK and Ireland came together to unravel "A Song of Ice and Fire", the books on which the TV series is based.
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Neanderthal children grew and were weaned similar to us
From the analysis of three milk teeth belonging to Neanderthal children who lived between 70,000 and 45,000 years ago in Northeastern Italy, it emerges that their growth rate was very similar to ours: the discovery leads to exclude that late weaning could be among the causes that led to the disappearance of this human species
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Scientists identify specific brain region and circuits controlling attention
A new study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that norepinephrine-producing neurons in the locus coeruleus produce attention focus and impulse control via two distinct connections to prefrontal cortex
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Flying through wildfire smoke plumes could improve smoke forecasts
The biggest study yet of West Coast wildfire plumes shows how a smoke plume's chemistry changes over time. Results suggest current models may not accurately predict the air quality downwind of a wildfire.
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Bats can predict the future, JHU researchers discover
They can't tell fortunes and they're useless with the stock market but bats are quite skilled at predicting one thing: where to find dinner. Bats calculate where their prey is headed by building on-the-fly predictive models of target motion from echoes, Johns Hopkins University researchers find. The models are so robust, bats can continue to track prey even when it temporarily vanishes behind echo
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'A great achievement': Terahertz laser works without cryogenic cooling
Chip-based lasers that plumb uncharted light range could propel medical imaging and contraband detection
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Microfluidics helps engineers watch viral infection in real time
Watching a viral infection happen in real time is like a cross between a zombie horror film, paint drying, and a Bollywood epic on repeat. Over a 10-hour span, chemical engineers from Michigan Tech watched viral infections happen with precision inside a microfluidics device and can measure when the infection cycle gets interrupted by an antiviral compound.
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Trump's Second Term Will Be Nothing Like His First
When a president is running for a second term, elections tend to look like a contest between change (a new candidate) and more of the same (the incumbent). But 2020 doesn't fit the mold. As aberrant as Donald Trump's first term in office has been, a second term might be a more radical departure from the past four years than even a comparative return to normalcy under Joe Biden would be. In other
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A.I. tool provides more accurate flu forecasts
Scientists developed an A.I. tool using real-world state and regional data from the U.S. and Japan, then tested its forecasts against historical flu data. By incorporating location data, the A.I. system is able to outperform other state-of-the-art forecasting methods, delivering up to an 11% increase in accuracy and predicting influenza outbreaks up to 15 weeks in advance.
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Microfluidics helps engineers watch viral infection in real time
Watching a viral infection happen in real time is like a cross between a zombie horror film, paint drying, and a Bollywood epic on repeat. Over a 10-hour span, chemical engineers from Michigan Tech watched viral infections happen with precision inside a microfluidics device and can measure when the infection cycle gets interrupted by an antiviral compound.
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New remote sensing technique could bring key planetary mineral into focus
The mineral olivine, thought to be a major component inside all planetary bodies, holds secrets about the early formation of the solar system, and a team of researchers has a new way to study it remotely.
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Vitamin D levels during pregnancy linked with child IQ
A study showed that mothers' vitamin D levels during pregnancy were associated with their children's IQ, suggesting that higher vitamin D levels in pregnancy may lead to greater childhood IQ scores.
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Bats can predict the future, researchers discover
They can't tell fortunes and they're useless with the stock market but bats are quite skilled at predicting one thing: where to find dinner.
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Neanderthal children grew and were weaned similarly to modern humans
Neanderthals behaved similarly to modern humans in raising their children, whose pace of growth was similar to Homo sapiens.
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Secrets behind 'Game of Thrones' unveiled by data science and network theory
What are the secrets behind one of the most successful fantasy series of all time? How has a story as complex as "Game of Thrones" enthralled the world and how does it compare to other narratives?
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Flying through wildfire smoke plumes could improve smoke forecasts
Wildfires burning in the West affect not only the areas burned, but the wider regions covered by smoke. Recent years have seen hazy skies and hazardous air quality become regular features of the late summer weather.
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Bats can predict the future, researchers discover
They can't tell fortunes and they're useless with the stock market but bats are quite skilled at predicting one thing: where to find dinner.
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First Alzheimer's Blood Test Rolled Out for Clinical Use in US
The test will be a cheaper and more accessible alternative to currently available diagnostic tools, researchers say.
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How bacteria survive low oxygen environments
Researchers from ITQB NOVA, in collaboration with the Institut Pasteur in Paris, have shed light on the mechanisms that allow Clostridioides difficile, a pathogen that can only grow in oxygen-free environments, to be able to survive low oxygen levels. C. difficile is a major cause of intestinal problems associated with the use of antibiotics, causing an estimated number of 124k cases per year in t
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NASA: Half the Sun-like Stars in our Galaxy Have Potentially-Habitable Planets
One Of Many There are billions of Sun-like stars in the Milky Way galaxy — and new research suggests that over half of them could host at least one exoplanet in its habitable zone. None of that guarantees that any of those exoplanets are or ever were habitable, according to Space.com . But the NASA-led research , which has been accepted for publication by The Astronomical Journal , provides the m
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Researchers advance efforts to accurately measure glyphosate pesticide in oats
Pesticides help farmers increase food production, reduce costly damage to crops, and even prevent the spread of insect-borne diseases, but since the chemicals can also end up in human food, it's essential to ensure that they are safe. For a commonly used pesticide known as glyphosate, concerns exist over how high a level is safe in food as well as the safety of one of its byproducts, known as AMPA
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Researchers advance efforts to accurately measure glyphosate pesticide in oats
Pesticides help farmers increase food production, reduce costly damage to crops, and even prevent the spread of insect-borne diseases, but since the chemicals can also end up in human food, it's essential to ensure that they are safe. For a commonly used pesticide known as glyphosate, concerns exist over how high a level is safe in food as well as the safety of one of its byproducts, known as AMPA
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How bacteria survive low oxygen environments
Researchers from ITQB NOVA, in collaboration with the Institut Pasteur in Paris, have shed light on the mechanisms that allow Clostridioides difficile, a pathogen that can only grow in oxygen-free environments, to be able to survive low oxygen levels. C. difficile is a major cause of intestinal problems associated with the use of antibiotics, causing an estimated number of 124k cases per year in t
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Tunable THz radiation from 3-D topological insulator
Terahertz (THz) waves, located between the millimeter and far-infrared frequency ranges, are an electromagnetic frequency band that is as-yet incompletely recognized and understood. Xiaojun Wu of Beihang University leads a group of researchers actively seeking ways to understand, generate, and control THz radiation. Wu notes that THz waves have great potential for expanding real applications—from
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How Music Therapy Is Easing Anxiety and Isolation
Therapists say there are psychological benefits associated with music. Singing and listening to songs is helping people cope with emotional hurdles while COVID-19 quarantining.
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NIST researchers advance efforts to accurately measure glyphosate pesticide in oats
For a commonly used pesticide known as glyphosate, concerns exist over how high a level is safe in food as well as the safety of one of its byproducts, known as AMPA. Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are advancing efforts to measure glyphosate and AMPA accurately in the oat-based food products where they frequently appear by developing reference materials.
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Insights on the enormous impact seasons have in agricultural economies
For farmers in rural Zambia, payday comes just once a year, at harvest time. This fact impacts nearly every aspect of their lives, but until now researchers hadn't realized the true extent.
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Longer mud season, no snow could alter northeast rivers by year 2100
As temperatures begin to drop and fall transitions into winter, snow will soon blanket the northern regions of the United States. But researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found that snow cover is on the decline in this area due to climate change and the shift from winter to spring, known as the vernal window, is getting longer. By the end of the century, the scientists say the verna
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New remote sensing technique could bring key planetary mineral into focus
Planetary scientists from Brown University have developed a new remote sensing method for studying olivine, a mineral that could help scientists understand the early evolution of the Moon, Mars and other planetary bodies.
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A.I. tool provides more accurate flu forecasts
Yue Ning and her team at Stevens Institute of Technology trained their A.I. tool using real-world state and regional data from the U.S. and Japan, then tested its forecasts against historical flu data. By incorporating location data, the A.I. system is able to outperform other state-of-the-art forecasting methods, delivering up to an 11% increase in accuracy and predicting influenza outbreaks up t
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New cause of COVID-19 blood clots identified
A new study reveals that COVID-19 triggers production of antibodies circulating through the blood, causing clots in people hospitalized with the disease.
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Removing this hidden nasty from our food could save thousands of lives
Banning a harmful ingredient from the Australian food supply could prevent thousands of deaths from heart disease according to new research from The George Institute for Global Health.
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Avoiding inflammatory foods can lower heart disease, stroke risk
Diets high in red and processed meat, refined grains and sugary beverages, which have been associated with increased inflammation in the body, can increase subsequent risk of heart disease and stroke compared to diets filled with anti-inflammatory foods according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. A separate JACC study assessed the positive effects eat
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Your pupils show whether you'll remember stuff
Researchers can now predict whether an individual will remember or forget based on their neural activity and pupil size. "As we navigate our lives, we have these periods in which we're frustrated because we're not able to bring knowledge to mind, expressing what we know," says Anthony Wagner, a professor in the social sciences at Stanford University. "Fortunately, science now has tools that allow
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Agriculture: A loan for lean season
For farmers in rural Zambia, payday comes just once a year, at harvest time. This fact impacts nearly every aspect of their lives, but until now researchers hadn't realized the true extent.
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Longer mud season, no snow could alter northeast US rivers by 2100
Researchers have found that snow cover is on the decline in northeastern US due to climate change and by the end of century, the vernal window, sometimes referred to as mud season, could be two to four weeks longer which means significantly less melting snow that could be detrimental to key spring conditions in rivers and surrounding ecosystems.
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Consequences of glacier shrinkage
Scientists have investigated the causes of a glacial lake outburst flood in the Ladakh region of India. They drew on field surveys and satellite images to create an inventory of glacial lakes for the Trans-Himalayan region of Ladakh, identifying changes in the size and number of glacial lakes, including undocumented outburst floods. The inventory aims to improve risk assessment for future events.
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Teens who participate in extracurriculars, get less screen time, have better mental health
A new study from UBC researchers finds that teens, especially girls, have better mental health when they spend more time taking part in extracurricular activities, like sports and art, and less time in front of screens.
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To predict how crops cope with changing climate, 30 years of experiments simulate future
A new review synthesizes 30 years of 'Free-Air Concentration Enrichment' (FACE) data to grasp how global crop production may be impacted by rising CO2 levels and other factors.
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Beetle larvae think with brain 'under construction'
In human brains, hundreds of billions of nerve cells are interconnected in the most complicated way. This is no different for insects, although their brains 'only' have up to one million nerve cells. To a large extent, the brain develops in the embryo, but in many animals it is completed only after birth. Biologists found that beetle larvae start using their brains, although still 'under construct
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Machine learning predicts anti-cancer drug efficacy
Research on anti-cancer drug response in patient-derived artificial organoids and transcriptome learning of genes associated with anti-cancer target proteins.
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Elon Musk Promises Redesigned Cybertruck in a "Month or So"
Cybertruck 2.0 According to a recent tweet by Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the electric car company will be unveiling a Cybertruck redesign "maybe in a month or so." The long-awaited electric pickup raised eyebrows with its brutalist, sharp-angled design when it was first shown off during an event last November. Since then, Musk has hinted at minor changes to the overall design that may make it into the
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Household restrictions in Wales to be relaxed
Travel to and from nation during England's lockdown will only be allowed with a reasonable excuse
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Europe is locking down a second time. But what is its long-term plan?
New measures seek to lower the spread of the coronavirus, but some scientists say Europe should eliminate it
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Once again, new Antarctic reserves fail to win backing
Russia, China continue to oppose creation of three new protected areas
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Our Soil is Poised To Release Billions of Tons of Carbon
Soil Spill If the planet's temperatures increase by just two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, it could trigger a catastrophic release of even more carbon currently sequestered in the soil. New projects, published Monday in the journal Nature Communications, suggest that scenario would release 230 billion tons of carbon — more than twice as much as the U.S. has emitted into the atmosph
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A Nameless Hiker and the Case the Internet Can't Crack
The man on the trail went by "Mostly Harmless." He was friendly and said he worked in tech. After he died in his tent, no one could figure out who he was.
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Interferon deficiency can lead to severe COVID
Nature, Published online: 02 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03070-1 Understanding what contributes to the development of severe COVID-19 would be of great clinical benefit. Analysis of people in whom this occurred pinpoints a key role for the signalling pathway mediated by type I interferon proteins.
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Vitamin D levels during pregnancy linked with child IQ
A study published today in The Journal of Nutrition showed that mothers' vitamin D levels during pregnancy were associated with their children's IQ, suggesting that higher vitamin D levels in pregnancy may lead to greater childhood IQ scores.
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Older adults feel better than young people despite COVID risks
Older adults report better emotional well-being than younger people, even during a pandemic that is placing them at greater risk than any other age group, according to a new survey. Older adults reported feeling calm more often than younger folks, and were less likely to report negative emotions like anxiety compared to people their junior, the survey shows. In the survey of 1,000 US adults, cond
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The Big Story: The 2020 Election Will Shape the Future of America
Join Atlantic senior editor Ron Brownstein, assistant editor Christian Paz, and staff writer Derek Thompson for a live Election Day conversation about how the presidential race could be remembered as a hinge point in the nation's history.
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A DNA voltmeter exposes a cell's electric inner life
Nature, Published online: 02 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03079-6 Armed with a DNA core, a sensor can sneak into a cell and read out the voltage differences of the organelles inside.
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New remote sensing technique could bring key planetary mineral into focus
The mineral olivine, thought to be a major component inside all planetary bodies, holds secrets about the early formation of the solar system, and a team of Brown University researchers has a new way to study it remotely.
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Microfluidics helps MTU engineers watch viral infection in real time
Watching a viral infection happen in real time is like a cross between a zombie horror film, paint drying, and a Bollywood epic on repeat. Over a 10-hour span, chemical engineers from Michigan Tech watched viral infections happen with precision inside a microfluidics device and can measure when the infection cycle gets interrupted by an antiviral compound.
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Excessive alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic
The full impact of COVID-19 on alcohol use is not yet known, but rates have been rising during the first few months of the pandemic. There's an urgent need for public health and medical responses to address harmful alcohol use.
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Is that mulch really cypress? Maybe some of it
"Cypress" mulch might not be what the label says, research finds. In the new study, researchers found that some bags labeled as "cypress" contain only 50% cypress, while other bags contain no cypress at all. "Many mulch products claim to be composed of cypress," says researcher Judd Michael, professor in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences. "But some of the largest mulch manufacturers h
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Phone tool can spot strokes as well as ER docs
A new smartphone tool could diagnose a stroke within minutes based on abnormalities in a patient's speech ability and facial muscular movements. The new tool has the accuracy of an emergency room physician. "When a patient experiences symptoms of a stroke, every minute counts ," says James Wang, professor of information sciences and technology at Penn State. "But when it comes to diagnosing a str
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The battle to save UK businesses in lockdown
Fiscal measures will provide a boost but clarity is just as important
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Antivaccine videos slip through YouTube's advertising policies, new study finds
Portuguese-language videos remain on YouTube, despite platform's pledge to limit conspiracy theories
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Elon Musk: This Fan-Made Video Is "Very Close" to Showing Actual Starship Flight
Starship Launch A team of SpaceX enthusiasts have created a stunning video of what a launch of the space company's Starship rocket could one day look like. And it locked down a rare seal of approval: SpaceX CEO Elon Musk himself. "Very close to actual expected flight!" Musk tweeted in reply to the simulation. Test Launches The animation, uploaded by SpaceX enthusiast Erc X to Twitter, shows the m
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UNH research: Longer mud season, no snow could alter northeast rivers by 2100
University of New Hampshire has found that snow cover is on the decline in northeastern US due to climate change and by the end of century, the vernal window, sometimes referred to as mud season, could be two to four weeks longer which means significantly less melting snow that could be detrimental to key spring conditions in rivers and surrounding ecosystems.
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A loan for lean season
For farmers in rural Zambia, payday comes just once a year, at harvest time. This fact impacts nearly every aspect of their lives, but until now researchers hadn't realized the true extent.
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The influence of social norms and behaviour on energy use
People tend to conform to what others do and what others regard as right. Do these two social norms influence electric energy consumption? In the prestigious journal Nature Energy , a team of Italian scientists have identified, for the first time, how these norms interact and influence the energy use of hundreds of thousands of Italian households.
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Sleep-deprived mice find cocaine more rewarding
Sleep deprivation may pave the way to cocaine addiction. Too-little sleep can increase the rewarding properties of cocaine, according to new research in mice published in eNeuro .
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Daily briefing: How COVID turns our immune defences against us
Nature, Published online: 02 November 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-03093-8 The fiendishly complicated relationship between our immune systems and SARS-CoV-2, how scientists are making lab life comfy for 'extremophile' microbes and a Trump order alarms US government scientists.
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Hungry plants rely on their associated bacteria to mobilize unavailable iron
Researchers have found that, faced with limiting iron, plants direct their microbiota to mobilize this essential nutrient for optimal growth.
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For plant and animal immune systems the similarities go beyond sensing
Researchers have discovered that plants have independently evolved a family of immune proteins that are strikingly similar to animals.
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New study finds earliest evidence for mammal social behavior
A new study by paleontologists indicates that the earliest evidence of mammal social behavior goes back to the Age of Dinosaurs. The multituberculate Filikomys primaevus engaged in multi-generational, group-nesting and burrowing behavior, and possibly lived in colonies, some 75.5 million years ago.
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We're getting better at treating COVID-19
Household transmission rates are higher than we thought. (Kelly Sikkema/) This year's Halloween was made scarier by the rising COVID-19 infection rates across the country, and heading into the holiday season those numbers are only expected to rise. As similar surges in Europe are forcing many nations back into lockdown , the US is gearing up for an incredibly important presidential election. If y
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Iguanas may be growing more tolerant to the cold, and that's bad news for Florida
When temperatures drop, so do green iguanas—from the trees. But evolution, it seems, could be robbing South Floridians of a tradition as common as checking the heat index on New Year's Day.
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Race to save whales in Sri Lanka's biggest mass stranding
Rescuers and volunteers were racing Monday to save about 100 pilot whales stranded on Sri Lanka's western coast in the island nation's biggest-ever mass beaching.
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Treat artificial light like other forms of pollution, say scientists
Impact of human illumination has grown to point of systemic disruption, researchers find Artificial light should be treated like other forms of pollution because its impact on the natural world has widened to the point of systemic disruption, research says. Human illumination of the planet is growing in range and intensity by about 2% a year, creating a problem that can be compared to climate cha
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Iguanas may be growing more tolerant to the cold, and that's bad news for Florida
When temperatures drop, so do green iguanas—from the trees. But evolution, it seems, could be robbing South Floridians of a tradition as common as checking the heat index on New Year's Day.
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Race to save whales in Sri Lanka's biggest mass stranding
Rescuers and volunteers were racing Monday to save about 100 pilot whales stranded on Sri Lanka's western coast in the island nation's biggest-ever mass beaching.
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Fast-growing hurricane threatens flooding in Central America
Hurricane Eta erupted quickly into a potentially catastrophic major hurricane Monday as it headed for Central America, where forecasters warned of massive flooding and landslides across a vulnerable region.
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Martian Meteorites Show Red Planet Had Water Billions of Years Ago
Reddish-Blue A new look at ancient Martian asteroids suggests that the Red Planet had liquid water hundreds of millions of years earlier than we knew. Scientists have long known that the meteorites NWA 7034 and NWA 7533, which landed in the Sahara Desert years ago, came here from Mars. Probing into the meteorites' history, University of Tokyo scientists now say they've found signs of oxidation —
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Decennial 2020 research sets the agenda for advancing safe healthcare
More than 700 studies, including 250 international abstracts, highlighting worldwide progress in preventing and controlling healthcare-associated infections and addressing antibiotic resistance were published today as part of the proceedings from the Sixth Decennial International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections. The Sixth Decennial, a conference co-hosted by the Centers for Disease
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Tunable THz radiation from 3D topological insulator
Wu's research group has been investigating a three-dimensional topological insulator of bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) as a promising basis for an effective THz system. They recently systematically investigated THz radiation from Bi2Te3 nanofilms driven by femtosecond laser pulses.
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In your gut: How bacteria survive low oxygen environments
Researchers from ITQB NOVA, in collaboration with the Institut Pasteur in Paris, have shed light on the mechanisms that allow Clostridioides difficile, a pathogen that can only grow in oxygen-free environments, to survive low oxygen levels. C. difficile is a major cause of intestinal problems associated with the use of antibiotics, causing an estimated number of 124k cases per year in the EU, cost
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Is that alligator weed? Citizen scientists help keep tabs on San Diego County's plants, animals
Jon Rebman saw the photo and did a double-take. Is that alligator weed?
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Advocates for the Chesapeake Bay applaud passage of federal conservation law
President Donald Trump signed into law Friday a conservation bill with plenty of perks for Maryland's Chesapeake Bay.
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Is that alligator weed? Citizen scientists help keep tabs on San Diego County's plants, animals
Jon Rebman saw the photo and did a double-take. Is that alligator weed?
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Team achieves first plasma on upgraded MAST, ready to test Super-X divertor
The team at Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE) in South East England has notified the press that testing of plasma has begun on an upgrade to the Mega AMP Spherical Tokamak (MAST)—a new approach to creating a working fusion reactor. In their announcement, the team at CCFE noted that the plasma test has come after seven years of work upgrading the original MAST which has cost approximately £55m
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The consequences of glacier shrinkage
Researchers from the South Asia Institute and the Heidelberg Center for the Environment of Ruperto Carola investigated the causes of a glacial lake outburst with subsequent flooding in the Ladakh region of India. In order to frame the case study in a larger picture, the research team led by geographer Prof. Dr. Marcus Nüsser used satellite images to create a comprehensive survey of glacial lakes f
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This Japanese Spaceport Concept is Absolutely Gorgeous
A team of Japanese architects, under the "Space Port Japan Association" (SPJ) banner, have designed a breathtaking concept for a futuristic, four-story spaceport, meant to float just off the shore in Tokyo Bay. All images: Noiz Architects The concept, called " Spaceport Japan ," echoes the layout of a traditional airport — except that spaceplanes, not commercial airliners, dock at various differe
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To predict how crops cope with changing climate, 30 years of experiments simulate future
Five years ago, the United Nations committed to achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030. Since then, however, world hunger has continued to rise. Nearly 9 percent of our global population is now undernourished, according to a 2020 report from the FAO, and climate variability is a leading factor driving us off course.
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Do octopuses' arms have a mind of their own?
Often described as aliens, octopuses are one of most unusual creatures on the planet, with three hearts, eight limbs and a keen intelligence. They can open jars, solve puzzles and even escape from their tanks, aided by their eight ultra-flexible and versatile arms. But determining how exactly octopuses control all eight limbs is a puzzle that scientists are still trying to crack.
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A mobile flood tool for the nation unveiled
The U.S. Geological Survey announced Friday the completion of a new mobile tool that provides real-time information on water levels, weather and flood forecasts all in one place on a computer, smartphone or other mobile device.
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To predict how crops cope with changing climate, 30 years of experiments simulate future
Five years ago, the United Nations committed to achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030. Since then, however, world hunger has continued to rise. Nearly 9 percent of our global population is now undernourished, according to a 2020 report from the FAO, and climate variability is a leading factor driving us off course.
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Analyzing biological and chemical damage on 20th-century construction materials
It is customary for the research conducted in the IBeA research group in the UPV/EHU's department of Analytical Chemistry to be approached from a multidisciplinary perspective. One of the group's lines of work is the diagnosis and restoration of historical and cultural heritage for which spectroscopic analytical techniques are used. Although the group's research has until now focussed on historica
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Mobile phones help Americans encounter more diverse news
In recent years, we've heard a lot about "news bubbles" and "echo chambers," the idea that to validate their own worldviews, liberals read liberal news and conservatives read conservative news. The proliferation of partisan online news sites, the thinking goes, only makes it worse. Numerous studies have supported these ideas. However, they all have one thing in common: They don't take into account
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Do octopuses' arms have a mind of their own?
Often described as aliens, octopuses are one of most unusual creatures on the planet, with three hearts, eight limbs and a keen intelligence. They can open jars, solve puzzles and even escape from their tanks, aided by their eight ultra-flexible and versatile arms. But determining how exactly octopuses control all eight limbs is a puzzle that scientists are still trying to crack.
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A 40-year-old catalyst unveils its secrets
Titanium silicalite-1 (TS-1) is not a new catalyst: It has been almost 40 years since its development and the discovery of its ability to convert propylene into propylene oxide, an important basic chemical in the chemical industry. Now, by combining various methods, a team of scientists from ETH Zurich, the University of Cologne, the Fritz Haber Institute and BASF has unveiled the surprising mecha
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The Senate Race That Could be Pivotal for America—and Wikipedia
One of the most important candidates in the country was denied her own entry for months, sparking a heated debate among the encyclopedia's editors.
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Hungry plants rely on their associated bacteria to mobilize unavailable iron
In nature, healthy plants are awash with bacteria and other microbes, mostly deriving from the soil they grow in. This community of microbes, termed the plant microbiota, is essential for optimal plant growth and protects plants from the harmful effects of pathogenic microorganisms and insects. The plant root microbiota is also thought to improve plant performance when nutrient levels are low, but
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Rotation of a molecule as an 'internal clock'
Using a new method, physicists at the Heidelberg Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics have investigated the ultrafast fragmentation of hydrogen molecules in intense laser fields in detail. They used the rotation of the molecule triggered by a laser pulse as an 'internal clock' to measure the timing of the reaction that takes place in a second laser pulse in two steps. Such a 'rotational clock'
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Astronomers see gigantic collisions of galaxy clusters in young universe
An international team of researchers led by Leiden University (the Netherlands) has mapped nine gigantic collisions of galaxy clusters. The collisions took place seven billion years ago and could be observed because they accelerate particles to high speeds. It is the first time that collisions of such distant clusters have been studied. The researchers publish their findings in the journal Nature
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Hungry plants rely on their associated bacteria to mobilize unavailable iron
In nature, healthy plants are awash with bacteria and other microbes, mostly deriving from the soil they grow in. This community of microbes, termed the plant microbiota, is essential for optimal plant growth and protects plants from the harmful effects of pathogenic microorganisms and insects. The plant root microbiota is also thought to improve plant performance when nutrient levels are low, but
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Printing plastic webs to protect the cellphone screens of the future
Follow the unbreakable bouncing phone! A Polytechnique Montréal team recently demonstrated that a fabric designed using additive manufacturing absorbs up to 96% of impact energy—all without breaking. Cell Reports Physical Science journal recently published an article with details about this innovation, which paves the way for the creation of unbreakable plastic coverings.
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Artificial night lighting has widespread impacts on nature
Artificial night-time lighting has a diverse range of effects across the natural world and should be limited where possible, researchers say.
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Room temperature conversion of CO2 to CO: A new way to synthesize hydrocarbons
Researchers have demonstrated a room-temperature method that could significantly reduce carbon dioxide levels in fossil-fuel power plant exhaust, one of the main sources of carbon emissions in the atmosphere.
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Silk road contains genomic resources for improving apples
The fabled Silk Road is responsible for one of our favorite and most valuable fruits: the domesticated apple. Researchers have now assembled complete reference genomes and pan-genomes for apple and its two main wild progenitors, providing detailed genetic insights into apple domestication and important fruit traits that could help plant breeders improve the crop's flavor, texture, and resistance t
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Root bacterium to fight Alzheimer's
A bacterium found among the soil close to roots of ginseng plants could provide a new approach for the treatment of Alzheimer's. Rhizolutin, a novel class of compounds with a tricyclic framework, significantly dissociates the protein aggregates associated with Alzheimer's disease both in vivo and in vitro, as reported by scientists.
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A 40-year-old catalyst unveils its secrets
'Titanium silicalite-1' (TS-1) is not a new catalyst: It has been almost 40 years since its development and the discovery of its ability to convert propylene into propylene oxide, an important basic chemical in the chemical industry. Now, by combining various methods, a team of scientists has unveiled the surprising mechanism of action of this catalyst.
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Follow your gut: How farms protect from childhood asthma
Asthma impacts millions of children already at a young age. Children growing up on a farm have a lower risk of developing asthma than children not living on a farm. The mechanisms behind this protective farm effect on childhood asthma are largely unknown. A group of researchers has now clarified how the children's gut microbiome is involved in the protection process.
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Emergency care doctors not getting sufficient 'down time'
A survey of more than 4,000 UK emergency care doctors has shown that they need more support to recover from work pressures between shifts.
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Malaria test as simple as a bandage
A test for malaria looks like a bandage, but can diagnose the disease in minutes without the need for medical expertise or specialized equipment.
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Election angst? In states that back losing nominee, residents' mental health may falter
Whether a Trump triumph or a Biden victory, millions of Americans may expect a decline in their mental health if they live in states that favor the losing candidate. And the higher the margin of victory for the losing candidate, the greater the number of days of stress and depression for residents in those states.
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Immunotherapy side effect could be a positive sign for kidney cancer patients
An autoimmune side effect of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) drugs could signal improved control of kidney cancer, according to a new study by researchers in UT Southwestern's Kidney Cancer Program (KCP).
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Privatforskare fann offer för spanska sjukan
Hösten 1918 var dyster i Jämtland, spanska sjukan härjade svårt, och skördade fler dödsoffer än i de flesta andra delar av landet. Kyrkböckerna talar sitt tydliga språk, med "spanska sjukan" och "influenza" som vanliga dödsorsaker. Men en del offer saknas i böckerna – de över 50 patienter vid mentalsjukhuset på Frösön som strök med. Utan privatforskaren Joel Nordkvist, moderat politiker i Östersun
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For plant and animal immune systems the similarities go beyond sensing
Although profoundly different in terms of physiology, habitat and nutritional needs, plants and animals are confronted with one shared existential problem: how to keep themselves safe in the face of constant exposure to harmful microorganisms. Mounting evidence suggests that plants and animals have independently evolved similar receptors that sense pathogen molecules and set in motion appropriate
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Fashion's underappreciated role in presidential politics
Does a well-dressed president make for a better president? Yes, says political scientist David O'Connell. According to new research published in the journal White House Studies, O'Connell, an associate professor of political science at Dickinson College who studies American politics with a focus on religion and pop culture, argues style plays an underappreciated role in presidential politics and h
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For plant and animal immune systems the similarities go beyond sensing
Although profoundly different in terms of physiology, habitat and nutritional needs, plants and animals are confronted with one shared existential problem: how to keep themselves safe in the face of constant exposure to harmful microorganisms. Mounting evidence suggests that plants and animals have independently evolved similar receptors that sense pathogen molecules and set in motion appropriate
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T-cell response delivers coronavirus immunity after infection, study shows
UK research is encouraging sign for vaccine development and avoiding reinfection
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Study finds hard physical labor raises risk for dementia
A new study out of Denmark finds that physical laborers are at an elevated risk of dementia. These findings hold even when other health factors are accounted for. The study also suggests that exercise can help reduce the risk of memory loss. A new study out of Denmark confirms that the risk of dementia is higher for people employed as manual laborers than it is for those with less physically dema
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Did you solve it? Puzzles for language lovers
The solutions to today's lexical perplexities Earlier today I set you three conundrums taken from my new book, the Language Lover's Puzzle Book. The first problem was about deciphering hieroglyphics, the second about a coding system for the colour blind, and the third about counting in Danish. Below, I repeat the questions and provide the answers. 1. Champers for Champollion Continue reading…
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Consequences of glacier shrinkage
Scientists from Heidelberg University have investigated the causes of a glacial lake outburst flood in the Ladakh region of India. They drew on field surveys and satellite images to create an inventory of glacial lakes for the Trans-Himalayan region of Ladakh, identifying changes in the size and number of glacial lakes, including undocumented outburst floods. The inventory aims to improve risk ass
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Fossils reveal mammals mingled in age of dinosaurs
A cluster of ancient mammal fossils discovered in western Montana reveal that mammals were social earlier than previously believed, a new study finds.
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Teens who participate in extracurriculars, get less screen time, have better mental health
A new study from UBC researchers finds that teens, especially girls, have better mental health when they spend more time taking part in extracurricular activities, like sports and art, and less time in front of screens.
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Mayo Clinic study finds 1 in 8 patients with cancer harbor inherited genetic mutations
PHOENIX, Ariz. ? Genetic testing can uncover inherited genetic mutations, and could individualize cancer therapies, improve survival, manage cancer in loved ones and push the boundaries of precision medicine.
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New UTSA research identifies link between food insecurity and unengaged distance learning
A new study by the UTSA Urban Education Institute found that 26% of local students and parents surveyed said they were experiencing food insecurity, meaning food ran out and they didn't have more. The research during pandemic distance learning indicated that food insecure students were less motivated and engaged in schoolwork compared to their peers, signifying how hunger and larger issues of fami
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Printing plastic webs to protect the cellphone screens of the future
Follow the unbreakable bouncing phone! A Polytechnique Montréal team recently demonstrated that a fabric designed using additive manufacturing absorbs up to 96% of impact energy — all without breaking. Cell Reports Physical Science journal recently published an article with details about this innovation, which paves the way for the creation of unbreakable plastic coverings.
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We are looking for healthy volunteers to participate in our study investigating how childhood trauma affects the way the mind works in adulthood. (Age 18-40 | Living in the UK | No current psychiatric diagnosis | Not currently taking any mental health medications | Access to computer)
We are looking for healthy volunteers to participate in our study investigating how childhood trauma affects the way the mind works in adulthood. Requirements: Age 18-40 | Living in the UK | No current diagnosis of a psychiatric disorder | Not currently taking any mental health medications | Access to a computer to complete the tasks on To find out more, click on the following link: https://uclps
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Neuroscience book and blog recommendations
I am a beginner, and I am looking for a couple of books and a couple of blogs that I can learn about the basics of neuroscience through. Your help is greatly appreciated. submitted by /u/self_actualizer [link] [comments]
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Why Our Brain Loves to Think Negatively
submitted by /u/IshaanN23 [link] [comments]
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How the immune system remembers viruses
For a person to acquire immunity to a disease, T cells must develop into memory cells after contact with the pathogen. Until now, the number of cells that do this was believed to depend above all on the magnitude of the initial immune response. A team of researchers has now called this into question.
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Age is a primary determinant of melanoma treatment resistance
Age may cause identical cancer cells with the same mutations to behave differently. In animal and laboratory models of melanoma cells, age was a primary factor in treatment response.
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It's not if, but how people use social media that impacts their well-being
New research indicates what's important for overall happiness is how a person uses social media. Researchers took a close look at how people use three major social platforms — Facebook, Twitter and Instagram — and how that use can impact a person's overall well-being.
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An underwater navigation system powered by sound
Underwater backscatter localization could allow for battery-free ocean exploration. The system is akin to subsea GPS and has potential applications in marine conservation, aquaculture, underwater robotics, and more.
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Researchers invent flexible and highly reliable sensor
A novel sensor material is five times better than conventional soft materials and could be used in wearable health technology devices, or in robotics to perceive surface texture.
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Ultrapotent COVID-19 vaccine candidate designed via computer
An ultrapotent nanoparticle candidate vaccine against COVID-19 has been developed with structure-based vaccine design techniques invented at UW Medicine. It is a self-assembling protein nanoparticle that displays 60 copies of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein's receptor-binding domain in a highly immunogenic array. The molecular structure of the vaccine roughly mimics that of a virus, which may account
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Seven different 'disease forms' identified in mild COVID-19
A new study finds that there are seven 'forms of disease' in COVID-19 with mild disease course and that the disease leaves behind significant changes in the immune system, even after 10 weeks. These findings could play a significant role in the treatment of patients and in the development of a potent vaccine.
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Focus on COVID-19 deaths in under-65s for better insights into infection rates
Simply comparing the total number of deaths across countries may provide a misleading representation of the underlying level of transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, because of large differences in reported COVID-19 death rates in elderly populations in different countries.
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It's 2020 and anti-Semitism is an electoral tactic again
There were 2,107 anti-Semitic incidents reported in the US in 2019—a record-breaking year as tracked by the Anti-Defamation League, and almost double the rate reported in 2016. The resurgence of anti-Semitism is partly attributed to the mainstreaming of QAnon, a rise in hate speech more broadly, and the radicalization of many political spaces online. A recent study showed that as much as 9% of pu
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Potential att bryta ner byggstenarna bakom Alzheimer
I Alzheimers sjukdom klumpar ett protein ihop sig i hjärnan och gör att de drabbade tappar minnet. Forskare vid Uppsala universitet beskriver nu en behandlingsmetod som ökar kroppens egen nedbrytning av byggstenarna som leder till att proteinet klumpar ihop sig. Vid Alzheimers sjukdom börjar proteinet amyloid-beta klumpa ihop sig. Denna process brukar kallas aggregering och klumparna som skapas k
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To predict how crops cope with changing climate, 30 years of experiments simulate future
Today, a review published in Global Change Biology synthesizes 30 years of 'Free-Air Concentration Enrichment' (FACE) data to grasp how global crop production may be impacted by rising CO2 levels and other factors. The study portends a less optimistic future than the authors' previous review published 15 years ago in New Phytologist.
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Malaria test as simple as a bandage
A test for malaria looks like a bandage, but can diagnose the disease in minutes without the need for medical expertise or specialized equipment.
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What is the science behind England's second national lockdown?
PM was presented with some alarming data – with one model forecasting up to 4,000 Covid deaths a day next month Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage England is preparing to enter a second national lockdown after scientific advisers warned that coronavirus infections and the numbers of people in hospital are rising steeply in many areas of the country. But what is the scie
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Peter Sleight obituary
Cardiologist whose large-scale trials of emergency treatment for heart attack patients changed clinical practice Until the late 1980s, doctors had little to offer patients who had suffered from heart attacks. Half of them died within two hours. The remainder faced the risk of heart failure, further heart attacks and strokes, with similarly bleak outlooks. Combining scientific curiosity, intellectu
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The lesson of lockdown 2: never again run down England's public health defences | Polly Toynbee
No wonder track and trace failed. Even before the Covid pandemic, the system was in turmoil and life expectancy had stalled Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage A leak inquiry? The looming lockdown was no state secret, as everyone had watched the graphs of doom ticking upwards daily: Ipsos Mori repeatedly found a majority of British people urging stricter controls . What
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Slovakia carries out Covid mass testing of two-thirds of population
Country aims to be one of first to test entire population of 5.4 million people for virus Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Two-thirds of Slovakia's population of 5.4 million people were tested for coronavirus over the weekend as part of a programme aimed at making it one of the first countries to test its entire population. Antigen tests were carried out on 3.625 mill
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Earth was super hot and humid 55 million years ago
Using minerals from ancient soils, researchers are reconstructing Earth's climate from 55 million years ago. Their findings will help them to better assess the future of our climate . Between 57 and 55 million years ago, the geological epoch known as the Paleocene ended and gave way to the Eocene . At that time, the atmosphere was essentially flooded by the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, with con
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