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Chemists create new crystal form of insecticide, boosting its ability to fight mosquitoes and malaria
Through a simple process of heating and cooling, New York University researchers have created a new crystal form of deltamethrin—a common insecticide used to control malaria—resulting in an insecticide that is up to 12 times more effective against mosquitoes than the existing form.
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Brooklyn's Anti-masking Protests Betray a Broken Culture
Over the past week, ultra-Orthodox Jews in Brooklyn have engaged in anti-mask, anti-shutdown protests. It may be tempting to see these protests as the product of communities that are at odds with the dominant culture, adamantly refusing to comply with American behavioral and social norms, but that gets the story precisely backwards. The protests are profoundly American. The members of these commu
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Facebook Waited Until October 12, 2020 to Ban Holocaust Denial
Oh Right, That As of Monday, October 12, 2020, Facebook says it will prohibit posts that deny the existence or severity of the Holocaust, a thing that the company didn't already do. It's another step in a push by Facebook — which has been around for 16 years, mind you — to better manage the dangerous conspiracy theories and misinformation that get shared and amplified on its platform, Business In
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Study: 75 percent of women executives have experienced imposter syndrome
A new survey found that three-fourths of women executives have experienced imposter syndrome and believe they put more pressure on themselves to succeed than men. Imposter syndrome was first identified in highly successful women in 1978. Imposter syndrome is a widespread phenomenon, but there are ways to ease the agony. Have you ever felt like a fraud? Like, everyone at the office treats you with
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Why mothers of tweens – not babies – are the most depressed
The joys of motherhood quite literally wax and wane over time. If you had to guess, you might think that one of the most trying times for mothers is bringing home a new baby, given the sleep deprivation and the adjustment that comes with taking care of an infant. But some might be surprised to learn that our latest research shows the most challenging period of mothering comes during children's mi
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The Race for a Super-Antibody Against the Coronavirus
A network of scientists is chasing the pandemic's holy grail: an antibody that protects against not just the virus, but also related pathogens that may threaten humans.
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Climate change spurs doubling of disasters since 2000: UN
Climate change is largely to blame for a near doubling of natural disasters in the past 20 years, the United Nations said on Monday.
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DC charters offer innovations in pandemic-era education
Returning to school in the nation's capital during the pandemic has proven to be an ongoing experiment in learning—and not just for students.
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Russia shuns US lunar program, as space cooperation under threat
Russia is unlikely to participate in the Moon-orbiting station planned by the United States, a Russian official said Monday, marking the probable end of the type of close cooperation seen for two decades on the International Space Station (ISS).
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More young adults are abstaining from alcohol
Fewer college-age Americans drink alcohol, compared to nearly 20 years ago, according to a new study.
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Most nations failing to protect nature in COVID-19 pandemic recovery plans
The COVID-19 pandemic provides an opportunity to reset the global economy and reverse decades of ecosystem and species losses, but most countries are failing to invest in nature-related economic reforms or investments, according to a new paper.
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Catch up on all the iPhone 12 rumors before Apple's event tomorrow
The iPhone 11 could be the last generation of iPhone to have rounded edges—for now. (Apple /) Tomorrow, Apple is set to announce new hardware at an all-virtual fall event. All signs point to the arrival of the first 5G-equipped iPhone, but we won't know for sure until Tim Cook and his pals officially pull back the curtain on the new devices. Still, that doesn't mean there isn't a lot of info alre
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Walmart 'Big Save' 2020: The 19 Best Deals (Updated)
Walmart started its own deals holiday to rival Amazon's Prime Day. Here are our favorite discounts.
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A circular economy could save the world's economy post-COVID-19
The world's economy is feeling the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic with many industries under threat. Researchers have concluded that adopting circular economy strategies would be the best way for the world's economy to recover, whilst enabling the transition to a low-carbon economy.
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Pandemic-related stress leads to less employee engagement
As COVID-19 cases surged this spring, the pandemic led some people more than others to ponder their own mortality. A new study in China and the United States suggests that these people were the ones who showed the highest levels of stress and the least engagement at work. But the research also uncovered a bright spot: The right kind of boss helped reduce stress and increase engagement in their wor
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Stay-at-home orders cut noise exposure nearly in half
People's exposure to environmental noise dropped nearly in half during the early months of the coronavirus pandemic, according to researchers who analyzed data from the Apple Hearing Study.
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Identification of a viral factor that impairs immune responses in COVID-19 patients
Researchers aimed to characterize the viral factor(s) determining immune activation upon SARS-CoV-2 infection and found that ORF3b, a gene encoded by SARS-CoV-2, is a potent IFN antagonist.
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German ship completes historic Arctic expedition
The German Research Vessel Polarstern returns to port after drifting for a year in Arctic sea-ice.
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Spending on 'orphan drugs' for kids rose 65% in 5 years
"Orphan drugs" account for 1 in every 15 private insurance dollars spent on children's health care, a new study shows. That's up 65% from just five years ago. One in every 170 kids take these medications, which treat rare childhood diseases. Even though insurance companies pay much of the high cost, families' share of the cost has risen rapidly. The study shows that out-of-pocket costs for these
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Watch a Black Hole Suck Down an Entire Star Like a Spaghetti Noodle
My Spaghet If you're ever having a bad day, just remember that the Sun has never drifted too close to a black hole and gotten sucked into it like a giant noodle of star stuff, in a horrible cosmic reenactment of that one scene in "Lady and the Tramp." But that's exactly what happened, scientists say, to a star about 215 million light-years from Earth. It got too close to a black hole, and got dev
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Brain regions with impaired blood flow have higher tau levels
In Alzheimer's disease, impaired blood flow to brain regions coincides with tau protein buildup. This relationship strengthens as cognition declines, according to new research published in JNeurosci .
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As genome-editing trials become more common, informed consent is changing
As public interest and expanded research in human genome editing grows, many questions remain about ethical, legal and social implications of the technology. People who are seriously ill may overestimate the benefits of early clinical trials while underestimating the risks. This makes properly understanding informed consent, the full knowledge of risks and benefits of treatments, especially import
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To protect nature's benefits, focus on people
New paper calls for the consideration of people's diverse needs in order to develop effective nature-based policies and investments in ecosystems.
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Very low risk to newborns from moms with COVID-19, finds study
Moms with COVID-19 who take basic precautions rarely pass the virus to their newborns, even if breastfeeding and rooming together, a new study finds.
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Mosquitoes' taste for blood traced to four types of neurons
The female mosquito has an amazing ability to detect blood using her syringe-like 'tongue.' Now scientists have identified the neurons that give her blood-seeking powers.
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Total deaths recorded during the pandemic far exceed those attributed to COVID-19, new data show
For every two deaths attributed to COVID-19 in the U.S., a third American dies as a result of the pandemic, according to new data. The study shows that deaths between March 1 and Aug. 1 increased 20 percent compared to previous years — maybe not surprising in a pandemic. But deaths attributed to COVID-19 only accounted for 67 percent of those deaths.
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As genome-editing trials become more common, informed consent is changing
As public interest and expanded research in human genome editing grows, many questions remain about ethical, legal and social implications of the technology. People who are seriously ill may overestimate the benefits of early clinical trials while underestimating the risks. This makes properly understanding informed consent, the full knowledge of risks and benefits of treatments, especially import
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As genome-editing trials become more common, informed consent is changing
As public interest and expanded research in human genome editing grows, many questions remain about ethical, legal and social implications of the technology. People who are seriously ill may overestimate the benefits of early clinical trials while underestimating the risks. This makes properly understanding informed consent, the full knowledge of risks and benefits of treatments, especially import
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The best standing desks for mobility and comfort
Stand—and whistle—while you work. (Standsome Worklifestyle via Unsplash/) You don't need to be a chiropractor to know that sitting for hours causes soreness and stiffness. Rather than being perpetually achy and sleepy while working 9-to-5 (and beyond), why not try a standing desk? Standing throughout the day keeps the mind alert and focused while you work. Plus, switching between sitting and stan
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How humans ended up the most altruistic of animals
Humans are more altruistic than any other animal, but why is that? One theory suggests culture and genetics combined to provide groups that worked well together an edge in competition. Others suggest that groups could be subject to evolutionary pressures. Humans are different from other animals in a lot of ways. While some of these differences are obvious to any observer, others are more subtle.
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The best wall hooks for style and function
Organization out in the open. (Suad Kamardeen via Unsplash /) One of the best ways to help reduce clutter is to give everything a place to call home. Wall hooks provide an inexpensive way to lift household items off the floor and off piled-up tables, and help get your rooms in order. Whether you use them to organize your entryway, your closets, your bathroom or bedroom—the wall hook is an organiz
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The best bidets money can buy
A sweet upgrade for your throne. (Amazon/) If you've ever used a bidet, then you know that they're one of the best ways to clean up after a trip to the bathroom without subjecting your skin to drying, irritation, and discomfort. Bidets are unparalleled when it comes to maintaining clean and healthy skin, and they also drastically reduce the need for paper products, making them an economical and e
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Revealing the reason behind jet formation at the tip of laser optical fiber
When an optical fiber is immersed in liquid, a high temperature, high speed jet is discharged. Researchers expect this to be applied to medical treatment in the future. Now, a research team has explored this phenomenon further and revealed the reasons behind the jet formation.
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Liquid metals come to the rescue of semiconductors
Two-dimensional semiconductors offer a possible solution to the limited potential for further shrinking of traditional silicon-based electronics: the long-predicted end of 'Moore's Law'. 2D-based electronics, which could eliminate wasted dissipation of heat and allow for very fast, ultra-low energy operation, could be enabled by a new liquid-metal deposition technique.
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New virtual reality software allows scientists to 'walk' inside cells
Virtual reality software which allows researchers to 'walk' inside and analyze individual cells could be used to understand fundamental problems in biology and develop new treatments for disease.
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Scientists find neurochemicals have unexpectedly profound roles in the human brain
In first-of-their-kind observations in the human brain, an international team of researchers has revealed two well-known neurochemicals — dopamine and serotonin — are at work at sub-second speeds to shape how people perceive the world and take action based on their perception.
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ESO telescopes record last moments of star devoured by a black hole
Astronomers have spotted a rare blast of light from a star being ripped apart by a supermassive black hole. The phenomenon, known as a tidal disruption event, is the closest such flare recorded to date at just over 215 million light-years from Earth, and has been studied in unprecedented detail.
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Studying the sun as a star to understand stellar flares and exoplanets
New research shows that sunspots and other active regions can change the overall solar emissions. The sunspots cause some emissions to dim and others to brighten; the timing of the changes also varies between different types of emissions. This knowledge will help astronomers characterize the conditions of stars, which has important implications for finding exoplanets around those stars.
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Surface waves can help nanostructured devices keep their cool
A research team has demonstrated that hybrid surface waves called surface phonon-polaritons provide enhanced thermal conductivity in nanoscale membranes. These surface waves can aid in the thermal management of nanostructured devices as conventional cooling methods reach their material-related limits. Surface phonon-polaritons will be particularly useful for heat conduction in silicon-based microe
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Multi-state data storage leaving binary behind
Electronic data is being produced at a breath-taking rate. Around ten zettabytes (ten trillion gigabytes) of data is stored in global server farms, and that's doubling every two years. With computing already consuming 8% of global electricity, low-energy data-storage is a key priority. Next-generation 'multi-state' memory offers a highly energy efficient, low-cost, fast-access solution: stepping '
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A circular economy could save the world's economy post-COVID-19
The World's economy is feeling the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic with many industries under threat. A group of researchers from the UK, Malaysia, Nigeria, UAE and Japan, led by WMG, University of Warwick have concluded that adopting circular economy strategies would be the best way for the world's economy to recover, whilst enabling the transition to a low-carbon economy.
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This Smartwatch Lets Creeps Take Pics of Kids
Always Watching The X4, a smartwatch designed for kids, apparently has disturbingly-weak security . With a single encrypted text, a security researcher was able to gain access to the X4 and tap its real-time location, take pictures with its camera, and even record audio, Ars Technica reports . The flaws in the watch show that security flaws don't just affect adults — and the choices parents make
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Noise dropped by almost 50% early in pandemic
People's exposure to environmental noise dropped nearly in half during the early months of the coronavirus pandemic, according to new research. Researchers looked at noise exposure data from volunteer Apple Watch users in Florida, New York, California, and Texas. The analysis, one of the largest to date, included more than a half million daily noise levels measured before and during the pandemic.
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New virtual reality software allows scientists to 'walk' inside cells
Virtual reality software which allows researchers to 'walk' inside and analyze individual cells could be used to understand fundamental problems in biology and develop new treatments for disease.
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Jagged1-Notch1-deployed tumor perivascular niche promotes breast cancer stem cell phenotype through Zeb1
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18860-4 The transcription factor Zeb1 is known to promote tumorigenesis and stemness in breast cancer. Here the authors show that tumor endothelial Jagged1 induces activation of Notch1 signaling and increases Zeb1 expression in neighboring breast cancer stem cells, promoting tumor aggressiveness.
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Dansk forsker var med på historisk polar-ekspedition: 'Havisen er blevet meget tyndere'
Det store forskningsskib Polarstern er netop vendt hjem fra mere end et år i Arktis.
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Learning lessons from bushfires for koala survival
A University of Adelaide-led research project will study the clinical data of koalas injured in last summer's devastating bushfires to give them the best possible chance of survival and recovery in future bushfires.
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Mass loss driven shape evolution model unveils formation of flattened 'snowman' (486958) Arrokoth
An international research team led by Assoc. Prof. ZHAO Yuhui from the Purple Mountain Observatory has built and applied a mass-loss-driven shape evolution model (MONET) and suggested that the current flattened shape of Arrokoth could be of evolutionary origin due to volatile outgassing in a timescale of about 1-100 Myr, which provides a natural explanation for the flattening shape of the body.
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Using electric current to stabilize low-permeability soils
EPFL scientists have developed a new approach to stabilizing clay soils. The method involves using a battery-like system to apply electric current to carbonate and calcium ions in order to promote soil consolidation. Their findings were published today in Scientific Reports .
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The valuation of a company's investment properties may bring surprises
In addition to the financial statements and balance sheet, an investor should also go through the notes and understand their content. For example, the valuation of a company's investment properties in the financial statements may bring surprises depending on whether the company has performed the valuation itself or used an external party for it.
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Learning lessons from bushfires for koala survival
A University of Adelaide-led research project will study the clinical data of koalas injured in last summer's devastating bushfires to give them the best possible chance of survival and recovery in future bushfires.
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The First Covid Vaccine Will Not Make Life Normal Again
Come spring, Americans may have their choice of several so-so coronavirus vaccines — with no way of knowing which one is best.
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A Dose of Optimism, as the Pandemic Rages On
The months ahead will be difficult. But the medical cavalry is coming, and the rest of us know what we need to do.
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Death by spaghettification: Scientists record last moments of star devoured by black hole
A rare blast of light, emitted by a star as it is sucked in by a supermassive black hole, has been spotted by scientists using telescopes from around the world.
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Central Asian horse riders played ball games 3,000 years ago
Researchers have investigated ancient leather balls discovered in the graves of horse riders in northwest China. According to the international research team, they are around 3,000 years old, making them the oldest balls in Eurasia. The find suggests amongst others that the mounted warriors of Central Asia played ball games to keep themselves fit.
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Engineers print wearable sensors directly on skin without heat
Wearable sensors are evolving from watches and electrodes to bendable devices that provide far more precise biometric measurements and comfort for users. Now, an international team of researchers has taken the evolution one step further by printing sensors directly on human skin without the use of heat.
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Astronomers find x-rays lingering years after landmark neutron star collision
It's been three years since the landmark detection of a neutron star merger from gravitational waves. Since that day, an international team of astronomers has been continuously monitoring the subsequent radiation emissions to provide the most complete picture of such an event. Their analysis provides possible explanations for X-rays that continued to radiate from the collision long after models pr
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Kamchatka marine life death caused by algae: Russian scientist
The mass death of sea creatures in Russia's Kamchatka region was caused by toxins from microalgae rather than man-made pollution, a senior Russian scientist said on Monday, citing preliminary findings of an investigation.
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Australian valley a 'natural laboratory' to test carbon sequestration theory
Geoscientists at the University of Sydney have discovered a natural laboratory to test claims that the carbon captured during the erosion and weathering of common rocks could be a viable mitigation strategy against global warming.
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Revealing the reason behind jet formation at the tip of laser optical fiber
When an optical fiber is immersed in liquid, a high temperature, high speed jet is discharged. Researchers expect this to be applied to medical treatment in the future. Now, a research team from Russia and Japan has explored this phenomenon further and revealed the reasons behind the jet formation.
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Damaged muscles don't just die, they regenerate themselves
Researchers building a model of muscle damage in a cultured system found that components leaking from broken muscle fibers activate "satellite cells," which are muscle stem cells. While attempting to identify the activating proteins, they found that metabolic enzymes, such as GAPDH, rapidly activated quiescent satellite cells and accelerated muscle injury regeneration. This is a highly rational an
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Ending hunger: science must stop neglecting smallholder farmers
Nature, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02849-6 Policymakers urgently need ideas on ways to end hunger. But a global review of the literature finds that most researchers have had the wrong priorities.
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Pandemic of hunger
Nature, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02848-7 COVID-19 is straining African food security, but also presents an opportunity for change.
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Elektronens spinn-dynamik studerad i sin egen tidsskala
Forskare har i ett brett samarbete studerat elektronens spinn-dynamik på sin naturliga tidsskala – miljarddelar av en miljarddels sekund. Resultatet ger nya insikter kring elektron-spinn dynamik och skulle kunna få betydelse för nya tekniska tillämpningar inom så kallad spinntronik. Med hjälp av extremt korta ljuspulser och så kallad koincidens-teknik har forskare från flera svenska universitet l
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Även mild fettleversjukdom kopplad till ökad dödlighet
Personer med fettlever som utvecklat svår fibros eller cirros har en ökad risk att dö i förtid. Nu visar forskare vid Karolinska Institutet i Sverige och Massachusetts General Hospital i USA att även mild fettlever är kopplad till ökad risk att dö men att dödligheten ökar med tilltagande svårighetsgrad av sjukdomen. Icke-alkoholrelaterad fettlever är en sjukdom som ökar i samhället och som ofta o
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More pleasure in hookups with good body image
New research links positive body image with increased pleasure during hookup sex. On the flip side, negatively perceived body image is correlated to sexual malfunction for people engaging in hookups. "One of the things that I like about this study is that when researchers talk about sexual health and sexual function, they're almost always talking about negative sexual health and sexual dysfunctio
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'Universal law of touch' will enable new advances in virtual reality
Seismic waves, commonly associated with earthquakes, have been used by scientists to develop a universal scaling law for the sense of touch. A team used Rayleigh waves to create the first scaling law for touch sensitivity.
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Immune evasion strategy used by Malaria-causing parasite
A team of researchers has found that the Plasmodium parasite, which transmits malaria to humans through infected mosquitos, triggers changes in human genes that alter the body's adaptive immune response to malarial infections.
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Multi-state data storage leaving binary behind
Electronic data is being produced at a breath-taking rate. Around ten zettabytes (ten trillion gigabytes) of data is stored in global server farms, and that's doubling every two years. With computing already consuming 8% of global electricity, low-energy data-storage is a key priority. Next-generation 'multi-state' memory offers a highly energy efficient, low-cost, fast-access solution: stepping '
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Surface waves can help nanostructured devices keep their cool
A research team led by The Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo demonstrated that hybrid surface waves called surface phonon-polaritons provide enhanced thermal conductivity in nanoscale membranes. These surface waves can aid in the thermal management of nanostructured devices as conventional cooling methods reach their material-related limits. Surface phonon-polaritons will be
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Soon Covid-19 will be treatable, but it shouldn't just be the rich who benefit | Jeremy Farrar
To make experimental antibodies affordable will cost billions. If they are shown to work, it will be money well spent Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage We all want a cure for Covid-19, but it won't come in a single drug. Neither can we expect to escape this global crisis if treatments, tests or vaccines are not made available to those most vulnerable worldwide. There's
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Fears grow student Covid infections will spread into local areas in England and Wales
Infection rates at universities up to seven times higher than those in surrounding areas Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Covid-19 infection rates at universities in England and Wales are up to seven times higher than those in the general population locally, Guardian analysis has found, amid concern that growing student outbreaks risk spilling over into the wider comm
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Scientists Are Testing a 99-Year-Old Tuberculosis Vaccine on COVID-19
To buy more time to develop a COVID-19 vaccine , U.K. researchers are testing out a tuberculosis vaccine from 1921 to see if it shields patients against the coronavirus. The University of Exeter experiment, called BRACE , was inspired by data suggesting that the tuberculosis vaccine BCG provides a generalized boost to the immune system rather than merely targeting tuberculosis itself, BBC News re
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Skeletal muscle development and regeneration mechanisms vary by gender
Researchers at Kumamoto University, Japan generated mice lacking the estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) gene, both fiber-specific and muscle stem cell-specific, which resulted in abnormalities in the growth and regeneration of skeletal muscle in female mice. This was not observed in male mice that lacked the ERβ gene, suggesting that estrogen and its downstream signals may be a female-specific mechanism
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Single gene disorders not so simple after all
Traditionally, geneticists divide disorders into "simple," where a single gene mutation causes disease, or complex, where mutations in many genes contribute modest amounts. A new study suggests that the truth is somewhere in between.
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Stacking and twisting graphene unlocks a rare form of magnetism
A team of researchers at Columbia University and the University of Washington has discovered that a variety of exotic electronic states, including a rare form of magnetism, can arise in a three-layer graphene structure.
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Scientists report role for dopamine and serotonin in human perception and decision-making
Scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have recorded real time changes in dopamine and serotonin levels in the human brain that are involved with perception and decision-making. These same neurochemicals also are critical to movement disorders and psychiatric conditions, including substance abuse and depression.
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Enzyme SSH1 impairs disposal of accumulating cellular garbage, leading to brain cell death
The protein p62 plays a major role in clearing misfolded tau proteins and dysfunctional mitochondria, the energy powerhouse in all cells including neurons. Neuroscientists at the University of South Florida Health (USF Health) Byrd Alzheimer's Center report for the first time that the protein phosphatase Slingshot-1, or SSH1 for short, disrupts p62's ability to function as an efficient 'garbage co
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Total deaths recorded during the pandemic far exceed those attributed to COVID-19
For every two deaths attributed to COVID-19 in the U.S., a third American dies as a result of the pandemic, according to new data publishing Oct. 12 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.The study, led by researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University, shows that deaths between March 1 and Aug. 1 increased 20% compared to previous years — maybe not surprising in a pandemic. But deat
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Navigating through health care data disrupted by COVID-19 pandemic
The association between the COVID-19 pandemic and health care-related data collection is examined in this Viewpoint article.
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Dual checkpoint blockade promising as pre-surgical approach for certain patients with localized bladder cancer
Phase I trial finds neoadjuvant combination checkpoint inhibitors (anti-CTLA-4 plus anti-PD-1) was well tolerated and showed early signs of activity in certain patients with bladder cancer. These patients cannot be treated with chemotherapy and have no standard treatment options available.
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Novel map reveals how immune cells fight and remember infections
Researchers have created the first full dynamic map of how cells learn to fight microbes and then preserve a memory of this for future infections, by mapping the activity of tens of thousands of genes in mouse immune cells over the course of an infection. Published in Nature Immunology, this could guide research into T cells that are essential for generating immunity, to help scientists develop ne
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Scientists develop new precise therapeutic leukemia vaccine
Researchers from the Institute of Process Engineering (IPE) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University have developed a new type of precise therapeutic vaccine against leukemia. It utilizes self-healing polylactic acid microcapsules for co-encapsulating a new epitope peptide and PD-1 antibody.
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New virtual reality software allows scientists to 'walk' inside cells
Virtual reality software which allows researchers to 'walk' inside and analyze individual cells could be used to understand fundamental problems in biology and develop new treatments for disease.
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Using robotic assistance to make colonoscopy kinder and easier
Scientists have made a breakthrough in their work to develop semi-autonomous colonoscopy, using a robot to guide a medical device into the body. The milestone brings closer the prospect of an intelligent robotic system being able to guide instruments to precise locations in the body to take biopsies or allow internal tissues to be examined.
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Outcomes of babies born to mothers with SARS-CoV-2 infection
The risk of mother-to-newborn transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infection was examined in this study.
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Mosquitoes' taste for blood traced to four types of neurons
The female mosquito has an amazing ability to detect blood using her syringe-like "tongue." Now scientists have identified the neurons that give her blood-seeking powers.
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Excess deaths from COVID-19, community bereavement, restorative justice for communities of color
Ways the COVID-19 pandemic has compounded existing health, human rights and economic disparities in communities of color are discussed in this Viewpoint, which also proposes a program of restorative justice in response, comprising investments in education and housing, reforms in lending practices and criminal justice, and more.
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Very low risk to newborns from moms with COVID-19, finds study
Moms with COVID-19 who take basic precautions rarely pass the virus to their newborns, even if breastfeeding and rooming together, finds a new study at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons and NewYork-Presbyterian.
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COVID-19 pandemic and $16 trillion virus
This Viewpoint aggregates mortality, morbidity, mental health conditions, and direct economic losses to estimate the total cost of the pandemic in the US on the optimistic assumption that it will be substantially contained by the fall of 2021.
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COVID-19, excess all-cause mortality in US, 18 comparison countries
COVID-19 deaths and excess all-cause mortality in the U.S. are compared with 18 countries with diverse COVID-19 responses in this study.
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Update on excess deaths from COVID-19, other causes
This study updates a previous report of the estimated number of excess deaths in the U.S. during the COVID-19 pandemic through August 1 and describes causes of those deaths and relationships with lifting of coronavirus restrictions.
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Mental health disorders related to COVID-19-related deaths
This devastating pandemic has affected nearly every aspect of daily life. While nations struggle to manage the initial waves of the death and disruption associated with the pandemic, accumulating evidence indicates another "second wave" is building: rising rates of mental health and substance use disorders.
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To protect nature's benefits, focus on people
New paper calls for the consideration of people's diverse needs in order to develop effective nature-based policies and investments in ecosystems.
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Therapy using immune system cells preserves vision in mice implanted with rare eye cancer
A treatment that uses immune system T cells, combined with an immune-boosting drug packaged in an injectable gel, was found to preserve the vision of mice implanted with retinoblastoma tissue. The cancer, which is most commonly diagnosed in infants and young children, is treatable in early stages but can still lead to the loss of vision in about 5% of cases.
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Scientists find neurochemicals have unexpectedly profound roles in the human brain
In first-of-their-kind observations in the human brain, an international team of researchers has revealed two well-known neurochemicals — dopamine and serotonin — are at work at sub-second speeds to shape how people perceive the world and take action based on their perception.
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More young adults are abstaining from alcohol
Fewer college-age Americans drink alcohol, compared to nearly 20 years ago, according to a new study.
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Fuels, not fire weather, control carbon emissions in boreal forest
A team led by Northern Arizona University found that the amount of carbon that burns in wildfires in western boreal forests depends more on available fuels than on fire weather such as drought conditions, temperature, or rain.
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Sjuksköterskor viktiga för psykospatienters tro på sig själva
Personer med psykossjukdom har sämre upplevd hälsa än genomsnittet, men saknar sällan motivation att förändra sina vanor för att må bättre. Här spelar sjuksköterskor inom psykiatrin en viktig roll, för att stärka patienternas tro på sin egen förmåga att förändra, visar forskning från Högskolan i Halmstad. Personer med psykossjukdom har sämre upplevd hälsa och livskvalitet än övriga delar av befol
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Ancient tiny teeth reveal first mammals lived more like reptiles
Pioneering analysis of 200 million-year-old teeth belonging to the earliest mammals suggests they functioned like their cold-blooded counterparts – reptiles, leading less active but much longer lives.
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New research on SARS-CoV-2 virus 'survivability'
COVID-19 causing virus lasts for 10 days longer than Influenza on some surfaces Lower temps, glass, stainless steel and paper banknotes give virus longer life.
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Debat om Elektrochok: Professor Poul Videbech afviser kritik
Mens Herluf Dalhof, pens. praktiserende læge, mener, at ECT skader hjernen, afviser Poul Videbech, professor i psykiatri, at det er tilfældet.
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Hvordan bliver S-toget førerløst? DSB kommer med sit bud senere i år
PLUS. Hovedstadens røde S-tog skal skiftes ud med førerløse varianter, har et politisk flertal besluttet. Men hvordan det helt præcis kan foregå, er DSB stadig ved at undersøge. Her er, hvad vi ved indtil videre.
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A taskforce of Black doctors is independently evaluating COVID-19 vaccine candidates
Pharmaceutical companies have had trouble recruiting Black and other candidates of color for vaccine trials. And for good reason. (Pixabay /) As the COVID-19 pandemic shows no signs of waning in the US, researchers are working to develop a vaccine at historic speed . President Donald Trump has pushed for a vaccine to become available by Election Day , now less than a month away, causing many Amer
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Fuels, not fire weather, control carbon emissions in boreal forest
As climate warming stokes longer fire seasons and more severe fires in the North American boreal forest, being able to calculate how much carbon each fire burns grows more urgent. New research led by Northern Arizona University and published this week in Nature Climate Change suggests that how much carbon burns depends more on available fuels than on fire weather such as drought conditions, temper
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Stacking and twisting graphene unlocks a rare form of magnetism
Since the discovery of graphene more than 15 years ago, researchers have been in a global race to unlock its unique properties. Not only is graphene—a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon arranged in a hexagonal lattice—the strongest, thinnest material known to man, it is also an excellent conductor of heat and electricity.
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To protect nature's benefits, focus on people
To calculate the true value of a forest, we need to know how people benefit from it, according to new research published in Nature Sustainability. A healthy forest holds a treasure trove of benefits for people—it can filter water for downstream communities, supply timber for building, and provide a place for people to connect with nature. But a forest—or any other ecosystem—won't necessarily provi
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MHz, multi-beams coherent XUV source by intracavity high-order harmonic generation
We demonstrate a novel method of realizing a MHz repetition-rate coherent extreme ultraviolet (XUV) light source by utilizing intracavity high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in a mode-locked oscillator. We have successfully implemented HHG by introducing two different rare gases into two separate foci and picking up each HH beam. This XUV light source will open a new route to perform a time-resol
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Computational approach to optimise culture conditions required for cell therapy
Collaboration by researchers in Singapore and Australia lead to first-of-its-kind computational biology algorithm that could enable more effective cellular therapies against major diseases.
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Studying the sun as a star to understand stellar flares and exoplanets
New research shows that sunspots and other active regions can change the overall solar emissions. The sunspots cause some emissions to dim and others to brighten; the timing of the changes also varies between different types of emissions. This knowledge will help astronomers characterize the conditions of stars, which has important implications for finding exoplanets around those stars.
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Australian valley a 'natural laboratory' to test carbon sequestration theory
An idea to enhance natural carbon capture from olivine weathering has never been tested at scale. University of Sydney geoscientists have proposed the Tweed Valley as a laboratory and gained some interesting initial results.
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Ekonomipriset går till smart budgivning
Årets pristagare av ekonomipriset, Paul R. Milgrom och Robert B. Wilson, har bidragit till att komplicerade auktioner kan utföras på ett bättre sätt. Forskning som kan gynna hela vår samhällsekonomi, enligt John Hassler, professor vid Stockholms universitet och medlem i ekonomipriskommittén för Sveriges Riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne. – När samhället äger något värde
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New Clues to Chemical Origins of Metabolism at Dawn of Life
Popular speculations about how life evolved out of a soup of chemicals on the early Earth often focus on the origins of DNA and RNA , the molecules of genetic information. But the genesis of genes is only one of the mysteries that origin-of-life theories must reckon with. Another is the rise of metabolism — the biochemical processes inside cells that make life possible by continuously drawing ene
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How the brain sorts between old and new fears
Neuroscientists have identified processes the brain undergoes to distinguish real and present dangers from those linked to past experiences in a study with mice. The findings in the journal Nature have implications for our understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)—an affliction marked by the inability to distinguish between past and present dangers or to recognize "safe" situations.
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Panic at the pump: Researcher explores role of gas stations in horror films
The gas station is often viewed as a harmless, benign stop for commuters and travelers. Looking back at a few classic horror films, however, these mainstays of the American landscape take on much deeper meanings.
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The making of memory B cells and long-term immune responses
Researchers at Osaka University in Japan have identified two factors necessary for the production of memory B cells, the cells of the immune system that allow fast responses to re-infection. Without expression of the protein Bach2 and reduced mTORC1 signaling, B cells cannot become memory B cells, and are instead recycled. These findings could be useful for creating efficient vaccines that remain
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Clinical study aims to better understand COVID-19 immunity
People who have recovered from COVID-19, and their close contacts, could hold the key to understanding how immunity to the disease develops, how long it lasts and what happens when immunity is lost. The COVID PROFILE study, led by the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, will use blood samples from people in Victoria to look in detail at immune responses to COVID-19, to reveal how people are protected
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Liquid metals come to the rescue of semiconductors
Two-dimensional semiconductors offer a possible solution to the limited potential for further shrinking of traditional silicon-based electronics: the long-predicted end of 'Moore's Law'. 2D-based electronics, which could eliminate wasted dissipation of heat and allow for very fast, ultra-low energy operation, could be enabled by a new liquid-metal deposition technique developed at UNSW.
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VAV1 gene mutations trigger T-cell tumors in mice
Researchers at the University of Tsukuba have shown how mutations in the VAV1 gene may trigger T-cell neoplasia in laboratory mice. Using cutting-edge research techniques including generation of specific transgenic mice models, tumor cell transplantation, whole transcriptome analysis, whole exome sequencing and in vivo treatment, the team was able to clarify the molecular pathways of T-cell tumor
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Journal retracts paper claiming that group of Indigenous Americans were Black Africans
A journal has retracted a paper on the origins of a group of Indigenous Americans after readers said the basis of the paper was long discredited. The paper, "Early pioneers of the americas: the role of the Olmecs in urban education and social studies curriculum," was written by scholars at the University of North Carolina … Continue reading
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African countries need more air quality data—and sharing it unlocks its benefits
The harm that air pollution is doing on the African continent seems to be growing. Estimates of premature mortality attributed to air pollution have increased from about 570,000 in 1990 to over 700,000 in 2013. In the same period, premature deaths from unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and childhood malnutrition have decreased across Africa.
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Skogsskador – inte bara älgarnas fel
Skogsskadorna väger tungt när det beslutas hur många älgar som ska skjutas och var. Men mängden tall och antalet andra hjortdjur måste också tas med i beräkningarna, om skadorna på tall ska kunna minskas på ett effektivt sätt, visar forskning från SLU. Varje år samlar jägare in data på hur många hjortdjur som finns och som skjuts. Samtidigt samlar Skogsstyrelsen in data på hur många träd som finn
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Women gain ground in Nobel man's world
The Nobel prizes remain very much a man's world, especially in science, but with four female laureates named this year, women are gradually getting more recognition.
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The underground 'Parthenon' protecting Tokyo from floods
It has been called Japan's underground "Parthenon", a cavernous complex charged with protecting Tokyo and surrounding areas from catastrophic flooding—a risk experts warn is growing as climate change advances.
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Sick livestock up emissions and vice versa
Climate change affects the spread and severity of infectious diseases around the world—and infectious diseases may in turn contribute to climate change, according to new research. The research, led by Vanessa Ezenwa, professor of ecology at the University of Georgia, describes how parasites can cause animals to produce more methane, a powerful greenhouse gas. "There is evidence that climate chang
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Plant diversity makes West Africa's shea trees bear more fruit
Shea trees are grown widely in semi-arid parts of Africa for their fruit and seeds. From Senegal in the west to Uganda in the east, they are found in agro-forestry systems called parklands—landscapes where trees are left to grow in cultivated and fallow fields.
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Children with kidney disease have longer hospital stays
Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often require hospitalization; however, outcomes of this high risk population are unknown. The authors found that children with CKD had longer hospital stays, incurred higher health care expenses, and were at higher risk of death than children hospitalized for other chronic illnesses. This study suggests that these associations are related to the higher d
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Osteoarthritis biomarker could help 300 million people worldwide
University of South Australia researchers are a step closer to finding a new biomarker for osteoarthritis, a painful condition which affects more than 300 million people worldwide.
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GPS fördjupar kunskapen om renskötsel
Sedan några årtiondena använder rennäringen GPS-halsband för att övervaka renarnas förflyttning, och är ett komplement till traditionell kunskap. GPS-kartorna som visar renens rörelser förstärker renskötarnas röst i diskussioner med myndigheter, visar Kajsa Kuoljoks avhandling. Tillgången till olika tekniska hjälpmedel har förändrats över tid i samband med att bredbands- och mobilsystemen har utv
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Utrikes födda får mer ekonomisk bistånd
Utrikes födda tar i högre grad del av sociala förmåner än vad jämförbara inrikes födda gör. Men det skiljer mycket mellan olika grupper utrikesfödda. Och skillnaden ekonomiskt bistånd mellan utrikes och inrikes födda minskar över tid, visar en rapport från IFAU, Institutet för arbetsmarknads- och utbildningspolitisk utvärdering. Rapportförfattarna studerar hur inrikes och utrikes födda tog del av
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Plant diversity makes West Africa's shea trees bear more fruit
Shea trees are grown widely in semi-arid parts of Africa for their fruit and seeds. From Senegal in the west to Uganda in the east, they are found in agro-forestry systems called parklands—landscapes where trees are left to grow in cultivated and fallow fields.
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Black police officers disciplined disproportionately for misconduct, research finds
An examination of racial differences in the disciplining of police officers in three of the largest U.S. cities consistently found that Black officers were more frequently disciplined for misconduct than White officers, despite an essentially equal number of allegations being leveled. This included allegations of severe misconduct.
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Ny CRISPR-test kan diagnosticere corona-patienter på fem minutter
En ny coronatest kræver ikke laboratorieudstyr, og kan udleveres på eksempelvis skoler og arbejdspladser.
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Eight Persistent COVID-19 Myths and Why People Believe Them
From a human-made virus to vaccine conspiracy theories, we rounded up the most insidious false claims about the pandemic — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Drought once shut down Old Faithful—and might again
Trees grew near Yellowstone geyser during megadrought 800 years ago
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The unending waste management challenge – are we at our wits' end?
The doctoral dissertation by Beatrice Obule-Abila (University of Vaasa, Finland) focuses on changing the paradigm of waste management by exploring the adoption of knowledge management framework, developing and deploying more knowledge management tools, systems, and approaches in seeking solutions to the problem of waste: so that waste no longer constitutes a nuisance, but a valuable resource.
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Space Mining Should Be a Global Project—But It's Not Starting Off That Way
Exploiting the resources of outer space might be key to the future expansion of the human species. But researchers argue that the US is trying to skew the game in its favor, with potentially disastrous consequences. The enormous cost of lifting material into space means that any serious effort to colonize the solar system will require us to rely on resources beyond our atmosphere. Water will be t
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Regionsrådsformand vil have Sundhedsstyrelsen på banen i lungekræftsag
Utilfredsstillende, at myndigheder og praktiserende læger har forskellige opfattelser, hvad mistanke om lungekræft indebærer, mener regionsrådsformand Anders Kühnau (S), der nu beder sundhedsminister Magnus Heunicke (S) om at få Sundhedsstyrelsen til at komme med en vejledning.
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WHO chief says lack of global leadership has prolonged pandemic
Leading powers need to 'step up', says Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus at FT Africa Summit
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Stretching makes the superconductor
When people imagine "new materials," they typically think of chemistry. But UConn physicist Ilya Sochnikov has another suggestion: mechanics.
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A circular economy could save the world's economy post-COVID-19
The World's economy is feeling the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic with many industries under threat. A group of researchers from the UK, Malaysia, Nigeria, UAE and Japan, led by WMG, University of Warwick have concluded that adopting circular economy strategies would be the best way for the world's economy to recover, whilst enabling the transition to a low-carbon economy.
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ESA's force-feedback rover controlled from a nation away
A controller in Germany operated ESA's gripper-equipped Interact rover around a simulated moonscape at the Agency's technical heart in the Netherlands, to practice retrieving geological samples. At the same time a smaller Germany-based rover interacted with ESA's rover as if together at the same site—in a dress rehearsal for a robotic test campaign to the Moon-like volcanic slopes of Mount Etna, s
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Supercomputer simulations show that afforestation of grasslands can be counterproductive
Planting trees to combat climate change is a frequently and controversially discussed idea in recent times. Trees bind carbon dioxide (CO2) trough photosynthesis and could therefore remove this gas from the atmosphere for a certain period of time. However, when the trees die, for example, or if they are used as firewood, the greenhouse gas returns to the atmosphere. Furthermore, biogeophysical cha
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Sustainability culture and rebuilding consensus on environmental policy
As bad as things are this year, I confess that I remain an optimist and believe we will figure out the crises we now confront and make the world less bad than it is today. COVID-19, climate, equity, racism and poverty are real and daunting public policy problems. There are crazy people in the world that want to kidnap governors, kill a man with a relentless knee to his neck, party without masks, a
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Cataloguing the rice collection for crop improvement
Rice is one of the most important global cereal crops. More than half of the world's population depend on rice as their primary source of energy from food.
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Machine-learning technique could improve fusion energy outputs
Machine-learning techniques, best known for teaching self-driving cars to stop at red lights, may soon help researchers around the world improve their control over the most complicated reaction known to science: nuclear fusion.
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School zoning could increase adolescent exercise rates
If effective school zoning policies were widely applied, more adolescents would get valuable exercise walking or cycling to their nearest school, an Otago researcher says.
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When a Journalist Becomes a Disinformation Agent
Simulation games help newsrooms prepare for covering a chaotic election season — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Cataloguing the rice collection for crop improvement
Rice is one of the most important global cereal crops. More than half of the world's population depend on rice as their primary source of energy from food.
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How Much Damage Do Heavy Trucks Do to Our Roads?
A simple equation based on a series of experiments from the 1950s still serves as the rule of thumb for estimating road damage. cracked-asphalt.jpg Image credits: pixabay /Public domain Technology Monday, October 12, 2020 – 09:30 Yuen Yiu, Staff Writer (Inside Science) — It may be obvious that heavy semitrucks stress and damage roads more than the average commuter sedan does. But by how much? S
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Sapphires show their true colors: Not water-loving
The researchers investigated the wetting behavior of four different crystal surfaces of sapphire (alumina) single crystal and found that although the surface of polycrystalline alumina is hydrophilic (water contact angle was about 10°), the intrinsic water contact angles of all four crystal surfaces are greater than 10°. Among them, the (1-102) crystal surface is intrinsic hydrophobic, which water
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Future biosensor for continuous monitoring using molecular lookalikes
Biosensors measure the concentration of molecules in biological samples for biomedical, environmental, and industrial applications, and, ideally, they should provide real time, continuous data. However, the continuous monitoring of small molecules at low concentrations is problematic. Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have developed an innovative sensing approach based on molecular
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Future biosensor for continuous monitoring using molecular lookalikes
Biosensors measure the concentration of molecules in biological samples for biomedical, environmental, and industrial applications, and, ideally, they should provide real time, continuous data. However, the continuous monitoring of small molecules at low concentrations is problematic. Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have developed an innovative sensing approach based on molecular
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The moon is the perfect spot for SETI
In less than four years, NASA plans to land the first woman and the next man on the moon as part of Project Artemis. This long-awaited return to the moon is to be followed by the construction of the Lunar Gateway, the Artemis Base Camp and a program of "sustainable lunar exploration." The creation of an enduring human presence on the moon will also create many opportunities for exciting scientific
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Moon to Earth: Western Australia to host space communications station
An optical communications station capable of receiving high-speed data transmissions from space is set to be built in Western Australia.
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Composited organic mobilizing agents enhance cadmium accumulation in sorghum
Biodegradable organic materials, such as low-molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) and dissolved organic fertilizers, are usually used as heavy metal-mobilizing agents. Increasing their effects on the absorption of cadmium (Cd) by crops is important in a limited degradation cycle.
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Central Asian horse riders played ball games 3,000 years ago
Today, ball games are one of the most popular leisure activities in the world, an important form of mass entertainment and big business. But who invented balls, where, and when? The oldest balls that are currently known about were made in Egypt about 4,500 years ago using linen. Central Americans have been playing ball games for at least 3,700 years, as evidenced through monumental ball courts mad
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Global lake warming trend threatens freshwater species
Holding over 80% of Earth's surface freshwater, lakes support and sustain communities across the planet. A new study uses satellite data to underline the vulnerability of these inland water bodies to climate change and warns of serious future consequences for many freshwater species worldwide.
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Risk för hjärtinfarkt kan upptäckas av tandläkare
Förkalkning i halspulsådern är ett tecken på ökad risk för hjärtinfarkt som kan upptäckas av tandläkare vid röntgen av käken. Med bara en kort utbildning i att tolka röntgenbilder, kan allmäntandläkare lära sig att känna igen dessa förkalkningar. Det visar en ny avhandling vid Umeå universitet. – Tandläkaren kan spela en viktig roll i att förebygga förtida död i hjärtkärlsjukdom. Med bara en kort
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Direct visualization of electromagnetic wave dynamics by laser-free ultrafast electron microscopy
Femtosecond lasers can be integrated with electron microscopes to directly image transient structures and morphologies in materials in real time and space. In a new report, Xuewen Fu and a team of scientists in condensed matter physics, microsystems, nanotechnology and materials science in China and the U.S. developed a laser-free ultrafast electron microscope (UEM) offering similar potential but
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When it comes to arthritic bone spurs, stem cells hurt instead of heal
The same stem cells that heal broken bones can also generate arthritic bone spurs called osteophytes, according to a new study in the Annals of Rheumatic Diseases. By resolving the cellular origins of osteophytes, the research provides clues for how to target these painful bone spurs that develop at the edge of joints in many arthritis patients.
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When human and machine agree about iridium oxide
A human research team and a machine learning algorithm have found that we need to rethink much of what we know about iridium oxide.
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Unveiling the accuracy of tsunami predictions
Residents of coastal towns in Chile remember the catastrophic earthquakes that struck their country in 1960 and 2010, not always for the quakes themselves but for the tsunamis that followed.
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Nanomaterial acts as a molecular thermometer
A layered material developed by KAUST researchers can act as a precise temperature sensor by exploiting the same principle used in biological ion channels.
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Revealing the reason behind jet formation at the tip of laser optical fiber
When an optical fiber is immersed in liquid, a high-temperature, high-speed jet is discharged. Researchers expect this to be applied to medical treatment in the future. Now, a research team from Russia and Japan has explored this phenomenon further and revealed the reasons behind the jet formation.
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Trolling for Truth on Social Media
What 1990s Internet protest movements share with today's disinformation campaigns — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Studying the sun as a star to understand stellar flares and exoplanets
New research shows that sunspots and other active regions can change the overall solar emissions. The sunspots cause some emissions to dim and others to brighten; the timing of the changes also varies between different types of emissions. This knowledge will help astronomers characterize the conditions of stars, which has important implications for finding exoplanets around those stars.
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Scientists develop new tools to study the immune system
University of Alberta chemists have developed new tools for studying the human immune system that lay the foundation for research that could improve understanding of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's.
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A Plan to Fix the US Bike Shortage
Demand for bikes has soared in the pandemic. To spur production, the US should adopt the industrial policies from the Asian countries it relies on.
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Scientists develop new tools to study the immune system
University of Alberta chemists have developed new tools for studying the human immune system that lay the foundation for research that could improve understanding of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's.
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Feedback loop means bushfire health impacts likely to be more severe with climate change
Immediate actions are needed to limit the greenhouse gas emissions that are driving climate change that helps fuel wildfires, a Monash University study says.
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Death by spaghettification: Scientists record last moments of star devoured by black hole
A rare blast of light, emitted by a star as it is sucked in by a supermassive black hole, has been spotted by scientists using telescopes from around the world.
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Black police officers disciplined disproportionately for misconduct, IU research finds
An examination of racial differences in the disciplining of police officers in three of the largest U.S. cities consistently found that Black officers were more frequently disciplined for misconduct than White officers, despite an essentially equal number of allegations being leveled. This included allegations of severe misconduct.
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Flies lead the way to a greener future
The shift towards more sustainable sources of protein is hailed as the second agricultural revolution
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NASA to Sample Asteroid Said to Contain Building Blocks of Life
Bennu, one of the two objects used as a test case in the MIT study. NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft has been in orbit of the asteroid Bennu since late 2018, and it's almost time for the main event: collecting a sample from the surface. Researchers have used the last few years to get familiar with Bennu, and that has led to six studies that were just published in the journals Science and Science Adva
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Covid coughing link 'may be stopping people with lung cancer coming forward'
Referrals currently at 60% of pre-pandemic levels, figures from Cancer Research UK show Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage The link between coughing and Covid-19 could be stopping people with lung cancer from getting the care they need, experts have said. According to figures from Cancer Research UK, about 350,000 fewer people than normal received urgent suspected cance
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"När jag känner doften så kommer minnena tillbaka"
Vid Högskolan i Gävle utvecklar forskare en app som ska inspirera boende och personal på vård- och omsorgsboenden till att använda trädgården för att främja välbefinnande och hälsa. – Det vi tagit fram är en prototyp till en app som kan användas för att minnas och skapa samtal kring tidigare naturupplevelser och på så sätt motivera till ökad vistelse i trädgården, säger Eva Dahlkvist, forskare in
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Lagskyddet av privatlivet utgår från normer
Det finns utmaningar när det gäller att stärka det lagliga skyddet för individen. Juristen Johanna Chamberlain analyserar den svenska lagstiftningen kring intrång i privatlivet – och undersöker skadeståndsrätten som medel att utkräva ansvar från personer som begått ett intrång. En tidigare partner eller klasskamrat lägger ut en känslig bild av en annan person på internet utan att det finns samtyc
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Astronomers determine distances to 18 dwarf galaxies
Astronomers from the Special Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Nizhnij Arkhyz, Russia, have conducted photometric observations of dwarf galaxies identified by the ALFALFA survey. The results allowed the researchers to determine accurate distances of 18 dwarf galaxies. The study is detailed in a paper published October 1 on the arXiv pre-print repository.
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Why So Many Americans Are Skeptical of a Coronavirus Vaccine
It's not just "antiscience thinking" — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Pandemic-related stress leads to less employee engagement
As COVID-19 cases surged this spring, the pandemic led some people more than others to ponder their own mortality. A new study in China and the United States suggests that these people were the ones who showed the highest levels of stress and the least engagement at work. But the research also uncovered a bright spot: The right kind of boss helped reduce stress and increase engagement in their wor
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Study shows proof of concept of BioIVT HEPATOPAC cultures with targeted assay to evaluate bioactivation potential and drug-induced liver injury (DILI) risk
New in vitro Bioactivation Liver Response Assay used HEPATOPAC model to demonstrate utility of in vitro transcriptomic signature-based strategy in preclinical DILI risk assessment.
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Death by spaghettification: Scientists record last moments of star devoured by black hole
A rare blast of light, emitted by a star as it is sucked in by a supermassive black hole, has been spotted by scientists using telescopes from around the world.
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ESO telescopes record last moments of star devoured by a black hole
Using telescopes from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and other organisations around the world, astronomers have spotted a rare blast of light from a star being ripped apart by a supermassive black hole. The phenomenon, known as a tidal disruption event, is the closest such flare recorded to date at just over 215 million light-years from Earth, and has been studied in unprecedented detail.
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NASA Finally Made a Toilet for Women
Buzz Aldrin remembers feeling "buoyant" and "full of goose pimples" when he stepped onto the moon in 1969, becoming the second person to touch the surface of another world. The view was magnificent. The first thing he did was examine the ground beneath his boots. "I immediately looked down at my feet and became intrigued with the peculiar properties of the lunar dust," the Apollo astronaut recall
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Regeringer opfordrer igen til at lave bagdøre i krypteret kommunikation
De såkaldte Five Eyes-regeringer er i weekenden kommet med en ny opfordring til tech-virksomheder om, at de bør lave bagdøre i deres kryptering.
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Scientists develop new land surface model to monitor global river water environment
Climate change and human activities, including heat emission, nitrogen (N) emission and water management, are altering the hydrothermal condition and N transport in the soil and river systems, thereby affecting the global nitrogen cycle and water environment.
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Computational approach shows promise for optimising culture conditions required for cell therapy
Cellular therapy is a powerful strategy to produce patient-specific, personalized cells to treat many diseases, including heart disease and neurological disorders. But a major challenge for cell therapy applications is keeping cells alive and well in the lab.
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The current state of space debris
Swirling fragments of past space endeavors are trapped in orbit around Earth, threatening our future in space. Over time, the number, mass and area of these debris objects grows steadily, boosting the risk to functioning satellites.
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Researchers advocate for equity in STEM access
A team of researchers at Texas A&M University and Colorado State University found that micropolitan and high-poverty counties and certain communities of people—specifically Indigenous populations—lack equitable access to informal learning opportunities in STEM.
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Smittar en uttorkad bakterie?
En levande cell, till exempel en bakterie, består mest av allt av vatten, och behöver detta vatten för att fungera. Om den torkar ut upphör dess ämnesomsättning. Ofta är detta synonymt med att cellen dör – men inte alltid. Vad gäller bakterier så finns det många arter som tål uttorkning. De kan avbryta sin ämnesomsättning helt och återuppta den på nytt när de kommer i kontakt med vatten. Vissa bak
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ESA: Månen bliver centralt stoppested for rejser videre ud i rummet
Den europæiske rumfartsorganisation ESA udpeger Månen som en centralt mellemstation for bemandede missioner videre ud i rummet, blandt andet Mars. I denne uge vil ESA blandt andet indgå kontakt om etablering af en ny rumstation i kredsløb om Månen.
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Simple tips for getting black bears to leave you alone
Cute, yes, but not when it's trying to steal your food. (Alexandre Brondino/Unsplash/) Bud Ahrens thought he'd done everything right, but a bear still found him. After setting up camp in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness in Minnesota, he and his camping companion put away their gear, hung their food from a high branch to keep it out of the reach of bears and other critters, and cleaned up
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Computational approach shows promise for optimising culture conditions required for cell therapy
Cellular therapy is a powerful strategy to produce patient-specific, personalized cells to treat many diseases, including heart disease and neurological disorders. But a major challenge for cell therapy applications is keeping cells alive and well in the lab.
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Trump's 'Miracle Cure' for Covid Is a Logistical Nightmare
If the drug is authorized, who will be eligible for the treatment? Where will it be administered? How much will it cost?
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AI Is Throwing Battery Development Into Overdrive
Improving batteries has always been hampered by slow experimentation and discovery processes. Machine learning is speeding it up by orders of magnitude.
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Moths could drop sensors where people can't
Researchers have created a sensor system that can ride on the back of a moth. The system weights 98 milligrams, about one tenth the weight of a jellybean, or less than one hundredth of an ounce. Once the sensor has reached its destination riding a moth's back, a researcher can send a Bluetooth command, to release the sensor from its perch. The sensor can fall up to 72 feet—from about the sixth fl
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How to Get Through This Election
Stop arguing with people about what is true. Instead ask how they are voting — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Confronting Misinformation
Viral lies, overwhelming uncertainty, and leadership that amplifies falsehoods and fear: no wonder we feel anguished by our information environment. During an election season of great consequence,… — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Researchers addressing algal bloom in conventional water treatment facilities
An algal bloom is a phenomenon in which phytoplankton including blue-green algae rapidly proliferate in summer, marked by high solar irradiation and water temperature. It has lately been raising concerns due increased frequency of occurrence resulting from abnormally high temperatures and decreases in precipitation caused by climate change. Certain species of blue-green algae produce substances th
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Good candidate gene for crop improvement
Optimizing plant architecture is an efficient approach for breeders to adapt crops to changing environmental conditions and potentially to improve yields to meet the demands of a growing global population. Plant height and shoot branching play crucial roles in determining plant architecture, and they are mainly regulated by phytohormones, including brassinosteroids (BRs) and gibberellins (GAs).
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Researchers obtain special photometric behaviors of novae-like system and confirm evidence of disk wind
Ph.D. student Fang Xiaohui, and Prof. Qian Shengbang from Yunnan Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and collaborators analyzed the long-term photometric data of the nova-like SW Sextantis (SW Sex), and found that the light variation of this object shows a possible quasi-periodic oscillation with the time-scale of about ten years. Combined with the change of the orbital period, they i
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Pre-Bunking
Psychologists in the UK have created a game that pre-debunks (or "pre-bunks") COVID-19 conspiracy theories. The game is based on research that shows it can be more effective to give people information about how to identify conspiracy theories or misinformation before they are exposed to it. This is a fantastic idea, and I love the fact that this is being done in coordination with research to show
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Good candidate gene for crop improvement
Optimizing plant architecture is an efficient approach for breeders to adapt crops to changing environmental conditions and potentially to improve yields to meet the demands of a growing global population. Plant height and shoot branching play crucial roles in determining plant architecture, and they are mainly regulated by phytohormones, including brassinosteroids (BRs) and gibberellins (GAs).
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Expert: Skip the Plexiglass and wear a mask
The Plexiglass shields put in place for the vice-presidential debate on October 7 probably didn't offer as much protection as thought, says Pratim Biswas , an aerosol expert. Two people, facing each other, talking—let's call it "excitedly"—might be the most important ingredients for a debate. They are also a recipe for disaster if one of those two people has a highly contagious virus that transmi
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Economics Nobel honors pioneers of auction theory
Prizewinners developed auction formats used in markets for electricity, carbon credits, and radio spectrum allocation
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US game theory specialists win Nobel prize in economics
Paul R Milgrom and Robert B Wilson awarded prize 26 years after game theory scholar John Nash The Nobel prize for economics was awarded on Monday to two US game theory specialists, 26 years after John Nash – the Princeton academic depicted by Russell Crowe in the 2001 film A Beautiful Mind – won for his groundbreaking work on the same subject. Americans Paul R Milgrom and Robert B Wilson won for
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Forntida klimatkatastrof speglar extrem torka idag
En plötslig klimatförändring orsakade ekologisk kollaps i Centralasien för 34 miljoner år sedan. Öknen spred sig över låglandet och den biologiska mångfalden drabbades hårt, och nu riskerar samma sak att hända igen. Det är studier av fossilt pollen från Asien som avslöjar att en ekologisk katastrof ägde rum för ungefär 34 miljoner år sedan, orsakad av snabba klimatförändringar. Stora områden i Mo
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Astronomers find x-rays lingering years after landmark neutron star collision
It's been three years since the landmark detection of a neutron star merger from gravitational waves. And since that day, an international team of researchers led by University of Maryland astronomer Eleonora Troja has been continuously monitoring the subsequent radiation emissions to provide the most complete picture of such an event.
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Game 'pre-bunks' COVID-19 conspiracies as part of UK's fight against fake news
A new online game that puts players in the shoes of a purveyor of fake pandemic news is the latest tactic in efforts to tackle the deluge of coronavirus misinformation costing lives across the world.
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Initiative pushes to make journal abstracts free to read in one place
Nature, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02851-y Publishers agree to make journal summaries open and searchable in single repository.
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SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody structures inform therapeutic strategies
Nature, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2852-1
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How Conservatives Really Feel About Amy Coney Barrett
Ben Sasse is worried . With 22 days to go before the election, the Nebraska senator and his colleagues are about to begin a showdown over the Supreme Court nomination of Amy Coney Barrett, which he likened to the deadly 19th-century feuds between the Hatfields and the McCoys. Barrett's confirmation hearings, which begin today, will likely become a spectacle of the intense partisanship—Sasse descr
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Dear Therapist: My Daughter's Family Asks So Much of Us Without Giving Anything in Return
Editor's Note: Every Monday, Lori Gottlieb answers questions from readers about their problems, big and small. Have a question? Email her at dear.therapist@theatlantic.com . Dear Therapist, Six years ago, my retired husband and I moved to be close to our grandkids, and three years ago, our daughter's family and ours bought houses with adjoining backyards. My husband was the "manny" four days a we
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The COVID-19 Fall Surge Is Here. We Can Stop It.
C OVID-19 cases are rising in parts of New York City, and the mayor is threatening business and school closures. Across other parts of the United States and Western Europe, outbreaks are spiraling out of control. President Donald Trump is comparing the coronavirus pandemic to the seasonal flu on Twitter. What month is this again? Hundreds of thousands of deaths since the pandemic began in March,
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How to Tell If Socializing Indoors Is Safe
For months now, Americans have been told that if we want to socialize, the safest way to do it is outdoors, the better to disperse the droplets that spew from our mouths whenever we do anything but silently purchase grapefruit. But in many parts of the country, this is the last month that the weather will allow people to spend more than a few minutes outside comfortably. And next month, America w
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Apple iPhone 12 Event (2020): Watch It Live
The company is expected to debut the iPhone 12 during a streaming presentation this morning.
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His Writing Radicalized Young Hackers. Now He Wants to Redeem Them
Cory Doctorow's Little Brother series has been a young-adult sci-fi bible for teen hacktivists. But with the latest and darkest book in the trilogy, it's all grown up.
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The Delightful, Painful Nostalgia of Radio Archives
On this week's Get WIRED podcast, writer Jason Parham dives into his past as a kid listening to the radio during the Rodney King riots in Los Angeles.
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New York Is Trying Targeted Lockdowns. Will It Curb Covid?
Instead of shutting down all of New York City, this time officials are taking a block-by-block approach to home in on areas with increasing case numbers.
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Facebook Tweaked Its Rules, but You Can Still Target Voters
Political strategists say they combine information from multiple databases to identify the people they want to vote—and not vote.
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Kåre Mølbak efter nyt studie: Det sidste punktum om børn og smitte er ikke sat endnu
PLUS. Ifølge det største corona-kontaktopsporingsstudie nogensinde udgør børn en vigtigere smittevektor end hidtil antaget. Det kan slå igennem i kommende kolde måneder.
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The Great Barrington Declaration: COVID-19 deniers follow the path laid down by creationists, HIV/AIDS denialists, and climate science deniers
Apparently signed by thousands of scientists, the Great Barrington Declaration argues that lockdowns in response to the coronavirus pandemic do more harm than good and that society should use "Focused Protection" for the elderly and those at high risk for severe disease and death from COVID-19 while letting the young go about their business normally. A closer look reveals that COVID-19 deniers ar
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The Whitewashing of Black Genius
Frederick Douglass, Antonio Maceo and the outrages of "racial science" — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Ogifta lågutbildade män löper större risk att dö i covid-19
Att vara man, ha en lägre inkomst, lägre utbildningsnivå, inte vara gift och att vara utlandsfödd från ett låg- eller medelinkomstland – det är faktorer som oberoende av varandra är relaterade till en ökad risk att dö i covid-19 i Sverige. Det visar en studie från Stockholms universitet. – Vi kan visa att det finns oberoende effekter av olika skilda riskfaktorer som har lyfts upp i debatter och n
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Lab-Made 'Miniproteins' Could Block the Coronavirus from Infecting Cells
Synthetic peptides that mimic human antibodies for COVID-19 could be cheaper and easier to produce — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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American duo win Nobel Economics Prize for work on auctions
US economists Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson won the Nobel Economics Prize on Monday for work on commercial auctions, including for goods and services difficult to sell in traditional ways such as radio frequencies, the Nobel Committee said.
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Floods, rough seas kill 18 in Vietnam as fresh storm on the way
At least 18 people died and more than a dozen are missing after floods submerged homes in central Vietnam and rough seas capsized fishing boats, authorities said Monday, as another storm threatened fresh downpours.
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Lab-Made 'Miniproteins' Could Block the Coronavirus from Infecting Cells
Synthetic peptides that mimic human antibodies for COVID-19 could be cheaper and easier to produce — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Ancient tiny teeth reveal first mammals lived more like reptiles
Pioneering analysis of 200 million-year-old teeth belonging to the earliest mammals suggests they functioned like their cold-blooded counterparts—reptiles, leading less active but much longer lives.
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Improved mobility in frail and elderly adults linked to common gene variant
Variations in a gene that regulates dopamine levels in the brain may influence the mobility of elderly and frail adults, according to research published today. The finding adds to a growing body of evidence hinting that lower dopamine levels could contribute to the slower, often disabling walking patterns seen in some elderly populations.
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Dueling proteins give shape to plants
In an elegant choreography, plants take cues from their environment and channel them into flowers, roots, or branches. In a new paper in Nature Communications, biologist Doris Wagner of the School of Arts & Sciences and colleagues identified some of the behind-the-scenes machinations that go into arriving at these variations in plant architecture.
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Biggest North Pole mission back from 'dying Arctic'
Researchers on the world's biggest mission to the North Pole returned to Germany on Monday, bringing home devastating proof of a dying Arctic Ocean and warnings of ice-free summers in just decades.
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Economics award caps week of Nobel Prizes
The winner of this year's Nobel Prize in economics will be announced Monday, coming as much of the world experiences the worst recession since World War II because of the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.
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Florida Sees Signals of a Climate-Driven Housing Crisis
Home sales in areas most vulnerable to sea-level rise began falling around 2013, researchers found. Now, prices are following a similar downward path.
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After a Year in the Ice, the Biggest-Ever Arctic Science Mission Ends
The research ship Polarstern docked in Germany after nearly 13 months studying the rapidly changing region.
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Dueling proteins give shape to plants
In an elegant choreography, plants take cues from their environment and channel them into flowers, roots, or branches. In a new paper in Nature Communications, biologist Doris Wagner of the School of Arts & Sciences and colleagues identified some of the behind-the-scenes machinations that go into arriving at these variations in plant architecture.
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The Hemingway Story That John McCain Read Aloud to Me
John McCain was 11 or 12 when he found a four-leaf clover in the yard of his family's home in northern Virginia, rushed into his father's library to press it in a book, and pulled the Hemingway novel set during the Spanish Civil War, For Whom the Bell Tolls , off a shelf. The book fell open to an account of a war atrocity, and it grabbed his attention. He started reading and didn't stop until he'
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Researchers face disciplinary action as dozens of their studies fall under scrutiny
A group of obstetrics researchers in the Middle East is facing disciplinary action after questions were raised about the validity of the data in dozens of their published studies. The tale — involving contaminated clinical trials, potentially fabricated PhDs, findings of misconduct that went ignored, accusations of terrorist sympathies and unresponsive journals — requires some … Continue reading
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A pandemic-created 'gold rush' in the Amazon is destroying Indigenous lands
Soaring gold prices, coupled with law enforcement withdrawal from mining areas in several countries, has allowed illegal mining to expand further into Indigenous territories. (If Not Us Then Who/Jaye Renold (ifnotusthenwho.me)/) When COVID-19 reached the Amazon rainforest, the regular hum of speedboats and canoes carrying goods through Amazonian rivers almost went silent, says José Gregorio Díaz,
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Techtopia 166: Putin vil nedruste cyberkrig
Rusland kan være ved at sakke bagud i cyberkapløbet og foreslår derfor at nedruste den ulmende cyber-konflikt mellem Rusland og USA, vurderer en Harvard-undersøgelse.
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Biotekrobot gør indtog i laboratoriet: »Den skal være lige så let at bruge som en mikroovn«
Der er et udækket behov for automatisering i biotekvirksomheder, mener iværksætterne bag ­Reshape Biotech, som har lanceret en robot til klargøring af celledyrkningsplader.
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The Chinchillas and the Gold Mine
High in the mountains of northern Chile, a South African mining company is set to develop a site that contains 3.5 million ounces of extractable gold. But first, it must relocate 25 endangered chinchillas. Its success — or failure — offers a test of how mining companies respond to conservation concerns.
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Dueling proteins give shape to plants
In order to thrive, plants must integrate a variety of sometimes-subtle signals in their environment, from day length to nutrient presence. Biologist Doris Wagner of the University of Pennsylvania and colleagues have unpacked how two competing proteins help plants do that. The antagonistic relationship helps dictate where and when plants develop flowers, a crucial aspect of food production in crop
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UMD astronomers find x-rays lingering years after landmark neutron star collision
It's been three years since the landmark detection of a neutron star merger from gravitational waves. Since that day, an international team of researchers led by University of Maryland astronomer Eleonora Troja has been continuously monitoring the subsequent radiation emissions to provide the most complete picture of such an event. Their analysis provides possible explanations for X-rays that cont
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Ancient tiny teeth reveal first mammals lived more like reptiles
Pioneering analysis of 200 million-year-old teeth belonging to the earliest mammals suggests they functioned like their cold-blooded counterparts – reptiles, leading less active but much longer lives.
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Acute respiratory muscle unloading improves time-to-exhaustion during moderate- and heavy-intensity cycling in obese adolescent males
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-74240-4
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Observational learning of fear in real time procedure
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-74113-w
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Simvastatin improves mitochondrial respiration in peripheral blood cells
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-73896-2
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OSERR: an open-source standalone electrophysiology recording system for rodents
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-73797-4
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Defect-assisted synthesis of magneto-plasmonic silver-spinel ferrite heterostructures in a flower-like architecture
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-73502-5
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Direct visualization of the extracellular binding structure of E-cadherins in liquid
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-72517-2
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Stability theory of nano-fluid over an exponentially stretching cylindrical surface containing microorganisms
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41598-020-72545-y
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Researchers crack question of whether couples start looking alike
Study instead suggests people are initially attracted to those with similar features to themselves The question has intrigued psychologists for years: do the faces of people in long-term relationships start to look the same? Hints that they do emerged in the 1980s and have since made it into psychology courses. Yet in the ensuing decades, the observation has never been scientifically confirmed or
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Reptile-like physiology in Early Jurassic stem-mammals
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18898-4 Modern mammals are endothermic, but it has not been clear when this type of metabolism evolved. Here, Newham et al. analyse tooth and bone structure in Early Jurassic stem-mammal fossils to estimate lifespan and blood flow rates, which inform about basal and maximum metabolic rates, respectively, and show the
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Stabilizing a metalloid {Zn12} unit within a polymetallide environment in [K2Zn20Bi16]6−
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18799-6 Low-valent zinc clusters, though exceedingly rare, are appealing synthetic targets because there is evidence that they may show unconventional chemical and physical behavior. Here, the authors obtain a large heterometallic zinc-bismuth cluster anion and discover that it bears a metalloid {Zn12} core with four
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Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 vertical transmission during pregnancy
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18933-4 The impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy remains underexplored. Here, the authors provide a comprehensive characterization of virus and immunological parameters in 31 SARS-CoV-2-infected pregnant women, finding evidence of vertical transmission in two of the mother-child pairs.
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AKT-induced lncRNA VAL promotes EMT-independent metastasis through diminishing Trim16-dependent Vimentin degradation
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18929-0 The role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in AKT-driven tumor development is unclear. Here, the authors identify VAL (Vimentin associated lncRNA) to be directly induced by AKT/STAT3 signaling and report a lncRNA-mediated mechanism for active AKT-driven EMT-independent lung adenocarcinoma metastasis.
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Serpentine alteration as source of high dissolved silicon and elevated δ30Si values to the marine Si cycle
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18804-y The Si cycle is important to ocean productivity and nutrient cycling, however there are uncertainties in global budgets. Here the authors use a multi-isotope approach on seafloor sediments and pore fluids, finding that an unappreciated source of Si to the ocean is the degradation of seafloor serpentinites.
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Large-scale genome sequencing of mycorrhizal fungi provides insights into the early evolution of symbiotic traits
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18795-w Mycorrhizal symbioses have evolved repeatedly in diverse fungal lineages. A large phylogenomic analysis sheds light on genomic changes associated with transitions from saprotrophy to symbiosis, including divergent genetic innovations underlying the convergent origins of the ectomycorrhizal guild.
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Andean drought and glacial retreat tied to Greenland warming during the last glacial period
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19000-8 How the abrupt warming events recorded in Greenland ice cores during the last glacial cycle have influenced the tropical climate is not well known. Here the authors present new lake sediment data from the Peruvian Andes that shows that these events resulted in rapid glacier retreat and large reductions in lak
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Autism spectrum disorder-like behavior caused by reduced excitatory synaptic transmission in pyramidal neurons of mouse prefrontal cortex
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18861-3 CNTNAP2 or AHI1 are autism-associated genes. Here the authors show using knockdown of the genes that this results in reduced excitatory synaptic transmission in layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons in the prefrontal cortex and is associated with impaired social interaction in mice.
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This spacecraft is being readied for a one-way mission to deflect an asteroid
In a clean room in Building 23 at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, a spacecraft called DART was splayed open like a fractured, cubic egg. An instrument called a star tracker—which will, once DART is in deep space, ascertain which way is up—was mounted to the core, along with batteries and a variety of other sensors. The avionics system, DART's cen
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"It's been really, really bad": How Hispanic voters are being targeted by disinformation
Rolando Chang Barrero lives in Palm Beach County, Florida, in what he calls a bipartisan Hispanic neighborhood. He's an artist and gallery owner who is well known in his community, and he is president of the county's Democratic Hispanic Caucus. But this election season, he says, neighbors of all political persuasions have been coming to him for fact checks about the upcoming vote. "They will call
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Unga rör sig mindre under pandemin
Medan vuxna rör sig lika mycket, har en tredjedel av unga 16–20 år, rört sig mindre under pandemin, enligt en ny undersökning vid Malmö universitet. – Vuxna har lyckats byta ut sina tidigare aktiviteter mot annat, som att röra sig ute i skog och mark. Medan gymnasieungdomar i större utsträckning verkar ha hamnat framför skärmen när skolorna stängde i våras, säger Susanna Hedenborg, forskningsledar
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Hollywood kan sparke døren op for rumturisme
PLUS. Som location for Estée Lauder-­reklamer og en Tom Cruise-film har ISS åbnet dørene for privat finansiering og rumturisme.
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Research integrity: nine ways to move from talk to walk
Nature, Published online: 12 October 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02847-8 Counselling, coaches and collegiality — how institutions can share resources to promote best practice in science.
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Game 'pre-bunks' COVID-19 conspiracies as part of UK's fight against fake news
Cambridge research shows a 'pre-bunk' game can reduce susceptibility to fake news for up to three months after just one play. Latest findings come as new Go Viral! game is launched in partnership with the UK Government to fight the spread of COVID-19 false information. * The games let users play the role of a fake news producer so they can understand how misinformation is circulated online.
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Inquiry begins into blanket use in England of Covid 'do not resuscitate' orders
Concerns raised amid fears some elderly people may still be affected by the practice Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage An urgent investigation into blanket orders not to resuscitate care home residents has been launched amid fears some elderly people may still be affected by the "unacceptable" practice. After Covid-19 cases rose slightly in care homes in England in the
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Covid: UK at 'critical juncture' as No 10 unveils three-tier alert system
Boris Johnson's plan will see areas of England graded in three tiers of restrictions Three-tier plan: what it means and how it may work Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage No 10 has warned that the UK is at a "critical juncture" for controlling the spread of Covid as Boris Johnson prepares to lay out new rules that will see pubs and bars in areas with the highest infecti
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BCG: Can a vaccine from 1921 save lives from Covid-19?
Vaccines may cause wide-scale changes in the immune system which can boost the body's protection.
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US Army trials augmented reality goggles for dogs
The goggles could let handlers direct their dogs from a safe distance, the army says.
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Rekordkänslig optisk mottagare för rymdkommunikation
Kommunikation med rymdsonder genom långdistanslänkar kräver bästa möjliga mottagarkänslighet. Forskare vid Chalmers tekniska högskola i Sverige har utvecklat en laserstrålbaserad metod med hjälp av en nästan "brusfri" optisk för-förstärkare i mottagaren. Det ökar både räckvidden och datahastigheten. Ett optiskt överföringssystem över fri rymd som förlitar sig på en optisk förstärkare som i princi
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In the eye of a stellar cyclone: Bizarre secrets of a ticking time-bomb star
While on COVID lockdown, a University of Sydney honours student has written a research paper on a star system dubbed one of the "exotic peacocks of the stellar world".
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Glass ceilings and black holes: How history was made in the 2020 science Nobels
What this year's science Nobel Prizes showed us about the darkest mysteries of the Universe.
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For when the chips are down—preserving UK soil microbial biodiversity for agriculture
Scientists from the UK's foremost agricultural research institutes have teamed up to create a new UK Crop Microbiome Cyrobank (UK-CMCB) to safeguard future research and facilitate the sustainable yield improvement of the UK's six major food crops including barley, oats, oil seed rape, potato, sugar beet and wheat.
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Sperm teleportation between Massimo Fioranelli and Alireza Sepehri
"Even if we be under force and have to return to Galileo times, theories are going theirselves. […] Describing some subjects for them is similar to speaking of flying with airplane for people around 1000 years ago. I don't wonder if they kill us for these theories as in Galileo times." – Massimo Fioranelli, a looney
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Gå på glödande kol
Firewalking Den till synes mirakulösa förmågan att gå på glödande kol utan att bränna sig förekommer som en religiös ritual bland annat i Indien. Många moderna New Age rörelser och andra kvasi-religiösa grupper har också anammat det som en övergångsritual eller som ett andlighetstest. Självhjälpscoacher kan ibland använda det som ett sätt att demonstrera hur […] The post appeared first on Vetens
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Mystisk fejl i Nøgleapp aldrig fundet: Udviklere kunne ikke genskabe den
Trods hvad E-nettet selv beskriver som omfattende tests lykkes det aldrig at genskabe de fejl, der plagede NemID-nøgleapp'en for nylig. Derfor har de heller ikke kunnet rette den.
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Engineers print wearable sensors directly on skin without heat
Wearable sensors are evolving from watches and electrodes to bendable devices that provide far more precise biometric measurements and comfort for users. Now, an international team of researchers has taken the evolution one step further by printing sensors directly on human skin without the use of heat.
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Moms report mild to high levels of COVID-19 anxiety and insomnia in study by Ben-Gurion University
The results indicated that maternal clinical insomnia (Insomnia Severity Score > 15) during the COVID?19 pandemic more than doubled to 23% during the pandemic, compared with only 11% before the pandemic. Approximately 80% of mothers also reported mild?to?high levels of current COVID?19 anxiety.
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Central Asian horse riders played ball games 3,000 years ago
UZH researchers have investigated ancient leather balls discovered in the graves of horse riders in northwest China. According to the international research team, they are around 3,000 years old, making them the oldest balls in Eurasia. The find suggests amongst others that the mounted warriors of Central Asia played ball games to keep themselves fit.
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NFL teams with critical mass of women executives have fewer football player arrests
The study from Syracuse University finds a link between fewer player arrests and having a critical mass of women (two or more) in front office positions, The authors theorize that this relationship results from positive changes to the organizational culture and improved decision making when two or more women serve on the top management team. The research is in-press at the Journal of Organizationa
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Oncotarget: The role of miRNA-133b and its target gene SIRT1 in FAP-derived desmoid tumor
Volume 11, Issue 26 of Oncotarget reported that in this study the authors studied the differences in mi RNA expression between sporadic and FAP-associated Desmoid tumors using microarray confirmed by quantitative PCR.
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KIST addressing algal bloom in conventional water treatment facilities
An algal bloom refers to a phenomenon in which phytoplankton including blue-green algae rapidly proliferate in summer marked by high levels of solar irradiation and water temperature. It has lately been raising concerns due increased frequency of occurrence resulting from abnormally high temperatures and decreases in precipitation caused by climate change. Since there have toxic substances and the
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Study examines cancer's effects on young women's employment and finances
Cancer and its treatment can impact an individual's ability to work, and employment disruptions can lead to financial hardships. A new study indicates that women who were diagnosed with cancer as adolescents or young adults can be especially vulnerable to these effects. The findings are published early online in CANCER , a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society (ACS).
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Coronavirus survives for almost a month on cash and phones, study finds
Australian agency says pathogen stays infectious for 'significantly longer' on smooth surfaces
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Tele-Assessment of Suicide Risk for Children and Youth Amidst COVID-19
Hi everyone, thought you might be interested in this upcoming webinar. https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/tele-assessment-of-suicide-risk-for-children-and-youth-amidst-covid-19-tickets-122891954143 What are the best-practices for tele-assessment of suicide risk in children and youth in telehealth environments? Suicide is a leading cause of death in children and youth across North America, and the increa
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Masters programmes that apply non-AI fields to AI
Hi! I notice that a large number of cognitive-something programmes focus solely on Psychology and Neuroscience. There are quite a few others which use AI/ML to help understand Psychology and Neuroscience (and other fields) better. I'm looking for the reverse – using knowledge from psychology and neuroscience and linguistics – and anthropology – to improve AI. More specifically, I seem to be inter
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Novel therapeutic approach against Epstein-Barr virus-associated tumors
A research team hsd discovered that certain exosomes can effectively control Epstein-Barr virus-associated tumors and induce T-cell anti-tumor immunity. The novel findings provide insights into new therapeutic approach for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated tumors.
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In the eye of a stellar cyclone
While on COVID lockdown, a college student has written a research paper on a star system dubbed one of the 'exotic peacocks of the stellar world'.
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App analyzes coronavirus genome on a smartphone
Researchers have developed the app 'Genopo' that can analyze the coronavirus genome on a portable Android device.
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It Had to Be the Lakers
Bettmann; Kevin C. Cox / Getty; Paul Spella / The Atlantic In the end, the NBA bubble held. A complex of resorts and mini-arenas in Orlando, Florida, somehow kept the coronavirus out of the playoffs, as though it were a member of the New York Knicks. Tonight, the curtain fell on the whole affair after the Los Angeles Lakers dominated the Miami Heat to close out their 17th championship, tying the
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Don't Miss Your Socially Distanced Date With Mars
Mars will be in "opposition" on Oct. 13: the sun and Mars will be on opposite sides of Earth. It's going to be ideal for viewing the red planet.
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Affaldssortering i 10 fraktioner giver kun en lille og meget dyr CO2-gevinst
PLUS. 15.000 kroner kan spare ét ton CO2. Det er prisen for klimagevinsten med Folketingets vedtagne affaldssortering i 10 fraktioner. Samtidig vokser borgernes regning for den nye ordning.
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Transgender people who experience discrimination likelier to have poor mental health
A University of Waikato study has found that transgender people who have experienced stigma, including harassment, violence, and discrimination because of their identity are much more likely to have poor mental health outcomes.
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In the eye of a stellar cyclone
While on COVID lockdown, a University of Sydney honours student has written a research paper on a star system dubbed one of the "exotic peacocks of the stellar world".
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HKUMed develops a novel therapeutic approach against Epstein-Barr virus-associated tumours
A research team at LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong (HKUMed) discovered that exosomes derived from Vδ2-T cells (Vδ2-T-Exos) can effectively control Epstein-Barr virus-associated tumours and induce T-cell anti-tumour immunity. The novel findings of Vδ2-T-Exos provide insights into new therapeutic approach for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated tumours. The ground-breaking findi
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Coronavirus live news: Fauci says he did not agree to appear in Trump ad; Italy plans new restrictions
Top US infectious diseases expert said on Sunday he had not agreed to be featured in Trump ad ; Italy moves as daily infections reach highest levels since March . Follow the latest updates. Trump tweets saying 'They are indeed Dr Fauci's words' Anthony Fauci criticises Donald Trump for using his words out of context Spain's PM defends Covid emergency lockdown in Madrid Would herd immunity stop th
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Weight loss surgery in obese diabetic patients significantly cuts pancreatic cancer risk
The study, presented today at UEG Week 2020 Virtual, analysed 1,435,350 patients with concurrent diabetes and obesity over a 20-year period. A total of 10,620 patients within the study had undergone bariatric surgery, an operation that helps patients lose weight by making changes to the digestive system.
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COVID-related delays to CRC screening causing 11.9% rise in death rates, research reveals
New research has shown that delays in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening caused by COVID-19 has resulted in significantly increased death rates for the cancer. Researchers at the University of Bologna produced a model to forecast the impact of time delays in CRC screening on CRC mortality caused by COVID-19. The results found that moderate (7-12 months) and large (>12 months) delays in screening ca
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Asthma and food allergies during childhood associated with increased risk of IBS
Those with IBS at 16 were almost twice as likely to have had asthma at the age of 12 (11.2% vs 6.7%). Almost half of children with IBS at 16 (40.7%) reported food hypersensitivity at 12 years (compared to 29.2% of children without IBS at 16).
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God's work, or man's? Storm-battered Louisianans are unsure
Daniel Schexnayder has water up to his ankles as he stands outside, surveying damage to his home inflicted by Hurricane Laura six weeks before Louisiana was pummeled by a second storm, Delta.
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Fake asteroid? NASA expert IDs mystery object as old rocket
The jig may be up for an "asteroid" that's expected to get nabbed by Earth's gravity and become a mini moon next month.
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Virus that causes Covid-19 can survive up to 28 days on surfaces, scientists find
Researchers find Sars-CoV-2 survives longer at lower temperatures and lasts 10 days longer than influenza on some surfaces Australian scientists have found that the virus that causes Covid-19 can survive for up to 28 days on surfaces such as the glass on mobile phones, stainless steel, vinyl and paper banknotes. The national science agency, the CSIRO, said the research undertaken at the Australia
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The horror of the air war, in one stark map
Despite Göring's assurances they wouldn't get through, Allied bombers rained destruction on Germany in World War II. This 1947 map takes stock of the devastation: Berlin and Hamburg half destroyed, some smaller cities wiped out. The history of the air war over Germany is a chilling reminder of the peculiar horror of mechanized warfare. Demoralising the enemy "If just one English bomber reaches th
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Split-Second 'Phantom' Images Can Fool Tesla's Autopilot
Researchers found they could stop a Tesla by flashing a few frames of a stop sign for less than half a second on an internet-connected billboard.
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Lemon juice, legumes and local activism: what green habits have you adopted in 2020?
Guardian supporters around the world tell us about the sustainable lifestyle changes that they have committed to during lockdown – and beyond Support Guardian journalism today, by making a single or recurring contribution , or subscribing We started to order food from the local store for curbside pickup. We went online and bought a freezer. Bought a food vacuum sealer and ordered bulk orders from
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Northern England mayors given noon deadline to submit Covid plans
Boris Johnson to outline three-tier system of restrictions, with pubs closed and mixing banned Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Mayors and local authorities in the north of England were given until midday on Sunday to submit their proposals for coronavirus restrictions as swathes of the country prepared for stricter lockdown rules. As metro mayors and local authoritie
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COVID Misinformation Is Killing People
This "infodemic" has to stop — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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West Virginia: Images of the Mountain State
West Virginia is home to just under 1.8 million residents, ranking 39th in the nation. Charleston, the capital and most populous city, has a population of about 46,500. The state is situated entirely within the Appalachian Mountain range, and its terrain is dominated by rolling hills, mountains, and valleys. Here are a few glimpses of the landscape of West Virginia, and some of the wildlife and p
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Machines and AI Are Taking Over Jobs Lost to Coronavirus
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Why climate change is a time bomb
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Offshore Wind Energy, Not Nuclear, Is the Future
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Graphene microbubbles make perfect lenses
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UK startup Zappar plans to launch a AR/VR headset for $40.
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1000X Cheaper, 300X Faster: How Amazon Is Disrupting Robot Intelligence
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Tesla Opens Large Sustainably Powered Supercharger Station In Germany
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Humanocracy: a new approach to the management of low skilled jobs
A set of interesting ideas about dismantling trashy jobs in Humanocracy , by the omnipresent Gary Hamel and Michele Zanini. Management in the 1990s was focused on business process re-engineering: reducing activities to individual processes, streamlining and standardising those so that they could be automated, outsourced or in other ways modularised. The outcome was lower costs, utterly standardis
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New Falcon 9 rocket
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Engineers print wearable sensors directly on skin without heat
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Will robots and AI take our jobs in covid-19's socially distanced era?
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What if a Pill Can Change Your Politics or Religious Beliefs?
A new mental health treatment using the psychedelic compound psilocybin raises questions about medicine and values — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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What if a Pill Can Change Your Politics or Religious Beliefs?
A new mental health treatment using the psychedelic compound psilocybin raises questions about medicine and values — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
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Homage to Bashō
The butterfly dips its wings in aroma of violet wild orchid. Red plums of summer, first green figs, so many ears of corn eaten raw. Leaves that left the trees are litter now on the ground in orange and yellow. No one on this road but me: It must be autumn in the dark country. Comes the freeze, and rain falls all through the night and soaks the morning paper. Winter blows its white storms across t
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Iain Duncan Smith calls for review of Chinese investment in UK
Former Conservative leader says government should assess China's influence in areas from 5G to Covid-19 research Chinese ownership of British businesses should be subject to a national security review by the UK government to assess the impact of Beijing's growing economic power, according to the former Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith. The senior backbencher – a leading figure in the rebelli
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