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ASTRONOMER HAR SET ET SORT HUL OPSLUGE EN NEUTRON-STJERNE: Astronomers were finally able to detect a merger between a black hole and a neutron star. This phenomenon was predicted before, but just recently observed by detecting gravitational waves that were made in the merger. The unique thing about this is that instead of merging between 2 objects it could be more precise to say that tHe black hole "swallowed" the neutron star.
DISKUSSION OM HVOR HURTIGT UNIVERSET UDVIDER SIG: Our universe is expanding, but our two main ways to measure how fast this expansion is happening have resulted in different answers. For the past decade, astrophysicists have been gradually dividing into two camps: one that believes that the difference is significant, and another that thinks it could be due to errors in measurement.
ASTRONOMISK KOLLISION MELLEM TO HVIDE DVÆRGE: Astronomers have discovered the smallest and most massive white dwarf ever seen. The smoldering cinder, which formed when two less massive white dwarfs merged, is heavy, "packing a mass greater than that of our Sun into a body about the size of our Moon," says Ilaria Caiazzo, the Sherman Fairchild Postdoctoral Scholar Research Associate in Theoretical Astrophysics at Caltech and lead author of the
KLIMA-DRIVHUSGASSERNE FORTSÆTTER MED AT STIGE: If we are to reduce net carbon emissions to zero by 2050, we haven't made a good start. Governments, industry and individuals need to do much more, a new study shows.
KLIMAÆNDRINGER VIL KRÆVE FUNDAMENTALE ÆNDRINGER I LANDENES ØKONOMIER: Fundamental changes in our economies are required to secure decent living standards for all in the struggle against climate breakdown, according to new research.
VACCINEREDE MENNESKER BØR STADIG BÆRE MASKER INDENDØRS, FORESLÅS DET. Los Angeles County and the W.H.O. warned that even immunized people should wear masks indoors. Some scientists agreed, but urged a localized approach.
KRONISK TRÆTHEDSSYNDROM LIGNER EN AF BIVIRKNINGERNE VED COVID: People with ME/CFS face debilitating symptoms but often feel dismissed by doctors. The focus on long Covid could help change that In the fall of 2016, Ashanti Daniel, a nurse in Beverly Hills, California, went to an infectious disease physician looking for answers about a weird illness she couldn't shake. After falling sick with a virus four months earlier, she still felt too tired to stand up in
DER ER RISIKO FOR EN SOMMERBØLGE AF COVID I ENGLAND: Prof Stephen Reicher says restrictions may have to be reimposed if reopening leads to surge in infections Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage A scientific adviser to the government's Covid-19 response has expressed fears England could be in danger of repeating "the mistakes of last summer". Prof Stephen Reicher, from the University of St Andrews and a member of the Scien
HVORDAN MAN TAGER GODE BILLEDER AF MÅNEN: Guardian Australia picture editor Carly Earl explains the dos and don'ts of taking pictures of the moon When a full moon rises, many people will pull out their mobile phones to try and get an Instagram-worthy photograph, but unfortunately it's really challenging to take a great picture of the moon. Two reasons: it is very far away and unless you have a telephoto lens (which makes the moon appear
RICHARD BRANSON SATELLIT SENDT AFSTED: Virgin Orbit Satellite delivery company Virgin Orbit — not to be confused with the space tourism company Virgin Galactic, though both were started by Richard Branson — just flew a Boeing 747 to a lofty height before launching a space rocket strapped to the bottom of one of its wings. The modified 747, dubbed Cosmic Girl, took off from the Mojave Air and Space Port in California early Wednesday mo
UDBRÆNDTHED ER ALMINDELIGT FÆNOMEN: Congratulations if you aren't burned out. Perhaps you learned to play the guitar, wrote a screenplay, or took up French during the pandemic. But if you're like me and most of my patients, you're running on fumes. Burnout is usually reserved to describe work-related phenomena : exhaustion, feelings of negativism, and reduced professional efficacy. In 2019, the World Health Organization officially
FREMTIDEN MED KLIMAFORANDRINGERNE: This is serious enough for the 1% to start building bunkers ready for environmental collapse A few years ago, the author and academic Douglas Rushkoff got invited to a swanky private resort to talk to a bunch of obscenely rich hedge fund guys about the future of technology. He thought they were going to ask him how technology was going to improve the world, but they were far more interested in di
PARRINGSLYDENE FRA EN HVALROS: When Sivuqaq the walrus wanted a mate, he let it be known, loud and clear. Each year, as winter turned to spring, the marine-animal center at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom in Vallejo, California, would reverberate with his come-hither calls—a nonstop orchestral mélange of whistles and warbles, barks and bellows, even clacks and clangs. The serenades emerged not just from Sivuqaq's mustachioed mouth
:NOGLE FORESLÅR AT LAVE MINI-ATOMKRAFTVÆRKER: Off-Site Microreactors A Silicon Valley-based startup called Oklo wants to build tiny nuclear reactors that can run off spent fuel from much bigger, conventional nuclear reactors, CNBC reports . Experts are excited by the concept of microreactors because nuclear facilities have historically relied on economies of scale — a paradigm this tech could reverse. "Microreactors promise to turn this para
:GAMMA-STRÅLER STADIG IKKE FORSTÅET HELT: In July 1967, at the height of the Cold War, American satellites that had been launched to look for Soviet nuclear weapons tests found something wholly unexpected. The Vela 3 and 4 satellites observed brief flashes of high-energy photons, or gamma rays, that appeared to be coming from space. Later, in a 1973 paper that compiled more than a dozen such mysterious events, astronomers would dub them.
:ARKÆOLOGER HAR FUNDET 12-KANTEDE HULE GENSTANDE FRA ROMERTIDEN, SOM MAN IKKE KENDER BRUGEN AF: In 1739, a strange, twelve-sided hollow object from Roman times was discovered in England. Since then, more than a hundred dodecahedrons have been unearthed, but their purpose remains unknown. The only thing we know for sure is where they were found, which points to a Gallo-Roman connection. Some outliers notwithstanding, almost all Roman dodecahedrons were found in Britain, Gaul, and Roman Germa
:INTERNETTETS FREMTID: Sixty years ago the futurist Arthur C. Clarke observed that any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. The internet—how we both communicate with one another and together preserve the intellectual products of human civilization—fits Clarke's observation well. In Steve Jobs's words, " it just works ," as readily as clicking, tapping, or speaking. And every bit as much ali
(GENTAGELSE AF ARTIKEL OVENFOR): DER SES KRYDSNINGER MELLEM VILDSVIN OG TAMSVIN I JAPAN I OMRÅDER ER DER FORLADT PÅ GRUND AF ATOMKRAFT-ULYKKE: It's been just over a decade since a massive 9.0 magnitude earthquake triggered a tsunami that caused the meltdown of a nuclear reactor in Japan's Fukushima region. The ensuing evacuation has allowed local plant and animal species to thrive, reclaiming nature in the absence of humans. Included among the thriving fauna: domesticated pigs that have bred with wild boars to create new hybrids, as Inv
:EN KOMET DANNEDE EN HALE AF ALKOHOL: Watch the Road! The comet 46P/Wirtanen should have called a designated driver when it sailed past Earth in December 2018. That's because scientists who took a closer look at the comet's flyby found that it left a shocking amount of alcohol in its wake, according to research published in The Planetary Science Journal . Typically, other compounds will outweigh alcohol in a comet's trail, and the sc
:ARKÆOLOGISK FUND BRONZE-ALDEREN FOR 3000 ÅR SIDEN VAR MÅSKE EN HIMMEL-REFLEKTERENDE SØ BRUGT UNDER RELIGIØSE RITUALER : A mysterious wooden structure built in Italy more than 3,000 years ago may have been a Bronze Age "infinity pool" that reflected the sky during religious rituals.
:USA OPLEVER USÆDVANLIGT VARMT VEJR FREMKALDT AF JET-STRØMME I ATMOSFÆREN: Undulations in the jet stream have caused a heat dome to descend on the Pacific Northwest, leading to record high temperatures in the US and Canada.
:ÆREFRYGT ER EN GAVNLIG FØLELSE: 20 years ago, scientists began to study a mysterious emotion known as awe. Now they believe awe offers a range of benefits when practiced regularly, calming our nervous systems and relieving stress.
:TESTFLYVNING AF BIL (AirCar) SOM KAN FLYVE: Roll Out! A flying car prototype just completed a 35-minute test flight, traveling the roughly 50 miles between the airports in Nitra and Bratislava, Slovakia. The AirCar, as it's called, takes its name literally. The vehicle is an unusual transforming hybrid that can drive around like a car before popping out its tail, unfolding its wings, and cruising down a runway to take flight, The BBC repor
:SALG AF KODEN SOM BYGGEDE INTERNETTET I STARTEN: The author of the code that built the WWW will donate the proceeds to charity. But the auction raises questions about the transformative impact of non-fungible tokens.
:FIRMAER SOM VIL SENDE RAKETTER UD I RUMMET: Potluck In a light-hearted exchange on Twitter this week, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk offered to give its competitor United Launch Alliance (ULA) a leg up. When invited to see the development of ULA's Vulcan Centaur rocket for himself by CEO Tory Bruno, Musk offered to "bring a few spare engines… I mean, just in case." "Thank you for the kind offer," Bruno replied . "But, I hear your bird flys [sic] wit
:MAST-CELLE AKTIVERINGSSYNDROM (MÅSKE SAMMENHÆNG MED BIVIRKNINGER FRA COVID): When I showed up in my doctor's office, I was a young woman on an absurdly limited diet, experiencing a myriad of fluctuating symptoms. Decades later, I received a diagnosis: mast cell activation syndrome. Could my condition be linked to others, such as long Covid?
:NOGLE TIDSSKRIFTARTIKLER HAR USÆDVANLIGT MANGE CITATIONER TIL EGNE ARTIKLER: Clarivate, the company behind the Impact Factor, a closely watched — and controversial — metric, is calling out more than 20 journals for unusual citation patterns. The 21 journals — 10 of which were suppressed, meaning they will not receive an Impact Factor in 2020, and 11 of which received an expression of concern — … Continue reading
:FORSØG PÅ AT BREMSE AT FACEBOOK BLIVER FOR DOMINERENDE: A judge dealt the Federal Trade Commission a setback this week in its quest to break the company up—but also provided a roadmap for how to proceed.
:PROBLEMER MED AT FINDE LANGTIDS-BIVIRKNINGER HOS COVID-PATIENTER: Research finds number of recorded cases is nearly 100 times smaller than adults estimated to have had condition Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage GPs in England may be failing to recognise thousands of cases of long Covid, according to research that raises questions about how the condition is diagnosed, recorded and managed in the NHS. Researchers at Oxford University
:AMBITIONEN OM AT LAVE EN COMPUTER SOM MENNESKETS HJERNE KAN STYRE VIA ET HJERNE-IMPLANTAT: Elon Musk's brain-computer interface venture, Neuralink, remains highly secretive. The overarching idea, of course, is to develop an enormously ambitious commercial brain implant that will let users control computers with their minds. In Musk's telling, this " Fitbit in your skull " will do everything from streaming music directly into your brain to healing spinal paralysis and mental illness — a
:VIRKNINGER AF KÆMPEDÆMNINGER I USA: As an MIT senior, Jerome "Jerre" Spurr had paid little attention to the articles in the Boston Globe about the new reservoir planned for Western Massachusetts. But in 1927, just a month before his graduation, he found himself in a face-to-face interview with Frank Winsor, the chief engineer of the massive construction project. Winsor had personally visited MIT to recruit top engineering graduates
:PALÆOTOLOGER HAR FUNDET EN BILLE I EKSKREMENTER DER ER 230 MILL ÅR GAMLE: A new species emerged from three-dimensional x-rays of droppings left by a close dinosaur relative — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
:METALLER KAN UDTRÆKKES FRA VARME SALTKILDER UNDER SOVENDE VULKANER; GULD, SØLV, ZINK, KOBBER MV. VILLE KUNNE UDTRÆKKES FRA DE VARME SALTKILDER I 2 KM DYBDE: Scientists at the University of Oxford demonstrate how it is possible to directly extract valuable metals from hot salty fluids ('brines') trapped in porous rocks at depths of around 2km below dormant volcanoes. They propose this radical green-mining approach to provide essential metals for a net zero future—copper, gold, zinc, silver and lithium—in a sustainable way.
***RNA (mRNA) KAN FØLGES VED AT BRUGE FLUORESCENS SOM SPORINGSMIDDEL (MÆRKNINGSMIDDEL): Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have succeeded in developing a method to label mRNA molecules, and thereby follow, in real time, their path through cells, using a microscope—without affecting their properties or subsequent activity. The breakthrough could be of great importance in facilitating the development of new RNA-based medicines.
Predicting the potential effects of coral loss on fish communities globally is a fundamental task, especially considering that reef fishes provide protein to millions of people. A new study led by the University of Helsinki predicts how fish diversity will respond to declines in coral diversity and shows that future coral loss might cause a more than 40% reduction in reef fish diversity globally.
Comet 46P/Wirtanen was releasing an unusual amount of alcohol as it made its historic flyby of Earth two and a half years ago. That's one of the findings from the latest published study comet detectives conducted after observing 46P/Wirtanen with W. M. Keck Observatory on Maunakea in Hawaiʻi.
Using ground-based facilities, astronomers from China and elsewhere have conducted extensive optical photometric and spectroscopic observations of the supernova SN 2017fgc, which exploded in the galaxy NGC 474. Results of the study, published June 23 on arXiv.org, indicate that this explosion is a fast-expanding Type Ia supernova.
Since discovering the Higgs boson in 2012, the ATLAS Collaboration at CERN has been working to understand its properties. One question in particular stands out: why does the Higgs boson have the mass that it does? Experiments have measured its mass to be around 125 GeV—yet the Standard Model implies it has much larger mass and requires a very large correction to the mathematics in order to align t
A pair of researchers from the University of Turku and the University of Helsinki, respectively, both in Finland, has found a well-preserved ancient carved snake at Järvensuo 1, a dig site in south-west Finland. In their paper published on the Cambridge University Press site Cambridge Core, Satu Koivisto and Antti Lahelma describe where the artifact was found, its condition, its age and its possib
David Curtis says publisher of Annals of Human Genetics blocked call for protest at treatment of Uyghurs The editor of a long-established academic journal has said he resigned after his publisher vetoed a call to boycott Chinese science in protest at Beijing's treatment of Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang. Prof David Curtis, from University College London's Genetics Institute, says
Prof Iain Buchan, the principal investigator for the Events Research Programme at Liverpool, explains how the trial events generated a large amount of valuable data about Covid transmission As lead researcher for the Liverpool pilots in the Events Research Programme (ERP), I would like to set out some important facts in response to your article regarding the phase one report ( Covid event pilots
A new paper narrowed down what type of black holes may be the best candidates for containing dark matter. So far, dark matter has not been directly observed. The research team also developed new techniques to spot Hawking radiation that potentially comes from black holes. Predicted to account for over 80 percent of all matter in the universe, so far, no one has directly seen dark matter. This is
Jeff Who? Following Virgin Orbit's successful launch of seven satellites via a rocket dropped from the wing of a Boeing 747 jet liner this morning, CEO Richard Branson threw a jab at the competition. During a televised interview with CNBC 's Kelly Evans, the Virgin Group CEO made light of reports that Blue Origin and Amazon founder Jeff Bezos might beat him to space. "Are you trying to beat Jeff
The is our yearly opportunity to take a look at not just where technology is now, but where it's going and who's taking it there. More than 500 people are nominated every year, and from this group the editors pick the most promising 100 to move on to the semifinalist round. Their work is then evaluated by our panel of judges who have expertise in such areas as artificial intelligence, biotechnol
When A'ziah King, a.k.a. Zola, a.k.a. @_zolarmoon , hit Send on the first of her 148 tweets about a trip to Florida gone wrong, Twitter was a different place. In 2015, users could publish only 140 characters at a time. A debate about the color of a dress could dominate the platform for a week. And a winding thread like King's—about meeting a stripper named Jessica and accompanying her for a weeke
Researchers from Tel Aviv University have engineered the world's tiniest technology, with a thickness of only two atoms. According to the researchers, the new technology proposes a way for storing electric information in the thinnest unit known to science, in one of the most stable and inert materials in nature. The allowed quantum-mechanical electron tunneling through the atomically thin film may
In the knockout phase of the European Championship, some matches will probably be decided in a penalty shoot-out. There has been much discussion about whether the sequence in which the teams take their penalties has an influence on the outcome of the match. A new study has now tried answering this question. As Matthias Sutter from the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Collective Goods in Bonn
Lim Chong Keat, MArch '57, has created a towering legacy in Southeast Asia, in more ways than one. He's responsible for modernist landmarks such as the Komtar Tower in Penang (once Malaysia's tallest skyscraper) and the Singapore Conference Hall—which for half a century has hosted cultural and political events, serving as home to the Singapore Symphony Orchestra and later to the Singapore Chinese
The news: In a preprint published on Monday, researchers reported that people who got a shot of Oxford-AstraZeneca followed four weeks later by Pfizer-BioNTech had strong immune responses, higher than those who got two doses of Oxford-AstraZeneca, and roughly comparable to those who received two doses of Pfizer-BioNTech. That's reassuring news for the countries that have already been mixing and m
Had Virginia Tower Norwood listened to her high school guidance counselor, she would have become a librarian. Her aptitude test showed a remarkable facility with numbers, and in 1943, he could think of no better way for a young woman to put such skills to use. Luckily, Norwood didn't suffer from the same lack of imagination. The salutatorian of her Philadelphia high school class, she had long bee
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox. This summer's heat is no joke. We're not talking about an ice-cream-cone-melting, sweat-through-your-clothes kind of hot. This is a deadly, smothering, street-buckling hot. Extreme heat is a known
Researchers have combined a new oxygen-sensing film with machine learning to create a wearable sensor capable of measuring tissue oxygenation through skin. The device could be used to monitor a person's oxygen levels on a continuous basis for applications in medicine and sports.
Systemic Failures Investing platform Robinhood has agreed to pay a fine of nearly $70 million to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), a US group tasked with regulating brokerage firms and exchange markets. Why? Basically because Robinhood is really, really terrible at its job. The "financial penalty" was ordered by FINRA due to Robinhood's "systemic supervisory failures and signif
As the pharmacy profession evolves to providing more patient care services, there is a continued need for pharmacy curricula to maintain pace. A recent study suggests Objective Structured Clinical Examinations have value in assessing clinical skills while also giving students learning experiences in community pharmacy settings.
For most patients, the reasons for having a facelift are simple: to "turn back the clock" for a younger and more attractive appearance. Even during the pandemic year 2020, more than 234,000 patients underwent facelift surgery, according to American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) statistics.
A new study suggests that even when differences in socioeconomic status are taken into consideration, Black people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be more negatively impacted by the disease than white people with MS. The research is published in the June 30, 2021, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
New research may help neurologists identify which drugs are best for people with the advanced form of MS called secondary progressive MS. The new study, published in the June 30, 2021, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, found that the more potent disease-modifying drugs are more effective in reducing flare-ups in secondary progressive MS than the
Cancer cells can put the body's immune cells into sleep mode. Immunotherapy can reverse this, but it doesn't work for all patients and all cancer types. Researchers have now developed machine learning models that can predict if someone is likely to respond positively to immunotherapy. In clinical settings, this could pave the way for personalized immunotherapy approaches for patients, as well as g
When it comes to understanding and predicting trends in energy use, the internet is a tough nut to crack. So say energy researchers in two recent articles that discuss the pitfalls that plague estimates of the internet's energy and carbon impacts.
Predicting the potential effects of coral loss on fish communities globally is a fundamental task, especially considering that reef fishes provide protein to millions of people. A new study predicts how fish diversity will respond to declines in coral diversity and shows that future coral loss might cause a more than 40% reduction in reef fish diversity globally.
Even the mundane act of swallowing requires a well-coordinated dance of more than 30 muscles of the mouth. The loss of function of even one of these, due to disease or injury, can be extremely debilitating. For these people, nerve stimulation offers a ray of hope to regain some of their lost oral function.
Researchers studying the intersection of politics and psychology have long documented a link between threat sensitivity and social conservatism: People who are more socially conservative tend to react more strongly to threats. Conversely, those who are more socially liberal tend to be less sensitive to threats, viewing the world as a generally safe place and embracing change to explore new possibi
Oil spills in the ocean have a devastating impact on the environment. More than 400,000 gallons of oil are spilled in oceans each year, affecting hundreds of square miles and killing more than 50,000 aquatic animals. In 2019 alone, five oil spills—three classified as major to medium—devastated ecosystems.
In 2009, famed music producer Phil Spector was found guilty of the murder of actress Lana Clarkson, who was found dead from a single gunshot to her mouth at close range in Spector's California mansion.
By using a fluid mixing process instead of expensive, high-temperature fabrication methods, researchers may have demonstrated a pathway to producing flexible, printed solar cells on a cost effective, industrial scale.
A large cohort study drawn from the national IVF registry of France, which included almost 70,000 pregnancies delivered after 22 weeks gestation between 2013 and 2018, has found a higher risk of pre-eclampsia and hypertension in pregnancies derived from frozen-thawed embryos. This risk was found significantly greater in those treatments in which the uterus was prepared for implantation with hormon
Campaigner for better treatments for people with brain cancer The communications consultant Jessica Morris did much to give a voice to people who lacked one. In the years up to her death at the age of 57 from brain cancer, she made her illness the basis of a campaign to find treatments for others. In January 2016 she was hiking in a valley north of New York when she found herself trying to speak:
In an effort to understand how to train AI, researchers discovered a total of nine negotiations strategies that study participants utilized throughout an exercise. The stand out lesson: cooperative strategies of negotiation were more effective than selfish strategies. This information can be used in the future to inform the creation of an automated system which takes various strategies of negotiat
Participants in a large-scale study who more commonly consumed a Southern-style diet – high in added fats, fried foods, processed meats and sugary drinks – had a higher risk of sudden cardiac death than people who had lower adherence to a Southern-style diet.
Wine grapes are particularly finicky when it comes to their environment. For instance, heatwaves and droughts lead to earlier berry ripening and lackluster wine. And these types of episodes are expected to intensify as Earth's climate changes. Now, researchers have tweaked growing conditions for Cabernet Sauvignon grapes to slow down their ripening, which increased the levels of compounds associat
A promising approach captures atmospheric carbon dioxide and then through CO2 electrolysis converts it into value-added chemicals and intermediates, like ethanol. Reducing the energy consumption of this high-power process has been underexplored. Researchers report a new opportunity to use magnetism to reduce the energy required for CO2 electrolysis by up to 60% in a flow electrolyzer.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, attacks nerve cells known as motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord, gradually leading to paralysis. The loss of function of an important gene, C9orf72, may affect communication between motor neurons and muscles in people with this disease.
Great Work New York City deployed a new ranked-choice voting system for its Democratic mayoral primary election that allowed voters to select multiple candidates based on the order that they preferred each over the others. The idea was to grant greater freedom to voters who perhaps wanted to prioritize a candidate who was unlikely to win but better matched their values — without handing the elect
The aim of this qualitative study is to explore the experiences, perceptions, and beliefs of nurses in the hemodialysis unit regarding pain management practices and identify nurses' educational needs to improve nurses' pain management in practice.
A pair of College of Business professors and their doctoral student at The University of Texas at Arlington are exploring how ransomware attacks sometimes pit organizations against the law enforcement agencies trying to protect them.
Oral commensal bacteria actively participate with gingival tissue to maintain healthy neutrophil surveillance and normal tissue and bone turnover processes. Disruption of this homeostatic host–bacteria relationship occurs during experimental gingivitis studies where it has been clearly established that increases in the bacterial burden increase gingival inflammation. Here, we show that…
The finding of reduced functional MRI (fMRI) activity in the default mode network (DMN) during externally focused cognitive control has been highly influential to our understanding of human brain function. However, these negative fMRI responses, measured as relative decreases in the blood-oxygenation-level–dependent (BOLD) response between rest and task, have also…
Almost 150 y ago, Galton (1) pitted "nature" against "nurture." In asking whether our biological or environmental inheritance is more important in shaping our traits, Galton implicitly suggested that their effects can be separated. Galton's division has always been too neat. Our genes and environments intertwine to shape our bodies,…
The landscape was still smoldering in October 2020 as Jeff Prancevic and Charles Alpers, part of a multidisciplinary team of US Geological Survey (USGS) researchers, drove into the scorched hills above Lake Berryessa in California. Masked and traveling separately because of the pandemic, the team met up at EcoCamp Berryessa,…
Successfully combating the COVID-19 pandemic depends on mass vaccination with suitable vaccines to achieve herd immunity. Here, we describe COVI-VAC, the only live attenuated severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine currently in clinical development. COVI-VAC was developed by recoding a segment of the viral spike protein with synonymous…
Dinosaurs roamed the Earth more than 65 million years ago, and paleontologists and amateur fossil hunters are still unearthing traces of them today. The minerals in fossilized eggs and shell fragments provide snapshots into these creatures' early lives, as well as their fossilization processes. Now, researchers have analyzed the molecular makeup of fossilized dinosaur eggshells from Mexico, findin
Researchers from Baidu Research and the University of Maryland have developed a robotic excavator system that integrates perception, planning, and control capabilities to enable material loading over a long duration with no human intervention.
Grieving friends and relatives from ethnic minority backgrounds are suffering from a lack of appropriate help to cope with the loss of a loved one, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Researchers say people representing those communities need to be involved when services are developed and delivered to ensure that groups get the support they need.
A new study based on computational analyses of how SARS-CoV-2 interacts with host cell proteins has identified 200 previously approved drugs that could be repurposed to treat COVID-19, 40 of which have already entered clinical trials.
Engineers have developed a sweat-proof "electronic skin" — a conformable, sensor-embedded sticky patch that reliably monitors a person's health, even when a wearer is perspiring. The patch contains artificial sweat ducts through the material's ultrathin layers.
When we look at a visual stimulus, it drives a cascade of neural activity from low-level to higher level visual brain areas. The higher areas also provide feedback to the lower areas, where figures elicit more activity than the background. Researchers from the Netherlands Institute of Neuroscience (NIN) now showed that feedback causes the extra neuronal activity in low-level areas and that the ext
In the German population, a surprisingly high 6% of under-18s are at risk of cognitive decline, falls and more from the cumulative effect of anticholinergic medications such as antihistamines and antidepressants.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used in medicine to detect, diagnose and treat diseases such as cancer, while relying on experts' interpretation of images. Quantitative MRI, which obtains numerical measurements during the scans, can now potentially offer greater accuracy, repeatability and speed — but rigorous quality control is needed for it to reach its full potential, according to a
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In the last twenty years, the science behind gut health has been linked to a variety of aspects of our systemic health—including immune health, mood, mental health, endocrine health, and skin health. Many people have turned to probiotics to support their gut health (and beyond), but all too often, the probiotics available on the market offer little to no scientific substantiation. Instead, they s
A new study shows that the size of the Maya population in the lowland city of Itzan (in present-day Guatemala) varied over time in response to climate change. The findings show that both droughts and very wet periods led to important population declines. These results are based on using a relatively new technique involving looking at stanols (organic molecules found in human and animal fecal matt
Malaria parasite infection weakens colonization resistance against Salmonella enterica serovar ( S. ) Typhimurium. S. Typhimurium is a member of the Enterobacterales, a taxon that increases in abundance when the colonic microbiota is disrupted or when the colonic mucosa is inflamed. However, here, we show that infection of mice with Plasmodium yoelii enhances S. Typhimurium colonization by weaken
The segregation of figures from the background is an important step in visual perception. In primary visual cortex, figures evoke stronger activity than backgrounds during a delayed phase of the neuronal responses, but it is unknown how this figure-ground modulation (FGM) arises and whether it is necessary for perception. Here, we show, using optogenetic silencing in mice, that the delayed V1 res
The patterning of epithelial buds is determined by the underlying signaling network. Here, we study the cross-talk between phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and Ras signaling during lacrimal gland budding morphogenesis. Our results show that PI3K is activated by both the p85-mediated insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and Ras-mediated fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling. On the other hand, PI3K
The vocal behavior of human infants undergoes marked changes across their first year while becoming increasingly speech-like. Conversely, vocal development in nonhuman primates has been assumed to be largely predetermined and completed within the first postnatal months. Contradicting this assumption, we found a dichotomy between the development of call features and vocal sequences in marmoset mon
A non-faradaic label-free cortisol sensing platform is presented using a nanowell array design, in which the two probe electrodes are integrated within the nanowell structure. Rapid and low volume (≤5 μl) sensing was realized through functionalizing nanoscale volume wells with antibodies and monitoring the real-time binding events. A 28-well plate biochip was built on a glass substrate by sequent
Industrial emissions play a major role in the global methane budget. The Permian basin is thought to be responsible for almost half of the methane emissions from all U.S. oil- and gas-producing regions, but little is known about individual contributors, a prerequisite for mitigation. We use a new class of satellite measurements acquired during several days in 2019 and 2020 to perform the first re
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are the second most common structural birth defect. Senescence, a state of permanent cell cycle arrest, occurs only after neural tube closure. Maternal diabetes–induced NTDs are severe diabetic complications that lead to infant mortality or lifelong morbidity and may be linked to premature senescence. Here, we report that premature senescence occurs in the mouse neuroep
Nanoparticles are under investigation as diagnostic and therapeutic agents for joint diseases, such as osteoarthritis. However, there is incomplete understanding of nanoparticle diffusion in synovial fluid, the fluid inside the joint, which consists of a mixture of the polyelectrolyte hyaluronic acid, proteins, and other components. Here, we show that rotational and translational diffusion of pol
Centromeres are epigenetically determined chromosomal loci that seed kinetochore assembly to promote chromosome segregation during cell division. CENP-A, a centromere-specific histone H3 variant, establishes the foundations for centromere epigenetic memory and kinetochore assembly. It recruits the constitutive centromere-associated network (CCAN), which in turn assembles the microtubule-binding i
While androgen-targeted therapies are routinely used in advanced prostate cancer (PCa), their effect is poorly understood in treating bone metastatic lesions and ultimately results in the development of metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Here, we used an all-human microtissue-engineered model of mineralized metastatic tissue combining human osteoprogenitor cells, 3D printing a
We developed a unified dynamic model to explain how cellular anisotropy and plasticity, induced by alignment and severing/rebundling of actin filaments, dictate the elongation dynamics of Caenorhabditis elegans embryos. It was found that the gradual alignment of F-actins must be synchronized with the development of intracellular forces for the embryo to elongate, which is then further sustained b
Second sound is known as the thermal transport regime where heat is carried by temperature waves. Its experimental observation was previously restricted to a small number of materials, usually in rather narrow temperature windows. We show that it is possible to overcome these limitations by driving the system with a rapidly varying temperature field. High-frequency second sound is demonstrated in
The strength of nanocrystalline and nanotwinned metals stops increasing or even starts decreasing when their grain size or twin thickness is below a critical size—a phenomenon known as Hall-Petch breakdown—which hinders the attainment of ultrahigh strength. Here, we report continuous strengthening in nanotwinned pure Ni with twin thicknesses ranging from 81.0 to 2.9 nm. An unprecedented strength
Chirality plays a key role in the physiological system, because molecular functionalities may drastically alter due to a change in chirality. We report herein a unique color indicator with a static helicity memory, which exhibits visible color changes in response to the chirality of chiral amines. A difference of less than 2% in the enantiomeric excess (ee) values causes a change in the absorptio
Charge order is universal to all hole-doped cuprates. Yet, the driving interactions remain an unsolved problem. Electron-electron interaction is widely believed to be essential, whereas the role of electron-phonon interaction is unclear. We report an ultrahigh-resolution resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) study of the in-plane bond-stretching phonon mode in stripe-ordered cuprate La 1.675
Electronic skins (e-skins)—electronic sensors mechanically compliant to human skin—have long been developed as an ideal electronic platform for noninvasive human health monitoring. For reliable physical health monitoring, the interface between the e-skin and human skin must be conformal and intact consistently. However, conventional e-skins cannot perfectly permeate sweat in normal day-to-day act
Soft-bodied locomotion in fluid-filled confined spaces is critical for future wireless medical robots operating inside vessels, tubes, channels, and cavities of the human body, which are filled with stagnant or flowing biological fluids. However, the active soft-bodied locomotion is challenging to achieve when the robot size is comparable with the cross-sectional dimension of these confined space
Nonrecombining sex chromosomes, like the mammalian Y, often lose genes and accumulate transposable elements, a process termed degeneration. The correlation between suppressed recombination and degeneration is clear in animal XY systems, but the absence of recombination is confounded with other asymmetries between the X and Y. In contrast, UV sex chromosomes, like those found in bryophytes, experi
The global outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) necessitates the rapid development of new therapies against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Here, we present the identification of 200 approved drugs, appropriate for repurposing against COVID-19. We constructed a SARS-CoV-2–induced protein network, based on disease signatures defined by COVID-19 mu
Because of its small size (70 kilodalton) and large content of structural disorder (>50%), the human growth hormone receptor (hGHR) falls between the cracks of conventional high-resolution structural biology methods. Here, we study the structure of the full-length hGHR in nanodiscs with small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) as the foundation. We develop an approach that combines SAXS, x-ray diffrac
Retromer, a cellular protein trafficking complex, sorts human papillomaviruses (HPVs) into the retrograde pathway for transport of HPV to the nucleus during virus entry. Here, we conducted a protein modulation screen to isolate four artificial transmembrane proteins called traptamers that inhibit different steps of HPV entry. By analyzing cells expressing pairs of traptamers, we ordered the traff
Language distinguishes us humans; we learn it through experience and social interactions. Especially in the first year of life, human vocalizations change dramatically, becoming more and more language-like. In our closest relatives, non-human primates, language development was previously thought to be largely predetermined and completed within the first few weeks after birth. In a behavioral study
A study published in Science Advances reports on the unexpected observation of thermal waves in germanium, a semiconductor material, for the first time. This phenomenon may allow a significant improvement in the performance of our electronic devices in a near future. The study is led by researchers from the Institute of Materials Science of Barcelona (ICMAB, CSIC) in collaboration with researchers
The Bronze Age in the eastern Mediterranean has long been considered by researchers to have been the 'first international age,' especially the period from 1600-1200 BC, when powerful empires from Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt set up large networks of subordinate client kingdoms in the Near East. These empires fought, traded, and corresponded with one another, and ancient texts from the period r
A city's street names can provide a glimpse into its cultural value system and a way to quantify cultural indicators, according to a study published June 30, 2021 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Melanie Bancilhon from Washington University in Saint Louis, U.S., and colleagues.
Growing resistance to our go-to antibiotics is one of the biggest threats the world faces. As common bacteria like strep and salmonella become resistant to medications, what used to be easily treatable infections can now pose difficult medical challenges.
New research clarifies how hot nights are curbing crop yields for rice. "Essentially, we found that warmer nights throw the rice plant's internal clock out of whack," says Colleen Doherty, an associate professor of biochemistry at North Carolina State University and corresponding author of a paper on the work in the journal PNAS . "Most people think plants aren't dynamic, but they are. Plants are
The chance of detecting the virus that causes COVID-19 increases with more frequent testing, no matter the type of test, a new study found. Both polymerase chain reaction and antigen tests, paired with rapid results reporting, can achieve 98 percent sensitivity if deployed at least every three days.
The new technology, enabling the storage of information in the thinnest unit known to science, is expected to improve future electronic devices in terms of density, speed, and efficiency. The allowed quantum-mechanical electron tunneling through the atomically thin film may boost the information reading process much beyond current technologies. The technology involves laterally sliding one-atom-th
The Titanic is disappearing. The iconic ocean liner that was sunk by an iceberg is now slowly succumbing to metal-eating bacteria: holes pervade the wreckage, the crow's nest is already gone and the railing of the ship's iconic bow could collapse at any time.
Marin samodling med musslor kan göra att tång växer bättre och blir mer tålig för klimatförändringar, visar studier från Göteborgs universitet. Övervägande delen av matproduktionen i världen sker med monokultur, alltså att bara en art odlas, som till exempel vete på land, eller uppfödning av lax i havsvatten. Dessa system är produktiva men kan ha stor påverkan på miljön. I stället för att bara od
Pick up any product in just about any store and you're likely to find information that indicates the country of origin of the product. The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) requires this for any imported product, but not for products made in the United States. When you see the words "Made in U.S." on a product, it's purely for marketing purposes. So, does it work?
GSA's dynamic online journal, Geosphere, posts articles online regularly. Locations and topics studied this month include the central Appalachian Mountains; fossil pollen in Colombia; the precision and accuracy of model analyses; the Bone Spring Formation, Permian Basin, west Texas; and the geochronology of modern river sediment in south-central Alaska.
The July edition of SLAS Discovery is a Special Edition featuring the cover article, "Development of a High-Throughput Screening Assay to Identify Inhibitors of the SARS-CoV-2 Guanine-N7-Methyltransferase Using RapidFire Mass Spectrometry" by Lesley-Anne Pearson, Charlotte J. Green, Ph.D., De Lin, Ph.D., Alain-Pierre Petit, Ph.D., David W. Gray, Ph.D., Victoria H. Cowling, Ph.D., and Euan A. F. Fo
Leveling up access to finance so that poorer countries can afford the funds needed to switch to renewable energy could see regions like Africa reaching net zero emissions a decade earlier, according to a study led by UCL researchers.
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have upgraded their laser frequency-comb instrument to simultaneously measure three airborne greenhouse gasses—nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and water vapor—plus the major air pollutants ozone and carbon monoxide.
A McGill-led study has shown that the size of the Maya population in the lowland city of Itzan (in present-day Guatemala) varied over time in response to climate change. The findings, published recently in Quaternary Science Reviews, show that both droughts and very wet periods led to important population declines.
Increasing our understanding of cellular processes requires information about the types of biomolecules involved, their locations, and their interactions. This requires the molecules to be labeled without affecting physiological processes (bioorthogonality). This works when the markers are very quickly and selectively coupled using small molecules and 'click chemistry'. In the journal Angewandte C
Plants play an essential role in curbing climate change, absorbing about one-third of the carbon dioxide emitted from human activities and storing it in soil so it doesn't become a heat-trapping gas. Extreme weather affects this ecosystem service, but when it comes to understanding carbon uptake, floods are studied far less than droughts—and they may be just as important, according to new research
Growing in popularity, unagi kabayaki—grilled freshwater eel in soy sauce—can be found on the menu of many Japanese restaurants, and is stocked by Asian shops and in specialist supermarkets. But new research tracing the DNA of eel filets used for this dish has found that fraudulent food labeling is rife, with a third of the products violating EU regulations on the provision of food information. Wi
By the beginning of April 2021, the number of people infected during the COVID-19 pandemic had risen to more than 130 million people of whom more than 2.8 million died. The SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for COVID-19 is transmitted particularly by droplets or aerosols emitted when an infected person speaks, sneezes or coughs. This is how the viruses and other pathogens spread through the environment
Politicians use emotional resources in their speeches in parliament depending on the type of debate and use emotive rhetoric strategically and selectively, mainly to attract voters. This is one of the main conclusions of a study published in the journal American Political Science Review (APSR) involving Toni Rodon, a professor with the UPF Department of Political and Social Sciences and member of
Believe it or not, steel has something in common with bacterial appendages: they can both undergo a special type of physical transformation that remains puzzling. Now, researchers from Japan and China have used direct microscopic observations to provide more clarity to how this transformation occurs.
Making certain fruit flies, Drosophila suzukii , produce only male offspring could protect soft-skinned fruit crops, research indicates. D. suzukii , also called "spotted-wing drosophila" are modified with a female-lethal gene that uses a common antibiotic as an off switch. Withholding the antibiotic tetracycline in the diet of larvae essentially eliminates birth of female D. suzukii flies as the
Malcom Gladwell's new book The Bomber Mafia traces the stories of major personalities during WWII as bombing tactics developed. Of particular interest to him were the men who dreamed of precision bombing as a way to make war quick, efficient, and far less deadly. He concludes that the Bomber Mafia was ahead of its time. Humanity has always had the odd idea that one tactical change or new technolo
Spatial reasoning ability in small children reflects how well they will perform in mathematics later. Researchers from the University of Basel recently came to this conclusion, making the case for better cultivation of spatial reasoning.
Decision-makers around the world are increasingly interested in using ecosystem solutions such as mangroves, coral reefs, sand dunes and forests on steep slopes to help buffer the impacts from hazard events and protect populations. But what evidence exists to show the efficacy of nature-based solutions over man-made protective measures to reduce the impacts of the increasing numbers of hazard even
When it comes to climate change, not all organisms will lose out. A new study finds that rattlesnakes are likely to benefit from a warming climate. A combination of factors makes a warming climate beneficial to rattlesnakes that are found in almost every part of the continental United States but are especially common in the Southwest.
Fossilized feces are common finds at paleontological dig sites and might actually contain hidden treasures. By scanning fossilized dung assigned to a close dinosaur relative from the Triassic period, scientists discovered a 230-million-year-old beetle species, representing a new family of beetles, previously unknown to science. The beetles were preserved in a 3D state with their legs and antennae
A stocky marsh bird with a 20-inch wingspan, great snipes are also speedy marathoners that can migrate from Sweden to Central Africa in just three days, without stopping to eat, drink, or sleep. Now, researchers find that snipes also rise nearly 2,500 meters in elevation at dawn and descend again at dusk each day, perhaps to avoid overheating from daytime solar radiation by climbing higher.
Two U.S. Phase 1 clinical trials of a novel candidate malaria vaccine have found that the regimen conferred unprecedentedly high levels of durable protection when volunteers were later exposed to disease-causing malaria parasites. The vaccine combines live parasites with either of two widely used antimalarial drugs — an approach termed chemoprophylaxis vaccination. A Phase 2 clinical trial of the
On June 16, the Federal Reserve announced it may raise interest rates twice in 2023 in response to higher-than-expected increases in inflation. In his announcement, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell said the higher inflation recorded this year should be temporary, but the risks that it would be "higher and more persistent than we expect" could not be ignored. John Horn, professor of practice in economic
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03589-x The authors describe a role for the non-coding antisense transcripts produced at promoters in regulating ligand-induced activation of gene transcription.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01721-5 Camels and llamas make antibodies that bind to targets using small, 'nanobody' protein domains. Mice have now been engineered to make nanobodies that might be more effective than conventional antibodies in treating COVID-19.
When it comes to understanding and predicting trends in energy use, the internet is a tough nut to crack. So say energy researchers Eric Masanet, of UC Santa Barbara, and Jonathan Koomey, of Koomey Analytics. The two just published a peer-reviewed commentary in the journal Joule discussing the pitfalls that plague estimates of the internet's energy and carbon impacts.
Tests performed by Brazilian researchers after the first 16 weeks of COVID-19-induced confinement showed loss of muscle strength and diminished aerobic capacity, as well as an increase in cholesterol and glycated hemoglobin, both of which are risk factors for metabolic disorders.
Following habitat-destroying wildfires, researchers found many male red-backed fairywrens failed to molt into their ornamental plumage, making them less attractive to potential mates. They also had lowered circulating testosterone, which has been associated with their showy feathers. The birds' fat stores and stress hormone corticosterone remained at normal levels. While the findings are specific
The study finds that higher polygenetic scores for schizophrenia, depression, neuroticism, self-reported risk-taking, a high body mass index, alcohol use disorder, along with a higher number of cigarettes smoked per day were all indicators of a higher risk for nicotine dependence.
Newly published research shows that a screening program in the University of Cincinnati Medical Center Emergency Department helped detect an outbreak of HIV among persons who inject drugs in Hamilton County, Ohio, from 2014-18. The study was published in PLOS ONE in May 2021. The researchers would like to see this study have an impact on public health policy as well as the frequency of HIV screeni
Patients suffering from severe heart attacks are susceptible to ruptures in the wall of their hearts. Such conditions coupled with drastic fluctuations in blood pressure could be fatal. A group of Chinese medical researchers has now been successful in devising a new surgical technique, called SurCOP, to repair such ruptures, according to a study published in Chinese Medical Journal.
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center's Research Highlights provides a glimpse into recently published studies in basic, translational and clinical cancer research from MD Anderson experts. Current advances include expanded use of a targeted therapy for a new group of patients with leukemia, molecular studies yielding novel cancer therapeutic targets, insights into radiation therapy re
On the eve of summer holidays, a study conducted by researchers of the KU Leuven and ULB and published in the journal Nature, assesses how newly introduced viral lineages contributed to COVID-19 resurgence after last summer in Europe. The researchers show that in the majority of European countries under investigation, more than half of the lineages circulating at the end of summer 2020 resulted fr
Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic last year, medical experts have stressed the importance of having a plan in the event of a positive test result. A new study by University of Houston psychologists reveals 96% of healthy, educated adults did not have a comprehensive plan in mind.
Not all astronauts start off as test pilots. I spoke with David Saint-Jacques, a Canadian astronaut with a medical degree who's spent 203 days aboard the ISS, and learned some of the career twists and turns one can take on the way into orbit. Most people would think being an engineer and astrophysicist is enough. You also earned a medical degree—and then topped that by becoming an astronaut. What
A new Finnish study shows that 180 health care workers who had received two doses of the Pfizer and Biontech vaccine have very good antibody responses against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The immune response was as strong against the alpha variant (formerly the UK variant) but was somewhat decreased against the beta variant (formerly the South Africa variant).
Increasing our understanding of cellular processes requires information about the types of biomolecules involved, their locations, and their interactions. This requires the molecules to be labeled without affecting physiological processes (bioorthogonality). This works when the markers are very quickly and selectively coupled using small molecules and 'click chemistry.' In the journal Angewandte C
Using high-performance computation systems, a Universitat Rovira i Virgili research team (Tarragona-Spain) has simulated the flow of air produced by coughing and sneezing in unprecedented detail. The results give greater insight into the characteristics of the flow produced by breathing and the capacity of infectious aerosols to disperse in the environment and remain suspended, which spreads COVID
Malaria still kills millions. Researchers are excited by a new intervention: giving people a drug which kills mosquitoes that bite them. Incredibly, this is a reality, as the drug ivermectin, widely used for the control of parasite infections such as lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis, appears to do this. With some mosquitoes now resistant to the insecticides used in treated bed nets, this is
Dire Situation As the horrific, record-shattering heatwave continues in western Canada and the northwest United States, a disturbing death toll is starting to climb. Officials in the Vancouver area told the BBC that the intense heat has contributed to about 130 sudden deaths between Friday and Wednesday. A dozen more occurred in Portland, Oregon and Seattle since the heatwave began — illustrating
Researchers from The University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science and Fudan University experimentally confirmed three previously unknown phase transition phenomena in soft colloidal crystals. Knowledge of such phenomena will be useful for imparting new properties to materials without altering their chemical composition.
Results of a new study led by researchers at Boston Medical Center (BMC) show, however, that this expansion did not lead patients receiving care at safety-net hospitals to transfer their care to non-safety-net hospitals.
What The Study Did: This survey study investigated the association between general surgery resident grit, which was defined as perseverance and passion for long-term goals, and burnout and thoughts of attrition and suicide.
What The Study Did: Researchers in this randomized clinical trial found that a large proportion of patients who canceled visits and procedures early in the COVID-19 pandemic didn't reschedule once reopening occurred.
What The Study Did: This crossover trial found that perceived breathing resistance at peak exercise is uniquely and significantly elevated when exercise stress testing (EST) is performed while wearing a mask. Performing EST with a mask yielded lower peak exercise oxygen uptake and heart rates as compared with no mask.
Neuroscientists at UCL have, for the first time, identified abnormalities in the way memories are 'replayed' in the brains of people with schizophrenia; researchers say the pathbreaking study provides an entirely new basis for explaining many of the condition's core symptoms.
MIT neuroscientists have uncovered a common neural mechanism for cognitive impairments seen in some people with autism and schizophrenia, even though the genetic variations that produce the impairments are different for each disorder.
In an article published today in Nature, Sanaria's PfSPZ-CVac (CQ) vaccine is reported as being safe and protecting 100% of six subjects against a variant malaria parasite three months after their last dose in the company's Phase 1 safety and efficacy trial. This is the first time complete protection against a variant malaria parasite has ever been achieved that long after vaccine administration.
Harpy eagles (Harpia harpyja) – which are among the world's largest eagle species – struggle to feed offspring in heavily deforested areas of the Amazon, according to a study published in Scientific Reports.
The tiny beetle Triamyxa coprolithica is the first-ever insect to be described from fossil feces. The animal the researchers have to thank for the excellent preservation was probably the dinosaur ancestor Silesaurus opolensis, which 230 million years ago ingested the small beetle in large numbers.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01807-0 A historian reflects on the life of Chinese crop scientist Yuan Longping, and the possible influence of geothermal energy production on earthquake aftershocks.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03659-0 The combination of computational and social sciences requires the integration of explanatory and predictive approaches into 'integrative modelling', according to Hofman and colleagues.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03571-7 Operating in space, NASA's Deep Space Atomic Clock, a trapped-ion clock, is shown to have long-term stability and drift that are an order of magnitude better than current space clocks.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03590-4 The signature of a Wigner crystal—the analogue of a solid phase for electrons—is observed via the optical reflection spectrum in a monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03666-1 This Perspective discusses the challenges for social science practices imposed by the ubiquity of algorithms and large-scale measurement and what should—and should not—be measured in societies pervaded by algorithms.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03694-x The use of new datastreams and local knowledge to shed light on social aspects of disease transmission will allow more accurate modelling and prediction of epidemics.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03680-3 Cryo-electron microscopy structures show that metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 forms a dimer to which only one G protein is coupled, revealing the basis for asymmetric signal transduction.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03560-w Optical signatures reveal correlated insulating Wigner crystals—electron solids—in a bilayer of a two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide, MoSe2, with hexagonal boron nitride between the layers.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03603-2 provides a platform of unit-cell-based, three-dimensional structures for the deterministic control of multiphase flow, transport and reaction processes.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03608-x A revised date for the Laacher See eruption using measurements of subfossil trees shifts the chronology of European varved lakes relative to the Greenland ice core record, synchronizing the onset of the Younger Dryas across the North Atlantic–European sector.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03615-y A binary star merger has produced a white dwarf with a spin period of under 7 minutes, a magnetic field of 600 to 900 million gauss and a radius only slightly larger than that of our Moon.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03686-x Direct monitoring of individual cAMP molecules binding to HCN ion channels reveals the binding dynamics underlying the distinct physiological responses of ion channel isoforms.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03601-4 Thirty years of geothermal heat production at Coso in California depleted shear stresses within the geothermal reservoir, which changed its faulting style and inhibited aftershocks from the 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03691-0 Cryo-EM structures of human calcium-sensing receptor reveal intrinsic asymmetry in the receptor homodimer upon activation that is stabilized by calcimimetic drugs adopting distinct poses in the two protomers, priming one protomer for G-protein coupling.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03649-2 The ability of people to understand the thoughts and actions of others—known as social sensing—can be combined with computational social science to advance research into human sociality.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03660-7 Approaches for the management, use and analysis of large-scale behavioural datasets that were not originally intended or created for research are described.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03684-z Two malaria vaccines comprising Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites and treatment with either pyrimethamine or chloroquine induced durable protective responses against both the African vaccine strain and a heterologous South American strain of P. falciparum.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01720-6 Effective malaria vaccines are urgently needed. Now, clinical evidence indicates that a vaccination approach that uses live parasites growing in the liver can generate high levels of immune protection from infection.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01708-2 A technological platform has been developed in which millimetre-scale cubes are assembled into 3D structures that control capillary action — enabling programmable fluid flows and modelling of a range of fluidic processes.
År 2010 gjorde forskare vid Lunds universitet en oväntad upptäckt. Dubbelbeckasinen kan flyga hela vägen från Jämtland till Nigeria i ett svep utan att landa en endaste gång. Resan tar tre dygn eller rentav tre och ett halvt. Nu slår fågeln forskarvärlden med häpnad – ännu en gång.
Sure, they're mixed metaphors—but just as modeling is a close estimate of real-world processes, so too are verbal explanations of such nuanced arithmetic. Trisha Sain, assistant professor of mechanical engineering, explores multiscale physics by thinking about the LEGO bricks in her living room, the windows of skyscrapers and cooking a feast.
A new class of illusion, developed by a visual artist and a psychology researcher, underscores the highly constructive nature of visual perception. The illusion, which the creators label "Scintillating Starburst," evokes illusory rays that seem to shimmer or scintillate—like a starburst. Composed of several concentric star polygons, the images prompt viewers to see bright fleeting rays emanating
The new technology, enabling the storage of information in the thinnest unit known to science, is expected to improve future electronic devices in terms of density, speed, and efficiency.The allowed quantum-mechanical electron tunneling through the atomically thin film may boost the information reading process much beyond current technologies.The technology involves laterally sliding one-atom-thic
A study analyzing the association between a wide variety of prenatal and childhood exposures and neuropsychological development in school-age children has found that organic food intake is associated with better scores on tests of fluid intelligence (ability to solve novel reasoning problems) and working memory (ability of the brain to retain new information while it is needed in the short term).
Ecosystems can buffer impacts from hazard events and provide other benefits such as clean water, biodiversity and human well-being. Twenty-eight researchers from 11 nations, including Jaroslav Mysiak of the CMCC Foundation, spent several years analyzing over 500 peer-reviewed articles on mangroves, coral reefs, sand dunes, slope forests and more. A new study on ecosystem-based approaches to disast
New method provides information on spatial heat distribution in a wound to accurately predict whether VLUs will heal.The clinical study is the first to investigate textural analysis on VLUs using thermal images that do not require physical contact with the wound.
Harpy eagles (Harpia harpyja)—which are among the world's largest eagle species—struggle to feed offspring in heavily deforested areas of the Amazon, according to a study published in Scientific Reports.
If you have occasion to study neurodegeneration, you will be struck by how many terrible high-profile diseases in this area seem to share a common theme. Alzheimer's , ALS , progressive supranuclear palsy , Parkinson's , Lewy body dementia , some types of frontotemporal dementia , Huntington's , prion diseases such as BSE and more all feature abnormal protein aggregates that appear in neural tiss
It seems fungi quietly practice one of the basic functions of a free market, researchers report. New research suggests certain networks of fungi embrace an important economic theory as they engage in trading nutrients for carbon with their host plants. This finding could aid the understanding of carbon storage in soils, an important tool in mitigating climate change. The paper will appear in an u
Several years ago, two amateur archaeologists from Brabant discovered over a hundred Roman coins near to Berlicum in the north of the province. After years of research, it now appears that the location, close to a ford in the river, was a site for offerings. Another interesting fact is that the coins offered were chosen very precisely. "This was an important eureka moment in my academic career."
More than half of people residing in homeless shelters in the United States had formal earnings in the same year they were homeless, according to a new study that deepens understanding of housing insecurity in the U.S.
What characteristics distinguish people who migrate to a different country for a better income from others in their homeland? The fact that formal education alone is not enough to answer this question has been demonstrated for the first time in the specialist literature by a German-Mexican research team whose members include Prof. Dr Simon Wiederhold (Chair of Economics/Macroeconomics at the Catho
The heat wave hitting the northwestern U.S. and Canada has been shattering records, with temperatures 30 degrees Fahrenheit or more above normal. With drought already gripping the West, the intense heat has helped suck even more moisture from millions of acres of forests and grasslands, bringing dead vegetation in many regions to record-dry levels and elevating the fire danger to its highest categ
As the effects of climate change intensify and paths for limiting global warming narrow, politicians, media and environmental advocates have rallied behind "carbon farming" as a mutually beneficial strategy for society, the environment and farmers.
Developed under an ESA Partnership Project, Quantum will be able to respond to changing demands on Earth during its 15-year lifetime, providing data, communications and entertainment exactly where and when it is wanted.
A recent national survey from University of Illinois Chicago researchers found strong consensus both across and within white and Black populations in the U.S., and transcending political party lines, when freedom of speech, voting rights, respect for institutions, and peaceful resolution of political conflict were considered as key dimensions of what it means to be American.
In a step toward increasing the cost-effectiveness of renewable biofuels and bioproducts, scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory discovered a microbial enzyme that degrades tough-to-break bonds in lignin, a waste product of biorefineries.
Bite marks, in the form of traces left on bones by the teeth of scavengers or predators, are not uncommon in the fossil record. These marks are sometimes impressively large. What they show is that carnivores of the past, like their modern equivalents, used to eat flesh.
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01794-2 A description of the terminology and methodology used in this supplement, and a guide to the functionality that is available free online at natureindex.com.
A government policy that removes homeowners from flood-prone areas disproportionately disrupts the lives of residents from less white and affluent neighborhoods, according to new research from sociologists at Rice University and Temple University.
How close have you ever gotten to a wild bird? Can you remember the details of its plumage or the curvature of its beak? Did it sit in one place long enough for you to really study all of its colors and other characteristics? Probably not—at least if it was alive. The avid birders among us sometimes search their whole life for a glimpse of a particularly rare species. But if you are just a casual
In a forthcoming article in the Michigan Journal of Race & Law, Raymond Magsaysay explores the multifaceted problem of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) being largely left out of recent conversations about overhauling the criminal justice system to address racial injustice. The selection of Magsaysay's article for publication is a distinguished honor as law students rarely have the opp
On June 25, 2021, the Pentagon released a much-anticipated report on UFOs to Congress. The military has rebranded unidentified flying objects as unidentified aerial phenomena –UAPs—in part to avoid the stigma that has been attached to claims of aliens visiting the Earth since the Roswell incident in 1947. The report presents no convincing evidence that alien spacecraft have been spotted, but some
When people think of rodents, they usually think of introduced species such as the black rat and house mouse. But Australia actually has around 54 native rodent species, which live in a vast range of habitats across the continent, from the ocean to spinifex-dotted deserts.
Research conducted at the SCI by Mariel Vilella, Director of Global Strategy at Zero Waste Europe, in collaboration with the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives and Break Free From Plastic, looks at examples of successful business models that are successfully contributing to the reduction of single-use plastic consumption, exploring their impact and the key conditions for their replicatio
Four leading medical specialty societies released a new clinical practice guideline that includes recommendations for reducing blood loss during heart surgery and improving patient outcomes. The document is a multidisciplinary collaboration among The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, the American Society of ExtraCorporeal Technology, and the Society for
A new study in the Journal of the American Heart Association shows that a breathing exercise known as Inspiratory Muscle Strength Training can reduce blood pressure in weeks, with benefits on par with daily exercise or medication.
Despite being the leading country when it comes to transparency, public accessibility and free availability of fisheries data, the United States of America's lack of international reporting of recreational catches and fish discarded at sea may hinder proper ecosystem-based management efforts, new research has found.
This illustration depicts a planet partially hidden in the glare of its host star and a nearby companion star. After examining a number of binary stars, astronomers have concluded that Earth-sized planets in many two-star systems might be going unnoticed by transit searches, which look for changes in the light from a star when a planet passes in front of it. The light from the second star makes i
Forskare på Chalmers har tagit fram en metod för att märka mRNA-molekyler och följa dess väg i cellerna, med blotta ögat i ett mikroskop och i realtid – utan att påverka mRNAts naturliga funktion. Genombrottet gör det lättare att utveckla nya RNA-baserade mediciner. Medicinska terapier baserade på RNA kan ge möjligheter att förebygga, behandla och potentiellt bota sjukdomar. Utmaningen är att lev
Wine grapes are particularly finicky when it comes to their environment. For instance, heatwaves and droughts lead to earlier berry ripening and lackluster wine. And these types of episodes are expected to intensify as Earth's climate changes. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry have tweaked growing conditions for Cabernet Sauvignon grapes to slow down the
Worldwide, 267 million people live on land less than two meters above sea level, which is most at risk from sea level rise, according to a study in Nature Communications. The paper suggests that by 2100 the number could increase to 410 million people, with the majority of this land found in the tropics.
QUT researchers have developed a new machine learning mathematical system that helps to identify and detect changes in biodiversity, including land clearing, when satellite imagery is obstructed by clouds.
PLUS. Efter næsten et årti med udfordringer ved Ringsted ser politikerne ud til at have fundet løsningen, der løsner knuden, der ellers virkede gordisk. Med 1,6 afsatte milliarder igangsættes i 2024 byggeriet af udfletningen øst for Ringsted.
Nu vill forskare på Göteborgs universitet ha hjälp från allmänheten att rapportera algblomningar längs Sveriges kust. Målet är att utveckla en digital tjänst som kan förutse var och när giftiga algblomningar kommer att ske. Varje sommar kommer rapporter om algblomningar i havet som förpestar livet för badgäster, båtfolk och fiskare. På senare år har rapporterna kommit allt tätare. – Klimatförändr
October 1967 From "How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Live with Irrationality": Whatever form it takes, resistance to any change is essentially an act of self-protection. When an individual perceives that the consequences of a change conflict with his needs and desires, he will become anxious and fear for his future. … Whether or not the circumstances justify such response is irrelevant. What
Climate change is warping geological time, compressing the time scales of natural processes. In photographs taken around the world, Ian van Coller has documented these shifts, reflected in rocks, sediment, and the shrinking of glaciers. Van Coller collaborates with scientists who annotate his images, pointing out key geological features. He also uses historical photos to show changes, juxtaposing
In 2017, MIT Technology Review honored Tracy Chou as one of our 35 Innovators Under 35. At the time, Chou was working to expose Silicon Valley's diversity issues. As an engineer at Pinterest, she'd published a widely circulated blog post calling for tech companies to share data on how many women worked on their engineering teams. She collected their responses in a public database that revealed ho
Though we've called it the "Change" issue, this edition of the magazine is really about two things: reflection and empowerment. For far too many of us, the pandemic has been a study in feeling powerless, and we've had little time to reflect as we focus on keeping ourselves and our loved ones safe, employed, and as mentally sound as possible. We've been forced to cope almost constantly with the tw
One day in late March, People's Daily , the Chinese Communist Party's official newspaper, shared a pair of photos on Chinese social media. The first, in black and white, was of the signing of the Boxer Protocol, a 1901 treaty between the Qing empire, which ruled China at the time, and 11 foreign nations. Troops from eight of these countries, including the US, had occupied Beijing following sieges
In late 2007, less than 10 years into the company's existence, Google came out swinging on the clean energy front. To a fanfare of plaudits up and down Silicon Valley and well beyond, it declared "RE : make renewable energy cheaper than coal. The company invested tens of millions of dollars into R&D efforts from concentrated solar power to hydrothermal drilling. Four years later, those efforts ha
For Apple, Amazon, Facebook, and Alphabet, covid-19 was an economic blessing . Even as the pandemic sent the global economy into a deep recession and cratered most companies' profits, these companies—often referred to as the "Big Four" of technology —not only survived but thrived. Collectively, they now have annual revenue of well over a trillion dollars, and the value of their stocks has soared:
The workers at the Amazon fulfillment center in Bessemer, Alabama, wanted a union . The center opened in March of last year, just as stay-at-home orders for covid-19 went into effect. While much of the world economy tanked, some sectors thrived, including tech—Amazon founder Jeff Bezos would add some $75 billion to his own net worth in 2020. Back at Bessemer, though, workers were being pressed to
A year into the covid-19 pandemic, Apple commemorated the growing array of devices featuring its custom M1 chip with great fanfare, including a "Mission Implausible" ad on TV featuring a young man running across the rooftops of its "spaceship" campus in Cupertino and infiltrating the facility to "steal" the breakthrough microprocessor from a MacBook and place it inside an iPad Pro. Apple's custom
Flushable wipes might feel good, but they're terrible for the environment. Despite the name, they can overwhelm sewer systems and bind together into enormous clogs that can block the sewers for entire cities. Pristine toilet paper spray gives you all of the advantages of a flushable wipe, while keeping the lower cost, and disposability, of toilet paper. If you're a Shark Tank fan, you already kno
Because Earth's magnetic fields are able to protect us from much of the radiation that barrels through space, humans on this planet aren't exposed to much of it—only about 3 to 4 millisieverts (mSv) every year. An astronaut staying on the International Space Station for 180 days, on the other hand, would get hit by 50 to 180 mSv. How that affects you depends on many different factors, including g
Using data originally gathered for spacecraft 'housekeeping' aboard ESA's Rosetta and Mars Express missions, scientists have revealed how intense bursts of high-energy radiation, known as cosmic rays, behave at Mars and throughout the inner solar system.
Oxford University Scientist Dr. Chris Thorogood from Oxford Botanic Garden teamed up with Siti-Munirah at the Forest Research Institute Malaysia, and local explorer Dome Nikong to describe a strange plant from the depths of the Malaysian rainforest.
Extraordinary heat events occur around the planet during most summers, but the current heatwave in the Pacific Northwest is truly exceptional. In June 2021, all-time temperature records fell in multiple cities in the U.S. and Canada during a heatwave that the National Weather Service called "historic and dangerous."
Nature Communications, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-24305-3 Access to low cost finance is vital for developing economies' transition to green energy. Here the authors show how modelled decarbonization pathways for developing economies are disproportionately impacted by different weighted average cost of capital (WACC) assumptions.
Nature Communications, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-24277-4 Xyloglucans are polysaccharides found in plant cell walls. Here, the authors describe the xyloglucan depolymerization machinery of phytopathogenic Xanthomonas bacteria, and show that sugars released by this system induce the expression of key virulence factors driving pathogenesis.
Nature Communications, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-24364-6 How natural selection shapes the rate and molecular spectrum of mutations is debated. Yeast mutation accumulation experiments identify a gene promoting mutagenesis and show stabilizing selection maintaining the mutation rate above the drift barrier. Selection also preserves the mutation spectrum.
Nature Communications, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-24256-9 Normally the diffusionless solid-to-solid transition between phases are driven by athermal processes, due to strain being overwhelmingly dominant. Here, the authors present a unique series of in-situ particle level observations of the solid-to-solid transition in colloidal particles suspended in a solvent, revea
Nature Communications, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-24339-7 Emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants with mutations in the spike protein raise concerns regarding vaccine efficacy. Here, the authors show that two spike encoding mRNA vaccines in preclinical and clinical development protect human ACE2 mice from the B.1.351 variant of concern and ancestral B BavPat1.
Nature Communications, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-24377-1 T cells are instrumental to protective immune responses against SARS-CoV-2, the pathogen responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. Here the authors show that, in convalescent COVID-19 patients, memory T cell responses are detectable up to 317 days post-symptom onset, in which the presence of stem cell-like memory T
Nature Communications, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-24297-0 The full characterisation of lithium-ion electrolytes is of paramount importance for the continued development and innovation of lithium ion and lithium metal batteries. Here, the authors present a new experimental setup to obtain all key electrolyte parameters using operando Raman microspectroscopy
Nature Communications, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-23759-9 Current methods for controlled assembly of nanomaterials into desired architectures often lack the precision and versatility to develop complex architectures. Here the authors report STAR, surfactant tunable spatial architecture, to guide nanomaterial integration in metal-organic frameworks.
Scientific Reports, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-92477-5 Scientific Reports launched in June 2011 with an inclusive ethos, and a mission to publish high-quality research without selecting papers based on perceived impact or significance. We reflect on our first 10 years, and thank our authors, reviewers and Editorial Board Members for their contributions to the success o
Nature, Published online: 30 June 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01797-z Scientists who speak different languages can bring science to a whole new audience — and use it to their advantage, says Jamie Sugrue.
Att tro att alla äldre människor är teknikfientliga är ålderism och stämmer inte med sanningen. Risken för att hamna i digitalt utanförskap handlar inte främst om ålder – utan snarare om ekonomi, kunskap och socialt nätverk. Det visar en studie där forskare har följt 3000 personer i ålderspannen 30–39, 50–59 och 70–79 år under pandemin. Fokus har legat på deras attityder till och användning av di
PLUS. Den kontroversielle retssag mod vandmiljøforsker Stiig Markager kan – selv hvis han frifindes – komme til at lægge bånd på forskeres ytringer, vurderer professor. Det øger forsigtigheden, istemmer ph.d.-studerende.
So first of all whenever this is asked it's mainly negative such as this thread with at least 2 people active in collapse subs. Anyways I have been reading some subs such as r /collapse and I'm wondering how likely do you think something such as a nuclear war or climate change ending civilization. I'm not gonna survive one since im a teenager and if I get a chance to grow up it's also unlikely th
Hundreds of thousands of salmon swim against the current in southeast Norway—in massive indoor tanks away from the nearest river as the controversial industry increasingly embraces greener land-based facilities.
Scores of deaths in Canada's Vancouver area are likely linked to a grueling heat wave, authorities said Tuesday, as the country recorded its highest ever temperature amid scorching conditions that extended to the US Pacific Northwest.
Nature, Published online: 29 June 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01801-6 The rewards of an administrative leadership stint, how COVID might change clinical trials forever and what caused a deadly Myanmar mine disaster.
Given recent reports of myocarditis after vaccination with mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines in young people, we think it's a good time to reexamine the risk/benefit ratio of these vaccines in this population. The post COVID-19 and balancing the risks: The vaccine or the virus first appeared on Science-Based Medicine .
The link between obesity and the risk of endometrial cancer has been well documented. A new study, however, shows that an even lower body mass index (BMI) than previously thought can signal an increased risk in Asian women with postmenopausal bleeding. Study results are published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).
Much has been rightfully made of the valiant work of doctors and nurses during the coronavirus pandemic. But what of infection preventionists (IP), whose job was to keep those workers and their facilities safe, and who many Americans do not even know exist?
On January 9, 2020, Landsat 8 scanned this image of Australia's wildfire-ravaged Kangaroo Island. With Landsat 9 scheduled to launch in 2021, NASA's Goddard Media Studios produced the following video about the Landsat program's history. It includes a cameo appearance by Virginia Tower Norwood '47 , the alumna behind the original Landsat multispectral scanner. NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. A
It's Ursula's third time in the functional MRI machine. Heather Kosakowski, a PhD student in cognitive neuroscience, is hoping to get just two precious minutes of data from her session. Even though Ursula has been booked to have her brain scanned for two hours, it's far from a sure thing. Her first two sessions, also booked for two hours each, yielded only eight minutes of usable material combine
Admissions applications in this pandemic year jumped 66% after MIT temporarily lifted the requirement to submit test scores. But for the 1,340 students who got good news from MIT on Pi Day, coming to Cambridge for the usual Campus Preview Weekend (CPW) was off the table. Instead, the Admissions Office invited them to CP*, a monthlong series of virtual events, and sent them a box of MIT love. It i
Last May, when we issued our Climate Action Plan for the Decade , we were mobilizing MIT to take on the climate problem as never before. The complexity and uncertainty of climate change make tackling it much more than a "moonshot." Getting humans to the moon was difficult. But it was a well-defined problem with a solution based on established science, with no opposing forces other than a few law
Which is more powerful: the urge for sex or the instinct to stay away from someone who's sick? A new study suggests that at least in mice, it's the latter. Researchers in the lab of Gloria Choi, an associate professor of brain and cognitive sciences at MIT and a member of the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, found that when male mice encountered a female mouse showing signs of illness,
Arup K. Chakraborty and Paula Hammond '84, PhD '93, have been named Institute Professors, the highest honor for MIT faculty members. Chakraborty, the founding director of MIT's Institute for Medical Engineering and Science (IMES), is a pioneer in applying computational techniques to immunology. His work has led to discoveries about the functioning of T cells and contributed to the development of
Early detection is key to surviving melanoma, a type of malignant tumor responsible for more than 70% of skin-cancer-related deaths worldwide, but "suspicious pigmented skin lesions" (SPLs) are so common it's impractical for doctors to check them all out. Now MIT researchers have developed a tool that can analyze skin photos taken with a smartphone to determine which SPLs should be evaluated by a
When water used in many industrial systems evaporates, salts and other dissolved minerals can be left behind on component surfaces, where they eventually degrade equipment, block pipes, and reduce the efficiency of important heat exchange processes. Now MIT researchers have discovered a phenomenon that could help solve this problem while potentially turning the contaminants into useful products—a
In April, thanks to an MIT-designed instrument, NASA's Mars rover Perseverance achieved a remarkable milestone: it generated the first breathable oxygen on another planet. The Martian atmosphere is about 95% carbon dioxide, but MOXIE (Mars Oxygen In-situ Resource Utilization Experiment), a small box-shaped device on board, converted it to oxygen through a technique called solid oxide electrolysis
City planners have standard methods of estimating the car traffic that a project is likely to generate, but they have no equivalent for foot traffic. Now Andres Sevtsuk, director of MIT's City Form Lab, has published a model that could help. The model estimates pedestrian trips along networks between common origins and destinations like homes, offices, amenities, and transit stops. To calibrate i
Early in her career, Burunda Prince '83 recognized that even with a title, a nice office, and credentials including a bachelor's in chemical engineering from MIT and an MBA from Harvard Business School, she would still be excluded from important discussions at her workplace. Once, after a meeting about one of Prince's projects, her male colleagues continued their dialogue as they walked into the
It started not with a stroke of creative genius, but with a rain barrel that Mike Evans '99, MEng '00, wanted to install in his garden. Fourteen calls later, he still hadn't been able to hire anyone. He started researching the home maintenance sector and discovered that many US trade schools have closed in recent decades, creating a shortage of handypeople. That's how Fixer was born. "What it com
When Tchelet Segev '18, MEng '18, graduated from MIT with degrees in civil and environmental engineering, she had her sights set on becoming the first female UN secretary-general. She has since added other dream jobs to her wish list. "I applied to be an astronaut with NASA—I would drop everything to be an astronaut," she says, laughing. That Segev's interests span the globe (and beyond) is unsur
Frank Pompei is founder and CEO of Exergen, a maker of scanners, thermometers, and sensors. He credits his MIT education with equipping him to build a successful company, mindful of the possibilities created by his financial aid package. "My parents could never have sent me to MIT on their wages as factory workers," he says. Thriving at MIT and beyond . "I remember the academics as challenging bu
Feeling starved for affection after 15 months of pandemic-mandated social distancing? Ready to look for a suitable romantic partner by attending an in-person speed dating event? Just recline inside this noisy tube for 10 minutes, think about anything you like, and our algorithm will Predict [the] Compatibility of a Female-Male Relationship ! This new study by Kajimura and colleagues garnered a lo
Knowing the weight of a commodity provides a way to value goods in the marketplace. But did a self-regulating market even exist in the Bronze Age? And what can weight systems tell us? Researchers investigated the dissemination of weight systems throughout Western Eurasia. Their simulation indicates that the interaction of merchants, even without intervention from institutions, is likely to explain
Fireworks are synonymous in the United States with the celebration of Independence Day and other special events, but the colorful displays have caused a growing risk to public safety in recent years, according to a new study.
A new analysis of 58 studies and 44305 patients published in Anaesthesia (a journal of the Association of Anaesthetists) shows that, contrary to some previous research, being male and increasing body mass index (BMI) are not associated with increased mortality in COVID-19 in patients admitted into intensive care (ICU).
Worried about aging ? That's totally understandable. Nobody wants to get old. However, that doesn't mean you should try to fight it. A lot of people waste their money on health, wellness, and beauty products that claim to "stop" or "defy" or even "reverse" the "signs" of aging. But in reality all of those things are impossible. And even if they weren't impossible, aging isn't just about what you
The AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG), the largest global HIV research network, today announced that findings from a sub-study of REPRIEVE (A5332/A5332s, an international clinical trial studying heart disease prevention in people living with HIV) have been published in the Journal of the American Medical Association Network Open. The study found that approximately half of study participants, who w
Keep your checklists handy because the 62nd Supplement to the American Ornithological Society's Check-list of North American Birds, publishing today in Ornithology, includes numerous updates to the classification of the continent's bird species. A few highlights from this year's supplement include species splits for Mew Gull, Barred Owl, and Sedge Wren, among quite a few others; a transfer back to
BioNyt Videnskabens Verden (www.bionyt.dk) er Danmarks ældste populærvidenskabelige tidsskrift for naturvidenskab. Det er det eneste blad af sin art i Danmark, som er helliget international forskning inden for livsvidenskaberne.
Bladet bringer aktuelle, spændende forskningsnyheder inden for biologi, medicin og andre naturvidenskabelige områder som f.eks. klimaændringer, nanoteknologi, partikelfysik, astronomi, seksualitet, biologiske våben, ecstasy, evolutionsbiologi, kloning, fedme, søvnforskning, muligheden for liv på mars, influenzaepidemier, livets opståen osv.
Artiklerne roses for at gøre vanskeligt stof forståeligt, uden at den videnskabelige holdbarhed tabes.