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Elon Musk: Tesla Immediately Suspending All Bitcoin Car Purchases•3h
Musk Tesla Bitcoin
Change of Heart Tesla CEO Elon Musk dropped a huge surprise on both his electric carmaker and the world of cryptocurrency this evening, announcing that Tesla has stopped accepting payments for car purchases in Bitcoin. The change of heart, Musk said in the post, is because of the cryptocurrency's significant environmental toll — a topic that's picked up increasing criticism in recent months. "Tes
In Huge Breakthrough, The Largest Offshore Wind Farm in US History Was Just Approved2h
Equivalent to 17 million cars off the road.
Untangling the brain: new research offers hope for Alzheimer's disease1h
In a new study, researchers investigate tangles in the brain — pathologies not only characteristic of Alzheimer's but other neurodegenerative conditions as well. The research homes in on a particular protein known as Rbbp7, whose dysregulation appears linked to the eventual formation of tau protein tangles and the rampant cell death associated with Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases
Man Who Is Paralyzed Communicates By Imagining Handwriting10h
By decoding the brain signals involved in handwriting, researchers have allowed a man who is paralyzed to transform his thoughts into words on a computer screen. (Image credit: Science Photo Library/Pasieka/Getty Images)
Indian Covid variant calls in question 17 May reopening in UK, say experts21h
Highly transmissible B.1.617.2 is now second most common variant and is spreading in north-west England Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage The dramatic rise in UK cases of a variant first discovered in India could undermine the country's roadmap for reopening, scientists are cautioning. The variant, called B.1.617.2, is one of three closely related variants that were in
I Tell My Patients Not to Mask Their Kids Outside16h
A s parents gradually reap the rewards of vaccination—including unmasking outdoors , socializing unmasked indoors with other vaccinated people, and abandoning anxiety about getting seriously ill—they're wondering if they need to keep up pandemic precautions for their children's sake. I am a primary-care doctor, and the parents I talk with are deeply concerned about their communities; they also wa
Cerne Giant in Dorset dates from Anglo-Saxon times, analysis suggests21h
Sand samples examined by National Trust experts indicate hillside chalk figure was created in the 10th century Over the centuries the huge, naked, club-wielding giant carved into a steep hillside in Dorset has been thought prehistoric, Celtic, Roman or even a 17th century lampoon of Oliver Cromwell. After 12 months of new, hi-tech sediment analysis, the National Trust has now revealed the probabl
White House Approves United States' First Massive Offshore Wind Farm1d
Blown Away The Biden administration just granted final approval for "Vineyard Wind," a huge offshore wind farm off the coast of Massachusetts. The wind farm, which would be the first large-scale facility of its type in the United States, will eventually include 84 turbines about 15 miles off the coast of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, according to The New York Times . Once it's ready, official
Climate emissions shrinking the stratosphere, scientists reveal11h
Exclusive: Thinning indicates profound impact of humans and could affect satellites and GPS Humanity's enormous emissions of greenhouse gases are shrinking the stratosphere, a new study has revealed. The thickness of the atmospheric layer has contracted by 400 metres since the 1980s, the researchers found, and will thin by about another kilometre by 2080 without major cuts in emissions. The chang
Pay No Attention to That Cat Inside a Box15h
On Monday morning, my partner laid a carry-on suitcase down on the floor, preparing to pack for his first post-vaccination trip to visit his parents. The moment he unzipped the bag, our cat Calvin promptly clambered inside. A piece of me would like to think that Calvin was attempting to covertly join my partner on his trip, or perhaps thwart his inevitable attempt to spirit away. But I'm pretty s
2050 Is Closer Than 19901d
Every week, our lead climate reporter brings you the big ideas, expert analysis, and vital guidance that will help you flourish on a changing planet. Sign up to get T he Weekly Planet , our guide to living through climate change, in your inbox . In February 2020, I traveled to New York to celebrate a zeroth birthday and an 80th birthday. First, I saw a close friend's baby, who had been born only
Intellectual property must not be an obstacle to fair vaccine supply15h
Global collaboration is essential, writes Spanish prime minister
WHO and global leaders could have averted Covid catastrophe, say experts16h
Scathing report criticises authorities in China, Europe and North America while recommending widescale reforms
World's fastest information-fueled engine designed by university researchers1d
Simon Fraser University researchers have designed a remarkably fast engine that taps into a new kind of fuel—information.
Space telescope's golden mirror wings open one last time on Earth1d
For the last time while it is on Earth, the world's largest and most powerful space science telescope opened its iconic primary mirror. This event marked a key milestone in preparing the observatory for launch later this year.
The PS5 Is Starting to Look Like the Revolution It Promised10h
What's happening with Sony's latest console, now that it's been out for six months? Supply issues aside, it's proving to be much more than a simple evolution.
The Case for Letting People Work From Home Forever15h
Do you want happier, productive, more engaged, and more fulfilled employees and coworkers? Well, you should campaign to let them work remotely. Here's why.
Ancestors may have created 'iconic' sounds as bridge to first languages17h
The 'missing link' that helped our ancestors to begin communicating with each other through language may have been iconic sounds, rather than charades-like gestures—giving rise to the unique human power to coin new words describing the world around us, a new study reveals.
Seeing Ingenuity Mars helicopter fly in 3D9h
When NASA's Ingenuity Mars Helicopter took to the Martian skies on its third flight on April 25, the agency's Perseverance rover was there to capture the historic moment. Now NASA engineers have rendered the flight in 3D, lending dramatic depth to the flight as the helicopter ascends, hovers, then zooms laterally off-screen before returning for a pinpoint landing. Seeing the sequence is a bit like
Perseverance's robotic arm starts conducting science14h
NASA's newest Mars rover is beginning to study the floor of an ancient crater that once held a lake.
Nearly a fifth of Earth's surface transformed since 196019h
Whether it's turning forests into cropland or savannah into pastures, humanity has repurposed land over the last 60 years equivalent in area to Africa and Europe combined, researchers said Tuesday.
Reconstruction of ancient microbial genomes from the human gut11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03532-0 Ancient microbiomes from palaeofaeces are more similar to non-industrialized than industrialized human gut microbiomes regardless of geography, but 39% of their de novo reconstructed genomes represent previously undescribed microbial species.
Edderfugle eller vindmøller – nu vil politikere holde liv i havvind ved Omø1d
PLUS. Selv om et havområde syd for Omø er afsat til fuglebeskyttelse, vil politikere nu finde plads til havvindmøller.
How one of the oldest natural insecticides keeps mosquitoes away1d
A new study has identified a scent receptor in mosquitoes that helps them sniff out and avoid trace amounts of pyrethrum, a plant extract used for centuries to repel biting insects. These findings could help researchers develop new broad spectrum repellents to keep a variety of mosquito species at bay, and by extension stop them from biting people and spreading disease.
Cats must be microchipped under animal care plan1d
A wide-ranging plan to improve welfare also enshrines in law that animals can experience emotions.
Queen's Speech: Government makes pledges on animal welfare1d
All creatures great and small will be protected in the new proposals, according to the Queen's Speech.
Seeds From a 142-Year-Old Science Experiment Have Sprouted1d
After lying dormant in buried bottles for 142 years, 11 seeds germinated on the Michigan State University campus after scientists planted them.
One of the World's Longest-Running Experiments Sends Up Sprouts1d
After lying dormant in buried bottles for 142 years, 11 seeds germinated on the Michigan State University campus after scientists planted them.
C.D.C. Advisers Endorse Pfizer Vaccine for Children Ages 12 to 157h
Immunizations will quickly begin nationwide, officials predicted.
Incredible Images Reveal a Single Moment on Jupiter in Different Wavelengths of Light1d
All of these observations were taken at the same time.
Wall Street Exec Quits After Reportedly Making Dogecoin Fortune11h
Get Out A Goldman Sachs senior manager has quit the investment bank after reportedly making millions from Dogecoin , the joke cryptocurrency championed by billionaire and Tesla CEO Elon Musk, The Guardian reports . According to the newspaper's sources, Aziz McMahon, once Goldman Sachs's managing director and head of emerging market sales, resigned after filling his pockets from recent gains in hi
For Some Anti-Vaccine Advocates, Misinformation Is Part Of A Business17h
The coronavirus pandemic has created an opening for vaccine opponents to peddle alternative therapies, unproven cures and website subscriptions. (Image credit: Emilija Manevska/Getty Images)
First-of-Its-Kind Video Shows Giant Squid Hunt Their Prey Deep in The Ocean19h
Monsters of the deep.
Elon Musk har Aspergers syndrom, men hvad betyder det egentlig?22h
Udfordringer med sociale relationer og snævre interesser er tegn på diagnosen.
Jeff Bezos Is Reportedly Very Jealous of Elon Musk's SpaceX1d
Frenemies The recent book "Amazon Unbound," by Brad Stone, details Amazon founder Jeff Bezos' meteoric rise to power and business triumph, but it also includes a striking point of vulnerability: Bezos is reportedly deeply jealous of Elon Musk's success with SpaceX. Back in 2016, Bezos was already deeply concerned about how his own spaceflight company, Blue Origin, didn't seem to be progressing at
Cornell Scientist Unveils Roadway That Charges Electric Cars While Driving8h
Researchers at Cornell University are developing a special roadway that's capable of charging vehicles' batteries as they drive over its surface. It's a bright vision of a future in which drivers are no longer tied to individual EV charging stations, allowing them to travel while simultaneously charging their cars' batteries. "Highways would have a charging lane, sort of like a high occupancy lan
Strongest Evidence Yet Shows SARS-CoV-2 May Insert Itself Into The Human Genome19h
This could explain some things.
US environmental agency releases climate report delayed by Trump4h
The EPA says for the first time that climate change is being driven at least in part by humans.
Climate Change Is Making Big Problems Bigger6h
New data compiled by the E.P.A. shows how global warming is making life harder for Americans in myriad ways that threaten their health, safety and homes.
Dozens of Bodies Found in Indian River6h
Officials in India have spent the last two days fishing dozens of dead bodies out of the Ganges River — a horrifying spectacle that's almost certainly linked to the devastating coronavirus outbreak still pummeling the country. Officials haven't been able to confirm that corpses — officials found 71 on Monday alone — represented COVID-19 fatalities, the Associated Press reports , only because the
Cops Arrest Man For Driving Tesla With Nobody in Drivers Seat•7h
CHP Tesla Autopilot
Reckless Driving A man who was seen riding in the back seat of a Tesla without anybody in the driver's seat has been arrested by California Highway Patrol, NBC News reports . Images of 25-year-old Param Sharma surfaced online showing him sitting in the back seat of a Tesla Model 3 as it careened down Interstate 80 across the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge. The sightings prompted multiple 911 ca
U.S. Must Do More to Track Covid Variants, Scientists Tell Congress10h
At a House subcommittee hearing, witnesses emphasize the need for much more genome sequencing, data-sharing and research to track virus mutations and their effects.
COVID Linked to Long-Term Erectile Dysfunction12h
In a new study, researchers demonstrated that COVID-19 can lead to long-term erectile dysfunction , yet another sign that victims of the deadly virus often suffer from lasting symptoms even long after they recovered from the viral infection itself. The study , published in the World Journal of Men's Health last week, found that COVID-19 can result in endothelial dysfunction, a blood vessel dysfun
Cats love boxes so much they'll even sit in fake ones15h
Cats like boxes so much, they will even climb into the illusion of a box, scientists find.
Doctors in London report fivefold increase in children swallowing magnets1d
Button batteries and magnets found in certain types of children's toys associated with complications There has been a fivefold increase in magnet ingestion over the past five years in young children amid a steady rise in hospital admissions in London caused by the swallowing of foreign objects, doctors have said. While most of the time objects pass out of the body naturally without incident, butt
Ford Patents Tech to Annoy Drivers With In-Car Advertisements1d
Scanning Billboards US automaker Ford has patented a piece of technology that could prove to be a major headache for its customers — if, that is, it ever makes it into the company's cars. A new patent filed by the car company suggests Ford cars could soon scan the car's surroundings for billboard advertising and interpret that information to deliver contextual information to the car's display, as
SpaceX's Starship May Fly Again "In the Days Ahead"1d
Stay Tuned During an announcement following last week's Starship launch, spotted by Teslarati , a SpaceX engineer told viewers to "stay tuned for additional [Starship] test flights in the days ahead." That means we may get to watch the next dramatic launch of the space company's massive rocket prototypes sooner than we might think — though the precise timing at this time remains unclear. Refly So
Liz Cheney's Unforgivable Sin•8h
Cheney Republican Trump
O ne of the many Republican principles that Donald Trump obliterated was what was known as Ronald Reagan's 11th commandment : "Thou shalt not speak ill of a fellow Republican." Like several of the stone-tablet dictates (the prohibitions on committing adultery and bearing false witness come to mind), this directive was lightly followed and rarely enforced—politics is a rough sport. But Reagan's ed
Scientists Catch Jumping Genes Rewiring Genomes12h
Roughly 500 million years ago, something that would forever change the course of eukaryotic development was brewing in the genome of some lucky organism: a gene called Pax6 . The gene is thought to have orchestrated the formation of a primitive visual system, and in organisms today, it initiates a genetic cascade that recruits more than 2,000 genes to build different parts of the eye. Pax6 is onl
Help! A Male Colleague Thinks I'm Scary13h
Whose problem is it when men are intimidated by women at work?
7-foot 'monster' sturgeon found in Detroit River could be over 100 years old14h
Scientists surveying the Detroit River caught a monstrous sturgeon weighing 240 pounds (109 kilograms) and measuring 6 feet 10 inches (2.1 meters) in length.
DeepMind Wants to Use AI to Transform Soccer14h
The Alphabet-owned company is working with Liverpool to bring computer vision and statistical learning to the high-stakes world of sports.
American Kids Can Wait16h
In the coming months, the United States and other rich nations will have the opportunity to save hundreds of thousands of lives threatened by COVID-19 in South Asia. On Monday, the FDA authorized the emergency use of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine in children ages 12 to 15. But in the name of global equity, Americans should delay vaccination of our own children until global vaccine-manufacturing cap
Humans Have Transformed Nearly One-Fifth of Earth's Land in Just 60 Years19h
The size of Africa and Europe combined.
Coronavirus live news: India variant found in 44 countries – WHO; Taiwan faces new outbreak22h
Another record rise in India deaths; samples show UK is most affected by B.1.617 strain outside India; Taiwan outbreak 'could lead to tighter curbs' Spike in India variant poses threat to UK reopening, scientists say Australia: fresh outbreak blamed on hotel quarantine leak Explainer: the deadly 'black fungus' seen in Covid patients in India See all our coronavirus coverage 6.24am BST Brazil is b
Nature: Throwing money at biodiversity schemes is ineffective1d
Many internationally funded conservation schemes are underfunded and ineffective, researchers conclude.
Covid-19 Vaccines: Novavax Reports More Delays1d
"I don't see a lot going well for them at this point," said one analyst.
See how the brain wobbles with each heartbeat in incredible new videos1d
Using a new MRI technique, scientists captured amazing 3D footage.
A mysterious 'hum' vibrates interstellar space. Voyager 1 has a recording of it.9h
The Voyager 1 spacecraft has captured the gentle 'hum' of interstellar space.
Americans Are Hoarding Gas as Gas Stations Run Out of Fuel9h
Long Lines After the Russian hacking group Darkside launched a devastating cyberattack that shut down the Colonial Pipeline — a main source of fuel for the east coast of the US — several states are now experiencing gas shortages as drivers line up and wait for their turn to stock up and make sure they're not left out. Seven states in the American southeast have had gas stations completely run out
What if Space Junk and Climate Change Become the Same Problem?10h
Changes to the atmosphere caused by carbon dioxide emissions could increase the amount of debris that stays in orbit.
Humans Need to Create Interspecies Money to Save the Planet11h
A new form of digital currency for animals, trees, and other wildlife (no, not like Dogecoin) would help protect biodiversity and bend technology back to nature.
Scientists probe impact of Indian Covid variant on vaccine efficacy13h
Lab work suggests at least one new strain of virus is partially vaccine-resistant
E.P.A. Data Shows Climate Change's Impact on Americans2h
New data compiled by the E.P.A. shows how global warming is making life harder for Americans in myriad ways that threaten their health, safety and homes.
C.D.C Confirms More Cases of Rare Blood Clot Disorder Linked to J.&J. Vaccine5h
Six men were among the latest confirmed cases, which now total 28. Previous cases included only women.
Astronomers detect substellar companion of HD 4712713h
Using the Harlan J. Smith Telescope, astronomers have discovered that the star HD 47127 has a substellar companion. The newly identified object, designated HD 47127 B, appears to be a brown dwarf or a brown dwarf binary. The finding is reported in a paper published May 4 on arXiv.org.
The Lost Month That Haunts the World16h
By early February 2020, China had effectively locked down tens of millions of its citizens . Entire hospitals were sprouting from scratch to cope with an onslaught of coronavirus cases there. The World Health Organization had just declared that the outbreak of the novel coronavirus was a "public health emergency of international concern." And on February 7, I went on a radio show and spent much o
The Neighborhood Fighting Not to Be Forgotten16h
W hen Brenda Nails-Alford received the letter informing her that her ancestors were survivors of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre, she had to reread it five times. The massacre was a two-day onslaught of racial violence that is believed to have killed hundreds of people and laid waste to the prosperous Black neighborhood of Greenwood—which included a business district known as "Black Wall Street"—in
How to thermally cloak an object19h
Can you feel the heat? To a thermal camera, which measures infrared radiation, the heat that we can feel is visible, like the heat of a traveler in an airport with a fever or the cold of a leaky window or door in the winter.
Biden Makes a Deal With Uber and Lyft in the Name of Vaccines1d
Despite his unease with the ride-hail business model, the president needs help getting more Americans to vaccination sites to meet his July 4 deadline.
Woman gets 6 doses of COVID-19 vaccine at once1d
She did not experience any serious side effects from the vaccine overdose.
Discovery of new geologic process calls for changes to plate tectonic cycle1d
Geoscientists at the University of Toronto (U of T) and Istanbul Technical University have discovered a new process in plate tectonics which shows that tremendous damage occurs to areas of Earth's crust long before it should be geologically altered by known plate-boundary processes, highlighting the need to amend current understandings of the planet's tectonic cycle.
'Cocaine of the sea' threatens critically endangered vaquita3h
The vaquita marina in Mexico is threatened by a clash of interests between fishing and conservation.
NASA's Curiosity Mars Rover Is Designed to Tear Off Its Own Wheels5h
Body Mod Over the course of its nearly decade-long stay on Mars, NASA's Curiosity rover team has considered making a couple of unusual modifications to the robot's structure. Driving around on Mars for that long has been pretty rough on Curiosity's wheels. And as the damage worsens over the coming years, the NASA crew might decide to steer Curiosity into a sharp rock in order to rip out its own w
40 tombs with humans buried in pots discovered in Corsica6h
An ancient necropolis with 40 tombs, including cylindrical jars filled with human remains, has been discovered on the French island of Corsica.
Climate Change May Be Making Space Junk Worse7h
Junked Up Climate change may be making our space junk problem even worse. According to a recently presented preprint paper , rising carbon dioxide levels in our planet's upper atmosphere are causing its density to drop. That lower density means that space junk designed to burn up in the denser lower atmosphere may experience less of a pull, The New York Times reports , which would have otherwise
Your Relationship With Your Dog Has a Curious Link to Their Long-Term Stress8h
Not all breeds are affected the same way.
Researchers observe two-fold symmetric superconductivity in 2D niobium diselenide12h
In recent years, many material scientists worldwide have been investigating the potential of two-dimensional (2D) materials, which are composed of a single layer or a few ultrathin layers of atoms and have unique physical, electrical and optical properties.
Adidas and Allbirds Team Up to Make Sustainable Running Shoes12h
The high-performance Futurecraft.Footprint shows the key to a lower carbon impact might lie in collaboration, not competition.
Eight Facts About the New Head of NASA, Bill Nelson13h
Last month, the Senate unanimously voted to confirm former astronaut and Senator Bill Nelson as NASA's 14th administrator. He replaced acting administrator Steve Jurczyk , who had assumed the mantle when President Biden took office. "In the Senate, he was known as the go-to senator for our nation's space program," reads a White House statement on Nelson's nomination in Mach. "Most every piece of
Watch a Snake Robot Go for a Swim14h
The Hardened Underwater Modular Robot Snake has thrusters for muscles and a camera for a face. Your move, evolution.
Southern African dinosaur had irregular growth14h
Anyone who's raised a child or a pet will know just how fast and how steady their growth seems to be. You leave for a few days on a work trip and when you come home the child seems to have grown an inch! That's all well and good for the modern household, but how did dinosaurs grow up? Did they, too, surprise their parents with their non-stop growth?
Fire tricks til at få styr på din corona-hundehvalp, der nu er ustyrlig teenager15h
En teenagehund gider hverken høre efter eller holde sig i ro.
Creators Who Joined Twitch in the Pandemic Plan to Stay15h
When lockdowns hit, entertainers turned to the platform to connect with fans. Now, even as many places reopen, many have no plans to leave.
Why Plants Are Seeding Climate Studies16h
The National Museum of Natural History's herbarium is helping botanists research climate-driven changes in plants, their biology and their abundance
Unicef calls on UK to give 20% of vaccines to other countries21h
Children's charity urges UK to set example and start sharing jabs with lower-income countries from June Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage The UK should commit to giving 20% of its vaccines to other countries that are in urgent need of them as early as June, according to Unicef, which says the UK will still have enough to vaccinate every adult by the end of July. The ch
Your Immune System Could Be Hurting You as a Way of Signalling to Others1h
Get people to look after you.
UK Covid scientists: variant found in India variant may be spreading faster than Kent strain3h
Reports that Sage will meet on Thursday to discuss threat with PHE figures expected to show big jump in cases linked to variant Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Evidence is growing that a troubling variant of the coronavirus discovered in India is more transmissible than the variant first detected in Kent and which fuelled the UK's second wave of infections and spread
More frequent side-effects reported mixing Pfizer and Oxford Covid jabs, study suggests4h
However, UK trial found two doses of the same vaccine triggered less adverse reactions Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Administering one dose of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine followed by one of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine (or vice versa) induces a higher frequency of mild to moderate side-effects compared with standard two doses of either vaccine, initial data from
Delaying second Covid vaccine doses can save lives, study finds4h
Modelling suggests countries struggling to immunise populations could adopt UK strategy Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Delaying the second dose of the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccines as the UK has done can save lives, according to a US modelling study that suggests other countries struggling to immunise their populations could adopt the strategy. Second shots of
Scientists Are Trying to Make Spacesuit Underwear Less Putrid6h
Scientists at the European Space Agency are trying to make shared and frequently-worn spacesuits less gross for astronauts on the International Space Station. Astronauts going on a space walk outside of the station have to wear several layers of protective clothing, including a disposable Maximum Absorbency Garment diaper, another pair of undergarments, and a liquid- and air-cooled garment. But s
New research may explain shortages within STEM careers6h
A new study by the University of Georgia revealed that more college students change majors within the STEM pipeline than leave the career path of science, technology, engineering and mathematics altogether.
Symbiotic bacteria in root cells may be key to producing better crops, study finds6h
A Rutgers study finds that symbiotic bacteria that colonize root cells may be managed to produce hardier crops that need less fertilizer.
Photos: Violence Explodes Across Israel and Gaza•7h
Israel Gaza Palestinian
Tensions have escalated in recent weeks between Palestinians and Israelis, triggered in part by recent protests related to a decades-long land dispute that could lead to the removal of Palestinian families from their homes in an East Jerusalem neighborhood. Israeli security forces confronted demonstrators on the site known to Muslims as Haram al-Sharif and to Jews as the Temple Mount, injuring hu
Asus's New Zenfone 8 Is Powerful and Small. That's About It•9h
Asus Zenfone 8 Flip
This pocket-friendly Android phone has a speedy processor and an excellent screen. It's also really boring.
Why professional soccer players choke during penalty kicks9h
The new study is the first to use in-the-field imaging technology to measure brain activity as people delivered penalty kicks. Participants were asked to kick a total of 15 penalty shots under three different scenarios, each designed to be increasingly stressful. Kickers who missed shots showed higher activity in brain areas that were irrelevant to kicking a soccer ball, suggesting they were over
Small Country Claims to Have Vaccinated 108 Percent of Population10h
The Republic of Nauru, a small island nation found due northeast of Australia, announced that it has officially vaccinated every adult in the country against COVID-19. In fact, tallying up the number of adults who received at least one jab of the Oxford-AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine , the Nauru government says it's set a world record by inoculating — wait for it — 108 percent of its estimated p
New Brain Implant Turns Visualized Letters into Text10h
The technology lets people with paralysis perform thought dictation at rates approaching the thumb speeds of texters — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
US Army Experimenting With "Cartridges" That Upgrade Tank Capabilities10h
Plug and Play The United States Army is developing a new system that would allow it to upgrade tanks and keep them relevant to evolving battlefields without needing to tear them down and replace complex, interwoven components. The new approach, which C4ISRNET described as plug-and-play "cartridges," would make enhancing a tank's capabilities about as simple as installing a new graphics card on yo
The US Just Approved Its First Big Offshore Wind Farm, and It's a Breakthrough for the Industry11h
The United States' offshore wind industry is tiny, with just seven wind turbines operating off Rhode Island and Virginia . The few attempts to build large-scale wind farms like Europe's have run into long delays, but that may be about to change. On May 11, 2021, the US government issued the final federal approval for the Vineyard Wind project, a utility-scale wind farm that has been over a decade
Changing a brain to save a life: how far should rehabilitation go?11h
The book and movie, A Clockwork Orange , powerfully asks us to consider the murky lines between rehabilitation, brainwashing, and dehumanization. There are a variety of ways, from hormonal treatment to surgical lobotomies, to force a person to be more law abiding, calm, or moral. Is a world with less free will but also with less suffering one in which we would want to live? Alex is a criminal. A
Is war in space inevitable?14h
What conditions could lead to clashes in space? Is such a situation a given, or can conflicts be short-circuited ahead of time? Space.com asked experts for their thoughts.
Scientists pioneer creation of programmable artificial tissues from synthetic cells14h
Scientists have created new artificial tissues that mimic some of the complex characteristics and abilities of living tissues, paving the way toward unprecedented advances in medicine, soft-robotics, and micro-engineering. The University of Bristol-led breakthrough, published in Advanced Materials, reports the first way to produce centimeter-sized artificial tissues of any shape and with complex i
Defining climate-smart pathways towards tree crop yield intensification15h
A global team of researchers recently released the results of a data-rich modeling approach designed to illustrate a range of what-if scenarios for future oil palm plantation development in Indonesia. The study provides new insight into crop production strategies available to an industry facing increasing scrutiny.
Artificial Intelligence and Science-Based Medicine15h
AI tools in medicine are coming, and they can be powerful, but we have to manage how they are employed. The post first appeared on Science-Based Medicine .
Brand new physics of superconducting metals refuted by Lancaster physicists17h
Lancaster scientists have demonstrated that other physicists' recent "discovery" of the field effect in superconductors is nothing but hot electrons after all.
Same gene drives male water striders' long legs and the inclination to use them as weapons18h
Some water strider males (Microvelia longipes) have enormous back legs relative to the rest of their body, which they use to guard egg-laying sites and to fight off rival males. William Toubiana, Abderrahman Khila and colleagues from the Universite de Lyon in France report that the development of this exaggerated male sexual characteristic depends on the production of a ubiquitous growth factor, B
Low-temperature crystallization of phase-pure α-formamidinium lead iodide enabled by study1d
Though different fabrication approaches exist, two-step deposition is one of the main experimental techniques now used to make efficient, stable PSCs, especially on the industrial scale. The process involves first depositing lead iodide (PbI2) and then adding halide salts of monovalent cations such as methylammonium iodide (MAI) and formamidinium iodide (FAI) to convert it to perovskite.
Google invents a new tool that can make you hear color1d
Have you ever heard colors? As part of a new exhibition, the worlds of culture and technology collide, bringing sound to the colors of abstract art pioneer Wassily Kandinsky. Kandinsky had synesthesia, where looking at colors and shapes causes some with the condition to hear associated sounds. With the help of machine learning, virtual visitors to the Sounds Like Kandinsky exhibition, a partnersh
Da Vinci 'Head of a Bear' could sell for over $16 million at upcoming auction1d
A small sketch of a bear's head by Leonardo da Vinci may sell for up to $16.9 million at an upcoming Christie's auction in London.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre's mysterious 'graffiti' crosses may not be what they seem1d
Who carved the thousands of crosses into the walls of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem?
How fasting diets could harm future generations1d
New research which shows that fasting diets could harm the health of future generations. Fasting diets have risen in popularity in recent years, however little is known about the long-term impact of these diets, particularly for future generations. The new study reveals that reduced food intake in roundworms has a detrimental effect on three generations of offspring – particularly when those desce
Arrest Warrant Issued for Man Who Broke Into SpaceX Facility1d
Reaping, Sowing Authorities in Cameron County, Texas have issued a warrant for the arrest of the YouTuber who filmed himself trespassing at the SpaceX facility near Boca Chica back in March. YouTuber Caesar Galaviz was able to enter the facility, walk around, and get up-close footage of various SpaceX equipment, according to The Independent . That includes the since-destroyed Starship prototype S
New atomically precise graphene nanoribbon heterojunction sensor developed10h
An international research team led by the University of Cologne has succeeded for the first time in connecting several atomically precise nanoribbons made of graphene, a modification of carbon, to form complex structures. The scientists have synthesized and spectroscopically characterized nanoribbon heterojunctions. They then were able to integrate the heterojunctions into an electronic component.
Se Søren Brostrøm blive nyst i fjæset: Udstilling skal gøre dig klogere på corona1d
Experimentarium vil med ny udstilling hjælpe os med at forstå det smitsomme virus.
Ancient Easter Island communities offer insights for successful life in isolation8h
After a long journey, a group of settlers sets foot on an otherwise empty land. A vast expanse separates them from other human beings, cutting off any possibility of outside contact. Their choices will make the difference between survival and death.
'Folded' iron sword found in a Roman soldier's grave was part of a pagan ritual10h
A "killed," or folded iron sword was discovered in the grave of a Roman mercenary who had been buried in an early Christian basilica.
Boris Johnson's advisers may push for a virtual Cop26. He should ignore them | Fiona Harvey12h
The UK must risk an in-person meeting in Glasgow if this crucial climate conference is to be a success Walkouts, standoffs, shouting, tears , bloodletting – the UN climate Cops have seen it all. The annual meetings, in which all countries bar a few failed states take part, under the 1992 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), are the only global forum for discussing the future of the
Higher antibiotic doses may make bacteria 'fitter': study18h
Using higher doses of antibiotics in a bid to tackle the growing problem of drug resistance may end up strengthening certain bacteria, according to research released on Wednesday that highlights a previously unthought-of risk.
Earliest forest fires evidence of ancient tree expansion6h
The Earth's first forest fires appear to have occurred earlier than previously thought, pointing out a link between widespread wildfires and ancient tree evolution, according to researchers at The University of Alabama.
The 1970s Fashion Designer Who Was Outlandishly Ahead of His Time9h
Gene Simmons, Paul Stanley, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley of the rock band Kiss pose for a portrait circa 1975. (Michael Ochs Archives / Getty Images) One night in 1977, George Clinton stepped out of a flying saucer, teetering in his new pair of nine-inch platform boots. That fantastical footwear "was hard to wear onstage but great to take pictures in," the Parliament-Funkadelic leader told Vogue
Brain computer interface turns mental handwriting into text on screen9h
Researchers have, for the first time, decoded the neural signals associated with writing letters, then displayed typed versions of these letters in real time. They hope their invention could one day help people with paralysis communicate.
Using Light to Control Cells Holds Promise across the Body16h
Optogenetics could aid vision, blood glucose, and more — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
How to fool a shark using magnets13h
It's long been suspected that sharks navigate the oceans using Earth's magnetic field. Sharks are, however, difficult to experiment with. Using magnetism, marine biologists figured out a clever way to fool sharks into thinking they're somewhere that they're not. For some time, scientists have suspected that sharks belong among the growing number of animals known to navigate using Earth's magnetic
Physicists extract proton mass radius from experimental data11h
Researchers have recently extracted the proton mass radius from experimental data. A research group at the Institute of Modern Physics (IMP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) presented an analysis of the proton mass radius in Physical Review D on May 11. The proton mass radius is determined to be 0.67 ± 0.03 femtometers, which is obviously smaller than the charge radius of the proton.
Who owns your thesis data? We do, says one university, prompting retraction16h
Here's a story that's likely to strike a sour chord with graduate students. A researcher in Italy has lost his 2020 paper, based on work he conducted for his doctoral thesis, after the university claimed that he didn't have the right to publish the data. The paper, "Musical practice and BDNF plasma levels as a … Continue reading
Tesla will no longer accept bitcoin over climate concerns, says Musk8min
The initial decision made by Tesla in March to accept bitcoin caused an outcry from environmentalists.
Coronavirus latest: Covid hotspots raise risk of regional lockdowns as England eases restrictions1d
Who fought in the ancient Greek Battles of Himera? Chemical evidence provides answers8h
Geochemical evidence reveals that armies in the Battles of Himera were a mixture of locals and outsiders, according to a study published March 24, 2021 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Katherine Reinberger of the University of Georgia, US, and colleagues. These data contradict certain claims made in historical accounts by ancient Greek writers.
Prehistoric horses, bison shared diet10h
University of Cincinnati researchers studied the teeth of prehistoric horses and bison in the Arctic to learn more about their diets compared to modern species.
MDMA Shows New Promise for Trauma, but the Drug Alone Is Not a Cure10h
The illegal substance—paired with intensive therapy and hard work—dramatically improves PTSD symptoms — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Hacker Attack on Essential Pipeline Shows Infrastructure Weaknesses•10h
US Colonial Pipeline
Ransomware is steadily hitting harder. Could banks or subway systems be next? — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Emphasis on personal may be best way to fight vaccine scepticism, research suggests4h
GB study points to highlighting personal benefits being key to counter vaccine hesitancy Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Emphasising the personal benefits of vaccination against Covid may be an effective way to reduce scepticism in those most hesitant towards having a jab, research suggests. In the UK more than two-thirds of adults have received at least one dose of
There may be up to 70 times more hydrogen in Earth's core than in the oceans13h
High-temperature and high-pressure experiments involving a diamond anvil and chemicals to simulate the core of the young Earth demonstrate for the first time that hydrogen can bond strongly with iron in extreme conditions. This explains the presence of significant amounts of hydrogen in the Earth's core that arrived as water from bombardments billions of years ago.
Evolution of a smile: 400 million year old spiny fish overturns shark theory of tooth origins10h
Teeth play a central role in the ecology of most vertebrates—for catching prey, processing food and even attracting a mate. It's no surprise that scientists such as ourselves have long been interested in how teeth first evolved.
Historians Find Genius System That Kept Ancient World's Longest Water Channels Clean14min
This is so clever.
On the heels of one rare gray wolf's epic journey into California, another arrives1d
A young male gray wolf crossed into far Northern California early this month—joining another wolf that trekked into the state in late January and made an epic journey south.
UK Covid inquiry: the key areas likely to be scrutinised8h
Boris Johnson has pledged that an independent inquiry will investigate the lessons of the UK pandemic Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Boris Johnson has said an independent public inquiry with wide-ranging statutory powers will begin hearing evidence in spring 2022 into the UK government's handling of Covid-19. Although the terms of reference have yet to be agreed, th
Podcast: Can AI fix your credit?8h
Credit scores have been used for decades to assess consumer creditworthiness, but their scope is far greater now that they are powered by algorithms. Not only do they consider vastly more data, in both volume and type, but they increasingly affect whether you can buy a car, rent an apartment, or get a full-time job. In this second of a series on automation and our wallets, we explore just how muc
Could AI help recover energy and fresh water from municipal wastewater?1d
As city populations boom and the need grows for sustainable energy and water, scientists and engineers with the University of Chicago and partners are looking towards artificial intelligence to build new systems to deal with wastewater. Two new projects will test out ways to make "intelligent" water systems to recover nutrients and clean water.
Decoded: What Is a Virus, Exactly?12h
These sometimes deadly packets of genetic information are more numerous in number than the stars in the cosmos — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Bears that mark more trees may be more successful in mating6h
Brown bears that are more inclined to grate and rub against trees have more offspring and more mates, according to a University of Alberta study. The results suggest there might be a fitness component to the poorly understood behavior.
Study reveals the genetic structure of the snail Xerocrassa montserratensis11h
A study published in the journal Scientific Reports reveals the genetic structure of the land snail Xerocrassa montserratensis and it provides new scientific tools for the improvement of the conservation of this endemic and threatened species in Catalonia. This land mollusc, identified in the late 19th century in the Montserrat mountains, has a reduced geographical distribution limited to the prov
Enzyme system for the hydrogen industry13h
An enzyme could make a dream come true for the energy industry: It can efficiently produce hydrogen using electricity and can also generate electricity from hydrogen. The enzyme is protected by embedding it in a polymer. An international research team with significant participation of scientists from Technical University of Munich (TUM) has presented the system in the renowned science journal Natu
Cooked at 1,000 degrees Celsius: Guatemala's volcanic pizza6h
Guatemala's Pacaya volcano has been erupting since February, keeping local communities and authorities on high alert.
Pink drinks can help you run faster and further, study finds8h
A new study shows that pink drinks can help to make you run faster and further compared to clear drinks.
Petting therapy dogs enhances thinking skills of stressed college students8h
Programs exclusively focused on petting therapy dogs improved stressed-out students' thinking and planning skills more effectively than programs that included traditional stress-management information, according to new research.
Looming googly-eyed buoys effective at keeping seabirds safe from fish nets11h
A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.K. and one in Estonia has created a type of buoy that has proven to be effective at repelling seabirds, thus preventing them from getting caught in gillnets. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the group describes the buoy and how well it worked when tested.
Biopolymers for wound therapy deliver stem cells to improve healing15h
NUS researchers have discovered a method to fabricate a biologic interpenetrating network (IPN) hydrogel using applied rheology.
The Blue Check Mark's Evil Cousin7h
To block someone on Facebook, Instagram, or Twitter is not, in the scheme of things, a big deal. You'll no longer see them on the platform, they'll no longer see you, and then you'll both go on social networking, largely as you did before. Since your feed is made up of discrete posts personalized for you by an algorithm, blocking one person's in particular can be a simple, unobtrusive action. It'
Study reveals structure of key receptors involved in memory and learning7h
Scientists have for the first time revealed the structure surrounding important receptors in the brain's hippocampus, the seat of memory and learning. The new study focuses on the organization and function of glutamate receptors, a type of neurotransmitter receptor involved in sensing signals between nerve cells in the hippocampus region of the brain. The study reveals the molecular structure of t
How Much Time Does Humanity Have Left?7h
Statistics tell us that individuals are most likely to be somewhere around the middle part of our lives; the same could be true of the human race — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Research team investigates causes of tuberous sclerosis10h
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) affects between one and two of every 10,000 new-born babies. This genetic disease leads to the formation of benign tumors which can massively impair the proper functioning of vital organs such as the kidneys, the liver and the brain. The disease affects different patients to varying degrees and is triggered by mutations in one of two genes, the TSC1 or TSC2 gene. A
Rare Fungal Infection Affecting COVID-19 Patients in India1d
Doctors are reporting an uptick in cases of a highly lethal condition called mucormycosis that might be linked to steroid treatments for SARS-CoV-2.
Interactive typeface for digital text7h
Researchers have developed a computer font that adapts its appearance based on the user's interaction with the text. "AdaptiFont" measures a user's reading speed and interactively changes the font's shape seamlessly and continuously to allow the user to read text more easily. By employing an artificial intelligence algorithm, new personalized fonts are generated on the fly in such a way that the
Starlink and OneWeb have their first avoidance maneuver with each other's constellations14h
Two companies, OneWeb and SpaceX, are racing to put fleets of thousands of communication satellites into orbit. In March, they had their first near miss. Avoidance maneuvers were successful, but how many more close calls will they face in the future?
Millions at risk as cities fail to adapt to climate change: report19h
Hundreds of cities have no climate adaptation plans in place despite rising threats like floods, heatwaves and pollution, according to a report Wednesday that said this could put 400 million people at risk across the world.
Scientists design new drug compound to stop malaria in its tracks7h
Researchers have designed a drug-like compound which effectively blocks a critical step in the malaria parasite life cycle and are working to develop this compound into a potential first of its kind malaria treatment.
Engine converts random jiggling of microscopic particle into stored energy8h
Researchers have designed a remarkably fast engine that taps into a new kind of fuel — information. This engine converts the random jiggling of a microscopic particle into stored energy. It could lead to significant advances in the speed and cost of computers and bio-nanotechnologies.
COVID-19 vaccine does not damage the placenta in pregnancy11h
A new study of placentas from patients who received the COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy found no evidence of injury, adding to the growing literature that COVID-19 vaccines are safe in pregnancy.
Annual screening for ovarian cancer does not save lives, study finds4h
Research reveals screening picks up 39% more cancers at early stage but this does not result in fewer deaths Annual screening for ovarian cancer can detect tumours earlier but does not save lives, one of the largest studies ever conducted on the general population suggests. Although the finding is a blow to those affected by ovarian cancer, the hope is that earlier diagnosis could reduce the amou
A long-lasting, stable solid-state lithium battery•10h
Battery Years Volkswagen
Researchers have designed a stable, lithium-metal solid state battery that can be charged and discharged at least 10,000 times — far more cycles than have been previously demonstrated — at a high current density. The battery technology could increase the lifetime of electric vehicles to that of the gasoline cars — 10 to 15 years — without the need to replace the battery. With its high current
Bicyclic protein mimetics inhibit the oncogene β-catenin14h
The inhibition of pathological protein–protein interactions is a promising approach for treating a large number of diseases, including many forms of cancer. A team of researchers has now developed a bicyclic peptide that binds to β-catenin—a protein associated with certain types of tumor. The secret of their success is the cyclic nature and the hairpin shape of the peptide, which mimics a natural
Peptide could allow medical marijuana to relieve pain without side effects6h
Many people live with chronic pain, and in some cases, cannabis can provide relief. But the drug also can significantly impact memory and other cognitive functions. Now, researchers have developed a peptide that, in mice, allowed THC, the main component of Cannabis sativa, to fight pain without the side effects.
A low-cost solution to remove arsenic from drinking water8h
High levels of a naturally occurring chemical called arsenic have been a source of contamination of ground-based drinking water, such as well-water, for people in many countries around the world, including parts of the United States. Consuming arsenic-contaminated water is a serious public health issue, leading to severe health complications including skin, lung, bladder, kidney and liver cancers,
When Racism Waits along the Academic Path15h
For structural engineer and entrepreneur Nehemiah Mabry, a racist remark made to him in graduate school provided all the motivation he needed to open doors into academia for others — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
How to predict severe influenza in hospitalized patients1d
Researchers have identified predictors of both severe disease and recovery in hospitalized influenza patients, finding that the immune system works in concert to fight influenza.
Scientists invent method for predicting solar radio flux for two years ahead11h
Since the launch of Sputnik, the Earth's first artificial satellite, in 1957, more than 41,500 tons of manmade objects have been placed in orbit around the sun, the Earth, and other planetary bodies. Since that time, the majority of objects, such as rocket bodies and large pieces of space debris, re-entered the Earth's atmosphere in an uncontrolled way, posing a potential hazard to people and infr
Shaken, not stirred: Ultrafast skyrmion reshuffling13h
Smaller, faster, more energy-efficient: future requirements to computing and data storage are hard to fulfill and alternative concepts are continuously explored. Small magnetic textures, so-called skyrmions, may become an ingredient in novel memory and logic devices. In order to be considered for technological application, however, fast and energy-efficient control of these nanometer-sized skyrmio
Clingy copper ions contribute to catalyst slowdown14h
Heavy-duty diesel trucks on the road today are equipped with aftertreatment systems that include selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology using urea solution as a reducing agent to curtail harmful nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from engine exhaust before they reach the tailpipe. SCRs rely on a catalyst to help chemically convert NOx gases into nitrogen, water, and small amounts of carbon dio
The cytokine FAM3B/PANDER is an FGFR ligand that promotes posterior development in Xenopus [Developmental Biology]1d
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling plays a crucial role in anterior–posterior (A–P) axial patterning of vertebrate embryos by promoting posterior development. In our screens for novel developmental regulators in Xenopus embryos, we identified Fam3b as a secreted factor regulated in ectodermal explants. Family with sequence similarity 3…
Engineered bacteria show promise for sustainable biofuel industry1h
Acetone, a volatile solvent used for everything from removing nail polish and cleaning textiles to manufacturing plastics, could get a sustainability boost from a new strain of engineered bacteria.
Brain research gets a boost from mosquitoes6h
Scientists took a light-sensitive protein derived from mosquitoes and used it to devise an improved method for investigating the messages that are passed from neuron to neuron in the brains of mice.
Residential coal use in China results in many premature deaths, models indicate7h
Coal combustion by power plants and industry pollutes the air, causing many governments to implement mitigation actions and encourage cleaner forms of energy. Now, a new study indicates that in China, indoor air pollution from residential coal burning causes a disproportionate number of premature deaths from exposure to tiny, inhalable pollutants.
Study finds six degrees celsius cooling on land during the last Ice Age7h
Researchers show that prior studies have underestimated the cooling in the last glacial period, which has low-balled estimates of the Earth's climate sensitivity to greenhouse gases. The rather high climate sensitivity is not good news regarding future global warming, which may be stronger than expected using previous best estimates.
Observing individual atoms in 3D nanomaterials and their surfaces11h
Atoms are the basic building blocks for all materials. To tailor functional properties, it is essential to accurately determine their atomic structures. KAIST researchers observed the 3D atomic structure of a nanoparticle at the atom level via neural network-assisted atomic electron tomography.
Contamination risk of groundwater in karst regions is higher than previously believed14h
The entire ecosystem of the planet, including humans, depends on clean water. When carbonate rock weathers, karst areas are formed, from which around a quarter of the world's population obtains its drinking water. Scientists have been studying how quickly pollutants can reach groundwater supplies in karst areas and how this could affect the quality of drinking water. An international team led by J
Beyond vaccines, UNESCO wants more global science shared19h
While the U.S. president is calling for suspending patents on COVID-19 vaccines, experts at UNESCO are quietly working on a more ambitious plan: a new global system for sharing scientific knowledge that would outlast the current pandemic.
Engineering study shows renewable energy will enhance power grid's resilience1d
A new study shows that integrating renewable energy into the American Electric Power System (AEPS) would enhance the grid's resilience, meaning a highly resilient and decarbonized energy system is possible. The researchers' analysis is based upon the incremental incorporation of architectural changes that would be required to integrate renewable energy into AEPS.
Long term use of prescription meds for insomnia not linked to better quality sleep8h
Long term use of prescription meds for insomnia doesn't seem to improve disturbed sleep in middle-aged women, suggests new research.
Tech-heavy Taiwan stock index plunges on Covid outbreak19h
World's biggest contract chipmaker TSMC falls as investors brace for possible lockdown
Rapid COVID-19 diagnostic test delivers results within 4 minutes with 90 percent accuracy12h
A low-cost, rapid diagnostic test for COVID-19 developed by Penn Medicine provides COVID-19 results within four minutes with 90 percent accuracy. A paper published this week in Matter details the fast and inexpensive diagnostic test, called RAPID 1.0. Compared to existing methods for COVID-19 detection, RAPID is inexpensive and highly scalable, allowing the production of millions of units per week
10 years after obesity surgery: How did life turn out?2h
In a new study, patients were interviewed about their experiences ten years after undergoing obesity surgery. The results show that the effect on eating and weight regulation persisted, whereas other problems, such as feelings of guilt about still not being healthy enough, remained.
Organic meat less likely to be contaminated with multidrug-resistant bacteria2h
Meat that is certified organic by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is less likely to be contaminated with bacteria that can sicken people, including dangerous, multidrug-resistant organisms, compared to conventionally produced meat.
Gold leaf could help diagnose viral infections in low-resource settings7h
Gold leaf — gold metal hammered into thin sheets — is used by artists and crafters to gild picture frames, artwork and clothing. Despite its luxurious appearance, the material is affordable and available at most craft stores. Now, researchers have developed gold leaf electrodes that, in combination with a CRISPR-based assay, could sensitively detect human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in human sample
New findings linking brain immune system to psychosis7h
New research suggests a link between psychosis and a genetic change that affects the brain's immune system. The study may impact the development of modern medicines for bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.
Climate change could make atmospheric 'meteotsunamis' more common15h
Rogue waves that strike without warning across the Mediterranean and elsewhere may become more frequent as the climate changes, early stage research suggests.
How to Poison a Feral Pig? It's Not Easy.17h
Wild hogs inflict tremendous environmental damage and eat virtually anything. Poisoning seems like a good solution to reign in North America's exploding population, but how do you design a system that will kill a hog, and only a hog? Wildlife researchers are honing in on a couple of promising options.
Fatigue, mood disorders associated with post-COVID-19 syndrome22h
Patients diagnosed with post-COVID-19 syndrome, also known as "PCS," "COVID-19 long-haul syndrome" and "Post-Acute Sequelae of SARS COV-2," experience symptoms such as mood disorders, fatigue and perceived cognitive impairment that can negatively affect returning to work and resuming normal activities, according to a Mayo Clinic study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
Venstre insisterer på omdiskuteret motorvej: Mere tro mod økonomiske analyser end sognerådspolitik13h
PLUS. En måned efter regeringens udspil til en infrastrukturplan frem mod 2035 kommer Venstre nu med sit modsvar, hvor et af omdrejningspunkterne er den omdiskuterede hærvejsmotorvej.
Image: OSIRIS-REx bids farewell to Asteroid Bennu14h
On April 9, 2021, NASA's Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft took one last look at Bennu, the asteroid from which it scooped up a sample last October. Slated for return to Earth in 2023, the mission is on track to deliver a sample of pristine material left over from the formation of our solar system into the hands of resear
A new bridge between the geometry of fractals and the dynamics of partial synchronization11h
In mathematics, simple equations can generate a complex evolution in time and intriguing patterns in space. One famous example of this is the Mandelbrot set, named after the French-American mathematician of Polish origin, Benoit B. Mandelbrot (1924-2010), the most studied fractal. This set is based on a single quadratic equation with only one parameter and one variable. The fascinating fractal pat
Glyphosate inhibits symbiotic bacteria in the saw-toothed grain beetle1d
Susceptibility of their microbial partners to the herbicide may be an underestimated weak spot of insects that could add to their decline.
Persulfidation of ATG18a regulates autophagy under ER stress in Arabidopsis [Plant Biology]1d
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenously generated gaseous signaling molecule, which recently has been implicated in autophagy regulation in both plants and mammals through persulfidation of specific targets. Persulfidation has been suggested as the molecular mechanism through which sulfide regulates autophagy in plant cells. ATG18a is a core autophagy component…
Study of ancient corals in Indonesia reveals slowest earthquake ever recorded5h
A 'slow-motion' earthquake lasting 32 years – the slowest ever recorded – eventually led to the catastrophic 1861 Sumatra earthquake, researchers have found.
China launches more classified Yaogan satellites into orbit6h
China conducted two launches of classified Yaogan satellites in the last week while much of the world waited to see where and when the Long March 5B would fall.
New method for producing synthetic DNA6h
Chemically synthesized short DNA sequences are extremely important ingredients with countless uses in research laboratories, hospitals, and in industry, like in the method for identifying COVID-19. Phosphoramidites are necessary building blocks in the production of DNA sequences, but they are unstable, and break quickly. Ph.D. Alexander Sandahl (Professor Kurt Gothelf's group, Aarhus University) h
People living with HIV more likely to get sick with, die from COVID-199h
New research shows that individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) — an estimated 38 million worldwide, according to the World Health Organization — have an increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and fatal outcomes from COVID-19.
Giant sea lizard fossil shows diversity of life before asteroid hit10h
Scientists have identified the fossil of a giant mosasaur in Morocco that grew up to 8 meters long.
How to keep spacesuit 'underwear' clean?10h
Spacewalking is a major highlight of any astronaut's career. But there is a downside: putting on your spacesuit means sharing some previously-worn underlayers. A new ESA study is looking into how best to keep these items clean and hygienic as humans venture on to the Moon and beyond.
Scaling down ionic transistors to the ultimate limit10h
The human brain is a vast network of billions of biological cells called neurons which fires electrical signals that process information, resulting in our senses and thoughts. The ion channels of atomic scale in each neuron cell membrane play a key role in such firings that open and close the ion flow in an individual cell by the electrical voltage applied across the cell membrane, acting as a 'bi
X-ray ptychography performed for first time at small-scale laboratory11h
In recent years, X-ray ptychography has revolutionized nanoscale phase contrast imaging at large-scale synchrotron sources. The technique produces quantitative phase images with the highest possible spatial resolutions (10's nm) – going well beyond the conventional limitations of the available X-ray optics—and has wide reaching applications across the physical and life sciences. A paper published
Transition metal dichalcogenides get weaker when thickness decreases14h
A new study recently published in Advanced Materials reveals that MoSe2, a prominent material of the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) family, loses relative stiffness when its thickness is reduced. This work was carried out by researchers from the Adam Mickiewicz University (AMU) in Poznan (Poland) and the ICN2, under the coordination of Dr. Bartlomiej Graczykowski and Dr. Klaas-Jan Tielroo
Patients may not take advice from AI doctors who know their names1d
Researchers found that people may be less likely to take health advice from an AI doctor when the robot knows their name and medical history. On the other hand, patients want to be on a first-name basis with their human doctors.
Why is future sea level rise still so uncertain?56min
Three new papers in the last couple of weeks have each made separate claims about whether sea level rise from the loss of ice in West Antarctica is more or less than you might have thought last month and with more or less certainty. Each of these papers make good points, but anyone looking for coherent picture to emerge from all this work will be disappointed. To understand why, you need to know
The Country Gentleman of Physics – Issue 100: Outsiders1h
Julian Barbour's obsession with time began on Oct. 18, 1963. The 26-year-old Cambridge graduate in mathematics was on a train to the Bavarian alps, where he and a friend planned to climb the Watzmann, Germany's third highest peak. The newspaper in his hand contained a summary of a Scientific American article by British physicist Paul Dirac. "He questioned whether four-dimensional symmetries are a
Should We Terraform Mars? Let's Recap – Issue 100: Outsiders1h
It seemed inevitable that Elon Musk would eventually get into a Twitter war over whether Mars can be terraformed. When you're on Twitter, he told Businessweek in July, 2018, you're "in meme war land." "And so essentially if you attack me," he said, "it is therefore okay for me to attack back." Musk, the CEO and lead designer of SpaceX, wants to "make life multiplanetary," starting with Mars. "Pub
The Profound Potential of Elon Musk's New Rocket – Issue 100: Outsiders1h
In the late afternoon of May 5, SpaceX's Elon Musk tweeted, "Starship landing nominal!" Musk is not known for understatement. But seeing that stainless steel behemoth soar was, for many, something more like phenomenal. Over 5 million people watched the spectacle on YouTube, perhaps many with bated breath, as every prior attempt at landing Starship had gone up in flames. Not SN15. This Starship, a
Sikkerheden halter i halvdelen af statens samfundskritiske it-systemer1h
PLUS. En gennemgang af den statslige it-systemportefølje viser, at der ikke er styr på sikkerheden. Det bekymrer Statens It-råd.
Certain gut microbiota profile can predict mortality1h
Researchers discovered that a large amount of enterobacteria in the gut microbiota is related to long-term mortality risk in adult population.
How smartphones can help detect ecological change1h
Mobile apps like Flora Incognita that allow automated identification of wild plants cannot only identify plant species, but also uncover large-scale ecological patterns. This opens up new perspectives for rapid detection of biodiversity changes.
Holding a tool wrong? This brain region will notice1h
Nature, Published online: 13 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01261-y The part of the brain that assesses tool usage is normally more focused on hands than on tools.
Low levels of a simple sugar — A new biomarker for severe MS?2h
Researchers have discovered a sugar molecule whose levels are reduced in the blood of patients with particularly severe multiple sclerosis. Their discovery could pave the way for a new therapeutic approach.
Smaller chips open door to new RFID applications2h
Researchers have made what is believed to be the smallest state-of-the-art RFID chip, which should drive down the cost of RFID tags. In addition, the chip's design makes it possible to embed RFID tags into high value chips, such as computer chips, boosting supply chain security for high-end technologies.
An enzyme system for the hydrogen industry2h
An enzyme could make a dream come true for the energy industry: It can efficiently produce hydrogen using electricity and can also generate electricity from hydrogen. The enzyme is protected by embedding it in a polymer.
Researchers develop new method for biomanufacturing of vascularized tissue3h
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Intel says it has solved a key bottleneck in quantum computing – The breakthrough could lead to tightly integrated quantum chips.3h
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The doom-loop of a falling fertility rate – And that could point toward an economically troubling future.3h
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A brain computer interface (BCI) technique has allowed a paralyzed patient to write sentences on a screen simply by thinking about handwriting the letters. The study has doubled the previous record for invasive BCI-based writing speed.3h
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Study shows renewable energy will enhance power grid's resilience3h
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Harvard Scientists Have Created a New Gene-Editing Tool That May Rival CRISPR, That Can Enable Scientists To Perform Millions of Genetic Experiments Simultaneously3h
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Scientists pioneer creation of programmable artificial tissues from synthetic cells. They mimic some of the complex characteristics and abilities of living tissues, paving the way toward unprecedented advances in medicine, soft-robotics, and micro-engineering3h
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Paralysed man uses 'mindwriting' brain computer to compose sentences3h
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Why we should use electric rather than hydrogen cars3h
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Serbia plans to install floating facility for hydrogen production. Serbia's draft hydrogen strategy should be prepared by the summer, followed by a public debate. The plan is to give hydrogen a significant role in the development of the new energy development strategy, which will start soon.3h
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This design for a faster-than-light warp drive is making waves — but physicists disagree on whether it's possible3h
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Volvo and Daimler bet on hydrogen truck boom this decade3h
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Animals to be formally recognised as sentient beings in UK law3h
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Artificial insemination and parthenogenesis in the whitespotted bamboo shark Chiloscyllium plagiosum3h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 13 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-88568-y
UK trial points to mixed vaccines raising risk of side-effects4h
Post-jab fatigue and fever more common when second dose is different to the first
New experimental drug cagrilintide (AM833), when combined with emaglutide, shows potential for treatment of obesity (The Lancet)4h
An early study of a new experimental drug to treat obesity known as cagrilintide shows that, when combined with semaglutide 2.4 mg, the combination leads to more weight loss than semaglutide 2.4 mg alone and is well tolerated. This phase 1 study, which was recently published in The Lancet will be presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity.
Study finds that obesity drug semaglutide supresses appetite, food cravings and energy intake4h
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (held online, 10-13 May) shows that the obesity drug semaglutide reduces appetite, food cravings and energy intake in people given a meal where they could eat as much as they liked. The study is by Dr Dorthe Skovgaard, Novo Nordisk A/S (the manufacturer of the drug), Søborg, Denmark, and colleagues.
Brand new physics of superconducting metals refuted by physicists5h
Scientists have demonstrated that other physicists' recent 'discovery' of the field effect in superconductors is nothing but hot electrons after all. A team of scientists have found new and compelling evidence that the observation of the field effect in superconducting metals by another group can be explained by a simple mechanism involving the injection of the electrons, without the need for nove
Previously unknown letter reveals Einstein's thinking on bees, birds and physics5h
Could bees and birds help us understand the principles of physics? Albert Einstein thought so, according to a long-lost letter that reveals he predicted a link between physics and biology seven decades before the evidence emerged.
Two-thirds of California prison residents offered COVID vaccine accepted at least one dose5h
Two-thirds of California prisoners who were offered a COVID-19 vaccine accepted at least one dose, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
AI learns to type on a phone like humans5h
To really understand how people type on touchscreens, researchers have created the first artificial intelligence model that predicts how people move their eyes and fingers while typing. The AI model can simulate how a human user would type any sentence on any keyboard design. It makes errors, detects and corrects them, and also predicts how people adapt to a new auto-correction system or keyboard
Research reveals ancient people had more diverse gut microorganisms5h
Meradeth Snow, a University of Montana researcher and co-chair of UM's Department of Anthropology, was part of an international team that used human "paleofeces" to discover that ancient people had far different microorganisms living in their guts than we do in modern times.
Measuring brain blood flow and activity with light5h
A new, noninvasive method for measuring brain blood flow with light has been developed by biomedical engineers and neurologists at UC Davis and used to detect brain activation. The new method, functional interferometric diffusing wave spectroscopy, or fiDWS, promises to be cheaper than existing technology and could be used for assessing brain injuries, or in neuroscience research.
A PROMPT, low-cost platform speeds up gonorrhea testing and spots antibiotic resistance5h
A portable, rapid testing platform can detect gonorrhea infections in patient samples in under 15 minutes, far faster than standard-of-care tests that can take hours or days.
UNH research estimates 1.4 million children have yearly violence-related medical visits6h
A national report from the University of New Hampshire shows close to one and a half million children each year visit a doctor, emergency room or medical facility as a result of an assault, abuse, crime or other form of violence. This is four times higher than previous estimates based only on data from U.S. emergency rooms for violence-related treatment.
University of Minnesota Medical School researchers identify target for senolytic drugs6h
In a study recently published in Nature, University of Minnesota Medical School researchers found that senescent immune cells are the most dangerous type of senescent cell.
T Cell-Boosting Zika Vaccine Protects Mice from the Virus6h
By avoiding the production of antibodies, something vaccines ordinarily induce, the immunization sidesteps the problem of antibody-dependent enhancement, which can amplify infection by a similar virus and is known to occur with dengue and Zika.
Tracking time and space: how the brain records memories6h
Source: MacDonald, C. J., & Tonegawa, S. (2021). Crucial role for CA2 inputs in the sequential organization of CA1 time cells supporting memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(3), e2020698118. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2020698118 Join in me in a favorite childhood memory! I'm three: swinging inside a red canvas hammock my parents hung between two trees. This memory has pl
Breakthrough could lead to early detection of pregnancy complications6h
in a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), researchers at the University of Missouri have found a way to study uterine fluid in the lab, thereby avoiding invasive procedures during pregnancy, while at the same time developing a potential model for using precision medicine to improve pregnancy outcomes.
COVID-19 is not influenza, but it offers lessons on beating it, say Concordia researchers6h
Two Concordia researchers and their colleagues study the 2020 influenza figures from Canada, the United States, Australia and Brazil and show there is a clear relationship between COVID-mitigation measures such as hand-washing, masking and social distancing and the spread of the annual flu. They write that these preventive measures all but eliminated the flu in countries where it can kill tens of
Lemon trees showed less response to citrus greening disease pathogen than orange trees6h
Citrus greening disease was first discovered in Florida in 2005. Since then, production of oranges in the United States for processing has declined by 72 percent between the 2007-2008 growing season and the 2017-2018 growing season, primarily in Florida. The disease was discovered in California in 2012, and now the state is beginning to see a rapid increase of citrus greening disease.
Earthquake early warnings launch in Wash., completing West Coast-wide ShakeAlert system6h
When the Big One hits, the first thing Washington residents notice may not be the ground shaking but their phone issuing a warning. The U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Washington-based Pacific Northwest Seismic Network, and the Washington Emergency Management District on Tuesday, May 4, will activate the system that sends earthquake early warnings throughout Washington state. This comple
How the body builds a healthy relationship with 'good' gut bacteria6h
Research published in Nature reveals insights into how the body maintains balance with "good" gut bacteria that allows these microbes to flourish in the intestine but keeps them out of tissues and organs where they're not supposed to be.
A delicate balance: Learning new ways that gut microbes educate the immune system6h
An immune system that mistakes our good gut bacteria for an enemy can cause a dangerous type of inflammation in the intestines called colitis. An immune system that looks the other way while gut microbes spill past their assigned borders is equally dangerous. Understanding how the immune system learns to make a brokered peace with its microbial residents, called the microbiota, is therefore an imp
Elizabeth Bruenig To Join The Atlantic as a Staff Writer7h
The Atlantic announced the hire of Elizabeth Bruenig as a staff writer covering the intersection of politics, religion, and culture. Bruenig will begin with The Atlantic at the end of May; she is currently an opinion writer for The New York Times' editorial page. In a note to The Atlantic 's newsroom today, executive editor Adrienne LaFrance and Yoni Appelbaum, the senior editor who oversees the
Study finds ghost forest 'tree farts' contribute to greenhouse gas emissions7h
While standing dead trees in ghost forests did not release as much greenhouse gas emissions as the soils, they did increase GHG emissions of the overall ecosystem by about 25 percent.
UCLA scientists decode the 'language' of immune cells7h
UCLA scientists have identified 'words' immune cells use to call up immune defense genes — an important step toward understanding their language. The scientists also discovered that in an autoimmune disease, Sjögren's syndrome, two of these words are used incorrectly, activating the wrong genes and triggering the disease. Senior author, UCLA Professor Alexander Hoffmann, compares decoding the lan
New research may explain shortages in STEM careers7h
A new study by the University of Georgia revealed that more college students change majors within the STEM pipeline than leave the career path of science, technology, engineering and mathematics altogether
Scientists use genetic engineering to explore mechanisms involved in psychiatric disorders7h
The research group created a virus capable of acting on specific adult brain regions, helping to elucidate the role of key neurons in the prefrontal cortex. They tested the technique on mice.
Earthworms could help reduce antibiotic resistance genes in soil7h
Earthworms improve the soil by aerating it, breaking down organic matter and mineralizing nutrients. Now, researchers have dug up another possible role: reducing the number and relative abundance of antibiotic-resistance genes (ARGs) in soils from diverse ecosystems. These results imply that earthworms could be a natural, sustainable solution to addressing the global issue of antibiotic resistance
Cerebellum and movement coordination7h
Heyho, Was wondering whether you have recommendations for any textbooks or articles which cover movement circuitry in the brain. To quote Andrew Huberman: "Thanks a lot for your interest in science" Best regards 🙂 submitted by /u/CluelessBaboon [link] [comments]
While Some Sharks Flee, Tiger Sharks Brave Stormy Seas7h
For the first time, scientists tracked large shark movements during hurricanes and found that tiger sharks may find the turmoil opportunistic for feeding.
Gene Therapy Continues to Benefit Kids with Immunodeficiency7h
Four dozen children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) who received a corrective gene carried by a virus have working immune systems two to three years later, according to three independent clinical trials.
Stimulating environments boost the brain; now scientists have found the genes responsible7h
Scientists use a swathe of modern techniques to map, in unprecedented detail, the molecular changes in the brain of mice that grew up in stimulating surroundings. These can be pinpointed to specific 'epigenetic' modifications to the genome within neurons and glia cells. These then regulate the activity of a minority of genes, especially within genomic regions implicated in cognitive mental health
Symbiotic bacteria in root cells may be key to producing better crops, Rutgers study finds7h
A Rutgers study finds that symbiotic bacteria that colonize root cells may be managed to produce hardier crops that need less fertilizer.
New ebolavirus vaccine design seeks to drive stronger antibody defense7h
Scientists at Scripps Research have unveiled a new Ebola virus vaccine design, which they say has several advantages over standard vaccine approaches for Ebola and related viruses that continue to threaten global health. In the new design, described in a paper in Nature Communications, copies of the Ebola virus outer spike protein, known as the glycoprotein, are tethered to the surface of a spheri
Harnessing the hum of fluorescent lights for more efficient computing8h
The property that makes fluorescent lights buzz could power a new generation of more efficient computing devices that store data with magnetic fields, rather than electricity.
PENTEC: World experts team up to improve outcomes for children after radiation therapy8h
Experts around the world volunteer in a large-scale effort to provide the first evidence-based guidelines for pediatric radiation therapy. These guidelines are aimed at minimizing long-term side effects while maintaining effectiveness of therapy.
Bees and hoverflies gobble fake pollen, benefiting both insect and plant8h
Study suggests pollinators find the pseudopollen of at least one orchid species delicious.
Novel circuitry solves a myriad of computationally intensive problems with minimum energy8h
Instead of relying on software to tackle computationally intensive puzzles, researchers took an unconventional approach. They created a design for an electronic hardware system that directly replicates the architecture of many types of networks.
Quadrupolar charge dynamics in the nonmagnetic FeSe1-xSx superconductors [Physics]8h
We use polarization-resolved electronic Raman spectroscopy to study quadrupolar charge dynamics in a nonmagnetic FeSe1−xSx superconductor. We observe two types of long-wavelength XY symmetry excitations: 1) a low-energy quasi-elastic scattering peak (QEP) and 2) a broad electronic continuum with a maximum at 55 meV. Below the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural transition at…
Neural indicators of articulator-specific sensorimotor influences on infant speech perception [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]8h
While there is increasing acceptance that even young infants detect correspondences between heard and seen speech, the common view is that oral-motor movements related to speech production cannot influence speech perception until infants begin to babble or speak. We investigated the extent of multimodal speech influences on auditory speech perception…
Single-cell sequencing reveals suppressive transcriptional programs regulated by MIS/AMH in neonatal ovaries [Developmental Biology]8h
Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS/AMH), produced by granulosa cells of growing follicles, is an important regulator of folliculogenesis and follicle development. Treatment with exogenous MIS in mice suppresses follicle development and prevents ovulation. To investigate the mechanisms by which MIS inhibits follicle development, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing of whole neonatal…
Subsystem macroarchitecture of the intrinsic midbrain neural network and its tectal and tegmental subnetworks [Neuroscience]8h
The midbrain is the smallest of three primary vertebrate brain divisions. Here we use network science tools to reveal the global organizing principles of intramidbrain axonal circuitry before adding extrinsic connections with the remaining nervous system. Curating the experimental neuroanatomical literature yielded 17,248 connection reports for 8,742 possible connections between…
Hopping trajectories due to long-range interactions determine surface accumulation of microalgae [Biophysics and Computational Biology]8h
The accumulation of motile cells at solid interfaces increases the rate of surface encounters and the likelihood of surface attachment, leading to surface colonization and biofilm formation. The cell density distribution in the vicinity of a physical boundary is influenced by the interactions between the microswimmers and their physical environment,…
Core Concept: Often driven by human activity, subsidence is a problem worldwide [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]8h
Earth's surface is ever changing. Sinkholes swallow neighborhoods, river deltas slowly slide beneath the waves, and fertile fields lose elevation as farmers draw large amounts of water for irrigation from underlying aquifers. Whether gradual and subtle, or sudden and dramatic, these phenomena are known as subsidence—the lowering of the ground's…
All gas, no brakes: Testosterone may act as 'brake pedal' on immune response8h
Jonathan Busada, a researcher with the WVU School of Medicine and Cancer Institute, has investigated the role that hormones play in male and female inflammatory responses. In a new study, he found that testosterone may protect against stomach inflammation.
How imperfect memory causes poor choices8h
A new study from UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business and UC San Francisco's Department of Neurology combines insights from economics and psychology with decision-making experiments and fMRI brain scans to examine how our imperfect memories affect our decision making. Answering this question could hold implications for everything from conducting consumer research and crafting public policy to man
We need herd immunity against COVID-19 vaccine misinformation8h
A new study published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE led by researchers at UNSW Sydney revealed over 103 million people globally liked, shared, retweeted or reacted with an emoji to misinformation and conspiracy theories about COVID-19 vaccines.
Genetic risk of heart disease may be due to low Omega 3-linked biomarker8h
People who are genetically more likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases may benefit from boosting a biomarker found in fish oils, a new study suggests.
Johns Hopkins develops device for fast gonorrhea diagnosis8h
A Johns Hopkins University-led team has created an inexpensive portable device and cellphone app to diagnose gonorrhea in less than 15 minutes and determine if a particular strain will respond to frontline antibiotics.
Elephant seals' extreme diving allows them to exploit deep ocean niche8h
Using data captured by video cameras and smart accelerometers attached to female elephant seals, Taiki Adachi and colleagues show that the animals spend at least 80% of their day foraging for fish, feeding between 1,000 and 2,000 times per day. The unique glimpse at elephant seal foraging strategy shows how these large marine mammals exploit a unique ocean
'Opioid treatment deserts' abound, study finds8h
Neighborhoods without opioid treatment providers likely serve as a widespread barrier to care for those who are ready to seek help, a new study has found.
Researchers discover new genetic variants responsible for neurodevelopmental disorders8h
Researchers have revealed how variants of a gene responsible for packing and condensing genetic material present a novel cause for certain neurodevelopmental disorders.
Better integrated circuits with glide symmetry8h
Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) are highly localized surface waves on the interface between metal and dielectric in the optical frequency band. SPPs do not naturally exist in the microwave and terahertz frequencies, so "spoof" surface plasmon polaritons (SSPPs) are necessary for operations in those lower frequency bands.
Noninvasive visualization of electrical conductivity in tissues at the micrometer scale8h
Despite its importance in regulating cellular or tissue function, electrical conductivity can only be visualized in tissue indirectly as voltage potentials using fluorescent techniques, or directly with radio waves. These either requires invasive procedures like genetic modification or suffers from limited resolution. Here, we introduce radio-frequency thermoacoustic mesoscopy (RThAM) for the non
Functional interferometric diffusing wave spectroscopy of the human brain8h
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is essential for brain function, and CBF-related signals can inform us about brain activity. Yet currently, high-end medical instrumentation is needed to perform a CBF measurement in adult humans. Here, we describe functional interferometric diffusing wave spectroscopy (fiDWS), which introduces and collects near-infrared light via the scalp, using inexpensive detector ar
Common coding of expected value and value uncertainty memories in the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia output8h
Recent evidence implicates both basal ganglia and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC) in encoding value memories. However, comparative roles of cortical and basal nodes in value memory are not well understood. Here, single-unit recordings in vlPFC and substantia nigra reticulata (SNr), within macaque monkeys, revealed a larger value signal in SNr that was nevertheless correlated with and had
Traffic noise disrupts vocal development and suppresses immune function8h
Noise pollution has been linked to learning and language deficits in children, but the causal mechanisms connecting noise to cognitive deficiencies remain unclear because experimental models are lacking. Here, we investigated the effects of noise on birdsong learning, the primary animal model for vocal learning and speech development in humans. We found that traffic noise exposure retarded vocal
Crystalline shielding mitigates structural rearrangement and localizes memory in jammed systems under oscillatory shear8h
The nature of yield in amorphous materials under stress has yet to be fully elucidated. In particular, understanding how microscopic rearrangement gives rise to macroscopic structural and rheological signatures in disordered systems is vital for the prediction and characterization of yield and the study of how memory is stored in disordered materials. Here, we investigate the evolution of local s
Mucosal immunity-mediated modulation of the gut microbiome by oral delivery of probiotics into Peyers patches8h
Methods capable of maintaining gut microbiota homeostasis to prevent bacterial translocation and infection under external threats are critical for multiple facets of human health but have been rarely reported. Here, we describe the elicitation of mucosal immunity to modulate the gut microbiota by oral delivery of living probiotics into Peyer's patches. Probiotics are individually camouflaged with
Rapid observations of ocean dynamics and stratification along a steep island coast during Hurricane Maria8h
Hurricanes are extreme storms that affect coastal communities, but the linkages between hurricane forcing and ocean dynamics remain poorly understood. Here, we present full water column observations at unprecedented resolution from the southwest Puerto Rico insular shelf and slope during Hurricane María, representing a rare set of high-frequency, subsurface, oceanographic observations collected a
Pathogenic variants in SMARCA5, a chromatin remodeler, cause a range of syndromic neurodevelopmental features8h
Intellectual disability encompasses a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders, with many linked genetic loci. However, the underlying molecular mechanism for more than 50% of the patients remains elusive. We describe pathogenic variants in SMARCA5 , encoding the ATPase motor of the ISWI chromatin remodeler, as a cause of a previously unidentified neurodevelopmental disorder, identifying 12
The SAM domain-containing protein 1 (SAMD1) acts as a repressive chromatin regulator at unmethylated CpG islands8h
CpG islands (CGIs) are key regulatory DNA elements at most promoters, but how they influence the chromatin status and transcription remains elusive. Here, we identify and characterize SAMD1 (SAM domain-containing protein 1) as an unmethylated CGI-binding protein. SAMD1 has an atypical winged-helix domain that directly recognizes unmethylated CpG-containing DNA via simultaneous interactions with b
Enhanced interfacial electron transfer between thylakoids and RuO2 nanosheets for photosynthetic energy harvesting8h
The harvesting of photosynthetic electrons (PEs) directly from photosynthetic complexes has been demonstrated over the past decade. However, their limited efficiency and stability have hampered further practical development. For example, despite its importance, the interfacial electron transfer between the photosynthetic apparatus and the electrode has received little attention. In this study, we
Mechanisms of electron-phonon coupling unraveled in momentum and time: The case of soft phonons in TiSe28h
The complex coupling between charge carriers and phonons is responsible for diverse phenomena in condensed matter. We apply ultrafast electron diffuse scattering to unravel electron-phonon coupling phenomena in 1T-TiSe 2 in both momentum and time. We are able to distinguish effects due to the real part of the many-body bare electronic susceptibility, , from those due to the electron-phonon coupli
Structure of the murine lysosomal multienzyme complex core8h
The enzymes β-galactosidase (GLB1) and neuraminidase 1 (NEU1; sialidase 1) participate in the degradation of glycoproteins and glycolipids in the lysosome. To remain active and stable, they associate with PPCA [protective protein cathepsin A (CTSA)] into a high–molecular weight lysosomal multienzyme complex (LMC), of which several forms exist. Genetic defects in these three proteins cause the lys
Mesenchymal stromal exosome-functionalized scaffolds induce innate and adaptive immunomodulatory responses toward tissue repair8h
Designing scaffolds capable of inducing and guiding appropriate immune responses holds promise for tissue repair/regeneration. Biofunctional scaffolds were here prepared by immobilizing mesenchymal stromal exosomes onto fibrous polyester materials and allowed cell-mediated delivery of membrane-bound vesicles. Quantitative cell-level analyses revealed that immune cells dominated the uptake of exos
Yeast volatiles double starvation survival in Drosophila8h
Organisms make decisions based on the information they gather from their environment, the effects of which affect their fitness. Understanding how these interactions affect physiology may generate interventions that improve the length and quality of life. Here, we provide evidence that exposure to live yeast volatiles during starvation significantly extends survival, increases activity, and slows
Topological tuning of DNA mobility in entangled solutions of supercoiled plasmids8h
Ring polymers in dense solutions are among the most intriguing problems in polymer physics. Because of its natural occurrence in circular form, DNA has been extensively used as a proxy to study the fundamental physics of ring polymers in different topological states. Yet, torsionally constrained—such as supercoiled—topologies have been largely neglected so far. The applicability of existing theor
Propagation of F-actin disassembly via Myosin15-Mical interactions8h
The F-actin cytoskeleton drives cellular form and function. However, how F-actin-based changes occur with spatiotemporal precision and specific directional orientation is poorly understood. Here, we identify that the unconventional class XV myosin [Myosin 15 (Myo15)] physically and functionally interacts with the F-actin disassembly enzyme Mical to spatiotemporally position cellular breakdown and
High-entropy materials for catalysis: A new frontier8h
Entropy plays a pivotal role in catalysis, and extensive research efforts have been directed to understanding the enthalpy-entropy relationship that defines the reaction pathways of molecular species. On the other side, surface of the catalysts, entropic effects have been rarely investigated because of the difficulty in deciphering the increased complexities in multicomponent systems. Recent adva
Differential cardiopulmonary monitoring system for artifact-canceled physiological tracking of athletes, workers, and COVID-19 patients8h
Soft, skin-integrated electronic sensors can provide continuous measurements of diverse physiological parameters, with broad relevance to the future of human health care. Motion artifacts can, however, corrupt the recorded signals, particularly those associated with mechanical signatures of cardiopulmonary processes. Design strategies introduced here address this limitation through differential o
Forced into an ecological corner: Round-the-clock deep foraging on small prey by elephant seals8h
Small mesopelagic fishes dominate the world's total fish biomass, yet their ecological importance as prey for large marine animals is poorly understood. To reveal the little-known ecosystem dynamics, we identified prey, measured feeding events, and quantified the daily energy balance of 48 deep-diving elephant seals throughout their oceanic migrations by leveraging innovative technologies: animal
Female elephant seals hunt nonstop, sleeping just 1 hour a night8h
Underwater technology reveals how these elusive creatures feed
Focus on outliers creates flawed snap judgments8h
You enter a room and quickly scan the crowd to gain a sense of who's there – how many men versus women. How reliable is your estimate? Not very, according to new research. In an experimental study, researchers found that participants consistently erred in estimating the proportion of men and women in a group. And participants erred in a particular way: They overestimated whichever group was in the
Online therapy effective against OCD symptoms in the young8h
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents is associated with impaired education and worse general health later in life. Access to specialist treatment is often limited. According to a new study, internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can be as effective as conventional CBT. The study can help make treatment for OCD more widely accessible.
Developing hardier bean crops8h
Tepary beans — a high protein legume common to the southwest United States and Mexico — may hold the key to adapting bean crops for the increasingly harsh conditions brought on by a changing climate, according to new research.
'Safe System' approach could dramatically reduce road deaths while improving equity8h
A new approach to road safety that relies on design and engineering principles — the 'Safe System' approach — could lead to dramatic reductions in vehicle-related deaths and injuries if implemented in the US.
The triple threat of coronavirus8h
Immense research efforts are invested in figuring out how the virus manages to mount an effective invasion while throwing the immune system off course. A new study, published today in Nature, reveals a multipronged strategy that the virus employs to ensure its quick and efficient replication, while avoiding detection by the immune system.
How good is your sense of smell?9h
In a new study, researchers have found a possible link between poor sense of smell and a higher risk of pneumonia hospitalization.
'Tree farts' in ghost forests increase greenhouse gas9h
Greenhouse gas emissions from standing dead trees in coastal wetland forests—colloquially called "tree farts"—are a factor in the environmental impact of so-called "ghost forests." In the study, researchers compared the quantity and type of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from dead tree snags to emissions from the soil. While snags did not release as much as the soils, they did increase GHG emissi
Twins wave and point later than single kids9h
Twins lag behind single children in producing and using gestures like pointing and waving, according to new research. Those gestures go hand in hand with first words, the researchers report. Twins produce fewer gestures and gesture to fewer objects than other children, says principal researcher Şeyda Özçalışkan, an associate professor in the psychology department at Georgia State University. Lang
Autologous adipose injection for shoulder pain in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury9h
Dr. Malanga: "The results show that the minimally invasive injection of micro-fragmented adipose tissue is a safe and efficacious option for wheelchair users with shoulder pain. Based on the success of our study, a randomized controlled study with a larger number of subjects has been initiated in this patient population through funding from the New Jersey Commission for Spinal Cord Research."
'Hybrid' scientific conferences aim to offer the best of in-person and virtual meetings9h
As U.S. pandemic subsides, societies are exploring their options
Salmonella contamination via strawberry roots not a dietary risk factor9h
Strawberry production is one of the driving forces in the Spanish agriculture sector, as strawberries are highly valued for their organoleptic characteristics and health benefits. These two factors, their economic relevance, and the value that consumers assign them, make this fruit an object of scientific research from multiple perspectives, including that of food safety. A research project headed
Oleoyl-LPE exerts neurite stimulation and neuroprotection9h
Lysophospholipids are phospholipids that have just one fatty acid chain, and in recent years, the role of lysophospholipids in physiology and pathophysiology has attracted attention. Lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE) is a type of lysophospholipid that is reportedly present in the brain that consists of many species with different fatty acid chain lengths and degrees of unsaturation. The latest st
Excitation spectral microscopy integrates multi-target imaging and quantitative biosensing9h
The multiplexing capability of fluorescence microscopy is severely limited by the broad fluorescence spectral width. Spectral imaging offers potential solutions, yet typical approaches to disperse the local emission spectra notably impede the attainable throughput and place substantial constraints on temporal resolution. Tunable bandpass filters provide a possibility to scan through the emission w
Fighting food insecurity by building better beans9h
As climate change heats up the air and land making them hotter and dryer, warmer nighttime temperatures make it more difficult to grow beans — the number one source of protein and nutrients for many people living in Central America and Africa. Researchers at Michigan State University are building better beans by tapping into the genetics of the more heat-resistant tepary bean.
Brain research gets a boost from mosquitos9h
Prof. Ofer Yizhar and his team in the Weizmann Institute of Science's Neurobiology Department took a light-sensitive protein derived from mosquitos and used it to devise an improved method for investigating the messages that are passed from neuron to neuron in the brains of mice.
Youths with diverse gender identities bullied up to three times more than peers9h
Transgender and other youths with diverse gender identities are victimized up to three times more than their peers, according to a study by a team at the University of Illinois.
Research reveals new approach to understanding our wellbeing9h
The ability to connect and feel a sense of belonging are basic human needs but new Swansea University research has examined how these are determined by more than just our personal relationships.Research led by psychologist Professor Andrew Kemp highlights the importance of taking a wider approach to wellbeing and how it can be influenced by issues such as inequality and anthropogenic climate chang
Kefir packs less of a probiotic punch than labels claim9h
Gut health is having a moment, with sales of fermented foods such as kefir, kombucha, and kimchi steadily on the rise. The benefits of "good bacteria" in fermented foods and supplements go well beyond the gut, moderating immune responses, heart health, weight, and even mood. But do products hold up to the claims on their labels?
Scientists offer look into life as Caribbean volcano erupted10h
The three scientists credited with helping save lives ahead of a recent explosive volcano eruption in the eastern Caribbean island of St. Vincent are known to locals simply as Richie, Rod and TC.
Major differences in COVID patient care caused by insufficient data, misleading advice10h
A new study of drug utilization data reveals that insufficient information about how to treat patients with severe COVID led to major global differences in patient management.
Top learning apps for kids may not live up to their promise10h
Apps that claim to be educational may not be as beneficial to children as they seem, new research shows. A new study analyzed some of the most downloaded educational apps for kids, using a set of four criteria designed to evaluate whether an app provides a high-quality educational experience for children. The findings show that most of the apps scored low, with free apps scoring even lower than t
Author Correction: Lithium-ion electrolytic substrates for sub-1V high-performance transition metal dichalcogenide transistors and amplifiers10h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-23513-1
Mutation profile of acral nevi differs from acral melanoma, Moffitt researchers say10h
In a new study published in JAMA Dermatology, Moffitt Cancer Center researchers report on the mutation profile of acral nevi and describe differences between acral nevi and acral melanoma.
Asian scientists grapple with belonging10h
Asian students and faculty have long been a cornerstone of science in the U.S., drawn by the promise of collaboration and cutting-edge research. However, the Asian community is facing increased racist attacks and scrutiny from the government. A cover story in Chemical & Engineering News , the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, explores how Asian scientists are reassessing their
Obese girls face heightened risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood10h
Conclusion was drawn from a study that involved 92 adolescents aged 11-18. The findings underscore the importance of considering differences between the sexes when treatment is planned.
Landmark study casts doubt on controversial theory linking melting Arctic to severe winter weather10h
Models find few links between sea ice loss and weakened jet stream
Asian and African leopards aren't really the same species10h
African and Asian leopards are more genetically differentiated from one another than polar bears and brown bears. They are so different, in fact, they ought to be treated as two separate species, researchers report. The new knowledge has important implications for better conserving this big and beautiful, yet widely endangered cat. "If one sticks with the traditional concept of speciation, the ge
New simplified tropical forest assessment tool is highly effective at estimating forest condition10h
New collaborative research, led by the University of Oxford and published today in Ecological Solutions and Evidence, shows that a simple tropical forest assessment tool can robustly estimate forest condition, demonstrating high levels of agreement with detailed scientific data sets of biodiversity, forest structure and ecosystem functioning.
Backyard chickens, rabbits, soybeans can meet household protein demand10h
In 2020, stores sold out of garden seed, coops and rabbit cages. Now, we have an idea how much protein people can grow in their backyards.
Efficiently smuggling drugs into cells10h
A new, patented method called Progressive Mechanoporation makes it possible to mechanically disrupt the membranes of cells for a short time period and let drugs or genes inside cells. In this way, researchers can test new therapies more easily than before.
Prehistoric megafloods smaller than assumed10h
Mighty floods have carved out deep canyons on Earth. New research suggests this may have required less power than previously thought. Collecting such data, however, may be demanding.
Integration through intercultural music collaboration10h
A record 1.3 million migrants applied for asylum in the European Union in 2015. The refugee surge and the subsequent public debate on immigration brought the need for European countries, especially as homogenous as Finland, to look for new perspectives and operating models for integration and living with difference.
Online museum exhibitions will be more prominent post COVID-1910h
When Museums closed their doors in March 2020 for the first COVID-19 lockdown in the UK a majority moved their activities online to keep their audiences interested. Researchers from WMG, University of Warwick have worked with OUMNH, to analyze the success of the exhibitions, and say the way Museums operate will change forever.Caption: Compton Verney's homepage for the Cranach exhibition which open
Anesthetic may affect tau spread in the brain to promote Alzheimer's disease pathology10h
Previous research has suggested that an inhaled anesthetic called sevoflurane may promote the brain changes of Alzheimer's disease. A new study in cells and mice reveals that sevoflurane causes the Alzheimer's-related protein tau to leave neurons and enter immune cells (microglia) in the brain, ultimately leading to inflammation and cognitive impairment.
Box fan air cleaner can greatly reduce virus transmission, study finds10h
A systematic modeling study of simple air cleaners using a box fan shows these inexpensive units can greatly decrease the amount of airborne virus in these spaces, if used appropriately.
New mothers twice as likely to have post-natal depression in lockdown, study finds10h
Almost half (47.5 percent) of women with babies aged six months or younger met the threshold for postnatal depression during the first COVID lockdown, more than double average rates for Europe before the pandemic (23 percent), a new study finds.
Study finds 80 percent of hospitalized COVID-19 patients have neurological issues10h
A new paper presents early results of the global effort to gather information about the incidence, severity and outcomes of neurological manifestations of COVID-19 disease.
Impact of Covid on the dying and their loved ones | Letter11h
I felt that we were deprived of quality time together, writes Lesley West , whose husband died this year Rachel Clarke's article (10 May) resonated with me as it captured completely the effect of the pandemic on the dying. My late husband was diagnosed with aggressive prostate cancer earlier this year and spent his final two weeks in hospital. I was "allowed" to visit if the permission of a docto
Ancient gut microbiomes may offer clues to modern diseases11h
Joslin Diabetes Center scientists have found dramatic differences between gut microbiomes from ancient North American peoples and modern microbiomes, offering new evidence on how these microbes may evolve with different diets.
AI helps predict treatment outcomes for patients with diseased dental implants11h
Peri-implantitis, a condition where tissue and bone around dental implants becomes infected, besets roughly one-quarter of dental implant patients, and currently there's no reliable way to assess how patients will respond to treatment of this condition.
Empathic and altruistic or cold and individualistic: our brains reveal the truth11h
Are you empathic and altruistic? In short, do you possess that specific personality trait defined as "agreeableness"? New research sheds light on brain mechanisms underlying this trait. The study showed that individualistic subjects seem to process information associated with social and non-social contexts in similar ways, whereas in more agreeable subjects the activation patterns arising show mor
Sources of SARS-CoV-2 and other microorganisms in dental aerosols11h
COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic in March 2020 and given an incomplete understanding of the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 at that time, the ADA recommended that dental offices refrain from providing non-emergency services. The study "Sources of SARS-CoV-2 and Other Microorganisms in Dental Aerosols," published in the Journal of Dental Research (JDR), sought to inform infection-control science
Author Correction: hnRNP H/F drive RNA G-quadruplex-mediated translation linked to genomic instability and therapy resistance in glioblastoma11h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-23484-3
The brain implant that turns thoughts into text11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01292-5 A new neural interface lets people type with their mind, and a crafting journey into materials science.
Skeletal editing through direct nitrogen deletion of secondary amines11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03448-9 Nitrogen is 'deleted' from secondary amines using anomeric amide reagents, which react with the amine to form an isodiazene, after which nitrogen gas is released and the resulting carbon radicals combine to form a carbon–carbon bond.
Thymic development of gut-microbiota-specific T cells11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03531-1 In young mice, antigens from the gut microbiota are trafficked by CX3CR1+ dendritic cells from the gut to the thymus, where they induce the expansion of T cells that are specific to commensal microorganisms.
Structure and dynamics of a mycobacterial type VII secretion system11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03517-z A cryo-electron microscopy structure of the inner membrane complex of the ESX-5 type VII secretion system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals an important role of interactions with MycP5 protease for complex integrity.
Ultralow contact resistance between semimetal and monolayer semiconductors11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03472-9 Electric contacts of semimetallic bismuth on monolayer semiconductors are shown to suppress metal-induced gap states and thus have very low contact resistance and a zero Schottky barrier height.
Structures of telomerase at several steps of telomere repeat synthesis11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03529-9 Cryo-electron microscopy structures of Tetrahymena telomerase with telomeric DNA at several steps of nucleotide addition provide insights into the structural basis of telomere repeat synthesis.
Lineage tracing of human development through somatic mutations11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03548-6 Whole-genome sequencing of haematopoietic colonies from human fetuses reveals the somatic mutations acquired by individual progenitors, which are used as barcodes to construct a phylogenetic tree of blood development.
High-performance brain-to-text communication via handwriting11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03506-2 A brain–computer interface enables rapid communication through neural decoding of attempted handwriting movements in a person with paralysis.
DHODH-mediated ferroptosis defence is a targetable vulnerability in cancer11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03539-7 DHO dehydrogenase regulates ferroptosis by preventing mitochondrial lipid peroxidation and its inhibition suppresses growth in tumours with low levels of GPX4.
Cross-tissue organization of the fibroblast lineage11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03549-5 Single-cell and genetic tools are used to characterize the diversity of fibroblasts across healthy and perturbed tissues in mice and humans.
CMOS-based cryogenic control of silicon quantum circuits11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03469-4 A cryogenic CMOS control chip operating at 3 K is used to demonstrate coherent control and simple algorithms on silicon qubits operating at 20 mK.
An aged immune system drives senescence and ageing of solid organs11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03547-7 An aged, senescent immune system has a causal role in driving systemic ageing, and the targeting of senescent immune cells with senolytic drugs has the potential to suppress morbidities associated with old age.
Ubiquitous atmospheric production of organic acids mediated by cloud droplets11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03462-x The oxidation of hydrated formaldehyde from cloud droplets is the dominant source of atmospheric formic acid, increasing atmospheric acidity by reducing cloud and rainwater pH.
Widespread six degrees Celsius cooling on land during the Last Glacial Maximum11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03467-6 Analyses and modelling of noble gases in groundwater show that the mean annual surface temperatures of low-altitude, low-to-mid-latitude land masses were about 6 °C cooler during the Last Glacial Maximum than during the Late Holocene.
A dynamic stability design strategy for lithium metal solid state batteries11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03486-3 A multi-layered electrolyte, in which a less stable electrolyte is sandwiched between two electrolyte layers that are more stable, can inhibit the growth of lithium dendrites in highly pressurized solid-state lithium metal batteries.
Hippocampal AMPA receptor assemblies and mechanism of allosteric inhibition11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03540-0 Analyses of hippocampal AMPA receptor–auxiliary subunit complexes provide insights into the predominant assemblies and organization of the AMPA receptor, TARP-γ8 and CNIH2/SynDIG4 and explain the mechanism of inhibition of a clinically relevant, brain-region-specific allosteric inhibitor.
Mitochondrial TNAP controls thermogenesis by hydrolysis of phosphocreatine11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03533-z Tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) within mitochondria hydrolyses phosphocreatine to initiate a futile cycle of creatine dephosphorylation and phosphorylation in thermogenic fat cells.
RNA transcripts stimulate homologous recombination by forming DR-loops11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03538-8 RNA transcripts stimulate homologous recombination through the formation of DR-loops, intermediate structures that contain both DNA–DNA and DNA–RNA hybrids.
Fibroblast cells reveal their ancestry11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01204-7 Cells called fibroblasts can boost health yet also drive disease. Cell-lineage analysis has unveiled the first comprehensive atlas of fibroblasts from various healthy and diseased tissues, a result that has major clinical implications.
Nitrogen deletion offers fresh strategy for organic synthesis11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01205-6 Many scientific fields and industries rely on the synthesis of small organic molecules. A chemical reagent has been developed that allows such molecules to be made by 'deleting' nitrogen atoms from readily accessible precursors.
Neural interface translates thoughts into type11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00776-8 A neural interface has been developed that could enable people with paralysis to type faster than they could using other technologies, by directly translating attempts at handwriting into text.
A mitochondrial gatekeeper that helps cells escape death by ferroptosis11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01203-8 Ferroptosis is a type of cell death driven by oxidative damage to lipid membranes. The discovery that organelles called mitochondria have an antioxidant system that counteracts ferroptosis might lead to new anticancer therapies.
Nature-based solutions can help cool the planet — if we act now11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01241-2 Analysis suggests that to limit global temperature rise, we must slash emissions and invest now to protect, manage and restore ecosystems and land for the future.
Cloud droplets aid the production of formic acid in the atmosphere11h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01206-5 Known sources of formic acid could not explain the observed atmospheric concentrations of this compound. The discovery of a previously unknown pathway that generates formic acid in the atmosphere resolves this discrepancy.
Chronic pain in the US has gotten 'substantially worse'11h
Americans are in chronic pain, and a new study reveals that the long-standing and under-acknowledged problem is getting substantially worse. The findings, published in the journal Demography , suggest blanket increases across multiple measures, with pain rising in every adult age group, in every demographic group, and at every site of pain for which data exists. People today experience more pain
Pregnant women hospitalized for COVID-19 infection do not face increased risk of death, new study suggests11h
Pregnant women who develop severe COVID-19 infections that require hospitalization for pneumonia and other complications may not be more likely to die from these infections than non-pregnant women. In fact, they may have significantly lower death rates than their non-pregnant counterparts.
Intoxication brings strangers physically closer11h
In a study with pandemic-related implications, researchers report that strangers who consume alcohol together may keep their distance initially — but draw physically closer as they become intoxicated.
COVID-19: Discovery of the mechanisms of short- and long-term anosmia11h
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, the CNRS, Inserm, Université de Paris and the Paris Public Hospital Network (AP-HP) determined the mechanisms involved in the loss of smell in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 at different stages of the disease. They discovered that SARS-CoV-2 infects sensory neurons and causes persistent epithelial and olfactory nervous system inflammation.
Organic meat less likely to be contaminated with multidrug-resistant bacteria, study suggests11h
Meat that is certified organic by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is less likely to be contaminated with bacteria that can sicken people, including dangerous, multidrug-resistant organisms, compared to conventionally produced meat.
Composing thoughts: Mental handwriting produces brain activity turned into text11h
Scientists have developed a brain-computer interface (BCI) designed to restore the ability to communicate in people with spinal cord injuries and neurological disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This system has the potential to work more quickly than previous BCIs, and it does so by tapping into one of the oldest means of communications we have–handwriting.
Online CBT effective for social anxiety disorder in young people11h
Social anxiety disorder can cause considerable suffering in children and adolescents and, for many with the disorder, access to effective treatment is limited. Researchers at Centre for Psychiatry Research at Karolinska Institutet and Region Stockholm in Sweden have now shown that internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy is an efficacious and cost-effective treatment option. The study is p
Mitochondrial enzyme found to block cell death pathway points to new cancer treatment strategy11h
MD Anderson researchers have discovered a new role for the DHODH enzyme in blocking a form of cell death called ferroptosis. Preclinical findings suggest that targeting DHODH could restore cell death and inhibit tumor growth.
Delayed localized hypersensitivity reactions to Moderna COVID-19 vaccine11h
What The Study Did: Delayed localized injection-site reactions to the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine for 16 patients are described in this report.
Sunburn injuries in Australia, New Zealand11h
What The Study Did: Researchers used registry data to examine the number, characteristics and outcomes of patients with sunburns severe enough to warrant admission to specialist burn services in Australia and New Zealand.
Violence-related medical treatment among US children, adolescents11h
What The Study Did: This survey study estimated the number of children and adolescents in the United States who have received medical care as a result of assault, abuse or exposure to violence.
Perinatal outcomes during COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario, Canada11h
What The Study Did: Rates of preterm birth and stillbirth in Ontario, Canada, during the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic are evaluated in this study.
Drug overdose deaths before, after shelter-in-place orders during COVID-19 pandemic in San Francisco11h
What The Study Did: Researchers describe overdose deaths in San Francisco before and after the initial COVID-19 shelter-in-place order to try to make clear whether characteristics of fatal overdoses changed during this time in an effort to guide future prevention efforts.
Stanford scientists' software turns 'mental handwriting' into on-screen words, sentences11h
Artificial intelligence, interpreting data from a device placed at the brain's surface, enables people who are paralyzed or have severely impaired limb movement to communicate by text.
Brain-computer interface creates text by decoding brain signals associated with handwriting11h
Using a brain-computer interface, a clinical trial participant was able to create text on a computer at a rate of 90 characters per minute just by thinking about the movements involved in writing by hand.
Publisher Correction: Delay in primordial germ cell migration in adamts9 knockout zebrafish11h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89717-z
COVID lockdowns exacerbated racist policing in the UK, say experts11h
The nationwide coronavirus lockdowns and enhancement of police powers have disproportionately harmed communities of color, according to a new briefing paper by the Center on the Dynamics of Ethnicity (CoDE) at The University of Manchester.
Piles of ancient poop reveal 'extinction event' in human gut bacteria11h
First DNA from paleofeces show people 1000 years ago in U.S., Mexico had much more diverse gut microbes
Pauser på jobbet kan göra skillnad för hälsan11h
Riktade, hälsofrämjande insatser på arbetsplatser kan öka den självupplevda hälsan hos medarbetare – trots en stressig vardag. Det framkommer i en avhandling från Lunds universitet. Lina Ejlertsson, doktorand i folkhälsovetenskap vid Lunds universitet, menar att det finns en klassisk bild av att jobba och mäta hälsa på arbetsplatser genom sjukskrivningstal, produktion och effektivitet. – Oftast s
Only 17 percent of free-flowing rivers are protected, new research shows11h
New science about the fate of freshwater ecosystems released today by the journal Sustainability finds that only 17 percent of rivers globally are both free-flowing and within protected areas, leaving many of these highly-threatened systems—and the species that rely on them —at risk.
Derek Chauvin trial: How oppressive police systems defend themselves11h
The recent conviction of white Minneapolis police officer, Derek Chauvin, for the murder of a black man, George Floyd, was widely welcomed in the US and elsewhere. The US police force has long been seen as helping to maintain the country's racialised system of inequality. In the face of that, Chauvin's conviction appears to be, as President Joe Biden put it, "a giant step forward in the march towa
Scientists create a new type of intelligent material11h
Intelligent materials, the latest revolution in the field of materials science, can adapt their properties depending on changes in their surroundings. They can be used in everything from self-healing mobile phone screens, to shape-shifting airplane wings, and targeted drug delivery. Delivering drugs to a specific target inside the body using intelligent materials is particularly important for dise
Who will be the winners and losers of flexible working?11h
Working from home during the pandemic has been a major learning curve for organizations and workers alike, with mixed blessings.
Staph infection turf study yields insight in coronavirus survivability on fields11h
When Andrew McNitt and colleagues were conducting a study of the survivability of bacteria that cause staph infections on synthetic and natural turf football fields in 2008-09, no one had heard of COVID-19, of course. So, the question of whether the novel coronavirus that triggered the global pandemic could persist on playing surfaces and infect players was unimaginable.
Rebalancing work and life to improve productivity and profit11h
Juggling one's job and one's personal life, the so-called work-life balance, is high on the agenda for the modern worker, especially as we begin to realize how imbalance can lead to mental health problems and even physical issues. New work published in the International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, has looked at how improved work-life balance among company employees not on
Hard work most important for making the 'ideal' university student, study says11h
University lecturers rate hard work and enthusiasm at the top the list of characteristics that make the 'ideal' university student, according to new research.
Mechanism deciphered: How organic acids are formed in the atmosphere11h
The acidity of the atmosphere is increasingly determined by carbon dioxide and organic acids such as formic acid. The second of these contribute to the formation of aerosol particles as a precursor of raindrops and therefore impact the growth of clouds and pH of rainwater. In previous atmospheric chemistry models of acid formation, formic acid tended to play a small role. The chemical processes be
As COVID surges, Indians grapple with desperation, grief, and fury11h
India in the 21st century has emerged as a powerhouse of development: education rising and poverty falling, with pharmaceuticals and tech driving a booming economy. But the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic has ravaged the country in recent weeks, and the nation's deadly inequality has been compounded by broad government failures.
Study finds 'ghost forests' contribute to greenhouse gas emissions11h
A new study from North Carolina State University finds that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from standing dead trees in coastal wetland forests—colloquially called "tree farts"—need to be accounted for when assessing the environmental impact of so-called "ghost forests."
How lockdown playlists were used to express emotions during the pandemic11h
Playlists compiled through the pandemic reveal a largely upbeat mindset as listeners turned to music to beat the lockdown blues, new research shows.
Scientists uncover how resistance proteins protect plants from pathogens11h
In plants, disease resistance proteins serve as major immune receptors that sense pathogens and pests and trigger robust defense responses. Scientists previously found that one such disease resistance protein, ZAR1, is transformed into a highly ordered protein complex called a resistosome upon detection of invading pathogens, providing the first clue as to how plant disease resistance proteins wor
Researchers reveal the internal signals cells use to maintain energy11h
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have taken a deep dive into a previously overlooked family of proteins and discovered that they are essential to maintaining the energy that cells need to grow and survive. The proteins, known as lipid kinases, produce messengers that help balance cellular metabolism and promote overall health. The findings, published in Developmenta
Building molecules like Tinkertoys? A breakthrough study may pave the way11h
Molecules are the building blocks for our modern world, from phones to cars to Doritos. But coming up with new ones is still an incredibly costly and time-consuming process. A group of University of Chicago chemists wants to find a better way.
Scientists track a cargo spill from New York to Norway, reveal how currents disperse harmful substances11h
The blocking of the Suez Canal in March by a megaship named Ever Given delayed over 200 vessels laden with thousands of containers, serving as a reminder of the scale of the shipping industry and the global repercussions when something goes badly wrong at sea. Yet most people remain unaware of just how frequently the cargo carried by huge container ships doesn't make it to port at all.
What I saw in my year and a half at a 'no-excuses' charter school11h
Charter schools are 30 years old as of 2021, and the contentious debate about their merits and place in American society continues.
Young adults vastly more affected by COVID pandemic in Ireland than older adults11h
"We're meant to be crossing over … but the bridge is broken": 2020 university graduates' experiences of the pandemic in Ireland
Scientists observe rapid ozone fluctuations over the Antarctic polar vortex edge area11h
The polar vortex is a large area of upper-atmosphere cyclonic air circulation surrounding both poles. It is bounded by the polar jet stream and its associated cold air is usually confined to the polar regions. Within the Antarctic circle, and southern polar vortex, ozone quantities are the lowest, globally. A research published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, led by Dr. Luo Yuhan, correspondi
New algorithm to ensure more accuracy in studying the interior of the Earth11h
An essential preliminary to building and construction or resource extraction is studying the geological structure of the site. One of the steps of this process is geophysical investigation. This provides a continuous overview of the geological horizons rather than just data on points: boreholes. The standard methods of geophysics help successfully solve this problem in comparatively simple conditi
Violinmaking meets artificial intelligence11h
How to predict the sound produced by a tonewood block once carved into the shape of a violin plate? What is the best shape for the best sound? Artificial Intelligence offer answers to these questions. These are the conclusions that researchers of the Musical Acoustics Lab of Politecnico di Milano presented in a study that was recently published on Nature Scientific Reports.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B Volume 11, Issue 4 publishes11h
https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/acta-pharmaceutica-sinica-b/vol/11/issue/4Special Issue: The Biological Fate of Drug Nanocarriers
20 days later — The short story about muscles regeneration11h
Skeletal muscles make a tremendous variety of actions stabilizing the body in different positions. Despite their endurance during daily activities, they can undergo several mild injuries caused by sport, accidental overstretching, or sudden overtwisting. Luckily mild injuries can be quickly healed; however, when a large part of muscles is damaged or resected surgically, the full recovery can be im
Xerocrassa montserratensis, an endemic and threatened snail in Catalonia11h
A study published in the journal Scientific Reports reveals the genetic structure of the land snail Xerocrassa montserratensis and it provides new scientific tools for the improvement of the conservation of this endemic and threatened species in Catalonia.
Locomotion Vault will help guide innovations in virtual reality locomotion11h
Experts in virtual reality locomotion have developed a new resource that analyses all the different possibilities of locomotion currently available.
Health status of vulnerable gopher tortoises revealed in Southeastern Florida12h
The gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) is declining because of habitat loss and fragmentation, human interaction including collisions with vehicles, predation by domestic animals, and disease. These long-lived reptiles are found throughout Florida and are affected by various diseases including upper respiratory tract disease. A number of pathogens such as Mycoplasma spp., Herpesvirus, and Ranav
Author Correction: Multi-region exome sequencing reveals genomic evolution from preneoplasia to lung adenocarcinoma12h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-23163-3
The Atlantic Daily: American Office Life Is Poised for a Comeback12h
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox. White-collar employees' great forced-remote-work experiment is drawing to an end. Bosses are sounding their managerial bugles, warning the privileged work-from-home class that, in the coming month
The case for co-ops, the invisible giant of the economy | Anu Puusa12h
Think capitalism is broken? Try cooperativism, says co-op enthusiast and researcher Anu Puusa. She lays out how cooperatives — businesses owned, operated and controlled by their members — can both make money and have a positive impact on the environment and local communities. With co-ops, Puusa says, doing good business and doing good at the same time becomes possible.
NUS scientists create a new type of intelligent material12h
Researchers from the National University of Singapore have created a new class of intelligent materials. It has the structure of a two-dimensional (2D) material, but behaves like an electrolyte – and could be a new way to deliver drugs within the body.
Eco-friendly device developed at UL, Ireland detects real-time pipe damage12h
Eco-friendly device developed at University of Limerick in Ireland detects real-time pipe damage and could help to save water.
Researchers develop methods to understand how tb consumes its favourite foods12h
Tuberculosis is a deadly yet curable infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis which remains the second leading cause of infectious death globally. According to the World Health Organization, a total of 1.4 million people died from tuberculosis in 2019.
A hairpin to fight cancer12h
The inhibition of pathological protein-protein interactions is a promising approach for treating a large number of diseases, including many forms of cancer. A team of researchers has now developed a bicyclic peptide that binds to beta-catenin–a protein associated with certain types of tumor. The secret of their success is the cyclic nature and the hairpin shape of the peptide, which mimics a natu
Computer designs magnonic devices12h
Magnonic devices have the potential to revolutionize the electronics industry. Qi Wang, Andrii Chumak from University of Vienna and Philipp Pirro from TU Kaiserslautern have largely accelerated the design of more versatile magnonic devices via a feedback-based computational algorithm. Their "inverse-design" of magnonic devices has now been published in Nature Communications.
On the road to smart cities: Where smart vehicles stand and where they're going12h
With rapid advancements in network connectivity technology, such as 5G and 6G, intelligent vehicles with AI-enabled technology and an internet-of-vehicles could soon replace ad-hoc smart vehicular networks. However, the successful integration of smart vehicles with society requires adequate computing frameworks. Now, a global team of computer scientists takes stock of computing paradigms for vehic
Surgery for snakes who eat golf balls by mistake?12h
When a hungry snake eats a golf ball instead of an egg, it can cause serious problems. Snakes are excellent predators, and eggs are often on the menu, but other ovoid objects can fool their senses. Greg Lewbart , a professor of aquatic animal medicine at North Carolina State University, specializes in developing innovative treatments for our aquatic and reptilian friends. In a study in the Journa
Migration maps help protect the corridors herds need12h
Researchers have created maps to benefit migrating herds of wildlife, specifically ungulates. From the plains of Serengeti to the mountains of Wyoming, wildlife herds are facing threats to critical migration routes. The maps, from the University of Oregon's InfoGraphics Lab, could help these mammals on the move. Jim Meacham and Alethea Steingisser are working with researchers led by Wyoming biolo
'A toxic cocktail:' Panel delivers harsh verdict on the world's failure to prepare for pandemic12h
Report proposes major overhaul of health systems to fight future threats
Advances in medical imaging enable visualization of white matter tracts in fetuses12h
Researchers from the £12 million Developing Human Connectome Project have used the dramatic advances in medical imaging the project has provided to visualise and study white matter pathways, the wiring that connects developing brain networks, in the human brain as it develops in the womb.
Most frequently asked questions in rheumatology clinics answered12h
May 1, 2021 – Rheumatologists in Hong Kong joined hands to develop a set of consensus statements on COVID-19 vaccination for local adult patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases. These timey statements would serve to be a guide for rheumatologists, other specialists, family physicians, specialty nurses, and the public regarding COVID-19 vaccination for patients with rheumatic diseases.
Decoded: What are viruses, exactly?13h
These sometimes deadly packets of genetic information are more numerous in number than the stars in the cosmos. Viruses are tiny infectious agents that dominate much of the microscopic world. They're incredibly abundant. There are more viruses in a single drop of seawater than there are people living in New York City. And there are more viruses on Earth than there are stars in the universe. They'
Good presentation skills benefit careers — and science13h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01281-8 Despite many competing demands, there are compelling reasons for researchers to prioritize developing the skills that will improve their presentations.
Researchers discovered a gut microbiota profile that can predict mortality13h
Researchers discovered that a large amount of enterobacteria in the gut microbiota is related to long-term mortality risk in Finnish adult population.
Shaken, not stirred: Reshuffling skyrmions ultrafast13h
Scientists of Max Born Institute together with colleagues from Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and further research institutions now investigated in detail how laser-based creation and annihilation of skyrmions can be controlled to promote application of the process in devices. To image the magnetic skyrmions, the team of researchers used holography-based x-ray micr
LAMOST helps Gaia achieve millimagnitude photometry precision13h
The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) has helped Gaia achieve millimagnitude (mmag) precision in photometry, according to a study led by researchers from National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) and Beijing Normal University (BNU).
America Just Entered A New Era For Renewable Energy – Over The Last Two Decades, The US Has Seen Incredible Growth In Renewable Energy: Roughly A 12,000% Increase In The Installed Capacity Of Solar Panels And 4,800% For Onshore Wind Turbines.13h
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Researchers Have Developed A Way To Wirelessly Charge Vehicles On The Road13h
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Attacking aging and chronic disease by eliminating 'senescent' cells with immunotherapy13h
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Artificial Intelligence and drones will help pin down Sosnovsky's hogweed13h
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Very interesting talk on YouTube from Dr. Erik Lentz about his recent Warp Drive paper.13h
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Sequencing the genome of the leopard13h
They are some of the most beautiful, and elusive, animals on the plant. Leopards. In a major scientific step, the whole genome DNA sequence of 23 individual leopards have been interpreted.
Fascineret af det fagligt udfordrende: Hjertelæge fra Rigshospitalet har fået EliteForsk-pris13h
Den 38-årige overlæge på Rigshospitalet Emil Fosbøl har for nyligt modtaget EliteForsk-prisen for sin forskningsindsats inden for bl.a. hjerteklapsygdomme. Dagens Medicin har talt med den ambitiøse hjertelæge og forsker.
Open access 'excludes' developing world scientists13h
Open access publishing is excluding many developing world scientists as complex fee waiver systems fall short, say leading researchers.
Drexel study: Parks not only safe, but essential during the pandemic13h
Parks played an important role for people seeking respite from the toll of social isolation during the pandemic, and according to new research from Drexel University, they did so without increasing the spread of COVID-19. The study looked at how people used 22 parks in Philadelphia and New York during the height of the pandemic and it found no strong correlation between park use and the number of
Læger fraråder frivillige coronavacciner13h
Dansk Selskab for Almen Medicin (DSAM) vil formentlig fraråde borgere at tage del i den frivillige ordning med vaccinerne fra AstraZeneca og Johnson & Johnson.
Engineered bacteria show promise for sustainable biofuel industry, researchers say13h
Acetone, a volatile solvent used for everything from removing nail polish and cleaning textiles to manufacturing plastics, could get a sustainability boost from a new strain of bacteria engineered by a research team based in Japan.
The carbon footprint of Airbnb is likely bigger than you think13h
In its 13 years of existence, Airbnb has grown from a minnow to a whale in holiday accommodation. Today, it offers more than 5.6 million active listings across 220 countries and regions. In Australia, Airbnb lists 346,581 spaces—that's 4% of Australia's total housing stock.
Researchers discover regulatory pathway that blocks immune response against cancer13h
Researchers show that TIM-3 inhibits the STING signaling pathway in dendritic cells, thereby blocking their ability to elicit an immune response.
Wild Bill Loses Power at Sea! | Deadliest Catch13h
Stream Full Episodes of Deadliest Catch: discovery+ ► https://www.discoveryplus.com/show/deadliest-catch discovery ► https://go.discovery.com/tv-shows/deadliest-catch/ Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Join us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DeadliestCatch https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/DeadliestCatch https://twitter.com/D
High-end tourism in Indonesia fails to empower local people during pandemic13h
The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc on the travel and tourism industry globally. Indonesia is no exception.
Seaspiracy: How to make fishing more sustainable by tackling bycatch13h
Capturing audiences worldwide with its no-holds-barred indictment of the fishing industry, Netflix's Seaspiracy is the latest documentary to draw attention to the plight of our oceans. With marine species at risk of extinction, degradation of coral reef habitats, and threats to nutritionally important fish species, public concern about ocean mismanagement is well founded.
What does your voice say about you?13h
Everyone has at some point been charmed by the sound of a person's voice: but can we believe our ears? What can a voice really reveal about our character? Now an international research team led by the University of Göttingen has shown that people seem to express at least some aspects of their personality with their voice. The results were published in the Journal of Research in Personality.
Researcher creates bacteria strain to quell bad dog breath14h
University of Arizona researchers have developed a harmless bacteria strain to battle bad breath in our furry friends.
Serious violence falls by a third in England14h
Levels of serious violence in England and Wales fell by almost a third in 2020, reflecting COVID-19 lockdowns and other restrictions.
NASA's OSIRIS-REx Is Headed Home With a Huge Asteroid Sample14h
NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft is heading home. After a successful visit to the asteroid Bennu that lasted more than two years, the mission broke orbit today and set course for Earth. Most robotic missions are a one-way affair, but OSIRIS-REx wasn't going to an asteroid just to look around. It grabbed a souvenir in the form of about 2 pounds of regolith, and scientists on Earth can't wait to get th
Lange telefonkonsultationer i almen praksis kan være fortid om få uger14h
Lange telefonkonsultationer har været uhyre populære blandt praktiserende læger under coronakrisen. Nu tyder det på, at læger og patienter om få uger igen skal vænne sig til et praksisliv uden konsultationsformen. Danske Regioner ønsker at opsige særaftalen pr. 1. juni.
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01293-4 Unwanted visitors.
Vejrmodeller bliver bedre med dårligere præcision i beregningerne14h
Der er ingen grund til at bruge 64 bit repræsentation i vejrberegninger. 32 bit er lige så godt og frigiver kapacitet til at forbedre vejrmodeller på andre områder.
Seamless in Sumatra: Joined-up thinking benefits tigers, climate and communities14h
Imagine a project that protects an apex predator, improves people's lives and promotes planetary health. It may sound like the stuff of fantasy, but this is no fairy tale. It is precisely what Fauna & Flora International (FFI) and our in-country partners have achieved in the Indonesian province of Jambi, deep in the heart of Sumatra.
Pandemic screen time tops 6 hours a day for some kindergartners14h
Kindergartners from low-income families spent more than six hours a day in front of screens during two early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, a small Ohio study suggests.That is nearly double the screen time found before the pandemic in similar children, according to other research.
First worldwide view of a key phytoplankton proxy14h
From vast, swirling blooms to minuscule populations, photosynthetic phytoplankton drifting near the surface of the ocean are often captured in snapshots from chlorophyll-detecting satellites. However, phytoplankton at greater depths escape detection, so researchers must rely on other methods to study them.
Plant-based, probiotics and vitamins: What new diets mean for farmed fish health14h
Farmed fish are increasingly becoming vegetarian, with plant-based feed now widely used in Europe. Researchers now want to optimize feed to promote fish growth and nutrition. To do this, they are studying fish gut bacteria and the impact of probiotic additives as well as testing nutrient supplements.
History of giants in the gene: Scientists use DNA to trace the origins of giant viruses15h
Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay shed light on the origins of Mimivirus and other giant viruses to better understand a group of unique biological forms that shaped life on Earth. In their latest study, published in Molecular Biology and Evolution, the researchers show that giant viruses may have come from a complex single-cell ancestor, keeping DNA replication machinery b
"Svensk skola börjar likna 1800-talets sociala uppdelning"15h
Den segregerade svenska skolan skiljer sig från högprestigeskolor utomlands som välkomnar blandade elevgrupper. Petter Sandgren, som forskar om överklassens utbildningsvägar, ser en splittring som nått även resursstarka elever. – Skolan ska vara en motkraft till ökad segregering, men nuvarande skolsystem spär på snarare än motverkar klyftorna. Som akademiker är det fascinerande att studera, säger
Give research into solar geoengineering a chance15h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01243-0 There is no substitute for aggressive cuts in greenhouse-gas emissions. But the risks and benefits of technologies that could mitigate global warming need to be evaluated.
Get Three Years Of PlayStation Plus For Over 30% Off15h
Gaming has gone from a solo hobby to one we can share, although, like any social group, we've had to pioneer the online timeout for the less well-behaved . Fortunately, it's never been easier to game with those closest to you. These stackable PlayStation Plus codes help you play the games you like with the people you love, and they're only $119.99 using code PLAYSTATION2021. PlayStation Plus, for
Author Correction: Probing the floral developmental stages, bisexuality and sex reversions in castor (Ricinus communis L.)15h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89718-y Author Correction: Probing the floral developmental stages, bisexuality and sex reversions in castor ( Ricinus communis L.)
Elegant chemistry, a humane view of robots, and refugee economics: Books in brief16h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01249-8 Andrew Robinson reviews five of the week's best science picks.
How the world failed to curb COVID16h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01284-5 Communication breakdown among the World Health Organization, national leaders and the public caused the pandemic to explode in February 2020, investigation says.
Business of science: Tips and tricks for a perfect investor pitch16h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01003-0 Seasoned science entrepreneurs tell Adam Levy how to take the daunting first steps to commercializing your research.
'A toxic cocktail:' Panel delivers harsh verdict on the world's failure to prepare for pandemic16h
Report proposes major overhaul of health systems to fight future threats
CNIO researchers discover the cause of neuronal death in a large proportion of familial ALS patients16h
The researchers attribute the loss of motor neurons in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) to a new mechanism that blocks any cellular reaction that involves nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)Many cellular processes involving nucleic acids fail in the motor neurons of ALS patients; the mechanism discovered by the CNIO group finally explains these widespread problems that have been reported f
DSAM: Undersøgelser af lungefunktion kan genoptages i almen praksis16h
Dansk Selskab for Almen Medicin vurderer nu, at lungefunktionsundersøgelser kan genoptages i almen praksis under visse forudsætninger. Positiv udmelding, men svær at læse som en egentlig opfordring til de praktiserende læger, lyder dommen fra overlæge på Vejle Sygehus, der har været kritisk over for DSAM's hidtidige ageren i sagen.
Remember Charles-Henri Lecellier?16h
Charles-Henri Lecellier is about to get promoted to CNRS research director 2nd class. Time to dig up old stories and let the ghosts rise to wash their dirty laundry.
Regeringen: Politiet skal kunne afvise lavere hastighedsgrænser16h
PLUS. Der er ikke fagligt belæg for at ændre politiets myndighedsrolle i færdselsloven, lyder det fra regeringen, som dermed afviser et ønske fra Københavns Kommune.
Philip Morris: Pisinger gør sig til aktivist frem for forsker16h
Vi hykler ikke om vores røgfri produkter. Vi sælger dem både for at reducere skade og for at tjene penge. Alle burde glæde sig over, at det kan betale sig at rykke fra meget skadelige til mindre skadelige produkter, skriver Phillip Morris i svar til Charlotta Pisinger.
SARS-CoV-2 uses a multipronged strategy to impede host protein synthesis17h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03610-3
The epidemiological impact of the NHS COVID-19 App17h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03606-z
The 100 memes that immortalize my PhD defence17h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01273-8 Sophie Dufour-Beauséjour chose an unusual way to capture an academic rite of passage, with a little help from her friends.
Evidence-based medicine: how COVID can drive positive change17h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01255-w The pandemic has spawned too many uninformative clinical trials and reviews. Reform is needed to ensure the world gets the high-quality evidence it needs.
How COVID broke the evidence pipeline17h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01246-x The pandemic stress-tested the way the world produces evidence — and revealed all the flaws.
Daily briefing: How to blow the whistle on an academic bully17h
Nature, Published online: 11 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01289-0 How to protect yourself and your academic career from bullying. Plus, the month's best science images and what we know about coronavirus variants now spreading in India.
Hackere offentliggør amerikanske betjentes persondata17h
Efter en forhandling mellem ransomware-gruppen Babuk og amerikanske efterforskere er gået i vasken, har hackerne offentliggjort 20 betjentes medarbejderjournaler med meget følsomme oplysninger på dark web.
Author Correction: Unraveling the genetic origin of 'Glera', 'Ribolla Gialla' and other autochthonous grapevine varieties from Friuli Venezia Giulia (northeastern Italy)17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-90277-5
Grain size dependent photoresponsivity in GaAs films formed on glass with Ge seed layers17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89342-w
Prediction of daily and cumulative cases for COVID-19 infection based on reproductive number (R0) in Karnataka: a data-driven analytics17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89573-x Prediction of daily and cumulative cases for COVID-19 infection based on reproductive number (R 0 ) in Karnataka: a data-driven analytics
Analysis of STAG3 variants in Chinese non-obstructive azoospermia patients with germ cell maturation arrest17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89559-9
Abiraterone acetate versus bicalutamide in combination with gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist therapy for high risk metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89609-2
Comparison of bipolar plasmakinetic resection of prostate versus photoselective vaporization of prostate by a three year retrospective observational study17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89623-4
The force effects of two types of polyethylene terephthalate glyc-olmodified clear aligners immersed in artificial saliva17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89425-8
One-step synthesis of visible light CO2 reduction photocatalyst from carbon nanotubes encapsulating iodine molecules17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89706-2 One-step synthesis of visible light CO 2 reduction photocatalyst from carbon nanotubes encapsulating iodine molecules
Oral semaglutid er lige så godt – eller måske bedre – end den injicerede version17h
Kombinationen af oral semaglutid og insulin er lige så effektiv, eller måske endda mere effektiv, end den injicerbare version af diabetesmedicinen i forhold til at behandle type 2-diabetes, viser ny forskning.
Reducing the impact of radioactivity on quantum circuits in a deep-underground facility17h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-23032-z Background radiation has been identified as a key factor limiting the coherence times of superconducting circuits. Here, the authors measure the impact of environmental and cosmic radiation on a superconducting resonator with varying degrees of shielding, including an underground facility.
Interconversion of multiferroic domains and domain walls17h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22808-7 Domains and domain walls can have distinctively different physical properties. Here, the authors show how to transfer domains into domain walls and vice versa while maintaining their physical properties. Thereby the authors tune a multiferroic state between three and two dimensions.
On the origin of the controversial electrostatic field effect in superconductors17h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22998-0 A recent report on electrostatic field effect in superconducting devices provides a high potential for advanced quantum technology, but it remains controversial. Here, the authors report that the suppression of critical current, which was attributed to the field effect, can instead be explained by quasiparticle e
Extensive introgression and mosaic genomes of Mediterranean endemic lizards17h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22949-9 Islands can provide insights into the evolution of diverse adaptations. The genomes of 34 major lineages of Mediterranean wall lizards reveal a highly reticulated pattern of evolution across the group, characterised by mosaic genomes and showing that hybrid lineages gave rise to several extant endemics.
Molecular basis for the allosteric activation mechanism of the heterodimeric imidazole glycerol phosphate synthase complex17h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22968-6 The allosteric regulation of the bienzyme complex imidazole glycerol phosphate synthase (HisFH) remains to be elucidated. Here, the authors provide structural insights into the dynamic allosteric mechanism by which ligand binding to the cyclase and glutaminase active sites of HisFH regulate enzyme activation.
Non-invasive, opsin-free mid-infrared modulation activates cortical neurons and accelerates associative learning17h
Nature Communications, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-23025-y Neurostimulant drugs or magnetic/electrical stimulation techniques have shown limited effects on learning capabilities of healthy subjects. The authors show that, without introducing an exogeneous gene, mid-infrared light can modulate firing activity of neurons in vivo and accelerate learning in mice.
Artificial intelligence tool uses chest X-ray to differentiate worst cases of COVID-1917h
Trained to see patterns by analyzing thousands of chest X-rays, a computer program predicted with up to 80 percent accuracy which COVID-19 patients would develop life-threatening complications.
Nu flyver de første genmodificerede dræbermyg rundt i Florida18h
PLUS. I løbet af denne sommer går 20 millioner hanmyg på vingerne over Floridas Keys, udstyret med et særligt dræber-gen, der forhindrer hunmyg i at blive voksne. Formålet er at minimere smitten med myggebårne sygdomme som denguefeber, chikungunya, gul feber og zika, men befolkningen er fortsat skeptisk.
Mikronålsplåster levererar antibiotika lokalt i huden18h
Forskare har utvecklat ett plåster med mikronålar som tillför antibiotika direkt i hudområden där motståndskraftiga och potentiellt dödliga bakterier skapat infektioner. Studien visar att plåstret effektivt minskar mängden bakterier i huden. Hudinfektioner med MRSA-bakterier (motståndskraftiga gula stafylokocker) är potentiellt dödliga, särskilt hos personer med nedsatt immunförsvar. För närvaran
Upptäck den svenska urskogen med F&F18h
Följ med F&F och Äventyrsresor på en naturresa i Uppland. Vi besöker månghundraårig, grovstammig tallskog, ren granurskog och ser på dagens plantageskogar ur olika aspekter. Du får lära dig om de ursprungliga miljöer och biotoper som allt från lavar och svampar till djur och fåglar har utvecklats i samklang med. Reseledare är Hasse Berglund, biolog på Naturvårdsverket, och Peter Hunger, ansvarig f
Nyt satellit-teleskop skal opspore små stykker rumskrot i atmosfæren18h
Det europæiske rumfartsorganisation ESA vil opsende et lille rumteleskop, der skal overvåge småt rumskrot, der måles i millimeter. Teleskopet er et led i en større oprustning af indsatsen mod rumskrot.
Is Lab-Grown Leather The Future For The Fashion Industry?18h
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Controlled Magneto-Mechanical Processes may Lead to New Generation of Artificial Muscles18h
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A New Gene Editing Tool Could Rival CRISPR, and Makes Millions of Edits at Once18h
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Quantum drums, COVID patents and head injuries18h
Nature, Published online: 12 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01245-y The latest science news, in brief.
'Pre-bunk' tactics reduce public susceptibility to COVID-19 conspiracies and falsehoods18h
A short online game designed to fight conspiracies about COVID-19 boosts people's confidence in detecting misinformation by increasing their ability to perceive its "manipulativeness" compared to genuine news, according to a study.
Stadler klager over valget af IC4'erens afløser18h
PLUS. Den schweiziske togproducent Stadler har formelt indgivet en klage over valget af tog fra Alstom til at erstatte de danske IC4-tog. Klagen skal nu behandles i 30 dage.
COVID-19 pet boom has veterinarians backlogged, burned out19h
During the gloomiest stretches of the pandemic, Dr. Diona Krahn's veterinary clinic has been a puppy fest, overrun with new four-legged patients.
Nature has enormous potential to fight climate change and biodiversity loss in the UK19h
The report offers, for the first time, a complete assessment of the potential of nature-based solutions (NbS) to mitigate climate change and benefit biodiversity in the UK. Incorporating contributions from over 100 experts, the comprehensive evaluation of the available evidence details the strengths, limitations and trade-offs of NbS in different habitats across the UK.
Orkan smadrede glasbro: Turist blev fanget 100 meter over jorden19h
Efter at have klamret sig til gelænderet i en halv time blev en mand reddet fra den splintrede kinesiske bro, som er en populær turistattraktion.
Vaccinen och framtiden – vad kan vi förvänta oss?19h
En intervju med forskarna Jonas Björk och Farshid Jalalvand om de godkända coronavaccinen, Sveriges framsteg att vaccinera befolkningen och diskussioner om hur det blir inte bara i höst utan även i framtiden.
How social media and AI enable companies to track brand reputations in real-time19h
Researchers from University of Maryland, North Carolina State University, National Taiwan University, Oxford University, Kings College London, and Perceptronics Solutions, Inc. published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that examines how artificial intelligence (AI)-based text analysis of social media can monitor the extent to which brand reputation rises and falls over time.
Mikropauser på jobbet ökar trivseln19h
Det är enkelt och kostar inget – men ger desto mer. Lina Ejlertsson, forskare i folkhälsovetenskap vid Lunds universitet, har undersökt effekterna av små återhämtningspauser som lätt kan integreras i arbetsdagen. I sin avhandling visar hon att personalen mår bättre på arbetsplatser som medvetet jobbar med återhämtning.
Study examining biodiversity loss calls for urgent global economy 'rethink'20h
New research examining the major causes of the world's biodiversity loss calls for an urgent and profound re-organisation of the global post-pandemic economy to prevent further planetary harm.
Leoparder er mere forskellige end brunbjørne er fra isbjørne20h
Ny forskning viser, at leoparder fra Afrika og Asien er mere genetisk forskellige end isbjørne og…
Tweaked Version of Ketamine Could Solve the Opioid Crisis20h
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A discord server that you will enjoy!20h
An academic hub where casual conversation, personal expression, and intellectual exploration are all encouraged! An internet refuge to discuss humanities and sciences within a welcoming and inclusive community! An adaptive environment that will grow and develop with its members! Soul Sanctum : where heart, mind, and spirit meet. Come join us, and see what you think! https://discord.gg/Aqu7vyEY5j
Eliminating bias from healthcare AI critical to improve health equity22h
Artificial intelligence (AI)-driven healthcare has potential to transform medical decision-making and treatment, but AI algorithms must be thoroughly tested and continuously monitored to avoid unintended consequences to patients. In JAMA Network Open, Regenstrief Institute President Peter Embí calls for algorithmovigilance (a term he coined for scientific methods and activities relating to evaluat
New study: Kefir package claims don't always accurately reflect composition of commercial products22h
In recent years there has been an increased interest in the consumption of kefir, a fermented dairy beverage, because there is some evidence that it has health benefits and its affordability. A new study by researchers from the University of Illinois and The Ohio State University, published in JDS Communications, found that 66 percent of the commercial kefir products studied overstated microorgani
Telemedicine needs to be integrated into cardiology training, experts recommend22h
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in an abrupt change in healthcare delivery, including a shift from in-person visits to telemedicine. However, a Canadian survey found that a significant proportion of cardiology trainees are uncomfortable with using telemedicine and feel that better preparation for new-tech medicine is needed. Experts draw attention to the need for a telemedicine curriculum that
NTU study of ancient corals in Indonesia reveals slowest earthquake ever recorded1d
A 'slow-motion' earthquake lasting 32 years – the slowest ever recorded – eventually led to the catastrophic 1861 Sumatra earthquake, researchers at the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have found.
Her er nyhederne i Python 3.10: Match er en ren schweizerkniv1d
For anden gang udkommer Python efter en ny årlig udgivelsesplan. Den store nyhed for det hidtil switch-løse sprog er en ny match-sætning, der kan lidt af hvert.
This portable power-generating point-of-sale station can be set up in 2 days and start selling up to 50KW of electricity…1d
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IBM just solved this quantum computing problem 120 times faster than previously possible. Big Blue has now released Qiskit Runtime, which enables a significant acceleration of quantum calculations carried out over the cloud.1d
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Tiny, wireless, injectable chips use ultrasound to monitor body processes1d
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World's fastest information-fueled engine designed by university researchers. The development of this engine, which converts the random jiggling of a microscopic particle into stored energy could lead to significant advances in the speed and cost of computers and bio-nanotechnologies1d
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The widely anticipated quantum internet breakthrough is finally here1d
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Can speculative fiction teach us anything in a world this crazy?1d
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FTC Nixes Cybersecurity As Point Against 'Right To Repair' – Agency Found No Evidence Independent Repairs Increase Data Security Risks1d
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Promising new Alzheimer's treatment could help cure the disease twenty years before first symptoms emerge1d
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Proof of principle research shows that genes can be accurately edited in cells throughout the body1d
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Experimental Gene Therapy Cures Children Born Without an Immune System in Clinical Trials1d
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Is space war inevitable? – Here on Earth, the air, land, and sea are zones of conflict, clashes and combat. There is a growing perception that next up is the ocean of space, transformed into an arena for warfare.1d
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First major US offshore wind farm approved today – 13 MW wind turbines totalling just over 800 MW1d
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Novel drug rejuvenates cellular cleaning to reverse Alzheimer's in mice1d
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Los Angeles Turns Toward Free Fares: How far a fareless public-transit program goes will depend on a pilot program debuting in August.1d
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Quantum mechanics can be used to create more stable and more easily produced organic solar cells. These are the findings of new research from the University of Gothenburg1d
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The autonomous vehicle world is shrinking — it's overdue. 'The AV industry has promised too much for too long, and has delivered too little'1d
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Team 'reads minds' to understand human tool use1d
Researchers have made an astonishing new discovery about how our brains control our hands. The team used MRI data to study which parts of the brain are used when we handle tools. The findings could help shed light on the regions of the brain that evolved in humans and set us apart from primates, and could pave the way for the development of next-generation prosthetic limbs that tap into the brain'
Bacteria do not colonize the gut before birth1d
Researchers examined prenatal stool (meconium) samples collected from 20 babies during breech Cesarean delivery. By including only breech caesarean deliveries in healthy pregnant women they were able to avoid the transmission of bacteria that occurs naturally during a vaginal birth.
The Lancet: More nurses lead to fewer patient deaths&readmissions, shorter hospital stays, and savings1d
A study across 55 hospitals in Queensland, Australia suggests that a recent state policy to introduce a minimum ratio of one nurse to four patients for day shifts has successfully improved patient care, with a 7% drop in the chance of death and readmission, and 3% reduction in length of stay for every one less patient a nurse has on their workload.
Flashy plants draw outsize share of scientists' attention1d
Nature, Published online: 11 May 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-01263-w Blue-flowered plants get the most scientific love; those with green or brown flowers, not so much.
Selective attention consciousness link1d
A question for those who know more than I do: Does selective attention evoke our consciousness or does our consciousness evoke the activation of selective attention system? References would be useful 🙂 submitted by /u/SoggyFunction7025 [link] [comments]
Experiment measuring auditory memory1d
Hi all, We are measuring auditory memory and we would be very grateful for your participation. It's part of a research method class in the Cognitive Science program at University of Gothenburg. The experiment takes approximately 5-10 minutes to finish. Completely anonymous. https://www.psytoolkit.org/c/3.3.2/survey?s=fWfbe Would love to return the favor! submitted by /u/DependentGoat9 [link] [com
China's population still growing, census shows—but barely1d
Dropping birth rate triggers calls to raise retirement ages and create a "fertility-friendly society"
Pregnant women hospitalized for COVID-19 infection do not face increased risk of death1d
Pregnant women who develop severe COVID-19 infections that require hospitalization for pneumonia and other complications may not be more likely to die from these infections than non-pregnant women. In fact, they may have significantly lower death rates than their non-pregnant counterparts.
Gene editing expands to new types of immune cells1d
A team of researchers at Gladstone Institutes and UC San Francisco (UCSF) has adapted CRISPR-Cas9 for use in monocytes and shown the potential utility of the technology for understanding how the human immune system fights viruses and microbes. Their results were published online today in the journal Cell Reports.
Understanding SARS-COV-2 proteins is key to improve therapeutic options for COVID-191d
COVID-19 has had a significant impact since the pandemic was declared by WHO in 2020, with over 3 million deaths and counting, Researchers and medical teams have been hard at work at developing strategies to control the spread of the infection, caused by SARS-COV-2 virus and treat affected patients. Of special interest to the global population is the developments of vaccines to boost human immunit
Next stop, space: NASA Webb telescope undergoes final tests1d
After last mirror tests, giant scope will be shipped off for launch
Multiple factors influence family physicians' practice scope1d
Although new family medicine graduates intend to provide a broader scope of practice than their senior counterparts, individual family physicians' scope of practice has been decreasing, with fewer family physicians providing basic primary care services, such pediatric and prenatal care. Russell et al conducted a study to explore family medicine graduates' attitudes and perspectives on modifiable a
Improving smoking cessation counseling and blood pressure quality metrics in primary care1d
In order to make meaningful gains in cardiovascular disease care, primary care medical practices should adopt a set of care improvements specific to their practice size and type, according to a new study from the national primary care quality improvement initiative EvidenceNOW. High blood pressure and smoking are among the biggest risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. Primary care p
Phenomenon explains why patients who survive sepsis die sooner after hospital discharge1d
A review article by Brazilian researchers shows that alterations in the defense cell metabolism may explain why many patients who survive sepsis die within a year or suffer from long-term complications.
High nitrate levels in drinking water may up preterm birth risk1d
Pregnant women exposed to too much nitrate in their drinking water are at greater risk of giving birth prematurely, according to a new study of more than 1.4 million California births. Agricultural runoff containing fertilizer and animal waste can greatly increase the nitrate level in groundwater, which naturally contains a low level of the chemical. "We found that higher concentrations of nitrat
Best practices to prevent the federal government from blowing its technology budget1d
With the U.S. federal government investing billions of taxpayer dollars in executing technology programs, wouldn't you like to know where this money is going? A new study has identified ways to reduce federal spending in the execution of these taxpayer-funded technology programs.
Rules of the road: The navigational 'strategies' of bacteria in motion1d
Bacteria that move around live on the edge. All the time. Their success, be it in finding nutrients, fending off predators or multiplying, depends on how efficiently they navigate through their confining microscopic habitats. Whether these habitats are in animal or plant tissues, in waste, or in other materials. In a recent paper published in PNAS, a team of researchers led by McGill University ha
COVID-19 may alter gray matter in the brain1d
COVID-19 patients who receive oxygen therapy or experience fever show reduced gray matter volume in the frontal-temporal network of the brain, according to a new study. Researchers found lower gray matter volume in this brain region was associated with a higher level of disability among COVID-19 patients, even six months after hospital discharge. Gray matter is vital for processing information in
World's fastest information-fuelled engine designed by SFU researchers1d
Simon Fraser University researchers have designed a remarkably fast engine that taps into a new kind of fuel — information.The development of this engine, which converts the random jiggling of a microscopic particle into stored energy, is outlined in research published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) and could lead to significant advances in the speed and c
This stinks: New research finds sense of smell and pneumonia linked1d
EAST LANSING, Mich. – An acute loss of smell is one of the most common symptoms of COVID-19, but for two decades it has been linked to other maladies among them Parkinson's disease and dementia. Now, a poor sense of smell may signify a higher risk of pneumonia in older adults, says a team of Michigan State University researchers.
A Multipurpose Gene Facilitates the Evolution of an Animal Weapon1d
A single gene called BMP11 regulates not only the size and proportions of a water strider's massively long third legs, but also how it uses the limbs in fights.
Blocking 1 healing gene cuts down on scarring1d
Researchers have been able to reduce scarring by blocking part of the healing process, according to a new study. The research could make a significant difference for burns and other trauma patients. Targeting the gene that instructs stem cells to form scars reduced scarring in the animal study, says Kiarash Khosrotehrani, professor at the University of Queensland. "The body's natural response to
Study examines connection between oral and general health in patients with diabetes1d
Individuals with diabetes are at greater risk of developing oral health issues, like gum disease, yet care for these linked health issues are usually disconnected, split between primary care and dental care. A research team from the University of Amsterdam developed an intervention that provided primary care-based oral health information and dental referrals for patients with diabetes.
Patient expectations, doctors' prescribing habits, and antimicrobial resistance1d
Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infections contributes to antibiotic resistance, making some bacterial infections difficult to treat. This often leads to higher medical costs, prolonged hospital stays and increased mortality. Still, many physicians report prescribing antibiotics at their patients' request. To address patients' expectations for antibiotic prescribin
Interdisciplinary consults can help primary care docs treat patients with chronic pain1d
Between 11% to 40% of adults in the United States experience chronic pain, and primary care physicians may feel ill-equipped to effectively and safely care for patients with chronic pain, addiction or both. Researchers from Tufts University conducted a study to evaluate the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary consultation service that supports primary care physicians who care for patients experi
Shared medical appointments help patients with prediabetes1d
Researchers from the Cleveland Clinic and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company conducted a study to evaluate the effectiveness of shared medical appointments for people with pre-diabetes compared with a group of patients receiving usual care.
Newer class of fluoroquinolone antibiotics may present reduced risk of tendon ruptures1d
It's widely understood that people taking a common class of antibiotics, like ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin, run the risk of tendonitis and tendon ruptures. However, a new analysis sheds light on newer, third-generation fluoroquinolones and suggests they may have a lower risk of Achilles tendon rupture.
Combination of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy more effective in treating depression1d
Most patients with depression are treated in primary care, however, relatively few clinical trials for treating depression have focused on primary care. Researchers at the Vrije University Amsterdam examined the effects of the two major approaches to treating depression: psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, as well as combined treatment and care-as-usual.
Greater presence of family docs, midwives may decrease rates of cesarean birth1d
Surgical cesarean births can expose new mothers to a range of health complications, including infection, blood clots and hemorrhage. As part of Healthy People 2020 and other maternal health objectives, the state of California exerted pressure to reduce cesarean deliveries, and statewide organizations established quality initiatives in partnership with those goals.
This Robot Arm Turns Any Desk into a Futuristic Workshop1d
Over the past several years, robots and devices using artificial intelligence have moved from the realm of science fiction to the world of science fact. Virtual assistants, robot helpers, 3D printers, and other high-tech devices have taken the world by storm, and are now commonplace in many homes. But the Rotrics' DexArm is taking things to the next level . Whether you're looking for an AI assist
Earth was once a planet of the apes—and they set the stage for human evolution1d
Analyzing old specimens with current techniques can provide new clues to evolution
Sustaining technology-enhanced learning innovations in teachers' classroom practices1d
In the recent years Tallinn University has paid a lot of attention to becoming agile in business collaboration, including both local and international EdTech companies. Their collaboration with the company TTS Group started last year, and the common interest is to develop and implement novel STEAM and educational robotics-related teaching practices for kindergartens and primary schools. The specia
Tumor-promoting immune cells retrained to fight most aggressive type of brain cancer1d
Using a targeted antibody called αGITR, tumor-promoting immune cells called regulatory T cells (Tregs) can be reprogrammed into cancer-killing immune cells in glioblastomas. Combining the αGITR antibody with immune-checkpoint-blocking drugs may benefit patients with glioblastomas, the most aggressive and uniformly fatal type of brain tumor.
Kan man gøre dine bøffer mere klimavenlige?1d
Forskere forsøger at nedsætte køers metanudslip
'Something went wrong.' Some astronomers feel left out of European road map1d
Draft Astronet report upsets gamma and radio astronomers
Americans are increasingly experiencing chronic pain1d
This study comprehensively documents rising levels of chronic pain among Americans aged 25-84 to show that pain prevalence — already high at baseline — increased substantially from 2002-18, with increases evident in all leading pain sits (joint, back, neck, jaw and migraine).
Study: Researchers use eel-like protein to control brain1d
Researchers successfully used a protein called parapinopsin to turn off brain circuits. This protein is found in lamprey – an ancient lineage of jawless fish similar to eel. This could eventually lead to turning off unwanted behaviors like addiction and depression.
HBD1 protein with a tandem repeat of two HMG-box domains is a DNA clip to organize chloroplast nucleoids in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii [Plant Biology]1d
Compaction of bulky DNA is a universal issue for all DNA-based life forms. Chloroplast nucleoids (chloroplast DNA–protein complexes) are critical for chloroplast DNA maintenance and transcription, thereby supporting photosynthesis, but their detailed structure remains enigmatic. Our proteomic analysis of chloroplast nucleoids of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii identified a protein…
Peptidic boronic acids are potent cell-permeable inhibitors of the malaria parasite egress serine protease SUB1 [Biochemistry]1d
Malaria is a devastating infectious disease, which causes over 400,000 deaths per annum and impacts the lives of nearly half the world's population. The causative agent, a protozoan parasite, replicates within red blood cells (RBCs), eventually destroying the cells in a lytic process called egress to release a new generation…
RAASI, NSAIDs, antidiabetics, and anticoagulants: More data needed to be labeled as harmful or neutral in SARS-CoV-2 infection [Biological Sciences]1d
We read with great interest the data analysis by Cippà et al. (1) on the associations between in-hospital mortality and drugs taken by the patients with COVID-19 disease for various comorbidities. The method chosen by the authors to examine the effects of drugs led data mainly on renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system inhibitors…
Isoelectronic perturbations to f-d-electron hybridization and the enhancement of hidden order in URu2Si2 [Physics]1d
Electrical resistivity measurements were performed on single crystals of URu2–xOsxSi2 up to x = 0.28 under hydrostatic pressure up to P = 2 GPa. As the Os concentration, x, is increased, 1) the lattice expands, creating an effective negative chemical pressure Pch(x); 2) the hidden-order (HO) phase is enhanced and…
Discovering unknown human and mouse transcription factor binding sites and their characteristics from ChIP-seq data [Genetics]1d
Transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) are essential for gene regulation, but the number of known TFBSs remains limited. We aimed to discover and characterize unknown TFBSs by developing a computational pipeline for analyzing ChIP-seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing) data. Applying it to the latest ENCODE ChIP-seq data for human…
Structure elucidation of the elusive Enzyme I monomer reveals the molecular mechanisms linking oligomerization and enzymatic activity [Biophysics and Computational Biology]1d
Enzyme I (EI) is a phosphotransferase enzyme responsible for converting phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) into pyruvate. This reaction initiates a five-step phosphorylation cascade in the bacterial phosphotransferase (PTS) transduction pathway. Under physiological conditions, EI exists in an equilibrium between a functional dimer and an inactive monomer. The monomer–dimer equilibrium is a crucial…
Colloidal transport and flocculation are the cause of the hyperenrichment of gold in nature [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]1d
Aqueous complexation has long been considered the only viable means of transporting gold to depositional sites in hydrothermal ore-forming systems. A major weakness of this hypothesis is that it cannot readily explain the formation of ultrahigh-grade gold veins. This is a consequence of the relatively low gold concentrations typical of…
Atomic-scale insights into quantum-order parameters in bismuth-doped iron garnet [Applied Physical Sciences]1d
Bismuth and rare earth elements have been identified as effective substituent elements in the iron garnet structure, allowing an enhancement in magneto-optical response by several orders of magnitude in the visible and near-infrared region. Various mechanisms have been proposed to account for such enhancement, but testing of these ideas is…
Evolution of mechanical cooperativity among myosin II motors [Evolution]1d
Myosin II is a biomolecular machine that is responsible for muscle contraction. Myosin II motors act cooperatively: during muscle contraction, multiple motors bind to a single actin filament and pull it against an external load, like people pulling on a rope in a tug-of-war. We model the dynamics of actomyosin…
PIEZO ion channel is required for root mechanotransduction in Arabidopsis thaliana [Plant Biology]1d
Plant roots adapt to the mechanical constraints of the soil to grow and absorb water and nutrients. As in animal species, mechanosensitive ion channels in plants are proposed to transduce external mechanical forces into biological signals. However, the identity of these plant root ion channels remains unknown. Here, we show…
Genetically edited CD34+ cells derived from human iPS cells in vivo but not in vitro engraft and differentiate into HIV-resistant cells [Medical Sciences]1d
Genetic editing of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells represents a promising avenue for an HIV cure. However, certain challenges remain before bringing this approach to the clinic. Among them, in vivo engraftment of cells genetically edited in vitro needs to be achieved. In this study, CD34+ cells derived in vitro…
A key requirement for synaptic Reelin signaling in ketamine-mediated behavioral and synaptic action [Neuroscience]1d
Ketamine is a noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist that produces rapid antidepressant action in some patients with treatment-resistant depression. However, recent data suggest that ∼50% of patients with treatment-resistant depression do not respond to ketamine. The factors that contribute to the nonresponsiveness to ketamine's antidepressant action remain unclear. Recent
Bilin-dependent regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis by GUN4 [Plant Biology]1d
Biosyntheses of chlorophyll and heme in oxygenic phototrophs share a common trunk pathway that diverges with insertion of magnesium or iron into the last common intermediate, protoporphyrin IX. Since both tetrapyrroles are pro-oxidants, it is essential that their metabolism is tightly regulated. Here, we establish that heme-derived linear tetrapyrroles (bilins)…
Reducing mask resistance among White evangelical Christians with value-consistent messages [Political Sciences]1d
Public health experts have advocated for wearing protective face masks to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, yet some populations are resistant. Can certain messages shift attitudes toward masks? We investigate the effect of value-consistent messages within a mask-skeptical population: White evangelicals in the United States. An experiment within a national survey…
Null models for gene enrichment in plasmids [Letters (Online Only)]1d
The recent article by Che et al. (1) presents an analysis of a dataset of 14,029 plasmids. I enjoyed the paper but have some concerns about its analysis. While it is clear that more conjugative plasmids carry antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes, it is unclear whether this is simply because conjugative…
Reply to Shaw: Challenges for enrichment analysis of AMR gene-bearing plasmids [Biological Sciences]1d
We thank Liam Shaw for his letter (1), "Null models for gene enrichment in plasmids," and appreciate the detailed simulation regarding the enrichment analysis of AMR genes on different types of plasmids, which confirms our original conclusions that conjugative plasmids are enriched in these genes (2). We agree that considering…
Linear paths to genome reduction in a defensive symbiont [Evolution]1d
Animals host a range of symbiotic microbes in or on their bodies and cells. The best known symbioses include ones where microbial symbionts provide nutritional supplements to their hosts; for example, animals that feed solely on blood typically possess symbionts that provide B vitamins (1). Less studied, although not rare,…
Forfejlet løsning at lave parallelt vaccineprogram i Danmark1d
Det er en fejl at udbyde de godkendte, men ikke anbefalede vacciner fra AstraZeneca og Janssen Pharmaceuticals til frivillig vaccination mod SARS-CoV-19 udenom det officielle danske vaccinationsprogram, skriver Nicolai Emil Johansen, stud.med.
Oregon State researchers discover new class of cancer fighting compounds1d
A team of Oregon State University scientists has discovered a new class of anti-cancer compounds that effectively kill liver and breast cancer cells.
UQ research finds new way to reduce scarring1d
Researchers have been able to reduce scarring by blocking part of the healing process in research that could make a significant difference for burns and other trauma patients.
Tiny amino acid differences can lead to dramatically different enzymes1d
Just a few changes to an enzyme's amino acids can be enough to dramatically change its function, enabling microbes to inhabit wildly different environments.
Rooting the bacterial tree of life1d
Scientists now better understand early bacterial evolution, thanks to new research featuring University of Queensland researchers.
Author Correction: Androgen receptor and its splice variant, AR-V7, differentially induce mRNA splicing in prostate cancer cells1d
Scientific Reports, Published online: 11 May 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-90079-9
Following whale deaths, Chilean researchers call for greater protections1d
Ship collisions prompt calls for tighter regulations and warning systems