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Astronomers image magnetic fields at the edge of M87's black hole
The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) collaboration, which produced the first-ever image of a black hole, has today revealed a new view of the massive object at the center of the Messier 87 (M87) galaxy: How it looks in polarized light. This is the first time astronomers have been able to measure polarization, a signature of magnetic fields, this close to the edge of a black hole. The observations are


Ignoring climate change will lead to unprecedented, societally disruptive heat extremes in the Middle East
The Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) is a climate change hot spot where summers warm much faster than in the rest of the world. Some parts of the region are already among the hottest locations globally. A new international study led by scientists from the Climate and Atmosphere Research Center of the Cyprus Institute and the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry predicts that ignoring the s
Astronomers discover four new 'hot Jupiters'
An international team of astronomers has detected four new "hot Jupiter" exoplanets as part of the Next Generation Transit Survey (NGTS). The newly found alien worlds are at least 10% larger than Jupiter but less massive than the solar system's biggest planet. The finding is reported in a paper published March 18 on
Scaled, armored or naked: How does the skin of fish evolve?
Usually scaled, the skin of fish can also be naked or made up of bony plates that form an armor, sometimes even covered with teeth. But how has this skin evolved over the ages? To answer this question, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, have reconstructed the evolution of the protective skin structures in fish, going back to the common ancestor of ray-finned fish, more t
Disease outbreaks more likely in deforestation areas, study finds
Tree-planting can also increase health risks if it focuses too narrowly on small number of species, paper says Outbreaks of infectious diseases are more likely in areas of deforestation and monoculture plantations, according to a study that suggests epidemics are likely to increase as biodiversity declines. Land use change is a significant factor in the emergence of zoonotic viruses such as Covid
Biden Isn't Talking for a Reason
Joe Biden is hardly in hiding. Barely a week passes when he doesn't tour a factory or host a meeting in the Oval Office. He gives interviews and takes questions from time to time as he moves through his calendar. What he has yet to do is hold a formal news conference. Donald Trump, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton—every president since Calvin Coolidge had given a news conference by a co
The social biome: how to build nourishing friendships – and banish loneliness
All your daily interactions with others, big and small, make up your social biome, and the pandemic has severely damaged most of ours. Here's how to reinvigorate it You probably don't know you have a social biome – but according to Jeffrey Hall, professor of communication studies at the University of Kansas, you do. Perhaps you've heard of the gut microbiome – the unique, diverse ecosystem of bac
Brazil Covid crisis: fury after Bolsonaro says people will soon lead 'normal lives'
Screams of 'murderer' and 'liar' in major cities as president makes televised address to the nation on deadliest day yet Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Loud protests have erupted across Brazil as the country's Covid-sceptic president, Jair Bolsonaro, struggled to defend his handling of the pandemic and claimed citizens would soon be able to resume their "normal live
NASA Hid a Small Piece of the Wright Brothers' Airplane in Its Mars Helicopter
First Flight In a matter of weeks, NASA will attempt a historic first by directing a small helicopter to take flight on another planet. Ingenuity, a four-pound helicopter, is tucked under the belly of the agency's Perseverance rover on Mars. And it's getting ready for its big moment. As soon as April 8, Ingenuity will attempt to fly to an altitude of three meters. To celebrate the momentous occas
Scientists need to face both facts and feelings when dealing with the climate crisis | Kimberly Nicholas
I was taught to use my head, not my heart. But acknowledging sadness at what is lost can help us safeguard the future Over the course of my career, the climate crisis has changed from something only experts could see – reading clues trapped in frozen air bubbles or statistical patterns in long-term data sets – to something that everyone on Earth is living through. For me, it has gone from being s
UK Covid live: Patel defends PM after he claims capitalist 'greed' vital to success of vaccine rollout
Latest updates: Boris Johnson made comments in Zoom call with Tory MPs that successful vaccine programme was thanks to 'greed' and 'capitalism' 'Greed' and 'capitalism' behind vaccine success, Johnson tells MPs 'Vaccine hesitancy' in England and Wales is being overcome, study finds NHS hit by Covid disruption as cancer referrals plunge Action needed to tackle post-Covid 'loneliness emergency', MP
Coronavirus live news: Ukraine suffers record daily deaths; Hong Kong suspends Pfizer vaccines
Ukraine suffers record daily deaths for second consecutive day ; Brazil Covid deaths pass 3,000 for first time ; Hong Kong suspends Pfizer vaccinations over defective packaging Greece and Spain to ease restrictions on flights from UK US agency questions AstraZeneca's Covid vaccine trial data UK and EU may share Netherlands vaccine supplies to ease tensions See all our coronavirus coverage 8.48am
The Near-Magical Mystery of Quasiparticles
Waking up in an alternate reality, Harry Kim, an officer aboard the starship USS Voyager, creates a distortion in the space-time continuum with a beam of polarons. Sounds like science fiction? Well, yes, but only in part. " Star Trek used to love taking the names of real quasiparticles and ascribing magical properties to them ," said Douglas Natelson , a physicist at Rice University in Texas whos
You Can Now Officially Buy a Tesla With Bitcoin
Bitcoin Tesla Tesla has officially started to accept Bitcoin as payment for its vehicles in the US. "You can now buy a Tesla with Bitcoin," CEO Elon Musk announced on Twitter early this morning. "Tesla is using only internal and open source software and operates Bitcoin nodes directly." Indeed, the checkout page to buy a car on the company's site now includes a Bitcoin option. Musk also promised
Ultrasound Blasts Made Overfed Mice Lose Weight, and Scientists Say it Might Prevent Diabetes
Scientists recently discovered what seems like an actual "weight loss trick" — at least for mice that they deliberately overfed in the lab. The mice quickly dropped back down to a healthy weight after scientists repeatedly blasted their livers with a focused ultrasound beam , using the same kind of technology common in medical imaging, according to research published in the journal Scientific Rep
Why America's Great Crime Decline Is Over
Americans are experiencing a crime wave unlike anything we've seen this century. After decades of decline, shootings have surged in the past few years. In 2020, gun deaths reached their highest point in U.S. history in the midst of a pandemic. In 2021, although researchers can't yet say anything definite about overall crime, shooting incidents appear to be on the rise in many places. We have also
How to Kill a Zombie Fire
Underground peat fires refuse to die, even when flooded with water. So scientists developed a new weapon to put them down for good.
Light pollution drives increased risk of West Nile virus
Florida has experienced a relatively mild winter, which typically translates to more mosquitoes in the summer and more birds on which they can feast. If history repeats itself, it's likely there will be an uptick in West Nile virus cases this year, especially in the outer fringes of the suburbs where much of the nighttime illumination emanates from the skyglow of nearby cities.
Democrats Are Failing the Schools Test
R ory Cooper was a top aide to former House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, the up-and-coming Virginia Republican who lost a 2014 House primary. He was also a prominent Never Trumper, openly detailing how awful he found the 45th president. The cause Cooper has committed himself to for the past year, though, is closer to home. He is, as he puts it in his Twitter bio, "Apparently 'Mr. Open The Schools
Netflix v Modi and the battle for Indian cinema's soul
One afternoon before the pandemic, I went to a decommissioned hospital in West London to meet the Hindi film director Anurag Kashyap on the set of his new Netflix production. The old maternity unit where he was filming had never been entirely cleared out. Members of his crew, recently arrived from Mumbai, were maneuvering around vestigial baby cots and gurneys. As an assistant director shouted ou
After You Die, Some Cells in Your Brain Become More Active
When you die, most of the cells in your brain will gradually flicker out. But some, according to a new study, will become extremely active, growing to new sizes for several hours after death. It's morbid to think about your brain becoming more active after you're gone, but the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) researchers behind the discovery stressed in a press release that it doesn't mean
Covid won't be the last pandemic. Will we be better prepared for the next one? | Devi Sridhar
Whether it's a new virus or antimicrobial resistance, governments must build on the lessons of 2020 to defeat the next outbreak Wouldn't it be wonderful if we never had to face another pandemic? As we reflect on the past year, the words that come to mind are "never again". Never again should more than 120,000 lives be lost to a contagious virus, a number that would have been unthinkable almost a
The Americans Who Knitted Their Own Safety Net
A year ago, Siren Saricca, a cocktail server at one of Detroit's casinos, heard that some of her low-income, elderly neighbors were too afraid to go out to get groceries because of the pandemic. Although she was temporarily out of work because of the lockdown, Saricca took her food stamps, bought all the bulk groceries she could afford, and started dropping off bags. At the same time, Kristin Gue
UK to set up health agency to combat future pandemics
UK Health Security Agency to launch on 1 April to 'plan, prevent and respond' to external threats to health Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage A new organisation is being set up with the aim of halting future pandemics. The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) will launch on 1 April, the health secretary, Matt Hancock, has announced. Continue reading…
Creating patterns spontaneously in synthetic materials
Nature produces a startling array of patterned materials, from the sensitive ridges on a person's fingertip to a cheetah's camouflaging spots. Although nature's patterns arise spontaneously during development, creating patterns on synthetic materials is more laborious. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Central Science have found an easy way to make patterned materials having complex microstructure
Scientists discover why humans have such big brains
Our intellectual advantage over the great apes is simply down to a 'molecular switch', tests show It is one of the defining attributes of being human: when compared to our closest primate relatives, we have incredibly large brains. Now scientists have shed light on the reasons for the difference by collecting cells from humans, chimps and gorillas and turning them into lumps of brain in the labor
Fossil fuel companies get $62B a year in implicit subsidies, economist reports
Matthew Kotchen, an economist at Yale University, has found that fossil fuel companies in the U.S. are getting approximately $62 billion in implicit subsidies every year. In his paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Kotchen describes how he calculated the costs associated with use of fossil fuels in the U.S. and what it means for those who produce it.
Deforestation, forest conversion and palm oil plantations linked to disease outbreaks
Deforestation, certain types of reforestation and commercial palm plantations correlate with increasing outbreaks of infectious disease, shows a new study in Frontiers in Veterinary Science. This study offers a first global look at how changes in forest cover potentially contribute to vector-borne diseases—such as those carried by mosquitos and ticks—as well as zoonotic diseases, like COVID-19, wh
Pandora mission would expand NASA's capabilities in probing alien worlds
In the quest for habitable planets beyond our own, NASA is studying a mission concept called Pandora, which could eventually help decode the atmospheric mysteries of distant worlds in our galaxy. One of four low-cost astrophysics missions selected for further concept development under NASA's new Pioneers program, Pandora would study approximately 20 stars and exoplanets—planets outside of our sola
Covid trial infecting healthy volunteers needs full transparency, say campaigners
Demand for full study protocol of human trials be made public before first participants recruited Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Campaigners are demanding that the full protocol of the world's first human challenge trial in which healthy young volunteers are deliberately infected with the virus that causes Covid-19 be published before the first participants are recr
In a Pipe Repair Worker's Death, Questions of Safety Still Swirl
A lawsuit arising from the death of a 22-year-old worker who was helping to install an underground pipe repair known as cured-in-place pipe, or CIPP, was settled for $3 million. But questions remain about the safety of chemicals used — both for workers and for the many communities where CIPP is deployed.
Satellites map record floods in Australia
Stretches of land across New South Wales, Australia, have been hit with torrential rain leading to record-breaking floods. The heavy rainfall has caused dams to spill over, rives to burst their banks and thousands of people forced to evacuate their homes. Data from the Copernicus Sentinel-1 mission are being used to map flooded areas to help relief efforts.
Largest-ever DNA mapping study of the Philippines
Over 50 millennia, at least five major immigration waves have successively populated the Philippines, the most comprehensive survey of genetic variations in the country to date shows. This Uppsala University study, published in the scientific journal PNAS, comprises 2.3 million DNA markers from some 1,000 individuals.
Lunar cave explorer
What might look like a dangling hamster ball is actually a robotic sphere to explore the depths of lunar caves.
Understanding the structural and chemical heterogeneities of surface species at the single-bond limit
Advances in tip-based microscopy in materials science have allowed imaging at angstrom-scale resolution, although the technique does not provide clear characterization of the structural and chemical heterogeneities of surface species. In a new report now published on Science, Jiayu Xu and a research team in quantum information and quantum physics at the University of Science and Technology of Chin
What If This Was the Last Year Your Loved One Was Lucid?
Margaret Licata has watched her husband's dementia progress gradually over the past two decades—and now, during the pandemic, all at once. Joe Licata, 79, has frontotemporal dementia with aphasia, which means that he cannot speak or understand language. He began showing symptoms in his late 50s, when Margaret noticed a personality change: Joe would shrug off her attempts at conversation and seeme
Honeybees find their queen by carrying out a cascade of scenting behaviors
A team of researchers from the U.S., Japan, Germany, and the Netherlands reports that honeybees use a series of cascading scenting behaviors to locate their queen. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their study of honeybees using observational and machine learning techniques and what they discovered.
World-leading CubeSat satellites launched
UNSW Canberra Space's M2 CubeSat satellites successfully launched with Rocket Lab's "They Go Up So Fast' mission from New Zealand earlier today, representing a significant step forward in Australia's sovereign space capabilities.
Copper foam as a highly efficient, durable filter for reusable masks and air cleaners
During the COVID-19 pandemic, people have grown accustomed to wearing facemasks, but many coverings are fragile and not easily disinfected. Metal foams are durable, and their small pores and large surface areas suggest they could effectively filter out microbes. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Nano Letters have transformed copper nanowires into metal foams that could be used in facemasks and ai
Overhearing negative claims about social groups may influence development of bias in children
Throughout the world, societies discriminate against and mistreat members of certain social groups. Young children may express intergroup biases that lead to such outcomes, demonstrating preferences for their own over other groups. A new longitudinal study mimicked a situation in which children might overhear derogatory messages about a new social group. The study revealed that overhearing a stran
Scientists discover how humans develop larger brains than other apes
A new study is the first to identify how human brains grow much larger, with three times as many neurons, compared with chimpanzee and gorilla brains. The study, led by researchers at the Medical Research Council (MRC) Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, UK, identified a key molecular switch that can make ape brain organoids grow more like human organoids, and vice versa.
New technology allows researchers to image wetland soil activity in real time
Researchers to create a new camera allowing for the imaging of wetland soil activity in real time. This camera gives the classic IRIS (indicator of reduction in soils) technology a big upgrade, allowing researchers to visualize the soil reduction process. This technology opens up new research avenues, and gives a compelling peak at how biochemically active wetland soils really are.
PPE waste kills animals throughout the entire world
Face masks and gloves designed to protect us are, in fact, dangerous for the animals around us. Scientists from Leiden warn that throughout the world, on land and in the water, animals are ingesting corona waste, or getting entangled in it. The two biologists are asking for everybody's help to better identify the consequences.
Scientists improve a photosynthetic enzyme by adding fluorophores
To realize the full potential of solar energy, scientists must find efficient ways of converting light energy into chemical energy. Scientists have developed a chemically modified variant of a photosynthetic enzyme sourced from a bacterium. Their modifications enabled the enzyme to more efficiently harvest the energy available in light, which is an important advancement in the development of clean
Fighting 'forever chemicals' with microbes
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are some of the most persistent environmental pollutants, earning them the moniker "forever chemicals." Increasing concern about the adverse health effects of PFAS exposure has researchers seeking novel ways to break down the stubborn pollutants. A cover story in Chemical & Engineering News , the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, that
A novel marker of adult human neural stem cells discovered
Researchers at Baylor College and Texas Children's Hospital have discovered BASP-1, a novel biomarker of adult human neural stem cells. With this newly discovered biomarker, scientists can better understand the relevance and intricate mechanisms of neurogenesis, which may lead to new future therapeutic approaches to treat and manage neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders associated with dimin
'Mother's own milk' for premature infants: Minority mothers need effective strategies
For premature infants who can't breastfeed on their own, "mother's own milk" (MOM) is by far the best nutrition. There's an urgent need for effective ways to increase the relatively low rates of MOM feeding for preterm infants born to Black and Hispanic mothers. But so far, research has offered little or no specific guidance, concludes an evidence-based review in Advances in Neonatal Care, officia
Small robot swimmers that heal themselves from damage (video)
Living tissue can heal itself from many injuries, but giving similar abilities to artificial systems, such as robots, has been extremely challenging. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Nano Letters have developed small, swimming robots that can magnetically heal themselves on-the-fly after breaking into two or three pieces. The strategy could someday be used to make hardier devices for environment
Medical imaging dimensionality mismatch
New research, published in the Journal of Medical Imaging, evaluates human performance in localization tasks which involve searching a 2D or a 3D image to find a target that is masked by noise. The addition of noise makes the task difficult, similar to reading images in a clinical setting.
To klinikchefer: Hvad med coronavirussens andre ofre?
Ophobningen af udskudte operationer under COVID-19-pandemien har skabt lange ventetider for patienter uden særlige rettigheder. Det vil i store træk sige alle dem, der hverken er akutte eller lider af kræft eller COVID-19. Klinikchef fra Aarhus Universitetshospital efterlyser fem konkrete tiltag fra politikerne.
Ancient "Plain of Jars" in Laos has been dated
The Plain of Jars consists of over 90 sites containing thousands of jars scattered across Laos. According to new research, these jars were constructed sometime between 1240 and 660 BCE. In 2019, UNESCO named a cluster of 11 regions as a World Heritage Site. The stone jar sites scattered around Laos are considered the most unique and important archaeological finds in all of Southeast Asia. In tota
Searching for hints of new physics in the subatomic world
Quantum chromodynamics, or QCD, is the theory of the strong interaction between quarks and gluons. Lattice QCD uses supercomputers to explore 'tantalizing hints' of new physics in discrepancies between experimental and theoretical results. Carleton DeTar and Steven Gottlieb, two of the leading contemporary scholars of QCD research, are using the Frontera supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computi
The Atlantic Daily: Don't Follow Your Gut in a Pandemic
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox . For many of us, this past year was filled with many frantic hours spent trying to understand an evolving crisis. We were, as our contributing writer Tom Nichols puts it , like "fish darting about
Resident wellness program lowers burnout risks for urology trainees
With heavy workloads and high professional and personal demands, medical residents in training – and those in urology residency programs – face a high risk of burnout. At one urology department, a wellness program designed by and for residents produced meaningful reductions in burnout risks, reports a study in Urology Practice®, an Official Journal of the American Urological Association (AUA). The
Dow-like index for energy prices might help smooth transition to clean power
Since the early industrial revolution in the mid-1700s, fossil fuels have acquired an ever-growing footprint in energy production. However, the environmental concerns of fossil fuels use and their inevitable depletion have led to a global shift toward renewable energy sources. These transitions, however, raise questions about the best choice of renewables and the impact of investing in these resou
Waste from making purple corn chips yields a natural dye, supplements, kitty litter
The more colorful a food, the more nutritious it probably is. For example, purple corn contains compounds associated with a reduced risk of developing diabetes and heart disease. The cobs contain the same compounds but are typically thrown out. Now, researchers report a step-wise biorefinery approach in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering that uses the whole cob, producing a dye and a possible
Study shows DHA supplement may offset impact of maternal stress on unborn males
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine and the MU Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders have uncovered possible reasons for male vulnerability in the womb, and they've learned a specific maternal dietary supplement called docosahexanoic acid (DHA) may guard against the impact of maternal stress on unborn males during early development.
Corona waste kills animals throughout the entire world
Face masks and gloves designed to protect us are, in fact, dangerous for the animals around us. Scientists from Leiden warn that throughout the world, on land and in the water, animals are ingesting corona waste, or getting entangled in it. The two biologists are asking for everybody's help to better identify the consequences.
New images reveal magnetic structures near supermassive black hole
The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) — the worldwide collaboration that produced the first image of a black hole in 2019 — has produced a new image showing details of the magnetic fields in the region closest to the supermassive black hole at the core of the galaxy M87. The new work is providing astronomers with important clues about how powerful jets of material can be produced in that region.
How grasslands respond to climate change
The rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and concurrent climate change has led to yield reductions of grass-rich grassland vegetation in the past century. This observation was made by researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) who, working jointly with colleagues from Rothamsted (U.K.), conducted a study on the world's oldest permanent ecological experiment there.
Decades of radiation-based scientific theory disproven by Ben-Gurion University US-based study
According to the study, lower levels of several types of cancers were found when the radiation levels were on the higher end of the spectrum rather than on the lower end. Among both men and women, there was a significant decrease in lung, pancreatic, colon and rectal cancers. Among men, there were additional decreases in brain and bladder cancers. There was no decrease in cervix, breast or prostat
Nearly half of U.S. schools now offer in-person learning
Nearly half of the public schools in America are now holding in-person classes, with white children far more likely to be in those classrooms than Black, Hispanic or Asian students, the first federal data on the state of education during the pandemic shows.
First 3D images of a giant molecule
Capturing the structure of large molecular complexes with variable shape is an extremely difficult task. Scientists from Würzburg and Montpellier now have been able to do it—thanks to a new approach regarding an important protein machine.
Zooming in on muscle cells has produced the first high-resolution 3D image of the sarcomere
An international team, led by Stefan Raunser, Director at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology in Dortmund, in collaboration with Mathias Gautel at the King's College in London, has produced the first high-resolution 3D image of the sarcomere, the basic contractile unit of skeletal and heart muscle cells, by using electron cryo-tomography. Electron cryo-tomography capability of imaging
Coated zinc sulfide nanoparticles are catalytically active
Ideally, a pigment should be resistant to corrosion under light irradiation—especially to UV radiation. It should also retain its white color in the long term. Today, the industry has already achieved all this with zinc sulfide, but the resulting material is not suitable to exploit its other feature of triggering photocatalytic reaction because no charge carriers remain on the particle surface.
Want a healthier home? Start with your couch
A new study shows that when people replace their old couch with a new one that has no added flame retardants, levels of the harmful chemicals in household dust drop significantly. Replacing the foam inside the couch cushions is also just as effective. The findings confirm that choosing healthier furniture without flame retardants can make a big difference in people's—especially children's—everyday
Quantum diamond sensors
Nature, Published online: 24 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00742-4 Synthetic versions of the super-hard gem stone are driving the development of a class of device with applications in biomedicine and beyond.
How quantum diamonds work: from imaging magnetic fields to detecting viruses
Nature, Published online: 24 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00743-3 Diamonds, one of the hardest materials on Earth, are so strong that they can protect fragile quantum states that would otherwise survive only in a vacuum or at ultra-cold temperatures. Engineers are mastering the art of growing diamonds with special properties and detecting their quantum spins — opening up a range of sensing
Aspirin not as effective as anticoagulation
In a multicenter study led by the University Hospital and the University Geriatric Medicine FELIX PLATTER Basel, a research group with participation from University of Basel, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, the University of Bern and other centers, has investigated the equivalence of aspirin to anticoagulation. The study shows that aspirin is not as effective as blood thinning (anticoagulat
COVID a year on: Inequalities and anxieties about returning to workplaces are becoming clearer
A year on from when many governments began directing people to work at home wherever possible because of the pandemic, few anticipated that it would become so normalized, or that the shift to productivity would be so rapid and successful. The year that followed has been one of steep and innovative learning around communication technologies, online learning, workload management, and work organizati
E. Coli calculus: Bacteria find the derivative optimally
Scientists from the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology at The University of Tokyo calculated the efficiency of the sensory network that bacteria use to move towards food and found it to be optimal from an information theory standpoint. This work may lead to a better understanding of bacterial behavior and their sensory networks.
Raising the minimum wage is a health issue, too
Congress just missed one of its best shots at improving health when the Senate failed to advance a bill that would have raised the minimum wage to US$15 an hour. Study after study has linked higher income to better health.
Researchers explore how shifts in federal approaches can turn the tide of destructive wildfires
It wipes out entire communities in a matter of moments, weakens our lungs and even taints our drinking water, yet federal strategy to combat wildfires remains outdated and largely ineffective. The Biden Administration has an opportunity to rewrite the playbook on combatting wildfires, according to Stanford University science and policy experts whose research on a range of related issues points tow
Do you know the way to Berkelium, Californium?
Heavy elements known as the actinides are important materials for medicine, energy, and national defense. But even though the first actinides were discovered by scientists at Berkeley Lab more than 50 years ago, we still don't know much about their chemical properties because only small amounts of these highly radioactive elements (or isotopes) are produced every year; they're expensive; and their
Glycans are crucial in COVID-19 infection
A research group at the RIKEN Center for Computational Science (R-CCS) has found that glycans—sugar molecules—play an important role in the structural changes that take place when the virus which causes COVID-19 invades human cells. Their discovery, which was based on supercomputer-based simulations, could contribute to the molecular design of drugs for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. Th
In 'Klara and the Sun,' We Glimpse an Eerie Future Through the Eyes of a Robot
In a store in the center of an unnamed city, humanoid robots are displayed alongside housewares and magazines. They watch the fast-moving world outside the window, anxiously awaiting the arrival of customers who might buy them and take them home. Among them is Klara, a particularly astute robot who loves the sun and wants to learn as much as possible about humans and the world they live in. So be
Lighting up bone repair
Researchers from TMDU fabricated a bright fluorescent bone replacement material, based on a precursor to bone tissue that's common in medical practice. The material will be useful in bone repair and dental implants, and facilitate bone regrowth while providing new diagnostic and prognostic functionalities.
Quantitative detection of fatty liver disease by assessing fat distribution in the liver
Excessive fat accumulation in the liver can lead to serious medical problems, including liver failure. Thus, understanding the distribution of lipids within the liver is a critical step in diagnosing fatty liver diseases. A team of researchers at Tokyo University of Science has now shown that near-infrared hyperspectral imaging permits the visualization of lipid content in mouse liver. This techni
Beneficial bacteria help wheat stand the heat
Global warming has increased the number of severe heatwaves that wreak havoc on agriculture, reduce crop yields and threaten food supplies. However, not all plants perish in extreme heat. Some have natural heat tolerance, while others acquire heat tolerance after previous exposure to higher temperatures than normal, similar to how vaccines trigger the immune system with a tiny dose of virus.
Bioinspired cellulose nanofibrils can be controlled by electricity
Materials science likes to take nature and the special properties of living beings that could potentially be transferred to materials as a model. A research team led by chemist Professor Andreas Walther of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) has succeeded in endowing materials with a bioinspired property: Wafer-thin stiff nanopaper instantly becomes soft and elastic at the push of a button.
Scaled, armoured or naked: how does the skin of fish evolve?
Usually scaled, the skin of fish can also be naked or made up of bony plates. Researchers (UNIGE) have reconstructed the evolution of the skin structures in fish, going back to the common ancestor, more than 420 million years ago. They found that only fish that had lost their scales were able to develop a bony armour, and that the protective state of their skin influenced their choice of open wate
Keep it moving: How a biomaterial mobility may revolutionize immunomodulation
Researchers from Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) have found that biomaterials with high molecular mobility can give mechanical cues to liver immune cells to induce an inflammatory response. Different polyrotaxane-coated surface mobilities resulted in varied cell responses. These valuable findings suggest that this technology could possibly be developed into a treatment for modulating im
New automated process makes nanofiber fabrication assessment 30% more accurate
Imbued with special electric, mechanical and other physical properties due to their tiny size, nanofibers are considered leading-edge technology in biomedical engineering, clean energy and water quality control, among others. Now, researchers in Italy and UK have developed an automatic process to assess nanofiber fabrication quality, producing 30% more accurate results than currently used techniqu
Stars Now Understand That Their Destruction Is Our Entertainment
"Whatever they think happened is probably pretty far from what really did," the director Michael Ratner recently said in an interview about his new four-part YouTube documentary, Demi Lovato: Dancing With the Devil , whose first two installments are now out . The "they" he refers to is the general public, and the "what" is the July 2018 incident that landed the now-28-year-old singer Demi Lovato
Tuning in the noise? New electromagnetic circuit simulator visualizes radiation phenomena
Researchers at Osaka University achieved simultaneous calculation of signal conduction and external radiation phenomena in electric circuits, quantifying electromagnetic field radiation that cannot be anticipated in the circuit designing stage. By eliminating unnecessary electromagnetic field radiation from electric circuits, they aim to reduce noise and power consumption, which will help to reali
Mixed reality gets a machine learning upgrade
Osaka University researchers showed that mixed reality views of proposed buildings or landscapes can be generated rapidly with the help of machine learning. By using a mobile game engine, the future perspective can be rendered in real time. This work may lead to a renewed emphasis on sustainable architecture.
Trillions of sailing jellyfish wash ashore after warm winters
New research uncovers patterns that explain why huge numbers of "by-the-wind sailor" jellyfish wash ashore and strand on beaches around the world, including up and down the US West Coast. While these mass stranding events are hard to miss, researchers actually know very little about how or why they happen. As their name suggests, by-the-wind sailor jellyfish know how to catch a breeze. Using a st
Biosphere reserves and human well-being: Lessons from UNESCO's EVAMAB project
The uneasy relationship between humans and nature is in constant evolution, but we are now witnessing major ecological and climatic changes that affect all of us. In the current context, we need to develop new concepts and solutions, curb 'business as usual' practices and move toward a world that is more respectful of our environment and ultimately of ourselves.
At least 2.6 million Australians face poverty when COVID payments end and rental stress soars
Many Australians whose jobs were decimated by the COVID business shutdowns will soon be waking up to new income shocks and the prospect of rental stress. This is because people whose employers can't afford to keep them on will suddenly lose more than A$300 per week when the JobKeeper scheme ends on March 28. Worryingly, this income shock will happen just days before the payment to people on the Jo
Electrochemical synthesis of formate from CO2 using a Sn/reduced graphene oxide catalyst
The synthesis of formate, an energy carrier, from CO 2 using electricity derived from renewable sources is attracting much attention as a technology for recycling and reusing CO 2 . Here, we focus on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as a dispersed Sn support that efficiently adsorbs CO 2 . Highly efficient synthesis of formate is observed at the interface between rGO and Sn in the electrochemical redu
Giant fossil's 'bird-brain'
The largest flightless bird ever to live weighed in up to 600kg and had a whopping head about half a metre long – but its brain was squeezed for space. Dromornis stirtoni, the largest of the 'mihirungs' (an Aboriginal word for 'giant bird'), stood up to 3m and had a cranium wider and higher than it was long due to a powerful big beak, leading Australian palaeontologists to look inside its brain sp
Is at home or remote working the future of industry?
Covid 19 has shaken the world, and one of the fields it's shaken most is the workforce. It forced many to work at home, but as I see in the news stories of working at home and how people actually like it, I'm forced to wonder, is at home work the furture? submitted by /u/I_bad_at_MATH_448 [link] [comments]
Is a united humanity possible?
I love thinking about the future. But cannot help thinking about how we truly unlock humanity's true potential. How can we eradicate poverty or diseases? Build mega space stations, deal with climate change, end wars, make sure that every human lives a meaningful life. What if instead of spending hundreds of billions or trillions on weapons and conflicts. We spend them on eradicating poverty addin
Plummeting Sperm Counts + Shrinking Penises: 'Forever Chemicals' Threaten Humanity
It's a slow motion disaster that may potentially wipe out humanity. The chemicals to blame for this crisis are found in everything from plastic containers and food wrapping, to waterproof clothes and fragrances in cleaning products, to soaps and shampoos, to electronics and carpeting. Some of them, called PFAS, are known as "forever chemicals", because they don't breakdown in the environment or t
Researchers discover hitchhiking bacteria
Imagine that you need to travel, but you don't have a car and you're dead broke. What do you do? Hitchhiking, of course! Leiden biologist found that certain bacteria use this very same tactic: their spores hop on motile bacteria and use them as a taxi, ensuring they reach the right environment to flourish.
Hate crimes against Asians in Italy more frequent in areas with high unemployment
Early into the coronavirus pandemic as anti-Asian violence began to rise in the United States and in Europe, political scientist Guy Grossman, Penn Development Research Initiative postdoctoral fellow Stephanie Zonszein, and Gemma Dipoppa, who earned her Ph.D. at Penn and is now a postdoc at Stanford University, wanted to look at what triggered these waves of hate crimes. Was it fear of infection,
India's renewable energy targets could be even higher
India's ambitious target of 450 gigawatts of renewable energy capacity by 2030 could go even further, say three economists. For comparison, the country's total energy generation capacity today is about 380 gigawatts, out of which 90 gigawatts are of renewable energy, not including large hydropower stations. How this plan shapes up will dictate how many fossil-fuel powerplants they can avoid build
Casual sex among young adults dipped before COVID. Why?
A decline in drinking has led to a decline in casual sex among both young men and women, research finds. The study also links the decline in casual sex with playing video games and living at home with parents—but only for men. The study, published in the journal Socius , finds that between 2007 and 2017, the percentage of 18-to 23-year-old men who had casual sex in the past month dropped from 38%
Similar but not identical evolutionary trajectories of birds in adaptation to high-elevation environments
Ever since the era of Darwin, adaptive evolution has been a cornerstone of evolutionary biology. One essential related question is do animals adapt similarly to a shared environments? Indeed, scientists have long ago observed that animals usually evolve similar phenotypes in similar environments, and thus formulated classic ecogeographical rules, as e.g., "Bergmann's Law," "Allen's Law," and "Glog
NASA Prepares to Deploy Mars Helicopter
NASA's Perseverance rover touched down on Mars in February, carrying with it a suite of sensors and experiments that could help identify the remains of ancient life on the red planet. As if that wasn't enough, Perseverance also has a flying drone. The Ingenuity helicopter is attached to the underside of the rover, but it won't be for long. NASA just took the first step toward getting it airborne.
Women must not be obscured in science's history
Nature, Published online: 24 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00770-0 The literature has failed to acknowledge many female researchers, especially those from marginalized backgrounds. But a new generation of historians is changing the narrative.
Alzheimer's patients' cognition improves with Sargramostim (GM-CSF), new study shows
A new study suggests that Sargramostim, a medication often used to boost white blood cells after cancer treatments, is also effective in treating and improving memory in people with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease. The University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus presents evidence that Sargramostim has both disease-modifying and cognition-enhancing activities in Alzheimer's disease patients
Unga ser fördelar med att stanna kvar i småstaden
Unga "ska" vilja flytta till en storstad; den som väljer att stanna kvar kan verka passiv och utan ambitioner. Men unga vuxna ser också fördelar med småstaden, som boendet och de sociala relationerna, visar forskning. Kraven på arbetsmarknaden har ökat och arbeten som tidigare fungerade som insteg på arbetsmarknaden har blivit färre. Denna utveckling får konsekvenser för unga i mindre orter, där
Gender bias in the workplace starts with communication during recruitment
Eighty percent of jobs are communicated to people informally and these communications are often riddled with gender bias, providing a female (versus male) candidate with a less positive description of a leadership position, especially when the decision maker is more conservative. These are the findings of a new study by Ekaterina Netchaeva, of Bocconi University's Department of Management and Tech
Scientists assemble new reference genomes of mosquitoes to fight malaria
A research team from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), George Washington University and ITMO University has presented new data for studying the behavior and physiology of two types of malaria mosquitoes. This information will help find regions of the genome that are responsible for connection with the pathogen and for their feeding behavior. Research was publishe
Presidential Credit-Taking Doesn't Matter
President Joe Biden is eager to claim credit. He wants recognition for the decline in coronavirus-infection rates that his vaccination push seems to be speeding along, and for the economic recovery that he expects his $1.9 trillion spending package to underwrite. This month, Biden gave his first prime-time Oval Office address to trumpet the former, and the White House is rolling out a public-rela
Coronavirus diaries: the COVID 19
Nature, Published online: 24 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00796-4 John Tregoning reflects on writing 19 weekly(ish) columns during a pandemic.
California groups track face masks, gloves bound for ocean
Disposable masks, gloves and other types of personal protective equipment are safeguarding untold lives during the coronavirus pandemic. They're also creating a worldwide pollution problem, littering streets and sending an influx of harmful plastic and other waste into landfills, sewage systems and oceans.
How blockchain and machine learning can deliver the promise of omnichannel marketing
Researchers from University of Minnesota, New York University, University of Pennsylvania, BI Norwegian Business School, University of Michigan, National Bureau of Economic Research, and University of North Carolina published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that examines how advances in machine learning (ML) and blockchain can address inherent frictions in omnichannel marketing and raises
Vad kan få Sverige att slockna?
Om 20 år ska all el i Sverige komma från förnybara källor som vind, sol och vatten. Men vad gör man när det inte blåser, solen gömmer sig bakom molnen och en köldknäpp ökar efterfrågan på el? I slutet av 2016 publicerade Jon Olauson och tre kollegor vid Uppsala universitet en artikel i tidskriften Nature Energy. Artikelns utgångspunkt var ett Sverige som helt förlitar sig på förnybara energikällo
Individual SARS-CoV-2 neutralising antibody immunity lasts from days to decades
Study shows that antibody longevity varies widely from 40 days to as long as several decades and not everyone who has recovered from COVID-19 is immune from reinfection. Individuals with low levels of neutralising antibodies may still be protected if they have robust T-cell immunity. Blood tests and a computer algorithm suggest annual vaccinations might be needed for some individuals to prevent fu

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