Vil du hjælpe med at finde nyheder? DO YOU WANT TO HELP FINDING SCIENCE NEWS? Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone-sms: (45)21729908
Unique macro-vertebrate at risk from blood sport and climate change4h
A two-meter-tall Pokemon, endemic to Australia, was the focus of a new study, which has revealed that some species distribution models are inherently biased.
Forskere advarer mod forurening fra milliarder af mundbind: 'Det er en tikkende plastikbombe'4h
Verden over bruger vi millioner af mundbind hvert eneste minut, og de kan gøre stor skade, hvis de ender i naturen.
Norsk husejer risikerede dagbøder på grund af solcellerne på taget. Nu har han lagt dem på plænen i stedet2h
PLUS. I dele af Stavanger er det forbudt at have solceller, der kan ses fra vejen. En husejer undrer sig over landets såkaldte 'energihovedstad' og har nu placeret solcellerne på plænen.
The Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine Is Said to Be Powerfully Protective in Adolescents•22h
Pfizer Vaccine 100% 12
A clinical trial found no symptomatic infections among vaccinated children ages 12 to 15, the companies said, and there were no serious side effects. The data have not yet been reviewed by independent experts.
The Fourth Surge Is Upon Us. This Time, It's Different.1d
Across the United States, cases have started rising again. In a few cities, even hospitalizations are ticking up. The twists and turns of a pandemic can be hard to predict, but this most recent increase was almost inevitable: A more transmissible and more deadly variant called B.1.1.7 has established itself at the precise moment when many regions are opening up rapidly by lifting mask mandates, i
5 Years After the Oculus Rift, Where Do VR and AR Go Next?20h
A lot's happened since Facebook's first headset brought virtual reality to the masses. Facebook might have been a first mover, but it also wants to be the last one.
Researchers achieve world's first manipulation of antimatter by laser18h
Researchers with the CERN-based ALPHA collaboration have announced the world's first laser-based manipulation of antimatter, leveraging a made-in-Canada laser system to cool a sample of antimatter down to near absolute zero. The achievement, detailed in an article published today and featured on the cover of the journal Nature, will significantly alter the landscape of antimatter research and adva
Scientists Discover X-Rays Blasting Out of Uranus13h
Unexpected Emissions X-rays are blasting out of Uranus, baffling scientists. The unusual radiation emanating from the distant planet is a first for Uranus, but isn't that unusual for the celestial bodies of our solar system, according to research published Wednesday in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics . The study, while unusual in its own right, could help solve some of the myst
Quantum material's subtle spin behavior proves theoretical predictions16h
Using complementary computing calculations and neutron scattering techniques, researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge and Lawrence Berkeley national laboratories and the University of California, Berkeley, discovered the existence of an elusive type of spin dynamics in a quantum mechanical system.
Low-cost solar-powered water filter removes lead, other contaminants12h
A new invention that uses sunlight to drive water purification could help solve the problem of providing clean water off the grid.
Rarest great ape on Earth could soon go extinct19h
Tapanuli orangutans now occupy less than 3% of their historic habitat.
Creepy sculpture with human faces is even older than experts thought20h
A human-shaped wooden idol decorated with an eerie human face and considered the oldest of its kind ever discovered may date back even further in time, researchers now say.
Almost third of UK Covid hospital patients readmitted within four months3h
BMJ analysis of 48,000 records also finds one in eight patients die within four months of discharge Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Nearly a third of people who have been in hospital suffering from Covid-19 are readmitted for further treatment within four months of being discharged, and one in eight of patients dies in the same period, doctors have found. The strikin
Female monkeys use males as 'hired guns' for defense against predators, study says14h
Researchers with the Wildlife Conservation Society's (WCS) Congo Program and the Nouabalé-Ndoki Foundation found that female putty-nosed monkeys (Cercopithecus nictitans) use males as "hired guns" to defend from predators such as leopards.
New study discovers ancient meteoritic impact over Antarctica 430,000 years ago15h
A research team of international space scientists, led by Dr. Matthias van Ginneken from the University of Kent's School of Physical Sciences, has found new evidence of a low-altitude meteoritic touchdown event reaching the Antarctic ice sheet 430,000 years ago.
BioNTech/Pfizer Covid vaccine shows 100% efficacy in adolescents20h
Pharma groups to seek emergency use authorisation for 12- to 15-year-olds in US and Europe
'Smoking gun' dark matter signature possibly identified12h
Scientists identified a data signature for dark matter that can potentially be detected by experiments. The effect they found is a daily "diurnal modulation" in the scattering of particles. Dark matter has not yet been detected experimentally. Dark matter, a type of matter that is predicted to make up around 27% of the known universe, has never been detected experimentally. Now a team of astrophy
Decades of hunting detects footprint of cosmic ray superaccelerators in our galaxy14h
An enormous telescope complex in Tibet has captured the first evidence of ultrahigh-energy gamma rays spread across the Milky Way. The findings offer proof that undetected starry accelerators churn out cosmic rays, which have floated around our galaxy for millions of years. The research is to be published in the journal Physical Review Letters on Monday, April 5.
The 'one who causes fear'—new meat-eating predator discovered1d
Research published today in the peer-reviewed Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology describes a newly discovered species of dinosaur—named the 'one who causes fear', or Llukalkan aliocranianus.
Scientists discover unique Cornish 'falgae'1d
Red algae that grow in Cornwall's Fal Estuary are genetically unique, new research shows.
Your Immune System Evolves to Fight Coronavirus Variants22h
Antibodies can change to counter new forms of the shape-shifting virus, research hints — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Notat afslører VVM-strategi for Lynetteholm – men den holder ikke, siger eksperter22h
PLUS. I juni 2019 forholdt Transportministeriets lovkontor sig til risikoen for at komme på kant med EU-retten ved kun at miljøvurdere anlægget af øen, ikke øvrige projektdele som metro og havnetunnel.
U.S. Church Membership Falls Below Majority for First Time – A significant social tectonic change as more Americans than ever define themselves as "non-affiliated"1d
submitted by /u/izumi3682 [link] [comments]
Scientists Discover a Hidden Law Behind The Pointy Bits on All Living Things1d
"We were quite shocked that we found it almost everywhere."
British study links alcohol with lower risk of developing cataracts1d
Research finds lower risk among those who drink up to 14 units a week – especially if they drink red wine People who consume up to 14 units of alcohol a week have less chance of developing cataracts, especially if they drink red wine, a new British study has found. Antioxidants found in wine could help explain why moderate drinkers are at up to 23% less risk of having to have cataract surgery tha
Man Downloads Wrong App, Losing $600,000 in Bitcoin1d
Robbed Blind Last month, a man named Phillipe Christodoulou picked up his phone, downloaded an app for a digital cryptocurrency wallet on the Apple app store, and signed in. Immediately, the scammers who built the app — which was disguised as a reputable crypto storage company — and snuck it onto the app store pilfered Christodoulou's 17.1 bitcoin, which at the time were worth $600,000, The Washi
Why D.C. Is Failing at the Vaccination Game18h
Updated at 4:13 p.m. ET on March 31, 2021. W ashington's effort to quickly vaccinate the population against COVID-19 is a success just about everywhere except its own backyard. President Joe Biden pledged to administer 100 million vaccine doses within his first 100 days. After surpassing that goal with 41 days to spare , Biden doubled his pledge to 200 million doses . The CDC projects that 70 per
In Hotter Climate, 'Zombie' Urchins Are Winning And Kelp Forests Are Losing1d
Kelp forests along Northern California have almost vanished. Divers and scientists are racing to stop purple sea urchins from taking over critical habitat. (Image credit: Steve Lonhart / NOAA MBNMS)
Dig reveals 6,000-year-old salt hub in North Yorkshire1d
Archaeologist says neolithic discovery may be among oldest salt-processing sites in western Europe Neolithic people were manufacturing salt in Britain almost 6,000 years ago, before the building of Stonehenge and more than two millennia earlier than was first thought, a new archaeological discovery suggests. Excavations at a site at Street House farm in North Yorkshire have revealed evidence of t
Virgin Galactic Unveils New Spaceship1d
VSS Imagine Virgin Galactic has unveiled its latest next-generation spaceship , which it's calling the VSS Imagine. The new addition to the space company's fleet is the first new class of SpaceShip III vehicles and follows the SpaceShipTwo designs the company has been testing. Apart from some minor design updates as compared to its SpaceShipTwo predecessors, the standout new feature is VSS Imagin
Skull of dinosaur called 'one who causes fear' found in Patagonia18h
The animal had horns and a large skull making it a fearsome predator around 85 million years ago.
Rabbits dig up 9,000-year-old artifacts on 'Dream Island'18h
Burrowing rabbits have helped uncover artifacts from the Stone and Bronze Ages on a U.K. island.
Here's What COVID-19 Vaccine Side Effects to Expect Based on Your Age, Sex, And Dose1d
Doctors have identified some patterns.
UK scientists warn of 'catastrophic' impact of funding cuts1d
Loss of grants, driven by deep cuts to foreign aid, threatens research and international collaborations Senior scientists fear that deep cuts to government research spending will have "catastrophic" consequences for the UK, with projects cancelled midway through and some of the brightest minds moving to other countries. Hundreds of research projects tackling issues from the Covid pandemic to anti
Seaside Australia Faces a Rise in Flesh-Eating Buruli Ulcer Cases1d
As Buruli ulcer cases have risen, they have taken a physical and psychological toll but also offered hope that scientists can solve the bacteria's many mysteries.
Tropical Forest Destruction Accelerated in 20201d
There were bright spots, but the total lost acreage increased by 12 percent over all from the year before, according to new research.
A few frequent flyers 'dominate air travel'1d
Those who fly more should be taxed more, and air miles incentives should be banned, campaigners say.
We've Found Deep Parts of The Sea Where The Last Ice Age Never Actually Ended7h
Only 20,000 years behind.
Harvard Halts Plans for Controversial Geoengineering Experiment12h
Solar geoengineering is a highly controversial concept to combat climate change . The idea is to block some of Sun's energy from reaching the Earth's surface by reflecting it back into space with small particles in the stratosphere. But experts are still not entirely sure about the risks involved, how well it would work — or indeed if it would work at all. And that has scientists worried. A Harva
Artificial Placentas for Human Babies Coming Within Five Years, Scientist Says14h
A new "artificial placenta" that's currently under development may be able to support babies who are born too early, helping them finish developing and growing while staving off serious medical complications. Babies born prematurely face a higher risk of lifelong health problems or developmental disorders, since their bodies might not yet be prepared to breathe for themselves. Getting cut off fro
Physicists Learn to Superfreeze Antimatter (Hint: Pew Pew!)18h
Antimatter, the mysterious mirror-stuff of the universe, is hard to make and harder to study. A laser that literally chills it out could change all that.
Physicists Just Crushed a New Record For Slowing Down Antimatter18h
This research could change our understanding of the Universe.
Sewage discharged into rivers 400,000 times in 202018h
Waterways in England had sewage discharged into them for three million hours
14 Fun Facts About Cicadas19h
Amazing details about the buzzing insects set to storm the United States this spring
Words Have Lost Their Common Meaning21h
H as American society ever been in less basic agreement on what so many important words actually mean? Terms we use daily mean such different things to different people that communication is often blunted considerably, and sometimes even thwarted entirely. The gap between how the initiated express their ideological beliefs and how everyone else does seems larger than ever. The word racism has bec
Endearing orange-faced peacock spider looks like 'Nemo' (and dances)22h
An arachnologist described a new species of peacock spider after a citizen scientist discovered it in the wetlands of southern Australia.
De første resultater på plads: Pfizer og Moderna-vaccinerne ser ikke ud til at være farlige for gravide1d
Der er stadig lange udsigter til, at gravide kan blive vaccineret i Danmark.
Getting One Vaccine Is Good. How About Mix-and-Match?1d
Researchers are exploring the possible benefits of pairing doses from two different Covid-19 vaccines.
Man Finds Exploded Piece of Starship Five Miles From Launch Site1d
Rapid Disassembly SpaceX's fourth full-scale Starship prototype launched, belly flopped — and promptly smashed into the ground. Heavy fog at the company's test site in Boca Chica, Texas, obscured the view of the event, leading many to question just how much damage ensued. This morning's explosion, however, appears to have been particularly heavy, with debris raining down from the skies a great di
New App Claims to Make You Trip Like You're on LSD1d
A new smartphone app called Lumenate promises to alter your consciousness, something akin to an LSD trip, using flickering lights. And according to Vice , it may actually work. Its creators claim the app can help "guide your brain into a unique and powerful altered state of consciousness between that of deep meditation and classic psychedelics." In other words, a clearer mind or a great night's s
An Enormous 'Radio Jellyfish' Just Rose From The Dead in The Night Sky9h
300 million light-years from Earth.
A 'Game Changer' for Patients With Esophageal Cancer11h
A drug that unleashes the immune system offers a rare glimmer of hope for those with a cancer that resists most treatments.
China Shared Information With NASA About Its Mars Orbiter13h
Exchanging Data In a rare turn of events, China's National Space Administration (CNSA) exchanged information with NASA about its Mars orbiter, SpaceNews reports . Earlier this month, NASA's acting administrator Steve Jurczyk asked Congress for special approval to request information from NASA's Chinese counterpart in order to mitigate any risk of the two nations' spacecrafts colliding while orbit
Fiery 'airburst' of superheated gas slammed into Antarctica 430,000 years ago14h
Scientists found evidence of the impact on a mountaintop.
Cells Form Into 'Xenobots' on Their Own15h
Early last year, the biologist Michael Levin and his colleagues offered a glimpse of how versatile living matter can be. Levin and Douglas Blackiston , a member of his laboratory at the Allen Discovery Center of Tufts University, brought together nascent skin and muscle cells from a frog embryo and shaped the multicelled assemblies by hand. This sculpting process was guided by an algorithm develo
The Vaccination Calculus Is Changing for New Parents15h
Updated at 5:57 p.m. on March 31, 2020. One year ago, around the end of March, Carly Taylor received a positive result for two tests in two consecutive weeks. The first was a test for the new coronavirus. The second was a pregnancy test. Her daughter, Ophelia, arrived on December 22, within days of the public debut of the first COVID-19 vaccines in the United States. In the weeks after, Taylor, a
Astronomers see a ghostly 'radio jellyfish' rise from the dead in the southern sky15h
Astronomers discovered a radio structure that looks like a gigantic jellyfish, though it only glows in certain wavelengths.
Dark Energy, Thought to Comprise Most of the Universe, Might Be Totally Fake16h
Square One Dark energy, the elusive energy that many physicists believe drives the continuous expansion of the universe, might not actually exist. In conventional models of the universe, about 68 percent of the universe is made of dark energy, with most of the remainder being taken up by dark matter. But University of Copenhagen scientists suggest in new preprint research that there's no actual n
'A Most Remarkable Creature' Introduces The Little-Known, Charismatic Caracara16h
Through Jonathan Meiburg's inquiring lens, readers will find themselves with a new favorite animal — a bird of prey aptly described as "one of the strangest and most wonderful animals on Earth." (Image credit: Knopf)
France to close schools and stop domestic travel after Covid surge16h
Emmanuel Macron announces three-week shutdown of schools after leaving restrictions 'until last moment' Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage France's schools are to close for at least three weeks and travel within the country will be banned for a month after Easter in an attempt to curb a dramatic surge in Covid-19 cases that threatens to overwhelm hospitals, Emmanuel Mac
Biden's Climate Plan Means Tough Choices: Which Homes Get Saved?16h
The proposal represents an enormous effort to fight climate change, but it sidesteps the question of who will be forced to move because of rising water.
NASA's Mars Helicopter Just Unfurled Its Legs16h
Going Vertical NASA's Mars Perseverance rover is getting ready to gently lower the agency's Ingenuity helicopter onto the Martian surface below it. The four pound rotocopter is currently strapped to the rover's underbelly. But in a matter of days, Ingenuity will be placed on the surface to do what it was designed to do: attempt to fly on the surface of another planet. Images taken by the rover's
Self-love or self-hate? The surprising truth about narcissists17h
They may seem grandiose, but some narcissists are just compensating for their deep-set insecurities. Others are out-and-out psychopaths Name: Narcissism. Age: It was the Greeks who named it, with the myth of Narcissus – the beautiful youth so in love with his own reflection that it killed him. The Roman poet Ovid produced the Technicolor version of this cautionary tale of self-love . Appearance:
SpaceX Crew Dragon Will Feature Massive Glass Dome17h
A New View SpaceX has shown off its latest render of its Crew Dragon spacecraft, this time featuring an almost 180-degree glass dome, allowing future passengers to get an unprecedented view of their surroundings. "Probably most 'in space' you could possibly feel by being in a glass dome," boasted CEO Elon Musk in a Twitter reply . A new view for crew pic.twitter.com/iSVwUyJT5R — SpaceX (@SpaceX)
New study sews doubt about the composition of 70 percent of our universe18h
Until now, researchers have believed that dark energy accounted for nearly 70 percent of the ever-accelerating, expanding universe.
Volkswagen Says It Lied to Reporters About Name Change18h
Volkswagen of America now admits that it lied to a number of reporters this week about rebranding its North American division to "Voltswagen," a nod to its dedication to electric vehicles. It's a confusing mess of a story, so here's what happened. VW communications teams intentionally leaked a draft about the rebranding earlier this week, as The Wall Street Journal reports. The media quickly pick
Evidence of Neolithic people extracting salt from seawater 5,800 years ago18h
Archaeologist Stephen Sherlock, an independent scholar, has found evidence of Neolithic people extracting salt from seawater 5,800 years ago at Street House, Loftus, making it the oldest salt production facility ever discovered in Britain. He has published a paper outlining his findings on the Cambridge University Press site, Cambridge Core.
Two strange planets: Neptune and Uranus remain mysterious after new findings20h
Uranus and Neptune both have a completely skewed magnetic field, perhaps due to the planets' special inner structures. But new experiments by ETH Zurich researchers now show that the mystery remains unsolved.
Leaders of Covid-hit German states call for national lockdown20h
Leading virologist says country is in 'serious and complicated' stage of pandemic Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Regional leaders of two German states badly hit by a third wave of the pandemic have urged the rest of the country to re-impose a tough lockdown to flatten infection rates, as a leading virologist said Germany was in a "serious and complicated" stage of t
The Foundations of AI Are Riddled With Errors22h
The labels attached to images used to train machine-vision systems are often wrong. That could mean bad decisions by self-driving cars and medical algorithms.
Is this Danish island soon coming to a coast near you?1d
In 1991, Denmark constructed the world's first offshore wind farm. Now they're building an entire 'Energy Island' in the North Sea. As the U.S. catches up, Danish know-how could soon come to America. Giant wind farms On Monday, President Biden designated a 'Wind Energy Area' in the waters between Long Island and New Jersey. It's part of an ambitious plan to build giant wind farms along the East
Climate change: China absent from key UK meeting1d
Despite an official UK invite, China is not taking part in a key summit on climate and development.
New Study Sheds Light on Why Grasshoppers Flocked to Vegas1d
In a new study, ecologists document the impact that the world's brightest city has on the insect population.
Mysterious brain disease 'cluster' under investigation in Canada1d
The illness has afflicted more than 40 people in New Brunswick.
Photos: The Great Vaccination Campaign1d
As of today, more than 565 million COVID-19 vaccine doses have been administered around the world, at a rate of about 14 million doses a day. Shots are being given at mass-vaccination sites, hospitals, small clinics, and in people's homes, as governments and organizations work to reach everyone currently eligible. The work has only just begun, though; despite encouraging early numbers, only 4 per
Someone in The Kalahari Collected Crystals a Whopping 105,000 Years Ago8h
Some things just don't change.
NASA Shows Off Photo of Rock With Laser Holes From Mars Rover12h
Zap Zap NASA is showing off its Mars Perseverance rover's handiwork on a nearby rock. "While the helicopter is getting ready , I can't help checking out nearby rocks," the rover's official account wrote in a tweet today . "This odd one has my science team trading lots of hypotheses." While the helicopter is getting ready, I can't help checking out nearby rocks. This odd one has my science team tr
Up Close With Iceland's Fagradalsfjall Volcano14h
Nearly two weeks since its initial eruption, the Fagradalsfjall volcano on Iceland's Reykjanes Peninsula continues to be active. The gentle nature of the lava flows so far and the volcano's proximity to the city of Reykjavik have allowed many hikers to make the trip to the site and witness the event up close. Here, a handful of recent images of visitors to Iceland's newest volcano.
Biden Plans Huge Investment in Electric Vehicles15h
Going Green US President Joe Biden has announced that his administration intends to invest $174 billion in the domestic electric vehicle market. "His plan will enable automakers to spur domestic supply chains from raw materials to parts, retool factories to compete globally, and support American workers to make batteries and EVs," reads a brief posted to the White House's website today. Consumers
US$1.28 trillion: The stark economic carnage of biological invasions threatening the world18h
A new analysis has revealed the stark US$1.28 trillion economic damage caused by the world's invasive species over the past half century—with a group of global experts warning damage and management costs will soar unless biodiversity agencies can improve prevention and control of biological invasions.
The Strange Life of a Congressional Trump Basher, After Trump18h
E ric Swalwell is going through some stuff. A lot of people are—and not just those who, like him, have grown a scraggly pandemic beard under their mask. Like many members of Congress, Swalwell is still working through the anger and trauma caused by the attack on the Capitol. Like so many Americans, he's learning to live in a post-Trump United States, a post-Trump politics. He's still trying to fi
LED light pollution is a major turnoff to some North American bats21h
Light pollution, or artificial light at night (ALAN), is a rapidly spreading form of environmental degradation that currently covers about 50% of the United States and 90% of Europe. It can have wide-ranging impacts to nocturnal wildlife by causing changes in foraging behavior, space use, predator-prey interactions, communication and reproduction. New research published this week in the journal Ec
Modern analysis of rock art: Machine learning opens new doors in archaeology1d
Rock art of human figures created over thousands of years in Australia's Arnhem Land has been put through a transformative machine learning study to analyse style changes over the years.
Researchers observe new isotope of fluorine1d
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis reported the first observations of a new form of fluorine, the isotope 13F, described in the journal Physical Review Letters.
Bonobos Offer Clues To Why Humans Evolved To Value Niceness12h
Humans evolved to be nice — at least sometimes. The trait has helped us succeed as a species. But how did it happen? A look at some peace-loving apes in Democratic Republic of the Congo offers clues.
Plants play leading role in cycling toxic mercury through the environment, researchers say14h
Researchers studying mercury gas in the atmosphere with the aim of reducing the pollutant worldwide have determined a vast amount of the toxic element is absorbed by plants, leading it to deposit into soils.
The Awesome Emptiness of Godzilla vs. Kong15h
In Godzilla vs. Kong , the plot is just an excuse to get to the titular brawl. The film follows a team traveling to Hollow Earth—the secret underground home of titans such as Godzilla and Kong—on behalf of a shady corporation seeking to harness its energy source. They transport Kong away from Skull Island so that he can guide them on their quest, but, uh-oh , Kong and Godzilla are ancient rivals,
Analysis of ancient bones reveals Stone Age diet details18h
Fish was not on the menu of the hunter-gatherers of southern Europe 27,000 years ago. Surprisingly, people on the Iberian Peninsula in the Late Gravettian period mostly ate plants and land animals such as rabbits, deer and horses. An international team of researchers has been able to determine this for the first time on the basis of an isotope study of human fossils from the Serinyà caves in Catal
Pfizer vaccine is 100% effective in preventing COVID-19 in children ages 12 to 1519h
Pfizer and BioNTech plan to submit the clinical trial data to the FDA as soon as possible.
How Cargo Ships Could Help Detect Tsunamis20h
By using GPS data to monitor slight changes in elevation, the world's fleet of commercial vessels could aid in forecasting incoming waves.
Women Street Photographers Captures the Beauty of Normalcy22h
The photography book, released during Women's Futures Month and on the heels of a worldwide vaccine rollout, couldn't come at a better time.
Return to school playing key role in slowing fall in UK Covid cases1d
Debate under way on whether to let virus 'run hot' as pressure on hospitals eases
WHO Head: We're Still Not Sure if COVID Escaped From a Lab1d
After a lengthy investigation into the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in China, World Health Organization (WHO) researchers said that the coronavirus almost certainly jumped from infected animals to humans. But not everyone is convinced, The New York Times reports , including WHO director-general Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. In particular, he's drawing attention to the lab leak hypothesis
How satellite images are helping one country hand out cash1h
Togo has found a new way to send emergency cash to people struggling in the pandemic.
Climate change: Net zero targets are 'pie in the sky'9h
Indian minister lashes out at plans to cut emissions dramatically over the next three decades.
Seagrasses turn back the clock on ocean acidification16h
Spanning six years and seven seagrass meadows along the California coast, a paper published today from the University of California, Davis, is the most extensive study yet of how seagrasses can buffer ocean acidification.
New Technique Identifies DNA Floating Through the Air17h
Environmental DNA Scientists found that they can capture free-floating DNA and use it to identify what specific animals are nearby just by sucking air through a special filter. It's a cool trick that should prove useful for conservationists and ecologists, Gizmodo reports , but the study is also fascinating from a human perspective. If DNA in the air can be used to track down specific species, it
Neuroscientists have identified a brain circuit that stops mice from mating with others that appear to be sick18h
When someone is sick, it's natural to want to stay as far from them as possible. It turns out this is also true for mice, according to an MIT study that also identified the brain circuit responsible for this distancing behavior.
Boston Dynamics' New Warehouse Robot, Stretch, Moves 800 Boxes an Hour19h
This week, Boston Dynamics (whose dancing robots video I still can't watch without cracking up) unveiled the newest addition to its robot menagerie. Stretch is the less aesthetically pleasing but highly practical cousin of Atlas , Handle , and Spot , and it has the potential to bring significant changes to warehouse operations. As mundane as "warehouse operations" sounds, consider that online spe
Indian astronomers probe X-ray pulsar 2S 1417–62420h
Using the Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) instrument aboard the International Space Station (ISS) and NASA's Swift spacecraft, astronomers from India have investigated an X-ray pulsar known as 2S 1417–624. Results of the study, published March 24 on arXiv.org, provide important information about the evolution of different timing and spectral properties of this source during its
Science cuts could see experts leave UK, warns Nobel laureate20h
Nobel laureate Sir Paul Nurse also says science is crucial for dealing with climate change.
Higher testosterone levels in men linked to greater melanoma risk22h
Study finds testosterone associated with risk of developing potentially deadly skin cancer, but causation not proved Men with high levels of testosterone have an increased risk of developing a potentially deadly skin cancer, researchers have found. According to Cancer Research UK , which funded the study, one in 36 UK males and one in 47 UK females will be diagnosed with melanoma skin cancer in t
Deepfake "Amazon workers" are sowing confusion on Twitter. That's not the problem.23h
The news: Ahead of a landmark vote that could lead to the formation of the first-ever labor union at a US-based Amazon warehouse, new Twitter accounts purporting to be Amazon employees started appearing. The profiles used deepfake photos as profile pictures and were tweeting some pretty laughable, over-the-top defenses of Amazon's working practices. They didn't seem real, but they still led to co
Impacts of sunscreen on coral reefs needs urgent attention, say scientists1d
More research is needed on the environmental impact of sunscreen on the world's coral reefs, scientists at the University of York say.
Sharp increase in destruction of virgin forest in 20201d
An area of pristine rainforest the size of the Netherlands was burned or hacked down last year, as the destruction of the planet's tropical forests accelerated despite a global economic slowdown, according to research Wednesday.
Guess What Just Happened to The Latest SpaceX Starship Prototype1d
It'll get there one day!
The Great British Art Tour: the little dog that caused violent riots5min
With public art collections closed we are bringing the art to you, exploring highlights from across the country in partnership with Art UK. Today's pick: Brown Dog by Nicola Hicks, in Battersea Park In a secluded area of Battersea Park in London stands a sculpture of a small terrier on a plinth . Its diminutive size and situation belies a fascinating history that includes mass demonstrations, vio
What on Earth Is Amazon Doing?8h
What the hell is Amazon doing? The company is behaving like a common troll on social media, which is not the usual stance for a giant corporation. As someone who has spent an ungodly amount of time studying brand behavior on the internet, I have a theory—but, first, let me back up. Over the past week, Amazon has mounted an aggressive public-opinion campaign in what appears to be an effort to disc
Getting to the core of HIV replication14h
Viruses lurk in the gray area between the living and the nonliving, according to scientists. Like living things, they replicate but they don't do it on their own. The HIV-1 virus, like all viruses, needs to hijack a host cell through infection in order to make copies of itself.
Football teams retain home advantage with no crowd, study finds15h
Research carried out during Covid spectator bans suggests support is not a key factor in match results While football players sweat it out on the field, their supporters in the stadium shout and sing, giving those playing at home an advantage. When Covid-19 hit, some expected that home advantage to disappear when spectators had to watch games on screens – but research suggests home teams retain a
Exploring how storytelling tropes cluster in popular films15h
An analysis of film tropes—common storytelling elements seen in different movies—explores combinations of tropes that tend to co-occur in films, identifying patterns that could help inform development of new movies. Pablo García-Sánchez and Juan Merelo of the University of Granada, and Antonio Velez-Estevez and Manuel Cobo from the University of Cádiz, Spain present these findings in the open-acce
Virus Variants Can Infect Mice, Scientists Report15h
Infected rodents pose no immediate danger to humans, but the research suggests that mutations are helping the coronavirus expand its range of potential hosts.
Study shows promise of quantum computing using factory-made silicon chips16h
The qubit is the building block of quantum computing, analogous to the bit in classical computers. To perform error-free calculations, quantum computers of the future are likely to need at least millions of qubits. The latest study, published in the journal PRX Quantum, suggests that these computers could be made with industrial-grade silicon chips using existing manufacturing processes, instead o
How to Game on a Tight Budget16h
You don't need to be rich to be knee-deep in great games to play. Here's how to get more for way less.
Specialized's Turbo Como SL Is a Comfy, Lightweight Cruiser16h
The best way to make an electric bike easier to ride is to drop the weight by about 20 pounds.
Language around gender and identity evolves (and always has) | Archie Crowley17h
Dictionaries and grammar "rules" don't have the final word on language — and believing they do can harm more than help, especially for the trans community. Sociolinguist Archie Crowley deconstructs three common myths around language, demonstrating how it's a fluid system that naturally evolves in the direction of inclusion.
How stress stops hair growth (in mice)17h
More research is needed to know if the same mechanism halts hair growth in humans.
Early humans in the Kalahari were as innovative as their coastal neighbors18h
Archaeological evidence in a rock shelter at the edge of the Kalahari Desert, South Africa, is challenging the idea that the origins of our species were linked to coastal environments. Published in Nature, Dr. Jayne Wilkins from Griffith University's Australian Research Centre for Human Evolution led an international collaboration which found evidence far from coastal sites of the complex symbolic
A successful phonon calculation within the quantum Monte Carlo framework18h
The focus and ultimate goal of computational research in materials science and condensed matter physics is to solve the Schrödinger equation—the fundamental equation describing how electrons behave inside matter—exactly (without resorting to simplifying approximations). While experiments can certainly provide interesting insights into a material's properties, it is often computations that reveal t
Radar study shows 46 million grasshoppers descended on Las Vegas18h
A team of researchers from the University of Oklahoma, and one from Notre Dame University, has found that on July 27, 2019, approximately 46 million pallid-winged grasshoppers hovered over Las Vegas, Nevada—one of the brightest-lit cities in the United States. In their paper published in the journal Biology Letters, the group describes using radar data to study the grasshoppers.
New theory suggests uranium 'snowflakes' in white dwarfs could set off star-destroying explosion19h
A pair of researchers with Indiana University and Illinois University, respectively, has developed a theory that suggests crystalizing uranium "snowflakes" deep inside white dwarfs could instigate an explosion large enough to destroy the star. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, C. J. Horowitz and M. E. Caplan describe their theory and what it could mean to astrophysic
Save the Butterflies–but Not to Save Our Food Supply19h
These insects are lovely, but despite what many think, they aren't significant contributors to pollinating agriculturally important plants — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Bläckfiskar ändrar färg när de sover – tyder på att de drömmer19h
Forskare har identifierat två olika sömnfaser hos bläckfiskar. Under den lugna fasen ligger bläckfiskarna stilla med slutna ögon, medan de under den aktiva fasen både rör sig och ändrar färg. Det är möjligt att den aktiva fasen är drömsömn.
Geoengineering researchers have halted plans for a balloon launch in Sweden19h
In an unexpected move, the advisory committee for a Harvard University geoengineering research project is recommending that the team suspend plans for its first balloon flight in Sweden this summer. The purpose of that initial flight was to evaluate the propelled balloon's equipment and software in the stratosphere. In subsequent launches, the researchers hope to release small amounts of particle
Solving the mammal brain size puzzle20h
A new study has revealed a surprising lack of support for widely-held explanations of why some mammals evolve larger brains than expected for their body size.
Super-precise Fermilab experiment carefully analyzing the muon's magnetic moment20h
Modern physics is full of the sort of twisty, puzzle-within-a-puzzle plots you'd find in a classic detective story: Both physicists and detectives must carefully separate important clues from unrelated information. Both physicists and detectives must sometimes push beyond the obvious explanation to fully reveal what's going on.
This Countertop Composter Turns Table Scraps Into Plant Food20h
If your city doesn't have a food-waste recycling program, consider Vitamix's gadget for composting your leftovers.
In the Sonoran Desert, GIS Helps to Map Migrant Deaths23h
According to GIS maps, after the U.S. government intensified its border patrol and surveillance efforts, migrants began crossing through hotter, more rugged, and deadlier parts of the Sonoran Desert. Researchers are calling on governments to rethink how their policies on borderlands contribute to deaths.
Listen to your heart? What this remarkable organ actually does1d
The heart is more than just a pump that pushes blood through our veins. It's also an organ that affects our thinking, feelings, perception and identity. The human heart is usually the size of one's fist, sometimes a little larger. It's made of two parts – the left and the right – that are not directly connected to one another. This is why sometimes they are called the left heart and the right hea
Scientists show technology can save people from shark bites1d
With shark bites increasing in countries like Australia—scientists say the use of personal electronic deterrents is an effective way to prevent future deaths and injuries which could save the lives of up to 1063 Australians along the coastline over the next 50 years.
The Weekly Planet: 3 Ways That Biden Could Green the Financial System1d
Every week, our lead climate reporter brings you the big ideas, expert analysis, and vital guidance that will help you flourish on a changing planet. Sign up to get T he Weekly Planet , our guide to living through climate change, in your inbox. One of the core ideas of this newsletter is that you can't fight climate change without altering the stuff of the world. The vehicles that people use to c
Our Favorite Photography Backpack is $50 Off1d
At $120, the Moment MTW Backpack is a great bag at a good price—but the discount ends March 31.
SpaceX's Starship SN11 rocket prototype explodes on landing1d
We've got good news and bad news about the latest explosive SpaceX Starship test in Boca Chica, Texas.
Lakes on Greenland Ice Sheet can drain huge amounts of water, even in winter10h
Using satellite data to 'see in the dark', researchers have shown for the first time that lakes on the Greenland Ice Sheet drain during winter, a finding with implications for the speed at which the world's second-largest ice sheet flows to the ocean.
Insight into the evolution of bones15h
A joint team of paleontologists has now for the first time analyzed bone structures in 400 million-year-old fossils of marine life at unprecedentedly high resolution and in 3D. To be able to view these structures, tomography experts at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) examined the samples under the focused ion beam of a scanning electron microscope to calculate 3D images from the data, achieving
Japan sees earliest cherry blossoms on record as climate warms18h
Japan's cherry trees are reaching full bloom in record time this year, the national weather agency has said, linking the early sakura season to the world's warming climate.
Imperiled Freshwater Turtles Are Eating Plastics–Science Is Just Revealing the Threat19h
We know a lot about how sea turtles are threatened by our trash, but new research has just uncovered an underreported threat hiding inside lakes and rivers.
Synthetic mucus can mimic the real thing1d
More than just a sign of illness, mucus is a critical part of our body's defenses against disease. Every day, our bodies produce more than a liter of the slippery substance, covering a surface area of more than 400 square meters to trap and disarm microbial invaders.
China rejects WHO criticism and says Covid lab-leak theory 'ruled out'21h
Chinese scientist says international Wuhan mission had access to same data as local officials
Biden's Big Bet: Tackling Climate Change Will Create Jobs, Not Kill Them10h
For decades, Democrats have countered opposition to "job-killing" environmental regulation by saying combatting climate change would create well-paying new jobs. President Biden is betting on it.
Exercise, healthy diet in midlife may prevent serious health conditions in senior years19h
Regular exercise and a healthy diet for middle-aged adults may be key to achieving optimal cardiometabolic health later in life. Cardiometabolic health risk factors include the metabolic syndrome, a cluster of health conditions such as excess body fat around the waist, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke
Kumon or Montessori? It may depend on your politics, according to new study of 8,500 parents1d
Whether parents prefer a conformance-oriented or independence-oriented supplemental education program for their children depends on political ideology, according to a study of more than 8,500 American parents.
COP26: Government has 'no plans' to delay climate summit13h
Downing Street sources reject reports the COP26 meeting in Glasgow will be postponed until next year.
Scientists turn to deep learning to improve air quality forecasts19h
Air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels impacts human health but predicting pollution levels at a given time and place remains challenging, according to a team of scientists who are turning to deep learning to improve air quality estimates. Results of the team's study could be helpful for modelers examining how economic factors like industrial productivity and health factors like hospitaliz
First images of freshwater plumes at sea13h
The first imaging of substantial freshwater plumes west of Hawai'i Island may help water planners to optimize sustainable yields and aquifer storage calculations. University of Hawai'i at Mānoa researchers demonstrated a new method to detect freshwater plumes between the seafloor and ocean surface in a study recently published in Geophysical Research Letters.
Oxford Nanopore float offers London a proper tech future1d
Planned IPO of life science group will test LSE's appetite for funding high-growth tech Oxford Nanopore to float on London Stock Exchange Another day, another tech float on the way for London. This one involves proper technology too: cutting-edge DNA sequencing and analytics, as opposed to takeaway food delivered by bicycle. Oxford Nanopore's likely arrival on the London Stock Exchange later this
Small-molecule therapeutics: Big data dreams for tiny technologies19h
Small-molecule therapeutics treat a wide variety of diseases, but their effectiveness is often diminished because of their pharmacokinetics—what the body does to a drug. After administration, the body dictates how much of the drug is absorbed, which organs the drug enters, and how quickly the body metabolizes and excretes the drug again.
First X-rays from Uranus discovered14h
Astronomers have detected X-rays from Uranus using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. This result may help scientists learn more about this enigmatic ice giant planet in our Solar System.
Monster Hunter Rise Blends the Best of Feudal Japan's Culture20h
The game's director, Yasunori Ichinose, gives us a breakdown of its Japanese folklore influences.
Structural analyses of an RNA stability element interacting with poly(A) [Biochemistry]1d
Cis-acting RNA elements are crucial for the regulation of polyadenylated RNA stability. The element for nuclear expression (ENE) contains a U-rich internal loop flanked by short helices. An ENE stabilizes RNA by sequestering the poly(A) tail via formation of a triplex structure that inhibits a rapid deadenylation-dependent decay pathway. Structure-based…
Italian dogs sniff through COVID-19 bootcamp13h
It was Harlock's first day at coronavirus training school and she already showed promise.
Karies eller parodontit – inte bara godisets fel20h
Minst en miljard människor i världen beräknas ha hål i tänderna (karies) eller tandlossning (parodontit). Sötsaker ökar risken, men hur bakteriefloran i munnens ser ut spelar stor också roll. Pågående forskning kan leda till snabbtest som avslöjar om man ligger i farozonen innan sjukdomen brutit ut. – I Sverige drabbas cirka tio procent av allvarlig karies eller tandlossning och andelen förväntas
Spaceflight and long-distance swimming shrink the heart12h
Scientists analyzed the hearts of retired astronaut Scott Kelly after he spent time in space and elite endurance swimmer Benoît Lecomte after he swam the Pacific Ocean.
Can drinking cocoa protect your heart when you're stressed?15h
Increased consumption of flavanols – a group of molecules occurring naturally in fruit and vegetables – could protect people from mental stress-induced cardiovascular events such as stroke, heart disease and thrombosis, according to new research.
Experimental treatment offers hope of fertility for early menopausal women19h
Menopause typically signals the end of a woman's ability to become pregnant. However, in a small new study, a novel approach of administering platelet-rich plasma and gonadotropins near the ovarian follicles is showing promise in restoring ovarian function.
The Atlantic Daily: How to Head Off the New Surge17h
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox. America is entering its fourth coronavirus surge. And this time, it appears to be driven by an even deadlier variant of the virus. Luckily, the country is prepared, having already vaccinated tens
NASA tests mixed reality, scientific know-how and mission operations for exploration21h
Mixed reality technologies, like virtual reality headsets or augmented reality apps, aren't just for entertainment—they can also help make discoveries on other worlds like the Moon and Mars. By traveling on Earth to extreme environments—from Mars-like lava fields in Hawaii to underwater hydrothermal vents—similar to destinations on other worlds, NASA scientists have tested out technologies and too
Waste carbon from steel production can be recycled into new products18h
Gases from steel processing can be used to make materials for products like insulation boards and wood coatings, concludes an EU-funded project.
Preconditions for life already present 3.5 billion years ago17h
Microbial life already had the necessary conditions to exist on our planet 3.5 billion years ago. This was the conclusion reached by a research team after studying microscopic fluid inclusions in barium sulfate (barite) from the Dresser Mine in Marble Bar, Australia. In their publication "Ingredients for microbial life preserved in 3.5-billion-year-old fluid inclusions," the researchers suggest th
A feminist internet would be better for everyone1h
It's April 13, 2025. Like most 17-year-olds, Maisie grabs her phone as soon as she wakes up. She checks her apps in the same order every morning: Herd, Signal, TikTok. Herd started out as a niche social network aimed at girls, but everyone's on it these days, even the boys. Maisie goes to her personal page and looks at what she's pinned there: photos of her dog, her family, her school science pro
Study provides first evidence of DNA collection from air18h
Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have shown for the first time that animal DNA shed within the environment can be collected from the air.
New study sows doubt about the composition of 70 percent of our universe16h
Researchers the world over have long believed that 70 percent of the universe is composed of dark energy, a substance that makes it possible for the universe to expand at an ever-increasing rate. But in a new study, researchers tested a model which suggests that the universe's expansion is due to a dark substance with a kind of magnetic force.
Study ratifies link of processed meat to cardiovascular disease and early death17h
The information comes from the diets and health outcomes of 134,297 people from 21 countries spanning five continents, who were tracked by researchers for data on meat consumption and cardiovascular illnesses.
In pursuit of pragmatic solutions to pervasive problems18h
The Alibaba Damo Academy is a unique hybrid research and development (R&D) facility. An academically-oriented independent science organization established in 2017 in Hangzhou, China, it is also an arms-length research affiliate of its founder, Chinese internet technology giant Alibaba. Damo's project development pipelines are positioned around developing data-enabled technologies for fundamental
Those who worry about CO2 should worry about methane, too18h
It's the other greenhouse gas
Research reveals how a cell mixes its mitochondria before it divides20h
In a landmark study, a team led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine has discovered—and filmed—the molecular details of how a cell, just before it divides in two, shuffles important internal components called mitochondria to distribute them evenly to its two daughter cells.
NASA's Webb Telescope General Observer scientific programs selected21h
Mission officials for NASA's James Webb Space Telescope have announced the selection of the General Observer programs for the telescope's first year of science, known as Cycle 1. These specific programs will provide the worldwide astronomical community with one of the first extensive opportunities to investigate scientific targets with Webb.
Urban squirrels, how much are we disturbing you?1d
Human disturbance in urban environments makes some squirrels fail, but others perform better in novel problem-solving.
Low mood or clinical depression? Taking a critical approach to psychology | Letters17h
Readers respond to Lucy Foulkes' article on what we are getting wrong in the conversation around mental health It is pleasing that Lucy Foulkes' experience ( What we're getting wrong in the conversation about mental health , 29 March) of supporting her friend through a relationship breakdown leads her to question the helpfulness of applying psychiatric diagnoses uncritically in this and other sit
Huge volcanic eruption didn't cause climate change and mass extinction 140 million years ago20h
Mass extinctions are times in Earth's past when large proportions of life suddenly and catastrophically died. These have occurred periodically over the past 550 million years. The exact causes of these extinctions are not fully understood, but there appears to be a remarkable coincidence between mass extinctions and huge volcanic eruptions that form large igneous provinces (LIPs).
Pumping the 'brain brake' in pediatric anxiety16h
A new study reveals that an evidence-based treatment may 'fix' a human short circuit that leads to anxiety and, with the help of brain imaging, might predict treatment outcomes for adolescents with anxiety disorders. Researchers say this could determine medication effectiveness more quickly to help patients.
'Agricomb' measures multiple gas emissions from… cows15h
After the optical frequency comb made its debut as a ruler for light, spinoffs followed, including the astrocomb to measure starlight and a radar-like comb system to detect natural gas leaks. And now, researchers have unveiled the "agricomb" to measure, ahem, cow burps.
Evidence of DNA collection from air18h
Researchers have shown for the first time that animal DNA shed within the environment can be collected from the air.
The 'one who causes fear' – new meat-eating predator discovered1d
Superbly preserved braincase of this new species is an important find – it suggests there was a greater diversity and abundance of abelisaurids late in dinosaurs' era than previously thought.
Scientists design 'smart' device to harvest daylight16h
A team of researchers has designed a 'smart' device to harvest daylight and relay it to underground spaces, reducing the need to draw on traditional energy sources for lighting.
Sounds like home: Murrelets choose breeding locations by eavesdropping on other murrelets1d
Oregon State University researchers broadcast marbled murrelet calls in mature forests and found that the threatened seabirds' choice of breeding locations is strongly influenced by whether they hear other murrelets in the area.
Hundredevis af nye medarbejdere skulle hjælpe – men ejendomsvurderingerne volder stadig problemer1d
En massiv tilgang af nye medarbejdere og flere hundrede millioner ekstra lønkroner har ikke ændret ved, at det "nye" ejendomsvurderingssystem fortsat er blandt de giftigste projekter i den statslige projektportefølje.
It pays to be tolerant: Dutch national identity13h
The roots of Dutch tolerance run deep. Perhaps its sources are to be found in centuries old Calvinist prescriptions, according to which everyone has the right to interpret the Bible in their own way. Or maybe in the economy, since international trade necessitated respect for others. "According to our report, there is no such thing as Dutch national identity," announced Máxima, Queen of the Nether
What Is Wall Street's Role in Climate?14h
A widening group of firms is trying to determine how best to measure "financed emissions" — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Fast, portable test can diagnose COVID-19 and track variants7h
Clinicians using a new viral screening test can not only diagnose COVID-19 in a matter of minutes with a portable, pocket-sized machine, but can also simultaneously test for other viruses — like influenza — that might be mistaken for the coronavirus. At the same time, they can sequence the virus, providing valuable information on the spread of COVID-19 mutations and variants.
Mice naturally engage in physical distancing14h
Researchers have identified a brain circuit that prevents male mice from trying to mate with sick females.
More support needed for two children in every class with hidden language disorder16h
Psychologists suggests schools could introduce quieter alternatives to playtime to help children with developmental language disorder.
Century-old problem solved with first-ever 3D atomic imaging of an amorphous solid16h
Glass, rubber and plastics all belong to a class of matter called amorphous solids. And in spite of how common they are in our everyday lives, amorphous solids have long posed a challenge to scientists.
Estimating lifetime microplastic exposure18h
Every day, people are exposed to microplastics from food, water, beverages and air. But it's unclear just how many of these particles accumulate in the human body, and whether they pose health risks. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology have developed a lifetime microplastic exposure model that accounts for variable levels from different sources and in different po
India's Kumbh Mela stokes Covid surge fears as millions flock to Ganges9h
Hindu festival on holy river could spark 'superspreader' event, warns public health expert
Why the middle is neglected in politics and other spectrums15h
When people talk about the political spectrum, it's often in reference to "opposite sides." Whether the sides are "conservatives versus liberals," "Republicans versus Democrats," or "left versus right," the center is rarely included—and can be actively excluded, according to Santa Fe Institute research published this week in the journal PLOS ONE.
Firms recruit 'dark' personalities for earnings management16h
Companies could be hiring that bad boss on purpose. According to new research in the Journal of Business Ethics, the 'dark' personality traits—questionable ethical standards, narcissistic tendencies—that make a boss bad also make that person much more likely to go along with manipulating earnings and may be the reason they got the job in the first place.
Winter Arctic Sea Ice Peaks at 7th Skimpiest on Record1d
The ice has likely reached an "uneventful maximum," but the long-term decline due to human-caused warming continues.
Early Earth's hot mantle may have led to Archean 'water world'1d
Earth's sea level has remained fairly constant during the last 541 million years, but a new study suggests the planet may have been covered by a vast global ocean 4 to 3.2 billion years ago.
Even without a brain, metal-eating robots can search for food7h
This 'metal-eating' robot can follow a metal path without using a computer or needing a battery. By wiring the power-supplying units to the wheels on the opposite side, the robot autonomously navigates towards aluminum surfaces and away from hazards that block its energy source.
Venus plots a comeback16h
In terms of space exploration, Mars is all the rage these days. This has left our closest neighbor, Venus—previously the most attractive planet to study because of its proximity and similar atmosphere to Earth—in the lurch. A new article in Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, highlights how scientists and space agencies are turning their eyes back
Carbon-neutral 'biofuel' from lakes16h
Lakes store huge amounts of methane. In a new study, environmental scientists offer suggestions for how it can be extracted and used as an energy source in the form of methanol.
Targeted opioid that hones in on inflamed tissues stops colitis pain without side effects16h
A targeted opioid that only treats diseased tissues and spares healthy tissues relieves pain from inflammatory bowel disease without causing side effects, according to new research.
Special heat treatment improves novel magnetic material17h
Skyrmions—tiny magnetic vortices—are considered promising candidates for tomorrow's information memory devices which may be able to achieve enormous data storage and processing capacities. A research team led by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) has developed a method to grow a particular magnetic thin-film material that hosts these magnetic vortices. A central aspect of this new met
An organic material for the next generation of HVAC technologies1d
On sultry summer afternoons, heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems provide much-needed relief from the harsh heat and humidity. These systems, which often come with dehumidifiers, are currently not energy efficient, guzzling around 76% of the electricity in commercial and residential buildings.
Turning back the clock on a severe vision disorder18h
Children born with a severe form of Leber congenital amaurosis are blind from birth. Researchers have developed a gene therapy that not only stops but reverses the damage to cone photoreceptor cells in a canine model of the condition.
Where have I found peace in the pandemic? Taking part in a Covid vaccine trial18h
The time I've spent testing Novavax is the closest I've come to the eye of the storm – and it has put my other worries into perspective I've thoroughly enjoyed being a vaccine triallist. As I've mentioned before, I'm on the Novavax trial . When I look back on this past year, I'll remember my visits to the hospital with fondness. I've found them to be pleasant little diversions from the rhythm of
High-fiber diet may play a role in controlling the inflammation associated with COVID-191d
In vitro treatment of cells with these molecules reduced the expression of a gene that plays a key role in viral cell entry and a cytokine receptor.
Ancient meteoritic impact over Antarctica 430,000 years ago7h
A research team of international space scientists has found new evidence of a low-altitude meteoritic touchdown event reaching the Antarctic ice sheet 430,000 years ago.
Firms recruit dark personalities for earnings management15h
Dark personality traits are often framed as an accidental byproduct of selecting managers who fit the stereotype of a strong leader. However, research finds that this is often no accident.
Millennials and Generation Z are more sustainability-orientated — even when it comes to money, researchers find16h
The younger generations are willing to put their money where their mouth is when it comes to sustainable living. In a study questioning both commitment to sustainable behaviors and willingness to trade better pay to work for a more sustainable-minded company, the surveyed young adults in Japan made their preferences clear.
Millennials and Generation Z are more sustainability-orientated—even when it comes to money, researchers find21h
The younger generations are willing to put their money where their mouth is when it comes to sustainable living. In a study questioning both commitment to sustainable behaviors and willingness to trade better pay to work for a more sustainable-minded company, the surveyed young adults in Japan made their preferences clear.
Confronting plastic pollution to protect environmental and public health1d
Some 8,300 million metric tons of plastics have been manufactured since production exploded in the 1950s, with more than 75 percent ending up as waste and 15 million metric tons reaching oceans every year. Plastic waste fragments into increasingly smaller but environmentally persistent "microplastics," with potentially harmful effects on the health of people, wildlife and ecosystems. A new collect
Kirigami-style fabrication may enable new 3D nanostructures19h
A new technique that mimics the ancient Japanese art of kirigami may offer an easier way to fabricate complex 3D nanostructures for use in electronics, manufacturing and health care.
Ep. 54: Translating Portugal's Approach to Drugs and Addiction22h
This month: Twenty years ago Portugal decriminalized all drugs as part of a bigger national strategy to fight addiction. Last month Oregon became the first U.S. state to do the same, in a policy modeled off Portugal's approach — but many questions about how success may translate remain unanswered.
US, China consulted on safety as their crafts headed to Mars1d
As their respective spacecrafts headed to Mars, China and the U.S. held consultations earlier this year in a somewhat unusual series of exchanges between the rivals.
How Middle East dust intensifies summer monsoons on Indian subcontinent14h
A new study details how the Indian Summer Monsoon is supercharged by atmospheric dust particles swept up by winds from deserts in the Middle East.
Home Advantage Doesn't Require Crowds, COVID Pro Soccer Matches Show14h
An assessment of games before and during the pandemic suggests that teams play better on their own turf even without crowd support — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
A new technique to synthesize superconducting materials16h
Researchers who demonstrated superconducting materials at room temperatures last fall, now report a new technique in the quest to also create the materials at lower pressures. They describe separating hydrogen atoms from yttrium with a thin film of palladium inside a diamond anvil.
Biodiversity is positively related to mental health18h
The higher the number of plant and bird species in a region, the healthier the people who live there. This was found by a new study published in Landscape and Urban Planning and led by the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (SBiK-F) and the Christian Albrechts University (CAU) in Kiel. The researchers found that, in
Lab-made hexagonal diamonds stiffer than natural diamonds19h
For the first time, researchers have hard evidence that human-made hexagonal diamonds are stiffer than cubic diamonds found in nature and often used in jewelry. Hexagonal diamonds have been found at some meteorite impact sites and others have been made in labs but were either too small or existed to briefly for measurement. Now scientists have created hexagonal diamonds large enough to measure the
Floating gardens as a way to keep farming despite climate change19h
Bangladesh's floating gardens, built to grow food during flood seasons, could offer a sustainable solution for parts of the world prone to flooding because of climate change, a new study has found.
Læger i udsatte områder: Det er for dyrt og besværligt at skifte læge1d
Borgere i belastede bydele som Vollsmose og Tingbjerg har for første gang i mange år glæde af have en praktiserende læge nedsat i lokalområdet. Forsvindende få har dog benyttet sig af tilbuddet. En af årsagerne er, at det er dyrt og besværligt at skifte læge, mener to praktiserende læger.
Beam us up! Elsevier pulls 26 Covid-19 papers by researcher with a penchant for Star Trek13h
An Elsevier journal has retracted more than two dozen Covid-19 papers by a researcher in Malta with a fondness for Star Trek after determining that the articles did not meet its standards for publication. The move comes several months after we reported that Hampton Gaddy, a student at the University of Oxford, had raised questions … Continue reading
Domestic violence increases in heterosexual couples when the woman earns more money20h
Domestic violence committed on female partners in heterosexual couples occurs significantly more frequently when the woman earns more than the man—according to our findings about 35% more often.
Heat conduction record with tantalum nitride18h
A thermos bottle has the task of preserving the temperature—but sometimes you want to achieve the opposite: Computer chips generate heat that must be dissipated as quickly as possible so that the chip is not destroyed. This requires special materials with particularly good heat conduction properties.
Emerging markets are falling behind in the race for green capital19h
Developing nations are missing out on a wave of investor interest in climate change and sustainability according to a new report released today.
Curved plasmonic fluxes reveal new way to practical light manipulation within nanoscal20h
Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with Russian colleagues and researchers from Technical University of Denmark the first time have experimentally proved the existence of a two-dimensional (2D) curved flux of plasmonic quasiparticles, a plasmonic hook. A flat 2D hook is smaller than a 3D hook and possesses new properties, due to them, the researchers consider it as the most promi
B.1.1.7 variant of COVID-19 spreading rapidly in United States7h
A genetic analysis of virus samples suggests that the UK-originating variant, which is 40-50 percent more transmissible, entered the country in late November 2020.
Scientists have laser-cooled antimatter14h
Scientists have succeeded in cooling down antihydrogen atoms – the simplest form of atomic antimatter – with laser light.
Preconditions for life present 3.5 billion years ago16h
For the first time, organic molecules could be detected in such old liquids as possible nutrients for primordial microbes.
Engineers use tiny device to change songbird pitch, improve understanding of human speech19h
Scientific understanding of the brain regions responsible for speech and communication is limited. Consequently, knowledge of how to improve challenges such as speech impediments or language acquisition is limited as well. Using an ultra-lightweight, wireless implant, a team is researching songbirds – one of the few species that share humans' ability to learn new vocalizations – to improve scienti
How Streptococcus pyogenes can survive on skin and cause skin infections20h
Streptococcus pyogenes is one of the most important bacterial causes of human skin infections. If S. pyogenes invades deep into the tissue, it can cause life-threatening illnesses, such as sepsis and toxic shock. With its limited supply of carbohydrates, the skin is generally an effective barrier against infection and not a good surface for the survival of S. pyogenes. To survive successfully and
Tilapia farming: Dwarfism is a response to overcrowding stress22h
Tilapia living in crowded aquaculture ponds or small freshwater reservoirs adapt so well to these stressful environments that they stop growing and reproduce at a smaller size than their stress-free counterparts.
Decellularized spinach serves as an edible platform for laboratory-grown meat1d
Spinach, a cost-efficient and environmentally friendly scaffold, provided an edible platform upon which a team of researchers led by a Boston College engineer has grown meat cells, an advance that may accelerate the development of cultured meat, according to a new report in the advance online edition of the journal Food BioScience.
Ancient Antarctica Was Blasted by a Giant Flamethrower From Space12h
Blast Zone About 430,000 years ago, a powerful blast of superheated gas and air incinerated the surface of Antarctica. The hellish inferno came down from space like a gigantic flamethrower after a football field-sized object entered and exploded within the Earth's atmosphere, according to Gizmodo . When it landed, the "airburst," as the University of Kent scientists who discovered it call it, it
Home advantage persists in football even without fans: study15h
Even with spectators absent from matches during the Covid-19 pandemic, European professional football teams playing on their home ground enjoy a significant edge over visiting teams, a new study showed Wednesday.
Mamma kan ha hetat mamma även på stenåldern20h
Ett 40-tal basala ord med samma språkljud återkommer i de flesta av jordens språk. En förklaring är att dessa ord är bekväma att uttala, och därför bevaras generation efter generation, visar forskning från Lunds universitet. I de flesta av världens språk har ett antal basala ord liknande ljud. Till exempel innehåller orden för mamma och näsa ofta "m" och "n" i nästan alla språk. – Mamma har troli
The high-stakes game of geoengineering aims to mitigate impending climate disasters21h
Rising sea levels, wildfire seasons that are the worst on record, parched cropland—in spite of all the evidence that human civilization is losing its game of chicken with the climate, no one is flinching.
Automakers BMW, Volvo back moratorium on deep seabed mining1d
Automakers BMW and Volvo announced Wednesday that they support a moratorium on deep seabed mining for minerals used in electric vehicle batteries and other products.
Human hiking trails custom built for sauntering grizzlies1d
In the run up to hibernation, grizzly bears go on a colossal binge, consuming as many calories as possible to get them through the long winter. Yet, little was known about how much energy the massive mammals use as they shamble around their rugged territories. "Moving across the landscape in search of food can be a huge energetic expense for some animals," Carnahan says. Fortunately, the Washingto
Temperature sensor could help safeguard mRNA vaccines6h
Researchers have developed a tamper-proof temperature indicator that can alert health care workers when a vial of vaccine reaches an unsafe temperature for a certain period, which could help ensure distribution of effective mRNA vaccines.
Deep diamonds contain evidence of deep-Earth recycling processes7h
Diamonds that formed deep in the Earth's mantle contain evidence of chemical reactions that occurred on the seafloor. Probing these gems can help geoscientists understand how material is exchanged between the planet's surface and its depths.
450-million-year-old sea creatures had a leg up on breathing7h
A new study has found the first evidence of sophisticated breathing organs in 450-million-year-old sea creatures. Contrary to previous thought, trilobites were leg breathers, with structures resembling gills hanging off their thighs.
Scientists pinpoint our most distant animal relatives16h
Scientists believe they have pinpointed our most distant animal relative in the tree of life and, in doing so, have resolved an ongoing debate. Their work finds strong evidence that sponges – not more complex comb jellies – were our most distant relatives.
Micro-environmental influences on artificial micromotors17h
By harvesting energy from their surrounding environments, particles named 'artificial micromotors' can propel themselves in specific directions when placed in aqueous solutions. In current research, a popular choice of micromotor is the spherical 'Janus particle' – featuring two distinct sides with different physical properties. Until now, however, few studies have explored how these particles int
Mums med insekter? Jodå, attityden till livsmedel kan ändras18h
Svenskar åt inte insekter ens om de svalt. Det visar en ny studie som undersökt hur människor runt om i världen har uppfattat insekter som livsmedel. Men attityder kan förändras ganska snabbt – det har hänt med andra livsmedel. Insekter lyfts ofta fram som framtidens mat – en miljömässigt hållbar källa till protein. I stora delar av världen är det inte konstigt alls att äta insekter, men i Europa
Impacts of sunscreen on coral reefs needs urgent attention19h
More research is needed on the environmental impact of sunscreen on the world's coral reefs.
Research shows how a sugary diet early in life could mean memory trouble later19h
Neuroscientists at USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences show a direct connection between changes to the gut microbiome caused by sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and impaired memory.
Status of greater sage-grouse populations1d
A new report highlights the decline of greater sage-grouse across the American West while providing a roadmap to aid the conservation of the species.
Dramatic increases seen in rates of insomnia, sleep apnea among US military17h
A recently published study documents the dramatic rise in insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea in active-duty service members over a 14-year period. Experts at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio led the study.
Sexist online translators get a little gender sensitivity training20h
Online translation tools have helped us learn new languages, communicate across linguistic borders, and view foreign websites in our native tongue. But the artificial intelligence (AI) behind them is far from perfect, often replicating rather than rejecting the biases that exist within a language or a society.
Should we determine species through DNA? (part two) – podcast4h
In part two of The Age of Extinction takeover of Science Weekly, Patrick Greenfield and Phoebe Weston explore a relatively new and controversial technology called DNA barcoding that is helping scientists to differentiate between species – including fungi, which we heard about in part one . As the catastrophic loss of biodiversity around the world continues, could DNA barcoding at least allow us t
Kuroshio current may be responsible for climatic discomfort in Tokyo, scientists find18h
Forty million people living in the Kanto region of Japan, which includes Tokyo, may be able to blame a meandering ocean current for increasing hot and humid summers, according to an analysis conducted by an international team of researchers. The Kuroshio Current flows north, bringing warm water from the tropics to Japan's southern coast. Since 2017, however, it has meandered off its traditional pa
Iconic Cherry Blossoms Are Blooming Earlier Than Ever in Washington, D.C.1d
And in Japan, this year's arrival was the earliest in 1,200 years — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
FDA Approves 2 Rapid, At-Home COVID Tests24min
The Food and Drug Administration approved two rapid coronavirus at-home tests made by Abbott's BinaxNOW and Quidel Quickvue. (Image credit: Jure Makovec/AFP via Getty Images)
How comorbidities increase risks for COVID patients7h
Comorbidities such as heart disease, respiratory disease, renal disease and cancer lead to an increased risk of death from COVID-19, according to new research.
Why SARS-CoV-2 replicates better in the upper respiratory tract7h
Researchers have assessed virus growth and activation of the cellular defense mechanisms in the respiratory tract. They have shown that natural temperature differences that exist in the upper and lower respiratory tract have a profound influence on SARS-CoV-2 replication and subsequent innate immune activation in human cells. The findings can help to develop antiviral drugs and preventive measures
Watch Hypnotic Drone Footage of Boiling Lava Taken Inside Iceland Volcano's Crater11h
The proliferation of drones bearing cameras has brought many a new sight. Like, a bird's-eye-view of sharks casually swimming at the local beach —which is, let's just say, unsettling—or, now, an eyewitness view of a high dive into an erupting volcano. When Fagradalsfjall, near Reykjavik, began its recent eruption—the first on the Reykjanes Peninsula in some 800 years —drone pilots took advantage.
The electrical blueprints that orchestrate life | Michael Levin14h
DNA isn't the only builder in the biological world — there's also a mysterious bioelectric layer directing cells to work together to grow organs, systems and bodies, says biologist Michael Levin. Sharing unforgettable and groundbreaking footage of two-headed worms, he introduces us to xenobots — the world's first living robots, created in his lab by cracking the electrical code of cells — and d
Revealing meat and fish fraud with a handheld 'MasSpec Pen' in seconds15h
Meat and fish fraud are global problems, costing consumers billions of dollars every year. On top of that, mislabeling products can cause problems for people with allergies, religious or cultural restrictions. Current methods to detect this fraud, while accurate, are slower than inspectors would like. Now, researchers have optimized their handheld MasSpec Pen to identify common types of meat and f
Modeling the behavior of 2D materials under pressure18h
Scientists from the Skoltech Center for Energy Science and Technology (CEST) have developed a method for modeling the behavior of 2D materials under pressure. The research will help create pressure sensors based on silicene or other 2D materials. The paper was published in the ACS Nano journal.
Origins of an outbreak: A recombination detection algorithm to find the source of SARS-CoV-219h
It was late January 2020 when Maciej Boni realized that the COVID-19 pandemic was about to take over his life.
This Awesome STEM Toy Teaches Coding for Kids Without Using Screens21h
Everyone wants the best education possible for their kids. But it's hard to find enriching activities that don't involve setting them in front of yet another screen. And teaching them the fundamentals of STEM seems nearly impossible when you're limiting screen time. And according to data from Engineering For Kids , STEM workers earn 26-percent more than people without a STEM background. So if you
Flood risk uncertainties assessed at the global scale21h
A research team from the Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo has conducted a detailed analysis of the uncertainties associated with flood risk modeling at the global scale. They found large uncertainties were mainly associated with runoff data. Flood magnitude is large in wet regions, but uncertainties in flood depth is larger in dry and mountainous regions affected by rare, e
Building a culture of high-quality data21h
The era of big data has inundated nearly all scientific fields with torrents of newly available data with the power to stimulate new research and enable inquiry at scales not previously possible. This is particularly true for ecology, where rapid growth in remote sensing, monitoring, and community science initiatives has contributed to a massive surge in the quantity and kinds of environmental dat
Processed meat linked to higher risk of mortality and cardiovascular disease21h
Results of a multinational study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggest that individuals who eat processed meat are at higher risk of mortality and major cardiovascular disease events compared with individuals who do not eat processed meat. In contrast, the consumption of unprocessed red meat and poultry was not associated with higher mortality and cardiovascular disease r
Pandemic delays gender parity by a generation: WEF1d
The pandemic has rolled back years of progress towards equality between men and women, according to a report released Wednesday showing the crisis had added decades to the trajectory towards closing the gender gap.
What the History of Pandemics Can Teach Us About Resilience4min
Widespread disease outbreaks have the potential to shock societies into new ways of living.
'It Takes Time': I.C.U. Workers Help Their Former Covid Patients Mend4min
They survived serious cases of Covid-19, sometimes spending weeks on a ventilator, but not without complications. Now, a special clinic at an L.A. hospital is helping them get back to their lives.
Science Plays the Long Game. But People Have Mental Health Issues Now.4min
I've reported on behavior and mental health for 20 years. As I exit, I can't help but wonder why researchers have placed so little emphasis on helping people in distress today.
Where we live can affect male reproductive health, finds new study5min
New research, led by scientists at the University of Nottingham, suggests that the environment in which men live may affect their reproductive health.
Melting ice sheets caused sea levels to rise up to 18 meters5min
It is well known that climate-induced sea level rise is a major threat. New research has found that previous ice loss events could have caused sea-level rise at rates of around 3.6 meters per century, offering vital clues as to what lies ahead should climate change continue unabated.
Felaktigt aktiverade immunceller bakom diabetes hos barn10min
Typ 1-diabetes är den allvarligaste kroniska sjukdomen hos barn, och omkring 900 barn under 18 år insjuknar i Sverige varje år (se ruta). Sjukdomen beror på att kroppens eget immunförsvar felaktigt angriper och dödar de så kallade betacellerna som tillverkar insulin. Ett tidigt tecken på att ett barn ligger i riskzonen är att blodet innehåller så kallade auto-antikroppar, alltså antikroppar mot nå
Canada rejects outright ban on bee-killing pesticides32min
Canada's health agency announced Wednesday restrictions on the use of neonicotinoid pesticides in agriculture to protect aquatic insects, backtracking on a proposed outright ban prompted by a massive bee die-off.
Croatia acts to save its iconic Istrian goat35min
With wavy horns and a sturdy build, the Istrian goat stands proudly on Croatia's national flag. But in the pastures where the white-furred animal hails from, the breed is almost nowhere to be seen.
Listen: The 'Rock Doc' Who Prescribed 1.4 Million Pain Pills52min
Listen and subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Spotify | Stitcher | Google Podcasts The patients of the nurse practitioner and aspiring reality star Jeffrey Young say he helped them like nobody else could. Federal prosecutors who charged him in a massive opioid bust say he overprescribed painkillers, often for "money, notoriety, and sexual favors." Young's case provides a rare glimpse into the ways patie
Ancient coins may solve mystery of murderous 1600s pirate1h
A handful of coins unearthed from a pick-your-own-fruit orchard in rural Rhode Island and other random corners of New England may help solve one of the planet's oldest cold cases.
Mothers bear the cost of the pandemic shift to remote work1h
For many parents, the COVID-19 pandemic has made life's everyday juggling act—managing work, school, extracurricular, and household responsibilities—much, much harder. And according to a new study led by Penn sociologists, those extra burdens have fallen disproportionately on mothers.
Coronavirus latest: UK defends test and trace system after study finds many fail to comply1h
Rasmus Botoft i fjollet flamencodans: 'Du har bevæget mig med din vidunderlige dans'2h
Den havde jeg ikke lige set komme, lyder det fra en overrasket Selene Muñoz.
There Are Two Types of Narcissist, And The Difference Is Crucial, Researchers Say2h
Our reactions can sometimes make it worse.
Steve Jackson and the Moumen Troll2h
"I take issues of research integrity very seriously and shall of course review the concerns posted on PubPeer to establish whether there are any issues that need to be addressed." Stephen P Jackson.
AI tar sig an Astrid Lindgrens krumelunser2h
Att kunna söka fritt i svårlästa gamla handskrifter är en önskedröm för släktforskare och historiker. Med artificiell intelligens, AI, kan det bli möjligt. Men vägen dit är lång. Den går bland annat via Astrid Lindgrens manuskript.
Why Hong Kongers Are Slow to Get a Vaccine2h
Hong Kong's fight against the coronavirus pandemic has put it in an enviable position. Bolstered by a public that learned difficult lessons from the 2003 SARS pandemic , and because of a relatively swift government response this time around, this city of roughly 7 million people has suffered fewer than 12,000 cases and only 205 deaths . It never underwent the large-scale, harsh lockdowns implemen
VoF lägger ner verksamheten!3h
Föreningen behövs inte längre I ett unikt uttalande meddelar Vetenskap och Folkbildnings styrelse idag att man avvecklar sin verksamhet. En del fortfarande skeptiska En AI-förstärkt bild av Bigfoot Inte alla … Continued Inlägget dök först upp på Vetenskap och Folkbildning .
The US Has Reached a Terrifying And Precarious Moment in The Pandemic. Here's Why3h
Don't mess this up now.
We Just Got Closer to Truly Determining Who Were The World's First Animals3h
Our most distant animal relatives.
Overinterpreting Computational Models of Decision-Making3h
Bell (1985) Can a set of equations predict and quantify complex emotions resulting from financial decisions made in an uncertain environment? An influential paper by David E. Bell considered the implications of disappointment, a psychological reaction caused by comparing an actual outcome to a more optimistic expected outcome, as in playing the lottery. Equations for regret, disappointment, elati
A Socrates-like AI that can debate humans is forcing its developers to further clarify our theories of language, knowledge, and argumentation.3h
submitted by /u/byrd_nick [link] [comments]
Does companies like Google, Amazon, Apple, Netflix, etc take individuals with degree in industrial organizational psychology? submitted by /u/Healthy_Ad2068 [link] [comments]
What is Objective Cognitive Performance?3h
Context: This review provides a broad overview of the effectiveness of interventions for subjective cognitive decline (SCD) in improving psychological well-being, metacognition and objective cognitive performance. submitted by /u/IgorTtk [link] [comments]
A discussion with former University of Cambridge philosopher, Professor Tim Crane, about his well-known Cognitive Science textbook: The Mechanical Mind3h
submitted by /u/RealisticOption [link] [comments]
Art & Neuroscience3h
submitted by /u/52LivingIdeas [link] [comments]
Need help identifying an appropriate Cognitive Science graduate program in the US3h
Hey channel, I am hoping someone here might be able to help me. I have been really fascinated with the interdisciplinary study that cognitive science represents. I have been interested in figuring out if a career shift to cognitive science later in life is a possibility. Specifically, I have been wanting to figure out if a program exists that would provide training that could be applied to a ther
A statistical solution to processing very large datasets efficiently with memory limit3h
With the ever-increasing amount of data to process in a limited time-period, the required computational resources and corresponding expenses are likely to go up. To address this issue, scientists from Japan have developed a statistical framework that helps classify tremendously large datasets without requiring a memory boost or total sampling. The technique is widely applicable and can help sustai
The Great Wedge of Astronomy4h
A starry sense of wonder can pry apart the fears and doubts that turn so many people away from science.
UTSA criminology professor studies impact of COVID-19on gender-based violence4h
The University of Texas at San Antonio criminology and criminal justice professor Kellie Lynch, along with professor TK Logan from the University of Kentucky, worked with the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence on a national survey to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the dynamics of gender-based violence and the experiences of those serving victims of gender-based violen
SLAS Technology April issue dives into reactive oxygen species4h
The April edition of SLAS Technology features the cover article "Therapeutic Potential of Reactive Oxygen Species: State of the Art and Recent Advances" by Valeria Graceffa, Ph.D. (Institute of Technology Sligo, Sligo, Ireland).
SLAS Discovery special issue "Advances in Protein Degradation" available now4h
The April edition of SLAS Discovery is a special issue on advances in protein degradation curated by guest editors M. Paola Castaldi, Ph.D., and Stewart L. Fisher, Ph.D.
Weight loss changes people's responsiveness to food marketing: study4h
A new study by UBC Sauder School of Business Assistant Professor Dr. Yann Cornil and French researchers reveals that people with obesity tend to be more responsive to food marketing — but when their weight drops significantly, so does their responsiveness to marketing.
Book Excerpt From How to Be Animal5h
In Chapter 1, "The Indelible Stamp," author Melanie Challenger addresses the idea of human exceptionalism.
Cancer May Be Driven by DNA Outside of Chromsomes5h
In the last decade, researchers have come to realize that tumors harbor bits of extrachromosomal DNA that can drive malignancy.
Meet some of the people featured in the April 2021 issue of The Scientist.
Ten Minute Sabbatical5h
Take a break from the bench to puzzle and peruse.
"Rogue" Protein Could Contribute to Humans' High Cancer Rates5h
A mutant protein called Siglec-XII may promote carcinoma progression in humans, but inactivation of its gene seems to avoid the problem, according to a study.
Opinion: Facing Assumptions About the Duality of Human and Animal5h
Since Darwin published his landmark work on natural selection, we've understood that we're animals. But that doesn't mean we really believe it.
What a Video Game Can Reveal About Monkeys' Minds5h
Researchers find that the animals can account for others' behavior and circumstances in their strategies.
Infographic: Steps in Cancer Metastasis5h
It's now thought that in many cases, cancer cells disseminate from the primary tumor site early on and lay dormant for long periods rather than only venturing out from primary tumors at an advanced stage.
A Bright New Tool to Record Cellular Interactions5h
The G-baToN prototype transfers GFP between cells, illuminating cell-cell contacts.
New Understanding of Metastasis Could Lead to Better Treatments5h
Recent insights, such as the recognition that disseminated cancer cells can lie dormant for years before seeding secondary tumors, suggest novel strategies for fighting metastatic disease.
Our Expanding Universe5h
As with the evolution of astronomy, new insights in biology beckon just beyond our conceptual and observational reach.
Bisrat Debeb Models How Cancer Spreads to the Brain5h
From his student days in veterinary medicine in Ethiopia to running a lab on metastasis at MD Anderson Cancer Center, Debeb has a passion for understanding how living things work.
Bile and Potatoes, 19215h
One hundred years after its invention, BCG has stood the test of time as a vaccine against tuberculosis.
Opinion: AI Could Aid Cancer Diagnosis, but Caution Is Needed5h
While machine learning could improve detection of tumors at their earliest stages, it also risks identifying malignancies that would never cause the patient any harm.
Infographic: The Role of Extrachromosomal DNA in Cancer5h
Researchers are uncovering how circular bits of DNA found in some cancer cells can help tumors evolve and kill.
Pharma Looks to Inflammasome Inhibitors as All-Around Therapies5h
Many major biopharmaceutical companies are developing or acquiring drugs that target the NLRP3 inflammasome, a large intracellular complex that researchers say can spark inflammation and stoke diseases of lifestyle and aging.
Obesity-Linked Gut Bacteria May Worsen Graft-Versus-Host Disease5h
Altered gut microbiome composition in obese mice and human patients is linked with severity of disease after bone marrow transplantation, a study found.
Should we determine species through DNA? (part two)5h
In part two of The Age of Extinction takeover of Science Weekly, Patrick Greenfield and Phoebe Weston explore a relatively new and controversial technology called DNA barcoding that is helping scientists to differentiate between species – including fungi, which we heard about in part one. As the catastrophic loss of biodiversity around the world continues, could DNA barcoding at least allow us to
COVID-19-associated seizures may be common, linked to higher risk of death6h
Some hospitalized patients with COVID-19 experience 'nonconvulsive' seizures detected through electrode tests. Among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, those who had seizures were more likely to need lengthy hospital stays and faced a higher risk of dying.
Scientists create next gen living robots7h
Scientists up to create the next version of Xenobots – tiny biological robots that self-assemble, carry out tasks, and can repair themselves. Now they can move faster, and record information.
The Trouble with Brain Scans – Issue 98: Mind7h
One autumn afternoon in the bowels of UC Berkeley's Li Ka Shing Center, I was looking at my brain. I had just spent 10 minutes inside the 3 Tesla MRI scanner, the technical name for a very expensive, very high maintenance, very magnetic brain camera. Lying on my back inside the narrow tube, I had swallowed my claustrophobia and let myself be enveloped in darkness and a cacophony of foghorn-like b
A Quiet Path Out of the Coronavirus Shadow – Issue 98: Mind7h
Eleven years ago, I sat down across from a man named Edward Espe Brown. I had returned home to Texas from a four-month stay at the Tassajara Zen Mountain Center in California, endured a breakup, and was feeling adrift. I told Ed that I was struggling with powerful feelings of sadness and loss. I didn't know what to do. I've thought often of the conversation we had that afternoon, as the coronavir
I Am Not a Machine. Yes You Are. – Issue 98: Mind7h
I'm trying to explain to Arthur I. Miller why artworks generated by computers don't quite do it for me. There's no human being behind them. The works aren't a portal into another person's mind, where you can wander in a warren of intention, emotion, and perception, feeling life being shaped into form. What's more, it often seems, people just ain't no good, so it's transcendent to be reminded they
J&J sticks to vaccine targets after batch ruined in factory error7h
Drugmaker reaffirms commitment to deliver 100m jabs by end of May despite production mix-up
What's next in the search for COVID's origins7h
Nature, Published online: 01 April 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00877-4 Scientists say that a WHO report was a reasonable start given the available evidence, but there are many questions yet to be answered.
Medical studies without adequate pre-publication review could damage public trust in science9h
The public could lose trust in science if scientific and medical researchers choose to bypass the traditional high standards of peer-reviewed medical journals in the rush to get research data released, particularly during crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic.
The end of this Neuroskeptic era
Deep-Space Ears, Interstellar Eyes, and Off-World Wings10h
MiMi Aung, project manager for the Mars Helicopter, offers a peek into the high-frontier culture at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
13 films everyone should watch and why—as voted by you10h
We asked Big Think's readers and staff for their recommendations on films everyone should watch. A collection of fiction and non-fiction works from around the world, these movies will entertain and expand your horizons. The films cover various topics, explore numerous themes, and shed light on several controversial historical events. Ever find yourself unsure of what movie to watch? Have you spen
The Lancet GH: COVID-19 pandemic worsened pregnancy outcomes for women and babies worldwide10h
Pregnancy outcomes for mothers and babies have worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic, a review of data from 40 studies representing 17 countries published today in The Lancet Global Health journal has revealed.
Houston Methodist among largest providers of monoclonal antibody treatment for COVID-1911h
Among the nation's largest providers of monoclonal antibodies for Covid-19, Houston Methodist has infused nearly 4,000 patients. The hospital system was able to quickly ramp up its program by leveraging numerous resources through interdisciplinary collaboration. A commentary outlining challenges, resources and benchmarks published online March 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine Catalyst and
Will US public support donating COVID-19 vaccines to low- and middle-income countries?11h
Not every country has equal access to COVID-19 vaccines. A study by researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University investigates whether people in the United States support donating part of the U.S. COVID-19 vaccine stockpile to less prosperous countries. It finds older respondents are less likely to endorse higher levels of vaccine donations and more likely to want to wait until all in the U.S. w
Chemo for glioblastoma may work better in morning than evening12h
An aggressive type of brain cancer, glioblastoma has no cure. Patients survive an average of 15 months after diagnosis, with fewer than 10% of patients surviving longer than five years. While researchers are investigating potential new therapies via ongoing clinical trials, a new study from Washington University in St. Louis suggests that a minor adjustment to the current standard treatment — giv
OCD patients with comorbidities respond well to deep brain stimulation12h
A new study from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus finds that patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) as well as other psychiatric comorbidities, such as autism spectrum or tic disorders, may respond well to Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS).
Scientists find genetic link to clogged arteries12h
High cholesterol is the most commonly understood cause of atherosclerosis, a hardening of the arteries that raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. But now, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a gene that likely plays a causal role in coronary artery disease independent of cholesterol levels. The gene also likely has roles in related cardiovascul
New study supports the effectiveness of the ForsythKids school-based dental program for reducing untreated tooth decay12h
In a longitudinal study published earlier this month in the Journal of the American Dental Association, researchers analyzed untreated decay in a cohort of nearly 7,000 children enrolled in the ForsythKids preventive dentistry program. Over the course of six years, the percentage of children with untreated cavities in the program decreased from 39 to 19 percent, suggesting that school-based preven
A Skoltech method helps model the behavior of 2D materials under pressure12h
Scientists have developed a method for modeling the behavior of 2D materials under pressure. The research will help create pressure sensors based on silicene or other 2D materials. This kind of sensor could be used, for instance, in drilling rigs with a high requirement for pressure control to increase the drilling force without damaging the equipment.
Genetic Variants Tied to Sex Differences in Psychiatric Disorders12h
The largest study of its kind identifies single nucleotide polymorphisms with disparate effects on men's and women's susceptibility to conditions such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
Soft "sweat stickers" may streamline diagnosis of cystic fibrosis in children12h
New "sweat stickers" may streamline the early diagnosis of cystic fibrosis by enabling scientists to easily gather and analyze sweat from the skin of infants and children.
COVID-19 antibody tests, even rapid finger pricks, are effective, new study finds12h
A new study finds that antibody tests are able to predict prior COVID-19 infection, even for people with mild symptoms. Researchers also found that low-cost rapid screening methods, including finger prick tests, detect infection with nearly the same precision as higher-complexity lab tests.
Novel pharmacological strategies to treat alcoholism. Focus on epigenetics12h
This study explores the impact of alcohol on epigenetics, a term that defines chemical modifications of DNA (without changing its nucleotide sequence), proteins and mRNA (messenger RNA), and the action of regulatory non-coding RNAs. Epigenetic changes affect the adequate functioning of cellular events such as protein synthesis, protein trafficking, metabolic control, or energy production. Besides,
CU Cancer Center researcher reveals new effects of oxygen deprivation in cancer cells12h
A team of University of Colorado School of Medicine researchers recently published a paper offering new insight into the role that oxygen deprivation, or hypoxia, plays in cancer development. CU Cancer Center member Joaquin Espinosa, PhD, is the senior researcher on the paper, which he hopes will help lead to more targeted treatments for cancer.
Race Replay: Dominator vs. Murder Nova | Street Outlaws12h
Stream Full Episodes of Street Outlaws: https://discovery.com/tv-shows/street-outlaws/ Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Follow Us on TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@Discovery Join us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Discovery https://www.facebook.com/StreetOutlaws Follow on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Discovery https://twitter.com/StreetOutlaws We're on Instagram! ht
Gene Exchange Among Gut Bacteria Is Linked to Industrialization13h
A study of human populations around the world detects differing rates of horizontal gene transfer in the microbiome depending on what kind of society those people live in.
Mary Jeanne Kreek, Methadone Developer, Dies at 8413h
A physician and neurobiologist at the Rockefeller University who specialized in addiction research, Kreek was best known for her work on developing the treatment for heroin addiction.
Crnic Institute discovery may explain high risk of leukemia in children with Down syndrome13h
Children with Down syndrome are 20-times more likely to develop acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and 150-times more likely to develop acute myeloid leukemia (AML) compared to their typical peers. According to a new study by researchers at the Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome, the reason could be that children with Down syndrome are more likely to present with clonal hematopoiesis (CH), a pr
National study examines US mammography screening rates during COVID-19 pandemic13h
A new study looking at US mammography screening rates during the first five months of the pandemic found both a strong rebound in breast cancer screening rates and a concerning cumulative deficit in mammograms due to missed appointments, as well as uncovering disparities when looking at screening according to race. The study was released this week in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Even without a brain, Penn Engineering's metal-eating robots can search for food13h
This "metal-eating" robot can follow a metal path without using a computer or needing a battery. By wiring the power-supplying units to the wheels on the opposite side, the robot autonomously navigates towards aluminum surfaces and away from hazards that block its energy source.
Nursing graduate students report high levels of stress, anxiety, depression13h
Researchers at the University of Colorado College of Nursing have found that nearly one-quarter of graduate nursing students have reported elevated levels of stress, anxiety and depression, compounded in the past year by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Cerebellum Plays Crucial Role in Metabolizing Alcohol in Mice13h
The researchers say these findings challenge dogma in the field, which has given the liver all credit for metabolizing alcohol.
Scientists: Grizzlies expand turf but still need protection13h
Grizzly bears are slowly expanding the turf where they roam in parts of the northern Rocky Mountains but need continued protections, according to government scientists who concluded that no other areas of the country would be suitable for reintroducing the fearsome predators.
Phenomenology of quantum turbulence in superfluid helium [Applied Physical Sciences]14h
Quantum turbulence—the stochastic motion of quantum fluids such as 4He and 3He-B, which display pure superfluidity at zero temperature and two-fluid behavior at finite but low temperatures—has been a subject of intense experimental, theoretical, and numerical studies over the last half a century. Yet, there does not exist a satisfactory…
The nuclear to cytoplasmic ratio directly regulates zygotic transcription in Drosophila through multiple modalities [Developmental Biology]14h
Early embryos must rapidly generate large numbers of cells to form an organism. Many species accomplish this through a series of rapid, reductive, and transcriptionally silent cleavage divisions. Previous work has demonstrated that the number of divisions before both cell cycle elongation and zygotic genome activation (ZGA) is regulated by…
Self-shaping liquid crystal droplets by balancing bulk elasticity and interfacial tension [Physics]14h
The shape diversity and controlled reconfigurability of closed surfaces and filamentous structures, universally found in cellular colonies and living tissues, are challenging to reproduce. Here, we demonstrate a method for the self-shaping of liquid crystal (LC) droplets into anisotropic and three-dimensional superstructures, such as LC fibers, LC helices, and differently…
Crystal structure of schizorhodopsin reveals mechanism of inward proton pumping [Biochemistry]14h
Schizorhodopsins (SzRs), a new rhodopsin family identified in Asgard archaea, are phylogenetically located at an intermediate position between type-1 microbial rhodopsins and heliorhodopsins. SzRs work as light-driven inward H+ pumps as xenorhodopsins in bacteria. Although E81 plays an essential role in inward H+ release, the H+ is not metastably trapped…
Vapor condensation with daytime radiative cooling [Applied Physical Sciences]14h
A radiative vapor condenser sheds heat in the form of infrared radiation and cools itself to below the ambient air temperature to produce liquid water from vapor. This effect has been known for centuries, and is exploited by some insects to survive in dry deserts. Humans have also been using…
"Extraordinary" modulation instability in optics and hydrodynamics [Physics]14h
The classical theory of modulation instability (MI) attributed to Bespalov–Talanov in optics and Benjamin–Feir for water waves is just a linear approximation of nonlinear effects and has limitations that have been corrected using the exact weakly nonlinear theory of wave propagation. We report results of experiments in both optics and…
Task-specific information outperforms surveillance-style big data in predictive analytics [Social Sciences]14h
Increasingly, human behavior can be monitored through the collection of data from digital devices revealing information on behaviors and locations. In the context of higher education, a growing number of schools and universities collect data on their students with the purpose of assessing or predicting behaviors and academic performance, and…
c-di-AMP, a likely master regulator of bacterial K+ homeostasis machinery, activates a K+ exporter [Microbiology]14h
bis-(3′,5′)-cyclic diadenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) is a second messenger with roles in virulence, cell wall and biofilm formation, and surveillance of DNA integrity in many bacterial species, including pathogens. Strikingly, it has also been proposed to coordinate the activity of the components of K+ homeostasis machinery, inhibiting K+ import, and activating…
Climate change and state evolution [Political Sciences]14h
Despite the vast evidence on the short-run effects of adverse climate shocks on the economy, our understanding of their long-run impact on institutions is limited. To tackle such a key issue, a vast body of research has focused on ancient societies because of the limited complexity of their economies and…
Diversity in health care institutions reduces Israeli patients' preȷudice toward Arabs [Political Sciences]14h
Diversity in the lines of public institutions, such as hospitals, schools, and police forces, is thought to improve provision for minority group members. Nonetheless, whether and how diversity in public institutions shapes majority citizens' prejudice toward minorities are unclear. Building on insights from the intergroup contact literature, I suggest that…
Structure of Gcn1 bound to stalled and colliding 80S ribosomes [Biochemistry]14h
The Gcn pathway is conserved in all eukaryotes, including mammals such as humans, where it is a crucial part of the integrated stress response (ISR). Gcn1 serves as an essential effector protein for the kinase Gcn2, which in turn is activated by stalled ribosomes, leading to phosphorylation of eIF2 and…
Structural relaxation and crystallization in supercooled water from 170 to 260 K [Physics]14h
The origin of water's anomalous properties has been debated for decades. Resolution of the problem is hindered by a lack of experimental data in a crucial region of temperatures, T, and pressures where supercooled water rapidly crystallizes—a region often referred to as "no man's land." A recently developed technique where…
The structure of a minimum amyloid fibril core formed by necroptosis-mediating RHIM of human RIPK3 [Biophysics and Computational Biology]14h
Receptor-interacting protein kinases 3 (RIPK3), a central node in necroptosis, polymerizes in response to the upstream signals and then activates its downstream mediator to induce cell death. The active polymeric form of RIPK3 has been indicated as the form of amyloid fibrils assembled via its RIP homotypic interaction motif (RHIM)….
Twenty-year economic impacts of deworming [Sustainability Science]14h
Estimating the impact of child health investments on adult living standards entails multiple methodological challenges, including the lack of experimental variation in health status, an inability to track individuals over time, and accurately measuring living standards and productivity in low-income settings. This study exploits a randomized school health intervention that…
Direct single-molecule imaging for diagnostic and blood screening assays [Biophysics and Computational Biology]14h
Every year, over 100 million units of donated blood undergo mandatory screening for HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and syphilis worldwide. Often, donated blood is also screened for human T cell leukemia–lymphoma virus, Chagas, dengue, Babesia, cytomegalovirus, malaria, and other infections. Several billion diagnostic tests are performed annually around the…
Van der Waals interaction affects wrinkle formation in two-dimensional materials [Physics]14h
Nonlinear mechanics of solids is an exciting field that encompasses both beautiful mathematics, such as the emergence of instabilities and the formation of complex patterns, as well as multiple applications. Two-dimensional crystals and van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures allow revisiting this field on the atomic level, allowing much finer control…
Core Concept: Muography offers a new way to see inside a multitude of objects [Applied Physical Sciences]14h
Five years ago, Japanese scientists working for the Tokyo Electric Power Company faced a daunting task: to peer inside one of the Fukushima nuclear reactors shattered in the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. The site was, of course, highly radioactive and extremely dangerous. Seeking a way to carefully inspect the site,…
UNH Research: New Hampshire coastal recreationists support offshore wind14h
As the Biden administration announces a plan to expand the development of offshore wind energy development (OWD) along the East Coast, research from the University of New Hampshire shows significant support from an unlikely group, coastal recreation visitors. From boat enthusiasts to anglers, researchers found surprisingly widespread support with close to 77% of coastal recreation visitors support
We Learned the Wrong Lessons from the Tuskegee "Experiment"14h
It's understandable that Black Americans are wary of vaccines, but that despicable episode involved the withholding of treatment, whereas vaccines actively prevent disease — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
The Scientist Speaks Ep. 16 – At the Breaking Point: Mitochondrial Deletions and the Brain14h
Researchers characterize large mitochondrial deletions to understand their implications in neurological disorders.
Study: Race made no difference in ICU Outcomes of COVID-19 patients14h
In a study that looked at racial differences in outcomes of COVID-19 patients admitted to the intensive care unit, researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit found that patients of color had a lower 28-day mortality than white patients.
Uranus and Neptune have wonky magnetic fields: Why?14h
The mystery of Uranus and Neptune's completely skewed magnetic fields remains, according to new research. The two large gas planets' strange magnetic fields are each strongly tilted relative to the planet's rotation axes and are significantly offset from the physical center of the planet. But why? Various theories assume that a unique inner structure of these planets could be responsible for this
Author Correction: A growth-factor-activated lysosomal K+ channel regulates Parkinson's pathology14h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03438-x Author Correction: A growth-factor-activated lysosomal K + channel regulates Parkinson's pathology
Publisher Correction: Detection of a particle shower at the Glashow resonance with IceCube14h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03450-1
Checking Checkpoints for Treating Cancer14h
Researchers devise strategies to improve checkpoint inhibitor therapy and predict patient response.
Preventive medicine physician shortage continues to fall behind population needs in the US14h
The United States is facing a persistent and worsening shortage of physicians specializing in preventive medicine, reports a study in the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
10,000-plus medical charts provides comparator for HIV prevention study in pregnant women14h
A review of more than 10,000 medical records in urban Malawi, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe has yielded important insight about pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in these communities as well as the frequency with which different complications occur. The data provide researchers conducting the DELIVER study a frame of reference for assessing the safety of daily PrEP and the monthly dapivirine rin
Diets high in heat-treated foods increase risk of chronic kidney disease, rat study shows14h
Revealing a mechanism by which diets rich in ultra-processed foods damage our health, experiments with rats established that certain compounds, which form when food is heat-treated during production, increase the risk of diseases such as chronic kidney disease. The study found that regularly eating foods cooked or processed at high temperatures, including roast meats,
Hemmalag dominerar – trots tomma läktare14h
Det lag som spelar på hemmaplan vinner oftare än motståndarlaget, ett fenomen som är väletablerat inom idrottsforskningen. Mer oklart är däremot hur övertaget kan förklaras. Nu har tyska forskare detaljstuderat publikens roll genom att jämföra matcher i herrfotboll inför tomma läktare under pandemin med äldre matcher inför publik.
Breast milk ingredient may help power a healthy infant gut14h
Betaine linked to healthy gut bacteria and lower risk of obesity
Depolarizing GABAA current in the prefrontal cortex is linked with cognitive impairment in a mouse model relevant for schizophrenia15h
Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia (CIAS) is the most critical predictor of functional outcome. Limited understanding of the cellular mechanisms of CIAS hampers development of more effective treatments. We found that in subchronic phencyclidine (scPCP)–treated mice, an animal model that mimics CIAS, the reversal potential of GABA A currents in pyramidal neurons of the infralimbic prefrontal co
Increasing brain palmitoylation rescues behavior and neuropathology in Huntington disease mice15h
Huntington disease (HD) damages the corticostriatal circuitry in large part by impairing transport of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We hypothesized that improving vesicular transport of BDNF could slow or prevent disease progression. We therefore performed selective proteomic analysis of vesicles transported within corticostriatal projecting neurons followed by in silico screening and
Bone metabolism and evolutionary origin of osteocytes: Novel application of FIB-SEM tomography15h
Lacunae and canaliculi spaces of osteocytes are remarkably well preserved in fossilized bone and serve as an established proxy for bone cells. The earliest bone in the fossil record is acellular (anosteocytic), followed by cellular (osteocytic) bone in the jawless relatives of jawed vertebrates, the osteostracans, about 400 million years ago. Virtually nothing is known about the physiological pre
A large meteoritic event over Antarctica ca. 430 ka ago inferred from chondritic spherules from the Sor Rondane Mountains15h
Large airbursts, the most frequent hazardous impact events, are estimated to occur orders of magnitude more frequently than crater-forming impacts. However, finding traces of these events is impeded by the difficulty of identifying them in the recent geological record. Here, we describe condensation spherules found on top of Walnumfjellet in the Sør Rondane Mountains, Antarctica. Affinities with
Receptor-ligand supplementation via a self-cleaving 2A peptide-based gene therapy promotes CNS axonal transport with functional recovery15h
Gene replacement approaches are leading to a revolution in the treatment of previously debilitating monogenic neurological conditions. However, the application of gene therapy to complex polygenic conditions has been limited. Down-regulation or dysfunction of receptor expression in the disease state or in the presence of excess ligand has been shown to compromise therapeutic efficacy. Here, we of
Ancient Xinjiang mitogenomes reveal intense admixture with high genetic diversity15h
Xinjiang is a key region in northwestern China, connecting East and West Eurasian populations and cultures for thousands of years. To understand the genetic history of Xinjiang, we sequenced 237 complete ancient human mitochondrial genomes from the Bronze Age through Historical Era (41 archaeological sites). Overall, the Bronze Age Xinjiang populations show high diversity and regional genetic aff
Separable neuronal contributions to covertly attended locations and movement goals in macaque frontal cortex15h
We investigated the spatial representation of covert attention and movement planning in monkeys performing a task that used symbolic cues to decouple the locus of covert attention from the motor target. In the three frontal areas studied, most spatially tuned neurons reflected either where attention was allocated or the planned saccade. Neurons modulated by both covert attention and the motor pla
Deformation-induced crystalline-to-amorphous phase transformation in a CrMnFeCoNi high-entropy alloy15h
The Cantor high-entropy alloy (HEA) of CrMnFeCoNi is a solid solution with a face-centered cubic structure. While plastic deformation in this alloy is usually dominated by dislocation slip and deformation twinning, our in situ straining transmission electron microscopy (TEM) experiments reveal a crystalline-to-amorphous phase transformation in an ultrafine-grained Cantor alloy. We find that the c
Processed foods drive intestinal barrier permeability and microvascular diseases15h
Intake of processed foods has increased markedly over the past decades, coinciding with increased microvascular diseases such as chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes. Here, we show in rodent models that long-term consumption of a processed diet drives intestinal barrier permeability and an increased risk of CKD. Inhibition of the advanced glycation pathway, which generates Maillard reaction
Performing calculus: Asymmetric adaptive stimuli-responsive material for derivative control15h
Materials (e.g., brick or wood) are generally perceived as unintelligent. Even the highly researched "smart" materials are only capable of extremely primitive analytical functions (e.g., simple logical operations). Here, a material is shown to have the ability to perform (i.e., without a computer), an advanced mathematical operation in calculus: the temporal derivative. It consists of a stimuli-r
Near-atomic structure of an atadenovirus reveals a conserved capsid-binding motif and intergenera variations in cementing proteins15h
Of five known adenovirus genera, high-resolution structures are available only for mammalian-infecting mastadenoviruses. We present the first high-resolution structure of an adenovirus with nonmammalian host: lizard atadenovirus LAdV-2. We find a large conformational difference in the internal vertex protein IIIa between mast- and atadenoviruses, induced by the presence of an extended polypeptide
The trilobite upper limb branch is a well-developed gill15h
Whether the upper limb branch of Paleozoic "biramous" arthropods, including trilobites, served a respiratory function has been much debated. Here, new imaging of the trilobite Triarthrus eatoni shows that dumbbell-shaped filaments in the upper limb branch are morphologically comparable with gill structures in crustaceans that aerate the hemolymph. In Olenoides serratus , the upper limb's partial
Observation of others painful heat stimulation involves responses in the spinal cord15h
Observing others' aversive experiences is central to know what is dangerous for ourselves. Hence, observation often elicits behavioral and physiological responses comparable to first-hand aversive experiences and engages overlapping brain activation. While brain activation to first-hand aversive experiences relies on connections to the spinal cord, it is unresolved whether merely observing aversi
Precise multispecies agricultural gas flux determined using broadband open-path dual-comb spectroscopy15h
Advances in spectroscopy have the potential to improve our understanding of agricultural processes and associated trace gas emissions. We implement field-deployed, open-path dual-comb spectroscopy (DCS) for precise multispecies emissions estimation from livestock. With broad atmospheric dual-comb spectra, we interrogate upwind and downwind paths from pens containing approximately 300 head of catt
Heavy iron in large gem diamonds traces deep subduction of serpentinized ocean floor15h
Subducting tectonic plates carry water and other surficial components into Earth's interior. Previous studies suggest that serpentinized peridotite is a key part of deep recycling, but this geochemical pathway has not been directly traced. Here, we report Fe-Ni–rich metallic inclusions in sublithospheric diamonds from a depth of 360 to 750 km with isotopically heavy iron ( 56 Fe = 0.79 to 0.90) a
An unexpected role for p53 in regulating cancer cell-intrinsic PD-1 by acetylation15h
Cancer cell–intrinsic programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) has emerged as a tumor regulator in an immunity-independent manner, but its precise role in modulating tumor behaviors is complex, and how PD-1 is regulated in cancer cells is largely unknown. Here, we identified PD-1 as a direct target of tumor suppressor p53. Notably, p53 acetylation at K120/164 played a critical role in p53-mediated
Deep-sea predator niche segregation revealed by combined cetacean biologging and eDNA analysis of cephalopod prey15h
Fundamental insight on predator-prey dynamics in the deep sea is hampered by a lack of combined data on hunting behavior and prey spectra. Deep-sea niche segregation may evolve when predators target specific prey communities, but this hypothesis remains untested. We combined environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding with biologging to assess cephalopod community composition in the deep-sea foraging
Smart contact lens and transparent heat patch for remote monitoring and therapy of chronic ocular surface inflammation using mobiles15h
Wearable electronic devices that can monitor physiological signals of the human body to provide biomedical information have been drawing extensive interests for sustainable personal health management. Here, we report a human pilot trial of a soft, smart contact lens and a skin-attachable therapeutic device for wireless monitoring and therapy of chronic ocular surface inflammation (OSI). As a diag
Observation of cavitation governing fracture in glasses15h
Crack propagation is the major vehicle for material failure, but the mechanisms by which cracks propagate remain longstanding riddles, especially for glassy materials with a long-range disordered atomic structure. Recently, cavitation was proposed as an underlying mechanism governing the fracture of glasses, but experimental determination of the cavitation behavior of fracture is still lacking. H
Orally administered saccharide-sequestering nanocomplex to manage carbohydrate metabolism disorders15h
Excessive carbohydrate intake is linked to the growing prevalence of diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and obesity. α-Glucosidases inhibitor, the only Food and Drug Administration–approved drug for limiting the absorption of polysaccharides and disaccharides, is ineffective for monosaccharides. Here, we develop a boronic acid–containing polymer nanocomplex (Nano-Poly-BA), absorb
Time and space catch up with restoration programs that ignore ecosystem service trade-offs15h
In response to extreme societal consequences of ecosystem degradation and climate change, attention to ecological restoration is increasing globally. In China, investments in restoration exceeded USD 378.5 billion over the past decade. However, restoration programs are experiments that can cause marked unintended consequences, with trade-offs across space and time that have undergone little empir
The IASLC Molecular Database Project: Objectives, challenges and opportunities15h
A new Molecular Database Project initiated by the International Association for the Study of Lung (IASLC) will accelerate the understanding of lung cancer biology, clinical care and care delivery on a global scale and will improve the prognosis and optimal treatment of lung cancer across time and space, according to an editorial in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology, an official journal of the IASLC
Study: Female monkeys use males as "hired guns" for defense against predators15h
Researchers with the Wildlife Conservation Society's (WCS) Congo Program and the Nouabalé-Ndoki Foundation found that female putty-nosed monkeys (Cercopithecus nictitans) use males as "hired guns" to defend from predators such as leopards.
Researchers: Plants play leading role in cycling toxic mercury through the environment15h
Researchers studying mercury gas in the atmosphere with the aim of reducing the pollutant worldwide have determined a vast amount of the toxic element is absorbed by plants, leading it to deposit into soils.
Do you obey public-access mandates? Google Scholar is watching15h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00873-8 Search-engine co-founder Anurag Acharya explains why it now tells authors when their papers should be made free to read.
What are we breeding for, and who decides?16h
In an article appearing in the Journal of Dairy Science, scientists from the United States Department of Agriculture and the Council on Dairy Cattle Breeding provide an insightful review of how US dairy industry breeding selection objectives are established, as well as detail opportunities and obstacles related to new technologies for documenting animal performance.
Study finds microbial-plant interactions affect the microbial response to climate change16h
University of California, Irvine, biologists have discovered that plants influence how their bacterial and fungal neighbors react to climate change. This finding contributes crucial new information to a hot topic in environmental science: in what manner will climate change alter the diversity of both plants and microbiomes on the landscape? The paper appears in Elementa: Sciences of the Anthropoce
Tree fungus reduces fertilizer requirement for ketchup tomatoes16h
Tomatoes are an important and popular crop, but the tasty ketchup, salsa and pasta sauce they yield comes at a price: overuse of chemical fertilizers. Now, researchers report in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry they have recruited a fungus to bolster fertilizer efficiency, meaning tastier tomatoes can be grown with less fertilizer.
Psychological interventions can reduce engine idling and improve air quality16h
New research by the University of Kent has found that using low-cost psychological interventions can reduce vehicle engine idling and in turn improve air quality, especially when there is increased traffic volume at railway level crossings.
Findings offer 'recipe' for fine tuning alloys for high-temperature use16h
Superalloys that withstand extremely high temperatures could soon be tuned even more finely for specific properties such as mechanical strength, as a result of new findings published today.
Attention and working memory: Two sides of the same neural coin?16h
A paper published in Nature on March 31 by Matthew Panichello, a postdoctoral research associate at the Princeton Neuroscience Institute, and Timothy Buschman, an assistant professor of psychology and neuroscience at Princeton, found that attention and working memory share the same neural mechanisms. Importantly, their work also reveals how neural representations of memories are transformed as the
Urban growth creates distortions between providers and receivers of ecosystem services16h
In Brazil, researchers are puzzling over socioeconomic and environmental indicators that do not add up. They are concerned with what they call the São Paulo Macrometropolitan Area, a mega-region comprising five metropolitan areas in the state of São Paulo with a total of 180 municipalities, some of which provide ecosystem services while others receive them. The problem is that the former, which pr
In search of the first bacterium16h
Roughly five years ago, Institute Head Prof. Dr. William (Bill) Martin and his team introduced the last universal common ancestor of all living organisms and named it 'LUCA.' It lived approximately 3.8 billion years ago in hot deep sea hydrothermal vents.
Vitamin A for nerve cells16h
Freiburg researchers prove structural and functional plasticity in human synapses.
More activity doesn't mean you burn more calories16h
Herman Pontzer has spent his career counting calories. Not because he's watching his waistline, exactly. But because, as he sees it, "in the economics of life, calories are the currency." Every minute, everything the body does—growing, moving, fighting infection, even just existing—"all of it takes energy," says Pontzer , a professor at Duke University. In his new book, Burn (Avery, 2021), the ev
Study details how Middle East dust intensifies summer monsoons on Indian subcontinent16h
New research from the University of Kansas published in Earth-Science Reviews offers insight into one of the world's most powerful monsoon systems: the Indian summer monsoon. The study details how the monsoon, of vital social and economic importance to the people of the region, is supercharged by atmospheric dust particles swept up by winds from deserts in the Middle East.
International study shows alternative seafood networks provided resiliency during pandemic16h
Local alternative seafood networks (ASNs) in the United States and Canada, often considered niche segments, experienced unprecedented growth in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic while the broader seafood system faltered, highlighting the need for greater functional diversity in supply chains, according to a new international study led by the University of Maine.
Study reveals large and unequal health burden from air pollution in California's Bay Area16h
New research published today in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives from Environmental Defense Fund and the George Washington University shows air pollution takes an enormous toll on health in the San Francisco Bay Area, and the impacts vary dramatically within neighborhoods. The magnitude of the health burden from pollution demonstrates the need for urgent action to cut air pollution an
LabTalk Podcast – Predicting the Immune Response with Single-Cell Analysis: Autoimmunity, Vaccination, and COVID-1917h
Researchers identify signatures that predict how a person will respond to an immune system stimulus.
Endangered rusty patched bumblebee is at the center of a legal challenge17h
Conservation groups are making another push to protect habitat for the endangered rusty patched bumblebee, a creature that once buzzed throughout much of the United States and today is an insect you're lucky to spot at all.
Sugar not so nice for your child's brain development17h
New research led by a University of Georgia faculty member in collaboration with a University of Southern California research group has shown in a rodent model that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages during adolescence impairs performance on a learning and memory task during adulthood. The group further showed that changes in the bacteria in the gut may be the key to the sugar-induced
Without context, happy screams sound like fear17h
People are adept at discerning most emotions that underlie screams, such as anger, frustration, pain, surprise, or fear, according to a new study. The study also finds, however, that without additional context, we more often misinterpret happy screams as screams of fear. The findings in PeerJ offer the first in-depth look at the human ability to decode the range of emotions tied to the acoustic c
Neutrino hunters go underwater in quest to trap ghost particles17h
Detectors in Lake Baikal and the Mediterranean will help trace neutrinos to deep space accelerators
Study identifies risk factors for COVID-19 infection, hospitalization, and mortality among U.S. nursing home residents17h
Risks of SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus infection for long-stay nursing home residents were mainly dependent on factors in their nursing homes and surrounding communities.
Lab! Of! The! Future!17h
This is a good article at C&E News on the "lab of the future", and I'll go ahead and make the standard comment that this has been the lab of the future for quite a while now. The idea is to have mechanical automation and experiment-evaluating software fitting together to "close the loop" and make experimentation more of a turn-it-loose-and-watch-it-run process. It's a worthy goal, and people have
Biden proposes $250 billion investment in research17h
President's infrastructure plan would boost spending at several federal research agencies
Author Correction: Obesity and ethnicity alter gene expression in skin17h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-87276-x
Scientists at CERN successfully laser-cool antimatter for the first time17h
The ALPHA collaboration at CERN has succeeded in cooling down antihydrogen atoms – thesimplest form of atomic antimatter – with laser light.
How chronic stress leads to hair loss17h
Harvard University researchers have identified the biological mechanism of how chronic stress leads to hair loss. They found that the stress hormone corticosterone causes hair follicle stem cells to stay in an extended resting phase, without regenerating tissue. The stress signal was first received by dermal cells surrounding the hair follicle, preventing them from releasing Gas6, a molecule that
Newly discovered node in brain could expand understanding of dysfunctional social behavior17h
A group of scientists have discovered a node in the brains of male mice that modulates the sounds they make in social situations. This discovery, published in Nature, could help identify similar locations in the human brain, and potentially lead to a better understanding of social disorders such as autism or depression.
Exercise in mid-life won't improve cognitive function in women17h
For middle-aged women, exercise has many health benefits, but it may not help maintain cognitive function over the long term, according to a new UCLA Health study.
How industrialized life remodels the microbiome17h
A new study from an MIT-led team has revealed that bacterial populations in the human gut can remake themselves within the lifetime of their host, by passing genes back and forth. The researchers also showed that this kind of gene transfer occurs more frequently in the microbiomes of people living in industrialized societies, possibly in response to their specific diet and lifestyle.
Simulation-based estimation of SARS-CoV-2 infections associated with school closures and community-based interventions17h
In this decision analytical modelling study, researchers investigated the association of school reopening or closure with new and cumulative COVID-19 case numbers compared with other community-based interventions.
Risk factors for complications from COVID-19, perceived chances of infection and protective behavior17h
This study documented how perception of risk of infection and severe complications from COVID-19 were associated with underlying reported health.
Risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infections, hospitalization, mortality among US nursing home residents17h
This study identified risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 incidence, hospitalization and death among nursing home residents in the United States.
Association between renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors, clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-1917h
Researchers compared mortality and severe adverse events in this systematic review and meta-analysis of 52 studies that evaluated clinical outcomes among nearly 102,000 patients with COVID-19 who did and didn't receive angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs).
Dermatologist perceptions of teledermatology implementation, future use after COVID-1917h
This study sought to assess dermatologists' perceptions of and experiences with teledermatology in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and new regulatory changes including parity in reimbursements between video and in-person visits.
Changing hypertension definition may identify more high-risk pregnancies17h
Lowering the cutoff to diagnose hypertension during pregnancy better identified 20% of women at risk for preeclampsia, a study by a Columbia University researcher has found.
Mice naturally engage in physical distancing, study finds17h
Researchers from MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory have identified a brain circuit that prevents male mice from trying to mate with sick females.
Mount Sinai study reveals genetic and cellular mechanisms of Crohn's disease17h
New study identifies a novel approach for tailored treatment that could be more effective for patients with the chronic disease
How much are invasive species costing us?17h
Scientists from the CNRS, the IRD, and the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle have just released the most comprehensive estimate to date of the financial toll of invasive species: nearly $1.3 trillion over four decades. Published in Nature (31 March 2021), their findings are based on the InvaCost database, which is financed by the BNP Paribas Foundation and the Paris-Saclay University Foundation
Blacks, Latinos and Native Americans severely underrepresented in health workforce17h
In 2019, Blacks, Latinos and Native Americans were severely underrepresented in the health care workforce, a trend that shows limited signs of improvement, according to a study published today by George Washington University researchers.
Early humans in the Kalahari were as innovative as their coastal neighbours17h
Archaeological evidence in a rockshelter at the edge of the Kalahari Desert, South Africa, is challenging the idea that the origins of our species were linked to coastal environments. Published in Nature, Dr Jayne Wilkins from Griffith University's Australian Research Centre for Human Evolution led an international collaboration which found evidence far from coastal sites of the complex symbolic a
Canadian-built laser chills antimatter to near absolute zero for first time17h
Researchers with the CERN-based ALPHA collaboration have announced the world's first laser-based manipulation of antimatter, leveraging a made-in-Canada laser system to cool a sample of antimatter down to near absolute zero. The achievement will significantly alter the landscape of antimatter research and advance the next generation of experiments.
How the gut microbiota develops in the first five years of life17h
The human gut microbiota largely reaches an adult-like composition by five years of age, but important differences remain, finds a study published on March 31st in the journal Cell Host & Microbe. Several bacterial taxa that have been associated with human health are acquired late in childhood and have not reached their adult abundance by five years of age.
Is battery recycling environmentally friendly?17h
The EU will be home to 30 million electric cars by 2030 and the European Commission is preparing tough targets for recycling these and other batteries. Yet the impacts of battery recycling, especially for the sizeable lithium-ion batteries of the electric cars soon filling our streets, has been largely unstudied.
'Designer' pore shows selective traffic to and from the cell nucleus17h
The nucleus is the headquarters of a cell and molecules constantly move across the nuclear membrane through pores. The transport of these molecules is both selective and fast; some 1,000 molecules per second can move in or out. Scientists from the University of Groningen and Delft University of Technology, both in the Netherlands, and a colleague from the Swedish Chalmers University of Technology,
"Jag försökte i alla fall" – poliser om att möta kvinnor som anmäler våldtäkt17h
När kvinnor anmäler våldtäkt har polisens bemötande stor betydelse. Men poliserna själva tycker att de saknar utbildning och stöd för att kunna göra det på ett bra sätt. Kvinnor som har blivit våldtagna uppvisar ofta traumatiska reaktioner, såsom depression, ångest och posttraumatiskt stressyndrom (PTSD). De terapeutiska effekterna av att rapportera och berätta om sexuella övergrepp tycks bero på
Advances in tropical cyclone observation may aid in disaster reduction and prevention17h
Tropical cyclones—known as typhoons in the Pacific and as hurricanes in the Atlantic—are fierce, complex storm systems that cause loss of human life and billions of dollars in damage every year. For decades, scientists have studied each storm, striving to understand the system yet unable to fully measure every intricate variable. Now, the convergence of new observational tools and the launch of an
In quieter Mexico City, rare bats make an appearance17h
At a Mexico City university campus, researchers are stringing mesh nets between trees, hoping to capture evidence that a rare bat has begun visiting its favorite plants in this metropolis of 9 million.
Fokus på eksotiske atomkerner: Ny fabrik skal producere tusindvis af forskellige isotoper17h
PLUS. Kontrollerede eksperimenter med sjældne, ustabile isotoper skal gennemføres med nyt forskningsanlæg.
A myeloid–stromal niche and gp130 rescue in NOD2-driven Crohn's disease18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03484-5
Antimatter cooled with lasers for the first time18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00884-5 Laser-cooled antimatter opens up new physics experiments, and the staggering economic cost of invasive species.
An amygdala circuit that suppresses social engagement18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03413-6 A circuit in the amygdala uses thyrotropin-releasing hormone to suppress male mating when a female mouse is unhealthy.
Laser cooling of antihydrogen atoms18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03289-6 The successful laser cooling of trapped antihydrogen, the antimatter atom formed by an antiproton and a positron (anti-electron), is reported.
Shared mechanisms underlie the control of working memory and attention18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03390-w The prefrontal cortex in monkeys controls working memory in a similar way to attention, by selectively transforming the representations of remembered items.
Innovative Homo sapiens behaviours 105,000 years ago in a wetter Kalahari18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03419-0 Human populations in the southern Africa interior were collecting non-utilitarian objects at around 105,000 years ago, suggesting that the development of this innovative behaviour did not depend on exploiting coastal resources.
Three-dimensional nanoprinting via charged aerosol jets18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03353-1 A 3D-printing strategy involving jets of charged aerosol particles guided by electric-field lines allows direct deposition of various metal nanostructures, including helices, letters and vertical split-ring resonator structures.
Corticosterone inhibits GAS6 to govern hair follicle stem-cell quiescence18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03417-2 Stress inhibits hair growth in mice through the release of the stress hormone corticosterone from the adrenal glands, which inhibits the activation of hair follicle stem cells by suppressing the expression of a secreted factor, GAS6, from the dermal niche.
Oxygen isotopes trace the origins of Earth's earliest continental crust18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03337-1 Oxygen isotopes and whole-rock geochemistry show that the water required to make Earth's first continental crust was primordial and derived from the mantle, not surface water introduced by subduction.
High and rising economic costs of biological invasions worldwide18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03405-6 Analysis of the InvaCost database shows that the costs of biological invasions have markedly increased between 1970 and 2017 and show no sign of slowing down, highlighting the importance of evidence-based and cost-effective management actions.
Soil moisture–atmosphere feedback dominates land carbon uptake variability18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03325-5 Factorial climate model simulations show that 90% of the inter-annual variability in global land carbon uptake is driven by soil moisture and its atmospheric feedback on temperature and air humidity.
Determining the three-dimensional atomic structure of an amorphous solid18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03354-0 A method that achieves atomic-resolution tomographic imaging of an amorphous solid enables detailed quantitative characterization of the short- and medium-range order of the three-dimensional atomic arrangement.
Flexible scaling and persistence of social vocal communication18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03403-8 A population of neurons is identified in the lateral preoptic area that can drive the full range of social communication sounds with affective scaling during mating in mice.
Fertilized egg cells secrete endopeptidases to avoid polytubey18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03387-5 Fertilized Arabidopsis egg cells secrete endopeptidases into the extracellular space that cleave the pollen tube attractor LURE1, preventing polytubey.
Flavour Hund's coupling, Chern gaps and charge diffusivity in moiré graphene18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03366-w Chemical potential measurements in twisted bilayer graphene reveal the importance of Coulomb repulsion and exchange interactions in the symmetry-broken ground state, and provide the charge diffusivity in the strange-metal regime.
Stabilization of liquid instabilities with ionized gas jets18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03359-9 A weakly ionized gas jet impinging on a water surface is shown to produce a more stable cavity than does a neutral gas jet, with implications for plasma–liquid interactions.
Structural basis of malaria RIFIN binding by LILRB1-containing antibodies18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03378-6 Plasmodium antigens called RIFINs bind to specific antibodies that incorporate the inhibitory receptor LILRB1 through its D3 domain, illustrating the principle of receptor-containing antibodies.
Atomic structure of a glass imaged at last18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00794-6 The positions of all the atoms in a sample of a metallic glass have been measured experimentally — fulfilling a decades-old dream for glass scientists, and raising the prospect of fresh insight into the structures of disordered solids.
Relax to grow more hair18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00656-1 A stress hormone has been found to signal through skin cells to repress the activation of hair-follicle stem cells in mice. When this signalling is blocked, hair growth is stimulated. Stressed humans, watch out.
Early humans far from the South African coast collected unusual objects18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00795-5 Ostrich eggshells and crystals gathered more than 100,000 years ago shed light on the cultural evolution of early humans. Found in South Africa's interior, they reveal that technological innovations occurred beyond its coast.
Antimatter cooled by laser light18h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00786-6 A laser beam has been used to slow down antihydrogen atoms, the simplest atoms made of pure antimatter. The technique might enable some fundamental symmetries of the Universe to be probed with exceptionally high precision.
Software engineer bets on technology to help speed rare disease treatments18h
Nonprofit aims to be a one-stop shop for everything from finding experts to making gene therapies
Socialt nätverk ökar chansen till jobb bland unga18h
Unga vuxna med ett starkt socialt nätverk har lättare att få arbete via vänner och direktkontakt med arbetsgivare, än via arbetsförmedlingar. Men för unga med mindre "socialt kapital" är arbetsförmedlingen fortsatt viktig. Forskning visar att den som har ett starkt socialt nätverk enklare får arbete via kontakter och genom direktanställningar hos arbetsgivare, än via arbetsförmedlingar. Studien l
Scalpel, tongs . . . WiFi? The rise of virtual surgery18h
'Western doctors had been trained to believe that "proper" surgery involved proximity to the patient'
Studies of U.S. national parks focused on popular parks, trending down18h
Researchers analyzed nearly 7,000 published, peer-reviewed studies conducted at U.S. designated national parks since 1970, finding more than half focused on five iconic parks.
Study finds that masks make little difference to facial identification18h
A new study led by the University of Huddersfield's Dr Eilidh Noyes has found that face masks, so prevalent during the pandemic, do present a challenge for face identification but that it is only slightly harder to recognize a face behind a mask than a face in sunglasses.
Field hospitals: The role of an academic medical center18h
By April last year, up to 28 free-standing alternate care sites ranging in size from 50 to 3,000 beds were underway or finished in the U.S.–the Michigan Medicine Field Hospital among them.
For people with dementia in assisted living, quality of life improves with mindful care18h
Assisted living communities can improve the quality of life for residents with dementia by approaching them as individuals and attempting to include all residents in activities.
Study: Firms recruit dark personalities for earnings management18h
Dark personality traits are often framed as an accidental byproduct of selecting managers who fit the stereotype of a strong leader. However, research in the Journal of Business Ethics finds that this is often no accident.
Thermal power nanogenerator created without solid moving parts18h
As environmental and energy crises become more common, a thermal energy harvester capable of converting abundant thermal energy into mechanical energy appears to be a promising mitigation strategy. The majority of thermal power generation technologies involve solid moving parts, which can reduce reliability and lead to frequent maintenance. This inspired researchers to develop a thermal power nano
What is Citizen Science Month?18h
This April, researchers have over 100 events planned around everything from measuring light pollution to counting caterpillars.
The Atlantic Daily: America Suffers From Immigration Amnesia18h
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox. What exactly is the current border crisis? My colleague Adam Serwer asks: "Is it the recent surge of migrants, or is it the treatment of those migrants in detention facilities?" The answer may dep
Carbon-neutral biofuel from lakes: Suggestions for extraction of methane for energy18h
Lakes store huge amounts of methane. In a new study, environmental scientists at the University of Basel offer suggestions for how it can be extracted and used as an energy source in the form of methanol.
A brain signature that predicts vulnerability to addiction18h
French team has just shown that within a population of rats it can predict which will become cocaine addicts. Scientists observed abnormal activity in a specific region of the brain, the subthalamic nucleus, only in future addicted individuals, and did so before they were exposed to 'punishment' associated with the seeking for the drug. These results also indicate that it is possible to reduce thi
Repurposing tocilizumab in scleroderma patients may prevent early lung disease18h
A phase 3 clinical trial finds an anti-inflammatory drug used in rheumatoid arthritis can preserve lung function in patients with systemic sclerosis.
New hydrogel that cuts in half recovery time from muscle injuries18h
A team from the Universitat Politècnica de València and the CIBER -BBN has designed and tested, at a preclinical level, a new biomaterial for the treatment and recovery of muscle injuries. It is a boron-loaded alginate hydrogel, which would be administered with a subcutaneous injection. According to the tests carried out so far -in animal models-, it is capable of regenerating damaged muscle very
Choose life: Why patients in China refuse standard treatment for a type of heart attack18h
Clinical guidelines recommend percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as standard treatment following a type of heart-attack called ST-elevation myocardial infarction but many patients in China refuse to undergo PCI, leading to worse outcomes. Scientists in China have recently identified several factors for treatment refusal, including old age, history of myocardial infarction, and treatment outs
Pathways leading to the extramedullary development of tissue-resident lymphocytes found18h
USTC discovered that hematopoietic progenitors possessed the differentiation potential to type 1 innate lymphoid cells (ILC1s) in adult liver, and dissected the regulation mechanisms of such cell differentiation, revealing the pathways that lead to the development of tissue-resident lymphocytes.
Preconditions for life already 3.5 billion years ago18h
For the first time, organic molecules could be detected in such old liquids as possible nutrients for primordial microbes.
Steroid hormone could reduce risk of preterm birth for high-risk single baby pregnancies18h
Taking progestogens — steroid hormones — during pregnancy could reduce the risk of preterm birth in high-risk single baby pregnancies, research has shown.
How many countries are ready for nuclear-powered electricity?18h
A new study in the journal Risk Analysis suggests that countries representing more than 80 percent of potential growth in low-carbon electricity demand–in Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa–may lack the economic or institutional quality to deploy nuclear power to meet their energy needs. The authors suggest that if nuclear power is to safely expand its role in mitigating climate change, cou
Prioritise opportunities to say final goodbye during COVID-19 pandemic, study finds19h
Phone calls between patients and their relatives should be prioritised during the pandemic to allow loved ones to say goodbye, a new study providing recommendations to healthcare professionals has suggested.
Pancake strategy for the win19h
Skyrmions are considered promising candidates for tomorrow's information memory devices which may be able to achieve enormous data storage and processing capacities. A research team led by HZDR has developed a method to grow a particular magnetic thin-film material that hosts these magnetic vortices. A central aspect of this new method is the abrupt heating of the material with short, very bright
Studies of U.S. national parks are trending down, focused on popular parks19h
Research conducted in U.S. national parks has focused largely on five iconic parks, with more than a third of academic papers focused on Yellowstone National Park, researchers from North Carolina State University found in a new analysis.
Ancient crater lake bolsters idea of ice on early Mars19h
Researchers have discovered a previously unknown type of ancient crater lake on Mars. It could reveal clues about the planet's early climate. In the study, the researchers describe an as-yet unnamed crater with some puzzling characteristics. The crater's floor has unmistakable geologic evidence of ancient stream beds and ponds, yet there's no evidence of inlet channels where water could have ente
Överdödligheten i covid-19 störst bland äldre19h
Fler personer än förväntat dog under 2020. Störst var överdödligheten bland äldre. Samtidigt sjönk medellivslängden med mellan ett halvår och ett år, enligt en ny rapport. Den förväntade medellivslängden sjönk med 0,69 år för män och 0,40 år för kvinnor under 2020 jämfört med 2019, visar en ny rapport som kartlägger vilken påverkan covid-19-pandemin haft på medellivslängd och dödlighet för olika
A new review on how to fight COVID-19 during the British wintertime19h
A new report is highlighting ways we can fight COVID-19 while indoors during cold weather periods.
New approach for the development of a drug treatment for obesity and the resulting diseases19h
The protein Asc-1 regulates whether fat-burning beige or fat-storing white adipocytes are formed, which can have an impact on the development of metabolic diseases. This is shown by a current study of the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD). The results open up new approaches to prevent the development of metabolic diseases. The study has now been published
Scientists from Russia and Germany measured how the brain learn new words19h
Researchers from Germany and Russia developed new method to understand how the brain builds associations between previously unrelated words. Method can help patients in disorders of consciousness.
Bringing KAIZEN to kid healthcare19h
Researchers reveal through a systematic review of 158 articles detailing quality improvements in pediatric intensive care units mainly throughout North America and the U.K. that despite having a median score of 11.0 on the Quality Improvement Minimum Quality Criteria Set, only 17% of them were considered high quality by achieving a 14-16 score, and only 5% cited Standards for QUality Improvement R
NTU Singapore scientists design 'smart' device to harvest daylight19h
A team of Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) researchers has designed a 'smart' device to harvest daylight and relay it to underground spaces, reducing the need to draw on traditional energy sources for lighting.
High thrombotic risk in cancer patients receiving immunotherapy19h
In a study recently published in the leading journal "Blood", researchers at MedUni Vienna provided preliminary data on the incidence, risk factors and clinical outcomes of thrombotic complications in this new form of cancer treatment. The main finding is that, during the course of treatment, approximately 13% of patients develop a venous thromboembolism, that is to say a deep vein thrombosis or p
Author Correction: Hepatic SATB1 induces paracrine activation of hepatic stellate cells and is upregulated by HBx19h
Scientific Reports, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/s41598-021-87154-6
Energiøernes øverste ansvarlige: »Alt ved de her ø-projekter er ret specielt«19h
PLUS. Mens flere aktører allerede venter utålmodigt på de kommende energiøer, begynder arbejdet på havet inden længe. GridTech har spurgt chefen for energiøerne, hvordan man vil sikre, at projektet kommer så hurtigt som muligt i mål.
Tadpole nerve regeneration capacity provides clue to treating spinal cord injury19h
Nagoya University researchers have identified a gene that plays a crucial role in regenerating neurons of African clawed frog tadpoles, which has an unusually high capacity for nerve regeneration. Their study showed that introducing the gene into mice with spinal cord injury (SCI) led to a partial recovery of their lost motor functions.
SMART study finds ridesharing intensifies urban road congestion19h
A study by Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) to assess how ridesharing impacts urban mobility in the United States, found that ridesharing increased both intensity and duration of road congestion. Ridesharing substituted for public transit ridership by almost 9% and there was no significant change in private vehicle ownership.
Adult support eases effects of bullying at boarding school19h
Having a school staff member to rely on for support can ease the effects of bullying at boarding schools, but only for male students, a new study shows. The study did not find that support networks helped females in the same way. The study, published in School Psychology Review , is one of few to examine the effects of bullying at boarding schools, which provide a unique environment where most st
Asian Americans top target for threats and harassment during pandemic19h
Since the very beginning of the pandemic, hate crimes toward Asians and Asian Americans have gotten increased media attention. Our data, from the Understanding Coronavirus in America Study, confirms that these events are happening more often—and are not just appearing more common because of press coverage or public awareness. Asian Americans experienced more threats and harassment than any other r
A genetic solution to ensure sorghum stands firm19h
After decades of study, University of Queensland researchers have identified a genetic solution to the problem of sorghum lodging and falling down, which affects 10 percent of sorghum crops each year.
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00814-5 The importance of science in elite sport — from helping athletes to train safely to protecting sporting integrity.
Could mitochondria help athletes to make gains?20h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00817-2 The muscles of elite endurance athletes boast high numbers of extra-efficient mitochondria. Unlocking the secrets of these cellular components could yield gains for future Olympians.
The science helping athletes to beat the heat20h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00815-4 As global temperatures rise, athletes and sports bodies are following the science to ensure that events can take place safely.
Data scientists are predicting sports injuries with an algorithm20h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00818-1 Machine learning can tell athletes when to train and when to stop.
Why clean sport is more than just drug-free20h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00820-7 Doping is just one form of cheating in sport. To protect sporting integrity, all unethical behaviours must be treated equally, says Andrea Petróczi.
How athletes hit a fastball20h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00816-3 To strike a ball moving at lightning speeds in baseball, tennis and cricket, athletes and coaches are increasingly embracing training techniques involving virtual reality.
The future of sex in elite sport20h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00819-0 Sex has long been used to divide sporting competitions in the name of fairness, but are the current rules and enforcement practices fit for purpose?
Do microbes affect athletic performance?20h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00821-6 Some studies suggest that the community of microorganisms that live in the gut are associated with athleticism.
Cone snails use sexual enticements to lure prey out of hiding20h
Some cone snails use a previously undetected set of small molecules that mimic the effects of worm pheromones to drive marine worms into a sexual frenzy, making it easier to lure them out of their hiding places so the snails can gobble them up.
The Military's Role in Oceanography, Deadly Pharmaceutical Negligence, and Other New Science Books20h
Book recommendations from the editors of Scientific American — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
The Race to Find Alien Moons20h
Astronomers are hunting for the first moon around a planet beyond our solar system — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
A tale of two forests could reveal path forward for saving endangered lemurs20h
In one Madagascar forest, the trees teem with lemurs. In another forest just 150 miles away, the last few individuals of a small local population may soon be lost.
Climate labels might get you to buy different meat20h
Climate labels about a meat product's carbon footprint cause many people to choose a climate-friendlier option, research suggests. The finding, based on hypothetical purchasing decisions among Swedish consumers, applied to both people who were curious about a product's carbon footprint and those who actively avoided wanting to know more. As such, climate labeling food products can be a good way o
Underground noise reveals fracture pathways needed for energy production20h
Both oil production and geothermal energy need fluids to move through fracture channels within subsurface rocks. Yet accurately mapping and measuring fractures created for fluid flow is challenging, because what happens underground goes unseen.
Skovrydninger og skovbrande steg kraftigt i 202020h
Særligt tropiske skove i Amazonas, Congo og Sydøstasien er blevet ramt af rydning og brand i 2020, viser en global overvågning af skovenes tilstand.
The Origins of SARS-CoV-220h
The joint WHO-China investigation report concludes that a lab origin for COVID-19 is "extremely unlikely" but doubts remain. The post first appeared on Science-Based Medicine .
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00882-7 It's no game.
This Premade Survival Kit Makes It Easy To Prepare for the Worst21h
In a disaster, the difference between desperation and relative comfort often comes down to preparation . But what's the best way to prepare for a worst case scenario like a hurricane or blizzard that can leave you without power or water for days on end? There's certainly nothing wrong with doing all the research yourself, and then stockpiling the various supplies and tools you'll need. But there
NASA Begins Assembling Spacecraft to Study Enormous Metallic Asteroid21h
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in California got a package last week, and it's much more important than the smattering of Amazon impulse purchases that show up on most of our doorsteps. JPL has taken delivery of the Psyche spacecraft from Maxar Technologies and is now starting final assembly. Next year, this piece of hardware will ride a SpaceX rocket into orbit, and then it's off to the
Net-zero carbon pledges must be meaningful to avert climate disaster21h
Nature, Published online: 31 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00864-9 More countries are pledging to achieve carbon neutrality. They must now show how they plan to do this.
Daily briefing: Satellite light pollution is everywhere21h
Nature, Published online: 30 March 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00874-7 Nowhere left on Earth to view the stars without light pollution from space junk and satellites. Plus, how to make indoors safe again and the US is urged to invest in solar-geoengineering studies.
Study finds ridesharing intensifies urban road congestion21h
Transport Network Companies (TNCs) or ridesharing companies have gained widespread popularity across much of the world, with more and more cities adopting the phenomenon. While ridesharing has been credited with being more environmentally friendly than taxis and private vehicles, is that really the case today or do they rather contribute to urban congestion?
A new hope for the environment after Black Summer fires21h
A new report on Australia's environment has found the country's landscapes and waterways are making a slow recovery from one of the grimmest periods on record.
Stuck stem cells are no good at making blood21h
The magic of iPS cells is that they can be expanded into large numbers and differentiated into all cell types, so that an initially small number of iPS cells can be used to produce a massive number of cells. However, some cells have proven easier to make than others, which has significant implications on the cost of translating iPS cell research to clinical therapies. A new study by the Koji Eto l
Coldest recorded cloud temperature measured by satellite21h
A new paper led by Dr. Simon Proud, research fellow at the Department of Physics and the National Centre for Earth Observation, describes an unprecedentedly cold temperature measured atop a severe thunderstorm cloud in the Pacific by an Earth-orbiting satellite. This temperature of -111°C is more than 30°C colder than typical storm clouds and is the coldest known measurement of storm cloud tempera
NASA finds 2021 Arctic winter sea ice tied for seventh-lowest on record21h
Sea ice in the Arctic appears to have hit its annual maximum extent after growing through the fall and winter. The 2021 wintertime extent reached on March 21 ties with 2007's as the seventh-smallest extent of winter sea ice in the satellite record, according to scientists at the NASA-supported National Snow and Ice Data Center and NASA.
Development of a broadband mid-infrared source for remote sensing21h
A research team of the National Institutes of Natural Sciences, National Institute for Fusion Science and Akita Prefectural University has successfully demonstrated a broadband mid-infrared (MIR) source with a simple configuration. This light source generates highly-stable broadband MIR beam at 2.5-3.7 μm wavelength range maintaining the brightness owing to its high-beam quality. Such a broadband
Get Better, More Affordable Car Insurance In Minutes With Clearcover21h
In times like these, looking after your money is essential. According to a recent survey , around half of us are worried about job security and 84% of people are scaling back on spending. One of the best ways to make your paycheck stretch further is by reducing your fixed monthly bills. To achieve this, you usually need to change your provider. When it comes to insurance, many of us consider swit
Tilapias are not precocious, they are just resilient21h
Tilapias living in crowded aquaculture ponds or small freshwater reservoirs adapt so well to these stressful environments that they stop growing and reproduce at a smaller size than their stress-free counterparts.
Study ratifies link of processed meat to cardiovascular disease and death21h
The information comes from the diets and health outcomes of 134,297 people from 21 countries spanning five continents, who were tracked by researchers for data on meat consumption and cardiovascular illnesses.