The mechanism behind one of the first stages of coal creation may not be what we thought it was, according to a team of researchers who found that microbes were responsible for coal formation and production of methane in these areas, which has implications for methane fuel recovery from some coal fields.
Uncovering the mechanisms of learning via synaptic plasticity is a critical step towards understanding how our brains function and building truly intelligent, adaptive machines. Researchers propose a new approach in which algorithms mimic biological evolution and learn efficiently through creative evolution.
Without fungi we don't have bread, chocolate, cheese, soy sauce, beer or wine. They are also crucial to protecting our climate Let's picture a dinner with family or friends that began by enjoying beer, wine, fruit juice or maybe a fizzy kombucha beverage. You're contemplating a glorious basket of bread, wrapped in awe of its perfect crumb and fantasizing about the moment you slather it in butter
New study shows that deer can catch the virus from people and give it to other deer in overwhelming numbers As America's pandemic – for now – seems to be moving into a new phase with national rates in decline from the September peak and vaccines rolling out to children, a new worry has appeared on the horizon: wildlife passing on the virus. A new study shows that deer can catch the coronavirus fr
An alternative to original Medicare, the private plans are run mostly by major insurers. A recent analysis estimates Medicare overpaid these insurers by $106 billion from 2010 through 2019. (Image credit: Innocenti/Image Source/Getty Images)
Forbidden NFT Non-fungible tokens, better known as NFTs, have rocked the worlds of both blockchain and art this year, while generating endless new debates about everything from money laundering and fraud to what it really means to "own" a digital asset . And now the drama's getting even deeper, with the US government's Office of Foreign Assets Control declaring this week that numerous NFTs, and e
" How to Build a Life " is a weekly column by Arthur Brooks, tackling questions of meaning and happiness. Click here to listen to his new podcast series on all things happiness, How to Build a Happy Life . A friend of mine once shared what I considered a bit of unadulterated wisdom: "If I wouldn't invite someone into my house, I shouldn't let them into my head." But that's easier said than done.
Ride Hell Ridehailing service Uber is once again under fire for discrimination — and this time the government has brought out the big guns. In a lawsuit filed by the Department of Justice , the Biden administration claims that Uber has violated the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by charging disabled riders a "wait-time" fee if it takes them more than two minutes to get into the car that's
Spectrum of reflected light from Kamo`oalewa closely matches lunar rocks from Nasa's Apollo mission Scientists have identified what appears to be a small chunk of the moon that is tracking the Earth's orbit around the Sun. The asteroid, named Kamo`oalewa, was discovered in 2016 but until now relatively little has been known about it. New observations suggest it could be a fragment from the moon t
Newton's third law tells us that for every action, there's an equal reaction going the opposite way. It's been reassuring us for 400 years, explaining why we don't fall through the floor (the floor pushes up on us too), and why paddling a boat makes it glide through water. When a system is in equilibrium, no energy goes in or out and such reciprocity is the rule. Mathematically… Source
The United States is the only country in the world that sentences children to life without the possibility of parole. One of those children was a boy named Henry Montgomery. In 1963, Montgomery was 17 years old, and was convicted of shooting and killing a plainclothes police officer in East Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He was initially sentenced to death, but the Louisiana Supreme Court decided that r
Feds Watchin' For once, law enforcement is actually helping out a big-name rapper. According to a report broken by Complex , Shawn "Jay-Z" Carter was warned by the FBI that he was soon to fall victim to an "imminent hack," according to the magazine's source. They then urged the Brooklyn-born rapper to delete his emails as a precaution. It remains unclear exactly what the subject of the apparently
Climate experts say their message is getting through but more urgent work is needed Cop26 – latest updates Scientists attending Cop26 have sent a clear warning to policymakers: get a move on, because every moment of delay, every extra fraction of a degree of global heating will have dire consequences. That message has been reinforced at Glasgow with reports, forums and discussions, but those invo
Overeducated people are ruining political discourse by embracing "woke" language. If you pay attention to modern fights about language and social justice, you've probably heard some version of this complaint. The Democratic patriarch James Carville has bemoaned the idea of "people in faculty lounges in fancy colleges" coming up with "a word like 'Latinx' that no one else uses." John McWhorter, th
In 2013, I was covering a soccer match in Columbus, Ohio, between the U.S. men's national team and Mexico when a man dressed as George Washington ran up to me and screamed, right in my face, "America! America! Motherfuckin' America! Fuck yeah!" He did it because he was happy and he wanted me to be happy with him. And I was! One of the primary joys of cheering for your country in international spo
Questionable phone calls, concerning emails, heart-rending stories from a sudden new friend in need of endless financial support: elder abuse can take many forms, says lawyer Jane Walsh. And as technology becomes more sophisticated, susceptibility to tricks and scams will increase — no matter a person's age or intellect. Walsh spotlights the rise of this predatory crime, why it goes undetected an
Kenneth Branagh is a celebrated Shakespearean thespian, a multi-hyphenate filmmaker, actor, and writer who's worked in every Hollywood genre over the years. Through it all, he's never been one for subtlety. Ray Stevenson, whom he directed in the comic-book adaptation Thor in 2011, once remembered Branagh encouraging him to play his role as loudly as possible. "So I said, fine, I'll dip my toe int
In the quest for fusion energy, understanding how radio-frequency (RF) waves travel (or "propagate") in the turbulent interior of a fusion furnace is crucial to maintaining an efficient, continuously operating power plant. Transmitted by an antenna in the doughnut-shaped vacuum chamber common to magnetic confinement fusion devices called tokamaks, RF waves heat the plasma fuel and drive its curren
A passionate outdoorswoman, a "rugged individualist" and a bit of an enigma—the few traces Dorothy Andersen left behind give us glimpses into who she was. In this episode, we track… — Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Mice with hind legs paralysed learned to walk again after a single injection of synthetic nanofibres Mice with spinal cord injuries that left their hind legs completely paralysed learned to walk again after a single injection of synthetic nanofibres that scientists say could revolutionise treatments for the condition. The therapy is based on designer molecules that mimic the natural environment o
Sugars found on the surface of human cells influence COVID-19 infection, according to a University of Alberta-led study that is one of the first to observe this relationship and suggests that cells in the brain might be particularly susceptible.
Deforestation and global warming in one Indonesian province caused temperatures to rise nearly a whole degree Celsius in 16 years leading to an eight percent increase in deaths, a study found Wednesday.
Photographs by Maureen Drennan A sign in the entrance of the Michael A. Rawley Jr. American Legion Post advertises the space as "members only," but the Brooklyn-based photographer Maureen Drennan has warned me in advance to ignore it. Drennan has often entered these establishments unannounced: Since 2018, she's photographed American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars posts across the northeaster
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox. Getty; Adam Maida / The Atlantic In 2020, public-health experts' message to Americans was simple: Cancel Thanksgiving . This year, COVID vaccines afford us more options for a safe Turkey Day. But
Quick bursts of laser light, lasting less than a trillionth of a second, are used in a range of applications today. These ultrashort laser pulses have allowed scientists to observe chemical reactions in real-time, image delicate biological samples, build precise nanostructures, and send long-distance, high-bitrate optical communications.
After persuading his parents to bring home a bird feeder from his relatives' hardware store, Kevin Burns became captivated by watching his avian visitors. He would flip through pages in a bulky encyclopedia to know which kind of bird was flitting about.
Bob Caldwell wonders what has happened to our trust in government since the second world war, while Dave Hunter is concerned that current generations are not making sacrifices for future ones Much has been made of the resemblance between wartime Britain and the current pandemic. Having experienced both, I find the contrast in social reactions to the two situations very striking and puzzling. Duri
Using NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), an international team of astronomers has detected a sub-Neptune exoplanet orbiting a nearby M dwarf star. The newly found alien world, designated TOI-2257b is about two times larger than the Earth. The finding is reported in a paper published November 2 on the arXiv pre-print server.
Rewatching the music video for "Blurred Lines," the totemic Robin Thicke song, is an interesting project. In 2013, when it was released, the song spawned a new microeconomy of commentary denouncing it as a distillation of rape culture , or fretting over whether enjoying its jaunty hook was defensible . ("I know you want it," Thicke croons presumptively over and over, even though honestly, no, I d
How organs develop and how they grow to the right size and shape are fundamental questions in developmental biology. The morphogen Dpp is a signaling molecule controlling the development of different organs with regard to the correct growth and shape.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. In the next several years, the cloud will move the needle for AI from being experimental to becoming an enterprise-wide presence. The two technologies will complement each other. Click here to continue.
An international team of researchers working on the COSINE-100 experiment in South Korea has been unable to reproduce the signals reported by the researchers working on the DAMA/LIBRA experiment in Italy despite using similar technology. Their paper was published in the journal Science Advances.
Randhir Gandhi, CEO of SPS, and Jay Nair, senior vice president of Financial Services at Infosys, explain how SPS digitally transformed its mortgage servicing value chain and improved customer experience by leveraging applied AI and Cobalt offerings from Infosys. Click here to continue.
Whether you're surveying the solar system or looking to do some deep-sky stargazing , the best telescope is a must-have optical instrument. Using lenses, mirrors, or a combination of both to gather and focus light, optical telescopes increase the apparent size of distant objects—e.g., other planets and stars—so that we can observe them more clearly. Optical telescopes are typically categorized in
Even when emoji are used to substitute for words, we still understand the sentence. But how does that work? Do we interpret an emoji primarily as an image or as a word? To find out, a research team asked volunteers to read texts with emoji and measured the reading time precisely. It turns out that it takes a little longer to comprehend a sentence that includes emoji than one that doesn't. If the e
The proportion of UK people reporting eating and drinking plant-based alternative foods such as plant-based milk, vegan sausages and vegetable burgers nearly doubled between 2008 — 2011 and 2017 — 2019, according to a new study.
In a large national survey, adults who struggled with picky eating habits as children overwhelmingly said they benefitted more from positive and encouraging strategies their parents used than forceful or coercive approaches.
Corporate carbon polluters plant trees to counter their CO2 emissions, but activists warn against greenwashing and say such afforestation schemes detract from the emissions reductions needed to combat climate change.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. MACH-ready commerce vendors provide benefits of flexibility and scalability through the API layer, but they only work if the solution is used "as is." E-commerce companies often seek the ability to solve X, the unknown variable during the always-on digital evolution. Hence, MACH-X. Clic
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Read this viewpoint to understand how investment in digital technologies can restructure the health care business to be resilient and responsive in a post-covid era. Click here to continue.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. This white paper discusses how blockchain technology can transform public records management. A cloud-based platform enables various digital records, such as birth registrations, to be seamlessly authenticated, resulting in cost savings, faster turnaround time, and enhanced customer ser
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Alan Feeley, CIO of Siemens Gamesa, explains how the producer of clean energy standardized implementations across multiple rollouts by leveraging the cloud. Click here to continue.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Enterprises looking to accelerate their cloud journeys need to ensure the CISOs are part of the process of creating foundational building blocks because cybersecurity risks are at an all-time high. Click here to continue.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. A new breed of ransomware attacks targeting even the cloud and SaaS data, is becoming a major business risk. In this article, Vishal Salvi, SVP & CISO at Infosys, discusses the impact of the current wave of ransomware attacks and how we can counter the cyber menace. Click here to contin
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Estimating the long-term cost of data breaches to brands and businesses for different industries. Click here to continue.
Velcro. Airplanes. Sonar. What do these have in common? The invention of each was inspired by nature. Velcro mimics burdock burr's ability to attach to clothing. Birds in flight motivated the eventual development of airplanes. Bats use echolocation to navigate, providing the inspiration for sonar.
Geophysicists can use a new model to explain the behavior of a tectonic plate sinking into a subduction zone in the Earth's mantle: the plate becomes weak and thus more deformable when mineral grains on its underside are shrunk in size.
Researchers have discovered that mysterious clusters of proteins found on neurons are calcium-signaling 'hotspots' that activate gene transcription, allowing neurons to produce crucial proteins. The discovery may help shape new research into the role of the hotspots in brain function and potentially lead to new classes of therapeutics.
Using an experimental system involving new genetic technology, researchers analyzed the gene expression signatures of a representative sample of barcoded leukemia cells. After implanting some of the leukemia cells in mice, they discovered that distinct gene expression signatures correlated with the various organs where the cancer cells ended up. They were also able to identify previously unknown g
A new study finds that over the last 30 years, Brazil has undergone a nutrition transition toward a diet higher in ultra-processed foods, and that of food types consumed, these have been the largest contributor to worsening impacts on greenhouse gas emissions, the nation's water footprint and ecological footprint, such as deforestation.
Young people who consider themselves 'multilingual' tend to perform better across a wide range of subjects at school, regardless of whether they are actually fluent in another language, new research suggests. The study of more than 800 pupils in England found a measurable, positive relationship between their personal connection with other languages, and their GCSE exam results in both modern langu
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Estimating the long-term cost of data breaches to brands and businesses today. Click here to continue.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Carlos "Caloi" Santos, vice president, Corporate Services and chief information officer of JG Summit Holdings, Inc., a Philippine-based conglomerate, explains how he used risk planning and C-suite teamwork to move JG Summit smoothly to the cloud. Click here to continue.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Petteri Naulapää, CIO & SVP, ICT, and Digitalization for Posti Group, a Finnish postal service provider, talks about migration to the cloud, and explains how Posti's cloud-oriented approach enabled them to serve their customers better. Click here to continue.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Rather than getting into the public versus private debate, enterprises should ensure they have the right workload on the right cloud at any given time, which often means going down the hybrid cloud route. Click here to continue.
The Atlantic has released its 2021 "Report on Diversity & Inclusion," an annual report showing gender and race metrics across the company. The data represent the composition of The Atlantic 's staff as of June 30, 2021, which was the baseline date established with last year's report. We will continue to run and release this report annually. In addition to these data, the report details The Atlant
As we go from unsustainable clothing to fungal leather and eco-friendly fabrics, the question of keeping your clothes clean while reducing the ecological impact lingers. This Ecoegg bundle makes it simple to remove dirt and preserve your fashion, and you can save an additional 15% for a limited time as part of our Pre-Black Friday sale. Cleaner Clothes, Safer Planet The main issue with most moder
Pacific rockfish are among the longest-lived vertebrates — some species live 200+ years. Yet others live barely 10. Their varied lifespans make rockfish a unique genus in which to pinpoint genes associated with long lifespan. Biologists sequenced and compared the genomes of 88 species and found longevity-related genes involved in living at depth and growing larger, but also an increase in some ty
The tendency for most of us when it comes to human wastewater is out of sight, out of mind. Rarely do we consider what happens after we flush that toilet or turn off that tap. However, researchers have turned their attention and considerable computational power to the subject and its impacts on global coastal ecosystems. The results aren't pretty, but they are enlightening.
The ability of cells to move together in harmony is crucial for numerous biological processes in our body, for example, wound healing, or the healthy development of an organism. This movement is made possible by the connections between individual cells. A research team has shown that particularly close connections — 'tight junctions' — play an important role in cell movement. In addition, resear
Researchers have provided the first experimental evidence that brain regions can evolve independently of each other during cognitive evolution. This so called mosaic brain evolution was verified empirically in an artificial selection experiment with guppies (Poecilia reticulata) where telencephalon size (but no other regions) differed by 10 percent after only four generations of selection. The fin
We estimate a measure of segregation, experienced isolation, that captures individuals' exposure to diverse others in the places they visit over the course of their days. Using Global Positioning System (GPS) data collected from smartphones, we measure experienced isolation by race. We find that the isolation individuals experience is substantially…
Benthic N2 production by microbial denitrification and anammox is the largest sink for fixed nitrogen in the oceans. Most N2 production occurs on the continental shelves, where a high flux of reactive organic matter fuels the depletion of nitrate close to the sediment surface. By contrast, N2 production rates in…
The last decade has seen significant progress identifying genetic and brain differences related to intelligence. However, there remain considerable gaps in our understanding of how cognitive mechanisms that underpin intelligence map onto various brain functions. In this article, we argue that the locus coeruleus–norepinephrine system is essential for understanding the…
Using a tamoxifen-inducible time-course ChIP-sequencing (ChIP-seq) approach, we show that the ubiquitous transcription factor SP1 has different binding dynamics at its target sites in the human genome. SP1 very rapidly reaches maximal binding levels at some sites, but binding kinetics at other sites is biphasic, with rapid half-maximal binding followed…
Conformational dynamics play critical roles in protein folding, misfolding, function, misfunction, and aggregation. While detecting and studying the different conformational states populated by protein molecules on their free energy surfaces (FESs) remain a challenge, NMR spectroscopy has emerged as an invaluable experimental tool to explore the FES of a protein,…
Growing evidence indicates that microglia impact brain function by regulating synaptic pruning and formation as well as synaptic transmission and plasticity. Iba1 (ionized Ca+2-binding adapter protein 1), encoded by the Allograft inflammatory factor 1 (Aif1) gene, is an actin-interacting protein in microglia. Although Iba1 has long been used as a…
Devastating wildfires have occurred around the world in recent years. While fire has always been part of the landscape, the trend toward increasingly widespread and severe wildfires is a key sentinel of the rapidly intensifying risks caused by global warming and climate change. Using atmospheric observations and climate model simulations,…
The prefix "bio" may mean life, but life is not essential for many biological processes. In 1897 the German researcher Eduard Buchner showed how the scraps and juice left over after yeast was mutilated and crushed could still drive the fermentation of sugar. In doing so, he won a Nobel…
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Andy Cooper, senior vice president of Infrastructure and Cloud Services at Assurant, explains how a greenfield approach to adopting cloud helped radically transform their business. Click here to continue.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Cloud is no longer about saving time and money. New research from Infosys shows that businesses stand to add $414 billion of annual profit by using the cloud to increase their speed and capabilities to gain a competitive edge. Click here to continue.
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. A combination of cloud computing, AI, and deep data analytics is turning decades and century-old enterprises into new-age platforms competing with the digital disruptors. Click here to continue.
Researchers have shown that albino mice of the C57BL/6 line are highly susceptible to developing the inflammatory liver condition non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) when fed a high cholesterol diet. The albino mice carry a mutation in the tyrosinase gene leading to a deficiency of melanin synthesis. NASH is a serious illness in humans, and the identification of the involvement of tyrosinase in N
Comparing features of a common laboratory fruit fly with its rarer cousin collected from Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park, researchers used CRISPR technology to uncover clues about how high-level control genes called Hox genes shape our appearance.
Researchers at the University of Arizona Health Sciences are closer to developing a safe and effective non-opioid pain reliever after a study showed that a new compound they created reduces the sensation of pain by regulating a biological channel linked to pain.
Scientists have developed a scalable, low-cost method to improve the joining of materials in solid-state batteries, resolving one of the big challenges in the commercial development of safe, long-lived energy storage systems.
Funding to restore mangrove forests is money well spent, according to a new meta-analysis by ecological economists at the University of Tokyo. For every dollar spent to restore mangroves, the ecosystem will yield $6.83 to $10.50 in returns over the next 20 years. The range reflects different economic projections of how much immediate costs are worth compared to future benefits and reflects the sig
Wetlands are particularly sensitive to hydrological changes, such as the reduction in water supply during extensive droughts. In response to a reduction of water levels, many aquatic plants can become amphibious, producing morphologically, structurally and physiologically different emergent growth forms.
Salk Institute scientists, collaborating with researchers from the University of Cambridge and Johns Hopkins University, have sequenced the genome of the world's most widely used model plant species, Arabidopsis thaliana, at a level of detail never previously achieved. The study, published in Science on November 12, 2021, reveals the secrets of Arabidopsis chromosome regions called centromeres. Th
During the fall, the leaves of almost half of North America's species of trees and shrubs turn red. So why don't trees in Europe do the same? "Botanists have thought about this question for a long time, but a plausible answer was only provided in 2019," says Susanne S. Renner , honorary professor of biology at Washington University in St. Louis. "However, the very first paper to raise the questio
The University of Glasgow is requesting the retraction of multiple papers by a pharmacology researcher who held various positions there for more than a quarter century. The story begins in December 2016, when biostatistician Steven McKinney posted on PubPeer about a paper by the researcher, Miles Houslay, in the Journal of Biological Chemistry. That paper … Continue reading
Researchers have found a new way to detect the virus that causes COVID-19 by testing the air passing through building ventilation systems. The discovery could lead to earlier detection of the virus, improved quarantine protocols, reduced transmission and fewer outbreaks.
Hi everyone, I'm participating in a nationwide university campaigns competition as a representative of Baruch, and I'm doing research on virtual reality headsets, and I'd really like to get some insights from your opinions about VR. Please fill out one of these questionnaires that applies to you: Triers/Users: https://forms.gle/UG5Ed2jB9DPYeXDcA Non-Triers: https://forms.gle/8PTXN1GfAX2Zn6Dr5 Tha
https://pv-magazine-usa.com/2021/11/11/nrel-to-evaluate-ai-energy-management-system-for-solar-microgrid/ Studies show that aggregation of energy storage and dispatch leads to far greater efficiency (and savings). The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is testing the use of AI to intelligently control the storage and dispatch of photovoltaic energy, home storage, electric vehicles, as well as he
By John Upton, Climate Central and Maanvi Singh, The Guardian The Dixie fire ranked as the second-largest California wildfire on record – surpassed only by the million-acre-plus August Complex fire of 2020. Photograph: David Swanson/Reuters This story was produced through a partnership between The Guardian and Climate Central. On late summer and autumn days, when the hot, howling winds sting the
A new study takes a granular look at global inputs and the effects of human wastewater on the world's coastal ecosystems. The results aren't pretty, but they are enlightening. The tendency for most of us when it comes to human wastewater is out of sight, out of mind. Rarely do we consider what happens after we flush that toilet or turn off that tap. "The motivation behind this research was a desi
Thank you for joining us on "The cloud hub: From cloud chaos to cloud clarity." We hope you enjoy this article. Michael Tonge, director of Partnerships, Hospitality, and Ticketing, French Tennis Federation, talks about how they have redefined the experience for fans, players, and broadcast partners using the cloud. Click here to continue.
Food insecurity is estimated to affect up to 24% of US military veterans and risks are significantly higher for people of color and women, according to a new study. Food insecurity is defined as a limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate food. The research also shows that veterans with medical and trauma-related conditions, as well as unmet social needs like housing instability
When tectonic plates sink into the Earth they look like slinky snakes! That's according to a study published in Nature, which helps answer a long standing question about what happens to tectonic plates when they sink – or subduct – into the Earth's interior. The process helps drive plate tectonics.
New research shows that humans had a significant role in the extinction of woolly mammoths in Eurasia, occurring thousands of years later than previously thought. An international team of scientists has revealed a 20,000-year pathway to extinction for the woolly mammoth.
Until now, observing subatomic structures was beyond the resolution capabilities of direct imaging methods, and this seemed unlikely to change. Czech scientists, however, have presented a method with which they became the first in the world to observe an inhomogeneous electron charge distribution around a halogen atom, thus confirming the existence of a phenomenon that had been theoretically predi
Rockfish is on the menu around the Pacific Rim, for the most part with little regard for the fish's origin or which of the 137 species is on the plate—it's typically identified simply as rockfish or, incorrectly, as rock cod or red snapper.
Two articles being published in Science magazine's influential Policy Forum this week argue for more and better social science research into the potential use of solar geoengineering to offset some of the global warming from greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Two huge emitters agreed to work together to limit global warming, but the agreement is largely symbolic, as is an alliance to stop extracting oil and gas which hasn't been signed by the biggest oil and gas producers
If you're a newb, gaming technology and products can seem as disorienting as World of Warcraft 's Ragefire Chasm dungeon. But when you've got a gamer in your life and you're looking for a present, the best gifts for gamers will only add to their experience. A gamer is just getting started with a quality gaming laptop. There's always something more to augment any bag of tricks. Whether you want to
Avoiding more expensive colleges can lead to bigger financial problems in the long run, a new study finds. While choosing a more expensive college may seem like an unwise financial decision considering a large student debt burden after graduation, the research suggests otherwise. As reported in the Journal of Marketing Research , college decisions focusing on financial information increased prefe
Jonathan Pruitt, a behavioral ecologist and Canada 150 Research Chair who has had a dozen papers retracted following allegations of data fraud, now appears to have had his doctoral dissertation withdrawn. The news, which was first noted by Nick DiRienzo, who co-authored papers with Pruitt but has been one of the scientists trying to cleanse … Continue reading
When deciding how much nitrogen fertilizer to apply, farmers have options. The standard tool for the Midwest—the maximum return to nitrogen (MRTN) calculator – offers a static recommendation. It is based on hundreds of field trials, but doesn't vary much year to year. Newer dynamic tools have the potential to account for soil properties and weather, but also require input from farmers during the g
When considering determinants of an individual's health outcomes, doctors and researchers consider personal factors like age, race, gender or socioeconomic factors such as education quality, economic stability or health care access. A new study from the University of Kansas adds to the evidence that political ideology can be a social determinant of health, especially during public health crises.
A team led by Santiago Marco, professor at the Department of Electronic Engineering of the UB and member of IBEC, has optimized the use of a technique that analyzes, at a molecular level, the present substances in the aroma of food. Therefore, it differentiates, among Iberian ham samples, those pigs that had been fed with acorn and those fed with feed.
On top of the COVID-19 pandemic, people worldwide have dealt with an infodemic—a flood of ever-evolving information and misinformation about the virus, causing confusion and mistrust. New Cornell research finds that in remote parts of Bangladesh with little internet access, people have relied on local experts, spiritual views and their sense of social justice to evaluate new coronavirus informatio
Scaling down information devices to the atomic scale has brought the interest of using individual spins as a basic unit for data storage. This requires precise detection and control of spin states and a better understanding of spin-spin interactions.
Researchers led by Prof. Hu Yuxin from the Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently reported that the Arabidopsis carboxylesterase 15 (AtCXE15) and its orthologues in seed plants function as efficient hydrolases of plant hormone strigolactones (SLs). This discovery reveals the catalytic mechanism underlying homeostatic regulation of SLs in plants.
Digital news subscriptions have doubled in the past four years, but half of those gains went to the New York Times and the Washington Post alone. To find out why, researchers at the Missouri School of Journalism explored the way people understand and make sense of and value the news they read on digital sites.
Ingenuity's mission on Mars has been a resounding success, but it is not without its emergent challenges; reports have returned from the space copter's latest exploits, and things are getting tough out there. This fall, we experienced solar conjunction with Mars, where the two planets line up on exactly opposite sides of the sun. It's a cool astronomical event, but it also forces a communications
A small team of researchers from Germany, Mexico and the U.K. has found evidence suggesting that the reason a species of ammonite grew into giants was because of the increasing size of the mosasaurs that fed on them. In their paper posted on the open-access site PLOS ONE, the group describes their detailed study of 154 specimens of two species of ammonite fossils and what they learned about them.
Luftföroreningar orsakar miljontals för tidiga dödsfall i världen varje år. Kopplingen till hjärt-kärlsjukdomar är känd sedan länge. Ny forskning visar på samband också med demens och andra folksjukdomar – och ett ökat uttag av psykofarmaka. Även vid lägre halter än gränsvärdena. Att luftföroreningar leder till ökad dödlighet har vi vetat länge. Redan 1952 drabbades London av "the great London sm
Strange "eggshell planets" are among the rich variety of exoplanets possible, according to a new study. These rocky worlds have an ultra-thin outer brittle layer and little to no topography. Such worlds are unlikely to have plate tectonics, raising questions as to their habitability. Only a small subset of extrasolar planets are likely eggshell planets. At least three such worlds found during pre
Our world's surface is a jumble of jostling tectonic plates, with new ones emerging as others are pulled under. The ongoing cycle keeps our continents in motion and drives life on Earth. But what happens when a plate disappears into the planet's interior?
Topological superconductors are a class of superconducting materials characterized by sub-gap zero energy localized modes, known as Majorana boundary states (MBSs). These materials are promising for the development of quantum computing technology.
A health impact assessment from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) has concluded that European cities could avoid an extra 114,000 premature deaths every year if they met the new air quality guidelines presented by the World Health Organization (WHO) in September 2021 compared to the previous guidelines.
With impacts of climate change like the extreme heatwaves in Canada and Italy and the severe floods in Europe and China, 2021 has been a year of new records and fear for the future. For large parts of eastern Asia, however, the previous summer was one that locals won't forget for many, many years. For vast parts of the region, it was the wettest summer for almost 60 years, with widespread flooding
Across the United States, reports of autistic youth experiencing dangerous, life-altering and even fatal interactions with the criminal justice system are becoming more common. Research suggests that autistic individuals interact with police at high rates and individuals with disabilities disproportionately experience police violence.
The vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) is a promising sustainable energy storage system. In a VRFB cell, an ion exchange membrane (IEM) is used to prevent formation of a cathode/anode short circuit and avoid electrolyte crossover and side reactions, while allowing proton conduction to keep the cell electrically neutral.
A research team led by Prof. Yao Yonggang from Kunming Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has reported a new version of Chinese tree shrew genome annotation, and studied multiple genomic and transcriptomic characteristics of Chinese tree shrew, including gene family expansion, transcriptomic similarity across four species, and host immune response against virus infection. The
A study led by the University of Southampton suggests a greater diversity of plants and animals can be found where bioenergy crops are grown, compared with areas supporting traditional agricultural crops.
Charge transfer is a key step in photosynthesis, biological signal transduction, and conversion of various energy sources. The theoretical framework for charge transfer was established by Rudolph Marcus in the 1950s. It predicts the existence of a so-called "Marcus inverted region," where the transfer rate decreases with increasing reaction exothermicity (or driving force).
New research by the universities of Kent, Warwick and Notre Dame (United States) has found that sex-selective abortion is lower in India districts with a Muslim state legislator, consistent with a higher reported aversion to abortion among Muslims compared to Hindus.
In Finland, parents often regard assessment carried out in schools primarily as a tool for supporting pupils' learning and growth. However, many parents would also like to see more of numerical assessment, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The researchers analyzed the beliefs and conceptions of assessment among Finnish parents of pupils in grades six and nine of Finnish bas
Researchers from University of Cologne and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that examines the processes and building blocks underlying brand flagship platforms.
The SpaceX carrier rocket lifted off from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, U.S. early on Thursday morning, Central European Time. The 'Cosmic Kiss' mission's four crew members will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) on board a Crew Dragon capsule. They will remain on the ISS until April 2022. Joining his three NASA colleagues is ESA astronaut Dr. Matthias Maurer, the 12th Germa
PLUS. Salget af elbiler stiger og bilproducenter forventer at sælge 40 mio. elbiler årligt i 2030. Det viser nye rapport som er udarbejdet for COP26. 100 lande, regioner, byer og virksomheder er nu gået sammen om at udfase benzin- og dieselbiler senest i 2040
Until recently, I've thought of a USB hub as a pretty simple piece of gear. Sure, some are powered and some aren't, and of course there are USB 3.0 versions, with some USB 2.0 versions still floating around, but for the most part they've traditionally been pretty boring. That has all changed now with the introduction of USB-C hubs that can handle high-resolution monitors along with high-speed per
Stream Naked and Afraid on discovery+ ► https://www.discoveryplus.com/show/naked-and-afraid About Naked and Afraid: What happens when you put two complete strangers – sans clothes – in some of the most extreme environments on Earth? Each male-female duo is left with no food, no water, no clothes, and only one survival item. #NakedAndAfraid #Discovery #Survival Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.l
House prices have soared during the last year and a half, and the implications aren't great (unless you're a homeowner looking just to sell and not buy). Homelessness and housing insecurity have risen dramatically over the course of the pandemic, with millions of people unable to afford to live where they want to, and many unable to afford to live anywhere at all. A supply shortage is just one am
The principle of pool boiling—heating a surface submerged in standing liquid until that liquid boils—is used to transfer heat for many applications, from power generation to refrigeration to air conditioning.
COP26 has so far focused on reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. But we also need to adapt to a changing climate and increase our resilience to risks. One of the barriers to this is a lack of information on how risks might change at the local scale, in terms directly relevant to users.
When a forest fire rages or a flood hits, many people these days tend to put the blame squarely on climate change. But many others do not, even when the extreme weather affects them personally. And that's something a Canada-U.S. team of researchers is trying to understand.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres says the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 F) is "on life support" as U.N. climate talks enter their final days, but he added that "until the last moment, hope should be maintained."
Forcing a picky eater doesn't help, survey results indicate. In a large national survey, adults who struggled with picky eating habits as children overwhelmingly said they benefitted more from positive and encouraging strategies their parents used than forceful or coercive approaches. The research involved people from a generation that struggled with food avoidance before it was identified in 201
Australia's largest parrot, the palm cockatoo, is justifiably famous as the only non-human animal to craft tools for sound. They create drumsticks to make a rhythmic beat. Sadly, the "Ringo Starr" of the bird world is now threatened with extinction—just as many other parrots are around the world.
Rebounding sea lion populations in New Zealand have led to people discovering them in forests and on back porches. New research could help. Michigan State University PhD student Veronica Frans and colleagues have come up with a new way of redefining the endangered New Zealand sea lions' habitat in the face of expanding populations. The work appears in this month's journal Methods in Ecology and E
As COVID-19 vaccinations and boosters reach a wider segment of the human population, experts at the Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine say they're still not recommending vaccinations for pets.
Maria Kowalski-Jahn and Hannes Schihada, two postdocs in the Schulte laboratory, have used a novel technology of fluorescently labeling receptors with a minimally invasive technique and detecting structural rearrangements in a receptor molecule in living cells. These experiments pinpointed how FZDs respond to WNT stimulation by conformational changes in the extracellular domain of the receptor. In
Skandinaviens største diabeteshospital har slået dørene op i Herlev. Det nye Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen skal varetage behandling af en stor andel af Region Hovedstadens diabetespatienter og samtidig stå i spidsen for dansk diabetesforskning.
A trio of researchers at Tokyo University reports evidence of a new type of photonic crystal structure in the scales of a longhorn beetle. Yuka Kobayashi, Ryosuke Ohnuki and Shinya Yoshioka have published their report in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.
[En Español] Anna is an Army veteran who served her country and recently lost her arm due to the blast from an improvised explosive device. While this is a life changing event for Anna, current technology in the US allows her to get a robotic arm controlled by a computer chip implanted in her brain. […]
Recent weeks have witnessed a series of medium-to-large-sized asteroids cross paths with Earth's orbit. The largest of the pack—asteroid 2004 UE—is on track to make its closest approach to the planet Nov. 13. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign astronomy professor and chair Leslie Looney spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about what researchers refer to as near Ear
Even if you're one of the most precise physicists on the planet—as University of Delaware Professor Marianna Safronova is—you still will need collaborators whose skills complement your own and make new opportunities possible.
To help authorities improve air quality in Cairo, scientists from the University of Surrey in England and the American University in Cairo in Egypt have published research in the peer-reviewed Toxics journal to predict how various measures will impact emissions.
A study by researchers at the University of Surrey and Heathrow Airport has shown that the disruption to airport operators caused by COVID-19 is not expected to substantially upset their long-term plans to reduce the carbon emissions from airports.
Sea urchins, albeit having a limited and ancestral sensory system, can show a complex behavior when escaping a predator. These marine invertebrates tend to move slowly and with unpredictable movements, but when they smell a predator, they escape following a ballistic motion —straightforward, quick and directional— to escape the threat.
Goats are smart animals. A new technology takes advantage of their intelligence—so they longer need physical fences. More than 2,400 Norwegian farmers are already using the technology to herd their animals.
Speciation and sedimentation are driven by tectonic activity, which causes fossil and rock records to share common patterns through time. During the Miocene, the Basin and Range (BR) of western North America arose through widespread extension and collapse of topographic highlands to create basins rich with mammalian fossil records. In a new report now published on Science Advances, Katharine M. Lo
A new satellite destined to be Europe's prime mission for monitoring and tracking carbon dioxide emissions from human activity is being put through its paces at ESA's Test Centre in the Netherlands. With nations at COP26 pledging net-zero emissions by 2050, the pressure is on to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases we pump into the atmosphere—but the race is also on to support the monitoring that
Astronomers have discovered a small black hole outside the Milky Way by looking at how it influences the motion of a star in its close vicinity. This is the first time this detection method has been used to reveal the presence of a black hole outside of our galaxy. The method could be key to unveiling hidden black holes in the Milky Way and nearby galaxies, and to help shed light on how these myst
Researchers have developed a new approach in which robotic exosuit assistance can be calibrated to an individual and adapt to a variety of real-world walking tasks in a matter of seconds. The bioinspired system uses ultrasound measurements of muscle dynamics to develop a personalized and activity-specific assistance profile for users of the exosuit.
While the world debates how best to reverse the trend of anthropogenic global warming (AGW), scientists continue to refine their data on historical global temperatures. A recent study published in Nature adds to this a high resolution picture of average surface temperatures over the last 24,000 years, since the last glacial maximum. The study reinforces the conclusion that the last century of war
Scientists have developed an artificial material called a metamaterial that can respond to its environment, independently make a decision, and perform an action without direction from a human. For example, a drone making a delivery might evaluate its environment including wind direction, speed, or wildlife, and automatically change course in order to complete the delivery safely. Guoliang Huang,
The Xbox Series X and PlayStation 5 both launched roughly a year ago. Both have enjoyed success; reports from late October, if accurate, claimed eight million sales for Microsoft's Series S|X family and 13.4 million for both flavors of the Sony PlayStation 5. The fact that the newest consoles from Microsoft and Sony have sold well is not unusual in and of itself. The fact that they have sold as w
A new study sheds light on the evolutionary history of an elusive form of life on Earth: the deep biosphere, a hidden realm of microbes inhabiting the upper few kilometers of Earth's crust. Deep, dark fractures reaching far down into the oldest rocks on Earth may seem about as hospitable to life as outer space, but some estimates suggest that microbes dwelling deep in the Earth's crust account fo
Netflix's comedy Sex Education, now in its third season, is set among a group of students and teachers at a British high school. In depicting sex education, it teaches viewers about sex and sexuality—often doing a better job than school-based sex ed classes.
Science Signaling has retracted a 2017 paper marred by nearly a dozen instances of problematic figures which an institutional investigation concluded were the result of shoddy work on the federally-funded study — but not deliberate misconduct. The article, "The receptor tyrosine kinase AXL mediates nuclear translocation of the epidermal growth factor receptor," came from a … Continue reading
Den 27-årige læge Grethe Olivia Nielsson har endnu ikke færdiggjort sin KBU, men har allerede set nok til at fælde dom over sundhedsvæsenet. Hun har dog også forslag til, hvordan man løser problemerne.
Nature Communications, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26790-y A gas of magnons, quantised magnetic excitations, can be driven into a Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) state even at room temperature. Here, Divinskiy et al show that it is possible to achieve stationary equilibrium room-temperature magnon BEC via a spin-current.'
Nature Communications, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26894-5 Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is a key technique for understanding Li-based battery processes. Here, the authors discuss the current state of the art, advantages and challenges of this technique, also giving an outlook for future developments.
Nature Communications, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26734-6 Strings of local excitations are interesting features of a strongly correlated topological quantum matter. Here, the authors show that Boltzmann-distributed strings of local excitations also describe the topological physics of the Santa Fe geometry of artificial spin ice, which is a classical thermal system.
Nature Communications, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26857-w The Mizoroki–Heck reaction and its reductive analogue are staples of organic synthesis, but the ensuing products often lack a chemical handle for further transformation. Here the authors present a method to add a heterocycle and transformable halide across a double bond via iridium photocatalysis.
Nature Communications, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26473-8 The purification of ethylene is an industrially relevant process. Here, the authors report the one-step separation of ethylene from quaternary gas mixtures of hydrocarbons and CO2 using a single metal–organic framework-based physisorbent.
Nature Communications, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26764-0 Current protocols to generate cholangiocytes from human pluripotent cells produce immature cells. Here the authors identify retinoic acid, BMP, cAMP and Rho kinase pathways as regulators of cholangiocyte maturation, and generate ciliated cholangiocytes expressing high levels of CFTR that form ductal structur
Nature Communications, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26693-y How the Pacific Walker circulation (PWC) changes under climate change is not well understood. Here, the authors show that the strengthening of the PWC since 1979 is related to internal variability of the Pacific and use this as a constraint to show that it is likely to weaken in the next decades.
Nature Communications, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26929-x Nanopore sequencing allows users to identify nucleotide sequence from ionic currents. Here, the authors use deep learning to facilitate the de novo identification of modified nucleotides, particularly methylated cytosine and guanine, from the measured ionic currents without the need for controls.
Invandrare i Sverige som är aktiva i en religiös organisation deltar i lägre utsträckning i det politiska livet än de som inte är religiöst aktiva. Det visar en avhandling från Stockholms universitet. – Generellt är deltagandet i politiken bland invandrare lägre än bland infödda svenskar, något som i stort kan förklaras utifrån socioekonomiska skillnader i inkomst, utbildningsnivå och högre arbet
Nature, Published online: 11 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03407-4 A nation's scientists took to social media in response to criticism of their research, with surprising results. Sami Syrjämäki describes what happened.
Nature, Published online: 10 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03413-6 Promising news for the treatment of serious depression with psilocybin. Plus, how protein-based COVID vaccines could change the pandemic and NASA delays its Moon landing mission to 2025.
At their core, economists' models of climate change attempt to do something that the discipline is simply unequipped to do: They try to quantify, with seemingly actionable precision, the impact of conditions unlike any humankind has ever witnessed on an economy that does not yet exist.
I skrivande stund finns det en katalog med närmare 5000 kända planeter utanför solsystemet. Hittills har det bara gått att hitta planeter i vår egen galax, Vintergatan. Nu har forskare upptäckt vad som kanske kan vara det första tecknet på en planet i en helt annan galax.
Listen and subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Spotify | Stitcher | Google Podcasts Was anybody willing to be a spiritual adviser to a Muslim man on death row? That's the question that went out by email to a local group of interfaith leaders in Indiana. Nobody answered. After a week without responses, the management professor Yusuf Ahmed Nur stepped forward. A Somali immigrant who volunteered at his loca
Lagar som skyddar oss mot smittor i mat och vatten har funnits i decennier. Nu kräver forskare lika stränga regler för att hindra covid-19 och andra infektioner från att sprida sig via luften i våra hus.
China and the United States on Wednesday vowed to work together to accelerate climate action this decade, separately announcing a surprise pact on global warming, which is already causing disasters across the world.
Australia's conservative leaders have defied calls for urgent climate action, boasting they will sell coal for as long as anyone is buying. But in the country's carbon heartland, locals are already preparing for life beyond fossil fuels.
A new study finds that over the last 30 years, Brazil has undergone a nutrition transition toward a diet higher in ultra-processed foods, and that of food types consumed, these have been the largest contributor to worsening impacts on greenhouse gas emissions, the nation's water footprint and ecological footprint, such as deforestation.
BioNyt Videnskabens Verden (www.bionyt.dk) er Danmarks ældste populærvidenskabelige tidsskrift for naturvidenskab. Det er det eneste blad af sin art i Danmark, som er helliget international forskning inden for livsvidenskaberne.
Bladet bringer aktuelle, spændende forskningsnyheder inden for biologi, medicin og andre naturvidenskabelige områder som f.eks. klimaændringer, nanoteknologi, partikelfysik, astronomi, seksualitet, biologiske våben, ecstasy, evolutionsbiologi, kloning, fedme, søvnforskning, muligheden for liv på mars, influenzaepidemier, livets opståen osv.
Artiklerne roses for at gøre vanskeligt stof forståeligt, uden at den videnskabelige holdbarhed tabes.