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Scientists Say There May Be "Humans" All Over the Universe
Imagine, if you will, that future humans manage to travel to other worlds and find… more humans. According to one University of Cambridge astrobiologist, that scenario may be more likely than you'd think. In a new interview with the BBC 's Science Focus magazine , an evolutionary palaeobiologist at the institution's Department of Earth Sciences named Simon Conway Morris declared that researchers
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Covid patients in ICU now almost all unvaccinated, says Oxford scientist
Exclusive: Prof Sir Andrew Pollard says most of those infected who are fully vaccinated will experience only mild symptoms Opinion: Getting jabs to the unvaccinated never more critical Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Covid-19 is no longer a disease of the vaccinated, the head of the Oxford jab programme has said. The "ongoing horror" of patients gasping for breath in
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Scientists Propose Jumpstarting Mars' Magnetic Field to Make It Habitable
Any long term human presence on Mars — colonization, research, visit and travel — that didn't confine settlers to airtight compounds would rely on a stable atmosphere that doesn't lose too many particles or fry human bodies with too much radiation. Now, scientists from a star-studded list of universities and organizations, including NASA's own chief scientist James Lauer Green, are suggesting tha
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Work From Home Works Until You Need Time Off
T he change started about a year ago. I had just finished cooking my Thanksgiving turkey. I'd picked up smoking meats as a hobby during the first year of the pandemic, but that day, I couldn't really taste much. Later that night, I wasn't able to smell anything. Soon I was quarantined in a room in our house. For 11 days my wonderful, patient wife would bring bottles of Pedialyte to my door. I was
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Why people with mental illness are at higher risk of COVID
Federal health officials have been urging adults with psychiatric conditions to get a booster shot to increase their COVID protection. It turns out being mentally ill puts you at higher risk. (Image credit: Andriy Onufriyenko/Getty Images)
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United Kingdom Declares Octopuses, Squids Are Sentient Beings
Feel the Love The United Kingdom has confirmed what everybody who ugly cried during "My Octopus Teacher" already knew: Octopuses are sentient — capable, that is, of perceiving things like pain and pleasure. The country is adding an amendment to its Animal Welfare Sentience Bill to recognize creatures such as octopus, crabs, squids, and lobsters along with "all other decapod crustaceans and cephal
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Post-Brexit scheme to lure Nobel winners to UK fails to attract single applicant
Programme to allow those with prestigious global prizes to get fast-track visas dismissed as 'elitist' and a 'joke' A post-Brexit scheme to draw the world's most celebrated academics and other leading figures to the UK has failed to attract a single applicant in the six months since it opened, it has been reported. The visa route open to Nobel laureates and other prestigious global prize winners
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New tests show neolithic pits near Stonehenge were human-made
Ring of hollows has been called the largest prehistoric structure found in Britain, but some were sceptical When a series of deep pits were discovered near the world heritage site of Stonehenge last year, archaeologists excitedly described it as the largest prehistoric structure ever found in Britain – only for some colleagues to dismiss the pits as mere natural features. Now scientific tests hav
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Elon Musk Threatens Bank With "One Star Review on Yelp" Unless They Drop Lawsuit
Bank Memes Last week JPMorgan sued Tesla , arguing the company owed it $162 million. "We have provided Tesla multiple opportunities to fulfill its contractual obligations, so it is unfortunate that they have forced this issue into litigation," read a statement issued by the bank. And now, Musk is beefing with the bank — in the most Musk way imaginable. "If JPM doesn't withdraw their lawsuit, I wi
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'It was terrifying': ancient book's journey from Irish bog to museum treasure
A new book tells the story of the painstaking process to preserve the 1,200-year-old Faddan More Psalter One summer's day in Tipperary as peat was being dug from a bog, a button peered out from the freshly cut earth. The find set off a five-year journey of conservation to retrieve and preserve what lay beyond: a 1,200-year-old psalm book in its original cover. Bogs across Europe have thrown up al
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Nasa to slam spacecraft into asteroid in mission to avoid future Armaggedon
Test drive of planetary defence system aims to provide data on how to deflect asteroids away from Earth That's one large rock, one momentous shift in our relationship with space. On Wednesday, Nasa will launch a mission to deliberately slam a spacecraft into an asteroid to try to alter its orbit – the first time humanity has tried to interfere in the gravitational dance of the solar system. The a
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AstraZeneca CEO links Europe's Covid surge to rejection of its vaccine
Scientists sceptical about Pascal Soriot's suggestion Oxford jab may give longer-lasting protection Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Scientists have reacted with scepticism to claims by AstraZeneca's CEO that low uptake of the Oxford/AstraZeneca jab among elderly Europeans could explain the current surge in Covid-19 infections in mainland Europe. Pascal Soriot told BB
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Evolution Tells Us We Might Be the Only Intelligent Life in the Universe
Are we alone in the universe? It comes down to whether intelligence is a probable outcome of natural selection, or an improbable fluke . By definition, probable events occur frequently, improbable events occur rarely—or once. Our evolutionary history shows that many key adaptations—not just intelligence, but complex animals, complex cells, photosynthesis, and life itself—were unique, one-off even
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Scientist reveals cause of lost magnetism at meteorite site
A University of Alaska Fairbanks scientist has discovered a method for detecting and better defining meteorite impact sites that have long lost their telltale craters. The discovery could further the study of not only Earth's geology but also that of other bodies in our solar system.
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Astronomers detect a black hole in NGC 1850
An international team of astronomers reports the detection of a black hole in a globular cluster known as NGC 1850. The newly found black hole is about 11 times more massive than the sun and turns out to be a part of a binary system. The finding was detailed in a paper published November 12 on arXiv.org.
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How well do wet masks contain droplets? Study shows damp masks still stop respiratory droplet penetration
After studying the effectiveness of varying layers of masks in stopping respiratory droplets from escaping face masks, a team of international researchers has now turned their attention to modeling what happens to droplets when they come in contact with wet masks. Their results show that damp masks are still effective at stopping these droplets from escaping the mask and being atomized into smalle
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New deep learning method adds 301 planets to Kepler's total count
Scientists recently added a whopping 301 newly validated exoplanets to the total exoplanet tally. The throng of planets is the latest to join the 4,569 already validated planets orbiting a multitude of distant stars. How did scientists discover such a huge number of planets, seemingly all at once? The answer lies with a new deep neural network called ExoMiner.
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The host galaxy of a fast radio burst
Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are bright pulses of emission at radio wavelengths (seen mostly at wavelengths of tens of centimeters) whose physical mechanism(s) are mysterious. The bursts last between hundredths of a millisecond to a few milliseconds, and none of them has been associated with a specific source, even though thousands of FRBs have been detected since the first one was spotted fourteen ye
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Getting quantum dots to stop blinking
Quantum dots, discovered in the 1990s, have a wide range of applications and are perhaps best known for producing vivid colors in some high-end televisions. But for some potential uses, such as tracking biochemical pathways of a drug as it interacts with living cells, progress has been hampered by one seemingly uncontrollable characteristic: a tendency to blink off at random intervals. That doesn'
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Vehicles are an under-recognized source of urban ammonia pollution
By disrupting normal societal activities, such as driving, COVID-19 lockdowns afforded a unique opportunity to study their impacts on the environment. Researchers now report in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology Letters that satellite data from before and during the spring 2020 lockdown in Los Angeles shows that vehicles, rather than agriculture, are the main source of urban airborne ammonia
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Prehistoric moms cared for kids better than we thought
A new study from The Australian National University (ANU) has revealed the death rate of babies in ancient societies is not a reflection of poor healthcare, disease and other factors, but instead is an indication of the number of babies born in that era.
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Women are less blinded by attractiveness than men
Many studies in psychology have shown that people judge how trustworthy a person is on the basis of their first impression of the other person's facial features. Whether there actually are differences between men and women in this respect has now been investigated by the researchers Dr. Johanna Brustkern, Prof. Dr. Markus Heinrichs and Dr. Bastian Schiller from the Department of Psychology at the
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Scientists Warn That Marketers Are Trying to Inject Ads Into Dreams
Researchers and sleep experts are ringing alarm bells about a nascent marketing tactic: injecting advertisements into your dreams. A trio of researchers at Harvard, MIT and the University of Montreal published an essay on dream hacking in Aeon warning that, according to a recent survey, 77 percent of marketers plan to use dreamtech advertising in the next three years. "Multiple marketing studies
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Scientists Say Mini-Black Holes May Have Smashed Into the Moon
Black Hole Holes A team of researchers say that the Moon is peppered with craters from miniature black holes — and they may reveal some breakthrough insights on dark matter. The scientists, who published a paper of their findings in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , believe that swarms of atom-sized black holes formed shortly after the Big Bang. As these hyper-dense objects
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Trust the Teachers
Every effective American teacher seeks the trust of society, of parents, and of the young people they teach. Public education as a whole depends on these bonds of trust. Our divisive politics regarding how to teach children about slavery, race, and other difficult subjects in school has broken that trust. Anyone who has ever taught for one day knows that trust must be earned. Facing a classroom f
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Scientists urge caution over proposals to impose vaccine passports in UK
Experts' warning as Covid crackdowns across Europe result in widespread protests Coronavirus – latest updates See all our coronavirus coverage Proposals to impose vaccine passports and other restrictions on the movements of unvaccinated people in the UK should be treated with caution, scientists warned last week. Such plans would not lead to rapid reductions in Covid-19 case numbers and could tri
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NASA Is Launching an Asteroid-Smashing Spacecraft Today and It's Powered by an Ion Drive
Asteroid Slam NASA is launching a spacecraft destined to slam into an asteroid as part of its Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission tonight, from the Vandenberg Space Force Base in California. Its purpose: to test whether we're capable of deflecting a killer asteroid before it strikes Earth. But before it meets its final destination, NASA is using the spacecraft to test out brand new io
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Housework may promote health in old age, study suggests
Researchers found chores could help prevent disease and falls, though other experts have urged caution Household chores might seem a drag, but researchers have suggested tasks like dusting, scrubbing floors and washing the windows might help adults to stay healthy into old age. Writing in the journal BMJ Open, a Singapore-based team of researchers said regular physical activity "improves physical
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Elon Musk Says "At Least" Half His Tweets are Made on Toilet
Potty Humor In an extremely shocking turn of events, Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has claimed that he posts "at least" half of his tweets from the toilet. "At least 50% of my tweets were made on a porcelain throne," Musk tweeted Sunday night , presumably from the toilet. "It gives me solace," he added . On a basic level, this isn't that shocking, because really, who among us can claim they don'
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The Algorithm That Lets Particle Physicists Count Higher Than Two
Thomas Gehrmann remembers the deluge of mathematical expressions that came cascading down his computer screen one day 20 years ago. He was trying to calculate the odds that three jets of elementary particles would erupt from two particles smashing together. It was the type of bread-and-butter calculation physicists often do to check whether their theories match the results of experiments. Source
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Experts Say AR Could Let People "Reality Block" Stuff They Don't Like
If you thought polarization was bad during the last two elections, get ready for the next iteration of Facebook and Mark Zuckerberg's power over reality. Experts tell Business Insider that the company's Metaverse could allow people to "reality block" stuff they don't like, even hiding entire unwelcome topics from users' vision. "Folks should be worried," AR entrepreneur Shawn Frayne told Insider
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Watching Saturday Night Live Is Like Doomscrolling
Watching Saturday Night Live has always been an uneven experience—there are duds and gems, silliness and darker satire, and often stark shifts in tone from one sketch to the next. But given the anxious state of the world today, watching the show has started to feel uncannily like doomscrolling through a social-media feed. The news the show is riffing on has been unrelentingly bleak for years, and
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The next giant leap: why Boris Johnson wants to 'go big' on quantum computing
Opportunities for business, health and the environment offered by superfast processors are huge – and so are the hurdles The technology behind everyday computers such as smartphones and laptops has revolutionised modern life, to the extent that our day-to-day lives are unimaginable without it. But an alternative method of computing is advancing rapidly, and Boris Johnson is among the people who h
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The Dangerous Experiment on Teen Girls
S ocial media gets blamed for many of America's ills, including the polarization of our politics and the erosion of truth itself. But proving that harms have occurred to all of society is hard. Far easier to show is the damage to a specific class of people: adolescent girls, whose rates of depression, anxiety, and self-injury surged in the early 2010s, as social-media platforms proliferated and e
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Simulated Mars Base Got Kinda Rebellious, Worrying Scientists
One of the things that astronauts need to contend with when we colonize Mars is isolation. After all, they'll be alone with just their fellow crew members for months or even years at a time. Plus, it could get even get worse if a "The Martian" situation occurs and someone ends up totally alone on the Red Planet. Unfortunately, a recent long term isolation experiment on a simulated Mars base found
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NASA Pushes Back James Webb Launch After Mysterious "Incident"
Unplanned Release After decades of delays and billions of dollar spent, NASA's James Webb Space Telescope is encountering even more hiccups ahead of its launch — and this time, it appears to be plain old human error. This time, technicians encountered a heart-stopping "incident" while mounting the structure to the Ariane 5 rocket's launch vehicle adapter. "A sudden, unplanned release of a clamp b
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Biden Needs an Enemy
Less than a year ago, America was led by a man who governed to please the Fox News host Tucker Carlson and toyed with the idea of imposing martial law . After Donald Trump, you'd think the American people would just enjoy having a normal president who doesn't use his Twitter account to threaten neighboring countries or corporations . But they don't. Take one look at national polling numbers and y
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El Salvador President Announces "Bitcoin City" Tax Haven
Bitcoin City El Salvador's president Nayib Bukele has announced plans to build the world's first fully crypto-backed "Bitcoin City." Bukele made the announcement over the weekend as part of a cringe-inducing live show featuring bright concert-style lighting — and even tacky CGI UFOs , for some reason. He says Bitcoin City will be income, property, and capital gains tax free, and be funded by El S
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Adele's Shocking Attack on Complacency
No one broke Adele's heart this time. Until now, her music has centered on the brutality of romantic rejection—the way it can throw a human soul against a wall, snapping bones that never heal right, instilling a kind of existential PTSD. Yet, though her new album is about " divorce, babe, divorce ," betrayal, cruelty, and nasty rumors are for once not part of the story. According to Adele's inter
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In Leaked Email, Elon Musk Issues Interesting Warning to Tesla Managers
Chief Email Officer According to an email sent to all staff at Tesla in early October and obtained by CNBC , CEO Elon Musk warned that any manager who doesn't execute his directions, state why they believe he is wrong, or request further clarification, will be "asked to resign immediately." It's a decisive tone that shouldn't come as too much of a shock — Musk is the CEO, after all. And, to be fa
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How to Talk to Your Family About Cryptocurrency
Cryptocurrencies have taken the financial world by storm this year. Practically everybody is talking about digital tokens. But is it really goodbye US dollar? Not so fast. When your uncle asks if he should invest in some Bitcoin — or Floki , for that matter — you should have some answers ready. So without further ado, here's your one-stop shop if you want to sound like you know what you're talkin
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Why Is France So Afraid of God?
Illustrations by Cristiana Couceiro W hat forces hold a liberal democracy together? What forces can tear a liberal democracy apart? These were some of the questions on my mind as I listened earlier this year to the French education minister, Jean-Michel Blanquer, defend a proposal that had been placed before the nation. The setting was grand: the French Senate, a chamber as elegant as an opera ho
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The Complicated Truth About Trump 2024
If Donald Trump tries to run for president again, one of his former campaign advisers has a plan to dissuade him. Anticipating that Trump may not know who Adlai Stevenson was or that he lost two straight presidential elections in the 1950s, this ex-adviser figures he or someone else might need to explain the man's unhappy fate. They'll remind Trump that if he were beaten in 2024, he would join St
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Is Delta the last Covid 'super variant'?
The Delta variant was first detected a year ago and is now dominant across the globe. Scientists are concerned that a new strain could supersede it Every week, a group of epidemiologists across the north-east of the United States joins a Zoom call entirely devoted to discussing the latest hints of new Covid-19 variants being reported around the world. "It's like the weather report," says William
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The Armpits of White Boys
D uring the predeparture orientation at the crumbling three-star hotel by the sea—with its white portico and its lobbies smelling like a Native Jetty swamp—the exchange student is warned about a number of things. Ex-exchange students—by now so Americanized, you would think they had spent their entire lives in the U.S.—regale him with anecdotes both funny and scary: host fathers casually dropping
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The Tomb Raiders of the Upper East Side
W hen Matthew Bogdanos got a tip about a looted mummy coffin whose corpse had been dumped in the Nile, he approached the coffin's buyer—the Metropolitan Museum of Art—with few of the courtesies traditionally accorded New York's premier cultural institution. Bogdanos, a 64-year-old prosecutor in the Manhattan District Attorney's Office, is chief of its Antiquities Trafficking Unit. The only one of
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The Conservative War on Education That Failed
I n the recent governor's race in Virginia, Glenn Youngkin scored a huge upset win days after promising to ban critical race theory from Virginia schools. Youngkin is hardly the only Republican calling for school bans. In Texas, Representative Matt Krause sent a letter to school administrators about books in their district. Did they have Ta-Nehisi Coates on their shelves? Isabel Wilkerson's Caste
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How a dream coach helped Benedict Cumberbatch and Jane Campion put the unconscious on screen
Kim Gillingham explains how her work on The Power of the Dog enabled the 'lioness of an artist' and her 'translucent' star to access their inmost drives To access his dreams the surrealist artist Salvador Dalí napped while sitting on a chair, holding keys over an upturned metal plate. After he lost consciousness, the keys dropped onto the plate, jangling him awake so he could paint fresh from his
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Bruce Willis Apparently Refused to Watch NASA Launch Asteroid-Smashing Rocket
Rough Necks NASA invited movie star Bruce Willis to the launch of a spacecraft that's gonna smash into an asteroid to see if we could deflect a killer space rock — that's the plot to Willis's 1998 "Armageddon," for those keeping score — but he apparently had better things to do. As The Washington Post 's Christian Davenport tweeted , NASA Administrator Bill Nelson admitted that Willis isn't atten
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Top Employees Depart SpaceX as Pressure Mounts for Next Gen Rocket Development
Separation Anxiety Things are shaking up at SpaceX — and it's not just another Starship explosion . Three of the aerospace company's top executives have left their roles in the past two weeks, CNBC reports . They include VP of propulsion Will Heltsley, VP of mission and launch operations Lee Rosen, and senior director of mission and launch operations Ricky Lim. What that all means for the spacefl
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Uh Oh, Someone Built a Tesla With Dual Giant Machine Guns
Machine Gun Tesla It's exactly what coffee culture needed — a YouTube studio for gun nuts partnering with coffee roaster Black Rifle Coffee to mount dual machine guns to the inside of a Tesla Model X. Hey, at least, it makes for a clickworthy thumbnail. The Model X got the militaristic makeover courtesy of FullMag Studios, a Tennessee-based video producer. The car features a full-service espresso
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How to Talk to Your Family About the Metaverse
With the news of Mark Zuckerberg's new pet project to create a fully-digital world, the metaverse is a topic that's getting more buzz than ever. Naturally, your mom or dad might have a few questions about it when it comes time for Thanksgiving. Heck, you might have a few of the same questions yourself. Well, have no fear: We've created a handy guide with all the essential talking points you need
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COVID Tests Weren't Designed for This
Updated at 12:44 p.m. ET on November, 23 2021 In a world with perfect coronavirus tests, people could swab their nose or spit in a tube and get near-instant answers about their SARS-CoV-2 status. The products would be free, fast, and completely reliable. Positives would immediately shuttle people out of public spaces and, if needed, into treatment ; negatives could green-light entry into every st
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Buried in Volcanic Ash, Scenes from the Canary Islands
The Cumbre Vieja volcano has now been erupting for more than two months, continuing to generate lava flows and earthquakes on the Spanish island of La Palma. It has also been spewing millions of cubic meters of volcanic ash into the air, and as the ash falls, it blankets the nearby landscape. The ash can fall like hail or drift like dust, and it piles up and drifts in the wind, covering houses, f
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The science of preserving sight | Joshua Chu-Tan
As you get older, your eyes worsen and become susceptible to a disease called age-related macular degeneration — the leading cause of blindness, with no cure in sight. Sharing the science of how your vision works, researcher Joshua Chu-Tan offers breakthrough insights on a lesser-known RNA that could change the treatment for this disease, preserving the gift of sight for longer and improving the
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Designing microbe factories for sustainable chemicals
The science is clear: fossil fuels are harmful to the environment. So why is it so difficult for us to stop using them? Economic reasons are at least part of the answer. From our energy grid to the manufacturing of certain textiles and other products, many parts of our society are built to use fossil fuels. Transitioning away will come at some cost.
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From oximeters to AI, where bias in medical devices may lurk
Analysis: issues with some gadgets could contribute to poorer outcomes for women and people of colour The UK health secretary, Sajid Javid, has announced a review into systemic racism and gender bias in medical devices in response to concerns it could contribute to poorer outcomes for women and people of colour. Writing in the Sunday Times , Javid said: "It is easy to look at a machine and assume
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The Football Game That Transcends Tradition
Photographs by Julien James This past Saturday, after a one-year hiatus because of the coronavirus pandemic, more than 50,000 spectators filled the Camping World football stadium in Orlando to watch the Florida Classic—the 76th face-off between Florida A&M University and Bethune-Cookman University. The storied rivalry between two of America's premier historically Black universities is a part of t
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The Tempting, Poisonous Wealth of House of Gucci
In House of Gucci , opulence is not always alluring. But Ridley Scott's new movie takes its time before delving into the insidious, gilded world of the Italian luxury label. The film, which charts the turbulent marriage of the fashion heir Maurizio Gucci (played by Adam Driver) to the ambitious Patrizia Reggiani (Lady Gaga), instead opens with the pair's gentle romance. He's a law student who wan
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How AI Is Deepening Our Understanding of the Brain
Artificial neural networks are famously inspired by their biological counterparts. Yet compared to human brains, these algorithms are highly simplified, even "cartoonish." Can they teach us anything about how the brain works? For a panel at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting this month, the answer is yes. Deep learning wasn't meant to model the brain. In fact, it contains elements that a
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NSO was about to sell hacking tools to France. Now it's in crisis.
The story has been updated to include the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs' denial that it was in the process of purchasing NSO Group tools. In July, accusations emerged that spyware from NSO Group had targeted French president Emmanuel Macron, causing a major controversy. The company denied the claims—part of a string of allegations about use of the Israeli hacking group's Pegasus software . I
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Cancel Culture Isn't the Real Threat to Academic Freedom
T he woman in the video is about the same age as my mother. She is speaking at a school-board meeting in Virginia as a concerned parent. "I've been very alarmed by what's going on in our schools," she reads from prepared notes. "You are now teaching, training our children to be social-justice warriors and to loathe our country and our history." Her voice is soft but stern. She recounts her youth
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Another Problem for Latinx
E lection Night almost killed Latinx . As results started trickling in, media figures and political strategists struggled to process what they were seeing in Florida and Texas. The "blue wave" that polls had suggested would punish Republicans was instead showing a dramatic shift in Latino-voter support toward the GOP. What could explain this? Democrats' embrace of "wokeness" and, in this case, us
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Everything Is a Multivitamin
In 1993, a SWAT team equipped with night-vision goggles and assault rifles surrounded Mel Gibson's mansion under the cover of darkness. They burst into the home, eventually finding the movie star wearing a bathrobe in his kitchen. Gibson put his hands up and the agents cuffed him immediately, over protestations that he had done nothing wrong, and certainly nothing dangerous. His crime? The posses
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Peeking into a chrysalis, videos reveal growth of butterfly wing scales
If you brush against the wings of a butterfly, you will likely come away with a fine sprinkling of powder. This lepidopteran dust is made up of tiny microscopic scales, hundreds of thousands of which paper a butterfly's wings like shingles on a wafer-thin roof. The structure and arrangement of these scales give a butterfly its color and shimmer, and help shield the insect from the elements.
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Security is everyone's job in the workplace
Hackers around the globe are smart: they know that it isn't just good code that helps them break into systems; it's also about understanding—and preying upon—human behavior. The threat to businesses in the form of cyberattacks is only growing—especially as companies make the shift to embrace hybrid work. But John Scimone, senior vice president and chief security officer at Dell Technologies, says
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IBM's 127-Qubit Eagle Is the Biggest Quantum Computer Yet
Progress in quantum computing is no longer just about how big your chip is. But IBM has taken a major leap forward with the release of a 127-qubit processor. Milestones in quantum computing are getting increasingly difficult to asses as the variety of technologies and the yardsticks used to judge them proliferate. While both IBM and Google build their devices out of superconducting qubits, differ
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Scientists discover the first ferromagnetic quasicrystals
Since the discovery of quasicrystals (QCs), solids that mimic crystals in their long-range order but lack periodicity, scientists have sought physical properties related to their peculiar structure. Now, an international group of researchers led by Tokyo University of Science, have reported a long-range magnetic order in QCs with icosahedral symmetry that turns ferromagnetism below certain tempera
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An absolutely bonkers plan to give Mars an artificial magnetosphere
Terraforming Mars is one of the great dreams of humanity. Mars has a lot going for it. Its day is about the same length as Earth's, it has plenty of frozen water just under its surface, and it likely could be given a reasonably breathable atmosphere in time. But one of the things it lacks is a strong magnetic field. So if we want to make Mars a second Earth, we'll have to give it an artificial one
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The Package Is the Message
Jason Fulford and Tamara Shopsin O f all the things I've purchased during the pandemic, the most useful has been a box cutter. Until last summer, I had put off buying one for more than 15 years, through no fewer than nine apartment moves' worth of unpacking with dull scissors and countless struggles against shipping boxes bound by tape reinforced with tiny threads. This knife entered my life as a
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COVID-19 vaccines versus "purity of essence," revisited
Antivaxxers frequently make the false claim that mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines "permanently alter your DNA". These claims are really a concern about "impurifying" their "purity of essence" and have now gone into some truly disturbing territory, such as antivaxxers calling themselves "purebloods". The post first appeared on Science-Based Medicine .
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The Tragedy of Tom and Shiv
This article contains spoilers through the sixth episode of Succession Season 3. The marriage between Shiv Roy and Tom Wambsgans is, at this point, built on mutual ambition and cold white wine, and the wine at least has turned poisonously sour. On tonight's episode of Succession , "What It Takes," as the Roys travel to Virginia to anoint a new Republican presidential candidate at a power brokers'
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Glennon Doyle: 'So many women feel caged by gender, sexuality, religion'
Glennon Doyle's memoir inspired Adele – but do we all need to be 'untamed'? The marriage wasn't unbearable, but it didn't feel right any more. The lightbulb moment came when she realised she needed to think about what she truly wanted, rather than about what society had trained her to think she wanted. Also, she became aware that remaining in an unhappy marriage meant she wasn't being the parent s
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Some Pacific countries will take years to vaccinate 50% of adult population, modelling shows
Predictions from Lowy Institute indicate Papua New Guinea will take five years to vaccinate just a third of its population See all our coronavirus coverage Some Pacific countries will have less than a quarter of adults vaccinated by the end of the year, with predictions that Papua New Guinea will take five years to vaccinate just one-third of its population, undermining economic recovery and thre
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Is it better to be a grandmother than a mother? | Ed Cumming
Why does the sternest of British matriarchs turn to puree when confronted with her children's young, wonders a rookie parent On Thursday morning I sent my mother a WhatsApp message. "Entertaining discussion on Radio 4 about how it's better being a grandmother than a mother," I wrote. She didn't reply. It is not easy being a son. On the Today programme, Amol Rajan and Sheila Hancock had been discu
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How do we know the effect of boosters? | David Spiegelhalter and Anthony Masters
Like seatbelts, vaccines lower risk and two studies reveal the protection that a third jab offers Last week, the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) reported encouraging research on booster doses. That analysis estimated that, compared with the preceding waned protection, the booster reduced the risks of symptomatic Covid-19 disease in people over 50 by around 85%. Compared with not being vaccinated
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Study predicts the behavior of a Kondo cloud in a superconductor
In recent years, many physicists worldwide have been investigating the behavior of hybrid nanostructures. These are systems that are typically made up of two or more materials. Special attention in this class of structures is paid to magnetic impurities interacting with superconducting and normal metallic contacts.
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Einstein's notes on theory of relativity fetch record €11.6m at auction
Manuscript handwritten by physicist and a colleague in 1913-14 fetched nearly four times estimate Albert Einstein's handwritten notes on the theory of relativity fetched a record €11.6m (£9.7m) at an auction in Paris on Tuesday. The manuscript had been valued at about a quarter of the final sum, which is by far the highest ever paid for anything written by the genius scientist. Continue reading..
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The Riemann conjecture unveiled by physics
A mystery of mathematics that has remained unsolved for more than 150 years can be unraveled thanks to a completely unexpected approach coming from statistical physics. This is the important conclusion of Giuseppe Mussardo, professor of Theoretical Physics at SISSA, and Andrè Leclair of Cornell University reported in an article just published in the Journal of Statistical Mechanics (JSTAT). The tw
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I have ADHD and was scared of psychedelics. Then I found myself eating magic truffles … | Deborah Frances-White
The safe, repetitive domesticity of lockdown made me face my demons and seek therapy, while also making me hungry for sensation and risk. So I set off for a retreat in Amsterdam If you had asked me pre-pandemic if I would ever touch psychedelics, I would have said absolutely not. The speed of my brain is literally my only skill. As a standup comedian and podcaster, I can walk out on stage with ab
7h
Astronomers discover more than 300 possible new exoplanets
UCLA astronomers have identified 366 new exoplanets, thanks in large part to an algorithm developed by a UCLA postdoctoral scholar. Among their most noteworthy findings is a planetary system that comprises a star and at least two gas giant planets, each roughly the size of Saturn and located unusually close to one another.
3h
Crypto Bros Furiously Angry After Failing to Buy the US Constitution
After failing to purchase a copy of the US Constitution, a community of crypto enthusiasts are now what experts might describe as " Big Mad ." It all began when the group, known as ConstitutionDAO, set out to purchase a copy of the founding document in an auction held by British fine arts brokers Sotheby's, Vice reported . It was your classic meme investment , inspired by the classic Nic Cage act
6h
Macy's Is Hawking Its Thanksgiving Parade Balloons as NFTs Because Nothing Matters Anymore
Parade Rainer Macy's announced ahead of this year's Turkey Day that it's releasing digital reproductions of some of its iconic Thanksgiving Parade floats as non-fungible tokens (NFTs) in the name of charity — and, we presume, because nothing matters anymore . First reported by Business Insider , this logical endpoint of all things crapitalism is being split up into three categories — "classic, ra
4h
How positively and negatively charged ions behave at interfaces
How positively and negatively charged ions behave at the interface between a solid surface and an aqueous solution has been investigated by researchers from the Cluster of Excellence RESOLV at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum, its sister research network CALSOLV in Berkeley, and the University of Evry in Paris. At the SOLEIL synchrotron, they were able to use terahertz spectroscopy to observe exactly w
8h
Birthday
Gabriela Pesqueira / The Atlantic At first, birthdays were reserved for kings and saints. But it's rainbow sprinkles and face painting for everybody these days. The best way to avoid having your birthday ruined is to avoid having any expectations for your birthday. Without the delineation of years, time would become an expanse of open water. Horizonless, shark-filled. One of my biggest fears. A r
2d
Hepatitis drug increases antibiotic potency, limits antibiotic resistance
An FDA-approved drug for hepatitis C can increase bacterial sensitivity to antibiotics and reduce the likelihood of antibiotic resistance, according to a new study led by New York University researchers published in Cell Chemical Biology. The drug called telaprevir works by blocking the function of chaperones—important proteins that fold other proteins in the cell—in bacteria.
8h
How bacteria makes copper into an antibiotic
Copper in small quantities is an essential nutrient but can also be toxic. Human immune cells use copper to fight invading pathogens. Some microorganisms, in turn, have evolved ways to take up copper and incorporate it into biological molecules, either as a way to absorb copper for nutrition or to neutralize its toxic effects.
8h
To the Moon review – beguiling essay on the satellite's pervasive pull
Threading together sequences showing the lunar face of subjects from love to madness, this is a gorgeous journey into outer and inner space It only takes eight minutes of To the Moon before we hear the ripples of Debussy's Clair de Lune , over a gorgeous vintage montage of embracing lovers. It's the equivalent of Pomp and Circumstance at the Proms for Tadhg O'Sullivan's beautifully succinct visua
12h
How to Identify What You Enjoy
Listen and subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Spotify | Stitcher | Googl e | Pocket Casts In adulthood, many of us are forced to recalibrate our relationship with joy. As responsibilities multiply exponentially, time grows limited, and challenges mount, it becomes harder to make time for fun, let alone remember what it feels like. As we explore the key components of happiness—pleasure, joy, and satisfac
6h
China launched second missile during July hypersonic test, reports say
The separate, previously unknown, missile release reportedly took place while the vehicle was soaring at hypersonic speeds China's launch of a nuclear-capable missile carrying a hypersonic glide vehicle also included the unprecedented launch of a separate missile from that vehicle, according to multiple reports. The test showed China's development of its strategic, nuclear-capable weapons as more
18h
If alien probes are already in the solar system, maybe we could detect them calling home
It's been 70 years since physicist Enrico Fermi asked his famous question: "Where is everybody?" And yet, the tyranny of the Fermi Paradox is still with us and will continue to be until definitive evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence (ETI) is found. In the meantime, scientists are forced to speculate as to why we haven't found any yet and, more importantly, what we should be looking for. By f
11h
Massive study reveals editorial bias and nepotism in biomedical journals
Scientific journals are expected to consider research manuscripts dispassionately and without favor. But in a study publishing on November 23rd in the open access journal PLOS Biology, Alexandre Scanff, Florian Naudet and Clara Locher from the University of Rennes, and colleagues, reveal that a subset of journals may be exercising considerable bias and favoritism.
5h
The First Wave review – Covid's devastating early days in New York
Matthew Heineman's powerful documentary captures the most acute weeks of the crisis as a Long Island hospital struggles to cope Shot inside a New York hospital at the start of the pandemic, this documentary is an overwhelming emotional watch. In March last year, City of Ghosts director Matthew Heineman started filming on the wards of the Long Island Jewish Medical Center ; he stayed for four mont
10h
How accurate is the weather forecast? | Mona Chalabi
No one remembers when you're right, but no one forgets when you're wrong. Your local weather person knows that saying all too well. But while they take a lot of the heat (get it?), how much of it is actually justified? In this episode, Mona Chalabi looks at weather forecasting data to see how accurate these predictions really are, and gives us tips for when we should–and shouldn't–trust the fore
8h
How smart is an octopus?
The unique brainpower of octopuses—known for their intelligence and Houdini-like escapes—has been revealed by University of Queensland researchers.
1d
UK employers step up demand for workers vaccinated against Covid
Analysis shows job adverts requiring candidates to be jabbed rose by 189% between August and October Employers in the UK are following the lead of their counterparts in the US by stepping up demands for staff to be vaccinated against Covid-19, analysis of recruitment adverts reveals. According to figures from the jobs website Adzuna, the number of ads explicitly requiring candidates to be vaccina
18h
The Least Exciting Avenger
This may sound harsh, but Clint Barton, a.k.a. Hawkeye, was never the most exciting Avenger in the Marvel films. Next to near-invincible heroes such as Thor, Captain America, and the Hulk, he just looked ill-equipped, wielding a bow and arrow against monstrous aliens and killer robots. One of the original six protagonists in 2012's Avengers , the master archer (played by Jeremy Renner) gradually
5h
Can we perceive gender from children's voices?
The perception of gender in children's voices is of special interest to researchers, because voices of young boys and girls are very similar before the age of puberty. Adult male and female voices are often quite different acoustically, making gender identification fairly easy.
8h
New device modulates visible light—without dimming it—with the smallest footprint and lowest power consumption
Over the past several decades, researchers have moved from using electric currents to manipulating light waves in the near-infrared range for telecommunications applications such as high-speed 5G networks, biosensors on a chip, and driverless cars. This research area, known as integrated photonics, is fast evolving and investigators are now exploring the shorter—visible—wavelength range to develop
1d
Analysis of Mars's wind-induced vibrations sheds light on the planet's subsurface properties
Seismic data collected in Elysium Planitia, the second largest volcanic region on Mars, suggest the presence of a shallow sedimentary layer sandwiched between lava flows beneath the planet's surface. These findings were gained in the framework of NASA's InSight mission (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport), in which several international research partners,
6h
Starwatch: a close lunar encounter with Pollux
The brightest star in the constellation Gemini, the twins, is named after the son of Leda and Zeus On the evening of 23 November, the moon will have a close encounter with the star Pollux, the brightest star in the constellation Gemini, the twins. Pollux marks the head of one twin. The other twin is marked by the star Castor. Although Pollux is the brighter star, it was Castor that was given the
1d
The Deep Toll of Tar Sands On Canada's Indigenous People
Alberta's tar sands — also called oil sands — have helped make Canada the world's fourth-largest oil producer, with significant economic benefits. But the ecological impacts are so vast and so deep that the local Indigenous people say the industry has challenged their very existence.
1d
Origami, kirigami inspire mechanical metamaterials designs
The ancient arts of origami, the art of paper-folding, and kirigami, the art of paper-cutting, have gained popularity in recent years among researchers building mechanical metamaterials. Folding and cutting 2D thin-film materials transforms them into complex 3D structures and shapes with unique and programmable mechanical properties.
8h
Independent stress response makes octocorals more robust
Coral reefs are among the most species-rich ecosystems on the planet. Octocorals, which include soft corals, gorgonians, and sea pens, are important members of these marine communities. They could even outcompete reef-building stony corals in the future, as they are better able to deal with heat stress and increasing ocean acidification, which makes them less sensitive to the consequences of globa
10h
At the Dawn of Life, Heat May Have Driven Cell Division
An elegant ballet of proteins enables modern cells to replicate themselves. During cell division, structural proteins and enzymes coordinate the duplication of DNA, the division of a cell's cytoplasmic contents, and the cinching of the membrane that cleaves the cell. Getting these processes right is crucial because errors can lead to daughter cells that are abnormal or unviable. Source
9h
Researchers make ultra-sensitive cancer detector from 2D materials
Cells can produce unique electrical signals. These signals can be linked to various cancers, such as the breast, lung, liver, brain, pancreas and prostate cancers, meaning that they can be used as indicators for early cancer diagnosis. Thus, using electrical signals as indicators and targets for cancer treatments could potentially improve the outcome for cancer patients. A team of researchers from
1d
How climate change goaded the transition from nomadic hunter-gatherers to settlement and farming societies
Based on the identification of plant remains, Tel Aviv University and Tel-Hai College researchers provide the first detailed reconstruction of the climate in the Land of Israel at the end of the last ice age (20,000-10,000 years before present). The researchers claim that significant climate changes characterizing the period, manifested by sharp differences in temperature and precipitation not onl
20h
KPD 0005+5106: Roasted and shredded by a stellar sidekick
An exhausted star still has some punches to deliver. Astronomers have found that a white dwarf is pummeling a companion object—either a lightweight star or a planet—with incessant blasts of heat and radiation plus a relentless gravitational pull tearing it apart.
1d
Learning to read starts earlier than you might think: Five tips from an expert
In the early weeks of their lives and even before birth, babies are skilfully processing important information about the sounds they hear. They are attuning to tones, patterns of language and distinguishing their own familiar adults' voices. Making sense of sounds, patterns, words and sentences are important skills that will help a child as they progress towards reading.
1d
Image: Hubble catches celestial prawn drifting through the cosmic deep
The Prawn Nebula is a massive stellar nursery located in the constellation Scorpius, about 6,000 light years from Earth. Though the nebula stretches 250 light-years and covers a space four times the size of the full moon, it emits light primarily in wavelengths the human eye cannot detect, making it extremely faint to earthbound viewers. Hubble's gaze, however, shows a small section of the nebula
1d
Climate Change Might Be Driving Albatrosses to Divorce
Albatrosses do not fall in love the way humans do. When the birds couple up, it's almost always for keeps. Their lives start lonely—albatross parents lay only one egg at a time, and may leave their offspring unattended for days—and at just a few months old, each juvenile embarks on an epic solo voyage at sea. They fly for months and months and months, learning what it is to be a bird. "It can be
3min
How to Talk to Your Family About Space Tourism
Billionaires are extremely keen on getting into space — and taking other billionaires' money in exchange for a seat. Here's how to talk to your family about it. As You Pass the Mashed Potatoes As of right now, a handful of companies are starting to sell tickets on board their spacecraft to "space," with the hopes of establishing an entirely new industry. But everything from the environmental impa
4min
Justinianic Plague was nothing like flu and may have struck England before it reached Constantinople, new study suggests
'Plague sceptics' are wrong to underestimate the devastating impact that bubonic plague had in the 6th to 8th centuries CE, argues a new study based on ancient texts and recent genetic discoveries. The same study suggests that bubonic plague may have reached England before its first recorded case in the Mediterranean via a currently unknown route, possibly involving the Baltic and Scandinavia.
38min
New research could help boost growth of clean cooking in sub-Saharan Africa
Researchers have new evidence that could help rapidly boost efforts to scale-up the adoption of clean cooking with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in sub-Saharan Africa. The new study suggests that supply-side interventions such as shortening the distance to LPG retail points and improving access to multi-burner LPG stoves could help increase the consumption of the clean cooking fuels, for the benef
1h
Save Up to 35 Percent on Premium Chargers and More During Anker's Black Friday Sale
There's no better time to stock up on chargers and power banks for your smartphone, laptop, or tablet. Anker, one of the best-known names in wireless technology, has some great deals during its Black Friday sale , now through November 28. Save up to 35 percent on chargers, hubs, power cables, generators, and more. Here's a rundown of some of the best deals: Anker PowerPort Atom III Slim (Four Por
2h
Researchers develop new approach to nanoparticles that stop internal bleeding
When a person experiences a trauma that leads to significant bleeding, the first few minutes are critical. It's important that they receive intravenous medication quickly to control the bleeding, but delivering the medication at the right rate can prove challenging. Slower infusions can cause fewer negative reactions, but the medication might not work fast enough, particularly in the case of a ser
2h
The science of extreme weather — and how to reduce the harm | Al Roker, Al Gore, David Biello and Latif Nasser
Floods, droughts, heat waves and cold blasts — why is the weather becoming more extreme? Environmentalist and "America's weatherman" Al Roker discusses the link between climate change and disruptions to weather patterns worldwide, followed by a conversation between Nobel laureate Al Gore and TED science curator David Biello about the science of extreme weather and emerging solutions to reduce the
2h
Dear world leaders, these are our climate demands | Xiye Bastida, Shiv Soin and Latif Nasser
Investing in green energy, holding large corporations accountable for their pollution, stopping pipeline and oil extraction initiatives — these are non-negotiable actions to protect the planet, but they are still just the bare minimum, say climate activists Xiye Bastida and Shiv Soin. In conversation with radio researcher Latif Nasser, Bastida and Soin share their list of six crucial climate dema
2h
NASA Delays Webb Telescope Launch Following an 'Incident'
NASA has been working on the James Webb Space Telescope for 20 years, and there have been numerous delays. The marvel of astronomical technology is currently preparing for launch, but NASA says we'll have to wait just a bit longer . Following a minor "incident," NASA has pushed the launch of Webb back by four days. That will give the team time to check for damage one last time before launch. The
3h
Nanosized and metastable molybdenum oxides as negative electrode materials for durable high-energy aqueous Li-ion batteries [Chemistry]
The development of inherently safe energy devices is a key challenge, and aqueous Li-ion batteries draw large attention for this purpose. Due to the narrow electrochemical stable potential window of aqueous electrolytes, the energy density and the selection of negative electrode materials are significantly limited. For achieving durable and high-energy…
3h
Neural networks to learn protein sequence-function relationships from deep mutational scanning data [Biophysics and Computational Biology]
The mapping from protein sequence to function is highly complex, making it challenging to predict how sequence changes will affect a protein's behavior and properties. We present a supervised deep learning framework to learn the sequence–function mapping from deep mutational scanning data and make predictions for new, uncharacterized sequence variants….
3h
Defective cytokinin signaling reprograms lipid and flavonoid gene-to-metabolite networks to mitigate high salinity in Arabidopsis [Agricultural Sciences]
Cytokinin (CK) in plants regulates both developmental processes and adaptation to environmental stresses. Arabidopsis histidine phosphotransfer ahp2,3,5 and type-B Arabidopsis response regulator arr1,10,12 triple mutants are almost completely defective in CK signaling, and the ahp2,3,5 mutant was reported to be salt tolerant. Here, we demonstrate that the arr1,10,12 mutant is…
3h
Translesion polymerase eta both facilitates DNA replication and promotes increased human genetic variation at common fragile sites [Cell Biology]
Common fragile sites (CFSs) are difficult-to-replicate genomic regions that form gaps and breaks on metaphase chromosomes under replication stress. They are hotspots for chromosomal instability in cancer. Repetitive sequences located at CFS loci are inefficiently copied by replicative DNA polymerase (Pol) delta. However, translesion synthesis Pol eta has been shown…
3h
A role of anterior cingulate cortex in the emergence of worker-parasite relationship [Neuroscience]
We studied the brain mechanisms underlying action selection in a social dilemma setting in which individuals' effortful gains are unfairly distributed among group members. A stable "worker–parasite" relationship developed when three individually operant-conditioned rats were placed together in a Skinner box equipped with response lever and food dispenser on opposite…
3h
Seeds of imperfection rule the mesocrystalline disorder in natural anhydrite single crystals [Chemistry]
In recent years, we have come to appreciate the astounding intricacies associated with the formation of minerals from ions in aqueous solutions. In this context, a number of studies have revealed that the nucleation of calcium sulfate systems occurs nonclassically, involving the aggregation and reorganization of nanosized prenucleation species. In…
3h
Structure of the translating Neurospora ribosome arrested by cycloheximide [Biochemistry]
Ribosomes translate RNA into proteins. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (CHX) is widely used to inhibit eukaryotic ribosomes engaged in translation elongation. However, the lack of structural data for actively translating polyribosomes stalled by CHX leaves unanswered the question of which elongation step is inhibited. We elucidated CHX's mechanism of…
3h
BAP1 forms a trimer with HMGB1 and HDAC1 that modulates gene x environment interaction with asbestos [Genetics]
Carriers of heterozygous germline BAP1 mutations (BAP1+/−) are affected by the "BAP1 cancer syndrome." Although they can develop almost any cancer type, they are unusually susceptible to asbestos carcinogenesis and mesothelioma. Here we investigate why among all carcinogens, BAP1 mutations cooperate with asbestos. Asbestos carcinogenesis and mesothelioma have been linked…
3h
Molecular structure of an open human KATP channel [Biochemistry]
KATP channels are metabolic sensors that translate intracellular ATP/ADP balance into membrane excitability. The molecular composition of KATP includes an inward-rectifier potassium channel (Kir) and an ABC transporter–like sulfonylurea receptor (SUR). Although structures of KATP have been determined in many conformations, in all cases, the pore in Kir is closed….
3h
Amyloid {beta} 42 fibril structure based on small-angle scattering [Biological Sciences]
Amyloid fibrils are associated with a number of neurodegenerative diseases, including fibrils of amyloid β42 peptide (Aβ42) in Alzheimer's disease. These fibrils are a source of toxicity to neuronal cells through surface-catalyzed generation of toxic oligomers. Detailed knowledge of the fibril structure may thus facilitate therapeutic development. We use small-angle…
3h
Correlated diffusion in lipid bilayers [Biophysics and Computational Biology]
Lipid membranes are complex quasi–two-dimensional fluids, whose importance in biology and unique physical/materials properties have made them a major target for biophysical research. Recent single-molecule tracking experiments in membranes have caused some controversy, calling the venerable Saffman–Delbrück model into question and suggesting that, perhaps, current understanding of membrane hydrody
3h
Correction to Supporting Information for Volkov et al., Thyroid hormone receptors mediate two distinct mechanisms of long-wavelength vision [Neuroscience]
NEUROSCIENCE Correction to Supporting Information for "Thyroid hormone receptors mediate two distinct mechanisms of long-wavelength vision," by Leo I. Volkov, Jeong Sook Kim-Han, Lauren M. Saunders, Deepak Poria, Andrew E. O. Hughes, Vladimir J. Kefalov, David M. Parichy, and Joseph C. Corbo, which was first published June 15, 2020; 10.1073/pnas.1920086117…
3h
Correction for Kraus et al., Americans misperceive racial economic equality [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES Correction for "Americans misperceive racial economic equality" by Michael W. Kraus, Julian M. Rucker, and Jennifer A. Richeson, which was first published September 18, 2017; 10.1073/pnas.1707719114 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114, 10324–10331). The authors note that on page 10329, left column, the third paragraph, there…
3h
Inner Working: The hidden lives of volcanic plumes provide clues about eruption activity [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]
Volcanoes can pave their surroundings with lava, send clouds of hot ash downslope to smother cities, and even generate massive tsunamis. The most recent high-profile eruption on the Canary Islands spawned viral videos of slow, steady folds of smoldering lava enveloping houses and swimming pools. A volcano's plume, such as…
3h
Correction for Wainright et al., Species invasion progressively disrupts the trophic structure of native food webs [Ecology]
ECOLOGY Correction for "Species invasion progressively disrupts the trophic structure of native food webs," by Charles A. Wainright, Clint C. Muhlfeld, James J. Elser, Samuel L. Bourret, and Shawn P. Devlin, which published November 1, 2021; 10.1073/pnas.2102179118 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 118, e2102179118). The authors note that, due to…
3h
Pregnancy and weaning regulate human maternal liver size and function [Physiology]
During pregnancy, the rodent liver undergoes hepatocyte proliferation and increases in size, followed by weaning-induced involution via hepatocyte cell death and stromal remodeling, creating a prometastatic niche. These data suggest a mechanism for increased liver metastasis in breast cancer patients with recent childbirth. It is unknown whether the human liver…
3h
Hexavalent sperm-binding IgG antibody released from vaginal film for development of potent on-demand nonhormonal female contraception [Applied Biological Sciences]
Nonhormonal products for on-demand contraception are a global health technology gap; this unmet need motivated us to pursue the use of sperm-binding monoclonal antibodies to enable effective on-demand contraception. Here, using the cGMP-compliant Nicotiana-expression system, we produced an ultrapotent sperm-binding IgG antibody possessing 6 Fab arms per molecule that bind…
3h
What do people think about the psychology of sports team fandom?
So one thing I've been trying to understand recently is how people — specifically fans get so intensely emotionally invested in sports teams. I'm not immune to this myself as I also have teams which I root for. I get happy when they win and sad when they lose, but I usually get over it pretty quickly. I know lots fans who get significantly more into than I do, even for sports we both love. They p
3h
NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter images Saturn
From a viewpoint about 90 kilometers (56 miles) above Lacus Veris, "Lake of Spring," the camera aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft imaged Saturn on October 13, 2021. In this view, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) was looking down at the north face of the rings, and from this perspective the rings in front of Saturn appear below its equator.
3h
Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters: Save On A High-End Pocket Projector
Projectors are fantastic for home movie nights , but finding a high-quality one for a good price can be tough. Consider the Prima Pocket Projector , which is on sale for just $279.97 (reg. $799) as a part of our Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters Sale. The Prima Pocket Projector is as slim and as light as an iPhone 7s Plus, but it casts a large shadow as it is capable of producing a 200″ cinema-quality
4h
Where did COVID-19 start? Evidence points to market
The Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China has emerged as the most likely source of the COVID-19 outbreak, making a possible alternative explanation that the virus leaked from a research lab increasingly unlikely, according to a new paper. Sleuthing through health records and genomic and epidemiologic data from the earliest days of COVID-19, Michael Worobey, a virus evolution expert at t
4h
Newly Announced Exoplanet-Hunting Space Telescope Funded by Breakthrough Initiative
Image by Wikipedia. Alpha Centauri AB is on the left, Beta Centauri on the right, and Proxima Centauri is at the center of the red circle. Move over, James Webb: humanity is about to get another eye in the sky. There's just been a new space telescope announced, named TOLIMAN, and it's already got funding from the Breakthrough project . The telescope is designed around two things: its target, and
4h
Beska gener ska ge svenska cideräpplen
Tusen äppelfröplantor växer just nu till sig på Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Korsningar mellan svenska härdiga äpplen och cideräpplen. Några av dem kommer att ge nya äppelsorter som har tillräckligt med bitterarom för cidertillverkning. Franska och engelska sorter av cideräpplen fungerar inte så bra på svenska breddgrader, men nu har de korsats med härdiga svenska äpplesorter. I dag står tusen
5h
NFL hall of famer Michael Strahan going to space with Bezos's Blue Origin
Super Bowl champ will join daughter of astronaut Alan Shepard Duo will join four paying customers on flight NFL hall of famer Michael Strahan is going to space next month. Strahan, who turned 50 on Sunday and won Super Bowl XLII during his 15-year career with the New York Giants, will join Laura Shepard Churchley, the eldest daughter of astronaut Alan Shepard, on the 9 December mission aboard the
5h
1 in 5 early galaxies may be hiding in space dust
Astronomers have discovered two previously invisible galaxies 29 billion light-years away from Earth. The discovery suggests that up to one in five such distant galaxies remain hidden from our telescopes, camouflaged by cosmic dust. The new knowledge changes perceptions of our universe's evolution since the Big Bang . "The next step is to identify the galaxies we overlooked, because there are far
5h
New species of green microalga identified in São Paulo
A group led by researchers affiliated with the Phycology Laboratory at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, have discovered a new species of green microalga in a reservoir located in the northwest of the state. As a result of the discovery, microalgae of the genus Nephrocytium have been moved to an order belonging to a different taxonomic class and phylo
6h
Dopamine plays key role in songbird mating
In humans, the dopamine system has been tied to rewards and pleasurable sensations. As well as to memory and learning. A recent study from McGill University, published in Current Biology, suggests that dopamine may also play a key role in shaping what songs female songbirds enjoy, which may ultimately affect mating as females choose (and then remember) their mates based on the songs they prefer.
6h
Virtual reality tool to be used in the fight against disease
Science has the technology to measure the activity of every gene within a single individual cell, and just one experiment can generate thousands of cells worth of data. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now revolutionized the way this data is analyzed—by using 3D video gaming technology. The study is published in the journal iScience.
6h
Best Foot Massagers for Relaxation, Pain Relief, and Healing
After a long hard day, there's nothing better (and sometimes, more necessary) than a foot rub. While going to a professional masseuse regularly will add up, there is a more cost-effective alternative that will knead out the knots at home. Enter the best foot massagers, which can improve circulation, stimulate muscles, reduce tension, and provide pain relief . The best foot massagers cater to your
6h
First moth species on Alpenrose discovered
An Austrian-Swiss research team was able to find a previously unknown glacial relic in the Alps, the Alpine rose leaf-miner moth. It is the first known species to have its caterpillars specializing on the rust-red alpine rose, a very poisonous, widely distributed plant that most animals, including moths and butterflies, strictly avoid. The extraordinary record was just published in the peer-review
6h
Finding the perfect employee
There is an eternal question when hiring: "Is this person really the right fit?" Even if a candidate has the skills for the job, does their personality fit the company culture? Do their goals align with those of the organization? In the very short span of a selection process, it is very difficult to get to know the person behind the mask and find the answers to these questions. A new paper publish
6h
An exploration of tipping in complex systems
Complex systems can be found in a diverse array of real-world scenarios, but are unified by their ability to suddenly transition between drastically different patterns of behavior. Known as 'tipping,' this type of transformation is generally triggered by small changes in the parameters of individual systems—whose effects can rapidly cascade to alter entire networks of interacting subsystems. In th
6h
I Beat Him By 6 Inches! | Street Outlaws: No Prep Kings
Stream Street Outlaws: No Prep Kings on discovery+ ► https://go.discovery.com/tv-shows/street-outlaws-no-prep-kings #StreetOutlawsNoPrepKings #StreetRacing #Discovery About Street Outlaws: No Prep Kings: Street racers battle at rough, untested tracks across the country and earn points depending on how they perform. Whoever has the most points at the end is crowned the true No Prep King! Subscribe
7h
Därför får bara ena tvillingen typ 2-diabetes
En tvilling kan vara sjuk i typ-2 diabetes, medan den andra tvillingen inte utvecklar sjukdomen. Skillnader i genernas aktivitet kan vara förklaringen. Forskare från Lunds universitet har upptäckt en så kallad epigenetisk förändring hos tvillingar med typ 2-diabetes. Epigenetiska förändringar sker bland annat genom dna-metylering, en kemisk process som styr genernas funktion . Processen påverkas
7h
Healthy placentas could protect brains of growth-restricted babies
Placentas from mothers of healthy newborns could one day be used to reduce brain injury in growth-restricted babies, according to new research. The findings show that stem cells sourced from a healthy placenta may reduce damaging inflammation in these babies after only three days. "There is currently no treatment to protect the brains of a growth-restricted baby," says Julie Wixey from the Centre
7h
Unraveling the interactions of individual sugar molecules with cells
Sugars interact with the cell surface through sugar-binding proteins called lectins. These interactions play a fundamental role in many of the cell's biological processes. One important function is the modulation of the immune response towards an outside threat. In a recent Nature Chemical Biology paper, ICMS researchers team up with researchers from Leiden University to unravel the interactions o
7h
Enhanced triboelectric nanogenerators of polymeric sulfur blends with toxin-free synthesis
A triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is an energy-harvesting device that converts mechanical energy into electricity through contact separation or relative sliding movements of two opposite tribo-polar materials. Researchers from Inha University previously reported the first example of sulfur backbone polymer-based TENG. The surface of the sulfur copolymer film was directly fluorinated using toxic
8h
Novel, inexpensive catalysts enabling noble metal chemistry
Alkynes have many uses in industry. Until now, it was assumed that gold- or platinum-based catalysts were absolutely necessary for certain chemical reactions with alkynes. Chemists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have now succeeded in carrying out the same reactions with considerably less expensive materials. The team reports on its work in the Journal of the American Chemical S
8h
MKID detectors turn out to have 100 times lower noise
Scientists use superconducting detectors (MKIDs) to discern the spectrum of exoplanets from their faint glow. Now, researchers from SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research and TU Delft have observed 100 times lower noise than expected, providing a new fundamental physics insight: the relationship between the number of quasiparticles and their lifetime vanishes. The study has been published i
8h
A chip-scale microscope for high-throughput fluorescence imaging
Conventional light microscopy has been instrumental for studying cells and microorganisms; fluorescence microscopy enabled visualization of even smaller cell features by selectively adding fluorescent labels to molecules. These microscopes are often comprise bulky and expensive systems that require regular maintenance to keep the lenses aligned. Additionally, they need to strike a compromise betwe
8h
A new snow tracking sensor
Roofs collapsing under heavy snow, mini-avalanches in cities, and flash floods are just some of the winter headaches that could be resolved if there were a better way to track snow cover. With that in mind, Ph.D. student Mohamed Karim El Oufir, research assistant Anas El Alem, and Professor Karem Chokmani from Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS) are working on a sensor that can t
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Optoelectrode changes reduce injuries to brain tissue, improve nerve research
The use of electrodes placed inside the brains of laboratory specimens has pushed the field of neuroscience to new findings for decades. Common silicon-based electrodes rely on established production methods but are stiff and prone to injuring the brain. More pliable polymer-based electrodes avoid these issues but are difficult to scale, especially when integrating light emitters for neuron stimul
8h
Study proposes a two-step plan to combat China's waning agricultural exports
For the past 17 years, China has imported more agricultural products than it has exported. Finding ways to improve the export competitiveness of its agricultural products has been a pressing challenge for China since it joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001. To date, research into the issue has largely focused on the macro perspective; little research has been conducted from a micro po
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Pore-mouth catalysis boosting the formation of iso-paraffins from syngas over bifunctional catalysts
The bifunctional catalysts consisting of spinel ZnAlOx and SAPO-11 zeolite can directly convert syngas (a mixture of H2 and CO) into high-quality gasoline. The selectivity of C5–C11 gasoline-range hydrocarbons can reach 79% with a high content of iso-paraffins. The formation of iso-paraffins over ZnAlOx/SAPO-11 catalyst follows a pore-mouth catalysis mechanism, which means the isomerization of lin
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How lighting affects office workers
Although we usually do not realize this, lighting is an essential part of our daily lives. After all, without light, no sight. Next to enabling us to see safely and comfortably move from place A to B, lighting also has a large impact on how we perceive and appreciate spaces. Ph.D. student Adrie de Vries has investigated how lighting affects the experience and performance of knowledge workers in an
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Island conservationists identify key barriers to meeting biodiversity targets
The impacts of invasive alien species, habitat loss and climate change are compounded in small island nations, which are highly dependent on biodiversity for their economic and social wellbeing. The failure to meet global biodiversity targets clearly indicates the need for more effective biodiversity management and conservation efforts, and this in turn requires better understanding of the current
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Owners Resort to Hacking Smart Treadmills After NordicTrack Locks Them Out
It's natural to expect that if you buy something, you can do whatever you want with it. However, the complexity of laws around intellectual property has made that difficult. The right to repair movement is gaining steam with even Apple loosening restrictions on tinkering with your own hardware . NordicTrack is not so enlightened, though. After customers started installing their own apps on the co
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Prep yourself to get lots of gift cards for the holidays
Amid supply chain issues resulting in emptying store shelves, the most common holiday present this year may be a gift card, according to a retail expert. "Everything I have read says there's plenty of demand. I wonder what it's going to get spent on," says John Talbott , director of the Center for Education and Research in Retailing at the Indiana University Kelley School of Business. "I think th
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Antidepressant prevents most serious COVID-19 complications
The low-cost antidepressant fluvoxamine prevents some of the most serious complications of COVID-19, sharply reducing the risk of hospitalization and death, researchers report. Results of the study, the largest yet to evaluate a common, low-cost antidepressant as a treatment for COVID-19, appear in The Lancet Global Health . This trial, conducted in Brazil, confirms results from the first trial o
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The Atlantic Daily: The Home Is the Future of Work—And Travel
Every weekday evening, our editors guide you through the biggest stories of the day, help you discover new ideas, and surprise you with moments of delight. Subscribe to get this delivered to your inbox. Every Thanksgiving, I, like so many other people, will journey from my office to my family dining table. This Thanksgiving, that journey will be about 10 feet. For a smaller-than-you-might-think,
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Should Twitter politely warn users not to tweet hate speech?
Warning Twitter users of the potential consequences of tweeting hate speech can temporarily reduce their hateful language on the platform, research suggests. "Debates over the effectiveness of social media account suspensions and bans on abusive users abound, but we know little about the impact of either warning a user of suspending an account or of outright suspensions in order to reduce hate sp
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Inre proteinrörelse förklarar cellens energibalans
Forskare har "filmat" hur ett protein, som reglerar energibalansen i cellen, förändrar sin struktur för att katalysera en kemisk reaktion. De molekylära mekanismerna som ligger till grund för hur en cell styr energikonsumtion och lagring är ännu inte helt kända. – Vår studie presenterar nya rön för en välkänd enzymatisk reaktion i cellen. Studien bidrar till den generella förståelsen av hur prote
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The New Dawn of Psychedelic Medicine
Psychedelics have always been around, and millions of people have turned to them for healing and personal growth, outside the designs of the law. Now they are back with renewed force, supported by scientific studies that empirically demonstrate the efficacy of 'medicines' such as MDMA, ayahuasca, ketamine or psilocybin , the molecule that confers the attribute of "magic" to mushrooms. submitted b
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DART Asteroid Deflection Mission Ready for Launch
Why is NASA planning on deliberately crashing a spacecraft into a small asteroid that poses no threat to the Earth? It's a test of an asteroid deflection system – DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) . Why the "double"? Most articles on the topic don't say, and I had two hypotheses. The first is that the mission is targeting two asteroids, or actually a binary asteroid, Didymos (Greek for "twi
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Can Facebook Be Contained?
The New Puritans A growing illiberalism, fueled by social media, is trampling democratic discourse, Anne Applebaum argued in October. The result is a chilling atmosphere in which mob justice has replaced due process and forgiveness is impossible. The paramount value of the university has always been academic freedom, the freedom of university departments and professors to decide what to teach and
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Participants wanted: A study on emotions and memory
I'm currently conducting a study on memory and emotion regulation. If you could spare some time, please complete this survey. I will be asking you about your everyday memory and how you manage your emotions. All data is anonymous. You are eligible to participate in this study if you are aged 18- 75 and understand written English. The survey will take no longer than 20 minutes to complete. Please
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Save 30% On These Top-Selling Apps With This Pre-Black Friday Sale
For just a few days, we're offering Black Friday deals on our top apps and software . Check out these 10 Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters deals, each of which can be accessed with code APPS30. AOMEI Backupper Professional Edition: Lifetime Subscription Losing your data can be a disaster. AOMEI Backupper helps protect against it, with backup support for everything on your PC, selective file restore, a
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Daily briefing: Adoption advice for academics
Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03528-w Two scientists discovered that the journey to becoming adoptive parents has unique challenges for academics. Plus, the first quantum computer to pack 100 qubits and the vast research infrastructure being created to support China's climate goals.
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Food insecurity in First Nations
Ten years in the making, a study co-led by a researcher at Université de Montréal warns that many First Nations face three to five times the rate of food insecurity than the Canadian population overall—especially families with children.
12h
Prototype SETI hardware gets first data from VLA
A system designed to provide data from the National Science Foundation's Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) for analysis in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) has successfully acquired data from a VLA antenna. The system—dubbed COSMIC: the Commensal Open Source Multimode Interferometer Cluster—is designed to receive data from a newly-developed parallel Ethernet interface to the
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Hemipteran–ant mutualism could represent symbiotic invasion
Ants are among the most diverse and abundant insects on the planet. Both native and invasive ants are capable of forming mutualisms with hemipteran insects, preying on non-hemipteran herbivores and indirectly affecting primary production. To date, most research has focused on only one or two levels of interaction between ants, other arthropods, and plants, and few studies have focused on the poten
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New details behind how the Shigella pathogen delivers bacterial proteins into our cells
Shigella, a bacterial pathogen that causes dysentery and is the leading cause of childhood diarrheal diseases, inserts a pore called a translocon into an infected person's intestinal cells and then injects bacterial proteins into the cells. There, the proteins hijack the cells' machinery to help Shigella multiply. In a study published in mBio, a team at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has unc
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University of Glasgow 'in discussions to retract' seven papers, confirming Retraction Watch reporting
The University of Glasgow is "in discussions to retract" seven papers by a pharmacology researcher who worked there for more than 25 years, after it learned of allegations on PubPeer by pseudonymous whistleblower Clare Francis. The development confirms reporting by Retraction Watch earlier this month. In that post, we wrote: The story begins in December … Continue reading
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Why the U.S. Hasn't Stopped Syphilis From Killing Babies
When pregnant mothers who have syphilis go untreated, there is a 40 percent chance their babies will be miscarried, be stillborn, or die shortly after birth. Countries including Cuba, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka have wiped out congenital syphilis while the U.S. faces its highest incidence in nearly 30 years. Why?
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Functionally distinct roles for eEF2K in the control of ribosome availability and p-body abundance
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27160-4 Processing bodies are phase separated compartments enriched in translationally repressed mRNAs. Here, Smith et al. show that, in sensory neurons, eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K) plays key roles in the regulation of processing body abundance and the formation of translationally inactive ribosome
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Persistence against benzalkonium chloride promotes rapid evolution of tolerance during periodic disinfection
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27019-8 Phenotypically tolerant, persister bacterial subpopulations can survive transient antibiotic treatment and facilitate resistance evolution. Here, Nordholt et al. show that E. coli can display persistence against a widely used disinfectant and this is associated with alterations in the cell surface and with a
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Identification of disease-linked hyperactivating mutations in UBE3A through large-scale functional variant analysis
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27156-0 UBE3A gene dysregulation is associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, but predicting the function of UBE3A variants remains difficult. The authors use a high-throughput assay to categorize variants by functional activity, and show that UBE3A hyperactivity increases the risk of neurodevelopmental disease.
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ACE2-like carboxypeptidase B38-CAP protects from SARS-CoV-2-induced lung injury
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27097-8 Endogenous ACE2 is a receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and a recombinant soluble ACE2 protein can inhibit SARS-CoV-2 infection acting as a decoy. Here the authors show that B38-CAP, an ACE2-like enzyme but not a decoy for the virus, is protective against SARS-CoV-2-induced lung injury in animal models.
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Lightwave-driven scanning tunnelling spectroscopy of atomically precise graphene nanoribbons
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26656-3 Here, the authors perform lightwave-driven terahertz scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy of graphene nanoribbons with atomic resolution in three dimensions, revealing localized wavefunctions that are inaccessible by conventional scanning tunnelling microscopy.
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Naked mole-rat brown fat thermogenesis is diminished during hypoxia through a rapid decrease in UCP1
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27170-2 Naked mole-rats are hypoxia-tolerant mammals, and during hypoxia their body temperature decreases via unknown mechanisms. Here the authors report that the hypoxia-induced body temperature decrease in naked mole rats occurs through decreased brown adipose tissue thermogenesis via decreases in a key thermogeni
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Spatial and temporal intratumour heterogeneity has potential consequences for single biopsy-based neuroblastoma treatment decisions
Nature Communications, Published online: 23 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26870-z Neuroblastoma is a devastating tumour in children. Here, the authors analyse multi-region patient samples using genomics and transcriptomics, revealing temporal and spatial heterogeneity and questioning the reliability of single-biopsy based diagnostics.
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Study: Remote ocean wilderness areas are 'living time machines,' teeming with large fish
A new, widespread study of the global state of marine coral reef wilderness by WCS, NGS, and university collaborators found that remote ocean wilderness areas are sustaining fish populations much better than some of the world's best marine reserves. Findings show that remote reefs protect three times as many stocks as marine reserves, and shelter many important and threatened species that require
15h
Strengthening the food supply chain in response to the COVID-19 pandemic
The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic sent shock waves through systems and markets around the world, causing complex economic disruptions. The agricultural market too faced significant challenges. A new article in Applied Animal Science analyzes these challenges to learn from the experience. Specifically, the authors examine protein-sector food supply chains and present lessons learned from the COVI
15h
Why Insurance Is Broken, And How One Company Is Fixing It
One of the toughest moments of a break-in or disaster is losing your stuff. The US saw 1.2 million property crimes in 2018, two-thirds of which happened at homes and apartments, and 387,000 fires at homes in the same year. And while insurance is supposed to help, many find it can be a long, drawn-out nightmare. Why is the insurance protecting our stuff so broken? And how are we starting to fix it
15h
Astronaut Chris Hadfield on life in space – podcast
Chris Hadfield was the first Canadian to walk in space, became commander of the International Space Station, and became a viral sensation after covering Bowie like no one else. He speaks to the Guardian's science editor, Ian Sample, about life as an astronaut, the new race to the moon and his new novel, The Apollo Murders. Archive: Canadian Space Agency, Nasa, EMI, DW News, ITV News, CNBC TV, BBC
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Astronaut Chris Hadfield on life in space
Chris Hadfield was the first Canadian to walk in space, became commander of the International Space Station, and became a viral sensation after covering Bowie like no one else. He speaks to the Guardian's science editor, Ian Sample, about life as an astronaut, the new race to the moon and his new novel, The Apollo Murders.. Help support our independent journalism at theguardian.com/sciencepod
19h
Highly cited cancer immunologist "seriously breached" research conduct code: Australia institute
A cancer immunologist who as of 2017 was "the most highly cited immunologist in Australia" has "seriously breached Codes relating to responsible research conduct," according to his former employer. QMIR Berghofer in Brisbane "has commissioned an independent external investigation after a number of complaints relating to the research conduct of a former employee Professor Mark … Continue reading
22h
Stream Securely With This Limited-Time Pre-Black Friday Doorbuster
A few years ago, an argument broke out about whether streaming was really "the future of entertainment." Modern events have settled that argument for good, yet that's left consumers wondering where to get quality content, especially documentaries and informative videos. The CuriosityStream + KeepSolid VPN Unlimited Lifetime Subscription Bundle ensures you always have something great to watch, whi
22h
Simulation reveals molecular footprint of organic air pollutants
Joining the global effort to curb air pollution, researchers have developed computational tools to accurately assess the footprint of certain organic atmospheric pollutants. Their simulation could help government agencies keep a closer check on human-made sources of carbon-based pollutants.
22h
Tech companies underreport CO2 emissions
Companies in the digital technology industry are significantly underreporting the greenhouse gas emissions arising along the value chain of their products. Across a sample of 56 major tech companies surveyed, more than half of these emissions were excluded from self-reporting in 2019. At approximately 390 megatons carbon dioxide equivalents, the omitted emissions are in the same ballpark as the ca
22h
Wearable for Opioid Users Injects Narcan If You Overdose
A new gadget could bring harm reduction into the world of medtech. Researchers at the University of Washington are developing a wearable Narcan injector for opioid users that can detect whether or not the wearer is breathing — and, if they aren't, administer the drug to reverse an overdose. The wearable, described in a new paper in the journal Scientific Reports, is similar to an insulin pump — a
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How to Talk to Your Annoying Family About Vaccines
Congratulations! You ' re lucky enough to be seated, in relatively safety, around the Thanksgiving table in-person this year with your annoying family instead of having to do so over Zoom and/or risk catching the plague that, at this time last year, had no vaccine. But wait! What's that your irritating aunt just said about how her neighbor — who's a nurse , by the way — told her something about C
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Best Budget Gaming Monitors of 2021
Gaming monitors have enjoyed something of a renaissance over the past few years. There are more choices available on the market than ever before. All this choice can make it difficult to find the best budget gaming monitor, especially if you're not ready to invest a small fortune in a premium gaming setup. Technological innovations previously confined to high-end monitors have steadily trickled d
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How do we know we're tired?
Why do we need sleep? New research takes a step towards solving this mystery by discovering a mechanism of sleep in zebrafish, with some supporting evidence in mice.
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How cells feel curvature
Cells in your body cannot see, but they can feel their surroundings and their own shape. Scientists now showed via both – experiments and theory – how cells can sense the curvature of tissue around them and how this influences their inner workings.
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Super thin solar cells hit new efficiency benchmark
Researchers have achieved a new benchmark in the design of atomically thin solar cells made of semiconducting perovskites, boosting their efficiency while retaining their ability to stand up to the environment. The lab of Aditya Mohite of Rice University's George R. Brown School of Engineering discovered that sunlight itself contracts the space between atomic layers in 2D perovskites enough to im
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Click chemistry-enabled CRISPR screening reveals GSK3 as a regulator of PLD signaling [Cell Biology]
Enzymes that produce second messengers are highly regulated. Revealing the mechanisms underlying such regulation is critical to understanding both how cells achieve specific signaling outcomes and return to homeostasis following a particular stimulus. Pooled genome-wide CRISPR screens are powerful unbiased approaches to elucidate regulatory networks, their principal limitation being the…
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Gender stereotypes about interests start early and cause gender disparities in computer science and engineering [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]
Societal stereotypes depict girls as less interested than boys in computer science and engineering. We demonstrate the existence of these stereotypes among children and adolescents from first to 12th grade and their potential negative consequences for girls' subsequent participation in these fields. Studies 1 and 2 (n = 2,277; one…
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Lymph node formation and B cell homeostasis require IKK-{alpha} in distinct endothelial cell-derived compartments [Immunology and Inflammation]
Global inactivation of IκB kinase (IKK)-α results in defective lymph node (LN) formation and B cell maturation, and loss of IKK-α–dependent noncanonical NF-κB signaling in stromal organizer and hematopoietic cells is thought to underlie these distinct defects. We previously demonstrated that this pathway is also activated in vascular endothelial cells…
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Ccp1-Ndc80 switch at the N terminus of CENP-T regulates kinetochore assembly [Genetics]
Kinetochores, a protein complex assembled on centromeres, mediate chromosome segregation. In most eukaryotes, centromeres are epigenetically specified by the histone H3 variant CENP-A. CENP-T, an inner kinetochore protein, serves as a platform for the assembly of the outer kinetochore Ndc80 complex during mitosis. How CENP-T is regulated through the cell…
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Host genotype structures the microbiome of a globally dispersed marine phytoplankton [Ecology]
Phytoplankton support complex bacterial microbiomes that rely on phytoplankton-derived extracellular compounds and perform functions necessary for algal growth. Recent work has revealed sophisticated interactions and exchanges of molecules between specific phytoplankton–bacteria pairs, but the role of host genotype in regulating those interactions is unknown. Here, we show how phytoplankton microb
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Exploring the signaling space of a GPCR using bivalent ligands with a rigid oligoproline backbone [Medical Sciences]
G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) are one of the most important drug–target classes in pharmaceutical industry. Their diversity in signaling, which can be modulated with drugs, permits the design of more effective and better-tolerated therapeutics. In this work, we have used rigid oligoproline backbones to generate bivalent ligands for the gastrin-releasing…
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Past insecticide exposure reduces bee reproduction and population growth rate [Ecology]
Pesticides are linked to global insect declines, with impacts on biodiversity and essential ecosystem services. In addition to well-documented direct impacts of pesticides at the current stage or time, potential delayed "carryover" effects from past exposure at a different life stage may augment impacts on individuals and populations. We investigated…
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Harmful algal blooms and cyanotoxins in Lake Amatitlan, Guatemala, coincided with ancient Maya occupation in the watershed [Environmental Sciences]
Human-induced deforestation and soil erosion were environmental stressors for the ancient Maya of Mesoamerica. Furthermore, intense, periodic droughts during the Terminal Classic Period, ca. Common Era 830 to 950, have been documented from lake sediment cores and speleothems. Today, lakes worldwide that are surrounded by dense human settlement and intense…
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Molecular mechanisms of sperm motility are conserved in an early-branching metazoan [Environmental Sciences]
Efficient and targeted sperm motility is essential for animal reproductive success. Sperm from mammals and echinoderms utilize a highly conserved signaling mechanism in which sperm motility is stimulated by pH-dependent activation of the cAMP-producing enzyme soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC). However, the presence of this pathway in early-branching metazoans has remained…
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Claudin-2 and claudin-12 form independent, complementary pores required to maintain calcium homeostasis [Physiology]
Calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis is maintained through coordination between intestinal absorption, renal reabsorption, and bone remodeling. Intestinal and renal (re)absorption occurs via transcellular and paracellular pathways. The latter contributes the bulk of (re)absorption under conditions of adequate intake. Epithelial paracellular permeability is conferred by tight-junction proteins called claudin
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Scaling concepts in 'omics: Nuclear lamin-B scales with tumor growth and often predicts poor prognosis, unlike fibrosis [Applied Physical Sciences]
Physicochemical principles such as stoichiometry and fractal assembly can give rise to characteristic scaling between components that potentially include coexpressed transcripts. For key structural factors within the nucleus and extracellular matrix, we discover specific gene-gene scaling exponents across many of the 32 tumor types in The Cancer Genome Atlas, and…
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Synaptotagmin 1 oligomerization via the juxtamembrane linker regulates spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release [Neuroscience]
Synaptotagmin 1 (syt1) is a Ca2+ sensor that regulates synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Cell-based experiments suggest that syt1 functions as a multimer; however, biochemical and electron microscopy studies have yielded contradictory findings regarding putative self-association. Here, we performed dynamic light scattering on syt1 in solution, followed by electron microscopy, and we…
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Light-driven dynamic surface wrinkles for adaptive visible camouflage [Engineering]
Camouflage is widespread in nature, engineering, and the military. Dynamic surface wrinkles enable a material the on-demand control of the reflected optical signal and may provide an alternative to achieve adaptive camouflage. Here, we demonstrate a feasible strategy for adaptive visible camouflage based on light-driven dynamic surface wrinkles using a…
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Tailoring of electronic and surface structures boosts exciton-triggering photocatalysis for singlet oxygen generation [Environmental Sciences]
Arising from reduced dielectric screening, excitonic effects should be taken into account in ultrathin two-dimensional photocatalysts, and a significant challenge is achieving nontrivial excitonic regulation. However, the effect of structural modification on the regulation of the excitonic aspect is at a comparatively early stage. Herein, we report unusual effects of…
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Warming winters in lakes: Later ice onset promotes consumer overwintering and shapes springtime planktonic food webs [Ecology]
Global climate warming is causing the loss of freshwater ice around the Northern Hemisphere. Although the timing and duration of ice covers are known to regulate ecological processes in seasonally ice-covered ecosystems, the consequences of shortening winters for freshwater biota are poorly understood owing to the scarcity of under-ice research….
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Vitexin inhibits APEX1 to counteract the flow-induced endothelial inflammation [Physiology]
Vascular endothelial cells are exposed to shear stresses with disturbed vs. laminar flow patterns, which lead to proinflammatory vs. antiinflammatory phenotypes, respectively. Effective treatment against endothelial inflammation and the consequent atherogenesis requires the identification of new therapeutic molecules and the development of drugs targeting these molecules. Using Connectivity Map, w
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The active grandparent hypothesis: Physical activity and the evolution of extended human healthspans and lifespans [Evolution]
The proximate mechanisms by which physical activity (PA) slows senescence and decreases morbidity and mortality have been extensively documented. However, we lack an ultimate, evolutionary explanation for why lifelong PA, particularly during middle and older age, promotes health. As the growing worldwide epidemic of physical inactivity accelerates the prevalence of…
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Innovative wood use can enable carbon-beneficial forest management in California [Sustainability Science]
Responsible stewardship of temperate forests can address key challenges posed by climate change through sequestering carbon, producing low-carbon products, and mitigating climate risks. Forest thinning and fuel reduction can mitigate climate-related risks like catastrophic wildfire. These treatments are often cost prohibitive, though, in part because of low demand for low-value…
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The divided brain and the unmaking of the western world — is technology re-programming our brains to see the world through an ultimately damaging perspective? (A conversation with Iain McGilchrist and a discussion of the implications of his work)
Conversation with Iain Link Still can't believe we got to have this conversation. I feel like I got to talk to Kant or Hume or Nietzsche or Dostoyevsky while they were still alive. Totally surreal. Beyond that, though, I'm so deeply grateful to Iain for his work. I don't know if many of you haven't heard of Iain or his flagship work "The Master and His Emissary", but if you haven't this might be
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(Repost) (Academic) The effect of communication guidelines on peoples' infantilising attitudes towards people with disabilities (18+)
I'm doing a research project as part of my course and I would really appreciate having people complete the exercise I have linked! ​ It can be done on mobile and should only take 10-20 minutes to complete. Results won't be published anywhere but you can contact me after December 17th to see the results of the project. ​ Here is the link: [Research project (Qualtrics)]( https://dcupsychology.fra1.
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Digital teaching: Opportunity or challenge?
Researchers explain why digital teaching cannot replace face-to-face teaching in university education, but can certainly be seen as a complementary tool. The future of teaching and learning may lie in so-called blended learning, a mix of face-to-face and online education.
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An action plan for solving the climate crisis | John Doerr and Ryan Panchadsaram
"How much more damage do we have to endure before we realize that it's cheaper to save this planet than to ruin it?" asks engineer and investor John Doerr. In conversation with Countdown cofounder Lindsay Levin, Doerr and systems innovator Ryan Panchadsaram lay out six big objectives that — if pursued with speed and scale — could transform society and get us to net-zero emissions by 2050. An act
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COVID-19 has changed priorities in dating, sex, and love
COVID-19 has caused a dramatic shift in people's priorities when it comes to dating, sex, and love, according to an annual study on single adults. Some of the changes could last well beyond the pandemic, say faculty from the Kinsey Institute at Indiana University. This is the 11th year for Match.com's "Singles in America" study, which Kinsey Institute executive director Justin Garcia and senior r
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How will carbon pricing impact inflation?
This is a re-post from the Citizens' Climate Lobby blog Inflation — the decline of purchasing power as prices rise — is currently at its highest level in 30 years . This has led to concern among the public and policymakers about the rising costs of many important products like food, shelter, gasoline, electricity, and cars. Senator Joe Manchin has said he will not "support a package that risks hu
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How sugar-loving microbes could help power future cars
It sounds like modern-day alchemy: Transforming sugar into hydrocarbons found in gasoline. But that's exactly what scientists have done. Researchers report harnessing the wonders of biology and chemistry to turn glucose (a type of sugar) into olefins (a type of hydrocarbon, and one of several types of molecules that make up gasoline).
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Researchers caution global economic growth could slide into stagnation
The heady days of rapidly rising prosperity may be coming to an end, according to an interdisciplinary group of scientists. Developed democracies in particular look to be first in line for a long-run economic slowdown through the 21st century, and that, according to the researchers, should prompt some preparation for the additional fiscal and social stress that it will bring.
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Developing high-performance MXene electrodes for next-generation powerful battery
Two-dimensional MXene has been a rising star in the energy world as this material can store energy fast. But their unstable voltage output limits their applications. A collaborative research team has recently developed battery-like electrochemical Nb2CTx MXene electrodes with stable voltage output and high energy density by using a high-voltage scanning strategy. These latest findings may lead to
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What can you expect from another COVID winter?
The US appears to be on the brink of a winter surge in COVID-19 cases, but experts from Johns Hopkins University offer hope that this winter will be better than the last. COVID-19 cases are on the rise again in the United States after dipping just three weeks ago. Vaccine effectiveness is waning and without widespread boosters, shots given six months ago remain at least 80-85% effective against s
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Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters: This Ruler Can Measure Anything
No matter who you are, what you do, or where you live, you will always need to measure something. It could be to hang your favorite picture on the wall or measure where to put that brand new computer monitor you bought for a new office space. As long as we're alive, we'll have to continue to measure. Most people will usually grab a bulky tape measurer or search the house for that wooden ruler tha
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Journal mulls expression of concern for Cassava Sciences paper
A journal is considering issuing an expression of concern for a 2005 paper by authors tied to a company that's now under investigation for fraud, Retraction Watch has learned. The article, "Ultra-low-dose naloxone suppresses opioid tolerance, dependence and associated changes in mu opioid receptor–G protein coupling and Gβγ signaling," was written by a group linked … Continue reading
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Electric Airplane Sets All-Time Speed Record
Whoosh Rolls-Royce's Spirit of Innovation electric airplane just crushed the all-electric top speed record, soaring through the air at 384.4 mph. That's if the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) approves the flight and certifies the record. If the record does get certified, the company's single-seater aircraft will have smashed the current record by an impressive 132 mph, which was set
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Rock On with the Best Outdoor Bluetooth Speakers of 2021
High-fidelity sound is no longer relegated to the living room. Today you can take powerful speakers anywhere, whether you're splashing in a mountain swimming hole, racing bicycles through the concrete canyons of Manhattan, or canoeing the labyrinthine marshes of the Everglades. Bluetooth connectivity further amplifies the potential for rugged, quality sound by allowing for cordless connections fr
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Indigenous women with breast cancer have more mastectomies
Native and Indigenous women with breast cancer have a higher percentage of mastectomy and a lower percentage of lumpectomy compared with white women, according to a new study. The study of 170,000 women uncovers disparities in breast cancer treatments that may lead to poorer health outcomes in Indigenous women, who currently have the worst breast cancer survival outcomes of any racial group in th
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Caucasian households in U.S. emit most carbon despite greater energy efficiency
Residential energy use represents roughly one-fifth of annual greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. A team of researchers led by McGill University has used data from 60 million individual American households to look into how carbon emissions caused by household energy use vary by race and ethnicity across the country. Paradoxically, this first national level analysis found that even thoug
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Penny-size computer monitors bone health
Researchers have developed ultra-thin wireless devices called osseosurface electronics that grow to the surface of bone and could someday help monitor bone health and healing over long periods. "As a surgeon, I am most excited about using measurements collected with osseosurface electronics to someday provide my patients with individualized orthopedic care—with the goal of accelerating rehabilita
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Authorities identify source of oil sheen off Huntington Beach
A day after an oil sheen was spotted off Huntington Beach, authorities believed they had identified and contained the source: a leak from the damaged area of a pipeline that ruptured in October, spilling an estimated 25,000 gallons of oil into the Pacific.
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Researchers reveal how to turn a global warming liability into a profitable food security solution
Like a mirage on the horizon, an innovative process for converting a potent greenhouse gas into a food security solution has been stalled by economic uncertainty. Now, a first-of-its-kind Stanford University analysis evaluates the market potential of the approach, in which bacteria fed captured methane grow into protein-rich fishmeal. The study, published Nov. 22 in Nature Sustainability, finds pr
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Michael Rutter (1933–2021)
Nature, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/d41586-021-03498-z Child psychiatrist who transformed understanding of autism.
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GeSnOI mid-infrared laser technology
Direct band gap GeSn alloys have emerged as a promising group-IV gain material for low-cost infrared laser manufacturing. They face major issues like high threshold power, and low lasing temperature that hinder their integration into full CMOS-compatible photonic chips. Scientists in France have developed a specific GeSn-on-insulator (GeSnOI) technology that combines defects, strain, electronic-ba
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Våld i hemmet vanligare i konfliktområden
Det finns ett samband mellan väpnad konflikt och våld i nära relationer. Det visar data från Colombia. Ju mer intensiv konflikt, desto större risk för en kvinna att utsättas för våld av sin partner eller före detta partner. Sexuellt våld mot kvinnor har utförts av alla väpnade grupper i Colombia. Det har använts med avsikt att skrämma och förnedra kvinnor och hela samhällen, skada fiender och i s
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The Efficiency of Data Storage
As our world becomes increasingly digital, math becomes more and more important (not that it wasn't always important). Even in ancient times, math was a critical technology improving our ability to predict the seasons, design buildings and roads, and have a functioning economy. In recent decades our world has been becoming increasingly virtual and digital, run by mathematical algorithms, simulati
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How we get turned around in familiar places
A new study suggests that the brain may treat similar environments as if they are even more different than a pair of environments that have nothing in common. Brain scientists call this concept "repulsion." For example, imagine you're walking through a chain supermarket, headed for the dairy section. You've done it a million times: Take a right at the entrance, away from the produce, and walk pas
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FTC Will Crack Down On Companies That Make it Difficult to Cancel Services
(Image: FTC) The Federal Trade Commission has announced that it will begin "ramping up enforcement" against companies that manipulate people into starting subscriptions or that make it difficult to cancel services. It's an unanticipated move that should disappoint almost no one—except maybe your cable company. In an announcement from late last month, the FTC said companies that failed to obtain i
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Research team makes considerable advance in brain-inspired computing
A lab, whose work is concentrated on neuromorphic computing or brain-inspired computing, has new research that introduces hardware improvements by harnessing a quality known as 'randomness' or 'stochasticity'. Their research contradicts the perception of randomness as a quality that will negatively impact computation results and demonstrates the utilization of finely controlled stochastic features
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New formulas describe boundary layer turbulence
Mathematicians have derived the formulas for boundary layer turbulence 100 years after the phenomenon was first formulated. Mathematicians have been trying to understand the turbulence that arises when a flow interacts with a boundary, but a formulation has proven elusive. A team of mathematicians, led by University of California, Santa Barbara professor Björn Birnir and University of Oslo profes
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Healthier UK diets linked to lower greenhouse gas emissions
A new analysis adds to evidence that nutritious diets are often more environmentally sustainable, while also demonstrating the feasibility of evaluating diet sustainability at the scale of specific foods—rather than broader food-group categories. Dr. Holly Rippin of the University of Leeds, U.K., and colleagues present these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on November 24, 2021.
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New theory connects tree uprooting and sediment movement
The critical zone is Earth's outer skin, the space between treetops and bedrock. The critical zone is a community comprising rock, water, soil, air, and the flora and fauna that live on Earth's surface. As floods, landslides, and other geologic hazards shape landscapes, they transform the critical zone and the life-giving processes that support ecosystems.
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Synen på växtförädling påverkas av kön och ålder
I princip allt som säljs i frukt- och grönsaksdisken har kommit till genom växtförädling, något som få konsumenter har kunskap om, visar en studie från SLU. Ändå är åsikterna många, vilket kan påverka utvecklingen av nya sorter. Det finns en tydlig skillnad mellan män och kvinnor i synen på växtförädling. Män är i allmänhet mer positiva både till konventionell växtförädling och till modern gentek
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Delay laws on firearms purchases save lives
Legislation that enforces a 'cooling off' period between purchasing and acquiring a firearm reduces impulse purchases. It also limits the number of homicides, especially in the domestic sphere. This is demonstrated by behavioral economist David Schindler of Tilburg University on the basis of a quantitative study in various U.S. States. The publication will appear in the journal Review of Economics
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Bear Puts Out Multiple Forest Fires | Alaskan Bush People
Stream Full Episodes of Alaskan Bush People: https://www.discoveryplus.com/show/alaskan-bush-people #Discovery #AlaskanBushPeople #OffGrid Subscribe to Discovery: http://bit.ly/SubscribeDiscovery Follow Us on TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@Discovery We're on Instagram! https://instagram.com/Discovery Join Us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Discovery Follow Us on Twitter: https://twitter.co
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How social science can help trace new paths out of the climate crisis
Policymakers, industry and civil society leaders count on solid data to inform and guide strategies that will deliver on the objectives of the Paris Agreement. To support these decisions, scientists developed long-term global scenarios known as integrated assessment models (IAMs) that combine different strands of knowledge—natural science, engineering and economics.
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Ranked lists skew decision-makers' choices toward top option
In an age of online restaurant reviews and product ratings, landing in first place on a "top 10" list can confer great benefits on the top-ranked option, magnifying the differences between it and all other choices and blinding people to important details that might otherwise affect their decision-making, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
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Study: Women structurally underrepresented in management research
Women are structurally underrepresented in leading management and organization journals, a new study published today in Research Policy finds. Nora Lohmeyer(verwijst naar een andere website) of Radboud University and Carolin Auschra and Julia Bartosch of Freie Universität Berlin analyzed a dataset of 43,673 articles in fourteen top journals, and found that even in 2017, the most recent year of the
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Salivbaserade snabbtest – smärtfria och enklare alternativ
Den vanligaste använda metoden att testa för covid-19 är med RT-PCR genom ett nässvalgsprov taget med bomullspinne. Provtagning från nässvalget är ofta obehaglig och RT-PCR-test kräver även analys i laboratorium. I en ny studie från Lunds universitet har forskare undersökt om snabbantigentest för covid-19 kan användas på saliv i stället för att pinna nässvalget.
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Bringing the metaverse to life: How I built a virtual reality for my students, and what I've learned along the way
We've been hearing a lot recently about the metaverse—a vision for the internet which uses technology like virtual and augmented reality to integrate real and digital worlds. With Facebook changing its name to Meta to focus on this space, and other big tech companies like Microsoft coming onboard, there is much discussion about the potential of the metaverse to enhance the way we socialize, work a
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You can help protect a fish species that is vital to oceanic ecosystems
Omega Protein Corp and Omega Protein, Inc. may not be household names, but many of their products are. These two companies, collectively known as "Omega," compose one of the largest reduction fishing organizations in North America. They capture and process fish known as menhaden, then resell the "reduced fish" for use in pet food, agriculture and aquaculture feed, and human fish oil supplements. B
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Dogs and TV: Here's what we know about how they respond
On the face of it, a recently launched TV channel dedicated to dogs seems, well, barking mad. But our pets often spend long periods of time home alone, and providing some form of enrichment and stimulation can be very beneficial to dogs and their owners alike.
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Enjoy Pre-Black Friday Savings On This Sterilizing Robot That Kills Viruses and Germs
Even though we can't see it, harmful bacteria are everywhere. While we can't control the germs that live outside of our homes , we can control the ones that live among us, to some extent. One viable way to combat harmful germs from spreading in your house is using a sterilizing robot. Yes, a robot that kills germs. The ROCKUBOT is a high-tech robot buddy that eliminates germs and airborne viruses
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Do babies cry in the womb?
Fetuses show preliminary facial expressions that look like cries starting around 24 to 35 weeks. These facial movements of crying are soundless and too subtle to be felt by the mother.
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Var åttonde ung använder dopningspreparat
Var åttonde person i åldern 16-25 år har använt eller använder preparat som är muskelbyggande eller har som syfte att förändra kroppens utseende enligt en studie från Högskolan i Gävle. Att cirka 12 procent ungdom har tagit preparat för att förändra sin kropps utseende var en oväntat hög siffra för Anna Qvarfordt, Lena Svennberg och Göran Svedsäter, forskare inom Idrottsvetenskap vid Högskolan i
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Mediers bild av invandring påverkar våra attityder
Nyheter som beskriver invandring i ett positivt sammanhang, får oss att bli mer positivt inställda till invandring och tvärtom. Det gäller framför allt "alternativa medier" på höger- och vänsterkanten. Medier sägs ofta spela en central roll för vad människor anser om migration, men kunskapen är begränsad om hur, när och varför de påverkar. I sin doktorsavhandling har Nora Theorin undersökt instäl
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A durable and pH-universal self-standing MoC–Mo2C heterojunction electrode for efficient hydrogen evolution reaction
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27118-6 Scalable fabrication of Low-cost hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysts that can operate at industry-relevant conditions is highly needed for efficient water electrolyzers. Here the authors show a scalable synthesis of a MoC-Mo2C heterojunction electrode with efficient HER activity and high stability at
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A unified drug–target interaction prediction framework based on knowledge graph and recommendation system
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27137-3 Prediction of drug-target interactions (DTI) plays a vital role in drug development through applications in various areas, such as virtual screening for lead discovery, drug repurposing and identification of potential drug side effects. Here, the authors develop a unified framework for DTI prediction by comb
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In-plane quasi-single-domain BaTiO3 via interfacial symmetry engineering
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26660-7 In-plane polarized ferroelectric thin films typically exhibit complicated multidomain states, not desirable for optoelectronic device performance. Here, the authors combine interfacial symmetry engineering and anisotropic strain to design single-domain in-plane polarized ferroelectric BaTiO3 films.
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A Phase I/II randomized trial of H56:IC31 vaccination and adjunctive cyclooxygenase-2-inhibitor treatment in tuberculosis patients
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27029-6 Modulating the host immune response during tuberculosis is an emerging and critical advance in the therapeutic approach. Here the authors present data from a first-in-human phase I/II randomised trial on the safety and immunogenicity of adjuvant therapy of the H56:IC31 vaccine and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors
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The main oxidative inactivation pathway of the plant hormone auxin
Nature Communications, Published online: 22 November 2021; doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27020-1 Auxin inactivation plays important roles in plant development. Here the authors show that the main route of IAA inactivation in Arabidopsis is via conjugation by GH3 IAA-amidosynthetases followed by DAO1 dioxygenase-mediated oxidation of the conjugated forms and hydrolysis by ILR1 to release inactive oxIAA.
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Spiritism
(Not: inte att förväxla med Spiritualism.) Systrarna Fox Att tro på andar och spöken är säkert en lika gammal företeelse som människan själv. "Modern" spiritism, med seanser och personer som … Continued Inlägget dök först upp på Vetenskap och Folkbildning .
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Where do I begin to pursue an academic career in cognitive science?
I completed my undergrad from a large state college in the United States with a 3.9 in computer science and mathematics; otherwise, I have a rather sparse resume when it comes to lab experience or academic research, and I don't have anyone that could write me a good recommendation (I was a bit of an underachiever despite my GPA). I was interested in going to work as a programmer, so I focused my
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Reading the mind of a worm
It sounds like a party trick: scientists can now look at the brain activity of a tiny worm and tell you which chemical the animal smelled a few seconds before. But the findings of a new study are more than just a novelty; they help the scientists better understand how the brain functions and integrates information.
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Scientists create insights into perhaps the most extreme state of matter produced on Earth
Exotic laser-produced high-energy-density (HED) plasmas akin to those found in stars and nuclear explosions could provide insight into events throughout the universe. Physicists have discovered a new way to measure and understand these plasmas, among the most extreme states of matter ever produced on Earth. Improved understanding could provide benefits ranging from fine-tuning the high-density pla
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Scientists solve 50-year-old mystery behind plant growth
A team of researchers has demonstrated for the first time one way that a small molecule turns a single cell into something as large as a tree. For half a century, scientists have known that all plants depend on this molecule, auxin, to grow. Until now, they didn't understand exactly how auxin sets growth in motion.
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Insulin in the brain influences dopamins levels
In the human brain, the hormone insulin also acts on the most important neurotransmitter for the reward system, dopamine. Insulin lowers the dopamine level in a specific region of the brain (striatum) that regulates reward processes and cognitive functions, among other things. This interaction can be an important driver of the brain's regulation of glucose metabolism and eating behavior.
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Can't Wait For November 26th? Save On These Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters Deals Now!
The biggest shopping day of the year is coming up, and we suspect that many of you can't wait to get through Thanksgiving to take advantage of the deals. Lucky for you, we've not only compiled a huge inventory of great finds at even lower than our regularly discounted prices, we're making them available to you even before Black Friday. So, not only are you avoiding the crowds, misbehaving custome
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Antarctic ice-sheet destabilized within a decade
After the natural warming that followed the last Ice Age, there were repeated periods when masses of icebergs broke off from Antarctica into the Southern Ocean. A new data-model study now shows that it took only a decade to initiate this tipping point in the climate system, and that ice mass loss then continued for many centuries.
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How to get a traditional industry to automate
In the legal industry we are currently witnessing an interesting paradox. Many lawyers want to start using new tech because of the possible advantages, but most get cold feet once they see that tech is not a cure-all. For example, in the subfield of legal document automation, lawyers are torn between using very simple solutions (making them miserable, because they get very little control & option
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Early Black Friday Savings: End Spam Calls For Good With RoboKiller
Our global data network has connected us all, for better or worse. And in the case of automated calls, texts, and comments , it's definitely worse. Fortunately, you can send those annoying calls and texts packing with a 3-year subscription to RoboKiller, and it's now 50% off as an early Black Friday deal. How AI Blocks Spam RoboKiller's AI turns the prank call on its head. While number blocking h
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Starlink
WORLD'S MOST ADVANCED BROADBAND INTERNET SYSTEM internet works by sending information through the vacuum of space, where it travels much faster than in fiber-optic cable and can reach far more people and places. While most satellite internet services today come from single geostationary satellites that orbit the planet at about 35,000km, Starlink is a constellation of multiple satellites that or
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👀 'Where's the letter?'
Oh, hey there! My research group needs participants desperately. We created 👀 ' Where's the letter? ', a fun video-game where you'll be asked to look for an object of interest among distracting things that you do not want. 🔎 The aim of the game is to find the "odd letter out" as quickly and accurately as possible by using either your mouse or trackpad to click on it + a final quick survey. The
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This Massager Does More Than Pound Out Tired Muscles
With 2022 rolling up fast, it's already time to start considering the steps you're ready to take to make the new year a great one. There are loads of professional and extracurricular goals you can set for yourself in the coming year, but your list should probably begin with improving your own emotional and spiritual well-being first and foremost. Because if you aren't fundamentally happy and cont
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Vad bråkade Béchamp och Pasteur om?
Svar av Erling Norrby, virolog, professor emeritus vid Karolinska institutet I mitten av 1800-talet fördes en intensiv debatt om teorin om uralstring. Förespråkare för denna teori hävdade att liv kunde uppstå spontant under vissa betingelser. De syftade då inte på evolution under årmiljoner, utan på snabba förlopp under dagar eller veckor. Uralstringsteorin kunde förklara sådant som varför det upp
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2021 SkS Weekly Climate Change & Global Warming News Roundup #47
Listing of articles linked to on the Skeptical Science Facebook Page during the past week: Sun, November 14, 2021 through Sat, November 20, 2021 The following articles sparked above average interest during the week: Do Androids Dream Of Electric Sheeple? A.I. Maps 20 Years of Climate Conspiracies , COP Negotiators Demand Nations do More to Curb Climate Change, but Required Emissions Cuts Remain E
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Save On Learning New Skills With These Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters
Sometimes products and physical items get boring. As we grow older, a lot of us find value in gifts that stimulate our minds and that can even broaden our horizons. Give the gift of learning this holiday season with up to 98% off these 10 Pre-Black Friday Doorbusters Sale course bundles. The A to Z Cyber Security & IT Certification Training Bundle Learn ethical hacking from senior penetration tes
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Pre-Black Friday Deal: Blanket Your Home With Connectivity With Meshforce M7
Wi-Fi has become so important, scientists have even figured out how to turn dangerous radiation into a way to access Twitter . Getting the best Wi-Fi coverage in your home can be a challenge, though, so the Meshforce M7 was built to solve it quickly and easily. And it's easier to get one now with an early Black Friday deal bringing its price down to $219 (reg. $249). Wi-Fi Wherever You Need It Wh
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Sleep Better With An Early Black Friday Deal On Hupnos
The right sleep schedule can make all the difference in your physical and mental well-being . The Hupnos Anti-Snoring Sleep Mask ensures you get the full amount of sleep you need, and right now you can save 52% with this early Black Friday deal. The Science of Snoring Snoring happens when your airway is restricted, either by your sleeping position or due to a medical concern. The higher pressure
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Copy Any Text With This Early Black Friday Deal On The Scanmarker Air
While there are some places we probably don't want scanners , there are many situations at work or while learning where grabbing a quote or some relevant data and keeping it in digital storage would be useful. The Scanmarker Air Digital Highlighter makes that easy and doable, and right now you can save 20% on it as a Pre-Black Friday deal. A Highlighter, But Better The Scanmarker Air works just l
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Why futuristic technologies are bad and why they should be banned
Futuristic technologies are bad because they will steal jobs and, most likely, claim lives (due to either the futuristic technologies themselves or the bad people using them to harm people). They should all be banned to protect the jobs and lives of humanity and prevent a very dystopian future similar to the Terminator films from happening in real life. Please, spread this to end the technologica
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Shop Securely With 94% Off BelkaVPN For A Pre-Black Friday Sale
Protecting your information has never been more important, or harder to do . A strong virtual private network (VPN) can protect your financial and personal data, ensuring you can shop, browse, and stream securely this holiday. BelkaVPN offers fast, reliable protection, and right now you can save 94% on a lifetime subscription as an early Black Friday deal. Protection Anytime, Anywhere A VPN offer
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Farliga nätdroger kan hittas med AI
Nya droger med okänt innehåll är både ett stort folkhälsoproblem och en stor utmaning för kriminaltekniker. Nu föreslår forskare artificiell intelligens för att snabbare definiera farliga droger – innan de når marknaden. Spela videon för att veta mer om designer drugs på en minut.
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Help Your Pets Thrive With This Pre-Black Friday Deal On 5Strands
Allergies have been increasing across the developed world, which has been attributed to better medicine, better understanding of allergens, and external factors like climate change . And just like us, our pets can suffer from these problems too. The 5Strands Pet Food & Environmental Intolerance Test helps you track down these issues and give your pet a better life. It's on sale for just $134.99 (
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The CLIQ Packs A Comfortable Chair Into A Bottle-Sized Container
While the last few years have meant unusual experiments when we congregate outdoors , we've still been heading outdoors both together and alone to commune with nature or just hang out. The CLIQ chair is rated 4.5/5 stars on Amazon, and it makes being outside a little easier by giving you a camping chair the size of your water bottle. It's on sale for just $89.99 (reg. $99). A Chair Anywhere Folde
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The Transformer Table Is The Perfect Pre-Black Friday Deal
If you grew up watching science fiction as a kid, the world around us can seem like the future you saw on TV. We have communicators in our pockets, advanced AIs work hard to make our lives easier, and computers controlled by voice are so common the UN has criticized them . The Transformer Table finally brings the future to furniture, with the kind of futuristic design we expect from the Enterpris
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Monsters of the id, or how we have forgotten to deal with our demons, how they are empowered by technology, and what to expect in the future.
When I started researching the opposing group mechanics on social media, I initially thought it came from cultural and subcultural differences, different values, and of course what we have seen in the documentary the social network, that ai tries to boost controversy by feeding information to users that opposes their values, beliefs, and opinions. There was a missing link , since big groups are f
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Is progress too fast for human evolution?
It seems like that humans have certain social structures that make for a happy life. Having meaning, friends, relationships, spirituality all contribute to the well being of a person. But with technology's advancement the basic needs that we require to survive such as food, water, shelter are increasingly more equalized among the population. With that we don't need each other as much as we used t