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Kombucha Cultures Could Be the Key to Better Water Filters

A study found that filtration membranes formed from SCOBYs are more effective at preventing bacterial growth than commercial equivalents.

What you need to know about the fast-spreading BA.2 omicron variant

The BA.2 variant of omicron seems to be taking over in many places, but it isn't expected to cause yet another wave of cases around the world

Peruvian gold rush turns pristine rainforests into heavily polluted mercury sinks

Illegal gold mining in the Peruvian Amazon is causing exceptionally high levels of atmospheric mercury pollution in a nearby patch of pristine rainforest. One stand of old-growth pristine forest had the highest levels of mercury ever recorded, rivaling industrial areas where mercury is mined. Birds from this area have up to twelve times more mercury in their system than birds from less polluted ar

Even light drinking can be harmful to health

Drinking less than the UK's recommended limit of 14 units of alcohol per week still increases the risk of cardiovascular issues such as heart and cerebrovascular disease.

New blood test combined with image-based prostate cancer screening reduces harms and costs

The combination of a novel blood test and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can reduce overdiagnosis of low-risk cancers as well as societal costs in prostate cancer screening, according to a cost-effectiveness study.

How to teach children about climate change, inspire hope and take action to change the future

Children and youth know that climate change is altering lives, environmental patterns and futures.

Cosmic physics mimicked on table-top as graphene enables Schwinger effect

Researchers have succeeded in observing the so-called Schwinger effect, an elusive process that normally occurs only in cosmic events. By applying high currents through specially designed graphene-based devices, the team succeeded in producing particle-antiparticle pairs from a vacuum.

New, highly efficient catalyst for propylene production

Researchers have developed an innovative catalyst for the synthesis of propylene, which has potential benefits for the chemical industry and carbon recycling.

Tiny materials lead to a big advance in quantum computing

Researchers used the 2D material hexagonal boron nitride to build much smaller capacitors for superconducting qubits, enabling them to shrink the footprint of a qubit by two orders of magnitude without sacrificing performance.

Climate change in the Early Holocene

New insight into how our early ancestors dealt with major shifts in climate has been revealed.

Only one in three teachers use research evidence in the classroom, largely due to lack of time

Even before the pandemic, recent research shows most Australian teachers worked an average of 140 to 150% (one-and-a-half times) of their paid hours in a typical week. And they're not necessarily getting to focus on aspects of the job they believe are important, such as actual teaching. In fact, the same research shows teachers spend, on average, 1.5 times as many hours on non-teaching tasks, such

A lunar return, a Jupiter moon, the most powerful rocket ever built and the Webb Telescope

Space travel is all about momentum.

New atom-level insight into drug-target residence time

A new study from the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Tübingen helps to explain what defines how long a drug molecule stays bound to its target.

Synthesis and properties of wing-shaped nanographene

In recent years, various synthetic chemical approaches have been investigated using polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAHs) as "nanographene with precise molecular structure and high purity." If it becomes possible to construct structurally controlled 3D assemblies and spaces from this 2D nano-sized graphene, new materials with unique structural properties can be created. A research group at Ehime Un

Parasite could help to explain the origin of animal multicellularity

Researchers from the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country and CEFAS have discovered a parasite present in seawater and which belongs to a primitive lineage; they have named it Txikispora philomaios. This organism will help to explain how multicellularity developed in animals. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic studies using DNA from this parasite are helping to understand the evolutionary changes a

Neural networks can identify carbon dioxide in seismic observations

The removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) from Earth's atmosphere is a promising tool in the fight to counteract climate change. So-called carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) uses mechanical and chemical techniques to remove CO2 from the air, concentrate it, and inject it underground for long-term storage. Although CCS currently represents a tiny fraction of climate change mitigation efforts, it may

Making 5-Year-Old Tennessee Whiskey in 5 Months! | Moonshiners

Stream Moonshiners on discovery+ ► #Moonshiners #Moonshine #DiscoveryChannel Subscribe to Discovery: Follow Us on TikTok: We're on Instagram! Join Us on Facebook: Follow Us on Twitter: Fro

Online abuse in sport: Why athletes are targeted and how they can end up winning

For some sports stars, a certain level of adulation is just part of the job. But many are also now subjected to abuse and malicious campaigns on social media. It recently emerged that Liverpool FC have hired a therapist to help players deal with the effects of online trolling.

RSV causes more infant deaths than hospital data show

Nearly one in ten of all deceased infants under six months old were infected with Respiratory Syncytial Virus, research finds. Two-thirds of infant fatalities from Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) occurred in the community and would have been excluded from mortality estimates based on hospital data. RSV is a common virus that produces cold-like symptoms and is merely a nuisance for the vast majo

Rise of termite clone queendoms offers clue to curb invasions

The scientists who discovered all-female termite colonies have now ascertained how they came to exist. In doing so, they revealed how these powerful females potentially threaten other termites, as well as homeowners.

Live cells discovered in human breast milk could aid breast cancer research

Researchers have explored the cellular changes that occur in human mammary tissue in lactating and non-lactating women, offering insight into the relationship between pregnancy, lactation, and breast cancer.

Testing of Melipona beecheii stingless bees shows guards do not choose new queen

A team of researchers from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and CCBA Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, reports that guard Melipona beecheii stingless bees do not confer chemicals to larvae that allow them to develop into queens. In their paper published in the journal Biology Letters, the group describes giving bee larvae a special floral oil to determine if guard bees were giving larvae chemical

New treatment helped frogs regenerate their amputated legs, potential for human therapy

Our bodies connect us to the world. When people lose parts of their bodies to disease or traumatic injury, they often feel that they've lost a part of who they are, even experiencing a grief akin to losing a loved one. Their sense of personal loss is justified because unlike salamanders or snarky comic book characters like Deadpool, adult human tissues generally do not regenerate—limb loss is perm

Study: Gender bias may impact student loan bankruptcy decisions

New research reveals gender bias can creep into student loan bankruptcy court cases.

Five tips to help preschoolers with special needs during the pandemic

Four months in reading. Five months in math. That's how far children are behind where they should be for their grade level, according to a 2021 report that says the COVID-19 pandemic—and the transition to virtual learning—are to blame.

Image: Crater 'tree rings' on Mars

This feature could easily be mistaken for a tree stump with characteristic concentric rings. It's actually an impressive birds-eye view into an ice-rich impact crater on Mars. Tree rings provide snapshots of Earth's past climate and, although formed in a very different way, the patterns inside this crater reveal details of the Red Planet's history, too.

How climate change shaped the Amazon's land and life

The Amazon basin is one of the most biodiverse places on the planet; its nearly 8 million square kilometers (3 million square miles) may be home to as many as 10 percent of the world's species. Under the Amazon's renowned tree canopy, the meandering Amazon River system—the largest in the world, with the highest discharge—is important to the region's biodiversity and shapes its landscape.

Tobacco publishing ban for researchers at industry-owned firms

Nature, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00197-1 Respiratory societies tighten author restrictions after tobacco giant PMI acquires inhaler maker Vectura.

How climate change will affect plants

We human beings need plants for our survival. Everything we eat consists of plants or animals that depend on plants somewhere along the food chain. Plants also form the backbone of natural ecosystems, and they absorb about 30 percent of all the carbon dioxide emitted by humans each year. But as the impacts of climate change worsen, how are higher levels of CO2 in the atmosphere and warmer temperat

Minority-owned businesses need inclusive policies, especially during COVID-19

Race-conscious policy that provides financial and commercial rent relief, and improved employee benefits and federal data collection mandates for financial institutions, could help prevent the disproportionate economic impact that COVID-19 has had on minority-owned businesses.

Author Correction: Anorectal malformation with long perineal fistula: one of a special type

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-06056-3

A Popular Supplement's Confusing Links With Autism Development

Pregnant people commonly take folic to avoid certain birth defects, but researchers haven't settled how the vitamin affects children's odds of developing autism spectrum disorders.

Author Correction: Evolution and universality of two-stage Kondo effect in single manganese phthalocyanine molecule transistors

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28154-6

Robots could be used to support soldiers in combat – The British Army is exploring the use of robots in conflict zones.

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Art of the future-Modern Artificial Intelligence/ Master pieces Art- Rider FJ03 7

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Microsoft fends off record-breaking 3.47 Tbps DDoS attack

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Why we are living in an era of unnatural selection – ["Humanity's influence on living organisms – both intentional and unintentional – is causing them to evolve in new and unusual ways. But how far could human-driven adaptation go?"]

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Experts Warn of "Quantum Apocalypse"

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How is snowfall measured? A meteorologist explains how volunteers tally up winter storms

The Blue Hill Observatory, a few miles south of Boston, recorded the deepest snow cover in its 130-year history, an incredible 46 inches, in February 2015. The same month, Bangor, Maine, tied its record for deepest snow at 53 inches. Mountainous locations will sometimes see triple-digit snow depths.

The mechanisms that produce 'menopause' in plants identified

In those plants with a single reproductive episode, called monocarpics, the onset of reproduction is marked by the formation of the first flowers. The signals that control the start of flowering are highly studied (light, seasonal changes, temperature, age of the plant, etc.). However, there is another critical event for reproduction: its end. In many species, flower production stops after the pro

PODCAST: Indavlede AI-systemer er fulde af fordomme og beskidte data

I stedet for at starte fra bunden kan udviklere af AI-modeller nu hente en enorm model. Prisen er, at dens mange fejl og bias nedarves. Præstationsingeniør i Team Danmark fortæller, hvordan han optimerer skøjterne til Danmarks OL-hold.

Ekspert: Microsoft-opkøb løser ikke spilgigants problemer

Microsoft står med sit opkøb af Activision Blizzard foran en stor opgave i at rydde ud i en kønsdiskriminerende arbejdskultur. Men tech-giganten er ikke selv pletfri og ingen garanti for ændringer, mener dansk spilforsker.

Gut microbes help hibernating ground squirrels emerge strong and healthy in spring

Ground squirrels spend the end of summer gorging on food, preparing for hibernation. They need to store a lot of energy as fat, which becomes their primary fuel source underground in their hibernation burrows all winter long.

Where did Omicron come from? Three key theories

Nature, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00215-2 The highly transmissible variant emerged with a host of unusual mutations. Now scientists are trying to work out how it evolved.

'Brown-bagging' crop seed affects producers as well as research advances

As producers get back into their fields for a new season, Texas A&M AgriLife Foundation Seed is stepping up its efforts to educate producers on the benefits of using certified seed and the legalities involved when "brown-bagging."

Why Gambia should fast-track gender quotas for women

Women have historically been poorly represented in positions of power and decision-making in Gambia. Out of 58 National Assembly members, only six are women lawmakers and only three of these are elected. Women make up more than half of the Gambian population, yet they account for only 10% of parliamentarians, including the speaker.

What is a bomb cyclone? An atmospheric scientist explains

A bomb cyclone is a large, intense midlatitude storm that has low pressure at its center, weather fronts and an array of associated weather, from blizzards to severe thunderstorms to heavy precipitation. It becomes a bomb when its central pressure decreases very quickly—by at least 24 millibars in 24 hours. Two famed meteorologists, Fred Sanders and John Gyakum, gave this pattern its name in a 198

How muskoxen and caribou protect rare Arctic plants

Caribou and muskoxen helped mitigate the effects of climate change on rare arctic plants, lichens, and mushrooms at the site of a recent study in arctic Greenland. It's actually more common for a species to be rare, spending its existence in small densities throughout its range, than to be common. How such rare species persist, particularly in an environment undergoing rapid climate change, inspi

Meat and masculinity: Why some men just can't stomach plant-based food

Meat alternatives are suddenly everywhere, from burger joints to supermarket shelves to restaurant-grade food.

Underestimated ozone production in cities: Higher HOx observed with self-developed instrument

The local ozone generation was greatly underestimated with current mechanism under high NOx conditions, according to a recent study conducted by researchers led by Prof. Xie Pinhua from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

Void-confinement effect of nanoreactor promotes heterogeneous catalysis

A research team from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has recently obtained a catalyst composed of the hollow carbon sphere and inner Ni nanoparticles (Ni@HCS), which displayed good performance when applied in the aqueous phase hydrogenation rearrangement tandem reaction of furfural (FAL), a typical aqueous phase reaction.

Gold Mining Is Poisoning Amazon Forests with Mercury

Mitigation strategies typically do not include forests, but my team's research suggests they should — Read more on

LED-based solar simulator for better terrestrial solar spectra and orientations

Scientists at the Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology (SIBET) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently developed a light emitting diode (LED)-based solar simulator to produce better terrestrial solar spectra and orientations. The results have been published in Solar Energy.

Author Correction: Metformin treatment response is dependent on glucose growth conditions and metabolic phenotype in colorectal cancer cells

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-06177-9

Pippi Långstrump såldes under disk i forna Östtyskland

Pippi Långstrump var så kontroversiell i DDR, forna Östtyskland, att böckerna fick säljas i hemlighet, berättar forskaren Lisa Källström. Det är tjugo år sedan Astrid Lindgren dog, men hennes verk fortsätter att intressera. Inlägget dök först upp på .

Comparison of retinal layer thickness and microvasculature changes in patients with diabetic retinopathy treated with intravitreous bevacizumab vs panretinal photocoagulation

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-05513-3

Formation of Co–O bonds and reversal of thermal annealing effects induced by X-ray irradiation in (Y, Co)-codoped CeO2 nanocrystals

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-05691-0 Formation of Co–O bonds and reversal of thermal annealing effects induced by X-ray irradiation in (Y, Co)-codoped CeO 2 nanocrystals

Association of subcortical structural shapes with fatigue in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-05531-1

Facile fabrication of flexible metal grid transparent electrode using inkjet-printed dot array as sacrificial layer

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-05312-w

Identification of a clonal population of Aspergillus flavus by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry using deep learning

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-05647-4

Species characteristics and cultural value of stone wall trees in the urban area of Macao

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-05522-2

Age-adjusted interpretation of biomarkers of renal function and homeostasis, inflammation, and circulation in Emergency Department patients

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-05485-4

Radiation dose enhancement using gold nanoparticles with a diamond linear accelerator target: a multiple cell type analysis

Scientific Reports, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41598-022-05339-z

Human genetic and immunological determinants of critical COVID-19 pneumonia

Nature, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04447-0

Moderna launches clinical trial for HIV vaccine that uses mRNA technology

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NASA's First Test to Lower the Sound of Sonic Booms Was Successful

NASA hopes the ban on commercial supersonic flight over land can be lifted by replacing the loud sonic boom with a softer sonic "thump." A sonic boom happens when the shock waves from an object traveling through the air faster than the speed of sound merge together before they reach the ground. Sonic booms generate enormous amounts of sound energy, about 110 decibels, like the sound of an explosi

What is the quantum apocalypse and should we be scared? Still in infancy, quantum computers have unimaginable potential–if we can get them to work

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Reply to: No specific relationship between hypnotic suggestibility and the rubber hand illusion

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28178-y

No specific relationship between hypnotic suggestibility and the rubber hand illusion

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28177-z

Accumulation of microbial DNAs promotes to islet inflammation and β cell abnormalities in obesity in mice

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28239-2 Obesity is associated with increased gut permeability, and microbial products that are leaked from the gut may contribute towards obesity-associated inflammation. Here the authors show that the leakage of gut extracellular vesicles containing microbial DNA leads to bacterial DNA accumulation in pancreatic β-c

Mesenchymal stromal cell-derived septoclasts resorb cartilage during developmental ossification and fracture healing

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28142-w Developmental and regenerative bone formation require the removal of chondrocytes and matrix. Here the authors show that these processes involve mesenchymal stromal cell-derived septoclasts, which disappear after the completion of development but re-emerge during fracture healing.

Depletion of mitochondrial methionine adenosyltransferase α1 triggers mitochondrial dysfunction in alcohol-associated liver disease

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28201-2 Lower activity of MATα1, which catalyzes the synthesis of the methyl donor S-adenosylmethionine, and mitochondrial dysfunction occur in alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD). Here the authors report that the peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase PIN1 mediates a selective depletion of MATα1 in the mitochondria,

A general synthesis of azetidines by copper-catalysed photoinduced anti-Baldwin radical cyclization of ynamides

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28098-x The construction of four-membered rings via a 4-exo-dig cyclization was originally theorized to be unfavourable and only recently shown in sparse examples. Here the authors present a photochemical, radical 4-exo-dig cyclization of ynamides to form azetidines, promoted by copper photoredox catalysis.

Decisive role of water and protein dynamics in residence time of p38α MAP kinase inhibitors

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28164-4 The molecular determinants of the residence time of a small molecule inhibitor at its target protein are not well understood. Here, Pantsar et al. show that the target protein's conformational stability and solvent exposure are key factors governing the target residence time of kinase inhibitors.

Charge density waves and Fermi surface reconstruction in the clean overdoped cuprate superconductor Tl2Ba2CuO6+δ

Nature Communications, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28124-y The origin of the Fermi surface reconstruction that occurs in cuprate superconductors as hole doping increases remains unclear. Here, the authors observe long range charge density wave (CDW) order in the overdoped single-layer cuprate Tl2Ba2CuO6+δ, which then disappears above a hole concentration 0.265, sugge

Når skaden er sket: PFOS kan oxideres eller varmes væk

PFOS og andre PFAS-stoffer kan godt renses og gøres ufarlige, både fra vand og jord. Men metoderne er relativt dyre, og der forskes i bedre.

Svær overvægt er et stigende problem ved type 1-diabetes

Personer med type 1-diabetes slås oftere og oftere med svær overvægt og kronisk nyresygdom, viser nyt studie fra USA.

The unfair 'double whammy' of minority ethnic children in care

Children in care who come from an ethnic minority background can experience a 'double whammy' of disadvantage when it comes to youth justice involvement, says new research from Lancaster University.

Tryckvågen från Tonga syntes i fysiklabb på andra sidan jorden

Fysikerna vid laboratoriet Virgo i Italien kunde se tryckvågen från vulkanen som hade ett explosivt utbrott i Tonga i Stilla havet.

Overlæge om patientsikkerhed: Kvalitetssikring uden tung indflydelse fra klinikere er en tabt sag

Det er absolut meningsfuldt at hjælpe patienter igennem systemets mangler, mens man venter på sin pension, men vi vil faktisk gerne noget mere. Det skriver overlæge Ingolf Mølle i et svar på Beth Lilja og Torben Mogensens kronik 'Vi har fejlet big time' om de seneste 20 års forfejlede arbejde med at højne patientsikkerheden.

Klimaforandringer giver virus gode muligheder for at sprede sig

I takt med at klimaet ændrer sig, vil vi komme til at se spredning af farlige virus i verden, i Europa og i Danmark, fortæller overlæge Anders Fomsgaard fra Statens Serum Institut.

Kathrine skal it-sikre Grønland: »Vi er nødt til at antage, at der vil komme et brud«

Lederen af Grønlands Digitaliseringsstyrelse føler sig tryg ved opgaven. Fire mand beskytter Grønlands digitale infrastruktur.

Australia pumps cash into Great Barrier Reef protection

Australia unveiled a billion-dollar package to protect the climate-ravaged Great Barrier Reef on Friday, hoping to prevent the vast network of corals from being removed from UNESCO's World Heritage list.

Miljöstress fick ormstjärnor att byta utseende

En miljökatastrof för 428 miljoner år sedan förändrade ormstjärnornas utseende totalt. Fossil från de små tagghudingarna visar hur miljörubbningar kan sätta i gång storskaliga evolutionära processer. Inlägget dök först upp på .

Flexibelt arbete ger ofta skuldkänslor

Den stora utmaningen vid flexibelt arbete är att skilja på jobb och fritid. Individen behöver ta ansvar för sin hälsa, men riktlinjer kring flexibelt arbete måste komma från arbetsgivaren. Inlägget dök först upp på .

Nano-ytor kan skapas med majsprotein istället för fossila bränslen

Majs- och mjölkprotein kan ersätta fossila bränslen och metaller när man ska tillverka nanostrukturerade ytor. Forskning från Linnéuniversitetet öppnar för en framtid med mer hållbart framtagen nanoteknik utan ändliga naturresurser. Inlägget dök först upp på .

Klassrum som inkluderar alla – viktigt för inlärningen

Ett inkluderande klassrum där både lärare och elever blir erkända – både socialt och pedagogiskt – är grunden för att i nästa steg uppnå lärandemålen, menar Goran Basic, docent i sociologi vid LInnéuniversitetet. Inlägget dök först upp på .

Förbättra återhämtningen efter stroke med nanoteknologi

Var 17:e minut får någon en stroke i Sverige. I dag är sjukvården blivit väldigt duktig på den akuta behandlingen men många blir inte fullt återställda och stroke ses som den största orsaken till funktionsnedsättningar som påverkar livskvaliteten. Saema Ansar, forskare vid Neurokirurgi vid Lunds universitet berättar om sin forskning på hur man kan stimulera återhämtningen.

Wider-reaching solutions urgently needed to reach realistic 'net zero', warn researchers

There should be greater investment in using a wider group of experts to make decisions about how the landscape is managed if the UK is to reach climate targets such as net zero, a new report warns.

SkS Analogy 1 – Speed Kills: How fast is too fast?

Tag line How fast is too fast? Elevator Statement While driving down a road you get distracted and look down. When you look up, you see a brick wall directly in front of you blocking the road, because the bridge ahead is out. No matter what you do, you will hit the wall. What can you do to minimize the damage to your car and to its occupants? Climate Science Increasing atmospheric CO 2 concentrat

Schneider Shorts 28.01.2022 – The Fall of Adam

Schneider Shorts 28.01.2022 – A special focus on the research fraud meltdown in Brno, Ajan's new scams, with an Elsevier antivaxxer in Greece, Vrije Universiteit learns about human rights, and Science has spoken: cannabis is the cure for the pandemic.

Three, four or more: what's the magic number for booster shots?

Nature, Published online: 28 January 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00200-9 COVID vaccine boosters are proving a useful tool against Omicron, but scientists say that endless boosting might not be a practical or sustainable strategy.

Extremely harsh volcanic lake shows how life might have existed on Mars

A few specialist microbes survive conditions analogous to those of Mars' early history, reports a new publication in Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Science—and this may be thanks to a broad range of adaptations. The hydrothermal crater lake of the Poás volcano in Costa Rica is one of the most hostile habitats on the planet.

It's time to confront the pandemic of antibiotic resistance

To save lives and economies, we must make progress by drawing on lessons from Covid-19

Paper on "suspicious activities" on India-China border retracted

A journal has retracted a 2020 paper about looking for "suspicious activities" on the India-China border — including an incursion in which 20 Indian soldiers were reportedly killed – citing "legal reasons." The abstract in Springer Nature's Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, which alleges that the soldiers were "brutally killed," is rife … Continue reading

Publics opinion on A.I

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Scientists make first detection of exotic "X" particles in quark-gluon plasma

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Engineers have built a cost-effective artificial leaf that can capture carbon dioxide at rates 100 times better than current systems. It captures carbon dioxide from sources, like air and flue gas produced by coal-fired power plants, and releases it for use as fuel and other materials.

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A mathematical secret of lizard camouflage

The shape-shifting clouds of starling birds, the organization of neural networks or the structure of an anthill: nature is full of complex systems whose behaviors can be modeled using mathematical tools. The same is true for the labyrinthine patterns formed by the green or black scales of the ocellated lizard. A multidisciplinary team explains, thanks to a very simple mathematical equation, the co

Can wearable technology predict the negative consequences of drinking?

Researchers demonstrated how wearable sensors can augment researchers' understanding of when drinking will lead to negative consequences. The researchers measured intoxication with an ankle bracelet that can detect alcohol concentration from imperceptible amounts of sweat.

The effects of pediatric critical illness on absenteeism

Children who survive critical illness and their parents commonly experience physical, emotional, and cognitive conditions as a result of the critical illness. These effects can also include prolonged absences from school and/or work. What has not been fully understood is the rate and duration of school absences among these children and work absences among their caregivers.

Researchers find tradeoff between water quality and emissions on the farm

With water quality guidelines compelling more farmers to act on nitrogen loss, cover crops and split nitrogen applications are becoming more common in the Midwest. But new research shows these conservation practices may not provide environmental benefits across the board.

Study finds lower math scores in high schools that switched to 4-day school week

A recent study analyzing the impact of a shorter school week for high schools found that 11th-grade students participating in a four-day week performed worse on standardized math tests than students who remained on five-day schedules.

Coral skeleton formation rate determines resilience to acidifying oceans

A new study has implications for predicting coral reef survival and developing mitigation strategies against having their bony skeletons weakened by ocean acidification.

Zika vaccine shows promising results in preclinical studies

A Zika virus vaccine candidate is effective at preventing the Zika virus passing from mother to fetus in preclinical animal studies, according to a new study.

New study improves understanding of Southern California's intense winter rains

New research looks to improve prediction of brief but intense rainstorms that can cause devastating flash floods and landslides. Intense rain associated with narrow cold-frontal rainbands may last only a few minutes at a particular location, yet the rain can cause catastrophic flash flooding, debris flows and landslides, and can occur along with tornadoes and severe thunderstorms.

Altered gene expression and cell interactions involved in COPD

A team of researchers has identified previously unrecognized changes in gene expression and cellular interactions in distinct cell populations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Bagsiden: Skolepenge stikker helt af

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Bagsiden: Lidl dumper igen i procentregning

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Bagsiden: Hvem kan regne den her ud?

Ole Vanggaard har en regnetavle liggende fra gamle dage. Men hvordan bruger man den?

Stackable artificial leaf uses less power than lightbulb to capture 100 times more carbon than other systems

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JetPack Aviation speeds on with 2nd-gen flying motorcycle tests

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Hydrogen to Replace Natural Gas- By the Numbers – Tl;dr: Hydrogen is all about keeping gas companies in business and is pointless seen from an environmental viewpoint

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Plant-based diets + rewilding provides "massive opportunity" to cut CO2

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Decreasing development on forest and agricultural land partly driven by gas prices, study finds

A new study found a steep decline in the development of forest and agricultural land from 2000 to 2015 compared to the previous two decades, which resulted in a broad shift towards denser development patterns throughout the U.S. A primary culprit was rising gas prices.

Uncontrolled blood pressure is sending more people to the hospital

The number of people hospitalized for a hypertensive crisis — when blood pressure increases so much it can cause a heart attack, stroke or other sudden cardiovascular event — more than doubled from 2002 to 2014, according to investigators.

Flavonoids may reduce mortality risk for people with Parkinson's Disease

People with Parkinson's Disease who eat more flavonoids — compounds found in richly colored foods like berries, cocoa and red wine — may have a lower mortality risk than those who don't, according to a new study.

New meta-analysis explores potential environmental causes of ALS disease

In a new meta-analysis of available ALS literature, researchers explore environmental influences potentially linked ALS disease, using rigorous quantitative methods. The study also examines the distribution of ALS over space and time, correlating geographic data with exposure risks and lifestyle or occupational hazards.

Facebook Is Reportedly Trying to Sell Off Its Botched Cryptocurrency

Cashing Out Social giant Facebook-now-known-as-Meta is attempting to sell off its ill-fated cryptocurrency project Diem, Bloomberg reports — the end of the road, seemingly, for the social media giant's efforts to cash in on blockchain. According to Bloomberg 's sources, the Diem Association, formerly known as Libra, is trying to figure out ways to return money to its investors and perhaps find a

Encore: Freshly made plutonium from outer space found on ocean floor

Common chemical elements are created in stars like our sun. But heavy elements, like iron, are thought to form in massive stars that explode and spew material — though it might be more complicated.

Gut Microbes Help Ground Squirrels Endure Hibernation

By breaking down urea, the animals' gut bacteria recycle nitrogen, which can be then used to build new molecules during prolonged fasting.

Trump's Tweets: telling truth from fiction from the words he used

Social media has supercharged the spread of information—and misinformation, which presents significant challenges when trying to distinguish between fact and fiction on social media platforms like Twitter.

Crowding, climate change, and the case for social distancing among trees

For many, an ideal forest is one that looks the same as it did before European colonizers arrived. As today's forests are hit with disturbances like fire, drought, and insect invasions, restoration efforts often attempt to nudge the landscape back to this 'natural' state. But historical conditions are becoming increasingly hard to achieve in a changing world, according to new research. Managers ne

Researchers reveal source of enriched mid-ocean ridge basalt

Combinations of stable molybdenum (Mo) isotopes and radiogenic isotopes have great potential for researchers studying mantle heterogeneities, especially those with subduction-related processes.

Waiting to Hatch

Self-taught fossil specialist Terry Manning uncovered his first dinosaur embryo from an ancient egg in 1993. More than 30 embryos and nearly three decades later, hardly anyone has laid eyes or hands on his rare specimens.

Previously unknown aspects of running shoe design uncovered

A thick running shoe midsole is often favored for its shock absorbing protection, but it has been assumed that these heavily cushioned shoes increase leg stiffness and muscle fatigue. But results of a new study suggest that midsole thickness is unlikely to cause individuals to alter their leg stiffness.

Psychiatric disease associated with increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease and diabetes

Among patients with chronic, non-communicable diseases, the risk of death is more than doubled if they also have a psychiatric comorbidity, according to a new study.

Genetic clues link lipoprotein A to prostate cancer risk

A new analysis has uncovered a potential link between higher prostate cancer risk and genetic variants associated with higher bloodstream levels of the cholesterol-transporting molecule lipoprotein A.

Why the human brain is more vulnerable to disease

With the help of cerebral organoids, scientists were able to ascertain that tuberous sclerosis, a rare neurodevelopmental genetic disorder, arises developmentally rather than only genetically. With these patient-derived laboratory models of the human brain, they pinpointed the origin of the disease to progenitor cells specific to humans. The findings further show that the pathology of diseases aff

Child masking associated with reduced COVID-19 related child care closures

A study of 6,654 child care providers found that child masking was associated with a 13 percent to 14 percent reduced rate of program closure due to COVID-19 over the following year.

New study finds lower math scores in high schools that switched to 4-day school week

A recent Oregon State University study analyzing the impact of a shorter school week for high schools found that 11th-grade students participating in a four-day week performed worse on standardized math tests than students who remained on five-day schedules.

'Heartburn' helps bacteria to survive antibiotic treatment

Even at high concentrations, antibiotics won't kill all bacteria. There are always a few survivors, even in a bacterial population that is genetically identical. Scientists have discovered that these survivors share a common feature: they accumulate acid in their cells.

Study Reveals Outsize Role of mRNA Region in Tuning Expression

A new method helps researchers uncover the rules of ribosome recruitment in yeast.

Snowbirds caught in pandemic turbulence feed economy, seek stability, and still face uncertainty

Snowbirds—the hundreds of thousands of Canadian retirees who travel south for the winter—faced numerous hurdles due to travel restrictions imposed during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study of media reporting has found.

Best Tablets for Ditching Your Keyboard in 2022

The best tablets straddle the line between a laptop and a mobile phone in size and computing power. Some of the most powerful options, like the Apple iPad Pro , can outrun most desktops, while others are a little less meaty and are best for reading and media consumption. How you use the tablet determines the features that will matter the most. Artists may need more storage capacity and a quick re

Bee appearance and behavior may be related, genetic study reveals

The findings will be used to help researchers determine how traits, characteristics and color impact behavior.

Climate change and land use data to predict watershed impact

Researchers studied the Chesapeake Bay watershed to evaluate the combined effects of changes to climate and land use on runoff and pollutants in a rapidly developing watershed that is a tributary to the bay.

Researchers identify proteins that could predict liver transplant rejection

Scientist have discovered families of proteins in the body that could potentially predict which patients may reject a new organ transplant, helping inform decisions about care.

'Cell atlas' of brain vasculature connects stroke with novel immune cells

In work that will enhance the study of such disparate diseases as stroke and dementia, researchers have catalogued all the cells that form the blood vessels of the human brain, along with their locations and the genes transcribed in each.

After a wildfire, how does a town rebuild?

The West sees destructive wildfires every year — yet it hadn't seen anything like the Camp Fire. Three months after the most destructive wildfire in recent history, wildfire sociologists went to the devastated town of Paradise to learn how residents and town leaders were recovering.

Plant pathologists collaborate to share knowledge on a growing threat to corn production

A growing threat to corn around the world, tar spot has had a significant impact on United States corn production. To combat this growing threat, plant pathologists have compiled a recovery plan that reviews the current knowledge and the future needs of tar spot, with the intention of mitigating the disease's impact.

Deletion of SUMO1 attenuates behavioral and anatomical deficits by regulating autophagic activities in Huntington disease [Neuroscience]

The CAG expansion of huntingtin (mHTT) associated with Huntington disease (HD) is a ubiquitously expressed gene, yet it prominently damages the striatum and cortex, followed by widespread peripheral defects as the disease progresses. However, the underlying mechanisms of neuronal vulnerability are unclear. Previous studies have shown that SUMO1 (small ubiquitin-like…

Ecdysone exerts biphasic control of regenerative signaling, coordinating the completion of regeneration with developmental progression [Developmental Biology]

In Drosophila melanogaster, loss of regenerative capacity in wing imaginal discs coincides with an increase in systemic levels of the steroid hormone ecdysone, a key coordinator of their developmental progression. Regenerating discs release the relaxin hormone Dilp8 (Drosophila insulin-like peptide 8) to limit ecdysone synthesis and extend the regenerative period….

PIF7 controls leaf cell proliferation through an AN3 substitution repression mechanism [Plant Biology]

Plants are agile, plastic organisms able to adapt to everchanging circumstances. Responding to far-red (FR) wavelengths from nearby vegetation, shade-intolerant species elicit the adaptive shade-avoidance syndrome (SAS), characterized by elongated petioles, leaf hyponasty, and smaller leaves. We utilized end-of-day FR (EODFR) treatments to interrogate molecular processes that underlie the SAS…

Extensile to contractile transition in active microtubule-actin composites generates layered asters with programmable lifetimes [Applied Physical Sciences]

We study a reconstituted composite system consisting of an active microtubule network interdigitated with a passive network of entangled F-actin filaments. Increasing the concentration of filamentous actin controls the emergent dynamics, inducing a transition from turbulent-like flows to bulk contractions. At intermediate concentrations, where the active stresses change their symmetry…

LINEAGE: Label-free identification of endogenous informative single-cell mitochondrial RNA mutation for lineage analysis [Biophysics and Computational Biology]

Single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) has become a powerful tool for biomedical research by providing a variety of valuable information with the advancement of computational tools. Lineage analysis based on scRNA-seq provides key insights into the fate of individual cells in various systems. However, such analysis is limited by several technical challenges….

Targeting fibrocytes in autoimmunity [Medical Sciences]

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, also known as Graves' ophthalmopathy, is a proliferative disorder of the orbit of the eye with an autoimmune etiology. Disease arises from the enlargement of the extraocular muscles, adipose, and the associated connective tissue that, if untreated, leads to a compressive optic neuropathy and blindness. In Graves' disease,…

Data from thousands of cameras confirms protected areas promote mammal diversity

Researchers at UBC's faculty of forestry analyzed data from a global data set drawing from 8,671 camera trap stations spanning four continents. They found more mammal diversity in survey areas where habitat had a protected designation — compared to forests and other wilderness areas that lacked that designation.

Pancreatic cancer cells feed off hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid, or HA, is a known presence in pancreatic tumors, but a new study shows that hyaluronic acid also acts as food to the cancer cells. These findings provide insight into how pancreatic cancer cells grow and indicate new possibilities to treat them.

Fake poop helps evicted owls settle into new neighborhood

Settling into a new home can be tough for anyone. So scientists have come up with some tricks to make transplanted burrowing owls feel like they are not alone in their new digs, playing owl sounds and scattering fake poop.

Cash support for low-income families directly affects baby brains

A year of providing money to low-income mothers to reduce poverty had a direct effect on children's brain development, researchers say. The findings show that after one year of predictable, monthly, unconditional cash support given to low-income families, 1-year-old babies exhibited increased brain activity patterns associated with the development of thinking and learning. For this study, researc

What wintering squirrels can teach astronauts

The unique way that ground squirrels burn almost no energy when they hibernate — with no loss of muscle mass — has implications for space travel, biologists find.

New experiment results bolster potential for self-sustaining fusion

For more than 60 years, scientists have sought to understand and control the process of fusion, a quest to harness the vast amounts of energy released when nuclei in fuel come together. A new paper describes recent experiments that have achieved a burning plasma state in fusion, helping steer fusion research closer than it has ever been to its ultimate goal: a self-sustaining, controlled reaction.

Listen: How to follow through on your New Year's resolutions

A new book explores the science of setting goals, achieving success, and learning from failure. Every year many of us set New Year's resolutions, and almost none of us actually follow through on them. In a year when fulfilling our goals and resolutions feels more pressing than ever while our motivation may be at its lowest, research has some concrete answers on how to follow through. Ayelet Fishb

Scientists explain mysterious finger-like features in solar flares

Astronomers have presented a new explanation for the mysterious downward-moving dark voids seen in some solar flares.

Living near or downwind of unconventional oil and gas development linked with increased risk of early death

Elderly people who live near or downwind of unconventional oil and gas development (UOGD), such as fracking, are at greater risk of premature death than those who don't live near UOGD. Airborne contaminants emitted by UOGD that are transported downwind are likely contributing to increased mortality.

COVID-19 exposure possible outside of home isolation rooms

A new study has detected tiny airborne particles containing RNA from the SARS-CoV-2 that causes COVID-19, both inside and outside of the rooms in which infected people were self-isolating at home. This finding suggests that airborne transmission beyond the isolation rooms in homes may pose a risk of infection to other home occupants.

DNA strong bonding—a long-term commitment or many brief relationships?

In an article in the Science, researchers at Uppsala University show how a DNA-binding protein can search the entire genome for its target sequence without getting held up on the way. The result contradicts our current understanding of gene regulation—the genetic code affects how often the proteins bind, but not for how long.

Solar power's need for a carbon-intensive metal is set to soar

Nature, Published online: 27 January 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00176-6 The shift to clean energy is expected to drive the demand for aluminium, which is used in the frames and fittings of solar panels.

Astronomers close in on new way to detect gravitational waves

Nature, Published online: 27 January 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00170-y Several teams hope to use pulsars in the Milky Way to detect ripples in space-time made by distant supermassive black holes.

What are the new Covid rules for English care homes and are they safe?

The self-isolation period for positive cases is being cut and the limit on visitors lifted from next week Coronavirus – latest updates From Monday, coronavirus restrictions related to care homes in England will be eased. Here are the changes, and the science behind them. Continue reading…

Climate Change Might Be Shrinking Amazonian Birds

Forty-year data has revealed that nearly all local bird species lost mass over time in relatively pristine parts of the rainforest.

Where did that sound come from?

Neuroscientists developed a computer model that can localize sounds. The model, which consists of several convolutional neural networks, not only performs the task as well as humans do, it also struggles in the same ways that humans do when the task is made more difficult by adding echoes or multiple sounds.

First Molecular Electronics Chip Developed – Realizes 50-Year-Old Goal

submitted by /u/Sorin61 [link] [comments]

The Writing On the Wall: Sci-Fi's Empty Techno-Optimism

submitted by /u/Maxcactus [link] [comments]

Users shouldn't be legally responsible in driverless cars, watchdog says

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A new type of offshore wind turbine, using articulated joints to connect it to the sea bed, will be tested for the first time in Bantry Bay in Ireland.

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Scientists find the climate and health impacts of natural gas stoves are greater than previously thought

Natural gas stoves release methane — a potent greenhouse gas — and other pollutants through leaks and incomplete combustion. Researchers estimate that methane leaking from stoves inside U.S. homes has the same climate impact as about 500,000 gasoline-powered cars and the stoves can expose people to respiratory disease-triggering pollutants.

Light therapy fast-tracks healing of skin damage from cancer radiation therapy

Light therapy may accelerate the healing of skin damage from radiation therapy by up to 50%, according to a recent study.

Researchers identify osteoarthritis 'pain pathway'

Researchers have discovered that a particular molecular signaling pathway plays an important role in producing osteoarthritis (OA) pain. Using a mouse model of painful osteoarthritis, they show that blocking this signaling pathway eliminates pain and results in a return to normal limb use. This work is the first to find an association between this pathway and OA pain, and could lead to the develop

Pulse oximeter measurements of blood oxygen levels are unreliable in assessing severity of COVID-19 pneumonia across different ethnic groups, study finds

The severity of COVID-19 pneumonia can be difficult to assess in people from different ethnic groups, due to inaccurate readings from a device that measures the level of oxygen in the blood of patients, a new study has found.

Værd at Vide: Molekylet med den mærkelige binding giver kometer farve

PLUS. Sollysets nedbrydning af C2 er årsag til, at kometers haler har en anden farve end deres koma. Det sim­ple molekyles binding er stærkt omdiskuteret blandt kemikere.

Gas stoves leak a lot of methane—even when they're off

The methane leaking from natural gas-burning stoves inside US homes has a climate impact comparable to the carbon dioxide emissions from about 500,000 gasoline-powered cars. Humans have cooked with fire for millennia, but it may be time for a change. Natural gas appliances warm the planet in two ways: generating carbon dioxide by burning natural gas as a fuel and leaking unburned methane into the

In search of (un)desired side effects

Pharmaceutical researchers speak of a hit when they come across a promising substance with a desired effect in early drug discovery. Unfortunately, hits are rarely bull's-eyes, often showing undesirable side effects that not only complicate the search for new hits, but also the subsequent development into a drug. A new study could now help to better identify one of the most frequently observed sid

Big dog, little dog: mutation explains range of canine sizes

Nature, Published online: 27 January 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00209-0 The genetic variant probably comes from ancient wolves.

Microbiome of mother's vagina may affect infant mortality risk and baby's development, study in mice shows

A new study in mice showed that an unhealthy vaginal microbiome in pregnant mothers in combination with an unhealthy diet contributed to increased pup deaths and altered development in the surviving babies. The findings suggest that changes in a mother's diet, such as more fruits and vegetables, may counteract unhealthy microbiome effects in disadvantaged groups.

Scientists make a new type of optical device using alumina

Researchers have developed an alumina short-wavelength absorber patterned with moth eye-like structures. These new anti-reflective structures will improve the performance of telescopes studying radiation from the Big Bang.

Researchers identify a new protein that enables SARS-CoV-2 access into cells

Researchers have identified extracellular vimentin as an attachment factor that facilitates SARS-CoV-2 entry into human cells. Vimentin is a structural protein that is widely expressed in the cells of mesenchymal origin such as endothelial cells and a potential novel target against SARS-CoV-2, which could block the infection of the SARS-CoV-2.

Caribou and muskoxen buffer climate impacts for rare plants

Being common is rather unusual. It's far more common for a species to be rare, spending its existence in small densities throughout its range. How such rare species persist, particularly in an environment undergoing rapid climate change, inspired a 15-year study in arctic Greenland from the University of California, Davis.

Genetics of Sasquatch: making cryptozoology scientific?

Growing up in Oregon meant I spent lots of time hearing about Sasquatch. Now working in a lab studying monkeys, I've spent a lot of time thinking about how different primates are related. While it is undeniable that little evidence has been found to prove Bigfoot roams the wild forests of the Pacific Northwest, perhaps […]

Europe's most valuable marine species to be "reduced to a fraction" of their current population size by 2100

Over one quarter of Europe's 20 most highly-fished marine species will be under extreme pressure by 2100 if nothing is done to simultaneously halt climate change, overfishing, and mercury pollution, according to a new UBC study.

New research on famous 'supertramp' birds in Southeast Asia offers fresh insights into the evolution of wide-ranging animals

Beautiful 'supertramp' birds in Southeast Asia are providing unique insights into how evolution is linked to flight ability and competition. New research testing decades-old theories has confirmed that the isolating effects of islands impact the evolution of even the species most accomplished at colonizing them — and in some surprising ways. Among the eye-opening findings is the discovery that th

New drug screening method answers why Alzheimer's drugs fail, suggests new targets

A new study sheds light on why Alzheimer's drugs so far have been ineffective at curing or reversing the disease. The researchers identify new targets for drug development and present a new method to screen drugs for treating Alzheimer's disease.

Plant pathologists collaborate to share knowledge on a growing threat to corn production

A growing threat to corn around the world, tar spot has had a significant impact on United States corn production. From 2018 to 2020, the disease resulted in a loss of 242.6 million bushels and this number is expected to grow after the 2021 season.

Smoking ups risk of poor outcomes after knee surgery

A history of tobacco use is more strongly associated with adverse knee replacement outcomes than any other modifiable risk factor, according to a new study. "While several studies have identified potentially modifiable risk factors for elective knee replacement surgery, they have not defined surgical outcomes when these conditions exist individually," says senior author James Keeney, associate pr

Gas Stoves Leak More Methane Than Previously Thought

The appliances also release nitrogen dioxide, an air pollutant that can exacerbate asthma and other conditions — Read more on

Sun and moon 'tug of war' may drive tectonic plate motions

A new study suggests that imbalanced forces and torques in the Earth-moon-sun system are behind movement of tectonic plates. The new analysis provides an alternative to the hypothesis that the movement of tectonic plates is related to convection currents in the Earth's mantle . Convection involves buoyant rise of heated fluids, which Anne Hofmeister, a geophysicist at Washington University in St.

A nudge to resume economic activity

In these pandemic-affected times, concern about COVID-19 can make it hard to know when to take part in "normal," prepandemic activities. That may be especially true this winter, with the Omicron virus variant spreading and its severity still being studied.

When you do an fMRI experiment, does the region of interest need to be checked bilaterally?

Let's say you want to check particular brain activity elicited by some stimuli in a specific brain area. Do you need to have a bilateral ROI, namely also check activity in the same area of the other hemisphere? Or is it something that is done only in some experiments? submitted by /u/jlakjfnfk [link] [comments]

Revealing a mathematical secret of lizard camouflage

The shape-shifting clouds of starling birds, the organization of neural networks or the structure of an anthill: nature is full of complex systems whose behaviors can be modeled using mathematical tools. The same is true for the labyrinthine patterns formed by the green or black scales of the ocellated lizard. A multidisciplinary team from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) explains, thanks to a ver

Nadja Drost Wins 2021 Michael Kelly Award for California Sunday Magazine Cover Story

Nadja Drost is the winner of the 18th annual Michael Kelly Award for her California Sunday Magazine cover story " When Can We Really Rest? ," in which she chronicles the dangerous journeys of migrants crossing the Darién Gap at the Colombia-Panama border on their way to the United States. She will be awarded a prize of $25,000. In their commendation, the judges describe Drost as a "meticulous and

Eco-friendly micro-supercapacitors using fallen leaves?

A research team has developed a graphene-inorganic-hybrid micro-supercapacitor made of leaves using femtosecond direct laser writing lithography. The advancement of wearable electronic devices is synonymous with innovations in flexible energy storage devices. Of the various energy storage devices, micro-supercapacitors have drawn a great deal of interest for their high electrical power density, lo

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